CN114212513A - Photovoltaic terminal box conveyer and conveying system - Google Patents

Photovoltaic terminal box conveyer and conveying system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114212513A
CN114212513A CN202111677590.8A CN202111677590A CN114212513A CN 114212513 A CN114212513 A CN 114212513A CN 202111677590 A CN202111677590 A CN 202111677590A CN 114212513 A CN114212513 A CN 114212513A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
module
junction box
plate
conveying line
bin
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Granted
Application number
CN202111677590.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114212513B (en
Inventor
刘云峰
王志鹏
赵子业
张祥永
廖满元
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Suzhou Horad New Energy Equipment Co Ltd
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Suzhou Horad New Energy Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202111677590.8A priority Critical patent/CN114212513B/en
Publication of CN114212513A publication Critical patent/CN114212513A/en
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Publication of CN114212513B publication Critical patent/CN114212513B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/82Rotary or reciprocating members for direct action on articles or materials, e.g. pushers, rakes, shovels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/901Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials provided with drive systems with rectilinear movements only
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G59/00De-stacking of articles
    • B65G59/02De-stacking from the top of the stack
    • B65G59/026De-stacking from the top of the stack with a stepwise upward movement of the stack
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01LSEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES NOT COVERED BY CLASS H10
    • H01L31/00Semiconductor devices sensitive to infrared radiation, light, electromagnetic radiation of shorter wavelength or corpuscular radiation and specially adapted either for the conversion of the energy of such radiation into electrical energy or for the control of electrical energy by such radiation; Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment thereof or of parts thereof; Details thereof
    • H01L31/18Processes or apparatus specially adapted for the manufacture or treatment of these devices or of parts thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2201/00Indexing codes relating to handling devices, e.g. conveyors, characterised by the type of product or load being conveyed or handled
    • B65G2201/02Articles
    • B65G2201/0235Containers
    • B65G2201/025Boxes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Condensed Matter Physics & Semiconductors (AREA)
  • Electromagnetism (AREA)
  • General Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Computer Hardware Design (AREA)
  • Microelectronics & Electronic Packaging (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Special Conveying (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a photovoltaic junction box conveying system, which comprises a conveying device; the conveying device comprises a storage bin, at least one fixing station is arranged, and the fixing station is used for stacking a plurality of junction boxes; the fixed station comprises a group of guide rods and a tooling plate, and the group of guide rods is connected with the tooling plate; the guide rod penetrates through the through hole of the junction box, and the length of the tooling plate is smaller than that of the junction box; the forward conveying line is used for conveying the full-bin from the input end of the forward conveying line to the output end of the forward conveying line; the pushing mechanism comprises a first driving module and a pushing module, the first driving module is connected with the pushing module, and the first driving module drives the pushing module to push the bin out of the output end of the forward conveying line; transport mechanism including first promotion module, the movable part of first promotion module is connected and is promoted the profile plate, promotes the feed bin that the profile plate received push mechanism and released, promotes the bottom laminating of profile plate and terminal box. The invention realizes the automatic conveying operation of the junction box.

Description

Photovoltaic terminal box conveyer and conveying system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of automation devices, in particular to a photovoltaic junction box conveying device and a photovoltaic junction box conveying system.
Background
At present, in the assembly process of a solar cell module, a photovoltaic junction box is a connector between a solar cell array formed by the solar cell module and a solar charging control device, and the assembly mode is as follows: the back welding of the photovoltaic cell panel is to connect 36 cells in series to form an assembly string, the adopted process is manual, the cells are mainly positioned by one mould plate, 36 grooves for placing the cells are formed in the mould plate, the size of each groove corresponds to the size of each cell, the positions of the grooves are designed, the assemblies of different specifications use different mould plates, an operator of the photovoltaic junction box uses electric soldering iron and soldering wires to weld a front electrode of a front cell to a back electrode of a rear cell, and therefore the 36 cells are connected in series in sequence and lead wires are welded at the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the assembly string. The lead wire welds in box body binding post, and solar charging control device is connected to the connector, and the box body glues in the back of solar cell square matrix with the glue to realize solar module's equipment.
In the existing production, junction boxes (as shown in fig. 1) are stacked in a collection box in disorder and in disorder, the junction boxes need to be taken out of the collection box and placed on a gluing workbench by virtue of manual work in the process of gluing the junction boxes on the back surfaces of solar cell square matrixes by using glue, and gluing operation is performed.
Therefore, the assembly process of the existing photovoltaic junction box is complex, the labor and equipment cost is high, the full-automatic operation is difficult to realize in the processes, and the yield of the solar cell module is greatly reduced.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention discloses a photovoltaic junction box conveying device and a conveying system.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
a photovoltaic junction box conveying device comprises
The storage bin is provided with at least one fixed station, and the fixed station is used for stacking a plurality of junction boxes; the fixed station comprises a group of guide rods and a tooling plate, and the group of guide rods is connected with the tooling plate; the guide rod penetrates through a through hole of the junction box, the tool plate supports the main body of the junction box, and the length of the tool plate is smaller than that of the junction box;
the bin full of bins is conveyed to the output end of the forward conveying line from the input end of the forward conveying line;
the pushing mechanism comprises a first driving module and a pushing module, the first driving module is connected with the pushing module, and the first driving module drives the pushing module to push the bin out of the output end of the forward conveying line;
the conveying mechanism comprises a first lifting module, wherein a movable part of the first lifting module is connected with a lifting profile plate, the lifting profile plate receives a storage bin pushed out by the pushing mechanism, and the lifting profile plate is attached to the bottom of the junction box.
The method is further technically characterized in that: still include elevating system, elevating system includes the second and promotes the module and lift the support arm, the second promotes the module and promotes lift the support arm supporting the feed bin.
The method is further technically characterized in that: the device also comprises a pull-back mechanism and a reverse conveying line; the pull-back mechanism comprises a second driving module and a pull-back module, the second driving module pushes the pull-back module to receive the bin of the lifting mechanism and pushes the bin into the reverse conveying line; the reverse conveying line conveys the bin of the empty bin from the input end of the reverse conveying line to the output end of the reverse conveying line.
The method is further technically characterized in that: the second driving module comprises a third air cylinder and a fourth air cylinder, a piston rod of the third air cylinder is connected with the pull-back module, the pull-back module comprises a second connecting plate and a pull-out boss, the pull-out boss is fixed on the second connecting plate, and the third air cylinder pushes the second connecting plate to advance; and a fourth cylinder is arranged below the second connecting plate, a piston rod of the fourth cylinder pushes the second connecting plate to lift up, and the pull-out boss pushes the storage bin into the reverse conveying line.
The method is further technically characterized in that: the driving module comprises a first air cylinder and a second air cylinder, a piston rod of the first air cylinder is connected with the pushing module, the pushing module comprises a first connecting plate and a pushing roller, and the pushing roller is fixed on the first connecting plate; the first cylinder pushes the first connecting plate to advance; the second cylinder is installed below the first connecting plate, a piston rod of the second cylinder pushes the first connecting plate to lift up, and the pushing roller pushes the storage bin to enter the forward conveying line.
The method is further technically characterized in that: the fixed station further comprises a backup plate, and the backup plate is arranged on one side of the guide rod.
The method is further technically characterized in that: the tooling plate is fixed on the bottom plate.
The method is further technically characterized in that: the wire clamping device is characterized by further comprising a material taking mechanism, wherein the material taking mechanism comprises a clamping module and a first moving module, the first moving module drives the clamping module to horizontally reciprocate along a straight line where the length of the first moving module is, and the clamping module clamps a junction box from a storage bin.
The method is further technically characterized in that: the clamping device is characterized by further comprising a conveying mechanism, wherein the conveying mechanism comprises a positioning module and a second moving module, the second moving module drives the positioning module to horizontally reciprocate along a straight line where the length of the second moving module is located, and the positioning module receives the junction box of the clamping module.
A photovoltaic terminal box conveying system is characterized in that: the photovoltaic junction box conveying device is installed in the rack.
Compared with the prior art, the technical scheme of the invention has the following advantages:
1. the invention realizes the full-automatic operation of conveying the junction boxes, ensures that one junction box is applied to the assembly of the solar cell module, lightens the labor intensity of workers, improves the feeding efficiency of the junction box and greatly improves the yield of the solar cell module.
2. The invention can orderly output the junction boxes according to the specified direction, convey the junction boxes to the corresponding stations, and keep the feeding rhythm at the same time as the overall rhythm of the automatic production line of the solar cell module.
3. The invention realizes the cooperative action of feeding and discharging, optimizes the operation procedure and reduces the time for operating equipment.
Drawings
In order that the present disclosure may be more readily and clearly understood, reference will now be made in detail to the present disclosure, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a conventional junction box.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the photovoltaic junction box conveying device.
Figure 3 is a schematic view of a first perspective of a silo.
Figure 4 is a schematic diagram of a second perspective of the silo.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the pushing mechanism.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view of the first perspective of the transport mechanism and the lift mechanism.
Fig. 7 is a structural schematic diagram of a second perspective of the transport mechanism and the lift mechanism.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of the material taking mechanism and the conveying mechanism.
Fig. 9 is a schematic view of a take-off mechanism.
Fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of the gripping module.
Fig. 11 is an enlarged schematic view at a in fig. 10.
Fig. 12 is a schematic structural view of the conveying mechanism.
Fig. 13 is a schematic structural view of a locking module.
Fig. 14 is a schematic structural view of the feeding mechanism and the discharging mechanism.
Fig. 15 is a schematic structural view of the pull-back mechanism.
Fig. 16 is a schematic structural view of a first viewing angle of a photovoltaic junction box conveying system.
Fig. 17 is a schematic structural view of a second perspective view of a photovoltaic junction box delivery system.
The specification reference numbers indicate: 1. a feeding mechanism; 2. a push-in mechanism; 201. a first cylinder; 202. pushing into a roller; 203. a first connecting plate; 204. a second cylinder; 3. a blanking mechanism; 4. a pull-back mechanism; 401. a third cylinder; 402. pulling out the boss; 403. a second connecting plate; 404. a fourth cylinder; 5. a transport mechanism; 501. a lifting module; 502. lifting the connecting seat; 503. lifting the profile plate; 504. fixing the back plate; 6. a lifting mechanism; 601. a fifth cylinder; 602. a lifting bar; 603. a sprocket; 604. a chain; 605. a lifting plate; 606. a slider; 607. a guide rail; 608. lifting the support arm; 7. a material taking mechanism; 8. a conveying mechanism; 9. a storage bin; 901. a base plate; 902. a backup plate; 903. a guide bar; 904. a distance rod; 905. assembling a plate; 10. a forward conveying line; 11. a clamping module; 1101. a sixth cylinder; 1102. pressing a plate; 1103. a first finger cylinder; 1104. a first jaw; 1105. a first clamping block; 12. a first moving module; 1201. a first motor; 1202. a first synchronizing wheel; 1203. a first synchronization belt; 13. a positioning module; 1301. a movable seat; 1302. a fixed seat; 1303. a second finger cylinder; 1304. moving the plate; 1305. a movable shaft; 14. a second moving module; 1401. a second motor; 1402. a second synchronizing wheel; 1403. a second synchronous belt; 15. a junction box; 16. and (4) a reverse conveying line.
Detailed Description
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with the following figures and specific examples so that those skilled in the art may better understand the present invention and practice it, but the examples are not intended to limit the present invention.
The foregoing and other technical matters, features and effects of the present invention will be apparent from the following detailed description of the embodiments, which is to be read in connection with the accompanying drawings. Directional terms as referred to in the following examples, for example: up, down, left, right, front or rear, etc., are simply directions with reference to the drawings. Therefore, the directional terminology used is for the purpose of describing, but not limiting, the invention, and moreover, like reference numerals designate like elements throughout the embodiments.
With reference to fig. 2-4, 8 and 14, a photovoltaic junction box conveying device comprises
The storage bin 9 comprises a bottom plate 901, three fixing stations are arranged on the bottom plate 901, and a gap is formed between every two adjacent fixing stations. One side of the bottom plate 901 is provided with a V-shaped groove, and the bottom plate 901 is provided with a group of fixing notches, and the fixing notches are rectangular. The fixing station is used to stack a plurality of terminal blocks 15. The fixed station comprises a set of guide rods 903 and a tooling plate 905, and the set of guide rods 903 are connected with the tooling plate 905. The guide rod 903 passes through the through hole of the terminal block 15, the tool plate 905 supports the main body of the terminal block 15, and the length of the tool plate 905 is smaller than that of the terminal block 15. Preferably, a backup plate 902 is provided on one side of the guide rod 903, and the backup plate 902 further fixes the position of the terminal box 15. And a distance rod 904 is arranged on one side of the bottom plate 901, so that the moving distance of the storage bin 9 is effectively limited.
And a forward conveying line 10, wherein the full bin 9 is conveyed from the input end of the forward conveying line 10 to the output end of the forward conveying line 10.
The pushing mechanism 2 comprises a first driving module and a pushing module, the first driving module is connected with the pushing module, and the first driving module drives the pushing module to push the bin 9 out of the output end of the forward conveying line 10.
The conveying mechanism 5 comprises a first lifting module 501, the movable part of the first lifting module 501 is connected with a lifting cam plate 503, the lifting cam plate 503 receives the bin 9 pushed out by the pushing mechanism 2, and the lifting cam plate 503 is attached to the bottom of the junction box 15. In addition, the conveying mechanism 5 moves back and forth between the forward conveying line 10 and the material taking mechanism 7, the junction boxes 15 at the fixed stations of the storage bin 9 are lifted by the height of one junction box 15, and the material taking mechanism 7 is convenient to clamp the junction boxes 15.
A reverse conveyor line 16 for receiving the empty magazine 9, the reverse conveyor line 16 conveying the empty magazine 9 from an input end of the reverse conveyor line 16 to an output end of the reverse conveyor line 16.
The lifting mechanism 6 comprises a second lifting module and a lifting support arm 608, the second lifting module pushes the lifting support arm 608 to support the bin 9, and the lifting support arm 608 moves between the forward conveying line 10 and the reverse conveying line 16 to convey the bin 9 from the output end of the forward conveying line 10 to the input end of the reverse conveying line 16.
And the pull-back mechanism 4, wherein the pull-back mechanism 4 comprises a second driving module and a pull-back module, and the second driving module pushes the pull-back module to receive the bin 9 of the lifting mechanism 6 and pushes the bin 9 into the reverse conveying line 16.
The material taking mechanism 7 comprises a clamping module 11 and a first moving module 12, the first moving module 12 drives the clamping module 11 to horizontally reciprocate along a straight line where the length of the first moving module 12 is, and the clamping module 11 clamps the junction box 15 from the bin 9 of the feeding mechanism 1.
The conveying mechanism 8 comprises a positioning module 13 and a second moving module 14, the second moving module 14 drives the positioning module 13 to horizontally reciprocate along a straight line where the length of the second moving module 14 is located, and the positioning module 13 receives incoming materials of a junction box 15 of the clamping module 11.
With reference to fig. 16 and 17, in another embodiment, a photovoltaic junction box conveying device includes two sets of feeding mechanisms 1 and blanking mechanisms 3, where the feeding mechanism 1 includes a forward conveying line 10, the blanking mechanism 3 includes a reverse conveying line 16, the feeding mechanism 1 is disposed above the blanking mechanism 3, one set of the feeding mechanism 1 and the blanking mechanism 3 is disposed on one side of a rack, the other set of the feeding mechanism 1 and the blanking mechanism 3 is disposed on the other side of the rack, and each set of the feeding mechanism 1 and the blanking mechanism 3 is correspondingly provided with a conveying mechanism 5 and a lifting mechanism 6. The material taking mechanism 7 is arranged above the rack, the conveying mechanism 8 is arranged between the two groups of material feeding mechanisms 1 and the material discharging mechanism 3, continuous material taking of the material taking mechanism 7 can be guaranteed through the arrangement, and the material feeding efficiency of the junction box 15 is improved.
As shown in fig. 5, the pushing mechanism 2 is provided at the output end of the forward feed line 10. The first driving module comprises a first air cylinder 201 and a second air cylinder 204, a piston rod of the first air cylinder 201 is connected with the pushing module, the pushing module comprises a first connecting plate 203 and a pushing roller 202, the pushing roller 202 is fixed on the first connecting plate 203, and the first air cylinder 201 pushes the first connecting plate 203 to advance. A second air cylinder 204 is arranged below the first connecting plate 203, a piston rod of the second air cylinder 204 pushes the first connecting plate 203 to lift up, the pushing roller 202 is attached to the V-shaped groove, the bin 9 is pushed into the conveying mechanism 5, and meanwhile, the lifting mechanism 6 supports the bin 9.
As shown in fig. 15, the pull-back mechanism 4 is disposed at the input end of the reverse conveying line 16, and the movable portion of the pull-back mechanism 4 can be engaged with the notch to push the bin 9 into the reverse conveying line 16. The pull-back mechanism 4 comprises a third air cylinder 401, a piston rod of the third air cylinder 401 is connected with a second connecting plate 403, a group of pull-out bosses 402 are fixed on the second connecting plate 403, and the third air cylinder 401 pushes the second connecting plate 403 to advance. A fourth air cylinder 404 is arranged below the second connecting plate 403, a piston rod of the fourth air cylinder 404 pushes the second connecting plate 403 to lift up, and the pull-out boss 402 and the notch are buckled with each other.
Referring to fig. 6 and 7, the fixing portion of the lifting module 501 is fixed on the fixed back plate 504, the movable portion of the lifting module 501 is connected to the lifting connection seat 502, the lifting connection seat 502 is connected to the lifting cam 503, and the shape of the lifting cam 503 is matched with the shape of the bottom plate 901. Specifically, the lifting cam 503 is provided with three grooves, and the grooves of the lifting cam 503 can be clamped into the fixing station.
The second promotes the module and includes the fifth cylinder 601, and the tip of fifth cylinder 601 is fixed in the cylinder mounting panel, and the fifth cylinder 601 is connected through the linkage module and is lifted support arm 608, and the fifth cylinder 601 promotes to lift support arm 608 and reciprocates between positive transfer chain 10 and reverse transfer chain 16. The linkage module comprises a lifting rod 602, two sets of chain transmission modules and a lifting plate 605, wherein a piston rod of a fifth air cylinder 601 is connected with the lifting rod 602, the chain transmission modules comprise a chain wheel 603 and a chain 604 which are in meshing transmission, the chain wheel 603 is fixed at one end of the lifting rod 602, one end of the chain 604 is fixed on the lifting plate 605, the other end of the chain 604 is fixed on an air cylinder mounting plate, a lifting support arm 608 is mounted on the back surface of the lifting plate 605, and the lifting support arm 608 is used for supporting the bottom of the bin 9. The back of the lifting plate 605 fixes the sliding block 606, the sliding block 606 and the guide rail 607 are engaged with each other, and the sliding block 606 and the guide rail 607 play a role of guiding during the lifting of the lifting plate 605.
With reference to fig. 9-11, the clamping module 11 includes a tail plate, a moving plate, and a pressing plate 1102, which are parallel to each other, the tail plate, the moving plate, and the pressing plate 1102 are connected by a guide rod, a piston rod of a sixth cylinder 1101 penetrates through the moving plate and is connected to the pressing plate 1102, a buffer is installed on the tail plate, a limiting block is installed on the moving plate, and the buffer and the limiting block are matched with each other to limit the moving distance of the guide rod. The pressing plate 1102 is fixed with three clamping modules, each clamping module comprises a first finger cylinder 1103, the first finger cylinders 1103 have two movable parts which are opened and closed relatively, the movable parts of the first finger cylinders 1103 are connected with first clamping jaws 1104, and the first clamping jaws 1104 clamp the junction box 15. Preferably, the first jaw 1104 is connected to a first clamp block 1105, the first clamp block 1105 being mounted inside the first jaw 1104. The two first clamping blocks 1105 are arranged along the diagonal line of the main body of the first finger cylinder 1103, so that the contact area and the friction force between the first clamping blocks 1105 and the surface of the junction box 15 are greatly improved, the junction box 15 can be clamped by the first clamping jaws 1104, and the working height reliability of the first clamping jaws 1104 is ensured.
The first moving module 12 comprises a first motor 1201 and a first synchronous transmission module, the first synchronous transmission module comprises a first synchronous belt 1203 and a group of first synchronous wheels 1202, the group of first synchronous wheels 1202 are respectively arranged at two sides of the first moving module 12, the first synchronous belt 1203 is tensioned on the group of first synchronous wheels 1202, and an output shaft of the first motor 1201 penetrates through one of the first synchronous wheels 1202; the first clamping block clamps the first synchronous belt 1203, the first clamping block is fixed on the moving plate, and the first synchronous belt 1203 rotates to drive the clamping module 11 to move.
The first moving module 12 further includes a first guiding module, the first guiding module includes a first sliding block and a first track, the first sliding block and the first track are embedded with each other, the first track is arranged along the length direction of the first moving module 12, and the first sliding block is fixed at the bottom of the moving plate.
With reference to fig. 12 and 13, the positioning module 13 includes a moving base 1301, and at least one locking station is disposed on the moving base 1301; the locking station comprises a second finger cylinder 1303, the second finger cylinder 1303 is provided with two movable parts which are opened and closed relatively, the movable part of the second finger cylinder 1303 is connected with a movable plate 1304, a vertical movable shaft 1305 is fixed on the movable plate 1304, and the movable shaft 1305 penetrates through a through hole of the junction box 15. Second finger cylinder 1303 drives movable shaft 1305 to clamp terminal block 15.
The locking station further comprises a fixed seat 1302, the fixed seat 1302 is fixed on a movable seat 1301, a movable shaft 1305 penetrates through the fixed seat 1302, and the fixed seat 1302 supports the main body of the junction box 15.
The second moving module 14 comprises a second motor 1401 and a second synchronous transmission module, the second synchronous transmission module comprises a second synchronous belt 1403 and a group of second synchronous wheels 1402, the group of second synchronous wheels 1402 are arranged on two sides of the second moving module 14, the second synchronous belt 1403 is tensioned on the group of second synchronous wheels 1402, and an output shaft of the second motor 1401 penetrates through one of the second synchronous wheels 1402; the second clamping block clamps the second synchronous belt 1403, the second clamping block is fixed to the bottom of the moving seat 1301, and the second synchronous belt 1403 rotates to drive the positioning module 13 to move.
The second moving module 14 further includes a second guiding module, the second guiding module includes at least one set of a second sliding block and a second rail, the second sliding block and the second rail are embedded with each other, the second rail is disposed along the length direction of the second moving module 14, and the second sliding block is fixed at the bottom of the moving seat 1301. A stopper is disposed on one side of the second rail, and the stopper limits the moving distance of the moving seat 1301.
Therefore, the number of the clamping modules is the same as that of the locking stations, and the junction boxes 15 clamped by the clamping modules can be correspondingly placed into the locking stations.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
step S1: stacking a plurality of junction boxes 15 at a fixed station of the bin 9, placing the bin 9 with full materials on a forward conveying line 10, and conveying the bin 9 to the output end of the forward conveying line 10 from the input end of the forward conveying line 10 by the forward conveying line 10;
step S2: the pushing mechanism 2 pushes the bin 9 into the conveying mechanism 5, and the material taking mechanism 7 clamps the junction box 15 from the bin 9 and conveys the junction box to the conveying mechanism 8;
step S3: the conveying mechanism 5 lifts the junction boxes 15 of the fixed stations of the bin 9 by the height of one junction box 15;
step S4: repeating the step S3 until the bin 9 is empty;
step S5: the lifting mechanism 6 conveys the empty bin 9 from the output end of the forward conveying line 10 to the input end of the reverse conveying line 16, and the reverse conveying line 16 conveys the bin 9 from the input end of the reverse conveying line 16 to the output end of the reverse conveying line 16 for blanking.
In the description of the embodiments of the present invention, it should be further noted that unless otherwise explicitly stated or limited, the terms "disposed" and "connected" should be interpreted broadly, and may be, for example, fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
It should be understood that the above examples are only for clarity of illustration and are not intended to limit the embodiments. Other variations and modifications will be apparent to persons skilled in the art in light of the above description. And are neither required nor exhaustive of all embodiments. And obvious variations or modifications of the invention may be made without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a photovoltaic terminal box conveyer which characterized in that: comprises that
A magazine (9) provided with at least one fixing station for stacking a plurality of junction boxes (15); the fixing station comprises a group of guide rods (903) and a tooling plate (905), and the group of guide rods (903) are connected with the tooling plate (905); the guide rod (903) penetrates through a through hole of the junction box (15), the tool plate (905) supports the main body of the junction box (15), and the length of the tool plate (905) is smaller than that of the junction box (15);
a forward conveying line (10) which conveys the full bin (9) from the input end of the forward conveying line (10) to the output end of the forward conveying line (10);
the pushing mechanism (2) comprises a first driving module and a pushing module, the first driving module is connected with the pushing module, and the first driving module drives the pushing module to push the storage bin (9) out of the output end of the forward conveying line (10);
transport mechanism (5), including first promotion module (501), the movable part of first promotion module (501) is connected and is promoted profile plate (503), promote profile plate (503) and receive feed bin (9) that push-in mechanism (2) released, promote profile plate (503) with the bottom laminating of terminal box (15).
2. The photovoltaic junction box transfer device of claim 1, wherein: the lifting mechanism (6) comprises a second lifting module and a lifting support arm (608), and the second lifting module pushes the lifting support arm (608) to support the storage bin (9).
3. The photovoltaic junction box transfer device of claim 2, wherein: the device also comprises a pull-back mechanism (4) and a reverse conveying line (16); the pull-back mechanism (4) comprises a second driving module and a pull-back module, the second driving module pushes the pull-back module to receive the bin (9) of the lifting mechanism (6) and pushes the bin (9) into the reverse conveying line (16); the reverse conveying line (16) conveys the empty bin (9) from the input end of the reverse conveying line (16) to the output end of the reverse conveying line (16).
4. The photovoltaic junction box transfer device of claim 3, wherein: the second driving module comprises a third air cylinder (401) and a fourth air cylinder (404), a piston rod of the third air cylinder (401) is connected with the pull-back module, the pull-back module comprises a second connecting plate (403) and a pull-out boss (402), the pull-out boss (402) is fixed on the second connecting plate (403), and the third air cylinder (401) pushes the second connecting plate (403) to advance; a fourth air cylinder (404) is installed below the second connecting plate (403), a piston rod of the fourth air cylinder (404) pushes the second connecting plate (403) to lift up, and the pull-out boss (402) pushes the storage bin (9) into the reverse conveying line (16).
5. The photovoltaic junction box transfer device of claim 1, wherein: the driving module comprises a first air cylinder (201) and a second air cylinder (204), a piston rod of the first air cylinder (201) is connected with the pushing-in module, the pushing-in module comprises a first connecting plate (203) and a pushing-in roller (202), and the pushing-in roller (202) is fixed on the first connecting plate (203); the first cylinder (201) pushes the first connecting plate (203) to advance; the second air cylinder (204) is installed below the first connecting plate (203), a piston rod of the second air cylinder (204) pushes the first connecting plate (203) to lift up, and the pushing roller (202) pushes the storage bin (9) to enter the forward conveying line (10).
6. The photovoltaic junction box transfer device of claim 1, wherein: the fixed station further comprises a backup plate (902), and the backup plate (902) is arranged on one side of the guide rod (903).
7. The photovoltaic junction box transfer device of claim 1, wherein: the tooling plate (905) is fixed on the bottom plate (901).
8. The photovoltaic junction box transfer device of claim 1, wherein: the wire harness clamping device is characterized by further comprising a material taking mechanism (7) which comprises a clamping module (11) and a first moving module (12), wherein the first moving module (12) drives the clamping module (11) to do linear horizontal reciprocating motion along the length of the first moving module (12), and the clamping module (11) clamps the junction box (15) from the bin (9).
9. The photovoltaic junction box transfer device of claim 8, wherein: the clamping device is characterized by further comprising a conveying mechanism (8), wherein the conveying mechanism (8) comprises a positioning module (13) and a second moving module (14), the second moving module (14) drives the positioning module (13) to do linear horizontal reciprocating motion along the length of the second moving module (14), and the positioning module (13) receives a junction box (15) of the clamping module (11).
10. A photovoltaic terminal box conveying system is characterized in that: comprising a pv junction box conveyor according to any of claims 1 to 9 and a rack in which the pv junction box conveyor is mounted.
CN202111677590.8A 2021-12-31 2021-12-31 Photovoltaic terminal box conveyer and conveying system Active CN114212513B (en)

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