CN115259561A - High-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment system and process thereof - Google Patents

High-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment system and process thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115259561A
CN115259561A CN202210909625.4A CN202210909625A CN115259561A CN 115259561 A CN115259561 A CN 115259561A CN 202210909625 A CN202210909625 A CN 202210909625A CN 115259561 A CN115259561 A CN 115259561A
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wall
reaction
waste liquid
groups
organic acid
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CN115259561B (en
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罗倩
喻浩
吴蓬九
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Ji'an Chuangcheng Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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Ji'an Chuangcheng Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/46Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods
    • C02F1/461Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrolysis
    • C02F1/467Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrolysis by electrochemical disinfection; by electrooxydation or by electroreduction
    • C02F1/4672Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrolysis by electrochemical disinfection; by electrooxydation or by electroreduction by electrooxydation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/46Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods
    • C02F1/461Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrolysis
    • C02F1/467Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrolysis by electrochemical disinfection; by electrooxydation or by electroreduction
    • C02F1/4676Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods by electrolysis by electrochemical disinfection; by electrooxydation or by electroreduction by electroreduction
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F2001/007Processes including a sedimentation step
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/10Inorganic compounds
    • C02F2101/20Heavy metals or heavy metal compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2101/00Nature of the contaminant
    • C02F2101/30Organic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/002Construction details of the apparatus
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/46Apparatus for electrochemical processes
    • C02F2201/461Electrolysis apparatus
    • C02F2201/46105Details relating to the electrolytic devices
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/02Aerobic processes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F7/00Aeration of stretches of water

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Hydrology & Water Resources (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Water Treatment By Electricity Or Magnetism (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of wastewater treatment, and particularly relates to a high-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment system and a process thereof, wherein the system comprises a biological pool and a reaction device, the inner wall of the biological pool is provided with a reaction cavity, the bottom of the reaction cavity is provided with a precipitation cavity, the surface of the biological pool is always tightly attached to a metal ring for polishing through a polishing block, the surface of a reaction block is polished through grinding particles by a meniscus which prevents the formation of a meniscus group, so that the generated debris generates a potential difference of 0.9-1.7V and countless original batteries can be formed in the reaction cavity, organic acid-base waste liquid is used as electrolyte, countless micro-battery systems can be formed in the reaction cavity, an electric field is formed in the action space of the micro-battery systems, nascent states [ H ], fe2+ and the like generated in the reaction process can generate oxidation-reduction reactions with a plurality of components in wastewater, and the system has the effects of solving the problems of passivation and hardening of micro-electrolysis materials and improving the treatment efficiency of wastewater.

Description

High-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment system and process thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of wastewater treatment, in particular to a high-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment system and a process thereof.
Background
Along with the rapid development of industry, the variety and the quantity of waste water are rapidly increased, the pollution to water is increasingly extensive and serious, the components of the industrial waste water are more complex and some have toxicity, the treatment of the industrial waste water is more difficult and more important than the treatment of urban sewage, the common biological method for treating the waste water of organic acid-base waste water is to degrade and convert organic pollutants in a dissolved and colloidal state into harmless substances by utilizing the metabolism function of microorganisms, so that the sewage is purified, and the organic acid-base waste water contains a plurality of acids and alkalis which often have strong acid or strong alkalinity.
The prior art has the following defects: the materials adopted by the traditional pretreatment process are scrap iron and charcoal generally, acid and alkali are added for activation before use, hardening is easily passivated in the use process, an isolation layer is easily formed between the iron and the charcoal because the iron and the charcoal are in physical contact, so that the electrolysis reaction can not be continued and can not work, the micro-electrolysis material is frequently replaced, the workload is large, the cost is high, the treatment effect and efficiency of waste water are influenced, in addition, the surface area of the micro-electrolysis material is too small, the waste water treatment needs a long time, and the investment cost per ton of water is increased.
Therefore, it is necessary to invent a high-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment system and a process thereof.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a high-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment system, wherein a polishing block is always attached to a metal ring to polish the surface of the polishing block, a meniscus of a preventive plate junction group polishes the surface of a reaction block by grinding particles, so that scraps generated by the meniscus polish the surface of the reaction block generate 0.9-1.7V potential difference and countless primary batteries can be formed in a reaction cavity, organic acid-base waste liquid is used as electrolyte, countless micro-battery systems can be formed in the reaction cavity, an electric field is formed in an action space of the micro-battery systems, and nascent state [ H ], fe & lt 2+ & gt and the like generated in the reaction process can perform redox reaction with a plurality of components in waste water, so that the problems of passivation hardening of micro-electrolytic materials and improvement of the treatment efficiency of the waste water are solved.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a high-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment system comprises a biological tank and a reaction device, wherein a reaction cavity is formed in the inner wall of the biological tank, a precipitation cavity is formed in the bottom of the reaction cavity, the reaction cavity is connected with the precipitation cavity, the reaction device comprises a rotating rod, an anti-hardening assembly is arranged in the center of the outer wall of the rotating rod, electrolytic assemblies are arranged at the top and the bottom of the anti-hardening assembly, two groups of electrolytic assemblies are arranged in a staggered mode and are connected with the rotating rod, and the anti-hardening assembly and the electrolytic assemblies are arranged on the inner wall of the reaction cavity;
the inner wall of the reaction cavity is provided with a limiting groove, the inner wall of the limiting groove is detachably provided with a limiting ring, the inner wall of the limiting ring is uniformly provided with through holes, the inner wall of each through hole is inserted with a reaction block, the top and the bottom of the limiting groove are provided with clamping grooves, and the inner wall of each clamping groove is detachably provided with a metal ring;
the electrolytic component comprises two groups of electrolytic components, the two groups of electrolytic components are symmetrically arranged, each electrolytic component comprises a wedge plate, a semi-ring is fixedly installed on the right side of the wedge plate, the inner wall of the semi-ring is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the rotating rod, a cross groove is formed in the inner wall of the wedge plate, a titanium plate is arranged on one side of the wedge plate, the titanium plate is arranged in a cross shape, the titanium plate is inserted into the inner wall of the cross groove and detachably connected with the wedge plate, a polishing block is arranged on the left side of the wedge plate, and one side of the polishing block is in contact with the inner wall of the metal ring;
the anti-hardening assembly comprises a moving seat, the moving seat is installed on the outer wall of the rotating rod and movably connected with the rotating rod, a second compression spring is fixedly installed at the bottom of the moving seat, a support ring is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the rotating rod and arranged at the bottom of the moving seat, and the bottom of the second compression spring is fixedly connected with the support ring;
the improved grinding device is characterized in that an ejector rod is movably mounted on the outer wall of the moving seat, a supporting seat is arranged at the top of the moving seat, the supporting seat is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the rotating rod, a cross rod is movably mounted on the outer wall of the supporting seat, one end of the ejector rod is movably connected with the cross rod, a supporting block is movably mounted at one end of the cross rod, a meniscus is fixedly mounted on one side of the supporting block, one side of the meniscus is in contact with a reaction block, and grinding particles are uniformly arranged on the outer wall of the reaction block.
Preferably, a first compression spring is fixedly mounted on one side of the polishing block, a positioning block is arranged on the left side of the wedge plate, a positioning groove is formed in the inner wall of the right side of the positioning block, the positioning block is connected with the wedge plate in a detachable mode through being inserted into the left side of the wedge plate through the positioning groove, a support column is fixedly mounted on the right side of the positioning block, a sliding groove is formed in the inner wall of the support column, and the first compression spring is connected with the support column in a fixed mode through being inserted into the inner wall of the sliding groove.
Preferably, the outer wall of the rotating rod is sleeved with a rubber corrugated pipe, the top of the rubber corrugated pipe is fixedly connected with the bottom of the supporting seat, and the bottom of the rubber corrugated pipe is fixedly connected with the top of the moving seat.
Preferably, the first groove is formed in the outer wall of the moving seat, the first groove is provided with four groups, the four groups of the first grooves are symmetrically arranged, the four groups of the ejector rods are symmetrically arranged, one end of each ejector rod is fixedly provided with a first rotating shaft, the other end of each ejector rod is fixedly provided with a second rotating shaft, one end of each four groups of the ejector rods is respectively inserted into the inner wall of each four groups of the first grooves, the first rotating shafts are movably connected with the moving seat, the outer wall of the supporting seat is provided with a second groove, the two groups of the grooves are symmetrically arranged, the four groups of the cross rods are symmetrically arranged, one end of each cross rod is fixedly provided with a third rotating shaft, the other end of each cross rod is fixedly provided with a fourth rotating shaft, one end of each four groups of the cross rods is respectively inserted into the inner walls of the four groups of the two grooves, the third rotating shafts are movably connected with the supporting seat, the inner walls of the cross rods are provided with straight grooves, one end of each ejector rod is inserted into the central position of the inner wall of the straight grooves, the second rotating shafts are movably connected with the cross rods, one side of the supporting block, and the four ends of the cross rods are movably connected with the supporting block.
Preferably, the metal ring is formed by splicing three groups of semicircular structures, a sludge outlet is formed in the bottom of the biological pond, a support frame is fixedly mounted on the inner wall of the sludge outlet, a bearing seat is fixedly mounted at the central position of the support frame, the bottom of the rotating rod is inserted into the inner wall of the top of the bearing seat, the bearing seat is movably connected with the rotating rod, and a discharge valve is fixedly mounted at the bottom of the sludge outlet.
Preferably, the bottom of the outer wall of the rotating rod is fixedly provided with a supporting rod, two sides of the supporting rod are fixedly provided with inclined rods which are symmetrically arranged, the inclined rods are arranged at the bottom of the inner wall of the precipitation chamber, the precipitation chamber is of a funnel-shaped structure, the angle of each inclined rod is parallel to the angle of the precipitation chamber, one side of each inclined rod is fixedly provided with a corrosion-resistant rubber sheet, and the corrosion-resistant rubber sheets are in contact with the bottom of the inner wall of the precipitation chamber.
Preferably, reaction chamber inner wall bottom is equipped with explodes the gas dish, it is equipped with four groups to explode the gas dish, four groups explode gas dish fixed mounting at biological pond inner wall, biological pond outer wall is equipped with the trachea, the trachea is equipped with three groups, three groups trachea interconnect and output and explode gas dish input interconnect, a set of trachea one side fixed mounting has the joint.
Preferably, a liquid outlet is formed in the bottom of the inner wall of the reaction cavity, a liquid outlet valve is installed on one side of the liquid outlet, and one side of the liquid outlet valve is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the biological pond.
Preferably, a top cover is fixedly mounted at the top of the biological pond, a driving mechanism is fixedly mounted at the top of the top cover, an output shaft at the bottom of the driving mechanism is fixedly connected with the top of the rotating rod, and feeding ports are uniformly formed in the top of the outer wall of the biological pond.
A high-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment process comprises the following operation steps:
the method comprises the following steps: conveying the organic acid-base waste liquid to a reaction cavity and a precipitation cavity of a biological pond through a feed inlet, wherein a titanium plate is externally connected with a power supply, anodes and cathodes of four groups of titanium plates are electrified, charged ions in the organic acid-base waste liquid move to counter-charged electrodes to react by utilizing the electric field effect around a conductor, so that the electrodes are subjected to redox reaction, and meanwhile, a product generated by the electric reaction and chemical substances in the waste liquid are subjected to chemical change, so that chemical pollutants are removed, and the titanium plate external power supply is removed after the chemical pollutants are removed;
step two: starting a driving mechanism to enable a rotating rod to drive an electrolysis assembly and an anti-hardening assembly to rotate, enabling a titanium plate of an electrolysis member to rotate slowly, enabling organic acid and alkali waste liquid to be mixed in a reaction cavity, enabling a polishing block to rotate around the rotating rod to rub the surface of a metal ring, preventing the metal ring from passivating a film, enabling the surface of the metal ring to be cut and the thickness of the metal ring to be reduced in the process that the polishing block rubs the metal ring for a long time, enabling the reset pressure of a compression spring I to continuously push the polishing block to apply pressure outwards, enabling the polishing block to be always attached to the metal ring, and enabling abraded scraps of the metal ring to fall into the reaction cavity;
step three: the compression spring II of the anti-hardening assembly continuously pushes the moving seat to move upwards due to the reset pressure, the moving seat drives the ejector rod to deflect, the ejector rod pushes the cross rod to move outwards and expand, the expanded cross rod pushes the supporting block to move outwards, the meniscus is made to be tightly attached to the reaction block, the surface of the reaction block is polished by abrasive particles in the rotating process of the meniscus, the reaction block is prevented from being passivated and hardened, the meniscus is continuously attached to the surface of the reaction block due to the mutual matching of the reverse pressure and the reset pressure of the compression spring II, and meanwhile, the abraded fragments of the reaction block fall into the reaction cavity;
step four: the metal scraps and the reaction block scraps consist of iron and carbon, under the condition of no power supply, the metal scraps and the reaction block scraps generate 0.9-1.7V potential difference per se and can form countless primary batteries in a reaction cavity, the primary batteries use organic acid-base waste liquid as electrolyte, countless micro-battery systems can be formed in the reaction cavity, an electric field is formed in an action space of the primary batteries, nascent states [ H ], fe & lt 2+ & gt and the like generated in the reaction process can perform redox reaction with a plurality of components in wastewater, the chromophoric groups or color assisting groups of colored substances in the colored wastewater are damaged, and even the chain is broken, so that the degradation and decoloration effects are achieved;
step five: fe2+ generated by the reaction is further oxidized into Fe3+, hydrates of the Fe2+ have stronger adsorption and flocculation activities, generated ferrous hydroxide and ferric hydroxide colloid flocculant have adsorption capacity far higher than that of ferric hydroxide colloid obtained by hydrolysis of general medicaments, and can adsorb a large amount of micro particles, metal particles and organic macromolecules dispersed in water by matching with reaction block scraps, so that the micro particles, the metal particles and the organic macromolecules are flocculated and precipitated, the purpose of degrading organic pollutants is achieved, and the biodegradability is improved;
step six: the aeration disc outputs air bubbles to carry out aeration treatment on the organic acid-base waste liquid, the organic acid-base waste liquid in the reaction cavity forms a flocculating constituent containing a large amount of aerobic microorganisms in water after a period of time, organic matters in sewage can be adsorbed due to the large surface area of the flocculating constituent, and simultaneously the microorganisms with activity in the flocculating constituent take the organic matters as foodstuff, obtain energy, continuously grow and proliferate, remove the organic matters and purify the sewage;
step seven: closing actuating mechanism, making flocculating constituent and impurity deposit in the bottom of sedimentation chamber, layering appears in reaction chamber and the sedimentation intracavity, and clear water district appears on upper portion, opens out the liquid valve, and the clear water that will separate out is discharged in from biological pond, opens the bleeder valve, starts actuating mechanism, and actuating mechanism passes through the bull stick drive down tube rotation and makes flocculating constituent and impurity drop to the mud mouth, cooperates the sludge pump to discharge it.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the polishing block is continuously pushed to be pressed outwards by the reset pressure of the compression spring I, so that the polishing block is always tightly attached to the metal ring to polish the surface of the metal ring, the compression spring II continuously pushes the moving seat to move upwards due to the reset pressure, the moving seat drives the ejector rod to deflect, the ejector rod pushes the cross rod to move outwards and expand, so that the surface of the reaction block is polished by abrasive particles in the rotating process of the meniscus, the meniscus is continuously attached to the surface of the reaction block due to the mutual matching of reverse pressure and the reset pressure of the compression spring II, the aeration disc outputs bubbles, and the organic acid-base waste liquid is subjected to aeration treatment to form a flocculating body of aerobic microorganisms, and simultaneously, the microorganisms with activity in the flocculating body take organic matters as foodstuffs to obtain energy, continuously grow and proliferate, remove the organic matters, and have the effects of solving the problems of passivation hardening of micro-electrolysis materials and improving the treatment efficiency of waste water;
2. the titanium plates are externally connected with a power supply, anodes and cathodes of the four groups of titanium plates are electrified, and electric field effects around the conductor are utilized to enable charged ions in the organic acid-base waste liquid to move to the electrode with the opposite charges for reaction, so that the electrodes are subjected to redox reaction, and meanwhile, a product generated by the electric reaction and chemical substances in the waste liquid are subjected to chemical changes, so that chemical pollutants are removed, the external power supply of the titanium plates is removed after the completion, and the effects of pre-treating the waste water and improving the biodegradation are achieved;
3. the metal scraps and the reaction block scraps are composed of iron and carbon, the potential difference of 0.9-1.7V is generated by the metal scraps and the reaction block scraps, countless galvanic cells can be formed in a reaction cavity, the galvanic cells use organic acid-base waste liquid as electrolyte, an electric field is formed in an action space of the galvanic cells, nascent state [ H ], fe2+ and the like generated in the reaction process can perform redox reaction with a plurality of components in waste water to destroy chromophoric groups or color assisting groups of colored substances in the colored waste water, even break chains, and are matched with the reaction block scraps to adsorb a large amount of dispersed tiny particles in water, metal particles and organic macromolecules, so that the treatment efficiency is improved and the energy is saved under the condition of no electricity.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic sectional view of a biological tank according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the installation structure of the reaction apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the biological pond of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the reaction block mounting structure of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic front view of a reaction apparatus according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of the hardening prevention assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an exploded view of the anti-hardening assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic sectional view of the biological tank according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the electrolytic assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is an exploded view of the electrolytic member of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of a polishing block mounting structure of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the wedge plate structure of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of a stop collar according to the present invention.
In the figure: biological pond 100, limiting groove 101, clamping groove 102, feeding port 110, top cover 120, driving mechanism 130, reaction chamber 140, sedimentation chamber 141, sludge outlet 150, support frame 151, bearing seat 152, aeration disc 160, air pipe 161, joint 162, liquid outlet 170, liquid outlet valve 180, discharge valve 190, reaction device 200, limiting ring 210, through hole 211, reaction block 220, metal ring 230, rotating rod 240, support ring 241, electrolysis component 250, wedge plate 251, half ring 252, cross groove 253, titanium plate 254, positioning block 255, positioning groove 256, support column 257, sliding groove 258, compression spring 259, electrolysis component 260, polishing block 261, anti-hardening component 270, moving seat 272, groove 272, push rod 273, rotating shaft 274, rotating shaft two 275, support seat 276, groove two 277, cross rod 278, one-character groove 279, rotating shaft three 280, rotating shaft 281, groove three 282, rotating shaft four 283, rubber bellows 284, compression spring two 285, meniscus 286, grinding particles 287, support rod 290, inclined rod 291, corrosion-resistant rubber sheet 292.
Detailed Description
The preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, and it will be understood that they are described herein for the purpose of illustration and explanation and not limitation.
Embodiment 1, referring to fig. 1 to 13, the present invention provides a high concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment system, including a biological pool 100 and a reaction apparatus 200, wherein a reaction chamber 140 is disposed on an inner wall of the biological pool 100, specifically, the biological pool 100 and the reaction apparatus 200 have an effect of purifying organic acid-base waste liquid, a precipitation chamber 141 is disposed at a bottom of the reaction chamber 140, the reaction chamber 140 and the precipitation chamber 141 are connected to each other, the reaction apparatus 200 includes a rotating rod 240, a hardening prevention assembly 270 is disposed at a central position of an outer wall of the rotating rod 240, the electrolysis assembly 250 cooperates with the hardening prevention assembly 270 to generate an electric field, so that the reaction chamber 140 forms an electric field, a new ecology generated during the treatment process, etc. can perform an oxidation-reduction reaction with many components in waste water, can destroy chromophoric groups or color-assisting groups of colored substances in the colored waste water, even break chains, achieve degradation and decolorization, and improve an effect of a hardening prevention reaction, the biochemical hardening prevention assembly 270 is disposed at a top and a bottom of the hardening prevention assembly 250, the two sets of the electrolysis assemblies 250 are disposed in a staggered manner and connected to the rotating rod 240, the hardening prevention assembly 270 is disposed on the inner wall of the reaction chamber 140, and has a passivation effect of passivating a reaction block 220;
further, the inner wall of the reaction chamber 140 is provided with a limiting groove 101, specifically, the inner wall of the limiting groove 101 is detachably provided with a limiting ring 210, the limiting groove 101 has an installation effect on the limiting ring 210, the inner wall of the limiting ring 210 is uniformly provided with through holes 211, the inner wall of the through holes 211 is inserted with a reaction block 220, the through holes 211 have an installation and supporting effect on the reaction block 220, the top and the bottom of the limiting groove 101 are provided with clamping grooves 102, the inner wall of the clamping grooves 102 is detachably provided with a metal ring 230, the clamping grooves 102 have an installation and limiting effect on the metal ring 230, and the reaction block 220 is composed of 33% of polymethyl methacrylate, 46% of activated carbon, 12% of povidone, 6% of diatomite and 3% of bran;
further, the electrolytic assembly 250 comprises electrolytic components 260, specifically, two groups of electrolytic components 260 are provided, two groups of electrolytic components 260 are symmetrically arranged, the electrolytic components 260 comprise wedge plates 251, half rings 252 are fixedly arranged on the right sides of the wedge plates 251, the two groups of electrolytic components 260 are arranged on the outer wall of the rotating rod 240 through the half rings 252, the rotating rod 240 has a supporting and driving effect on the electrolytic components 260, the inner walls of the half rings 252 are fixedly connected with the outer wall of the rotating rod 240, cross grooves 253 are formed in the inner walls of the wedge plates 251, titanium plates 254 are arranged on one sides of the wedge plates 251, the titanium plates 254 are arranged in a cross shape, the titanium plates 254 are inserted in the inner walls of the cross grooves 253 and detachably connected with the wedge plates 251, the cross grooves 253 have a supporting and fixing effect on the titanium plates 254, the titanium plates 254 are arranged as titanium electrodes, a metal oxide coating is arranged on the surfaces of the titanium plates 254, the two groups of titanium plates 254 of the electrolytic component 250 are respectively set as an anode and a cathode, the micro-electrolytic material in the reaction cavity 140 generates a 1.2V potential difference to carry out electrolytic treatment on the wastewater to cause redox reaction, the titanium plates 254 also have the function of slowly stirring the wastewater to improve the reaction efficiency, the left side of the wedge plate 251 is provided with a polishing block 261, one side of the polishing block 261 is contacted with the inner wall of the metal ring 230, the polishing block 261 and the anti-hardening component 270 have the function of polishing the surface of the metal ring 230 and the reaction block 220 to generate micro-motor materials, the polishing block 261 plants fine alumina or silicon carbide on a high-strength polyester film by means of high-voltage electrostatic field force, and has the effects of improving the grinding efficiency and brightening and fine polishing;
further, the metal ring 230 is formed by splicing three groups of semicircular structures, specifically, the metal ring 230 is set to be an iron ring, the metal ring 230 is conveniently placed in the biological pond 100 through the three groups of semicircular structures, and has an effect of convenient replacement, a sludge outlet 150 is formed in the bottom of the biological pond 100, a support frame 151 is fixedly mounted on the inner wall of the sludge outlet 150, the support frame 151 has a supporting and fixing effect on a bearing seat 152, a bearing seat 152 is fixedly mounted at the central position of the support frame 151, the bearing seat 152 is set to be a sealing bearing, the bottom of the rotating rod 240 is inserted into the inner wall of the top of the bearing seat 152, the bearing seat 152 is movably connected with the rotating rod 240, the bearing seat 152 has a limiting effect on the rotating rod 240 and supports the rotating rod to rotate, a discharge valve 190 is fixedly mounted at the bottom of the sludge outlet 150, and the discharge valve 190 is set to be a disc valve;
furthermore, a compression spring 259 is fixedly installed on one side of the polishing block 261, a positioning block 255 is arranged on the left side of the wedge plate 251, a positioning groove 256 is formed in the inner wall of the right side of the positioning block 255, the positioning block 255 is inserted into the left side of the wedge plate 251 through the positioning groove 256 and is detachably connected with the wedge plate 251, the wedge plate 251 has an installation and fixing effect on the positioning block 255, the positioning block 255 and the positioning groove 256 have a limiting effect on the titanium plate 254, a supporting column 257 is fixedly installed on the right side of the positioning block 255, a sliding groove 258 is formed in the inner wall of the supporting column 257, the compression spring 259 is inserted into the inner wall of the sliding groove 258 and is fixedly connected with the supporting column 257, the compression spring 259 is a helical spring bearing pressure and is installed on the inner wall of the sliding groove 258 in a compression manner;
further, the hardening prevention assembly 270 includes a moving seat 271, specifically, the moving seat 271 is installed on the outer wall of the rotating rod 240 and movably connected with the rotating rod 240, a second compression spring 285 is fixedly installed at the bottom of the moving seat 271, the second compression spring 285 is set as a coil spring bearing the pressure, a support ring 241 is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the rotating rod 240, the support ring 241 is installed at the bottom of the moving seat 271, the bottom of the second compression spring 285 is fixedly connected with the support ring 241, and the support ring 241 has supporting and fixing effects on the second compression spring 285;
further, an ejector rod 273 is movably mounted on the outer wall of the moving seat 271, specifically, a support seat 276 is arranged at the top of the moving seat 271, the support seat 276 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the rotating rod 240, a cross rod 278 is movably mounted on the outer wall of the support seat 276, one end of the ejector rod 273 is movably connected with the cross rod 278, one end of the cross rod 278 is movably mounted with a support block 281, one side of the support block 281 is fixedly mounted with a meniscus 286, one side of the meniscus 286 is in contact with the reaction block 220, the outer wall of the reaction block 220 is uniformly provided with abrasive particles 287, and the meniscus 286 has an abrasive effect on the reaction block 220;
furthermore, the outer wall of the moving seat 271 is provided with a first groove 272, the first groove 272 is provided with four groups, the first groove 272 of the four groups is symmetrically arranged, the push rods 273 are provided with four groups, the four groups of push rods 273 are symmetrically arranged, the first groove 272 has a limiting effect on the push rods 273, one end of each push rod 273 is fixedly provided with a first rotating shaft 274, the other end of each push rod 273 is fixedly provided with a second rotating shaft 275, one end of each push rod 273 is respectively inserted into the inner wall of the first groove 272 of the four groups, the first rotating shaft 274 is movably connected with the moving seat 271, the push rods 273 can rotate along the first groove 272 as an axis through the first rotating shafts 274, the outer wall of the support seat 276 is provided with a second groove 277, the second grooves 277 of the four groups are provided with four groups, the second grooves 277 are symmetrically arranged, the cross bars 278 are provided with four groups, and the second grooves 277 have a limiting effect on the cross bars 278;
further, a rotating shaft three 280 is fixedly mounted at one end of the cross bar 278, specifically, a rotating shaft four 283 is fixedly mounted at the other end of the cross bar 278, one ends of the four groups of cross bars 278 are respectively inserted into the inner walls of the four groups of grooves two 277, the rotating shaft three 280 is movably connected with the supporting seat 276, the cross bar 278 can rotate around the grooves two 277 as an axis through the rotating shaft three 280, a straight groove 279 is formed in the inner wall of the cross bar 278, one end of a top rod 273 is inserted into the center position of the inner wall of the straight groove 279, the rotating shaft two 275 is movably connected with the cross bar 278, the top rod 273 has a transmission effect on the cross bar 278, the cross bar 278 has a supporting effect on the top rod 273, one side of the supporting block 281 is provided with the groove three 282, one end of the cross bar 278 is inserted into the inner wall of the grooves three 282, the rotating shaft four 283 is movably connected with the supporting block 281, and the cross bar 278 has a supporting effect on the supporting block 281;
furthermore, a rubber corrugated pipe 284 is sleeved on the outer wall of the rotating rod 240, the rubber corrugated pipe 284 is a tubular elastic structure formed by connecting foldable corrugated sheets along the folding and stretching direction and is made of elastic rubber, the stretching and resetting effects are achieved, the top of the rubber corrugated pipe 284 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the supporting seat 276, the bottom of the rubber corrugated pipe 284 is fixedly connected with the top of the moving seat 271, and the rubber corrugated pipe 284 has the connecting and sealing effects on the moving seat 271 and the supporting seat 276;
furthermore, the bottom of the outer wall of the rotating rod 240 is fixedly provided with a support rod 290, two sides of the support rod 290 are fixedly provided with inclined rods 291, two groups of inclined rods 291 are symmetrically arranged, the inclined rods 291 are arranged at the bottom of the inner wall of the settling chamber 141, the settling chamber 141 is arranged in a funnel-shaped structure, the angle of the inclined rods 291 is parallel to that of the settling chamber 141, the inclined rods 291 have the function of scraping sludge at the bottom of the settling chamber 141 to the sludge outlet 150 and then discharging the sludge by gravity or a sludge pump, one side of the inclined rods 291 is fixedly provided with a corrosion-resistant rubber sheet 292, and the corrosion-resistant rubber sheet 292 is in contact with the bottom of the inner wall of the settling chamber 141;
further, the bottom of the inner wall of the reaction chamber 140 is provided with an aeration disc 160, the aeration disc 160 is provided with four groups, the four groups of aeration discs 160 are fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the biological pond 100, the outer wall of the biological pond 100 is provided with an air pipe 161, the aeration disc 160 has the function of outputting bubbles to improve aerobic environment, the air pipe 161 is provided with three groups, the three groups of air pipes 161 are mutually connected, the output end of the three groups of air pipes are mutually connected with the input end of the aeration disc 160, the air pipe 161 has the function of conveying air to the aeration disc 160, one side of the group of air pipes 161 is fixedly provided with a connector 162, and the connector 162 has the function of externally connecting an air conveying valve;
further, a liquid outlet 170 is formed in the bottom of the inner wall of the reaction chamber 140, a liquid outlet valve 180 is mounted on one side of the liquid outlet 170, one side of the liquid outlet valve 180 is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the biological pond 100, and the liquid outlet valve 180 is a disc valve and has the function of being externally connected with a liquid conveying pipeline;
further, a top cover 120 is fixedly installed at the top of the biological pond 100, a driving mechanism 130 is fixedly installed at the top of the top cover 120, the driving mechanism 130 comprises a motor, a speed reducer device and a double-end-face mechanical seal, an output shaft at the bottom of the driving mechanism 130 is fixedly connected with the top of the rotating rod 240, the driving mechanism 130 has a supporting and transmission effect on the rotating rod 240, and a feeding port 110 is uniformly formed in the top of the outer wall of the biological pond 100.
The using process of the invention is as follows: when the invention is used, workers in the field need to connect the liquid outlet valve 180 with a liquid discharge pipeline, connect the connector 162 with an air valve, connect the discharge valve 190 with a sludge pump, convey the organic acid-base waste liquid into the reaction chamber 140 and the sedimentation chamber 141 of the biological pond 100 through the material inlet 110, connect the titanium plates 254 with a power supply, electrify the anodes and cathodes of the four groups of titanium plates 254, utilize the electric field effect around the conductor to make the charged ions in the organic acid-base waste liquid move to the electrode with the opposite charges for reaction, so that the organic acid-base waste liquid generates oxidation reduction reaction, and simultaneously the products generated by the electric reaction and the chemical substances in the waste liquid generate chemical changes, thereby removing the chemical pollutants, removing the external power supply of the titanium plates 254 after finishing, starting the driving mechanism 130, driving the electrolytic assembly 250 and the anti-hardening assembly 270 to rotate through the rotating rod 240 by the driving mechanism 130, making the titanium plates 254 of the electrolytic acid-base assembly 260 slowly rotate the organic waste liquid in the reaction chamber 140, because a plurality of acids and alkalis in the organic acid-base waste liquid generate chemical reaction with the metal ring 230 to form a layer of film which is tightly covered on the surface of the metal, the surface state of the metal is changed, the electrode potential of the metal is greatly changed to the positive direction to form a corrosion-resistant passive state, the passivation state is changed to + 0.5-1V after passivation, and a passivation film is displayed, the polishing block 261 rotates around the rotating rod 240 to rub the surface of the metal ring 230, so that the passivation film of the metal ring 230 is prevented, the surface of the metal ring 230 is cut and the thickness of the metal ring 230 is reduced in the process that the polishing block 261 rubs the metal ring 230 for a long time, the polishing block 261 is continuously pushed to apply pressure due to the resetting pressure of the compression spring I259, the polishing block 261 is always tightly attached to the metal ring 230, meanwhile, the rubs of the metal ring 230 fall into the reaction cavity 140, the compression spring II 285 of the anti-hardening assembly 270 continuously pushes the movable seat 271 to move upwards due to the resetting pressure, the movable seat 271 drives the ejector rod 273 to deflect, the ejector rod 273 pushes the cross rod 278 to move outwards and expand, the expanded cross rod 278 pushes the supporting block 281 to move outwards, the meniscus 286 is enabled to be tightly attached to the reaction block 220, the surface of the reaction block 220 is polished by the grinding particles 287 in the rotation process of the meniscus 286, passivation and hardening of the reaction block 220 are prevented, the meniscus 286 is enabled to be continuously attached to the surface of the reaction block 220 due to mutual matching of reverse pressure and reset pressure of the compression spring II 285, meanwhile, chippings rubbed out by the reaction block 220 fall into the reaction cavity 140, the metal chippings and the chippings of the reaction block 220 are composed of iron and carbon, under the condition of no electrification, the raw cells generate 0.9-1.7V potential difference and can form countless raw cells in the reaction cavity 140, the raw cells use organic waste liquid as electrolyte, countless acid-alkali cell systems can be formed in the reaction cavity 140, and an electric field is formed in the action space of the acid-alkali cell systems, the nascent state [ H ], fe2+ and the like generated in the reaction process can generate oxidation-reduction reaction with a plurality of components in the wastewater, can destroy chromophoric groups or color-assisting groups of colored substances in the colored wastewater, even break chains, achieve the effect of degradation and decoloration, further oxidize the generated Fe2+ into Fe3+, the hydrates of the elements have stronger adsorption and flocculation activities, the generated ferrous hydroxide and ferric hydroxide colloid flocculant have adsorption capacity far higher than that of ferric hydroxide colloid obtained by hydrolysis of a common medicament, and can adsorb a large amount of dispersed tiny particles, metal particles and organic macromolecules in water by matching with reaction block 220 chips, so that the flocculating and precipitating are carried out, the purpose of degrading organic pollutants is achieved, the biodegradability is improved, air is continuously blown into an air pipe 161 through a connector 162, bubbles are output by an explosion disc 160, and the explosion treatment is carried out on the organic acid-base waste liquid, after a period of time, the organic acid-base waste liquid in the reaction chamber 140 forms a flocculating constituent containing a large amount of aerobic microorganisms in the water, because of the large surface area of the flocculating constituent, the organic matter in the sewage can be adsorbed, meanwhile, the active microorganisms in the flocculating constituent use the organic matter as foodstuff, energy is obtained and continuously grows and proliferates, the organic matter is removed, the sewage is purified, after the purification, the driving mechanism 130 is closed, the flocculating constituent and the impurities are precipitated at the bottom of the precipitation chamber 141, layering occurs in the reaction chamber 140 and the precipitation chamber 141, a clear water area occurs at the upper part, the liquid outlet valve 180 is opened, the separated clear water is discharged from the biological pond 100, the discharge valve 190 is opened, the driving mechanism 130 is started, the driving mechanism 130 drives the inclined rod 291 to rotate through the rotating rod 240, so that the flocculating constituent and the impurities fall to the sludge outlet 150, and the sludge pump is matched to discharge the flocculating constituent.
Example 2:
a high-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment process comprises the following operation steps:
the method comprises the following steps: the organic acid-base waste liquid is conveyed into the reaction cavity 140 and the precipitation cavity 141 of the biological pond 100 through the feeding port 110, the titanium plates 254 are externally connected with a power supply, the anodes and the cathodes of the four groups of titanium plates 254 are electrified, charged ions in the organic acid-base waste liquid move to the electrode with the opposite charges to react by utilizing the electric field effect formed around the conductor, so that the charged ions are subjected to redox reaction, and meanwhile, the product generated by the electric reaction and chemical substances in the waste liquid are subjected to chemical change, so that chemical pollutants are removed, and the external power supply of the titanium plates 254 is removed after the chemical change is finished;
step two: the driving mechanism 130 is started, the rotating rod 240 drives the electrolytic component 250 and the anti-hardening component 270 to rotate, the titanium plate 254 of the electrolytic component 260 slowly rotates, organic acid-base waste liquid is mixed in the reaction cavity 140, the polishing block 261 rotates around the rotating rod 240 to rub the surface of the metal ring 230, passivation films of the metal ring 230 are prevented, the surface of the metal ring 230 is cut and the thickness of the metal ring 230 is reduced in the process that the polishing block 261 rubs the metal ring 230 for a long time, the polishing block 261 is continuously pushed to apply pressure outwards by the reset pressure of the compression spring 259, the polishing block 261 is always attached to the metal ring 230 in a clinging mode, and meanwhile chippings, which are rubbed out of the metal ring 230, fall into the reaction cavity 140;
step three: the compression spring II 285 of the hardening prevention assembly 270 continuously pushes the moving seat 271 to move upwards due to the reset pressure, the moving seat 271 drives the ejector rod 273 to deflect, the ejector rod 273 pushes the cross rod 278 to move outwards for expansion, the expanded cross rod 278 pushes the supporting block 281 to move outwards, the meniscus 286 is made to cling to the reaction block 220, the surface of the reaction block 220 is polished by the grinding particles 287 in the rotating process of the meniscus 286, the reaction block 220 is prevented from being passivated and hardened, the meniscus 286 is continuously attached to the surface of the reaction block 220 due to the mutual matching of the reverse pressure and the reset pressure of the compression spring II 285, and meanwhile, the scraps, which are rubbed out by the reaction block 220, fall into the reaction cavity 140;
step four: the metal scraps and the scraps of the reaction block 220 are composed of iron and carbon, under the condition of no power supply, the metal scraps and the scraps of the reaction block 220 generate a 0.9-1.7V potential difference by themselves and can form countless primary batteries in the reaction cavity 140, the primary batteries take organic acid-base waste liquid as electrolyte, countless micro-battery systems can be formed in the reaction cavity 140, an electric field is formed in an action space of the micro-battery systems, nascent states [ H ], fe & lt 2+ & gt and the like generated in the reaction process can perform redox reaction with a plurality of components in the wastewater, and the chromophoric groups or the color-assisting groups of colored substances in the colored wastewater are damaged, even chain breakage is realized, so that the effects of degradation and decoloration are achieved;
step five: fe2+ generated by the reaction is further oxidized into Fe3+, hydrates of the Fe2+ have stronger adsorption and flocculation activities, generated ferrous hydroxide and ferric hydroxide colloid flocculant have adsorption capacity far higher than that of ferric hydroxide colloid obtained by hydrolysis of general medicaments, and can adsorb a large amount of micro particles, metal particles and organic macromolecules dispersed in water by matching with reaction block 220 scraps, so that the micro particles, the metal particles and the organic macromolecules are flocculated and precipitated, the purpose of degrading organic pollutants is achieved, and the biodegradability is improved;
step six: the aeration disc 160 outputs bubbles to perform aeration treatment on the organic acid-base waste liquid, the organic acid-base waste liquid in the reaction chamber 140 forms a flocculating constituent containing a large amount of aerobic microorganisms after a period of time, organic matters in the sewage can be adsorbed due to the large surface area of the flocculating constituent, and the microorganisms with activity in the flocculating constituent take the organic matters as foodstuff, so that energy is obtained, the organisms continuously grow and proliferate, and the organic matters are removed, so that the sewage is purified;
step seven: closing the driving mechanism 130, precipitating the flocculating constituent and the impurities at the bottom of the sedimentation chamber 141, layering the reaction chamber 140 and the sedimentation chamber 141, forming a clear water zone at the upper part, opening the liquid outlet valve 180, discharging the separated clear water from the biological pond 100, opening the discharge valve 190, starting the driving mechanism 130, driving the inclined rod 291 to rotate by the driving mechanism 130 through the rotating rod 240, so that the flocculating constituent and the impurities fall to the sludge outlet 150, and discharging the impurities by matching with a sludge pump.
Although the invention has been described in detail above with reference to a general description and specific examples, it will be apparent to one skilled in the art that modifications or improvements may be made thereto based on the invention. Accordingly, such modifications and improvements are intended to be within the scope of the invention as claimed.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a high concentration organic acid alkali waste liquid processing system, includes biological pond (100) and reaction unit (200), its characterized in that: the inner wall of the biological pond (100) is provided with a reaction cavity (140), the bottom of the reaction cavity (140) is provided with a sedimentation cavity (141), the reaction cavity (140) is connected with the sedimentation cavity (141), the reaction device (200) comprises a rotating rod (240), the central position of the outer wall of the rotating rod (240) is provided with an anti-hardening assembly (270), the top and the bottom of the anti-hardening assembly (270) are provided with electrolytic assemblies (250), two groups of electrolytic assemblies (250) are arranged in a staggered mode and are connected with the rotating rod (240), and the anti-hardening assembly (270) and the electrolytic assemblies (250) are arranged on the inner wall of the reaction cavity (140);
the inner wall of the reaction cavity (140) is provided with a limiting groove (101), the inner wall of the limiting groove (101) is detachably provided with a limiting ring (210), the inner wall of the limiting ring (210) is uniformly provided with through holes (211), the inner wall of each through hole (211) is spliced with a reaction block (220), the top and the bottom of the limiting groove (101) are provided with clamping grooves (102), and the inner wall of each clamping groove (102) is detachably provided with a metal ring (230);
the electrolytic component (250) comprises two groups of electrolytic components (260), the two groups of electrolytic components (260) are symmetrically arranged, each electrolytic component (260) comprises a wedge plate (251), a half ring (252) is fixedly installed on the right side of the wedge plate (251), the inner wall of the half ring (252) is fixedly connected with the outer wall of a rotating rod (240), a cross groove (253) is formed in the inner wall of the wedge plate (251), a titanium plate (254) is arranged on one side of the wedge plate (251), the titanium plate (254) is arranged in a cross shape, the titanium plate (254) is inserted into the inner wall of the cross groove (253) and detachably connected with the wedge plate (251), a polishing block (261) is arranged on the left side of the wedge plate (251), and one side of the polishing block (261) is in contact with the inner wall of a metal ring (230);
the anti-hardening assembly (270) comprises a moving seat (271), the moving seat (271) is installed on the outer wall of the rotating rod (240) and movably connected with the rotating rod (240), a second compression spring (285) is fixedly installed at the bottom of the moving seat (271), a support ring (241) is fixedly installed on the outer wall of the rotating rod (240), the support ring (241) is arranged at the bottom of the moving seat (271), and the bottom of the second compression spring (285) is fixedly connected with the support ring (241);
remove seat (271) outer wall movable mounting have ejector pin (273), it is equipped with supporting seat (276) to remove seat (271) top, supporting seat (276) and bull stick (240) outer wall fixed connection, supporting seat (276) outer wall movable mounting has horizontal pole (278), ejector pin (273) one end and horizontal pole (278) swing joint, horizontal pole (278) one end movable mounting has supporting shoe (281), supporting shoe (281) one side fixed mounting has meniscus (286), meniscus (286) one side and reaction piece (220) contact, reaction piece (220) outer wall evenly is provided with abrasive particle (287).
2. The high-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment system according to claim 1, characterized in that: polishing piece (261) one side fixed mounting has compression spring (259), and keysets (251) left side is equipped with locating piece (255), locating piece (255) right side inner wall has seted up constant head tank (256), locating piece (255) are pegged graft and are dismantled with keysets (251) in keysets (251) left side through constant head tank (256) and be connected, locating piece (255) right side fixed mounting has support column (257), spout (258) have been seted up to support column (257) inner wall, compression spring (259) is pegged graft at spout (258) inner wall and support column (257) fixed connection.
3. The high-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the outer wall of the rotating rod (240) is sleeved with a rubber corrugated pipe (284), the top of the rubber corrugated pipe (284) is fixedly connected with the bottom of the supporting seat (276), and the bottom of the rubber corrugated pipe (284) is fixedly connected with the top of the moving seat (271).
4. The high-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the outer wall of the moving seat (271) is provided with a first groove (272), the first groove (272) is provided with four groups, the four groups of first groove (272) are symmetrically arranged, the four groups of ejector rods (273) are symmetrically arranged, one end of each ejector rod (273) is fixedly provided with a first rotating shaft (274), the other end of each ejector rod (273) is fixedly provided with a second rotating shaft (275), one ends of the four groups of ejector rods (273) are respectively inserted into the inner walls of the four groups of first groove (272) and the first rotating shafts (274) are movably connected with the moving seat (271), the outer wall of the supporting seat (276) is provided with a second groove (277), the four groups of second grooves (277) are symmetrically arranged, the cross rods (278) are provided with four groups of cross rods (275), the four groups of cross rods (278) are symmetrically arranged, one end of each cross rod (278) is fixedly provided with a third rotating shaft (280), the other end of each cross rod (278) is fixedly provided with a fourth rotating shaft (283), one end of each cross rod (278) is respectively inserted into the inner wall of the four groups of the two grooves (277) and the three rotating shafts (280) are movably connected with the supporting seat (276), one end of the cross rod (279) and the center of the cross rod (279) is connected with the two cross rod (273), a third groove (282) is formed in one side of the supporting block (281), one end of the cross rod (278) is inserted into the inner wall of the third groove (282), and the fourth rotating shaft (283) is movably connected with the supporting block (281).
5. The high-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the utility model discloses a biological pond, including metal ring (230), play mud mouth (150) have been seted up to biological pond (100) bottom, play mud mouth (150) inner wall fixed mounting has support frame (151), support frame (151) central point puts fixed mounting has bearing frame (152), peg graft at bearing frame (152) top inner wall bottom bull stick (240), bearing frame (152) and bull stick (240) swing joint, play mud mouth (150) bottom fixed mounting has bleeder valve (190).
6. The high-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment system according to claim 1, characterized in that: rotating rod (240) outer wall bottom fixed mounting has bracing piece (290), bracing piece (290) both sides fixed mounting has down tube (291), and is two sets of down tube (291) symmetry sets up, down tube (291) sets up in precipitation chamber (141) inner wall bottom, precipitation chamber (141) set up to funnel type structure, down tube (291) angle is parallel to each other with precipitation chamber (141), down tube (291) one side fixed mounting has corrosion resistant rubber piece (292), corrosion resistant rubber piece (292) and precipitation chamber (141) inner wall bottom contact.
7. The high-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment system according to claim 1, characterized in that: reaction chamber (140) inner wall bottom is equipped with explodes gas dish (160), it is equipped with four groups, four groups to explode gas dish (160) fixed mounting at biological pond (100) inner wall, biological pond (100) outer wall is equipped with trachea (161), trachea (161) are equipped with three groups, three groups trachea (161) interconnect and output and explode gas dish (160) input interconnect, a set of trachea (161) one side fixed mounting has joint (162).
8. The high-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment system according to claim 1, characterized in that: a liquid outlet (170) is formed in the bottom of the inner wall of the reaction cavity (140), a liquid outlet valve (180) is installed on one side of the liquid outlet (170), and one side of the liquid outlet valve (180) is fixedly connected with the outer wall of the biological pond (100).
9. The high-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment system according to claim 1, characterized in that: the top of the biological pond (100) is fixedly provided with a top cover (120), the top of the top cover (120) is fixedly provided with a driving mechanism (130), an output shaft at the bottom of the driving mechanism (130) is fixedly connected with the top of a rotating rod (240), and the top of the outer wall of the biological pond (100) is uniformly provided with a feeding port (110).
10. A high-concentration organic acid-base waste liquid treatment process is characterized by comprising the following operation steps:
the method comprises the following steps: organic acid-base waste liquid is conveyed into a reaction cavity (140) and a precipitation cavity (141) of a biological pool (100) through a feeding port (110), a titanium plate (254) is externally connected with a power supply, anodes and cathodes of four groups of titanium plates (254) are electrified, charged ions in the organic acid-base waste liquid move to an electrode with a counter charge to react by utilizing an electric field effect around a conductor, so that the organic acid-base waste liquid is subjected to redox reaction, and meanwhile, a product generated by the electric reaction and chemical substances in the waste liquid are subjected to chemical change, so that chemical pollutants are removed, and the external power supply of the titanium plate (254) is removed after the removal;
step two: starting a driving mechanism (130), enabling a rotating rod (240) to drive an electrolytic assembly (250) and an anti-hardening assembly (270) to rotate, enabling a titanium plate (254) of an electrolytic component (206) to rotate slowly, enabling organic acid-base waste liquid to be mixed in a reaction cavity (140), enabling a polishing block (261) to rotate around the rotating rod (240) to rub the surface of a metal ring (230), preventing the passivation film of the metal ring (230), enabling the surface of the metal ring (230) to be cut and the thickness to be reduced in the process that the polishing block (261) rubs the metal ring (230) for a long time, enabling the polishing block (261) to continuously push the polishing block (261) to apply pressure outwards, enabling the polishing block (261) to be always attached to the metal ring (230), and enabling the rubed scraps of the metal ring (230) to fall into the reaction cavity (140);
step three: the compression spring II (285) of the anti-hardening assembly (270) continuously pushes the moving seat (271) to move upwards due to reset pressure, the moving seat (271) drives the ejector rod (273) to deflect, the ejector rod (273) pushes the cross rod (278) to move outwards and expand, the expanded cross rod (278) pushes the supporting block (281) to move outwards, the meniscus (286) is made to cling to the reaction block (220), the surface of the reaction block (220) is polished by the grinding particles (287) in the rotating process of the meniscus (286), the reaction block (220) is prevented from being passivated and hardened, the meniscus (286) is continuously attached to the surface of the reaction block (220) due to the fact that the reverse pressure and the reset pressure of the compression spring II (285) are matched with each other, and meanwhile, the rubbed fragments of the reaction block (220) fall into the reaction cavity (140);
step four: the metal scraps and the scraps of the reaction block (220) are composed of iron and carbon, under the condition of no power supply, the metal scraps and the scraps of the reaction block (220) generate a 0.9-1.7V potential difference and can form countless primary batteries in the reaction cavity (140), the primary batteries use organic acid-base waste liquid as electrolyte, countless micro-battery systems can be formed in the reaction cavity (140), an electric field is formed in an action space of the micro-battery systems, nascent states [ H ], fe & lt 2+ & gt and the like generated in the reaction process can perform redox reaction with a plurality of components in the wastewater, the chromophoric groups or the color assisting groups of colored substances in the colored wastewater are damaged, and even the chain is broken, so that the degradation and decoloration effects are achieved;
step five: fe & lt 2+ & gt generated by the reaction is further oxidized into Fe & lt 3+ & gt, and hydrates of the Fe & lt 2+ & gt have stronger adsorption action and flocculation activity, and generated ferrous hydroxide and ferric hydroxide colloid flocculants have adsorption capacity far higher than that of ferric hydroxide colloid obtained by hydrolysis of a common medicament, and can adsorb a large amount of micro particles, metal particles and organic macromolecules dispersed in water by matching with scraps of a reaction block (220), so that the micro particles, the metal particles and the organic macromolecules are flocculated and precipitated to achieve the purpose of degrading organic pollutants and improve biodegradability;
step six: the aeration disc (160) outputs air bubbles to perform aeration treatment on the organic acid-base waste liquid, and the organic acid-base waste liquid in the reaction cavity (140) forms a flocculating constituent containing a large amount of aerobic microorganisms in water after a period of time;
step seven: close actuating mechanism (130), make flocculating constituent and impurity deposit in the bottom of sedimentation chamber (141), layering appears in reaction chamber (140) and sedimentation chamber (141), clear water district appears on the upper portion, open out liquid valve (180), discharge in the clear water that will separate from biological pond (100), open bleeder valve (190), start actuating mechanism (130), actuating mechanism (130) are rotatory through bull stick (240) drive down tube (291) and are made flocculating constituent and impurity drop to mud outlet (150), cooperate the sludge pump to discharge it.
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