CN1157298C - Shell for thermal printing head - Google Patents

Shell for thermal printing head Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1157298C
CN1157298C CNB991207467A CN99120746A CN1157298C CN 1157298 C CN1157298 C CN 1157298C CN B991207467 A CNB991207467 A CN B991207467A CN 99120746 A CN99120746 A CN 99120746A CN 1157298 C CN1157298 C CN 1157298C
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
head substrate
shell
tellite
heat sink
thermal printing
Prior art date
Application number
CNB991207467A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN1249994A (en
Inventor
长x隆也
长畑隆也
喜彦
岸本外喜彦
西宏治
南野雅则
Original Assignee
罗姆股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to JP238946/1994 priority Critical
Priority to JP6238946A priority patent/JP2774941B2/en
Priority to JP240985/1994 priority
Priority to JP24098594 priority
Priority to JP32732094 priority
Priority to JP327320/1994 priority
Priority to JP10000/1995 priority
Priority to JP1000095 priority
Priority to JP62541/1995 priority
Priority to JP6254195A priority patent/JP3248828B2/en
Application filed by 罗姆股份有限公司 filed Critical 罗姆股份有限公司
Publication of CN1249994A publication Critical patent/CN1249994A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1157298C publication Critical patent/CN1157298C/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/315Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by selective application of heat to a heat sensitive printing or impression-transfer material
    • B41J2/32Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by selective application of heat to a heat sensitive printing or impression-transfer material using thermal heads
    • B41J2/335Structure of thermal heads
    • B41J2/33505Constructional details
    • B41J2/3352Integrated circuits
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/315Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by selective application of heat to a heat sensitive printing or impression-transfer material
    • B41J2/32Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by selective application of heat to a heat sensitive printing or impression-transfer material using thermal heads
    • B41J2/335Structure of thermal heads
    • B41J2/33555Structure of thermal heads characterised by type
    • B41J2/3357Surface type resistors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B41PRINTING; LINING MACHINES; TYPEWRITERS; STAMPS
    • B41JTYPEWRITERS; SELECTIVE PRINTING MECHANISMS, e.g. INK-JET PRINTERS, THERMAL PRINTERS, i.e. MECHANISMS PRINTING OTHERWISE THAN FROM A FORME; CORRECTION OF TYPOGRAPHICAL ERRORS
    • B41J2/00Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed
    • B41J2/315Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by selective application of heat to a heat sensitive printing or impression-transfer material
    • B41J2/32Typewriters or selective printing mechanisms characterised by the printing or marking process for which they are designed characterised by selective application of heat to a heat sensitive printing or impression-transfer material using thermal heads
    • B41J2/335Structure of thermal heads
    • B41J2/33575Processes for assembling process heads
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R12/00Structural associations of a plurality of mutually-insulated electrical connecting elements, specially adapted for printed circuits, e.g. printed circuit boards [PCBs], flat or ribbon cables, or like generally planar structures, e.g. terminal strips, terminal blocks; Coupling devices specially adapted for printed circuits, flat or ribbon cables, or like generally planar structures; Terminals specially adapted for contact with, or insertion into, printed circuits, flat or ribbon cables, or like generally planar structures
    • H01R12/50Fixed connections
    • H01R12/51Fixed connections for rigid printed circuits or like structures
    • H01R12/52Fixed connections for rigid printed circuits or like structures connecting to other rigid printed circuits or like structures
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R12/00Structural associations of a plurality of mutually-insulated electrical connecting elements, specially adapted for printed circuits, e.g. printed circuit boards [PCBs], flat or ribbon cables, or like generally planar structures, e.g. terminal strips, terminal blocks; Coupling devices specially adapted for printed circuits, flat or ribbon cables, or like generally planar structures; Terminals specially adapted for contact with, or insertion into, printed circuits, flat or ribbon cables, or like generally planar structures
    • H01R12/50Fixed connections
    • H01R12/51Fixed connections for rigid printed circuits or like structures
    • H01R12/55Fixed connections for rigid printed circuits or like structures characterised by the terminals
    • H01R12/57Fixed connections for rigid printed circuits or like structures characterised by the terminals surface mounting terminals
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R4/00Electrically-conductive connections between two or more conductive members in direct contact, i.e. touching one another; Means for effecting or maintaining such contact; Electrically-conductive connections having two or more spaced connecting locations for conductors and using contact members penetrating insulation
    • H01R4/28Clamped connections, spring connections
    • H01R4/48Clamped connections, spring connections utilising a spring, clip, or other resilient member
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K1/00Printed circuits
    • H05K1/02Details
    • H05K1/14Structural association of two or more printed circuits
    • H05K1/144Stacked arrangements of planar printed circuit boards

Abstract

A cover member is provided for incorporation in a thermal printhead which includes a circuit board (14) supported on a heat sink plate (1). The cover member includes a plurality of engagement legs (20c) which are held in snapping engagement with the circuit board (14), and at least one abutment leg (20b) which rests on the heat sink plate (1).

Description

The shell that is used for thermal printing head

Technical field

The thermal printing head that uses in the present invention relates to fax etc.Also relate to the cable clamping terminal lead wire and the shell that are applicable to thermal printing head of the present invention.

Background technology

Typical thermal printing head is published for example spy and is opened flat 2-286261 communique and the spy opens in the flat 2-292055 communique.The structure of disclosed thermal printing head is that head substrate and plastic tellite with pottery system is same plane being arranged side by side on metal heat sink in these documents.On head substrate, be provided with the heating resistor, common electrode, a plurality of absolute electrode and a plurality of driving IC chip that form line printing point.On the other hand, forming the wiring figure that will above-mentioned each driving be connected on the outside connecting connector on the tellite with IC.

; in the thermal printing head that as above constitutes; because head substrate and tellite are arranged side by side in same plane, so overall breadth dimension can not can not be avoided the maximization of size less than the width dimensions sum of the width dimensions and the printed circuit board (PCB) of head substrate.Heat sink also maximizes thereupon, so gross weight increases.

In order to address this problem, the spy opens flat 3-57656 communique and has proposed head substrate and tellite are installed on the heat sink that is hierarchic structure with differing heights.More particularly, heat sink has the 1st bearing-surface that is positioned at upside and the 2nd bearing-surface that is positioned at downside, head substrate is fixed on the 1st bearing-surface, make the longitudinal edge portion of one side outstanding, tellite is fixed on the 2nd bearing-surface, makes its part overlapping with the projecting edge portion of above-mentioned head substrate.Consequently, only the overall width size of thermal printing head is dwindled at head substrate and printed circuit board (PCB) lap.

; in the above-mentioned thermal printing head that is hierarchic structure; because the lower surface of head substrate and the upper surface of tellite closely contact, so, stop to the tellite that the heat transmission of heat sink is positioned between the two from head substrate.Consequently, head substrate reduces to airborne heat dispersion, is not suitable for the big flying print of caloric value.And, because head substrate closely contacts with tellite, make directly to have influence on head substrate along the thermal expansion of printed circuit plate thickness direction, make the head substrate distortion to cause print quality to reduce.

In addition, in being the thermal printing head of hierarchic structure, being connected with lametta between head substrate and the tellite realize by the wire bond method, so mistake takes place when carrying out wire bond easily.

Disclosure of an invention

The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of thermal printing head of eliminating these problems.

Another object of the present invention provides a kind of print performance and can not rise and the thermal printing head of deterioration by Yin Wendu.

Another object of the present invention provides a kind of cable clamping terminal lead wire that can be applicable to this thermal printing head.

Another object of the present invention provides a kind of shell that can be applicable to this thermal printing head.

The thermal printing head that the 1st aspect of the present invention provided has the 1st bearing-surface that is positioned at upside and is positioned at the stepped heat sink of the 2nd bearing-surface of downside, is installed on the 1st bearing-surface of this heat sink and forms and print with the head substrate of putting and be installed on the 2nd bearing-surface of this heat sink and form the tellite of various wiring figures, above-mentioned head substrate has the edge part of giving prominence to the 2nd bearing-surface from the 1st bearing-surface of heat sink, leaves predetermined gap and overlaid between the outstanding edge part of above-mentioned tellite and head substrate.

To specifically describe the action and the advantage of thermal printing head with reference to the accompanying drawings according to embodiment below with above structure.

The thermistor that temperature detection can be used is installed in the projecting edge portion of head substrate.

According to the preferred embodiments of the present invention, a plurality of drivings that drive print point are installed on the head substrate with IC, at a plurality of binding posts that projecting edge portion forms and driving is electrically connected with IC of head substrate.Form a plurality of connection electrodes corresponding with the binding post of head substrate on tellite, each binding post of head substrate connects on the electrode by the correspondence that metal cable clamping terminal lead wire is connected tellite.Above-mentioned terminal lead has wire clamp portion that clamps in the projecting edge portion that is bound up on head substrate and the axial region that extends to tellite from this wire clamp portion.

The axial region of terminal lead preferably extends to tellite obliquely, welds with the pairing electrode that is connected.The axial region of terminal lead preferably has the front end face that tilts in obtuse angle with respect to tellite.

The wire clamp portion of terminal lead has the connection sheet that is connected with the corresponding wiring terminal of head substrate, and the both sides of the edge portion of this connection sheet is preferably to the direction deflection of leaving binding post.At this moment, but the connection sheet both sides of the edge portion chamfering of terminal lead setover.Or make contact site relative on the connection sheet of terminal lead integral body on its cross section bend to convex towards above-mentioned corresponding binding post with above-mentioned corresponding wiring terminal, therefore consequently the both sides of the edge portion of connection sheet is bias state.

It is favourable that the binding post of head substrate adopts sandwich construction.At this moment if binding post contains the bottom that is made of gold layer and the superficial layer selected from silver layer and silver palladium layer with regard to advantageous particularly.

The connection sheet of the wire clamp portion of terminal lead also can be reinstated insulating resin with the corresponding wiring terminal one of head substrate and cover.

Preferably the portion of substantial middle longitudinally with head substrate is fixed on the 1st bearing-surface of heat sink, and the portion of substantial middle longitudinally of tellite is fixed on the 2nd bearing-surface of heat sink.At this moment the both ends of head substrate are connected the both ends of tellite by a plurality of cable clamping terminal lead wires, the both ends that make tellite near the direction deflection deformation of head substrate with regard to advantageous particularly.

According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, tellite is covered by the shell that stretches out to head substrate, at least one contact foot that this shell has a plurality of connection foots on the specified part that is bound up on printed circuit board (PCB) fast and contacts with heat sink.Above-mentioned shell preferably also has at least one that connect with the projecting edge portion of head substrate and connects tongue piece.At this moment, see along the width of this shell, this housing contacts foot be configured in connect foot and connect between the tongue piece and near this connection tongue piece with regard to advantageous particularly.Shell can constitute with the static electroconductive resin.

The cable clamping terminal lead wire that the 2nd aspect of the present invention is provided is to have wire clamp portion and the metal cable clamping terminal lead wire of the axial region that stretches out from this wire clamp portion, there be the 1st connection sheet and at least one 2nd connection sheet relative with the 1st connection sheet of conduction usefulness in above-mentioned wire clamp portion, and the two edges portion of at least the 1 connection sheet is to the direction deflection that departs from out the 2nd connection sheet.

As above the cable clamping terminal lead wire of Gou Chenging can be advantageously used in the thermal printing head of above-mentioned hierarchic structure, but is not limited to this purposes, also can be used for the connection between two general circuit substrates.

The shell that the 3rd aspect of the present invention is provided be be bearing in heat sink on the relative shell of circuit substrate, it have a plurality of connection foot that is bound up on the circuit substrate established part fast and contact with heat sink at least one contact foots.The purposes of the shell of Gou Chenging also is not limited to be the thermal printing head of hierarchic structure like this.

Other purpose of the present invention, feature and advantage just can be understood from the following preferred embodiment of explanation with reference to the accompanying drawings.

The simple declaration of accompanying drawing

Fig. 1 is the vertical view of the thermal printing head of the 1st embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 2 be this thermal printing head along the II-II among Fig. 1 to view.

Fig. 3 is the profile along the III-III among Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is the profile along the IV-IV among Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is the profile along the V-V among Fig. 1.

Fig. 6 is the profile along the VI-VI among Fig. 1.

Fig. 7 is the enlarged drawing of the major part among Fig. 6.

Fig. 8 is the exploded perspective view of thermal printing head shown in Figure 1.

Fig. 9 is the oblique view that the anchor clamps of thermal printing head shown in Figure 1 assembling usefulness are represented with head substrate and tellite.

Figure 10 is the oblique view of the state after expression is assembled head substrate and tellite with anchor clamps shown in Figure 9.

Figure 11 is the profile along the XI-XI among Figure 10.

Figure 12 is that expression makes the head substrate that interosculates and the oblique view of the state of the relative installation with heat sink of tellite.

Figure 13 is the vertical view of the thermal printing head of the 2nd embodiment of the present invention.

Figure 14 is the profile along the XIV-XIV among Figure 13.

Figure 15 is the profile along the XV-XV among Figure 13.

Figure 16 is the profile along the XVI-XVI among Figure 13.

Figure 17 is the profile along the XVII-XVII among Figure 13.

Figure 18 is the profile along the XVIII-XVIII among Figure 13.

Figure 19 is the exploded perspective view of thermal printing head shown in Figure 13.

Figure 20 is the exploded perspective view of the state of expression thermal printing head shown in Figure 13 before shell is installed.

Figure 21 is the profile along the XXI-XXI among Figure 20.

Figure 22 is the profile identical with Figure 21 of the state of expression thermal printing head shown in Figure 13 when shell is installed.

Figure 23 is the side view of the structure example of the expression cable clamping terminal lead wire that is used for Fig. 1 or thermal printing head shown in Figure 13.

Figure 24 is the profile along the XXIV-XXIV among Figure 23.

Figure 25 is the oblique view of cable clamping terminal lead wire shown in Figure 23.

Figure 26 is the cross-section front view of another structure example of the expression cable clamping terminal lead wire that is used for Fig. 1 or thermal printing head shown in Figure 13.

Figure 27 is that expression is when using terminal lead shown in Figure 26 and the vertical view of the contact area of binding post.

Figure 28 is the oblique view that the existing cable clamping terminal lead wire of expression is in user mode.

Figure 29 is the front view that expression existing cable clamping terminal lead wire shown in Figure 28 is in another user mode.

The optimal morphology of the usefulness that carries out an invention

The preferred embodiments of the present invention are described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.

The thermal printing head of Fig. 1-8 expression the 1st embodiment of the present invention.This thermal printing head has metal heat sinks 1 such as aluminium.Shown in Fig. 4-8, a top side of this heat sink 1 is hierarchic structure, has the 1st bearing-surface 1a that is positioned at upside and the 2nd bearing-surface 1b that is positioned at downside.Head substrate 2 is supported on the 1st bearing-surface 1a, and tellite 14 is supported on the 2nd bearing-surface 1b.In Fig. 4, the difference in height of the 1st bearing-surface 1a and the 2nd bearing-surface 1b is represented with symbol H.

Head substrate 2 is cuboid, is made by insulating materials such as potteries.It vertically forms and is heating resistor 3 that wire is extended in the upper surface upper edge of this head substrate 2, and a plurality of drivings simultaneously are mounted to the display shape parallel with heating resistor 3 with IC4.Thermistor 5 (referring to Fig. 1 and Fig. 5) as temperature-sensing element in driving with IC4, these is housed between 2 drivings of centre are with IC.As shown in Figure 1, the upper surface at head substrate 2 forms common electrode 6 and the absolute electrode 7 that connects heating resistor 3.Upper surface at head substrate 2 also forms the wired circuit figure WP (its part in Fig. 4 only be shown) of each driving of connection with IC4, and a plurality of binding posts 8 are configured near two minor faces of head substrate 2 simultaneously.These binding posts 8 are connected with wired circuit figure WP.The two ends of common electrode 6 are used as the binding post that is connected usefulness with the outside with binding post 8.

As shown in Figure 4, each absolute electrode 7 and each drive with connecting by the wire bond method of utilizing lametta 9 between the IC4, and each drives with connecting by the wire bond method of utilizing lametta 10 between IC4 and the wired circuit figure WP.Each drives with the plastic protective layer 11 of IC4, thermistor 5 and each metal wire 9,10 usefulness and covers.(with reference to Fig. 1,2,4 and 5).

One side longitudinal edge portion of head substrate 2 stretches out appropriate size E (with reference to Fig. 4-7) from the 1st bearing-surface 1a of heat sink 1 to the 2nd bearing-surface 1b one side.This size E that stretches out preferably drives the degree set of stretching out to the 2nd bearing-surface 1b one side from the 1st bearing-surface 1a with IC4 and thermistor 5 according to each.

As shown in Figure 8, length L 1 part at vertical substantial middle place of head substrate 2 is fixed on the 1st bearing-surface 1a of heat sink 1 with binding agent 13 (for example ultraviolet hardening binding agent).But also head substrate 2 usefulness splicing tapes can be fixed on the heat sink 1 along its total length.

A plurality of cable clamping terminal lead wires 12 are pressed into each terminal electrode 8 conductively and are fixed on the longitudinal edge portion that head substrate 2 stretches out.As shown in Figure 7, the usefulness metallic plate is die-cut makes for each terminal lead 12, and it has and clamps 12a of wire clamp portion that is bound up on the head substrate 2 and the axial region 12b that tilts to extend to the 2nd bearing-surface 1b of heat sink 1 from the 12a of this wire clamp portion.

The tellite 14 that is bearing on the 2nd bearing-surface 1b of heat sink 1 is cuboid, makes with insulating materials such as synthetic resin.Near upper surface two minor faces of this tellite 14, form the connection electrode 15 corresponding with the binding post 8 of head substrate 2.On the upper surface of printed circuit board (PCB) 14, form wired circuit figure (not shown), be used for being electrically connected with the outside connecting connector 16 that is installed in the substantial middle portion of this printed circuit board (PCB) 14 connecting electrode 15.For example, the flexible cable (not shown) of extending from the control device (not shown) is connected on the outside connecting connector 16.

As shown in Figure 8, the long L2 part (roughly the standing part L1 with head substrate 2 is corresponding) at vertical substantial middle place of tellite 14 is fixed on the 2nd bearing-surface 1b of heat sink 1 by bonding agent 17 (for example ultraviolet hardening binding agent).Shown in Fig. 4-7, under this installment state, tellite 14 is positioned at the below of head substrate 2.In illustrated the 1st embodiment, one side longitudinal edge portion of tellite 14 is positioned at the 1st bearing-surface 1a of heat sink 1 and the intersection of the 2nd bearing-surface 1b, so tellite 14 equates with vertical overhang E of head substrate 2 with the lap of head substrate 2.The back degree T of printed circuit board (PCB) 14 is less than the 1st bearing-surface 1a of heat sink 1 and the height difference H of the 2nd bearing-surface 1b, so form gap 18 between printed circuit board (PCB) 14 and head substrate 2.

As mentioned above, the axial region 12b of each terminal lead 12 extends (with reference to Fig. 6 and Fig. 7) to oblique below towards the 2nd bearing-surface 1b of heat sink 2.As a result, 15 contacts of the corresponding connection electrode on the axial region 12b of terminal lead 12 and the tellite 14.Under this state, terminal lead 12 and corresponding connection electrode 15 usefulness solder flux 19 combinations.In the 1st embodiment, the front end of terminal lead axial region 12b is made taper surface, make its vertical line certain angle θ that tilts with respect to the upper surface of tellite 14.

As above the thermal printing head of Gou Chenging has following advantage.

The first, head substrate 2 and tellite 14 are along lateral overlap ormal weight E.Therefore, can make the lateral dimension of the thermal printing head that contains heat sink 1 reduce the amount suitable, can promote miniaturization with this lap.

Second, between head substrate 2 and tellite 14, form and the extraneous gap that communicates, so compare with the situation of printed circuit board (PCB) 14 direct contact head circuit substrate 2, can increase that head substrate 2 is exposed at airborne area and heat sink 1 is exposed at airborne area from the below.Consequently, the thermal diffusivity of head substrate 2 can be improved significantly, damage can be prevented because of the head substrate 2 overheated electronic components that cause (particularly drive and use IC4).Because the existence in gap 8, can prevent printed circuit board (PCB) 14 reliably along the thermal expansion of thickness direction influence to head substrate 2, therefore, even carry out the big flying print of overall caloric value, also be difficult for producing print bad.

The 3rd, a side longitudinal edge portion of head substrate 2 stretches out from the 1st bearing-surface 1a of heat sink 1, and thermistor 5 is installed in the extension (with reference to Fig. 1 and Fig. 5) of this head substrate 2.The thermal diffusivity of the extension of this head substrate 2 is lower than the part (but than direct contact print circuit board 14 time height) of direct contact heat sink 1.Therefore, because the thermistor 5 that temperature detection is used is installed in the extension of head substrate 2, so compare when this thermistor 5 being installed in head substrate 2, can improve response and precision that temperature is raise reliably with part that heat sink 1 directly contacts.

The 4th, utilize cable clamping terminal lead wire 12 with electrically conducting between the terminal electrode 15 on binding post on the head substrate 28 and the tellite 14.Therefore, need between head substrate 2 and tellite 14, not carry out wire bond and connect, so can not produce because of carrying out the mistake that wire bond causes.Because the axial region 12b of terminal lead 12 is flexible, so head substrate 2 and tellite 14 thermal expansion difference longitudinally can be absorbed by disturbing of axial region 12b is bent.Coefficient of thermal expansion with plastic tellite 14 is bigger than the head substrate 2 of pottery system, so, producing heat during owing to printing, tellite 14 longitudinally expands greatly than head substrate 2.Therefore, if the flexible deformation of axial region 12b who does not have a terminal lead 12 during to the absorption of this differential expansion, the both ends of head substrate 2 can break away from heat sink 1 and be upturned, and the thermal diffusivity to heat sink 1 is degenerated.

The 5th, utilize the gap 18 that between head substrate 2 and tellite 14, exists, the axial region 12b that makes each terminal lead 12 under the state of downward-sloping the 2nd bearing-surface towards heat sink 1 with printed circuit board (PCB) 14 on respectively be connected electrode 15 contacts.Its result as shown in Figure 7, during welding, the solder flux 19 of fusion spreads and flows into axial region 12b and connect in the gap between the electrode 15, can guarantee sufficient weld strength.In the 1st embodiment, by making the suitable angle θ of each terminal lead 12 inclination, the contact area of increase and solder flux 19 can further improve weld strength.

The assemble method of the thermal printing head of Fig. 9-12 expression the 1st embodiment.

As shown in Figure 9, promptly at first prepare the anchor clamps A of assembling usefulness.These anchor clamps A has the 2nd location division A2 that the lower position of the 1st location division A1 that uses of upper side position of decision head substrate 2 and decision tellite 14 is used.But the height difference H of setting between the 1st location division A1 and the 2nd location division A2 0 is smaller slightly than the height difference H between the 1st and the 2nd bearing-surface 1a, the 1b of heat sink 1.

Secondly, as Figure 10 and shown in Figure 11, head substrate 2 is contained in the 1st location division A1 of anchor clamps A, and tellite 14 is contained in the 2nd location division A2.Consequently head substrate 2 and tellite 14 have automatically been determined the relation of the appropriate location on vertical and horizontal each other.

Secondly, as Figure 10 and shown in Figure 11, be welded on respectively connecting on the tellite 14 (with reference to Fig. 6 and Fig. 7) on the electrode 15 with being fixed near head substrate 2 two ends each terminal lead 12.Under this state, the axial region 12b of each terminal lead 12 on the head substrate 2 roughly is nature.

Then, as shown in figure 12, the head substrate 2 and the tellite 14 of such combination after taking off, anchor clamps A is installed on the heat sink 1.When carrying out this installation, with bonding agent 13 with head substrate 2 longitudinally the L1 of substantial middle portion adhere on the 1st bearing-surface 1a of heat sink 1, and adhere on the 2nd bearing-surface 1b of heat sink 1 with the L2 of substantial middle portion of bonding agent 17 with tellite 14.As mentioned above, because the 1st location division A1 and the height difference H 0 between the 2nd location division A2 of anchor clamps A are smaller slightly than the height difference H between the 1st and the 2nd bearing-surface 1a, the 1b of heat sink 1, so as shown in Figure 3, the both ends of tellite 14 are upturned from the 2nd bearing-surface 1b of heat sink 1, are protruding flexible deformation's state downwards generally.

When adopting above-mentioned assemble method, tellite 14 produces protruding flexible deformation downwards, and the elastic recovering force of tellite 14 acts on the both ends of head substrate 2 by each terminal lead 12.Consequently make the both ends of head substrate 2 always oppress heat sink 1, even tellite 14 produces thermal expansion in print procedure, the both ends that also can prevent head substrate 2 reliably are from heat sink 1 perk.Therefore, can often keep suitable hot conducted state between head substrate 2 and the heat sink 1, the print performance of thermal printing head can not degenerate with the rising of temperature.

The thermal printing head of Figure 13-22 expression the 2nd embodiment of the present invention.The thermal printing head of the 2nd embodiment is similar basically to the thermal printing head (Fig. 1-12) of the 1st embodiment.Therefore, general composed component adopts same reference marks among two embodiment, and detailed description is omitted.

The thermal printing head of the 2nd embodiment also has the elongated envelope 20 of the outstanding longitudinal edge portion of roughly whole tellite 14 of covering and head substrate 2 except the composed component relevant with the 1st embodiment that had illustrated.This shell 20 is 10 by body resistivity 5-10 9The static conductive material of (Ω cm) constitutes, and has the antistatic interference function.This static conductive material for example can constitute by static electroconductive powders such as an amount of carbon dust being blended in the synthetic resin such as epoxy resin.

A plurality of connection tongue piece 20a are integrally formed in a side longitudinal edge portion of shell 20.Near a plurality of contact 20b of foot of a whole formation above-mentioned side longitudinal edge portion.Longitudinally integrally form the 20c of connection foot of a pair of elastically deformable at a distance of the interval of regulation in the opposite side longitudinal edge portion of the lower surface of shell 20.In order to improve the elasticity that connects the 20c of foot,, can form groove 20d in each vertical outside that connects the 20c of foot as Figure 18 and shown in Figure 20.

As Figure 14 and shown in Figure 15, shell 20 respectively connect tongue piece 20a is bound up on head substrate 2 from downside (being gap 18 1 sides) outstanding longitudinal edge portion.A plurality of through hole 14bs corresponding with the 20b of contact foot of shell 20 (with reference to Figure 14,15,19 and 20) are arranged on the tellite 14, under the state after shell 20 assemblings, the contact 20b of foot directly contacts with the 2nd bearing-surface 1b of heat sink 1 by the through hole 14b of tellite 14.Tellite 14 has the outstanding central protuberance 14a from the 2nd bearing-surface 1b of heat sink 1, and two of shell 20 are bound up on the protuberance 14a of these central authorities with connecting the 20c of foot elastically deformable and go up (Figure 13,14,17,18 and 20).

In the 2nd embodiment, the 20b of contact foot of shell 20 is arranged on than the position that connects the more close connection tongue piece of bight 20c 20a.If adopt this structure, as shown in figure 22, at first shell 20 is tilted under some the state, the outstanding longitudinal edge portion that tongue piece 20a is bound up on head substrate 2 will be connect, push shell 20 then in the direction of arrow B, utilize " lever " principle, can easily and reliably shell 20 be fixed on tellite 14 and the heat sink 1.

As shown in figure 14, the thermal printing head of the 2nd embodiment is in print procedure, and the printed medium 22 (for example heat-sensitive paper) that supports with platen 21 utilizes shell 20 guiding.As mentioned above, shell 20 has static electric conductivity, so the contact foot 20b of the static that produces when supplying with printed medium 22 by shell 20 goes on the metal heat sink 1 gradually.Consequently can prevent to drive with IC4 etc. and damage because of static.Because 20 on shell is bound up on the head substrate 2 with connecting tongue piece 20a, so shell 20 thermal expansion longitudinally influences head substrate 2 hardly.

In illustrated the 2nd embodiment, the 20c of connection foot of shell 20 flexiblely connects (connecting fast) on the central protuberance of tellite 14., if another longitudinal edge portion of tellite 14 totally from the 2nd bearing-surface of heat sink 1 more outstanding the time, also the 20c of connection foot of shell 20 can be bound up on tellite 14 should outstanding longitudinal edge portion on.

When the both ends of tellite 14 from the two ends of heat sink 1 more outstanding the time, the 20c of connection foot on the central portion 14a (or outstanding longitudinal edge portion) that is bound up on tellite 14, also the connection foot that is bound up on the outstanding both ends of tellite 14 can be located on the shell 20.At this moment, not necessarily need the connection tongue piece 20a corresponding with head substrate 2.

In the 1st embodiment and the 2nd embodiment, many terminal leads 12 (binding post 8 and connection electrode 15) are assigned with the both ends that are located at head substrate 2 and tellite 14., also can make following structure into, that is, these terminal leads 12 be concentrated in the portion of substantial middle longitudinally of head substrate 2 and tellite 14 and dispose.

Figure 23-25 illustrates the preferred structure of each terminal lead 12 preferred structure with each binding post 8 on the head substrate 2 together.

That is, shown in Figure 23 and 24,, on the surface of this vitreous coating 2a, form each binding post 8 (in order to illustrate conveniently not shown this vitreous coating 2a in Fig. 1 ~ 22) at the upper surface formation vitreous coating 2a of head substrate 2.The sandwich construction (being 2 layers of structure in the illustrated embodiment) of the silver layer 8b that binding post 8 burns till after preferably adopting and containing on gold layer 8a that will burn till after organic gold paste printing and the upper surface that silver paste is printed on this gold layer 8a.The purpose that constitutes sandwich construction like this is that the price of gold layer is expensive, and its thickness is extremely thin when only being coated with one deck, is about 0.7 μ m, so by stack silver layer 8b, so that the thickening of the general thickness of binding post 8.If binding post 8 only is gold layer 8a, when then being pressed into the wire clamp portion of terminal lead 12, thin gold layer 8a pruned because of friction, and the 12a of this wire clamp portion directly contacts with the vitreous coating 2a of head substrate 2, can cause with the conducting state of binding post 8 bad.But if allow to increase the thickness of gold layer 8a on price, it is also passable then not establish silver layer 8b.

Also has following advantage during stack silver layer 8b.That is, for example will be die-cut into suitable shape by the sheet metal that phosphor bronze is made after, processing is bent to form terminal lead 12, and is last in order to improve contact electric conductivity, electrotinning or the nickel of pair of wire connection terminals 8.Suppose on terminal lead 12 when zinc-plated,, owing to produce heat, zinc-platedly absorbed when then driving printhead, can not keep the excellent contact electric conductivity of terminal lead 12 and binding post 8 by penetration if it directly contacts gold layer 8a.This what is called " scolding tin is eaten " phenomenon is known.Have preventing or alleviate the effect of " scolding tin is eaten " at the silver layer 8b of gold layer 8a superimposed layer.

Said that terminal lead 12 had the 12a of wire clamp portion of the longitudinal edge portion that is bound up on head substrate 2 and the axial region 12b that gives prominence to from the 12a of this wire clamp portion.。In more detail, Figure 25 represents the most clearly, and the 12a of wire clamp portion of terminal lead 12 has the 1st connection sheet 121 that is connected with binding post 8, a pair of the 1st connection sheet 122 that is bound up on head substrate 2 lower surfaces and the connecting portion 123 that these connection sheets are connected to each other.Between the 1st connection sheet 121 and Ge Di 2 connection sheets 122, form wire clamp opening 124.The width of this wire clamp opening 124 is set greatlyyer than the thickness of the head substrate 2 that comprises vitreous coating 2a at the front end place of these connection sheets 121,122, therefore easily the 12a of wire clamp portion is pressed into head substrate 2.

The 1st connection sheet 121 has the convex contact site 121a that gives prominence to towards the 2nd connection sheet 122.Equally, each the 2nd connection sheet 122 has the convex contact site 122a that gives prominence to towards the 1st connection sheet 121.The 12a of wire clamp portion is in the raw the time, and the width of the wire clamp opening 124 between the 1st connection sheet and the 2nd connection sheet 122 is set forr a short time than the thickness of the head substrate 2 that comprises vitreous coating 2a at these convex contact sites 121a, 122a place.Therefore after being installed to terminal lead 12 on the head substrate 2, utilize the elastic recovering force of connecting arm 121,122 12a of wire clamp portion can be remained on the head substrate 2.Each convex contact site 121a, 122a are very smooth, so the 12a of wire clamp portion can install on the head substrate 2 very smoothly.

Be provided with chamfering 125 in the both sides of the edge portion of the 1st connection sheet 121 of the 12a of wire clamp portion towards binding post 8.Each chamfering 125 extends to more than the position of convex contact site 121a at least continuously from the front end of the 1st connection sheet 121.This chamfering 125 can be inclined plane shape shown in Figure 24 or also can be the curved surface shape.For example be preferably more than the 0.05mm along the size of the chamfering 125 of the 1st connection sheet 121 thickness directions, this size is set the influence of the gauge (being 0.25mm in illustrated embodiment) that is not subjected to the 1st connection sheet 121.Can prune the partly both sides of the edge portion of the 1st connection sheet 121 forms chamfering 125, but also can form to the direction plastic deformation of leaving the 2nd connection sheet 122 by making this edge part.

Secondly, for the technical meaning of chamfering 125 is described, at first problem in the existing cable clamping terminal lead wire is described according to Figure 28.In Figure 28 in order to represent corresponding composed component, with Figure 23-25 in be marked with (" on the identical reference marks used), repeat specification is omitted.

Existing cable clamping terminal lead wire 12 shown in Figure 28 " crooked being processed to form behind the die-cut metallic plate, so the 1st connection sheet 121 " and the 2nd connection sheet 122 " edge part produce burr C inevitably.Therefore with terminal lead 12 " the 12a of wire clamp portion " be pressed into head substrate 2 after, binding post 8 " with the 1st connection sheet 121 " burr C become the line contact condition, leave binding post 8 but have in other parts " tendency that upwards arches upward.When burr C is serious or binding post 8 " thin thickness the time, this tendency that arches upward is especially remarkable.When burr C is irregular, the 1st connection sheet 121 " and binding post 8 " contact condition worsen.If weld in addition, so that make the 1st connection sheet 121 " and binding post 8 " conducting, then loose contact does not between the two just become big problem., at this moment,, must leave enough intervals (for example greater than 1.5mm) between the binding post in order to make the unlikely short circuit of adjacent binding post owing to will weld, can not the more binding post of configuration in the zone of limited length.

In contrast, shown in Figure 23-25, when making chamfering 125 in the both sides of the edge portion of the 1st connection sheet 121, the 1st connection sheet 121 of part between two chamferings 125 is cut the silver layer 8b of binding post 8 partly, the contact of realization face.And because incision silver layer 8b, two chamferings also contact with binding post 8 partly.Therefore, need not weld in addition, just can reach excellent contact state (conduction state) between the 12a of wire clamp portion of terminal lead 12 and the binding post 8.

In the structure shown in Figure 23-25, with the 1st connection sheet 121 on the transparent insulating resin 21 coating wire clamp 12a of portion and the connecting portion between the binding post 8.This insulating resin 21 can be strengthened the connection between 12a of wire clamp portion and the binding post 8, simultaneously, has the static that prevents generation when thermal printing head is printed and flows to the effect that binding post 8 causes driving to damage with IC.

Figure 26 and 27 illustrates another preferred structure of terminal lead another preferred structure with each binding post on the head substrate 2 together.

That is, binding post 8 ' shown in Figure 26 is to contain gold layer 8a ', the silver layer 8b ' that forms and the three-decker (being double-layer structure in illustrated embodiment) of silver-colored palladium (Ag-Pd) the layer 8c ' that form on the upper surface of this silver layer 8b ' on the upper surface of this gold layer 8a '.If silver palladium layer 8c ' is in order to prevent " scolding tin is eaten " when zinc-plated more reliably, but illustrated, only be provided with silver layer 8b ', and just can prevent " scolding tin is eaten " to a certain extent.

As shown in figure 26, terminal lead 12 ' has the 12a ' of wire clamp portion of the longitudinal edge portion that is bound up on head substrate 2 and from the outstanding axial region 12b ' of the 12a ' of this wire clamp portion.The 12a ' of wire clamp portion has the 1st connection sheet 121 ' that is connected with binding post 8 ', be bound up on head substrate 2 lower surfaces a pair of the 2nd connection sheet 122 ' and with these connection sheet 121 ', 122 ' interconnected connecting portion (not shown)s.The contact site 121a ' relative with binding post 8 ' of the 1st connection sheet 121 ', its cross section totally bends to convex.Consequently the both sides of the edge portion 125 ' of the 1st connection sheet 121 ' departs from binding post 8 '

For the advantage of said structure is described, at first problem in the existing cable clamping terminal lead wire is described according to Figure 29.In Figure 29, in order to represent corresponding composed component, use with Figure 28 in identical band (") reference marks, repeat specification is omitted.

At existing cable clamping terminal lead wire 12 shown in Figure 29 " in, since foozle, the 1st connection sheet 121 " along cross-sectional direction and the 2nd connection sheet 122 " not parallel.Like this, if the 1st connection sheet 121 " tilt, then will cause only at one lateral edge portion and binding post 8 " state of contact, the 12a of wire clamp portion " and binding post 8 " between can not get excellent contact.As the 12a of wire clamp portion " when having burr (the C part among Figure 28), this problem is just remarkable especially.

In contrast, if adopt structure shown in Figure 26, then the contact site 121a ' of the 1st connection sheet 121 ' has the convex section that totally is bending along the cross section.Therefore, when even the 1st connection sheet 121 ' tilts along the cross section with respect to the 2nd connection sheet 122 ', contact with binding post 8 ' equally, as shown in figure 27, when the 12a ' of wire clamp portion is pressed into head substrate 2 ', roughly in the scope 22 of certain width, cut binding post 8 ' (surperficial silver palladium layer 8c ').Consequently the 12a ' of wire clamp portion obtains good being connected with binding post 8 ', need not weld in addition.

The preferred embodiments of the present invention more than have been described, but scope of the present invention is not limited to these embodiment.For example, driving is not installed on the head substrate 2 with IC4, and is mounted on the tellite 14.Therefore, in following claim scope, the present invention can carry out all changes, simultaneously, is appreciated that in the claim scope to comprise similar device.

Claims (6)

1. shell that is used for thermal printing head, this printhead comprises a circuit board (14), is supported on the heat sink (1), it is characterized in that it comprises:
A plurality of connection foots (20c) are connected fast with circuit board (14);
At least one contacts foot (20b), is connected on the described heat sink (1); And
At least one connects tongue (20a), and this connection tongue (20a) is connected in a flange of a stature substrate (2), and this substrate is supported on of heat sink (1) and is higher than on the position of circuit board (14).
2. shell as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described contact foot (20b) is arranged on and respectively connects foot (20c) and be connected between the tongue (20a), and described contact foot (20b) is arranged on when the width of shell is seen the position near described connection tongue (20a).
3. shell as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, connects the protruding middle body (14a) that foot (20c) is connected in described circuit board (14).
4. shell as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the described sidepiece that each connects foot (20c) is provided with groove (20d), in order to increase its elasticity.
5. shell as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described contact foot (21b) directly is fixed on the heat sink (1) by the through hole (14b) of a correspondence of circuit board (14).
6. shell as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described shell is made by the resin of electrostatic conduction.
CNB991207467A 1994-10-03 1995-10-03 Shell for thermal printing head CN1157298C (en)

Priority Applications (10)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
JP238946/1994 1994-10-03
JP6238946A JP2774941B2 (en) 1994-10-03 1994-10-03 How to assemble a thermal printhead
JP240985/1994 1994-10-05
JP24098594 1994-10-05
JP32732094 1994-12-28
JP327320/1994 1994-12-28
JP10000/1995 1995-01-25
JP1000095 1995-01-25
JP62541/1995 1995-03-22
JP6254195A JP3248828B2 (en) 1995-03-22 1995-03-22 Thermal printhead structure

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN95190984A Division CN1056339C (en) 1994-10-03 1995-10-03 Thermal printing head, and clip type terminal lead and cover used for the same

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1249994A CN1249994A (en) 2000-04-12
CN1157298C true CN1157298C (en) 2004-07-14

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ID=27519133

Family Applications (3)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN95190984A CN1056339C (en) 1994-10-03 1995-10-03 Thermal printing head, and clip type terminal lead and cover used for the same
CNB991207467A CN1157298C (en) 1994-10-03 1995-10-03 Shell for thermal printing head
CN99120745A CN1106945C (en) 1994-10-03 1999-09-22 Cable clamping terminal lead wire

Family Applications Before (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN95190984A CN1056339C (en) 1994-10-03 1995-10-03 Thermal printing head, and clip type terminal lead and cover used for the same

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN99120745A CN1106945C (en) 1994-10-03 1999-09-22 Cable clamping terminal lead wire

Country Status (7)

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US (1) US5739837A (en)
EP (3) EP0978385B1 (en)
KR (1) KR0173430B1 (en)
CN (3) CN1056339C (en)
DE (3) DE69517002T2 (en)
TW (1) TW285714B (en)
WO (1) WO1996010490A1 (en)

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Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
KR960706404A (en) 1996-12-09
EP0729839B1 (en) 2000-05-17
CN1106945C (en) 2003-04-30
US5739837A (en) 1998-04-14
CN1056339C (en) 2000-09-13
EP0729839A4 (en) 1997-01-08
EP0978385B1 (en) 2002-03-13
DE69525868D1 (en) 2002-04-18
EP0978384A2 (en) 2000-02-09
WO1996010490A1 (en) 1996-04-11
CN1249994A (en) 2000-04-12
DE69525867T2 (en) 2002-11-21
EP0978385A2 (en) 2000-02-09
EP0978384A3 (en) 2000-05-10
DE69517002T2 (en) 2001-01-11
EP0729839A1 (en) 1996-09-04
KR0173430B1 (en) 1999-04-01
EP0978384B1 (en) 2002-03-13
DE69525867D1 (en) 2002-04-18
EP0978385A3 (en) 2000-03-15
DE69517002D1 (en) 2000-06-21
DE69525868T2 (en) 2002-11-21
CN1136294A (en) 1996-11-20
TW285714B (en) 1996-09-11
CN1261584A (en) 2000-08-02

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