CN117136659A - Paddy field stubble cleaning stirs thick liquid soil preparation machine - Google Patents

Paddy field stubble cleaning stirs thick liquid soil preparation machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN117136659A
CN117136659A CN202311379757.1A CN202311379757A CN117136659A CN 117136659 A CN117136659 A CN 117136659A CN 202311379757 A CN202311379757 A CN 202311379757A CN 117136659 A CN117136659 A CN 117136659A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
shaft
transmission shaft
storage box
belt wheel
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Granted
Application number
CN202311379757.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN117136659B (en
Inventor
孙海全
姜业成
邓奥严
王立春
邵玺文
梁煊赫
潘超然
安胜
李丹阳
刘慧涛
高玉山
孙云云
刘方明
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Jilin Academy Of Agricultural Sciences China Agricultural Science And Technology Northeast Innovation Center
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Jilin Academy Of Agricultural Sciences China Agricultural Science And Technology Northeast Innovation Center
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Priority to CN202311379757.1A priority Critical patent/CN117136659B/en
Publication of CN117136659A publication Critical patent/CN117136659A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN117136659B publication Critical patent/CN117136659B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B49/00Combined machines
    • A01B49/04Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools
    • A01B49/06Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools for sowing or fertilising
    • A01B49/065Combinations of soil-working tools with non-soil-working tools, e.g. planting tools for sowing or fertilising the soil-working tools being actively driven
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B49/00Combined machines
    • A01B49/02Combined machines with two or more soil-working tools of different kind
    • A01B49/022Combined machines with two or more soil-working tools of different kind at least one tool being actively driven
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B49/00Combined machines
    • A01B49/02Combined machines with two or more soil-working tools of different kind
    • A01B49/022Combined machines with two or more soil-working tools of different kind at least one tool being actively driven
    • A01B49/025Combined machines with two or more soil-working tools of different kind at least one tool being actively driven about a substantially vertical axis
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Working Implements (AREA)

Abstract

The application relates to the technical field related to paddy field slurry stirring and fertilization, in particular to a paddy field stubble cleaning slurry stirring soil preparation machine, which comprises a first top plate, wherein a storage box with an upper through hole and a lower through hole is arranged on the top surface of the first top plate, and the storage box is connected with the first top plate in a through way; a second top plate is arranged on one side of the first top plate, second lugs are symmetrically arranged at two ends of one side of the bottom surface of the second top plate, which corresponds to the first top plate, and a whole floor which is in rotary connection fit with the two second lugs is arranged between the two second lugs; the application has the beneficial effects that: the stubble cleaning cutter head is used for crushing straw stubbles, and simultaneously, water flows at two ends of the stubble cleaning cutter head are disturbed through the two turbulence plates which are linked with the stubble cleaning cutter head, so that the two turbulence plates rotate towards the direction of the stubble cleaning cutter head, and further, the scattered straw is guided towards the direction of the stubble cleaning cutter head in a mode of stirring water flows in a paddy field, and further, the situation that the straw is scattered and floats on the water surface of the paddy field is avoided.

Description

Paddy field stubble cleaning stirs thick liquid soil preparation machine
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field related to paddy field slurry stirring and fertilization, in particular to a paddy field stubble cleaning slurry stirring soil preparation machine.
Background
The northeast region is one of important rice planting regions in China, and further, the northeast cultivation layer is thinner, namely, the rice field region in which the soil preparation operation cannot be completed is realized because the straws are not crushed and covered by the straws before the soil is frozen in autumn and winter in the northeast, firstly, the irrigation and the soaking are required to be carried out for 3-5 days, the soaking depth is 2-3 cm higher than the soil surface, then the stubble cleaning and the land leveling and pulp stirring operation are required to be carried out on the soaked field, the straws are buried in a rotating mode, the condition that no straws and stubble are exposed out of the ground surface is achieved, the stubble burying rate is improved, and floaters are reduced; according to the characteristics of nitrogen consumption in the early stage and nitrogen release in the later stage of straw returning, compound fertilizer is required to be thrown on a paddy field after stubble cleaning is carried out on the straw, so that straw decomposition is accelerated and meanwhile the fertility of the paddy field land is maintained; most of the fertilizer is manually thrown into the ground for fertilization of paddy fields, but most of the fertilizer can only be thrown on the surface of the paddy fields, the manual throwing of the fertilizer has high labor intensity, most of synchronous compound fertilizers are solid particles and mainly contain nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, phosphorus and other elements, the mobility is relatively poor, so that deep fertilization is often carried out, otherwise, the phosphorus fertilizer is difficult to reach the vicinity of a root system, and the utilization rate of the compound fertilizer by a manual throwing mode is relatively low; in the synchronous process of stubble cleaning of the straw, the straw sections are easy to be scattered due to the high-speed rotation of the stubble cleaning knife, so that the straw sections are separated from the working range of the stubble cleaning knife and scattered to two sides, finally float on a paddy field, and repeated slurry stirring and stubble burying work is required for the same paddy field, which is time-consuming and labor-consuming.
Disclosure of Invention
The application aims to overcome the defects and shortcomings of the prior art and provide a paddy field stubble cleaning slurry stirring soil preparation machine.
The application relates to a paddy field stubble cleaning slurry stirring soil preparation machine, which comprises a first top plate, wherein a storage box with an upper through hole and a lower through hole is arranged at the top surface of the first top plate, and the storage box is connected with the first top plate in a through way; the first top plate is provided with a first top plate, two ends of one side, corresponding to the first top plate, of the bottom surface of the first top plate are symmetrically provided with first lugs, a whole floor which is in rotary connection fit with the first lugs is arranged between the first lugs, two symmetrically arranged third lugs are arranged on the top surface of the whole floor, and a first connecting rod which is in rotary connection fit with the first lugs is arranged between the first lugs through a hinge shaft; the top of the second top plate is provided with a cylinder, the piston shaft end of the cylinder extends out of the second top plate and is provided with a sixth ear seat, and the sixth ear seat is in rotary connection fit with the first connecting rod through a hinge shaft; two symmetrical first baffles are arranged at two ends of the bottom surface of the first top plate, one side, opposite to the second top plate, of each first baffle is connected with the corresponding side of the first side plate at the bottom surface between the two first baffles, a first baffle is arranged at one side of each first baffle, one side of each first baffle is connected with the corresponding side plate, a plurality of stubble cleaning components for guiding splashed straws while cutting the straws are arranged at the bottom wall of each first baffle, and rotary tillage stubble cleaning components and slurry stirring components are sequentially arranged at one side of each stubble cleaning component; the end walls of the two first baffle plates are respectively provided with a first placement box with a downward opening, and a second baffle plate is arranged in the first placement boxes; two first ear seat groups are symmetrically arranged at the end wall of the first side plate; the top of one side of the first top plate connected with the first side plate is provided with a supporting table connected with the storage box, one side of the supporting table opposite to the storage box is provided with an eighth ear seat group, the two first ear seat groups and the eighth ear seat group are triangular, the two first ear seat groups and the eighth ear seat group are connected through a connecting plate, and the two first ear seat groups and the eighth ear seat group can be in butt joint with a rear triangular suspension device of the tractor.
Further, first lugs are symmetrically arranged at two ends of one side of the top surface of the storage box, which corresponds to the second connecting plate, a first connecting plate which is in rotary connection fit with the first lugs is arranged between the first lugs through a hinge shaft, and a cover sealing plate for sealing the top surface of the storage box is arranged at one side of the first connecting plate; a material shaking plate for supporting compound fertilizer particles is arranged in the material storage box, a material storage cavity for placing compound fertilizer particles is formed between the material shaking plate and the cover plate, two ends of one side of the material shaking plate, which is opposite to the first lug seat, are in rotary connection fit with the material storage box through a hinge shaft, and a blanking assembly which is arranged in the material storage box and used for shaking and blanking the compound fertilizer is arranged below the material shaking plate; and a self-locking component which ensures the position of the shaking plate when the compound fertilizer particles are placed is arranged between the shaking plate and the cover plate.
Further, the stubble cleaning assembly comprises a fourth transmission shaft which is arranged between the two first baffles and is positioned above the first baffle, and the fourth transmission shaft is in rotary connection fit with the first baffles; the fourth transmission shaft is provided with a plurality of first bevel gears concentric with the fourth transmission shaft, the bottom of the first bevel gear is provided with a second bevel gear meshed with the first bevel gear, the second bevel gear is provided with a fifth transmission shaft concentric with the second bevel gear, the fifth transmission shaft is in rotary connection fit with the second partition board through a bearing seat, and one end of the fifth transmission shaft extends out of the second partition board to be in concentric butt joint with the stubble cleaning cutter head; the novel vortex disc type automobile engine is characterized in that a sixth belt wheel concentric with the fourth transmission shaft is arranged on the fourth transmission shaft, two ends of the fourth transmission shaft extend out of the first baffle plate to the first placement box, a third conical gear concentric with the first baffle plate is arranged in the first placement box, the two third conical gears are arranged in a mirror image mode, a fourth conical gear meshed with the third conical gears is arranged at the bottom of the third conical gears, a sixth transmission shaft concentric with the fourth conical gear is arranged on the fourth conical gear, the sixth transmission shaft is in rotary connection fit with the inner bottom of the first placement box through a bearing seat, and one end of the sixth transmission shaft extends out of the first placement box to be axially butted with the vortex disc.
Further, the rotary tillage stubble burying component comprises a second connecting shaft arranged between the two first baffles, the second connecting shaft is in rotary connection fit with the first baffles, and a plurality of rotary tillage cutterheads concentric with the second connecting shaft are arranged on the second connecting shaft; a third belt wheel concentric with the second connecting shaft is arranged on the second connecting shaft, the third belt wheel is in belt transmission fit with a sixth belt wheel through a third transmission belt, and the diameter of the third belt wheel is larger than that of the sixth belt wheel; the two ends of the second connecting shaft extend out of the first baffle plate, and a fourth belt wheel and a second belt wheel which are concentric with the first baffle plate are respectively arranged on the second baffle plate.
Further, the slurry stirring assembly comprises a third transmission shaft which is arranged between the two first baffles and is in rotary connection fit with the first baffles, a plurality of slurry stirring cutterheads which are concentric with the third transmission shaft are arranged on the third transmission shaft, one end of the third transmission shaft, which corresponds to the fourth belt wheel, extends out of the first baffles and is provided with a fifth belt wheel which is concentric with the first baffle, the fifth belt wheel is in belt transmission fit with the fifth belt wheel through a second transmission belt, and the belt wheel diameter of the fourth belt wheel is larger than the belt wheel diameter of the fifth belt wheel.
Further, the blanking assembly comprises a first transmission shaft which is arranged in the storage box and is arranged along the width direction of the first transmission shaft, two symmetrically arranged cams are arranged on the first transmission shaft, and the cams and the first transmission shaft are eccentrically arranged; one end of the first transmission shaft extends out of the storage box to be arranged in a motor box on the side wall of the storage box and is axially butted with a power output shaft of the motor, and the motor is fixedly connected with the side wall of the storage box; one end of the first transmission shaft, which is opposite to the motor, extends out of the storage box and is provided with a first belt wheel concentric with the storage box, and the first belt wheel is in belt transmission fit with the second belt wheel through a first transmission belt; the top of the motor box is sequentially provided with an inverter box and a power supply box which are connected with the end wall of the storage box, a power supply in the power supply box is connected with an inverter in the inverter box through a wire, and the inverter is in butt joint with the motor through the wire.
Further, the self-locking assembly comprises two symmetrically arranged fifth lugs arranged on the top surface of the shaking plate, a second connecting block matched with the two fifth lugs in a rotating connection manner is arranged between the two fifth lugs through a hinge shaft, a second connecting shaft is arranged at the top of the second connecting block, a second limiting ring concentric with the second connecting shaft is arranged at one end, opposite to the second connecting block, of the second connecting shaft, a sleeve matched with the second limiting ring in a sliding connection manner is arranged on the second limiting ring, the second limiting ring is matched with a second sliding cavity formed in the sleeve in a sliding connection manner, a second spring is sleeved on the second connecting shaft, and the second spring is positioned between the second limiting ring and the inner wall of the second sliding cavity; a third limiting ring matched with the second sliding cavity in a sliding connection manner is arranged in the second sliding cavity, a third connecting shaft concentric with the second limiting ring is arranged at one end of the third limiting ring opposite to the second limiting ring, a third spring is sleeved on the third connecting shaft, and the third spring is positioned between the third limiting ring and the inner wall of the second sliding cavity; and one end of the third connecting shaft extends out of the sleeve to install a third connecting block, the third connecting block is arranged between two fourth lugs symmetrically arranged on the bottom surface of the sealing cover plate, the third connecting block is in rotary connection fit with the fourth lugs through the hinge shaft, and the transverse positions of the fourth lugs and the fifth lugs are deviated.
Further, the self-locking assembly further comprises two stop shafts arranged at two ends of one side of the shake material plate, which corresponds to the first ear seat, a first limit ring which is matched with the first limit ring in a sliding connection manner is arranged in a first sliding cavity formed in the shake material plate, and a first spring is arranged between the first limit ring and the first sliding cavity; the stop shaft is matched with the shaking plate in a sliding connection mode, one end, opposite to the first limiting ring, of the stop shaft is spherical, and the stop shaft can be matched with a through hole formed in the storage box in a through mode in a sliding connection mode.
Further, the diameter of the rotary tillage cutterhead is larger than that of the slurry stirring cutterhead.
After the structure is adopted, the application has the beneficial effects that: the stubble cleaning cutter head is used for crushing the straw stubbles, and the two turbulence plates which are linked with the stubble cleaning cutter head are used for disturbing water flow at two ends of the stubble cleaning cutter head, so that the two turbulence plates rotate towards the direction of the stubble cleaning cutter head, and the scattered straw can be guided towards the direction of the stubble cleaning cutter head in a mode of stirring water flow in a paddy field, so that the situation that the straw is scattered and floats on the water surface of the paddy field is avoided; synchronous feeding components which are linked with the rotary tillage cutterhead when the rotary tillage cutterhead deeply buries straws in paddy fields can shake off compound fertilizer particles when the rotary tillage cutterhead digs soil and rotates, so that the deep buries of compound fertilizers are completed when the rotary tillage cutterhead rotates, the work of manually throwing the compound fertilizers is avoided, the labor intensity is reduced, and the utilization rate of the compound fertilizers is improved; synchronous when needs add compound fertilizer, the staff opens the lock plate and can accomplish the locking to trembling the flitch through the auto-lock subassembly of linkage, avoids appearing the condition that fertilizer granule dropped.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the application and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate and together with the description serve to explain the application, if necessary:
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present application;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a storage bin and a first top plate according to the present application;
FIG. 3 is a schematic side view of FIG. 2 in accordance with the present application;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the front cross-sectional structure of FIG. 2 in accordance with the present application;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the present application shown in FIG. 4 at a partially enlarged scale;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a partially enlarged structure of the application at B in FIG. 4;
FIG. 7 is a schematic side cross-sectional view of FIG. 2 in accordance with the present application;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a partially enlarged structure of FIG. 7C in accordance with the present application;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a first pod of the present application;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the stubble cleaning assembly, rotary tillage stubble burying assembly and blanking assembly in the present application;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of a partially enlarged structure of the application at D in FIG. 10;
reference numerals illustrate:
a first top plate-1; a storage box-10; a second top plate-101; a first ear mount-11; a second ear mount-12; a whole floor-13; a sixth ear mount-14; a third ear mount-15; a first link-16; a cylinder-17; a motor case-18; a cover plate-19; a first connection plate-20; a first baffle-21; a first side plate-22; a first setting box-25; a second separator 26; a first separator plate-28; a via-29; fourth ear mount-30; a shaking plate-31; a first sliding cavity-32; a first spring-33; a first limit ring-34; a stop shaft-35; a fifth ear mount-36; a second connection block-37; a second connecting shaft-38; a second limit ring-39; a second spring-40; a sleeve-41; a second sliding cavity-42; a third limit ring-43; a third spring-431; a third connecting shaft-44; a third connecting block-45; a first drive shaft-46; cam-47; a motor-48; a first pulley-49; a second connecting shaft-50; rotary tillage cutterhead-51; a second pulley-52; a first belt-53; a third pulley-54; a fourth pulley-55; a fifth pulley-56; a second belt-57; a third drive shaft-58; a slurry stirring cutter head-59; a fourth drive shaft-60; a first bevel gear-61; a second bevel gear-62; a fifth drive shaft-63; stubble cutter head-64; a third bevel gear-65; a fourth bevel gear-66; a sixth drive shaft-67; a spoiler-68; a sixth pulley-69; a third belt-70; a first ear mount set-71; eighth ear seat group-72; a support stand-73; a connecting plate-74; inverter case-75; and a power box-76.
Detailed Description
For the purpose of making the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present application more apparent, the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present application will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present application, and it is apparent that the described embodiments are some embodiments of the present application, but not all embodiments of the present application. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the application without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the application.
In the description of the present application, it should be noted that the directions or positional relationships indicated by the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc. are based on the directions or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are merely for convenience of describing the present application and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a specific orientation, be configured and operated in a specific orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present application.
As shown in fig. 1-11, the stubble cleaning slurry stirring soil preparation machine for paddy fields comprises a first top plate 1, wherein a storage box 10 with an upper through hole and a lower through hole is arranged on the top surface of the first top plate 1, and the storage box 10 is connected with the first top plate 1 in a through way; a second top plate 101 is arranged on one side of the first top plate 1, second lugs 12 are symmetrically arranged at two ends of one side, corresponding to the first top plate 1, of the bottom surface of the second top plate 101, a whole floor 13 in rotary connection fit with the second lugs 12 is arranged between the two second lugs 12, two symmetrically arranged third lugs 15 are arranged on the top surface of the whole floor 13, and a first connecting rod 16 in rotary connection fit with the two third lugs 15 is arranged between the two third lugs 15 through a hinge shaft; the top of the second top plate 101 is provided with an air cylinder 17, the piston shaft end of the air cylinder 17 extends out of the second top plate 101 and is provided with a sixth ear seat 14, and the sixth ear seat 14 is in rotary connection fit with the first connecting rod 16 through a hinge shaft; two symmetrical first baffles 21 are arranged at two ends of the bottom surface of the first top plate 1, one side, opposite to the second top plate 101, of each first baffle 21 is connected with each other through a first side plate 22, a first partition plate 28 is arranged at one side, corresponding to the first side plate 22, of the bottom surface between the two first baffles 21, one side of each first partition plate 28 is connected with each first side plate 22, a plurality of stubble cleaning components for guiding splashed straws while cutting straw stubbles are arranged at the bottom wall of each first partition plate 28, and rotary tillage stubble burying components and slurry stirring components are sequentially arranged at one side of each stubble cleaning component and between the two first baffles 21; a first placement box 25 which is opened downwards is arranged at the end wall of the two first baffle plates 21, and a second baffle plate 26 is arranged in the first placement box 25; two first ear seat groups 71 are symmetrically arranged at the end wall of the first side plate 22; the top of one side of the first top plate 1 connected with the first side plate 22 is provided with a supporting table 73 connected with the storage box 10, one side of the supporting table 73 opposite to the storage box 10 is provided with an eighth ear seat group 72, a triangle shape is formed between the two first ear seat groups 71 and the eighth ear seat group 72, the two first ear seat groups 71 and the eighth ear seat group 72 are connected through a connecting plate 74, and the two first ear seat groups 71 and the eighth ear seat group 72 can be connected with a rear triangle suspension device of a tractor.
Further, two ends of one side of the top surface of the storage box 10, which corresponds to the second connecting plate 23, are symmetrically provided with first ear seats 11, a first connecting plate 20 in rotary connection with the first ear seats 11 is installed between the first ear seats 11 through a hinge shaft, and a cover plate 19 for sealing the top surface of the storage box 10 is arranged on one side of the first connecting plate 20; a material shaking plate 31 for supporting compound fertilizer particles is arranged in the material storage box 10, a material storage cavity for placing compound fertilizer particles is formed between the material shaking plate 31 and the cover plate 19, two ends of one side of the material shaking plate 31 opposite to the first ear seat 11 are in rotary connection and fit with the material storage box 10 through a hinge shaft, and a blanking assembly which is arranged in the material storage box 10 and used for shaking and blanking the compound fertilizer is arranged below the material shaking plate 31; a self-locking component for ensuring the position of the shaking plate 31 when the compound fertilizer particles are placed is arranged between the shaking plate 31 and the cover plate 19.
Further, the stubble cleaning assembly comprises a fourth transmission shaft 60 which is arranged between the two first baffles 21 and is positioned above the first baffle 28, and the fourth transmission shaft 60 is in rotary connection and coordination with the first baffles 21; the fourth transmission shaft 60 is provided with a plurality of first bevel gears 61 concentric with the fourth transmission shaft, the bottom of the first bevel gears 61 is provided with a second bevel gear 62 meshed with the first bevel gears, the second bevel gear 62 is provided with a fifth transmission shaft 63 concentric with the second bevel gear, the fifth transmission shaft 63 is in rotary connection and coordination with the second partition plate 26 through a bearing seat, and one end of the fifth transmission shaft 63 extends out of the second partition plate 26 to be in concentric butt joint with a stubble cleaning cutter head 64; the fourth transmission shaft 60 is provided with a sixth belt wheel 69 concentric with the fourth transmission shaft, two ends of the fourth transmission shaft 60 extend out of the first baffle plate 21 to the first placement box 25, a third bevel gear 65 concentric with the first baffle plate is arranged in the first placement box 25, the two third bevel gears 65 are arranged in a mirror image mode, the bottom of each third bevel gear 65 is provided with a fourth bevel gear 66 meshed with the third bevel gear 65, the fourth bevel gear 66 is provided with a sixth transmission shaft 67 concentric with the fourth bevel gear 67, the sixth transmission shaft 67 is in rotary connection fit with the inner bottom wall of the first placement box 25 through a bearing seat, and one end of the sixth transmission shaft 67 extends out of the first placement box 25 to be axially butted with a spoiler 68.
Further, the rotary tillage stubble burying assembly comprises a second connecting shaft 50 arranged between the two first baffles 21, the second connecting shaft 50 is in rotary connection and matching with the first baffles 21, and a plurality of rotary tillage cutterheads 51 concentric with the second connecting shaft 50 are arranged on the second connecting shaft 50; the second connecting shaft 50 is provided with a third belt pulley 54 concentric with the second connecting shaft, the third belt pulley 54 is in belt transmission fit with a sixth belt pulley 69 through a third transmission belt 70, and the diameter of the third belt pulley 54 is larger than that of the sixth belt pulley 69; the two ends of the second connecting shaft 50 extend out of the first baffle 21, and are respectively provided with a fourth belt pulley 55 and a second belt pulley 52 which are concentric with the first baffle.
Further, the slurry stirring assembly comprises a third transmission shaft 58 arranged between the two first baffles 21, the third transmission shaft 58 is in rotary connection and matching with the first baffles 21, a plurality of slurry stirring cutterheads 59 concentric with the third transmission shaft 58 are arranged on the third transmission shaft 58, one end, corresponding to the fourth belt wheel 55, of the third transmission shaft 58 extends out of the first baffles 21 to be provided with a fifth belt wheel 56 concentric with the first baffles 21, the fifth belt wheel 56 is in belt transmission and matching with the fifth belt wheel 56 through a second transmission belt 57, and the belt wheel diameter of the fourth belt wheel 55 is larger than that of the fifth belt wheel 56.
Further, the blanking assembly comprises a first transmission shaft 46 which is arranged in the storage box 10 and is arranged along the width direction of the first transmission shaft, two symmetrically arranged cams 47 are arranged on the first transmission shaft 46, and the cams 47 and the first transmission shaft 46 are eccentrically arranged; one end of the first transmission shaft 46 extends out of the storage box 10 to be axially butted with a power output shaft of a motor 48 in a motor box 18 arranged on the side wall of the storage box 10, and the motor 48 is fixedly connected with the side wall of the storage box 10; the end of the first transmission shaft 46 opposite to the motor 48 extends out of the storage box 10 and is provided with a first belt wheel 49 concentric with the storage box, and the first belt wheel 49 is in belt transmission fit with a second belt wheel 52 through a first transmission belt 53; the top of the motor box 18 is sequentially provided with an inverter box 75 and a power box 76 which are connected with the end wall of the storage box 10, a power supply in the power box 76 is connected with an inverter in the inverter box 75 through a wire, and the inverter is in butt joint with the motor 48 through the wire.
Further, the self-locking assembly comprises two symmetrically arranged fifth ear seats 36 arranged on the top surface of the shaking plate 31, a second connecting block 37 in rotary connection with the two fifth ear seats 36 is arranged between the two fifth ear seats 36 through a hinge shaft, a second connecting shaft 38 is arranged at the top of the second connecting block 37, a second limiting ring 39 concentric with the second connecting shaft 38 is arranged at one end, opposite to the second connecting block 37, of the second connecting shaft 38, a sleeve 41 in sliding connection with the second limiting ring 39 is arranged on the second limiting ring 39, the second limiting ring 39 is in sliding connection with a second sliding cavity 42 formed in the sleeve 41, a second spring 40 is sleeved on the second connecting shaft 38, and the second spring 40 is positioned between the second limiting ring 39 and the inner wall of the second sliding cavity 42; a third limiting ring 43 matched with the second sliding cavity 42 in a sliding connection manner is arranged in the second sliding cavity 42, a third connecting shaft 44 concentric with the third limiting ring 43 is arranged at one end, opposite to the second limiting ring 39, of the third limiting ring 43, a third spring 431 is sleeved on the third connecting shaft 44, and the third spring 431 is positioned between the third limiting ring 43 and the inner wall of the second sliding cavity 42; the sleeve 41 is extended from one end of the third connecting shaft 44 to install a third connecting block 45, the third connecting block 45 is disposed between two fourth ear seats 30 symmetrically disposed on the bottom surface of the cover plate 19, the third connecting block 45 is in rotational connection and cooperation with the fourth ear seats 30 through a hinge shaft, and the fourth ear seats 30 and the fifth ear seats 36 have deviation in lateral positions.
Further, the self-locking assembly further comprises two stop shafts 35 arranged at two ends of one side of the shake-up plate 31 corresponding to the first ear seat 11, one end of each stop shaft 35 extends into a first sliding cavity 32 formed in the shake-up plate 31, a first limit ring 34 in sliding connection with the first sliding cavity 32 is mounted in the first sliding cavity 32, and a first spring 33 is arranged between the first limit ring 34 and the first sliding cavity 32; the stop shaft 35 is in sliding connection with the shaking plate 31, one end of the stop shaft 35 opposite to the first limit ring 34 is spherical, and the stop shaft 35 can be in sliding connection with the through hole 29 formed in the storage box 10.
Further, the diameter of the rotary cultivator cutter disc 51 is larger than that of the pulp stirring cutter disc 59.
The application method and the principle of the technical scheme part in the specific embodiment are further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings:
before the stubble cleaning and pulp stirring work is carried out on paddy fields, a worker firstly opens the sealing plate 19, the sealing plate 19 rotates to open, and then the third connecting shaft 44 and the third connecting block 45 which are in rotary fit with the sealing plate are driven by the fourth lug seat 30 at the bottom of the sealing plate 19 to move upwards, and then the sleeve 41 is driven to move upwards while the third spring 431 is pressed by the third limiting ring 43 at the bottom of the third connecting shaft 44, and then the sleeve 41 drives the second connecting block 37 and the second connecting shaft 38 to move upwards through the second limiting ring 39, the second connecting block 37 moves upwards, and then the shaking plate 31 is driven by the fifth lug seat 36 which is in rotary fit with the second connecting block to gradually change from a downward inclined shape into a horizontal arrangement shape, when the shaking plate 31 is continuously turned into a horizontal arrangement shape, the side wall of the shaking plate 31 is attached to the inner wall of the storage box 10, the sealing of the lower opening of the storage box is completed, and then the stop shafts 35 at the two ends of the shaking plate 31 are respectively butted with the two through conducting holes 29, and then the reaction force of the first spring 33 drives the stop shafts 35 to move outwards through the first limiting ring 34 to drive the stop shafts 35 to move outwards to insert the compound fertilizer into the conducting holes 29, and then the working and the sealing plate 19 can be closed by the worker, and then the worker can seal the sealing plate 19 into the working material box 10, and then the working material can be sealed;
before the stubble cleaning and slurry stirring work is required to be performed on the paddy field, a worker can dock with the two horizontal first ear seat groups 71 and the eighth ear seat group 72 through the rear three-point suspension device of the tractor, so that the tractor and the whole device are docked.
When the stubble cleaning and slurry stirring are started to be carried out on the paddy field, a worker can adjust the ejection distance of the piston shaft end of the air cylinder 17 according to the specific water level of the paddy field, and then the sixth lug 14 butted with the piston shaft end drives the whole floor 13 to carry out angle adjustment through the first connecting rod 16 which is in rotary connection with the sixth lug so as to adapt to the soil preparation work of the paddy fields with different water levels;
when the stubble cleaning and slurry stirring work is performed on paddy fields, a worker synchronously pushes the stop shafts 35 at the two ends in the two through holes 29 inwards through two steel pipes with the diameters slightly smaller than the diameter of the through holes 29, the spherical surfaces of the stop shafts 35 can facilitate the two stop shafts 35 to complete final shrinkage work, namely, the spherical heads of the stop shafts 35 retract into the shaking plate 31 through the dead weight of the compound fertilizer, at the moment, the spherical heads of the stop shafts 35 are always connected with the inner wall of the storage box 10, and the first limiting ring 34 can press the first spring 33; at this time, the material shaking plate 31 is fixed in a contact manner, so that the bottom of the material shaking plate 31 is connected with the cam 47, and the second limiting ring 39 will press the second spring 40; the second spring 40 compensates for the movement of the second limit ring 39;
the staff starts the power supply in the power box 76, transmits the power to the inverter in the inverter box 75 through the lead, and finally connects the motor 48 through the lead by the inverter, and the voltage adjustment of the inverter can ensure the output power of the motor 48; then, a worker starts a motor 48, a power output shaft of the motor 48 rotates to drive a first transmission shaft 46 which is axially abutted with the motor to rotate, and the first transmission shaft 46 rotates to drive a cam 47 which is eccentrically arranged with the first transmission shaft to rotate, so that the cam 47 drives a shaking plate 31 to swing, and shaking and blanking of compound fertilizer particles are completed;
the synchronous first belt pulley 49 is driven to rotate when the first transmission shaft 46 rotates, the first belt pulley 49 rotates to drive the second connecting shaft 50 concentric with the first belt pulley 49 to rotate, the second connecting shaft 50 rotates to drive the rotary tillage cutterhead 51 concentric with the second belt pulley to rotate to finish rotary tillage stubble burying operation on a paddy field, the synchronous second connecting shaft 50 rotates to drive the third belt pulley 54 and the fourth belt pulley 55 concentric with the second belt pulley, the third belt pulley 54 rotates to drive the sixth belt pulley 69 through the third transmission belt 70, the sixth belt pulley 69 rotates to drive the fourth transmission shaft 60 concentric with the sixth belt pulley 69 to rotate, the fourth transmission shaft 60 rotates to drive the third bevel gear 65 concentric with the fourth bevel gear 60 and the first bevel gear 61 to rotate, the first bevel gear 61 rotates to drive the second bevel gear 62 meshed with the first bevel gear, the second bevel gear 62 rotates to drive the fifth transmission shaft 63 concentric with the second bevel gear, the fifth transmission shaft 63 rotates to drive the rotary tillage cutterhead 64 concentric with the fifth bevel gear to finish crushing cutting operation on a straw root, the synchronous third bevel gear 65 arranged in mirror image rotates to drive the fourth bevel gear 66 meshed with the fourth bevel gear 66, the fourth bevel gear 66 rotates to drive the sixth bevel gear 67 concentric with the fourth bevel gear 65 to rotate to be parallel to the rotary stubble burying disc 68, and the fourth bevel gear 67 rotates to be parallel to the rotary stubble burying discs 68 and can rotate to the rotary in the two sides of the rotary tillage discs 68;
the synchronous rotation of the fourth belt wheel 55 drives the fifth belt wheel 56 to rotate through the second transmission belt 57, the rotation of the fifth belt wheel 56 drives the third transmission shaft 58 and the slurry stirring cutter 59 which are concentric with the fifth belt wheel 56 to rotate, and then the slurry stirring operation is completed through the slurry stirring cutter 59, and the soil preparation operation is completed through the subsequent soil preparation plate 13.
The above embodiments are only for illustrating the technical solution of the present application, and are not limiting; although the application has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical scheme described in the foregoing embodiments can be modified or some technical features thereof can be replaced by equivalents; such modifications and substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present application.

Claims (9)

1. A paddy field stubble cleaning stirs thick liquid soil preparation machine which characterized in that: the device comprises a first top plate (1), wherein a storage box (10) with an upper through hole and a lower through hole is arranged at the top surface of the first top plate (1), and the storage box (10) is connected with the first top plate (1) in a through way; a second top plate (101) is arranged on one side of the first top plate (1), second lug seats (12) are symmetrically arranged at two ends of one side, corresponding to the first top plate (1), of the bottom surface of the second top plate (101), a whole floor (13) in rotary connection fit with the second lug seats is arranged between the two second lug seats (12), two third lug seats (15) in symmetrical arrangement are arranged on the top surface of the whole floor (13), and a first connecting rod (16) in rotary connection fit with the two third lug seats (15) is arranged between the two third lug seats through a hinge shaft; the top of the second top plate (101) is provided with a cylinder (17), the piston shaft end of the cylinder (17) extends out of the second top plate (101) to be provided with a sixth ear seat (14), and the sixth ear seat (14) is in rotary connection fit with the first connecting rod (16) through a hinge shaft; two symmetrical first baffles (21) are arranged at two ends of the bottom surface of the first top plate (1), one side, opposite to the second top plate (101), of each first baffle (21) is connected with each other through a first side plate (22), a first baffle (28) is arranged at one side, corresponding to the first side plate (22), of the bottom surface between the two first baffles (21), one side of each first baffle (28) is connected with each first side plate (22), a plurality of stubble cleaning components for guiding splashed straws while cutting the straws are arranged at the bottom wall of each first baffle (28), and rotary tillage stubble cleaning components and slurry stirring components are sequentially arranged at one side of each stubble cleaning component, and the rotary tillage stubble cleaning components and the slurry stirring components are arranged between the two first baffles (21); a first placement box (25) which is opened downwards is arranged at the end wall of each of the two first baffle plates (21), and a second baffle plate (26) is arranged in each first placement box (25); two first ear seat groups (71) are symmetrically arranged at the end wall of the first side plate (22); the top of one side of the first top plate (1) connected with the first side plate (22) is provided with a supporting table (73) connected with the storage box (10), one side of the supporting table (73) opposite to the storage box (10) is provided with an eighth ear seat group (72), the two first ear seat groups (71) and the eighth ear seat group (72) are triangular, the two first ear seat groups (71) are connected with the eighth ear seat group (72) through a connecting plate (74), and the two first ear seat groups (71) and the eighth ear seat group (72) can be connected with a rear triangular suspension device of the tractor.
2. A stubble cleaning and slurry stirring soil preparation machine for paddy fields as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the two ends of one side of the top surface of the storage box (10) corresponding to the second connecting plate (23) are symmetrically provided with first lug seats (11), a first connecting plate (20) in rotary connection fit with the first lug seats is arranged between the first lug seats (11) through a hinge shaft, and a sealing cover plate (19) for sealing the top surface of the storage box (10) is arranged on one side of the first connecting plate (20); a shaking plate (31) for supporting compound fertilizer particles is arranged in the storage box (10), a storage cavity for placing compound fertilizer particles is formed between the shaking plate (31) and the cover plate (19), two ends of one side, opposite to the first lug seat (11), of the shaking plate (31) are in rotary connection and fit with the storage box (10) through a hinge shaft, and a blanking assembly which is arranged in the storage box (10) and used for shaking and blanking the compound fertilizer is arranged below the shaking plate (31); a self-locking component for ensuring the position of the shaking plate (31) when the compound fertilizer particles are placed is arranged between the shaking plate (31) and the cover plate (19).
3. A stubble cleaning and slurry stirring soil preparation machine for paddy fields as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the stubble cleaning assembly comprises a fourth transmission shaft (60) which is arranged between the two first baffles (21) and is positioned above the first baffle (28), and the fourth transmission shaft (60) is in rotary connection fit with the first baffles (21); a plurality of first bevel gears (61) concentric with the fourth transmission shaft (60) are arranged on the fourth transmission shaft (60), a second bevel gear (62) meshed with the first bevel gear (61) is arranged at the bottom of the first bevel gear (61), a fifth transmission shaft (63) concentric with the second bevel gear (62) is arranged on the second bevel gear (62), the fifth transmission shaft (63) is in rotary connection fit with the second partition plate (26) through a bearing seat, and one end of the fifth transmission shaft (63) extends out of the second partition plate (26) to be in concentric butt joint with a stubble cleaning cutter head (64); the novel intelligent transmission device is characterized in that a sixth belt wheel (69) concentric with the fourth transmission shaft is arranged on the fourth transmission shaft (60), a first baffle plate (21) is extended from two ends of the fourth transmission shaft (60) to the inside of a first placement box (25), a third bevel gear (65) concentric with the first baffle plate is arranged in the first placement box (25), the two third bevel gears (65) are arranged in a mirror image mode, a fourth bevel gear (66) meshed with the third bevel gear is arranged at the bottom of the third bevel gear (65), a sixth transmission shaft (67) concentric with the fourth bevel gear is arranged on the fourth bevel gear (66), the sixth transmission shaft (67) is in rotary connection fit with the inner bottom wall of the first placement box (25) through a bearing seat, and one end of the sixth transmission shaft (67) extends out of the first placement box (25) and is in axial butt joint with a spoiler (68).
4. A stubble cleaning and slurry stirring soil preparation machine for paddy fields as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the rotary tillage stubble burying assembly comprises a second connecting shaft (50) arranged between the two first baffles (21), the second connecting shaft (50) is in rotary connection fit with the first baffles (21), and a plurality of rotary tillage cutterheads (51) concentric with the second connecting shaft (50) are arranged on the second connecting shaft (50); a third belt wheel (54) concentric with the second connecting shaft (50) is arranged on the second connecting shaft, the third belt wheel (54) is in belt transmission fit with a sixth belt wheel (69) through a third transmission belt (70), and the diameter of the third belt wheel (54) is larger than that of the sixth belt wheel (69); the two ends of the second connecting shaft (50) extend out of the first baffle (21) and are respectively provided with a fourth belt wheel (55) and a second belt wheel (52) which are concentric with the first baffle.
5. A stubble cleaning and slurry stirring soil preparation machine for paddy fields as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the slurry stirring assembly comprises a third transmission shaft (58) arranged between the two first baffles (21), the third transmission shaft (58) is in rotary connection fit with the first baffles (21), a plurality of slurry stirring cutterheads (59) concentric with the third transmission shaft (58) are arranged on the third transmission shaft (58), one end, corresponding to the fourth belt wheel (55), of the third transmission shaft (58) extends out of the first baffles (21) to be provided with a fifth belt wheel (56) concentric with the first baffle, the fifth belt wheel (56) is in belt transmission fit with the fifth belt wheel (56) through a second transmission belt (57), and the belt wheel diameter of the fourth belt wheel (55) is larger than that of the fifth belt wheel (56).
6. A stubble cleaning and slurry stirring soil preparation machine for paddy fields as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the blanking assembly comprises a first transmission shaft (46) which is arranged in the storage box (10) and is arranged along the width direction of the first transmission shaft, two symmetrically arranged cams (47) are arranged on the first transmission shaft (46), and the cams (47) and the first transmission shaft (46) are eccentrically arranged; one end of the first transmission shaft (46) extends out of the storage box (10) to be axially butted with a power output shaft of a motor (48) in a motor box (18) arranged on the side wall of the storage box (10), and the motor (48) is fixedly connected with the side wall of the storage box (10); one end of the first transmission shaft (46) opposite to the motor (48) extends out of the storage box (10) and is provided with a first belt wheel (49) concentric with the storage box, and the first belt wheel (49) is in belt transmission fit with the second belt wheel (52) through a first transmission belt (53); the top of the motor box (18) is sequentially provided with an inverter box (75) and a power box (76) which are connected with the end wall of the storage box (10), a power supply in the power box (76) is connected with an inverter in the inverter box (75) through a wire, and the inverter is in butt joint with the motor (48) through the wire.
7. A stubble cleaning and slurry stirring soil preparation machine for paddy fields as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the self-locking assembly comprises two symmetrically arranged fifth lugs (36) arranged on the top surface of the shaking plate (31), a second connecting block (37) in rotary connection with the two fifth lugs (36) is arranged between the two fifth lugs through a hinge shaft, a second connecting shaft (38) is arranged on the top of the second connecting block (37), a second limiting ring (39) concentric with the second connecting shaft (38) is arranged at one end, opposite to the second connecting block (37), of the second connecting shaft, a sleeve (41) in sliding connection with the second limiting ring is arranged on the second limiting ring (39), the second limiting ring (39) is in sliding connection with a second sliding cavity (42) formed in the sleeve (41), a second spring (40) is sleeved on the second connecting shaft (38), and the second spring (40) is located between the second limiting ring (39) and the inner wall of the second sliding cavity (42); a third limiting ring (43) matched with the second sliding cavity (42) in a sliding connection manner is arranged in the second sliding cavity, a third connecting shaft (44) concentric with the third limiting ring is arranged at one end, opposite to the second limiting ring (39), of the third limiting ring (43), a third spring (431) is sleeved on the third connecting shaft (44), and the third spring (431) is positioned between the third limiting ring (43) and the inner wall of the second sliding cavity (42); one end of the third connecting shaft (44) extends out of the sleeve (41) to be provided with a third connecting block (45), the third connecting block (45) is arranged between two fourth ear seats (30) symmetrically arranged on the bottom surface of the cover plate (19), the third connecting block (45) is in rotary connection fit with the fourth ear seats (30) through a hinge shaft, and the transverse positions of the fourth ear seats (30) and the fifth ear seats (36) are deviated.
8. The stubble cleaning and slurry stirring soil preparation machine for paddy fields as claimed in claim 7, wherein: the self-locking assembly further comprises two stop shafts (35) arranged at two ends of one side of the shaking plate (31) corresponding to the first lug seat (11), one end of each stop shaft (35) extends to a first sliding cavity (32) formed in the shaking plate (31), a first limiting ring (34) in sliding connection with the first sliding cavity is arranged in each first sliding cavity, and a first spring (33) is arranged between each first limiting ring (34) and each first sliding cavity (32); the stop shaft (35) is in sliding connection and matching with the shaking plate (31), one end of the stop shaft (35) opposite to the first limit ring (34) is spherical, and the stop shaft (35) can be in sliding connection and matching with a through hole (29) formed in the storage box (10) in a penetrating mode.
9. The stubble cleaning and slurry stirring soil preparation machine for paddy fields as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the diameter of the rotary tillage cutterhead (51) is larger than that of the slurry stirring cutterhead (59).
CN202311379757.1A 2023-10-24 2023-10-24 Paddy field stubble cleaning stirs thick liquid soil preparation machine Active CN117136659B (en)

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