CN1163177C - Applicator for applying and distributing substances to target surface - Google Patents

Applicator for applying and distributing substances to target surface Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1163177C
CN1163177C CNB998077623A CN99807762A CN1163177C CN 1163177 C CN1163177 C CN 1163177C CN B998077623 A CNB998077623 A CN B998077623A CN 99807762 A CN99807762 A CN 99807762A CN 1163177 C CN1163177 C CN 1163177C
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China
Prior art keywords
applicator
reservoir
surface
material
sheet material
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CNB998077623A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1308499A (en
Inventor
理查德・M・吉拉多特
理查德·M·吉拉多特
M・奥尔顿南
吉恩·M·奥尔顿南
B・塔特希尔
莱尔·B·塔特希尔
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宝洁公司
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Priority to US10767098A priority Critical
Priority to US09/185,785 priority patent/US6315482B1/en
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Publication of CN1308499A publication Critical patent/CN1308499A/en
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Publication of CN1163177C publication Critical patent/CN1163177C/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D40/00Casings or accessories for storing or handling solid or pasty toilet or cosmetic substances, e.g. shaving soap, lipstick, make-up
    • A45D40/26Appliances specially adapted for applying pasty paint, e.g. using roller, using a ball
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D40/00Casings or accessories for storing or handling solid or pasty toilet or cosmetic substances, e.g. shaving soap, lipstick, make-up
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61MDEVICES FOR INTRODUCING MEDIA INTO, OR ONTO, THE BODY; DEVICES FOR TRANSDUCING BODY MEDIA OR FOR TAKING MEDIA FROM THE BODY; DEVICES FOR PRODUCING OR ENDING SLEEP OR STUPOR
    • A61M35/00Devices for applying, e.g. spreading, media, e.g. remedies, on the human body
    • A61M35/003Portable hand-held applicators having means for dispensing or spreading integral media
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D2200/00Details not otherwise provided for in A45D
    • A45D2200/10Details of applicators
    • A45D2200/1009Applicators comprising a pad, tissue, sponge, or the like
    • A45D2200/1018Applicators comprising a pad, tissue, sponge, or the like comprising a pad, i.e. a cushion-like mass of soft material, with or without gripping means
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D2200/00Details not otherwise provided for in A45D
    • A45D2200/10Details of applicators
    • A45D2200/1009Applicators comprising a pad, tissue, sponge, or the like
    • A45D2200/1036Applicators comprising a pad, tissue, sponge, or the like containing a cosmetic substance, e.g. impregnated with liquid or containing a soluble solid substance
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A45HAND OR TRAVELLING ARTICLES
    • A45DHAIRDRESSING OR SHAVING EQUIPMENT; MANICURING OR OTHER COSMETIC TREATMENT
    • A45D2200/00Details not otherwise provided for in A45D
    • A45D2200/10Details of applicators
    • A45D2200/1009Applicators comprising a pad, tissue, sponge, or the like
    • A45D2200/1036Applicators comprising a pad, tissue, sponge, or the like containing a cosmetic substance, e.g. impregnated with liquid or containing a soluble solid substance
    • A45D2200/1045Applicators comprising a pad, tissue, sponge, or the like containing a cosmetic substance, e.g. impregnated with liquid or containing a soluble solid substance with one or more internal reservoirs, e.g. rupturable microcapsules

Abstract

本发明提供了用于将一种物质涂布并分配到目标表面上的涂布器。 The present invention provides a method for dispensing a substance applied to the applicator and the target surface. 涂布器包括一种可压缩的顺应材料的基本是平面状的薄片,其有相对的第一表面和第二表面并在所述第一表面和第二表面之间有一个内部区域。 Applicator comprises a compressible compliant material is substantially planar sheet which has opposite first and second surfaces and between said first and second surfaces has an interior region. 该材料片在第一表面和第二表面之间有一个厚度,当该材料片受到基本上垂直于第一表面的方向上的外力时,该厚度会减小。 The sheet material between the first surface and the second surface has a thickness, when the sheet material is subjected to an external force in a direction substantially perpendicular to the first surface, the thickness is reduced. 涂布器进一步包括由所述第一表面向内伸入所述材料片内部的至少一个分离的储存器,储存器至少部分充填有一种物质,并且在第一表面内形成有至少一个分离的孔,该孔与储存器流体相通。 Applicator further comprises at least one separate reservoir by a first surface extending into the interior of said sheet of material inwardly of the reservoir at least partially filled with a substance, and at least one separate bore is formed in the first surface , the aperture in fluid communication with the reservoir. 通过基本上垂直于所述第一表面的外力压缩材料片使产品从孔中挤出,第一表面相对目标表面的平移运动使所述产品涂布并分配在目标表面上。 By substantially vertical compression of the sheet material to a first external surface of the product extruded from the hole, a first surface of the target surface opposite translational movement of the product applied on the target surface and partitioned. 在一个优选实施方案中,许多和相应的储存器相连的孔在手持涂布器的一端附近形成一个传送区,材料片优选在压缩时和弯曲时都具有回弹性以和不规则目标表面相一致。 In a preferred embodiment, a plurality of holes and connected to a respective reservoir handheld applicator is formed near one end of a transfer area, the sheet material preferably has a rebound resilience in the compressed and bent to match the target surface and the irregular . 可以考虑多种不同的物质,包括特别是多种防汗/除臭产品。 We may consider a variety of different substances, including in particular a variety of anti-perspirant / deodorant products. 其他实施方案包括供料给多个孔的单一储存器。 Other embodiments include a single reservoir to feed a plurality of apertures.

Description

用于将物质涂布并分配到目标表面上的涂布器 The material for the coating and assigned to the coating on the target surface

发明领域本发明涉及用于将物质涂层手工涂布到需要的目标表面上的涂布器。 Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a coating material for manually applied to the coating on the target surface needs. 更具体地说,本发明涉及能提供分散和分配功能从而提高产品性能的涂布器。 More particularly, the present invention relates to provide a dispersion and distribution function to improve the performance of the product applicator.

发明背景有许多类型的可商购的和/或以薄膜或涂层形式通常施用于需要的(目标)表面以便使目标表面得到保护、治疗和改善等的局部用产品。 BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION There are many types of commercially available and / or in the form of a coating or film typically to desired (target) surface to the target surface protection, treatment and amelioration of such topical products. 这样的产品包括护肤,化妆品,药物和其它个人护理领域中的那些产品。 Such products include those skin care products, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and other personal care of. 这样的产品的一个普通例子是防汗/除臭型产品,多数产品配制成喷雾剂、滚珠液(roll-on liquids)、凝胶、膏(cream)或固体棒(solid stick),并且其中包括将收敛物质(例如锆盐或铝盐)加入合适的局部用载体中。 A common example of such products is antiperspirant / deodorant products, most products formulated as sprays, liquid balls (roll-on liquids), gel, cream (Cream) or solid stick (solid stick), and which comprises the convergence material (e.g. aluminum or zirconium salts) with the addition of a suitable topical carrier. 这些产品应具有有效的防汗和抑臭作用,并且涂敷于腋部或其它皮肤部位时或涂敷后均是美学上可接受的。 These products should have an effective antiperspirant and odor suppression effect, and when applied to the axilla or other skin site after application or are aesthetically acceptable.

和这些包装组合物一起使用的合适的穿孔的帽或其它剪切力传送装置包括在乳膏领域中公知的那些装置或另外有效地将本发明的组合物输送到皮肤上的那些传送装置,得到的挤出产品的流变学性质优选落在上文描述的挤出组合物的范围内。 These compositions and packaging suitable for use with a perforated cap or other shear transfer means include those means known in the art in a cream or otherwise effective compositions of the present invention is that the transfer device is conveyed to the skin, to give within the scope of the rheological properties of the extruded product described above falls preferably extruded composition. 这样的穿孔的帽或其它剪切力传送装置的一些例子和用于本申请的组合物的一些分配包装在1991年3月19日授权于Johnson等的美国专利5,000,356中作了描述,此处引入作为参考。 Some dispensing package Some examples of such perforated cap or other shear force delivery device and the composition used in the present application is issued to Johnson et al on March 19, 1991 are described in U.S. Patent No. 5,000,356, incorporated herein Reference.

虽然已经证明这样的传送装置在涂布这些物质时是成功的,但是在许多情况下,为了用剪切力传送装置分配要涂布的产品需要一种相当复杂的供应机构。 Although such a transfer apparatus has proven when applying these materials are successful, but in many cases, by a shear force transfer means for dispensing the product to be coated is a need for a rather complicated supply mechanism. 因此这一般就需要一个相对较大的罐,该罐不仅要盛放需要量的产品而且要盛放产品保留及供应机构。 This is typically requires a relatively large tank, the tank must not only products but also to requirements in full bloom in full bloom product retention and supply mechanism. 经济因素通常也需要用于升降机型(elevator-type)和上推棒状(push-up-stick)包装的均一运行大小(even travelsize)的罐从而具有相当大的重量并占据相当大的体积,这就限制了消费者易于运输这些装置的能力。 Economic factors often a need for an elevator type (elevator-type) and a rod-shaped push (push-up-stick) running homogeneous size package (even travelsize) tank so as to have a considerable weight and occupy significant volume, which It limits the ability to easily transport these consumer devices. 另外,从实际应用考虑,这样的结构妨碍了将这样的装置携带在人身上如口袋里或中等大小的钱包里用于其离开家的很长时间内补充防汗剂或除臭剂。 Further, the practical considerations, such a configuration prevents such a device on a human body, such as a pocket or purse for medium size which leave the house for a long time supplement antiperspirant or deodorant.

因此,需要提供一种用于将物质涂布在目标表面上的分离的、方便的手持涂布器。 Thus, a need to provide a method for separating material is coated on the target surface, to facilitate the hand-held applicator.

还需要提供一种这样的涂布器,该涂布器提供这类物质的基本均匀的涂层以提高产品性能。 Such is also desirable to provide an applicator, which applicator provides substantially uniform coating of such materials to improve product performance.

还需要提供一种易于使用并可经济性地生产的涂布器。 Also desirable to provide an easy to use and economical production of the applicator.

发明概述本发明提供了一种用于将物质涂布并分配到目标表面上的涂布器。 SUMMARY The present invention provides a method for the coating material to the coating dispensing device and the target surface. 涂布器包括一种可压缩的顺应材料的基本是平面状的薄片,其有相对的第一表面和第二表面和在所述第一表面和第二表面之间的内部区域,该材料片在第一表面和第二表面之间有一个厚度,当该材料片受到基本上垂直于第一表面的方向上的外力时该厚度会减小。 Applicator comprises a compressible compliant material is substantially planar sheet which has opposite first and second surfaces and an interior region between said first and second surfaces of the sheet material between the first and second surfaces have a thickness, when the sheet material is subjected to an external force in a direction substantially perpendicular to the first surface of the thickness decreases. 涂布器进一步包括由第一表面向内伸入材料片内部的至少一个分离的储存器,储存器至少部分充填有一种物质,并且在第一表面内形成至少一个分离的与储存器流体相通的孔。 Applicator further comprises a first inner surface extending into the sheet of material inwardly of at least one separate reservoir, the reservoir at least partially filled with a substance, and forming at least one separate fluid communication with the reservoir in the first surface hole. 通过基本上垂直于所述第一表面的外力压缩材料片使产品从孔中挤出,第一表面相对目标表面的平移运动使所述产品涂布并分配在所述目标表面上。 By substantially vertical compression of the sheet material to a first external surface of the product extruded from the hole, a first surface of the target surface opposite translational movement of the product and dispensing the coating on the target surface. 在一个优选实施方案中,许多和相应的储存器相连的孔在手持涂布器的一端附近形成一个传送区,材料片优选在压缩时和弯曲时都是回弹的以和不规则目标表面相一致。 In a preferred embodiment, a plurality of holes and connected to a respective reservoir handheld applicator is formed near one end of a transfer area, in the compressed sheet material and preferably are resilient to bending and irregular surface of the target consistent. 可以考虑多种不同的物质,包括特别是多种防汗/除臭产品。 We may consider a variety of different substances, including in particular a variety of anti-perspirant / deodorant products. 其他实施方案包括供料给多个孔的单一储存器。 Other embodiments include a single reservoir to feed a plurality of apertures.

附图简述尽管本说明书以具体指出并明确要求保护本发明的权利要求书结束,可以认为由下面优选实施方案的说明并结合附图能够更好地理解本发明,在附图中,用相同的标记表示相同的部件,其中:图1是本发明的涂布器的一个优选实施方案的平面视图;图2是图1的涂布器沿剖面线2-2的立面剖面图;图3是用图1和2的涂布器手工将物质涂层涂布到目标表面上的示意图;图4是类似于图1的涂布器的另一实施方案的平面视图;和图5是类似于图2的图4的涂布器沿剖面线5-5的正视剖面图。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION While the specification to particularly point out and distinctly claim the present invention, the end of claims, it is considered from the description below of preferred embodiments and the accompanying drawings will be better understood in conjunction with the present invention, in the drawings, the same the numerals represent like components, wherein: FIG. 1 is a plan view of a preferred embodiment of the applicator of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a coater of FIG. 1 taken along section line 2-2 of FIG sectional elevation; Figure 3 with hand applicator of Figures 1 and 2 is a schematic diagram of the substance on the target surface coating to; FIG. 4 is a plan view of another embodiment similar to the embodiment of the applicator of FIG. 1; and FIG. 5 is similar to FIG 2 FIG 4 is applied elevational cross-sectional view along section line 5-5 of FIG.

发明详述1.涂布器结构图1示出了本发明涂布器10的优选实施方案。 1. DETAILED DESCRIPTION FIG. 1 shows a coating structure of a preferred embodiment of the applicator 10 of the invention. 涂布器10包含基本上平面状的材料片20,该材料片具有第一侧21和第二侧22,第一和第二侧限定了材料20的内部区域23。 Applicator 10 comprises a substantially planar sheet material 20, the sheet material 21 having a first side and a second side 22, first and second sides define an interior region 20 of the material 23. 第一侧21包括至少一个孔30,并且优选是包括形成传送区31的多个孔30。 The first side 21 includes at least one aperture 30, and preferably includes a plurality of apertures 30 formed in the transfer region 31. 传送区31不仅包括孔30,而且包括相邻孔30之间的填隙空间32。 31 includes not only a hole transport region 30, but also the interstitial spaces between the adjacent holes 3032. 如下面所详细描述的,认为填隙空间32的存在和构造在涂布器10的分配性能及被分配的物质的性能方面起到重要的作用。 As described in detail below, and that the presence of the interstitial spaces 32 of the construction play an important role in the performance of dispensing applicator 10 and the performance of the substance dispensed. 在图1所示的实施方案中,涂布器10还包括任选盖40,其可分开地固定到第一侧21,以便在孔30上及周围密封地配合第一表面而封闭孔30并阻止在预期的使用前过早地分配或污染用品。 In the embodiment shown in Figure 1, the applicator 10 further comprises an optional lid 40, which is detachably secured to the first side 21, and to seal around the fitted hole 30 on the first surface hole 30, and closed prevent premature distribution of supplies or contaminated prior to intended use. 盖可以环绕各个孔30的周边或传送区31的周边配合第一表面。 Cover may surround the periphery of each hole 30 or the first transfer zone surrounding mating surface 31. 任选盖40可包括其上带有说明或其它合适标志的标签。 Optionally the cap can include a label 40 with instructions thereon, or other suitable marker.

第二侧22优选没有孔并且优选为基本上平面状的,尽管对于一些应用场合来说希望至少在传送区31下的区域内具有一些表面构造(如一系列与储存器50的位置一致的小突起),以帮助使用者正确地定向。 The second side 22 is preferably no pores and is preferably substantially planar, although it is desirable to have some surface structure at least in the region of the transfer zone 31 (such as the location and number of reservoirs 50 coincide for some applications is a small projection ) to help users properly oriented. 第一表面还优选包括任选的抓持部24,其上基本上没有孔并优选邻近涂布器的一个边缘布置。 The first surface also preferably includes an optional gripping portion 24, which is substantially free of and preferably adjacent the hole on one edge of the applicator arrangement. 对于一些涂布器结构来说,希望包括远离第一传送区的第二传送区,其位于涂布器的第一表面或第二表面上的任何一个位置。 For some coating structure, it is desirable to include a second transfer zone away from the first transfer zone, any position located on a first applicator surface or the second surface.

如图2所清楚示出的,每个孔30从第一表面21向内延伸进入材料片20的内部区域23,形成对应的储存器50以在使用前容纳一种物质60。 Clearly shown in FIG. 2, each hole 30 extending inwardly from the first surface 21 into the interior region 20 of the sheet material 23, to form the corresponding reservoir prior to use 50 to 60 containing one material. 与本发明涂布器一起使用的合适物质将在下面详细描述。 Suitable coating materials for use with the present invention will be described in detail below. 可以在不同的孔和/或储存器中采用多种物料,从而使它们在涂布器前保持分离而在使用过程中混合在一起。 Variety of materials may be employed in different wells and / or the reservoir, so that they remain separated before coating is mixed together during use. 这在希望防止使用前成分之间的反应和活性成分的相应性能降低或消耗时是特别有用的。 This is desirable to prevent the corresponding properties of the active ingredient and the reaction between the components prior to use or consumption reduction is particularly useful. 此外,希望有一个或多个空的孔/储存器,以向分配的产品中添加空气和/或起到接收储存器的作用以从目标表面上除去多余的产品。 In addition, it is desirable to have a plurality of empty holes or / accumulator, to add air to the dispensed product and / or act as receiver of the reservoir to remove excess product from the target surface.

图2还示出孔30、储存器20、填隙空间32和材料片20之间的几何关系。 Figure 2 also shows holes 30, 20, the geometric relationship between the interstitial spaces 20 and reservoir 32 sheet material. 可以是任意形状和大小的孔各具有位于第一表面21平面内并限定孔的边界的周边。 It may be of any shape and size of each aperture having a perimeter positioned within the first planar surface 21 and defines the boundary of the aperture. 在材料片包括网格结构的情况下,孔比材料的平均网格尺寸大得多。 In the case where the sheet material comprises a mesh structure, is much larger than the average pore size of the mesh material. 填隙空间32定义为位于相邻孔周边之间的第一表面21部分。 32 define interstitial spaces located between a first portion of the surface 21 adjacent the periphery of the hole. 储存器位于孔的内部并包括材料片内部的空隙。 The reservoir is located inside the hole and the interior sheet material comprises a void. 与孔一样,当由网格结构形成材料片时,储存器比材料的平均网格尺寸大得多。 Like the hole, when the sheet material is formed by the grid structure, the reservoir is much greater than the average size of the mesh material. 储存器在平行于第一表面21的方向上可以与孔30具有相同或不同的形状。 The reservoir may have the same or a different shape of the hole 30 in a direction parallel to the first surface 21. 材料片的总厚度为T,其定义为在基本上垂直于第一表面的方向上测量的相对的第一表面21和第二表面22之间的平均距离。 The total thickness of the sheet material is T, which is defined as the average distance between the surface 21 and second surface 22 opposite the first measured in a direction substantially perpendicular to the first surface. 在各表面为共平面的情况下,厚度T垂直于两个表面,在具有非平面形表面的情况下,对应表面的平面限定为通过表面地形的代表性平面的平均位置。 In each of the planar surfaces co-planar, the thickness T perpendicular to two surfaces, in the case of a non-planar surface, corresponding to an average surface defined by the position of the representative planar surface topography.

与一般的多孔物质浸渍材料不同,使用一个或多个不同储存器为本发明的涂布器提供了更好控制的投配功能。 Porous substance impregnated with the general different materials, using one or more different reservoirs of the present invention is applied provides better control of the dosing function. 无论是在制造和出售时带有产品的涂布器的优选的预加载构形中或涂布器独立于产品而制造且由消费者将物料加到涂布器上的情况下,储存器的几何形状和容积可以根据对最终容量和传送率的需要而设计。 Whether it is the case with the applicator when the product manufactured and sold preferred configuration or pre-loaded applicator independently of the product manufactured by the consumer and the material applied to the applicator, the reservoir geometry and volume may need to be designed according to the final volume and transfer rate.

在给定的涂布器中,传送区包括多个具有不同尺寸和/或形状的孔,呈规则图案或不规则图案,储存器不必充满到相同的水平或具有相同的容量。 In a given applicator, the delivery zone comprises a plurality of apertures having different sizes and / or shapes, in a regular pattern or an irregular pattern, the reservoir is filled to the same level do not have or have the same capacity. 孔在与第一表面的交界处可以具有任何所需的截面形状,如卵形、椭圆形、六边形等,但本发明优选圆形截面形状。 Holes at the junction of the first surface may have any desired cross-sectional shape, such as oval, elliptical, hexagonal, etc., but the present invention is preferably a circular sectional shape.

储存器50从第一表面向内延伸的深度为t。 The depth of the reservoir from the first surface 50 extending inwardly as t. 因此,由于储存器作为空隙在材料片20中形成,与在薄的压花材料(如聚合物膜)中形成储存器相比,材料为至少在大约0.063-0.250英寸级别上的较厚材料。 Thus, since the reservoir is formed as voids in the sheet of material 20, as compared with the reservoir formed in the embossed sheet material (polymer film), the material is thicker material on at least approximately 0.063-0.250 inch level. 材料片20由可以充分顺应的(conformable)而使第一表面21与不规则的目标表面相一致的材料形成,并且对于在随着第一表面经过非平面和不规则表面的动态环境中的应用来说,材料片优选是可弹性顺应的。 The sheet material 20 can be sufficiently compliant (conformable) a first surface of the target 21 coincides with the irregular surface of the material, and the first surface with respect to the application through a dynamic environment and a non-planar surface irregularities in , the sheet material is preferably resiliently conformable. 涂布器所采用的材料在厚度T的方向也是可以变形的,而向用于涂布和分配的目标表面供应和传送物质60。 Material applicator used in the thickness direction T are also deformable, and used to coat the target surface of the supply and distribution and transfer material 60. 材料片20以这种方式的变形有效地减小了在变形区域中储存器50的容积,从而将物质从储存器通过孔30向外压出而与目标表面接触。 Sheet material 20 is deformed in this manner effectively reduces the volume of the reservoir 50 in the region of the deformation, so that the contact material from the reservoir through the aperture 30 outwardly pressed out target surface.

本发明叙述中的压缩变形定义为因施加外力(或以其它方式),材料尺寸T的减小,使得第一表面和第二表面靠得更近且两者之间的内部尺寸变得更小。 Compression description of the invention is defined in the external force is applied (or otherwise), to reduce the material size T is due, so that the first and second surfaces and closer to the inner dimension between the two becomes smaller . 这与其中材料或结构的表面相互平移或旋转而降低材料的有效厚度的其它形式的变形结构不同。 This is different from the surface of the material or structure wherein each translation or rotation reduce the effective thickness of the material of the deformable structure other forms. 这种厚度更合适地是称为“纸厚度(caliper)”而不是“厚度(thickness)”,因为这种材料的“纸厚度”在定义上将大于制造它的材料的“厚度”。 More suitably such a thickness is referred to as "caliper (Caliper)" instead of "a thickness (thickness)", as "paper thickness" on the definition of such material is greater than its manufacturing material "thickness." 这种结构的例子是三维压印薄膜,其具有多个在其中形成的凹坑或肋。 Examples of such structures is a three-dimensional embossed film having a plurality of dimples or ribs formed therein. 薄膜最初具有预定的厚度或计量尺寸,但在超出材料平面的变形后,薄膜的纸厚度由于肋或凹坑的尺寸而增加。 The film having a first predetermined thickness measurement or size, but after deformation beyond the plane of the material, the thickness of the film due to the paper size ribs or dimples increases. 这种材料在垂直于材料平面的平面内会经受尺寸的减小,但只是借助于超出平面的表面或结构的变形或破坏而进行。 This material plane perpendicular to the plane of the material will be subjected to size reduction, but only by means of deformation or damage beyond the planar surface or structure is performed. 在本发明的结构和材料中,纸厚度和厚度基本上是相同的尺寸,这是因为在传送区附近的表面平面度偏差是很小的。 In the structure and material of the present invention, the paper thickness, and thickness is substantially the same size, since the surface flatness variation near the transfer area is small. 因此,由于材料自身在外力的影响下压缩,第一表面和第二表面向着彼此运动而不旋转或扭曲材料片的几何结构。 Accordingly, since the material itself under the influence of the compression force, the first and second surfaces toward each other without rotating or twisting motion of the geometry of the sheet material.

不希望受任何理论的束缚,使用储存器在其中形成的较厚的基本上平面状的材料而不使用形成非平面状结构的较薄的材料,提供了使施用力更均匀地传送到目标表面而进行更均匀的物质分配的涂布器。 Without wishing to be substantially thicker planar material bound by any theory, the use of a reservoir formed therein without the use of thinner material forming a non-planar structure, provided that the force is more uniformly applied to the target surface and more uniform distribution of the material applicator. 这一点在当施加的力是较分散地施加(例如通过一个或几个分开的手指)的情况下尤为重要,因为对于大多数情形来说,希望最终的产品分布不反应所施加的力的模式。 This is the case when the applied force is more decentralized applied (for example, through one or several separate finger) is particularly important, because for most situations it is desirable not to force the distribution of the final product of the reaction pattern of the applied . 例如,如果一个人如图3所示抓持涂布器垫,希望在目标表面上形成大致均匀的物质涂层,而不是对应四个手指位置的四条产品痕。 For example, if a person shown in FIG gripper applicator pad, is desirable to form a substantially uniform coating of the substance on the target surface, rather than the four finger positions corresponding to the four marks 3 products.

本发明涂布器的另一个重要特性是材料滑过目标表面而不卷起或变得扭曲的能力。 Another important feature of the present invention, the coating material is rolled or slid over the target surface without the ability to become distorted. 这还有助于确保在目标表面上较均匀的物质分布。 This also helps to ensure that on the target surface more uniform distribution of matter. 因此,合适涂布器材料的选择不仅要考虑物质的剪切和其它特性,而且还要考虑材料和目标表面的摩擦系数。 Thus, the selection of suitable material applicator to consider not only the cut material and other characteristics, but also consider the friction material and the target surface.

材料片20可以本质上是由一个单一材料片构成的整体式的,或者可以包括两层或多层材料,此外,希望在一层材料中形成完全穿透材料片的孔和储存器,随后将相似或不同组成的另一个层层叠在第一材料片的第二表面上以便封闭储存器的向内端。 Sheet material 20 may be essentially a single sheet material having a monolithic, or may include two or more layers, in addition, be desirable to form a hole completely through the sheet material and a layer of material in the reservoir, then another similar or different composition layer is laminated on a second surface of the first sheet of material inwardly to the closed end of the reservoir.

本发明优选的结构采用聚乙烯/EVA泡沫垫,在其一个表面上带有多个热压印的产品储存器/孔。 The preferred configuration of the present invention, polyethylene / EVA foam pad, with a plurality of product storage heat embossed on one surface thereof / well. 然而,对于预期的物质或目标表面来说具有合适的物理和/或化学性质的各种其它材料也在本发明的范围内。 However, for the intended or target substances having a surface for suitable physical and / or various other materials within the scope of the present invention chemistry. 泡沫垫可以用压榨机和尺模(rule die)或其它合适的工具切割成合适的形状。 Foam pads may be cut to the appropriate shape and dimensions with the press mold (rule die), or other suitable means. 物质可以是注入、刮入或用其它方式供应到储存器中。 Substance may be injected or supplied to the scraping into the reservoir in other manners. 涂布器可以具有任何所需的形状和尺寸,当然图1-3所示的大约2.7″×2.4″×0.125″(厚)的形状在使用中证明是令人满意的,其具有38个大小、间隔相等的形成椭圆的储存器,椭圆的长轴为约1.5到约2.0英寸,短轴为约0.9到约1.3英寸,传送大约0.4克防汗组合物(如下面所描述的)。本发明优选的孔径为约0.100到0.150英寸,为圆形截面,边与边的距离为0.050到0.110英寸,具有相同截面的基本上直壁的储存器向内延伸。 Applicator may have any desired shape and size, of course, about 2.7 "× 2.4" × 0.125 "(thickness) of the shape shown in use proved satisfactory Figures 1-3, with size 38 the present invention was equal to that of the reservoir an oval, the major axis of the ellipse is about 1.5 to about 2.0 inches, a minor axis of from about 0.9 to about 1.3 inches, about 0.4 g transmission antiperspirant composition (as described below). the preferred pore size of about 0.100 to 0.150 inches, a circular cross section, with the side edge distance of from .050 to 0.110 inches, having substantially the same cross-section of a straight wall extending inwardly of the reservoir.

图6示出了呈涂布器200形式的本发明另一实施方案,该涂布器的尺寸为大约2.7″×2.4″×0.125″(厚),在使用中证明这种涂布器是令人满意的。涂布器200具有8个大小和间隔相等的缝形储存器210,在椭圆区域220中以45°成对角设置,椭圆的长轴为约1.5到约2.0英寸,短轴为约0.9到约1.3英寸,传送大约0.4克防汗组合物(如下面所描述的)。涂布器200的优选缝形储存器210的长度为约0.578到约0.473英寸,宽度为约0.100到约0.080英寸,该储存器有具有圆形端部的缝形横截面,缝形储存器210之间的边与边的间距为约0.220到约0.080英寸,具有相同截面的基本上直壁的储存器向内延伸的深度为约0.125到约0.080英寸。 Another embodiment of the present invention, FIG. 6 shows the applicator 200 in the form of a program, the applicator size is about 2.7 "× 2.4" × 0.125 "(thickness), demonstrate that the coater is used to make satisfactory. applicator 200 having eight equally spaced and sized slot-shaped reservoir 210, in the elliptical region 220 disposed at 45 ° diagonal, the major axis of the ellipse is about 1.5 to about 2.0 inches, a minor axis from about 0.9 to about 1.3 inches, about 0.4 g transmission antiperspirant composition (as described below). length of about 0.578 to about 0.473 inches applicator 200 is preferably slot-shaped reservoir 210, a width of about 0.100 to about 0.080 inches, the reservoir having a slit-shaped cross-section with a rounded end portion, the spacing between the sides of the slot 210 between the reservoir is from about 0.220 to about 0.080 inches, the reservoir having a substantially straight section of the same wall extending inwardly to a depth of about 0.125 to about 0.080 inches.

图7示出了呈涂布器300形式的本发明另一实施方案,该涂布器的尺寸为大约2.7″×2.4″×0.125″(厚),在使用中证明这种涂布器是令人满意的。涂布器300具有9个设置在椭圆形区域360中的不同结构的孔槽形储存器,椭圆的长轴为约1.5到约2.0英寸,短轴为约0.9到约1.3英寸,传送大约0.4克防汗组合物(如下面所描述的)。涂布器300具有以下变化:具有单槽350连接的两个孔340的2孔槽形储存器310;具有两个槽350连接的三个孔340的3孔槽形储存器320;具有三个槽350连接的四个孔340的4孔槽形储存器330。本发明优选的孔340的直径为约0.165到约0.135英寸,具有圆形截面。本发明优选的槽350的宽度为约0.055到约0.045英寸,具有矩形截面。连接的孔340中心之间的优选间距的长度为约0.280到约0.200英寸。孔340之间边到边的间距为约0.095到约0.065英寸。储存器为相同截面的大致直壁形,向 Another embodiment of the present invention, FIG 7 shows a device 300 in the form of a coating, the applicator size is approximately 2.7 "× 2.4" × 0.125 "(thickness), demonstrate that the coater is used to make satisfactory. applicator 300 has a channel-shaped reservoir 9 is provided holes in the different constructions of the elliptical region 360, the major axis of the ellipse is about 1.5 to about 2.0 inches, a minor axis of from about 0.9 to about 1.3 inches, about 0.4 g transmission antiperspirant composition (as described below) applicator 300 with the following variations: single slot 350 having two holes connected to the second hole 340 of the trough-shaped reservoir 310; 350 connector has two slots. 3 three holes 340 hole 320 slot-shaped reservoir; three slots 350 having four apertures 340 connecting trough-hole 4 the diameter of the reservoir aperture 330. the present invention preferably is from about 340 to about 0.165 to 0.135 inches, having circular cross section. the preferred width of the groove 350 of the present invention is from about 0.055 to about 0.045 inches, has a rectangular cross-section. preferably the length of the spacing between the central bore 340 is connected from about 0.280 to about 0.200 inches. between the bore 340 to the edge edge spacing of from about 0.095 to about 0.065 inches for the same reservoir cross-sectional shape of a substantially straight walls, the 内延伸的深度为约0.125到约0.080英寸。 Extending depth of about 0.125 to about 0.080 inches.

图8示出了呈涂布器400形式的本发明又一实施方案,该涂布器的尺寸为大约2.7″×2.4″×0.125″(厚),在使用中证明这种涂布器是令人满意的。涂布器400具有7个以45°成对角设置在椭圆形区域中的具有不同构型的孔槽形储存器,椭圆的长轴为约1.5到约2.0英寸,短轴为约0.9到约1.3英寸,传送大约0.4克防汗组合物(如下面所描述的)。涂布器400具有以下变化:具有两个槽450连接的三个孔440的3孔槽形储存器410;具有三个槽450连接的四个孔440的4孔槽形储存器420;具有四个槽450连接的五个孔440的5孔槽形储存器430。本发明优选的孔440的直径为约0.165到约0.135英寸,具有圆形截面。本发明优选的槽450的宽度为约0.055到约0.045英寸,具有矩形截面。连接的孔440中心之间的优选间隔为约0.280到约0.200英寸长。孔440之间边到边的间隔为约0.095到约0.065英寸。储存器为相同截面的大 Figure 8 shows a further embodiment of the invention is applied in the form of the form 400, the applicator size is approximately 2.7 "× 2.4" × 0.125 "(thickness), demonstrate that the coater is used to make satisfactory. applicator 400 having 7 to 45 ° diagonally provided having different configurations of apertures in the trough-shaped reservoir elliptical region, the major axis of the ellipse is about 1.5 to about 2.0 inches, a minor axis from about 0.9 to about 1.3 inches, about 0.4 g transmission antiperspirant composition (as described below) applicator 400 with the following variations: three holes 450 having two slots 440 of the slotted hole 3 connected to the reservoir 410 ; four holes 450 having three grooves 4 connecting trough-hole 440 of the reservoir 420; four slots 450 having a diameter of five slotted hole 440 of the hole 5 is preferably connected to the reservoir 430. the holes 440 of the present invention, from about 0.165 to about 0.135 inches, it has a circular cross-section. preferably the present invention, the width of the groove 450 is from about 0.055 to about 0.045 inches, has a rectangular cross-section. preferably the connection between the central bore 440 is spaced from about 0.280 to about 0.200 inches long between the aperture edge to edge spacing 440 is from about 0.095 to about 0.065 inches for the same reservoir cross-section larger 直壁形,向内延伸的深度为约0.125到约0.080英寸。 Straight walled, inwardly extending depth of about 0.125 to about 0.080 inches.

对于给定的产品,可以优化涂布器的设计而使过早分配的可能性最小并使所需产品的期望传送最大化。 For a given product, the possibility to optimize the design of the applicator premature dispensing of the minimum and maximizing the desired product desires to transmit. 防止所需产品过早分配的方法是使产品粘附的储存器表面积最大化。 Preventing the premature dispensing of the desired product so that the product is adhered to maximize the surface area of ​​the reservoir. 产品通常具有对涂布器表面的亲和性,因此,产品具有保持在储存器中的趋势。 Typically the coated product has surface affinity, thus holding the product in the reservoir having a tendency. 然而,储存器表面积的增加也会减少消费者最终期望传送的产品量。 However, increasing the surface area of ​​the reservoir will reduce consumer desires to transmit the final amount of product. 由于储存器表面积而使产品存留在储存器中的倾向和对应的被消费者期望传送产品的倾向是成反比的,但不必是线性成比例的。 Since the surface area of ​​the product reservoir tends to remain in the reservoir and the corresponding transmission is a desired consumer product tends to be inversely proportional to, but not necessarily linearly proportional. 不希望受任何理论的束缚,认为对于恒定容积和深度的储存器来说,随着储存器表面积的增加,则过早分散的可能性减小,并相应地(但不必是线性地)成比例地减少期望传送的产品。 Without wishing to be bound by any theory, it is believed for a constant volume and depth of the reservoir, the likelihood increases as the surface area of ​​the reservoir is dispersed prematurely reduced, and correspondingly (but not necessarily linearly) proportional reduce the transmission of desired product. 这一理论将参照纵横比(aspect ratio)进行讨论,纵横比是由[储存器的表面积]/[相同容积和深度的圆柱形储存器的表面积]的比例来进行定义和计算。 The theoretical aspect ratio will be discussed with reference ratio (aspect ratio), aspect ratio [surface area of ​​the same volume and depth of the cylindrical reservoir] / a [surface area of ​​the reservoir] to be defined and calculated. 据信,随着纵横比增加,则过早分散的可能性减小,并相应地(但不必是线性地)成比例地减少期望传送的产品。 It is believed that, as the aspect ratio increases, the likelihood of premature dispersion decreases, and correspondingly (but not necessarily linearly) proportionally reduce the transmission of the desired product. 在对给定的产品确定优化涂布器设计时,可以使用该纵横比来比较不同的设计方案。 When a given product to determine the optimal design of applicator may be used to compare the aspect ratio design. 对于图6、7和8所示的实施方案采用了上述优化方法,并发现:在所述产品的使用中,纵横比在约1到5之间的涂布器被证明是令人满意的。 For the embodiment shown in FIGS. 6, 7 and 8 using the optimization method described above, and found: the use of the product, the aspect ratio of the coating is between about 1 to 5 proved to be satisfactory.

如前所述,优选的是本发明所采用的材料不仅在厚度方向上是可压缩的,并且在平面方向上是可顺应的(conformable),以便适应使用中各种目标表面的地形。 As described above, it is preferred that the material used in the present invention is not compressible in the thickness direction and the planar direction is conformable (conformable), the terrain in order to accommodate various target surface in use. 同样优选的是,合适的材料片也是具有回弹性的,优选在其压缩性上和弯曲顺应性上。 It is also preferred that the sheet materials are also suitable resiliency, preferably in the compression and bending compliance. 回弹性与其平常的意思是一致的,如在Webster'sNinth New Collegiate Dictionary中所定义的那样,为“在由特别是压缩力引起的变形后变形体回复到其尺寸和形状的能力”。 Resilient means normally thereto is the same, Webster'sNinth New Collegiate Dictionary as defined above for "a particular reply deformable compressive force after deformation due to its ability to size and shape." 材料的回弹性使其在压缩力或弯曲力撤去后试图回复到其未变形、优选基本上平面形状态和初始的厚度,从而使其可以与各种目标表面相一致并保持与目标表面的接触用于合适地分配物质。 Resilient material so that after the compression force is removed or bending force attempting to return to their undeformed, substantially planar initial state and preferably has a thickness so that it may coincide with a variety of surface and held in contact with the target surface of the target suitable dispensing substance.

优选的材料性能及本发明优选材料(Volara 2EO 1/8″PE/EVA聚乙烯/乙烯醋酸乙烯酯共聚物(12%VA)细孔交联的聚合物泡沫,可以从Voltek,100Shepard Street,Lawrence,MA 01843购得)的性能在下表中示出: Preferred Preferred materials and material properties (Volara 2EO 1/8 "PE / EVA polyethylene / ethylene vinyl acetate copolymer (12% VA) according to the present invention, the pore crosslinked polymer foam from Voltek, 100Shepard Street, Lawrence , MA 01843 available) performance shown in the following table:

性能 Volara 2EO 1/8″ 优选范围 试验方法厚度(英寸) 0.125 0.063-0.250 ASMD-3575密度(磅/立方英尺) 2 标称 2-6 ASMD-3575拉伸应力psi(MD) 55 最小 40-200 ASMD-3575断裂伸长率%(MD) 140 最小 100-350 ASMD-3575耐撕裂性磅/英寸(MD) 7 最小 4.5-30 ASMD-3575压缩应力psi@25%偏转 2.5 最小 1.5-15 ASMD-3575@50%偏转 9 最小 4-25 ASMD-3575压缩变形(%) 30 最大 0-50 ASMD-3575为确定挺度的大小,合适的方法是TAPPI T489 om-92,纸和纸板的挺度(Taber型挺度测试仪)。结果以克厘米或Taber为单位。所使用的装置:Taber V-5型150B挺度测试仪。注意:不加配重,在15°位移测量结果。 Performance Volara 2EO 1/8 "preferred range Test Method Thickness (inch) 0.125 0.063-0.250 ASMD-3575 Density (lb / ft) 2 2-6 ASMD-3575 Nominal tensile stress psi (MD) 55 minimum 40-200 ASMD-3575 elongation at break% (MD) 140 100-350 ASMD-3575 minimum tear resistance pounds / inch (MD) 7 minimize the compressive stress 4.5-30 ASMD-3575 psi @ 25% deflection 2.5 minimum 1.5-15 ASMD -3575 9 @ 50% deflection 4-25 ASMD-3575 smallest size compression (%) 30 maximum 0-50 ASMD-3575 to determine a stiffness suitable method TAPPI T489 om-92, stiffness of paper and paperboard . (Taber type stiffness tester) results in grams or centimeters Taber units of apparatus employed:. Taber V-5 stiffness tester model 150B Note: do not add weight, at 15 ° displacement measurement results.

实际数据:材料1/8″厚度(Voltek#) MD CD聚乙烯(2A) 65克厘米 2PE/EVA 12%VA(2EO) 47 34PE/EVA 18%VA(2G) 41 32对1/8″厚2PCF泡沫的优选限制范围:MD测试=75-35克厘米,CD测试=50-25克厘米。 Actual data: Material 1/8 "thickness (Voltek #) MD CD polyethylene (2A) 65 gcm 2PE / EVA 12% VA (2EO) 47 34PE / EVA 18% VA (2G) 41 32 a ⅛" thick preferably limits 2PCF foam: MD = 75-35 g cm test, CD test g = 50-25 cm.

尽管Volara 2EO是优选的,可以使用其它Volara级和其它泡沫材料(如开孔泡沫、非交联泡沫、带有各种网格尺寸的泡沫),其它树脂,100%聚乙烯,聚苯乙烯,聚丙烯,橡胶,氨基甲酸乙酯,其它乙烯共聚物,丙烯共聚物和其它具有相似材料性能的合成材料。 Although Volara 2EO are preferred, other Volara foams and other stages (e.g., open cell foam, non-crosslinked foams, foams with various mesh size), other resins, 100% polyethylene, polystyrene, polypropylene, rubber, urethane, other ethylene copolymers, propylene copolymers and other synthetic materials having similar material properties. 注意,对于一些应用来说,更硬或更软的材料是优选的。 Note that, for some applications, harder or softer materials are preferred.

在图1和2所示的实施方案中,储存器具有基本上垂直于材料片的第一表面的侧壁。 In the embodiment shown in FIGS. 1 and 2, the reservoir having a side wall substantially perpendicular to the first surface of the sheet material. 然而,对于某些要传送到目标表面的物质的产品配方来说,希望提供其中储存器侧壁的角度不是90°的储存器和孔几何形状,例如漏斗形的有锥度的孔/储存器几何形状,其中随着距第一表面向内的距离的增加,储存器变窄;或是“下切”孔几何形状,其中随着距第一表面向内的距离的增加,储存器变宽。 However, for certain products to be transmitted to the formulation of the substance for the target surface, wherein the reservoir sidewall desirable to provide an angle of 90 ° is not the reservoir and the pore geometry, for example, the taper / funnel-shaped geometry of the reservoir shape in which the surface with increasing distance from the first distance inwardly, narrowing the reservoir; or "cut" pore geometry, with increasing distance from the first surface wherein a distance inwardly, the reservoir is widened. 根据选择的制造方法和所采用的物质和材料片的性质,储存器可以形成有大致平面形底部(远离孔并位于材料片内部的部分),或储存器的底部可以是切成圆角的。 The selection of the nature and method for producing the materials used and the sheet material, the reservoir may be formed with a generally planar bottom portion (portion located away from the aperture and the interior of the sheet material), or the bottom of the reservoir may be radiused.

此外,优选的是当材料片包括多孔材料时,储存器包括一些防止物质迁移到材料片的基体中的合适装置。 Further, it is preferable that when the sheet material comprises a porous material, the reservoir including some suitable means to prevent migration of material of the base sheet material. 防止这种迁移的优选方法是采用闭孔的泡沫材料。 A preferred method to prevent this migration is to use closed cell foam material. 然而这种装置也包括不渗透的涂层或可以是其它一些赋予储存器壁不渗透性的装置,如在孔和储存器形成的过程中热熔多孔材料片以形成“表皮”(skin)。 However, this apparatus also comprises a coating impermeable or may be given some other impermeable reservoir wall means such as a hot melt sheet and the porous material during the hole forming the reservoir to form a "skin" (skin). 另外的层或聚合物涂层(如PET,尼龙等)可以用在储存器壁、涂布器的第二侧21或其它希望限制物质穿透材料的区域上。 The second side further coating layer or a polymer (such as PET, nylon, etc.) may be used in the wall of the reservoir, the applicator or other substance intended to limit the regions of the barrier material 21. 可以调整任何一种这样的处理或方法来适应物质和涂布器材料的具体组合。 You may be adjusted, or any of such processing methods and compositions to suit particular substance applicator material. 对于一些应用来说,还希望储存器和孔的内表面具有一定程度的表面地形,以有助于固定物料。 For some applications, it is desirable the inner surface of the reservoir and the bore having a certain degree of surface topography to facilitate fixing material. 希望有一些诸如突起、凸台、周围环等内部结构来帮助留着物质。 We want to have some such projections, the internal structure of the boss, and the like around the ring to help keep the material. 可以采用各种储存器构形,而不限制孔的形状或涂布器的整体形状,可以根据需要调整这些构形而便于物质的留着和/或分配。 Reservoir may take various configurations, without limiting the shape of the hole or the overall shape of the applicator, these configurations may be adjusted as necessary to facilitate the retention and / or dispensing material.

图3示出了本发明涂布器10的示意图,该涂布器用于向目标表面施加物质。 FIG. 3 shows a schematic diagram of the applicator 10 of the present invention, the applicator for applying a substance to a target surface. 如图3所示,涂布器10由使用者的手80抓持,通常是压拇指和手掌之间的涂布器,手指接触孔30附近的第二表面22,而拇指接触抓持部24。 3, the applicator 10 by a user's hand holding grip 80, is typically applied between the thumb and the palm pressure, a second finger contact surface near the hole 3022, while the thumb grip portion 24 contacts . 随后使用者将涂布器10的传送区与目标表面90接触,目标表面可以具有任何表面地形并且可以是平面的或非平面的,使用者施加在F方向上至少具有法向力矢量分量F的力,该方向大致垂直于目标表面90。 The user then transmits the applicator region 10 in contact with the target surface 90, the surface of the target may have any surface topography, and may be planar or non-planar, the user applies a force having at least a vector component in the process direction F F force, the direction substantially perpendicular to the target surface 90. 施加作用在方向D上的切向力或力矢量分量(最好是与法向力F同时施加),以在目标面90上移动涂布器而将大致均匀的物质60的涂层施加到目标表面上,优选是基本上与传送区31和行进距离相符合的区域。 Acted upon in the direction D tangential force or force vector component (preferably while applying a force law F), in order to move the applicator and the target surface 90 is substantially uniform coating substance is applied to the target 60 surface, preferably substantially 31 and transfer area consistent travel distance region. 法向力与切向力合并而限定与第一表面的平面形成约0到约90°角的总的力矢量。 The combined normal force and tangential force and the total force vector is formed defining the plane of the first surface of about 0 to about 90 ° angle. 这种施加方式在该方法的分布状态期间分配物料,而不是通常在分布状态后挤出或分配物料。 This embodiment is applied during dispensing of material distribution in this method, instead of the usual extrusion or distribution of materials in the distribution.

在如图3所示的动态施加过程中,与没有相对平移运动的“静态”施加情况不同,据信孔(采用多个孔)和孔间间隙之间的关系是在设计适用于具体物料的涂布器几何形状时要重点考虑的因素。 As shown in FIG. 3 is applied to a dynamic process, with no relative translational movement of the "static" applied to different situations, according to the relationship between the channel holes (using a plurality of holes) between the holes and the gaps are designed for specific materials Key factors to consider when applying geometry. 各孔具有被材料片第一表面的一部分环绕的周边。 Each well having a peripheral portion surrounded by the first surface of the sheet material. 由于材料片(至少其第一表面)最好是大致平面形的,故各孔被绕孔接触目标表面的大致平面形材料环环绕,材料环提供“擦入”(“rub-in”)表面以在目标表面上分配物质。 Since the sheet (at least a first surface thereof) is preferably a generally planar, so the holes around the ring is generally planar material about the hole in contact with the target surface, the ring of material provides "rub-in" ( "rub-in") the material surface to dispense the substance on the target surface. 在物料是可流动的或在施用时变得可流动时,该材料环形成垫圈状表面,有助于通过推进产品从孔向外流动而均匀地分散产品。 When the material is flowable or becomes flowable upon application, the material forming the ring-shaped gasket surface, helps to promote the flow of product through the aperture and outwardly from the uniformly dispersed product. 可供选择的是,如果需要的话,可以将一定量的表面纹理(如微纹理)施加到孔之间和/或孔附近的第一表面的部分上,以有助于分配功能和/或在皮肤感觉等方面有助于涂布功能的美学。 Alternatively, if desired, a certain amount of surface texture (such as micro-texture) may be applied to between the bore and / or a portion of the first surface vicinity of a hole to facilitate allocation and / or skin feel and so contribute to the aesthetic function of the coating.

图1-3所示的本发明的涂布器具有对应的多个孔和多个储存器,最好孔与储存器的比例是1∶1。 FIG applicator 1-3 according to the present invention shown having a plurality of apertures and a corresponding plurality of reservoirs, preferably the ratio of the reservoir hole and is 1:1. 然而,其它孔和储存器的组合也是可以的,诸如为每个孔提供多个储存器或由单一储存器供应给多个孔。 However, other combinations of bore and the reservoir are possible, such as providing a plurality of reservoirs each supplied by a single hole or reservoir to a plurality of holes. 图4和5示出了一种备选实施方案。 4 and 5 illustrate an alternative embodiment. 图4和5的涂布器110具有类似于图1-3的材料片20的材料片120,但与涂布器10不同的是,涂布器110具有从第一表面121开始向内延伸通过材料片的内部123一直到第二侧122的多个孔130,从而提供贯穿材料片120的完全不受阻挡的通路。 Figures 4 and 5 is coated sheet material 110 having a similar sheet material 20 1-3 120, but different from the applicator 10, the applicator 110 extending inwardly from the first surface 121 by the start inner material 123 has a plurality of holes 130 to a second side 122, thereby providing full unimpeded passage through sheet material 120. 在该实施方案中,材料片的厚度T等于距离t(为清楚起见省略)。 In this embodiment, the sheet material of thickness T equal to the distance T (omitted for clarity). 孔130形成传送区131,传送区被填隙空间132分开,并优选但任选由可取下的盖140覆盖,盖140上有说明或其它适当的标记。 Transmitting hole 130 formed in region 131, the transfer area 132 is separated from the interstitial spaces, and optionally but preferably covered by a removable cover 140, a note or other suitable indicia on the cover 140. 涂布器110还包括背衬片170,背衬片通过热密封125或其它合适的密封技术在周边上与材料片120结合,背衬片170与密封125、材料片120和盖140一起形成至少一个,并且优选为仅一个在其中容纳产品160的储存器150。 Applicator 110 further includes a backing sheet 170, backing sheet 125 by heat sealing or other suitable sealing technique combined with the sheet material 120 on the periphery of the backing sheet 170 and the seal 125, together with the sheet material 120 and cover 140 at least one, and preferably only a product in which the reservoir 160 is received 150.

另一种变形包括在与图1所示的相似的实施方案中只使用一个较大的储存器,但包括多个从储存器的底面突出的“小岛”,以提供类似于图1所示的多个分散孔之间形成的填隙空间网络的表面接触擦入表面。 Another modification includes the use of only a larger reservoir in the similar embodiment shown in FIG. 1, but includes a plurality of projecting from the bottom surface of the "island" of the reservoir, similar to that shown in Figure 1 to provide surface contact network interstitial spaces formed between the plurality of distribution holes rubbed into the surface.

本发明涂布器的孔可以通过与使用如盖40/140的盖/标签不同的方法在使用前密封。 Orifice applicator of the present invention may be sealed before use by a different cover as cover 40/140 / tag method used. 例如,涂布器可以以面对面或背对背的关系封接或粘合到另一个上,使得一个涂布器的一个表面封闭下一个涂布器的孔。 For example, the coating may be in face to face or back to back relationship sealed or bonded to the other, such that a surface of one of the next applicator a closed orifice applicator. 其它可能的取向包括传送区不对齐而是覆盖在第一表面的其它部分上的面对面取向,面对背取向等,成对的这种材料可以封装在阻挡膜(金属薄片,镀金属的聚合物等)中以形成方便的包装。 Other possible alignment includes a transfer area are not aligned on a face to face orientation but covers other portions of the first surface, like a face-orientation, a pair of such material may be encapsulated in barrier film (metal foil, metallized polymer etc.) to form a convenient package.

本发明的涂布器包括具有剪切力传送机构的包装的传送体系。 Coating of the present invention comprises a package delivery system having a shear force transmission mechanism. 这种传送体系的其它例子在本领域中是公知的,并通常包括具有附带剪切力传送机构(如穿孔的帽或穿孔的表面)的密封包装或容器。 Other examples of such delivery system in the art are well known and generally comprise a sealed package or container with accompanying shearing force transmission mechanism (e.g., a perforated cap or perforated surface). 剪切力传送机构使传送的物质受到剪切力,抵消物质聚积和/或保持较大或较厚沉积的趋势并在目标表面上扩散开。 Shear force transmission mechanism of a substance transfer shear force to offset the material accumulation and / or maintain a larger or thicker and spread trends deposited on the target surface. 当流变性和其它产品特性在剪切力影响下变化时(如在剪切下物料变得更易流动),剪切力的施加与物料传送过程的结合是特别重要的。 When combined rheology and other product characteristics change under the influence of shear forces (e.g., the material becomes more flowable under shear), shearing force is applied to the material transfer process is particularly important. 下面将对物质的流变学特性进行进一步的讨论。 The following rheological properties of the material will be discussed further.

典型的剪切力传送机构包括任何脊形或挠性表面,优选为脊形表面,适于附着到包装或其它产品上,并具有多个延伸通过脊形或挠性表面的厚度的开口、孔或洞,组合物可以通过这些开口、孔或洞流到期望的涂布点。 Typically shearing force transmission mechanism comprises any flexible or ridged surface, preferably a ridged surface, adapted to be attached to the package or other product, and having a plurality of openings extending through the thickness of the ridge or flexible surface, apertures or holes, a desired composition can flow through these openings, apertures or holes coating point. 然而,根据本发明,在此描述的涂布器以方便、经济、易于施用的形式提供了传送和分配功能,符合或超过其它剪切力传送机构的功能。 However, according to the present invention, the applicator described herein in a convenient, economical, easy form of administration to provide delivery and distribution function, other function that meets or exceeds the shearing force transmission mechanism.

2.代表性组合物在本发明中,术语“物质”表示在传送到目标表面之前基本不流动的可流动的物质。 2. Representative compositions of the present invention, the term "substance" means a flowable material prior to delivery to a target surface substantially non-flowing. “物质”还表示根本不流动的材料如纤维或其它连锁材料。 "Substance" also means that the material does not flow, such as fibers or other materials chains. “物质”可以表示一种流体或一种固体。 "Substance" may represent one fluid or a solid. 本发明的“物质”定义为能够在除了重力外没有外力时保持在涂布器材料的开口三维凹槽内的任何材料。 "Substance" of the present invention is defined as any material capable of maintaining the three-dimensional groove in the opening in the applicator material when no external forces except gravity. 虽然在传送之前基本不流动的物质在本发明中是优选的,但是发现可流动的或有很大流动性的物质可适用于本发明,在使用前其中的包装纸,密封等对物质提供足够的保留/保护作用。 Although the material is not substantially flow before transmission are preferred in the present invention, it may be found or flowable substance has a great fluidity applicable to the present invention, wherein the packaging prior to use, to provide adequate sealing substance retention / protection. 例如,可以使用粘结剂,静电,机械连锁,毛细引力,表面吸附,范德华力和摩擦力将物质保持在孔和/或储存器内。 For example, an adhesive, static electricity, mechanical chain, capillary attraction, surface adsorption, van der Waals forces, and friction material will remain within the bore and / or storage. 当涂布器受到外加压缩力时,当物质与外表面接触时,它将从中至少部分释放出来。 When subjected to an applied compressive force is applied, when the contact material with the outer surface, it is at least partially released therefrom. 目前本发明感兴趣的物质包括如:凝胶、浆糊、膏、洗剂、泡沫、粉料、结块的颗粒、小球、装入微胶囊的液体、蜡、悬浮液、液体及其混合物。 Substance of interest present invention include, for example: gels, pastes, creams, lotions, foams, powders, agglomerated particles, pellets, microcapsules charged with liquid, waxes, suspensions, liquids, and mixtures .

本发明三维结构中的空间通常是开放的;因此希望能使物质停留在该空间内并且在没有激活步骤时不会流到该结构的外面。 Three-dimensional spatial structure of the present invention are usually open; it is desirable to make the material stays in the space and the outside of the structure does not flow in the absence of activating step. 因此,优选的物质甚至在没有外包装时也能停留在孔和/或储存器内。 Accordingly, preferred materials even in the absence of outer packaging can stay in the hole and / or storage. 根据本发明使用的激活步骤是通过压缩使三维结构变形,该步骤能克服物质保留在涂布器内的倾向。 The activation step of the present invention is a three-dimensional structure by compression deformation, the material tends to overcome steps in the applicator retained.

优选的物质包括为了提供给易于使用的设备而在无需使用溶剂(包括水等)下可从涂布器中释放的那些物质。 Preferred materials include those supplied to the apparatus is easy to use and can be released from the coater without the use of solvents (including water, etc.). 这样的优选并不仅仅因为需要使用一定量的溶剂而排除使用其它合适的物质。 Such preferred not only because of the need to use a certain amount of solvent to preclude the use of other suitable materials. 合适的物质可以是无水的并且在无水时有令人满意的和所需的性能。 Suitable substances may be anhydrous and satisfactory and the desired performance when dry.

防汗/除臭组合物用于本发明涂布器中的防汗和除臭物质是意为局部施用在腋下或其它合适的皮肤部位上的不流动的组合物。 Antiperspirant / deodorant composition for coating of the present invention are antiperspirant and deodorant substances intended for topical application to the underarm or other suitable on a skin site is not flowable composition. 这些除臭和防汗组合物包括加入到一种合适的液体载体中的一种活性物质成分和一种悬浮剂或增稠剂。 The deodorant and antiperspirant compositions comprising an active material composition is added to a suitable liquid carrier and one suspending or thickening agents. 在本申请中,术语“活性物质”指的是防汗活性物质,除臭活性物质或香料,并包括任意已知的或者安全有效的防汗,除臭或香料活性材料。 In the present application, the term "active substance" refers to antiperspirant actives, deodorant actives or fragrances, and includes any known or safe and effective antiperspirant, deodorant or fragrance active material. 术语“防汗活性物质”和“除臭活性物质”具体指的是能够预防或消除臭味和/或汗湿的局部用材料。 The term "antiperspirant active" and "deodorant active" specifically refers to capable of preventing or eliminating odors and / or topical sweaty material. 本申请所用的术语“香料”具体指的是覆盖或掩蔽由汗液引起的臭味或者是能使组合物有所需的芬芳香味的任何局部用材料。 As used herein, the term "perfume" specifically intended to cover or mask the odor caused by the sweat or the composition can have any topical material fragrant flavor desired.

防汗活性物质用于本发明涂布器中的防汗组合物包括适于涂布在人皮肤上的防汗活性物质。 Antiperspirant active material for the coating of the present invention antiperspirant compositions comprising antiperspirant active material suitable for coating on human skin. 防汗活性物质可溶解在防汗组合物中也可以作为不溶解的或沉淀的固体悬浮在其中。 Antiperspirant active material is dissolved in the anti-perspirant composition may be precipitated as a solid or undissolved suspended therein. 防汗组合物中的防汗活性物质的浓度应足以便选择的防汗组合物提供所需的对臭味和湿度的控制作用。 The concentration of anti-perspirant composition antiperspirant active material will be selected should be sufficient antiperspirant compositions provide odor control action of humidity and desired.

本申请所描述的防汗组合物中所含的防汗活性物质的浓度占选择的防汗组合物重量的约0.5%至约60%,优选约0.5%至约50%,更优选约5%至约35%。 From about 0.5% to about 60% concentration of antiperspirant active material antiperspirant compositions described herein contained in the selected account by weight of the antiperspirant composition, preferably from about 0.5% to about 50%, more preferably from about 5% to about 35%. 所有这些重量百分比以无水金属盐为基础计算,不包括水和任何配合剂,如甘氨酸、甘氨酸盐或其它配合剂。 All these weight percentages calculated on an anhydrous metal salt basis, excluding water and any complexing agents such as glycine, glycine salts, or other complexing agents.

用于本申请描述的防汗组合物中的防汗活性物质包括具有防汗活性的任何化合物、组合物或其它材料。 Antiperspirant compositions described herein is used in antiperspirant actives include any compound, composition or other antiperspirant active materials. 优选的防汗活性物质包括金属盐收敛剂,特别是铝、锆和锌的无机盐和有机盐,及其混合物。 Preferred antiperspirant actives include astringent metal salts, especially salts of aluminum, zirconium and zinc, and organic salts, and mixtures thereof. 特别优选铝盐和锆盐,如卤化铝、羟基卤化铝、卤化氧锆、羟基卤化氧锆及其混合物。 Particularly preferred aluminum and zirconium salts such as aluminum halides, aluminum hydroxy halides, zirconyl hydroxy halides, zirconium oxide, and mixtures thereof.

优选适用于防汗组合物的铝盐包括如下式所示的那些物质:Al2(OH)aClb·xH2O其中a是约2至约5;a和b的和约为6;x是约1至约6;a、b和x可以是非整数值。 Preferably applied to an aluminum salt antiperspirant compositions include those represented by the formula: Al2 (OH) aClb · xH2O wherein a is from about 2 to about. 5; a and b is about 6; X is from about 1 to about 6 ; a, b, and x may be a non-integer values. 特别优选氯化铝氢氧化物,其中a=5时称为“5/6碱式氯化铝”,a=4称时为“2/3碱式氯化铝”。 Particularly preferably aluminum chloride hydroxide, wherein a = 5 when referred to as "5/6 basic aluminum chloride", a = 4 when referred to as "2/3 basic aluminum chloride." 在美国专利3887692(Gilman,1975年6月3日授权);美国专利3904741(Jones等,1975年9月9日授权);美国专利4359456(Gosling等,1982年11月16日授权);和英国专利说明书2048229(Fitzgerald等,1980年12月10日公开)中描述了制备铝盐的方法,所有内容引入本申请中作为参考文献。 In US Patent 3887692 (Gilman, 1975 Nian 6 Yue 3, issued); US Patent No. 3904741 (Jones et al., September 9, 1975 authorization); US Patent 4359456 (Gosling et al., November 16, 1982 authorization); and the United Kingdom Patent specification 2048229 (Fitzgerald et al., December 10, 1980 Publication) describes a process for preparing aluminum salts, all incorporated herein by reference. 在英国专利说明书1347950(Shin等,1974年2月27日公开)中描述了铝盐混合物,其描述内容也引入本申请中作为参考文献。 In British Patent Specification 1347950 (Shin et al., February 27, 1974 Publication) describes a mixture of aluminum salts, which description is also incorporated herein by reference.

优选适用于本发明防汗组合物的锆盐包括如下式所示的那些物质:ZrO(OH)2-aCla·xH2O其中a为约0至约2的任意数;x为约1至约7;a和x可以是非整数值。 Preferred antiperspirant compositions suitable for the present invention include those used zirconium salt represented by the formula: ZrO (OH) 2-aCla · xH2O wherein a is any number from about 0 to about 2; x is from about 1 to about 7; and x can be a non-integer value. 在比利时专利825146(Schmitz,1975年8月4日授权)中对这些锆盐进行了描述,描述内容引入本申请中作为参考文献。 These zirconium salts are described in Belgian Patent 825146 (Schmitz, 1975, issued years. 8 dated. 4), there is described herein incorporated by reference. 特别优选的锆盐是还包含铝和甘氨酸的配合物,公知为ZAG配合物。 Particularly preferred zirconium salts are aluminum and further comprising glycine complex, known as ZAG complexes. 这些ZAG配合物中包括上式所示的氯化铝氢氧化物和羟基氯化氧锆。 These ZAG complexes include aluminum chloride hydroxide and zirconyl hydroxy chloride of the formula shown in FIG. 这些ZAG配合物见于美国专利3679068(Luedders等,1974年2月12日授权);英国专利申请2144992(Callaghan等,1985年3月20日公开);和美国专利4120948(Shelton,1978年10月17日授权),所有内容引入本申请中作为参考文献。 These ZAG complexes found in US Patent 3679068 (Luedders et al., February 12, 1974 authorization); British Patent Application No. 2144992 (Callaghan et al, issued March 20, 1985); and US Patent 4120948 (Shelton, 1978 Oct 17 which issued), all incorporated herein by reference.

配制入的固体颗粒状防汗活性物质以分散固体颗粒形式存在,优选其平均粒度或直径约小于100微米,更优选为约2微米至约50微米,甚至更优选为约0.4微米至约40微米。 Formulated into a solid particulate antiperspirant active material dispersed in a solid particulate form, preferably having an average particle size or diameter of less than about 100 microns, more preferably from about 2 microns to about 50 microns, even more preferably from about 0.4 microns to about 40 microns .

本申请所描述的防汗组合物可以包括溶解的防汗活性物质,优选是在无水体系中溶解的防汗活性物质。 Antiperspirant compositions described herein may comprise solubilized antiperspirant active, preferably solubilized in the anhydrous antiperspirant active material system. 防汗组合物中溶解的防汗活性物质的浓度优选占选择的防汗组合物重量的约0.1%至35%,更优选约0.5%至约25%,甚至更优选约1%至约17%,甚至更优选约6%至约17%(重量百分比以无水金属盐为基础计算,不包括水和任何配合剂,如甘氨酸和甘氨酸盐或其它配合剂)。 From about 0.1 to 35% concentration of antiperspirant compositions dissolved antiperspirant active material preferably comprises a selected antiperspirant weight of the composition, more preferably from about 0.5% to about 25%, and even more preferably from about 1% to about 17% , even more preferably about 6% to about 17% (by weight calculated on an anhydrous metal salt basis, excluding water and any complexing agents such as glycine and glycine salts, or other complexing agents).

除臭活性物质用于本发明涂布器中的除臭组合物中所含的除臭活性物质的浓度占选择的除臭组合物重量的约0.001%至约50%,优选约0.01%至约20%,更优选约0.1%至约10%,甚至更优选约0.1%至约5%。 Deodorant active material for the active substance concentration of deodorant applicator deodorant of the present invention contained in the composition of the selected account by weight of the deodorant composition from about 0.001% to about 50%, preferably from about 0.01% to about 20%, more preferably from about 0.1% to about 10%, even more preferably from about 0.1% to about 5%. 这些除臭活性物质包括任意已知的或者安全有效的适于局部涂布到人皮肤上的除臭活性物质。 These deodorant actives include any known or suitable for safe and effective deodorant active material is applied topically to human skin.

适用于本申请所描述的除臭组合物中的除臭活性物质包括已知的或者能够有效预防或消除和汗液有关的臭味的任何局部用材料。 It is known or adapted to include any topical material that can effectively prevent or eliminate perspiration related odor and deodorant compositions of the present composition described herein deodorant active material. 这些除臭活性物质一般是抗菌剂(如杀菌剂,杀真菌剂)、臭味吸收材料或其混合物。 These deodorant actives are typically antimicrobial agents substance (e.g., bactericides, fungicides), odor absorbing material or mixtures thereof.

优选的除臭活性物质是抗菌剂,其非限定性的例子包括:十六烷基三甲基溴化铵,十六烷基氯化吡啶鎓,二异丁基苯氧基乙氧基乙基二甲基苯甲基氯化铵(benzethonium chloride),二异丁基苯氧基乙氧基乙基二甲基苯甲基氯化铵,N-月桂基肌氨酸钠,N-棕榈甲基肌氨酸钠,月桂酰基肌氨酸,N-肉豆蔻酰基甘氨酸,N-月桂基肌氨酸钾,三甲基氯化铵,羟基氯化铝乳酸钠,三乙基柠檬酸盐,三-十六烷基甲基氯化铵,2,4,4'-三氟-2'-羟基二苯基醚(triclosan),3,4,4'-三氯N-碳酰苯胺(triclocarbon),二氨基烷基酰胺如L-赖氨酸十六烷基酰胺,重金属的柠檬酸盐、水杨酸盐和piroctose,特别是其锌盐及其酸,重金属盐的2-巯基吡啶氧化物特别是2-巯基吡啶氧化锌,苯酚硫酸锌,法呢醇及其混合物。 Preferred deodorant active substance is an antibacterial agent, non-limiting examples include: cetyl trimethyl ammonium bromide, cetyl pyridinium chloride, diisobutyl phenoxy ethoxy ethyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride (benzethonium chloride), diisobutyl phenoxy ethoxy ethyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium chloride, N- lauryl sarcosinate, N- methyl palmitate sodium lauroyl sarcosinate, lauroyl sarcosine, N- myristoyl glycine, N- lauryl sarcosine potassium, aluminum chloride, sodium lactate hydroxy chloride, triethyl citrate, tri - ten hexadecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride, 2,4,4-trifluoro-2'-hydroxydiphenyl ether (Triclosan), N- 3,4,4'-trichloro carbanilide (triclocarbon), two aminoalkyl amides such as L- lysine hexadecyl amide, heavy metal salts of citrate, salicylate, and piroctose, especially zinc salts and acid, 2-heavy metal salts of pyrithione, especially 2 - mercaptopyridine zinc oxide, zinc phenolsulfate, farnesol, and mixtures thereof.

其它的除臭活性物质包括臭味吸收材料如碳酸盐和碳酸氢盐,包括碱金属的碳酸盐和碳酸氢盐,铵盐和四烷基铵盐。 Other deodorant actives include odor-absorbing materials such as carbonate and bicarbonate salts, including alkali metal carbonates and bicarbonates, ammonium and tetraalkylammonium salts. 优选的是这些臭味吸收材料的钠盐和钾盐。 Preferred are sodium and potassium salts of such odor-absorbing materials.

香料适用于本申请的香料包括已知的或者能够有效掩蔽与汗液有关的臭味或者是能使物质组合物有所需的芬芳香味的任何局部用材料。 Perfumes suitable for use herein include perfumes known or can be effectively masked the smell associated with sweat or composition of matter can be any desired material topical fragrant flavor. 这些香料包括适于局部施用在人皮肤上的任何香料或芳香的化学物质。 These fragrances include any perfume or fragrance suitable chemical substance applied topically on the human skin. 香料可单独使用也可和防汗活性物质或除臭活性物质结合使用。 Perfumes may be used alone may also be used antiperspirant and deodorant active substances or active substance combinations. 香料的浓度一般占选择的防汗或除臭组合物重量的约0.001%至约50%,优选约0.01%至约20%,更优选约0.1%至约10%。 From about 0.001% to about 50% concentration generally comprise perfume selected antiperspirant or deodorant composition by weight, preferably from about 0.01% to about 20%, more preferably from about 0.1% to about 10%.

防汗或除臭组合物中香料的浓度应当能有效地提供所需的芳香性或能够把臭味掩蔽,其中的臭味可以是与组合物本身相关或与由人的汗液产生的臭味相关。 Antiperspirant or deodorant composition at a concentration of perfume should be effective to provide the desired fragrance or odor masking able to, where odor may be associated with the composition itself or the related odor generated from human sweat . 另外,香料和所有与之相伴的载体不能过度刺激皮肤特别是破了的或过敏性皮肤,其用量是如上所公开的量。 Further, spices and all accompanying carrier is not over-stimulate the skin, especially broken or sensitive skin, which amount is an amount as disclosed above. 香料的形式一般是能溶解在本申请中所描述的防汗或除臭组合物中的水不溶性香料。 In the form of perfume is generally capable of dissolving the antiperspirant or deodorant composition as described in the present application, in the water-insoluble perfume.

本领域普通技术人员可生产出许多不同的香料和不同浓度的香料。 Those of ordinary skill in the art can produce many different fragrances and varying concentrations of perfume. 一般的香料描述在Arctander,Perfume and flavour Chemicals(香料和调味化学品)(Aroma Chemicals),第I和II卷;及Arctander,Perfume and FlavourMaterials of Natural Origin(天然来源的香料和调味物质)(1960)中。 General perfumes are described in Arctander, Perfume and flavour Chemicals (Perfume and Flavor Chemicals,) (Aroma Chemicals), Parts I and II; and Arctander, Perfume and FlavourMaterials of Natural Origin (natural origin, spices and flavoring substances) (1960) in. 美国专利4322308和4304679(此处引入二者作为参考)公开的香料一般包括但不限定为:挥发性的酚类物质(如水杨酸异戊酯,水杨酸苯甲酯,百里香红油);精油(如香叶油,广藿香油和橙叶油);柠檬油;萃取物和树脂(如泰国安息香香膏和防风根香膏);“合成”油(如Bergamot 37和430,Geranium 76和Pomeransol 314);醛和酮(如B-甲基萘基酮,对-叔丁基-A-甲基氢化肉桂醛和对-叔戊基环己酮);多环化合物(如香豆素和β-萘基甲基醚);酯(如邻苯二甲酸二乙酯,苯乙基苯基醋酸酯,壬醇酰胺-1∶4(nonanolide-1∶4))。 U.S. Patent No. 4,322,308 and 4,304,679 (both incorporated herein by reference) discloses generally perfumes include but are not limited to: volatile phenolic substances (such as iso-amyl salicylate, methyl salicylate, thyme red oil); oils (such as geranium oil, patchouli oil, and petitgrain oil); lemon oil; extracts and resins (such as Thailand and benzoin balsam root wind balm); "synthetic" oils (such as Bergamot 37 and 430, Geranium 76 and Pomeransol 314); aldehydes and ketones (e.g., B- methyl naphthyl ketone, p - tert-butyl methyl -A- hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde and - tert-amyl cyclohexanone); polycyclic compounds (such as coumarin and β- naphthyl methyl ether); esters (such as diethyl phthalate, phenylethyl phenyl acetate, nonyl alcohol amide -1:4 (nonanolide-1:4)). 香料还包括从花和水果、柠檬油、净油、醛、香膏、麝香及其它动物香类(如灵猫香、海狸香和麝香的天然分离物)、香脂等衍生的酯和精油和醇(如聚二月桂烯醇,苯乙醇和四氢别罗勒烯醇)。 Further comprising a fragrance from flowers and fruits, citrus oils, absolutes, aldehydes, balms, musk fragrance and other animals (such as civet, castoreum and musk natural isolates), balsamic, etc. and esters derived oils and alcohols ( The poly dilauryl alcohol, phenethyl alcohol, and other basil tetrahydro-enol). 可用作本申请香料的这些组分的例子包括癸醛、十一烷基醛、十一碳烯醛、月桂醛、戊基肉桂醛、乙基甲基苯基缩水甘油酸酯、甲基壬基乙醛、肉豆蔻醛、十八醛(nonalactone)、壬醛、辛醛、十一烷酸内酯(undecalactone)、己基肉桂醛、苯甲醛、香草醛、天芥菜精、樟脑、对羟基苯酚丁酮、6-乙酰基-1,1,3,4,4,6-六甲基四氢化萘、α-甲基紫罗酮、γ-甲基紫罗酮和戊基环己酮及这些成分的混合物。 Examples of such components useful as fragrances applications include decyl aldehyde, undecyl aldehyde, undecylenic aldehyde, lauric aldehyde, amyl cinnamic aldehyde, ethyl methyl phenyl glycidate, methyl nonyl acetaldehyde, myristic aldehyde, octadecyl aldehyde (nonalactone), nonyl aldehyde, octyl aldehyde, undecalactone (undecalactone), hexyl cinnamic aldehyde, benzaldehyde, vanillin, heliotropine, camphor, p-hydroxy phenol butanone, 6-acetyl -1,1,3,4,4,6- hexamethyl tetralin, methyl ionone alpha], [gamma] methyl ionone, and amyl cyclohexanone, and these components of the mixture.

其它合适的香料是能掩蔽或有助于掩蔽与汗液相关的臭味的那些香料(以后称之为臭味掩蔽香料),其一些非限定性的例子描述在美国专利5554588、美国专利4278658、美国专利5501805和欧洲专利申请684037A1中,此处引入这些专利作为参考。 Other suitable perfumes are those flavors can mask or help to mask odors associated with perspiration (hereinafter referred to as odor masking fragrances), some non-limiting examples are described in U.S. Patent 5,554,588, in U.S. Patent No. 4,278,658, U.S. Patent No. 5,501,805 and in European Patent application 684037A1, these patents are incorporated herein by reference. 优选的臭味掩蔽香料是按照欧洲专利申请684037A1中所述的除臭值试验测出的除臭值至少是约0.25,更优选是约0.25至约3.5,甚至更优选是约0.9至约3.5的那些香料。 Preferred odor masking fragrances are in accordance with European Patent Application 684037A1 of deodorant value of the deodorant test measured value is at least about 0.25, more preferably from about 0.25 to about 3.5, even more preferably from about 0.9 to about 3.5 those spices.

用于本申请的香料还可含有本领域公知的增溶剂、稀释剂或溶剂。 Perfumes used in the present application may further contain well-known in the art solubilizers, diluents or solvents. 这些材料描述在Arctander,Perfume and Flavour Chemicals(香料和调味化学品)(Aroma Chemicals),第I和II卷(1969)中。 These materials are described in Arctander, Perfume and Flavour Chemicals (Perfume and Flavor Chemicals,) (Aroma Chemicals), Vol. I and II (1969). 这些材料一般包括少量的双丙甘醇、双乙甘醇、C1-C6醇和/或苯甲醇。 These materials typically include small amounts of dipropylene glycol, glycol diacetate, C1-C6 alcohol and / or benzyl alcohol.

悬浮剂或增稠剂用于本发明涂布器中的防汗或除臭组合物包括一种有助于使组合物有所需的粘度或产品硬度或者有助于使任意分散的固体或液体悬浮在组合物中的悬浮剂或增稠剂。 Suspending or thickening agents used in the present invention is applied antiperspirant or deodorant composition comprises a composition helps to have a desired viscosity or product hardness, or contribute to the dispersion of any solid or liquid suspending or thickening agents in suspension compositions. 合适的悬浮剂或增稠剂包括任意已知的或者能够有效地给组合物提供悬浮或增稠性能或者能使结构有最终产品形式的材料。 Suitable suspending agents or thickeners include any known or effective to provide suspending or thickening properties to the composition or the structure can have the form of the final product material. 这些悬浮剂或增稠剂包括胶凝剂和聚合的或非聚合的或无机的增稠剂或稠化剂。 These suspending or thickening agents include gelling agents, and polymeric or nonpolymeric or inorganic thickening or viscosifying agent. 这些材料最典型地包括有机固体、硅氧烷固体、晶体或其它胶凝剂、无机粒子如粘土或二氧化硅、或其混合物。 These materials are most typically include organic solids, silicone solids, crystalline or other gellants, inorganic particles such as clay or silica, or mixtures thereof.

用在防汗和除臭组合物中的所选的悬浮剂或增稠剂的浓度和类型随所需的产品形式、粘度和硬度而变化。 For use in antiperspirant and deodorant compositions of the selected suspending or thickening agents vary with concentration and type of product form, viscosity, and the desired hardness. 对于大多数适用于本发明组合物的悬浮剂或增稠剂来说,这类悬浮剂或增稠剂的浓度占所选的防汗或除臭组合物重量的约0.1%至约35%,更一般是约0.1%至约20%。 For most compositions suitable suspending or thickening agents of the present invention, the concentration of such suspending or thickening agents selected from about 0.1% antiperspirant or deodorant composition to about 35% by weight, more typically from about 0.1% to about 20%.

本申请中适用作悬浮剂或增稠剂的胶凝剂包括但不限定为:脂肪醇、脂肪醇酯、脂肪酸、羟基脂肪酸、脂肪酸或羟基脂肪酸的酯和酰胺、脂肪酸醚、乙氧基化的脂肪醇、乙氧基化的脂肪酸、蜡、胆固醇物质、二亚苄基糖醇(dibenzylidene alditols)、羊毛脂物质、其它的酰胺和聚酰胺胶凝剂,及其相应的盐。 This application is suitable for use as suspending agents or thickening gelling agents include, but are not limited to: amides and esters of fatty alcohols, fatty alcohol esters, fatty acids, hydroxy fatty acids, fatty acid or hydroxy fatty acid, fatty acid ethers, ethoxylated fatty alcohols, ethoxylated fatty acids, waxes, cholesterol substance, dibenzylidene alditol (dibenzylidene alditols), lanolin material, other and polyamide gelling agent, and corresponding salts thereof. 所有这些胶凝剂中的脂肪族烷基部分优选有约14至约60个碳原子,更优选有约20至40个碳原子,该脂肪族烷基可以是饱和的或非饱和的,取代的或非取代的,支链的或直链的或环状的。 All of these gelling agents are the aliphatic alkyl portion preferably from about 14 to about 60 carbon atoms, more preferably from about 20 to 40 carbon atoms, the aliphatic group may be saturated or unsaturated, substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched or cyclic.

本申请所用的术语“取代的”指已知的或能有效地连接到胶凝剂或其它化合物上的化学部分。 As used herein, the term "substituted" refers to known or can be operably linked to a chemical moiety of gelling agents or other compounds. 这些取代基包括C.Hansch和A.Leo,SubstituentConstants for Correlation Analysis in Chemistry and Biology(化学和生物中的相关分析用的取代基常数)(1979)所列举和描述的那些取代基,此处将其列表和描述引入作为参考。 These substituents include C.Hansch and A.Leo, SubstituentConstants for Correlation Analysis in (substituent constants and chemical analysis of related organisms) Chemistry and Biology (1979) as described and exemplified those substituents, where it is listing and description are incorporated by reference. 这些取代基的例子包括但不限定为:烷基、链烯基、烷氧基、羟基、氧代、硝基、氨基、氨基烷基(如,氨基甲基等)、氰基、卤素、羧基、烷氧乙酰基(如,乙氧羰基等)、硫羟基、芳基、环烷基、杂芳基、杂环芳基(如,哌啶基、吗啉基、吡咯烷基等)、亚氨基、硫代(thioxo)、羟烷基、芳氧基、芳烷基、及其组合。 Examples of such substituents include, but are not limited to: alkyl, alkenyl, alkoxy, hydroxy, oxo, nitro, amino, aminoalkyl (e.g., aminomethyl, etc.), cyano, halogen, carboxy , acetyl alkoxy group (e.g., ethoxycarbonyl, etc.), thiol, aryl, cycloalkyl, heteroaryl, heterocyclic aromatic groups (e.g., piperidinyl, morpholinyl, pyrrolidinyl, etc.), alkylene amino, thio (thioxo), hydroxyalkyl, aryloxy, arylalkyl, and combinations thereof.

本申请所用的术语“相应的盐”指与任何酸性基团(如羧基)形成的阳离子盐或与任何碱性基团(如氨基)形成的阴离子盐,这两种盐都适于局部涂布到人皮肤上。 As used herein, the term "corresponding salts" refers to the anionic salt of any acidic groups (e.g. carboxyl group) or a cationic salt formed with any basic group (e.g. an amino group) is formed, which is suitable for topical application both salts to human skin. 许多这样的盐在本领域是公知的,其例子描述在1987年9月11日公开的Johnston等的国际专利申请87/05297中,此处引入其描述作为参考。 Many such salts are known in the art, examples of which are described in Sept. 11, 1987 Johnston et disclosed in International Patent Application 87/05297, the description thereof is incorporated herein by reference.

适用于本申请描述的防汗组合物中的脂肪醇包括那些在环境条件下是固体并且有约8至约40个碳原子的化合物。 Antiperspirant compositions suitable for use herein described include those fatty alcohols solid at ambient conditions and compound 8 to about 40 carbon atoms approximately. 这些胶凝剂是蜡状材料,其最一般的使用浓度是选择的防汗组合物重量的约0.1%至约25%,优选是约3%至约20%。 These gelling agents are wax-like material, from about 0.1% to about 25% of its most general used at a concentration selected antiperspirant weight of the composition, preferably from about 3% to about 20%. 用于本申请中的脂肪醇的具体例子包括但不限定为:十六烷醇、十四烷醇、十八烷醇和Petrolite出品的Unilin系列如Unilin 550,Unilin700,Unilin400,Unilin350和Unilin325。 Specific examples of fatty alcohols used in this application include, but are not limited to: cetyl alcohol, myristyl alcohol, stearyl alcohol and produced Petrolite Unilin series such as Unilin 550, Unilin700, Unilin400, Unilin350 and Unilin325.

适用于本申请描述的防汗组合物中的脂肪醇酯的非限定性的例子包括柠檬酸三异硬脂基酯、二-12-羟基硬脂酸乙二醇酯、柠檬酸三硬脂基酯、辛酸硬脂基酯、庚酸硬脂基酯和柠檬酸三月桂酯。 Non-limiting examples of suitable antiperspirant compositions described herein include fatty alcohol esters of trisodium isostearyl acrylate, ethylene glycol bis-12-hydroxystearic acid, citric acid tristearyl esters, stearyl octanoate, stearyl heptanoate, and March Gui citrate esters.

适用于本申请描述的防汗和除臭组合物中的脂肪酸包括但不限定为:具有约10至约40个碳原子的脂肪酸和羟基或α-羟基脂肪酸,其例子包括12-羟基硬脂酸、12-羟基月桂酸、16-羟基十六烷酸、二十二烷酸、eurcicacid、硬脂酸、辛酸、月桂酸、异硬脂酸和其混合物及其盐。 Deodorant and antiperspirant compositions suitable for the present application described fatty acids include, but are not limited to: a fatty acid and a hydroxyl group α- or hydroxy fatty acid from about 10 to about 40 carbon atoms, examples of which include 12-hydroxystearic acid , 12-hydroxystearic acid, 16-hydroxy hexadecanoic acid, behenic acid, eurcicacid, stearic acid, caprylic acid, lauric acid, isostearic acid and mixtures thereof and salts thereof. 一些优选的适用于本申请的脂肪酸的例子在美国专利5429816(1995年7月4日授予Hofrichter等)和美国专利5552136(1996年9月3日授予Motley)中作了描述,此处引入两篇公开文献作为参考。 Some preferred examples of the present application is applicable to fatty acids (to Motley on September 3, 1996) in U.S. Patent No. 5,429,816 (July 4, 1995 granted to Hofrichter like) and are described in U.S. Patent No. 5,552,136, incorporated herein two publication reference. 一些可商购的脂肪酸的例子包括但不限定为:Petrolite出品的Unicid400。 Some examples of commercially available fatty acids can include, but are not limited to: Petrolite produced Unicid400.

适用于本申请描述的防汗和除臭组合物中的脂肪酸盐的非限定性的例子包括那些脂肪酸部分有约12至约40个碳原子,优选有约12至约22个碳原子,更优选有约16至约20个碳原子,最优选有约18个碳原子的化合物。 Non-limiting examples of fatty acid salt antiperspirant and deodorant compositions suitable for use herein include those described in the fatty acid moiety from about 12 to about 40 carbon atoms, preferably from about 12 to about 22 carbon atoms, more preferably from about 16 to about 20 carbon atoms, 18 carbon atoms, the compounds most preferably about. 用在这些胶凝剂中的合适的形成盐的阳离子包括金属盐例如:碱金属如钠和钾,碱土金属如镁,和铝。 For use in these gelling agent Suitable salt-forming cations include metal salts, for example: alkali metals such as sodium and potassium, alkaline earth metals such as magnesium, and aluminum. 优选钠和钾盐,更优选硬脂酸钠、棕榈酸钠、硬脂酸钾、棕榈酸钾、肉豆蔻酸钠、单硬脂酸铝,及其混合物。 Preferably sodium and potassium salts, more preferably sodium stearate, sodium palmitate, potassium stearate, potassium palmitate, sodium myristate, aluminum monostearate, and mixtures thereof. 最优选硬脂酸钠。 Most preferably sodium stearate.

适用于本申请描述的防汗组合物中的乙氧基化胶凝剂包括但不限定为:Unithox325、Unithox400、Unithox450、Unithox480、Unithox520、Unithox550、Unithox720和Unithox750(所有这些都是Petrolite出品的)、C20至C40的pareth-3、及其混合物。 Antiperspirant compositions suitable for the present application described ethoxylated gellants include, but are not limited to: Unithox325, Unithox400, Unithox450, Unithox480, Unithox520, Unithox550, Unithox720 and Unithox750 (all of which are produced Petrolite), C20 to C40 pareth-3, and mixtures thereof.

适用于本申请描述的防汗组合物中的脂肪酸酯包括酯蜡,单甘油酯,二甘油酯,甘油三酯及其混合物。 Fatty acid esters suitable for use in antiperspirant compositions described herein include ester waxes, monoglycerides, diglycerides, triglycerides, and mixtures thereof. 优选甘油酯。 Preferred glycerides. 合适的酯蜡的非限定性例子包括硬脂酸硬脂基酯,二十二烷酸硬脂基酯,硬脂酸棕榈基酯,硬脂基辛基十二醇,鲸蜡基酯,二十二烷酸十六烷基/十八烷基酯,二十二烷酸二十二烷基酯,二硬脂酸乙二醇酯,二棕榈酸乙二醇酯,以及蜂蜡。 Non-limiting examples of suitable ester waxes include stearyl stearate, behenic acid, stearyl stearate, palmityl acrylate, stearyl octyl dodecanol, cetyl esters, di dodecanoic acid hexadecyl / octadecyl ester, behenic acid dodecyl ester, ethylene glycol distearate, ethylene glycol dipalmitate, and beeswax. 商购的酯蜡的例子包括Koster Keunen出品的Kester蜡,Croda出品的Crodamol SS,以及RhonePoulenc出品的Demalcare SPS。 Examples of commercially available ester waxes include Kester waxes produced Koster Keunen, Croda produced Crodamol SS, and Demalcare SPS RhonePoulenc produced. 优选三-二十二烷酸甘油酯和其它的甘油三酯,其中所述其它的甘油三酯中至少约75%,优选约100%的酯化脂肪酸部分有约18至约36个碳原子,并且三-二十二烷酸甘油酯和所述其它的甘油三酯的摩尔比是约20∶1至约1∶1,优选约10∶1至约3∶1,更优选约6∶1至约4∶1。 Preferably three - behenic acid glycerides and other triglycerides, wherein said other triglycerides is at least about 75%, preferably about 100% of the esterified fatty acid moieties of from about 18 to about 36 carbon atoms, and three - molar ratio of glyceryl behenate, triglycerides and the other is about 1 to about 20, preferably from about 3 to about 10, more preferably from about 6 to about 4. 酯化脂肪酸部分可以是饱和的或非饱和的,取代的或非取代的,直链的或支链的,但是优选是从有约18至约36个碳原子的脂肪酸材料衍生得到的直链的饱和的非取代的酯部分。 Esterified fatty acid moieties may be saturated or unsaturated, substituted or unsubstituted, linear or branched, but are preferably linear fatty acids obtained from the material derived from about 18 to about 36 carbon atoms, saturated, unsubstituted ester moieties. 甘油三酯胶凝剂的优选熔点小于约110℃,优选为约50℃至110℃。 Triglyceride gelling agent having a melting point less than about 110 ℃, preferably from about 50 deg.] C to 110 ℃. 甘油三酯胶凝剂的浓度优选是选择的防汗组合物重量的约4%至约20%,更优选是约4%至约10%。 Concentration of triglyceride gelling agent is preferably from about 4% to about 20% of selected anti-perspirant composition by weight, more preferably from about 4% to about 10%. 优选的甘油三酯胶凝剂的具体例子包括但不限定为:三硬脂酸甘油酯,氢化植物油,三羟基硬脂酸甘油酯(Rheox,Inc.出品的Thixcin),菜籽油,蓖麻蜡,鱼油,棕榈酸甘油三酯,SyncrowaxHRC和SyncrowaxHGL-C(Croda,Inc.出品的Syncrowax)。 Preferred specific examples of triglyceride gelling agents include, but are not limited to: glyceryl tristearate, hydrogenated vegetable oils, glyceryl trihydroxy stearate (. Rheox, Inc produced Thixcin), rapeseed oil, castor hemp wax, fish oil, palmitic acid triglyceride, SyncrowaxHRC and SyncrowaxHGL-C (Croda, Inc. produced Syncrowax). 其它合适的甘油酯包括但不限定为:硬脂酸甘油酯和二硬脂酸甘油酯。 Other suitable glycerides include, but are not limited to: glyceryl stearate and glyceryl distearate.

适用于本申请描述的防汗和除臭组合物中的酰胺胶凝剂包括单酰胺胶凝剂、二酰胺胶凝剂、三酰胺胶凝剂和其混合物,其非限定性的例子包括椰油酰胺MEA(单乙醇胺)、硬脂酰胺、油酰胺、油酰胺MEA、牛油酰胺单乙醇胺及描述在美国专利5429816(1995年7月4日授权于Hofrichter等)中的正酰基氨基酸酰胺衍生物,此处引入该文献作为参考。 Antiperspirant and deodorant compositions described herein suitable amide gellants include monoamide gellants, diamide gellants, triamide gellants, and mixtures thereof, nonlimiting examples of which include coconut oil amide MEA (monoethanolamine), stearamide, oleamide, oleamide MEA, tallow and described monoethanolamine (issued to Hofrichter et July 4, 1995) n-acyl amino acid amide derivatives in U.S. Patent 5,429,816, this document incorporated herein by reference. 其它合适的酰胺胶凝剂描述在美国专利5429816和1996年12月20日申请的序列号为08/771183的美国专利申请中,此处引入这些文献作为参考。 Other suitable amide gelling agents are described in U.S. Patent No. 5,429,816 and Serial No. filed December 20, 1996 as U.S. Patent Application 08/771183, herein incorporated by reference in these documents. 酰胺胶凝剂的浓度优选是选择的防汗或除臭组合物重量的约0.1%至约25%,更优选是约1%至约15%,甚至更优选是约1%至约10%。 Amide gellant concentration is preferably from about 0.1% to about 25% of the selected antiperspirant or deodorant composition by weight, more preferably from about 1% to about 15%, even more preferably from about 1% to about 10%.

适用于本申请描述的防汗和除臭组合物中的其它合适的胶凝剂包括熔点大于65℃,更一般地是约65℃至约130℃的蜡和蜡状物质,其例子包括但不限定为:蜡如蜂蜡、巴西棕榈蜡、月桂果(baysberry)、小烛树蜡、褐煤蜡、地蜡(ozokerite)、纯地蜡(ceresin)、氢化蓖麻油(蓖麻蜡)、合成蜡、微晶蜡。 Other suitable gelling agent, antiperspirant and deodorant compositions suitable for use herein described comprises a melting point greater than 65 ℃, more typically from about 65 deg.] C to about 130 ℃ waxes and waxy materials, examples of which include, but are not is defined as: waxes such as beeswax, carnauba wax, bayberry (baysberry), candelilla wax, montan wax, ozokerite (ozokerite), ceresin wax (ceresin), hydrogenated castor oil (castor wax), synthetic waxes, microcrystalline wax. 在这组蜡中优选蓖麻蜡。 In this group of wax is preferably castor wax. 其它高熔点的蜡描述在美国专利4049792(1977年9月20日授权于Elsnau)中,此处引入该文献作为参考。 Other high melting point waxes are described in U.S. Patent No. 4,049,792 (September 20, 1977 issued to Elsnau) in this document incorporated herein by reference.

适用于本申请描述的防汗组合物中的其它合适的悬浮剂或增稠剂包括如粘土和胶态热解法二氧化硅颜料的粒状悬浮剂或增稠剂。 Other suitable suspending or thickening agents suitable for use in antiperspirant compositions described herein include such as clays and colloidal particulate suspending or thickening fumed silica pigments. 其它已知的或有效的悬浮剂或增稠剂同样可用在本申请描述的防汗组合物中。 Or other known suspending agents or thickening agents effective also be used in the present application describes antiperspirant compositions. 这些合适的粒状增稠剂的浓度优选是选择的防汗组合物重量的约0.001%至约15%,更优选是约1%至约15%,甚至更优选是约1%至约8%。 Suitable particulate concentration of these thickeners is preferably from about 0.001% to about 15% of selected anti-perspirant composition by weight, more preferably from about 1% to about 15%, even more preferably from about 1% to about 8%. 优选胶态热解法二氧化硅颜料,一个常见的例子包括Cab-O-Sil,这是一种亚微粒状热解法二氧化硅。 Preferably colloidal fumed silica pigments, a Common examples include Cab-O-Sil, which is a sub particulate fumed silica.

合适的粘土悬浮剂或增稠剂包括蒙脱土,其例子包括膨润土、锂蒙脱石及胶态硅酸铝镁。 Suitable suspending or thickening agents include montmorillonite clays, examples of which include bentonites, hectorites and colloidal magnesium aluminum silicate. 这些及其它合适的粘土悬浮剂优选是经过疏水处理的,并且当这样处理时一般与一种粘土活化剂结合使用。 These and other suitable clay suspending agents are preferably hydrophobically treated, and when such a process is generally used in combination with a clay activator. 合适的粘土活化剂的非限定性例子包括丙烯碳酸酯、乙醇及其混合物。 Suitable non-limiting examples of clay activators include propylene carbonate, ethanol, and mixtures thereof. 粘土活化剂的用量一般是粘土重量的约25%至约75%,更一般地是约40%至约60%。 The amount of clay activator is generally from about 25% to about 75% by weight of the clay, more typically from about 40% to about 60%.

液体载体用于本发明涂布器中的防汗和除臭组合物包括一种在环境条件下是液体的液体载体,其中的液体载体包括一种或多种液体载体的混合物或液体载体和溶解的固体载体的混合物,只要这样的混合物在环境条件下是液态。 Liquid carriers are used in the coating of the present invention, the antiperspirant and deodorant composition comprises a liquid carrier is liquid under ambient conditions, wherein the mixture comprises a liquid carrier or liquid carrier and dissolving one or more liquid carrier the mixture of solid support, provided that such mixtures are liquid at ambient conditions.

防汗和除臭组合物中的液体载体的浓度随选择的液体载体的类型、与液体载体结合使用的悬浮剂或增稠剂的类型、所需的产品形状等而变化。 Type carrier concentration of the liquid antiperspirant and deodorant compositions with the selected liquid carrier, for use in conjunction with liquid carriers or suspending agents thickening agents of the type, the desired product shape and the like. 液体载体的优选浓度是选择的防汗或除臭组合物重量的约1%至约90%,优选是约10%至约80%,更优选是约20%至约70%。 Preferably the concentration of the liquid carrier is from about 1% to about 90% of the selected antiperspirant or deodorant composition by weight, preferably from about 10% to about 80%, more preferably from about 20% to about 70%.

本申请描述的防汗和除臭组合物可以配制成含水的或无水的组合物。 Antiperspirant and deodorant compositions described herein can be formulated into an aqueous or anhydrous composition. 对于含水组合物来说,该组合物可进一步包括约10wt%至约75wt%的水,优选约10wt%至约60wt%的水,甚至更优选约15wt%至约50wt%的水。 For aqueous compositions, the composition may further comprise from about 10wt% to about 75wt% water, preferably from about 10wt% to about 60wt% water, even more preferably about 15wt% to about 50wt% water. 对于无水组合物来说,该组合物含有约小于10wt%,更优选约小于5wt%,甚至更优选约小于3wt%,甚至更优选约小于1wt%,最优选是0wt%的游离的水或加入的水。 For dry compositions, the composition contains less than about 10wt%, more preferably less than about 5wt%, and even more preferably less than about 3wt%, and even more preferably less than about 1wt%, most preferably 0 wt% free water or added water.

液体载体包括一种或多种适合局部涂敷到人皮肤上的液体载体。 Liquid carriers include one or more liquid carriers suitable for topical application to human skin. 这些液体载体包括任意的可安全有效地局部使用的含有机硅氧烷的或含氟的、挥发或不挥发的、极性或非极性的液体载体,条件是在选定的组合物的加工温度下得到的载体材料的混合物能形成溶液或其它均质液体或均质液体分散体。 These processing liquid carriers include any silicone-containing or fluorine-containing, volatile or nonvolatile, polar or non-polar liquid carrier, provided that the selected compositions safe and effective for topical use the mixture of carrier material is obtained at a temperature capable of forming a solution or other homogenous liquid or homogenous liquid dispersion. 防汗和除臭组合物的加工温度是约28℃至约250℃,更一般地是约28℃至约110℃、甚至更一般地是约28℃至约100℃。 Antiperspirant and deodorant processing temperature of the composition is from about 28 ℃ to about 250 ℃, more typically from about 28 ℃ to about 110 ℃, and even more typically from about 28 ℃ to about 100 ℃.

本申请所用的术语“挥发的”指在25℃时测定的蒸汽压是约0.01mmHg至约6mmHg,优选是约0.02mmHg至约1.5mmHg,并且在1大气压(latm)的压力下其平均沸点约小于约250℃,优选约小于235℃的那些材料。 As used herein, the term "volatile" refers to a vapor pressure measured at 25 ℃ about 0.01mmHg to about 6mmHg, preferably from about about 0.02mmHg to 1.5mmHg, and an average boiling point at a pressure of 1 atmosphere (1 atm) from about less than about 250 ℃, preferably less than about 235 deg.] C of those materials. 相反,本申请所用的术语“不挥发的”指在1大气压的压力、约50%的相对湿度、约25℃的条件下不具有可测量的蒸汽压的那些材料。 In contrast, as used herein, the term "non-volatile" refers to a pressure of 1 atm at about 50% relative humidity, at about 25 deg.] C do not have a measurable vapor pressure those materials.

本申请所用的术语“非极性的”指溶解度参数小于8.0(cal/cm3)0.5,优选是约5.0(cal/cm3)0.5至小于8.0(cal/cm3)0.5,更优选是约6.0(cal/cm3)0.5至约7.60(cal/cm3)0.5的那些材料。 As used herein, the term "non-polar" refers to a solubility parameter of less than 8.0 (cal / cm3) 0.5, preferably from about 5.0 (cal / cm3) 0.5 to less than 8.0 (cal / cm3) 0.5, more preferably from about 6.0 (cal /cm3)0.5 to about 7.60 (cal / cm3) 0.5 of those materials.

本申请描述的液体载体及其它材料的溶解度参数用确定一种溶剂或其它材料的相对极性的化学领域中公知的方法测定。 The liquid carrier described herein, and other materials of the solubility parameter is determined by measuring the chemical arts relatively polar solvent, or other materials known methods. 对溶解度参数及其测定方法的描述见CDVaughan,“Solubility Effects in Product,Package,Penetrationand Preservation”(产品、包装、渗透和保存中的溶解度参数)103 Cosmetics andToiletries,47-69,1988年10月;及CDVaughan,“Using SolubilityParameters in Cosmetics Formulation”(在化妆品配制中使用溶解度参数)36 J.Soc.Cosmetic Chemists 319-333,1988年9月/10月,此处引入这些内容作为参考。 See description CDVaughan solubility parameters and their determination, "Solubility Effects in Product, Package, Penetrationand Preservation" (solubility parameters of the product, packaging, and storage in the permeate) 103 Cosmetics andToiletries, 47-69, 1988 years Oct; and CDVaughan, "using SolubilityParameters in cosmetics formulation" (used in cosmetic formulations solubility parameter) 36 J.Soc.Cosmetic Chemists 319-333, 1988 September / October October, which are incorporated herein by reference.

合适的含硅氧烷的液体载体的非限定性例子包括挥发或不挥发的硅氧烷、改性的或有机官能团的硅氧烷及其混合物。 Non-limiting examples of suitable silicone-containing liquid carriers include volatile silicones and mixtures or nonvolatile silicone, or a modified organic functional group. 挥发的硅氧烷载体可以是具有本申请中定义的必需的挥发度的环状、直链或支链硅氧烷。 Volatile silicone carriers may be necessary to have an annular volatility defined herein, linear or branched siloxanes. 不挥发的硅氧烷优选是直链硅氧烷。 Nonvolatile silicone is preferably a linear siloxane. 改性的或有有机官能团的硅氧烷载体包括:聚烷基硅氧烷、聚烷芳基硅氧烷、聚酯硅氧烷、聚醚硅氧烷共聚物、聚氟代硅氧烷、聚氨基硅氧烷及其混合物。 Modified or organofunctional silicone carrier groups include: polyalkyl siloxanes, poly alkylaryl siloxanes, polyestercarbonate siloxanes, polyether siloxane copolymer, polyfluorinated siloxane, polyamino siloxane, and mixtures thereof.

这些改性的硅氧烷载体在环境条件下一般是液态,其粘度优选小于约100,000厘沲,更优选小于约500厘沲,甚至更优选约1厘沲至约50厘沲,最优选约1厘沲至约20厘沲。 These modified silicone carriers are typically liquid under ambient conditions, the viscosity is preferably less than about 100,000 centistokes, more preferably less than about 500 centistokes, even more preferably from about 1 centistoke to about 50 centistokes, most preferably from about 1 centistokes to about 20 centistokes. 这些改性的硅氧烷载体通常是化学领域公知的,一些例子在下列文献中作了描述:1 Cosmetics,Science and Technology27-104(M.Balsam和E.Sagarin编辑,1972);美国专利4202879(1980年5月13日授权于Shelton);美国专利5069897(1991年12月3日授权于Orr);此处引入这些内容作为参考。 These modified silicone carriers are generally known in the chemical arts, some examples are described in the following documents: 1 Cosmetics, Science and Technology27-104 (M.Balsam E.Sagarin and editing, 1972); U.S. Patent No. 4,202,879 ( May 13, 1980, issued to Shelton); US Patent 5,069,897 (December 3, 1991, issued to Orr); which is incorporated herein by reference.

合适的改性的硅氧烷载体包括但不限定为:如前面所定义的那些化合物或材料,其通常如下表征:硅氧烷聚醚或硅氧烷二醇(如烷氧基化聚二甲基硅氧烷);硅氧烷烷基-连接的聚醚(如Goldschmidt EM-90或EM-97);悬架/耙子/梳子构型的硅氧烷表面活性剂,三硅氧烷构型的硅氧烷表面活性剂和ABA/α-ω嵌段共聚物的硅氧烷表面活性剂(如聚氧亚烷基、聚氧亚乙基或乙氧基化的聚氧亚乙基/聚氧亚丙基或乙氧基化的/丙氧基化的);芳族取代的硅氧烷润肤剂(如苯基、α-甲基苯乙烯基、苯乙烯基、甲苯基、烷基苯基);有其它官能团的硅氧烷共聚物,这些官能团包括:氢、烷基、甲基、氨基、三氟丙基、乙烯基、烷氧基、芳烷基、芳基、苯基、苯乙烯基、聚醚类、酯类、羧酸类;烷基甲基硅氧烷或硅氧烷蜡(如己基、辛基、月桂基、鲸蜡基和硬脂基);端基是硅烷醇或三甲基 Suitable modified silicone carriers include, but are not limited to: those compounds or materials as defined previously, which is generally characterized as follows: silicone polyethers or silicone glycols (e.g., alkoxylated polydimethyl siloxane); alkyl siloxane - polyether (e.g., Goldschmidt EM-90 or EM-97) connection; suspension / rake / comb configuration, silicone surfactants, trisiloxane configuration silicone surfactants and ABA / α-ω block copolymer silicone surfactants (e.g., polyoxyalkylene, polyoxyethylene or ethoxylated polyoxyethylene / polypropylene propylene oxide or ethoxylated / propoxylated); aromatic substituted silicone emollients (such as phenyl, alpha] -methyl styrene, styryl, tolyl group, an alkyl group phenyl); siloxane copolymers with other functional groups, these functional groups include: hydrogen, alkyl, methyl, amino, trifluoropropyl, vinyl, alkoxy, aralkyl, aryl, phenyl, styryl, polyethers, esters, carboxylic acids; alkyl methyl siloxanes or silicone waxes (such as hexyl, octyl, lauryl, cetyl and stearyl); end groups are silane alcohol or trimethyl 甲硅烷氧基的非离子官能硅氧烷共聚物;主链基团是三硅氧烷或聚甲基烷基硅氧烷连接的非离子官能硅氧烷;非离子硅氧烷表面活性剂;四乙氧基硅烷;四甲氧基硅烷;六甲氧基硅氧烷;氧杂甲氧基三硅氧烷;硅氧烷乳化剂;硅氧烷或硅氧烷树脂、烷基硅氧烷树脂、聚氧亚烷基硅氧烷树脂;MQ树脂如Shiseido/Shin-etsu,如日本专利公开JP86143760或来自Walker chem.6MBH(EP722970所述);烷氧硅氧烷;烷氧硅烷;methicones(聚甲基烷基硅氧烷);及其混合物。 Nonionic functional siloxane copolymers siloxy; backbone groups are trisiloxane methylalkylpolysiloxane or nonionic functional siloxane connection; nonionic silicone surfactant; tetraethoxysilane; tetramethoxysilane; hexamethoxy silicone; oxa-methoxy trisiloxane; silicone emulsifiers; or siloxane resins, alkyl silicone resins , polyoxyalkylene silicone resins; the MQ resins such as Shiseido / Shin-etsu, as described in Japanese Patent Publication JP86143760 or from Walker chem.6MBH (the EP722970); alkoxy siloxane; alkoxysilane; methicones (poly methylalkylsiloxane); and mixtures thereof.

适用于本发明描述的防汗和除臭组合物中的改性硅氧烷载体的非限定性的例子包括下列购自Dow Corning的改性的硅氧烷:DC-556化妆品级流体(苯基三聚甲基烷基硅氧烷);DC-1784乳液;DC-AF乳液、DC-1520-US乳液;DC-593流体(聚二甲基硅氧烷和三甲基甲硅烷氧基硅酸盐);DC-3225C流体(环状聚二甲基硅氧烷和烷氧基化聚二甲基硅氧烷);DC-1401(环状聚二甲基硅氧烷和二甲基硅烷醇);DC-5640粉末;DC-Q2-5220(烷氧基化聚二甲基硅氧烷);DC-Q2-5324(烷氧基化聚二甲基硅氧烷);DC-2501化妆蜡(烷氧基化聚二甲基硅氧烷);DC-2502流体(鲸蜡基聚二甲基硅氧烷);DC-2503蜡(硬脂基聚二甲基硅氧烷);DC-1731挥发性流体(己酰基三聚甲基烷基硅氧烷);DC-1-3563(二甲基硅烷醇);DC-X2-1146A(环状聚二甲基硅氧烷和二甲基硅烷醇);DC-7224(三甲基甲硅基胺化聚二甲基硅氧烷);DC-X2-1318流体(环状聚二甲基硅氧 Non-limiting examples of modified silicone carriers antiperspirant and deodorant compositions suitable for use in the present invention include the following description available modified siloxane from Dow Corning: DC-556 Cosmetic Grade Fluid (phenyl trimeric methylalkylsiloxane); DC-1784 emulsion; DC-AF emulsion, DC-1520-US emulsion; DC-593 fluid (dimethicone and trimethyl siloxysilicate salt); DC-3225C fluid (cyclic polydimethylsiloxanes and alkoxylated polydimethylsiloxanes); DC-1401 (cyclic polydimethyl siloxane and dimethiconol ); DC-5640 powder; DC-Q2-5220 (alkoxylated polydimethylsiloxanes); DC-Q2-5324 (alkoxylated polydimethylsiloxanes); DC-2501 cosmetic wax (alkoxylated polydimethylsiloxanes); DC-2502 fluid (cetyl dimethicone); DC-2503 wax (stearyl dimethicone); the DC- 1731 volatile fluids (hexanoyl trimeric methylalkylsiloxane); DC-1-3563 (dimethiconol); DC-X2-1146A (cyclic polydimethyl siloxane and dimethyl silanols); DC-7224 (trimethylsilyl aminated polydimethylsiloxane); DC-X2-1318 fluid (polydimethylsiloxane cyclic silicone 和乙烯基聚二甲基硅氧烷);DC-QF1-3593A流体(三甲基甲硅烷氧基硅酸盐)和其混合物。 And vinyl dimethicone); DC-QF1-3593A fluid (trimethyl siloxy silicate), and mixtures thereof.

其它合适的改性的硅氧烷载体的非限定性例子包括下列购自GeneralElectric的改性的硅氧烷:GE CF-1142(甲基苯基硅氧烷流体);GE SF-1328;GE SF-1188(烷氧基化聚二甲基硅氧烷);GE SF-1188A和其混合物。 Non-limiting examples of other suitable silicone carriers include the following modified silicones available from GeneralElectric is modified: GE CF-1142 (methyl phenyl silicone fluid); GE SF-1328; GE SF -1188 (alkoxylated polydimethylsiloxanes); GE SF-1188A and mixtures thereof.

其它合适的改性的硅氧烷载体的非限定性例子包括下列购自Goldschmidt的改性的硅氧烷:Abil EM-90(硅氧烷乳液);Abil EM-97(聚醚硅氧烷);Tegomer H-Si 2111,H-Si 2311,A-Si 2120,A-Si 2320,C-Si 2141,C-Si 2341,E-Si 2130,E-Si-2330,V-Si 2150,V-Si 2550,H-Si 6420,H-Si 6440,H-Si 6460(α-ω聚二甲基硅氧烷共聚物)和其混合物。 Non-limiting examples of other suitable silicone carriers include the following modified silicones available from Goldschmidt is modified: Abil EM-90 (silicone emulsion); Abil EM-97 (polyether siloxane) ; Tegomer H-Si 2111, H-Si 2311, A-Si 2120, A-Si 2320, C-Si 2141, C-Si 2341, E-Si 2130, E-Si-2330, V-Si 2150, V- Si 2550, H-Si 6420, H-Si 6440, H-Si 6460 (α-ω dimethicone copolymers), and mixtures thereof.

其它合适的改性的硅氧烷载体的非限定性例子包括下列物质:购自PPGIndustries的Masil 756(四丁氧基丙基三硅氧烷);购自Olin的硅酸盐簇(三[三丁氧甲硅烷氧基]甲基硅烷);硅氧烷共聚物F-754(购自SWS硅氧烷的聚二甲基硅氧烷共聚物);及其混合物。 Non-limiting examples of other suitable carriers silicone-modified include the following: Masil 756 PPGIndustries available from the (tetrabutoxide propyl trisiloxane); available from Olin silicate cluster ([tris butoxy silyloxy] methylsilane); silicone copolymer F-754 (available from SWS silicones of polydimethylsiloxane copolymers); and mixtures thereof.

适用于本申请描述的防汗和除臭组合物中的挥发性硅氧烷的非限定性的例子描述在Todd等的“Volatile Silicone Fluids for Cosmetics”(化妆品用的挥发性硅氧烷流体),Cosmetics and Toiletries,91:27-32(1976),此处引入这些内容作为参考。 Non-limiting examples of volatile silicones deodorant and antiperspirant compositions suitable for use herein are described in the description Todd like "Volatile Silicone Fluids for Cosmetics" (Cosmetic volatile silicone fluid), Cosmetics and Toiletries, 91: 27-32 (1976), the contents of which are incorporated herein by reference. 这些挥发性硅氧烷中优选的是含有约3至约7个、更优选约4至约5个硅原子的环状硅氧烷。 It preferred among these volatile silicones containing from about 3 to about 7, more preferably a cyclic silicone from about 4 to about 5 silicon atoms. 最优选的是符合下式的那些物质: Most preferred are those which conform to the formula: 其中n为约3至约7,优选约4至约5,最优选为5。 Wherein n is from about 3 to about 7, preferably from about 4 to about 5, and most preferably 5. 这些挥发性的环状硅氧烷的粘度一般低于约10厘沲。 The viscosity of these volatile cyclic siloxanes generally less than about 10 centistokes. 除非特别指明,本申请所描述的所有粘度值是在环境条件下测量或测定的。 Unless otherwise specified, all viscosity values ​​present are described herein are measured or determined under ambient conditions. 本申请所用的合适的挥发性硅氧烷包括但不限定为:Cyclomethicone D-5(购自GESilicones);Dow Corning344;Dow Corning 345(购自Dow Corning Corp.);GE 7207,GE7158和硅氧烷流体SF-1202和SF-1173(购自General Electric Co.);SWS-03314,SWS-03400,F-222,F-223,F-250,F-251(购自SWS SiliconesCorp.);挥发性的硅氧烷7158,7207,7349(购自Union Carbide);MasilSF-V(购自Mazer)及其混合物。 Suitable volatile silicones used herein include, but are not limited to: Cyclomethicone D-5 (commercially available from GESilicones); Dow Corning344; Dow Corning 345 (. Available from Dow Corning Corp); GE 7207, GE7158 and silicone fluid SF-1202 and SF-1173 (available from General Electric Co.); SWS-03314, SWS-03400, F-222, F-223, F-250, F-251 (available from SWS SiliconesCorp.); volatile silicone 7158,7207,7349 (available from Union Carbide); MasilSF-V (available from Mazer) and mixtures thereof.

适用于本申请描述的防汗和除臭组合物中的不挥发的硅氧烷载体优选是直链硅氧烷,其包括但不限定为符合下式的物质: Antiperspirants described herein are applicable to and nonvolatile silicone carrier is preferably in the deodorant composition are linear siloxanes, including but not limited to substance corresponding to the formula: or 其中n大于或等于1。 Wherein n is greater than or equal to 1. 这些直链硅氧烷材料在环境条件下所测定的粘度值高达约100,000厘沲,优选小于约500厘沲,更优选约1厘沲至约200厘沲,甚至更优选约1厘沲至约50厘沲。 These linear silicone materials viscosity values ​​measured under ambient conditions up to about 100,000 centistokes, preferably less than about 500 centistokes, more preferably from about 1 centistoke to about 200 centistokes, even more preferably about 1 to about centistokes 50 centistokes. 适用于本申请的不挥发的直链硅氧烷的例子包括但不限定为:六甲基二硅氧烷;Rhodorsil Oils 70047(购自Rhone-Poulenc);购自Mazer的Masil SF流体;Dow Corning 200;DowCorning 225;Dow Corning 1732;Dow Corning 5732;Dow Corning5750(购自Dow Corning Corp.);SF-96,SF-1066和SF18(350)硅氧烷流体(购自GESilicones);Velvasil和Viscasil(购自General Electric Co.);SiliconeL-45,Silicone L530,Silicone L-531(购自Union Carbide);Siloxane F-221和Silicone Fluid SWS-101(购自SWS Silicones)及其混合物。 Examples of non-volatile linear silicones suitable for use herein include, but are not limited to: hexamethyldisiloxane; Rhodorsil Oils 70047 (commercially available from Rhone-Poulenc); Masil SF Fluid available from Mazer of; Dow Corning 200; DowCorning 225; Dow Corning 1732; Dow Corning 5732; Dow Corning5750 (available from Dow Corning Corp.); SF-96, SF-1066 and SF18 (350) silicone fluid (available from GESilicones); Velvasil and Viscasil ( available from General Electric Co);. SiliconeL-45, Silicone L530, Silicone L-531 (available from Union Carbide); Siloxane F-221 and Silicone Fluid SWS-101 (available from SWS Silicones), and mixtures thereof.

防汗和除臭组合物优选包括挥发的和不挥发的硅氧烷材料的混合物,更优选是挥发的和不挥发的硅氧烷液体载体的混合物。 Antiperspirant and deodorant composition preferably comprises a mixture of volatile and nonvolatile silicone materials, more preferably a mixture of volatile and nonvolatile silicone carrier liquids. 这些硅氧烷材料的合适的混合物的非限定性例子描述在美国专利5156834中(Beckmeyer等),此处引入该文献作为参考。 Non-limiting examples of suitable mixtures of such silicone materials are described in U.S. Patent No. 5,156,834 (, Beckmeyer, etc.), this document incorporated herein by reference.

适用于本申请描述的防汗和除臭组合物中的极性有机液体载体的非限定性例子包括一元醇和多元醇、脂肪酸、一元和二元羧酸与一元和多元醇的酯、聚氧乙烯、聚氧丙烯、醇的聚烷氧基化物的醚及其混合物。 Deodorant and antiperspirant compositions suitable for the application described in the present non-limiting examples of the polar organic liquid carriers include monohydric alcohols and polyhydric alcohols, fatty acid, mono- and dicarboxylic acids with mono- and polyhydric alcohols, polyoxyethylene , polyoxypropylene, poly alkoxylate alcohols ethers and mixtures thereof. 优选地是,这些液体载体在环境条件下也是水不混溶的液体。 Preferably, the liquid carrier is at ambient conditions in a water immiscible liquid. 适用于本申请的其它合适的水不混溶的极性有机液液体载体或溶剂在Cosmetics,Science andTechnology,Vol.1,27-104(Balsam和Sagarin编,1972年);1980年5月13日授权于Shelton的美国专利4202879;1989年3月28日授权于Luebbe等的美国专利4816261中作了描述,此处引入这些内容作为参考。 Polar organic liquid carrier or solvent liquid suitable other water suitable for use herein is immiscible in Cosmetics, Science andTechnology, Vol.1,27-104 (Balsam and Sagarin ed., 1972); May 13, 1980 US Patent 4,202,879 issued to Shelton's; March 28, 1989 issued to Luebbe et al, US patent 4,816,261 are described in, which is incorporated herein by reference.

适用于本申请描述的防汗和除臭组合物中的其它合适的液体载体包括无水的、水可混溶的极性有机液体载体或溶剂,其例子包括短链醇如乙醇,二醇溶剂如丙二醇、己二醇、双丙甘醇、三丙甘醇等。 Other suitable liquid carriers antiperspirant and deodorant compositions described herein apply to include anhydrous, water-miscible polar organic liquid carriers or solvents, examples of which include short chain alcohols such as ethanol, a glycol solvent such as propylene glycol, hexylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, tripropylene glycol and the like. 其它合适的类似溶剂还包括聚烷氧基化载体如聚乙二醇、聚丙二醇、其混合物及其衍生物等。 Other suitable similar solvents also include polyalkoxylated carriers such as polyethylene glycol, polypropylene glycol, mixtures and derivatives thereof. 适用于本申请的极性溶剂的非限定性例子在美国专利5429816中作了描述,此处引入该文献作为参考。 Non-limiting examples of polar solvents suitable for the present application are described in U.S. Patent No. 5,429,816, the introduction of this document by reference herein. 其它合适的极性溶剂包括邻苯二甲酸盐助溶剂、苯甲酸盐助溶剂、肉桂酸酯、仲醇、乙酸苄酯、苯基链烷烃和其混合物。 Other suitable polar solvents include phthalate co-solvents, benzoate co-solvents, cinnamate esters, secondary alcohols, benzyl acetate, phenyl alkane, and mixtures thereof.

适用于本申请描述的防汗和除臭组合物中的非极性液体载体的非限定性例子包括矿物油、矿脂、异十六烷、异十二烷、各种烃油如购自Exxon Corp.的Isopar或Norpar系列,或购自Persperse的Permethyl系列,和购自PhillipsChemical的Soltrol系列以及其它任何已知的或能安全有效的局部涂敷于人体皮肤上的极性的或非极性的、水可混溶的、有机液体载体或溶剂。 Antiperspirant and deodorant compositions described herein apply to non-limiting examples of non-polar liquid carriers include mineral oil, petrolatum, isohexadecane, isododecane, various hydrocarbon oils such as those available from Exxon the Isopar or Norpar series Corp. or Permethyl series available from Persperse of, and the Soltrol series available from PhillipsChemical and any other known or can be safe and effective for topical application to the human skin polar or non-polar , water-miscible, organic liquid carrier or solvent.

适用于本申请描述的防汗和除臭组合物中的其它合适的液体载体包括含氟的液体载体如氟代化学品,其包括氟代表面活性剂、氟代调聚物和全氟代聚醚,其一些例子描述在Cosmestics & Toiletries,Using FluorinatedCompounds in Topical Preparations(在局部制剂中使用氟化化合物),Vol.111,47-62页(1996年10月)中,此处引入该文献作为参考。 Other suitable liquid carriers deodorant and antiperspirant compositions suitable for use herein described comprises a liquid carrier such as a fluorine-containing fluoro chemicals, which include fluorinated surfactants agents, fluorinated telomers and perfluoro poly ethers, some of which are described in examples Cosmestics & amp; Toiletries, using FluorinatedCompounds in topical preparations (fluorinated compound used in the topical formulation), Vol.111,47-62 page (October 1996), and incorporated herein by this document as reference. 这类液体载体的更具体的例子包括但不限定为:全氟聚甲基异丙基醚、全氟聚丙醚、丙烯酰胺氟化调聚物,氟化的酰胺表面活性剂、全氟化的硫醇表面活性剂。 More specific examples of such liquid carriers include, but are not limited to: perfluoropolymethyl isopropyl ether, perfluoro-poly ethers, acrylamide fluorinated telomer, fluorinated amide surfactants, perfluorinated thiol surfactant. 其它更具体的例子包括但不限定为:购自Dupont Performance Chemicals的商品名为FluortressPFPE oils的聚全氟代异丙醚,和购自Dupont PerformanceChemicals的商品名为Zonyl氟代表面活性剂的氟代表面活性剂系列。 Other more specific examples include, but are not limited to: available from Dupont Performance Chemicals trade polyperfluoroalkylsulfonic named FluortressPFPE oils of isopropyl ether, and available from Dupont PerformanceChemicals tradename Zonyl fluorosurfactants agent Representative fluorine series surfactant.

本申请描述的防汗和除臭组合物可进一步包括二甲基硅烷醇(dimethiconol)作为一种任选的液体载体。 Antiperspirant and deodorant compositions described herein may further comprise dimethiconol (Dimethiconol) as an optional liquid carrier. 二甲基硅烷醇的浓度优选占选择的防汗组合物重量的约0.1%至约50%,更优选约1%至约35%,甚至更优选约2%至约20%。 From about 0.1% to about 50% concentration of dimethyl silanol preferably comprises selected antiperspirant weight of the composition, more preferably from about 1% to about 35%, even more preferably from about 2% to about 20%. 适用作任选的液体载体的二甲基硅烷醇包括符合下式的那些物质: Suitable for use as optional liquid carriers include dimethiconol those which conform to the formula: 其中n大于或等于零,优选是约1至约100,更优选是约1至约50,甚至更优选是约1至约10。 Wherein n is greater than or equal to zero, preferably from about 1 to about 100, more preferably from about 1 to about 50, even more preferably from about 1 to about 10. 合适的二甲基硅烷醇的非限定性例子包括购自PPG/Specialty Chemicals的MasilSFR 70,MazolSFR 18000,MazolSFR 50000,MazolSFR 100,MazolSFR 150000,MazolSFR 750,MazolSFR 2000,和MazolSFR 3500;购自Universal Preservative的UnisilSF-R;及其混合物。 Suitable non-limiting examples of alcohols include dimethylsilane MasilSFR available from PPG / Specialty Chemicals of 70, MazolSFR 18000, MazolSFR 50000, MazolSFR 100, MazolSFR 150000, MazolSFR 750, MazolSFR 2000, and MazolSFR 3500; available from Universal Preservative the UnisilSF-R; and mixtures thereof. 其它可商购的二甲基硅烷醇包括购自Goldschmidt的AbilOSW 12,OSW 13,AbilOSW 15及AbilCK;购自Dow Corning的Dow Corning1401流体,Dow CorningQ2-1403流体,DowCorningX2-1286流体;购自Tri-K Industries的Tri-Sil HGC 5000;及其混合物。 Other commercially available alcohols include dimethylsilane available from Goldschmidt AbilOSW 12, OSW 13, AbilOSW 15 and AbilCK; available from Dow Corning as Dow Corning1401 fluid, Dow CorningQ2-1403 fluid , DowCorningX2-1286 fluid; available from Tri-K Industries of Tri-Sil HGC 5000; and mixtures thereof.

任选的组分用于本发明涂布器中的防汗和除臭组合物可进一步包括一种或多种任选的成分,这些成分能改善组合物的物理或化学特性,或当沉积在皮肤上时作为辅助“活性”成分。 Optional component of the present applicator for antiperspirant and deodorant compositions of the invention may further comprise one or more optional ingredients that improve the physical or chemical properties of the composition, or when deposited as auxiliary "active" ingredient on skin. 该组合物中还可包括任选的惰性成分。 The compositions may further comprise optional inert ingredients. 许多这样的任选材料是防汗、除臭或其它个人护理组合物领域所熟知的,并可用于本申请所描述的防汗和除臭组合物中,只要这些任选材料与本申请所述的必要物质相容,或者不会过分破坏产品的性能。 Many such optional materials are antiperspirant, deodorant compositions or other personal care composition are well known in the art, it can be used antiperspirant and deodorant compositions described herein, provided that such optional materials are described herein with the necessary materials are compatible or not unduly undermine the performance of the product.

适用于本申请描述的防汗和除臭组合物中的任选成分包括pH缓冲剂;附加润肤剂;保湿剂;染料和颜料;药剂;乳化剂;螯合剂;分散剂;防腐剂;残迹掩盖剂;洗除助剂;和柔软剂(soothing agents)如芦荟、尿囊素、D-泛酰醇、鳄梨油及其它植物油、及地衣提取物。 Optional ingredients antiperspirant and deodorant compositions described herein apply to include pH buffering agents; additional emollients; humectants; dyes and pigments; agents; emulsifying agents; chelating agents; dispersing agents; preservatives; vestigial masking agent; wash off aids; and softener (soothing agents) such as aloe vera, allantoin, D- panthenol, avocado oil and other vegetable oils, and lichen extract.

流变学本申请描述的防汗组合物的一个实施方案是有选定流变学分布图的防汗膏。 Rheology described herein in one embodiment of the antiperspirant composition is selected rheology profile of the antiperspirant cream. 流变学分布图在本申请中定义为对于防汗膏组合物来说,选定产品的δ应力(达因/厘米2)和静态屈服应力(达因/厘米2)值的结合。 Rheology profile is defined for the antiperspirant cream compositions, the selected stress δ products (due to 2 / cm of) binding and static yield stress (dyne / cm2) values ​​in the present application. 流变学分布图的这两个基本性能的测定方法将在下面详细描述。 Determination of the performance of these two basic rheological profile will be described in detail below. 除非特别指出,流变学方法的测定是在27℃、15%的相对湿度的条件下进行的。 Unless otherwise indicated, rheology measurement is performed at 27 ℃, relative humidity of 15%.

1.测定方法:δ应力和静态屈服应力为了测定防汗膏组合物的δ应力及静态屈服应力,用流变学动态应力流变仪(购自Rheometrics Inc.,Piscatawany,New Jersey,USA)分析该组合物并用Rhios软件4.2.2(也购自Rheometrics Inc.,Piscatawany,New Jersey,USA)对数据进行收集和分析。 1. Determination: δ stress and static yield stress To determine [delta] stress and static yield stress of the antiperspirant cream composition, with a rheological dynamic stress rheometer (available from Rheometrics Inc., Piscatawany, New Jersey, USA) Analysis the composition using Rhios software 4.2.2 and data collection and analysis (also available from Rheometrics Inc., Piscatawany, New Jersey, USA). 流变仪的结构是用一个25mm的顶盘(购自RheometricsInc.,Piscatawany,New Jersey,USA,部件号为LS-PELT-IP25)的平行盘样式。 Structure rheometer with 25mm of a top plate (commercially available from RheometricsInc., Piscatawany, New Jersey, USA, part number LS-PELT-IP25) parallel plate style. 把温度控制设置为37℃。 The temperature control is set to 37 ℃. 以“Stress Sweep:steady sweep”的缺省试验模式对防汗膏进行分析。 To "Stress Sweep: steady sweep" default test mode to analyze the antiperspirant cream. 流变仪设置的初始应力是1.0达因/厘米2,最终应力是63930达因/厘米2,应力增量是100达因/厘米2,每个数据点的最大时间是5秒钟。 Setting initial stress rheometer is 1.0 dyne / cm 2, the final stress is 63930 dyne / cm 2, the incremental stress is 100 dynes / cm 2, the maximum time of each data point is 5 seconds.

本申请所用的术语“静态屈服应力”指的是根据本申请描述的分析方法必须施加到防汗膏组合物上以使流变学动态应力流变仪的顶盘移动约4.2微弧度的最小应力(达因/厘米2)的量。 As used herein, the term "static yield stress" means must be applied to the antiperspirant cream composition to move the dynamic stress rheometer rheology of the top plate of about 4.2 milliradians minimum stress analysis according to the method described herein (dynes / cm 2) amount. 换句话说,静态屈服应力表示在产品的应力扫描分析中流变仪最初能够测出产品粘度的点。 In other words, static yield stress represents a stress sweep analysis of the product can be measured in a rheometer initial point viscosity of the product.

本申请所用的术语“δ应力”是通过组合物的动态屈服应力减去静态屈服应力而确定的。 As used herein, the term "stress [delta] 'is the dynamic yield stress of the composition by subtracting the static yield stress is determined. 动态屈服应力是测定粘度开始快速下降的点。 Dynamic yield stress is the rapid decline of the viscosity was measured start point. 这可通过在应力值之间的增量是100达因/厘米2时找到最后的应力值而很容易地测定。 This is achieved by the increment between stress values ​​is 100 dynes find the last value of stress / cm 2 and is easily measured. 换句话说,组合物的δ应力表示必须施加到组合物上使组合物基本液化的,超出组合物的静态屈服应力的应力增量。 In other words, [delta] represents the stress of the composition must be applied to the composition the composition substantially liquefied, stress increment beyond the static yield stress of the composition.

在防汗膏组合物已包装在本发明的涂布器中后测定其流变学性能。 In the antiperspirant cream composition after the packaging has been measured in the rheological properties of the coating of the present invention. 从涂布器中小心地移出一部分组合物使产品受到最小的剪切力,特别是不能使之卷曲或者重新组合成不同于其从组合物中移出时该部分的形状。 Removing a portion of the composition from the applicator carefully so that products with the minimum of shear forces, especially not so crimped or recombined into a different shape of the part when it is removed from the composition. 小心地将该部分平放在流变仪的底盘上,在放置过程中使施加在该部分上的剪切力最小。 The section is carefully placed flat on the chassis of the rheometer, the minimum shear force is applied in this portion during placement manipulation. 放置的该部分的面积至少和顶盘的面积一样大以确保在试验过程中两盘有正确的接触。 The area of ​​the portion of the placement area of ​​the top plate and at least as great as during the trial to ensure that the correct two contacts. 然后使顶盘朝向底盘下降,置于底盘上方约2mm处,因此其距平放在底盘上的产品部分约1mm。 The top plate is then lowered toward the chassis, placed above the chassis at about 2mm, so that the product portion is placed on the anomaly chassis about 1mm. 以最小的速度朝着底盘进一步下降,置于底盘上方约1.000(±0.002)mm处,此时将产品轻轻放置在底盘和顶盘之间并和二者接触。 Minimum speed towards a further decline in the chassis, placed above a bed of about 1.000 (± 0.002) mm at which time the product is placed and gently and contacts both between the chassis and the top plate. 用刮刀轻轻地将两个平行放置的盘外面和周围的过量产品刮去,小心使置于两盘之间的产品受到最小的或不受到来自刮刀的剪切力。 Gently with a spatula two parallel discs placed around the outside and scrape off excess product, the product carefully so disposed between the two or not the minimum of shear force from the blade. 用对应于试验产品类型的液体载体使流变仪上的溶剂保护垫饱和。 It corresponds to the test product with the type of liquid carrier solvent on the protective pad saturated rheometer. 使溶剂保护垫下降到两个平行盘上以防止分析过程中置于两盘之间的测试产品的溶剂损失。 The solvent protective pad is lowered onto the two parallel discs disposed to prevent solvent loss during analysis of the test product between the two. 此时可进行流变学分析并测出动态应力、静态屈服应力和δ应力。 Rheological analysis may be performed at this time and the measured dynamic stress, static yield stress, and a stress δ.

根据上述方法对产品样品进行流变学试验和评估。 Product samples of rheological test and evaluation in accordance with the method described above. 将上述分析得到的数据作为粘度(帕.秒)的对数相对于线性施加的应力(达因/厘米2)作图。 The above analysis of the obtained data as the number Viscosity (Pa. Sec) with a stress (dynes / cm 2) applied to the linear plot. 仪器测定到粘度的最初的点就是静态屈服应力(即:仪器显示非零粘度的最小应力)。 To the original instrument measures a viscosity is the static yield point stress (ie: the minimum stress Instruments zero viscosity). 动态屈服应力是测定的粘度开始快速下降的点。 Dynamic yield stress is the measured viscosity decreases rapidly start point. 这可通过在应力值之间的增量是100达因/厘米2时找到最后的应力值而很容易地测定。 This is achieved by the increment between stress values ​​is 100 dynes find the last value of stress / cm 2 and is easily measured. 然后用动态屈服应力减去静态屈服应力确定出δ应力。 And then subtracting the static yield stress the dynamic yield stress is determined that the stress δ.

防汗膏组合物的静态屈服应力值至少是约4000达因/厘米2,更优选至少是约8000达因/厘米2,甚至更优选至少是约40000达因/厘米2。 Static yield stress values ​​of antiperspirant cream composition is at least about 4000 dynes / cm 2, more preferably at least about 8000 dynes / cm 2, and even more preferably at least about 40,000 dynes / cm 2. 该组合物的最大静态屈服应力值优选小于约120000达因/厘米2,更优选小于约63000达因/厘米2。 The maximum static yield stress value of the composition is preferably less than about 120,000 dynes / cm 2, more preferably less than about 63,000 dynes / cm 2.

防汗膏组合物的δ应力值是约300达因/厘米2至约8000达因/厘米2,优选是约1000达因/厘米2至约6000达因/厘米2,更优选是约1000达因/厘米2至约5000达因/厘米2。 δ stress antiperspirant cream composition is from about 300 dyne / cm2 to about 8,000 dyne / cm 2, preferably from about 1,000 dyne / cm2 to about 6,000 dyne / cm 2, more preferably from about 1000 up to dyne / cm to about 5,000 dynes / cm 2. δ应力小于最小值会导致剪切力传送过程中溶剂脱水收缩,但是当该值大于上述的最大值会导致产品在皮肤上分配不均,降低其在皮肤上特别是皮肤的多毛部位的分布性。 δ is less than the minimum stress will cause shear forces in solvent syneresis during transmission, but when the value is greater than the maximum value of the products can lead to uneven distribution of the skin, in particular reducing the distribution of hairy parts of the skin on the skin . 因此,本申请所述的δ应力值能产生最小的或没有溶剂脱水收缩并能在皮肤上均匀铺展,特别是穿过皮肤的多毛部位或在其上能很好分布的光滑膏状产品。 Thus, the stress value [delta] of the present application can produce especially through minimal or hairy skin well site or distributed thereon smooth paste product and the absence of solvent syneresis can be uniformly spread on the skin.

护肤组合物另一类认为可适用于本发明涂布器的物质是一般称之为护肤组合物的一类组合物。 Another class of skin care composition that may be applied to the present invention, the coating material is generally called a skin care composition-based compositions. 这样的组合物包括目的是治疗或改善人皮肤的结构、状况或外观的那些组合物。 Such compositions include the treatment or amelioration of object structure of human skin, condition or appearance of those compositions. 仅仅用作举例而并非为了限定,现在护肤领域感兴趣的是设计用来消除与皮肤起皱发生有关的组合物。 For example purposes only and are not intended to limit, the skin area is now of interest designed to eliminate compositions related skin wrinkling occurs. 这个领域的代表性的组合物包括水杨酸技术,如1993年6月10日公开的普通转让的PCT申请WO92/09737和WO92/09739及1993年4月29日公开的PCT申请WO92/08741中所述的那些。 Representative compositions in this art include commonly assigned salicylic techniques, such as on June 10, 1993 disclosed in PCT Application WO92 / 09737 and WO92 / 09739, and on April 29, 1993 and PCT Application Publication WO92 / 08741 those described. 感兴趣的另一个领域的护肤组合物包含烟酰胺,例如1997年5月15日公开的PCT申请WO96/17672和1997年10月30日公开的PCT申请WO97/06680中公开的那些组合物。 Another area of ​​skin care compositions comprising niacinamide of interest, for example, May 15, 1997 disclosed in PCT Application WO96 / 17672 and October 30, 1997, published PCT application those compositions in WO97 / 06680 disclosed. 此处引入这些出版物作为参考。 These publications are incorporated herein by reference. 其它合适的组合物包括普通转让的美国专利5720961,5707635,5703026,5700451,5683706,5674509和5665364中所述的那些组合物,此处引入这些专利作为参考。 Other suitable compositions include commonly assigned U.S. Patent 5720961,5707635,5703026,5700451,5683706,5674509 and those compositions described in 5,665,364, these patents are incorporated herein by reference.

护发组合物本发明的涂布器还可用来将护发产品局部涂布在头发上。 Applicator hair care compositions of the invention may also be used in the topical application of hair conditioner products. 可涂布的护发产品包括香波、漂洗型调理剂、留置型调理产品、着色剂、头发定型喷剂,凝胶及摩丝。 Coatable hair care products include shampoos, rinse-off conditioner, leave-on conditioning products, colorants, hair styling sprays, mousses and gels.

用于洗发的香波一般包括一种或多种表面活性剂、增稠剂或悬浮剂、香料及任选的调理或定型剂。 Used in hair shampoos generally comprise one or more surfactants, thickening or suspending agents, fragrances and, optionally, conditioning or styling agents. 典型的香波公开在下面的专利中:1994年4月12日授权于Grote等的美国再授权专利34584;1998年5月26日授权于Royce等的美国专利5756436;1997年7月15日授权于Coffindaffer等的美国专利5648323;1997年3月18日授权于Inman的美国专利5612301;1996年11月12日授权于Wells的美国专利5573709;1992年9月29日授权于Steuri等的美国专利5151210;1987年11月3日授权于Oh的美国专利4704272;1987年11月10日授权于Maes等的美国专利4705681;1983年6月7日授权于Bolich Jr.等的美国专利4387090;1983年4月12日授权于Bolich Jr.等的美国专利4379753;及1982年8月17日授权于Bolich Jr.等的美国专利4345080。 A typical shampoo is disclosed in the following patents: 1994, April 12, issued to Grote et al, U.S. Reissue Patent No. 34,584; on May 26, 1998, issued to U.S. Patent No. Royce like 5,756,436; 1997 15 July issued to Coffindaffer et al, US Patent 5,648,323; 1997 March 18 authorized to Inman's US Patent 5,612,301; US ​​Patent 1996 November 12 issued to Wells's 5,573,709; US Patent September 29, 1992 authorized to Steuri like 5,151,210; November 3, 1987 Oh authorization in US Patent 4,704,272; November 10, 1987 authorized to Maes et al, US Patent 4,705,681; June 7, 1983 authorization to Bolich Jr. et al, US Patent 4,387,090; April 1983 12 authorized to Bolich Jr. et al, US Patent 4,379,753; US Patent and August 17, 1982 to Bolich Jr. and other authorized 4,345,080.

在用香波洗发后,通常使用头发调理产品来将调理剂涂布在头发上以改善头发的梳理性和/或提供柔软的发感。 After shampooing, hair conditioning products commonly used conditioning agent applied to the hair to improve combability and / or hair to provide hair feeling soft. 典型的漂洗型调理剂公开在下面的专利中:1997年9月16日授权于Carballada等的美国专利5667771;1996年1月9日授权于Pings的美国专利5482703;1992年4月21日授权于Bolich Jr.等的美国专利5106609;1992年4月14日授权于Bolich Jr.等的美国专利5104646;及1983年6月7日授权于Bolich Jr.等的美国专利4387090。 Typical rinse-off conditioner disclosed in the following patents: In 1997, on September 16 issued to Carballada like U.S. Patent No. 5,667,771; 1996 January 9 issued to Pings U.S. Patent No. 5,482,703; April 21, 1992 issued to Bolich Jr. et al, US Patent 5,106,609; US Patent April 14, 1992 to Bolich Jr. and other authorized 5,104,646; and 7 June 1983 authorization to Bolich Jr. et al, US patent 4,387,090. 典型的留置型调理产品公开在1997年10月7日授权于Dodd等的美国专利5674478中。 Typical leave-on conditioning products is disclosed in October 7, 1997 to authorize Dodd et al, US patent 5,674,478 in.

头发定型产品如气溶胶和无气溶胶的喷发剂,摩丝及凝胶公开在下面的专利中:1998年5月12日授权于Evans等的美国专利5750122;1998年3月24日授权于Torgerson等的美国专利5730966;1997年10月7日授权于Dodd等的美国专利5674478;1997年8月19日授权于Bolich Jr.等的美国专利5658557;1992年11月24日授权于Hayama等的美国专利5166276;及1998年5月19日授权于Leitch等的美国专利5753216。 Hair styling products such as aerosol and non-aerosol hair spray, mousse and gel disclosed in the following patents: US Patent May 12, 1998, issued to Evans et al 5,750,122; March 24, 1998, issued to Torgerson et al, US Patent 5,730,966; October 7, 1997 to authorize Dodd et al, US Patent 5,674,478; US Patent August 19, 1997 to Bolich Jr. and other authorized 5,658,557; November 24, 1992 authorized the United States to Hayama, etc. patents 5,166,276; and May 19, 1998 authorized to Leitch et al, US patent 5,753,216.

头发着色产品一般性地公开在下面的专利中:1997年10月21日授权于Haning等的美国专利5679114;1997年1月28日授权于Igarashi等的美国专利5597386;1995年7月25日授权于Prota等的美国专利5435810;1994年10月18日授权于Schultz等的美国专利5356439;1980年1月15日授权于Bartuska等的美国专利4183366;及1980年4月29日授权于Kalopissis等的美国专利4200432。 Hair coloring products generally disclosed in the following patents:; US Patent January 28, 1997 authorization to Igarashi, etc. 5,597,386; US Patent October 21, 1997 to authorize such Haning 5,679,114 July 25, 1995 authorized US patent Prota, etc. 5,435,810; 1994 October 18 issued to Schultz et al., US Patent 5,356,439; January 15, 1980 authorization to the US Patent Bartuska, etc. 4,183,366; and April 29, 1980 authorized to Kalopissis etc. US Patent No. 4,200,432.

其它物质虽然上述讨论集中在已证明可适合与本发明涂布器一起使用的特定物质如防汗组合物上,但是应当理解的是:本发明的原理可认为能够用在其它涂布器/物质的结合上,其中的涂布器设计为能够适应物质的特性及所应用的环境的性质。 Although other materials have been demonstrated in the above discussion focused on a particular substance may be adapted for use with the present invention as applied on the anti-perspirant composition, it should be understood that: the principles of the present invention may be considered to be used in other applicator / substance the binding, wherein the coating is designed to accommodate the nature and properties of the material of the applied environment. 例如,据认为其它的组合物如防晒剂、烹调产品如脂肪,油和熟制品、蜡如鞋磨光剂(shoe polishes)等,以及其它物质可适合与本发明的涂布器一起使用。 For example, it is believed that other compositions such as sunscreens, culinary products such as fats, oils and cooked products, shoe polishes waxes (shoe polishes) and the like, and other materials may be suitable for use with the present invention is applied.

根据本发明,和可变形材料结合使用的物质具有一定的物理性能使之能够从三维结构的受保护的位置处分配出来并涂布到目标表面上。 According to the present invention, the deformable material may be bonded and a substance having certain physical properties to enable it to be dispensed from a protected position out of the three-dimensional structure and applied to the target surface. 这样的分配在性质上可以是部分的,或基本完全的或全部彻底的。 Such properties may be distributed over part or all of the substantially complete or complete.

为了促进这样的分配,认为重要的物质的性质包括物质与目标表面和物质与可变形材料的相对亲和性及被三维结构激活后物质的表观粘度或流动性。 To facilitate such dispensing, substance properties considered important include the target substance and the affinity substance and the opposing surface of the deformable material is activated and the three-dimensional structure of the apparent viscosity or flow of material. 现在认为物质优选和目标表面的粘附程度应当大于其和可变形材料的粘附程度和/或大于其与物质本身其它部分的粘附程度。 Now that the degree of adhesion and the target surface material preferably should be large, and its degree of adhesion of the deformable material and / or the degree of adhesion is greater than other portions of itself and material. 换句话说,物质与目标表面的亲和性大于其与本身和/或可变形材料片的亲和性。 In other words, the affinity substance and the target surface is greater than / or sheet of deformable material itself and affinity.

物质本身可有粘度和流动性使其可从材料片内其受护的位置处释放出来或者需要改善粘度以可释放和分散。 Substance itself may have viscosity and flow properties that it can be released from the sheet material at a position out of its patron, or a need for improved viscosity and dispersion releasable. 粘度的改善可通过选择能够响应于所选择的激活方式而改变粘度的物质得到。 Improvement in the viscosity can be varied by selecting the viscosity in response to activation of the selected substance obtained. 例如,对于机械激活如挤压力,可能需要并优选使用通常称之为“剪切稀释”(假塑性)物质。 For example, for a mechanical activation such as a compressive force, it may be necessary and is preferred to use commonly known as "shear thinning" (pseudoplastic) substances. 这种物质的例子包括聚合物溶液,许多凝胶和糊状物如dentrifice和体膏、涂料、胶凝的木染料等。 Examples of such substances include polymer solutions, many gels and pastes such as dentrifice and body creams, paints, gelled wood dyes. 其它材料只有在达到或大于某一阈值剪切力(屈服应力)后才能作为剪切稀释材料。 Other materials only after reaching a certain threshold value or greater than the shearing force (yield stress) to shear as the diluent. 这样的材料通常称之为Bingham塑料材料,具有这种性能的物质的一个普通例子是一种公知为番茄酱的调料。 A common example of such a material substance commonly referred to as Bingham plastic materials having such properties is a well-known as a ketchup sauce.

认为可影响物质对目标表面的粘结或亲和性能的一些因素包括:静电或电荷;利用氢键、共价键、离子键、部分离子键(部分二极性引力)、范德华力、渗透力等的化学键;毛细压力(吸力);吸附;吸收;真空/吸入等。 That may affect the bond substance or the affinity for a target surface of a number of factors can include: electrostatic or charge; hydrogen bonds, covalent bonds, ionic bonds, ionic bonds part (part two polar attraction), van der Waals forces, penetration like a chemical bond; capillary pressure (suction); adsorption; absorption; vacuum / inhalation. 其它重要的因素包括物质在目标表面上的润湿性,这用物质在目标表面上的接触角来反映。 Other important factors include the wettability of the substance on the target surface, the contact angle with this substance on the target surface to reflect.

为了促进物质在目标表面上的分布或分散,特别是为了抵消物质以给定的定位分配方式保留在可变形物质上固定部位上的趋势,本发明优选使用可以调整以在目标表面上有润湿性的物质。 To facilitate distribution or dispersion of the substance on the target surface, particularly to counteract a given substance retained distribution trend positioned on the fixed portion of the deformable material, preferably using the present invention may be adjusted to have on the target surface wetting of substance. 其它有助于物质在目标表面上分散或分布的因素包括使用具有剪切稀释性能的物质和在激活后但将可变形材料从目标表面移去前复合材料片的使用者的侧向机械运动所产生的机械分布作用。 Other factors contribute to substance dispersed or distributed over the target surface include the use of materials having shear thinning properties and lateral mechanical motion after activation but users deformable sheet material is removed before the composite material from the target surface generating a mechanical distribution effect. 这样的侧向机械运动还可产生和物质如剪切稀释物质的附加相互作用并可产生额外的益处如起泡、产生泡沫、洗擦/摩擦作用等。 Such lateral mechanical motion and may also generate additional substances such as shear thinning substances and may interact to produce additional benefits such as foaming, foam generation, scrubbing / abrasive action, etc.

当部分沉积或分散的物质随后涂到原来没有沉积物质的目标表面部分上时,就发生了成功的分散。 When a part of the deposition material is then coated or dispersed onto a target portion of the original surface of the deposited material is not, the success of the dispersion occurs. 材料片从目标表面上移去时,至少有一些物质保持固定在目标表面上,优选以基本均匀的方式。 When the sheet material is removed from the target surface, at least some of the substance remains fixed on the target surface, preferably in a substantially uniform manner.

如上所述,可选择许多不同的物质用于本发明的原理。 As described above, many of the principles choose different materials for the present invention. 为了达到说明的目的,代表性的物质包括清洗剂如肥皂和洗涤剂,润肤剂如洗液,药剂如药膏、消炎药膏等,健美护理产品包括防汗剂、除臭剂、化妆品、香料等。 For purposes of illustration, representative materials include cleaning agents such as soaps and detergents, emollients such as lotions, medications such as ointments, anti-inflammatory creams, etc., body care products including antiperspirants, deodorants, cosmetics, perfumes, etc. . 这类材料片的其它多种用途包括下列产品用的涂布器,所述产品包括:自动的和家用的产品如润滑剂、着色剂、防护剂如油和蜡,粘结剂、防腐剂等,以及食品领域中的用途如调味品(芥末酱、番茄酱等)。 Many other uses of such materials include a sheet of the following products with the applicator, said product comprising: automatic and household products such as lubricants, colorants, protectants such as oils and waxes, adhesives, preservatives, etc. , and to the use in the food field condiment (mustard, ketchup, etc.).

还可使用多种物质,这些物质不仅不会轻易接触而且起初相互之间是隔离的(在材料片的同一个面上,或相对的面上),在激活过程或随后的分配和/或分散过程中它们相互混合。 May also be used various substances that not only the contact but will not easily be isolated from each other between the first (on the same surface of the sheet material, or opposing surfaces), the activation process or subsequent dispensing and / or dispersed in process are mixed with one another. 这样的设计对于能有利地相互作用(如:共分散环氧类、催化反应等)以在相互之间和/或与目标表面之间提供附加功能的物质特别有用。 This design advantageously for interacting (eg: total dispersion epoxies, catalyzed reactions, etc.) are particularly useful to provide additional functionality to the material between each other and / or with the target surface. 还希望通过调整涂布器的几何形状或物质的性能来提供渐进的或顺序的物质分配,这样就能在最初的涂抹后通过时间的推移,增加压力等进行附加的渐进的分配。 Substance is also desirable to provide progressive or sequential distribution by adjusting the geometry of the applicator performance or substance, so can be applied after the initial time goes by, increasing the pressure of the additional progressive dispensing.

3.制备方法可用任何适用于预期的几何形状和预期的材料和所涉及的物质的方式生产本发明的涂布器。 3. Preparation by any method suitable for the intended geometry and materials and methods intended substance related to the production of a coating of the present invention. 例如,对于本发明优选的上面铰接的泡沫材料来说,图1的结构可这样制造:用热压印法用一个加热的模具形成所需的深度形成许多孔和储存器,然后将物质注入储存器或将物质充满涂布器并刮去多余的物质。 For example, for the preferred foams of the present invention is articulated above, the structure of FIG. 1 may be manufactured as: forming a plurality of holes formed in the reservoir and a desired depth using the hot press method using a heated mold, and then injecting a substance stored or filled with a substance applicator and scraped off the excess material. 然后在传送区上贴上标签或封条并通过加热或用粘结法固定。 Then label or seal in the transfer area by heating or with an adhesive fixing method. 然后将涂布器冲切成最终的形状,冲切步骤也可以在形成储存器或其它任何合适的设计步骤的同时完成。 The applicator is then die cut to the final shape, the punching step may be a reservoir or any other suitable design of the step of forming simultaneously. 对于这样的过程,如果需要可通过加热或其它方法使物质成为可流动的。 For such process, if necessary, by heating a substance to become flowable or other methods.

对于如图4所示的有单一储存器的实施方案中,可类似地制备涂布表面,可用加热或其它方法使背衬片周边结合,物质可从单一原料源或如果需要可从多个原料源注入储存器。 For the embodiment shown in Figure 4 embodiment a single reservoir may be prepared similarly coated surfaces, heating can be used, or another method in conjunction with the backing sheet periphery, from a single species or a plurality of source material from the starting material if desired source implant reservoir.

虽然已经说明和描述了本发明特定的实施方案,但是对于本领域普通技术人员来说在不偏离本发明的精神和范围的条件下进行许多变化和改进是显而易见的。 While there has been illustrated and described particular embodiments of the present invention, but for those of ordinary skill in the art that many variations and modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention will be apparent. 所有这些改进均应覆盖在所附的权利要求书所要求保护的本发明的范围内。 Shall cover all such modifications within the scope of the present invention, the appended claims as claimed.

Claims (21)

1.一种用于将一种物质涂布并分配到目标表面上的涂布器,所述涂布器包括:(a)一种可压缩的顺应材料的基本是平面状的材料片,其有相对的第一表面和第二表面和在所述第一表面和第二表面之间的内部区域,该材料片在所述第一表面和所述第二表面之间有一个厚度,当该材料片受到基本上垂直于所述第一表面的方向上的外力时,该厚度会减小,所述材料适于沿目标表面滑动从而将物质挤出到目标表面上;(b)至少一个分离的由所述第一表面向内伸入所述材料片内部的储存器,所述储存器是通过热压印法形成的;(c)至少部分充填所述储存器的物质;和(d)在所述第一表面内形成的至少一个分离的孔,所述孔与所述储存器流体相通;借此通过基本上垂直于所述第一表面的外力压缩所述材料片使所述物质从所述孔中挤出,所述第一表面相对目标表面的平移 1. A method for dispensing a substance and applied to the coating on the target surface, said applicator comprising: (a) a compressible compliant sheet material is substantially planar material having opposite first and second surfaces and an interior region between said first and second surfaces of the sheet material between the first surface and the second surface has a thickness, when the sheet material is subjected to an external force substantially perpendicular to the direction from the first surface, the thickness may be reduced, thereby sliding along the surface of the target material extruded onto a target surface of the material is adapted; (b) at least one separator by inwardly extending into said first interior surface of said sheet material reservoir, the reservoir is formed by thermal imprinting method; (c) at least partially filling said reservoir material; and (d) at least one separation hole formed in said first surface, said apertures in fluid communication with said reservoir; whereby substantially perpendicular to the external force by the first compression surface of the sheet material from the material extruding said bore, translating the target surface opposite the first surface 动使所述物质涂布并分配在所述目标表面上;其中所述涂布器全部由顺应部件制成。 And moving the coating material dispensed on the target surface; wherein the coating is entirely made of compliant member.
2.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述涂布器包括在邻近所述涂布器一端形成传送区的多个孔。 2. The applicator of claim 1, wherein said applicator comprises a plurality of apertures formed in the transition zone adjacent the applicator end.
3.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述物质充填所述储存器到至少等于所述第一表面的程度。 Applicator of claim 1, wherein said material of said reservoir is filled to the extent of at least equal to the first surface.
4.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述储存器限定了一个内部空间,当所述厚度受到外力作用而减小时该空间减小。 4. The applicator of claim 1, wherein the reservoir defines an internal space, when the external force is reduced by the thickness of the space is reduced.
5.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述涂布器包括多个孔。 5. The applicator of claim 1, wherein said applicator comprises a plurality of apertures.
6.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述涂布器包括多个储存器。 6. The applicator of claim 1, wherein said applicator comprises a plurality of reservoirs.
7.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述涂布器包括多个孔和多个相应的储存器,每个所述孔和一个所述储存器流体相通。 7. The applicator of claim 1, wherein said applicator comprises a plurality of apertures and a corresponding plurality of reservoirs, each said aperture and a fluid communication with the reservoir.
8.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述储存器由所述第一表面向内伸入所述材料片内部,但是不贯穿所述第二表面。 Applicator of claim 1, wherein the reservoir by a first surface extending into the interior of said sheet of material inwardly, but does not penetrate the second surface.
9.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述储存器由所述第一表面向内伸入所述材料片内部的距离小于所述厚度。 9. The applicator of claim 1, wherein said reservoir by a distance inwardly of said first surface extending into the interior of said sheet of material is less than the thickness.
10.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述材料片在压缩时是回弹的。 10. The applicator of claim 1, wherein said sheet material is rebound upon compression.
11.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述材料片在弯曲时是回弹的。 11. The applicator of claim 1, wherein said sheet material is resilient in bending.
12.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述材料片包括一种闭孔的泡沫材料。 12. The applicator of claim 1, wherein said sheet material comprises a closed cell foam material of one kind.
13.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述涂布器包括一个可移动的盖板,该盖板用于在使用前封闭所述孔。 13. The applicator of claim 1, wherein said applicator includes a removable cover plate for closing the aperture prior to use.
14.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述涂布器包括多个储存器和多个相应的孔,其中所述储存器包括多种不同的物质。 14. The applicator of claim 1, wherein a plurality of said applicator comprises a reservoir and a plurality of corresponding holes, wherein said reservoir comprises a plurality of different materials.
15.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述储存器是缝型储存器。 15. The applicator of claim 1, wherein said reservoir is a reservoir-type joints.
16.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述储存器是孔槽型储存器。 16. The applicator of claim 1, wherein said reservoir is a reservoir slotted hole.
17.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述储存器是孔槽型储存器,其以45°角沿对角线放置。 17. The applicator of claim 1, wherein said reservoir is a reservoir slotted holes, placed along the diagonal angle of 45 °.
18.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述储存器的纵横比是5或更低。 18. The applicator of claim 1, wherein the aspect ratio of the reservoir is 5 or less.
19.权利要求1的涂布器,其中所述物质包含:(a)0.1-35%重量的增稠剂,选自脂肪醇、脂肪醇酯、脂肪酸、羟基脂肪酸、脂肪酸或羟基脂肪酸的酯和酰胺、脂肪酸醚、乙氧基化的脂肪醇、乙氧基化的脂肪酸、蜡、胆固醇物质、二亚苄基糖醇、羊毛脂物质、其它的酰胺和聚酰胺胶凝剂,及其相应的盐;和(b)1-90%重量的液体载体,选自聚硅氧烷、改性的聚硅氧烷、矿物油、矿脂、烃油及其混合物。 19. The applicator of claim 1, wherein said material comprises: (a) 0.1-35% by weight of a thickener, selected from fatty esters, fatty alcohol esters, fatty acids, hydroxy fatty acids, fatty acid or hydroxy fatty acid, and amides, fatty acid ethers, ethoxylated fatty alcohols, ethoxylated fatty acids, waxes, cholesterol substance, dibenzylidene sorbitol, lanolin material, other and polyamide gelling agent, and the corresponding salt thereof; and (b) 1-90% by weight of a liquid carrier, selected from silicone, modified silicone, mineral oil, petrolatum, hydrocarbon oils, and mixtures thereof.
20.一种制备用于将一种物质涂布并分配到目标表面上的涂布器的方法,所述方法包括下述步骤:(a)提供一种可压缩的、顺应材料的基本上是平面状的材料片,该材料片有相对的第一表面和第二表面和在所述第一表面和第二表面之间的内部区域,该材料片在所述第一表面和所述第二表面之间有一个厚度,当该材料片受到基本上垂直于所述第一表面的方向上的外力时,该厚度会减小,所述材料适于沿目标表面上滑动从而将物质挤出到目标表面上;(b)形成至少一个分离的储存器,该储存器由所述第一表面向内伸入所述材料片内部,所述储存器是通过热压印法形成的;(c)用一种物质至少部分充填所述储存器;和(d)在所述第一表面内形成有至少一个分离的孔,所述孔与所述储存器流体相通;其中所述涂布器全部由顺应部件制成。 20. A method for preparing a substance applied to the method of dispensing and applicator on the target surface, the method comprising the steps of: (a) providing a compressible, compliant material substantially flat sheet material, the sheet material has a first surface and a second surface and an interior region between the first and second surfaces of the sheet material in the first surface and the second has a thickness between the surfaces, when the sheet material is subjected to an external force in a direction substantially perpendicular to the first surface, the thickness decreases, the material is adapted to slide along the surface of the target so that the extruded material to a target surface; (b) forming at least one separate reservoir, which reservoir by a first surface extending into the interior of the inner sheet material, said reservoir is formed by a hot stamping method; (c) with a substance at least partially filling said reservoir; and (d) are formed in said first surface has at least one separate bore, said bore in fluid communication with the reservoir; wherein all of said applicator made compliant member.
21.权利要求20的方法,其中将所述物质注入所述储存器中。 21. The method of claim 20, wherein said substance injected into the reservoir.
CNB998077623A 1998-06-30 1999-06-30 Applicator for applying and distributing substances to target surface CN1163177C (en)

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AU4848999A (en) 2000-01-17
EP1100352A2 (en) 2001-05-23
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JP3913981B2 (en) 2007-05-09
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