CN115458769A - Waste heat recycling structure for hydrogen fuel cell system - Google Patents

Waste heat recycling structure for hydrogen fuel cell system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115458769A
CN115458769A CN202211082038.9A CN202211082038A CN115458769A CN 115458769 A CN115458769 A CN 115458769A CN 202211082038 A CN202211082038 A CN 202211082038A CN 115458769 A CN115458769 A CN 115458769A
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
sliding
conveying
frame
adjusting
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CN202211082038.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN115458769B (en
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赵小玉
杨振国
王全
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Jiangsu Easyland Automotive Science & Technology Co ltd
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Jiangsu Easyland Automotive Science & Technology Co ltd
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M8/00Fuel cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M8/04Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids
    • H01M8/04007Auxiliary arrangements, e.g. for control of pressure or for circulation of fluids related to heat exchange
    • H01M8/04052Storage of heat in the fuel cell system
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G13/00Roller-ways
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G35/00Mechanical conveyors not otherwise provided for
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • B65G47/24Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
    • Y02E60/50Fuel cells

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Sustainable Development (AREA)
  • Sustainable Energy (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Electrochemistry (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of waste heat recovery, and discloses a waste heat recovery and utilization structure for a hydrogen fuel cell system, which comprises a recovery and regulation device, a support and rotation device, a support fixing plate and a conveying control device, wherein the support and rotation device is arranged at the upper end of the support fixing plate, the recovery and regulation device is fixedly connected to the upper end of the support and rotation device, the conveying control device is arranged inside the recovery and regulation device, and the recovery and regulation device comprises a heating plate, a clamping and fixing clamping plate, a connecting frame, a sliding telescopic regulation column, a connecting conveying pipe, a support regulation plate, a sliding regulation clamping groove, a movable support upright column, a first hydraulic cylinder and a second hydraulic cylinder. The supporting and rotating device is arranged, so that the use positions and angles of the recovery adjusting device and the conveying control device can be conveniently adjusted and controlled, the device is convenient to use, and the use angles can be conveniently adjusted and controlled in the use process.

Description

Waste heat recycling structure for hydrogen fuel cell system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of waste heat recovery, in particular to a waste heat recovery and utilization structure for a hydrogen fuel cell system.
Background
Hydrogen fuel cell systems generate a significant amount of heat during operation, which is wasted without being fully utilized.
According to chinese patent publication No. CN216241190U, this patent relates to a heat transfer structure, including the oil tank, the top of oil tank one side be equipped with into oil pipe and the inside intercommunication of oil tank, the bottom of oil tank opposite side is equipped with out oil pipe and the inside intercommunication of oil tank, be equipped with two independent control, be used for the raceway of heat transfer cooling between the oil tank both sides wall, two raceways are first raceway and second raceway, first raceway and second raceway link up the oil tank and both ends wear out the oil tank outside, the water inlet one end of first raceway and second raceway is equipped with control flap respectively, delivery port one end is equipped with temperature sensor respectively, the play oil pipe department of oil tank is provided with oil temperature sensor. The utility model provides an air compressor waste heat recycling structure with simple structure, various effects, low cost and good design flexibility; the technical problems of waste of cooling heat of lubricating oil of the air compressor, high improvement cost and poor design flexibility in the prior art are solved.
According to a lamp waste heat recycling structure with the Chinese patent publication number of CN213847916U, the patent discloses a lamp waste heat recycling structure. Including a plurality of plant lamps, the plant lamp sets up on the plant lamp mount, be provided with first water pipe on the plant lamp, first water pipe is intake the end and is gone out the water end and all link to each other with warm up the storage water tank, warm up the storage water tank and pass through the second water pipe and warm up continuously. The utility model discloses a carry out the water-cooling to the plant lamp, improve work efficiency, life through reducing LED lamp temperature on the one hand, on the other hand utilizes the water of process LED lamp heating to play the heating effect of warming up indoor winter to this accomplishes the resource not extravagant, cyclic utilization.
However, the existing waste heat recycling structure for the hydrogen fuel cell system cannot reasonably recycle the waste heat in the using process, so that heat and energy are wasted, and therefore a device is urgently needed to solve the problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention is directed to a waste heat recycling structure for a hydrogen fuel cell system, so as to solve the problems in the background art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a waste heat recovery utilizes structure for hydrogen fuel cell system, is including retrieving adjusting device, support rotating device, support fixed plate and transport controlling means, support rotating device and set up support fixed plate's upper end, it is in to retrieve adjusting device fixed connection support rotating device's upper end, transport controlling means sets up retrieve adjusting device's inside.
Preferably, the recycling and adjusting device comprises a heating plate, clamping fixing clamping plates, a connecting frame, a sliding telescopic adjusting column, a connecting conveying pipe, a supporting adjusting plate, a sliding adjusting clamping groove, a movable supporting upright, a first hydraulic cylinder and a second hydraulic cylinder, wherein the sliding adjusting clamping groove is formed in the middle of the supporting adjusting plate, the movable supporting upright is symmetrically clamped on two sides of the supporting adjusting plate, the first hydraulic cylinder is symmetrically and fixedly installed in the middle of two sides of the supporting adjusting plate, the front end of the first hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with the bottom of the movable supporting upright, the second hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with the upper end of the movable supporting upright, the clamping fixing clamping plates are fixedly connected at the front end of the second hydraulic cylinder, the connecting frame is clamped between the clamping fixing clamping plates, the heating plate is fixedly connected at the inner side end of the connecting frame, the sliding telescopic adjusting column is slidably clamped inside the outer side end of the connecting frame, and the connecting conveying pipe is fixedly connected on the sliding telescopic adjusting column.
Preferably, support rotating device and include a supporting bench, drive gear, first motor, rotation regulation fluted disc and support frame, it installs to rotate the regulation fluted disc the upper end middle part of a supporting bench, drive gear evenly rotates to be installed the edge upper end of a supporting bench, just drive gear with the meshing is connected between the rotation regulation fluted disc, the even fixed mounting of first motor is in the edge bottom of a supporting bench, just the upper end of first motor with drive gear fixed connection, the bottom fixed connection of support frame is in the upper end middle part of rotation regulation fluted disc.
Preferably, the upper end of the supporting frame is fixedly connected with the bottom end of the supporting and adjusting plate.
Preferably, the middle part of the bottom end of the supporting platform is fixedly connected with the middle part of the supporting and fixing plate.
Preferably, the conveying control device comprises a conveying roller, a conveying frame, a sliding conveying plate, a control rope, a winding wheel, a second motor, a conveying frame plate, a sliding adjusting support plate, a third hydraulic cylinder and a fourth hydraulic cylinder, the second motor is fixedly connected to the outer side of the upper end of the conveying frame plate, the winding wheel is symmetrically and rotatably mounted on the upper portion of the upper end of the conveying frame plate, the second motor is fixedly connected with the winding wheel, the control rope is wound on the winding wheel, the sliding conveying plate is slidably clamped on the conveying frame plate, the front end of the control rope is fixedly connected with the sliding conveying plate, the conveying frame is clamped on the sliding conveying plate, the conveying roller is uniformly and rotatably mounted on the upper end of the bottom of the conveying frame plate, the third hydraulic cylinders are uniformly distributed on the bottoms of two sides of the conveying frame plate, the upper end of the third hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with the bottom of the conveying frame plate, the bottom of the conveying frame plate is fixedly connected with the sliding adjusting support plate, the front end of the fourth hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with the middle portion of the outer side end of the sliding adjusting support plate, a sliding adjusting baffle is symmetrically mounted on the upper end of the sliding adjusting plate, and a fifth sliding adjusting baffle is connected with the sliding baffle plate, and a sliding baffle is fixedly connected with the upper end of the sliding adjusting baffle plate, and a fifth hydraulic cylinder.
Preferably, the bottom of the conveying frame is clamped and fixed in the sliding conveying plate through a baffle plate, and two sides of the conveying frame are tightly attached to the heating plate.
Preferably, the sliding adjusting support plate is slidably clamped inside the sliding adjusting clamping groove.
Preferably, the bottom end of the conveying frame plate is fixedly provided with a guide conveying frame.
A recovery method of a waste heat recovery structure for a hydrogen fuel cell system comprises the following specific steps:
s1, starting a second motor to drive a winding wheel to rotate to wind a control rope, enabling a sliding conveying plate to slide to the upper portion of a conveying frame plate along the conveying frame plate, placing a conveying frame with liquid to be heated in the conveying frame plate on the sliding conveying plate, starting a fifth hydraulic cylinder to enable a baffle plate to rise along the sliding conveying plate, enabling the baffle plate to baffle the bottom of the conveying frame, and enabling the conveying frame to be firmly clamped in the sliding conveying plate;
s2, controlling the rolling wheel to rotate reversely through the second motor, enabling the control rope to not pull the sliding conveying plate any more at the moment, enabling the conveying frame and the sliding conveying plate to slide along the conveying frame plate at the moment, stopping the rolling wheel from rotating when the sliding conveying plate slides to the middle of the conveying frame plate, and stopping the conveying frame from sliding in the middle of the conveying frame plate at the moment;
s3, starting the first hydraulic cylinder to enable the movable supporting upright post to slide along the supporting adjusting plate, so that the heating plate is tightly attached to the side end face of the conveying frame, the high-temperature heating plate can conduct heat transfer on the conveying frame to heat liquid in the conveying frame, and waste heat is reasonably utilized;
s4, the hot steam is conveyed to the inside of the connecting conveying pipe and then conveyed to the inside of the sliding telescopic adjusting column and the connecting frame, and finally the hot steam can reach the inside of the heating plate to heat the heating plate;
s5, the clamping fixing clamping plate can be controlled to clamp and fix the connecting frame in a clamping mode by starting the second hydraulic cylinder, so that the heating plate can be attached to the side end face of the conveying frame, the fourth hydraulic cylinder is started to push the sliding adjusting supporting plate and the third hydraulic cylinder to slide and adjust the using position of the conveying frame plate, and the third hydraulic cylinder is started to control the using height of the conveying frame plate.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the supporting and rotating device is arranged, so that the use positions and angles of the recovery adjusting device and the conveying control device can be conveniently adjusted and controlled, the device is convenient to use, and the use angles can be conveniently adjusted and controlled in the use process.
2. The invention can transmit and collect the waste heat generated by the hydrogen fuel cell system by arranging the recovery regulating device, so that the waste heat can be centralized and conveniently utilized.
3. According to the invention, by arranging the conveying control device, the liquid to be heated in the conveying frame can be conveniently heated by utilizing the waste heat through the conveying control device, and the conveying frames can be uniformly distributed to finish heat transfer heating.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments are briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the description below are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the main structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of the body of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the support rotation device of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the recycling adjustment apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a side view of the retrieval adjusting means of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a conveying control device according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a side view of the transport control apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of the sliding conveying plate of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a bottom view of the sliding transporting plate of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of a second embodiment of the main body of the present invention.
In the figure: 1-a recovery adjusting device, 2-a support rotating device, 3-a support fixing plate, 4-a conveying control device, 5-a support table, 6-a driving gear, 7-a first motor, 8-a rotation adjusting fluted disc, 9-a support frame, 10-a heating plate, 11-a clamping fixing clamping plate, 12-a connecting frame, 13-a sliding telescopic adjusting column, 14-a connecting conveying pipe, 15-a support adjusting plate, 16-a sliding adjusting clamping groove, 17-a movable support upright post, 18-a first hydraulic cylinder, 19-a second hydraulic cylinder, 20-a conveying roller, 21-a conveying frame, 22-a sliding conveying plate, 23-a control rope, 24-a winding wheel, 25-a second motor, 26-a conveying frame plate, 27-a sliding adjusting supporting plate, 28-a third hydraulic cylinder, 29-a fourth hydraulic cylinder, 30-a baffle plate, 31-a sliding adjusting clamping plate, 32-a fifth hydraulic cylinder and 33-a guiding conveying frame.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical solutions better understood by those skilled in the art, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present application, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only partial embodiments of the present application, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present application.
It should be noted that the terms "first," "second," and the like in the description and claims of this application and in the drawings described above are used for distinguishing between similar elements and not necessarily for describing a particular sequential or chronological order. It should be understood that the data so used may be interchanged under appropriate circumstances in order to facilitate the description of the embodiments of the application herein. Furthermore, the terms "comprises," "comprising," and "having," and any variations thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, system, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of steps or elements is not necessarily limited to those steps or elements expressly listed, but may include other steps or elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
The invention is further described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1 and fig. 2, an embodiment of the present invention: the utility model provides a waste heat recovery utilizes structure for hydrogen fuel cell system, including retrieving adjusting device 1, support rotating device 2, support fixed plate 3 and transport control device 4, support rotating device 2 and set up the upper end at support fixed plate 3, retrieve adjusting device 1 fixed connection in the upper end that supports rotating device 2, transport control device 4 sets up and supports rotating device 2 through setting up in the inside of retrieving adjusting device 1, adjusting device 1 and transport control device 4's application position and angle are retrieved in regulation and control that can be convenient, make this device convenient to use, and the angle that can convenient regulation and control use in the in-process that uses, utilize and retrieve adjusting device 1 and carry and collect the waste heat that hydrogen fuel cell system produced, make waste heat can concentrate convenient being utilized.
Referring to fig. 4 and 5, the recycling adjustment device 1 includes a heating plate 10, a clamping fixing clamp 11, a connecting frame 12, a sliding telescopic adjusting column 13, a connecting conveying pipe 14, a supporting adjusting plate 15, a sliding adjusting clamp slot 16, a moving supporting upright 17, a first hydraulic cylinder 18 and a second hydraulic cylinder 19, wherein the sliding adjusting clamp slot 16 is opened in the middle of the supporting adjusting plate 15, the moving supporting upright 17 is symmetrically and slidably clamped at both sides of the supporting adjusting plate 15, the first hydraulic cylinder 18 is symmetrically and fixedly installed in the middle of both sides of the supporting adjusting plate 15, the front end of the first hydraulic cylinder 18 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the moving supporting upright 17, the second hydraulic cylinder 19 is fixedly connected at the upper end of the moving supporting upright 17, the clamping fixing clamp 11 is fixedly connected at the front end of the second hydraulic cylinder 19, the connecting frame 12 is clamped between the clamping fixing clamp 11, the heating plate 10 is fixedly connected at the inner side end of the connecting frame 12, the sliding telescopic adjusting column 13 is slidably clamped inside the outer side end of the connecting frame 12, the connecting conveying pipe 14 is fixedly connected to the sliding telescopic adjusting column 13, the first hydraulic cylinder 18 is started to enable the moving supporting upright 17 to slide along the side end of the supporting plate 15, thereby enabling the heating plate 10 to be closely attached to the heat transfer frame 21 of the heating plate 21, and the heating plate 21 for reasonably utilizing the heat transfer of the heat transfer frame.
Please refer to fig. 3, the supporting and rotating device 2 includes a supporting table 5, a driving gear 6, a first motor 7, a rotation adjusting fluted disc 8 and a supporting frame 9, the rotation adjusting fluted disc 8 is rotatably installed at the middle part of the upper end of the supporting table 5, the driving gear 6 is uniformly rotatably installed at the upper end of the edge of the supporting table 5, and the driving gear 6 is meshed with the rotation adjusting fluted disc 8, the first motor 7 is uniformly and fixedly installed at the bottom of the edge of the supporting table 5, the upper end of the first motor 7 is fixedly connected with the driving gear 6, the bottom end of the supporting frame 9 is fixedly connected with the middle part of the upper end of the rotation adjusting fluted disc 8, the first motor 7 is synchronously started to drive the rotation of each driving gear 6 in the synchronous designated direction, so as to drive the rotation adjusting fluted disc 8 and the supporting frame 9 to rotate.
The upper end of the supporting frame 9 is fixedly connected with the bottom end of the supporting adjusting plate 15, and the rotating and rotating adjusting functions are achieved.
The middle part of the bottom end of the supporting platform 5 is fixedly connected with the middle part of the supporting and fixing plate 3, and the supporting and fixing effects are achieved.
Referring to fig. 6 and 7, the transportation control device 4 includes a transportation roller 20, a transportation frame 21, a sliding transportation plate 22, a control rope 23, a winding wheel 24, a second motor 25, a transportation frame plate 26, a sliding adjustment support plate 27, a third hydraulic cylinder 28 and a fourth hydraulic cylinder 29, the second motor 25 is fixedly connected to the outer side of the upper end of the transportation frame plate 26, the winding wheel 24 is symmetrically and rotatably installed on the upper portion of the upper end of the transportation frame plate 26, the second motor 25 is fixedly connected to the winding wheel 24, the control rope 23 is wound on the winding wheel 24, the sliding transportation plate 22 is slidably clamped on the transportation frame plate 26, the front end of the control rope 23 is fixedly connected to the sliding transportation plate 22, the transportation frame 21 is clamped on the sliding transportation plate 22, the transportation roller 20 is uniformly and rotatably installed on the upper end of the bottom of the transportation frame plate 26, the third hydraulic cylinders 28 are uniformly distributed on the bottoms of the two sides of the transportation frame plate 26, the upper end of the third hydraulic cylinder 28 is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the transportation frame plate 26, the bottom of the transportation frame plate 26 is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the transportation frame plate 26, the sliding adjustment support plate 26, the bottom of the transportation frame plate 26 is fixedly connected to the sliding adjustment support plate 26, the sliding adjustment support plate 30 is connected to the sliding adjustment support plate 27, the sliding adjustment support plate 30, the sliding adjustment support plate 22, the sliding adjustment baffle 30 is installed on the sliding adjustment cylinder 30, the sliding adjustment support plate 22, the sliding adjustment cylinder 30, the sliding adjustment baffle 22, the sliding adjustment cylinder 22 is installed on the sliding adjustment support plate 22, the sliding adjustment baffle 30, the sliding adjustment cylinder 22, the sliding adjustment baffle 30, the sliding adjustment baffle 22 is installed on the sliding adjustment baffle 22, the sliding adjustment baffle 30, at this time, the baffle 30 baffles the bottom of the conveying frame 21, so that the conveying frame 21 is firmly clamped inside the sliding conveying plate 22.
Referring to fig. 8 and 9, the bottom of the conveying frame 21 is clamped inside the sliding conveying plate 22 by the baffle 30, and both sides of the conveying frame 21 are closely attached to the heating plate 10, so that the conveying frame 21 can be heated by the heating plate 10 through heat transfer.
The slide adjusting support plate 27 is slidably engaged with the inside of the slide adjusting slot 16, so that the slide adjusting support plate 27 can be slidably adjusted in position along the slide adjusting slot 16.
In implementing this embodiment, through setting up the support rotating device 2, adjusting device 1 and transport controlling means 4's position of use and angle are retrieved in regulation and control that can be convenient, make this device convenient to use, and the angle of regulation and control use that can be convenient in the in-process that uses, retrieve adjusting device 1 through setting up, utilize recovery adjusting device 1 can carry and collect the waste heat that hydrogen fuel cell system produced, make the waste heat can concentrate convenient being utilized, through setting up transport controlling means 4, can make the liquid that carries the inside needs heating of frame 21 can be heated by convenient utilization waste heat through transport controlling means 4, and make and carry frame 21 to carry one of evenly distributed and accomplish the heat transfer heating.
Example 2
In addition to embodiment 1, as shown in fig. 10, a guide conveyance frame 33 is fixedly attached to the bottom end of the conveyance frame plate 26.
In the embodiment, the guiding and conveying frame 33 is provided to enable the sufficiently absorbed and heated 21 to slide along the conveying roller 20 and fall into the guiding and conveying frame 33, so that guiding and buffering safe conveying are performed by the guiding and conveying frame 33.
A recovery method of a waste heat recovery structure for a hydrogen fuel cell system comprises the following specific steps:
s1, starting a second motor 25 to drive a winding wheel 24 to rotate to wind a control rope 23, so that a sliding conveying plate 22 slides to the upper part of the conveying frame plate 26 along the conveying frame plate 26, at the moment, a conveying frame 21 filled with liquid to be heated is placed on the sliding conveying plate 22, then starting a fifth hydraulic cylinder 32 to enable a baffle plate 30 to rise along the sliding conveying plate 22, at the moment, the baffle plate 30 baffles the bottom of the conveying frame 21, and the conveying frame 21 is firmly clamped and fixed in the sliding conveying plate 22;
s2, controlling the winding wheel 24 to rotate reversely through the second motor 25, enabling the control rope 23 to not pull the sliding conveying plate 22 any more at the moment, enabling the conveying frame 21 and the sliding conveying plate 22 to slide along the conveying frame plate 26 at the moment, stopping the rotation of the winding wheel 24 when the sliding conveying plate 22 slides to the middle of the conveying frame plate 26, and stopping the sliding of the conveying frame 21 in the middle of the conveying frame plate 26 at the moment;
s3, starting the first hydraulic cylinder 18 to enable the movable supporting upright post 17 to slide along the supporting adjusting plate 15, so that the heating plate 10 is tightly attached to the side end face of the conveying frame 21, and the high-temperature heating plate 10 can heat the conveying frame 21 to heat liquid in the conveying frame 21 through heat transfer, so that residual heat can be reasonably utilized;
s4, hot steam is conveyed to the inside of the connecting conveying pipe 14 and then conveyed to the inside of the sliding telescopic adjusting column 13 and the connecting frame 12, and finally the hot steam can reach the inside of the heating plate 10 to heat the heating plate 10, and the sliding telescopic adjusting column 13 can telescopically slide along the inside of the connecting frame 12, so that the transverse adjustment and control of the position of the heating plate 10 are facilitated;
and S5, the second hydraulic cylinder 19 is started to control the clamping and fixing clamping plate 11 to clamp, clamp and fix the connecting frame 12, so that the heating plate 10 can be attached to the end face of the side of the conveying frame 21, the fourth hydraulic cylinder 29 is started to push the sliding adjusting support plate 27 and the third hydraulic cylinder 28 to adjust the using position of the conveying frame plate 26 in a sliding mode, and the third hydraulic cylinder 28 is started to control the using height of the conveying frame plate 26.
The working principle is as follows: starting a second motor 25 to drive a winding wheel 24 to rotate and wind a control rope 23, so that a sliding conveying plate 22 slides to the upper part of the conveying frame plate 26 along the conveying frame plate 26, at the moment, a conveying frame 21 filled with a liquid to be heated is placed on the sliding conveying plate 22, then starting a fifth hydraulic cylinder 32 to enable a baffle plate 30 to rise along the sliding conveying plate 22, at the moment, the baffle plate 30 baffles the bottom of the conveying frame 21, so that the conveying frame 21 is firmly clamped in the sliding conveying plate 22, controlling the winding wheel 24 to rotate reversely through the second motor 25, at the moment, the control rope 23 does not pull the sliding conveying plate 22 any more, at the moment, the conveying frame 21 and the sliding conveying plate 22 slide along the conveying frame plate 26, stopping the rotation of the winding wheel 24 when the sliding conveying plate 22 slides to the middle part of the conveying frame plate 26, at the moment, stopping the sliding of the conveying frame 21 in the middle part of the conveying frame plate 26, starting a first hydraulic cylinder 18 to enable a mobile supporting upright column 17 to slide along a supporting adjusting plate 15, thereby the heating plate 10 is closely attached to the side end face of the conveying frame 21, the high temperature heating plate 10 can heat the liquid in the conveying frame 21 by transferring heat to the conveying frame 21, the waste heat is reasonably utilized, the hot steam is conveyed to the inside of the connecting conveying pipe 14 and then conveyed to the inside of the sliding telescopic adjusting column 13 and the connecting frame 12, and finally the hot steam can reach the inside of the heating plate 10 to heat the heating plate 10, the sliding telescopic adjusting column 13 can telescopically slide along the inside of the connecting frame 12, the transverse adjustment and control of the position of the heating plate 10 are convenient, the clamping fixing clamping plate 11 can be controlled by starting the second hydraulic cylinder 19 to clamp and fix the connecting frame 12, the heating plate 10 can be attached to the side end face of the conveying frame 21, the fourth hydraulic cylinder 29 can push the sliding adjusting support plate 27 and the third hydraulic cylinder 28 to slidably adjust the use position of the conveying frame plate 26 The device, start the use height that third pneumatic cylinder 28 can control transport frame board 26, can make 21 after fully absorbing the heating can slide along conveying roller 20 and fall in the inside of direction transport frame 33 through setting up direction transport frame 33, utilize direction transport frame 33 to lead and the safe transport of buffering, this device is through setting up support rotating device 2, can convenient regulation and control retrieve adjusting device 1 and transport controlling means 4's use position and angle, make this device convenient to use, and can convenient regulation and control the angle of using in the in-process of using, through setting up recovery adjusting device 1, utilize recovery adjusting device 1 to carry and collect the waste heat that hydrogen fuel cell system produced, make waste heat can concentrate convenient the utilization, through setting up transport controlling means 4, can make the liquid that needs the heating in transport frame 21 can be heated by convenient utilization waste heat heating through transport controlling means 4, and make transport frame 21 can carry out one of evenly distributed and accomplish the heat transfer heating.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that various changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a waste heat recovery utilizes structure for hydrogen fuel cell system, includes recovery adjusting device (1), supports rotating device (2), support fixed plate (3) and transport controlling means (4), its characterized in that: the supporting and rotating device (2) is arranged at the upper end of the supporting and fixing plate (3), the recovery and adjusting device (1) is fixedly connected to the upper end of the supporting and rotating device (2), and the conveying control device (4) is arranged inside the recovery and adjusting device (1).
2. The waste heat recovery structure for a hydrogen fuel cell system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the recovery regulating device (1) comprises a heating plate (10), a clamping and fixing clamping plate (11), a connecting frame (12), a sliding telescopic regulating column (13), a connecting conveying pipe (14), a supporting regulating plate (15), a sliding regulating clamping groove (16), a movable supporting upright post (17), a first hydraulic cylinder (18) and a second hydraulic cylinder (19), the sliding adjusting clamping groove (16) is arranged in the middle of the supporting adjusting plate (15), the movable supporting upright posts (17) are symmetrically and slidably clamped at two sides of the supporting and adjusting plate (15), the first hydraulic cylinders (18) are symmetrically and fixedly arranged in the middle of two sides of the support adjusting plate (15), the front end of the first hydraulic cylinder (18) is fixedly connected with the bottom of the movable supporting upright post (17), the second hydraulic cylinder (19) is fixedly connected with the upper end of the movable supporting upright post (17), the clamping and fixing clamping plate (11) is fixedly connected with the front end of the second hydraulic cylinder (19), the connecting frame (12) is clamped and fixed between the clamping and fixing clamping plates (11), the heating plate (10) is fixedly connected with the inner side end of the connecting frame (12), the sliding telescopic adjusting column (13) is clamped in the inner part of the outer side end of the connecting frame (12) in a sliding way, the connecting conveying pipe (14) is fixedly connected to the sliding telescopic adjusting column (13).
3. The waste heat recovery structure for a hydrogen fuel cell system according to claim 2, characterized in that: support rotating device (2) including propping up supporting bench (5), drive gear (6), first motor (7), rotation regulation fluted disc (8) and support frame (9), rotation regulation fluted disc (8) rotate to be installed the upper end middle part of propping up supporting bench (5), drive gear (6) evenly rotate to be installed prop up the edge upper end of supporting bench (5), just drive gear (6) with the rotation is adjusted and is meshed between fluted disc (8) and connect, the even fixed mounting of first motor (7) is in the edge bottom of supporting bench (5), just the upper end of first motor (7) with drive gear (6) fixed connection, the bottom fixed connection of support frame (9) is in the upper end middle part of rotation regulation fluted disc (8).
4. The waste heat recovery structure for a hydrogen fuel cell system according to claim 3, characterized in that: the upper end of the supporting frame (9) is fixedly connected with the bottom end of the supporting adjusting plate (15).
5. The waste heat recovery structure for a hydrogen fuel cell system according to claim 4, characterized in that: the middle of the bottom end of the supporting table (5) is fixedly connected with the middle of the supporting and fixing plate (3).
6. The waste heat recovery structure for a hydrogen fuel cell system according to claim 5, characterized in that: the conveying control device (4) comprises a conveying roller (20), a conveying frame (21), a sliding conveying plate (22), a control rope (23), a winding wheel (24), a second motor (25), a conveying frame plate (26), a sliding adjusting support plate (27), a third hydraulic cylinder (28) and a fourth hydraulic cylinder (29), wherein the second motor (25) is fixedly connected to the outer side of the upper end of the conveying frame plate (26), the winding wheel (24) is symmetrically and rotatably installed on the upper portion of the upper end of the conveying frame plate (26), the second motor (25) is fixedly connected with the winding wheel (24), the control rope (23) is wound on the winding wheel (24), the sliding conveying plate (22) is slidably clamped on the conveying frame plate (26), the front end of the control rope (23) is fixedly connected with the sliding conveying plate (22), the conveying frame (21) is clamped on the sliding conveying plate (22), the conveying roller (20) is uniformly and rotatably installed at the upper end of the bottom of the conveying frame plate (26), the third sliding conveying plate (28) is uniformly connected to the upper end of the sliding adjusting frame plate (26), the bottom of the sliding adjusting frame plate (26) is fixedly connected with the bottom of the hydraulic cylinder (26), and the third hydraulic cylinder (28) is fixedly connected with the bottom end of the sliding adjusting frame plate (26), the front end of the fourth hydraulic cylinder (29) is fixedly connected with the middle of the outer side end of the sliding adjusting support plate (27), sliding adjusting clamping plates (31) are symmetrically and fixedly mounted at the bottom of the sliding conveying plate (22), a fifth hydraulic cylinder (32) is fixedly mounted at the upper part of the tail end of each sliding adjusting clamping plate (31), a baffle (30) is fixedly connected to the upper end of each fifth hydraulic cylinder (32), and the baffle (30) penetrates through the sliding of the sliding conveying plate (22) in a sliding mode.
7. The waste heat recovery structure for a hydrogen fuel cell system according to claim 6, characterized in that: the bottom of the conveying frame (21) is clamped and fixed in the sliding conveying plate (22) through a baffle plate (30), and two sides of the conveying frame (21) are tightly attached to the heating plate (10).
8. The waste heat recovery structure for a hydrogen fuel cell system according to claim 7, characterized in that: the sliding adjusting support plate (27) is in sliding clamping connection with the inside of the sliding adjusting clamping groove (16).
9. The waste heat recovery structure for a hydrogen fuel cell system according to claim 8, characterized in that: and a guide conveying frame (33) is fixedly arranged at the bottom end of the conveying frame plate (26).
10. The recovery method of the waste heat recovery structure for a hydrogen fuel cell system according to claim 9, characterized by comprising the steps of:
s1, starting a second motor (25) to drive a winding wheel (24) to rotate to wind a control rope (23), so that a sliding conveying plate (22) slides to the upper part of the conveying frame plate (26) along the conveying frame plate (26), at the moment, a conveying frame (21) filled with liquid to be heated is placed on the sliding conveying plate (22), then starting a fifth hydraulic cylinder (32) to enable a baffle plate (30) to rise along the sliding conveying plate (22), at the moment, the baffle plate (30) separates the bottom of the conveying frame (21), and the conveying frame (21) is stably clamped and fixedly in the sliding conveying plate (22);
s2, the winding wheel (24) is controlled to rotate reversely through the second motor (25), the control rope (23) does not pull the sliding conveying plate (22) any more at the moment, the conveying frame (21) and the sliding conveying plate (22) slide along the conveying frame plate (26), when the sliding conveying plate (22) slides to the middle of the conveying frame plate (26), the winding wheel (24) stops rotating, and at the moment, the conveying frame (21) stops sliding in the middle of the conveying frame plate (26);
s3, starting the first hydraulic cylinder (18) to enable the movable supporting upright post (17) to slide along the supporting adjusting plate (15), so that the heating plate (10) is tightly attached to the side end face of the conveying frame (21), the high-temperature heating plate (10) can conduct heat transfer on the conveying frame (21) to heat liquid in the conveying frame (21), and waste heat is reasonably utilized;
s4, hot steam is conveyed to the inside of the connecting conveying pipe (14) and then conveyed to the inside of the sliding telescopic adjusting column (13) and the connecting frame (12), and finally the hot steam can reach the inside of the heating plate (10) to heat the heating plate (10), and the sliding telescopic adjusting column (13) can telescopically slide along the inside of the connecting frame (12), so that the transverse adjustment and control of the position of the heating plate (10) are facilitated;
s5, the clamping and fixing clamping plate (11) can be controlled to clamp and fix the connecting frame (12) in a clamping and fixing mode by starting the second hydraulic cylinder (19), so that the heating plate (10) can be attached to the side end face of the conveying frame (21), the fourth hydraulic cylinder (29) can be started to push the sliding adjusting supporting plate (27) and the third hydraulic cylinder (28) to adjust the using position of the conveying frame plate (26) in a sliding mode, and the third hydraulic cylinder (28) is started to control the using height of the conveying frame plate (26).
CN202211082038.9A 2022-09-06 2022-09-06 Waste heat recycling structure for hydrogen fuel cell system Active CN115458769B (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111014229A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-04-17 江苏科技大学 Pyrolysis recovery device utilizing waste heat of fuel cell and working method
CN211425166U (en) * 2019-11-12 2020-09-04 人良生物科技(安徽)有限公司 Waste heat recovery utilizes device for polydextrose production
CN214642626U (en) * 2021-04-14 2021-11-09 韶关市湘明钢铁有限公司 Iron and steel rust removing device for waste recovery
CN216241190U (en) * 2021-11-01 2022-04-08 义乌市泰达纺织有限公司 Waste heat recycling structure of air compressor
CN216592880U (en) * 2021-11-30 2022-05-24 无锡市新欣建材设备有限公司 Filterable waste heat recovery heat exchanger can carry out
CN114583225A (en) * 2022-02-28 2022-06-03 广东南海国际建筑设计有限公司 Waste heat recovery device of hydrogen energy power generation system
CN114883589A (en) * 2022-05-24 2022-08-09 江苏科技大学 Waste heat recycling device for hydrogen fuel cell power ship

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111014229A (en) * 2019-11-08 2020-04-17 江苏科技大学 Pyrolysis recovery device utilizing waste heat of fuel cell and working method
CN211425166U (en) * 2019-11-12 2020-09-04 人良生物科技(安徽)有限公司 Waste heat recovery utilizes device for polydextrose production
CN214642626U (en) * 2021-04-14 2021-11-09 韶关市湘明钢铁有限公司 Iron and steel rust removing device for waste recovery
CN216241190U (en) * 2021-11-01 2022-04-08 义乌市泰达纺织有限公司 Waste heat recycling structure of air compressor
CN216592880U (en) * 2021-11-30 2022-05-24 无锡市新欣建材设备有限公司 Filterable waste heat recovery heat exchanger can carry out
CN114583225A (en) * 2022-02-28 2022-06-03 广东南海国际建筑设计有限公司 Waste heat recovery device of hydrogen energy power generation system
CN114883589A (en) * 2022-05-24 2022-08-09 江苏科技大学 Waste heat recycling device for hydrogen fuel cell power ship

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