CN114229766B - Full-automatic fungus package cap pulling machine - Google Patents

Full-automatic fungus package cap pulling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114229766B
CN114229766B CN202111673781.7A CN202111673781A CN114229766B CN 114229766 B CN114229766 B CN 114229766B CN 202111673781 A CN202111673781 A CN 202111673781A CN 114229766 B CN114229766 B CN 114229766B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
neck clamping
guide
driving
frame
neck
Prior art date
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Active
Application number
CN202111673781.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114229766A (en
Inventor
郑涛
陈长卿
沈建生
边晓东
王洁
朱建锡
费焱
孙萍
陆中华
陈青
陈志鸿
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Zhejiang Agricultural Machinery Research Institute
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Zhejiang Agricultural Machinery Research Institute
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Priority to CN202111673781.7A priority Critical patent/CN114229766B/en
Publication of CN114229766A publication Critical patent/CN114229766A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN114229766B publication Critical patent/CN114229766B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B67OPENING, CLOSING OR CLEANING BOTTLES, JARS OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS; LIQUID HANDLING
    • B67BAPPLYING CLOSURE MEMBERS TO BOTTLES JARS, OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS; OPENING CLOSED CONTAINERS
    • B67B7/00Hand- or power-operated devices for opening closed containers
    • B67B7/14Hand- or power-operated devices for opening closed containers for removing tightly-fitting lids or covers, e.g. of shoe-polish tins, by gripping and rotating
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/50Inoculation of spawn
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/22Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors
    • B65G47/24Devices influencing the relative position or the attitude of articles during transit by conveyors orientating the articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G65/00Loading or unloading
    • B65G65/30Methods or devices for filling or emptying bunkers, hoppers, tanks, or like containers, of interest apart from their use in particular chemical or physical processes or their application in particular machines, e.g. not covered by a single other subclass
    • B65G65/32Filling devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G65/00Loading or unloading
    • B65G65/30Methods or devices for filling or emptying bunkers, hoppers, tanks, or like containers, of interest apart from their use in particular chemical or physical processes or their application in particular machines, e.g. not covered by a single other subclass
    • B65G65/34Emptying devices
    • B65G65/36Devices for emptying from the top
    • B65G65/38Mechanical devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B67OPENING, CLOSING OR CLEANING BOTTLES, JARS OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS; LIQUID HANDLING
    • B67BAPPLYING CLOSURE MEMBERS TO BOTTLES JARS, OR SIMILAR CONTAINERS; OPENING CLOSED CONTAINERS
    • B67B7/00Hand- or power-operated devices for opening closed containers
    • B67B7/16Hand- or power-operated devices for opening closed containers for removing flanged caps, e.g. crown caps
    • B67B7/162Hand- or power-operated devices for opening closed containers for removing flanged caps, e.g. crown caps the removing device being formed by at least two articulated parts, e.g. pliers

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Mycology (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Mushroom Cultivation (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a full-automatic fungus bag cap pulling machine, and belongs to the technical field of fungus bag inoculation. The inoculating machine solves the problems that an existing inoculating machine needs four driving mechanisms, the four inoculating actions are controlled respectively, the structure is complex, the equipment failure rate is high and the like. The fungus bag frame is used for horizontally conveying fungus bags, the fungus bags are vertically placed in the fungus bag frame, the neck clamping device comprises two neck clamping assemblies, a mounting frame and a driving guide mechanism for driving the mounting frame to lift, the two neck clamping assemblies can relatively approach or separate from each other under the driving of the driving guide mechanism, the cover pulling device is arranged on the mounting frame, the driving guide mechanism controls the opening and closing of the two neck clamping assemblies and drives the cover pulling device to lift, the cover receiving device comprises a supporting plate and a supporting rail, and the supporting plate slides back and forth along the supporting rail under the driving of a first driving mechanism to achieve high automation degree.

Description

Full-automatic fungus package cap pulling machine
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of fungus bag inoculation, and relates to a full-automatic fungus bag cap pulling machine.
Background
The invention patent with the application number of CN201911386766.7 discloses a full-automatic integrated bag planting inoculating machine, which is characterized in that the two relatively sliding neck clamping pieces are folded or unfolded to clamp or loosen the fungus bag neck, the two relatively sliding clamping assemblies are folded or unfolded to clamp or loosen the fungus cover, and the lifting of the clamping assemblies is used for pulling out the fungus cover. The invention needs four driving mechanisms, namely, driving the neck clamping piece to lift, driving the neck clamping piece to open and close, driving the clamping assembly to lift and driving the clamping assembly to open and close, and driving the clamping assembly to open and close.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems of the existing edible fungus inoculation cap removing equipment, and provides a cap removing machine with simple structure and high automation degree.
The aim of the invention can be achieved by the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a full-automatic fungus package pulls out lid machine, its characterized in that, includes frame and conveyor, clamp neck device, pull out the lid device, connect the lid device that set up in the frame, conveyor is used for the level to carry fungus package frame, and fungus package is vertical to be placed in fungus package frame, clamp neck device includes two drive guiding mechanism that clamp neck subassembly, mounting bracket, drive mounting bracket go up and down, and two clamp neck subassemblies can be close to relatively or keep away from under this drive guiding mechanism's drive, pull out the lid device setting on the mounting bracket, drive guiding mechanism control two clamp neck subassembly open and shut and drive pull out the lid device and go up and down, connect the lid device to include layer board, support the rail, the layer board is followed and is held in the palm rail round trip to slide under the drive of a first actuating mechanism.
The driving guide mechanism drives the mounting frame to descend, so that the following steps can be completed simultaneously: the two neck clamping assemblies are driven to clamp the fungus bag, and the cover pulling device is driven to descend to pull the cover, so that the overall linkage of the equipment is improved, the structure is more simplified, and the machine can run more smoothly.
In the above-mentioned full-automatic fungus package pulls out lid machine, two clamp neck subassembly divide into left clamp neck subassembly and right clamp neck subassembly, and left clamp neck subassembly includes a plurality of left clamp neck pieces, and right clamp neck subassembly includes and presss from both sides the neck piece with the right clamp neck piece of left clamp neck piece the same quantity, and left clamp neck subassembly and right clamp neck subassembly crisscross setting, left clamp neck piece and right clamp neck piece alternate interval setting in proper order.
In the fully-automatic fungus bag cap pulling machine, the left neck clamping piece and the right neck clamping piece are respectively provided with a plurality of arc-shaped notches, the left neck clamping piece and the right neck clamping piece are in a group, the notches of the left neck clamping piece and the right neck clamping piece in the same group are arranged in one-to-one correspondence, the two notches face oppositely, and the number and the positions of the notches are corresponding to those of the fungus bags.
In the above-mentioned full-automatic fungus package pulls out lid machine, drive guiding mechanism totally two sets of, the symmetry sets up at the both ends that press from both sides the neck subassembly, and it includes guide board, guide post, second actuating mechanism, and the both ends that each left side pressed from both sides the neck piece all link firmly through a left connecting plate, and the both ends that each right side pressed from both sides the neck piece all link firmly through a right connecting plate, all are equipped with a guide post on left connecting plate and the right connecting plate, it has two bilateral symmetry's guide slot to open on the guide board, and two guide posts slide and set up in corresponding guide slot, the fixed setting of guide board is on the mounting bracket, and second actuating mechanism drive guide board, mounting bracket go up and down, the interval of two guide posts of shape control through the guide slot realizes opening and shutting of two pressing from both sides the neck subassembly.
In the fully automatic fungus bag cap pulling machine, the guide groove is divided into an upper section and a lower section, the upper section is a vertical long straight groove, the lower section is an inclined long straight groove, the inclined directions of the lower sections of the two guide grooves face to each other, and the distance between the lower sections of the two guide grooves is gradually reduced.
In the full-automatic fungus bag cap pulling machine, a plurality of sliding blocks are arranged on the left connecting plate and the right connecting plate, a guide rail is arranged on the frame, and the left neck clamping assembly and the right neck clamping assembly are arranged on the frame in a sliding manner through the sliding blocks and the guide rail.
In the full-automatic fungus package cap pulling machine, a plurality of vertical guide posts are fixedly arranged on the frame, a plurality of guide sleeves are fixedly arranged on the mounting frame, the guide posts correspond to the guide sleeves one by one, the guide sleeves are sleeved on the periphery of the corresponding guide posts, and the mounting frame ascends and descends along the guide posts relative to the frame through the guide sleeves.
In the above-mentioned full-automatic fungus package pulls out lid machine, the support rail totally two sets of, the symmetry sets up at the both ends that press from both sides the neck subassembly, the support rail includes the mounting panel, rotates the riding wheel that sets up on the mounting panel, the piston rod swing joint of a connecting rod and a actuating mechanism is passed through to the one end of layer board, and its other end is taken and is leaned on the wheel face of riding wheel, the layer board slides and sets up on two and press from both sides the neck subassembly, and an actuating mechanism passes through connecting rod round trip pulling layer board to make the layer board roll off press from both sides the neck subassembly and incline downwards along the riding wheel, draw the layer board to press from both sides on the neck subassembly along the riding wheel.
In the above-mentioned full-automatic fungus package pulls out lid machine, the support rail still include the pinch roller, the pinch roller rotates to set up on above-mentioned mounting panel, and riding wheel, pinch roller are interval setting in proper order along the layer board ejecting direction, can insert between riding wheel and the pinch roller after the layer board is outwards promoted, the up and down terminal surface of layer board supports respectively to lean on the wheel face of pinch roller and layer board, the pinch roller is pressing the layer board to make the downward slope roll-off of layer board.
In the above-mentioned full-automatic fungus package pulls out lid machine, conveyor includes a plurality of rollers and the actuating mechanism of drive roller pivoted that rotate and set up in the frame, and a plurality of rollers are located on same horizontal plane and follow the equidistant interval arrangement in proper order of direction of delivery.
In the fully-automatic fungus bag cap pulling machine, the first driving mechanism and the second driving mechanism are air cylinders.
Compared with the prior art, the method has the following beneficial effects:
1. the invention can simultaneously complete the following steps through one driving and guiding mechanism: the two neck clamping assemblies are driven to clamp the fungus bag, and the cover pulling device is driven to descend to pull the cover, so that the overall linkage of the equipment is improved, the structure is more simplified, and the machine can run more smoothly;
2. the second driving mechanism drives the mounting frame to ascend and pull out the cover, at the moment, the two guide posts are positioned in the upper section of the guide groove, the two neck clamping assemblies are always in a state of clamping the fungus bag in the first half time of the ascending of the mounting frame, the two neck clamping assemblies are gradually opened in the second half time of the ascending of the mounting frame, the cover is pulled out under the state of clamping the fungus bag, and the success rate of pulling out the cover is greatly improved;
3. the support plate is pulled by the first driving mechanism, the support plate is pulled back to the neck clamping assembly along the riding wheel, the clamping jaw on the cover pulling device loosens the cover, the cover falls onto the support plate, the support plate is pushed outwards by the first driving mechanism, the support plate slides out of the neck clamping assembly and inclines downwards along the riding wheel and the pressing wheel, the cover is poured out, and the degree of automation is high.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic general construction of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the two neck clamping assemblies of the present invention when clamping a fungus bag;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the two-necked assembly of the present invention with the tray pulled back toward the splice cap;
fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the drive guide mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the two neck assemblies of the present invention in close proximity;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the two neck assemblies of the present invention when they are moved apart;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the cap receiving device of the present invention.
In the figure, 1, a rack; 2. a mounting frame; 3. left neck clip; 4. a right neck clip; 5. a notch; 6. a guide plate; 7. a guide post; 8. a first driving mechanism; 9. a second driving mechanism; 10. a left connecting plate; 11. a right connecting plate; 12. a guide groove; 13. an upper section; 14. a lower section; 15. a slide block; 16. a guide rail; 17. a guide post; 18. a guide sleeve; 19. a mounting plate; 20. a supporting plate; 21. a riding wheel; 22. a pinch roller; 23. a roller; 24. and a connecting rod.
Description of the embodiments
The following are specific embodiments of the present invention and the technical solutions of the present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1, the full-automatic fungus bag cap pulling machine comprises a frame 1, and a conveying device, a neck clamping device, a cap pulling device and a cap receiving device which are arranged on the frame 1, wherein the conveying device is used for horizontally conveying fungus bag frames, fungus bags are vertically placed in the fungus bag frames, the neck clamping device comprises two neck clamping assemblies, a mounting frame 2 and a driving guide mechanism for driving the mounting frame 2 to lift, the two neck clamping assemblies can be relatively close to or far away from each other under the driving of the driving guide mechanism, the cap pulling device is arranged on the mounting frame 2, and the driving guide mechanism controls the opening and closing of the two neck clamping assemblies and drives the cap pulling device to lift. The conveying device comprises a plurality of rollers 23 rotatably arranged on the frame 1 and a driving mechanism for driving the rollers 23 to rotate, wherein the rollers 23 are positioned on the same horizontal plane and are sequentially and equidistantly arranged at intervals along the conveying direction.
As shown in fig. 5 and 6, the two neck clamping assemblies are divided into a left neck clamping assembly and a right neck clamping assembly, the left neck clamping assembly comprises a plurality of left neck clamping pieces 3, the right neck clamping assembly comprises right neck clamping pieces 4 which are the same as the left neck clamping pieces 3 in number, the left neck clamping assemblies and the right neck clamping assemblies are arranged in a staggered manner, and the left neck clamping pieces 3 and the right neck clamping pieces 4 are arranged at intervals in sequence. The left neck clamping piece 3 and the right neck clamping piece 4 are respectively provided with a plurality of arc-shaped notches 5, the left neck clamping piece 3 and the right neck clamping piece 4 are in two groups, the notches 5 of the left neck clamping piece 3 and the right neck clamping piece 4 of the same group are arranged in one-to-one correspondence, the two notches 5 are opposite in orientation, and the number and the positions of the notches 5 are corresponding to those of fungus bags.
As shown in fig. 4, the driving guide mechanisms are two groups, symmetrically arranged at two ends of the neck clamping assembly, and comprise guide plates 6, guide posts 7 and a second driving mechanism 9, two ends of each left neck clamping piece 3 are fixedly connected through a left connecting plate 10, two ends of each right neck clamping piece 4 are fixedly connected through a right connecting plate 11, the left connecting plate 10 and the right connecting plate 11 are respectively provided with one guide post 7, two guide slots 12 which are bilaterally symmetrical are arranged on the guide plates 6, the two guide posts 7 are slidably arranged in the corresponding guide slots 12, the guide plates 6 are fixedly arranged on the mounting frame 2, the second driving mechanism 9 drives the guide plates 6 and the mounting frame 2 to lift, and the opening and closing of the two neck clamping assembly are realized by controlling the distance between the two guide posts 7 through the shape of the guide slots 12. The guiding groove 12 is divided into an upper section 13 and a lower section 14, the upper section 13 is a vertical long straight groove, the lower section 14 is an inclined long straight groove, the inclined directions of the lower sections 14 of the two guiding grooves 12 face to each other, and the distance between the lower sections 14 of the two guiding grooves 12 is gradually reduced.
The left connecting plate 10 and the right connecting plate 11 are respectively provided with a plurality of sliding blocks 15, the frame 1 is provided with a guide rail 16, and the left neck clamping assembly and the right neck clamping assembly are arranged on the frame 1 in a sliding way through the sliding blocks 15 and the guide rails 16. The machine frame 1 on fixedly be equipped with a plurality of vertical guide posts 17, fixed a plurality of uide bushing 18 that are equipped with on the mounting bracket 2, guide post 17 and uide bushing 18 one-to-one, each uide bushing 18 cover is established in the periphery of corresponding guide post 17, the mounting bracket 2 goes up and down along the guide post 17 relative machine frame 1 through uide bushing 18.
As shown in fig. 7, the cover receiving device comprises a supporting plate 20 and a supporting rail, and the supporting plate 20 slides back and forth along the supporting rail under the drive of a first driving mechanism 8. The support rail is two groups in total, and is symmetrically arranged at two ends of the neck clamping assembly, the support rail comprises a mounting plate 19 and a support roller 21 rotatably arranged on the mounting plate 19, one end of a support plate 20 is movably connected with a piston rod of a first driving mechanism 8 through a connecting rod 24, the other end of the support plate is supported on the wheel surface of the support roller 21, the support plate 20 is slidably arranged on the two neck clamping assemblies, and the first driving mechanism 8 is used for pulling the support plate 20 back and forth through the connecting rod 24 so that the support plate 20 slides out of the neck clamping assembly and inclines downwards along the support roller 21, and the support plate 20 is pulled onto the neck clamping assembly along the support roller 21. The supporting rail also comprises a pressing wheel 22, the pressing wheel 22 is rotatably arranged on the mounting plate 19, the supporting wheels 21 and the pressing wheel 22 are sequentially arranged at intervals along the pushing direction of the supporting plate 20, the supporting plate 20 can be inserted between the supporting wheel 21 and the pressing wheel 22 after being pushed outwards, the upper end face and the lower end face of the supporting plate 20 respectively lean against the pressing wheel 22 and the wheel face of the supporting plate 20, and the pressing wheel 22 presses the supporting plate 20 so as to enable the supporting plate 20 to slide downwards in an inclined manner.
The first driving mechanism 8 and the second driving mechanism 9 in the cap remover are air cylinders.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
the fungus package frame is placed on the roller 23 and transported to the inside of the frame 1, a photoelectric sensor is arranged in the frame 1, when the photoelectric sensor detects that the fungus package frame passes, a baffle plate arranged below the roller 23 extends upwards and is blocked on the moving path of the fungus package frame, the fungus package frame stops moving after leaning on the baffle plate, and at the moment, the positions of the covers of all fungus packages in the fungus package frame correspond to the positions of the gaps 5 of the two neck clamping assemblies one by one;
as shown in fig. 2, the second driving mechanism 9 drives the mounting frame 2 to descend, the two guide posts 17 are gradually far away along the path of the guide grooves until the two neck clamping assemblies are gradually close to each fungus bag, and at the same time, the cover pulling device descends synchronously along with the mounting frame 2, and the clamping jaws on the cover pulling device clamp the cover; the second driving mechanism 9 drives the mounting frame 2 to ascend and pull out the cover, at the moment, the two guide posts 17 are positioned in the upper section 13 of the guide groove, the two neck clamping assemblies are always in a state of clamping the fungus bag in the first half time of the ascending of the mounting frame 2, and the two neck clamping assemblies are gradually opened in the second half time of the ascending of the mounting frame 2 and are restored to the state shown in fig. 3;
after the mounting frame 2 ascends, the baffle plate is retracted downwards, the fungus bag frame after the cover is pulled out continues to move forwards, the first driving mechanism 8 pulls the supporting plate 20, the supporting plate 20 is pulled back to the neck clamping assembly along the supporting wheel 21, the clamping jaw on the cover pulling device loosens the cover, the cover falls onto the supporting plate 20, the first driving mechanism 8 pushes the supporting plate 20 outwards, the supporting plate 20 slides out of the neck clamping assembly and inclines downwards along the supporting wheel 21 and the pressing wheel 22, and the cover is poured out; after the pallet 20 is pushed out, the next fungus bag frame is continuously sent in for cap pulling.
It should be understood that in the claims, the specification of the present invention, all "including … …" should be interpreted as open-ended meaning that it is equivalent to "at least … …", and not as closed-ended meaning that it should not be interpreted to "include … …" only.
The specific embodiments described herein are offered by way of example only to illustrate the spirit of the invention. Those skilled in the art may make various modifications or additions to the described embodiments or substitutions thereof without departing from the spirit of the invention or exceeding the scope of the invention as defined in the accompanying claims.

Claims (4)

1. The full-automatic fungus bag cap pulling machine is characterized by comprising a frame (1) and a conveying device, a neck clamping device, a cap pulling device and a cap receiving device which are arranged on the frame (1), wherein the conveying device is used for horizontally conveying fungus bag frames, fungus bags are vertically placed in the fungus bag frames, the neck clamping device comprises two neck clamping assemblies, a mounting frame (2) and a driving guide mechanism for driving the mounting frame (2) to lift, the two neck clamping assemblies can relatively approach or separate from each other under the driving of the driving guide mechanism, the cap pulling device is arranged on the mounting frame (2), the driving guide mechanism controls the opening and closing of the two neck clamping assemblies and drives the cap pulling device to lift, the cap receiving device comprises a supporting plate (20) and a supporting rail, and the supporting plate (20) slides back and forth along the supporting rail under the driving of a first driving mechanism (8);
the two neck clamping assemblies are divided into a left neck clamping assembly and a right neck clamping assembly, the left neck clamping assembly comprises a plurality of left neck clamping pieces (3), the right neck clamping assembly comprises right neck clamping pieces (4) which are the same in number as the left neck clamping pieces (3), the left neck clamping assemblies and the right neck clamping assemblies are arranged in a staggered mode, and the left neck clamping pieces (3) and the right neck clamping pieces (4) are arranged at intervals in sequence;
the driving guide mechanisms are arranged at two ends of the neck clamping assembly symmetrically and comprise guide plates (6), guide columns (7) and second driving mechanisms (9), the two ends of each left neck clamping piece (3) are fixedly connected through a left connecting plate (10), the two ends of each right neck clamping piece (4) are fixedly connected through a right connecting plate (11), the left connecting plate (10) and the right connecting plate (11) are respectively provided with one guide column (7), two guide grooves (12) which are bilaterally symmetrical are formed in the guide plates (6), the two guide columns (7) are arranged in the corresponding guide grooves (12) in a sliding mode, the guide plates (6) are fixedly arranged on the mounting frame (2), the second driving mechanisms (9) drive the guide plates (6) and the mounting frame (2) to lift, and the distance between the two guide columns (7) is controlled through the shape of the guide grooves (12), so that the two neck clamping assembly can be opened and closed;
the guide grooves (12) are divided into an upper section (13) and a lower section (14), the upper section (13) is a vertical long straight groove, the lower section (14) is an inclined long straight groove, the inclined directions of the lower sections (14) of the two guide grooves (12) face opposite, and the distance between the lower sections (14) of the two guide grooves (12) is gradually reduced;
a plurality of sliding blocks (15) are arranged on the left connecting plate (10) and the right connecting plate (11), a guide rail (16) is arranged on the frame (1), and the left neck clamping assembly and the right neck clamping assembly are arranged on the frame (1) in a sliding manner through the sliding blocks (15) and the guide rail (16);
the two groups of support rails are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the neck clamping assembly, each support rail comprises a mounting plate (19) and a support wheel (21) rotatably arranged on the mounting plate (19), one end of each support plate (20) is movably connected with a piston rod of the corresponding first driving mechanism (8) through a connecting rod (24), the other end of each support plate is supported on the wheel surface of each support wheel (21), the support plates (20) are slidably arranged on the two neck clamping assemblies, the support plates (20) are pulled back and forth by the corresponding first driving mechanism (8) through the connecting rods (24), so that the support plates (20) slide out of the neck clamping assembly and incline downwards along the support wheels (21), and the support plates (20) are pulled onto the neck clamping assembly along the support wheels (21);
the support rail also comprises a pressing wheel (22), wherein the pressing wheel (22) is rotationally arranged on the mounting plate (19), the supporting wheels (21) and the pressing wheel (22) are sequentially arranged at intervals along the pushing-out direction of the supporting plate (20), the supporting plate (20) can be inserted between the supporting wheels (21) and the pressing wheel (22) after being pushed outwards, the upper end face and the lower end face of the supporting plate (20) are respectively abutted to the pressing wheel (22) and the wheel face of the supporting plate (20), and the supporting plate (20) is pressed by the pressing wheel (22) so that the supporting plate (20) can slide out in a downward inclined mode.
2. The full-automatic fungus bag cap pulling machine according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of arc-shaped notches (5) are formed in the left neck clamping piece (3) and the right neck clamping piece (4), the left neck clamping piece (3) and the right neck clamping piece (4) are arranged in a group, the notches (5) of the left neck clamping piece (3) and the right neck clamping piece (4) of the same group are arranged in one-to-one correspondence, the two notches (5) face oppositely, and the number and the positions of the notches (5) correspond to those of fungus bags.
3. The full-automatic fungus bag cap pulling machine according to claim 1, wherein a plurality of vertical guide posts (17) are fixedly arranged on the frame (1), a plurality of guide sleeves (18) are fixedly arranged on the mounting frame (2), the guide posts (17) are in one-to-one correspondence with the guide sleeves (18), the guide sleeves (18) are sleeved on the periphery of the corresponding guide posts (17), and the mounting frame (2) is lifted relative to the frame (1) along the guide posts (17) through the guide sleeves (18).
4. The full-automatic fungus bag cap pulling machine according to claim 1, wherein the conveying device comprises a plurality of rollers (23) rotatably arranged on the frame (1) and a driving mechanism for driving the rollers (23) to rotate, and the rollers (23) are positioned on the same horizontal plane and are sequentially equidistantly arranged at intervals along the conveying direction.
CN202111673781.7A 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 Full-automatic fungus package cap pulling machine Active CN114229766B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111673781.7A CN114229766B (en) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 Full-automatic fungus package cap pulling machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111673781.7A CN114229766B (en) 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 Full-automatic fungus package cap pulling machine

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CN114229766A CN114229766A (en) 2022-03-25
CN114229766B true CN114229766B (en) 2023-12-05

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