CN114532190A - Water conservancy irrigation system and method based on solar power generation - Google Patents

Water conservancy irrigation system and method based on solar power generation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114532190A
CN114532190A CN202210253607.5A CN202210253607A CN114532190A CN 114532190 A CN114532190 A CN 114532190A CN 202210253607 A CN202210253607 A CN 202210253607A CN 114532190 A CN114532190 A CN 114532190A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
power generation
converter
fixedly connected
valve group
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Granted
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CN202210253607.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114532190B (en
Inventor
蔡玉祝
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Datang Shanxi Power Generation Co ltd
Yangcheng International Power Generation Co ltd
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Individual
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/02Watering arrangements located above the soil which make use of perforated pipe-lines or pipe-lines with dispensing fittings, e.g. for drip irrigation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like
    • A01G25/16Control of watering
    • A01G25/167Control by humidity of the soil itself or of devices simulating soil or of the atmosphere; Soil humidity sensors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B1/00Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means
    • B05B1/26Nozzles, spray heads or other outlets, with or without auxiliary devices such as valves, heating means with means for mechanically breaking-up or deflecting the jet after discharge, e.g. with fixed deflectors; Breaking-up the discharged liquid or other fluent material by impinging jets
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B15/00Details of spraying plant or spraying apparatus not otherwise provided for; Accessories
    • B05B15/14Arrangements for preventing or controlling structural damage to spraying apparatus or its outlets, e.g. for breaking at desired places; Arrangements for handling or replacing damaged parts
    • B05B15/16Arrangements for preventing or controlling structural damage to spraying apparatus or its outlets, e.g. for breaking at desired places; Arrangements for handling or replacing damaged parts for preventing non-intended contact between spray heads or nozzles and foreign bodies, e.g. nozzle guards
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B05SPRAYING OR ATOMISING IN GENERAL; APPLYING FLUENT MATERIALS TO SURFACES, IN GENERAL
    • B05BSPRAYING APPARATUS; ATOMISING APPARATUS; NOZZLES
    • B05B3/00Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements
    • B05B3/02Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements with rotating elements
    • B05B3/04Spraying or sprinkling apparatus with moving outlet elements or moving deflecting elements with rotating elements driven by the liquid or other fluent material discharged, e.g. the liquid actuating a motor before passing to the outlet
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02NELECTRIC MACHINES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H02N11/00Generators or motors not provided for elsewhere; Alleged perpetua mobilia obtained by electric or magnetic means
    • H02N11/002Generators
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Spray Control Apparatus (AREA)
  • Nozzles (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a water conservancy irrigation system and a water conservancy irrigation method based on solar power generation, and the water conservancy irrigation system comprises a power generation system, a control system, a water delivery system and a spraying system, wherein the power generation system is in power transmission connection with the control system, the water delivery system comprises a plurality of main pipelines, each main pipeline is connected through a cross connector, the cross connectors are connected with the main pipelines through flanges, and the left side and the right side of each cross connector are communicated with auxiliary pipelines. According to the invention, the collected heat energy is converted into electric energy through the power generation system, so that the energy cost is saved, the application range of the device is greatly improved through the control system, the labor cost is saved, the spraying system can be hidden through the contraction of the spraying system, fallen leaves or dust can be prevented from entering the water outlet pipe to block the water outlet pipe, the device is protected conveniently, the service life of the device is prolonged, the spraying system can be hidden conveniently, and the damage of external force is prevented.

Description

Water conservancy irrigation system and method based on solar power generation
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of agricultural irrigation, in particular to a water conservancy irrigation system and a water conservancy irrigation method based on solar power generation.
Background
The technical measures for supplementing the water required by crops are that in order to ensure the normal growth of the crops and obtain high and stable yield, sufficient water must be supplied to the crops, and under natural conditions, the water requirement of the crops cannot be met due to insufficient precipitation or uneven distribution, so that the irrigation must be artificially carried out to supplement the deficiency of natural rainfall.
The current irrigation mode adopts the internal-combustion engine to drive the water pump to pump water and irrigate mostly, and irrigation cost is big, and pollutes the water source easily, and automatic irrigation mode is mostly with irrigation spray head pre-buried in the assigned position, and the shower nozzle is fixed, can not shrink and protect the shower nozzle, at the in-process of sowing or fertilizeing, damages the shower nozzle easily, sprays not even enough.
Therefore, it is necessary to invent a water irrigation system and method based on solar power generation to solve the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a water conservancy irrigation system and a method based on solar power generation, wherein collected heat energy is converted into electric energy through a power generation system, energy cost is saved, the application range of the device is greatly improved through a control system, labor cost is saved, the spraying system can be hidden, fallen leaves or dust can be prevented from entering the water outlet pipe, the water outlet pipe is blocked, the device is protected conveniently, the service life of the device is prolonged, the spraying system is hidden conveniently, external force damage is prevented, the problems that most of the prior art in an irrigation mode, an internal combustion engine is adopted to drive a water pump to pump water for irrigation, irrigation cost is high, water sources are easy to pollute, most of the automatic irrigation modes are that an irrigation spray head is pre-buried at a designated position, the spray head is fixed, the spray head cannot be contracted or protected, and in the process of seeding or fertilizing, easily damage the spray head and cause the problem of uneven spraying.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the irrigation system based on solar power generation comprises a power generation system, a control system, a water delivery system and a spraying system, wherein the power generation system is in power transmission connection with the control system, the water delivery system comprises a plurality of main pipelines, each main pipeline is connected through a cross connector, the cross connectors are in flange connection with the main pipelines, the left side and the right side of each cross connector are communicated with auxiliary pipelines, the cross connectors are in flange connection with the auxiliary pipelines, the number of the auxiliary pipelines is multiple, every two adjacent auxiliary pipelines are in flange connection, and the middle top of each auxiliary pipeline is communicated with a water inlet pipe;
the sprinkling system comprises a connecting valve group, a first lifting rod, a second lifting rod, a sprinkler bead and a water blocking plate, wherein the bottom of the connecting valve group is communicated with a water inlet pipe, the top of the connecting valve group is communicated with a water outlet pipe, a valve switch is arranged on the left side of the connecting valve group, an overflow pipe is communicated with the right side of the upper portion of the connecting valve group, an output end of the valve switch is fixedly connected with a rotating valve, the rotating valve is tightly attached to the connecting valve group, the first lifting rod is inserted in the water outlet pipe, the second lifting rod is inserted in the second lifting rod, the sprinkler bead is inserted in the temporal part of the second lifting rod, and the sprinkler bead is connected with the water blocking plate in a sliding manner.
Preferably, the rotating valve is internally provided with a water outlet matched with the water outlet pipe, a water inlet matched with the water inlet pipe and a pressure reducing opening matched with the overflow pipe.
Preferably, the inboard fixedly connected with of top of first lifter detains the circle in first, the bottom outside fixedly connected with of second lifter detains the circle with first interior knot circle matched with first outer knot circle, detain the circle in the inboard fixedly connected with second in top of outlet pipe, the bottom outside fixedly connected with of first lifter detains the circle with second in detain circle matched with second outer knot circle, the inboard or the equal fixedly connected with sealing washer of avris of detaining the circle in first interior knot circle and the second.
Preferably, the top of the second lifting rod is provided with a water pipe, the inside of the water pipe is fixedly connected with a first guide plate, the bottom of the sprinkler bead is fixedly connected with a second guide plate matched with the first guide plate, the first guide plate and the second guide plate are both obliquely arranged, the inner side of the top of the water pipe is provided with a rotating bead, and the outer side of the sprinkler bead is fixedly connected with a lug matched with the rotating bead.
Preferably, the long-range water jet has been seted up around the top of sprinkler bead, the process water jet has been seted up in the middle of the top of sprinkler bead, the spout has been seted up to the avris of process water jet, the inside sliding connection of spout has the connecting rod, the top and the board fixed connection that blocks water of connecting rod, the bottom of the board that blocks water is the circular arc setting, and blocks water the bottom of board and has seted up the guiding gutter.
Preferably, the top of the water blocking plate is fixedly connected with a protection plate, a vertical rod is fixedly connected between the water blocking plate and the protection plate, and the diameter of the protection plate is larger than that of the water outlet pipe.
Preferably, the power generation system comprises a solar heat collector, an output end of the water delivery solar heat collector is electrically connected with a thermoelectric converter, an output end of the water delivery thermoelectric converter is electrically connected with a storage battery pack, and an output end of the water delivery storage battery pack is electrically connected with the control system.
Preferably, control system includes humidity transducer and pressure sensor, the equal electric connection of humidity transducer and pressure sensor's output has the AD converter, the output electric connection of AD converter has the singlechip, the output electric connection of singlechip has the DA converter, the output and first frequency conversion water pump, second frequency conversion water pump and electromagnetism valves electric connection of DA converter, the electromagnetism valves includes a plurality of valve switch, electric property parallel connection between a plurality of valve switch.
The irrigation method based on solar power generation comprises the irrigation device based on solar power generation, and the processing steps are as follows:
the method comprises the following steps: the solar heat collector transmits the collected heat energy to the interior of the thermoelectric converter, the thermoelectric converter converts the heat energy into electric energy and stores the electric energy through the storage battery pack, the storage battery pack provides one part of the stored electric energy for the power generation system to consume, and the other part of the stored electric energy is provided for the control system;
step two: the humidity sensor in the control system transmits detected soil humidity data to the single chip microcomputer through the A/D converter in real time, the single chip microcomputer compares the soil humidity with rated humidity, when the humidity is lower than the rated data, the single chip microcomputer transmits an instruction to the first variable frequency water pump, the second variable frequency water pump and the electromagnetic valve group through the D/A converter, so that the first variable frequency water pump and the second variable frequency water pump are controlled to transmit a water source to the water delivery system, the electromagnetic valve group controls the water source to be sprayed out through the spraying system, meanwhile, the pressure sensor detects water pressure in the water delivery system in real time and transmits the detected soil humidity data to the single chip microcomputer through the A/D converter, the single chip microcomputer transmits the instruction to the first variable frequency water pump and the second variable frequency water pump through the D/A converter, and the first variable frequency water pump can automatically adjust the working intensity according to the water pressure data, when the water pressure is insufficient, the second variable-frequency water pump can be started to pressurize the water delivery system;
step three: the solenoid valve group control valve switch is opened to rotate the angle that is linked together to water inlet and inlet tube with the rotary valve, water gets into the auxiliary pipeline through the trunk line, and the rethread auxiliary pipeline enters into the inlet tube, and the rethread connecting valve group enters into the outlet pipe, and the rethread first lifter enters into the second lifter, and the rethread sprinkler bead blowout.
In the technical scheme, the invention provides the following technical effects and advantages:
1. the collected heat energy is converted into electric energy through the power generation system, one part of the electric energy is supplied to the power generation system for consumption of the power generation system, the other part of the electric energy is supplied to the control system, energy is saved, the control system controls the first variable frequency water pump, the second variable frequency water pump and the electromagnetic valve group to work according to soil humidity, automatic irrigation is facilitated, human resources are greatly saved, the pressure sensor detects the water pressure in the water delivery system in real time, the first variable frequency water pump and the second variable frequency water pump are adjusted according to the water pressure, the working intensity of the first variable frequency water pump can be automatically adjusted according to water pressure data, when the water pressure is insufficient, the water delivery system can be pressurized by starting the second variable frequency water pump, the application range of the device is greatly improved, the valve switch of the electromagnetic valve group is opened, the spraying system automatically expands under the impact of water flow, and the height of a water spraying head is improved, is beneficial to expanding the spraying range;
2. wherein, the water enters into the second guide plate through the first guide plate, because the second guide plate is arranged obliquely, the water spray head can be driven to rotate, the spraying range can be more uniform, the water is sprayed at the far position of the spraying area through the remote water spray nozzle and is sprayed on the water-blocking plate through the process water spray nozzle, the bottom of the water-blocking plate is arranged in a circular arc shape, the water can be dispersed to the periphery, the water is sprayed at the near position of the spraying area, the water guide groove can spray the water at the near position of the spraying area, thereby being beneficial to dispersing the water flow, the spraying is more uniform, when the spraying is finished, the valve switch drives the rotary valve to reset, thereby closing the water inlet, the pressure reducing port is communicated with the overflow pipe, under the action of atmospheric pressure, the residual water in the spraying system is discharged through the overflow pipe, under the action of gravity, the spraying system automatically shrinks, wherein the protection plate falls at the top of the water outlet pipe, the water outlet pipe can be prevented from being blocked by fallen leaves or dust, the device is protected conveniently, the service life of the device is prolonged, the spraying system is hidden conveniently, and external force damage is prevented.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present application or technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments described in the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art according to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a spray system of the present invention in a contracted configuration;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the sprinkler system of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the spray system of the present invention in an expanded configuration;
FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a spraying system of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the rotary valve and the connection valve set of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the water pipe of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the sprinkler head of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic perspective view of the water stop plate of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is an enlarged view of the structure at A in FIG. 5 according to the present invention;
FIG. 11 is an enlarged view of the structure of FIG. 5B according to the present invention;
FIG. 12 is an enlarged view of the structure of FIG. 5 at C;
FIG. 13 is a system control flow diagram of the power generation system of the present invention;
fig. 14 is a system control flowchart of the control system of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
1. a solar heat collector; 11. a thermoelectric converter; 12. a battery pack; 2. a humidity sensor; 21. a pressure sensor; 22. a first variable frequency water pump; 23. a second variable frequency water pump; 24. an electromagnetic valve bank; 3. a main pipeline; 31. a cross connector; 32. a secondary pipe; 33. a water inlet pipe; 34. a water outlet pipe; 4. connecting a valve group; 41. opening and closing a valve; 42. an overflow pipe; 43. rotating the valve; 44. a water outlet; 45. a water inlet; 46. a pressure relief port; 5. a first lifting rod; 51. a seal ring; 52. a first inner snap ring; 6. a second lifting rod; 61. a water delivery pipe; 62. a first baffle; 63. rotating the beads; 7. a sprinkler head; 71. a second baffle; 72. a bump; 73. a remote water jet; 74. a process water jet; 75. a chute; 8. a water-blocking plate; 81. a diversion trench; 82. a connecting rod; 9. and (4) a protection plate.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical solutions of the present invention better understood, those skilled in the art will now describe the present invention in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The invention provides a water conservancy irrigation system based on solar power generation as shown in figures 1-14, which comprises a power generation system, a control system, a water delivery system and a spraying system, wherein the power generation system is in power transmission connection with the control system, the water delivery system comprises a plurality of main pipelines 3, each main pipeline 3 is connected by a cross connector 31, the cross connectors 31 are in flange connection with the main pipelines 3, the left side and the right side of each cross connector 31 are communicated with auxiliary pipelines 32, the cross connectors 31 are in flange connection with the auxiliary pipelines 32, the number of the auxiliary pipelines 32 is multiple, each two adjacent auxiliary pipelines 32 are in flange connection, and the middle top of each auxiliary pipeline 32 is communicated with a water inlet pipe 33;
sprinkling system is including connecting valves 4, first lifter 5, second lifter 6, sprinkler bead 7 and water blocking plate 8, the bottom and the inlet tube 33 intercommunication of connecting valves 4, the top intercommunication of connecting valves 4 has outlet pipe 34, valve switch 41 is installed in the left side of connecting valves 4, the upper portion right side intercommunication of connecting valves 4 has warning pipe 42, valve switch 41's output fixedly connected with rotation valve 43, rotation valve 43 and the inseparable laminating of connecting valves 4, first lifter 5 pegs graft in the inside of outlet pipe 34, second lifter 6 pegs graft in the inside of second lifter 6, sprinkler bead 7 pegs graft in the temporal part of second lifter 6, sprinkler bead 7 and water blocking plate 8 sliding connection.
The rotary valve 43 is provided therein with a water outlet 44 fitted to the water outlet pipe 34, a water inlet 45 fitted to the water inlet pipe 33, and a pressure reducing port 46 fitted to the overflow pipe 42, so as to discharge residual water therein and facilitate contraction of the device.
Detain circle 52 in the inboard fixedly connected with in top of first lifter 5 is first, detain circle 52 matched with first outer the knot circle in the bottom outside fixedly connected with of second lifter 6 and the first, detain the circle in the inboard fixedly connected with second in top of outlet pipe 34, detain the circle outside the second matched with in the bottom outside fixedly connected with of first lifter 5 and the second, detain the inboard of circle 52 and the second in the first or the equal fixedly connected with sealing washer 51 of avris, be convenient for seal the device.
The top of second lifter 6 is provided with raceway 61, the first guide plate 62 of inside fixedly connected with of raceway 61, the bottom fixedly connected with of sprinkler bead 7 and first guide plate 62 matched with second guide plate 71, first guide plate 62 and second guide plate 71 all incline to set up, the top inboard of raceway 61 is provided with rotates pearl 63, sprinkler bead 7 outside fixedly connected with rotates pearl 63 matched with lug 72, can reduce frictional force, and the sprinkler bead 7 of being convenient for rotates.
The long-range water jet 73 has been seted up around the top of sprinkler bead 7, the process water jet 74 has been seted up in the middle of the top of sprinkler bead 7, spout 75 has been seted up to the avris of process water jet 74, the inside sliding connection of spout 75 has connecting rod 82, the top and the water-blocking plate 8 fixed connection of connecting rod 82, the bottom of water-blocking plate 8 is the circular arc setting, and has seted up guiding gutter 81 in the bottom of water-blocking plate 8, is favorable to dispersing rivers, makes to spray more evenly.
The top fixedly connected with guard plate 9 of water-blocking plate 8, fixedly connected with pole setting between water-blocking plate 8 and the guard plate 9, the diameter of guard plate 9 is greater than the diameter of outlet pipe 34, can prevent that fallen leaves or dust from entering into outlet pipe 34 inside, blockking up outlet pipe 34.
The power generation system comprises a solar heat collector 1, the output end of the water delivery solar heat collector 1 is electrically connected with a thermoelectric converter 11, the output end of the water delivery thermoelectric converter 11 is electrically connected with a storage battery pack 12, and the output end of the water delivery storage battery pack 12 is electrically connected with a control system, so that energy conservation is facilitated.
Control system includes humidity transducer 2 and pressure sensor 21, the equal electric connection of humidity transducer 2 and pressure sensor 21's the output has the AD converter, the output electric connection of AD converter has the singlechip, the output electric connection of singlechip has the DA converter, the output and first frequency conversion water pump 22, second frequency conversion water pump 23 and the 24 electric connection of electromagnetism valves of DA converter, electromagnetism valves 24 includes a plurality of valve switch 41, and electric parallel connection between a plurality of valve switch 41 can control each sprinkler system respectively and start or close, is convenient for carry out automatic watering, has practiced thrift manpower resources greatly.
A method of solar power irrigation comprising a solar power irrigation apparatus according to any one of claims 1 to 8, the method comprising the steps of:
the method comprises the following steps: the solar heat collector 1 transmits the collected heat energy to the interior of the thermoelectric converter 11, the thermoelectric converter 11 converts the heat energy into electric energy and stores the electric energy through the storage battery 12, the storage battery 12 provides one part of the stored electric energy for the power generation system to consume, and the other part of the stored electric energy is provided for the control system;
step two: the humidity sensor 2 in the control system transmits detected soil humidity data to the single chip microcomputer through the A/D converter in real time, the single chip microcomputer compares the soil humidity with rated humidity, when the humidity is lower than the rated data, the single chip microcomputer transmits an instruction to the first variable frequency water pump 22, the second variable frequency water pump 23 and the electromagnetic valve group 24 through the D/A converter, so that the first variable frequency water pump 22 and the second variable frequency water pump 23 are controlled to transmit a water source to a water delivery system, the electromagnetic valve group 24 controls the water source to be sprayed out through a spraying system, meanwhile, the pressure sensor 21 detects water pressure in the water delivery system in real time, and transmits the detected soil humidity data to the single chip microcomputer through the A/D converter in real time, the single chip microcomputer transmits the instruction to the first variable frequency water pump 22 and the second variable frequency water pump 23 through the D/A converter, and the first variable frequency water pump 22 can automatically adjust the working strength according to the water pressure data, when the water pressure is insufficient, the second variable-frequency water pump 23 can be started to pressurize the water delivery system;
step three: the solenoid valve group 24 controls the valve switch 41 to be opened, so that the rotary valve 43 is rotated to the angle that the water inlet 45 is communicated with the water inlet pipe 33, water enters the auxiliary pipeline 32 through the main pipeline 3, then enters the water inlet pipe 33 through the auxiliary pipeline 32, then enters the water outlet pipe 34 through the connecting valve group 4, and then enters the second lifting rod 6 through the first lifting rod 5 and is sprayed out through the water spraying head 7.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
referring to the attached drawings 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 13 and 14 of the specification, firstly, the solar heat collector 1 transmits the collected heat energy to the interior of the thermoelectric converter 11, the thermoelectric converter 11 converts the heat energy into electric energy and stores the electric energy through the storage battery 12, the storage battery 12 provides one part of the stored electric energy to the power generation system for consumption of the power generation system, and the other part of the stored electric energy is provided to the control system, then, the humidity sensor 2 in the control system transmits the detected soil humidity data to the single chip microcomputer through the A/D converter in real time, the single chip microcomputer compares the soil humidity with the rated humidity, when the humidity is lower than the rated data, the single chip microcomputer transmits an instruction to the first variable frequency water pump 22, the second variable frequency water pump 23 and the electromagnetic valve group 24 through the D/A converter, thereby controlling the first variable frequency water pump 22 and the second variable frequency water pump 23 to transmit a water source to the water transmission system, the electromagnetic valve group 24 controls water source to be sprayed out through the spraying system, meanwhile, the pressure sensor 21 detects water pressure in the water delivery system in real time, detected soil humidity data is transmitted to the single chip microcomputer through the A/D converter in real time, the single chip microcomputer transmits instructions to the first variable frequency water pump 22 and the second variable frequency water pump 23 through the D/A converter, the first variable frequency water pump 22 can automatically adjust working strength according to the water pressure data, when the water pressure is insufficient, the second variable frequency water pump 23 can be started to boost the water delivery system, then, the electromagnetic valve group 24 controls the valve switch 41 to be opened, so that the rotary valve 43 is rotated to an angle at which the water inlet 45 is communicated with the water inlet pipe 33, water enters the auxiliary pipeline 32 through the main pipeline 3 and then enters the water inlet pipe 33 through the auxiliary pipeline 32, then enters the water outlet pipe 34 through the connecting valve group 4, and then enters the second lifting rod 6 through the first lifting rod 5, the water is sprayed out through the water spraying head 7, meanwhile, under the impact of water flow, the water spraying head 7 moves upwards to extend out of the interior of the second lifting rod 6, the second lifting rod 6 moves upwards to extend out of the first lifting rod 5, the first lifting rod 5 extends out of the water outlet pipe 34, and then the spraying system is automatically unfolded, so that the height of the water spraying head 7 is improved, and the spraying range is favorably expanded;
referring to the attached drawings 1-12 of the specification, wherein water enters the second guide plate 71 through the first guide plate 62 on the top of the second lifting rod 6, the second guide plate 71 is obliquely arranged to drive the sprinkler head 7 to rotate, so that the water is sprinkled at a far position of a sprinkling area through the remote water-sprinkling opening 73 and is sprinkled on the water-blocking plate 8 through the process water-sprinkling opening 74, the bottom of the water-blocking plate 8 is arranged in a circular arc shape to disperse the water to the periphery, so that the water is sprinkled at a near position of the sprinkling area, and the guide groove 81 can sprinkle the water at a near position of the sprinkling area, so that the water flow is favorably dispersed, the sprinkler head 7 continuously rotates to make the sprinkling area more uniform, when the sprinkling is finished, the valve switch 41 drives the rotary valve 43 to reset, so that the water inlet 45 is closed, at the moment, the water outlet 44 is still communicated with the water outlet pipe 34, and the pressure-reducing opening 46 is communicated with the overflow pipe 42, under the effect of atmospheric pressure, the inside remaining water of sprinkler system passes through warning pipe 42 and discharges, under the action of gravity, 8 shrink of water blocking plate advance inside sprinkler head 7, sprinkler head 7 shrink into inside second lifter 6, second lifter 6 shrink into inside first lifter 5, first lifter 5 shrink business turn over water pipe 34 is inside, wherein guard plate 9 is at the top of outlet pipe 34, can prevent that fallen leaves or dust from entering into inside outlet pipe 34, block up outlet pipe 34, be convenient for protect the device, the service life of device has been improved, and be convenient for hide sprinkler system, prevent external force from damaging.
While certain exemplary embodiments of the present invention have been described above by way of illustration only, it will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art that the described embodiments may be modified in various different ways without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. Accordingly, the drawings and description are illustrative in nature and should not be construed as limiting the scope of the invention.

Claims (9)

1. Irrigation system based on solar energy power generation, including power generation system, control system, water delivery system and sprinkling system, its characterized in that: the power generation system is in power transmission connection with the control system, the water delivery system comprises a plurality of main pipelines (3), each main pipeline (3) is connected through a cross connector (31), the cross connectors (31) are in flange connection with the main pipelines (3), the left side and the right side of each cross connector (31) are communicated with auxiliary pipelines (32), the cross connectors (31) are in flange connection with the auxiliary pipelines (32), the number of the auxiliary pipelines (32) is multiple, each two adjacent auxiliary pipelines (32) are in flange connection, and the middle top of each auxiliary pipeline (32) is communicated with a water inlet pipe (33);
the spraying system comprises a connecting valve group (4), a first lifting rod (5), a second lifting rod (6), a water spraying head (7) and a water blocking plate (8), wherein the bottom of the connecting valve group (4) is communicated with a water inlet pipe (33), the top of the connecting valve group (4) is communicated with a water outlet pipe (34), a valve switch (41) is installed on the left side of the connecting valve group (4), a water overflow pipe (42) is communicated with the right side of the upper part of the connecting valve group (4), an output end of the valve switch (41) is fixedly connected with a rotating valve (43), the rotating valve (43) is tightly attached to the connecting valve group (4), the first lifting rod (5) is inserted in the water outlet pipe (34), the second lifting rod (6) is inserted in the second lifting rod (6), and the water spraying head (7) is inserted in the temporal part of the second lifting rod (6), the sprinkler head (7) is connected with the water blocking plate (8) in a sliding way.
2. A solar power generation-based irrigation system according to claim 1 and further comprising: the inside of the rotary valve (43) is provided with a water outlet (44) matched with the water outlet pipe (34), a water inlet (45) matched with the water inlet pipe (33) and a pressure reducing opening (46) matched with the overflow pipe (42).
3. A solar power generation-based irrigation system according to claim 1 and further comprising: detain circle (52) in the inboard fixedly connected with in top of first lifter (5), the bottom outside fixedly connected with of second lifter (6) detains circle (52) matched with first outer the knot circle in with first, detain the circle in the inboard fixedly connected with second in top of outlet pipe (34), the bottom outside fixedly connected with of first lifter (5) detains the circle outside with the second in detaining circle matched with second, detain the inboard or the equal fixedly connected with sealing washer of avris (51) of circle in detaining circle (52) and the second in the first.
4. A solar power generation-based irrigation system according to claim 1 and further comprising: the top of second lifter (6) is provided with raceway (61), the first guide plate (62) of inside fixedly connected with of raceway (61), the bottom fixedly connected with of sprinkler bead (7) and first guide plate (62) matched with second guide plate (71), first guide plate (62) and second guide plate (71) all incline the setting, the top inboard of raceway (61) is provided with rotates pearl (63), sprinkler bead (7) outside fixedly connected with rotate pearl (63) matched with lug (72).
5. A solar power generation-based irrigation system according to claim 1 and further comprising: the long-range water jet (73) has been seted up around the top of sprinkler bead (7), process water jet (74) have been seted up in the middle of the top of sprinkler bead (7), spout (75) have been seted up to the avris of process water jet (74), the inside sliding connection of spout (75) has connecting rod (82), the top and the water-blocking plate (8) fixed connection of connecting rod (82), the bottom of water-blocking plate (8) is the circular arc setting, and the guiding gutter (81) have been seted up to the bottom of water-blocking plate (8).
6. A solar power generation-based irrigation system according to claim 1 and further comprising: the top fixedly connected with guard plate (9) of water-blocking board (8), fixedly connected with pole setting between water-blocking board (8) and guard plate (9), the diameter of guard plate (9) is greater than the diameter of outlet pipe (34).
7. A solar power generation-based irrigation system according to claim 1 and further comprising: the power generation system comprises a solar heat collector (1), the output end of the water delivery solar heat collector (1) is electrically connected with a thermoelectric converter (11), the output end of the water delivery thermoelectric converter (11) is electrically connected with a storage battery pack (12), and the output end of the water delivery storage battery pack (12) is electrically connected with a control system.
8. A solar power generation-based irrigation system according to claim 1 and further comprising: control system includes humidity transducer (2) and pressure sensor (21), the equal electric connection of output of humidity transducer (2) and pressure sensor (21) has the AD converter, the output electric connection of AD converter has the singlechip, the output electric connection of singlechip has the DA converter, the output and first frequency conversion water pump (22), second frequency conversion water pump (23) and electromagnetism valves (24) electric connection of DA converter, electromagnetism valves (24) include a plurality of valve switch (41), electric parallel connection between a plurality of valve switch (41).
9. A method of solar power irrigation comprising a solar power irrigation apparatus according to any one of claims 1-8, wherein: the treatment steps are as follows:
the method comprises the following steps: the solar heat collector (1) transmits the collected heat energy to the interior of the thermoelectric converter (11), the thermoelectric converter (11) converts the heat energy into electric energy and stores the electric energy through the storage battery (12), the storage battery (12) provides one part of the stored electric energy to the power generation system for consumption of the power generation system, and the other part of the stored electric energy is provided to the control system;
step two: the humidity sensor (2) in the control system transmits detected soil humidity data to the single chip microcomputer through the A/D converter in real time, the single chip microcomputer compares the soil humidity with rated humidity, when the humidity is lower than the rated data, the single chip microcomputer transmits an instruction to the first variable frequency water pump (22), the second variable frequency water pump (23) and the electromagnetic valve group (24) through the D/A converter, so that the first variable frequency water pump (22) and the second variable frequency water pump (23) are controlled to transmit a water source to the water delivery system, the electromagnetic valve group (24) controls the water source to be sprayed out through the spraying system, meanwhile, the pressure sensor (21) detects the water pressure in the water delivery system in real time, transmits the detected soil humidity data to the single chip microcomputer through the A/D converter in real time, the single chip microcomputer transmits the instruction to the first variable frequency water pump (22) and the second variable frequency water pump (23) through the D/A converter, the first variable-frequency water pump (22) can automatically adjust the working strength according to water pressure data, and when the water pressure is insufficient, the second variable-frequency water pump (23) can be started to pressurize the water delivery system;
step three: solenoid valve group (24) control flap switch (41) are opened to rotate rotary valve (43) to the angle that water inlet (45) and inlet tube (33) are linked together, water gets into auxiliary pipeline (32) through trunk line (3), and inlet tube (33) are entered into in rethread auxiliary pipeline (32), and outlet pipe (34) are entered into in rethread connecting valve group (4), and rethread first lifter (5) enter into second lifter (6), and rethread sprinkler bead (7) blowout.
CN202210253607.5A 2022-03-15 2022-03-15 Irrigation system and method based on solar power generation Active CN114532190B (en)

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CN113841595A (en) * 2021-11-09 2021-12-28 湘潭大学 Energy-saving intelligent accurate irrigation system based on combination of soil humidity and depth

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