CN114308335A - Utilize device of gardens discarded object environmental protection processing domestic sludge - Google Patents

Utilize device of gardens discarded object environmental protection processing domestic sludge Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114308335A
CN114308335A CN202111526673.7A CN202111526673A CN114308335A CN 114308335 A CN114308335 A CN 114308335A CN 202111526673 A CN202111526673 A CN 202111526673A CN 114308335 A CN114308335 A CN 114308335A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
boiler
domestic sludge
support
environmental protection
cyclone
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Pending
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CN202111526673.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
芮鑫杰
陈建昌
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Huzhou Xiamu Mountain Ecological Agriculture And Forestry Development Co ltd
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Huzhou Xiamu Mountain Ecological Agriculture And Forestry Development Co ltd
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Priority to CN202111526673.7A priority Critical patent/CN114308335A/en
Publication of CN114308335A publication Critical patent/CN114308335A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of garden environment-friendly equipment, in particular to a device for environment-friendly treatment of domestic sludge by using garden wastes, which sequentially comprises a boiler, a cyclone separator, a crusher and a fan from left to right, wherein the boiler, the cyclone separator, the crusher and the crusher are sequentially communicated with each other through a first pipeline; the burning mode can seriously pollute the air, a large amount of harmful gases such as ammonia, sulfide, dioxin and the like generated by burning can also seriously affect the health of people, and in addition, the burning mode can consume too many resources.

Description

Utilize device of gardens discarded object environmental protection processing domestic sludge
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of garden environment-friendly equipment, in particular to a device for environment-friendly treatment of domestic sludge by using garden wastes.
Background
Garden waste, also called garden waste or green waste, mainly refers to plant residues produced by natural withering or artificial trimming of garden plants, mainly including leaves, grass clippings, trees, shrub pruning and the like, and the main component of the plant residues is wood fiber. With the increasing of urban greening coverage rate, the quantity of garden plant wastes is increasing day by day, and the garden plant wastes are different from daily life, medical use, industrial production and other wastes due to the fact that the garden plant wastes contain rich organic substances and nutrient substances, so that the garden waste has a good resource utilization value. At present, the common treatment mode of the garden wastes is landfill or incineration, the landfill mode occupies a large amount of land, the transportation cost is high, and the landfill site needs to be subjected to anti-seepage treatment to prevent the potential pollution of the surrounding environment caused by soil, water and atmosphere; the mode of burning can seriously pollute the air, and the harmful gas such as a large amount of ammonia, sulphide, dioxin that burn the production still will seriously influence people's healthy, and in addition, the mode of burning can consume too much resource, and the heat energy that produces does not make full use of, in order to solve above-mentioned problem, we provide a device that utilizes gardens discarded object environmental protection to handle domestic sludge.
Disclosure of Invention
Technical problem to be solved
The method solves the problems that the common treatment mode of the garden wastes is landfill or incineration, the landfill mode occupies a large amount of land, the transportation cost is high, the landfill site needs to be subjected to anti-seepage treatment, and the potential pollution to the surrounding environment caused by soil, water and atmosphere is prevented; the mode of burning can seriously pollute the air, and harmful gas such as a large amount of ammonia, sulphide, dioxin that burn the production still will seriously influence people's healthy, and in addition, the mode of burning can consume too much resource, and the problem that the heat energy that produces does not make full use of provides the device that utilizes gardens discarded object environmental protection to handle domestic sludge.
(II) technical scheme
The utility model provides an utilize device of gardens discarded object environmental protection processing domestic sludge, from a left side to the right side in proper order including boiler, cyclone, rubbing crusher, breaker, fan, boiler, cyclone, rubbing crusher, breaker, communicate each other in proper order through first pipeline, fan and rubbing crusher communicate each other through the second pipeline, and boiler and fan communicate each other through the recovery tube, are provided with between cyclone and the breaker and retrieve transport mechanism.
As preferred technical scheme, boiler internally mounted has the hydrophone, the hydrophone is including the water pump, the standpipe, the water storage pump, the water pump is fixed in the boiler bottom, the water storage pump is fixed at the boiler top, the standpipe communicates water pump and water storage pump each other, water pump one side is provided with the inlet tube, the inlet tube runs through cyclone and communicates each other with the water pump, the outlet pipe is installed to the one end of water storage pump, the burning furnace is installed to the bottom of boiler, the lateral wall of boiler just is located the below of inlet tube and installs the nozzle.
As preferred technical scheme, retrieve transport mechanism and include first conveying unit, second conveying unit, first conveying unit is located cyclone below, and first conveying unit includes the support body, and first running roller is installed at the both ends of support body, and first running roller overcoat is equipped with the drive belt, and second conveying unit includes the support, and the one end of support is located the drive belt below, and the other end is located the breaker top, and the second running roller is installed at the both ends of support, and the second running roller overcoat is equipped with the ladder drive belt.
As a preferred technical scheme, the crusher comprises a hollow support, a crushing roller is arranged in the support, and a feed hopper is fixed at the top of the support.
As the preferred technical scheme, the pulverizer comprises a pulverizing bin, and a steel grinding ball is arranged in the pulverizing bin.
As the preferred technical scheme, a discharge pipe is installed at the bottom of the cyclone separator, and a first valve is installed at the discharge pipe.
As the preferred technical scheme, the top of the boiler is provided with an exhaust pipe, the bottom of the boiler is provided with a discharge hole, a second valve is arranged at the discharge hole, the bottom of the boiler is in a slope shape, and the slope inclines towards the second valve.
(III) advantageous effects
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) when the device is used, garden garbage is poured into the interior of the crusher through the feeding hopper, the crusher comprises a hollow support, a crushing roller is mounted inside the support, the garden garbage is crushed by the crushing roller, the crushed garden garbage enters the crusher through a first pipeline, the crusher comprises a crushing bin, a steel grinding ball is mounted inside the crushing bin, the crushed garden garbage is further crushed to be powdery by the steel grinding ball, the fan is started at the moment, the fan blows air to the crushing bin, meanwhile, the powdery garden garbage inside the crushing bin enters the cyclone separator through the first pipeline, the cyclone separator is communicated with a boiler through the first pipeline, a discharging pipe is mounted at the bottom of the cyclone separator, a first valve is mounted at the discharging pipe, the first valve is opened, and due to the effect of the cyclone separator, a part of the smaller powdery garden garbage is fed into the boiler through the first pipeline, the great powdered gardens rubbish of another part is through first valve discharge cyclone, be provided with between cyclone and the breaker and retrieve transport mechanism, through setting up the drive belt, the ladder drive belt sends the great powdered gardens rubbish of exhaust back to inside the breaker, it is broken to circulate, send into the inside less powdered gardens rubbish of boiler and burn through burning furnace, the blast pipe is installed at the top of boiler, the discharge gate has been seted up to the bottom, discharge gate department is provided with the second valve, the bottom of boiler is slope form, and slope orientation second valve slope, the flue gas that the burning produced is from the blast pipe, ashes that the burning produced are discharged from the discharge gate.
(2) When heating up water, open the nozzle, the nozzle is located the below of inlet tube, thereby heat the inside water of inlet tube, then transport to inside the water loader in addition, the inside burning furnace that burns of boiler is when burning, further heat the inside water of water loader, again because the boiler passes through the recovery tube with the fan and communicates each other, the inside steam of boiler passes through the recovery tube and gets into the fan, the fan is sent the hot-blast to rubbing crusher again, cyclone, it is inside to circulate to the boiler at last, further get up steam cyclic utilization, heat the inside water of water loader, and energy consumption is saved.
(3) The invention solves the problems that the common treatment mode is landfill or incineration, the landfill mode occupies a large amount of land, the transportation cost is large, the landfill site needs to be subjected to anti-seepage treatment, and the potential pollution to the surrounding environment caused by soil, water and atmosphere is prevented; the burning mode can seriously pollute the air, a large amount of harmful gases such as ammonia, sulfide, dioxin and the like generated by burning can also seriously affect the health of people, in addition, the burning mode can consume too many resources, and the generated heat energy is not fully utilized.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the boiler of the present invention;
1-a boiler; 2-a cyclone separator; 3-a pulverizer; 4-a crusher; 5, a fan; 6-a first conduit; 7-a second conduit; 8-a recovery pipe; 9-a recovery transport mechanism; 10-a water feeder; 11-a water pump; 12-a water storage pipe; 13-water storage pump; 14-a water inlet pipe; 15-a first transfer unit; 16-a transmission belt; 17-a second transfer unit; 18-a support; 19-a feed hopper; 20-a discharge pipe; 21-a crushing bin; 22-a burner; 23-step drive belt; 24-a second valve; 25-a water outlet pipe; 26-an incinerator;
Detailed Description
The invention is further explained by combining the attached drawings, and the invention is further detailed by combining the embodiment as follows:
the utility model provides an utilize device of gardens discarded object environmental protection processing domestic sludge, from a left side to the right side including boiler 1 in proper order, cyclone 2, rubbing crusher 3, breaker 4, fan 5, boiler 1, cyclone 2, rubbing crusher 3, breaker 4, communicate each other in proper order through first pipeline 6, fan 5 communicates each other through second pipeline 7 with rubbing crusher 3, boiler 1 communicates each other through recovery tube 8 with fan 5, be provided with between cyclone 2 and the breaker 4 and retrieve transport mechanism 9.
Further, 1 internally mounted of boiler has last hydrophone 10, go up hydrophone 10 including water pump 11, standpipe 12, water storage pump 13, water pump 11 fixes in 1 bottom of boiler, water storage pump 13 fixes at 1 top of boiler, standpipe 12 communicates water pump 11 and water storage pump 13 each other, water pump 11 one side is provided with inlet tube 14, inlet tube 14 runs through cyclone 2 and communicates each other with water pump 11, outlet pipe 25 is installed to the one end of water storage pump 13, burning furnace 26 is installed to the bottom of boiler 1, the lateral wall of boiler 1 and the below that is located inlet tube 14 install nozzle 22.
Further, retrieve transport mechanism 9 and include first transfer unit 15, second transfer unit 17, first transfer unit 15 is located cyclone 2 below, first transfer unit 15 includes the support body, first running roller is installed at the both ends of support body, first running roller overcoat is equipped with drive belt 16, second transfer unit 17 includes the support, the one end of support is located drive belt 16 below, the other end is located 4 tops of breaker, the second running roller is installed at the both ends of support, second running roller overcoat is equipped with ladder drive belt 23.
Further, the crusher 4 comprises a support 18 with a hollow inside, a crushing roller is mounted inside the support 18, and a feed hopper 19 is fixed on the top of the support 18.
Furthermore, the pulverizer 3 comprises a pulverizing bin 21, and a steel grinding ball is arranged in the pulverizing bin 21.
Further, a discharge pipe 20 is installed at the bottom of the cyclone separator 2, and a first valve is installed at the discharge pipe 20.
Further, the top of the boiler 1 is provided with an exhaust pipe 23, the bottom of the boiler 1 is provided with a discharge hole, the discharge hole is provided with a second valve 24, the bottom of the boiler 1 is slope-shaped, and the slope inclines towards the second valve 24.
The working principle is as follows: when in use, garden garbage is poured into the crusher 4 through the feed hopper 19, the crusher 4 comprises a hollow support 18, a crushing roller is arranged inside the support 18 and is used for crushing the garden garbage, the crushed garden garbage enters the crusher 3 through the first pipeline 6, the crusher 3 comprises a crushing bin 21, a steel grinding ball is arranged inside the crushing bin 21 and is used for further crushing the crushed garden garbage into powder, the fan 5 is started at the moment, the fan 5 blows air to send the air into the crushing bin 21, meanwhile, the powder garden garbage inside the crushing bin 21 enters the cyclone separator 2 through the first pipeline 6, the cyclone separator 2 is communicated with the boiler 1 through the first pipeline 6, the discharge pipe 20 is arranged at the bottom of the cyclone separator 2, the first valve is arranged at the discharge pipe 20 and is opened, and due to the effect of the cyclone separator 2, one part of small powdery garden garbage is sent into the boiler 1 through a first pipeline 6, the other part of large powdery garden garbage is discharged out of the cyclone separator 2 through a first valve, a recycling and conveying mechanism 9 is arranged between the cyclone separator 2 and the crusher 4, the discharged large powdery garden garbage is sent back into the crusher 4 through a transmission belt 16 and a stepped transmission belt 23 for circular crushing, the small powdery garden garbage sent into the boiler 1 is incinerated through an incinerator 26, an exhaust pipe 23 is installed at the top of the boiler 1, a discharge hole is formed in the bottom of the boiler 1, a second valve 24 is arranged at the discharge hole, the bottom of the boiler 1 is in a slope shape, the slope inclines towards the second valve 24, flue gas generated by combustion is discharged from the exhaust pipe 23, and ash generated by combustion is discharged from the discharge hole; when water is boiled, the burner 22 is opened, the burner 22 is positioned below the water inlet pipe 14, so that the water in the water inlet pipe 14 is heated, then the water is transported to the inside of another water feeder 10, when the incinerator 26 in the boiler 1 is incinerated, the water in the water feeder 10 is further heated, the boiler 1 and the fan 5 are communicated with each other through the recovery pipe 8, hot air in the boiler 1 enters the fan 5 through the recovery pipe 8, the fan 5 sends hot air to the pulverizer 3 and the cyclone separator 2, and finally the hot air is circulated to the inside of the boiler 1, the hot air is further recycled, the water in the water feeder 10 is heated, and the energy consumption is saved, the invention solves the problems that the common treatment mode is landfill or incineration, the landfill mode occupies a large amount of land and the transportation cost is large, the landfill site needs to be subjected to anti-seepage treatment, so that potential pollution to the surrounding environment caused by soil, water and atmosphere is prevented; the burning mode can seriously pollute the air, a large amount of harmful gases such as ammonia, sulfide, dioxin and the like generated by burning can also seriously affect the health of people, in addition, the burning mode can consume too many resources, and the generated heat energy is not fully utilized.
The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and do not limit the spirit and scope of the present invention, and various modifications and improvements made to the technical solutions of the present invention by those skilled in the art without departing from the design concept of the present invention shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention, and the technical contents of the present invention as claimed are all described in the claims.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides an utilize device of gardens discarded object environmental protection processing domestic sludge which characterized in that: from a left side to the right side in proper order including boiler (1), cyclone (2), rubbing crusher (3), breaker (4), fan (5), boiler (1), cyclone (2), rubbing crusher (3), breaker (4), communicate each other in proper order through first pipeline (6), fan (5) and rubbing crusher (3) communicate each other through second pipeline (7), boiler (1) and fan (5) communicate each other through recovery tube (8), be provided with between cyclone (2) and breaker (4) and retrieve transport mechanism (9).
2. The apparatus for environmental-friendly treatment of domestic sludge using garden waste according to claim 1, wherein: boiler (1) internally mounted has last hydrophone (10), go up hydrophone (10) including water pump (11), standpipe (12), water storage pump (13), water pump (11) are fixed in boiler (1) bottom, water storage pump (13) are fixed at boiler (1) top, standpipe (12) communicate water pump (11) and water storage pump (13) each other, water pump (11) one side is provided with inlet tube (14), inlet tube (14) run through cyclone (2) and communicate with water pump (11) each other, outlet pipe (25) are installed to the one end of water storage pump (13), burning furnace (26) are installed to the bottom of boiler (1), burner (22) are installed to the lateral wall of boiler (1) and the below that is located inlet tube (14).
3. The apparatus for environmental protection treatment of domestic sludge using garden waste according to claim 2, wherein: retrieve transport mechanism (9) and include first conveying unit (15), second conveying unit (17), first conveying unit (15) are located cyclone (2) below, first conveying unit (15) are including the support body, first running roller is installed at the both ends of support body, and first running roller overcoat is equipped with drive belt (16), second conveying unit (17) are including the support, the one end of support is located drive belt (16) below, and the other end is located breaker (4) top, the second running roller is installed at the both ends of support, and second running roller overcoat is equipped with ladder drive belt (23).
4. The apparatus for environmental protection treatment of domestic sludge using garden waste according to claim 3, wherein: the crusher (4) comprises a hollow support (18), a crushing roller is arranged in the support (18), and a feed hopper (19) is fixed to the top of the support (18).
5. The apparatus for environmental protection treatment of domestic sludge using garden waste according to claim 4, wherein: rubbing crusher (3) are including smashing storehouse (21), smash storehouse (21) internally mounted has the steel ball that grinds.
6. The apparatus for environmental protection treatment of domestic sludge using garden waste according to claim 5, wherein: a discharge pipe (20) is installed at the bottom of the cyclone separator (2), and a first valve is installed at the position of the discharge pipe (20).
7. The apparatus for environmental protection treatment of domestic sludge using garden waste according to claim 2, wherein: the top of boiler (1) is installed blast pipe (23), and the discharge gate has been seted up to the bottom, and discharge gate department is provided with second valve (24), the bottom of boiler (1) is slope form, and slope towards second valve (24) slope.
CN202111526673.7A 2021-12-14 2021-12-14 Utilize device of gardens discarded object environmental protection processing domestic sludge Pending CN114308335A (en)

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CN202111526673.7A CN114308335A (en) 2021-12-14 2021-12-14 Utilize device of gardens discarded object environmental protection processing domestic sludge

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111526673.7A CN114308335A (en) 2021-12-14 2021-12-14 Utilize device of gardens discarded object environmental protection processing domestic sludge

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CN114308335A true CN114308335A (en) 2022-04-12

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Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20100041989A (en) * 2008-10-15 2010-04-23 김대중 Apparatus for refuse and waste water treatment
JP2014037897A (en) * 2012-08-10 2014-02-27 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Biomass feed device and boiler system
CN104689897A (en) * 2014-04-01 2015-06-10 上海化学工业区升达废料处理有限公司 Automatic grinding system and method for cokes
CN106269165A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 王少平 A kind of multifunctional biomass energy disintegrating apparatus
CN109046558A (en) * 2018-09-07 2018-12-21 天津水泥工业设计研究院有限公司 A kind of cement roller press final grinding system and working method
CN208349306U (en) * 2018-05-07 2019-01-08 天津泰达环保有限公司 A kind of recycle device of waste incineration waste heat
CN209952928U (en) * 2019-01-01 2020-01-17 山东奥能环保材料科技有限公司 Smash good industry field ball mill of building of effect
CN212618381U (en) * 2020-03-02 2021-02-26 车胜妹 Straw waste incineration and waste heat recovery device
CN212901472U (en) * 2020-08-07 2021-04-06 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 Biomass blending combustion system based on flue gas recirculation of coal-fired power plant
CN113757680A (en) * 2021-08-12 2021-12-07 合肥工业大学 Energy-concerving and environment-protective organic waste burns device

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20100041989A (en) * 2008-10-15 2010-04-23 김대중 Apparatus for refuse and waste water treatment
JP2014037897A (en) * 2012-08-10 2014-02-27 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Biomass feed device and boiler system
CN104689897A (en) * 2014-04-01 2015-06-10 上海化学工业区升达废料处理有限公司 Automatic grinding system and method for cokes
CN106269165A (en) * 2016-08-31 2017-01-04 王少平 A kind of multifunctional biomass energy disintegrating apparatus
CN208349306U (en) * 2018-05-07 2019-01-08 天津泰达环保有限公司 A kind of recycle device of waste incineration waste heat
CN109046558A (en) * 2018-09-07 2018-12-21 天津水泥工业设计研究院有限公司 A kind of cement roller press final grinding system and working method
CN209952928U (en) * 2019-01-01 2020-01-17 山东奥能环保材料科技有限公司 Smash good industry field ball mill of building of effect
CN212618381U (en) * 2020-03-02 2021-02-26 车胜妹 Straw waste incineration and waste heat recovery device
CN212901472U (en) * 2020-08-07 2021-04-06 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 Biomass blending combustion system based on flue gas recirculation of coal-fired power plant
CN113757680A (en) * 2021-08-12 2021-12-07 合肥工业大学 Energy-concerving and environment-protective organic waste burns device

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