CN114905221A - Quick positioning and assembling process for pipe orifice flange - Google Patents

Quick positioning and assembling process for pipe orifice flange Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114905221A
CN114905221A CN202210615761.2A CN202210615761A CN114905221A CN 114905221 A CN114905221 A CN 114905221A CN 202210615761 A CN202210615761 A CN 202210615761A CN 114905221 A CN114905221 A CN 114905221A
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China
Prior art keywords
telescopic rod
fixedly connected
plate
positioning
telescopic
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Pending
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CN202210615761.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄青梅
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202210615761.2A priority Critical patent/CN114905221A/en
Publication of CN114905221A publication Critical patent/CN114905221A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/04Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work
    • B23K37/053Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work aligning cylindrical work; Clamping devices therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/02Carriages for supporting the welding or cutting element
    • B23K37/0211Carriages for supporting the welding or cutting element travelling on a guide member, e.g. rail, track
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/02Carriages for supporting the welding or cutting element
    • B23K37/0247Driving means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K2101/00Articles made by soldering, welding or cutting
    • B23K2101/04Tubular or hollow articles
    • B23K2101/06Tubes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K2103/00Materials to be soldered, welded or cut
    • B23K2103/02Iron or ferrous alloys
    • B23K2103/04Steel or steel alloys
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E30/00Energy generation of nuclear origin
    • Y02E30/30Nuclear fission reactors

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  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Optics & Photonics (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Butt Welding And Welding Of Specific Article (AREA)
  • Pressure Welding/Diffusion-Bonding (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a quick positioning and assembling process for a pipe orifice flange. This quick positioning assembly process of mouth of pipe flange, through starting first motor, the second motor, first welder and second welder, first motor drives first gear revolve, first gear connects through the meshing and drives first arc rack and remove along first guide rail, let first arc rack drive first welder and remove, the second motor drives second gear revolve, the second gear connects through the meshing and drives second arc rack and remove along second guide rail, let second arc rack drive second welder and remove, can make first welder and second welder rotate the junction of welding flange and steel pipe simultaneously like this, and the work efficiency is improved.

Description

Quick positioning and assembling process for pipe orifice flange
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of flange assembly, in particular to a quick positioning and assembling process for a pipe orifice flange.
Background
In the building engineering construction process, especially when the pipeline engineering construction, the tip welding ring flange of steel pipe again need, and when ring flange and steel pipe assembly welding, the ring flange is difficult for guaranteeing with the steel pipe straightness that hangs down, for guaranteeing assembly quality, needs the manual work to carry out a lot of and adjusts, and work efficiency is not high, and the quality is difficult to guarantee.
For example, in chinese patent CN112171139A, the flange plate matched with the processed steel pipe is connected to the flange die plate by bolts, the penetrating pins penetrate into the pin holes on the transmission rod, the hand wheel is rotated to adjust the distance between the two flange die plates to adapt to the length of the steel pipe to be installed, the steel pipe is installed in place and welded with the flange plate into a whole, so that the quality and the construction efficiency of pipe orifice flange assembly positioning can be effectively improved, and the labor intensity is low.
Although can adjust the interval between two flange die plates in above-mentioned patent and make its steel pipe length with treating the installation suit, its operation process is comparatively complicated, also has certain technical requirement to the staff moreover, is not suitable for the batch processing of mouth of pipe flange, and its popularization degree is limited, provides a quick location assembly process of mouth of pipe flange for this reason, can effectual quick location nozzle flange position, can carry out batch processing production.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a quick positioning and assembling process for pipe orifice flanges, which solves the problems that the operation process is relatively complicated, certain technical requirements are required for workers, and the quick positioning and assembling process is not suitable for positioning, assembling and batch processing of the pipe orifice flanges.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a quick positioning assembly frock of orifice flange, includes unable adjustment base, unable adjustment base's top fixedly connected with feed mechanism, unable adjustment base's top just is located feed mechanism's right side fixedly connected with welding mechanism, unable adjustment base's top just is located welding mechanism's rear side fixedly connected with docking mechanism, unable adjustment base's top just is located welding mechanism's right side fixedly connected with rotary mechanism.
The invention is further configured to: the feeding mechanism comprises a supporting frame, the bottom of the supporting frame is fixedly connected with the top of a fixed base, a positioning plate is fixedly connected inside the supporting frame, the left side and the right side of the front side and the rear side of the positioning plate are fixedly connected with first slide bars through fixed blocks, a first placing frame is slidably connected between the outer parts of the front two groups of the first slide bars and the rear two groups of the first placing frame, the outer parts of the cross bars of the two groups of the first placing frames are respectively and fixedly connected with first telescopic rods through holes, the two groups of the first telescopic rods are oppositely arranged, the telescopic end of each first telescopic rod is fixedly connected with a first separating block, the left side of the top of the positioning plate is fixedly connected with a second telescopic rod through the fixed blocks, the telescopic end of each second telescopic rod is fixedly connected with a first push plate, the bottom of each first push plate is slidably connected with the top of the positioning plate, and the top of each first slide bar is fixedly connected with a supporting plate, the utility model discloses a support frame, including the support frame, the top fixedly connected with third telescopic link of backup pad, the flexible end fixedly connected with first movable plate of third telescopic link, and the outside of first movable plate and the inside sliding connection of support frame, the left and right sides of both sides all is through fixed block fixedly connected with second slide bar around the first movable plate, and anterior two sets ofly and the rear portion is two sets of the outside of second slide bar horizontal pole is respectively through the equal fixedly connected with separation telescopic link of trompil, and two sets of separation telescopic links set up in opposite directions, the flexible end fixedly connected with second separation block of separation telescopic link, the first promotion telescopic link of fixed block fixedly connected with is passed through in the left side at first movable plate top, the flexible end fixedly connected with second push pedal of first promotion telescopic link, and the top sliding connection of the bottom of second push pedal and first movable plate.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, first telescopic link and separation telescopic link drive first separation piece and second separation piece respectively and remove, part the flange of bottom to make things convenient for second telescopic link and first promotion telescopic link to promote the flange and remove.
The invention is further configured to: the welding mechanism comprises a welding plate, the bottom of the welding plate is fixedly connected with the top of a fixed base, a moving groove is formed in the front side of the welding plate, a first butt plate is fixedly connected to the bottom of the inner surface of the moving groove, a first guide rail is fixedly connected to the rear side of the first butt plate and located on the rear side of the welding plate, a first arc-shaped rack is connected to the inner portion of the first guide rail in a sliding mode, a first adjusting telescopic rod is fixedly connected to each of two ends of the inner side of the first arc-shaped rack, a first welding gun is obliquely installed at the telescopic end of the first adjusting telescopic rod, a first motor is fixedly connected to the right side of the first butt plate through a fixed block, a first gear is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the first motor and meshed with the outer arc surface of the first arc-shaped rack, a second adjusting telescopic rod is fixedly connected to the top of the first butt plate and located on the front side of the welding plate, the telescopic end fixedly connected with second butt joint board of telescopic link is adjusted to the second, the outside of second butt joint board and the inside sliding connection of shifting chute, the rear side of second butt joint board just is located the rear side fixedly connected with second guide rail of welded plate, the inside sliding connection of second guide rail has second arc rack, the telescopic link is adjusted to the equal fixedly connected with third in both ends that second arc rack is inboard, second welder is installed in the slope of the flexible end of third regulation telescopic link, fixed block fixedly connected with second motor is passed through on the right side of second butt joint board, the output shaft fixedly connected with second gear of second motor, and the extrados meshing of second gear and second arc rack is connected.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, first motor and second motor drive first arc rack and second arc rack through first gear and second gear and remove, make first welder and the joint of second welder fast-rotating welding flange and steel pipe.
The invention is further configured to: the butt joint mechanism comprises a butt joint frame, the bottom of the butt joint frame is fixedly connected with the top of a fixed base, the top and the bottom of the butt joint frame are fixedly connected with positioning telescopic rods through holes, two groups of positioning telescopic rods are arranged oppositely, the telescopic end of each positioning telescopic rod is fixedly connected with a second movable plate, the rear side of each second movable plate is in sliding connection with the outside of the butt joint frame, the opposite sides of the two groups of second movable plates are fixedly connected with positioning cylinders, the opposite sides of the two groups of second movable plates and the left and right sides of the positioning cylinders are fixedly connected with guide rods, the inside of each positioning cylinder is fixedly connected with a positioning motor, the output shaft of each positioning motor is fixedly connected with a lead screw, the outside of the lead screw is in threaded connection with a moving ring, the left and right sides of the positioning cylinders are both provided with positioning grooves, and the inside of each positioning groove is in sliding connection with a positioning block, the left and right sides of shift ring all is connected with the bracing piece through the pivot rotation, the one end of bracing piece is connected through the inside rotation of pivot and locating piece.
By adopting the technical scheme, the positioning motor is started to rotate clockwise, and the positioning motor drives the moving ring to move upwards through the screw rod, so that the positioning block is stretched out by the supporting rod, and the flange and the center of the steel pipe are aligned to the positioning block.
The invention is further configured to: the rotating mechanism comprises a fixed frame, the bottom of the fixed frame is fixedly connected with the top of a fixed base, a moving frame is connected inside the fixed frame in a sliding manner, a second pushing telescopic rod is fixedly connected to the right side of the fixed frame, the telescopic end of the second pushing telescopic rod penetrates through and extends into the fixed frame, the telescopic end of the second pushing telescopic rod is fixedly connected with the outside of the moving frame, a rotating motor is fixedly connected to the top of the inner surface of the moving frame, a rotating rod is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the rotating motor, one end of the rotating rod is rotatably connected with the bottom of the inner surface of the moving frame through a bearing, a first rotating plate is fixedly connected to the outside of the rotating rod, a first moving telescopic rod is fixedly connected to the top of the first rotating plate and positioned on the right side of the rotating rod, and a second rotating plate is fixedly connected to the telescopic end of the first moving telescopic rod, the top of the second rotating plate is provided with a sliding hole, the inside of the sliding hole is in sliding connection with the outside of the rotating rod, the bottom of the first rotating plate is fixedly connected with a second moving telescopic rod positioned at the left side of the rotating rod, the telescopic end of the second moving telescopic rod is fixedly connected with a third rotating plate, the top of the third rotating plate is provided with a sliding hole, the inside of the sliding hole is in sliding connection with the outside of the rotating rod, the left side and the right side of the third rotating plate and the second rotating plate are both provided with a first clamping groove, the right side of the front part of the third rotating plate and the right side of the front part of the second rotating plate are both fixedly connected with a first clamping telescopic rod through a fixing block, the left side of the back of the third rotating plate and the back of the second rotating plate are both fixedly connected with a second clamping telescopic rod through a fixing block, and the telescopic ends of the first clamping telescopic rod and the second clamping telescopic rod are both fixedly connected with a clamping block, and a second clamping groove is formed in the outer part of the clamping block and on one side close to the first clamping groove.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, can let first card material telescopic link and second card material telescopic link drive the fixture block respectively with the steel pipe card between first draw-in groove and second draw-in groove, the position of steel pipe about the adjustment that the rotating electrical machines rotation can be quick.
The invention is further configured to: u type groove has all been seted up on the right side of locating plate and first movable plate, and U type groove, a location section of thick bamboo, first draw-in groove and second draw-in groove all are in same perpendicular.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, make the steel pipe between first draw-in groove and the second draw-in groove can stretch into the inside in U type groove, conveniently let a location section of thick bamboo be in the same place flange and steel pipe location.
The invention is further configured to: the outer portion of the butt joint frame is fixedly connected with the outer portion of the first guide rail, and the outer portion of the butt joint frame is connected with the outer portion of the second guide rail in a sliding mode.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, make first guide rail and second guide rail and butt joint frame be connected, can let first arc rack and second arc rack operation more stable.
The invention is further configured to: the first welding gun and the second welding gun are installed in opposite directions, and the central axes of the first arc-shaped rack and the second arc-shaped rack are coaxial with the central axis of the positioning cylinder.
By adopting the technical scheme, the welding positions of the first welding gun and the second welding gun can not deviate.
The invention is further configured to: the bottom of the first guide rail and the bottom of the second guide rail are both fixedly connected with an arc-shaped collecting groove through bolts, and the bottom of the inner surface of the arc-shaped collecting groove is obliquely arranged.
By adopting the technical scheme, the arc-shaped collecting groove can collect the welding slag of the first welding gun and the second welding gun.
A quick positioning and assembling process for a pipe orifice flange specifically comprises the following steps:
step one, flange feeding: placing a plurality of flanges inside a first placing frame and a second placing frame, enabling the plurality of flanges to be stacked above a first separating block and a second separating block, contracting a first telescopic rod and a separating telescopic rod, respectively driving the first separating block and the second separating block to move by the first telescopic rod and the separating telescopic rod, enabling the plurality of flanges to fall on the tops of a positioning plate and a first moving plate, extending the first telescopic rod and the separating telescopic rod, respectively driving the first separating block and the second separating block to move by the first telescopic rod and the separating telescopic rod, jacking all the flanges except the bottommost flange by the first separating block and the second separating block, extending the second telescopic rod and a first pushing telescopic rod, and respectively pushing the flanges placed on the top of the positioning plate and the top of the first moving plate to a position between a welding plate and a butt joint frame by the first pushing plate and the second pushing plate;
step two, placing steel pipes: when a plurality of flanges are placed in a first placing frame and a second placing frame, a first material clamping telescopic rod and a second material clamping telescopic rod are extended, the first material clamping telescopic rod and the second material clamping telescopic rod respectively drive a clamping block to be far away from a third rotating plate and a second rotating plate, two steel pipes are respectively placed on the left side and the right side of the third rotating plate and the second rotating plate, the first material clamping telescopic rod and the second material clamping telescopic rod are contracted, the first material clamping telescopic rod and the second material clamping telescopic rod respectively drive the clamping block to be close to the left side and the right side of the third rotating plate and the second rotating plate, so that the steel pipes are clamped in a first clamping groove and a second clamping groove, a second moving telescopic rod and a first moving telescopic rod are extended, the second moving telescopic rod and the first moving telescopic rod are contracted to move the steel pipes downwards to be at the same horizontal plane with the tops of the flanges above the positioning plates, then a second pushing telescopic rod is extended, and the second pushing telescopic rod pushes the moving frame to move, moving the steel pipe on the left side into the positioning plate and the U-shaped groove of the first moving plate;
step three, butt joint positioning: after the steel pipe moves into the positioning plate and the U-shaped groove of the first movable plate, the third telescopic rod is contracted, the third telescopic rod moves the first movable plate downwards along the support frame, the bottom of a flange above the first movable plate falls on the top of the steel pipe, the positioning telescopic rods at the top and the bottom are extended, the positioning telescopic rods at the top and the bottom move the positioning cylinders through the second movable plate, the positioning cylinders at the top and the bottom extend into the steel pipe from the flanges at the top and the bottom, meanwhile, the guide rods extend into screw holes of the flanges, the flanges at the top and the bottom are aligned with the flange, the positioning motor is started to rotate clockwise, the positioning motor drives the screw rod, the screw rod drives the outer moving ring to move upwards, the moving ring extends out along the positioning groove through the support rod, the positioning block positions the flange and the central axis of the steel pipe together, the positioning telescopic rod at the top is extended again, and the positioning telescopic rod at the top drives the second telescopic rod to move downwards again, the flange at the top is pressed down by the second moving plate, so that the flange is more tightly connected with the steel pipe;
step four, spin welding: after the flange is tightly connected with the steel pipe, extending a first adjusting telescopic rod and a third adjusting telescopic rod, wherein the first adjusting telescopic rod drives a first welding gun to move so that the first welding gun is in contact with the joint of the top flange and the steel pipe, the third adjusting telescopic rod drives a second welding gun to move so that the second welding gun is in contact with the joint of the bottom flange and the steel pipe, and simultaneously starting a first motor, a second motor, the first welding gun and the second welding gun;
step five, product collection: after flange and steel pipe welding accomplished, start positioning motor anticlockwise rotation, let positioning motor drive shift ring rotate, the shift ring passes through the bracing piece and withdraws the inside of a location section of thick bamboo with the locating piece, the location telescopic link of shrink top and bottom takes out a location section of thick bamboo from the inside of flange and steel pipe, and shrink second promotes the telescopic link and removes the product after the welding is accomplished from U type inslot right side, start the rotating electrical machines simultaneously, the rotating electrical machines removes the left side with the unwelded steel pipe in right side, the rotating electrical machines removes the steel pipe that the welding was accomplished in left side to the right side, extension second card material telescopic link, second card material telescopic link drives the fixture block and removes, the staff takes off the steel pipe that the welding was accomplished from first draw-in groove and second draw-in groove.
The invention provides a quick positioning and assembling process for a pipe orifice flange, which has the following beneficial effects:
(1) this quick positioning assembly frock of mouth of pipe flange, through starting first motor, the second motor, first welder and second welder, first motor drives first gear revolve, first gear is connected through the meshing and is driven first arc rack and remove along first guide rail, the second motor drives second gear revolve, the second gear is connected through the meshing and is driven second arc rack and remove along the second guide rail, can make the junction of first welder and second welder rotatory welding flange and steel pipe simultaneously like this, the time of operation is shortened, and the work efficiency is improved.
(2) This quick location assembly fixture of mouth of pipe flange, through putting two steel pipes respectively in the left and right sides of third rotor plate and second rotor plate, shrink first calorie of material telescopic link and second calorie of material telescopic link, first calorie of material telescopic link and second calorie of material telescopic link drive the fixture block respectively and are close to the left and right sides of third rotor plate and second rotor plate, make the steel pipe card in the inside of first draw-in groove and second draw-in groove, extension second removes the telescopic link and contracts first removal telescopic link, second removal telescopic link and first removal telescopic link move the steel pipe downwards with the top of locating plate top flange at same horizontal plane, the bottom that can make the steel pipe like this is at same horizontal plane with the top of locating plate top flange, set for the location of steel pipe and flange basic plane.
(3) This quick positioning assembly frock of mouth of pipe flange, after flange and steel pipe welding accomplished, start the rotating electrical machines, the rotating electrical machines removes the left side with the non-welded steel pipe in right side, the rotating electrical machines removes the right side with the steel pipe that left side welding accomplished, extension second card material telescopic link, second card material telescopic link drives the fixture block and removes, can make the quick steel pipe that accomplishes welding of staff take off from first draw-in groove and second draw-in groove like this, can also be with the quick U type inslot that removes of non-welded steel pipe, thereby shorten the time of changing the steel pipe, and the assembly efficiency is improved.
(4) This quick location assembly frock of mouth of pipe flange, through the location telescopic link of extension top and bottom, the second movable plate removes a location section of thick bamboo, make the inside that the location section of thick bamboo of top and bottom stretched into the steel pipe through the flange, start positioning motor clockwise, positioning motor drives the lead screw, make the lead screw drive outside shifting ring rebound, the shifting ring passes through the bracing piece and stretches out the locating piece along the constant head tank, can be in the same place flange and steel pipe location through the locating piece like this, improve location efficiency, at the location telescopic link of extension top, the location telescopic link at top drives the second movable plate and moves down once more, make the flange of pressing the top under the second movable plate, it is inseparabler to let flange and steel pipe junction, can let the great welding seam can not appear in the junction of flange and steel pipe like this, improve first welder and second welder's welding effect.
(5) This quick location assembly frock of mouth of pipe flange through extending first telescopic link and separation telescopic link, first telescopic link and separation telescopic link drive first separation piece and second separation piece respectively and remove, and first separation piece and second separation piece will remove the whole jack-ups of a bottom flange, can be through removing first separation piece and second separation piece like this, separate the flange of bottom to conveniently shorten the time of flange material loading, improve material loading efficiency.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a loading mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of the invention at A in FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the welding mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion of the invention at B in FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the docking mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the interior of the positioning cartridge of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a cross-sectional view of a rotary mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is an enlarged view of a portion of the invention at C of FIG. 8;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the connection of a second guide track to an arcuate collection trough in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a cross-sectional view of an arcuate collection trough in accordance with the present invention;
in the figure, 1, a base is fixed; 2. a feeding mechanism; 3. a welding mechanism; 4. a docking mechanism; 5. a rotation mechanism; 6. a support frame; 7. positioning a plate; 8. a first slide bar; 9. a first telescopic rod; 10. a first separation block; 11. a second telescopic rod; 12. a first push plate; 13. a support plate; 14. a third telescopic rod; 15. a first moving plate; 16. a second slide bar; 17. separating the telescopic rod; 18. a second separation block; 19. a first pushing telescopic rod; 20. a second push plate; 21. welding the plate; 22. a moving groove; 23. a first butt plate; 24. a first guide rail; 25. a first arc-shaped rack; 26. a first adjusting telescopic rod; 27. a first welding gun; 28. a first motor; 29. a first gear; 30. a second adjusting telescopic rod; 31. a second butt joint plate; 32. a second guide rail; 33. a second arc-shaped rack; 34. a third adjusting telescopic rod; 35. a second welding gun; 36. a second motor; 37. a second gear; 38. a docking rack; 39. positioning the telescopic rod; 40. a second moving plate; 41. a positioning cylinder; 42. positioning a motor; 43. a screw rod; 44. a moving ring; 45. positioning blocks; 46. a support bar; 47. a fixed mount; 48. a movable frame; 49. the second pushing telescopic rod; 50. a rotating electric machine; 51. rotating the rod; 52. a first rotating plate; 53. a first movable telescopic rod; 54. a second rotating plate; 55. a second movable telescopic rod; 56. a third rotating plate; 57. a first material clamping telescopic rod; 58. a second material clamping telescopic rod; 59. a clamping block; 60. an arc-shaped collecting tank; 61. a first placing rack; 62. a first card slot; 63. and a second placing rack.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 11, an embodiment of the present invention provides a technical solution: the utility model provides a quick positioning assembly frock of orifice flange, includes unable adjustment base 1, unable adjustment base 1's top fixedly connected with feed mechanism 2, unable adjustment base 1's top just is located feed mechanism 2's right side fixedly connected with welding mechanism 3, unable adjustment base 1's top just is located welding mechanism 3's rear side fixedly connected with docking mechanism 4, unable adjustment base 1's top just is located welding mechanism 3's right side fixedly connected with rotary mechanism 5.
As a preferred scheme, as shown in fig. 2-3, the feeding mechanism 2 comprises a supporting frame 6, the bottom of the supporting frame 6 is fixedly connected with the top of the fixed base 1, a positioning plate 7 is fixedly connected inside the supporting frame 6, the left side and the right side of the front side and the rear side of the positioning plate 7 are fixedly connected with first slide bars 8 through fixing blocks, a first placing frame 61 is slidably connected between the outsides of two groups of first slide bars 8 at the front part and the rear part, first telescopic rods 9 are fixedly connected with the outsides of the cross bars of the two groups of first placing frames 61 through holes respectively, the two groups of first telescopic rods 9 are oppositely arranged, the type of the first telescopic rods 9 is ANT-26, the first telescopic rods 9 are electrically connected with an external power supply, and are controlled by a control switch, the telescopic ends of the first telescopic rods 9 are fixedly connected with first separating blocks 10, the left side of the top of the positioning plate is fixedly connected with second telescopic rods 11 through fixing blocks, the model of the second telescopic rod 11 is ANT-26, the second telescopic rod 11 is electrically connected with an external power supply and is controlled by a control switch, the telescopic end of the second telescopic rod 11 is fixedly connected with a first push plate 12, the bottom of the first push plate 12 is slidably connected with the top of the positioning plate 7, the top of the first slide bar 8 is fixedly connected with a supporting plate 13, the top of the supporting plate 13 is fixedly connected with a third telescopic rod 14, the model of the third telescopic rod 14 is ANT-26, the third telescopic rod 14 is electrically connected with the external power supply and is controlled by the control switch, the telescopic end of the third telescopic rod 14 is fixedly connected with a first movable plate 15, the outer part of the first movable plate 15 is slidably connected with the inner part of the supporting frame 6, the left side and the right side of the front side and the back side of the first movable plate 15 are fixedly connected with second slide bars 16 by fixing blocks, and a second placing frame 63 is slidably connected between the outer parts of the front two groups of second slide bars 16 and the back group, the outside of two sets of second rack 63 horizontal poles is respectively through the equal fixedly connected with separation telescopic link 17 of trompil, and two sets of separation telescopic link 17 sets up in opposite directions, the model of separation telescopic link 17 is ANT-26, separation telescopic link 17 and external power electric connection, and through control switch control, the flexible end fixedly connected with second separation piece 18 of separation telescopic link 17, the first telescopic link 19 that promotes of fixed block fixedly connected with is passed through on the left side at 15 tops of first movable plate, the model of first telescopic link 19 that promotes is ANT-26, first telescopic link 19 and external power electric connection promote, and through control switch control, the flexible end fixedly connected with second push pedal 20 of first telescopic link 19 that promotes, and the bottom of second push pedal 20 and the top sliding connection of first movable plate 15.
Further, the outer portions of the first placing frame 61 and the second placing frame 63 are connected with the outer portion of the first sliding rod through bolts, the outer portions of the second placing frame 63 and the second sliding rod are connected with the outer portion of the second sliding rod through bolts, the tops of the first separating block 10 and the second separating block 18 are both provided with inclined surfaces, and the heights of the first placing frame 61 and the second placing frame 63 can be adjusted by rotating the bolts, so that the first separating block 10 and the second separating block 18 can be separated from flanges with different thicknesses.
Further, through extending first telescopic link 9 and separation telescopic link 17, first telescopic link 9 and separation telescopic link 17 drive first separation block 10 and second separation block 18 respectively and remove, and first separation block 10 and second separation block 18 will remove the whole jack-ups of a flange of bottommost, can be through removing first separation block 10 and second separation block 18 like this, separate the flange of bottom to conveniently shorten the time of flange material loading, improve material loading efficiency.
As a preferable scheme, as shown in fig. 4 to 5, the welding mechanism 3 includes a welding plate 21, the bottom of the welding plate 21 is fixedly connected with the top of the fixed base 1, a moving groove 22 is formed in the front side of the welding plate 21, a first butt plate 23 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the inner surface of the moving groove 22, a first guide rail 24 is fixedly connected to the rear side of the first butt plate 23 and the rear side of the welding plate 21, a first arc-shaped rack 25 is slidably connected to the inside of the first guide rail 24, a first adjusting telescopic rod 26 is fixedly connected to both ends of the inner side of the first arc-shaped rack 25, the first adjusting telescopic rod 26 has a model of ANT-26, the first adjusting telescopic rod 26 is electrically connected to an external power source, and a first welding gun 27 is obliquely installed at the telescopic end of the first adjusting telescopic rod 26 by control of a control switch, a first motor 28 is fixedly connected to the right side of the first butt plate 23 by a fixed block, the model of the first motor 28 is SL57S2, the first motor 28 is electrically connected with a rechargeable storage battery not shown in the figure and controlled by a control switch, the output shaft of the first motor 28 is fixedly connected with a first gear 29, the first gear 29 is engaged with the outer arc surface of the first arc-shaped rack 25, the top of the first butt plate 23 and positioned at the front side of the welding plate 21 is fixedly connected with a second adjusting telescopic rod 30, the model of the second adjusting telescopic rod 30 is ANT-26, the second adjusting telescopic rod 30 is electrically connected with an external power supply and controlled by the control switch, the telescopic end of the second adjusting telescopic rod 30 is fixedly connected with a second butt plate 31, the outer part of the second butt plate 31 is slidably connected with the inner part of the moving groove 22, the rear side of the second butt plate 31 and positioned at the rear side of the welding plate 21 is fixedly connected with a second guide rail 32, the inner part of the second guide rail 32 is slidably connected with a second arc-shaped rack 33, the two ends of the inner side of the second arc-shaped rack 33 are fixedly connected with third adjusting telescopic rods 34, the model of each third adjusting telescopic rod 34 is ANT-26, the third adjusting telescopic rods 34 are electrically connected with an external power supply and are controlled by a control switch, a second welding gun 35 is obliquely arranged at the telescopic end of each third adjusting telescopic rod 34, the right side of the second butt joint plate 31 is fixedly connected with a second motor 36 through a fixing block, the model of the second motor 36 is SL57S2, the second motor 36 is electrically connected with a rechargeable storage battery, the rechargeable storage battery is not shown in the figure and is controlled by the control switch, an output shaft of the second motor 36 is fixedly connected with a second gear 37, and the second gear 37 is meshed with the outer arc surface of the second arc-shaped rack 33.
Further, the arc degree of the first arc-shaped rack 25 and the second arc-shaped rack 33 is greater than 200 °.
Further, by starting the first motor 28, the second motor 36, the first welding gun 27 and the second welding gun 35, the first motor 28 drives the first gear 29 to rotate, the first gear 29 drives the first arc-shaped rack 25 to move along the first guide rail 24 through meshing connection, the second motor 36 drives the second gear 37 to rotate, and the second gear 37 drives the second arc-shaped rack 33 to move along the second guide rail 32 through meshing connection, so that the first welding gun 27 and the second welding gun 35 can simultaneously rotate the joint of the welding flange and the steel pipe, the working time is shortened, and the working efficiency is improved.
As a preferable scheme, as shown in fig. 6-7, the docking mechanism 4 includes a docking rack 38, the bottom of the docking rack 38 is fixedly connected with the top of the fixed base 1, the top and the bottom of the docking rack 38 are both fixedly connected with positioning telescopic rods 39 through holes, and two sets of positioning telescopic rods 39 are oppositely arranged, the type of the positioning telescopic rods 39 is ANT-26, the positioning telescopic rods 39 are electrically connected with an external power supply, and are controlled by a control switch, the telescopic ends of the positioning telescopic rods 39 are fixedly connected with second moving plates 40, the rear sides of the second moving plates 40 are slidably connected with the outside of the docking rack 38, the opposite sides of the two sets of second moving plates 40 are both fixedly connected with positioning cylinders 41, the opposite sides of the two sets of second moving plates 40 and the left and right sides of the positioning cylinders 41 are both fixedly connected with guide rods, the positioning motors 42 are fixedly connected inside the positioning cylinders 41, the positioning motors 42 are SL57S2, the positioning motor 42 and the rechargeable storage battery are not electrically connected, and are controlled by a control switch, an output shaft of the positioning motor 42 is fixedly connected with a lead screw 43, the outer thread of the lead screw 43 is connected with a moving ring 44, positioning grooves are formed in the left side and the right side of the positioning cylinder 41, positioning blocks 45 are slidably connected inside the positioning grooves, supporting rods 46 are rotatably connected to the left side and the right side of the moving ring 44 through rotating shafts, and one ends of the supporting rods 46 are rotatably connected with the inside of the positioning blocks 45 through rotating shafts.
Furthermore, the top of guide rod is established to the toper, conveniently stretches into the inside of the screw of flange with the guide rod, with the flange of top and bottom to it.
Furthermore, by extending the top and bottom positioning telescopic rods 39, the second moving plate 40 moves the positioning cylinders 41, so that the top and bottom positioning cylinders 41 extend into the steel pipe through the flange, the guide rod extends into the screw hole of the flange, the positioning motor 42 is started to rotate clockwise, the positioning motor 42 drives the lead screw 43, the lead screw 43 drives the external moving ring 44 to move upwards, the moving ring 44 extends the positioning block 45 along the positioning groove through the support rod 46, thus the flange and the steel pipe can be positioned together through the positioning block 45, the positioning efficiency is improved, at the extended top of the positioning telescopic rod 39, the top positioning telescopic rod 39 drives the second moving plate 40 to move downwards again, so that the second moving plate 40 presses the flange at the top downwards, the joint between the flange and the steel pipe is tighter, therefore, a large welding seam does not appear at the joint of the flange and the steel pipe, and the welding effect of the first welding gun 27 and the second welding gun 35 is improved.
As a preferable scheme, as shown in fig. 8-9, the rotating mechanism 5 comprises a fixed frame 47, the bottom of the fixed frame 47 is fixedly connected with the top of the fixed base 1, a moving frame 48 is slidably connected inside the fixed frame 47, a second pushing telescopic rod 49 is fixedly connected to the right side of the fixed frame 47, the model of the second pushing telescopic rod 49 is ANT-26, the second pushing telescopic rod 49 is electrically connected with an external power supply, and is controlled by a control switch, the telescopic end of the second pushing telescopic rod 49 penetrates through and extends into the fixed frame 47, the telescopic end of the second pushing telescopic rod 49 is fixedly connected with the outside of the moving frame 48, a rotating motor 50 is fixedly connected to the top of the inner surface of the moving frame 48, a fixed rotating motor 50 is SL57S2, the rotating motor 50 is electrically connected with a rechargeable accumulator not shown in the figure, and is controlled by the control switch, a rotating rod 51 is fixedly connected to the output shaft of the rotating motor 50, one end of a rotating rod 51 is rotatably connected with the bottom of the inner surface of the moving frame 48 through a bearing, a first rotating plate 52 is fixedly connected to the outside of the rotating rod 51, a first moving telescopic rod 53 is fixedly connected to the top of the first rotating plate 52 and positioned at the right side of the rotating rod 51, the first moving telescopic rod 53 is ANT-26 in type, the first moving telescopic rod 53 is electrically connected with an external power supply and is controlled through a control switch, a second rotating plate 54 is fixedly connected to the telescopic end of the first moving telescopic rod 53, a sliding hole is formed in the top of the second rotating plate 54, the inside of the sliding hole is slidably connected with the outside of the rotating rod 51, a second moving telescopic rod 55 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the first rotating plate 52 and positioned at the left side of the rotating rod 51, the second moving telescopic rod 55 is ANT-26 in type, the second moving telescopic rod 55 is electrically connected with the external power supply and is controlled through the control switch, a third rotating plate 56 is fixedly connected with the telescopic end of the second moving telescopic rod 55, a sliding hole is formed in the top of the third rotating plate 56, the inside of the sliding hole is slidably connected with the outside of the rotating rod 51, first clamping grooves 62 are formed in the left side and the right side of each of the third rotating plate 56 and the second rotating plate 54, a first clamping telescopic rod 57 is fixedly connected with the right side of the front of each of the third rotating plate 56 and the second rotating plate 54 through a fixing block, the first clamping telescopic rod 57 is ANT-26 in type, the first clamping telescopic rod 57 is electrically connected with an external power supply and is controlled by a control switch, a second clamping telescopic rod 58 is fixedly connected with the left side of the back of each of the third rotating plate 56 and the second rotating plate 54 through a fixing block, the second clamping telescopic rod 58 is ANT-26 in type, the second clamping telescopic rod 58 is electrically connected with the external power supply and is controlled by a control switch, clamping blocks 59 are fixedly connected with the telescopic ends of the first clamping telescopic rod 57 and the second clamping telescopic rod 58, a second slot is formed on the outer side of the latch 59 and on the side close to the first slot 62.
Further, the two steel pipes are respectively placed on the left side and the right side of the third rotating plate 56 and the second rotating plate 54, the first material clamping telescopic rod 57 and the second material clamping telescopic rod 58 are contracted, the first material clamping telescopic rod 57 and the second material clamping telescopic rod 58 respectively drive the clamping blocks 59 to be close to the left side and the right side of the third rotating plate 56 and the second rotating plate 54, the steel pipes are clamped inside the first clamping groove 62 and the second clamping groove, the second movable telescopic rod 55 is extended and the first movable telescopic rod 53 is contracted, the second movable telescopic rod 55 and the first movable telescopic rod 53 enable the steel pipes to move downwards and the top of the flange above the positioning plate 7 to be on the same horizontal plane, the bottom of the steel pipes and the top of the flange above the positioning plate 7 can be on the same horizontal plane, and a base plane is set for positioning of the steel pipes and the flange.
Further, after flange and steel pipe welding accomplished, start rotating electrical machines 50, rotating electrical machines 50 removes the left side with the non-welded steel pipe in right side, rotating electrical machines 50 removes the right side with the steel pipe that left side welding accomplished, extension second card material telescopic link 58, second card material telescopic link 58 drives fixture block 59 and removes, can make the quick steel pipe that accomplishes welding of staff take off from first draw-in groove 62 and second draw-in groove like this, can also be with the quick U type inslot that removes of non-welded steel pipe, thereby shorten the time of changing the steel pipe, and the assembly efficiency is improved.
The invention is further configured to: u-shaped grooves are formed in the right sides of the positioning plate 7 and the first moving plate 15, and the U-shaped grooves, the positioning barrel 41, the first clamping grooves 62 and the second clamping grooves are in the same vertical plane.
Furthermore, the steel pipe between the first clamping groove 62 and the second clamping groove can extend into the U-shaped groove, so that the flange and the steel pipe can be conveniently positioned by the positioning cylinder 41.
The invention is further configured to: the outer portion of the docking cradle 38 is fixedly attached to the outer portion of the first guide rail 24 and the outer portion of the docking cradle 38 is slidably attached to the outer portion of the second guide rail 32.
Further, the first guide rail 24 and the second guide rail 32 are connected to the docking bracket 38, so that the first arc-shaped rack 25 and the second arc-shaped rack 33 can operate more stably.
The invention is further configured to: the first welding gun 27 and the second welding gun 35 are installed in opposite directions, and the central axes of the first arc-shaped rack 25 and the second arc-shaped rack 33 are coaxial with the central axis of the positioning cylinder 41.
Further, the welding positions of the first welding torch 27 and the second welding torch 35 are not deviated.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 7 to 8, the bottom of each of the first guide rail 24 and the second guide rail 32 is fixedly connected with an arc-shaped collecting groove 60 through bolts, and the bottom of the inner surface of the arc-shaped collecting groove 60 is obliquely arranged.
Further, the arc-shaped collecting groove 60 can collect the welding slag generated when the first welding gun 27 and the second welding gun 35 are welded, so that the splashing of the welding slag is reduced.
A quick positioning and assembling process for a pipe orifice flange specifically comprises the following steps:
step one, flange feeding: placing a plurality of flanges inside a first placing frame 61 and a second placing frame 63, stacking the plurality of flanges above a first separating block 10 and a second separating block 18, contracting a first telescopic rod 9 and a separating telescopic rod 17, driving the first separating block 10 and the second separating block 18 to move respectively by the first telescopic rod 9 and the separating telescopic rod 17, enabling the plurality of flanges to fall on the top of a positioning plate 7 and a first moving plate 15, extending the first telescopic rod 9 and the separating telescopic rod 17, driving the first separating block 10 and the second separating block 18 to move respectively by the first telescopic rod 9 and the separating telescopic rod 17, jacking all the flanges except the bottommost part by the first separating block 10 and the second separating block 18, extending the second telescopic rod 11 and the first pushing telescopic rod 19, the second telescopic rod 11 and the first pushing telescopic rod 19 respectively push the flanges placed at the tops of the positioning plate 7 and the first moving plate 15 to a position between the welding plate 21 and the butt-joint frame 38 through the first push plate 12 and the second push plate 20;
step two, when the steel pipes are placed in the first placing frame 61 and the second placing frame 63, the first material clamping telescopic rod 57 and the second material clamping telescopic rod 58 are extended, the first material clamping telescopic rod 57 and the second material clamping telescopic rod 58 respectively drive the clamping block 59 to be far away from the third rotating plate 56 and the second rotating plate 54, the two steel pipes are respectively placed on the left side and the right side of the third rotating plate 56 and the second rotating plate 54, the first material clamping telescopic rod 57 and the second material clamping telescopic rod 58 are contracted, the first material clamping telescopic rod 57 and the second material clamping telescopic rod 58 respectively drive the clamping block 59 to be close to the left side and the right side of the third rotating plate 56 and the second rotating plate 54, the steel pipes are clamped in the first clamping groove 62 and the second clamping groove, the second moving telescopic rod 55 is extended and the first moving telescopic rod 53 is contracted, the second moving telescopic rod 55 and the first moving telescopic rod 53 move the steel pipes downwards to be at the same horizontal plane with the top of the flange above the positioning plate 7, extending a second pushing telescopic rod 49, wherein the second pushing telescopic rod 49 pushes the moving frame 48 to move, so that the steel pipe on the left side moves into the U-shaped grooves of the positioning plate 7 and the first moving plate 15;
step three, butt joint positioning: after the steel pipe moves into the positioning plate 7 and the U-shaped groove of the first moving plate 15, the third telescopic rod 14 is contracted, the third telescopic rod 14 moves the first moving plate 15 downwards along the support frame 6, so that the bottom of the flange above the first moving plate 15 falls on the top of the steel pipe, the positioning telescopic rods 39 at the top and the bottom are extended, the positioning telescopic rods 39 at the top and the bottom are moved by the positioning telescopic rods 39 through the second moving plate 40, the positioning cylinders 41 at the top and the bottom are extended into the steel pipe from the flanges at the top and the bottom, meanwhile, the guide rods are extended into the screw holes of the flanges, the flanges at the top and the bottom are aligned with the guide rods, the positioning motor 42 is started to rotate clockwise, the positioning motor 42 drives the screw rod 43, the screw rod 43 drives the outer moving ring 44 to move upwards, the moving ring 44 extends the positioning block 45 along the positioning groove through the support rod 46, so that the positioning block 45 positions the flanges and the central axis of the steel pipe together, the positioning telescopic rod 39 at the top is extended again, the positioning telescopic rod 39 at the top drives the second movable plate 40 to move downwards again, so that the second movable plate 40 presses the flange at the top downwards, and the flange is connected with the steel pipe more tightly;
step four, spin welding: after the flanges are tightly connected with the steel pipes, the first adjusting telescopic rod 26 and the third adjusting telescopic rod 34 are extended, the first adjusting telescopic rod 26 drives the first welding gun 27 to move, so that the first welding gun 27 is in contact with the joint of the top flange and the steel pipes, the third adjusting telescopic rod 34 drives the second welding gun 35 to move, so that the second welding gun 35 is in contact with the joint of the bottom flange and the steel pipes, simultaneously starting a first motor 28, a second motor 36, a first welding gun 27 and a second welding gun 35, wherein the first motor 28 drives a first gear 29 to rotate, the first gear 29 drives a first arc-shaped rack 25 to move along a first guide rail 24 through meshing connection, so that the first welding gun 27 rotates the joint of a pipe welding top flange and a steel pipe, the second motor 36 drives a second gear 37 to rotate, the second gear 37 drives a second arc-shaped rack 33 to move along a second guide rail 32 through meshing connection, and the second welding gun 35 rotates the joint of a welding bottom flange and the steel pipe;
step five, product collection: after the welding of the flange and the steel pipe is completed, the positioning motor 42 is started to rotate anticlockwise, the positioning motor 42 is made to drive the moving ring 44 to rotate, the moving ring 44 retracts the positioning block 45 into the positioning cylinder 41 through the supporting rod 46, the positioning telescopic rods 39 at the top and the bottom are contracted to take the positioning cylinder 41 out of the flange and the steel pipe, the second pushing telescopic rods 49 are contracted to move the welded product out of the U-shaped groove rightwards from the U-shaped groove, meanwhile, the rotating motor 50 is started, the rotating motor 50 moves the steel pipe which is not welded at the right side to the left side, the rotating motor 50 moves the steel pipe which is welded at the left side to the right side, the second clamping telescopic rods 58 are extended, the second clamping telescopic rods 58 drive the clamping blocks 59 to move, and a worker takes the welded steel pipe out of the first clamping grooves 62 and the second clamping grooves.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a quick positioning assembly frock of mouth of pipe flange, includes unable adjustment base (1), its characterized in that: the welding mechanism is characterized in that a feeding mechanism (2) is fixedly connected to the top of the fixed base (1), a welding mechanism (3) is fixedly connected to the right side of the feeding mechanism (2) and located at the top of the fixed base (1), a butt-joint mechanism (4) is fixedly connected to the rear side of the welding mechanism (3) and located at the top of the fixed base (1), and a rotating mechanism (5) is fixedly connected to the right side of the welding mechanism (3) and located at the top of the fixed base (1).
2. The quick positioning and assembling tool for the pipe orifice flange according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the feeding mechanism (2) comprises a supporting frame (6), the bottom of the supporting frame (6) is fixedly connected with the top of a fixed base (1), a positioning plate (7) is fixedly connected with the inside of the supporting frame (6), the left side and the right side of the front side and the rear side of the positioning plate (7) are fixedly connected with first slide bars (8) through fixing blocks, two groups of front sections and two groups of rear sections are slidably connected between the outer parts of the first slide bars (8), the outer parts of the cross bars of the two groups of first placing frames (61) are respectively and fixedly connected with first telescopic rods (9) through holes, the two groups of first telescopic rods (9) are oppositely arranged, the telescopic end of each first telescopic rod (9) is fixedly connected with a first separating block (10), the left side of the top of the positioning plate (7) is fixedly connected with a second telescopic rod (11) through a fixing block, the second telescopic rod (11) is fixedly connected with a first push plate (12), the bottom of the first push plate (12) is connected with the top of the positioning plate (7) in a sliding manner, the top of the first sliding rod (8) is fixedly connected with a supporting plate (13), the top of the supporting plate (13) is fixedly connected with a third telescopic rod (14), the telescopic end of the third telescopic rod (14) is fixedly connected with a first moving plate (15), the outer part of the first moving plate (15) is connected with the inner part of the supporting frame (6) in a sliding manner, the left side and the right side of the front side and the rear side of the first moving plate (15) are fixedly connected with second sliding rods (16) through fixing blocks, a second placing frame (63) is connected between the outer parts of the two groups of the front sliding rods and the two groups of the rear sliding rods (16) in a sliding manner, the outer parts of the cross rods of the two groups of the second placing frames (63) are respectively and fixedly connected with separation telescopic rods (17) through holes, and the two groups of the separation telescopic rods (17) are arranged oppositely, the flexible end fixedly connected with second separation piece (18) of separation telescopic link (17), the first telescopic link (19) that promotes of fixed block fixedly connected with is passed through on the left side at first movable plate (15) top, the flexible end fixedly connected with second push pedal (20) of first telescopic link that promotes (19), and the top sliding connection of the bottom of second push pedal (20) and first movable plate (15).
3. The quick positioning and assembling tool for the pipe orifice flange according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the welding mechanism (3) comprises a welding plate (21), the bottom of the welding plate (21) is fixedly connected with the top of the fixed base (1), a moving groove (22) is formed in the front side of the welding plate (21), a first butt plate (23) is fixedly connected with the bottom of the inner surface of the moving groove (22), a first guide rail (24) is fixedly connected with the rear side of the first butt plate (23) and is located at the rear side of the welding plate (21), a first arc-shaped rack (25) is slidably connected inside the first guide rail (24), first adjusting telescopic rods (26) are fixedly connected with the two ends of the inner side of the first arc-shaped rack (25), a first welding gun (27) is obliquely installed at the telescopic end of the first adjusting telescopic rod (26), a first motor (28) is fixedly connected with the right side of the first butt plate (23), and a first gear (29) is fixedly connected with the output shaft of the first motor (28), and the first gear (29) is meshed with the outer arc surface of the first arc-shaped rack (25), the top of the first butt plate (23) is fixedly connected with a second adjusting telescopic rod (30) at the front side of the welding plate (21), the telescopic end of the second adjusting telescopic rod (30) is fixedly connected with a second butt plate (31), the outside of the second butt plate (31) is connected with the inside of the moving groove (22) in a sliding manner, the rear side of the second butt plate (31) is fixedly connected with a second guide rail (32) at the rear side of the welding plate (21), the inside of the second guide rail (32) is connected with a second arc-shaped rack (33) in a sliding manner, both ends of the inner side of the second arc-shaped rack (33) are fixedly connected with third adjusting telescopic rods (34), the telescopic end of the third adjusting telescopic rods (34) is obliquely provided with a second welding gun (35), the right side of the second butt plate (31) is fixedly connected with a second motor (36) through a fixing block, the output shaft of the second motor (36) is fixedly connected with a second gear (37), and the second gear (37) is meshed with the outer arc surface of the second arc-shaped rack (33).
4. The quick positioning and assembling tool for the pipe orifice flange according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the butt joint mechanism (4) comprises a butt joint frame (38), the bottom of the butt joint frame (38) is fixedly connected with the top of the fixed base (1), positioning telescopic rods (39) are fixedly connected with the top and the bottom of the butt joint frame (38) through holes, two groups of positioning telescopic rods (39) are arranged in opposite directions, a second movable plate (40) is fixedly connected with the telescopic end of each positioning telescopic rod (39), the rear side of the second movable plate (40) is slidably connected with the inner wall of the butt joint frame (38), positioning cylinders (41) are fixedly connected with the opposite side faces of the two groups of second movable plates (40), guide rods are fixedly connected with the opposite sides of the two groups of second movable plates (40) and positioned at the left side and the right side of each positioning cylinder (41), a positioning motor (42) is fixedly connected with the inner part of each positioning cylinder (41), and a lead screw (43) is fixedly connected with an output shaft of each positioning motor (42), the outside threaded connection of lead screw (43) has shift ring (44), the constant head tank has all been seted up to the left and right sides of a location section of thick bamboo (41), and the inside sliding connection of constant head tank has locating piece (45), the left and right sides of shift ring (44) all is connected with bracing piece (46) through the pivot rotation, the inside rotation of the one end of bracing piece (46) through pivot and locating piece (45) is connected.
5. The quick positioning and assembling tool for the pipe orifice flange according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the rotating mechanism (5) comprises a fixing frame (47), the bottom of the fixing frame (47) is fixedly connected with the top of the fixed base (1), a moving frame (48) is connected to the inside of the fixing frame (47) in a sliding manner, a second pushing telescopic rod (49) is fixedly connected to the right side of the fixing frame (47), the telescopic end of the second pushing telescopic rod (49) penetrates through and extends into the fixing frame (47), the telescopic end of the second pushing telescopic rod (49) is fixedly connected with the outside of the moving frame (48), a rotating motor (50) is fixedly connected to the top of the inner surface of the moving frame (48), an output shaft of the rotating motor (50) is fixedly connected with a rotating rod (51), one end of the rotating rod (51) is rotatably connected with the bottom of the inner surface of the moving frame (48) through a bearing, and a first rotating plate (52) is fixedly connected to the outside of the rotating rod (51), the top of the first rotating plate (52) is fixedly connected with a first movable telescopic rod (53) on the right side of a rotating rod (51), the telescopic end of the first movable telescopic rod (53) is fixedly connected with a second rotating plate (54), the top of the second rotating plate (54) is provided with a sliding hole, the inside of the sliding hole is in sliding connection with the outside of the rotating rod (51), the bottom of the first rotating plate (52) is fixedly connected with a second movable telescopic rod (55) on the left side of the rotating rod (51), the telescopic end of the second movable telescopic rod (55) is fixedly connected with a third rotating plate (56), the top of the third rotating plate (56) is provided with a sliding hole, the inside of the sliding hole is in sliding connection with the outside of the rotating rod (51), and the left side and the right side of the third rotating plate (56) and the second rotating plate (54) are both provided with first clamping grooves (62), the right sides of the front parts of the third rotating plate (56) and the second rotating plate (54) are both fixedly connected with a first clamping telescopic rod (57) through a fixing block, the left sides of the back parts of the third rotating plate (56) and the second rotating plate (54) are both fixedly connected with a second clamping telescopic rod (58) through a fixing block, the telescopic ends of the first clamping telescopic rod (57) and the second clamping telescopic rod (58) are both fixedly connected with a clamping block (59), and a second clamping groove is formed in one side, close to the first clamping groove (62), of the outer part of the clamping block (59).
6. The quick positioning and assembling tool for the pipe orifice flange according to claim 5, is characterized in that: u-shaped grooves are formed in the right sides of the positioning plate (7) and the first moving plate (15).
7. The quick positioning and assembling tool for the pipe orifice flange according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the outer part of the butt joint frame (38) is fixedly connected with the outer part of the first guide rail (24), and the outer part of the butt joint frame (38) is connected with the outer part of the second guide rail (32) in a sliding mode.
8. The quick positioning and assembling tool for the pipe orifice flange according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the installation directions of the first welding gun (27) and the second welding gun (35) are opposite, and the central axes of the first arc-shaped rack (25) and the second arc-shaped rack (33) are coaxial with the central axis of the positioning cylinder (41).
9. The quick positioning and assembling tool for the pipe orifice flange according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the bottom of the first guide rail (24) and the bottom of the second guide rail (32) are both fixedly connected with arc-shaped collecting grooves (60) through bolts, and the bottoms of the inner surfaces of the arc-shaped collecting grooves (60) are obliquely arranged.
10. A rapid positioning and assembling process for a pipe orifice flange, which adopts the rapid positioning and assembling tool for the pipe orifice flange as claimed in any one of the claims 1 to 9, and is characterized in that: the method specifically comprises the following steps:
step one, flange feeding: placing a plurality of flanges inside a first placing frame (61) and a second placing frame (63), stacking the plurality of flanges above a first separating block (10) and a second separating block (18), contracting a first telescopic rod (9) and a separating telescopic rod (17), driving the first separating block (10) and the second separating block (18) to move by the first telescopic rod (9) and the separating telescopic rod (17), enabling the plurality of flanges to fall on the top of a positioning plate (7) and a first moving plate (15), extending the first telescopic rod (9) and the separating telescopic rod (17), driving the first separating block (10) and the second separating block (18) to move by the first telescopic rod (9) and the separating telescopic rod (17), jacking up all flanges except the bottommost flange by the first separating block (10) and the second separating block (18), extending the second telescopic rod (11) and a first pushing telescopic rod (19), the second telescopic rod (11) and the first pushing telescopic rod (19) respectively push the flanges placed at the tops of the positioning plate (7) and the first moving plate (15) to a position between the welding plate (21) and the butt joint frame (38) through the first push plate (12) and the second push plate (20);
step two, placing steel pipes: when a plurality of flanges are placed in a first placing frame (61) and a second placing frame (63), a first material clamping telescopic rod (57) and a second material clamping telescopic rod (58) are extended, the first material clamping telescopic rod (57) and the second material clamping telescopic rod (58) respectively drive a clamping block (59) to be far away from a third rotating plate (56) and a second rotating plate (54), two steel pipes are respectively placed on the left side and the right side of the third rotating plate (56) and the second rotating plate (54), the first material clamping telescopic rod (57) and the second material clamping telescopic rod (58) are contracted, the first material clamping telescopic rod (57) and the second material clamping telescopic rod (58) respectively drive the clamping block (59) to be close to the left side and the right side of the third rotating plate (56) and the second rotating plate (54), so that the steel pipes are clamped in a first clamping groove (62) and a second clamping groove, the second moving telescopic rod (55) is extended and the first moving telescopic rod (53) is contracted, the second movable telescopic rod (55) and the first movable telescopic rod (53) move the steel pipe downwards to be on the same horizontal plane with the top of the flange above the positioning plate (7),then, the product is processedExtending a second pushing telescopic rod (49), wherein the second pushing telescopic rod (49) pushes a moving frame (48) to move, so that the steel pipe on the left side moves into the U-shaped grooves of the positioning plate (7) and the first moving plate (15);
step three, butt joint positioning: after the steel pipe moves into the U-shaped grooves of the positioning plate (7) and the first movable plate (15), the third telescopic rod (14) is contracted, the third telescopic rod (14) moves the first movable plate (15) downwards along the support frame (6), so that the bottom of a flange above the first movable plate (15) falls on the top of the steel pipe, the positioning telescopic rods (39) at the top and the bottom are extended, the positioning telescopic rods (39) move the positioning cylinders (41) through the second movable plate (40), the positioning cylinders (41) at the top and the bottom are extended into the steel pipe from the flanges at the top and the bottom, meanwhile, the guide rods are extended into screw holes of the flanges, the flanges at the top and the bottom are aligned with the positioning rods, the positioning motor (42) is started to rotate clockwise, the positioning motor (42) drives the screw rod (43), the screw rod (43) drives the external moving ring (44) to move upwards, the moving ring (44) extends the positioning block (45) along the positioning groove through the support rod (46), the flange and the central axis of the steel pipe are positioned together by the positioning block (45), the positioning telescopic rod (39) at the top is extended again, the positioning telescopic rod (39) at the top drives the second moving plate (40) to move downwards again, the flange at the top is pressed down by the second moving plate (40), and the flange is connected with the steel pipe more tightly;
step four, spin welding: after the flange is tightly connected with the steel pipe, a first adjusting telescopic rod (26) and a third adjusting telescopic rod (34) are extended, the first adjusting telescopic rod (26) drives a first welding gun (27) to move, so that the first welding gun (27) is contacted with the joint of the top flange and the steel pipe, the third adjusting telescopic rod (34) drives a second welding gun (35) to move, so that the second welding gun (35) is contacted with the joint of the bottom flange and the steel pipe, a first motor (28), a second motor (36), the first welding gun (27) and the second welding gun (35) are started simultaneously, the first motor (28) drives a first gear (29) to rotate, the first gear (29) drives a first arc-shaped rack (25) to move along a first guide rail (24) through meshing connection, so that the first welding gun (27) rotates the joint of the pipe welding top flange and the steel pipe, and the second motor (36) drives a second gear (37) to rotate, the second gear (37) drives the second arc-shaped rack (33) to move along the second guide rail (32) through meshing connection, so that the second welding gun (35) can rotationally weld the joint of the bottom flange and the steel pipe;
step five, product collection: after the welding of the flange and the steel pipe is finished, the positioning motor (42) is started to rotate anticlockwise, the positioning motor (42) drives the moving ring (44) to rotate, the moving ring (44) retracts the positioning block (45) into the positioning cylinder (41) through the supporting rod (46), the positioning telescopic rods (39) at the top and the bottom are contracted to take the positioning cylinder (41) out of the flange and the steel pipe, and the second push telescopic rod (49) is contracted to move the welded product out of the U-shaped groove in the right direction, the rotating electrical machines (50) are started simultaneously, the rotating electrical machines (50) move the steel pipes which are not welded on the right side to the left side, the rotating electrical machines (50) move the steel pipes which are welded on the left side to the right side, the second clamping material telescopic rods (58) are extended, the second clamping material telescopic rods (58) drive the clamping blocks (59) to move, and the steel pipes which are welded are taken down from the first clamping grooves (62) and the second clamping grooves by workers.
CN202210615761.2A 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 Quick positioning and assembling process for pipe orifice flange Pending CN114905221A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210615761.2A CN114905221A (en) 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 Quick positioning and assembling process for pipe orifice flange

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210615761.2A CN114905221A (en) 2022-05-31 2022-05-31 Quick positioning and assembling process for pipe orifice flange

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CN114905221A true CN114905221A (en) 2022-08-16

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115533398A (en) * 2022-09-22 2022-12-30 国网山东省电力公司平邑县供电公司 Automatic welding device for tower foot of power transmission line iron tower

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115533398A (en) * 2022-09-22 2022-12-30 国网山东省电力公司平邑县供电公司 Automatic welding device for tower foot of power transmission line iron tower
CN115533398B (en) * 2022-09-22 2023-04-14 国网山东省电力公司平邑县供电公司 Automatic welding device for tower foot of power transmission line iron tower

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