CN115672470B - Wheat flour milling processing system - Google Patents

Wheat flour milling processing system Download PDF

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CN115672470B
CN115672470B CN202211634433.3A CN202211634433A CN115672470B CN 115672470 B CN115672470 B CN 115672470B CN 202211634433 A CN202211634433 A CN 202211634433A CN 115672470 B CN115672470 B CN 115672470B
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flour
crushing
grinding
wheat
grinding surface
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CN115672470A (en
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李永
张涵畅
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Dingzhou Wangxue Noodle Co ltd
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Dingzhou Wangxue Noodle Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

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Abstract

The invention discloses a wheat flour milling processing system which comprises a feeding bin, a impurity removing device, a cleaning device, a drying device and a flour milling device, wherein the impurity removing device comprises a winnowing impurity removing mechanism and a vibration impurity removing mechanism, the flour milling device comprises a flour milling driving mechanism, a flour milling mechanism and a flour vibrating screen, the flour milling mechanism comprises a crushing part, a milling surface part with adjustable milling thickness and a shell with a cylindrical structure, the flour milling driving mechanism is arranged on an end cover at the top of the shell, the bottom of the shell is connected with the flour vibrating screen, the crushing part, the milling surface part and the shell are coaxially arranged, the crushing part and the milling surface part are arranged on a main shaft and are positioned at the inner side of the shell, the crushing part is positioned above the milling surface part, and the crushing part and the milling surface part are arranged on a base through the shell. The invention can deeply remove impurities and clean the wheat, and grind the wheat with reasonable thickness, so that the wheat with better quality can be obtained, and the invention is suitable for the technical field of flour processing equipment.

Description

Wheat flour milling processing system
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of flour processing equipment, and particularly relates to a wheat flour milling processing system.
Background
Wheat is used as main grain crop in China, is often ground into flour, is rich in protein, carbohydrate, vitamins, calcium, iron, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium and other mineral substances, has the effects of nourishing heart, tonifying kidney, strengthening spleen, strengthening intestines, removing heat and quenching thirst, is used as main raw material of flour food for people, can be processed into various delicacies while solving the temperature saturation, and plays a vital role in our daily life. The process of processing the wheat into the flour comprises the operation steps of impurity removal, cleaning and wetting, flour milling and screening, and the like, and each step can influence the processing quality of the flour.
In the prior art, the quality of the flour is affected due to insufficient impurity removal and cleaning of the wheat and insufficient grinding or excessive fine grinding in a flour grinding link.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a wheat flour milling processing system which is used for solving the problems that in the prior art, the impurity removal and cleaning of wheat are not thorough enough, and the grinding in a flour milling link is insufficient or excessively fine, so that the quality of flour is influenced, and the wheat flour milling processing system can be used for deeply removing the impurity and cleaning the wheat and reasonably grinding the wheat in thickness, so that the flour with higher quality is obtained.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
the wheat flour milling processing system comprises a feeding bin, a impurity removing device, a cleaning device, a drying device and a flour milling device, wherein the impurity removing device comprises a winnowing impurity removing mechanism and a vibration impurity removing mechanism, the winnowing impurity removing mechanism is arranged in the feeding bin and is connected with an impurity storage bag through an impurity removing pipeline, the vibration impurity removing device is arranged at the bottom of the storage bin and is connected with a centrifugal device through the cleaning device, the centrifugal device is connected with the drying device through a conveying pipeline, and the drying device is connected with the flour milling device through the conveying pipeline;
the flour grinding device comprises a flour grinding driving mechanism, a flour grinding mechanism and a flour vibrating screen, wherein the flour grinding mechanism is fixedly arranged on the base, the flour grinding driving mechanism is fixedly arranged above the flour grinding mechanism, the flour vibrating screen is arranged at the bottom of the flour grinding mechanism, the flour grinding driving mechanism comprises a flour grinding driving motor and a speed reducer, and the flour grinding driving motor is connected with the flour grinding mechanism through a main shaft by the speed reducer;
the grinding surface mechanism comprises a crushing part, a grinding surface part with adjustable grinding thickness and a shell of a cylindrical structure, the grinding surface driving mechanism is arranged on an end cover at the top of the shell, the bottom of the shell is connected with the flour vibrating screen, the crushing part, the grinding surface part and the shell are coaxially arranged, the crushing part and the grinding surface part are arranged on the main shaft and are positioned on the inner side of the shell, the crushing part is positioned above the grinding surface part, and the crushing part and the grinding surface part are arranged on the base through the shell.
Further, the crushing portion comprises a crushing rotor and a crushing stator, the crushing rotor is fixedly arranged on the main shaft, the outer wall of the crushing stator is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the machine shell, a crushing cavity is formed in a gap between the crushing rotor and the crushing stator, crushing teeth of a spiral structure are arranged on the crushing stator, spiral grooves of the spiral structure are formed in the crushing stator, the pitches of the crushing teeth and the spiral grooves are the same, the crushing cavity is of a conical structure, and the width of the crushing cavity is gradually reduced from top to bottom.
Further, the grinding surface part comprises a grinding surface rotor and a grinding surface stator, the grinding surface rotor is fixedly arranged on the main shaft, the outer wall of the grinding surface stator is in threaded connection with the inner wall of the shell, a lifting mechanism is arranged between the shell and the grinding surface stator, a grinding surface cavity is formed in a gap between the grinding surface rotor and the grinding surface stator, the grinding surface cavity is of a conical structure, and the width of the grinding surface cavity is gradually reduced from top to bottom.
Further, elevating system is including setting firmly in elevator motor and the reduction gear of casing lateral wall, has constructed the lift screw thread on the lateral wall of mill face stator, and the casing inner wall structure has the swivel nut with the lift screw thread adaptation, and mill face stator outer wall middle part is constructed with the lift tooth, and elevator motor passes through the reduction gear and rotates through the mill face stator of elevating gear drive, and broken rotor and mill face rotor faying face are the plane, are equipped with sealed the pad between the two, and broken rotor and mill face rotor's faying face is the conical surface, is equipped with elastic sealing washer between the two.
Further, belt cleaning device includes horizontal cleaning portion and slope conveying portion, and horizontal cleaning portion's feed end links to each other with edulcoration device's discharge gate, and horizontal cleaning portion's discharge gate links to each other with the feed inlet of slope conveying portion, and the discharge gate of slope conveying portion links to each other with centrifugal device's feed inlet, and centrifugal device's discharge gate passes through pipeline and links to each other with drying device's feed inlet, and drying device's discharge gate passes through pipeline and links to each other with the flour milling device.
Further, the horizontal cleaning part comprises a U-shaped groove and a horizontal auger conveying mechanism, the inclined conveying part comprises a conveying pipe and an inclined auger conveying mechanism, a feeding hole of the U-shaped groove is connected with a discharging hole of the impurity removing device, a discharging hole of the U-shaped groove is connected with a feeding hole of the conveying pipe, a discharging hole of the conveying pipe is connected with a feeding hole of the centrifugal device, and the horizontal auger conveying mechanism and the inclined auger conveying mechanism are connected through a universal cross shaft.
Further, a plurality of stirring cleaning rods which are horizontally arranged are uniformly arranged on the first blade of the horizontal auger conveying mechanism, and a plurality of water leakage holes are uniformly formed on the second blade of the inclined auger conveying mechanism.
Further, a water supplementing port is arranged on the side wall of the feeding end of the U-shaped groove, an overflow port is formed in the side wall of the discharging end, the height of the overflow port is higher than the diameter of the first blade of the horizontal auger conveying mechanism, the distance between the stirring cleaning rods is larger than the volume of wheat, and the diameter of the water leakage hole is smaller than the volume of wheat.
Further, vibration edulcoration mechanism includes double-deck shale shaker and edulcoration vibrating mechanism, and double-deck shale shaker including through swing arm slope setting up first shale shaker and the second shale shaker in the frame, first shale shaker and second shale shaker from top to bottom fixed connection and through swing arm and frame swing joint, the sieve mesh of first shale shaker is greater than the wheat volume, and the low side wall is equipped with coarse grain impurity export, and the sieve mesh of second shale shaker is less than the wheat volume, and the low side is equipped with the wheat export, and the low side is equipped with the fine grain impurity export.
Further, edulcoration vibration mechanism includes first vibration mechanism and second vibration mechanism, and first vibration mechanism is including setting firmly the vibrating motor in the second shale shaker below, and second vibration mechanism includes bent axle and connecting rod and reciprocal actuating mechanism, and the one end and the bent axle of connecting rod rotate to be connected, and the other end is articulated with the lateral wall of first shale shaker, and reciprocal actuating mechanism passes through the bent axle and drives two shale shakers through the connecting rod and reciprocate in the vibration screening.
Compared with the prior art, the invention adopts the structure, and the technical progress is that:
(1) The impurity removing device comprises a winnowing impurity removing mechanism and a vibrating impurity removing mechanism, floating dust, wheat stalks, wheat husks and other lighter impurities in the wheat can be removed through the winnowing impurity removing mechanism, solid impurities which cannot be removed through winnowing can be removed through the vibrating impurity removing mechanism, and relatively clean small surfaces enter the cleaning device to be further cleaned, so that the wheat is thoroughly cleaned and deeply cleaned, and the flour quality is ensured;
(2) The lifting motor of the lifting mechanism drives the grinding surface stator to rotate through the lifting gear, so that the grinding surface stator moves up and down along the inner wall of the shell, and the width of a grinding surface cavity between the grinding surface stator and the grinding surface rotor can be changed, thereby realizing the adjustment of grinding surface part to grinding thickness of flour;
(3) In addition, the centrifugal device and the drying device are used for carrying out dehydration and drying treatment before wheat flour milling, so that the moisture and humidity in the wheat can be controlled more conveniently and reliably, good wheat wetting is realized, and the processing quality of the flour is further ensured;
in summary, the invention can deeply remove impurities and clean the wheat, and grind the wheat with reasonable thickness, thereby obtaining better quality wheat, and being applicable to the technical field of flour processing equipment.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate the invention and together with the embodiments of the invention, serve to explain the invention.
In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a cleaning apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a vibration impurity removing device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of the horizontal cleaning section and the inclined conveying section according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a surface grinding device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of a face grinder assembly according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a crushing portion according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of a grinding surface part according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a flour vibrating screen according to an embodiment of the invention.
Marking parts: 00-winnowing impurity removing mechanism, 01-feeding bin, 02-impurity removing device, 20-frame, 21-impurity removing vibrating motor, 22-swing arm, 23-reciprocating driving mechanism, 24-crankshaft, 25-connecting rod, 26-sieve mesh, 27-first vibrating screen, 28-coarse grain impurity outlet, 29-wheat outlet, 03-cleaning device, 30-U-shaped groove, 301-overflow gap, 31-water supplementing port, 32-horizontal cleaning part, 321-first conveying shaft, 322-first blade, 323-stirring cleaning rod, 33-inclined conveying part, 331-second conveying shaft, 332-second blade, 333-water leakage hole, 34-conveying motor, 35-universal cross shaft, 04-centrifugal device, 05-drying device, 06-flour milling device, 61-flour milling driving mechanism, 60-casing, 600-lifting motor, 601-lifting gear, 62-flour vibrating screen, 620-screen body, 621-screen, 622-wheat bran outlet, 623-spring, 624-guide bin, 625-flour vibrating motor, 626-cross arm, 63-wheat storage bin, 640-crushing cavity, 641-crushing stator, 6411-conical surface, 6410-spiral groove, 642-crushing rotor, 6420-crushing tooth, 650-flour milling cavity, 651-flour milling stator, 6510-lifting screw, 6511-lifting tooth, 652-flour milling rotor, 66-main shaft, 67-guide bin, 68-elastic sealing ring and 69-sealing gasket.
Detailed Description
Preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings. It should be understood that the preferred embodiments described herein are presented for purposes of illustration and explanation only and are not intended to limit the present invention.
The invention discloses a wheat flour milling processing system, which is shown in fig. 1 and comprises a feeding bin 01, a impurity removing device 02, a cleaning device 03, a drying device 05 and a flour milling device 06, wherein the impurity removing device 02 comprises a winnowing impurity removing mechanism 00 and a vibration impurity removing mechanism, the winnowing impurity removing mechanism 00 is arranged in the feeding bin 01 and is connected with an impurity storage bag through an impurity removing pipeline, the vibration impurity removing device 02 is arranged at the bottom of the storage bin and is connected with the centrifugal device 04 through the cleaning device 03, the centrifugal device 04 is connected with the drying device 05 through a conveying pipeline, and the drying device 05 is connected with the flour milling device 06 through the conveying pipeline; as shown in fig. 5-6, the flour grinding device 06 includes a flour grinding driving mechanism 61, a flour grinding mechanism and a flour vibrating screen 62, the flour grinding mechanism is fixedly arranged on the base, the flour grinding driving mechanism 61 is fixedly arranged above the flour grinding mechanism, the flour vibrating screen 62 is arranged at the bottom of the flour grinding mechanism, the flour grinding driving mechanism 61 includes a flour grinding driving motor and a speed reducer, and the flour grinding driving motor is connected with the flour grinding mechanism through the speed reducer and a main shaft 66; the grinding surface mechanism comprises a crushing part, a grinding surface part with adjustable grinding thickness and a shell 60 with a cylindrical structure, wherein the grinding surface driving mechanism 61 is arranged on an end cover at the top of the shell 60, the bottom of the shell 60 is connected with the flour vibrating screen 62, the crushing part, the grinding surface part and the shell 60 are coaxially arranged, the crushing part and the grinding surface part are arranged on the main shaft 66 and are positioned on the inner side of the shell 60, the crushing part is positioned above the grinding surface part, and the crushing part and the grinding surface part are arranged on the base through the shell 60. Chu Maicang 63 is arranged below the end cover, and a gap matched with the crushing cavity 640 is formed in the middle of the wheat storage bin 63. A material guiding bin 67 is arranged at the bottom of the shell 60, and the flour and wheat bran after grinding the friction surface enter a flour vibrating screen 62 through the material guiding bin 67.
As a preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 9, the flour vibrating screen 62 includes a screen 620 and a screen 621, the screen 620 is obliquely disposed on the base through a spring 623 and a cross brace 626, a flour vibrating motor 625 is fixedly mounted on a guiding surface bin 624 of a conical structure above and below the screen 620, flour falls from the screen 621 under the action of the vibration of the flour vibrating motor 625, and wheat bran falls from a wheat bran outlet 622 of the screen 620. The flour and wheat bran can be effectively separated by the flour vibrating screen 62.
As a preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 7, the crushing portion includes a crushing rotor 642 and a crushing stator 641, the crushing rotor 642 is fixedly disposed on the main shaft 66, the outer wall of the crushing stator 641 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the casing 60, a gap between the crushing rotor 642 and the crushing stator 641 forms a crushing cavity 640, the crushing stator 641 is provided with a crushing tooth 6420 with a spiral structure, the crushing stator 641 is provided with a spiral groove 6410 with a spiral structure, the pitches of the crushing tooth 6420 and the crushing groove are the same, the crushing cavity 640 is in a conical structure, and the width of the crushing cavity 640 is gradually reduced from top to bottom.
The grinding surface driving motor drives the main shaft 66 to rotate through the speed reducer, the main shaft 66 drives the crushing rotor 642 to rotate, the crushing rotor 642 rotates relative to the crushing stator 641, and compared with the traditional crushing rollers arranged in parallel, the wheat provided by the invention is crushed in the crushing cavity 640 between the crushing rotor 642 and the crushing stator 641, the traditional crushing rollers arranged in parallel are equivalent to linear type crushing, the working area is smaller, the crushing efficiency is low, and in the invention, the crushing surface is in a cylinder shape, the working area is far larger than that of the linear type crushing, and the crushing efficiency is greatly improved; the crushing teeth of the crushing roller are used for irregularly and randomly crushing wheat, the crushed wheat is irregular in granularity and shape, the crushed wheat is large or small, the wheat is still wrapped with more flour, and the influence on the subsequent flour grinding and screening processes is large, so that the flour quality is further influenced; the wheat is gradually moved downwards along the spiral groove 6410 along with the rotation of the crushing rotor 642 in the cutting process due to the fact that the width of the crushing cavity 640 is gradually reduced from top to bottom and is cut deeply and thoroughly by the crushing teeth 6420, the wheat skin can be thoroughly cut and cut, the phenomenon that the wheat skin is excessively crushed can be avoided, the crushed wheat skin falls down along with the flour in the screening process and is mixed into the flour to influence the quality of the flour, and the wheat flour is prepared for the next step of flour milling.
As a preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 8, the grinding surface part includes a grinding surface rotor 652 and a grinding surface stator 651, the grinding surface rotor 652 is fixedly arranged on the main shaft 66, the outer wall of the grinding surface stator 651 is in threaded connection with the inner wall of the casing 60, a lifting mechanism is arranged between the casing 60 and the grinding surface stator 651, a grinding surface cavity 650 is formed by a gap between the grinding surface rotor 652 and the grinding surface stator 651, the grinding surface cavity 650 is in a conical structure, and the width of the grinding surface cavity 650 gradually decreases from top to bottom. Corresponding spiral lines can be arranged on the crushing surfaces of the crushing rotor 642 and the crushing stator 641 so as to facilitate the falling of flour, wheat bran and wheat.
The grinding surface driving motor drives the spindle 66 to rotate through the speed reducer, the spindle 66 drives the grinding surface rotor 652 to rotate, the grinding surface rotor 652 rotates relative to the grinding surface stator 651, broken wheat falls down in the grinding surface cavity 650 and is ground, the grinding surface cavity 650 is gradually reduced from top to bottom, the wheat is gradually extruded and ground in a grinding step-by-step mode, the wheat is thoroughly separated from the wheat bran through grinding, the wheat bran is not excessively finely broken, and grinding quality is guaranteed.
As a preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 8, the lifting mechanism includes a lifting motor 600 and a speed reducer fixed on the side wall of the casing 60, lifting threads 6510 are formed on the side wall of the grinding surface stator 651, a threaded sleeve matched with the lifting threads 6510 is formed on the inner wall of the casing 60, lifting teeth 6511 are formed on the middle part of the outer wall of the grinding surface stator 651, the lifting motor 600 drives the grinding surface stator 651 to rotate through the speed reducer via the lifting gear 601, the joint surface of the crushing rotor 642 and the grinding surface rotor 652 is a plane, a sealing pad 69 is arranged between the two, the joint surface of the crushing rotor 642 and the grinding surface rotor 652 is a conical surface 6411, an elastic sealing ring 68 is arranged between the two, and the conical surface 6411 is designed to not retain flour or wheat bran and facilitate the centering of the crushing stator 641 and the grinding surface stator 651.
The lifting motor 600 and the speed reducer drive the lifting gear 601 to rotate the grinding surface stator 651, and the grinding surface stator 651 is in threaded connection with the machine shell 60, so that the grinding surface stator 651 is lifted in the machine shell 60, the distance between the grinding surface stator 651 and the grinding surface rotor 652 is adjustable, the width of the grinding surface cavity 650 is changed, the fine crushing degree of the grinding surface is changed, and the grinding thickness is adjustable.
As a preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 2 and 4, the cleaning device 03 includes a horizontal cleaning portion 32 and an inclined conveying portion 33, where a feeding end of the horizontal cleaning portion 32 is connected to a discharging port of the impurity removing device 02, a discharging port of the horizontal cleaning portion 32 is connected to a feeding port of the inclined conveying portion 33, a discharging port of the inclined conveying portion 33 is connected to a feeding port of the centrifugal device 04, a discharging port of the centrifugal device 04 is connected to a feeding port of the drying device 05 through a conveying pipeline, and a discharging port of the drying device 05 is connected to the grinding device 06 through a conveying pipeline. The horizontal cleaning part 32 comprises a U-shaped groove 30 and a horizontal auger conveying mechanism, the inclined conveying part 33 comprises a conveying pipe and an inclined auger conveying mechanism, a feeding hole of the U-shaped groove 30 is connected with a discharging hole of the impurity removing device 02, a discharging hole of the U-shaped groove 30 is connected with a feeding hole of the conveying pipe, a discharging hole of the conveying pipe is connected with a feeding hole of the centrifugal device 04, and the horizontal auger conveying mechanism and the inclined auger conveying mechanism are connected through a universal cross shaft 35. The first conveying shaft 321 of the horizontal auger conveying mechanism is connected with the conveying motor 34 through a speed reducer, and the first conveying shaft 321 of the horizontal auger conveying mechanism is connected with the second conveying shaft 331 of the inclined auger conveying mechanism through a universal cross shaft 35.
The wheat after impurity removal is in the water in the U-shaped groove 30, is conveyed forward through a horizontal auger conveying mechanism, is immersed and cleaned, is subjected to water adding treatment while being cleaned, is ready for next wheat wetting, is conveyed into a centrifugal device 04 through an inclined auger conveying mechanism to be dehydrated, is conveyed to a drying device 05 to be wetted, and is controlled in humidity.
As a preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 4, the first blade 322 of the horizontal auger delivery mechanism is uniformly provided with a plurality of stirring cleaning rods 323 which are horizontally arranged, and the second blade 332 of the inclined auger delivery mechanism is uniformly provided with a plurality of water leakage holes 333. The feeding end side wall of the U-shaped groove 30 is provided with a water supplementing port 31, the discharging end side wall is provided with an overflow port 301, the height of the overflow port 301 is higher than the diameter height of the first blade 322 of the horizontal auger conveying mechanism, the distance between the stirring cleaning rods 323 is greater than the volume of wheat, and the diameter of the water leaking hole 333 is smaller than the volume of wheat.
The first blades 322 of the horizontal auger conveying mechanism are uniformly provided with the stirring cleaning rods 323 which are horizontally arranged, the wheat is subjected to friction, stirring and beating of the stirring cleaning rods 323 on the first blades 322 in water while being conveyed forwards, so that dust attached to the wheat, wheat skin which is not removed cleanly and wheat fluff are removed, the impurities flow out of the overflow port 301 along with water flow, the deeply cleaned wheat is conveyed forwards along with the inclined auger conveying mechanism, the second blades 332 of the inclined auger conveying mechanism are uniformly provided with the water leakage holes 333, the wheat is primarily dehydrated before entering the centrifugal device 04, and water carried by the wheat flows back to the U-shaped groove 30 from the water leakage holes 333, so that the dehydration efficiency of the centrifugal device 04 is improved.
As a preferred embodiment, as shown in fig. 3, the vibration impurity removing mechanism comprises a double-layer vibrating screen and an impurity removing vibrating mechanism, the double-layer vibrating screen comprises a first vibrating screen 27 and a second vibrating screen which are obliquely arranged on the frame 20 through a swinging arm 22, the first vibrating screen 27 is fixedly connected with the second vibrating screen up and down and is movably connected with the frame 20 through the swinging arm 22, the sieve holes 26 of the first vibrating screen 27 are larger than the volume of wheat, coarse grain impurity outlets 28 are arranged on the side wall of the lower end, the sieve holes 26 of the second vibrating screen are smaller than the volume of wheat, a wheat outlet 29 is arranged at the lower end, and a fine grain impurity outlet is arranged at the lower end. The impurity removal vibrating mechanism comprises a first vibrating mechanism and a second vibrating mechanism, the first vibrating mechanism comprises a vibrating motor fixedly arranged below the second vibrating screen, the second vibrating mechanism comprises a crankshaft 24, a connecting rod 25 and a reciprocating driving mechanism 23, one end of the connecting rod 25 is rotationally connected with the crankshaft 24, the other end of the connecting rod is hinged with the side wall of the first vibrating screen 27, and the reciprocating driving mechanism 23 drives the two vibrating screens to reciprocate back and forth through the crankshaft 24 and the connecting rod 25 during vibration screening.
Through setting up two shale shakers, can filter too big impurity and remove too little impurity through the second shale shaker through first shale shaker 27, make clean wheat get into next process, through setting up edulcoration vibrating motor 21, can impurity and the whereabouts of wheat, through setting up bent axle 24 and connecting rod 25, can be under reciprocating motor drive, make bent axle 24 rotate, connecting rod 25 pulls two shale shakers reciprocating motion under bent axle 24's rotation, in improvement wheat and impurity whereabouts efficiency, be convenient for large granule impurity is discharged from coarse grain impurity export 28 to and wheat is discharged from wheat export 29.
The working principle process of the invention is as follows:
firstly, wheat to be processed is placed in a feeding bin 01, the wheat falls under gravity, floating dust, wheat straw, wheat bran and other lighter impurities in the wheat falling at the outlet of the feeding bin 01 enter an impurity storage bag through an impurity removing pipeline under the suction force of a winnowing impurity removing mechanism 00, and preliminary cleaning is realized;
secondly, the primarily cleaned wheat continuously falls to a vibration impurity removing device 02, under the combined action of the two vibration mechanisms, large-particle stones or soil blocks and other large-block impurities which are not sucked by the winnowing impurity removing mechanism 00 are removed through a first vibration sieve 27, the wheat and small-block impurities continuously fall into a second vibration sieve, the small-block impurities and the poor-quality wheat fall from meshes of the second vibration sieve, and purer wheat is left to fall into a cleaning device 03 from an outlet of the second vibration sieve;
then, the wheat after impurity removal enters a U-shaped groove 30 of a cleaning device 03, flowing water is filled in the U-shaped groove 30, the wheat is conveyed forward under the conveying of a horizontal auger conveying mechanism, meanwhile, the wheat is simultaneously conveyed forward while being rubbed, stirred and beaten by a stirring cleaning rod 323 on a first blade 322 in the water, so that dust, unremoved wheat skin and wheat fluff attached to the wheat are removed, the impurities flow out from an overflow port 301 along with water flow, and the deeply cleaned wheat enters a centrifugal device 04 along with an inclined auger conveying mechanism for dehydration;
finally, the dehydrated wheat is conveyed to a drying device 05 for drying, the humidity of the wheat is guaranteed, wheat is wetted, the wheat enters a flour milling device 06 for flour processing, the wheat after wheat wetting enters a wheat storage bin 63 at the top of the flour milling device 06, the wheat in the wheat storage bin 63 continuously falls after the crushing cavity 640 completes the crushing of the wheat, the wheat enters a flour milling cavity 650 for flour milling, the ground flour and the wheat bran fall into a flour vibrating screen 62, the separation of the flour and the wheat bran is realized, and the high-quality flour is obtained.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) The impurity removing device 02 comprises a winnowing impurity removing mechanism 00 and a vibrating impurity removing mechanism, floating dust, wheat straw, wheat bran and other lighter impurities in the wheat can be removed through the winnowing impurity removing mechanism 00, solid impurities which cannot be removed through winnowing can be removed through the vibrating impurity removing mechanism, and relatively clean small surfaces enter the cleaning device 03 to be further cleaned, so that the wheat is guaranteed to be thoroughly cleaned and deeply cleaned, and the flour quality is guaranteed;
(2) The lifting motor 600 of the lifting mechanism drives the grinding surface stator 651 to rotate through the lifting gear 601, so that the grinding surface stator 651 moves up and down along the inner wall of the machine shell 60, and the width of the grinding surface cavity 650 between the grinding surface stator 651 and the grinding surface rotor 652 can be changed, thereby realizing the adjustment of grinding surface part to the grinding thickness of flour;
(3) In addition, the centrifugal device 04 and the drying device 05 are used for carrying out dehydration and drying treatment before wheat flour milling, so that the moisture and humidity in the wheat can be controlled more conveniently and reliably, good wheat wetting is realized, and the processing quality of the flour is further ensured;
in summary, the invention can deeply remove impurities and clean the wheat, and grind the wheat with reasonable thickness, thereby obtaining better quality wheat, and being applicable to the technical field of flour processing equipment.
Finally, it should be noted that: the foregoing description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the present invention is not limited thereto, but it is to be understood that modifications and equivalents of some of the technical features described in the foregoing embodiments may be made by those skilled in the art, although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a wheat flour milling system, includes feeding storehouse, edulcoration device, belt cleaning device, drying device and flour milling device, its characterized in that: the impurity removing device comprises a winnowing impurity removing mechanism and a vibration impurity removing mechanism, wherein the winnowing impurity removing mechanism is arranged in the feeding bin and is connected with the impurity storage bag through an impurity removing pipeline, the vibration impurity removing device is arranged at the bottom of the storage bin and is connected with the centrifugal device through the cleaning device, the centrifugal device is connected with the drying device through a conveying pipeline, and the drying device is connected with the flour grinding device through a conveying pipeline;
the flour grinding device comprises a flour grinding driving mechanism, a flour grinding mechanism and a flour vibrating screen, wherein the flour grinding mechanism is fixedly arranged on the base, the flour grinding driving mechanism is fixedly arranged above the flour grinding mechanism, the flour vibrating screen is arranged at the bottom of the flour grinding mechanism, the flour grinding driving mechanism comprises a flour grinding driving motor and a speed reducer, and the flour grinding driving motor is connected with the flour grinding mechanism through a main shaft by the speed reducer;
the grinding surface mechanism comprises a crushing part, a grinding surface part with adjustable grinding thickness and a shell with a cylindrical structure, the grinding surface driving mechanism is arranged on an end cover at the top of the shell, the bottom of the shell is connected with the flour vibrating screen, the crushing part, the grinding surface part and the shell are coaxially arranged, the crushing part and the grinding surface part are arranged on the main shaft and are positioned on the inner side of the shell, the crushing part is positioned above the grinding surface part, and the crushing part and the grinding surface part are arranged on the base through the shell;
the crushing part comprises a crushing rotor and a crushing stator, the crushing rotor is fixedly arranged on the main shaft, the outer wall of the crushing stator is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the shell, a gap between the crushing rotor and the crushing stator forms a crushing cavity, crushing teeth with a spiral structure are arranged on the crushing stator, spiral grooves with the spiral structure are formed on the crushing stator, the pitches of the crushing teeth and the spiral grooves are the same, the crushing cavity is of a conical structure, and the width of the crushing cavity is gradually reduced from top to bottom;
the grinding part comprises a grinding surface rotor and a grinding surface stator, the grinding surface rotor is fixedly arranged on the main shaft, the outer wall of the grinding surface stator is in threaded connection with the inner wall of the machine shell, a lifting mechanism is arranged between the machine shell and the grinding surface stator, a grinding surface cavity is formed in a gap between the grinding surface rotor and the grinding surface stator, the grinding surface cavity is of a conical structure, and the width of the grinding surface cavity is gradually reduced from top to bottom;
the lifting mechanism comprises a lifting motor and a speed reducer which are fixedly arranged on the side wall of the shell, lifting threads are formed on the side wall of the grinding surface stator, a threaded sleeve matched with the lifting threads is formed on the inner wall of the shell, lifting teeth are formed in the middle of the outer wall of the grinding surface stator, the lifting motor drives the grinding surface stator to rotate through the speed reducer through the lifting gears, the joint surface of the crushing rotor and the grinding surface rotor is a plane, a sealing gasket is arranged between the two, the joint surface of the crushing stator and the grinding surface stator is a conical surface, and an elastic sealing ring is arranged between the two.
2. A wheat flour milling system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the cleaning device comprises a horizontal cleaning part and an inclined conveying part, wherein the feeding end of the horizontal cleaning part is connected with the discharging port of the impurity removing device, the discharging port of the horizontal cleaning part is connected with the feeding port of the inclined conveying part, the discharging port of the inclined conveying part is connected with the feeding port of the centrifugal device, the discharging port of the centrifugal device is connected with the feeding port of the drying device through a conveying pipeline, and the discharging port of the drying device is connected with the grinding device through a conveying pipeline.
3. A wheat flour milling system as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the horizontal cleaning part comprises a U-shaped groove and a horizontal auger conveying mechanism, the inclined conveying part comprises a conveying pipe and an inclined auger conveying mechanism, a feeding hole of the U-shaped groove is connected with a discharging hole of the impurity removing device, a discharging hole of the U-shaped groove is connected with a feeding hole of the conveying pipe, a discharging hole of the conveying pipe is connected with a feeding hole of the centrifugal device, and the horizontal auger conveying mechanism and the inclined auger conveying mechanism are connected through a universal cross shaft.
4. A wheat flour milling system as claimed in claim 3, wherein: a plurality of stirring cleaning rods which are horizontally arranged are uniformly arranged on the first blade of the horizontal auger conveying mechanism, and a plurality of water leakage holes are uniformly formed on the second blade of the inclined auger conveying mechanism.
5. A wheat flour milling system as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the feeding end side wall of the U-shaped groove is provided with a water supplementing port, the discharging end side wall is provided with an overflow port, the height of the overflow port is higher than the diameter height of the first blade of the horizontal auger conveying mechanism, the distance between the stirring cleaning rods is greater than the volume of wheat, and the diameter of the water leakage hole is smaller than the volume of wheat.
6. A wheat flour milling system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the vibration edulcoration mechanism includes double-deck shale shaker and edulcoration vibrating mechanism, and the double-deck shale shaker including first shale shaker and the second shale shaker that sets up in the frame through the swing arm slope, first shale shaker and second shale shaker from top to bottom fixed connection and through swing arm and frame swing joint, the sieve mesh of first shale shaker is greater than the wheat volume, and the low side wall is equipped with coarse grain impurity export, and the sieve mesh of second shale shaker is less than the wheat volume, and the low side is equipped with wheat export and fine grain impurity export.
7. A wheat flour milling system as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the impurity removal vibrating mechanism comprises a first vibrating mechanism and a second vibrating mechanism, the first vibrating mechanism comprises a vibrating motor fixedly arranged below the second vibrating screen, the second vibrating mechanism comprises a crankshaft, a connecting rod and a reciprocating driving mechanism, one end of the connecting rod is rotationally connected with the crankshaft, the other end of the connecting rod is hinged with the side wall of the first vibrating screen, and the reciprocating driving mechanism drives the two vibrating screens to reciprocate back and forth in the process of vibrating screening through the crankshaft through the connecting rod.
CN202211634433.3A 2022-12-19 2022-12-19 Wheat flour milling processing system Active CN115672470B (en)

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CN117696617B (en) * 2024-01-12 2024-06-18 南京国环科技股份有限公司 Impurity screening device for contaminated soil remediation

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CN206996717U (en) * 2017-07-28 2018-02-13 奇台县老奇台镇牛王宫小杂粮专业合作社 A kind of a complete set of equipment of stone mill flour processing
CN108355952A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-08-03 句容宇发农业发展有限公司 A kind of automatic screen apparatus of left-right swing type cereal
CN209379092U (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-09-13 想念食品股份有限公司 A kind of wheat cleaning equipment
CN112206870A (en) * 2020-09-29 2021-01-12 安徽侯王面业有限公司 Flour processing is with preventing stifled meticulous grinder

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2198031Y (en) * 1994-01-28 1995-05-24 何玉璞 Wheat husk roller
RU117319U1 (en) * 2012-01-27 2012-06-27 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Казанский национальный исследовательский технический университет им. А.Н. Туполева-КАИ" CENTRIFUGAL-CONE CRUSHER
CN206996717U (en) * 2017-07-28 2018-02-13 奇台县老奇台镇牛王宫小杂粮专业合作社 A kind of a complete set of equipment of stone mill flour processing
CN108355952A (en) * 2018-03-30 2018-08-03 句容宇发农业发展有限公司 A kind of automatic screen apparatus of left-right swing type cereal
CN209379092U (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-09-13 想念食品股份有限公司 A kind of wheat cleaning equipment
CN112206870A (en) * 2020-09-29 2021-01-12 安徽侯王面业有限公司 Flour processing is with preventing stifled meticulous grinder

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Denomination of invention: A Wheat Grinding and Processing System

Granted publication date: 20230516

Pledgee: Baoding Bank Co.,Ltd. Dingzhou Branch

Pledgor: DINGZHOU WANGXUE NOODLE Co.,Ltd.

Registration number: Y2024980018395