CN1151821A - Plant culture medium greensward cultivation method - Google Patents

Plant culture medium greensward cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1151821A
CN1151821A CN96115351A CN96115351A CN1151821A CN 1151821 A CN1151821 A CN 1151821A CN 96115351 A CN96115351 A CN 96115351A CN 96115351 A CN96115351 A CN 96115351A CN 1151821 A CN1151821 A CN 1151821A
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Prior art keywords
container
water
pearl
millimeters
day
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CN96115351A
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CN1066910C (en
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钱自力
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LIAONING COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
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Priority to CN96115351A priority Critical patent/CN1066910C/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The said method is a soilless culture process in light-carrier shallow bed of floating vitreous body inside container or in container-less condition. Grass seeds or other plant seeds are planted and grown into sod mattress with twisted roots via the processes of watering, illumination and fertilizing. The integral sod mattress may be transplanted to ground or other surface, even the surface of wall or ceiling.

Description

" space base " surface bed turf speed cultivating method
The invention belongs to the planting technique of turf, particularly a kind of " space base " surface bed turf speed cultivating method.
Greening environment plays an important role for the life condition that improves people, ecotope, more and more is subject to people's attention.Mainly contain in the greening of the extensive face of land, roof greening and the vehicle ship three kinds of greenings at present, wherein face of land greening is meant that lawn that directly is seeded on the soil and the turf that has survived transplant the lawn on the soil; Roof greening generally is to substitute real lawn with the green carpet fabric; Greening generally is potted plant or replace with vacation with soil in the vehicle ship.The greening of the above-mentioned face of land is to be this with the histosol, and weight is big, is difficult for transplanting, and the scope of application is restricted, and is little with the potted plant training green coverage of soil, do not have the greening effect, and the greening of " mixing the spurious with the genuine ", does not then have the effect of ecological afforestation at all.
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of no native speed to plant and light weight, can transplant and can plant wall, plant, have " space base " surface bed turf speed cultivating method of ecological afforestation effect.
The present invention is to float the pearl vitreum, form the space plant culture, be called for short in " space base ", as lightweight carrying agent surface bed, described physical characteristic of floating pearl is 1360 ℃ of the spherical hollow bodies of outward appearance, 10~500 microns of particle diameters, porosity 5/6, unit weight<400 kilograms/meter 3,0.0542 kilocalorie/Mi Shidu of thermal conductivity factor, refractoriness, and chemical analysis is ignition loss 2.06%, SiO 255.87%, Fe 3O 46.17%, CaO1.63%, MgO3.31%, SO30.081%, K 2O3.02%, Na 2O0.87%, solvable SiO 20.58%, Al 2O 326.12%, solvable Al 2O 33.21%, in the limited container in bottom or soilless culture under the non-container condition, plantation grass-seed or other plant seed are bred plant constituting bodies such as turf, its root system is deep-rooted rapidly, form mattress, portable forms whole turf in ground, soil and other surface.
The present invention is achieved in that
1, getting thickness is the container that has osculum on 20~35 microns plastic uptake or compression molding and the sidewall, and wherein the diameter of osculum is 0.6~1 millimeter, and hole count is horizontal projected area/20~30 centimetre of container 2, or on hardstand, lay the bar frame, bar frame height is 25~40 millimeters;
2, in container, lay the pearl that floats of 15~40 millimeters height;
3, program request grass seeds, its density are 10~15 gram/rice 2
4, laying is floated pearl and is sprayed water for 1~5 millimeter and oozes reality;
5, under 10~30 ℃ temperature, be subjected to solar radiation every day 3~5 hours, to cultivate 6~8 days, spray water once every day, and until emerging, the moisture content of medium is controlled at 25~50%;
6, emerge after, take spraying to supply water or the double container reverse osmosis is irritated to supply water to make and emerged normally, the time is 12~16 days;
7, begin fertilising again, adapted nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer solution, solution concentration is 0.4~0.6 ‰, adopts the spraying method fertilising, later on every 8~12 days once; Spray water once every day simultaneously, control land speed, avoid careless seedling to be lodged by water attack, or employing water storage method or double container reverse osmosis irrigation method, to prolong water spray blanking time, control simultaneously between the moisture content 25~50% of medium, carry out indoor transplanting in around the, in the 7th week, carry out outdoor transplanting, get final product.
According to above-mentioned " space base " surface bed turf speed cultivating method, when in outdoor container, cultivating, when height of seedling is 70~90 millimeters, on container, cover transparent inverted container, in case big wind is scraped, rain drop erosion.
According to above-mentioned " space base " surface bed turf speed support method, when pearl is floated in laying, also add fly ash micro-sphere or magnetic micro-beads or coke powder, and with float the pearl layering and add, its thickness accounts for 25~75% of gross thickness.
According to above-mentioned " space base " surface bed turf speed cultivating method, when fertilising, also use the liquid fertilizer that contains insecticide and hormone.
Advantage of the present invention be cultivation rapidly and light weight, can move, can cut, plastic, can close, and can plant wall even plant, also can transplant fast on the ground, soil or be implanted in other surface, as various surfaces such as concrete, glass, brick, stone material, timber, ceramic tile, metal covering, plastics, rubber, fiberglass on, form whole turf, thickness is in 20~50 millimeter, can be for indoor, balcony, roof, the outdoor garden of industry with civil buildings, the usefulness of ecological afforestation, decoration, reduction noise and fire extinguishing in square and vehicular traffic, ship, the airborne vehicle.
Provide embodiments of the invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing: embodiment 1:
1, getting thickness is the container that has osculum on 20 microns plastic uptake or compression molding and the sidewall, and wherein the diameter of osculum is 0.6 millimeter, and hole count is horizontal projected area/20 centimetre of container 2, or on hardstand, lay the bar frame, bar frame height is 25 millimeters;
2, lay the pearl that floats of 15 millimeters height in container, described porosity of floating pearl is 5/6, and unit weight is 370 kilograms/cubic metre;
3, program request grass seeds, its density are 10 gram/rice 2
4, re-lay 1 millimeter and float pearl and water spray oozes reality;
5, under 10~20 ℃ temperature, be subjected to solar radiation every day 5 hours, to cultivate 6 days, spray water once every day, and until emerging, the moisture content of medium is controlled at 25%~50%;
6, emerge after, take spraying to supply water or the double container reverse osmosis is irritated and supplied water, promptly two-layer container is folded together, and water filling in the container of bottom, water evaporates and the osculum by the upper container sidewall penetrate in the medium, make to emerge normally, the time is 12 days;
7, begin fertilising again, adapted nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer solution, solution concentration is 0.4 ‰, adopts the spraying method fertilising, later on every 8~10 days once; Spray water once every day simultaneously, control land speed, avoid careless seedling to be lodged, or adopt the water filling of water storage method, make the water storage at container bottom by water attack, or adopt double container reverse osmosis irrigation method to prolong the blanking time of spraying water, to adapt to holiday management, control simultaneously between the moisture content 25~50% of medium, around the, carried out indoor transplanting in interior first day, carry out outdoor transplanting in the 7th interior first day of week, get final product.
When in outdoor container, cultivating, when height of seedling is 70~80 millimeters when week (about the 6th), on container, cover transparent inverted container, and with weight glands such as iron pipes.
In this embodiment, when fertilising, also use the double-effective micro fertilizer that contains insecticide and hormone.Embodiment 2:
1, getting thickness is the container that has osculum on 35 microns plastic uptake or compression molding and the sidewall, and wherein the diameter of osculum is 1.0 millimeters, and hole count is horizontal projected area/30 centimetre of container 2, or on hardstand, lay the bar frame, bar frame height is 40 millimeters;
2, lay the pearl that floats of 40 millimeters height in container, described porosity of floating pearl is 5/6, and unit weight is 400 kilograms/cubic metre;
3, program request grass seeds, its density are 15 gram/rice 2
4, laying is floated pearl and is sprayed water for 5 millimeters and oozes reality;
5, under 20~30 ℃ temperature, be subjected to solar radiation every day 3 hours, to cultivate 8 days, spray water once every day, and until emerging, the moisture content of medium is controlled at 25~50%;
6, emerge after, take spraying to supply water or the double container reverse osmosis is irritated to supply water to make and emerged normally, the time is 16 days;
7, begin fertilising again, adapted nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer solution, solution concentration is 0.6 ‰ or executes double-effective micro fertilizer simultaneously, adopts the spraying method fertilising, later on every 10~12 days once; Spray water once every day simultaneously, control land speed, avoid careless seedling to be lodged by water attack, or adopt water storage method and double container reverse osmosis irrigation method, to prolong the blanking time of spraying water, to adapt to management holiday, control simultaneously between the moisture content 25~50% of medium, carry out indoor transplanting in around the 7th day the time, carry out outdoor transplanting the 7th day the time in all, get final product the 7th.
In this embodiment,,,, on container, cover transparent inverted container for anti-big wind is scraped, rain drop erosion when height of seedling during near 80~90 millimeters if when in outdoor container, cultivating, and with weight glands such as iron pipes.Embodiment 3:
1, getting thickness is the container that has osculum on 20 microns plastic uptake or compression molding and the sidewall, and wherein the diameter of osculum is 1.0 millimeters, and hole count is horizontal projected area/30 centimetre of container 2, or on hardstand, lay the bar frame, bar frame height is 25 millimeters;
That 2, lays 12 millimeters height in container floats pearl and 4 millimeters thick flyash or magnetic micro-beads or coke powder (requiring to determine according to reality), and layering is laid, described porosity of floating pearl is 5/6, and unit weight is controlled at 400~500,600~700,370~400 kilograms/cubic metre respectively;
Other is with embodiment 2.Embodiment 4:
1, getting thickness is the container that has osculum on 35 microns plastic uptake or compression molding and the sidewall, and wherein the diameter of osculum is 0.6 millimeter, and hole count is horizontal projected area/20 centimetre of container 2, or on hardstand, lay the bar frame, bar frame height is 40 millimeters;
That 2, lays 10 millimeters height in container floats pearl and 30 millimeters fly ash micro-spheres or magnetic micro-beads or coke powder, and layering lays, and described porosity of floating pearl is 5/6, and unit weight is controlled at respectively below 600,800,400 kilograms/cubic metre;
Other is with embodiment 1.Embodiment 5:
1, getting thickness is the container that has osculum on 28 microns plastic uptake or compression molding and the sidewall, and wherein the diameter of osculum is 0.8 millimeter, and hole count is horizontal projected area/25 centimetre of container 2, or on hardstand, lay the bar frame, bar frame height is 33 millimeters;
That 2, lays 14 millimeters height in container floats pearl and 14 millimeters thick flyash or magnetic micro-beads or coke powder (requiring to determine according to reality), and layering lays, and described porosity of floating pearl is 5/6, and unit weight is controlled at 380~600 kilograms/cubic metre;
3, program request grass seeds, its density are 12.5 gram/rice 2
4, laying is floated pearl and is sprayed water for 3 millimeters and oozes reality;
5, under 10~30 ℃ temperature, be subjected to solar radiation every day 4 hours, to cultivate 7 days, spray water once every day, and until emerging, the moisture content of medium is controlled at 25~50%;
6, emerge after, take spraying to supply water or the double container reverse osmosis is irritated to supply water to make and emerged normally, the time was two weeks;
7, begin fertilising again, adapted nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer solution, solution concentration is 0.5 ‰, adopts the spraying method fertilising, according to actual conditions, also can use double-effective micro fertilizer, later on every 10 days once; Spray water once every day simultaneously, control land speed, avoid careless seedling to be lodged by water attack, or adopt water storage method, double container reverse osmosis irrigation method, to prolong water spray blanking time, control simultaneously between the moisture content 25~50% of medium, carry out indoor transplanting when (the 3rd day) in around the, in the 7th week, carry out outdoor transplanting when (the 4th day), get final product.
If in outdoor container, cultivate, when height of seedling is 75~85 millimeters, on container, covers transparent inverted container, and use the iron pipe gland.
In the above-described embodiments, if cultivation (as pop can) in the reducing light containers, when height of seedling was more than 85 millimeters, its root system had been covered with space in the container, and employing is embedded into mode to be fixed, and rotates at regular intervals and expose to sunlight, and can realize the cultivation of metope and ceiling.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of " space base " surface bed turf speed cultivating method is characterized in that,
1.1), to get thickness be the container that has osculum on 20~35 microns plastic uptake or compression molding and the sidewall, wherein the diameter of osculum is 0.6~1 millimeter, hole count is horizontal projected area/20~30 centimetre of container 2, or on hardstand, lay the bar frame, bar frame height is 25~40 millimeters;
1.2), the pearl that floats of in container, laying 15~40 millimeters height;
1.3), the program request grass seeds, its density is 10~15 gram/rice 2
1.4), lay 1~5 millimeter and float pearl and water spray oozes reality;
1.5), under 10~30 ℃ temperature, be subjected to solar radiation every day 3~5 hours, cultivated 6~8 days, spray water once every day, until emerging, the moisture content of medium is controlled at 25~50%;
1.6), emerge after, take spraying to supply water or the double container reverse osmosis is irritated to supply water to make and emerged normally, the time is 12~16 days;
1.7), begin fertilising again, adapted nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium compound fertilizer solution, solution concentration is 0.4~0.6 ‰, adopts the spraying method fertilising, later on every 8~12 days once; Spray water once every day simultaneously, control land speed, avoid careless seedling to be lodged by water attack, or employing water storage method or double container reverse osmosis irrigation method, to prolong water spray blanking time, control simultaneously between the moisture content 25~50% of medium, carry out indoor transplanting in around the, in the 7th week, carry out outdoor transplanting, get final product.
2, " space base " according to claim 1 surface bed turf speed cultivating method is characterized in that, when cultivating in outdoor container, when height of seedling is 70~90 millimeters, covers transparent inverted container on container.
3, " space base " according to claim 1 and 2 surface bed turf speed cultivating method is characterized in that, when pearl is floated in laying, also adds fly ash micro-sphere or magnetic micro-beads or coke powder, and with float the pearl layering and add, its thickness accounts for 25~75% of gross thickness.
4, " space base " according to claim 1 and 2 surface bed turf speed cultivating method is characterized in that, when fertilising, also uses the liquid fertilizer that contains insecticide and hormone.
CN96115351A 1996-05-30 1996-05-30 Plant culture medium greensward cultivation method Expired - Fee Related CN1066910C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN96115351A CN1066910C (en) 1996-05-30 1996-05-30 Plant culture medium greensward cultivation method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN96115351A CN1066910C (en) 1996-05-30 1996-05-30 Plant culture medium greensward cultivation method

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CN1151821A true CN1151821A (en) 1997-06-18
CN1066910C CN1066910C (en) 2001-06-13

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102282999A (en) * 2011-06-28 2011-12-21 上海水生环境工程有限公司 Underwater turf planting method for modularized submerged plants

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102282999A (en) * 2011-06-28 2011-12-21 上海水生环境工程有限公司 Underwater turf planting method for modularized submerged plants
CN102282999B (en) * 2011-06-28 2013-04-24 上海水生环境工程有限公司 Underwater turf planting method for modularized submerged plants

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