CN114252584A - Soil detection system for landscape maintenance - Google Patents

Soil detection system for landscape maintenance Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114252584A
CN114252584A CN202210195617.8A CN202210195617A CN114252584A CN 114252584 A CN114252584 A CN 114252584A CN 202210195617 A CN202210195617 A CN 202210195617A CN 114252584 A CN114252584 A CN 114252584A
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China
Prior art keywords
soil
detection unit
plug
trees
detector
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CN202210195617.8A
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CN114252584B (en
Inventor
罗君
宋晶
齐海红
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Sichuan Tourism University
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Sichuan Tourism University
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/24Earth materials
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/24Earth materials
    • G01N2033/245Earth materials for agricultural purposes

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of soil detection, and particularly relates to a soil detection system for landscape maintenance, which comprises a first detection unit; the first detection unit is used for detecting soil on the periphery of the tree; a second detection unit; the second detection unit is arranged at the periphery of the first detection unit; a display board; the display board is arranged on the periphery of the second detection unit; the display board is used for displaying the numerical value of the soil detected by the first detection unit and the second detection unit; compared with the existing tree or plant maintenance work, the real-time detection of the soil around the trees is often not performed, so that the problems that the required nutrient substances are absent in the soil near the trees or the plants cannot be detected in the first time, and leaves fall, wither and even death can occur in serious cases can be caused.

Description

Soil detection system for landscape maintenance
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of soil detection, and particularly relates to a soil detection system for landscape maintenance.
Background
Landscapes, in a general sense, refer to the scene that a certain area presents, i.e., the visual effect. This visual effect reflects the complex of land and the space and materials on the land, a complex natural process and the branding of human activities on the ground. The ecological landscape means a spatial heterogeneity region consisting of interacting segments or ecosystems, which recur in a similar fashion, and is a natural complex with categorical meaning. Soil testing is performed by measuring representative values of factors affecting the quality of the soil environment. The soil detection generally refers to soil environment detection, and generally comprises technical contents such as stationed sampling, sample preparation, an analysis method, result characterization, data statistics, quality evaluation and the like; however, the existing landscape soil detection system still has some problems, including the following aspects:
at present, some rare or endangered and extincted trees or plants for tourists to watch grow in some gardens or forest parks in China, and the trees or the plants need to be protected and maintained, however, in the existing maintenance work, the soil around the trees cannot be detected in real time, so that the problems of leaf falling, withering and even death can be caused when the soil near the trees or the plants is lack of required nutrients in the first time and is serious;
in view of the above, in order to overcome the above technical problems, the present invention designs and develops a soil detection system for landscape maintenance, which solves the above technical problems.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to make up for the defects of the prior art, the invention provides the soil detection system for landscape maintenance, and compared with the prior art, the soil detection system can realize real-time protection and maintenance on rare or endangered and extincted trees or plants.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the invention relates to a soil detection system for landscape maintenance, which comprises
A first detection unit; the first detection unit is used for detecting soil on the periphery of the tree;
a second detection unit; the second detection unit is arranged at the periphery of the first detection unit; the second detection unit is used for detecting soil near the tree;
a display board; the display board is arranged on the periphery of the second detection unit; the display board is electrically connected with the first detection unit and the second detection unit through leads; the display board is used for displaying the numerical value of the soil detected by the first detection unit and the second detection unit.
Preferably, the first detection unit includes:
a fence; the number of the fences is more than eight; the fence forms a circle and is inserted into the soil and surrounds the tree; a first plug-in soil detector is arranged on the end face of one side, inserted into the ground, of the fence, and the first plug-in soil detector is inserted into the ground; the first plug-in soil detector is a waterproof plug-in soil detector;
the second detection unit includes:
a pedal; the number of the pedals is more than four; the pedal part is buried in a circle surrounded by the fence and is arranged towards the tree; a circular groove is formed in one side, close to the tree, of the pedal; a second plug-in soil detector is connected in the circular groove in a sliding mode and is inserted into the ground; the second plug-in soil detector is a waterproof plug-in soil detector;
the display board includes:
a base; a power supply and a controller are installed in the base; the first plug-in soil detector and the second plug-in soil detector are electrically connected with the controller and the power supply through leads;
a display screen; the display screen is arranged on the base through a supporting rod; the display screen is electrically connected with the power supply and the controller through wires.
Preferably, chutes are formed in the fences; sliding rods are connected in the sliding grooves in a sliding manner; the first plug-in soil detector is connected with the sliding rod through threads.
Preferably, the tread is slightly above the ground.
Preferably, arc pipes which are uniformly distributed are fixedly connected between every two adjacent pedals and are buried in soil.
Preferably, the method further comprises the following steps:
a replenishment unit; the supply unit is arranged between two adjacent fences and is electrically connected with the controller; the supply unit is used for supplying nutrient substances needed by trees in the soil.
Preferably, the replenishment unit includes:
a liquid tank; the number of the liquid tanks is more than four; different nutrient solutions are contained in each liquid tank;
the control valve is arranged at the bottom of the liquid tank; the control valve is electrically connected with the controller;
a liquid tank is arranged in the inner wall of the pedal and is communicated with a control valve on the liquid tank through a liquid pipe; and a permeation tube is fixedly connected in the inner wall of the liquid tank and extends into the ground soil.
Preferably, the arc-shaped pipes are communicated with the corresponding liquid tanks; micropores are formed in the inner wall of the arc-shaped pipe.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the soil detection system for landscape maintenance is characterized in that a first plug-in soil detector, a second plug-in soil detector and a display screen are electrically connected with a power supply and a controller, the values detected by the first insertion type soil detecting instrument and the second insertion type soil detecting instrument can be displayed on a display screen, in the process, the conditions near the tree and in the surrounding soil can be displayed in real time, feedback can be carried out at the first time when the soil near the tree is lack of nutrient substances, thereby preventing the staff from being unable to obtain the information of the soil near the tree in the first time, causing the tree to lack nutrition, simultaneously displaying the information such as the introduction of the tree on the display screen, in the process, the attention points of the tourists can be attracted, so that the tourists or the pedestrians can know the value of the trees, and the tourists or the pedestrians can be prevented from damaging the trees.
2. According to the soil detection system for landscape maintenance, the pedal is slightly higher than the ground, so that when raining, the protruding pedal can prevent water flow from driving soil around the trees to flow and keep away from the trees, so that the problem of water and soil loss occurs around the trees, and meanwhile, the pedal embedded in the soil can stabilize the soil, so that the water and soil loss is further prevented.
3. According to the soil detection system for landscape maintenance, when the soil near the trees needs to be supplemented with nutrient substances, the controller controls the control valve in the liquid tank filled with the corresponding nutrient solution to be opened, then the nutrient solution in the liquid tank flows into the liquid tank through the liquid pipe, the nutrient solution flowing into the liquid tank permeates into the soil through the permeation pipe, and in the process, the soil can be supplemented with nutrition in the first time, so that the situation that the trees are ill due to untimely nutrient solution supplement of working personnel is prevented.
Drawings
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a body diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view taken at A-A of FIG. 2 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 3 at B;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 3 at C;
in the figure: 1. a first detection unit; 11. a fence; 12. a first plug-in soil detector; 13. a chute; 14. a slide bar; 2. a second detection unit; 21. a pedal; 22. a circular groove; 23. a second plug-in soil detector; 24. an arc tube; 25. a liquid bath; 26. a permeate tube; 3. a display board; 31. a base; 32. a display screen; 4. a replenishment unit; 41. a liquid tank; 42. and (4) controlling the valve.
Detailed Description
As shown in figures 1-5, the soil detection system for landscape maintenance of the invention comprises
A first detection unit 1; the first detection unit 1 is used for detecting soil on the periphery of a tree;
a second detection unit 2; the second detection unit 2 is arranged at the periphery of the first detection unit 1; the second detection unit 2 is used for detecting soil near the tree;
a display board 3; the display board 3 is arranged at the periphery of the second detection unit 2; the display board 3 is electrically connected with the first detection unit 1 and the second detection unit 2 through leads; the display board 3 is used for displaying the numerical value of the soil detected by the first detection unit 1 and the second detection unit 2;
at present, some rare or endangered and extincted trees or plants for tourists to watch grow in some gardens or forest parks in China, and the trees or the plants need to be protected and maintained, however, in the existing maintenance work, the soil around the trees cannot be detected in real time, so that the problems of leaf falling, withering and even death can be caused when the soil near the trees or the plants is lack of required nutrients in the first time and is serious;
when the monitoring system developed by the invention is used, the second detection unit 2 is firstly buried near trees or plants, then the first detection unit 1 is inserted into soil at the periphery of the second detection unit 2, finally the display board 3 is installed at the periphery of the first detection unit 1, by arranging the first detection unit 1, nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and soil pH value of the trees or the peripheral soil can be detected by the first detection unit 1, nutrient substances required by the trees are prevented from being lacked in the soil at the periphery of the trees, the survival of the trees is prevented from being influenced, by arranging the second detection unit 2, nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and soil pH value of the soil near the roots of the trees are detected by the second detection unit 2, the nutrient substances required by the trees are prevented from being lacked in the soil at the roots of the trees, the survival of the trees is prevented from being influenced, by arranging the display board 3, the values detected by the first detection unit 1 and the second detection unit 2 can be transmitted to the display board 3, therefore, the soil environment near the trees can be paid attention to in real time, and meanwhile, the situation that the soil near the trees is detected by workers regularly and frequently can be avoided.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the first detection unit 1 includes:
a fence 11; the number of the fences 11 is more than eight; the fence 11 is inserted into the soil in a circle and surrounds the trees; a first plug-in soil detector 12 is arranged on the end face of one side of the fence 11, which is inserted into the ground, and the first plug-in soil detector 12 is inserted into the ground; the first plug-in soil detector 12 is a waterproof plug-in soil detector;
the second detection unit 2 includes:
a pedal 21; the number of the pedals 21 is more than four; the pedal 21 is partially buried in a circle surrounded by the fence 11 and is arranged towards the tree; a circular groove 22 is formed in one side, close to the tree, of the pedal 21; a second plug-in soil detector 23 is connected in the circular groove 22 in a sliding manner, and the second plug-in soil detector 23 is inserted into the ground; the second plug-in soil detector 23 is a waterproof plug-in soil detector;
the display board 3 includes:
a base 31; a power supply and a controller are arranged in the base 31; the first plug-in soil detector 12 and the second plug-in soil detector 23 are electrically connected with the controller and the power supply through conducting wires;
a display screen 32; the display screen 32 is arranged on the base 31 through a support rod; the display screen 32 is electrically connected with the power supply and the controller through wires;
when the multifunctional tree planting device works, a fence 11 is arranged to surround trees, visitors can be prevented from taking pictures near the trees, further, the visitors can be prevented from damaging the trees, children can be prevented from climbing the trees to influence the trees, the pedal 21 is arranged, workers can conveniently pass when maintaining the trees, the soles of the workers can be prevented from being stained with soil to walk difficultly in the process of maintaining the trees by the workers in rainy days, the workers can be prevented from taking away the soil near the trees to cause soil loss near the trees, energy can be provided for the first plug-in soil detector 12, the second plug-in soil detector 23 and the display screen 32 by arranging a power supply, numerical values detected by the first plug-in soil detector 12 and the second plug-in soil detector 23 can be fed back to the display screen 32 in the form of electric signals by arranging a controller, wherein, the first plug-in soil detector 12 and the second plug-in soil detector 23 mainly detect nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and soil PH value in the soil, the second plug-in soil detector 23 can be conveniently replaced by inserting the second plug-in soil detector 23 into the ground through the circular groove 22, the replacement difficulty after the second plug-in soil detector 23 is damaged is prevented, because the first plug-in soil detector 12 and the second plug-in soil detector 23 are both waterproof plug-in soil detectors, the damage of the first plug-in soil detector 12 and the second plug-in soil detector 23 caused by the water in the soil can be prevented,
the first insertion type soil detector 12, the second insertion type soil detector 23 and the display screen 32 are electrically connected with the power supply and the controller, so that the numerical values detected by the first insertion type soil detector 12 and the second insertion type soil detector 23 can be displayed on the display screen 32, the conditions near the trees and in the surrounding soil can be displayed in real time in the process, when the soil near the trees is lack of nutrient substances, feedback can be carried out at the first time, the situation that workers cannot acquire the information of the soil near the trees in the first time to enable the trees to lack of nutrition is avoided, meanwhile, information such as introduction of the trees is displayed on the display screen 32, the attention points of visitors can be attracted in the process, the visitors or pedestrians can know the value of the trees, and the visitors or pedestrians can be prevented from damaging the trees;
the first plug-in soil detector 12 and the second plug-in soil detector 23 used in the invention can be selected from soil sensors of commercially available soil doctor recorders and soil doctor recorders, and can also be selected from soil detectors of other brands and similar functions, wherein the display screen 32 used in the invention is a computer display screen, when the soil detector is ready to be used, the soil sensor is firstly plugged in a position to be detected, the soil sensor is connected with the soil doctor recorders through a plug, so that detection data can be led into the soil doctor recorders, and then the soil doctor recorders are connected with the display screen 32 through USB lines, so that data recorded on the soil doctor recorders can be led into the display screen 32;
still can adopt simultaneously soil sensor, 485 change USB module and computer display screen on, concrete connected mode is: directly insert soil sensor in the soil, utilize 485 commentaries on classics USB modules to upload to the computer display screen afterwards, detect soil.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the rails 11 are provided with sliding grooves 13; sliding rods 14 are connected in the sliding grooves 13 in a sliding manner; the first plug-in soil detector 12 is connected with the sliding rod 14 through threads;
during operation, because the first plug-in soil detector 12 is connected with the sliding rod 14 through threads and slides in the sliding groove 13, when the first plug-in soil detector 12 is replaced, the sliding rod 14 can be directly pulled out to replace the first plug-in soil detector 12, and meanwhile, when the detection position of the first plug-in soil detector 12 needs to be adjusted, the sliding rod 14 is pulled out and then inserted into the sliding grooves 13 formed in other fences 11, soil can be detected in multiple ranges in the process, and therefore the accuracy of soil detection is improved.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the pedal 21 is slightly above the ground;
during operation, because footboard 21 is a little higher than ground, when raining, outstanding footboard 21 can prevent that rivers from driving the soil around the trees and flowing and keep away from trees to the problem that the soil erosion appears around the trees, the footboard 21 of burying simultaneously in the soil can stabilize soil, thereby further prevent soil erosion and water loss.
As an embodiment of the present invention, arc pipes 24 are uniformly fixed between adjacent pedals 21, and the arc pipes 24 are buried in soil;
during operation, because the arc-shaped pipes 24 which are uniformly distributed are fixedly connected between the adjacent pedals 21, the arc-shaped pipes 24 which are uniformly distributed can further stabilize soil, and the influence of soil loss on trees is prevented.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the method further includes:
a replenishment unit 4; the supply unit 4 is arranged between two adjacent fences 11 and is electrically connected with the controller; the supply unit 4 is used for supplying nutrient substances needed by trees in the soil;
during operation, through setting up supply unit 4, can be when near trees soil lacks nutrient substance, through controller control supply unit 4 to soil dropwise add nutrient substance to can prevent that the staff is untimely to near trees soil dropwise add nutrient substance, make the sick condition appear in trees.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the replenishment unit 4 includes:
a liquid tank 41; the number of the liquid tanks 41 is more than four; different nutrient solutions are contained in each liquid tank 41;
the control valve 42, the said control valve 42 is installed at the bottom of the liquid tank 41; the control valve 42 is electrically connected with the controller;
a liquid tank 25 is arranged in the inner wall of the pedal 21, and the liquid tank 25 is communicated with a control valve 42 on a liquid tank 41 through a liquid pipe; a permeation pipe 26 is fixedly connected in the inner wall of the liquid tank 25, and the permeation pipe 26 extends into the ground soil;
during operation, when soil near trees need supply nutrients, the control valve 42 in the liquid tank 41 that is equipped with corresponding nutrient solution of controller control this moment is opened, in the nutrient solution in the liquid tank 41 flowed into cistern 25 through the liquid pipe afterwards, in the nutrient solution that flows into in cistern 25 permeates to soil through infiltration pipe 26, can supply nutrition to soil in the very first time at this in-process to prevent that staff's nutrient solution from replenishing untimely, make the condition that trees appear sick.
As an embodiment of the present invention, the arc-shaped pipes 24 are all communicated with the corresponding liquid tanks 25; micropores are formed in the inner wall of the arc-shaped pipe 24;
during operation, as the arc-shaped pipes 24 are communicated with the corresponding liquid tanks 25, nutrient solution in the liquid tanks 25 can flow into the liquid pipes, and the nutrient solution flowing into the liquid pipes flows out through the micropores, so that the range of the nutrient solution permeating into soil can be enlarged in the process, and the trees can be comprehensively supplemented with nutrients.
The specific working process is as follows:
when the monitoring system developed by the invention is used, the second detection unit 2 is firstly buried near trees or plants, then the first detection unit 1 is inserted into soil at the periphery of the second detection unit 2, finally the display board 3 is installed at the periphery of the first detection unit 1, by arranging the first detection unit 1, nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and soil pH value of the trees or the peripheral soil can be detected by the first detection unit 1, nutrient substances required by the trees are prevented from being lacked in the soil at the periphery of the trees, the survival of the trees is prevented from being influenced, by arranging the second detection unit 2, nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and soil pH value of the soil near the roots of the trees are prevented from being lacked in the soil at the roots of the trees, the survival of the trees is prevented from being influenced, by arranging the display board 3, the values detected by the first detection unit 1 and the second detection unit 2 can be transmitted to the display board 3, therefore, the soil environment near the trees can be paid attention to in real time, and meanwhile, the situation that the soil near the trees is detected by workers regularly and frequently can be avoided.
The foregoing embodiments illustrate and describe the principles, principal features and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed.

Claims (10)

1. A soil detection system for landscape maintenance; the method is characterized in that: also comprises
A first detection unit (1); the first detection unit (1) is used for detecting soil on the periphery of the tree;
a second detection unit (2); the second detection unit (2) is arranged at the periphery of the first detection unit (1); the second detection unit (2) is used for detecting soil near trees;
a display board (3); the display board (3) is arranged on the periphery of the second detection unit (2); the display board (3) is electrically connected with the first detection unit (1) and the second detection unit (2) through leads; the display board (3) is used for displaying the numerical value of the soil detected by the first detection unit (1) and the second detection unit (2).
2. The soil detection system for landscape maintenance according to claim 1, wherein: the first detection unit (1) comprises:
a fence (11); the number of the fences (11) is more than eight; the fence (11) is inserted into soil in a circle and surrounds trees; a first plug-in soil detector (12) is arranged on the end face of one side, inserted into the ground, of the fence (11), and the first plug-in soil detector (12) is inserted into the ground; the first plug-in soil detector (12) is a waterproof plug-in soil detector.
3. The soil detection system for landscape maintenance according to claim 1, wherein: the second detection unit (2) comprises:
a pedal (21); the number of the pedals (21) is more than four; the pedal (21) is partially buried in a circle surrounded by the fence (11) and is arranged towards the tree; a circular groove (22) is formed in one side, close to the tree, of the pedal (21); a second plug-in soil detector (23) is connected in the circular groove (22) in a sliding mode, and the second plug-in soil detector (23) is inserted into the ground; the second plug-in soil detector (23) is a waterproof plug-in soil detector.
4. The soil detection system for landscape maintenance according to claim 1, wherein: the display board (3) comprises:
a base (31); a power supply and a controller are arranged in the base (31); the first plug-in soil detector (12) and the second plug-in soil detector (23) are electrically connected with the controller and the power supply through conducting wires;
a display screen (32); the display screen (32) is arranged on the base (31) through a supporting rod; the display screen (32) is electrically connected with the power supply and the controller through wires.
5. The soil detection system for landscape maintenance according to claim 2, wherein: chutes (13) are formed in the fences (11); sliding rods (14) are connected in the sliding grooves (13) in a sliding manner; the first plug-in soil detector (12) is connected with the sliding rod (14) through threads.
6. The soil detection system for landscape maintenance according to claim 3, wherein: the pedal (21) is slightly higher than the ground.
7. The soil detection system for landscape maintenance according to claim 3, wherein: arc pipes (24) which are uniformly distributed are fixedly connected between every two adjacent pedals (21), and the arc pipes (24) are buried in soil.
8. The soil detection system for landscape maintenance according to claim 1, wherein: further comprising:
a replenishment unit (4); the supply unit (4) is arranged between two adjacent fences (11) and is electrically connected with the controller; the supply unit (4) is used for supplying nutrient substances needed by trees in the soil.
9. The soil detection system for landscape maintenance according to claim 8, wherein: the replenishment unit (4) comprises:
a liquid tank (41); the number of the liquid tanks (41) is more than four; different nutrient solutions are contained in each liquid tank (41);
the control valve (42), the said control valve (42) is installed in the bottom of the liquid tank (41); the control valve (42) is electrically connected with the controller;
a liquid tank (25) is arranged in the inner wall of the pedal (21), and the liquid tank (25) is communicated with a control valve (42) on the liquid tank (41) through a liquid pipe; and a permeation pipe (26) is fixedly connected in the inner wall of the liquid tank (25), and the permeation pipe (26) extends into the ground soil.
10. The soil detection system for landscape maintenance according to claim 7, wherein: the arc-shaped pipes (24) are communicated with the corresponding liquid tanks (25); micropores are formed in the inner wall of the arc-shaped pipe (24).
CN202210195617.8A 2022-03-02 2022-03-02 Landscape maintenance soil detection system Active CN114252584B (en)

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