CN114232795B - First-layer supporting structure of large rockery outer package and construction method thereof - Google Patents

First-layer supporting structure of large rockery outer package and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114232795B
CN114232795B CN202111513844.2A CN202111513844A CN114232795B CN 114232795 B CN114232795 B CN 114232795B CN 202111513844 A CN202111513844 A CN 202111513844A CN 114232795 B CN114232795 B CN 114232795B
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main body
frame
rockery
support
outer package
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CN114232795A (en
Inventor
韩里
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Shanghai General Construction Engineering Research Institute Co ltd
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Shanghai General Construction Engineering Research Institute Co ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C5/00Processes for producing special ornamental bodies
    • B44C5/06Natural ornaments; Imitations thereof
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/41Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete or masonry
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2406Connection nodes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2415Brackets, gussets, joining plates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2463Connections to foundations

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Electromagnetism (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Conveying And Assembling Of Building Elements In Situ (AREA)
  • Joining Of Building Structures In Genera (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a first-layer supporting structure of a large rockery outer package and a construction method thereof, aiming at the problem of uneven settlement between the existing rockery outer package and a main building. The support frame is arranged between two adjacent support trusses, one side of the support truss is connected with the main body frame, and the other side of the support truss is adapted to the shape of the rockery outer package and fixedly connected with the support frame. The construction method comprises the following steps: the main body frame is fixedly connected to the side face of the main body structure of the building, a plurality of profile finding support trusses are vertically and alternately arranged, the profile finding support frames are arranged between two adjacent profile finding support trusses, one sides of the profile finding support trusses and the profile finding support frames are connected to the main body frame, the other sides of the profile finding support trusses and the profile finding support frames penetrate through the outer package of rockery and extend to the outer side of the rockery, and after construction is completed, exposed parts of chords and cross bars are cut off.

Description

First-layer supporting structure of large rockery outer package and construction method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of building construction, in particular to a first-layer supporting structure of an outer package of a large rockery and a construction method thereof.
Background
At present, the construction projects of large theme park travel are increased increasingly so as to meet the ever-increasing material culture and mental demands of people. The cement plastic stone is used for manufacturing the large rockery outer package, the size of the large rockery outer package is large, the modeling is complex, the connecting structure between the cement plastic stone and the main building is one of the technical difficulties in construction, the supporting structure of the first layer of the existing large rockery outer package is arranged on the outer side of the side wall of the main building, the supporting structure usually adopts an independent foundation, uneven settlement can be generated between the foundation of the main building and the foundation of the large rockery outer package supporting structure in the using stage of the main building, the internal force of the supporting structure is increased, and cracks are easily generated on the outer package surface of the large rockery outer package, so that the operation and maintenance cost of the large rockery outer package is increased.
Disclosure of Invention
The support structure aims at solving the problems that the surface of the external package of the large rockery is easy to crack due to the fact that an independent foundation is adopted for the existing support structure of the external package of the large rockery and uneven settlement can be generated between the support structure and a main building. The invention aims to provide a first-layer supporting structure of an outer package of a large rockery and a construction method thereof.
The technical scheme adopted for solving the technical problems is as follows: first layer bearing structure of large-scale rockery class extranal packing includes:
a main body frame connected to a side of the building main body structure;
the profile-finding support trusses are vertically and alternately arranged along the length extension direction of the main body frame, one side of the profile-finding support trusses is vertically connected with the main body frame, and the other side of the profile-finding support trusses is adapted to the shape of the outer package of the large rockery and is connected with the outer package of the large rockery;
the profile finding support frames are arranged between two adjacent profile finding support trusses along the length extending direction of the main body frame, one side of each profile finding support frame is connected with the main body frame, the other side of each profile finding support frame is matched with the shape of the large rockery outer package and is connected with the large rockery outer package, and the profile finding support frames and the profile finding support trusses are connected into a whole.
The invention relates to a first-layer supporting structure of a large rockery outer package, which comprises a main body frame, a profile finding supporting truss and profile finding supporting frames which are sequentially connected from inside to outside, wherein the main body frame is fixedly connected to the side surface of a main body structure of a building and is used as a main stress conversion structure, a plurality of profile finding supporting trusses are vertically and alternately arranged along the length extension direction of the main body frame, the profile finding supporting frames are arranged between two adjacent profile finding supporting trusses along the length extension direction of the main body frame, one sides of the profile finding supporting trusses and the profile finding supporting frames are connected to the main body frame, and the other sides of the profile finding supporting trusses and the profile finding supporting trusses are matched with the shape of the large rockery outer package and fixedly connected with the profile supporting trusses, so that the load of the large rockery outer package is effectively transmitted to the main body structure of the building, independent foundations are not needed to be arranged for the supporting structures, the structural force transmission is definite, the modeling calculation standardization is realized, the construction efficiency is improved, the construction is clear and simple, the number of steel members is small, the node design is convenient, the standardized production of the steel structure is facilitated, the construction efficiency is improved, the problem of uneven sedimentation between the foundation of the main body structure and the independent foundations of the large rockery outer package is reduced.
Further, the main body frame comprises a plurality of frame columns, a plurality of frame beams and a plurality of transition upright posts, the plurality of frame columns correspond to the positions of the side structural posts of the building main body structure, one frame beam is horizontally arranged below the bottom main beam of the building main body structure, the rest frame beams correspond to the positions of the side main beams of the building main body structure, the plurality of frame columns and the frame beams which are arranged in a criss-cross mode are connected into a whole and fixedly connected to the building main body structure, the plurality of transition upright posts are vertically arranged between two adjacent frame columns at intervals, and two ends of each transition upright post are fixedly connected with the frame beams which are positioned on two sides of the transition upright posts respectively.
Further, the main body frame further comprises a plurality of lateral embedded parts, the lateral embedded parts are arranged at the intersection points of the structural columns and the main beams of the main body structure of the building, each lateral embedded part consists of an embedded steel plate and a plurality of anchor bars vertically connected to one side of each embedded steel plate, the anchor bars of the lateral embedded parts are buried in the side face of the main body structure of the building, and the connection points of the frame columns and the frame beams of the main body frame are connected to the embedded steel plates.
Further, the main body frame further comprises a plurality of steel corbels, the positions of the steel corbels and the lateral embedded parts correspond to each other, one ends of the steel corbels are connected to the embedded steel plates of the lateral embedded parts, and the other ends of the steel corbels are connected to the frame columns.
Further, the main body frame further comprises a plurality of concrete piers, connecting ribs are embedded in the concrete piers, the concrete piers are fixedly connected to the outer side of the bottom end of the structural column of the building main body structure, the bottom of the concrete piers extends to the foundation of the building main body structure and are fixedly connected with the foundation of the building main body structure, the frame column is supported at the top of the concrete piers, and the frame column is welded with the connecting ribs in the concrete piers.
Further, the support truss of looking for includes many chords, many montants and many diagonal members, and many chords are along building major structure direction of height level and interval setting, and the one end of chord member is connected in the frame post of main body frame, and the chord member other end is connected in large-scale rockery class extranal packing inner wall, and many montants are vertical and the interval setting is between two adjacent chords, and the diagonal of rectangular frame that two adjacent chords and two adjacent montants constitute is followed to the diagonal members and is set up and be fixedly connected with it.
Further, the finding type support truss further comprises a plurality of reinforcing diagonal braces, one end of each reinforcing diagonal brace is connected to a connection point of the bottom chord member and the bottom vertical rod, and the other end of each reinforcing diagonal brace is connected to the concrete column pier of the main body frame.
Further, the support frame of looking for the type includes a plurality of supports and a plurality of tie bars, a plurality of supports are vertical, parallel and the interval sets up between two adjacent support trusses of looking for the type, every support includes a plurality of horizontal poles and a plurality of connecting rod, a plurality of horizontal poles are parallel and the interval sets up along building major structure direction of height, the horizontal pole corresponds with the quantity and the position of chord member, the one end vertical connection of horizontal pole is in the transition stand of main body frame, the other end of horizontal pole is connected in large-scale rockery class extranal packing inner wall, a plurality of connecting rods are parallel and the interval sets up, the connecting rod vertical connection is in the horizontal pole, and the quantity and the position of connecting rod and montant are corresponding, a plurality of tie bars are horizontal and the interval sets up between two adjacent supports, tie bar end connection is in the intersection of horizontal pole and connecting rod, or be connected in the intersection point of chord member and montant of looking for support truss.
In addition, the invention also provides a construction method of the first layer support structure of the large rockery outer package, which comprises the following steps:
connecting the main body frame to the side surface of the main body structure of the building;
a plurality of profile finding support trusses are vertically and alternately arranged along the length extension direction of the main body frame, one end of a chord member of the profile finding support trusses is connected with a frame column of the main body frame, and the other end of the chord member penetrates through the outer package of the large rockery and extends to the outer side of the outer package to serve as a support of a construction scaffold;
setting up a pattern finding support frame between two adjacent pattern finding support trusses, wherein one end of a cross rod of a support of the pattern finding support frame is connected with a transition upright post of the main body frame, the other side of the cross rod penetrates through the outer package of the large rockery and extends to the outer side of the cross rod to serve as a support of a construction scaffold, the two adjacent supports and the support and the adjacent pattern finding support trusses are connected into a whole through a plurality of horizontally arranged root rods, and chords and the cross rod are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the outer package of the large rockery;
after the construction of the large rockery outer package is completed, the construction scaffold is removed, and the chord members and the cross bars are cut off to expose the outer surface of the large rockery outer package.
According to the construction method of the first-layer support structure of the large rockery outer package, the main body frame is fixedly connected to the side face of the main body structure of the building and serves as a main stress conversion structure, the plurality of profile finding support trusses are vertically and alternately arranged along the length extending direction of the main body frame, the profile finding support frames are arranged between two adjacent profile finding support trusses along the length extending direction of the main body frame, one sides of the profile finding support trusses and the profile finding support frames are connected to the main body frame, the other sides of the profile finding support trusses and the profile finding support frames penetrate through the large rockery outer package and extend to the outer side of the large rockery outer package to serve as supports of construction scaffolds, so that load of the large rockery outer package is effectively transferred to the main body structure of the building, independent foundations do not need to be arranged for the support structure, the structural force transfer is clear, construction step layers are clear, modeling calculation standardization is achieved, operation efficiency and construction efficiency are improved, and the problem of uneven settlement between the foundation of the main body structure of the building and the independent foundations of the large rockery outer package is solved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an embodiment of a first layer support structure for a large rockery outer package of the present invention;
fig. 2 to 7 are schematic views of steps of a construction method of a first layer support structure of a large rockery outer package according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a support truss structure for a first layer of a large rockery outer package according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a support frame in an embodiment of a first layer support structure of a large rockery outer package of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of an embedded part in an embodiment of a first layer supporting structure of a large rockery outer package according to the present invention.
The labels in the figures are as follows:
a structural column 1; a main beam 2; a large rockery outer package 5; a main body frame 10; a frame column 11; frame beams 12; a transition post 14; a lateral embedment 15; embedding a steel plate 151; anchor bars 152; steel corbels 16; a concrete pier 17; finding a support truss 20; a chord member 21; a vertical bar 22; a diagonal lever 25; reinforcing diagonal braces 26; a finding support frame 30; a cross bar 31; a link 32; tie bars 33.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the drawings and the specific examples. It should be noted that the drawings are in a very simplified form and are all to a non-precise scale, merely for convenience and clarity in aiding in the description of embodiments of the invention. For convenience of description, the "upper" and "lower" described below are consistent with the upper and lower directions of the drawings, but this should not be construed as a limitation of the technical scheme of the present invention.
Taking the construction of a large rockery outer package 5 in an amusement park as an example, the drawing shows a frame structure of a lower layer and an upper layer of a building main body structure, the large rockery outer package 5 is connected to the side surface of the first layer of the building main body structure through a supporting structure, and the first layer supporting structure of the large rockery outer package of the invention is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 10, and comprises:
a main body frame 10 connected to a side of the building main body structure;
the profile-finding support trusses 20 are vertically and alternately arranged along the length extension direction of the main body frame 10, one side of the profile-finding support trusses 20 is vertically connected with the main body frame 10, and the other side of the profile-finding support trusses 20 is adapted to the shape of the large rockery outer package 5 and is connected with the large rockery outer package 5;
the profile-finding support frames 30 are arranged between two adjacent profile-finding support trusses 20 along the length extending direction of the main body frame 10, one side of the profile-finding support frames 30 is connected with the main body frame 10, the other side of the profile-finding support frames 30 is adapted to the shape of the large rockery outer package 5 and is connected with the large rockery outer package 5, and the profile-finding support frames 30 and the profile-finding support trusses 20 are connected into a whole.
The invention relates to a first-layer support structure of a large rockery outer package, which comprises a main body frame 10, a profile finding support truss 20 and profile finding support frames 30 which are sequentially connected from inside to outside, wherein the main body frame 10 is fixedly connected to the side surface of a main body structure of a building, the profile finding support trusses 20 are vertically and alternately arranged along the length extension direction of the main body frame 10, the profile finding support frames 30 are arranged between two adjacent profile finding support trusses 20 along the length extension direction of the main body frame 10, one sides of the profile finding support trusses 20 and the profile finding support frames 30 are connected to the main body frame 10, and the other sides of the profile finding support trusses 20 and the profile finding support frames 30 are matched with the shape of the large rockery outer package 5 and fixedly connected with the profile support trusses, so that the load of the large rockery outer package 5 is effectively transferred to the main body structure of the building, independent foundations are not required to be arranged for the support structure, the structural force transfer is definite, modeling calculation is standardized, the operation efficiency is improved, the construction is clear, the number of steel members is small, the node design is convenient, standardized production of the steel structure is facilitated, the construction efficiency is improved, the independent foundation of the large rockery outer package 5 is not uniform, and the construction foundation settlement is reduced, and the large rockery outer package cost is greatly maintained.
As shown in fig. 4, the main body frame 10 includes a plurality of frame columns 11, a plurality of frame beams 12 and a plurality of transition columns 14, the plurality of frame columns 11 correspond to the positions of the side structural columns 1 of the main body structure of the building, one frame beam 12 is horizontally arranged below the underground one-layer main beam 2 of the main body structure of the building, the rest of frame beams 12 correspond to the positions of the side main beams 2 of the main body structure of the building, the plurality of frame columns 11 and the frame beams 12 which are vertically and horizontally staggered are connected into a whole and fixedly connected with the main body structure of the building, the plurality of transition columns 14 are vertically and alternately arranged between the two adjacent frame columns 11, and two ends of the transition columns 14 are fixedly connected with the frame beams 12 positioned at two sides of the transition columns respectively. The main body frame 10 is a stress conversion structure of the large rockery outer package 5 for transmitting the load thereof to the building main body structure. In this embodiment, the distance between the adjacent transition posts 14 is not greater than 2 meters, and the connection between the transition posts 14 and the main frame 10 is formed by strong welding such as cutting, that is, the strength of the welding seam is the same as that of the base material.
As shown in fig. 2 and 10, the main body frame 10 further includes a plurality of lateral embedded parts 15, the lateral embedded parts 15 are disposed at the intersection points of the structural columns 1 and the main beams 2 of the building main body structure, the lateral embedded parts 15 are composed of embedded steel plates 151 and a plurality of anchor bars 152 vertically connected to one side of the embedded steel plates, the anchor bars 152 of the lateral embedded parts 15 are embedded in the side surface of the building main body structure, and the connection points of the frame columns 11 and the frame beams 12 of the main body frame 10 are welded and connected to the embedded steel plates 151, so that the main body frame 10 is firmly connected to the building main body structure. In this embodiment, the thickness, size and material of the embedded steel plates 151 of the lateral embedded parts 15, and the length, number and material of the anchor bars 152 are calculated in advance according to the set position of the lateral embedded parts 15 as the boundary condition and the pre-estimated load of the large rockery outer package 5.
As shown in fig. 3, the main body frame 10 further includes a plurality of steel corbels 16, the steel corbels 16 correspond to the positions of the lateral embedded parts 15, one ends of the steel corbels 16 are welded to the embedded steel plates 151 of the lateral embedded parts 15, and the other ends of the steel corbels 16 are welded to the frame columns 11. The load of the large rockery outer package 5 is transferred to the main structure of the building through the steel corbels 16, so that the stability and safety of the supporting structure are improved. In this embodiment, the length of the steel corbel 16 is 300mm or more, and the steel corbel 16 and the embedded steel plate 151 are welded with each other by equal strength.
As shown in fig. 2 and 3, the main body frame 10 further includes a plurality of concrete piers 17, and connecting ribs are embedded in the concrete piers 17, the concrete piers 17 are fixedly connected to the outer side of the bottom end of the structural column 1 of the main body structure of the building, the bottom of the concrete piers 17 extends to the foundation of the main body structure of the building and is fixedly connected with the foundation, the frame column 11 is supported at the top of the concrete piers 17, and the frame column 11 is welded and connected with the connecting ribs in the concrete piers 17. The concrete piers 17 provide stable support for the main body frame 10, facilitating the transfer of its vertical loads to the foundation of the building main body structure. The dimensions and reinforcement of the concrete piers 17 are calculated and analyzed to obtain values.
As shown in fig. 5 and 8, the support truss 20 comprises a plurality of chords 21, a plurality of vertical rods 22 and a plurality of diagonal rods 25, wherein the chords 21 are horizontally and alternately arranged along the height direction of the main structure of the building, one end of each chord 21 is connected with the frame column 11 of the main frame 10, the other end of each chord 21 is connected with the inner wall of the large rockery outer package 5, the vertical rods 22 are vertically and alternately arranged between two adjacent chords 21, and the diagonal rods 25 are arranged along the diagonal lines of the rectangular frame formed by the two adjacent chords 21 and the two adjacent vertical rods 22 and are fixedly connected with the diagonal lines. The found support truss 20 provides good vertical stiffness, effectively transferring the load of the large rockery overwrap 5 to the building body structure. The section selection and the materials of each component in the finding type support truss 20 are determined by structural analysis and calculation, the distance between two adjacent chords 21 is not more than 2 meters, and the distance between two adjacent vertical rods 22 is not more than 2 meters.
With continued reference to fig. 8, the support truss 20 further includes a plurality of reinforcing diagonal braces 26, one end of each reinforcing diagonal brace 26 is connected to a connection point between the bottom chord 21 and the bottom vertical rod 22, and the other end of each reinforcing diagonal brace 26 is connected to the concrete pier 17, so that the support truss 20 is integrally supported on the concrete pier 17, and the load of the support truss is transferred to the foundation of the main structure of the building by the concrete pier 17.
As shown in fig. 5 and 9, the profile-finding support frame 30 includes a plurality of brackets and a plurality of tie rods 33, the plurality of brackets are vertically, parallel and spaced between two adjacent profile-finding support trusses 20, each bracket includes a plurality of cross rods 31 and a plurality of tie rods 32, the plurality of cross rods 31 are horizontally and spaced between two adjacent brackets, the ends of the cross rods 31 are connected with the cross rods 21 at the number and the position corresponding to the number and the position of the chords 21, one end of the cross rods 31 is vertically connected with the transition upright post 14 of the main frame 10, the other end of the cross rods 31 is connected with the inner wall of the outer package 5 of the large-scale rockery, the plurality of tie rods 32 are horizontally and spaced, the tie rods 32 are vertically connected with the cross rods 31, and the tie rods 32 are correspondingly arranged at the number and the position corresponding to the vertical rods 22, that is, the cross rods 31 of the tie rods 32 of the profile-finding support frame 30 are horizontally and spaced between two adjacent brackets, the ends of the tie rods 33 are connected with the cross rods 31 and the cross rods 32, or with the cross rods 21 and the cross rods 22 of the profile-finding support trusses 20 are connected with the cross rods 21 and the cross rods 22, the profile-finding support frame 30 and the profile-finding support frame 20 is connected with the outer package 5 of the large-like lattice-like support frame 5, and the profile-like outer package can be adapted to the profile-like support frame of the large-like outer package, and the profile-like support frame is stable. The cross section selection and the material quality of the cross rods 31 and the connecting rods 32 of the finding support frame 30 are determined by structural analysis and calculation, the distance between two adjacent cross rods 31 is not more than 2m, and the distance between two adjacent connecting rods 32 is not more than 2m. The plurality of brackets and the finding type supporting truss 20 are connected into a whole through the tie bars 33, so that the overall stability of the supporting structure is enhanced, and the cross-sectional size and the material of the tie bars 33 are determined by structural analysis and calculation.
In addition, the chord member 21 of the profile finding support truss 20 and the cross bar 31 of the profile finding support frame 30 both penetrate through the large rockery outer package 5 and extend outwards for 1.5m, and are used as the support of the construction scaffold of the large rockery outer package 5, after the casting, shaping, coloring and other procedures of the large rockery outer package 5 are completed, the extending part exposed out of the large rockery outer package 5 is cut off, and the extending chord member 21 and the cross bar 31 are firmly connected to the support structure, so that the construction of the cantilever scaffold can be realized by utilizing the existing structure, the construction safety is ensured, the constructor does not need to additionally set up the scaffold, the materials are saved, and the construction steps are simplified.
The construction method of the first layer support structure of the large rockery outer package of the invention is described below with reference to fig. 2 to 7, and comprises the following specific steps:
firstly, determining the connection position of the large rockery outer package 5 and a building main structure, burying embedded parts at the intersection points of a main beam 2 and a structural beam 1 on the side surface of the building main structure as shown in fig. 2, sequentially welding steel corbels 16 to the embedded parts as shown in fig. 3, assembling a main frame 10 and arranging the main frame 10 on the side surface of the building main structure as shown in fig. 4, and respectively welding connection points of a frame column 11 and a frame beam 12 in the main frame 10 to the steel corbels 16;
as shown in fig. 5, a plurality of profile-finding support trusses 20 are assembled, the profile-finding support trusses 20 are vertically and alternately arranged along the length extension direction of the main body frame 10, one end of a chord member 21 of the profile-finding support trusses 20 is connected with a frame column 11 of the main body frame 10, and the other end of the chord member 21 penetrates through the large rockery outer package 5 and extends to the outer side of the large rockery outer package to serve as a support of a construction scaffold;
with continued reference to fig. 5, a profile-finding support frame 30 is erected between two adjacent profile-finding support trusses 20, one end of a cross bar 31 of a bracket of the profile-finding support frame 30 is connected to a transition upright post 14 of the main body frame 10, the other side of the cross bar 31 penetrates through the large rockery outer package 5 and extends to the outer side of the large rockery outer package to serve as a support of a construction scaffold, the two adjacent brackets and the bracket and the adjacent profile-finding support trusses 20 are connected into a whole through a plurality of horizontally arranged tie bars 33, and the chord members 21 and the cross bar 31 are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the large rockery outer package 5;
after the construction of the large rockery outer package 5 is completed, the construction scaffold is removed, and the chord member 21 and the cross bar 31 are cut off to expose the outer surface of the large rockery outer package 5.
According to the construction method of the first-layer support structure of the large rockery outer package, the main body frame 10 is fixedly connected to the side face of the main body structure of the building, the main body frame 10 is used as a main stress conversion structure, the plurality of profile finding support trusses 20 are vertically and alternately arranged along the length extension direction of the main body frame 10, the profile finding support frames 30 are arranged between two adjacent profile finding support trusses 20 along the length extension direction of the main body frame 10, one sides of the profile finding support trusses 20 and the profile finding support frames 30 are connected to the main body frame 10, and the other sides of the profile finding support trusses penetrate through the large rockery outer package 5 and extend to the outer side of the profile finding support trusses to serve as supports of construction scaffolds, so that the load of the large rockery outer package 5 is effectively transferred to the main body structure of the building, independent foundations are not needed to be arranged for the support structure, the structural force transmission is clear, the construction steps are clear, modeling calculation is standardized, operation efficiency and construction efficiency are improved, and the problem of uneven settlement between the foundation of the main body structure and the independent foundations of the large rockery outer package 5.
The above description is only illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and any alterations and modifications made by those skilled in the art based on the above disclosure are intended to fall within the scope of the claims.

Claims (6)

1. First layer bearing structure of large-scale rockery class extranal packing, its characterized in that includes:
a main body frame connected to a side of the building main body structure;
the profile-finding support trusses are vertically and alternately arranged along the length extension direction of the main body frame, one side of the profile-finding support trusses is vertically connected with the main body frame, and the other side of the profile-finding support trusses is adapted to the shape of the outer package of the large rockery and is connected with the outer package of the large rockery;
the profile finding support frames are arranged between two adjacent profile finding support trusses along the length extension direction of the main body frame, one side of each profile finding support frame is connected with the main body frame, the other side of each profile finding support frame is matched with the shape of the large rockery outer package and is connected with the large rockery outer package, and the profile finding support frames and the profile finding support trusses are connected into a whole;
the main body frame comprises a plurality of frame columns, a plurality of frame beams and a plurality of transition upright posts, wherein the plurality of frame columns correspond to the side structural columns of the building main body structure in position, one frame beam is horizontally arranged below the bottom main beam of the building main body structure, the rest frame beams correspond to the side main beams of the building main body structure in position, the plurality of frame columns and the frame beams which are arranged in a crisscross mode are connected into a whole and fixedly connected to the building main body structure, the plurality of transition upright posts are vertically and alternately arranged between two adjacent frame columns, two ends of each transition upright post are fixedly connected with the frame beams positioned on two sides of each transition upright post, the main body frame also comprises a plurality of concrete piers, connecting ribs are embedded in the concrete piers, the concrete piers are fixedly connected to the outer sides of the bottom ends of the structural columns of the building main body structure, the bottom of each concrete piers extends to the foundation of the building main body structure and is fixedly connected with the foundation, the frame columns are supported on the tops of the concrete piers, and the frame posts are welded and connected with the connecting ribs in the concrete piers;
the support frame of finding the type includes a plurality of supports and a plurality of tie bars, a plurality of supports are vertical, parallel and the interval sets up between two adjacent support trusses of finding the type, every support includes a plurality of horizontal poles and a plurality of connecting rod, a plurality of horizontal poles are parallel and the interval sets up along building major structure direction of height, the horizontal pole is corresponding with the quantity and the position of chord member, the one end of horizontal pole is connected in the transition stand of main body frame perpendicularly, the other end of horizontal pole is connected in large-scale rockery class extranal packing inner wall, a plurality of connecting rods are parallel and the interval sets up, the connecting rod is connected in the horizontal pole perpendicularly, and the quantity and the position of connecting rod and montant are corresponding, a plurality of tie bars are horizontal and the interval sets up between two adjacent supports, tie bar tip connection is in the crossing point of horizontal pole and connecting rod, or be connected in the crossing point of chord member and montant of finding the support truss.
2. The first-layer support structure of the large rockery outer package according to claim 1, wherein: the main body frame further comprises a plurality of lateral embedded parts, the lateral embedded parts are arranged at the intersection points of the structural columns and the main beams of the main body structure of the building, each lateral embedded part consists of an embedded steel plate and a plurality of anchor bars vertically connected to one side of each embedded steel plate, the anchor bars of the lateral embedded parts are buried in the side face of the main body structure of the building, and the connection points of the frame columns and the frame beams of the main body frame are connected to the embedded steel plates.
3. The first-layer support structure of the large rockery outer package according to claim 2, wherein: the main body frame further comprises a plurality of steel corbels, the positions of the steel corbels correspond to the positions of the lateral embedded parts, one ends of the steel corbels are connected to embedded steel plates of the lateral embedded parts, and the other ends of the steel corbels are connected to frame columns.
4. The first-layer support structure of the large rockery outer package according to claim 1, wherein: the support truss comprises a plurality of chords, a plurality of vertical rods and a plurality of diagonal rods, wherein the chords are horizontally arranged along the height direction of the main structure of the building at intervals, one end of each chord is connected with a frame column of the main frame, the other end of each chord is connected with the inner wall of the outer package of the large rockery, the vertical rods are vertically arranged between two adjacent chords at intervals, and the diagonal rods are arranged along the diagonal lines of the rectangular frame formed by two adjacent chords and two adjacent vertical rods and are fixedly connected with the diagonal lines.
5. The first-layer support structure of the large rockery outer package according to claim 4, wherein: the locating support truss further comprises a plurality of reinforcing diagonal braces, one end of each reinforcing diagonal brace is connected to a connection point of the bottom chord member and the bottom vertical rod, and the other end of each reinforcing diagonal brace is connected to a concrete column pier of the main body frame.
6. A method of constructing a primary support structure for a large rockery type outer package according to any one of claims 1 to 5, comprising the steps of:
connecting the main body frame to the side surface of the main body structure of the building;
a plurality of profile finding support trusses are vertically and alternately arranged along the length extension direction of the main body frame, one end of a chord member of the profile finding support trusses is connected with a frame column of the main body frame, and the other end of the chord member penetrates through the outer package of the large rockery and extends to the outer side of the outer package to serve as a support of a construction scaffold;
setting up a pattern finding support frame between two adjacent pattern finding support trusses, wherein one end of a cross rod of a support of the pattern finding support frame is connected with a transition upright post of the main body frame, the other side of the cross rod penetrates through the outer package of the large rockery and extends to the outer side of the cross rod to serve as a support of a construction scaffold, the two adjacent supports and the support and the adjacent pattern finding support trusses are connected into a whole through a plurality of horizontally arranged root rods, and chords and the cross rod are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the outer package of the large rockery;
after the construction of the large rockery outer package is completed, the construction scaffold is removed, and the chord members and the cross bars are cut off to expose the outer surface of the large rockery outer package.
CN202111513844.2A 2021-12-13 2021-12-13 First-layer supporting structure of large rockery outer package and construction method thereof Active CN114232795B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE20312406U1 (en) * 2003-08-07 2003-10-09 Rueter Ewald Modular steel framework building system has two outer frames linked by cross members with end wedges locating onto corresponding sockets on the side frame vertical struts
CN202225672U (en) * 2011-08-02 2012-05-23 安徽鲁班建设投资集团有限公司 Concrete rockery
CN205476545U (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-08-17 四川省第十五建筑有限公司 Multipurpose combined strength construction ground protection shed structure support frame
CN112287449A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-01-29 上海市建工设计研究总院有限公司 Outer package rockery cortex supporting structure and modeling method thereof
CN216920677U (en) * 2021-12-13 2022-07-08 上海市建工设计研究总院有限公司 First-layer supporting structure of large rockery outer package

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE20312406U1 (en) * 2003-08-07 2003-10-09 Rueter Ewald Modular steel framework building system has two outer frames linked by cross members with end wedges locating onto corresponding sockets on the side frame vertical struts
CN202225672U (en) * 2011-08-02 2012-05-23 安徽鲁班建设投资集团有限公司 Concrete rockery
CN205476545U (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-08-17 四川省第十五建筑有限公司 Multipurpose combined strength construction ground protection shed structure support frame
CN112287449A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-01-29 上海市建工设计研究总院有限公司 Outer package rockery cortex supporting structure and modeling method thereof
CN216920677U (en) * 2021-12-13 2022-07-08 上海市建工设计研究总院有限公司 First-layer supporting structure of large rockery outer package

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