CN115255406A - Main motor compact type installation and adjustment structure for numerical control vertical lathe - Google Patents

Main motor compact type installation and adjustment structure for numerical control vertical lathe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN115255406A
CN115255406A CN202210939102.4A CN202210939102A CN115255406A CN 115255406 A CN115255406 A CN 115255406A CN 202210939102 A CN202210939102 A CN 202210939102A CN 115255406 A CN115255406 A CN 115255406A
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China
Prior art keywords
motor
guide strip
main motor
concave cavity
plate
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CN202210939102.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
关晓勇
余文斌
胡明洪
葛文伟
赵祖喜
轩广进
张剑沉
程相
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Anhui Sino Seiko Co ltd
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Anhui Sino Seiko Co ltd
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Priority to CN202210939102.4A priority Critical patent/CN115255406A/en
Publication of CN115255406A publication Critical patent/CN115255406A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B3/00General-purpose turning-machines or devices, e.g. centre lathes with feed rod and lead screw; Sets of turning-machines
    • B23B3/06Turning-machines or devices characterised only by the special arrangement of constructional units

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Motor Or Generator Frames (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a compact installation and adjustment structure of a main motor for a numerical control vertical lathe, which comprises a main machine seat, wherein the surface of the main machine seat is provided with a lower concave cavity with an opening at the top and the back, the top surface of the main machine seat is provided with an upright post, the bottom surface of the upright post is provided with an upper concave cavity with an opening at the bottom and the back, the region enclosed by the lower concave cavity and the upper concave cavity is internally provided with the main motor, and the bottom of the main motor is distributed with a motor installation and adjustment component; the motor installation adjusting assembly comprises a motor installation plate, a motor right positioning assembly, a motor left positioning assembly and an adjusting plate. According to the invention, through the design of the main motor installation and adjustment components arranged in the upper concave cavity and the lower concave cavity, the installation and adjustment of the main motor can be changed into a back operation mode, so that the complexity of assembling and disassembling the stand column is omitted in the maintenance and adjustment process, and the total occupied area of the machine tool can be saved.

Description

Main motor compact type installation and adjustment structure for numerical control vertical lathe
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of numerical control vertical lathes, in particular to a compact installation and adjustment structure of a main motor for a numerical control vertical lathe.
Background
The numerical control vertical lathe is processing equipment with higher value, is suitable for processing parts with complex shapes and larger weight, such as discs, short shafts, water pump housings and the like, can be operated by a single machine and can be produced in an automatic assembly line mode, and has higher requirements on processing environments. Therefore, the occupied area of the whole lathe is reduced, the adjustment and maintenance are convenient, the high-power processing is realized, the convenience is brought to the use of users, and the production efficiency of the lathe can be guaranteed.
A typical structural layout of a numerically controlled vertical lathe is as follows: the front part of the lathe bed is provided with a main shaft with a rotary axis vertical to the ground, the middle position of the rear part of the lathe bed is fixed with a stand column, and a saddle and a sliding plate are superposed on the stand column to realize left-right X-axis feeding and up-down Z-axis feeding of the lathe. The size of the upright post is required to meet the span between the guide rails and the stroke of the feed shaft, and the maximum processing range is determined by the mutual position relationship between the upright post and the main shaft; once the position of the mast is determined, the position of the main motor is either outside or in the middle of the mast with respect to the mast. If the main motor is arranged on the outer side of the upright post, the width of the bed body is often increased to obtain an arrangement space, so that the main motor is not suitable for places with large space constraint;
the main motor is arranged in the middle of the upright column, although the size of the lathe bed does not need to be increased, the application occasions are more, but the motor is restricted by the upright columns on two sides, so that the following problems can occur:
1. because the space is smaller, the motor can only select the specification with smaller volume and smaller power, and the power of the lathe is limited;
2. when the main motor needs to be adjusted in position and disassembled for maintenance, the vertical column is disassembled to obtain an operating space from top to bottom, but the method is time-consuming and labor-consuming, and some accuracy reconfirmation of the lathe is often involved.
Therefore, a numerically controlled lathe which occupies a small area, has a large enough specification of a driving motor and is more convenient to overhaul is needed at present.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a compact installation and adjustment structure of a main motor for a numerical control vertical lathe, and solves the problems in the background art.
In order to realize the purpose, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a main motor compact installation adjustment structure for numerical control vertical lathe, including the host computer seat, top, back open-ended lower concave cavity have been seted up on the surface of host computer seat, the stand is installed to the top surface of host computer seat, bottom, back open-ended last cavity have been seted up to the bottom surface of stand, go up the cavity and communicate relatively in the top of lower concave cavity, the inside of cavity is narrow stair structure about wide down, and right layer board is installed in the right side notch cuttle face department embedding of lower concave cavity, and left layer board is installed in the left side notch cuttle face department embedding of lower cavity, installs main motor in the region that lower cavity, last cavity enclose, and the bottom of main motor has laid motor installation adjustment subassembly;
the motor mounting and adjusting assembly comprises a motor mounting plate, a motor right positioning assembly, a motor left positioning assembly and an adjusting plate, the motor mounting plate is arranged at the bottom end of the main motor, the right side of the bottom surface of the motor mounting plate is mounted on the right supporting plate through the motor right positioning assembly, and the left side of the bottom surface of the motor mounting plate is mounted on the left supporting plate through the motor left positioning assembly;
the motor left positioning assembly is free of a constraint structure in the axis direction, the motor right positioning assembly is provided with a constraint structure in the axis direction, the constraint structures are horizontally distributed, and a disassembly operation gap is formed between each constraint structure and the side wall of the lower concave cavity;
the both sides of regulating plate are passed through the screw and are installed in the back of host computer seat, the back of motor mounting panel is arranged in relatively with the motor mounting panel to the regulating plate, the middle part vertical slip of regulating plate runs through accommodate the lead screw, accommodate the inner screw in of lead screw in the motor mounting panel.
Further, the motor right positioning assembly comprises a right pressing strip, a right guide strip and a double-head screw; the top surface of the right supporting plate is provided with a first step surface positioned on the inner side and a second step surface positioned on the outer side, and the height of the first step surface is greater than that of the second step surface; the right layering sets firmly in the bottom surface right side of motor mounting panel, right layering backstop is arranged in on the first step face, right layering is all run through to a plurality of double-end screw's the inner, the portion that the inner of double-end screw stretches out in the right layering is equipped with first lock nut soon, right guide strip is U type structure, the inside and outside end of right guide strip all demountable installation on right layer board, the right guide strip suit of U type is outside in each double-end screw, the bottom surface backstop of right guide strip is arranged in on the second step face, the medial surface and the right layering slip laminating of right guide strip, outer locking Assembly is equipped with soon in the portion of right guide strip to the outer end of double-end screw stretches out.
Furthermore, the outer end opening part embedding of right gib block has the fastening cushion, and restraint structure includes a plurality of fastening bolt, and partly fastening bolt vertically runs through right gib block, fastening cushion and bottom and adorns soon in right layer board, and another part fastening bolt runs through the inner of right gib block and the bottom and adorns soon in right layer board.
Furthermore, the outer side surface of the right guide strip is of a 15-degree inclined surface structure; the utility model discloses a double-end screw, including double-end screw, outer locking subassembly, wedge spacer sleeve, wedge clamp plate, right guiding strip, the inner baffle that is equipped with perpendicularly in double-end screw's middle part, the middle part outer end is equipped with the wedge clamp plate perpendicularly, outer locking subassembly includes wedge spacer sleeve, second lock nut, the wedge spacer sleeve is installed in double-end screw's outer end, the inner wedge clamp plate that is equipped with the slope structure of wedge spacer sleeve, the wedge clamp plate laminating in the oblique side of right guiding strip, the outside of wedge spacer sleeve is adorned soon and is contradicted there is second lock nut.
Furthermore, the rectangular channel has been seted up at the lateral surface interval of right side layering, and the baffle parallel and level is embedded in the rectangular channel.
Furthermore, motor left side locating component includes left layering, left gib block, and left gib block is installed on left layer board, and left layering is installed in the bottom surface left side department of motor mounting panel, the lateral surface of left gib block is 15 inclined plane structures, the medial surface of left layering be with left gib block complex inclined plane structure.
Furthermore, the second locking nut is connected with a pulling adjusting assembly in a matching manner, and the pulling adjusting assembly extends into the disassembling operation gap.
Further, the wrenching adjusting assembly comprises a first wrench and a second wrench; the first wrench comprises a first handle and a first elbow, wherein one end of the first handle is provided with the first elbow, the included angle between the first elbow and the first handle is 120 degrees, the inner side wall of the first elbow is provided with a slot, a pin shaft is vertically arranged inside the slot, and the end part of the first elbow is of a concave structure;
the second wrench comprises a second handle and a second elbow; one end of the second handle is provided with a second elbow, the included angle between the second elbow and the second handle is 150 degrees, the other end of the second handle is inserted into the slot, and the other end of the second handle is provided with a positioning hole matched with the pin shaft.
The invention provides a compact installation and adjustment structure of a main motor for a numerical control vertical lathe.
Compared with the prior art, the method has the following beneficial effects:
1. the design of the upper concave cavity, the lower concave cavity and the main motor installation and adjustment assembly arranged in the upper concave cavity and the lower concave cavity can change the installation direction of the main motor into a back operation mode, and the main motor is transversely pushed and pulled from the back of the lathe in the process of adjusting the position or detaching and maintaining the main motor, so that the overhauling operation can be realized, the trouble of assembling and disassembling the stand column is omitted, and the assembly precision of the main motor is also ensured;
2. the area between the side surface of the main motor and the side wall of the lower concave cavity is used as an operation gap, so that the space of the operation gap is smaller, the structure of the whole lathe is more compact, the occupied area of the lathe is reduced, and the cost is saved;
3. due to the design of the back operation, the constraint structure and the adjusting plate, the main motor can be quickly and accurately mounted and dismounted on the premise of arranging a narrow operation gap;
4. the main motor can be configured by selecting a main driving motor with a larger size, so that high-efficiency turning with high power and large torque can be realized.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the embodiments or the prior art descriptions will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 shows a schematic view of a compact mounting adjustment structure of a main motor for a numerically controlled vertical lathe according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 shows a schematic view of the internal structure of the main housing of the present invention;
FIG. 3 shows a schematic structural diagram of a left support plate and a right support plate of the invention;
FIG. 4 shows an enlarged schematic view of FIG. 3 at A;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view showing a motor mounting plate connection structure of the present invention;
FIG. 6 shows a schematic structural view of the throw adjustment assembly of the present invention;
shown in the figure: 1. a column; 11. an upper concave cavity; 12. installing a bar block; 13. a gasket; 2. a Z-axis motor feeding seat; 3. a main chassis; 31. a lower concave cavity; 32. a column adjusting plate; 33. a right support plate; 34. a left support plate; 4. the motor is provided with an adjusting component; 41. a motor mounting plate; 42. a motor right positioning component; 421. a right layering; 422. a right guide bar; 423. a double-ended screw; 4231. a baffle plate; 424. a first lock nut; 425. a second lock nut; 426. fastening a cushion block; 427. a wedge-shaped blocking sleeve; 4271. a wedge-shaped pressing plate; 43. a motor left positioning assembly; 431. pressing a left strip; 432. a left guide bar; 5. pulling the adjusting assembly; 51. a first wrench; 511. a first handle; 512. a first elbow; 5121. a slot; 5122. a pin shaft; 52. a second wrench; 521. a second handle; 522. a second elbow; 6. an adjusting plate; 61. adjusting the screw rod; 7. a main motor.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are a part of the embodiments of the present invention, but not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without inventive step based on the embodiments of the present invention, are within the scope of protection of the present invention.
Example one
In order to solve the technical problems in the background art, the following compact installation and adjustment structure of a main motor for a numerical control vertical lathe is provided:
with reference to fig. 1 to 6, the compact mounting and adjusting structure of the main motor for the numerically controlled vertical lathe, provided by the invention, comprises a main machine base 3, wherein a lower concave cavity 31 with an opening at the top and the back is formed on the surface of the main machine base 3, an upright post 1 is mounted on the top surface of the main machine base 3, an upper concave cavity 11 with an opening at the bottom and the back is formed on the bottom surface of the upright post 1, the upper concave cavity 11 is relatively communicated with the top of the lower concave cavity 31, the lower concave cavity 31 is internally of a stepped structure with a wide upper part and a narrow lower part, a right supporting plate 33 is embedded and mounted at the stepped surface at the right side of the lower concave cavity 31, a left supporting plate 34 is embedded and mounted at the stepped surface at the left side of the lower concave cavity 31, and a motor mounting and adjusting assembly 4 is mounted in an area surrounded by the lower concave cavity 31 and the upper concave cavity 11; the motor installation and adjustment assembly 4 comprises a main motor 7, a motor installation plate 41, a motor right positioning assembly 42, a motor left positioning assembly 43 and an adjustment plate 6, wherein the motor installation plate 41 is arranged at the bottom end of the main motor 7, the right side of the bottom surface of the motor installation plate 41 is installed on the right supporting plate 33 through the motor right positioning assembly 42, and the left side of the bottom surface of the motor installation plate 41 is installed on the left supporting plate 34 through the motor left positioning assembly 43; the motor left positioning component 43 is free of a constraint structure in the axial direction, the motor right positioning component 42 is provided with a constraint structure in the axial direction, the constraint structures are distributed horizontally, and a disassembly operation gap is formed between each constraint structure and the side wall of the lower concave cavity 31; the both sides of regulating plate 6 are passed through the mounting screw in the back of host computer seat 3, the back of motor mounting panel 41 is arranged in relatively with motor mounting panel 41 to regulating plate 6, the middle part vertical slip of regulating plate 6 runs through accommodate the lead screw 61, and the inner screw in of accommodate the lead screw 61 is in motor mounting panel 41.
The front part of the upright post 1 is provided with a Z-axis motor feeding seat 2.
The design of the upper concave cavity 11 and the lower concave cavity 31 can change the mounting structure of the main motor 7 into a back operation mode, so that the main motor 7 is more convenient to mount, dismount and overhaul;
the constraint structure is arranged on the right side, and the constraint structure is not arranged on the left side, so that only the motor right positioning component 42 needs to be operated when the motor is mounted and dismounted, and the main motor 7 can longitudinally move and adjust;
the adjusting plate 6 is designed to drive the main motor 7 to move longitudinally through the adjusting screw rod 61, so that the position of the main motor 7 is changed, the movement adjustment of the main motor 7 is simpler and more convenient, and the movement adjustment precision is higher.
The area between the side face of the main motor 7 and the side wall of the concave cavity 31 is used as an operation gap, so that the space of the operation gap is smaller, the structure of the whole lathe is more compact, the occupied area of the lathe is reduced, and the cost is saved; the design of the back operation and constraint structure and the adjusting plate 6 can quickly and accurately carry out the mounting and dismounting operation of the main motor 7 on the premise of compact operation clearance;
in addition, in the process of adjusting the position or detaching and maintaining the main motor 7, the trouble of detaching and installing the upright post 1 is omitted, and the main motor 7 can be configured by selecting a large-size main driving motor, so that high-efficiency turning with high power and large torque can be realized.
Example two
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, on the basis of the above embodiments, the present embodiment further provides the following:
the motor right positioning component 42 comprises a right pressing strip 421, a right guide strip 422 and a double-end screw 423; the top surface of the right supporting plate 33 is provided with a first step surface positioned on the inner side and a second step surface positioned on the outer side, and the height of the first step surface is greater than that of the second step surface; the right pressing strip 421 is fixedly arranged on the right side of the bottom surface of the motor mounting plate 41, and the right pressing strip 421 is stopped on the first step surface; the inner of a plurality of double threaded screws 423 all runs through right layering 421, the part that the inner of double threaded screws 423 stretches out in right layering 421 is equipped with second lock nut 424 soon, right guide strip 422 is U type structure, right guide strip 422's inside and outside end is all demountable installation on right layer board 33, the right guide strip 422 suit of U type is outside in each double threaded screws 423, the bottom surface backstop of right guide strip 422 is arranged in on the second step face, the medial surface and the right layering 421 of right guide strip 422 slide the laminating, the part that the outer end of double threaded screws 423 stretches out in right guide strip 422 is equipped with outer locking Assembly soon.
The first step surface and the second step surface can be matched with the stopping right pressing strip 421 and the right guide strip 422, so that the mounting positions of the right pressing strip 421 and the right guide strip 422 are more accurate; the proper mutual position relation between the inner side of the right guide strip 422 and the right pressing strip 421 is ensured, and the locking failure of the mechanism caused by the attachment between the inner side of the right guide strip 422 and the right pressing strip 421 is avoided; when the main motor 7 moves longitudinally, the right pressing strip 421 moves along the first step surface, so that the main motor 7 can move more conveniently and more accurately.
As an improvement of the above technical solution, a fastening cushion block 426 is embedded in an opening at an outer end of the right guide strip 422, the constraint structure includes a plurality of fastening bolts, a part of the fastening bolts vertically penetrates through the right guide strip 422 and the fastening cushion block 426, and the bottom end of the fastening bolts is screwed in the right support plate 33, and another part of the fastening bolts penetrates through an inner end of the right guide strip 422, and the bottom end of the fastening bolts is screwed in the right support plate 33.
When the main motor 7 is locked and positioned, the fastening cushion block 426 can stop the double-headed screw 423 from the outer end, so that the longitudinal deviation of the main motor 7 is avoided, the fastening cushion block 426 can support the opening of the U-shaped right guide strip 422 from the inside, and therefore, when the right guide strip 422 is positioned, the positioning strength is higher, and the deformation of the right guide strip 422 can be avoided; when the main motor 7 is maintained and disassembled, the fastening bolt at the outer end and the outer locking assembly can be unscrewed, the fastening bolt at the inner end is reserved, and then the fastening cushion block 426 is taken down, so that the main motor 7 can move longitudinally;
the U-shaped right guide strip 422 can play a role in guiding and locking the main motor 7 to position the main motor 7, so that the locking and unlocking operations of the main motor 7 are simpler, more convenient and faster.
As an improvement of the above technical solution, the outer side surface of the right guide strip 422 is a 15 ° inclined plane structure; the outer locking assembly comprises a wedge-shaped retaining sleeve 427 and a second locking nut 425, the wedge-shaped retaining sleeve is installed at the outer end of the double-thread screw 423, a wedge-shaped pressure plate 4271 with an inclined structure is arranged at the inner end of the wedge-shaped retaining sleeve 427, the wedge-shaped pressure plate 4271 is attached to the inclined side face of the right guide strip 422, and the second locking nut 425 is screwed and abutted to the outer side of the wedge-shaped retaining sleeve 427.
Through the design of 15-degree inclination of the wedge-shaped pressure plate 4271 and the right guide strip 422, the decomposition of the locking force can be realized, and the main motor 7 can be stably installed at the correct position on the vertical lathe; during maintenance, the second locking nut 425 is unscrewed, so that when the main motor 7 is pulled out, the wedge-shaped pressing plate 4271 moves along with the main motor, and the wedge-shaped pressing plate 4271 and the right guide strip 422 slide in a matched mode to achieve moving guide; when in positioning, the second locking nut 425 is screwed, the second locking nut 425 compresses the wedge-shaped pressing plate 4271, and the wedge-shaped pressing plate 4271 is tightly attached to the inclined surface of the right guide strip 422, so that transverse compression positioning is realized.
As an improvement of the above technical solution, the outer side surface of the right pressing bar 421 is provided with rectangular grooves at intervals, the middle part of the double-threaded screw 423 is vertically provided with a baffle 4231, and the baffle 4231 is embedded in the rectangular grooves in a flush manner.
The two sides of the baffle 4231 are vertical sides, the upper side and the lower side of the baffle 4231 are arc sides, the baffle 4231 can restrain and stop the double-threaded screw 423 when the double-threaded screw 423 is inserted, the insertion precision is ensured, and the baffle 4231 is matched with the rectangular groove, so that the double-threaded screw 423 can be prevented from rotating along with the rotation when the hexagon bolt is screwed; the baffle 4231 and the wedge-shaped pressing plate 4271 can restrict the stop right pressing strip 421 from two sides, so that the left side and the right side can be guided and positioned.
EXAMPLE III
As shown in fig. 1 to fig. 5, on the basis of the above embodiments, the present embodiment further provides the following:
the motor left positioning assembly 43 comprises a left pressing strip 431 and a left guide strip 431, the left guide strip 431 is installed on the left supporting plate 34, the left pressing strip 431 is installed at the left side edge of the bottom surface of the motor installation plate 41, the outer side surface of the left guide strip 431 is of a 15-degree inclined surface structure, and the inner side surface of the left pressing strip 431 is of an inclined surface structure matched with the left guide strip 431.
Through the 15-degree inclination design of the left pressing strip 431 and the left guide strip 431, the decomposition of the locking force can be realized, and the main motor 7 can be stably installed at the correct position on the vertical lathe; when the main motor 7 is pulled out, the left pressing strip 431 moves along with the main motor, and therefore the left pressing strip 431 and the left guide strip 431 slide in a matched mode to achieve moving guide.
Example four
As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 6, on the basis of the above embodiment, the present embodiment further provides the following:
due to the narrow operating gap in the first embodiment, to achieve unlocking, the following design of the trip adjusting assembly 5 is given:
the second locking nut 425 is connected with a wrenching adjusting component 5 in a matching way, and the wrenching adjusting component 5 comprises a first wrench 51 and a second wrench 52; the first wrench 51 comprises a first handle 511 and a first elbow 512, wherein one end of the first handle 511 is provided with the first elbow 512, an included angle between the first elbow 512 and the first handle 511 is 120 degrees, the inner side wall of the first elbow 512 is provided with a slot 5121, a pin 5122 is vertically arranged inside the slot 5121, and the end part of the first elbow 512 is of a concave structure; the second wrench 52 comprises a second handle 521 and a second elbow 522; one end of the second handle 521 is provided with a second elbow 522, an included angle between the second elbow 522 and the second handle 521 is 150 °, the other end of the second handle 521 is inserted into the slot 5121, and the other end of the second handle 521 is provided with a positioning hole matched with the pin 5122.
Through the assembly design of the two wrenches, the operating point can be extended to the back of the main machine seat, so that a worker can operate from the back of the main machine seat conveniently; the slot 5121 is matched with the pin 5122, so that the assembly strength of the first wrench 51 and the second wrench 52 can be improved, and the connection and separation of the first wrench 51 and the second wrench 52 are simpler and more convenient; the design of bending the handle of the wrenching adjusting component 5 can ensure that the lowest position does not interfere with the bottom surface of the cavity of the lathe bed, and the arrangement of the angle of the elbow can ensure that an operator always has a good viewing angle in a limited rotating operation space so as to control the alignment of the opening of the second wrench 52 and the second locking nut.
The bottom of stand 1 has installation strip 12 to the perpendicular bending type in both sides, and the bolt fastening that passes through of installation strip 12 is on the main engine base surface, and the embedding has the gasket 13 of U type between installation strip 12, the main engine base 3, and the bolt runs through gasket 13, and the back top of main engine base is equipped with stand regulating plate 32, and stand regulating plate 32 sets up with installation strip 12 relatively, and stand regulating plate 32 passes through bolted connection installation strip 12.
The working principle and the using process of the invention are as follows:
when assembling:
installing the motor installation plate 41 at the bottom end of the main motor 7, screwing the first locking nut 424 and screwing the second locking nut 425 appropriately, so that the double-threaded screw 423, the right pressing strip 421 and the right guide strip 422 are connected into a whole preliminarily;
the main motor 7 is longitudinally inserted into the cavity, the motor right positioning component 42 is guided to be attached to the right supporting plate 33, and the motor left positioning component 43 is guided to be attached to the left supporting plate 34;
fixing an adjusting plate 6 on the back of the main machine base through a screw, arranging the adjusting plate 6 opposite to the motor mounting plate 41, then enabling an adjusting screw rod 61 to penetrate through the adjusting plate 6 in a sliding manner, screwing the inner end thread of the adjusting screw rod 61 into the motor mounting plate 41, and pulling the adjusting screw rod 61 to drive the main motor 7 to move longitudinally;
after the adjustment is finished, the fastening cushion block 426 is plugged into the opening of the right guide strip 422, and the inner end bolt and the outer end bolt of the right guide strip 422 are screwed into the right supporting plate 33, so that the motor right positioning component 42 is fixed on the right supporting plate 33, and the main motor 7 is positioned;
the mounting bar 12 of the upright 1 is mounted on the main foundation by means of bolts.
When dismantling and overhauling:
the bolts at the two ends of the right guide strip 422 are screwed off, and the fastening cushion block 426 is taken down;
assembling the second wrench 52 with the first wrench 51, inserting the wrenching adjusting component 5 into the operating gap, sleeving the hexagon screw of the second wrench 52 on the outer hexagon bolt, then rotating the wrenching adjusting component 5 to drive the outer hexagon bolt to rotate, and the wedge-shaped pressing plate does not press the right guide strip 422;
through the outside main motor 7 that stimulates of accommodate the screw 61, the laminating of left layering 431 removes along left gib block 431, and the laminating of right layering 421, wedge clamp plate removes along right gib block 422, so, realizes quick dismantlement unblock, vertical maintenance.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus. Without further limitation, an element defined by the phrases "comprising a," "8230," "8230," or "comprising" does not exclude the presence of additional like elements in a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises the element.
The above examples are only intended to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, but not to limit it; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some technical features may be equivalently replaced; and such modifications or substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the corresponding technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A main motor compact installation adjustment structure for numerical control vertical lathe, its characterized in that: the motor installation and adjustment device comprises a main engine base, wherein a concave cavity with a top and a back opening is formed in the surface of the main engine base, a stand column is installed on the top surface of the main engine base, a concave cavity with a bottom and a back opening is formed in the bottom surface of the stand column, the concave cavity is communicated with the top of the concave cavity relatively, the inner part of the concave cavity is of a stepped structure with a wide upper part and a narrow lower part, a right supporting plate is embedded in the right stepped surface of the concave cavity, a left supporting plate is embedded in the left stepped surface of the concave cavity, and a motor installation and adjustment assembly is installed in the area surrounded by the concave cavity and the upper cavity;
the motor mounting and adjusting assembly comprises a main motor, a motor mounting plate, a motor right positioning assembly, a motor left positioning assembly and an adjusting plate, wherein the motor mounting plate is arranged at the bottom end of the main motor, the right side of the bottom surface of the motor mounting plate is mounted on the right supporting plate through the motor right positioning assembly, and the left side of the bottom surface of the motor mounting plate is mounted on the left supporting plate through the motor left positioning assembly;
the motor left positioning assembly is free of a constraint structure in the axial direction, the motor right positioning assembly is provided with a constraint structure in the axial direction, the constraint structures are horizontally distributed, and a disassembly operation gap is formed between each constraint structure and the side wall of the lower concave cavity;
the both sides of regulating plate are passed through the screw and are installed in the back of host computer seat, the back of motor mounting panel is arranged in relatively with the motor mounting panel to the regulating plate, the middle part vertical slip of regulating plate runs through accommodate the lead screw, accommodate the inner screw in of lead screw in the motor mounting panel.
2. The main motor compact mounting adjustment structure for a numerically controlled vertical lathe according to claim 1, characterized in that: the motor right positioning component comprises a right pressing strip, a right guide strip and a double-end screw; the top surface of the right supporting plate is provided with a first step surface positioned on the inner side and a second step surface positioned on the outer side, and the height of the first step surface is greater than that of the second step surface; the right layering sets firmly in the bottom surface right side of motor mounting panel, right layering backstop is arranged in on the first step face, right layering is all run through to a plurality of double-end screw's the inner, the portion that the inner of double-end screw stretches out in the right layering is equipped with first lock nut soon, right guide strip is U type structure, the inside and outside end of right guide strip all demountable installation on right layer board, the right guide strip suit of U type is outside in each double-end screw, the bottom surface backstop of right guide strip is arranged in on the second step face, the medial surface and the right layering slip laminating of right guide strip, outer locking Assembly is equipped with soon in the portion of right guide strip to the outer end of double-end screw stretches out.
3. The main motor compact mounting and adjusting structure for the numerically controlled vertical lathe according to claim 2, wherein: the outer end opening part embedding of right guide strip has fastening cushion, and restraint structure includes a plurality of fastening bolt, and partly fastening bolt vertically runs through right guide strip, fastening cushion and bottom and adorns soon in the right layer board, and another part fastening bolt runs through the inner of right guide strip and the bottom is adorned soon in the right layer board.
4. The main motor compact mounting and adjusting structure for the numerically controlled vertical lathe according to claim 3, wherein: the outer side surface of the right guide strip is of an inclined surface structure; the utility model discloses a double-end screw, including double-end screw, outer locking subassembly, wedge spacer sleeve, wedge clamp plate, right guiding strip, the inner baffle that is equipped with perpendicularly in double-end screw's middle part, the middle part outer end is equipped with the wedge clamp plate perpendicularly, outer locking subassembly includes wedge spacer sleeve, second lock nut, the wedge spacer sleeve is installed in double-end screw's outer end, the inner wedge clamp plate that is equipped with the slope structure of wedge spacer sleeve, the wedge clamp plate laminating in the oblique side of right guiding strip, the outside of wedge spacer sleeve is adorned soon and is contradicted there is second lock nut.
5. The main motor compact mounting adjustment structure for the numerically controlled vertical lathe according to claim 3, characterized in that: rectangular channel has been seted up at the lateral surface interval of right side layering, and the baffle parallel and level is embedded in the rectangular channel.
6. The main motor compact mounting adjustment structure for a numerically controlled vertical lathe according to claim 1, characterized in that: the motor left side locating component comprises a left pressing strip and a left guide strip, the left guide strip is installed on the left supporting plate, the left pressing strip is installed at the left side edge of the bottom surface of the motor installation plate, the outer side surface of the left guide strip is of an inclined surface structure, and the inner side surface of the left pressing strip is of an inclined surface structure matched with the left guide strip.
7. The main motor compact mounting adjustment structure for a numerically controlled vertical lathe according to claim 1, characterized in that: the second locking nut is connected with the wrenching adjusting assembly in a matching mode, and the wrenching adjusting assembly extends into the disassembling operation gap.
8. The main motor compact mounting adjustment structure for the numerically controlled vertical lathe according to claim 7, characterized in that: the wrenching adjusting assembly comprises a first wrench and a second wrench; the first wrench comprises a first handle and a first elbow, wherein one end of the first handle is provided with the first elbow, the included angle between the first elbow and the first handle is 120 degrees, the inner side wall of the first elbow is provided with a slot, a pin shaft is vertically arranged inside the slot, and the end part of the first elbow is of a concave structure;
the second wrench comprises a second handle and a second elbow; one end of the second handle is provided with a second elbow, the included angle between the second elbow and the second handle is 150 degrees, the other end of the second handle is inserted into the slot, and the other end of the second handle is provided with a positioning hole matched with the pin shaft.
CN202210939102.4A 2022-08-05 2022-08-05 Main motor compact type installation and adjustment structure for numerical control vertical lathe Pending CN115255406A (en)

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CN217595908U (en) * 2022-05-17 2022-10-18 沈阳机床股份有限公司 Numerical control vertical lathe with vertical tool rest

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