CN1178784C - Stiffened timber floor and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Stiffened timber floor and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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CN1178784C
CN1178784C CNB031127614A CN03112761A CN1178784C CN 1178784 C CN1178784 C CN 1178784C CN B031127614 A CNB031127614 A CN B031127614A CN 03112761 A CN03112761 A CN 03112761A CN 1178784 C CN1178784 C CN 1178784C
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wood
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wear
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CN1485184A (en
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葛跃进
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葛跃进
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Abstract

一种强化木地板及其制造方法,所采取的措施之一是地板主体的上表面由与底面相平行的行走面和行走面两侧边缘的斜面组成,纤维板上表面上依次设有木纹纸层和耐磨纸层,采用模压方法使平衡纸层、纤维板、木纹纸层和耐磨纸层依次粘接;所采取的措施之二是地板主体的上表面由与底面相平行的行走面和行走面两侧边缘的斜面组成,纤维板上表面的行走面上依次设有木纹纸层和耐磨纸层,采用粘接方法,使两侧边缘的斜面粘接固定有木纹纸层,木纹纸层上固化有树脂清漆层。 A wood-reinforced floor and a manufacturing method, is one of the measures taken by the upper surface of the floor body traveling surface and both side edges of the inclined surface and the bottom surface running parallel to the surface of the composition, the wood fiber sequentially provided on the surface of the paper the paper layer and wear layer, using the equilibrium paper layer molding method, fiberboard, wood paper layer and wear layer are bonded paper; measures taken two upper surface plate body of a bottom surface parallel to the running surface and both side edges of the bevel surfaces composition walking, walking surface of the upper surface of the fiberboard wood paper sequentially provided with a paper layer and wear layer, the method using an adhesive, on both sides of the edge bevel grainy paper layer is adhesively fixed, curable resin varnish layer wood paper layer. 本发明由于地板主体上表面两侧边缘具有斜面,给地板铺设带来方便,外观上可以完全达到实木地板的效果,而且具有强化木地板耐磨损、阻燃、价格低、使用寿命长等优点。 The present invention, since both side edges of the plate body has an inclined surface, easy to bring flooring, wood flooring fully achieve the effect on the appearance, but also laminate flooring wear-resistant, fire-retardant, low price, long life .

Description

强化木地板及其制造方法 Laminate flooring and its manufacturing method

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种强化木地板及其制造方法。 The present invention relates to a method of manufacturing reinforced wooden floors.

背景技术 Background technique

实木地板是采用实木资源通过机械加工成具有成型企口的地板,实木地板的地板主体的上表面由与底面相平行的行走面和行走面两侧边缘的圆弧形倒角组成,实木地板的行走面和圆弧形倒角是一体的,所以其纹理图案和颜色是一致,由于行走面两侧边缘设有圆弧形倒角,这样两块实木地板结合处形成拼接槽;拼接槽的存在,可以使人在视觉上感觉不到实木地板拼接处收缩缝的存在,而且在外观上也不是那么单调,但实木地板资源珍稀、价格昂贵,不能在广大消费者中普及。 Wood flooring is the use of wood resources machined to have a floor, an upper surface plate body of the tongue and groove wood flooring formed by the bottom surface parallel to the traveling surface and both side edges of the arc-shaped chamfered traveling surface composed of solid wood flooring traveling surface and one arcuate chamfering, so its color and texture pattern is consistent, since both sides of the edge to the upper side is provided with arc-shaped chamfer, and two solid wood floor splice junction formed groove; splicing presence groove it can make people feel less than solid wood floor mosaic at the presence of contraction joints, but also in appearance is not so visually monotonous, but solid wood flooring resource of rare, expensive and not popular in the vast number of consumers. 强化木地板由热压机加工而成,在热压机的下模上,自下而上依次铺设平衡纸、中密度纤维板或高密度纤维板、木纹纸和耐磨纸,上述平衡纸和耐磨纸都具有粘接层,在热压机中且在一定的压力和温度下进行热压,热压后的平衡纸、纤维板、木纹纸和耐磨纸依次粘接连成一体,后由专用机床加工出成型榫、槽。 Laminate flooring is processed by hot press formed, on the lower die of a hot press, balance ascending order laying paper, medium density fiberboard or high density fiberboard, wood paper and wear resistant overlay, and the balanced-resistant paper grinding paper having an adhesive layer, and hot pressing, hot pressing after the balance of paper, fiberboard, wood paper and wear paper adhered integrally connected sequentially at a certain temperature and pressure in a hot press, after the forming a special machining tongue groove. 平衡纸主要是起到隔潮作用和在压贴过程中平衡张力、防止压贴后的板变形;木纹纸是在纸张上印刷出各种花纹图案而形成的,不同的花纹即是不同的品种;耐磨纸表面为Al2O3颗粒,主要是克服使用中的磨损,它决定地板的使用寿命,一般应在6000转以上;强化木地板由于不易磨损且价格低廉已得到普遍应用,但目前市场上供应的强化木地板,没有实木地板上表面具有拼接槽所产生的外观效果,在铺设时要求较高,如相邻地板间有高低差,则形成角棱,光脚走在地板上易伤着脚,且角棱部分相对其它部分磨损快,时间久了,影响地板的外观。 Equilibrium moisture barrier paper is mainly played the role of balancing tension and pressed against the process, is pressed against the plate to prevent deformation; wood paper sheet is printed on a variety of formed patterns, different patterns are different i.e. Because of easy to wear and low price has been widely used, but the laminate flooring market; variety; wear-resistant paper surface Al2O3 particles, mainly to overcome the use of wear and tear, which determines the life of the floor, the general should be above 6,000 rpm supply of laminate flooring, there is no appearance splice surface having grooves produced on the solid wood flooring, when laying demanding, there is a difference between such adjacent floor height, angle rib is formed, on the floor and walking barefoot easily hurt feet, and the corner edge portions relative to other portions wear faster, over time, affect the appearance of the floor.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的在于提出一种在铺设时相邻地板间不会产生角棱且具有仿实木地板效果的强化木地板及其制造方法。 Object of the present invention is to provide a corner edges does not occur and the effect of having imitation wood floors laminate flooring manufacturing method thereof between adjacent floor laying.

为达到上述提出的一种在铺设时相邻地板间不会产生角棱且具有仿实木地板效果的强化地板的目的,本发明所采取的措施之一是在具有地板主体和分处于地板主体四侧的榫和槽以及地板主体具有纤维板和设置在纤维板底面上的平衡纸层的基础上,纤维板的上表面由与底面相平行的行走面和行走面两侧边缘的向下倾斜的斜面组成,纤维板上表面上粘接有木纹纸层,木纹纸层上粘接有耐磨纸层,且木纹纸层和耐磨纸层在纤维板的整个上表面上整体连续分布。 For the purposes of the floor does not occur between the edges and corners having imitation wood flooring laminate flooring effect when laying adjacent achieve a set forth above, one of the measures taken in the present invention is a body having a floor and four points in the plate body tongue groove and the floor and side of the body and having a fiber layer is provided on the basis of the balance of paper fiber on the bottom surface of the upper surface of the fiber with the bottom surface downwardly inclined surface parallel to the traveling surface and both side edges of the walking surface composition, upper surface of the adhesive paper layer with a wood fiberboard, wood paper layer on the adhesive paper layer wear and abrasion resistant wood paper layer and a paper layer integrally and continuously distributed over the entire upper surface of the fibreboard.

上述地板的斜面的倾斜角α为16.5~20.5°,深度h为0.55~0.65mm。 The inclination angle α of the inclined surface above the floor is 16.5 ~ 20.5 °, the depth h is 0.55 ~ 0.65mm.

上述地板的长度a为800~1285mm,宽度b为80~140mm、厚度c为8~13mm;平衡纸层和耐磨纸层中的起粘接作用的成分为三聚氰胺胶;纤维板为中密度纤维板或高密度纤维板。 Above the floor of a length of 800 ~ 1285mm, a width b of 80 ~ 140mm, a thickness c of 8 ~ 13mm; and the balance of components from the adhesive paper layer acting wear-resistant paper layer is a melamine glue; fibreboard is medium density fiberboard or high-density fiberboard.

制造上述地板的步骤如下:①在热压机的下模钢板上按由下而上的次序设置平衡纸、纤维板、木纹纸以及耐磨纸;热压机的上模钢板是其工作面上具有间隔距离宽窄相间的“V”形凸筋的钢板,热压机通过具有“V”形凸筋的上模钢板对平衡纸、纤维板、木纹纸和耐磨纸施压,在温度为190~200℃、压力20~25MPa的条件下保压25秒~45秒,而使平衡纸、纤维板、木纹纸和耐磨纸依次粘接,同时在纤维板、木纹纸和耐磨纸上一次性模压出“V”形凹槽,形成具有间隔距离宽窄相间的“V”形凹槽的大板,大板宽度中心线的两侧的“V”形凹槽间的距离为窄距f;②用锯板设备将具有“V”形凹槽的大板锯成所需尺寸的小片,并沿其各“V”形凹槽窄距之间的中心线锯开,每一小片两侧各具有“V”形凹槽;③进行码堆时效养生,养生时间为至少八天;④在小片四侧加 The step of producing the floor as follows: ① setting the balance sheet, fiberboard, wood paper and wear-resistant paper by a bottom-up order on the lower die plate pressing machine; hot press the upper mold plate is its working surface phases having width distance "V" shaped steel ribs, the rib-shaped hot press molded steel sheet on the balance sheet, fiber, wood and paper having a wear resistant overlay by pressing "V", at a temperature of 190 ~ 200 ℃, holding pressure 25 seconds to 45 seconds a pressure of 20 ~ 25MPa, and the balance of paper, fiberboard, wood paper and adhesive wear paper sequentially while fiberboard, wood paper, and a paper wear pressed out of the "V" -shaped groove formed plate having a large width interphase distance of "V" shaped groove, a large sheet width on both sides of the center line distance between the "V" shaped grooves are narrow pitch F; ② plate with a saw device having a "V" shaped groove sawn into slabs of the desired size pieces, and each of which is "V" shaped grooves between the center line of sawing narrow pitch along each side of each of the small pieces having a "V" shaped groove; ③ palletization aging for health, and health time is at least eight days; ④ four sides of the die plus 形成纵向和横向的榫和槽,而得到成品;此时小片两侧的“V”形凹槽只保留一半,左右两侧每侧的半个“V”形凹槽即为地板主体左右两侧边缘的斜面。 Forming tongue and the longitudinal and transverse grooves, to obtain the finished product; in this case both sides of the die "V" shaped groove retains only half of the left and right sides of each side half "V" shaped groove is the main left and right sides of the floor beveled edges.

所述的平衡纸由原纸经过主要成分为三聚氰胺的胶液浸渍后制得;耐磨纸为在原纸上喷涂三氧化二铝微粒后再经过主要成分为三聚氰胺的胶液浸渍后制得;纤维板为中密度纤维板或高密度纤维板;步骤②小片的边缘直线度控制在0.1mm/m以内。 The balance of the base paper sheet through the main component melamine glue obtained after impregnation; wear-resistant paper as the base paper aluminum oxide particulates and then sprayed through the main component is immersed melamine glue prepared; fiber is medium density fiberboard or high density fiberboard; edge straightness step ② die controlled within 0.1mm / m.

为达到所提出的强化木地板的目的,本发明所采取的措施之二是在具有地板主体和分处于地板主体四侧的榫和槽以及地板主体具有纤维板和设置在纤维板底面上的平衡纸层的基础上,纤维板的上表面由与底面相平行的行走面和行走面两侧边缘的向下倾斜的斜面组成,纤维板上表面的行走面上依次设有木纹纸层和耐磨纸层,并依次粘接,两侧边缘的向下倾斜的斜面上粘接固定有木纹纸层,木纹纸层上固化有树脂清漆层。 For the purpose of the proposed laminate flooring, Measures taken to the present invention, the second is having a plate body and a tongue and groove and the floor body points in the floor of the body of four sides having fibreboard and set the balance paper layer fibreboard bottom surface based on the upper surface of the fiber by the downwardly inclined surface and the bottom surface parallel to the traveling surface and both side edges of the running surface of the composition, the walking surface of the fiber surface layer and in turn provided with wear-resistant paper wood paper layer, and sequentially bonding, wood paper layer is adhesively fixed on the inclined surface downwardly inclined edges on both sides, with a curable resin varnish layer wood paper layer.

上述地板的斜面的倾斜角α为16.5~20.5°,深度h为0.55~0.65mm。 The inclination angle α of the inclined surface above the floor is 16.5 ~ 20.5 °, the depth h is 0.55 ~ 0.65mm.

上述平衡纸和耐磨纸中的起粘接作用的成分为三聚氰胺胶;纤维板为中密度纤维板或高密度纤维板;树脂清漆层所用的树脂清漆为单组份UV树脂清漆;地板的长度a为800~1285mm,宽度b为80~140mm、厚度c在8~13mm。 Component of the balance of paper and adhesive action from a wear resistant melamine paper gum; fibreboard is medium density fiberboard or high density fiberboard; novolac resin varnish layer used as one-component UV resin varnish; a floor length 800 ~ 1285mm, a width b of 80 140mm ~, the thickness c of 8 ~ 13mm.

制造上述措施之二中所提出的强化地板的方法,具有如下步骤:①在热压机的下模钢板上按由下而上的次序设置平衡纸、纤维板、木纹纸以及耐磨纸;热压机通过光面或浮雕的模压钢板对平衡纸、纤维板、木纹纸和耐磨纸施压,在温度为180~200℃、压力为25~30MPa的条件下保压25~45秒,而使平衡纸、密度纤维板、木纹纸和耐磨纸依次粘接,形成平面大板;②用锯板设备将平面大板锯成所需尺寸的小片;③进行码堆时效养生,养生时间为至少八天;④在小片四侧加工形成纵向和横向的榫和槽;⑤在设有榫和槽的小片工作面左右两侧加工形成斜面,斜面上粘贴木纹纸,表面喷涂树脂清漆;树脂清漆于燥后,则制得成品。 The method of manufacturing the above laminate flooring bis measures proposed in, having the following: ① From balance setting paper, fiberboard, wood paper and wear-resistant paper by a bottom-up order on the lower die plate pressing machine; hot press balance sheet, fiberboard, wood paper and wear resistant steel sheet by die pressing or relief surface, at a temperature of 180 ~ 200 ℃, a pressure holding pressure of 25 to 45 seconds under conditions of 25 to 30MPa, and the equilibrium paper, medium density fiberboard, wood paper and adhesive wear paper sequentially formed large flat plate; ② device plane with a saw plate large plate is sawn pieces of desired dimensions; ③ palletization aging for health, and health time at least eight days; ④ die formed in four sides of the longitudinal and transverse machining tongue and groove; ⑤ formed at both sides of the inclined surface is provided around the tongue and groove processing small piece face, wood paper pasted on the inclined surface, surface coating resin varnish; resin after the varnish to dry, the prepared products.

上述平衡纸由原纸经过主要成分为三聚氰胺的胶液浸渍后制得;耐磨纸为在原纸上喷涂三氧化二铝微粒后再经过主要成分为三聚氰胺的胶液浸渍后制得;纤维板为中密度纤维板或高密度纤维板;树脂清漆采用单组份UV树脂清漆;步骤②小片的边缘直线度控制在0.1mm/m以内。 After the above-described paper mainly composed of the balance after the glue is prepared from melamine impregnated paper; wear-resistant paper as the base paper through a main component in the coating after aluminum oxide fine particles of melamine impregnated after glue prepared; medium density fibreboard fiberboard or high density fiberboard; UV-component resin varnish using a resin varnish; edge straightness step ② die controlled within 0.1mm / m.

本发明由于地板主体的上表面由与底面相平行的行走面和行走面两侧边缘的斜面组成,斜面上具有纹理图案,在外观上可以达到实木地板的效果,尤其是第一种技术措施,外观上可以完全达到实木地板的效果,而且具有强化木地板耐磨损、阻燃、价格低、使用寿命长等优点;由于地板主体上表面两侧边缘具有斜面,给地板铺设带来方便,在视觉上可以给人更加平整、美观的感觉。 Since the present invention on the surface of a floor slope and the body parallel to the upper side surface edges of both walking and face, has a texture pattern inclined surface, the appearance of wood floor can achieve the effect, in particular, measure a first technology, fully satisfy the appearance of solid wood flooring, laminate flooring and having a wear-resistant, fire-retardant, low prices, long life; both side edges of the floor since the surface of the body having a beveled, to facilitate the laying of the floor to bring, in It can give more smooth and beautiful feeling visually.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为实施例1主视图;图2为图1的A向视图;图3为图1的局部I处的放大图;图4为热压机具有“V”形凸筋的上模钢板示图;图5为图4的俯视图;图6为图5的局部II处的放大图;图7为加工过程中先形成的大片示图;图8为图7的B向放大视图;图9为中片示图;图10为小片示图;图11为图10的C向放大视图;图12为地板拼装图;图13为实施例2的一个局部放大图。 Figure 1 is a front view of an embodiment; FIG. 2 is a view on arrow A of FIG. 1; FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of the I 1; FIG. 4 has a "V" shaped ribs on the mold as hot press steel sheet shown ; Figure 5 is a plan view of FIG. 4; FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of part II of 5; FIG. 7 is a large illustrating processing of pre-formed; FIG. 8 FIG. 7 B to an enlarged view; FIG. 9 is a sheet shown in FIG.; FIG. 10 is a diagram of small pieces; Fig. 11 is an enlarged view of the C-10; FIG. 12 is a floor assembly; Figure 13 is a partial enlarged view of the second embodiment.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

(实施例1)见图1至图3,本实施例的强化木地板具有地板主体1和分处于地板主体1四侧的榫2和槽3,地板主体1具有纤维板11和设置在纤维板11底面上的平衡纸层12,平衡纸12由原纸经过主要成分为三聚氰胺的胶液浸渍后制得;纤维板11的上表面由与底面相平行的行走面1-1和行走面两侧边缘的向下倾斜的斜面1-2组成,纤维板11上表面上粘接有木纹纸层13,木纹纸层13上粘接有耐磨纸层14,且木纹纸层13和耐磨纸层14在纤维板11的整个上表面上整体连续分布。 (Example 1) Figure 1 to 3, laminate flooring embodiment of the present embodiment has a main body 1 and a floor 2 and a tongue groove in the plate body 1 divided four sides 3, a plate body having a bottom surface fiber 11 and fiber 11 is provided paper layer 12 on the balance, the balance sheet 12 through a main component of the gum solution is prepared from melamine impregnated paper; fiberboard upper surface 11 by the downwardly traveling side surfaces 1-1 and the bottom edge of the travel surface and the surface parallel 1-2 inclined ramp composition, fiber 11 on the upper surface of the adhesive layer 13 with a grainy paper, wood paper layer 13 on the adhesive layer 14 with a wear-resistant paper, wood paper layer 13 and paper layer 14 and wear integrally continuous distribution on the entire upper surface 11 of the fiberboard. 纤维板11为中密度纤维板或高密度纤维板;耐磨纸14为在原纸上喷涂三氧化二铝微粒后再经过主要成分为三聚氰胺的胶液浸渍后制得;成品地板的长度a为1215mm、宽度b为138mm、厚度c为8.2mm。 11 is a fiberboard of medium density fiberboard or high density fiberboard; wear-resistant paper 14 as a main component in the base paper after coating aluminum oxide fine particles after the glue is a melamine impregnated prepared; the length of a finished floor is 1215mm, the width b of 138mm, a thickness c of 8.2mm. 成品地板的与纤维板11的上表面的行走面1-1两侧边缘的向下倾斜的斜面1-2的相对应处的斜面的倾斜角α在16.5~20.5°之间,深度为0.55~0.65mm,实施例1采取倾斜角α为18.5°深度为0.6mm。 The inclination angle α of the inclined surface downwardly inclined surface 1-1 with the upper surface of both side edges of the walking surface of the fiber 11 corresponding to the finished floor between 1-2 16.5 ~ 20.5 °, a depth of 0.55 to 0.65 mm, Example 1 taken as the inclination angle α of 18.5 ° depth of 0.6mm.

实施例1的加工步骤如下:强化木地板一般由短周期贴面生产线加工而成,本实施例采用苏州林机厂生产的短周期贴面生产线,贴面生产线的主机为热压机,模压钢板4(见图4~图6)是专门设计的,其工作面上具有间隔距离宽窄相间的“V”形凸筋4-1,长度两端设有安装工艺孔4-2。 Example processing step 1 is as follows: laminate flooring generally consists of a short cycle press line processing, the present embodiment employs short cycle Suzhou Forest Factory production of veneer production line, the host veneer production line for the hot press, press plate 4 (see FIG. 4 to FIG. 6) is designed, with its working surface spaced from the white width "V" shaped ribs 4-1, both ends of the length of the mounting process provided with holes 4-2. 热压机的上模钢板的大小为2670×1430mm,“V”形凸筋间的宽距e为138mm,即为地板的宽度;窄距f为17mm,窄距对应地板的榫槽部位。 The size of the upper mold hot press steel sheet is 2670 × 1430mm, "V" shaped broadside e between the bead of 138mm, that is, the width of the floor; f is a narrow pitch 17mm, from the narrow portion of the corresponding tongue and groove flooring. “V”形凸筋的高度g为0.6mm,倾斜角α为18.5°,宽度i约为3.6mm。 "V" shape of the rib height g is 0.6mm, the inclination angle α is 18.5 °, the width i of about 3.6mm. 宽度中心线的两侧的“V”形凸筋间的距离为窄距f,两侧处于的最外的两“V”形凸筋间的距离为宽距e;平衡纸、木纹纸和耐磨纸选择由浙江杭州锦绣装饰材料有限公司生产的平衡纸、木纹纸和耐磨纸:平衡纸由原纸经过主要成分为三聚氰胺的胶液浸渍后制得;耐磨纸为在原纸上喷涂三氧化二铝微粒后再经过主要成分为三聚氰胺的胶液浸渍后制得;纤维板为中密度纤维板或高密度纤维板;本实施例采用中密度纤维板,规格为2460×1250mm,平衡纸、木纹纸和耐磨纸的大小与中密度纤维板的大小一致。 The distance between the "V" shaped ribs on both sides of the narrow width from the center line F, the outermost sides in the two "V" shaped bead distance between broadside to E; balanced paper, wood and paper selected by the wear-resistant paper Hangzhou beautiful decorative materials balance Co paper, wood paper and paper wear: balance of paper through the paper mainly composed of melamine impregnated after glue prepared; wear-resistant coating to the paper in the original paper aluminum oxide fine particles and then through a main component of the gum solution prepared as melamine impregnated; fibreboard is medium density fiberboard or high density fiberboard; embodiment according to the present embodiment employs MDF, size of 2460 × 1250mm, balance paper, wood paper MDF is consistent with the size and the size of the wear-resistant paper. 在贴面生产线的送料机构上由下而上依次设置平衡纸12、中密度纤维板11、木纹纸13和耐磨纸14,贴面生产线的送料机构把平衡纸12、中密度纤维板11、木纹纸13和耐磨纸14送入热压机内,并置于热压机的下模上。 Sequentially disposed from bottom to top on the balance sheet feed mechanism veneer production line 12, MDF 11, 13 and wear resistant wood paper sheet 14, the veneer production line to balance paper feeding mechanism 12, 11 of medium density fiberboard, wood 13 and the wear profile of paper sheet 14 into a hot press and placed on the lower die of a hot press. 热压机通过具有“V”形凸筋的上模钢板对平衡纸12、纤维板11、木纹纸13和耐磨纸14施压,在温度为200℃、压力在22MPa的条件下保压30秒,或温度为190℃、压力在22MPa的条件下保压38秒,或温度为195℃、压力在22MPa的条件下保压35秒,平衡纸12、纤维板11、木纹纸13和耐磨纸14粘接成一体,形成大片(见图7~图8),同时在纤维板、木纹纸和耐磨纸上一次性模压出“V”形凹槽1-22;“V”形凹槽1-22与上模钢板“V”形凸筋4-1相对应,“V”形凹槽的深度h为0.6mm,倾斜角α为18.5°即宽度r为3.6mm左右,大片被推出热压机,在推料锯上沿大板长度中心线将大板锯开,形成中板(见图9);在专用多片锯上沿“V”凹槽窄距之间的中心线锯开,每片中片开成8小片,每一小片(见图10~图11)两侧各具有“V”形凹槽,边缘直线度控制在0.1mm/m以内;接着进行码堆时效养生,每八片为一小 Hot press having an upper die plate by the rib-shaped "V" 12, 11 fiberboard, wood paper 13 and the balance of paper sheet 14 pressed wear at a temperature of 200 ℃, pressure at 22MPa pressure holding 30 seconds, or the temperature of 190 deg.] C, at a pressure of 22MPa dwell 38 seconds, or a temperature of 195 deg.] C, at a pressure of 22MPa dwell 35 seconds balance paper 12, fiber 11, 13 and wear resistant wood paper adhesive sheet 14 integrally formed large (see FIG. 7 to FIG. 8), while fiberboard, paper, wood paper and wear disposable pressed out "V" shaped groove 1-22; "V" shaped groove 1-22 and the upper mold steel "V" shaped ribs corresponding to 4-1, "V" shape groove depth h of 0.6mm, an inclination angle α of 18.5 ° i.e. the width r of about 3.6mm, is pushed large heat press, large pusher plate on the sawed along the saw center line length of the slab, intermediate plate is formed (see FIG. 9); along the centerline between the "V" groove on the narrow-pitch multi-blade saws sawing dedicated , per tablet slice opening 8 into small pieces, each of the pieces (see FIG. 10 to FIG. 11) on each side having a "V" shaped groove, edge straightness controlled within 0.1mm / m; followed by aging regimen palletization, every eight is a small ,每层五小垛,每两片表层相对进行码堆,每八百片为一托盘。 , Each five small stacks, each of two opposing surface for palletization, every eight hundred to a tray. 送入养生房进行养生,养生时间为八天以上。 Into the health room were health, and health over time is eight days. 最后在专用快速榫槽成形加工流水线上在小片四侧加工形成纵向和横向的榫和槽,而得到成品;此时成品纵向两侧的“V”形凹槽只保留一半,左右两侧每侧的半个“V”形凹槽即为地板主体左右两侧边缘的斜面1-2。 Finally dedicated fast tongue and groove formed on the processing lines are formed longitudinal and transverse tongue and groove processing on the four sides of the die, to obtain a finished product; case both longitudinal sides of the finished product "V" shaped groove retains only half of the left and right sides of each side half "V" shaped groove is the plate body bevel edges on both sides 1-2. 图12为地板拼装图。 Figure 12 is a floor assembly diagram.

(实施例2)本实施例的示图参照图1,图1中的局部I处放大图见图13。 (Example 2) illustrating the present embodiment with reference to FIG. 1, at I in FIG partial enlarged view shown in Figure 13. 本实施例的强化木地板具有地板主体1和处于地板主体1四侧的榫2和槽3,地板主体1具有纤维板11和设置在纤维板11底面上的平衡纸层12,纤维板11的上表面由与底面相平行的行走面1-1和行走面1-1两侧边缘的向下倾斜的斜面1-2组成,纤维板11上表面的行走面1-1上依次设有木纹纸层13-1和耐磨纸层14-1,并依次粘接,两侧边缘的向下倾斜的斜面1-2粘接固定有木纹纸层13-2,木纹纸层13-2上固化有树脂清漆层14-2。 Laminate flooring according to the present embodiment has a plate body 1 and a tongue 2 and a groove in the floor body 1 four sides 3, a floor body 1 having a fiber 11 and disposed balancing paper layer fiber 11 bottom surface of the upper surface 12, fiber 11 by 1-1 downwardly inclined surface 11 and side edges of the walking surface and the bottom surface parallel to the traveling surface consisting of 1-2, the fiber 11 on the surface of the traveling surface 1-1 grainy paper layer are sequentially provided 13- a paper layer 14-1 and wear, and in turn bonded, the inclined surface downwardly inclined edge sides 1-2 wood paper layer is adhesively fixed to 13-2, on the cured resin layer 13-2 grainy paper clearcoat 14-2. 本实施例地板的长度为1215mm、宽度为138mm、厚度在8.2mm。 Example of the present embodiment the length of the floor of 1215mm, width of 138mm, thickness of 8.2mm. 地板的与纤维板11的上表面的行走面1-1两侧边缘的向下倾斜的斜面1-2的相对应处的斜面的倾斜角α为18.5°,深度为0.6mm。 The inclination angle α of the inclined surface inclined downward with the upper surface of the fiber 11 both side edges 1-1 of the floor traveling surface corresponding to a slope of 1-2 at 18.5 °, a depth of 0.6mm.

实施例2的加工步骤如下:按实施例1短周期贴面生产线的操作工艺依次设置平衡纸、中密度纤维板、木纹纸和耐磨纸;热压机通过光面模压钢板或浮雕模压钢板对平衡纸、中密度纤维板、耐磨纸和木纹纸施压,温度、压力和保压时间参考实施例1,平衡纸12、中密度纤维板11、木纹纸13-1和耐磨纸14-1粘接,形成大板;在推料锯上沿大板和度中心线将大板锯开,形成中板;在专用多片锯上将中片开成小片,每一中片开成8片小片,边缘直线度控制在0.1mm/m以内;进行码堆时效养生,养生时间在八天以上;在小片四侧加工纵、横榫槽;最后在小片纵向两侧加工形成斜面,斜面上粘贴木纹纸13-2,表面喷涂单组分UV树脂清漆;树脂清漆干燥后,则制得成品;八片小片为一组装盒、封装。 Example 2 The following processing steps: a short cycle according to Example 1 operating processes veneer line are sequentially set the balance sheet, MDF, wood paper and paper wear; hot press molding a steel plate or by the surface relief of the press plate balance sheet, medium density fiberboard, paper and wood paper wear pressure, for example 1, the balance sheet 12 11 medium density fiberboard, wood paper sheet 13-1 and 14- wear temperature, pressure and dwell time reference an adhesive, to form a large plate; plate and along a large degree center line in the large pusher plate sawed sawing, plate form; in a dedicated on-chip multi-chip saws apart into small pieces, each of the sheet 8 to open sheet piece, edge straightness controlled within 0.1mm / m; for palletization aging health, and health time in more than eight days; platelets at four sides processing vertical and horizontal tongue and groove; finally die longitudinal sides processed to form a ramp, the ramp 13-2, one-component surface coating UV varnish resin paste wood paper; resin varnish after drying, to obtain the finished product; eight pieces of a cartridge assembly, packaging.

Claims (10)

1.一种强化木地板,具有地板主体(1)和分处于地板主体(1)四侧的榫和槽(2、3),地板主体(1)具有纤维板(11)和设置在纤维板(11)底面上的平衡纸层(12);其特征在于:纤维板(11)的上表面由与底面相平行的行走面(1-1)和行走面(1-1)两侧边缘的向下倾斜的斜面(1-2)组成,纤维板(11)上表面上粘接有木纹纸层(13),木纹纸层(13)上粘接有耐磨纸层(14),且木纹纸层(13)和耐磨纸层(14)在纤维板(11)的整个上表面上整体连续分布。 A laminate flooring, having a plate body (1) and the sub-groove and tenon in the plate body (2, 3) (1) of the four sides, the floor body (1) has a fiber (11) and disposed fibreboard (11 ) balancing the bottom surface of the paper layer (12); characterized in that: the upper surface of fiber (11) from the bottom surface parallel to the traveling surface (1-1) and walking surface (1-1) of both side edges of downwardly inclined surface (1-2) composed of a fiberboard (11) bonded to the surface of wood paper layer (13), wood paper layer (13) bonded paper with a wear resistant layer (14), wood and paper layer (13) and wear layer of paper (14) integrally and continuously distributed over the entire upper surface of the fiber (11).
2.根据权利要求1所述的强化木地板,其特征在于:地板的斜面的倾斜角α为16.5~20.5°,深度h为0.55~0.65mm。 2. Laminate flooring according to claim 1, wherein: the inclination angle α of the inclined surface of the floor is 16.5 ~ 20.5 °, the depth h is 0.55 ~ 0.65mm.
3.根据权利要求2所述的强化木地板,其特征在于:地板的长度a为800~1285mm,宽度b为80~140mm、厚度c为8~13mm;平衡纸层(12)和耐磨纸层(14)中的起粘接作用的成分为三聚氰胺胶;纤维板(11)为中密度纤维板或高密度纤维板。 3. A laminate flooring according to claim 2, wherein: a floor length of 800 ~ 1285mm, a width b of 80 ~ 140mm, a thickness c of 8 ~ 13mm; balance paper layer (12) and the wear-resistant paper component layer plays the role of an adhesive (14) is a melamine glue; fiberboard (11) is a medium density fiberboard or high density fiberboard.
4.一种制造权利要求1所述的强化木地板的方法,其特征在于:它具有如下步骤:①在热压机的下模钢板上按由下而上的次序设置平衡纸(12)、纤维板(11)、木纹纸(13)以及耐磨纸(14);热压机的上模钢板是其工作面上具有间隔距离宽窄相间的“V”形凸筋的钢板,热压机通过具有“V”形凸筋的上模钢板对平衡纸(12)、纤维板(11)、木纹纸(13)和耐磨纸(14)施压,在温度为190~200℃、压力20~25MPa的条件下保压25秒~45秒,而使平衡纸(12)、纤维板(11)、木纹纸(13)和耐磨纸(14)依次粘接,同时在纤维板(11)、木纹纸(13)和耐磨纸(14)上一次性模压出“V”形凹槽(1-22),形成具有间隔距离宽窄相间的“V”形凹槽的大板,大板宽度中心线两侧的“V”形凹槽间的距离为窄距f;②用锯板设备将具有“V”形凹槽的大板锯成所需尺寸的小片,并沿其各“V”形凹槽窄距之间的中心线锯开 Laminate flooring method according to claim 1 A method of manufacturing, which is characterized in that: it has the following: ① From the balance sheet is provided (12) by the bottom-up order on the lower die in a hot press steel sheet, Fibreboard (11), wood paper (13) and a wear-resistant paper (14); the upper mold plate which is a hot press having a working surface spaced from the white width "V" shaped ribs steel sheet by hot press an upper die plate "V" shaped ribs on the balance sheet (12), fiber board (11), wood paper (13) and wear resistant overlay (14) pressing at a temperature of 190 ~ 200 ℃, a pressure of 20 ~ under 25MPa dwell 25 seconds to 45 seconds, and the balance of paper (12), fiber board (11), wood paper (13) and wear resistant overlay (14) are sequentially bonded, while fiber (11), wood Textured paper (13) and wear resistant overlay (14) pressed out of the disposable "V" shaped groove (1-22), to form a large plate "V" shaped groove, the width of the center plate having a large width distance white on both sides of a line "V" shaped groove the distance between the narrow pitch f; ② apparatus having a plate with a saw shaped groove "V" large plate sawn to pieces of desired dimensions, and along their respective "V" shape from the centerline between the grooves is narrower sawing ,每一小片两侧各具有“V”形凹槽;③进行码堆时效养生,养生时间为至少八天;④在小片四侧加工形成纵向和横向的榫和槽,而得到成品;此时小片两侧的“V”形凹槽只保留一半,左右两侧每侧的半个“V”形凹槽即为地板主体左右两侧边缘的斜面(1-2)。 , On both sides of each of the small pieces each having "V" -shaped groove; ③ palletization aging for health, and health time is at least eight days; ④ forming longitudinal and transverse tongue and groove processing on the four sides of the die, to obtain a finished product; case both sides of the die "V" shaped groove retains only half of the left and right sides of each side half "V" shaped groove is the plate body edges on both sides of the ramp (1-2).
5.根据权利要求4所述的制造强化木地板的方法,其特征在于:平衡纸(12)由原纸经过主要成分为三聚氰胺的胶液浸渍后制得;耐磨纸(14)为在原纸上喷涂三氧化二铝微粒后再经过主要成分为三聚氰胺的胶液浸渍后制得;纤维板(11)为中密度纤维板或高密度纤维板;步骤②小片的边缘直线度控制在0.1mm/m以内。 The method for manufacturing laminate flooring as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the balance sheet (12) via a main component of a base paper impregnated melamine glue after prepared; wear-resistant paper (14) is a base paper aluminum oxide fine particles and then sprayed through the main components of the impregnating melamine glue prepared; fiber (11) is a medium density fiberboard or high density fiberboard; ② the step of die edge straightness controlled within 0.1mm / m.
6.一种强化木地板,具有地板主体(1)和处于地板主体(1)四侧的榫(2)和槽(3),地板主体(1)具有纤维板(11)和设置在纤维板(11)底面上的平衡纸层(12);其特征在于:纤维板(11)的上表面由与底面相平行的行走面(1-1)和行走面(1-1)两侧边缘的向下倾斜的斜面(1-2)组成,纤维板(11)上表面的行走面(1-1)上依次设有木纹纸层(13-1)和耐磨纸层(14-1),并依次粘接,两侧边缘的向下倾斜的斜面(1-2)上粘接固定有木纹纸层(13-2),木纹纸层(13-2)上固化有树脂清漆层(14-2)。 A laminate flooring, having a plate body (1) and in the tongue plate body (2) and the groove (3) (1) of the four sides, the floor body (1) having a fiber (11) and disposed fibreboard (11 ) equilibrated bottom surface of the paper layer (12); wherein: the upper surface fiberboard (11) traveling by plane parallel to the bottom surface (1-1) and the traveling surface (1-1) of both side edges of downwardly inclined surface (1-2), with the walking surface (11) of the surface of wood fiber sequentially provided with a paper layer (13-1) and a wear resistant overlay layer (14-1) of (1-1), and sequentially sticky then, adhesive on both sides of the downwardly inclined bevel edge (1-2) has a fixed with a cured wood paper layer (13-2), wood paper layer (13-2) resin varnish layer (14-2 ).
7.根据权利要求6所述的强化木地板,其特征在于:地板的斜面的倾斜角α为16.5~20.5°,深度h为0.55~0.65mm。 7. Laminate flooring according to claim 6, wherein: the inclination angle α of the ramp floor is 16.5 ~ 20.5 °, the depth h is 0.55 ~ 0.65mm.
8.根据权利要求6所述的强化木地板,其特征在于:平衡纸层(12)和耐磨纸层(14-1)中的起粘接作用的成分为三聚氰胺胶;纤维板(11)为中密度纤维板或高密度纤维板;树脂清漆层所用的树脂清漆为单组份UV树脂清漆;地板的长度a为800~1285mm,宽度b为80~140mm、厚度c在8~13mm。 8. A laminate flooring according to claim 6, wherein: the role of the component from the balance of paper adhesive layer (12) and wear paper layer (14-1) is a melamine glue; fibreboard (11) medium density fiberboard or high density fiberboard; novolac resin varnish layer used as one-component UV resin varnish; a floor length of 800 ~ 1285mm, a width b of 80 ~ 140mm, the thickness c of 8 ~ 13mm.
9.一种制造权利要求6所述的强化地板的方法,其特征在于:它具有如下步骤:①在热压机的下模钢板上按由下而上的次序设置平衡纸(12)、纤维板(11)、木纹纸(13-1)以及耐磨纸(14-1);热压机通过光面或浮雕的模压钢板对平衡纸(12)、纤维板(11)、木纹纸(13-1)和耐磨纸(14-1)施压,在温度为180~200℃、压力为20~25MPa的条件下保压25~45秒,而使平衡纸(12)、密度纤维板(11)、木纹纸(13-1)和耐磨纸(14-1)依次粘接,形成平面大板;②用锯板设备将大板锯成所需尺寸的小片;③进行码堆时效养生,养生时间为至少八天;④在小片四侧加工形成纵向和横向的榫和槽;⑤在设有榫和槽的小片工作面左右两侧加工形成斜面,斜面上粘贴木纹纸(13-2),表面喷涂树脂清漆;树脂清漆干燥后,则制得成品。 A laminate flooring manufacturing process according to claim 6, characterized in that: it has the following: ① From the balance sheet is provided (12) by the bottom-up order on the lower die plate pressing machine, fiberboard (11), wood paper (13-1) and a wear-resistant paper (14-1); by hot press molding the steel sheet surface embossed or balance sheet (12), fiber board (11), wood paper (13 -1) and wear paper (14-1) pressure, at a temperature of 180 ~ 200 ℃, a pressure holding pressure of 25 to 45 seconds under conditions of 20 ~ 25MPa, the balance of paper (12), medium density fiberboard (11 ), wood paper (13-1) and a wear-resistant paper (14-1) are sequentially bonded, form a large flat plate; ② plate with a saw device large plate is sawn pieces of desired dimensions; ③ the aging regimen for palletization , curing duration of at least eight days; ④ forming longitudinal and transverse tongue and groove processing on the four sides of the die; ⑤ processing both left and right with a tongue and groove die face is chamfered, wood paper pasted on the inclined surface (13- 2), spraying the surface resin varnish; resin varnish after drying, to obtain the finished product.
10.根据权利要求9所述的制造强化木地板的方法,其特征在于:平衡纸(12)由原纸经过主要成分为三聚氰胺的胶液浸渍后制得;耐磨纸(14-1)为在原纸上喷涂三氧化二铝微粒后再经过主要成分为三聚氰胺的胶液浸渍后制得;纤维板(11)为中密度纤维板或高密度纤维板;树脂清漆采用单组份UV树脂清漆;步骤②小片的边缘直线度控制在0.1mm/m以内。 10. The manufacturing method according to claim 9, reinforced wood floor, wherein: balance of paper (12) through a base paper mainly composed of melamine impregnated after glue prepared; wear-resistant paper (14-1) of the coating a base paper of aluminum oxide particles and then through the main component of the glue impregnated melamine obtained; fiber (11) is a medium density fiberboard or high density fiberboard; UV-component resin varnish using a resin varnish; ② the step of die edge straightness controlled within 0.1mm / m.
CNB031127614A 2003-01-22 2003-01-22 Stiffened timber floor and manufacturing method thereof CN1178784C (en)

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