CN114232795A - Large rockery outer package first-layer supporting structure and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Large rockery outer package first-layer supporting structure and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114232795A
CN114232795A CN202111513844.2A CN202111513844A CN114232795A CN 114232795 A CN114232795 A CN 114232795A CN 202111513844 A CN202111513844 A CN 202111513844A CN 114232795 A CN114232795 A CN 114232795A
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main body
rockery
frame
outer package
finding
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CN202111513844.2A
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CN114232795B (en
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韩里
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Shanghai General Construction Engineering Research Institute Co ltd
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Shanghai General Construction Engineering Research Institute Co ltd
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B44DECORATIVE ARTS
    • B44CPRODUCING DECORATIVE EFFECTS; MOSAICS; TARSIA WORK; PAPERHANGING
    • B44C5/00Processes for producing special ornamental bodies
    • B44C5/06Natural ornaments; Imitations thereof
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/38Connections for building structures in general
    • E04B1/41Connecting devices specially adapted for embedding in concrete or masonry
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2406Connection nodes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2415Brackets, gussets, joining plates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2463Connections to foundations

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Electromagnetism (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Conveying And Assembling Of Building Elements In Situ (AREA)
  • Joining Of Building Structures In Genera (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a first-layer supporting structure of a large-scale rockery outer package and a construction method thereof, aiming at the problem of uneven settlement between the existing rockery outer package and a main building. The main body frame is fixedly connected to the side face of a building main body structure, a plurality of type finding supporting trusses are arranged vertically and at intervals, the type finding supporting frames are arranged between two adjacent type finding supporting trusses, one sides of the type finding supporting trusses and the type finding supporting frames are connected to the main body frame, and the other sides of the type finding supporting trusses and the type finding supporting frames are matched with the shape of the rockery outer package and fixedly connected with the rockery outer package. The construction method comprises the following steps: the main body framework is fixedly connected to the side face of the building main body structure, a plurality of finding type supporting trusses are vertically arranged at intervals, the finding type supporting trusses are arranged between two adjacent finding type supporting trusses, one sides of the finding type supporting trusses and the finding type supporting trusses are connected to the main body framework, the other sides of the finding type supporting trusses penetrate through the rockery outer package and extend to the outer side of the main body framework, and after construction is completed, exposed parts of the chord members and the cross rods are cut off.

Description

Large rockery outer package first-layer supporting structure and construction method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of building construction, in particular to a large rockery outer package first-layer supporting structure and a construction method thereof.
Background
At present, the construction projects of large theme park and travel are increasing day by day to meet the ever-increasing material culture and spirit requirements of people. The large-scale rockery type outer package made of cement plastic stone has large size and complex shape, a connecting structure between the large-scale rockery type outer package and a main building is one of the technical difficulties of construction, a supporting structure of the first layer of the existing large-scale rockery type outer package is arranged on the outer side of the side wall of the main building, the supporting structure usually adopts an independent foundation, and uneven settlement can be generated between the foundation of the main building and the foundation of the large-scale rockery type outer package supporting structure in the use stage of the main building, so that the internal force of the supporting structure is increased, the skin of the large-scale rockery type outer package is easy to crack, and the operation and maintenance cost of the large-scale rockery type outer package is increased.
Disclosure of Invention
The problem that the surface of the large-scale rockery outer package is prone to cracking due to the fact that the existing large-scale rockery outer package supporting structure adopts an independent foundation and uneven settlement can occur between the existing large-scale rockery outer package supporting structure and a main building is solved. The invention aims to provide a large rockery outer package first-layer supporting structure and a construction method thereof.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: large-scale rockery class extranal packing first floor bearing structure includes:
a main body frame connected to a side of the building main body structure;
the shape-finding support trusses are vertically arranged along the length extension direction of the main body frame at intervals, one sides of the shape-finding support trusses are vertically connected to the main body frame, and the other sides of the shape-finding support trusses are matched with the shape of the large rockery outer package and are connected with the large rockery outer package;
the type finding support frame is arranged between two adjacent type finding support trusses along the length extension direction of the main body frame, one side of the type finding support frame is connected to the main body frame, the other side of the type finding support frame is matched with the shape of the large rockery outer package and is connected with the large rockery outer package, and the type finding support frame is connected with the plurality of type finding support trusses into a whole.
The invention relates to a first-layer supporting structure of a large-scale rockery outer package, which comprises a main body frame, a shaping supporting truss and a shaping supporting frame which are sequentially connected from inside to outside, wherein the main body frame is fixedly connected to the side surface of the building main body structure and is used as a main stress conversion structure, a plurality of shaping supporting trusses are vertically arranged along the length extension direction of the main body frame at intervals, the shaping supporting frames are arranged between two adjacent shaping supporting trusses along the length extension direction of the main body frame, one sides of the shaping supporting trusses and the shaping supporting frames are both connected to the main body frame, the other sides of the shaping supporting trusses and the shaping supporting frames are matched with the shape of the large-scale rockery outer package and are fixedly connected with the main body frame, so that the load of the large-scale rockery outer package is effectively transmitted to the building main body structure, an independent foundation is not required to be arranged for the supporting structure, the structure is clear and force transmission, the modeling calculation is standardized, the operation efficiency is improved, and the structure is clear and simple, the steel members are few in quantity, the node design is convenient, the standardized production of the steel structure is facilitated, the construction efficiency is improved, the problem of uneven settlement between the foundation of the building main body structure and the independent foundation of the large-scale rockery external packing supporting structure is solved, and the maintenance cost of the large-scale rockery external packing is further reduced.
Further, the main body frame includes many frame posts, many frame roof beams and many transition stands, many frame posts are corresponding with the position of building major structure side structure post, a frame roof beam level sets up in the below of building major structure bottom girder, all the other frame roof beams are corresponding with the position of building major structure side girder, many criss-cross frame posts and the frame roof beam that sets up of setting are connected as an organic whole and rigid coupling in building major structure, many transition stands are vertical and the interval sets up between two adjacent frame posts, and the both ends of transition stand respectively with be located the frame roof beam rigid coupling of its both sides.
Further, main body frame still includes a plurality of side direction built-in fittings, and the side direction built-in fitting sets up in the nodical of building major structure's structure post and girder, and the side direction built-in fitting comprises pre-buried steel sheet and the many anchor bars of perpendicular connection in its one side, and the anchor bar of side direction built-in fitting is buried underground in building major structure side, and main body frame's the frame post is connected in pre-buried steel sheet with the tie point of frame roof beam.
Further, main body frame still includes a plurality of steel corbels, and the steel corbel is corresponding with the position of side direction built-in fitting, and steel corbel one end is connected in the pre-buried steel sheet of side direction built-in fitting, and the steel corbel other end is connected in the frame post.
Further, main body frame still includes a plurality of concrete piers, and pre-buried the splice bar in the concrete pier, and concrete pier rigid coupling in building major structure's structure capital end outside, and concrete pier bottom extends to building major structure's basis and rather than the rigid coupling, and the frame post supports in concrete pier top, and the splice bar welded connection in frame post and the concrete pier.
Further, it includes many chords, many montants and many down tube to look for type braced truss, and many chords set up along building major structure direction of height level and interval, and the one end of chord is connected in main body frame's frame post, and the chord other end is connected in large-scale artificial hillock class extranal packing inner wall, and many montants are vertical and the interval sets up between two adjacent chords, and the down tube sets up and rather than the rigid coupling along the diagonal of the rectangular frame that two adjacent chords and two adjacent montants constitute.
Furthermore, it still includes many reinforcement diagonal braces to look for type braced truss, consolidates the tie point that bracing one end was connected in bottom chord member and bottom montant, consolidates the concrete pier that the bracing other end is connected in main body frame.
Further, look for type braced frame and include a plurality of supports and many tie bars, a plurality of supports are vertical, parallel and interval set up in adjacent two and look for between the type braced truss, every support includes many horizontal poles and many connecting rods, many horizontal poles set up along building subject structure direction of height parallel and interval, the quantity and the position of horizontal pole and chord are corresponding, the one end of horizontal pole is connected perpendicularly in subject frame's transition stand, the other end of horizontal pole is connected in large-scale artificial hillock class extranal packing inner wall, many connecting rods parallel and interval set up, the connecting rod is connected perpendicularly in the horizontal pole, and the quantity and the position of connecting rod and montant are corresponding, a plurality of tie bar levels and interval set up between adjacent two supports, tie bar end connection is in the nodical of horizontal pole and connecting rod, or connect in the nodical of the chord and the montant of looking for the type braced truss.
In addition, the invention also provides a construction method of the large rockery outer package first-layer support structure, which comprises the following steps:
connecting the main body frame to the side of the building main body structure;
a plurality of shaping support trusses are vertically arranged along the length extension direction of the main body frame at intervals, one ends of chord members of the shaping support trusses are connected to frame columns of the main body frame, and the other ends of the chord members penetrate through the large-scale rockery outer package and extend to the outer side of the large-scale rockery outer package to serve as supports of a construction scaffold;
the method comprises the following steps that a shaping supporting frame is erected between two adjacent shaping supporting trusses, one end of a cross rod of a support of the shaping supporting frame is connected to a transition upright post of a main body frame, the other side of the cross rod penetrates through a large rockery outer package and extends to the outer side of the large rockery outer package to serve as a support of a construction scaffold, the two adjacent supports and the support and the adjacent shaping supporting trusses are connected into a whole through a plurality of tie rods which are horizontally arranged, and a chord and the cross rod are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the large rockery outer package;
and after the construction of the large-scale rockery outer package is finished, the construction scaffold is dismantled, and the parts of the chord members and the cross rods exposed out of the outer surface of the large-scale rockery outer package are cut off.
The invention relates to a construction method of a first-layer supporting structure of a large-scale rockery outer package, which is characterized in that a main body frame is fixedly connected to the side surface of a building main body structure to serve as a main stress conversion structure, a plurality of shape-finding supporting trusses are vertically arranged at intervals along the length extension direction of the main body frame, the shape-finding supporting trusses are arranged between two adjacent shape-finding supporting trusses along the length extension direction of the main body frame, one sides of the shape-finding supporting trusses and the shape-finding supporting trusses are connected to the main body frame, the other sides of the shape-finding supporting trusses penetrate through the large-scale rockery outer package and extend to the outer sides of the large-scale rockery outer package to serve as supports of construction scaffolds, so that the load of the large-scale rockery outer package is effectively transferred to the building main body structure, an independent foundation does not need to be arranged for the supporting structure, the force transfer is clear, the construction steps are clear, the modeling calculation is standardized, the operation efficiency and the construction efficiency are improved, and the problem of uneven settlement between the foundation of the building main body structure and the independent foundation of the large-scale rockery outer package supporting structure is solved To give a title.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of an embodiment of a first layer support structure for a large rockery package according to the present invention;
FIGS. 2 to 7 are schematic views of steps of a construction method of a large rockery outer package first-layer support structure according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a shape-finding support truss in an embodiment of the first-layer support structure of the large rockery outer package of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a frame of a shape-finding support frame in an embodiment of a first-layer support structure for a large-scale rockery exterior package according to the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of an embedded part in an embodiment of a first-layer supporting structure of a large rockery outer package according to the present invention.
The numbers in the figures are as follows:
a structural column 1; a main beam 2; 5, large rockery external packing; a main body frame 10; a frame post 11; a frame beam 12; a transition pillar 14; lateral embedded parts 15; pre-burying a steel plate 151; anchor bars 152; a steel corbel 16; a concrete pier 17; shaping the support truss 20; a chord member 21; a vertical rod 22; a diagonal rod 25; a reinforcing diagonal brace 26; a shaping support frame 30; a cross bar 31; a connecting rod 32; and a tie bar 33.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the figures and specific examples. It is to be noted that the drawings are in a very simplified form and are not to precise scale, which is merely for the purpose of facilitating and distinctly claiming the embodiments of the present invention. For convenience of description, the directions of "up" and "down" described below are the same as the directions of "up" and "down" in the drawings, but this is not a limitation of the technical solution of the present invention.
In this embodiment, the construction of the large rockery exterior package 5 in an amusement park is taken as an example, the attached drawings show the frame structures of the first floor and the second floor of the building main body structure, the large rockery exterior package 5 is connected to the side surface of the first floor of the building main body structure through a support structure, and the support structure of the first floor of the large rockery exterior package of the present invention is described below with reference to fig. 1 to 10, and the support structure includes:
a main body frame 10 connected to a side of the building main body structure;
the shape-finding support trusses 20 are vertically arranged along the length extending direction of the main body frame 10 at intervals, one side of each shape-finding support truss 20 is vertically connected to the main body frame 10, and the other side of each shape-finding support truss 20 is matched with the shape of the large rockery outer package 5 and is connected with the large rockery outer package;
and the shape-finding supporting frame 30 is arranged between two adjacent shape-finding supporting trusses 20 along the length extending direction of the main body frame 10, one side of the shape-finding supporting frame 30 is connected to the main body frame 10, the other side of the shape-finding supporting frame 30 is matched with the shape of the large rockery outer package 5 and is connected with the large rockery outer package, and the shape-finding supporting frame 30 and the plurality of shape-finding supporting trusses 20 are connected into a whole.
The invention relates to a first-layer supporting structure of a large-scale rockery outer package, which comprises a main body frame 10, a shaping supporting truss 20 and a shaping supporting frame 30 which are sequentially connected from inside to outside, wherein the main body frame 10 is fixedly connected to the side surface of the building main body structure and is used as a main stress conversion structure, a plurality of shaping supporting trusses 20 are vertically arranged at intervals along the length extension direction of the main body frame 10, the shaping supporting frames 30 are arranged between two adjacent shaping supporting trusses 20 along the length extension direction of the main body frame 10, one sides of the shaping supporting trusses 20 and the shaping supporting frames 30 are both connected to the main body frame 10, the other sides of the shaping supporting trusses and the shaping supporting frames are matched with the shape of the large-scale rockery outer package 5 and are fixedly connected with the main body frame, thereby the load of the large-scale rockery outer package 5 is effectively transmitted to the building main body structure, an independent foundation is not required to be arranged for the supporting structure, the force transmission is clear, and the modeling calculation is standardized, the method has the advantages of improving the operation efficiency, having clear and simple structure, small quantity of steel components and convenient node design, being beneficial to the standardized production of the steel structure, improving the construction efficiency, solving the problem of uneven settlement between the foundation of the main structure of the building and the independent foundation of the supporting structure of the large-scale rockery outer package 5, and further reducing the maintenance cost of the large-scale rockery outer package 5.
As shown in fig. 4, the main body frame 10 includes a plurality of frame columns 11, a plurality of frame beams 12 and a plurality of transition columns 14, the plurality of frame columns 11 correspond to the positions of the building main body structure side structure columns 1, one frame beam 12 is horizontally disposed below the main beam 2 of the underground layer of the building main body structure, the rest frame beams 12 correspond to the positions of the main beam 2 of the building main body structure side, the plurality of frame columns 11 and the frame beams 12, which are arranged in a criss-cross manner, are connected into a whole and are fixedly connected to the building main body structure, the plurality of transition columns 14 are vertically disposed between the two adjacent frame columns 11 at intervals, and two ends of the transition columns 14 are respectively fixedly connected to the frame beams 12 located at two sides of the transition columns. The main body frame 10 is a stress conversion structure of the large rockery exterior package 5, and is used for transmitting the load thereof to the building main body structure. In this embodiment, the distance between adjacent transition columns 14 is not greater than 2m, and the connection form between the transition columns 14 and the main body frame 10 is equal-strength welding, i.e. the weld strength is the same as the base material strength.
As shown in fig. 2 and 10, the main body frame 10 further includes a plurality of lateral embedded parts 15, the lateral embedded parts 15 are disposed at the intersection points of the structural columns 1 and the main beams 2 of the main building structure, each lateral embedded part 15 is composed of an embedded steel plate 151 and a plurality of anchor bars 152 vertically connected to one side of the embedded steel plate, the anchor bars 152 of the lateral embedded parts 15 are embedded in the side surfaces of the main building structure, and the connection points of the frame columns 11 and the frame beams 12 of the main body frame 10 are welded to the embedded steel plates 151, so that the main body frame 10 is firmly connected to the main building structure. In this embodiment, the thickness, size, and material of the embedded steel plates 151 of the lateral embedded parts 15 and the length, number, and material of the anchor bars 152 are calculated by prediction for the large-scale rockery type outer package 5 for predicting the load according to the set position of the lateral embedded part 15 as a boundary condition.
As shown in fig. 3, the main body frame 10 further includes a plurality of steel brackets 16, the steel brackets 16 correspond to the lateral embedded parts 15, one end of each steel bracket 16 is welded to the embedded steel plate 151 of the lateral embedded part 15, and the other end of each steel bracket 16 is welded to the frame post 11. The load of the large rockery outer package 5 is transferred to the building main body structure through the steel corbels 16, and the stability and the safety of the supporting structure are improved. In this embodiment, the length of the steel bracket 16 is greater than or equal to 300mm, and the steel bracket 16 and the embedded steel plate 151 are welded together at equal strength by a groove.
As shown in fig. 2 and 3, the main body frame 10 further includes a plurality of concrete piers 17, and connecting ribs are embedded in the concrete piers 17, the concrete piers 17 are fixedly connected to the outer side of the bottom end of the structural column 1 of the building main body structure, the bottom of the concrete piers 17 extends to the foundation of the building main body structure and is fixedly connected to the foundation, the frame column 11 is supported on the top of the concrete piers 17, and the frame column 11 is welded to the connecting ribs in the concrete piers 17. Concrete piers 17 provide stable support for body frame 10, facilitating the transfer of its vertical load to the foundation of the building body structure. The size and reinforcing bars of the concrete pier 17 need to be calculated, analyzed and evaluated.
As shown in fig. 5 and 8, the finding type supporting truss 20 includes a plurality of chords 21, a plurality of vertical rods 22 and a plurality of diagonal rods 25, the chords 21 are horizontally arranged along the height direction of the building main structure and are arranged at intervals, one end of each chord 21 is connected to the frame column 11 of the main frame 10, the other end of each chord 21 is connected to the inner wall of the large-scale external package 5 of rockery, the chords 22 are vertically arranged between the two adjacent chords 21 at intervals, and the diagonal rods 25 are arranged along the diagonal lines of the rectangular frame formed by the two adjacent chords 21 and the two adjacent vertical rods 22 and are fixedly connected with the diagonal rods. The shaped support truss 20 provides good vertical stiffness to effectively transfer the load of the large rockery overwrap 5 to the building body structure. The section selection and the material of each component in the shape finding supporting truss 20 are determined by structural analysis calculation, the distance between two adjacent chords 21 is not more than 2 meters, and the distance between two adjacent vertical rods 22 is not more than 2 meters.
With continued reference to fig. 8, the shape-finding supporting truss 20 further includes a plurality of reinforcing diagonal braces 26, one end of each reinforcing diagonal brace 26 is connected to the connection point of the bottom chord 21 and the bottom vertical bar 22, and the other end of each reinforcing diagonal brace 26 is connected to the concrete pier 17, so that the shape-finding supporting truss 20 is integrally supported on the concrete pier 17, and the load of the shape-finding supporting truss is transmitted to the foundation of the building main structure by the concrete pier 17.
As shown in fig. 5 and 9, the shape finding support frame 30 includes a plurality of supports and a plurality of tie bars 33, the plurality of supports are vertically, parallelly and alternately disposed between two adjacent shape finding support trusses 20, each support includes a plurality of cross bars 31 and a plurality of connecting bars 32, the plurality of cross bars 31 are arranged parallelly and alternately in the height direction of the building main body structure, the number and the positions of the cross bars 31 correspond to those of the chord bars 21, one end of the cross bar 31 is vertically connected to the transition upright post 14 of the main body frame 10, the other end of the cross bar 31 is connected to the inner wall of the large-scale rockery outer package 5, the plurality of connecting bars 32 are arranged parallelly and alternately, the connecting bars 32 are vertically connected to the cross bar 31, and the number and the positions of the connecting bars 32 and the chord bars 22 correspond to each other, that is, the cross bars 31 of the shape finding support frame 30 are aligned to the chord bars 21 of the shape finding support trusses 20, the connecting bars 32 are aligned to the vertical bars 22, the plurality of tie bars 33 are horizontally and alternately disposed between two adjacent supports, the ends of the tie bars 33 are connected to the intersection points of the cross bars 31 and the connecting bars 32, or the intersection points of the chords 21 and the vertical bars 22 of the shape-finding support truss 20, and the shape-finding support frame 30 and the shape-finding support truss 20 together form a grid-shaped support frame body which is adaptive to the shape of the large-scale rockery outer package 5, so that the large-scale rockery outer package 5 can be stably supported and connected to the main structure of the building. The cross section selection and the material of the cross bars 31 and the connecting rods 32 of the shaping supporting frame 30 are determined by structural analysis calculation, the distance between two adjacent cross bars 31 is not more than 2m, and the distance between two adjacent connecting rods 32 is not more than 2 m. The plurality of supports and the shaping support truss 20 are connected into a whole through the tie bars 33, the overall stability of the support structure is enhanced, and the cross section size and the material of the tie bars 33 are determined through structural analysis and calculation.
In addition, the chord 21 of the type finding supporting truss 20 and the cross bar 31 of the type finding supporting frame 30 both penetrate through the large-scale rockery outer package 5 and extend outwards for 1.5m to serve as a support for the construction scaffold of the large-scale rockery outer package 5, after the processes of pouring, shaping, coloring and the like of the large-scale rockery outer package 5 are completed, the extending part exposed outside the large-scale rockery outer package 5 is cut off, and the extending chord 21 and the cross bar 31 are both firmly connected to the supporting structure, so that the construction of the cantilever scaffold can be realized by utilizing the existing structure, the construction safety is ensured, a constructor does not need to additionally erect the scaffold, the material is saved, and the construction steps are simplified.
The construction method of the large rockery outer package first layer support structure of the present invention is described below with reference to fig. 2 to 7, and the specific steps are as follows:
firstly, determining the connecting position of a large-scale rockery outer package 5 and a building main body structure, as shown in fig. 2, embedding embedded parts at the intersection points of a main beam 2 and a structural column 1 on the side surface of the building main body structure, as shown in fig. 3, sequentially welding and connecting steel corbels 16 to the embedded parts, as shown in fig. 4, assembling a main body frame 10 and arranging the main body frame on the side surface of the building main body structure, and respectively welding and connecting the connecting points of a frame column 11 and a frame beam 12 in the main body frame 10 to the steel corbels 16;
as shown in fig. 5, a plurality of shape-finding supporting trusses 20 are assembled, the plurality of shape-finding supporting trusses 20 are vertically arranged along the length extension direction of the main body frame 10 at intervals, one end of a chord member 21 of each shape-finding supporting truss 20 is connected to the frame column 11 of the main body frame 10, and the other end of the chord member 21 penetrates through the large-scale rockery outer package 5 and extends to the outer side of the large-scale rockery outer package to serve as a support of a construction scaffold;
with reference to fig. 5, a shape finding supporting frame 30 is erected between two adjacent shape finding supporting trusses 20, one end of a cross bar 31 of a support of the shape finding supporting frame 30 is connected to the transition upright post 14 of the main body frame 10, the other side of the cross bar 31 penetrates through the large rockery outer package 5 and extends to the outer side of the large rockery outer package to serve as a support of a construction scaffold, the two adjacent supports and the support and the adjacent shape finding supporting trusses 20 are connected into a whole through a plurality of tie bars 33 which are horizontally arranged, and the chord 21 and the cross bar 31 are both fixedly connected with the inner wall of the large rockery outer package 5;
after the construction of the large-scale rockery outer package 5 is completed, the construction scaffold is removed, and the parts of the chord members 21 and the cross bars 31 exposed out of the outer surface of the large-scale rockery outer package 5 are cut off.
The construction method of the first-layer supporting structure of the large-scale rockery outer package of the invention comprises the steps of fixedly connecting a main body frame 10 to the side surface of a building main body structure as a main stress conversion structure, vertically arranging a plurality of shape-finding supporting trusses 20 at intervals along the length extension direction of the main body frame 10, arranging the shape-finding supporting frames 30 between two adjacent shape-finding supporting trusses 20 along the length extension direction of the main body frame 10, connecting one sides of the shape-finding supporting trusses 20 and the shape-finding supporting frames 30 to the main body frame 10, penetrating the large-scale rockery outer package 5 from the other sides of the shape-finding supporting trusses and extending to the outer sides of the shape-finding supporting trusses as the support of a construction scaffold, thereby effectively transferring the load of the large-scale rockery outer package 5 to the building main body structure, having no need to arrange an independent foundation for the supporting structure, having definite structure and clear construction steps, standardizing modeling calculation, and improving the operation efficiency and the construction efficiency, the problem of uneven settlement between the foundation of building major structure and the independent foundation of 5 bearing structures of large-scale rockery class extranal packing is solved.
The above description is only for the purpose of describing the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and any variations and modifications made by those skilled in the art based on the above disclosure are within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (9)

1. Large-scale rockery class extranal packing first floor bearing structure, its characterized in that includes:
a main body frame connected to a side of the building main body structure;
the shape-finding support trusses are vertically arranged along the length extension direction of the main body frame at intervals, one sides of the shape-finding support trusses are vertically connected to the main body frame, and the other sides of the shape-finding support trusses are matched with the shape of the large rockery outer package and are connected with the large rockery outer package;
the type finding support frame is arranged between two adjacent type finding support trusses along the length extension direction of the main body frame, one side of the type finding support frame is connected to the main body frame, the other side of the type finding support frame is matched with the shape of the large rockery outer package and is connected with the large rockery outer package, and the type finding support frame is connected with the plurality of type finding support trusses into a whole.
2. The large rockery exterior primary support structure of claim 1, wherein: the main body frame includes many frame posts, many frame roof beams and many transition stands, many frame posts are corresponding with the position of building major structure side structure post, a frame roof beam level sets up in the below of building major structure bottom girder, all the other frame roof beams are corresponding with the position of building major structure side girder, many criss-cross frame posts and the frame roof beam that sets up of setting are connected as an organic whole and rigid coupling in building major structure, many transition stands are vertical and the interval sets up between two adjacent frame posts, and the both ends of transition stand respectively with be located the frame roof beam rigid coupling of its both sides.
3. The large rockery exterior primary support structure of claim 2, wherein: the main body frame further comprises a plurality of lateral embedded parts, the lateral embedded parts are arranged at the intersection points of the structural columns and the main beams of the main building body structure, each lateral embedded part is composed of an embedded steel plate and a plurality of anchor bars vertically connected to one side of the embedded steel plate, the anchor bars of the lateral embedded parts are embedded in the side face of the main building body structure, and the connecting points of the frame columns and the frame beams of the main body frame are connected to the embedded steel plates.
4. The large rockery overwrap first layer support structure of claim 3, wherein: the main body frame further comprises a plurality of steel corbels, the steel corbels correspond to the lateral embedded parts in position, one ends of the steel corbels are connected to the embedded steel plates of the lateral embedded parts, and the other ends of the steel corbels are connected to the frame columns.
5. The large rockery exterior primary support structure of claim 2, wherein: the main body frame further comprises a plurality of concrete column piers, connecting ribs are pre-embedded in the concrete column piers, the concrete column piers are fixedly connected to the outer side of the bottom end of the structural column of the building main body structure, the bottom of the concrete column piers extends to the foundation of the building main body structure and is fixedly connected with the foundation of the building main body structure, the frame column is supported to the top of the concrete column piers, and the frame column is connected with the connecting ribs in the concrete column piers in a welding mode.
6. The large rockery exterior primary support structure of claim 1, wherein: the finding type supporting truss comprises a plurality of chord members, a plurality of vertical rods and a plurality of inclined rods, the chord members are horizontally arranged along the height direction of the building main body structure and are arranged at intervals, one ends of the chord members are connected to frame columns of the main body frame, the other ends of the chord members are connected to the inner wall of the large-scale rockery outer package, the vertical and interval arrangement of the chord members is carried out between every two adjacent chord members, and the inclined rods are arranged along the diagonal lines of the rectangular frame formed by the two adjacent chord members and the two adjacent vertical rods and are fixedly connected with the diagonal lines.
7. The large rockery overwrap first layer support structure of claim 6, wherein: find type braced truss still includes many reinforcement diagonal braces, consolidates the tie point that bracing one end was connected in bottom chord member and bottom montant, consolidates the diagonal brace other end and connects in main body frame's concrete column mound.
8. The large rockery exterior primary support structure of claim 1, wherein: look for type braced frame and include a plurality of supports and many tie bars, a plurality of supports are vertical, parallel and interval set up in adjacent two and look for between the type braced truss, every support includes many horizontal poles and many connecting rods, many horizontal poles set up along building subject structure direction of height parallel and interval, the quantity and the position of horizontal pole and chord are corresponding, the one end of horizontal pole is connected perpendicularly in subject frame's transition stand, the other end of horizontal pole is connected in large-scale artificial hillock class extranal packing inner wall, many connecting rods parallel and interval set up, the connecting rod is connected perpendicularly in the horizontal pole, and the quantity and the position of connecting rod and montant are corresponding, a plurality of tie bar levels and interval set up between adjacent two supports, tie bar end connection is in the nodical point of horizontal pole and connecting rod, or connect in the nodical point of chord and montant of looking for the type braced truss.
9. The construction method of a large-scale rockery exterior primary-layer supporting structure according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the steps are as follows:
connecting the main body frame to the side of the building main body structure;
a plurality of shaping support trusses are vertically arranged along the length extension direction of the main body frame at intervals, one ends of chord members of the shaping support trusses are connected to frame columns of the main body frame, and the other ends of the chord members penetrate through the large-scale rockery outer package and extend to the outer side of the large-scale rockery outer package to serve as supports of a construction scaffold;
the method comprises the following steps that a shaping supporting frame is erected between two adjacent shaping supporting trusses, one end of a cross rod of a support of the shaping supporting frame is connected to a transition upright post of a main body frame, the other side of the cross rod penetrates through a large rockery outer package and extends to the outer side of the large rockery outer package to serve as a support of a construction scaffold, the two adjacent supports and the support and the adjacent shaping supporting trusses are connected into a whole through a plurality of tie rods which are horizontally arranged, and a chord and the cross rod are fixedly connected with the inner wall of the large rockery outer package;
and after the construction of the large-scale rockery outer package is finished, the construction scaffold is dismantled, and the parts of the chord members and the cross rods exposed out of the outer surface of the large-scale rockery outer package are cut off.
CN202111513844.2A 2021-12-13 2021-12-13 First-layer supporting structure of large rockery outer package and construction method thereof Active CN114232795B (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE20312406U1 (en) * 2003-08-07 2003-10-09 Rueter Ewald Modular steel framework building system has two outer frames linked by cross members with end wedges locating onto corresponding sockets on the side frame vertical struts
CN202225672U (en) * 2011-08-02 2012-05-23 安徽鲁班建设投资集团有限公司 Concrete rockery
CN205476545U (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-08-17 四川省第十五建筑有限公司 Multipurpose combined strength construction ground protection shed structure support frame
CN112287449A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-01-29 上海市建工设计研究总院有限公司 Outer package rockery cortex supporting structure and modeling method thereof
CN216920677U (en) * 2021-12-13 2022-07-08 上海市建工设计研究总院有限公司 First-layer supporting structure of large rockery outer package

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE20312406U1 (en) * 2003-08-07 2003-10-09 Rueter Ewald Modular steel framework building system has two outer frames linked by cross members with end wedges locating onto corresponding sockets on the side frame vertical struts
CN202225672U (en) * 2011-08-02 2012-05-23 安徽鲁班建设投资集团有限公司 Concrete rockery
CN205476545U (en) * 2016-01-11 2016-08-17 四川省第十五建筑有限公司 Multipurpose combined strength construction ground protection shed structure support frame
CN112287449A (en) * 2020-11-24 2021-01-29 上海市建工设计研究总院有限公司 Outer package rockery cortex supporting structure and modeling method thereof
CN216920677U (en) * 2021-12-13 2022-07-08 上海市建工设计研究总院有限公司 First-layer supporting structure of large rockery outer package

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