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衣夹

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CN1175138C
CN1175138C CN 99817021 CN99817021A CN1175138C CN 1175138 C CN1175138 C CN 1175138C CN 99817021 CN99817021 CN 99817021 CN 99817021 A CN99817021 A CN 99817021A CN 1175138 C CN1175138 C CN 1175138C
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clothes
peg
clothes peg
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CN 99817021
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CN1391622A (zh )
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贝特朗・贝尔
贝特朗·贝尔
斯・勒帕热
弗朗西斯·勒帕热
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让普罗德公司
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06FLAUNDERING, DRYING, IRONING, PRESSING OR FOLDING TEXTILE ARTICLES
    • D06F55/00Clothes-pegs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B7/00Pliers; Other hand-held gripping tools with jaws on pivoted limbs; Details applicable generally to pivoted-limb hand tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25BTOOLS OR BENCH DEVICES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, FOR FASTENING, CONNECTING, DISENGAGING OR HOLDING
    • B25B7/00Pliers; Other hand-held gripping tools with jaws on pivoted limbs; Details applicable generally to pivoted-limb hand tools
    • B25B7/02Jaws
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/44Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof
    • Y10T24/44291Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof including pivoted gripping member
    • Y10T24/44376Spring or resiliently biased about pivot
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/44Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof
    • Y10T24/44291Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof including pivoted gripping member
    • Y10T24/44376Spring or resiliently biased about pivot
    • Y10T24/44385Distinct spring
    • Y10T24/44393Attached solely by spring
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/44Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof
    • Y10T24/44291Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof including pivoted gripping member
    • Y10T24/44376Spring or resiliently biased about pivot
    • Y10T24/44385Distinct spring
    • Y10T24/44462Coil spring
    • Y10T24/4447Coil spring having coil portion coaxial or parallel with pivotal axis
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/44Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof
    • Y10T24/44291Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof including pivoted gripping member
    • Y10T24/44496Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof including pivoted gripping member with operator means for moving pivoted member
    • Y10T24/44513Camming or wedging element
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10TTECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
    • Y10T24/00Buckles, buttons, clasps, etc.
    • Y10T24/44Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof
    • Y10T24/44641Clasp, clip, support-clamp, or required component thereof having gripping member formed from, biased by, or mounted on resilient member

Abstract

本发明涉及一种衣夹,所述衣夹基本上由两个支臂(1,2)构成,所述两支臂均有一个形成夹片的前部(6,7),所述夹片和另一支臂的相应夹片相对。所述的两支臂(1,2)由一种相对较硬的材料制成,且其形成夹片的部分(6,7)的内侧配有一个相对柔软材料制成的衬层,所述衬层可形成与衣服的接触面(19,20)。这种衣夹可很好地夹紧衣物,同时避免留下“夹痕”。

Description

衣夹

技术领域

本发明涉及一种衣夹。

背景技术

传统上,衣夹由两个相同的、合成材料或木的支臂构成,这两支臂相向地安装,可彼此相对旋转。各支臂均有一个形成杠杆臂的后部及一个形成夹片的前部,该夹片和另一支臂的相应夹片相对,并与之协作。一个弹簧连接着两支臂,并可带动所述两支臂别以使两夹片沿夹紧方向彼此靠紧,这样就可夹住衣服,以挂起来晾晒干。

还已知某些模塑成整体件的合成材料衣夹,以形成两个支臂和一个厚度极薄的连接区,该连接区形成活动接头,可参看如专利申请EP 0 302135、EP 0 641 882或WO 93/23602。

不管怎样,衣夹的支臂为硬的部件或部分,这存在着缺陷,尤其是在夹片处。当这些夹片具有相对光滑的表面时,衣服会夹得不够紧,在衣物自身重量或其它应力作用下,衣服可能会从衣夹中滑落。为弥补该缺陷,衣夹通常设有齿形型面的夹片,这样就能把衣服夹牢;但该构型的不足之处在于夹衣服的地方,会留下或深或浅的“夹痕”。

从文献FR 2 555 620 A及DE-C 528 529中还已知若干种衣夹,该衣夹的两支臂由一种相对较硬的材料制成,其形成夹片部分内侧还配有一个相对较软的衬层,可形成与衣服的接触面。在文献FR 2 555 620 A中,衣夹的两支臂分别具有对称结构,柔软衬块装配在各支臂的两个相对端部。因此,衣夹一端的两衬块的作用被另一端的两衬块的作用所阻碍,所以,这种衣夹的夹紧性能令人十分怀疑。至于文献DE-C 528 529,该文献描述由一个凸轮式闭锁手柄控制的衣夹,为此,使用相对复杂的机械,因为该闭锁手柄必须要有一个辅助旋转轴。使用这种衣夹不太方便,因为它必需同时向两支臂和手柄上施加作用力,从而同时夹持待挂衣物。而且文献DE-C 528 529所描述的衣夹缺少使之回到夹闭位置上的弹簧。

发明内容

本发明的目的在于,提出一种经改进的衣夹,以克服这些缺点,该衣夹大致可改进对衣服的夹持,同时避免留下“夹痕”,所提出的衣夹结构简单,制造节省。

为此,本发明的目的为一种衣夹,所述衣夹其基本上由两个支臂构成,所述两支臂均有一个形成夹片的前部和一个形成杠杆臂的后部,所述夹片和另一支臂的相应夹片相对,所述两支臂通过一个材料薄腹板彼此连接在其长度的中间点处,所述薄腹板可充当活动接头,使之回到夹闭位置的螺旋状弹簧安放在两支臂之间,并通过其端部定位在两凸耳上,所述凸耳分别形成在两支臂的后部的内侧上,而形成两支臂的夹片的部分由一种相对较硬的材料制成,在其内侧还配有一种相对较柔软的衬层,用于形成与衣物的接触面,该表面为具有波纹状型面的所述衬层的内侧面,或为所述衬层的相对光滑的内侧面。

因此,根据本发明目的的衣夹的主要特征在于,衣夹由两种不同材料来制成,一种较软的材料放在夹片内侧上。该柔软材料形成“衬块”,在使用衣夹时,所述衬块可被弹性地挤压,因此能很好地夹紧衣物,何况所用柔软材料如硅树脂、泡沫塑料的表面特性可防滑。

这种柔软材料可特别为两个分开的小衬块的形式,这些小衬块各自固定在形成衣夹的两支臂的夹片的部分内侧上。

在一个变换形式中,柔软材料为那种具有U形型面的整体件的形式,其两相对翼缘各自固定在形成衣夹两支臂的夹片的部分内侧上。在衣夹张开或夹闭时,这种U型件的构成材料的柔软性可使其自然变形,以“追随”两支臂的相对运动。

把柔软材料部分固定在用由较硬材料制成的两支臂上,可以有多种加工技术。

特别地,在衣夹的两支臂是由合成材料模塑而成的情况下,柔软材料部分可通过双向注射(bi-injection)或复制模塑(surmoulage)的工业技术来获得,这样既可保证其成形又能将其固定在相应支臂上。

柔软材料部分也可通过粘贴或嵌接方式固定在由较硬材料制成的两支臂上。

柔软材料部分的效能可通过相对于衣夹的其余部分加宽这些柔软材料部分和形成两支臂的夹片的部分来得到提高,这同时还可:——增加与衣物的接触面,使得更好地夹持,及——把夹紧压力分配在更大的表面上,还可限制衣服上留下“夹痕”的危险。

附图说明

无论如何,参照随附的示意图,借助于以下对作为例子的该衣夹的几个实施例的描述,可以更好地理解本发明,其附图为:图1是一个为本发明目的的衣夹的第一实施方式的正面图;图2是一个该衣夹的第二实施方式的正面图;图3是一个该衣夹的第三实施方式的正面图。

具体实施方式

图1所示的衣夹包括两个加长的支臂1和2,所述两个支臂通过一个材料薄腹板3彼此连接在其长度的中间点处。两支臂1、2和薄腹板3一起用一种相对较硬的合成材料由模塑制成一个整体件,其中,由于腹板3很薄,所以它具备一定的柔性,这使它可充当活动接头用。各支臂1或2均有一个后部和一个前部,所述后部分别为4或5,其形成杠杆臂,所述前部分别为6或7,其形成夹片。使之回到夹闭位置上的螺旋状弹簧8安放在两支臂1、2之间,弹簧8通过其端部定位在两凸耳9和10上,所述凸耳分别形成在两支臂1和2的后部4和5的相向的内侧上。

形成两支臂1和2的夹片的相应前部6和7也彼此相对,所述前部内侧附有一种柔软材料。更具体的是,在如图1所示的实施形状中,配有一种U形型面的整体件11,所述整体件11为诸如硅树脂或泡沫塑料之类的软材料,其形成两相对翼缘12、13,这两翼缘之间通过一个中间区14连接起来。两翼缘12、13分别贴靠并固定在两支臂1和2的相应前部6、7的内侧面上,而中间区14贴靠着薄腹板3。两翼缘12、13的彼此相对的相应内侧面15、16具有一种波纹形型面,而且在使用衣夹时,此两内侧面15、16构成与衣物的接触面。由于部件11的构成材料的柔软性,并由于该材料在翼缘12、13处被挤压,因而对衣物的夹持得到改进,且不会在该衣服上留下所不希望的夹痕。另外,当衣夹张开或夹闭时,尤其在中间区14内的部件11的柔软性,可使其“追随”薄腹板13的变形和两支臂1、2的相对运动。

图2所示衣夹和图1中的设计大体相同,该衣夹仍有两个支臂1和2,及连接这两支臂1和2的材料薄腹板3,该组合件仍制成一个相对较硬合成材料的整体件。此处,形成两支臂1和2的夹片的相应前部在其内侧面上分别接纳有两个柔软材料的小衬块17、18,它们因此也是相对放置。衬块17、18抵靠在形成夹片的部分6、7的凸肩上。所述两衬块17、18的相向的内侧面19和20在这里较为光滑,并且在使用衣夹时,这两内侧面构成与衣物的接触面。如前所述,由于两衬块17、18的构成材料的柔软性,以及由于这两衬块被挤压,因而获得一种很好的衣服夹持,而没有“夹痕”的副作用。

图3所示的是本发明在另一种衣夹中的应用,该衣夹有两个大致平行的支臂1、2,两支臂在衣夹后部21中连在一起,这种衣夹特别在北欧国家里很流行。如前面所述的实施例一样,仍在这里形成两支臂1和2的夹片的各前部6、7配有柔软材料的衬层,所述衬层的柔软材料是与由相对较硬材料制成的衣夹其余部分相比较而言的,所述相对较硬材料在两支臂1、2的区域内还是有一定弹性。在这里,柔软部分仍呈两衬块17、18的形式,所述两衬块17、18固定在两支臂1和2的相应前部6和7的内侧面上。

在衣夹的制造过程中,根据不同的方法,如双向注射成型(bi-injection)、复制模塑成型(surmoulage)、粘附、嵌接、按压扣紧(encliquetage),将两个柔软材料的衬块17、18固定在两支臂1、2的相应前部6和7上是可行的。

当然,本发明并不局限于该衣夹的以上所述几种实施方式;相反,它包括按照相同原理的所有应用和实施变型。尤其是,这同样没有超出本发明的范围:——用其它形状和/或在其它相应材料来制造成所述的柔软部分;——把这些柔软部分通过各种方法固定在衣夹的两支臂上;——把本发明应用在各种类型、各种形式的衣夹中,所述衣夹的支臂可用任何相对较硬的材料来制成。

Claims (8)

1.衣夹,其包括:两支臂(1,2),所述两支臂均有一形成夹片的前部(6,7)和一形成杠杆臂的后部(4,5),所述两支臂(1,2)可彼此相对转动;一弹簧(8),所述弹簧安装在所述两支臂(1,2)之间,使所述衣夹回到它的夹闭位置上;和两衬层(11;17,18),所述衬层由一种相对较柔软材料制成,并相应安放在所述两支臂的形成夹片的部分的内侧上,每一所述衬层具有一接触面,其特征在于,一方面,所述两支臂属于一由相对较硬的材料制成的整体件,并具有一个构成一活动接头的薄腹板(3),而且,另一方面,所述弹簧是螺旋状,并通过其端部定位在所述两支臂(1,2)的彼此面对的后部(4,5)的内侧。
2.根据权利要求1所述的衣夹,其特征在于,所述柔软材料为硅树脂或泡沫塑料。
3.根据权利要求1或2所述的衣夹,其特征在于,所述柔软材料为两个分开的小衬块(17,18)的形式,所述衬块(17,18)各自固定在所述的形成衣夹的两支臂(1,2)的夹片的部分(6,7)的内侧上。
4.根据权利要求1所述的衣夹,其特征在于,所述柔软材料采用那种具有U形型面的整体件(11)的形式,其两相对翼缘(12,13)各自固定在所述的形成衣夹的两支臂(1,2)的夹片的部分(6,7)的内侧上。
5.根据权利要求1所述的衣夹,其特征在于,在衣夹的两支臂(1,2)是由合成材料模塑而成的情况下,柔软材料部分(11,17,18)可通过双向注射或复制模塑的技术来获得。
6.根据权利要求1所述的衣夹,其特征在于,所述柔软材料部分(11,17,18)通过粘贴方式固定在所述的两支臂(1,2)上。
7.根据权利要求1所述的衣夹,其特征在于,所述柔软材料部分(11,17,18)通过嵌接方式固定在两支臂(1,2)上。
8.根据权利要求1所述的衣夹,其特征在于,所述柔软材料部分(11,17,18)和所述的形成两支臂(1,2)的夹片的部分(6,7),相对于所述衣夹支臂(1,2)的其余部分,有一个加大的宽度。
CN 99817021 1998-04-28 1999-10-26 衣夹 CN1175138C (zh)

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FR9805634A FR2777917B1 (fr) 1998-04-28 1998-04-28 Pince a linge
PCT/FR1999/002607 WO2001031108A1 (fr) 1998-04-28 1999-10-26 Pince a linge

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CN (1) CN1175138C (zh)
CA (1) CA2388708C (zh)
DE (2) DE69922708D1 (zh)
EP (1) EP1234068B1 (zh)
ES (1) ES2232181T3 (zh)
FR (1) FR2777917B1 (zh)
WO (1) WO2001031108A1 (zh)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date Type
DE69922708T2 (de) 2005-12-01 grant
WO2001031108A1 (fr) 2001-05-03 application
FR2777917A1 (fr) 1999-10-29 application
CN1391622A (zh) 2003-01-15 application
FR2777917B1 (fr) 2001-05-25 grant
EP1234068B1 (fr) 2004-12-15 grant
CA2388708A1 (fr) 2001-05-03 application
JP2003512870A (ja) 2003-04-08 application
ES2232181T3 (es) 2005-05-16 grant
EP1234068A1 (fr) 2002-08-28 application
DE69922708D1 (de) 2005-01-20 grant
US6842951B1 (en) 2005-01-18 grant
CA2388708C (fr) 2006-12-19 grant
JP4226821B2 (ja) 2009-02-18 grant

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