CN114990823A - Automatic sizing process for functional textile fabric - Google Patents

Automatic sizing process for functional textile fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114990823A
CN114990823A CN202210683087.1A CN202210683087A CN114990823A CN 114990823 A CN114990823 A CN 114990823A CN 202210683087 A CN202210683087 A CN 202210683087A CN 114990823 A CN114990823 A CN 114990823A
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China
Prior art keywords
roller
fabric
water tank
pressure
pressing
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Granted
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CN202210683087.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114990823B (en
Inventor
顾晓焱
袁红星
肖振
杜小响
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Jiangsu Goldsun Textile Science and Technology Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Goldsun Textile Science and Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202210683087.1A priority Critical patent/CN114990823B/en
Publication of CN114990823A publication Critical patent/CN114990823A/en
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Publication of CN114990823B publication Critical patent/CN114990823B/en
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B3/00Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating
    • D06B3/10Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating of fabrics
    • D06B3/18Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating of fabrics combined with squeezing, e.g. in padding machines
    • D06B3/185Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating of fabrics combined with squeezing, e.g. in padding machines below the bath level
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/66Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter
    • B01D46/68Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by means acting on the cake side involving movement with regard to the filter elements
    • B01D46/681Regeneration of the filtering material or filter elements inside the filter by means acting on the cake side involving movement with regard to the filter elements by scrapers, brushes or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/02Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography
    • B01D53/04Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography with stationary adsorbents
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06GMECHANICAL OR PRESSURE CLEANING OF CARPETS, RUGS, SACKS, HIDES, OR OTHER SKIN OR TEXTILE ARTICLES OR FABRICS; TURNING INSIDE-OUT FLEXIBLE TUBULAR OR OTHER HOLLOW ARTICLES
    • D06G1/00Beating, brushing, or otherwise mechanically cleaning or pressure cleaning carpets, rugs, sacks, hides, or other skin or textile articles or fabrics

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Textile Engineering (AREA)
  • Analytical Chemistry (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Oil, Petroleum & Natural Gas (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Treatment Of Fiber Materials (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of textiles, and particularly relates to an automatic sizing process for functional textile fabrics, which is completed by matching a functional textile fabric automatic sizing device, and comprises the following steps: the method comprises the following steps that firstly, the fabric is sequentially attached to a rear first reversing roller, a rear second reversing roller, a pressure bearing roller, a front second reversing roller and a front first reversing roller, and the end part of the fabric is connected to an external conveying device; adjusting the position of a pressing support, pressing the fabric on a pressure bearing roller through a pressing roller, and injecting slurry into a water tank through an external slurry injection device until the pressing roller is completely submerged by the liquid level of the slurry; conveying the fabric through an external conveying device, cleaning the fabric entering a water tank through a cleaning mechanism, and extruding and sizing the fabric through the cooperation of a pressing mechanism and a pressure-bearing roller; the invention ensures that the sizing agent can fully permeate into the pores of the fabric, and improves the sizing effect.

Description

Automatic sizing process for functional textile fabric
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of textiles, and particularly relates to an automatic sizing process for a functional textile fabric.
Background
The functional textile fabric is characterized in that the textile fabric has one or more of special functions of antibiosis, mite removal, mildew prevention, virus resistance, mosquito prevention, moth prevention, flame retardance, crease resistance, non-ironing, ultraviolet ray prevention, electromagnetic radiation prevention and the like besides the basic use value of the textile fabric. The special function of the functional fabric is realized by sizing on the surface of the basic fabric, and the sizing contains substances with special functions.
The traditional sizing process is to directly immerse the fabric into a water tank filled with slurry, and take out the fabric after standing for a period of time, and the sizing process has the following problems when aiming at thicker fabric: (1) a plurality of tiny pores exist among fibers in the thicker fabric, and the pulp is difficult to fully permeate and immerse into the pores in the process of immersing the fabric into the pulp, so that only the surface layer of the fabric is covered with the pulp, and the inside of the fabric cannot be fully sized; (2) the pores in the fabric are filled with chips generated in the processing process, and the chips further prevent the slurry from being filled into the pores and also have adverse effects on the sizing effect.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: an automatic sizing process for functional textile fabrics is completed by matching an automatic sizing device for functional textile fabrics, and comprises a bottom plate, wherein a square water tank is fixedly arranged on the bottom plate, and horizontal first reversing rollers are rotatably arranged at the tops of front and rear end plates of the water tank; two second reversing rollers parallel to the first reversing roller are rotatably mounted in the water tank, and a bearing roller parallel to the second reversing rollers and positioned above the middle position of the two second reversing rollers is rotatably mounted in the water tank.
The water tank is provided with a pressing mechanism matched with the pressure-bearing roller corresponding to the position of the pressure-bearing roller, the pressing mechanism comprises two pressing brackets vertically and slidably mounted on the inner wall of the water tank, and a pressing roller which is positioned above the pressure-bearing roller and is parallel to the pressure-bearing roller is rotatably mounted between the two pressing brackets.
A cleaning mechanism is arranged on the bottom plate and comprises two cleaning frames arranged on the rear end face of the water tank, a cleaning shaft parallel to the pressure-bearing roller is rotatably arranged between the two cleaning frames, and a strip-shaped plate parallel to the cleaning shaft is fixedly arranged on the cleaning shaft; sleeves are fixedly sleeved at two ends of the cleaning shaft, and a return spring sleeved on the cleaning shaft is fixedly connected between the end face of each sleeve and the corresponding cleaning frame.
The blocking mechanism is installed on one side, close to the water tank front end plate, of the bearing roller in the water tank and comprises two lifting pieces which are vertically slidably installed on the inner wall of the water tank, a horizontal rod is fixedly connected between the two lifting pieces, and air bags are fixedly sleeved at the two ends of the horizontal rod.
The automatic sizing process of the functional textile fabric comprises the following steps:
step one, installing a fabric: sequentially attaching the fabric to a rear first reversing roller, a rear second reversing roller, a pressure bearing roller, a front second reversing roller and a front first reversing roller, and connecting the end part of the fabric to an external conveying device;
step two, injecting slurry: adjusting the position of a pressing support, pressing the fabric on a pressure bearing roller through a pressing roller, and injecting slurry into a water tank through an external slurry injection device until the liquid level of the slurry completely submerges the pressing roller;
step three, conveying and sizing: the fabric is conveyed through an external conveying device, the fabric entering the water tank is cleaned through the cleaning mechanism, and the fabric is squeezed and sized through the matching of the pressing mechanism and the pressure bearing roller.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, a support frame is fixedly arranged on the water tank corresponding to each pressure applying support, a vertical extension spring is fixedly connected between each support frame and the corresponding pressure applying support, and an electric sliding block matched with the upper surface of each pressure applying support is horizontally and slidably arranged on the inner wall of the water tank corresponding to the position of each pressure applying support.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the pressure applying bracket is vertically and fixedly provided with a pressure lever penetrating through the corresponding support frame, and the top ends of the two pressure levers are jointly and fixedly provided with a horizontal beam.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, a driven block is fixedly arranged on a sleeve, an installation frame is fixedly arranged on the rear end face of a water tank, an installation shaft parallel to a cleaning shaft is rotatably arranged on the installation frame, a disc is fixedly arranged on the installation shaft corresponding to the position of the sleeve, and a plurality of driving blocks matched with the driven block are uniformly and fixedly arranged on the circumferential surface of the disc; a cleaning motor used for driving the mounting shaft to rotate is fixedly mounted on the rear end face of the water tank through a motor base.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, a tension roller which is parallel to the bearing roller and is positioned behind the water tank is rotatably arranged above the bottom plate; an Contraband-shaped frame with a downward opening is fixedly arranged on the bottom plate corresponding to the position of the tension roller, an adsorption tank parallel to the tension roller is arranged on the horizontal section of the Contraband-shaped frame, a plurality of suction pumps are uniformly and fixedly arranged on the rear end face of the adsorption tank along the length direction of the adsorption tank, and an air inlet pipe is fixedly arranged on the front section face of the adsorption tank corresponding to each suction pump; the cavity has been seted up to the adsorption tank top surface, and the air inlet tank has all been seted up to the position that corresponds every intake pipe on the cavity inner wall, and the air outlet tank has all been seted up to the position that corresponds every aspirator pump on the cavity inner wall.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the detachable frame is installed in the cavity in a vertical sliding fit mode, the left side wall, the right side wall and the rear end face of the frame are attached to the inner wall of the cavity, and the filter screen is fixedly installed on the inner side of the frame.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, the adsorption box is in sliding fit with the horizontal section of the v-shaped frame in the left-right direction, the horizontal section of the v-shaped frame is in sliding fit with the v-shaped frame, the air cylinders are fixedly arranged at two ends of the adsorption box on the horizontal section of the v-shaped frame, and the end parts of the telescopic sections of the air cylinders are fixedly connected with the adsorption box; the left end and the right end of the horizontal section of the Contraband-shaped frame are both provided with a fixed rod, an installation rod parallel to the adsorption box is detachably arranged between the two fixed rods, the bottom surface of the installation rod is attached to the upper surface of the adsorption box, and the installation rod is matched with the top of the frame to seal the opening of the cavity; the bottom surface of the mounting rod is uniformly and fixedly provided with a plurality of vertical brush rods along the length direction, and the bristles on the brush rods are attached to the filter screen.
As a preferred technical scheme of the invention, two arc-shaped rods are horizontally and fixedly arranged on the horizontal rod, and an opening formed by the two arc-shaped rods faces backwards; a plurality of horizontal through grooves are formed in the horizontal rods between the two arc-shaped rods; the horizontal rod is internally and rotatably provided with a round rod which horizontally penetrates through each horizontal through groove, and the surface of the round rod is provided with a plurality of needles and blades at intervals along the circumferential direction corresponding to the horizontal through grooves.
The invention has at least the following beneficial effects: (1) according to the invention, through the matching of the pressure bearing roller and the two second reversing rollers, the surface of the fabric to be sized is bent upwards, so that internal fibers close to the upper surface of the fabric are mutually opened, and the pores among the fibers are enlarged; the fabric is extruded through the matching of the pressing roller and the pressure bearing roller, the fabric deforms, the pores disappear under the action of extrusion force, air in the pores inside the fabric is extruded out, the extruded air forms bubbles to float upwards in the slurry, the fabric separated from the pressing roller recovers deformation, and the slurry is sucked into the pores in the pore resetting process, so that the slurry can be ensured to fully permeate into the pores; according to the invention, the blocking mechanism is used for blocking and eliminating the bubbles on the surface layer of the sizing agent, so that the bubbles are prevented from adhering to the surface of the fabric in the free floating process, and the sizing effect is further improved.
(2) According to the invention, before the fabric is fed into the slurry, the fabric is firstly flapped by the strip-shaped plate in the cleaning mechanism, the fabric vibrates under the continuous beating action, scraps on the surface layer of the fabric are directly separated from the fabric in the vibration process, the scraps in the inner gap of the fabric are separated from fabric fibers, then the residual scraps on the fabric are adsorbed by the adsorption action, and the scraps separated from the fabric enter the adsorption box and are adhered to the surface of the filter screen; because the adsorption box continuously moves left and right, the brush rod on the installation rod brushes and sweeps the debris on the surface of the filter screen, so that the part of the filter screen corresponding to the air suction pump can allow air to circulate, and the filtering effect is further ensured; the adsorption box continuously moves left and right to drive each air suction pump and the air inlet pipe to reciprocate along the vertical fabric conveying direction, so that the air inlet pipe forms a wavy air suction path on the surface of the fabric, the adsorption effect on the fabric is improved, the situation that the chips are remained on the fabric to influence the inside of a pulp permeation hole is avoided, and the sizing effect is further improved.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
Fig. 1 is a step diagram of an automatic sizing process of a functional textile fabric according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic first perspective view of an automatic sizing device for functional textile fabrics according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of a point a in fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of fig. 2 at B.
Fig. 5 is a schematic second perspective view of the automatic sizing device for functional textile fabrics according to the embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 6 is an enlarged schematic view at C in fig. 5.
FIG. 7 is a front view of a portion of the internal structure of a horizontal rod in an embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a side view showing the internal structure of the adsorption tank in the embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a water tank; 2. a first reversing roller; 3. a second reversing roller; 4. a backing roll; 5. a pressure applying mechanism; 501. a pressure applying bracket; 502. applying a pressure roller; 503. a support frame; 504. a tension spring; 505. an electric slider; 506. a pressure lever; 507. a cross beam; 6. a cleaning mechanism; 601. a cleaning frame; 602. cleaning the shaft; 603. a strip-shaped plate; 604. a sleeve; 605. a return spring; 606. a driven block; 607. installing a shaft; 608. a disc; 609. a drive block; 610. cleaning the motor; 611. a tension roller; 612. contraband shaped frame; 613. an adsorption tank; 614. a getter pump; 615. an air inlet pipe; 616. a cavity; 617. an air inlet groove; 618. an air outlet groove; 619. a frame; 620. a filter screen; 621. a cylinder; 622. mounting a rod; 623. a brush rod; 7. a blocking mechanism; 701. a lifting sheet; 702. a horizontal bar; 703. an air bag; 704. an arc-shaped rod; 705. a horizontal through groove; 706. a round bar; 707. a needle; 708. a blade.
Detailed Description
Embodiments of the invention will be described in detail below with reference to the drawings, but the invention can be implemented in many different ways as defined and covered by the claims.
As shown in fig. 2 and 5, the embodiment provides an automatic sizing device for functional textile fabrics, which comprises a bottom plate, wherein a square water tank 1 is fixedly installed on the bottom plate, and horizontal first reversing rollers 2 are rotatably installed at the tops of front and rear end plates of the water tank 1; two second reversing rollers 3 parallel to the first reversing roller 2 are rotatably mounted in the water tank 1, and a bearing roller 4 parallel to the second reversing rollers 3 and positioned above the middle position of the two second reversing rollers 3 is rotatably mounted in the water tank 1; in the process of sizing the upper surface of the fabric, the fabric is sequentially attached to the rear first reversing roller 2, the rear second reversing roller 3, the pressure bearing roller 4, the front second reversing roller 3 and the front first reversing roller 2, the circumferential surface of the pressure bearing roller 4 is attached to the lower surface of the fabric, and when the fabric is conveyed by an external conveying device, the fabric is contacted with the slurry in the water tank 1 to size the upper surface of the fabric.
As shown in fig. 2 and 3, a pressing mechanism 5 matched with the backing roller 4 is installed at a position of the water tank 1 corresponding to the backing roller 4, the pressing mechanism 5 comprises two pressing brackets 501 vertically and slidably installed on the inner wall of the water tank 1, and a pressing roller 502 which is located above the backing roller 4 and is parallel to the backing roller 4 is rotatably installed between the two pressing brackets 501; a supporting frame 503 is fixedly arranged on the water tank 1 corresponding to each pressing support 501, a vertical extension spring 504 is fixedly connected between each supporting frame 503 and the corresponding pressing support 501, and an electric sliding block 505 matched with the upper surface of the pressing support 501 is horizontally and slidably arranged on the inner wall of the water tank 1 corresponding to the position of the pressing support 501; a pressure lever 506 penetrating through the corresponding support frame 503 is vertically and fixedly installed on the pressure applying bracket 501, and a horizontal beam 507 is fixedly installed at the top ends of the two pressure levers 506 together.
In the initial state, the distance between the pressure applying roller 502 and the backing roller 4 is far larger than the thickness of the fabric, after the fabric is attached to the backing roller 4, the pressing rod 506, the pressing bracket 501 and the pressing roller 502 are driven to descend by manually pressing the cross beam 507 downwards, the telescopic spring 504 is stretched, when the pressing bracket 501 descends to a position below the electric slider 505, the electric slider 505 is manually controlled to horizontally move to a position corresponding to the pressing bracket 501 and then the cross beam 507 is released, at this time, the extension spring 504 tends to reset and drives the pressing bracket 501 and the pressing roller 502 to move upwards for a short distance until the upper surface of the pressing bracket 501 is attached to the lower surface of the electric slider 505, the electric slider 505 plays a role in limiting the pressing bracket 501 and the pressing roller 502 in the vertical direction, the distance between the pressing roller 502 and the pressure bearing roller 4 is kept constant, thereby ensuring that the pressure exerted by the pressure applying roller 502 and the pressure bearing roller 4 on the fabric passing between the pressure applying roller 502 and the pressure bearing roller 4 is constant; the fabric deforms under the action of external extrusion, pores in the fabric disappear under the action of the extrusion force, air in the pores is extruded out, bubbles formed by the extruded air float in the slurry, the fabric separated from the pressure applying roller 502 recovers deformation, and the slurry in the water tank 1 is sucked into the pores in the pore resetting process, so that the slurry can be ensured to fully permeate into the pores close to the upper surface of the fabric; it should be noted that, because the fabric is bent upwards, the internal fibers close to the upper surface of the fabric are opened, and the pores between the fibers are enlarged, the sizing effect on the upper surface of the fabric is better, and if the lower surface of the fabric needs to be sufficiently sized, the fabric is turned over after finishing single sizing, and sizing is performed again.
As shown in fig. 4, a cleaning mechanism 6 is mounted above the bottom plate, the cleaning mechanism 6 includes two cleaning frames 601 fixedly mounted on the rear end surface of the water tank 1, a cleaning shaft 602 parallel to the pressure roller 4 is rotatably mounted between the two cleaning frames 601, and a strip-shaped plate 603 parallel to the cleaning shaft 602 is fixedly mounted on the cleaning shaft 602; sleeves 604 are fixedly sleeved at two ends of the cleaning shaft 602, and a return spring 605 sleeved on the cleaning shaft 602 is fixedly connected between the end surface of each sleeve 604 and the corresponding cleaning frame 601; a driven block 606 is fixedly arranged on the sleeve 604, a mounting frame is fixedly arranged on the rear end face of the water tank 1, a mounting shaft 607 parallel to the cleaning shaft 602 is rotatably arranged on the mounting frame, a disc 608 is fixedly arranged on the mounting shaft 607 at a position corresponding to the sleeve 604, and a plurality of driving blocks 609 matched with the driven block 606 are uniformly and fixedly arranged on the circumferential surface of the disc 608; a cleaning motor 610 for driving the mounting shaft 607 to rotate is fixedly mounted on the rear end surface of the water tank 1 through a motor base.
In the fabric conveying process, the cleaning motor 610 drives the mounting shaft 607, the disc 608 and the driving blocks 609 to continuously rotate, each driving block 609 sequentially drives the driven block 606, the driven block 606 drives the sleeve 604, the cleaning shaft 602 and the strip-shaped plate 603 to rotate for a certain angle in the stirring process, the return spring 605 deforms, and the strip-shaped plate 603 is in contact with the fabric; after the driven block 606 is separated from the driving block 609, the return spring 605 drives the sleeve 604, the cleaning shaft 602 and the strip-shaped plate 603 to rotate reversely and return; the strip-shaped plates 603 continuously flap the fabric at high frequency under the combined action of periodic stirring of the driving blocks 609 and the resilience force of the return spring 605, so that the fabric vibrates; the scraps on the surface of the fabric are directly separated from the fabric, and the scraps in the fabric are separated from the fibers of the fabric.
As shown in fig. 2, 6 and 8, a tension roller 611 parallel to the backing roller 4 and behind the water tank 1 is rotatably installed above the bottom plate; an Contraband-shaped frame 612 and a v-shaped frame 21274with downward openings are fixedly arranged on the bottom plate corresponding to the position of the tension roller 611, an adsorption box 613 parallel to the tension roller 611 is arranged on the horizontal section of the shaped frame 612, the adsorption box 613 is in sliding fit with the v-shaped frame 21274along the left-right direction, a plurality of suction pumps 614 are uniformly and fixedly arranged on the rear end surface of the adsorption box 613 along the length direction of the adsorption box 613, and a gas inlet pipe 615 is fixedly arranged on the front section surface of the adsorption box 613 corresponding to the position of each suction pump 614; a cavity 616 is formed on the top surface of the adsorption box 613, an air inlet groove 617 is formed in the inner wall of the cavity 616 at a position corresponding to each air inlet pipe 615, and an air outlet groove 618 is formed in the inner wall of the cavity 616 at a position corresponding to each air suction pump 614; a detachable frame 619 is arranged in the cavity 616 in a vertical sliding fit mode, the left side wall, the right side wall and the rear end face of the frame 619 are attached to the inner wall of the cavity 616, and a filter screen 620 is fixedly arranged on the inner side of the frame 619; the cylinder 621 is fixedly installed at both ends of the adsorption box 613 on the horizontal section of the Contraband-shaped frame 612, and the end of the telescopic section of the cylinder 621 is fixedly connected with the adsorption box 613; fixing rods are respectively arranged at the left end and the right end of the horizontal section of the Contraband-shaped frame 612, an installation rod 622 parallel to the adsorption box 613 is detachably arranged between the two fixing rods, the bottom surface of the installation rod 622 is attached to the upper surface of the adsorption box 613, and the installation rod 622 is matched with the top of the frame 619 to seal the opening of the cavity 616; the bottom surface of the mounting rod 622 is uniformly and fixedly provided with a plurality of vertical brush rods 623 along the length direction, and bristles on the brush rods 623 are attached to the filter screen 620.
After the air suction pump 614 is started, the air inlet pipe 615 sucks air on the surface of the fabric, debris separated from the fabric and debris remaining in pores inside the fabric are sucked into the air inlet pipe 615, the debris enters the cavity 616 after passing through the air inlet groove 617 along with the air flow, the debris is blocked by the filter screen 620, and the filtered air flows out after passing through the air outlet groove 618 and the air suction pump 614; in the process, the cylinder 621 drives the adsorption box 613 to reciprocate along the left-right direction, the adsorption box 613 drives each air suction pump 614 and each air inlet pipe 615 to reciprocate along the direction vertical to the conveying direction of the fabric, the air inlet pipe 615 forms a wavy adsorption path on the surface of the fabric, and as the suction force applied to the fabric opposite to the air inlet pipe 615 is larger, the adsorption effect on the scraps is better, the uniformity of the adsorption effect on all parts of the surface of the fabric is improved, and the scraps on all parts of the fabric can be effectively adsorbed; in the process that the adsorption box 613 moves left and right, the frame 619 and the filter screen 620 synchronously reciprocate, and the installation rod 622 and the brush rod 623 are fixed, so the brush rod 623 sweeps back and forth on the surface of the filter screen 620, and sweeps the scraps on the surface of the filter screen 620 to a position corresponding to the position between two adjacent air inlet pipes 615, so that the scraps on the fabric corresponding to the air inlet pipes 615 can be effectively adsorbed.
As shown in fig. 5 and 7, a blocking mechanism 7 is installed in the water tank 1 at one side of the pressure-bearing roller 4 close to the front end plate of the water tank 1, the blocking mechanism 7 includes two lifting pieces 701 vertically slidably installed on the inner wall of the water tank 1, a horizontal rod 702 is fixedly connected between the two lifting pieces 701, and air bags 703 are fixedly sleeved at both ends of the horizontal rod 702; two arc-shaped rods 704 are horizontally and fixedly arranged on the horizontal rod 702, and an opening formed by the two arc-shaped rods 704 faces to the rear; a plurality of horizontal through grooves 705 are formed in the horizontal rods 702 between the two arc-shaped rods 704; a round rod 706 horizontally penetrating through each horizontal through groove 705 is rotatably installed inside the horizontal rod 702, and a plurality of needles 707 and blades 708 are installed on the surface of the round rod 706 at intervals along the circumferential direction corresponding to the positions of the horizontal through grooves 705.
In the sizing process, the pressure applying roller 502 and the pressure bearing roller 4 extrude the fabric, bubbles generated after extrusion float on the liquid level of the slurry, and the bubbles can float freely along with the slurry; the buoyancy effect of gasbag 703 makes lift piece 701, horizontal pole 702 and arc pole 704 are in with basin 1 interior thick liquid level parallel and level's position, foam that floats to the front gets into horizontal logical groove 705 under the guide effect of arc pole 704, the thick liquid effect that flows drives round bar 706 rotation on blade 708, round bar 706 drives needle 707 and rotates, the foam that gets into horizontal logical groove 705 is punctured after contacting with needle 707, thereby the effect of defoaming of playing, avoid the foam to drift near the surface fabric and the adhesion appears in the condition on surface fabric surface, the effect of starching has further been guaranteed.
The embodiment provides an automatic sizing process for functional textile fabric, which comprises the following steps:
step one, installing a fabric: sequentially attaching the fabric to a rear first reversing roller 2, a rear second reversing roller 3, a pressure bearing roller 4, a front second reversing roller 3 and a front first reversing roller 2, and connecting the end part of the fabric to an external conveying device;
step two, injecting slurry: adjusting the position of a pressing bracket 501, pressing the fabric on a pressure bearing roller 4 through a pressing roller 502, and injecting slurry into the water tank 1 through an external slurry injection device until the liquid level of the slurry completely submerges the pressing roller 502;
step three, conveying and sizing: the fabric is conveyed by an external conveying device, the fabric entering the water tank 1 is cleaned by the cleaning mechanism 6, and the fabric is extruded and sized by the matching of the pressing mechanism 5 and the pressure bearing roller 4.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an automatic starching technology of functional textile fabric adopts the cooperation of the automatic sizing apparatus of a functional textile fabric to accomplish, the automatic sizing apparatus of functional textile fabric includes the bottom plate, and fixed mounting has square basin (1) on the bottom plate, and the first switching-over roller (2) of horizontally is installed all to the end plate top around basin (1) rotation, its characterized in that: two second reversing rollers (3) parallel to the first reversing roller (2) are rotatably mounted in the water tank (1), and a bearing roller (4) parallel to the second reversing rollers (3) and positioned above the middle position of the two second reversing rollers (3) is rotatably mounted in the water tank (1);
a pressing mechanism (5) matched with the pressure-bearing roller (4) is arranged at the position, corresponding to the pressure-bearing roller (4), of the water tank (1), the pressing mechanism (5) comprises two pressing brackets (501) vertically and slidably mounted on the inner wall of the water tank (1), and a pressing roller (502) which is positioned above the pressure-bearing roller (4) and is parallel to the pressure-bearing roller (4) is rotatably mounted between the two pressing brackets (501);
a cleaning mechanism (6) is arranged above the bottom plate, the cleaning mechanism (6) comprises two cleaning frames (601) fixedly arranged on the rear end face of the water tank (1), a cleaning shaft (602) parallel to the pressure-bearing roller (4) is rotatably arranged between the two cleaning frames (601), and strip-shaped plates (603) parallel to the cleaning shaft (602) are fixedly arranged on the cleaning shaft; sleeves (604) are fixedly sleeved at two ends of the cleaning shaft (602), and a return spring (605) sleeved on the cleaning shaft (602) is fixedly connected between the end surface of each sleeve (604) and the corresponding cleaning frame (601);
a blocking mechanism (7) is arranged on one side, close to the front end plate of the water tank (1), of the pressure bearing roller (4) in the water tank (1), the blocking mechanism (7) comprises two lifting sheets (701) which are vertically and slidably arranged on the inner wall of the water tank (1), a horizontal rod (702) is fixedly connected between the two lifting sheets (701), and air bags (703) are fixedly sleeved at two ends of the horizontal rod (702);
the automatic sizing process of the functional textile fabric comprises the following steps:
step one, installing a fabric: sequentially attaching the fabric to a rear first reversing roller (2), a rear second reversing roller (3), a pressure bearing roller (4), a front second reversing roller (3) and a front first reversing roller (2), and connecting the end part of the fabric to an external conveying device;
step two, injecting slurry: the position of a pressing support (501) is adjusted, the fabric is pressed on a pressure bearing roller (4) through a pressing roller (502), and slurry is injected into the water tank (1) through an external slurry injection device until the liquid level of the slurry completely submerges the pressing roller (502);
step three, conveying and sizing: the fabric is conveyed through an external conveying device, the fabric entering the water tank (1) is cleaned through the cleaning mechanism (6), and the fabric is extruded and sized through the matching of the pressing mechanism (5) and the pressure bearing roller (4).
2. The automatic sizing process of the functional textile fabric according to claim 1, characterized in that: the water tank is characterized in that a support frame (503) is fixedly mounted at a position corresponding to each pressure applying support (501) on the water tank (1), a vertical expansion spring (504) is fixedly connected between each support frame (503) and the corresponding pressure applying support (501), and an electric slider (505) matched with the upper surface of each pressure applying support (501) is horizontally and slidably mounted at a position corresponding to each pressure applying support (501) on the inner wall of the water tank (1).
3. The automatic sizing process of the functional textile fabric according to claim 2, characterized in that: and the pressure applying bracket (501) is vertically and fixedly provided with a pressure lever (506) penetrating through the corresponding support frame (503), and the top ends of the two pressure levers (506) are jointly and fixedly provided with a horizontal cross beam (507).
4. The automatic sizing process of the functional textile fabric according to claim 1, characterized in that: a driven block (606) is fixedly mounted on the sleeve (604), a mounting frame is fixedly mounted on the rear end face of the water tank (1), a mounting shaft (607) parallel to the cleaning shaft (602) is rotatably mounted on the mounting frame, a disc (608) is fixedly mounted on the mounting shaft (607) at a position corresponding to the sleeve (604), and a plurality of driving blocks (609) matched with the driven block (606) are uniformly and fixedly mounted on the circumferential surface of the disc (608); a cleaning motor (610) for driving the mounting shaft (607) to rotate is fixedly mounted on the rear end face of the water tank (1) through a motor base.
5. The automatic sizing process of the functional textile fabric according to claim 1, characterized in that: a tensioning roller (611) which is parallel to the bearing roller (4) and is positioned behind the water tank (1) is rotatably arranged above the bottom plate; an Contraband-shaped frame (612) with a downward opening and a 21274are fixedly arranged on the bottom plate corresponding to the position of the tension roller (611), an adsorption box (613) parallel to the tension roller (611) is arranged on the horizontal section of the shaped frame (612), a plurality of suction pumps (614) are uniformly and fixedly arranged on the rear end surface of the adsorption box (613) along the length direction of the adsorption box, and an air inlet pipe (615) is fixedly arranged on the front section surface of the adsorption box (613) corresponding to the position of each suction pump (614); cavity (616) have been seted up to adsorption tank (613) top surface, and inlet duct (617) have all been seted up to the position that corresponds every intake pipe (615) on cavity (616) inner wall, and outlet duct (618) have all been seted up to the position that corresponds every aspirator pump (614) on cavity (616) inner wall.
6. The automatic sizing process of the functional textile fabric according to claim 5, characterized in that: install frame (619) that can dismantle through vertical sliding fit mode in cavity (616), lateral wall and rear end face all laminate mutually with the inner wall of cavity (616) about frame (619), and frame (619) inboard fixed mounting has filter screen (620).
7. The automatic sizing process of the functional textile fabric according to claim 6, characterized in that: the adsorption box (613) is in sliding fit with a horizontal section of the shaped frame (612) along the left-right direction, air cylinders (621) are fixedly mounted at two ends of the adsorption box (613) on the horizontal section of the Contraband shaped frame (612), and the end parts of the telescopic sections of the air cylinders (621) are fixedly connected with the adsorption box (613); fixing rods are arranged at the left end and the right end of the horizontal section of the Contraband-shaped frame (612), an installation rod (622) parallel to the adsorption box (613) is detachably arranged between the two fixing rods, the bottom surface of the installation rod (622) is attached to the upper surface of the adsorption box (613), and the installation rod (622) is matched with the top of the frame (619) to seal the opening of the cavity (616); the bottom surface of the mounting rod (622) is uniformly and fixedly provided with a plurality of vertical brush rods (623) along the length direction, and bristles on the brush rods (623) are attached to the filter screen (620).
8. The automatic sizing process of the functional textile fabric according to claim 1, characterized in that: two arc-shaped rods (704) are horizontally and fixedly installed on the horizontal rod (702), and an opening formed by the two arc-shaped rods (704) faces the rear; a plurality of horizontal through grooves (705) are formed in the positions, located between the two arc-shaped rods (704), of the horizontal rods (702); round rods (706) horizontally penetrating through the horizontal through grooves (705) are rotatably arranged in the horizontal rods (702), and a plurality of needles (707) and blades (708) are arranged on the surfaces of the round rods (706) at intervals along the circumferential direction at positions corresponding to the horizontal through grooves (705).
CN202210683087.1A 2022-06-17 2022-06-17 Automatic sizing process for functional textile fabric Active CN114990823B (en)

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