CN1170714C - Platform system for stereo city viaduct steel network - Google Patents

Platform system for stereo city viaduct steel network Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1170714C
CN1170714C CNB001212133A CN00121213A CN1170714C CN 1170714 C CN1170714 C CN 1170714C CN B001212133 A CNB001212133 A CN B001212133A CN 00121213 A CN00121213 A CN 00121213A CN 1170714 C CN1170714 C CN 1170714C
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China
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lane
tower
cable
steel
cable car
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CN1277122A (en
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海 任
任海
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任海
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a platform system of an urban stereo walking steel construction network, which is an enormous and stereoscopic aerial walking steel lane network used for the high-speed operation and the high-speed transportation of aerial automatic cable car groups in an entire city and formed by connecting and combining a modernized comprehensive cable car house tower, a cable car elevated iron tower, an aerial walking double steel cable lane, an aerial walking double steel rail lane, etc. The present invention is an urban aerial public transportation network basic facility constructed by using an aerial automatic cable car as a main carrying tool. The present invention has the advantages of simple structure, safety, reliability, favorable performance, firmness, durability, beautiful appearance, continuousness, fluency, magnificence, pageantry and martial spirit, and lays a practicable technology and material foundation for constructing the urban aerial public transportation network.

Description

The aerial three-dimensional walking steel network plateform system in city
The present invention relates to the aerial three-dimensional steel network plateform system of walking in city that constitutes by aerial connection such as modernized comprehensive cable car room high building, cable car aerial iron tower, air-walking double steel cable railway and air-walking double steel rail traffic lane of cable car voluntarily.It makes in the air voluntarily, and cable car can carry out various fast traffic operations in the above easily, for implementing and building with aerial cable car voluntarily is the aerial public conveyance and transportation network in city of main means of delivery, and its most basic necessary, optimum, solid foundation facility are provided.
In the prior art, the oldfashioned funicular railway all is to use in " mountain city, scenery with hills and waters kingdom " basically, as the river cable car excessively in Chongqing and the mountain-climbing tourism cable car of many famous mountains and great rivers Scenic Spot Area etc.Chongqing, mountain city has been built 14 layers of Xiao Lou because of the advantage of high-land and has just been erected and cross the single-cable ropeway in Jia Lingjiang River and built 19 layers of Xiao Lou and just erected the bicable ropeway of crossing the Changjiang river.But its narrow and small roof cable car station can only hold a pair of cable car comes and goes fortune visitor stop; It uses the mode of the old fashioned wirerope two ends that laterally is strained and fixed at fulcrum place, wirerope two ends, can only satisfy the aerial demand of passenger transport of crossing the river of this simple point-to-point reciprocation type, can not form the long distance of multi-site and be connected into straight-though walking wirerope net and use for the cable car operation.Old-fashioned cable car also can't oneself be crossed the fastening and joining place continuation ahead running in wirerope termination (fulcrum) fast, and it can not walk curve, can not walk the turnout, and the tune of can not turning does not in fact have the curve wirerope to walk yet, more not traveling on light rail.Later-model in the air voluntarily in the cable car conceptual system, though I cable car room high building notion has been proposed and in cable car room high building, use light rail make bend, turnout with convenient in the air voluntarily cable car turn tune, stop platform and uses such as the turnout of coming in and going out (are seen patent of invention " in the air cable car turnout machinery " voluntarily application documents; The applying date: on May 8th, 2000; Application number: 00107265.X); And proposed to use and hang the frame mode that draws two wireropes (or two rail) and corresponding aerial cable car voluntarily from vertical centre of two wireropes (or light rail) and also used new-type suspension running gear instead and (see patent of invention " hang the cable car voluntarily that draws on two wireropes vertically and hang running gear " application documents; The applying date: on June 23rd, 2000; Application number: 00109412.2) etc.But these explanations fragmentarily are not enough, and these prior art schemes are can not satisfy the aerial public conveyance and transportation network in modern big and medium-sized cities fully to the promptly aerial three-dimensional walking steel network platform of the main composition part operational network platform of itself---the colourful actual needs that use of Infrastructure.
Task of the present invention provides the aerial three-dimensional walking steel network plateform system in the city that is constituted by connections such as the comprehensive cable car of modernization room high building, cable car aerial iron tower, air-walking double steel cable railway and air-walking double steel rail traffic lanes, for cable car colony high-speed cruising transportation thereon voluntarily in the air.Viewpoint from the construction of modern city three-dimensional, modern city is badly in need of very much just, well-adapted structure is terse, safe and reliable for this, superior performance, durable, form is graceful, continuous smoothness, the aerial three-dimensional walking steel network plateform system in city large and spectacular and powerful pound Bo, the three-dimensional communication function demand that can satisfy the modern urban construction solves " city traffic difficulty " and satisfies the decoration demand that existing urban look is made something perfect even more perfect, and has established practicable technology, goods and materials basis for building the aerial public conveyance and transportation network in city.
With aerial cable car voluntarily one of topmost Infrastructure of the aerial public conveyance and transportation network in city built of main means of delivery, it is exactly the aerial three-dimensional walking steel network plateform system in city of the present invention, be by some modernized comprehensive cable car room high buildings and the node of network part of some cable car aerial iron towers as its some huge solids, connect with some air-walking double steel rail traffic lanes and by these tracks as the line between the node of network part of these huge solids with by some air-walking double steel cable railway by some air-walking double steel cable railway and some air-walking double steel rail traffic lanes, in parallel, the level connection, multi-form track network that the connection of multimodes such as three-dimensional connection constitutes and various tracks net connection equipment such as inverse-T-shaped track are hung and are drawn the girder steel frame, turnout machinery (is seen patent of invention " the turnout machinery in the aerial three-dimensional walking steel network " application documents; The applying date: with patent application of the present invention day; Application number: wouldn't know) etc. together as line and node in the node of network partial interior space of these huge solids; Promptly by the aerial three-dimensional walking in this city steel network node section, the huge aerial solid that line between the node section and node section in-to-in line and node etc. together connect the aerial transportation of cable car colony high-speed cruising voluntarily of the confession that the has constituted entire city steel network plateform system of walking; It that is mainly be by some modernized comprehensive cable car room high buildings, some cable car aerial iron towers, high building outside, cable car room, the inside and the two wirerope straight line tracks of some air walks that installation is being suspended in midair above the cable car aerial iron tower, the two rail straight line tracks of air walk, and make according to multi-form different demands reprocessing and connect the aerial tune transition curve track of cable car voluntarily that constitutes by these two kinds of tracks, the wiggle turnout, various curve exclusive lanes, pass in and out different firing floor secondary flats on, descending straight line track and last, spiral a large amount of tracks, indoor and outdoor and track net connection equipment etc. of various ways such as curve track of descending together connects the aerial track network of the huge solid that constitutes.The maximum volume of passenger traffic of a passenger traffic route sheet direction of aerial cable car voluntarily can surpass 14400 people/h, belongs to the medium-heavy road traffic situation, but the effect of this freight volume is considerably beyond the effect of equal freight volume of a concentrated line large conveying quantity mode under the network Ferry Status.Here self-evidently be: the selected two wireropes of this aerial three-dimensional walking steel network plateform system, two guiding principle rail structure are exactly because " two " can satisfy the use needs of reality greatly a bit and more than the carrying capacity of " list "; And two wirerope cable distances and two rail gauge in same aerial three-dimensional walking steel network plateform system are identical; The semisphere rail level radius of its light rail and highly also contrasting the wirerope radial design and making.These all are for the ease of going everywhere without any hindrance here in the three-dimensional aloft walking steel network of the cable car plateform system voluntarily in the air.Overhead contact line net (naked copper electric power transmission gauze) to the tractive power supply system of the aerial power supply of cable car voluntarily sets up simultaneously along the track, and this slightly.Draw outdoor length to draw indoor pair of rail track etc. stressed much bigger more than hanging because of hanging apart from double steel cable car lane is stressed, so inverse-T-shaped track is hung and is drawn the girder steel frame under structural capacity enabled condition, can on the thickness thickness, difference be arranged because of selecting different these steel members of selecting for use of purpose effect throughout for use, but installation dimension of two wireropes, two rail and pull line etc. is still unified unmodified on it.Below will be respectively to explanations one by one such as the comprehensive cable car of modernization room high building, cable car aerial iron tower, air-walking double steel cable railway and air-walking double steel rail traffic lanes.
Modernization comprehensive cable car room high building (accompanying drawing 1,6 shows) is that purpose adopts ultra-modem technology and equipment to build the comprehensive tall and big tower building that multiple function can be multiple purpose use that has that equipment gets up specially build station, storehouse for aerial cable car voluntarily exactly; It is the node of network part of forming the topmost huge solid in the aerial three-dimensional walking steel network plateform system in city, being that funicular railway is stepped out the inevitable outcome that " mountain city, scenery with hills and waters kingdom " comes into modern big and medium-sized cities, also is a historic progress of urbanization and urban construction three-dimensional development.The comprehensive cable car of modernization room high building is die structure and reinforced concrete structure, and multiple model, scale and pattern can be arranged, and this should use according to reality needs design and construction.The interior central space of large-scale high building can be opened up as the passage of elevator, escalator, Cargo Lift and walking stair and pipeline passway etc., and large quantities of straight-through elevators, regular bus elevator, escalator and large-scale Cargo Lift etc. are installed.Each interior angle part of high building all is provided with escape way (being that each interior angle is built 1 safe stair passage at least) and pipeline passway well (being that each interior angle is built 1 vertical shaft at least).The first half of high building is exactly spatial altitude---cable car room (being commonly called as cable car room high building) that the aerial operation of cable car circuit voluntarily needs the solid of use, the special-purpose transportation-production place of the aerial public conveyance and transportation network in city that this is made up of 1 floor of special construction to several (needing number to decide according to each place) floors, promptly modern large-scale comprehensive many floors be cable car station voluntarily in the air.Comprising all kinds of production command schedulings management room, as between station master's room, computer operation department, Industrial Safety Office, watch house, parking platform, garage parking, tool car, the water closet, or the like.In the three-dimensional aloft walking steel network plateform system, the aerial space motion plane of cable car is voluntarily generally all defined by cable car room floor, and promptly each floor of cable car room constitutes and determined aerial skyborne each different firing floor secondary flat of cable car voluntarily.No matter be air-walking double steel cable railway, or air-walking double steel rail traffic lane, or the all-purpose road of these two, specific to each track and its go up the shared reality of firing floor secondary flat that running cable car voluntarily is in plane space height, width, radian and segment limit etc. all be incomplete same.This should work out unified technical standard by joint researches such as government function supervisory management zones and come standard.Open up as for the current needs in each city and to use how many in the air cable car circuit space motion level plane and ground segment limits etc. voluntarily, should discuss and decide with citizen by each municipal government.So the cable car room number of floor levels of each specified place and the spatial altitude of floor etc. should need specific design to determine again according to the actual use of locality.The cable car voluntarily of each floor of cable car room contact direction can have 1 to 1 above direction, and each direction can have 1 to cable car walking track voluntarily in the air more than 1.Need intersect when intersecting 90 ° as two wirerope (rail) the straight line tracks of 2 air walks in the same firing floor secondary flat, generally crossing the curve bend at same floor station, cable car room back warp moves and realizes, because just in time be here these 2 passenger traffic routes in the air voluntarily cable car stop the station, be the essential website that the passenger gets on and off; If not in same floor station, cable car room, intersecting, promptly be not the essential website that the passenger of these 2 passenger traffic routes gets on and off, then must adhere to separately just can be three-dimensional arbitrarily crossing in cable car room high building outside space easily at 2 different firing floor secondary flats in these 2 air walks two wirerope (rail) straight line tracks.The upper space of each floor of cable car room, all be actual use needs according to city aerial public conveyance and transportation network transportation-production, design and produce many truss girder steel steel columns that installed and fixed etc., and the many inverse-T-shaped track that has installed and fixed is in the above hung and is drawn the girder steel frame, turnout machinery or the like, hang by these tracks and to draw the girder steel frame to hang to draw, install, the two wirerope straight line tracks of many air walks that fixed, the two rail straight line tracks of air walk, the two rail curve tracks of air walk, curve and turnout straight line, on, a huge but in perfect order aerial indoor air walk track network of cable car circuit has voluntarily been formed in the descending curve track or the like of spiraling, for the aerial originating station of cable car voluntarily of conduct in the aerial public conveyance and transportation network transportation-production of city, (cable car enters the straight line track by wiggle track, turnout and stops on the platform voluntarily to pass by the middle bus stop of cable car, following passenger), the commutation station of cable car (cable car operates in the tune of turning on wherein the wiggle track to change working direction voluntarily), the cable car storehouse, the cable car maintenance station, cable car destination stop (real for passenger traffic route destination stop), cable car pass in and out different firing floor secondary flats on, descending spiral curve track etc. and all kinds of stations, the stopway of the operation track between the point station and the platform that pulls in.Operation planning designing requirement and of the actual user demand of each bar passenger traffic route according to the aerial public conveyance and transportation network in city to cable car room high building, the aerial indoor air walk track network size and the shape of cable car voluntarily of each floor in each high building cable car room, number of track-lines, the platform number, cable car contact direction and quantity etc. are all incomplete same, but all are to become one can satisfy indoor air walk track network and the modern comprehensive cable car station voluntarily in the air that the aerial cable car voluntarily of this floor uses needs by all kinds of tracks and terminal facilities framework according to above-mentioned principle and method.When cable car is stopped in cable car caravan station and is moved voluntarily in the air, psychology and health safety for passenger and pedestrian, its box body bottom is that a quite high distance will be arranged apart from the people crown all the time, each stops the platform in track also with regard to cooresponding height like this, because platform floor is only than box body bottom position low little by little (about usually 6cm is upper and lower), so not only platform is parallel with the track, even its step also should be parallel with the track and can be made to turn and bend upper and lower multistage bucket step to make things convenient for the passenger upper and lower.In the cable car room is to have many stations and circuit special mechanical equipment in the station, as driving hang (or overhead traveling crane hangs), wirerope regulate machine, winch, battery charger, cable car electric power tractor-trailer (carrying cable car special vehicle voluntarily), inspection (dimension) repair work vehicle (small-sized in the air cable car) voluntarily, or the like.In the cable car room this node of network part the inside also equipped multi-form track for the various systems of various function setting, pipeline, pipeline, circuit, overhead contact line, electric wireline or the like line with machinery, electronics, electric power, communicate by letter, the multi-form network equipment node of signal, computing machine or the like or the like.Tractive power supply system for the aerial public conveyance and transportation network of being set up by aerial cable car circuit voluntarily in city can be with reference to the electric power system that adopts track traffic.Communication system can adopt wired and wireless compatible system.But signal system adopting by reference railway signaling system etc., also development and Design manufacturing separately.All is indispensable and ripe as for other general-purpose system as central air conditioner system, heating system, frequency conversion (high pressure) water supply system, monitored control system, auto alarm fire extinguishing system, electric power system, elevator device, computer network system or the like, and this all omits.At the high building bottom, high-altitude overline bridge People's Bank of China paths interface layer, in, all entrance that leads to cable car room, top, all kinds of public places such as emporium, bottom and each floor of cable car room be equipped with computer networking ticketings such as ticket hall, ticket window and ticket vending machine and sell card, and swipe the card or station attendant's ticket checking is let pass and got on the bus by automatic ticket checking clearance machine, POS (machine point of sale machine) ticket checking, vehicle-mounted Bus Card POS (machine point of sale machine).Passenger and pedestrian rise in each floor cable car station Waiting Lounge of cable car room by taking Special Automatic staircase and elevator, and be convenient as snug as a bug in a rug.The roof balcony of large-scale modernized comprehensive cable car room high building can develop and make helicopter pad, can build the garden, also can supply the sightseeing amusement, or makes public place such as open-air theater and use.The high building top layer can be for doing uses such as dining room, meeting exhibition room, arenas, gymnasium.Sightseeing tour point of the halting point of the upper and lower cable car of cable car Fang Yeshi passenger of high building the first half, Waiting Lounge, ticket hall, ticket entrance, the elevator hall of taking the upper and lower high building of elevator and appreciation cityscape or the like is to collect the multi-functional public place of one that is.High building middle part be at the bottom of the cable car room to the high floor space of 25m-80m (various high building is all inequality) of having an appointment between the high-altitude overline bridge People's Bank of China paths interface top, can be used as market, amusement hall, the food and drink Room, can exhibition room, cinema, commercial and residential building, office building, housing built for the poor ... sell with the room etc. all kinds of public places.The high building bottom generally is provided with three layers of (number of plies of each concrete high building should be determined according to local real needs design) high-altitude overline bridge People's Bank of China paths interface (between the about 18m-40m in ground), can be for linking with the high building high-altitude overline bridge people walking along the street of the differing heights level of all directions on every side, it is current to make things convenient for passenger and pedestrian to come in and go out.High building has realized particularly thus promptly that also fusing UNICOM by the aerial aerial Route for pedestrians public traffic network of cable car circuit public conveyance and transportation network and city voluntarily in city has constituted the aerial public traffic network in three-dimensional city---city air corridor.In three floor space (high approximately 12m) of high building high-altitude overline bridge People's Bank of China paths interface the inside and high-altitude overline bridge People's Bank of China paths interface bottom bottom the high building the high floor space of about 10m-12m at one deck top (the about 6m-8m of a floor height), can offer the use of all kinds of public places and sell with its upper space is the same.High building bottom one deck generally can be done parking area and entrance hall and use, and is provided with several multi-purpose spacious gates, comes in and goes out for passenger, pedestrian and vehicle respectively.The subterranean room of high building is generally 1-6 layer (not waiting because of various high building height is different), highly differ, but all can be used as machine room, traction substation, power distribution room, docking facility, basement garage, the hydraulic accumulator of city aerial public conveyance and transportation network transportation-production use or do other use.In the city new these cable car room high buildings of building are by between the high building, or between the cable car aerial iron tower, or the air walk of setting up between high building and the cable car aerial iron tower pair wireropes, two rail track etc. link up.The cable car two wireropes of funicular railway walking, the two rail track of passing by of coming out of in the cable car room high building exactly voluntarily in the air, through cable car room high building or the cable car aerial iron tower in the middle of several, the two wireropes of the funicular railway of going further walking, two rail track etc. enter destination stop cable car room high building; Promptly coming and going start (terminal point) that run on passenger traffic route two ends like this stands between the high building, set up the aerial public transport passenger traffic in practicable city route network, reaching from air security, fast to transport the aerial public conveyance and transportation network in city---the final purpose of air corridor that the passenger goes to the destination, and framework has become an aerial three-dimensional walking steel network plateform system in practical and complete practical city.Obviously, the city in the air voluntarily cable car circuit public conveyance and transportation network need use be three-dimensional spatial altitude promptly main what use is the first half of cable car room high building, so high building the latter half can be developed use as other purpose fully.It is exactly the most profitable the most feasible correct decisions and will become the development tendency and the trend of high building construction that the various buildings of modernization comprehensive cable car room high building and other purposes are built jointly.
Cable car aerial iron tower (accompanying drawing 2,7 shows), exactly for not needing to build cable car room high building but simple and easy station of needs and the upper and lower elevator of passenger place, or for needing to raise a place of scratching of air-walking double steel cable railway in the design long distance running, or air-walking double steel cable railway and air-walking double steel rail traffic lane need conversion and continue the place, or needing space intersection place etc. toward air-walking double steel cable railway and the air-walking double steel rail traffic lane of different directions, the truss girder steel steel column iron tower that draws air-walking double steel cable railway and air-walking double steel rail traffic lane is hung in the suspension of special construction.It also is a node of network part of forming the important solid in the aerial three-dimensional walking steel network plateform system in city, also is that funicular railway is stepped out the mainstay that " mountain city, scenery with hills and waters kingdom " comes into modern big and medium-sized cities.It can hang to hang draws one deck to several layers and each layer that the two wireropes of 1 to some air walk or two rail track can be arranged, and also can set up simple and easy station and the upper and lower elevator of passenger is installed according to needs.Simple and easy station is installed on cable car aerial iron tower, can hang in 2 inverse-T-shaped tracks that (in the air cable car hang the running gear front and rear wheel the line is busy be generally less than 6m) voluntarily is installed on the cable car aerial iron tower at a distance of about about 10m to draw the girder steel frame to hang to hang and draw the air walk pair wirerope straight line tracks of passing through, making it hang the two wireropes of one section walking that draw between the girder steel frame in these 2 tracks becomes the straight line track of the level of being similar to (the two rail straight line tracks of air walk itself are exactly level of approximation), and the stopway that promptly can be used as simple and easy station on the cable car aerial iron tower uses.Relevant position (similar with the air position of aerial cable car box body voluntarily bottom) lays wood covering as simple and easy platform on cable car aerial iron tower simultaneously, and around it, install the indispensable equipment of protection railing and station, as signal lamp, communication apparatus, light equipment, electric water boiler, water closet and the upper and lower elevator of passenger or the like.The manufacturing technology maturation of cable car aerial iron tower, style can be selected for use arbitrarily, as builds up gantry shape iron tower, square iron tower, L shaped iron tower or the like, all can need select for use according to actual use.For 90 ° in two wirerope (or two rail) pattern of wants spaces, straight line track of the air walk in two firing floor secondary flats when crossing, can constitute some in two truss iron tower posts of gantry shape iron tower as shared (under structural capacity enabled condition or increase its intensity) king-post, build a truss iron tower post more in addition and connect with the truss gooseneck and become one, become L shaped two iron tower perpendiculars that intersect vertically to constitute one with shared iron tower post; Again these 2 altogether limit king-post iron towers hang respectively to hang in the perpendicular separately and draw these 2 to need space intersection to constitute 90 ° two wirerope (or two rail) the straight line tracks of air walk, but must keep its operation in two firing floor secondary flats separately.Certainly can also build cable car aerial iron tower by various alternate manners, as build a big tower truss base steel plinth seat, (in the air) builds up one again and becomes L shaped two iron tower perpendiculars that intersect vertically in the above, or directly builds the iron tower etc. that a square promptly has 4 truss steel tower columns.Between the modernization comprehensive cable car room high building, between the cable car aerial iron tower, high building can connect with them with various tracks between the built on stilts iron tower and is combined into multi-form various ways.Two as a long distance line is two high buildings, and the centre is that several built on stilts iron towers (connecting two remote cities and middle by rural area) are just very unique; Vice versa, is built on stilts iron tower as two of a long distance line, and the centre is that several high buildings (connecting two district and middle cities that stride across of imitating far away) then have some local flavor in addition, or the like.The function of cable car aerial iron tower is all wanted much less than cable car room high building with investment.Similarly, cable car aerial iron tower also is only to need to use its first half, also its latter half and top upper part all can be built jointly or is developed with other building and do other use, as building jointly etc. with the communication base station antenna iron tower.
Air-walking double steel cable railway version, visible accompanying drawing 1,2,3,4,5 shows.Setting up of air-walking double steel cable railway, promptly be from the vertically middle walking double steel cable car lane that draws that hangs of 2 wireropes, installing and fixing what a inverse-T-shaped track exactly on the truss girder steel steel column above the front door of cable car caravan road turnover high building hangs and connects the girder steel frame, it is to be connected and fixed with above it and truss girder steel steel column on every side etc. from all directions from its upper end and on every side to become one, and can bear very big horizontal pull and gravity.2 terminations of 2 wireropes that are used as the track, earlier respectively the track hang draw girder steel frame main beam two ends shallow along the surface " U " connected in star to twine a circle after, inner groovy in the middle of vertical girder steel post two chimbs of centre gets on again, and divides after twining some circles on the truss girder steel steel column on left and right both sides again that fixation in every way gets final product.On the truss girder steel steel column above the front door of another cable car caravan road turnover high building, install and fix what a inverse-T-shaped track again and hang and draw the girder steel frame, make it with top and around truss girder steel steel column be connected and fixed to become one and also can bear very big horizontal pull and gravity.Then these 22 terminations in addition as the wirerope in track are used to install and fix firmly to hang in this track with aforementioned same method and draw on girder steel frame main beam and the truss girder steel steel column on every side thereof.Draw in the process that these 2 wireropes are installed hanging, should in time adjust make its amount of deflection and tension force in the scope of designing requirement numerical value with after interior, the termination of last these 2 wireropes of fixation again.Article one, the air-walking double steel cable railway that connects these two cable car room high buildings has been set up like this.The span of air-walking double steel cable railway can be by tens meters far away as far as several kms, and general hundreds of rice has just reached the stop spacing at a station in the city, and this all should use to need to design according to reality determines.On cable car aerial iron tower, set up air-walking double steel cable railway, can use and set up the same method of air-walking double steel cable railway between the cable car room high building, both can use inverse-T-shaped track to hang and draw the girder steel frame, also can directly use on the iron tower truss girder steel steel column condition and frame mode more easily accordingly, but 2 terminations of the two wireropes in this track to install and fix on cable car aerial iron tower truss girder steel steel column firm.For non-termination double steel cable car lane is that air-walking double steel cable railway just hangs to hang from this cable car aerial iron tower and draws that just to lead to the track that next cable car aerial iron tower or high building go just simpler, just the track hang draw the girder steel frame as two wireropes set up saddle allow the two wireropes in this track straddle above i.e. suspension hang move designing requirement to a high empty position just.For the air-walking double steel cable railway of big span, every a determining deviation a spacing rope carrier need be installed in the middle of it.It mainly acts on is the aerial relative position of the long distance of the two wireropes of two walkings of restriction, under extraneous such environmental effects, there is not too many variation to tangle dangerous situation to prevent two wireropes, with to pull line (for linear motor drive system promote in the air voluntarily cable car need to use) carry out spacing (the scratching because of the different amounts of deflection of tension force are inconsistent separately of pull line and walking pair wireropes of support, the influence of the long secondary weight of linear electric motors etc. is arranged again), make its remain on haply with the two wirerope parallel positions of walking to guarantee in the air cable car high-speed cruising voluntarily.The needle beam of spacing rope carrier bottom fixed traction cable wire also is fixed on the track usually and hangs and draw below the girder steel frame crossbeam and hang and use below the horizontal girder steel in location that draws two rail, and its installation dimension is just the same.Air-walking double steel cable railway generally all is the straight line track and is parabola shaped down, so general run of thins is less to be used in the cable car room, in particular cases very short range also can be done the straight line track and uses in the cable car room, erection method and outdoor roughly the same, but because of stressed little simpler.Each bar two wireropes termination empty or the walking double steel cable car lane can be designed to be arranged in the cable car room and be fastened.For continuing of each bar walking double steel cable car lane, generally also should be arranged in and carry out also multiple bridging mode being arranged in the cable car room, hang and draw the girder steel frame to lean on very closely as hanging the track of drawing these two sections walking double steel cable car lane terminations, add the preceding paragraph again in the centre and be fixed on the track and hang the two rail of the walking of drawing on the girder steel frame and connect them and get final product.In the cable car room, to enter when air-walking double steel cable railway one, the turnout, the curve track that just have the two rail formations of walking wait to be connected easily with it.The air-walking double steel cable railway two ends are not in same firing floor secondary flat the time, and this track has just constituted the upper and lower sloping track of the different firing floor secondary flats of coming in and going out.Though air-walking double steel cable railway scratch may be often and its two ends fulcrum not in same firing floor secondary flat, but as long as the fulcrum at its two ends is in same firing floor secondary flat, this air-walking double steel cable railway can only be to work in same firing floor secondary flat still just, just the skyborne fluctuating of this air-walking double steel cable railway is very big, should be taken into account that in design attention does not allow its disturb and influences the aerial operation of cable car voluntarily in other firing floor secondary flat.In force, should just design to select for use according to freight volume size and relative level attitude and should set several directions in several firing floor secondary flat operations and definite each firing floor secondary flat and each direction is respectively set several air-walking double steel cable railway.Left and right both sides shown in Figure 1 are cable car room high building the first half, and wherein per 1 following parabola represents that 1 walking double steel cable car lane hangs skyborne form.Laterally air-walking double steel cable railway 1 leads in another cable car room high building from a cable car room high building and goes, it hangs the situation of drawing on the girder steel frame as shown in Figure 4 in the track in the cable car room: as required, it connects ground, a station and constantly continues in a station like this.Vertical air-walking double steel cable railway, Figure 1 shows that 3 cable car firing floor secondary flats, each direction has 2 air-walking double steel cable railway in its first operation plane, Figure 2 shows that cable car aerial iron tower 3 and go up to hang and to hang the air-walking double steel cable railway that draws.Wherein per 1 following parabola is represented 1 air-walking double steel cable railway.Tower upper end can direct mount be used the track in the cable car room to hang to draw the girder steel frame to hang to hang and is drawn the walking double steel cable car lane, also can be from the tower truss girder steel steel column with other more easily frame mode come to hang and draw air-walking double steel cable railway from vertical centre.Figure 2 shows that 2 cable car firing floor secondary flats, 2 walking double steel cable car lanes are arranged in each firing floor secondary flat, also wait to design in force and select the operation of several firing floor secondary flat for use and determine to set in each firing floor secondary flat several walking double steel cable car lanes according to the actual demand situation.Figure 3 shows that the middle spacing rope carrier need installing every a determining deviation of air-walking double steel cable railway of big span.The needle beam of spacing rope carrier bottom fixed traction cable wire also is fixed on the track usually and hangs and draw below the girder steel frame crossbeam and hang and use (shown in Fig. 4,5,8,10) below the horizontal girder steel in location that draws two rail.1 is the two wireropes of walking among the figure, and 2 be comprehensive cable car room high building, and 3 is cable car aerial iron tower, and 4 is that the "T"-shaped track of side is hung and drawn the girder steel frame.Figure 4 shows that in the cable car room or on the cable car aerial iron tower the inverse-T-shaped track of general-duty hang and draw the girder steel frame, it is connected as one and is fixed firmly with truss girder steel steel column around its top.Its version also can variation be selected to use, and this slightly.Wherein 1 is the two wireropes of walking, and 5 is pull line, and 7 is spacing rope carrier needle beam.Figure 5 shows that a kind of convenience (its pull line also can similarly be handled) of drawing two wireropes termination of fixing walking double steel cable car lane on the girder steel frame of hanging in the track.
Air-walking double steel rail traffic lane version is shown in the visible accompanying drawing 6,7,8,9,10.The structure constructive method and the manifestation of air-walking double steel rail traffic lane, mainly be to use the mature technology of suspension bridge etc. and similar structures (about hanging of suspension cable jackstay, guiding principle cable hoist cable etc. draw, in cable car room high building and the saddle on the cable car aerial iron tower install and connect and mature technologys such as anchorage processing, all omit herein).Though the objective effect that the two rail tracks of walking are used the format surface of double track, two cables and can be allowed aerial cable car voluntarily go at express speed in the above with the walking double steel cable car lane is almost completely the same, but because their formation material physical property difference, one shows as " just " property, one shows as " softening " property, has just determined them that greatest differences is arranged on version.The suspention jackstay aloft hangs by hoist cable and draws the two rail tracks of walking, makes its straight line majestic appearance that shows level of approximation aloft, is with the walking double steel cable car lane that now parabola shaped tenderness is pleasantly tempered toughness with gentleness, mapping of a set onto another brightness mutually.Setting up of air-walking double steel rail traffic lane, promptly be from the vertically middle two rail tracks of the walking that connects of hanging of 2 light rails, exactly on the truss girder steel steel column of the front door of cable car caravan road turnover high building (long apart from time may be installed to the front door in last one, two floor track) top on the mounted saddle, install and fix and suspend jackstay one end in midair and also this termination is dragged to indoor ad hoc anchorage place and is strained and fixed.Again the other end of suspention jackstay is hung on the truss girder steel steel column of moving to above another high building cable car caravan road turnover front door (long apart from time may be installed to the track front door of last one, two floor) on the mounted saddle, install and fix this end and this termination is dragged to indoor ad hoc anchorage place and be strained and fixed.In lifting suspention jackstay process, should note adjusting scratching a little of jackstay and reach the designing requirement number range basically with tension force and tighten up all relevant secure components that jackstay and fix tightly suspend jackstay in midair after interior again.Hang like this and draw mounted suspention jackstay to be down parabola shaped aloft, bear the responsibility that hanging of framework air-walking double steel rail traffic lane drawn, load-bearing, boning out or the like important task.Binding installs some and becomes the equidistant wirerope hoist cable of level by designing requirement on mounted suspention jackstay then, bundle the firm same thick wirerope hoist cable of installation again in the same level height position (highly locating) of each root wirerope hoist cable lower end by designing requirement, form 2 short wirerope hoist cables of bifurcated below this hoist cable and make it equally long, even 2 of bifurcated short wirerope hoist cable lower ends are on the same horizontal linear by designing requirement below all hoist cables.Placing 2 horizontal girder steels in location parallel and be connected and fixed from their middles with location steel bracket two ends and firmly become " worker " Zee bar steel Z member, is that 2 short wirerope hoist cable bundlees from 2 connection places of locating horizontal girder steel and locating steel bracket to hang to draw and fixes this " worker " Zee bar steel Z member and become horizontality with a wirerope hoist cable lower end bifurcated again.When all wirerope hoist cable lower end bifurcateds be 2 short wirerope hoist cable from 2 connection places bindings of locating horizontal girder steel and location steel bracket hang draw fix become " worker " of same horizontal linear Zee bar steel Z member after, locate the light rail that 2 purpose made semisphere rail levels are installed at horizontal girder steel two ends respectively at all again, and adjust all and locate horizontal girder steel and become equidistant (its spacing should be determined according to actual needs design) to arrange and same level height, just become equidistant arrangement and carrying 2 railway tracks straight as the surface railway sleeper, make the path of 2 light rail straighes in adjustment after (after promptly reaching designing requirement) again they whole fixations.Like this, an air-walking double steel rail traffic lane has just been put up substantially.The span of air-walking double steel rail traffic lane can be by tens meters far away as far as several kms, and general hundreds of rice is far away in the city has just reached a stop spacing at station, and this all should design definite according to actual needs.As on cable car aerial iron tower, setting up air-walking double steel rail traffic lane, also can use and high building between set up the same method of air-walking double steel rail traffic lane, the saddle that just sets up the suspention jackstay will be fixed on the truss girder steel steel column of this cable car aerial iron tower, and its anchorage also should be dealt carefully with on the truss girder steel steel column of this cable car aerial iron tower.Air-walking double steel rail traffic lane also can use on the cable car aerial iron tower increase truss girder steel steel column main beam in the middle of the iron tower after same again increasing set up several layers, each layer also can set up the air-walking double steel rail traffic lane of 1 and 1 above number, and the circuit that an iron tower that also can build up long distance continues with continuing an iron tower etc., this all should need design to determine according to actual the use.Suspention jackstay on cable car room and the cable car aerial iron tower saddle can be offset a little distance from trend saddle both sides under the long-term stressed effect and under the external factor influence, can some axis of rolling be installed to reduce the wearing and tearing of suspention jackstay in automatic migration in the saddle with on the contact surface that suspends jackstay in midair.According to actual needs, 1 suspention jackstay above the air-walking double steel rail traffic lane of suspention can be 1,2 or its above radical; Vice versa, and promptly 1 suspention jackstay can suspend the air-walking double steel rail traffic lane of 1 or its above number in midair, and these should be definite according to the actual needs design.Air-walking double steel rail traffic lane in the cable car room, basically all be to hang in inverse-T-shaped track to draw the light rail of installing 2 purpose made semisphere rail levels on the girder steel frame crossbeam to constitute, the main beam that draws the girder steel frame and hoist cable are hung in the track, and to hang the horizontal girder steel form in the location of drawing similar, its gauge and cable distance etc. are identical, and the needle beam installation dimension in its lower section of spacing rope carrier bottom support pull line etc. are basically identical also.Make the light rail that 2 sinuousness are suitable for according to the curvature that the wiggle track requires, and they and pull line etc. together are placed in several tracks that are on the same horizontal surface (track of each floor is in same horizontal surface basically) hang and draw on the girder steel frame, curvature according to the wiggle track requires to adjust again, the level of arranging each track to hang to draw the girder steel frame towards and distance between them be an appropriate position and they all fixed, fix the track again and hang 2 light rails drawing above the girder steel frame crossbeam and pull line etc., promptly constituted one and met the wiggle track that wiggle curvature requires.All bending air line tracks of the aerial cable car traveling voluntarily in high building innner and outer, cable car room (near the limit) and most indoor aerial straight line tracks (i.e. 0 curvature track) all are to use this method basically and hang by being installed in this track that the walking pair rail that draw on the girder steel frame constitute.The curve track of turning as the aerial tune of cable car voluntarily, crooked and turnout straight line, special-purpose various curves track and the upper and lower slope that passes in and out different firing floor secondary flats spiral curve track and various straight lines track etc.Since can be on the aerial cable car principle of design voluntarily in radius of curve inside turn less than 6m, the curve track can be considered to select to be installed on high building the inside, cable car room, outside and the cable car aerial iron tower so spiral in the upper and lower slope of the different firing floor secondary flats of turnover.Because the operating provisions of aerial cable car voluntarily travels for the limit that keeps left and each bar track all is an one-way traffic, never allowing to have in same track vehicle to come and go travels, the possibility that does not promptly allow collision exists, and should set up 2 tracks and travels for cable car is round voluntarily in the air as coming and going tracks so same direction is minimum in each firing floor secondary flat.Consider the influence of variation of ambient temperature, should reserve appropriate gap (can as the surface railway rail, connect), crimp occurs or pull dangerous situations such as fracture in order to avoid rail expands with heat and contract with cold because of temperature shock in each joint connection place of cutting rail to the rail length variations.The horizontal girder steel spacing in location when using aluminum alloy rail (can consider to use) after technological improvement is share its dynamics may be smaller.Air-walking double steel rail traffic lane is very heavy and area exposed to the wind is very little, so be subjected to general windage very little (similar suspension bridge is the same).But in the city that often has hurricane to come in and go out, for adjacent 2 nearer air-walking double steel rail traffic lanes, can change 2 wirerope hoist cables of the bottom bifurcated of some (not being whole) equidistant hoist cables into the steel suspension rod, again these steel suspension rods on these 2 tracks are linked up with steel cross bar level, with strengthen its whole wind loading rating and prevent in the vehicle to run be hurricane blow grazing.When air-walking double steel rail traffic lane two ends during not at same firing floor secondary flat, this track is exactly the upper and lower sloping curve or the straight line track of the different firing floor secondary flats of coming in and going out.It generally is inharmonious, ungraceful that suspension cable hangs the two rail curve track moulding of the air walk of drawing, but also can use under special circumstances.Figure 6 shows that the two rail tracks of the straight line moving that sets up between the cable car room high building.9 are the suspention jackstay among the figure, and the two rail tracks of 10 straight line movings are suspended on aerial form of straight lines.1 air-walking double steel rail traffic lane of wherein per 1 straight line surfaces, the two rail tracks of 2 walkings represented of 2 straight lines are round tracks of same direction in the same firing floor secondary flat here.8 for hang draw the horizontal girder steel in location and on the hoist cable of two rail of installing and fixing.Figure 7 shows that the two rail tracks of the straight line moving that sets up between the cable car aerial iron tower.9 are the suspention jackstay among the figure, and 10 is the two rail tracks of straight line moving, and 8 is hoist cable.Be illustrated as a firing floor secondary flat, can add the two rail tracks (with similar shown in the accompanying drawing 2) of straight line moving that a main beam increases the operation of the next firing floor secondary flat of suspention at the iron tower middle part again when needing.Shown in Figure 8 is that the track that installs the two rail tracks of walking is hung and drawn the girder steel frame, is to hang another main mode of drawing the mode of two rail tracks except hoist cable, also is to make a kind of mode with the most use in high building innner and outer, cable car room (near limit on).People in addition can be on house, overhead both sides, street column be put on the shelf anyhow truss girder steel (equidistantly) and installing in its lower section hang this track and hang and draw the girder steel frame to use to build pair rail tracks of walking.4 hang and draw the girder steel frame for inverse-T-shaped track among the figure, are to be connected as one and to be fixed firmly with the truss girder steel on its top etc.10 is two rail tracks, and 5 is pull line.This track is hung and is drawn girder steel frame and double steel cable car lane shown in Figure 4 to hang to draw the girder steel frame basic identical, and also to hang the horizontal girder steel form in the location of drawing similar to hoist cable for the main beam at its middle part, and its gauge and cable distance etc. are identical.7 is the needle beam of spacing rope carrier bottom support pull line.It the track hang draw below the girder steel frame middle beam and the horizontal girder steel in location below also basically identical such as installation dimension.These all are that cable car is unblocked thereon voluntarily in order to allow in the air.Figure 9 shows that suspension cable hangs the two rail tracks of the straight line moving that draws segment section lateral plan aloft.9 are the suspention jackstay among the figure, and 10 be light-duty equidistant arrangement, as ground railway sleeper carrying 2 light rails and on the cable car voluntarily in the air that going at express speed, its spacing should be definite according to actual needs.Figure 10 shows that suspension cable hangs the schematic cross section in the two rail tracks of stretching line walking.9 are the suspention jackstay among the figure, and 10 is light rail, and 8 is hoist cable, and 11 are the horizontal girder steel in location, and 5 is pull line, and 7 is spacing rope carrier needle beam.
In sum, from the comprehensive cable car of modernization room high building, cable car aerial iron tower, the formation of air-walking double steel cable railway and air-walking double steel rail traffic lane etc. and the structure that is coupled to each other, principle, method and various manifestation etc. are as can be known, sufficiently and reasonably planning, design, use modernized comprehensive cable car room high building, cable car aerial iron tower, air-walking double steel cable railway and air-walking double steel rail traffic lane, be to become the aerial three-dimensional walking steel network plateform system in a complete multicoloured city by coupling configuration fully with multiple required function, can allow aerial cable car voluntarily freely give play to the huge effect of the aerial public conveyance and transportation network in city fully for aerial cable car voluntarily provides sky or the cable car major path that leads to any old place in the city and have various operation function.
The present invention is by the comprehensive cable car of modernization room high building, cable car aerial iron tower, the aerial three-dimensional walking steel network plateform system in the city that connection such as air-walking double steel cable railway and air-walking double steel rail traffic lane constitutes, the walking of more old-fashioned funicular railway is single, the variation and the leap of matter taken place in two wireropes, it is the important task of this Infrastructure of walking steel mesh network of the aerial public conveyance and transportation network in city of can bearing the responsibility, be the aerial stage that later-model aerial cable car is voluntarily fully performed, it can make immortal contribution for building the aerial public conveyance and transportation network in city.Because it is different with " many (mode of transportation) " that conceptual system of the present invention solves the theory of " city traffic difficulty ", in the air voluntarily the cable car design gross weight below 10T, so cable car room high building at each node place of aerial three-dimensional walking steel network, cable car aerial iron tower, trussed steel beam, the steel framework, track in the cable car room is hung and is drawn the girder steel frame, the skyborne walking double steel cable car lane of turnout machinery and frame and the two rail tracks of walking or the like all are easy to make realizes, and can make very frivolously with suiting measures to local conditions, lightly, very thin, exquisite, exquisite, beautiful, brevity and lucidity, smooth continuously, coordinate grace etc., so that the Large scale construction of aerial public conveyance and transportation network can play finishing impression spy further to the city building, the decoration function of design and construction garden landscape etc.Air-walking double steel cable railway and air-walking double steel rail traffic lane all are again simultaneously " born " can be by tens meters far away as far as several kms once striding, thus when the leap rivers and mountains, just can build at an easy rate very large and spectacular, of tremendous momentum wait for urban look make something perfect even more perfect.So aerial three-dimensional walking steel network plateform system in city of the present invention, be can be under design engineer, engineer's elaborately planned commander, the long distance from the city short range to the suburb, from the old house of low layer to high-rise new building, villanette arrives new rural area, the foot of the hill and from great rivers to a wide expanse of flat land, can satisfy the arbitrary various three-dimensional communication function demands and the urban look demand of modern city as best one can from the hilltop.
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is the scheme drawing that sets up the walking double steel cable car lane between the cable car room high building.Generally build 4 layers in force and just enough used, certain every layer of every direction can have 4 tracks, and special requirement also can be built more.When if a certain passenger traffic route has very big volume of passenger traffic, can all transfer the transport power that increases this route exponentially to unidirectional walking double steel cable car lane and vehicle in several firing floor secondary flats.Its folk prescription can surpass 14400 people/h to maximum volume of passenger traffic.
Fig. 2 is the scheme drawing of the air-walking double steel cable railway that sets up between the cable car aerial iron tower.Can set up simple and easy station in force on demand and the upper and lower elevator of passenger is installed.
Fig. 3 is the scheme drawing of spacing rope carrier.
Fig. 4 is that the walking double steel cable car lane hangs and draws girder steel frame scheme drawing.
Fig. 5 hangs a kind of method scheme drawing that draws two wireropes termination of fixing walking double steel cable car lane on the girder steel frame in the track.
Fig. 6 is the scheme drawing that sets up the two rail tracks of straight line moving between the cable car room high building.The same direction in same plane between two same in force high buildings can be set up the two rail tracks of 4 straight line movings, on not far distance (bottom-to-top-height that promptly suspends jackstay and track, vehicle in midair does not exceed this firing floor secondary flat spatial altitude), can build the two rail tracks of 4 such straight line movings of 2 floor to 4 floor (i.e. 2 to 4 firing floor secondary flats) between these two high buildings, its folk prescription can surpass 14400 people/h to maximum volume of passenger traffic.
Fig. 7 is the scheme drawing in the two rail tracks of the straight line moving that sets up between the cable car aerial iron tower.Can set up the two rail tracks of 4 straight line movings in force side by side, also can build the two guiding principle rail tracks of 2 layers of 4 such straight line moving; Can set up simple and easy station and the upper and lower elevator of passenger is installed according to needs too.
Fig. 8 is that the two rail tracks of walking are hung and drawn girder steel frame scheme drawing.
Fig. 9 is the segment section side schematic view in the two rail tracks of the skyborne straight line moving of suspention.
Figure 10 is the schematic cross section that hoist cable hangs the two rail tracks of stretching line walking.
Optimum implementation of the present invention is exactly the aerial three-dimensional walking steel network plateform system in city that is constituted by various forms of organic connection that the comprehensive cable car of modernization room high building, cable car aerial iron tower, air-walking double steel cable railway and air-walking double steel rail traffic lane etc. carry out according to actual needs, this will open up and build the city that the city air corridor promptly builds the aerial public conveyance and transportation network in city by first and come planning and design, and the aerial three-dimensional walking steel network plateform system in this city will manufacture and design according to the concrete user demand of reality.What can imagine here is, between many skyscraper, swims across beautiful " Bifrost " as many aerial cable cars voluntarily such as the swimming fish, travels quietly on straight track In the mansion underfooting, many spiral round mansion as cable car such as the pigeon voluntarily in the air and fly up, and fall to going up the roof balcony airily These have increased the beautiful scenery of a lot of to the city of our beauty beyond doubt.

Claims (3)

  1. A city walking steel network platform aerial stereo system, including overhead cable car tower, air lines Two lanes and take the cable rail lane double air gap, characterized in that the system is provided with integrated cable car Housing tower by integrated aerial tramway cable car tower and tower room as part of a three-dimensional network nodes by Air travel and air travel lane dual cable lane dual rail network nodes as these three-dimensional part of the The connection between air travel and air travel lane dual cable dual rail lane using series, parallel, water Ping Luen, three-dimensional multi-mode coupling joint combination of the various lane network, the network linking various lane Device connected, inverted "T"-shaped frame beam hanging pull Drive, fork machine as a three-dimensional network node portion Department of the connection with the node space, integrated cable car tower room outside, inside and aerial ropeway towers above Install air suspension with double rope walking straight lanes, air travel lane dual rail line, as well as by the These two lanes wide range of different needs based on production and reprocessing own aerial tramway connecting constitute The U-turn lane turning curves, curved lines fork, a variety of curves lanes, and out of different operating levels Plane on the driveway and on the downhill straight, downhill spiral curve joins together combinations thereof lane air Lane network; pair cable from the cable and dual rail gauge is the same, the use of light rail track surface hemispherical Radius and height are designed and manufactured according to the radius of the wire rope, traction power supply system overhead contact wire mesh along empty In the lane while erection; comprehensive aerial tramway room tower is to build their own cable car station, the Treasury for the purpose The building up of the equipment with multiple functions integrated tall tower building, is composed of the city Walking steel network platform aerial stereo system the most important part of the three-dimensional network nodes, towers Have opened up within the center space for elevators, escalators, freight elevators and walking staircases and pipes pass Road and install a through elevators, escalators and freight elevators; tower portion of each interior angles are equipped with security Channels and pipelines channel wells; tower lifts the upper part of the room, from the floor to a group of several floors Cheng, lifts the upper space of each floor housing, mounting truss girder steel columns, solid in its installed above Fixed inverted "T" shaped driveway hanging pull beam frame, fork machinery by these lane steel girder frame hanging hanging pull pull, Ann Equipment, fixed number of air travel lane dual cable line, air travel lane dual rail lines, air lines Walking lane dual rail curves, curves and straight fork driveway, on the downhill spiral curve lane for Urban air in all kinds of public transport network station, parking lane running between the points and by site Parking Road; tramway room is also equipped with a variety of settings for the various functions of the pipeline system, line, overhead Contact lines, power lines and machinery, electronics, electricity, communications, signals, computer network equipment nodes; The cable car line established by the Air Self-city public transport network air traction power supply system Power supply system using rail transportation systems, communication systems using wired and wireless compatible systems in the tower Downstairs floor, with high-altitude flyover pedestrian path channel interface layer, middle and lower large shopping malls, leading to the upper cable car room The entrance to the room and each floor has a cable car ticket office, ticket windows and ticket vending machines, and automatic Release ticket machines, credit card machines; tower bottom layer used as parking lots and entrance hall with several Spacious entrance; tower's basement is generally 1 to 6 layers of different heights, as the city air public transport Production and use of transport network transport equipment room, traction substations, power distribution room, repair factories, underground garage, Cisterns or for other use; tramway overhead tower crane hoisted to pull several layers and each layer has a layer To certain sections of the air walking pair cable or dual rail lane, according to the station and the need to include easy installation by Passengers up and down the elevator; aerial tramway station easy to install on the tower, you can install on the tower overhead cable car Installed approximately 10m apart around 2 inverted "T" shaped driveway hanging pull beam rack to hang hanging pull air through Walk straight double lane rope, so that in this two-lane steel girder frame hanging pull double-rope walk between the period of Horizontal line driveway to become similar to that on the tower as a simple aerial tramway station parking road use, While the corresponding location on the cable car tower overhead wooden floor as a simple site, and in its surrounding installation Good protective railings and lights, communications equipment, lighting equipment, aerial tramway built gantry tower-shaped tower, Square tower, L-shaped towers, running for two levels in the air gap dual plane or double steel wire rope Rail lines need to constitute a space 90 ° driveway intersect, will constitute the two truss gantry tower tower-shaped column As a common one in the tower, and then another and build a truss tower column to column and shared tower truss steel Beams integrally connected to form a vertical L-shaped vertical plane intersecting the two towers, and then in The two sides of each tower tower crane hoisted the vertical plane, respectively, need to pull these two intersect constitute space 90 °, the air gap dual cable or dual rail line lane; or build a large steel truss tower foundation blocks, In its above and then built an L-shaped tower two perpendicular vertical plane, or simply build a four That is four square steel truss tower of Tower; lane 2 to be used as the two cable ends, the first sub- Do not pull in the driveway crane girder frame along the main beam across the surface of shallow "U"-shaped groove wrapped around, then along the Between two vertical steel beams in the middle of the inner groove flange up and points to the left and right sides of the steel truss girder Pole winding several turns and then firmly fixed in various ways; another room in another lane and out of the cable car tower The gate at the top of the truss girder is installed on steel columns fixed an inverted "T" shaped driveway hanging pull beam frame, Above and around it with the truss girder steel columns connected integrally fixed and can withstand a lot of levels Tension and gravity, and then put the two lane rope as the other two ends of the same party with the foregoing France fixed firmly pull the lane steel girder frame hanging around the main beam and truss beams on steel columns, empty Double rope walking lane span to several kilometers away from the tens of meters away, walking in the air for a large span double Lane rope, which at a certain distance between mounting a stopper Toso, Limit Toso is lower fixed Traction cables are usually small transom mounting frame girder hanging pull in the driveway and hanging below the bar pull double steel Positioning rail cross beams below to use, install it exactly the same size; walking pair cable for each one Lane connection, the room should be arranged in the cable car and a variety of connection modes, the hanging pull the two walking Two cable ends lane lane hanging pull beam frame in close proximity, and then in the middle of the lane with a fixed Hanging pull double walking beam rack rails to join them to; tramway room, double steel when air travel Tram Road at the door, there will be a walking pair of rails consisting of fork, curved driveway, etc. come with it easily Link up; air travel lane dual cable ends not in the same plane of run levels, the lane Constitutes one of the access plane of the different operating levels, downhill lane; air gap dual rail lane Erection, that is, from the two light rail portrait hanging in the middle lane then walking dual rail, is in the cable car House driveway and out the door at the top of the tower truss girder steel columns installed on the saddle, mounting Good suspension and the end of the main cable ends onto the interior dedicated anchorage fixed at the taut, then suspended The other end of the main rope hanging pulled another room driveway and out of the cable car towers at the entrance at the top of steel truss girder Column mounted saddles, install fixed end and the end of the fixed, so hanging pull installed The suspension was in the air under the main cable parabola, the main cable bundle is installed on the root of a certain level of equidistant From the cable slings, wire rope slings at each root level of the bottom of the same height position and then tied securely installed Solid an equally thick rope slings, sling formed below the bifurcation of the two makes one short wire rope slings Sample length, even if all the following bifurcation two slings Wire rope slings lower short head at the same level on the line; The two horizontal steel beams placed parallel positioning positioning steel frame with head from the ends firmly fixed connection between them As "workers"-shaped steel components, wire rope sling and then a lower branches into two short rope slings from fixed Bit cross beams and steel bracket positioning the joint of two fixed bundle hanging pull the "I" shaped steel members into State level, and then locate the transverse beam ends were all mounted on two specially hemispherical surface of the light rail Type rail and adjust all positioned equidistant transverse beam arrangement and the same level as the height; aerial tramway Tower erected on air travel lane dual rail, air travel lane on the tramway overhead double rail tower also You can use an intermediate increase in the tower truss girder steel columns erected the main beam and then add the same number of layers, each Erection of a layer and a number of air travel over dual rail lanes, long distance and can also be built A continuation from one tower to tower continuation of the line, where the cable car aerial tower and suspended in the saddle The contact surface of the main rope hanging install some suspension roll axis to reduce the offset in the main cable in the automatic grinding Loss; according to actual requirements, suspended an air travel lane dual rail suspended above the main cable can be So the one, two or more root number, a main suspension cable can be suspended one or more numbers Air gap dual rail lane, the air gap in the cable car room double rail lanes in the inverted "T" shape car Road hanging pull beam frame beams mounted on two special domed rail surface to form a light rail, the car Road hanging pull beam frame with sling hanging pull the main beam positioning transverse beams form similar to the gauge complete with cable distance All the same, limit Toso traction cables supporting the lower part of the small beams underneath it, also the base mounting dimensions The same; under bending-lane curvature required to produce two light rail curvature applicable and The traction cable with them at the same level placed on the number of lanes hanging pull beam frame , And then based on the curvature of the curved-lane requirement to adjust, install each lane steel girder frame hanging pull level Direction and the distance between them is a proper position and are fixed to them, which constitute a compliance Bending curvature desired bending-lane; an operational level plane in the same direction shall be erected at least two Lanes as round-trip cable car to and from their own driveway for air travel; aerial tramway own house is from the cable car Towers came out to walk through the double cable ropeway, dual rail lanes, through the middle of the cable car if a Aerial ropeway towers or tower room, and then double-rope walking through the aerial tramway, dual rail lane into the end Tram station house tower, running back and forth so that both ends of the route originating in passenger transport (destination) station towers between Architecture has become a viable steel city air travel network platform stereo system. ...
  2. 2, the aerial three-dimensional walking steel network plateform system in city according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the two rail of the air walk curve track of spiraling, be installed on indoor, outdoor and the cable car aerial iron tower, its sus-pension uses truss girder steel steel column lifting track to hang the girder steel frame mode of drawing, or with suspention jackstay mode, or use the cable-stayed bridge mode.
  3. 3, the aerial three-dimensional walking steel network plateform system in city according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: for adjacent 2 nearer air-walking double steel rail traffic lanes, 2 wirerope hoist cables of the bottom bifurcated of some equidistant hoist cables are changed into the steel suspension rod, again these steel suspension rods on these 2 tracks are linked up with steel cross bar level.
CNB001212133A 2000-08-08 2000-08-08 Platform system for stereo city viaduct steel network Expired - Fee Related CN1170714C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CNB001212133A CN1170714C (en) 2000-08-08 2000-08-08 Platform system for stereo city viaduct steel network

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