CN1172088A - Garbage disposal resource technology - Google Patents

Garbage disposal resource technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1172088A
CN1172088A CN97106540A CN97106540A CN1172088A CN 1172088 A CN1172088 A CN 1172088A CN 97106540 A CN97106540 A CN 97106540A CN 97106540 A CN97106540 A CN 97106540A CN 1172088 A CN1172088 A CN 1172088A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rubbish
refuse
civil
garbage disposal
hormone
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN97106540A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈一达
祝秋芳
Original Assignee
陈一达
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 陈一达 filed Critical 陈一达
Priority to CN97106540A priority Critical patent/CN1172088A/en
Publication of CN1172088A publication Critical patent/CN1172088A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/30Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing magnesium cements or similar cements
    • C04B28/32Magnesium oxychloride cements, e.g. Sorel cement
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00474Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00732Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00 for soil stabilisation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/91Use of waste materials as fillers for mortars or concrete

Abstract

The present invention relates to a refuse treatment technique changing refuse into useful resources. It is characterized by that in acceptor refuse (70%), a proper quantity of compounding materials, including magnesium oxide (18%), magnesium chloride (8%), chemical raw material (2%) and biological enzyme (1.6%) and primer material of hormone (0.4%) are added, and passed through such processes of stirring, mixing, pressurizing and solidifying so as to obtain various building materials with high strength which can be up to the general mark grade 300 concrete strength. Those building materials can be used for laying roadbed, putting up dykes, and building rockery other civil engineerings.

Description

Garbage disposal resource technology
The present invention relates to technology of garbage disposal, particularly disclose garbage disposal resource technology, it can obtain to meet general 300 #The civil material of concrete is treated as useful civil material resource with pollution rubbish.Belong to sewerage treating method in the chemistry.
Environment protection has at present caused the attention of countries in the world, and Chinese Government is grabbing environment protection as the cardinal task of fundamental state policy, the domestic refuse in city; current common disposal way is to concentrate to stack; perhaps buried and burn, rubbish produces a large amount of CH through the rotten fermentation of heap 4And CO 2, distributing foul smell, polluting air, and inflammable and explosive, the people's life and health in serious harm, and some stockyard is located in the Residential areas, what have is in the traffic main artery, people's life safety and traffic are damaged especially, and a large amount of domestic refuse stockyard footprint area also is surprising, according to a metropolitan investigation, 1260 square kilometres of urban size, area pushes away to put greater than 50 square metres rubbish and a little reaches 2927 places, and floor space has surpassed 7000 mu, and the stockyard is located at the suburb and just occupies a large amount of arable lands.Along with the increase of urban population, rubbish produces gradually and increases, and this is a surprising numeral beyond doubt, burns and brings new environmental pollution.
The objective of the invention is to disclose a kind of garbage disposal resource technology, rubbish obtains the high novel civil material of various intensity through the present invention, and rubbish becomes renewable resource and substitutes other building materials, is used for national economic development.
The objective of the invention is to realize by the following method, it combines biological corruption and becomes process, the poly-polymerization degraded in process, the chemical industry, the mechanism of bonding process of rising of microorganism, has finally obtained the success of rubbish building material product with the fused infiltration technology of biochemical one.Concrete it is characterized in that in rubbish, adding after an amount of cooperation material and the primer matter mixed through stirring, casting, compression solidification, obtain various intensity high meet general 300 #The civil material of concrete, A) main material and the proportioning of forming is (1) rubbish 70%, (2) magnesium oxide 18%, (3) magnesium chloride 8%, (4) industrial chemicals 2%, (5) biological enzyme 1.6%, (6) hormone 0.4%, above-mentioned material, rubbish claims acceptor, magnesium oxide, magnesium chloride, industrial chemicals, biological enzyme claims to cooperate material, hormone is cited approvingly material, B). concrete technology is: (1). with A) described cooperation material and primer matter adds water and is mixed into pasty state, (2). with A) described acceptor rubbish smashes, deironing, row is broken or the material of recyclable utilization in the rubbish sorted again, then to refuse breaking screening classification, (3). stirring and evenly mixing is carried out in above-mentioned (1) and (2), casting then, row vibration compression solidification and maintenance again, become and go up the construction material finished product, described acceptor rubbish mainly contains domestic refuse, three kinds of industrial refuse and building wastes, a large amount of still domestic refuses concerning the city, described industrial chemicals mainly contains phosphoric acid, hydrochloric acid, copper sulfate, ferrous sulfate, Precondensed UreaFormaldehyde Resin etc., described biological enzyme mainly contains isozyme and polymerase, described hormone is mainly plant hormone, cytokinin and gamone, above-mentioned each material is selected according to the different sorts component of refuse, this technique means that adopts radical transfer, with rubbish is acceptor, utilize the chain reaction ability that cooperates material, with the disposable recycling treatment of carrying out of rubbish, make the complicated ingredient of rubbish and the integrated situation of a large amount of objectionable impuritiess, it is harmless to make the rubbish that contains various toxic ingredients become a kind of low toxicity, scentless novel civil material, through above-mentioned acceptor and the collocation of cooperation material and the final selection of primer matter, just formed the shift reaction of catalytic group, the group that atom is formed is delivered to acceptor molecule as a whole and gets on, the General Principle of its reaction mechanism is the chain reaction that (1) utilizes polymerase, carry out biochemical transformation of energy, the enzyme of the detoxifcation reaction in the catalysis rubbish is subjected to the control of plasmid vector group, thereby reach the low toxicity of output object, harmless purpose, (2) utilize magnesium oxide, the cooperation of magnesium chloride isogel material, form coreceptor, through polymerization, transform, thereby reach the high civil material of various intensity.
The present invention has following advantage:
(1). the various intensity height of the novel material of acquisition, though belonging to, it utilize rubbish to do raw material, but adopt appropriate prescription, solidify through stirring, pressurize the cohesion that reaches tight fully, its novel civil material ultimate compression strength reaches 6.7MPa, folding strength 0.97MPa, through 28 freezing and thawing test, mass loss is zero; Ultimate compression strength also reaches 5.5MPa after the freeze thawing, and the compression strength of building block of forming than cement, lime, coal ash exceeds 1.5~2 times, than exceeding 4 times to the ultimate compression strength of making highway subgrade with three slags,
(2). conversion rate is fast, use treating refuse of the present invention, utilize rubbish to push away the place of field, be equipped with according to needs mechanical means, water, electricity, mould etc. on the processing technological flow, the natural materials and the industrial chemicals of proportioning are got ready, and rubbish is converted into nontoxic curing composite block, general setting time is 7 hours, the natural curing time is identical with other building blocks, so it is fast that rubbish is become the conversion rate of resource
(3) big, the less investment of treatment scale, high efficiency, the quantity that present rubbish has been piled up is many, floor space is big, the natural materials of domestic proportioning and industrial chemicals abundance, be used for producing rubbish curing composite block and be used for building " Great Wall, the East Sea ", and " Great Wall, the East Sea " needs a large amount of civil material, therefore, with regard to a process points, invest a small amount of fund, as long as be equipped with construction crew, implement by overall planning, a day treating refuse can reach 600 tons, and it is all bigger than any waste disposal method treatment scale, with output profit 25.6%
(4). disposable conversion is complete, maximum characteristics of the present invention are exactly that disposable conversion is complete, solidify composite block because rubbish can be transformed into rubbish, it had both possessed enough ultimate compression strength, erosion resistance, the harmless long service life of low toxicity, eliminated the pollution of rubbish again, realized the innoxious and resource utilization of refuse treatment environment
(5). can produce renewable resource, according to surveying 5,500,000,000 tons of the present building wastes of having piled up in the whole nation, 500,000,000 tons of domestic refuses, produce domestic refuse every day and reach 8,000 ten thousand tons, the tens million of tons of rubbish are piled up in certain big city, annual also increasing progressively with 10% speed, the present invention can become renewable resource to so many rubbish and substitute other building materials, is used for national economic development.
The novel civil material that the present invention obtained has following purposes:
(1). the making roadbed, the compound that destructor plant can be stirred is directly used in constructing roadbed, also rubbish and the auxiliary material for preparing can be delivered to the building site, and field mix stirs the making roadbed.
(2). anti-Dewave block, the material that mixing is stirred injects mould, compression solidification, the maintenance stripping forming is used for building seabeach, river shoal etc.
(3). build river levee sea wall and artificial hillock, will mix material and directly build, build into river levee, sea wall and artificial hillock,
(4). use on other civil engineering technologies,, adjust prescription and technology, produce variant production according to different engine requests.

Claims (4)

1. a garbage disposal resource technology of curbing environmental pollution after it is characterized in that adding an amount of cooperation material and primer matter in rubbish, after process stirs and mixes, pressurizes, solidifies, obtains to meet general 300 #The civil material of concrete,
A). main material and the proportioning of forming is:
(1) rubbish 70%, (2) magnesium oxide 18%, (3) magnesium chloride 8%, (4) industrial chemicals 2%, (5) biological enzyme 1.6%, (6) hormone 0.4%, and above-mentioned material, rubbish claims acceptor, magnesium oxide, magnesium chloride, industrial chemicals, biological enzyme claim to cooperate material, and hormone is cited approvingly material
B). concrete technology is:
(1). with A) described cooperation material and primer matter adds water and is mixed into pasty state,
(2). with A) described acceptor rubbish is smashed, deironing, row is broken or the material of recyclable utilization in the rubbish sorted again, then to refuse breaking screening classification,
(3). stirring and evenly mixing is carried out in above-mentioned (1) and (2), casting then, row vibration compression solidification and maintenance become the civil material finished product again,
2. garbage disposal resource technology according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described rubbish mainly contains domestic refuse, industrial refuse and building waste, described industrial chemicals mainly contains phosphoric acid, hydrochloric acid, copper sulfate, ferrous sulfate, Precondensed UreaFormaldehyde Resin etc., described biological enzyme mainly contains isozyme and polymerase, described hormone is mainly plant hormone, cytokinin and gamone, above-mentioned each material is selected according to the different sorts component of refuse
3. garbage disposal resource technology according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that utilizing the chain reaction ability of above-mentioned cooperation material, with the disposable recycling treatment of carrying out of rubbish, make the rubbish that contains various toxic ingredients become a kind of low toxicity, harmless, scentless novel civil material
4. garbage disposal resource technology according to claim 3 is characterized in that the novel civil material of gained has following purposes:
(1). the making roadbed;
(2). anti-Dewave block is built the seabeach;
(3). build river levee, sea wall and artificial hillock;
(4). use on other civil engineering technologies.
CN97106540A 1997-07-31 1997-07-31 Garbage disposal resource technology Pending CN1172088A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN97106540A CN1172088A (en) 1997-07-31 1997-07-31 Garbage disposal resource technology

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN97106540A CN1172088A (en) 1997-07-31 1997-07-31 Garbage disposal resource technology

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1172088A true CN1172088A (en) 1998-02-04

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN97106540A Pending CN1172088A (en) 1997-07-31 1997-07-31 Garbage disposal resource technology

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN1172088A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1085629C (en) * 1998-05-25 2002-05-29 青岛海洋大学 Ordinary-temp process for preparing mix-crystal wrapped solid waste as building material
CN100336749C (en) * 2004-09-14 2007-09-12 北京大学 Garbage percolation liquid treating system and method
CN104128359A (en) * 2014-08-04 2014-11-05 许盛英 Acidified building garbage

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1085629C (en) * 1998-05-25 2002-05-29 青岛海洋大学 Ordinary-temp process for preparing mix-crystal wrapped solid waste as building material
CN100336749C (en) * 2004-09-14 2007-09-12 北京大学 Garbage percolation liquid treating system and method
CN104128359A (en) * 2014-08-04 2014-11-05 许盛英 Acidified building garbage
CN104128359B (en) * 2014-08-04 2016-05-18 许盛英 Building waste after acidifying

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Applicant after: Zhu Qiufang

Applicant before: Chen Yida

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