CN115446709A - High efficiency piston ring internal and external angle processingequipment - Google Patents

High efficiency piston ring internal and external angle processingequipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115446709A
CN115446709A CN202210944324.5A CN202210944324A CN115446709A CN 115446709 A CN115446709 A CN 115446709A CN 202210944324 A CN202210944324 A CN 202210944324A CN 115446709 A CN115446709 A CN 115446709A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
polishing
feeding
motor
plate
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN202210944324.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
唐燕保
刘丹
王海波
储小峰
王东升
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anqing TP Goetze Piston Ring Co Ltd
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Anqing TP Goetze Piston Ring Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Anqing TP Goetze Piston Ring Co Ltd filed Critical Anqing TP Goetze Piston Ring Co Ltd
Priority to CN202210944324.5A priority Critical patent/CN115446709A/en
Publication of CN115446709A publication Critical patent/CN115446709A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0023Other grinding machines or devices grinding machines with a plurality of working posts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B21/00Machines or devices using grinding or polishing belts; Accessories therefor
    • B24B21/008Machines comprising two or more tools or having several working posts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B21/00Machines or devices using grinding or polishing belts; Accessories therefor
    • B24B21/18Accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B27/00Other grinding machines or devices
    • B24B27/0069Other grinding machines or devices with means for feeding the work-pieces to the grinding tool, e.g. turntables, transfer means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B29/00Machines or devices for polishing surfaces on work by means of tools made of soft or flexible material with or without the application of solid or liquid polishing agents
    • B24B29/02Machines or devices for polishing surfaces on work by means of tools made of soft or flexible material with or without the application of solid or liquid polishing agents designed for particular workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/005Feeding or manipulating devices specially adapted to grinding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/20Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor relating to feed movement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/22Equipment for exact control of the position of the grinding tool or work at the start of the grinding operation

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Grinding And Polishing Of Tertiary Curved Surfaces And Surfaces With Complex Shapes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a high-efficiency piston ring inner and outer corner processing device which comprises a workbench, wherein a feeding table and a discharging table are respectively fixed on two side surfaces of the workbench, the feeding table and the discharging table are positioned on two adjacent side surfaces of the workbench, a feeding mechanism is arranged at the top of the feeding table, a discharging mechanism is arranged at the top of the discharging table, a turntable mechanism is arranged at the top of the workbench, an outer corner polishing mechanism and an inner corner polishing mechanism are arranged at the top of the workbench, the outer corner polishing mechanism and the discharging mechanism are positioned on one side opposite to the turntable mechanism, and the feeding mechanism and the inner corner polishing mechanism are positioned on one side opposite to the turntable mechanism; the problem of among the prior art, can only realize the polishing of piston ring outer corner, when needing to polish the interior angle, need carry out the clamping to the piston ring once more to shift the piston ring to other device and polish, lead to polishing inefficiency, and need the manual work to go on, work continuity is not high to the material loading and the unloading of piston ring mostly is solved.

Description

High efficiency piston ring internal and external angle processingequipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of piston ring chamfering, in particular to a high-efficiency piston ring inner and outer corner processing device.
Background
Before surface treatment (electroplating and DLC) is carried out on the lower side surface of the piston ring, sanding treatment is carried out on the inner corner and the outer corner of the piston ring to form a technical chamfer in order to ensure the quality after the surface treatment;
the Chinese patent discloses a polishing device for processing piston rings (publication number: CN 214393753U), which comprises a box body, wherein a push rod motor is fixedly connected to the top of the box body, a connecting plate is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the push rod motor, fixing rods are symmetrically connected to two sides of the bottom of the connecting plate, a fixing bearing is fixedly connected to the bottom of each fixing rod, a connecting shaft is sleeved inside each fixing bearing, and a first gear is fixedly sleeved outside the left side of each connecting shaft. The utility model discloses not only can fix the piston ring fast through fixing device, prevent to rotate the in-process and take place the skew, improve polishing quality, simultaneously through the gear engagement transmission, control throwing aureola rotates, polishes the piston ring fast, through whole machining efficiency.
In the above-mentioned patent, can only realize the polishing of piston ring exterior angle, when needing to polish the interior angle, need carry out the clamping to the piston ring once more to shift the piston ring to other devices and polish, lead to polishing inefficiency, and need the manual work to go on mostly to the material loading and the unloading of piston ring, the work continuity is not high.
In order to solve the above-mentioned drawbacks, a technical solution is now provided.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a high-efficiency machining device for inner and outer angles of a piston ring.
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are as follows:
among the prior art, can only realize the polishing of piston ring exterior angle, when needing to polish the interior angle, need carry out the clamping to the piston ring once more to shift the piston ring to other devices and polish, lead to polishing inefficiency, and need the manual work to go on mostly to the material loading and the unloading of piston ring, the work continuity is not high.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
a high-efficiency piston ring inner and outer corner processing device comprises a workbench, wherein a feeding table and a discharging table are respectively fixed on two side surfaces of the workbench and are positioned on two adjacent side surfaces of the workbench, a feeding mechanism is arranged at the top of the feeding table, a discharging mechanism is arranged at the top of the discharging table, a turntable mechanism is arranged at the top of the workbench, an outer corner polishing mechanism and an inner corner polishing mechanism are arranged at the top of the workbench, the outer corner polishing mechanism and the discharging mechanism are positioned on one side opposite to the turntable mechanism, and the feeding mechanism and the inner corner polishing mechanism are positioned on one side opposite to the turntable mechanism;
carousel mechanism includes rotates the rolling disc of being connected with the workstation top, the bottom of workstation is fixed with rotates the motor, the output and the rolling disc of rotating the motor are fixed mutually, the top of rolling disc is fixed with four rotating seats, four rotating seats are the annular array and distribute, sliding connection has the drive case on the rotating seat, one side rotation of drive case is connected with the actuating lever, the one end of actuating lever is fixed with the dress ring die sleeve, the dress ring groove has been seted up to one side that the rolling disc center department was kept away from to the dress ring die sleeve, top one side of rotating the seat is fixed with first telescopic cylinder, first telescopic cylinder's output is fixed mutually with the drive case.
Further, feed mechanism includes the flitch, and the top of going up the flitch is fixed with the feeding die sleeve, one side symmetry of going up the flitch is fixed with the slide rail, and sliding connection has the screw thread seat on the slide rail, and one side of material loading platform is fixed with the material loading motor, and the output of material loading motor is fixed with the threaded rod, and the threaded rod passes the screw thread seat and with screw thread seat threaded connection, and the top of screw thread seat is fixed with the scraping wings, and the top of scraping wings is equipped with the material loading pole, and the one end bottom of material loading pole contacts with the scraping wings top, and the other end of material loading pole extends to in the feeding die sleeve, and the surface cover of material loading pole is equipped with a plurality of piston rings.
Furthermore, the both sides of feeding die sleeve are run through and are equipped with the opening, and the internal diameter of feeding die sleeve diminishes gradually to one side that is close to carousel mechanism.
Furthermore, a driving motor is fixed at the top of the driving box, an output end of the driving motor penetrates through the driving box and is fixed with a first bevel gear, one end of the driving rod is located in the driving box and is fixed with a second bevel gear, and the first bevel gear is meshed with the second bevel gear.
Further, the outer corner polishing mechanism comprises a first polishing seat fixed to the top of the workbench, a feeding plate is connected to the top of the first polishing seat in a sliding mode, a feeding cylinder is fixed to one side of the first polishing seat, the output end of the feeding cylinder is fixed to the feeding plate, lifting seats are symmetrically fixed to the top of the feeding plate, a lifting plate is connected between the two lifting seats in a sliding mode, grooves are formed in the tops of the two sides of the lifting plate, a turnover plate is rotatably connected to the inside of each groove through a rotating shaft, two ends, close to the turntable mechanism, of one side of the turnover plate are rotatably connected with polishing wheels, a first polishing motor is fixed to the other side of the turnover plate, the output end of the first polishing motor is fixed to one of the polishing wheels, and a polishing belt is installed between the two polishing wheels.
Furthermore, lifting motors are fixed to the tops of the two lifting seats, lead screws are fixed to output ends of the lifting motors, two sides of the lifting plate are in threaded connection with the two lead screws respectively, a turnover motor is fixed to one side of the lifting plate, a first gear is fixed to an output end of the turnover motor, and a second gear meshed with the first gear is fixed to the outer surface of the turnover shaft.
Furthermore, the inner angle polishing mechanism comprises a second polishing seat fixed to the top of the workbench, a rotary cylinder is slidably connected to the top of the second polishing seat, a fixing plate is fixed to the output end of the rotary cylinder, a third polishing seat is fixed to the top of the fixing plate, a second polishing motor is slidably connected to the top of the third polishing seat, a polishing roller is fixed to the output end of the second polishing motor, a second telescopic cylinder is fixed to one side of the second polishing seat, the output end of the second telescopic cylinder is fixed to the rotary cylinder, a third telescopic cylinder is fixed to one end of the third polishing seat, and the output end of the third telescopic cylinder is fixed to the second polishing motor.
Further, unloading mechanism includes the backup pad fixed with unloading platform top, one side of backup pad is fixed with dials the ring motor, the output that dials the ring motor passes the backup pad and is fixed with the dwang, the bottom hinged joint of dwang has the connecting plate, the bottom mounting of connecting plate has first unloading pole, the one end that first unloading pole is close to carousel mechanism is fixed with down the flitch, the other end below of first unloading pole is equipped with second unloading pole, first unloading pole and the equal slope setting of second unloading pole, one side of connecting plate is fixed with reason ring motor, the output of reason ring motor is fixed with reason ring pole, the surface of reason ring pole is equipped with rough arch, be used for driving the piston ring rotation, the one end of reason ring pole extends to in the first unloading pole.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
according to the invention, the rotating motor can drive the rotating disc to rotate through the arrangement of the rotating disc mechanism, the feeding, discharging and machining processes are not interfered through four mutually independent stations, the machining time of the piston ring is greatly shortened, the production efficiency is improved, the first telescopic cylinder is arranged to push the driving box to move on the rotating seat, the distance between the ring loading die sleeve and each mechanism is convenient to adjust, the first bevel gear is driven to rotate through the driving motor, so that the second bevel gear meshed with the first bevel gear is driven to rotate, the ring loading die sleeve is driven to rotate through the driving rod, different functions are realized by matching with machining and discharging, and the practicability is high.
Through setting up outer angle polishing mechanism, make first polishing motor drive one of them throwing aureola and rotate, another throwing aureola of cooperation drives the motion of polishing belt, feed the cylinder and can drive the feed plate and move on first polishing seat, realize the feed motion of polishing belt, elevator motor drives the lead screw and rotates, thereby drive the lifter plate and go up and down on the lifter seat, realize the altitude mixture control of polishing belt, upset motor drives first gear revolve, thereby drive the second gear revolve of meshing with it, and then drive the returning face plate through the trip shaft and rotate, adjust polishing belt's angle, thereby realize polishing belt's multi-direction nimble removal, make polishing belt can polish the chamfer to piston ring outside surface, and accessible adjustment polishing belt obtains the chamfer of different shapes, improve polishing chamfer's richness.
Through setting up interior angle polishing mechanism, make the flexible cylinder of second drive revolving cylinder move on the second polishing seat, revolving cylinder can drive on the fixed plate third polishing seat and rotate, the flexible cylinder of third can drive second polishing motor and remove on the third polishing seat, thereby it is inboard to drive the polishing roller and remove to the piston ring, and drive the polishing roller through the second polishing motor and rotate and carry out the interior angle polishing to the piston ring, and can be through the angle that changes the polishing roller and the shape of position control chamfer, in addition, under the cooperation of carousel mechanism, the polishing back of outer angle polishing mechanism has been carried out to the piston ring, it carries out the interior angle polishing to rotate to interior angle polishing mechanism, the step of needing clamping piston ring many times among the prior art has been reduced, very big reduction production time, and high production efficiency.
Through setting up feeding mechanism, make the material loading motor drive the threaded rod and rotate, thereby it slides on the slide rail to drive individual screw thread seat, make the scraping wings promote a plurality of piston rings on the material loading pole, push the piston ring into carousel mechanism through the feeding die sleeve of gradual change internal diameter, accomplish the material loading, through setting up unloading mechanism, make the shifting ring motor drive the dwang and rotate, the connecting plate is circular motion under gravity and the drive of dwang, make first unloading pole drive the unloading board and get into in the dress ring die sleeve, and do circular motion and collude out the piston ring from the dress ring die sleeve, the piston ring is with the tendency and falls to the reason ring pole on first unloading pole, drive the rotation of reason ring pole through the reason ring pole, thereby it rotates with the friction drive piston ring of piston ring to make the position that has the breach on the piston ring upwards and pass the connecting plate and fall into on the second unloading pole, accomplish the unloading process, whole material loading and unloading process automation degree is high, need not to carry out the manual work and carry out material loading and unloading, production efficiency has been improved.
Drawings
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the figures and specific embodiments.
FIG. 1 is a top view of a high efficiency piston ring inside and outside corner machining apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the loading mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the feed die case of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a partial schematic structural view of the turntable mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a top view of the external angle polishing mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of the structure of FIG. 5 at A in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a top view of the internal angle polishing mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of the blanking mechanism of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a work table; 2. a feeding mechanism; 3. a turntable mechanism; 4. an outer corner polishing mechanism; 5. an inner angle polishing mechanism; 6. a blanking mechanism; 101. a feeding table; 102. a blanking table; 201. feeding plates; 202. feeding a die sleeve; 203. a slide rail; 204. a threaded seat; 205. a feeding motor; 206. a threaded rod; 207. a material pushing plate; 208. a feeding rod; 301. rotating the disc; 302. a rotating seat; 303. a drive box; 304. a drive rod; 305. installing a ring die sleeve; 306. a first telescopic cylinder; 307. a drive motor; 308. a first bevel gear; 309. a second bevel gear; 401. a first polishing base; 402. a feed plate; 403. a feed cylinder; 404. a lifting seat; 405. a lifting plate; 406. a turnover plate; 407. a polishing wheel; 408. a first polishing motor; 409. polishing the belt; 410. turning over a motor; 411. a first gear; 412. a second gear; 501. a second polishing base; 502. a rotating cylinder; 503. a fixing plate; 504. a third polishing seat; 505. a second polishing motor; 506. a polishing roll; 507. a second telescopic cylinder; 508. a third telescopic cylinder; 601. a support plate; 602. a ring shifting motor; 603. rotating the rod; 604. a connecting plate; 605. a first blanking rod; 606. a blanking plate; 607. a second blanking rod; 608. a ring arranging motor; 609. and (4) ring arranging rods.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 8, the present invention provides a technical solution:
the utility model provides a high efficiency piston ring internal and external angle processingequipment, comprises a workbench 1, two side surfaces of workstation 1 are fixed with material loading platform 101 and unloading platform 102 respectively, material loading platform 101 and unloading platform 102 are located two adjacent side surfaces of workstation 1, the top of material loading platform 101 is equipped with feed mechanism 2, the top of unloading platform 102 is equipped with unloading mechanism 6, the top of workstation 1 is equipped with carousel mechanism 3, the top of workstation 1 is equipped with external angle polishing mechanism 4 and interior angle polishing mechanism 5, external angle polishing mechanism 4 is located the relative one side of carousel mechanism 3 with unloading mechanism 6, feed mechanism 2 is located the relative one side of carousel mechanism 3 with interior angle polishing mechanism 5. The feeding mechanism 2 is used for feeding piston rings, so that the piston rings are clamped on the rotary table mechanism 3, efficient polishing of inner and outer corners is completed under the action of the outer corner polishing mechanism 4 and the inner corner polishing mechanism 5, and the discharging mechanism 6 is used for discharging the polished piston rings.
Referring to fig. 2, the feeding mechanism 2 includes a feeding plate 201, a feeding die sleeve 202 is fixed on the top of the feeding plate 201, slide rails 203 are symmetrically fixed on one side of the feeding plate 201, a screw seat 204 is slidably connected to the slide rails 203, a feeding motor 205 is fixed on one side of the feeding table 101, a threaded rod 206 is fixed on an output end of the feeding motor 205, the threaded rod 206 passes through the screw seat 204 and is in threaded connection with the screw seat 204, a pushing plate 207 is fixed on the top of the screw seat 204, a feeding rod 208 is arranged above the pushing plate 207, the bottom of one end of the feeding rod 208 contacts with the top of the pushing plate 207, the other end of the feeding rod 208 extends into the feeding die sleeve 202, a plurality of piston rings are sleeved on the outer surface of the feeding rod 208, a gap is formed on one side of the outer surface of each piston ring, and the feeding rod 208 is supported by an external structure and is adjustable in height.
Referring to fig. 3, openings are formed through both sides of the feeding die sleeve 202, and the inner diameter of the feeding die sleeve 202 gradually decreases toward one side of the turntable mechanism 3. Through setting up feed mechanism 2 for material loading motor 205 drives threaded rod 206 and rotates, thereby drives a screw thread seat 204 and slides on slide rail 203, makes scraping wings 207 promote a plurality of piston rings on the material loading pole 208, pushes the piston ring in carousel mechanism 3 through the feeding die sleeve 202 of gradual change internal diameter, accomplishes the material loading, has practiced thrift the step of artifical material loading among the prior art under the effect of feed mechanism 2, reduces production time.
Referring to fig. 1 and 3, the turntable mechanism 3 includes a rotating disc 301 rotatably connected to the top of the workbench 1, a rotating motor is fixed to the bottom of the workbench 1, an output end of the rotating motor is fixed to the rotating disc 301, four rotating seats 302 are fixed to the top of the rotating disc 301, the four rotating seats 302 are distributed in an annular array, a driving box 303 is slidably connected to the rotating seats 302, a driving rod 304 is rotatably connected to one side of the driving box 303, a ring-containing mold sleeve 305 is fixed to one end of the driving rod 304, a ring-containing groove is formed in one side of the ring-containing mold sleeve 305 away from the center of the rotating disc 301, the ring-containing groove is adapted to a piston ring and used for being clamped in the ring-containing mold sleeve 305, the length of the piston ring is greater than the depth of the ring-containing groove, a first telescopic cylinder 306 is fixed to one side of the top of the rotating seat 302, and an output end of the first telescopic cylinder 306 is fixed to the driving box 303.
A driving motor 307 is fixed on the top of the driving box 303, an output end of the driving motor 307 passes through the driving box 303 and is fixed with a first bevel gear 308, one end of the driving rod 304 is positioned in the driving box 303 and is fixed with a second bevel gear 309, and the first bevel gear 308 is meshed with the second bevel gear 309. Through setting up carousel mechanism 3, make it can drive rolling disc 301 and rotate to rotate the motor, through four mutually independent stations, realize the material loading, unloading and course of working are not disturbed, the process time of piston ring has been shortened greatly, the production efficiency is improved, it promotes drive box 303 and moves on rotating seat 302 to set up first telescopic cylinder 306, be convenient for adjust the distance between dress ring die sleeve 305 and each mechanism, it rotates to drive first bevel gear 308 through driving motor 307, thereby drive the second bevel gear 309 rotation of meshing with it, and then drive dress ring die sleeve 305 through actuating lever 304 and rotate, a function for cooperation processing and unloading realization difference, the practicality is high.
Referring to fig. 5-6, the outer corner polishing mechanism 4 includes a first polishing seat 401 fixed to the top of the worktable 1, a feeding plate 402 is slidably connected to the top of the first polishing seat 401, a feeding cylinder 403 is fixed to one side of the first polishing seat 401, an output end of the feeding cylinder 403 is fixed to the feeding plate 402, lifting seats 404 are symmetrically fixed to the top of the feeding plate 402, a lifting plate 405 is slidably connected between the two lifting seats 404, grooves are formed in tops of two sides of the lifting plate 405, a turnover plate 406 is rotatably connected to the grooves through a rotating shaft, polishing wheels 407 are rotatably connected to two ends of one side of the turnover plate 406 close to the turntable mechanism 3, a first polishing motor 408 is fixed to the other side of the turnover plate 406, an output end of the first polishing motor 408 is fixed to one of the polishing wheels 407, and a polishing belt 409 is installed between the two polishing wheels 407.
The top of each of the two lifting seats 404 is fixed with a lifting motor, the output end of the lifting motor is fixed with a screw rod, the two sides of the lifting plate 405 are respectively in threaded connection with the two screw rods, one side of the lifting plate 405 is fixed with a turning motor 410, the output end of the turning motor 410 is fixed with a first gear 411, and the outer surface of the turning shaft is fixed with a second gear 412 meshed with the first gear 411. Through setting up outer angle polishing mechanism 4, make first polishing motor 408 drive one of them polishing wheel 407 and rotate, cooperate another polishing wheel 407 to drive polishing belt 409 motion, feed cylinder 403 can drive feed plate 402 and move on first polishing seat 401, realize polishing belt 409's feed motion, elevator motor drives the lead screw and rotates, thereby drive elevator plate 405 and go up and down at elevator seat 404, realize polishing belt 409's altitude mixture control, upset motor 410 drives first gear 411 and rotates, thereby drive second gear 412 of meshing with it and rotate, and then drive returning face plate 406 through the trip shaft and rotate, adjust polishing belt 409's angle, thereby realize polishing belt 409's multi-direction nimble removal, make polishing belt 409 can polish the chamfer to the piston ring outside surface, and the accessible adjusts polishing belt 409 and obtains the chamfer of different shapes, improve polishing chamfer's richness.
Referring to fig. 7, the inner angle polishing mechanism 5 includes a second polishing seat 501 fixed to the top of the worktable 1, a rotating cylinder 502 is slidably connected to the top of the second polishing seat 501, a fixing plate 503 is fixed to an output end of the rotating cylinder 502, a third polishing seat 504 is fixed to the top of the fixing plate 503, a second polishing motor 505 is slidably connected to the top of the third polishing seat 504, a polishing roller 506 is fixed to an output end of the second polishing motor 505, a second telescopic cylinder 507 is fixed to one side of the second polishing seat 501, an output end of the second telescopic cylinder 507 is fixed to the rotating cylinder 502, a third telescopic cylinder 508 is fixed to one end of the third polishing seat 504, and an output end of the third telescopic cylinder 508 is fixed to the second polishing motor 505. By arranging the inner angle polishing mechanism 5, the second telescopic cylinder 507 drives the rotary cylinder 502 to move on the second polishing seat 501, the rotary cylinder 502 can drive the third polishing seat 504 on the fixing plate 503 to rotate, the third telescopic cylinder 508 can drive the second polishing motor 505 to move on the third polishing seat 504, so as to drive the polishing roller 506 to move to the inner side of the piston ring, the second polishing motor 505 drives the polishing roller 506 to rotate to polish the inner angle of the piston ring, and the shape of the chamfer can be controlled by changing the angle and the position of the polishing roller 506, in addition, under the cooperation of the turntable mechanism 3, after the piston ring is polished by the outer angle polishing mechanism 4, the piston ring is rotated to the inner angle polishing mechanism 5 to polish the inner angle, the steps of clamping the piston ring for many times in the prior art are reduced, the production time is greatly reduced, and the production efficiency is improved.
Referring to fig. 8, the discharging mechanism 6 includes a supporting plate 601 fixed to the top of the discharging table 102, a ring-pulling motor 602 is fixed to one side of the supporting plate 601, an output end of the ring-pulling motor 602 passes through the supporting plate 601 and is fixed to a rotating rod 603, a connecting plate 604 is hinged to the bottom end of the rotating rod 603, a first discharging rod 605 is fixed to the bottom end of the connecting plate 604, a discharging plate 606 is fixed to one end of the first discharging rod 605 close to the turntable mechanism 3, a second discharging rod 607 is arranged below the other end of the first discharging rod 605, the first discharging rod 605 and the second discharging rod 607 are both inclined, diameters of the first discharging rod 605 and the second discharging rod 607 are both greater than a length of a gap in a piston ring, a width of the connecting plate 604 is smaller than the length of the gap in the piston ring, a ring-sorting motor 608 is fixed to one side of the connecting plate 604, a ring-sorting rod 609 is fixed to an output end of the ring-sorting motor 608, a rough protrusion is provided on an outer surface of the ring-sorting rod 609 for driving the piston ring to rotate, and one end of the ring-sorting rod 609 extends into the first discharging rod. Through setting up unloading mechanism 6, make shift ring motor 602 drive dwang 603 and rotate, connecting plate 604 is circular motion under gravity and the drive of dwang 603, make first unloading pole 605 drive down flitch 606 get into dress ring die sleeve 305 in, and do circular motion and collude out the piston ring from dress ring die sleeve 305, the piston ring is with the situation and slide to reason ring 609 on first unloading pole 605, it rotates to drive reason ring 609 through reason ring motor 608, thereby it rotates to drive the piston ring through the friction of reason ring 609 and ring, make the position that has the breach on the piston ring upwards and with the situation pass connecting plate 604 and fall into on second unloading pole 607, accomplish the unloading process, whole unloading process automation degree is high, need not the manual work and carry out the unloading, production efficiency is improved.
The working principle is as follows:
when the automatic ring-loading mechanism is used, the feeding motor 205 drives the threaded rod 206 to rotate, so that the threaded seat 204 is driven to slide on the sliding rail 203, the material pushing plate 207 pushes a plurality of piston rings on the feeding rod 208, the piston rings are pushed into the turntable mechanism 3 through the feeding die sleeve 202 with gradually changed inner diameter and are clamped in the ring-loading die sleeve 305, and the rotating disc 301 can be driven to rotate through the rotating motor, so that the piston rings rotate to the position of 4 stations of the outer angle polishing mechanism;
one polishing wheel 407 is driven to rotate by a first polishing motor 408, the other polishing wheel 407 is matched to drive a polishing belt 409 to move, a feeding cylinder 403 can drive a feeding plate 402 to move on a first polishing seat 401, so that the feeding movement of the polishing belt 409 is realized, a lifting motor drives a screw rod to rotate, so that a lifting plate 405 is driven to ascend and descend on a lifting seat 404, so that the height of the polishing belt 409 is adjusted, a first gear 411 is driven to rotate by a turnover motor 410, so that a second gear 412 meshed with the first gear is driven to rotate, the turnover plate 406 is driven to rotate by a turnover shaft, the angle of the polishing belt 409 is adjusted, so that the polishing belt 409 can flexibly move to the outer side of a piston ring in multiple directions to polish and chamfer, the first bevel gear 308 is driven to rotate by a driving motor 307, so that a second bevel gear 309 meshed with the piston ring is driven to rotate, and a ring mounting die sleeve 305 is driven to rotate by a driving rod 304, so that the polishing belt 409 can polish and chamfer the outer side surface of the polishing belt 409;
the rotating motor continues to drive the rotating disc 301 to rotate, so that the piston ring rotates to a position of a 5-station position of the inner angle polishing mechanism, the second telescopic cylinder 507 drives the rotating cylinder 502 to move on the second polishing seat 501, the rotating cylinder 502 can drive the third polishing seat 504 on the fixing plate 503 to rotate, the third telescopic cylinder 508 can drive the second polishing motor 505 to move on the third polishing seat 504, so that the polishing roller 506 is driven to move to the inner side of the piston ring, and the second polishing motor 505 drives the polishing roller 506 to rotate to polish the inner angle of the piston ring;
after polishing is finished, the piston ring rotates to 6 stations of the blanking mechanism, the ring shifting motor 602 drives the rotating rod 603 to rotate, the connecting plate 604 is driven by gravity and the rotating rod 603 to do circular motion, so that the first blanking rod 605 drives the blanking plate 606 to enter the ring loading die sleeve 305, the piston ring is hooked out of the ring loading die sleeve 305 by circular motion, the piston ring slides on the first blanking rod 605 to the ring arranging rod 609 along the trend, the ring arranging motor 608 drives the ring arranging rod 609 to rotate, the piston ring is driven to rotate by friction between the ring arranging rod 609 and the piston ring, the position with the notch on the piston ring is upward and passes through the connecting plate 604 to fall into the second blanking rod 607 along the trend, and the blanking process is finished.
While one embodiment of the present invention has been described in detail, the description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and should not be taken as limiting the scope of the invention. All equivalent changes and modifications made within the scope of the present invention shall fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A high-efficiency processing device for inner and outer corners of a piston ring comprises a workbench (1), wherein a feeding table (101) and a discharging table (102) are respectively fixed on two side surfaces of the workbench (1), and is characterized in that a feeding mechanism (2) is arranged at the top of the feeding table (101), a discharging mechanism (6) is arranged at the top of the discharging table (102), a turntable mechanism (3) is arranged at the top of the workbench (1), an outer corner polishing mechanism (4) and an inner corner polishing mechanism (5) are arranged at the top of the workbench (1), the outer corner polishing mechanism (4) and the discharging mechanism (6) are located on one side opposite to the turntable mechanism (3), and the feeding mechanism (2) and the inner corner polishing mechanism (5) are located on one side opposite to the turntable mechanism (3);
carousel mechanism (3) include carousel (301) of being connected with workstation (1) top rotation, the bottom of workstation (1) is fixed with the rotation motor, the output that rotates the motor is fixed mutually with carousel (301), the top of carousel (301) is fixed with four and rotates seat (302), four rotate seat (302) and are the annular array and distribute, sliding connection has drive case (303) on rotating seat (302), one side of drive case (303) is rotated and is connected with actuating lever (304), the one end of actuating lever (304) is fixed with dress ring die sleeve (305), dress ring die sleeve (305) are kept away from carousel (301) one side of center department and have been seted up the dress annular, top one side of rotating seat (302) is fixed with first telescopic cylinder (306), the output and the drive case (303) of first telescopic cylinder (306) are fixed mutually.
2. The high-efficiency processing device for the inner and outer corners of the piston ring according to claim 1, wherein the feeding mechanism (2) comprises a feeding plate (201), a feeding die sleeve (202) is fixed to the top of the feeding plate (201), slide rails (203) are symmetrically fixed to one side of the feeding plate (201), a threaded seat (204) is connected to the slide rails (203) in a sliding manner, a feeding motor (205) is fixed to one side of the feeding table (101), a threaded rod (206) is fixed to an output end of the feeding motor (205), the threaded rod (206) penetrates through the threaded seat (204) and is in threaded connection with the threaded seat (204), a pushing plate (207) is fixed to the top of the threaded seat (204), a feeding rod (208) is arranged above the pushing plate (207), the bottom of one end of the feeding rod (208) is in contact with the top of the pushing plate (207), the other end of the feeding rod (208) extends into the feeding die sleeve (202), and a plurality of piston rings are sleeved on the outer surface of the feeding rod (208).
3. The high-efficiency piston ring inner and outer corner machining device is characterized in that openings are formed in two sides of the feeding die sleeve (202) in a penetrating mode, and the inner diameter of the feeding die sleeve (202) is smaller on the side close to the rotary table mechanism (3) than on the side far away from the rotary table mechanism (3).
4. The high-efficiency piston ring inner and outer angle machining device according to claim 1, wherein a driving motor (307) is fixed to the top of the driving box (303), an output end of the driving motor (307) penetrates through the driving box (303) and is fixed with a first bevel gear (308), one end of the driving rod (304) is located in the driving box (303) and is fixed with a second bevel gear (309), and the first bevel gear (308) is meshed with the second bevel gear (309).
5. The high-efficiency machining device for the inner and outer corners of the piston ring according to claim 1 is characterized in that the outer corner polishing mechanism (4) comprises a first polishing seat (401) fixed to the top of the workbench (1), a feeding plate (402) is slidably connected to the top of the first polishing seat (401), a feeding cylinder (403) is fixed to one side of the first polishing seat (401), an output end of the feeding cylinder (403) is fixed to the feeding plate (402), lifting seats (404) are symmetrically fixed to the top of the feeding plate (402), a lifting plate (405) is slidably connected between the two lifting seats (404), grooves are formed in the tops of two sides of the lifting plate (405), a turnover plate (406) is rotatably connected to the grooves through rotating shafts, polishing wheels (407) are rotatably connected to two ends of one side, close to the turntable mechanism (3), of the turnover plate (406), a first polishing motor (408) is fixed to the other side of the turnover plate (406), an output end of the first polishing motor (408) is fixed to one of the polishing wheels (407), and a polishing belt (409) is installed between the two polishing wheels (407).
6. The high-efficiency processing device for the inner and outer angles of the piston ring according to claim 5, wherein a lifting motor is fixed on the top of each of the two lifting seats (404), a lead screw is fixed on the output end of each lifting motor, two sides of the lifting plate (405) are respectively in threaded connection with the two lead screws, a turnover motor (410) is fixed on one side of the lifting plate (405), a first gear (411) is fixed on the output end of the turnover motor (410), and a second gear (412) meshed with the first gear (411) is fixed on the outer surface of the turnover shaft.
7. The high-efficiency machining device for the inner and outer corners of the piston ring according to claim 1 is characterized in that the inner corner polishing mechanism (5) comprises a second polishing seat (501) fixed to the top of the workbench (1), a rotating cylinder (502) is slidably connected to the top of the second polishing seat (501), a fixing plate (503) is fixed to an output end of the rotating cylinder (502), a third polishing seat (504) is fixed to the top of the fixing plate (503), a second polishing motor (505) is slidably connected to the top of the third polishing seat (504), a polishing roller (506) is fixed to an output end of the second polishing motor (505), a second telescopic cylinder (507) is fixed to one side of the second polishing seat (501), an output end of the second telescopic cylinder (507) is fixed to the rotating cylinder (502), a third telescopic cylinder (508) is fixed to one end of the third polishing seat (504), and an output end of the third telescopic cylinder (508) is fixed to the second polishing motor (505).
8. The high-efficiency processing device for the inner and outer corners of the piston ring according to claim 1, wherein the blanking mechanism (6) comprises a supporting plate (601) fixed to the top of the blanking table (102), a ring pulling motor (602) is fixed to one side of the supporting plate (601), an output end of the ring pulling motor (602) penetrates through the supporting plate (601) and is fixed to a rotating rod (603), a connecting plate (604) is hinged to the bottom end of the rotating rod (603), a first blanking rod (605) is fixed to the bottom end of the connecting plate (604), a blanking plate (606) is fixed to one end, close to the turntable mechanism (3), of the first blanking rod (605), a second blanking rod (607) is arranged below the other end of the first blanking rod (605), the first blanking rod (605) and the second blanking rod (607) are both obliquely arranged, a ring arranging motor (608) is fixed to one side of the connecting plate (604), a ring arranging rod (609) is fixed to the output end of the ring arranging motor (608), a rough protrusion is arranged on the outer surface of the ring arranging rod (609), and one end of the ring arranging rod (609) extends to the inner and extends to the inner portion of the first blanking rod (605).
CN202210944324.5A 2022-08-06 2022-08-06 High efficiency piston ring internal and external angle processingequipment Pending CN115446709A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210944324.5A CN115446709A (en) 2022-08-06 2022-08-06 High efficiency piston ring internal and external angle processingequipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210944324.5A CN115446709A (en) 2022-08-06 2022-08-06 High efficiency piston ring internal and external angle processingequipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN115446709A true CN115446709A (en) 2022-12-09

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030129932A1 (en) * 2002-01-09 2003-07-10 Ficarro Daniel A. Continuous polisher machine
CN101972959A (en) * 2010-10-27 2011-02-16 南京飞燕活塞环股份有限公司 Piston ring grit angle machine
CN102848281A (en) * 2012-10-08 2013-01-02 江苏环洋组合机床有限公司 Piston ring internal and external angle grinder
CN204035616U (en) * 2014-09-01 2014-12-24 重庆理工大学 Full automatic piston ring inside and outside circle beveler
CN110026843A (en) * 2019-04-17 2019-07-19 无锡职业技术学院 A kind of piston ring polishing beveler
CN211489928U (en) * 2019-12-21 2020-09-15 绍兴市同德管业有限公司 Machining equipment for pipe fitting connection movable joint
CN112123120A (en) * 2020-09-23 2020-12-25 惠安县康杰机械设备商行 Automatic trimming equipment for end part of pipe fitting
CN112123051A (en) * 2020-09-16 2020-12-25 安徽宏远机械制造有限公司 Automatic machining equipment for motor end cover
CN214393753U (en) * 2021-01-16 2021-10-15 安徽嘉来顿活塞汽配有限公司 Polishing device for processing piston ring

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20030129932A1 (en) * 2002-01-09 2003-07-10 Ficarro Daniel A. Continuous polisher machine
CN101972959A (en) * 2010-10-27 2011-02-16 南京飞燕活塞环股份有限公司 Piston ring grit angle machine
CN102848281A (en) * 2012-10-08 2013-01-02 江苏环洋组合机床有限公司 Piston ring internal and external angle grinder
CN204035616U (en) * 2014-09-01 2014-12-24 重庆理工大学 Full automatic piston ring inside and outside circle beveler
CN110026843A (en) * 2019-04-17 2019-07-19 无锡职业技术学院 A kind of piston ring polishing beveler
CN211489928U (en) * 2019-12-21 2020-09-15 绍兴市同德管业有限公司 Machining equipment for pipe fitting connection movable joint
CN112123051A (en) * 2020-09-16 2020-12-25 安徽宏远机械制造有限公司 Automatic machining equipment for motor end cover
CN112123120A (en) * 2020-09-23 2020-12-25 惠安县康杰机械设备商行 Automatic trimming equipment for end part of pipe fitting
CN214393753U (en) * 2021-01-16 2021-10-15 安徽嘉来顿活塞汽配有限公司 Polishing device for processing piston ring

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