CN1183827C - Marine product environment-protecting cultivation process and its cultivation equipment - Google Patents

Marine product environment-protecting cultivation process and its cultivation equipment Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN1183827C
CN1183827C CNB021104344A CN02110434A CN1183827C CN 1183827 C CN1183827 C CN 1183827C CN B021104344 A CNB021104344 A CN B021104344A CN 02110434 A CN02110434 A CN 02110434A CN 1183827 C CN1183827 C CN 1183827C
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pond
water
low temperature
cultivation
tank
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CNB021104344A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1460412A (en
Inventor
连建华
王宏伟
张福玲
姜义强
杨燕妮
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANDONG HUAXIN HAIDA MARINE ORGANISM CO Ltd
Original Assignee
SHANDONG HUAXIN HAIDA MARINE ORGANISM CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANDONG HUAXIN HAIDA MARINE ORGANISM CO Ltd filed Critical SHANDONG HUAXIN HAIDA MARINE ORGANISM CO Ltd
Priority to CNB021104344A priority Critical patent/CN1183827C/en
Publication of CN1460412A publication Critical patent/CN1460412A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1183827C publication Critical patent/CN1183827C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The present invention relates to an industrialization cultivation technique for choice rare sea food, which is technically characterized in that a deep water pump and a shallow water pump are respectively communicated with a water pool with low temperature and high water level and a water pool with normal temperature and high water level by pipelines, the water pool with low temperature and high water level is communicated with an aeration basin by pipelines, and the aeration basin is communicated with a sand filtering tank by pipelines; the water outlet of the sand filtering tank is connected with a cultivation pond, the water pool with normal temperature and high water level is connected with a cultivation pond whose inside is provided with a fresh water input pipe communicated with running water, and a waste water treatment system is composed of a sedimentation tank and a shell dam; a sewage draining outlet of the cultivation pond is communicated with a water inlet of the sedimentation tank, and the outdoor cultivation pond of a pond ecological cultivation system is adjacent to the sedimentation tank by the shell dam.

Description

A kind of environment-protecting cultivation method and cultivation equipment thereof of precious marine product
Affiliated technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cultural technique of batch production precious marine product, especially marine product environment-protecting cultivation system and cultural methods thereof such as fish, ginseng, shellfish.
Background technology
At present, the marine fish culture pattern roughly has pond, net cage, booth and industrial aquaculture etc.Pond culture is by last damp Na Shui or water pump water lift, and breeding wastewater directly enters the sea by drainage ditch, advances draining and does not pass through any processing, and it is low that this kind cultured the mode technical merit, artificially control less, disease incidence height, and cause the secondary pollution of breed easily.Marine greatly, flowing water is more unobstructed fully in cage culture, but the residual bait and the ight soil that produce directly enter the sea, introduce and pollute, and risk is bigger, and is serious as casualty losses such as typhoon, red tides.Booth and industrial aquaculture are basic identical, and the booth aquaculture cost is lower, facility is easy, and the industrial aquaculture technical merit is higher, but both common problems are: daily preventing and curing diseases makes dosage bigger on the one hand, and the medicament residue of product is serious; The workshop water of discharging on the other hand, perhaps treated discharging, perhaps directly discharging is not effectively utilized.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome existing choice seafood aquiculture system and cultural method disease incidence height, cause secondary pollution easily, the serious technical deficiency of precious marine product medicament residue of being cultured, the invention provides a kind of precious marine product system and cultural method propagated artificially, this cultivating system and cultural method thereof are a kind of environmental and ecological aquaculture models, not only precious marine product can be grown by normal growth, breeding water can reuse, and the disease incidence is low, the precious marine product drug residue free that do not cause secondary pollution, cultured, can reach the requirement of pollution-free food fully.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: a kind of environment-protecting cultivation method of precious marine product, deep well on being arranged in the sandy beach is 13-17 ℃ seawater with water pump extraction temperature, enter in the low temperature head-tank, low temperature seawater in the low temperature head-tank flows into naturally through pipeline and carries out oxygenation in the aeration basin, increase the oxygen content of low temperature seawater on the one hand, make on the other hand that the iron ion oxidation becomes sediment in the low temperature seawater, low temperature seawater after aeration is handled enters in the husky filter tank and filters, after the low temperature aqueduct enter in the breed pond in indoor culture workshop; Large open well on being arranged in the sandy beach extracts with the essentially identical seawater of extraneous ocean temperature and enters the normal temperature head-tank, and the seawater in the normal temperature head-tank is in normal temperature aqueduct spontaneous current is gone into the breed pond in indoor breed workshop; Adjusting is positioned at normal temperature control valve and the low temperature control valve on normal temperature aqueduct and the low temperature aqueduct, control low temperature seawater and normal temperature seawater enter the quantity of culturing the pond, thereby make the mixing ocean temperature of culturing in the pond between 17-20 ℃, in culturing the pond, throw in fry, culture in the pond and put area coverage in a suitable place to breed, 80%-90% is advisable during with minute pond; If in breeding process, find the disease fish, then inject fresh water, with the full pond of fresh water immersion treatment, kill bacteria or virus to culturing the pond; Regularly bait throwing in culturing the pond after each bait throwing in finishes, is opened sewage draining exit, reduces the water level of culturing in the pond rapidly, and makes pond water fast rotational, takes away a large amount of dirt and residual baits at the bottom of the pond; Flow into sedimentation basin through the breed pond waste water that sewage draining exit is discharged, residual bait, ight soil are at the sedimentation basin bottom sediments in the water, filtration, the absorption on the shell dam of nitrated or denitrification biological bacterium are arranged through surface seeding then, the ammonia nitrogen in the water, hydrogen sulphide harmful substance have been eliminated, keep the nutritive salt material, made it to enter the outdoor breeding pond; Thrown the stone solids in the outdoor breeding pond into, formed artificial reef, and propagation there is unicellular alga, put sea cucumber, shellfish in the outdoor breeding pond in a suitable place to breed, sea cucumber, the shellfish unicellular alga that ingests.
With the supporting marine product environment-protecting cultivation device of the above-mentioned cultural method of the present invention, its technical characterstic is to comprise water system, temperature adjusting system, disease control system, Waste Water Treatment, pond ecological cultivation system; Wherein the water source of water system is to be positioned at that the degree of depth is the deep well and the large open well of 30-40 rice on the sandy beach, seashore, deep water pump, shallow water pump in deep well and the large open well are connected with low temperature head-tank and normal temperature head-tank respectively through pipeline, the low temperature head-tank is communicated with the aeration basin through pipeline, be communicated with through pipeline between aeration basin and the husky filter tank, the delivery port of husky filter tank links to each other with the breed pond in indoor culture workshop through the deep well aqueduct, and the normal temperature head-tank links to each other with the breed pond in indoor culture workshop through the large open well aqueduct; The temperature adjusting system comprises cultures pond, large open well aqueduct, deep well aqueduct, and is located at normal temperature control valve, low temperature control valve on large open well aqueduct, the deep well aqueduct; The disease control system is provided with the fresh water input pipe that links to each other with running water for culturing in the pond; Sedimentation basin and shell dam constitute Waste Water Treatment, have nitrated or the denitrification bioengineered strain in the shell surface inoculation, and the sewage draining exit of culturing the pond is communicated with the water inlet of sedimentation basin, and the outdoor breeding pond of pond ecological cultivation system is adjacent through shell dam and sedimentation basin.
The shell dam is arranged between aforementioned outdoor breeding pond and the drainage ditch.
Thrown the stone solids in the outdoor breeding pond into.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows that this cultivating system and cultural method thereof not only precious marine product can normal growth be grown, and the disease incidence low, do not cause secondary pollution, need not throw in medicine, realized the environmental protection breed, the precious marine product drug residue free of being cultured.
Description of drawings
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with embodiment.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of choice seafood aquiculture of the present invention system.
Among the figure, 1. sea, 2. deep well, 3. low temperature head-tank, 4. husky filter tank, 5. aeration basin, 6. large open well, 7. normal temperature head-tank, 8. the fresh water input pipe is 9. cultured the pond, 10. outdoor breeding, 11. shell dams, 12. sedimentation basins, 13. drainage ditchs.
Among Fig. 1, the embodiment of the invention comprises water system, temperature adjusting system, disease control system, Waste Water Treatment, pond ecological cultivation system; The deep water pump, the shallow water pump that are positioned at deep well (2) and large open well (6) are connected with low temperature head-tank (3) and normal temperature head-tank (7) respectively through pipeline, low temperature head-tank (3) is communicated with aeration basin (5) through pipeline, be communicated with through pipeline between aeration basin (5) and the husky filter tank (4), the delivery port of husky filter tank (4) links to each other with the breed pond (9) in indoor culture workshop through the deep well aqueduct, and normal temperature head-tank (7) links to each other with the breed pond (9) in indoor culture workshop through the large open well aqueduct; The temperature adjusting system comprises cultures pond (9), deep well aqueduct, large open well aqueduct, and is located at normal temperature control valve, low temperature control valve on large open well aqueduct, the deep well aqueduct; The disease control system is provided with the fresh water input pipe (8) that links to each other with running water for culturing in the pond (9); Sedimentation basin (12) and shell dam (11) constitute Waste Water Treatment, and the sewage draining exit of culturing pond (9) is communicated with the water inlet of sedimentation basin (12), and the outdoor breeding pond (10) of pond ecological cultivation system is adjacent with sedimentation basin (12) through shell dam (11).Be provided with shell dam (11) between outdoor breeding pond (10) and the drainage ditch (13).The outdoor breeding pond has been thrown solidss such as stone, concrete, junked tire in (10), forms artificial reef.
Deep well (2), large open well (6) provides the seawater water source for water system, deep well (2) is positioned at that the degree of depth is a 30-40 rice on the sandy beach, water temperature is throughout the year at 13-17 ℃ in the well, large open well (6) is for building the several large open wells on the sandy beach in, there is pipeline to be communicated with each other, large open well (6) degree of depth is the following 6-8 rice of sand bed, the above 1-2 rice of sand bed, be a large amount of water intakings, the borehole wall of each large open well (6) extends several pipelines in the sand bed of sea (1) direction, the borehole wall and duct wall even can be from sand bed drainage, the physicochemical property of large open well (6) water is consistent with seawater, water temperature is close with the seawater water temperature, but filter through sand bed, water quality is better.
Normal temperature head-tank (6) and low temperature head-tank (3) can be located on the sandy beach, also can be located to culture in the workshop.Shell dam (11) is piled up by the shell of scallop etc. and is formed, shell surface is coarse and surface area is bigger, at shell surface inoculation high efficiency nitrification, denitrification bioengineered strain, form a biofiltration cleaning system, the effect that shell dam (11) can play filtration effectively, adsorb, purifies water, and the calcium carbonate material in the shell has certain regulating action to the pond water ph value, current in the sedimentation basin (12) are through shell dam (11), through purified treatment, eliminate harmful substances such as the ammonia nitrogen in the water, hydrogen sulphide, kept abundant nutritive salts material.
The present invention is at first through deep water pump, the shallow water pump is with the seawater in deep well (water temperature is at 13-17 ℃) and the large open well (water temperature is suitable with the nature seawater temperature), in aqueduct is extracted into low temperature head-tank (3) and normal temperature head-tank (7) respectively, low temperature seawater flows into oxygenation the aeration basin (5) naturally from low temperature head-tank (3), increase the oxygen content of low temperature seawater on the one hand, make the iron ion oxidation in the low temperature seawater become bulky ferric hydroxide precipitate on the other hand, the low temperature seawater of handling through aeration enters then in the husky filter tank (4) and filters, flow in the breed pond (9) in indoor culture workshop by deep well aqueduct and low temperature control valve at last, normal temperature seawater in the normal temperature head-tank (7) is through normal temperature aqueduct and normal temperature control valve, and spontaneous current is gone in the breed pond (9) in indoor breed workshop; Rotation low temperature control valve and normal temperature control valve, adjusting flows into the low temperature seawater of culturing the pond (9) and the amount of normal temperature seawater in normal temperature head-tank (7) and husky filter tank (4), the mixing ocean temperature of culturing in the pond (9) is controlled between 17-20 ℃, cold water fish seedling such as input turbot is cultured in culturing pond (9), represent that with the unit cultured area body weight that breeds fish fry the following fry breeding density of general body weight 10g is at 2-3kg/m 2Below, the breeding density of 10-50g is 2-3kg/m 2, 50-100g breeding density 5-7kg/m 2, the breeding density 10-30kg/m of 600-800g 2, put the following fingerling of total length 15cm in a suitable place to breed, density is generally 150 tails/m 2About, progressively divide the pond later on, not only saved seawater but also manageable, in addition, also can calculate and put mantissa in a suitable place to breed according to putting area coverage in fish body footprint area and the pond in a suitable place to breed, generally culture in the pond (9) and put area coverage in a suitable place to breed, be advisable with 80%-90% during the branch pond; If in breeding process, find the disease fish, then inject fresh water to culturing pond (9), with the full pond of fresh water immersion treatment through the fresh water input pipe, kill bacteria or virus, bacterium that occurs in mariculture or virus generally can not survive in fresh water, and fishes such as turbot then have stronger anti-less salt ability; Regularly bait throwing in culturing pond (9) after each bait throwing in finishes, is opened sewage draining exit, reduces rapidly and cultures the interior water level in pond (9), and make pond water fast rotational, takes away a large amount of dirt and residual baits at the bottom of the pond; Flow into sedimentation basin (12) through the breed pond waste water that sewage draining exit is discharged, residual bait, ight soil then through filtration, the absorption of shell dam (11), have been eliminated the harmful substance in the water in sedimentation basin (12) bottom deposit in the water, keep abundant nutritive salt material, made it to enter outdoor breeding pond (10); Solidss such as stone have been thrown in the outdoor breeding pond (10) into, form artificial reef, and propagation has unicellular alga, put sea cucumber in the pond in a suitable place to breed, shellfish, sea cucumber ingest benthic diatom and other organic detritus, the shellfish unicellular planktonic algae that ingests, organic nutrition salt in the outdoor breeding pond (10) is through the absorption of algae, and content descends, and relatively stable, like this, sea cucumber, shellfish, algae is common form one stable, independently the ecosystem does not need artificial bait throwing in, in addition since outdoor breeding pond (10) in seawater from indoor culture pond (9), water temperature is lower, can remain between 14-20 ℃ throughout the year, be fit to very much the growth of sea cucumber, also avoid aestivation and the hibernation of sea cucumber, prolonged vegetative period, made sea cucumber can reach commercial specification in 1 year; Be provided with shell dam (11) between outdoor breeding pond (10) and the drainage ditch (13), culture seawater in the pond (10) through shell dam (11) purified treatment after drainage ditch (13) backflow sea (1), thereby avoided culturing the pollution of water, reached the purpose of environment-protecting cultivation precious marine product the sea.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of environment-protecting cultivation method of precious marine product, it is characterized in that, deep well on being arranged in the sandy beach is 13-17 ℃ seawater with water pump extraction temperature, enter in the water of the high-order pond of low temperature, low temperature seawater in the low temperature head-tank flows into naturally through pipeline and carries out oxygenation in the aeration basin, increase the oxygen content of low temperature seawater on the one hand, make on the other hand that the iron ion oxidation becomes sediment in the low temperature seawater, low temperature seawater after aeration is handled enters in the husky filter tank and filters, after the low temperature aqueduct enter in the breed pond in indoor culture workshop; Large open well on being arranged in the sandy beach extracts with the essentially identical seawater of extraneous ocean temperature and enters the normal temperature head-tank, and the seawater in the normal temperature head-tank is in normal temperature aqueduct spontaneous current is gone into the breed pond in indoor breed workshop; Adjusting is positioned at normal temperature control valve and the low temperature control valve on normal temperature aqueduct and the low temperature aqueduct, control low temperature seawater and normal temperature seawater enter the quantity of culturing the pond, thereby make the mixing ocean temperature of culturing in the pond between 17-20 ℃, in culturing the pond, throw in fry, culture in the pond and put area coverage in a suitable place to breed, 80%-90% is advisable during with minute pond; If in breeding process, find the disease fish, then inject fresh water, with the full pond of fresh water immersion treatment, kill bacteria or virus to culturing the pond; Regularly bait throwing in culturing the pond after each bait throwing in finishes, is opened sewage draining exit, reduces the water level of culturing in the pond rapidly, and makes pond water fast rotational, takes away a large amount of dirt and residual baits at the bottom of the pond; Flow into sedimentation basin through the breed pond waste water that sewage draining exit is discharged, residual bait, ight soil are at the sedimentation basin bottom sediments in the water, filtration, the absorption on the shell dam of nitrated or denitrification biological bacterium are arranged through surface seeding then, the ammonia nitrogen in the water, hydrogen sulphide harmful substance have been eliminated, keep the nutritive salt material, made it to enter the outdoor breeding pond; Thrown the stone solids in the outdoor breeding pond into, formed artificial reef, and propagation there is unicellular alga, put sea cucumber, shellfish in the outdoor breeding pond in a suitable place to breed, sea cucumber, the shellfish unicellular alga that ingests.
2, be used for the cultivation equipment of the described marine product environment-protecting cultivation method of claim 1, it is characterized in that, comprise water system, temperature adjusting system, disease control system, Waste Water Treatment, pond ecological cultivation system; Wherein the deep water pump of water system, shallow water pump lay respectively in deep well and the large open well, deep water pump, shallow water pump are connected with low temperature head-tank and normal temperature head-tank respectively through pipeline, the low temperature head-tank is communicated with the aeration basin through pipeline, be communicated with through pipeline between aeration basin and the husky filter tank, the delivery port of husky filter tank links to each other with the breed pond in indoor culture workshop through the deep well aqueduct, and the normal temperature head-tank links to each other with the breed pond in indoor culture workshop through the large open well aqueduct; The temperature adjusting system comprises cultures pond, large open well aqueduct, deep well aqueduct, and is located at normal temperature control valve, low temperature control valve on large open well aqueduct, the deep well aqueduct; The disease control system is provided with the fresh water input pipe that links to each other with running water for culturing in the pond; Sedimentation basin and shell dam constitute Waste Water Treatment, have nitrated or the denitrification bioengineered strain in the shell surface inoculation, and the sewage draining exit of culturing the pond is communicated with the water inlet of sedimentation basin, and the outdoor breeding pond of pond ecological cultivation system is adjacent through shell dam and sedimentation basin.
3,, it is characterized in that said shell dam is arranged between described outdoor breeding pond and the drainage ditch according to the cultivation equipment of the described marine product environment-protecting cultivation method of claim 2.
4,, it is characterized in that being provided with the stone solids in the said outdoor breeding pond according to the cultivation equipment of claim 2 or 3 described marine product environment-protecting cultivation methods.
CNB021104344A 2002-06-07 2002-06-07 Marine product environment-protecting cultivation process and its cultivation equipment Expired - Fee Related CN1183827C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB021104344A CN1183827C (en) 2002-06-07 2002-06-07 Marine product environment-protecting cultivation process and its cultivation equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB021104344A CN1183827C (en) 2002-06-07 2002-06-07 Marine product environment-protecting cultivation process and its cultivation equipment

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1460412A CN1460412A (en) 2003-12-10
CN1183827C true CN1183827C (en) 2005-01-12

Family

ID=29589494

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNB021104344A Expired - Fee Related CN1183827C (en) 2002-06-07 2002-06-07 Marine product environment-protecting cultivation process and its cultivation equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN1183827C (en)

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102047856A (en) * 2010-11-04 2011-05-11 广东海洋大学 Pond and method for culturing penaeus japonicus through mulching film sand bed self-purification
CN103430886A (en) * 2013-08-30 2013-12-11 北海市源龙珍珠有限公司 Factory-like pearl culture system
CN103478055A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-01-01 海南省水产研究所 Indoor industrial penaeus vannamei culture device
CN110226541A (en) * 2019-07-17 2019-09-13 鲁东大学 A method of adjusting stichopus japonicus nursery water quality and control enemy planktonic organism breeding

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN1460412A (en) 2003-12-10

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101120661B (en) Ecological fishery cultivating device based on composite vertical current artificial wet land
CN101248766A (en) Shrimp-fish-shellfish-algae multiple cultivation and water quality biological regulate and control system thereof
CN203492593U (en) South America white shrimp indoor factorization cultivation device
CN102499154B (en) Ecological circulating water cultivation method for improving quality of fish
CN103478055A (en) Indoor industrial penaeus vannamei culture device
CN104509469B (en) A kind of high-density green ecological cultural method of smooth lip fish
CN101461337A (en) Pond culture method of grouper
CN103960193B (en) The numerous foster water treatment system of Sungkiang weever of simulation natural ecological environment and Operations Management method
CN105621794B (en) A kind of processing system and its processing method of intensive marine culture wastewater
CN108719172A (en) A kind of pond culture circulatory system based on bio-toilet module
CN105532552B (en) Seawater circulation culture system with sewage disposal facility
CN109619019A (en) High drop gravity flow water tank type fish farming system
CN109287538A (en) A kind of crab cultivation water pollution control system and its application
CN109095617A (en) The ecosystem and purification method of subtropical zone composite type artificial wetland purifying sea water breeding water
CN1183827C (en) Marine product environment-protecting cultivation process and its cultivation equipment
CN108439711A (en) A kind of marine culture waste water integrated treatment purification system and method
CN205455396U (en) Fold formula fishes and shrimps circulating water system of raising together with
CN104737952B (en) A kind of shallow water runway recognition system and method based on bioflocculation reactor
CN104058506B (en) A kind of freshwater aquaculture water treatment process and multi-functional composite ecologic irrigation canals and ditches
CN208273900U (en) A kind of fishes and shrimps algae Bao ginseng recirculated water ecology synthesis cultivating system
CN205710095U (en) A kind of bioreactor
CN109678304A (en) A kind of systematization processing system of the exceeded shallow well water of iron content for Cultured Tenualosa Reevesii
CN108338100A (en) A kind of intensive ecological efficient sturgeon cultivation combination pond and its cultural method
CN108684598B (en) Intelligent seawater pond leisure landscape ecological breeding system
CN213881396U (en) Annual large-scale aquaculture system for snail and shellfish aquatic products

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee