CN116335398B - Multilayer rapid construction method - Google Patents

Multilayer rapid construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN116335398B
CN116335398B CN202310452492.7A CN202310452492A CN116335398B CN 116335398 B CN116335398 B CN 116335398B CN 202310452492 A CN202310452492 A CN 202310452492A CN 116335398 B CN116335398 B CN 116335398B
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steel
platform
construction
layer
hanging
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CN116335398A (en
Inventor
张松甫
裴彦军
宋宝仓
郑纳
严晗
陶瑜
张文学
田伟
靳小飞
李金辉
张昊骕
王云磊
宋嘉润
闫锴
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China Railway Construction Engineering Group Co Ltd
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China Railway Construction Engineering Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202310452492.7A priority Critical patent/CN116335398B/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G3/00Scaffolds essentially supported by building constructions, e.g. adjustable in height
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Conveying And Assembling Of Building Elements In Situ (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a multilayer rapid construction method, which comprises the following steps: s1: setting a suspension boot; s2: installing a jacking guide rail on the suspension boot; s3: hoisting an internal hanging construction platform; s4: hoisting a top steel frame platform; s5: integrally hoisting and fixing the externally hung construction platform on a top steel frame platform; s6: setting edge protection; s7: setting a hanging system; s8: installing a jacking oil cylinder; s9: hoisting a material distributor; s10: when the spreader is used for pouring the concrete of the layer of structural beams and the structural columns, the reinforcing steel bar binding procedure of the adjacent upper layer of structural beams and structural columns is carried out simultaneously. The invention is beneficial to improving the construction efficiency.

Description

Multilayer rapid construction method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the application field of building machines, in particular to a multilayer rapid construction method.
Background
Various construction work platforms exist in high-rise building construction, such as a common floor type scaffold, an overhanging type scaffold, a climbing formwork, a climbing frame and the like, and although the construction work platforms have certain safety, the construction work platforms also have the problems of large pollution, extremely poor fire resistance, large repeated construction workload and the like in construction, and the conventional town construction sites increasingly require civilized construction, green construction and safe construction, but various construction equipment often have interference and conflict. Particularly, the higher the building is, the higher the climbing frame construction platform can not carry out high-efficient large formwork construction, the problems of slow construction progress, long construction period and larger construction danger occur in the construction site, the construction platform and equipment are continuously disassembled and assembled, the transition is carried out, the workload is very heavy, the equipment like the climbing frame and climbing formwork has weak overall strength, the lifting and climbing deformation is large, the stability is poor during climbing, the typhoon prevention performance is weak, the operation noise is large and the like. The building machine in the current market has large and heavy overall structure and extremely high manufacturing cost, and cannot adapt to the conventional market demands.
Disclosure of Invention
An object of the present invention is to provide a multi-story quick construction method that facilitates building a building machine to implement a multi-story quick construction solution.
The multilayer rapid construction method for achieving the purpose comprises the following steps:
s1: embedding a climbing cone sleeve in the primary structural column to set a suspension boot;
s2: after the primary structural column is disassembled, installing a jacking guide rail on the suspension boot, and arranging a jacking square column on the jacking guide rail to form a vertical supporting structure;
s3: hoisting an internal hanging construction platform, and fixing the internal hanging construction platform with a vertical supporting structure, wherein the internal hanging construction platform is provided with a plurality of layers from top to bottom;
s4: the top steel frame platform is hoisted and arranged at two ends of the top operation platform system, the top steel frame platform is made into a frame structure by adopting I-shaped steel beams in the longitudinal direction and the transverse direction, and is supported by a main steel beam and a secondary steel beam, and the main steel beam is supported on a vertical supporting structure; the upper flanges and the lower flanges of the main steel girder and the secondary steel girder are drilled with equidistant screw holes, the end parts of the main steel girder and the secondary steel girder are provided with connecting plates, and the connecting plates are also drilled with equidistant screw holes so as to butt joint an internal hanging construction platform, an external hanging construction platform and a hanging system, and butt joint a top steel girder platform between two opposite top steel frame platforms;
s5: integrally hoisting and fixing the externally hung construction platform on a top steel frame platform, and hoisting a beam construction hanger system on a top operation platform system; the externally hung construction platform is provided with a plurality of layers from top to bottom;
s6: setting edge protection on the externally hung construction platform, the internally hung construction platform and the beam construction hanging frame system;
s7: hanging systems are arranged on the inner hanging frame system and the outer hanging frame system and the top operation platform system to hoist the large formwork to form a large formwork supporting system, and a steel bar binding platform is hoisted to bind a structural beam steel bar cage and fix the beam formwork system on the beam construction hanging frame system;
s8: the jacking cylinder is arranged on a suspension shoe fixed on the structural column, and the upper end of the jacking cylinder is provided with a climbing shoe for butting the jacking guide rail;
s9: erecting a spreader base steel beam on the top steel beam platform, and then hoisting a spreader on the spreader base steel beam;
s10: when the spreader is used for pouring the concrete of the layer of structural beams and the structural columns, the reinforcing steel bar binding procedure of the adjacent upper layer of structural beams and structural columns is carried out simultaneously.
As a further improvement of the multilayer rapid construction method, the internal hanging construction platform is provided with seven layers from top to bottom and sequentially comprises a second top layer, a second binding reinforcing steel bar layer, a second pouring concrete layer, a second template operation layer, a second steel structure layer, a second repairing and other operation layers and a bottom layer.
As a further improvement of the multilayer rapid construction method, the externally hung construction platform is provided with six layers from top to bottom and sequentially comprises a first top layer, a first binding reinforcing steel bar layer, a first pouring concrete layer, a first template operation layer, a first steel structure layer, a first repair and other operation layers.
As a further improvement of the multilayer rapid construction method, the suspension shoe includes:
a suspension boot body fixed on the climbing cone sleeve;
one end of the positioning lock is arranged on the suspension boot main body, and the other end of the positioning lock is in sliding fit with the flange plate of the jacking guide rail;
the bearing tongue is rotatably arranged in the positioning lock and can extend into the ladder block square hole, when the jacking guide rail ascends, the bearing tongue can be pushed to rotate upwards so as to separate from the ladder block square hole, and when the jacking guide rail descends, the bearing tongue is downwards rotated into the ladder block square hole under the influence of dead weight;
the limiting idler wheels are arranged on the suspension boot main body and positioned below the bearing tongue so as to limit the downward rotation of the bearing tongue;
and the oil cylinder mounting lug plate is arranged on the suspension boot main body and is used for mounting the hydraulic power system.
As a further improvement of the multi-layer rapid construction method, the beam construction hanger system comprises:
the beam construction hanging frame is arranged on two sides of the structural beam and at least comprises a first construction platform for binding N+1 layers of steel bars and a second construction platform for pouring N layers of concrete.
As a further improvement of the multilayer rapid construction method, the hanging system comprises:
the hoisting steel wire rope is connected to the large template hoisting ring and used for hoisting the large template to finish primary formwork supporting;
the hanging hoist is arranged on the top steel frame platform;
the hanging chain is driven by a hanging hoist, and the lower end of the hanging chain is provided with a hook so as to be hooked on the large template hanging ring, so that a climbing form can be formed to lift a large template supporting system;
a fixed pulley system disposed on the top operating platform system;
the steel strand fixing assemblies are arranged on the beam construction hanger system and are positioned on two sides of the structural beam to be poured;
one end of the steel strand is fixedly connected with a steel strand fixing assembly, upwards winds through a fixed pulley system, and then downwards fixes an N+1 layer of steel bar binding platform.
As a further improvement of the multilayer rapid construction method, the large template is a steel frame steel panel large template, the steel frame is formed by welding 80 x 40 x 3.5/Q235 galvanized steel pipes, holes with the distance of 100mm are punched on rectangular pipes, the large template is used as a large template assembly connection mounting hole and also used as a large template and surrounding purlin connection mounting hole, the large template panel is made of high-strength steel plates, the large template is used for manufacturing various different moduli, the large template is used for free assembly during construction, and pin pieces are used for connecting the large templates.
As a further improvement of the multilayer rapid construction method, the large template is made into an integral template in the vertical direction, and the back edge adopts double-spliced 10# hot-rolled channel steel.
As a further improvement of the multilayer rapid construction method, each vertical supporting structure is fixed on the building structure through three layers of attachment anchor points.
As a further improvement of the multilayer rapid construction method, the working condition of the top operation platform system is fully sealed, and corresponding functional areas are set, wherein the functional areas comprise: toilet and smoking room.
The invention is beneficial to multi-layer rapid construction, is convenient for binding reinforcing steel bars on the adjacent upper layer at the same time when the concrete is poured on the layer, is beneficial to organizing running water construction and improves the construction efficiency.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic partial structure of an embodiment.
Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of standard modular i-steel connection.
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a top steel frame platform.
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of an internal and external construction platform arrangement.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of large form lifting.
Fig. 6 is a schematic diagram of a structural column formwork.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the interfacing of the suspension shoe with the lift rail.
Fig. 8 is a schematic diagram of a fall arrest.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of a suspended structural beam reinforcement cage.
Fig. 10 is a schematic view of the overall construction.
Fig. 11 is a schematic view of the suspension shoe structure.
FIG. 12 is a schematic side cross-sectional view of the suspension shoe in connection with a structural column.
Fig. 13 is a top cross-sectional view of the suspension shoe in connection with the structural post.
Figure 14 is a schematic view of a suspension shoe tri-layer attachment.
Fig. 15 is a schematic view of the construction of the suspension shoe without the jacking cylinder.
Fig. 16 is a schematic view of the vertical support structure without the frame.
Fig. 17 is a schematic view showing a state in which the frame body is provided on the vertical support structure.
Fig. 18 is a schematic view of the structure at the machine position.
FIG. 19 is a schematic diagram of a top steel frame platform installation.
Fig. 20 is a schematic view of the primary steel beam, secondary steel beam, and platform beam arrangement.
Fig. 21 is a schematic view of the interfacing of primary steel beams, secondary steel beams and vertical support structures.
Fig. 22 is a schematic view of hanging a construction platform.
Fig. 23 is a schematic view of a jack cylinder installation.
Fig. 24 is a schematic view of a spreader hoist.
Fig. 25 is a building machine erection flow chart.
Reference numerals: 100. a top operating platform system; 101. a top steel frame platform; 1011. a top platform; 1012. secondary steel beams; 1013. a main steel beam; 1014. standard modulus I-steel; 1015. a connecting plate; 102. a top steel girder platform; 200. an inner and outer hanger system; 201. a vertical support structure; 2011. jacking the square column; 2012. lifting the guide rail; 2012a, flange plates; 2012b, ladder block square holes; 2013. a diagonal support; 202. externally hanging a construction platform; 2021. a first top layer; 2022. a first binding reinforcement layer; 2023. a first poured concrete layer; 2024. a first template operation layer; 2025. a first steel structural layer; 2026. a first repair and other operational layers; 203. an internal hanging construction platform; 2031. a second top layer; 2032. a second binding reinforcement layer; 2033. a second casting concrete layer; 2034. a second template operating layer; 2035. a second steel structural layer; 2036. a second repair and other operational layers; 2037. a bottom layer; 300. a template system; 301. a column die system; 3011. a large template; 3012. a large template supporting system; 3013. a large template hanging ring; 302. a beam mold system; 400. a containment system; 401. a protective net; 402. railing; 403. a scaffold board at the machine position; 404. a connecting plate at the machine position; 405. turning plate; 500. a jacking system; 501. an attachment support system; 5011. a climbing cone sleeve; 5012. a suspension boot body; 5013. a positioning lock; 5014. a load-bearing tongue; 5015. limiting idler wheels; 5016. the oil cylinder is provided with an ear plate; 502. a hydraulic power system; 5021. jacking the oil cylinder; 600. a hanging system; 601, a step of detecting a position of the object; hoisting a steel wire rope; 602. hanging a hoist; 603. hanging a chain; 604. a fixed pulley system; 605. a steel strand fixing assembly; 606. steel strand; 607. a hook; 700. a steel bar binding platform; 800. a beam construction hanger system; 801. a beam construction hanging frame; 801a, a first construction platform; 801b, a second construction platform; 901. a cloth machine; 902. and a base steel beam of the distributing machine.
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention will be made clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which it is apparent that the embodiments described are only some embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be made by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the invention without making any inventive effort, are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, directions or positional relationships indicated by terms such as "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., are based on directions or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are merely for convenience of description and simplification of description, and do not indicate or imply that the apparatus or element to be referred to must have a specific direction, be constructed and operated in the specific direction, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present invention; the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance; furthermore, unless explicitly specified and limited otherwise, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, and may be either fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected, for example; can be mechanically or electrically connected; can be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate medium, and can be communication between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention will be understood in specific cases by those of ordinary skill in the art.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1 to 25, a multilayer rapid construction method specifically includes the following steps:
s1: embedding a climbing cone sleeve 5011 in the primary structural column to set a suspension boot;
s2: after the primary structural column is demolded, installing a jacking guide rail 2012 on a suspension shoe, and arranging a jacking square column 2011 on the jacking guide rail 2012 to form a vertical supporting structure 201;
s3: hoisting an inner hanging construction platform 203, and fixing the inner hanging construction platform 203 with a vertical supporting structure 201, wherein seven layers of inner hanging construction platforms 203 are arranged from top to bottom;
s4: the top steel frame platform 101 is hoisted and arranged at two ends of the top operation platform system 100, the top steel frame platform 101 is made into a frame structure by adopting I-beams in the longitudinal and transverse directions, and is supported by a main steel beam 1013 and a secondary steel beam 1012, and the main steel beam 1013 is supported on the vertical supporting structure 201; the upper and lower flanges of the main steel beams 1013 and the secondary steel beams 1012 are drilled with equidistant screw holes, the end parts of the main steel beams 1013 and the secondary steel beams 1012 are provided with connecting plates 1015, and equidistant screw holes are drilled on the connecting plates 1015 to butt joint the inner hanging construction platform 203, the outer hanging construction platform 202 and the hanging system 600, and butt joint the top steel beam platform 102 between the two opposite top steel frame platforms 101;
s5: integrally hoisting and fixing the externally hung construction platform 202 on the top steel frame platform 101, and hoisting the beam construction hanger system 800 on the top operation platform system 100; six layers of the externally hung construction platform 202 are arranged from top to bottom;
s6: edge protection is arranged on the externally hung construction platform 202, the internally hung construction platform 203 and the beam construction hanging frame system 800;
s7: a hanging system 600 is arranged on the inner pylon system 200 and the top operation platform system 100 to hoist the large formwork 3011 to form a large formwork support system 3012, and hoist the steel bar binding platform 700 to bind the structural beam steel bar cage and fix the beam formwork system 302 on the beam construction pylon system 800;
s8: a jacking cylinder 5021 is installed on a suspension shoe fixed on the structural column, and the suspension shoe is arranged at the upper end of the jacking cylinder 5021 to butt against the jacking guide rail 2012;
s9: erecting a spreader base steel beam 902 on the top steel beam platform 102, and hoisting a spreader 901 on the spreader base steel beam 902;
s10: when the spreader 901 is used to cast concrete of the present layer of structural beams and structural columns, reinforcement binding process of adjacent upper layer of structural beams and structural columns is performed simultaneously.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 1 to 25, a multi-layer quick-construction building machine includes:
a top handling platform system 100 disposed along the length of the structural beam;
a spreader base steel beam 902 that is erected on the top operating platform system 100 and laid along the length of the structural beam;
a spreader 901 disposed on a spreader base steel beam 902;
an inside and outside hanger system 200 provided on the top operation platform system 100, and arranged in a height direction of the structural column, and provided with a plurality of layers;
a beam construction hanger system 800 provided on the top operation platform system 100, laid along the length direction of the structural beam, and provided in multiple layers;
a formwork system 300 supported by the top operating platform system 100 and the inside and outside pylon system 200 and the beam construction pylon system 800 for formwork casting concrete, comprising: a column form system 301 and a beam form system 302, said beam form system 302 being supported on said beam construction hanger system 800;
the enclosure system 400 is arranged on the top operation platform system 100, the inner and outer hanger systems 200 and the beam construction hanger system 800 and is used for forming edge protection and hole protection of the top operation platform system 100, the inner and outer hanger systems 200 and the beam construction hanger system 800;
a jacking system 500 comprising an attachment support system 501 for attachment to a structural column, and a hydraulic power system 502 for jacking the top operating platform system 100;
the hanging system 600 is arranged on the inner and outer hanging frame system 200 and the top operation platform system 100, and respectively hangs the column mould system 301 and the hanging N+1 layer steel bar binding platform 700 downwards, and when the N layer beam mould system 302 is hung, the N+1 layer steel bar binding platform 700 is arranged above the N layer beam mould system 302.
In this embodiment, the top operating platform system 100 includes:
a top steel frame platform 101 disposed at both ends of the top operating platform system 100;
the top girder steel platform 102, it dock two opposite top steelframe platforms 101 to lay along structural beam length direction, cloth machine base girder 902 builds on top girder steel platform 102, roof beam construction stores pylon system 800 sets up on top girder steel platform 102.
In this embodiment, the inside and outside hanger system 200 includes:
an externally hung construction platform 202 disposed outside of the column;
an interior construction platform 203 provided inside the column;
a vertical support structure 201, which is disposed below the top operation platform system 100 and is used for supporting the top operation platform system 100, wherein the vertical support structure 201 is supported on a structural column through the attachment support system 501, and the hydraulic power system 502 is disposed between the attachment support system 501 and the vertical support structure 201 so as to lift the vertical support structure 201.
In this embodiment, the top steel frame platform 101 includes:
a top platform 1011;
a secondary steel beam 1012 disposed below the top deck 1011;
a primary steel girder 1013 disposed crosswise below the secondary steel girder 1012 and above the vertical support structure 201;
the secondary steel beams 1012 and the primary steel beams 1013 are both fabricated from standard modulus i-beams 1014.
In this embodiment, the externally hung construction platform 202 includes, from top to bottom, a first top layer 2021, a first tie bar layer 2022, a first cast concrete layer 2023, a first formwork operation layer 2024, a first steel structure layer 2025, and a first repair and other operation layer 2026.
In this embodiment, the interior hanging construction platform 203 sequentially includes, from top to bottom, a second top layer 2031, a second binding reinforcement layer 2032, a second casting concrete layer 2033, a second template operation layer 2034, a second steel structure layer 2035, a second repair and other operation layer 2036, and a bottom layer 2037.
In this embodiment, the vertical support structure 201 includes:
a jacking square column 2011 for fixedly supporting the main steel girder 1013;
a jacking guide rail 2012 for fixedly supporting the jacking square column 2011, which is provided with a plurality of ladder block square holes 2012b arranged on a flange plate 2012a at intervals;
and a diagonal brace 2013 fixedly supported between the main steel girder 1013 and the jacking square column 2011.
In this embodiment, the attachment support system 501 includes:
the climbing cone sleeve piece 5011 is pre-buried in the structural column, and one end of the climbing cone sleeve piece far away from the structural column is provided with a suspension boot;
the suspension shoe comprises:
a suspension boot body 5012 fixed to the climbing cone sleeve 5011;
a positioning lock 5013 having one end provided on the suspension shoe main body 5012 and the other end slidably fitted with the flange plate 2012a of the lift rail 2012;
the bearing tongue 5014 is rotatably arranged in the positioning lock 5013 and can extend into the ladder block square hole 2012b, when the jacking guide rail 2012 ascends, the bearing tongue 5014 can be pushed to rotate upwards so as to be separated from the ladder block square hole 2012b, and when the jacking guide rail 2012 descends, the bearing tongue 5014 is downwards rotated into the ladder block square hole 2012b under the influence of dead weight;
a limiting roller 5015 which is provided on the suspension shoe body 5012 and is positioned below the load-bearing tongue 5014 to limit the downward rotation of the load-bearing tongue 5014;
a ram mount ear plate 5016 is provided above the suspension shoe body 5012 for mounting the hydraulic power system 502.
In this embodiment, the hydraulic power system 502 includes:
a lifting cylinder 5021, the lower end of which is mounted on the cylinder mounting lug plate 5016, and the telescopic end of which is provided with a lifting shoe for lifting the lifting guide 2012;
the beam construction hanger system 800 includes:
the beam construction hanging frames 801 are arranged on two sides of the structural beam, and each beam construction hanging frame 801 at least comprises a first construction platform 801a for binding N+1 layers of steel bars and a second construction platform 801b for pouring N layers of concrete;
the post die system 301 includes:
large forms 3011 for assembly along the surface of the structural columns to be poured to form large form formwork systems 3012;
a large template hanging ring 3013 arranged at the back of the large template 3011;
the hanging system 600 includes:
hoisting steel wire ropes 601 connected to the large formwork hoisting rings 3013 and used for hoisting the large formwork 3011 to complete primary formwork;
the hanging hoist 602 is arranged on the top steel frame platform 101;
a hanging chain 603 driven by the hanging hoist 602, the lower end of which is provided with a hook 607 to be hooked on the large template hanging ring 3013, thereby forming a climbing form to lift the large template supporting system 3012;
a fixed pulley system 604 disposed on top of the operating platform system 100;
steel strand fixing components 605, which are arranged on the beam construction hanger system 800 and are positioned on two sides of the structural beam to be poured;
one end of the steel strand 606 is fixedly connected with a steel strand fixing assembly 605, and winds upwards through a fixed pulley system 604, and then fixes an N+1 layer steel bar binding platform 700 downwards;
the containment system 400 includes a protective screen 401 and rails 402.
Example 3
The embodiment provides a multi-layer quick construction building machine, solves the technical problem that when the current high-rise building is constructed based on the building machine, the Nth layer concrete building and the (n+1) th layer steel bars cannot be bound and constructed simultaneously, achieves the purpose of multi-layer quick and simultaneous construction, effectively shortens the construction period and reduces the construction cost.
(1) Arrangement of top steel frame platform 101
The main joist frame of the top steel frame platform 101 is formed by two longitudinal and transverse I-beams to form a frame structure, the main steel beams 1013 and the secondary steel beams 1012 are all made of standard modulus I-beams 1014, the different modulus steel beams are spliced and combined according to the size of the top construction platform, and meanwhile equidistant screw holes are drilled on the upper flange and the lower flange of the steel beams, so that the installation of the inner and outer hanger system 200, the hanging system 600 and other systems is facilitated.
The working condition of the whole top operation platform system 100 is fully sealed, a movable turning plate is arranged at a structural position, corresponding functional areas (a distributing machine, a bathroom, a smoking room and the like) are set, and a steel frame net piece protection net is arranged on the peripheral edges of the outer frame of the top operation platform system 100.
(2) Setting of inner hanging construction platform 203 and outer hanging construction platform 202
The externally hung construction platform 202 is provided with 6 layers according to construction needs, the frame body is hung on the top steel frame platform 101 and is fixed with a building structure through two wall connecting rods, the externally hung construction platform 202 can be divided into a first top layer 2022, a first binding reinforcing steel bar layer 2023, a first pouring concrete layer 2023, first template operation layers 2024 and 2025 and a first steel structure layer, a first repairing and other operation layers 2026, a steel plate safety net is adopted for protection on the outer side of the frame body, two protection rails are arranged on each layer on the inner side, 60mm vertical rods are adopted as protection rails, the heights of the protection rails are 1200mm-1500mm, the bottommost layer is completely sealed through a sealing turning plate and the structure, and falling injury of an object can be effectively prevented.
Interior construction platform 203 sets up 7 layers according to the construction needs, and the support body is hung on top steelframe platform 101, and the support body inboard is equipped with the position and is connected with jacking guide 2012 and jacking square column 2011 to strengthen support body stability, the position includes: the machine position scaffold board 403, a machine position connection board 404 spliced with the machine position scaffold board 403, and a turning plate 405 rotatably connected with the machine position connection board 404. Each layer of the inner side and the outer side of the frame body is provided with two protective rails, each guardrail adopts 60mm 30mm vertical rods as protective rails, the height of each guardrail is 1200mm-1500mm, the inner side of the bottommost layer is completely sealed by adopting a sealing turning plate and a structure, and a hole between the outer side frame bodies is completely paved and completely sealed by adopting a pavement plate, so that falling injury of objects can be effectively prevented.
(3) Large template planning scheme
The large template 3011 is a steel frame and steel panel large template, the steel frame is formed by splicing and welding 80 x 40 x 3.5/Q235 galvanized steel pipes, holes with the distance of 100mm are punched on rectangular pipes, and the large template 3011 is used as splicing and connecting mounting holes and also used as connecting and mounting between the large template 3011 and an enclosing purlin. The large template panel adopts a high-strength steel plate, the large templates 3011 are manufactured into various different moduli, the large templates 3011 can be freely assembled during construction, and the large templates 3011 are connected by pin sheets, so that the large templates 3011 can be quickly and conveniently assembled and disassembled. The large template 3011 is made into an integral template in the vertical direction, the back edge adopts double-spliced 10# hot-rolled channel steel, the integral structure of the large template steel frame is high in strength and convenient to install, the integral large template is hoisted on a structural column to be poured, so that a large template formwork supporting system 3012 is formed, and the large template climbs integrally along with a building machine system.
(4) Jacking system
The intelligent integrated high-rise building machine top bearing large platform is formed by a plurality of vertical supporting structures 201 to form supporting installation anchor points, each vertical supporting structure 201 is fixed on a building structure through three layers of attaching anchor points and is provided with a hydraulic jacking system 500, jacking guide rails 2012 ascend through reciprocating motion of jacking cylinders 5021, and the vertical supporting structures 201 carry the integral building machine to ascend together.
The hydraulic power system 502 is mounted on the vertical support structure 201. A hydraulic power system 502 is provided at one station and is located at the uppermost portion of the three attachment support systems 501. The attachment support system 501 includes climbing boots, the hydraulic power system 502 includes power cabinets, oil pipes, valves, etc., and the lift cylinders 5021 are controlled by a hydraulic synchronous control system. The climbing shoe 502 is mounted on the lifting guide rail 600, when the lifting oil cylinder 5021 stretches, the hanging shoe at the upper end of the lifting oil cylinder 5021 locks the lifting guide rail 2012 to climb together, and when the lifting oil cylinder 5021 falls back, the lifting guide rail 2012 is locked by the bearing tongue 5014 of the hanging shoe at the lower end of the lifting oil cylinder 5021 and does not fall back. Thus, the climbing shoe at the upper end of the jacking cylinder 5021 moves back and forth along with the cylinder to realize the upward climbing of the jacking guide rail 2012; the jacking mode adopts a hydraulic climbing mode.
As shown in fig. 8, wherein:
(a) - (c) is the jacking regime:
wherein (a) indicates that the track 2012 is blocked from descending when the load tongue 5014 is positioned in the elevator block hole 2012b of the lift track 2012;
wherein (b) indicates that the lift rail 2012 is up and the rail flange 2012a pushes the load tongue 5014 to rotate;
wherein (c) indicates that after the lifting rail 2012 is lifted, the load tongue 5014 is separated from the rail flange 2012a;
(d) - (f) is the falling condition:
wherein (d) indicates that the lift rail 2012 suddenly drops;
wherein (e) indicates that the lift rail 2012 is down and the load tongue 5014 slides into the ladder block hole 2012b;
where (f) denotes, the load tongue 5014 catches the lift rail 2012.
The load tongue 5014 of the three-layer attachment support system 501 is always in different positions on the lift rail 2012 (the distance of the load tongue 5014 from the ladder block hole 2012b of the lift rail 2012 is different). When climbing, for example, the lifting guide 2012 suddenly drops, the bearing tongue 5014 can block the lifting guide 2012 in time, and prevent the lifting guide 2012 from descending. (even if the load tongue 5014 is not in the ladder block hole 2012b of the jack-up rail 2012, it will slide into the ladder block hole 2012b in time to lock the jack-up rail 2012 due to the influence of the dead weight of the load tongue 5014, preventing the jack-up rail 2012 from descending). The falling prevention distance of the bearing tongue 5014 is 80mm.
(5) Arrangement of hanging system 600
To achieve simultaneous construction of the nth layer of concrete placement and the n+1 layer of lashing reinforcement, the fixed pulley system 604 is assembled on the top operating platform system 100, and the steel strand fixing assembly 605 is assembled on the beam construction hanger 801. When the Nth layer of concrete pouring construction is carried out, constructors bind the frame beam column steel bars of the (N+1) th layer of frame beam column steel bars at the same time, and then bind the frame beam steel bars. In order to ensure the stability of the frame beam steel bars and prevent downwarping, a steel bar binding platform 700 is assembled at the bottom of the frame beam to support the structural beam steel bar cage, and steel strands are fixedly connected with a steel strand fixing assembly 605 and the steel bar binding platform 700 after passing through an upper fixed pulley system 604.
When the interior hanging construction platforms 203 are hoisted, they are fixed on the vertical support structure 201. The scaffold board 403 at the machine position and the connecting board 404 at the machine position are connected with the jacking 2012 guide rail, the frame body is supported with the horizontal bearing beam, and the inorganic position can be temporarily hung on the attached jacking guide rail 2012. After the top steel frame platform 101 is installed in place, the upper end of the inner hanging frame body is connected and fixed with the top steel frame platform 101.
When the top steel frame platform 101 is installed, the top steel frame platform 101 is used as a bearing platform for various devices and related structural bodies, is installed on the vertical supporting structures 201, and a main framework and a plurality of vertical supporting structures 201 are connected and reinforced through horizontal supports and inclined supports to form a stable frame structure, corresponding platform beams and platform boards are paved on the main framework, and edge protection mechanisms are arranged around the main framework.
When the externally hung construction platform 202 is hoisted: the externally hung construction platform 202 is responsible for construction and protection of the peripheral frame structure of the building, the frame body is assembled on the ground, and the whole frame body is lifted and fixed on the top steel frame platform 101 and fixed with the building structure through the wall connecting rod.
When the inner and outer hanging construction platform is installed in a face edge protection way: the lowest ends of the inner and outer side frames must be sealed and protected to prevent the falling of articles and hurt people. The inner side of the frame body is provided with a protective railing for preventing personnel from falling.
A jacking cylinder 5021 is installed, and the jacking cylinder 5021 is installed on the suspension shoe. As shown in fig. 23: wherein (a) is the interface of the suspension shoe with the jacking rail 2012;
(b) The suspension shoe is abutted with the jacking cylinder 5021.
(c) A climbing shoe is arranged on the jacking cylinder 5021.
When the spreader is hoisted, a spreader base steel beam 902 is firstly installed on the top operation platform system 100, then the hydraulic spreader 901 is hoisted, and four supporting feet of the spreader 901 fall above the machine position.
As shown in fig. 25: wherein the method comprises the steps of
(a) The method comprises the following steps: building a floor type scaffold, installing a steel frame large template system, and completing three-layer attachment anchor point embedding work;
(b) The method comprises the following steps: installing an attachment support and a vertical support structure;
(c) The method comprises the following steps: dismantling the scaffold and installing an internal scaffold system;
(d) The method comprises the following steps: installing a top steel frame platform, and connecting an internal scaffold to the top platform;
(e) The method comprises the following steps: installing an externally hung scaffold, and making edge protection of the scaffold body;
(f) The method comprises the following steps: a power system and a top attaching device (such as a spreader and the like) are installed.
The intelligent integrated high-rise building machine has the beneficial effects that:
1. the whole frame body requires a light, simple and reasonable design structure, and has good overall strength, low cost, lower comprehensive cost and lower use cost.
2. The main body structure bears the light weight thought, so that the self weight of the structure is greatly reduced, and the material is made of BS700 high-strength steel, so that the weight is light and the strength is high.
3. Powerful bearing main body structure and vertical supporting structure. And various loads are dispersed and transmitted to the building structure. The top platform is attached, integrated to climb the frame, climb the mould, the cloth machine, the relative equipment functional characteristics such as movable arm hanging, basket hanging, etc. carry out intelligent control.
The climbing mechanism of the integral building machine is reasonable in layout and the structure of the attached support upright post is light and strong due to the design of the non-falling concept. When the mechanism fails or falls down, the mechanism is blocked and cannot fall down, and each machine position is provided with 3 mechanical anti-falling devices; and the anchor point is provided with an anti-tilting device. The integral frame body is ensured to be safely fixed on the concrete body in any state.
By adopting the module structure, each functional module can be assembled and combined at any time, intelligent control is realized among all the devices, the installation is easy, the construction is simple, each module frame body is assembled on the ground, and the hoisting can be realized through an automobile crane, so that the installation is convenient, safe and rapid.
The climbing power of the integral building machine adopts a hydraulic power system. The climbing struts are synchronous through intelligent control, climb stably, and have small noise.
The multi-layer synchronous rapid construction of the concrete frame structure is realized, the N layer concrete pouring and the n+1 layer steel bar binding are synchronously carried out, and the purposes of saving the construction period, reducing the construction cost and rapidly constructing are realized.
The foregoing is a further detailed description of the invention in connection with the preferred embodiments, and it is not intended that the invention be limited to the specific embodiments described. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that several equivalent substitutions and obvious modifications can be made without departing from the spirit of the invention, and the same should be considered to be within the scope of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. A multilayer rapid construction method is characterized by comprising the following steps:
s1: embedding a climbing cone sleeve (5011) in the primary structural column to set a suspension boot;
s2: after the primary structural column is disassembled, installing a jacking guide rail (2012) on the suspension shoe, and arranging a jacking square column (2011) on the jacking guide rail (2012) to form a vertical supporting structure (201);
s3: hoisting an inner hanging construction platform (203), and fixing the inner hanging construction platform (203) with a vertical supporting structure (201), wherein multiple layers of inner hanging construction platforms (203) are arranged from top to bottom;
s4: the top steel frame platform (101) is hoisted and arranged at two ends of the top operation platform system (100), the top steel frame platform (101) is made into a frame structure by adopting I-shaped steel beams in the longitudinal and transverse directions, and is supported by a main steel beam (1013) and a secondary steel beam (1012), and the main steel beam (1013) is supported on a vertical supporting structure (201); equidistant screw holes are drilled in the upper flange and the lower flange of the main steel girder (1013) and the lower flange of the secondary steel girder (1012), connecting plates (1015) are arranged at the ends of the main steel girder (1013) and the secondary steel girder (1012), equidistant screw holes are drilled in the connecting plates (1015) so as to butt joint the inner hanging construction platform (203), the outer hanging construction platform (202) and the hanging system (600), and butt joint the top steel girder platform (102) between the two opposite top steel frame platforms (101);
s5: integrally hoisting and fixing the externally hung construction platform (202) on the top steel frame platform (101), and hoisting a beam construction hanger system (800) on the top operation platform system (100); the externally hung construction platform (202) is provided with a plurality of layers from top to bottom;
s6: an edge protection is arranged on the externally hung construction platform (202), the internally hung construction platform (203) and the beam construction hanging frame system (800);
s7: hanging systems (600) are arranged on the inner and outer hanging frame systems (200) and the top operation platform system (100) to hoist the large formwork (3011) to form a large formwork supporting system (3012), and a steel bar binding platform (700) is hoisted to bind structural beam steel bar cages and fix the beam formwork system (302) on the beam construction hanging frame system (800);
s8: a jacking oil cylinder (5021) is installed on a suspension shoe fixed on the structural column, and a climbing shoe is arranged at the upper end of the jacking oil cylinder (5021) so as to be in butt joint with a jacking guide rail (2012);
s9: erecting a spreader base steel beam (902) on the top steel beam platform (102), and hoisting a spreader (901) on the spreader base steel beam (902);
s10: when the concrete of the layer of structural beams and the structural columns is poured by using a spreader (901), the procedure of binding the reinforcing steel bars of the adjacent upper layer of structural beams and structural columns is carried out simultaneously;
the hanging system (600) comprises:
the hoisting steel wire rope (601) is connected to the large template hoisting ring (3013) and used for hoisting the large template (3011) to complete primary formwork;
the hanging hoist (602) is arranged on the top steel frame platform (101);
the hanging chain (603) is driven by a hanging hoist (602), and the lower end of the hanging chain is provided with a hook (607) to be hooked on the large template hanging ring (3013), so that a climbing form can be formed to lift the large template supporting system (3012);
a fixed pulley system (604) disposed on the top operating platform system (100);
the steel strand fixing assemblies (605) are arranged on the beam construction hanger system (800) and are positioned on two sides of the structural beam to be poured;
and one end of the steel strand (606) is fixedly connected with a steel strand fixing assembly (605), and upwards winds through the fixed pulley system (604) and then downwards fixes the N+1 layer steel bar binding platform (700).
2. The multilayer rapid construction method according to claim 1, wherein the interior hanging construction platform (203) is provided with seven layers from top to bottom, and sequentially comprises a second top layer (2031), a second binding reinforcement layer (2032), a second casting concrete layer (2033), a second template operation layer (2034), a second steel structure layer (2035), a second repair and other operation layer (2036) and a bottom layer (2037).
3. The multi-layer rapid construction method according to claim 2, wherein the externally hung construction platform (202) is provided with six layers from top to bottom, and sequentially comprises a first top layer (2021), a first binding reinforcement layer (2022), a first casting concrete layer (2023), a first template operation layer (2024), a first steel structure layer (2025) and a first repair and other operation layer (2026).
4. The multi-layered rapid construction method according to claim 1, wherein the suspension shoe comprises:
a suspension boot body (5012) fixed to the climbing cone sleeve (5011);
a positioning lock (5013) one end of which is provided on the suspension boot main body (5012) and the other end of which is slidably fitted to the flange plate (2012 a) of the lift rail (2012);
the bearing tongue (5014) is rotatably arranged in the positioning lock (5013) and can extend into the ladder block square hole (2012 b), when the jacking guide rail (2012) ascends, the bearing tongue (5014) can be pushed to rotate upwards so as to be separated from the ladder block square hole (2012 b), and when the jacking guide rail (2012) descends, the bearing tongue (5014) is downwards rotated into the ladder block square hole (2012 b) under the influence of dead weight;
a limiting roller (5015) which is arranged on the suspension boot main body (5012) and is positioned below the bearing tongue (5014) to limit the downward rotation of the bearing tongue (5014);
and an oil cylinder mounting ear plate (5016) provided on the suspension shoe body (5012) for mounting the hydraulic power system (502).
5. The multi-story quick construction method of claim 1, wherein the beam construction hanger system (800) comprises:
the beam construction hanging frame (801) is arranged on two sides of the structural beam, and the beam construction hanging frame (801) at least comprises a first construction platform (801 a) used for binding N+1 layers of steel bars and a second construction platform (801 b) used for pouring N layers of concrete.
6. The multilayer rapid construction method according to claim 1, wherein the large formwork (3011) is a steel frame steel panel large formwork, the steel frame is formed by welding 80 x 40 x 3.5/Q235 galvanized steel pipes, holes with the distance of 100mm are punched on rectangular pipes and used as large formwork (3011) assembly connection mounting holes and also used as connection mounting between the large formwork (3011) and the enclosing purlin, the large formwork panel is made of high-strength steel plates, the large formwork (3011) is manufactured into various different moduli and used for free assembly during construction, and the large formworks (3011) are connected by pin pieces.
7. The multilayer rapid construction method according to claim 6, wherein the large formwork (3011) is formed into an integral formwork in the vertical direction, and the back ridge is formed by double-splicing 10# hot-rolled channel steel.
8. The multi-layer rapid construction method according to claim 1, wherein each vertical support structure (201) is fixed to the building structure by three layers of attachment anchor points.
9. The multi-layer rapid construction method according to claim 1, wherein the working conditions of the top operation platform system (100) are fully sealed, and corresponding functional areas are set, and the functional areas comprise: toilet and smoking room.
CN202310452492.7A 2023-04-25 2023-04-25 Multilayer rapid construction method Active CN116335398B (en)

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CN214575640U (en) * 2020-12-09 2021-11-02 中建三局集团有限公司 U-shaped synchronous construction formwork system for vertical and horizontal structures of cast concrete
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CN115538792A (en) * 2022-09-30 2022-12-30 中建三局第三建设工程有限责任公司 Residential building machine installation construction method and structure

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CN214575640U (en) * 2020-12-09 2021-11-02 中建三局集团有限公司 U-shaped synchronous construction formwork system for vertical and horizontal structures of cast concrete
CN217897231U (en) * 2021-12-16 2022-11-25 深圳大学 Make whole climbing device of building machine construction platform
CN115538792A (en) * 2022-09-30 2022-12-30 中建三局第三建设工程有限责任公司 Residential building machine installation construction method and structure

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