CN114209070A - Automatic separating equipment for skin and pulp of holboellia latifolia fruits - Google Patents

Automatic separating equipment for skin and pulp of holboellia latifolia fruits Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114209070A
CN114209070A CN202111409422.0A CN202111409422A CN114209070A CN 114209070 A CN114209070 A CN 114209070A CN 202111409422 A CN202111409422 A CN 202111409422A CN 114209070 A CN114209070 A CN 114209070A
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China
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pulp
fixedly connected
plate
mounting
gear
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CN202111409422.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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杨伟金
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202111409422.0A priority Critical patent/CN114209070A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N7/00Peeling vegetables or fruit
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N7/00Peeling vegetables or fruit
    • A23N7/10Driving mechanisms

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of agricultural product processing, in particular to automatic separating equipment for skin and pulp of holboellia latifolia fruits. The technical problem is as follows: the manual work is low in efficiency of separating the pulp and the peel of the holboellia latifolia thumb, and wastes time and labor. The technical scheme is as follows: an automatic separating device for the skin and the pulp of the holboellia latifolia fruits comprises an installation bottom frame, a feeding system, a transposition control system and the like, wherein the feeding system is arranged at four corners of the upper side of the installation bottom frame; the left part of the upper side of the installation underframe and the right part of the upper side are provided with transposition control systems, and the transposition control systems are positioned on two sides of the feeding system. The method and the device realize the separation of the peel and the pulp of the holboellia latifolia instead of manual work, simultaneously process the holboellia latifolia in batches, can automatically position the cracks of a plurality of holboellia latifolia peels, efficiently complete the separation of the holboellia latifolia peels and the pulp, and separately collect the peels and the pulp.

Description

Automatic separating equipment for skin and pulp of holboellia latifolia fruits
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of agricultural product processing, in particular to automatic separating equipment for skin and pulp of holboellia latifolia fruits.
Background
The August melon is distributed in Yunnan, Guizhou, Sichuan, Jiangxi and southeast Tibet, the pulp is milk white, the taste is smooth and tender, the taste is fragrant and sweet, the special fragrance is different from other fruits, the seeds can be used for pressing oil to eat, and the fruits can be used for brewing wine and making fruit pulp and beverage besides fresh eating. The peel of the mature holboellia latifolia can be provided with cracks, and the flesh of the holboellia latifolia can be obtained by tearing the cracks.
At present, prior art is mostly manual work to the isolated mode of august melon and fruit skin and pulp and separates it, can only peel off the peel and the pulp of august melon one by one, and efficiency is lower, wastes time and energy, and august melon and fruit meat is rich in viscidity simultaneously, and moisture is more, and manual separation exists and snatchs improperly, leads to the problem that pulp dropped, lacks automatic mechanical equipment and replaces the manual work to carry out the automation to the august melon and shell and get the meat work.
Aiming at the problems, an automatic separating device for the skin and the pulp of the holboellia latifolia fruits is provided.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects of low efficiency and time and labor waste of manual separation of the pulp and the peel of the holboellia latifolia, the invention provides automatic separation equipment for the pulp and the peel of the holboellia latifolia.
The technical implementation scheme of the invention is as follows: an automatic separating device for skin and pulp of holboellia latifolia fruits comprises an installation bottom frame, a feeding system, a transposition control system, a fruit clamping system and a pulp collecting system; a feeding system for feeding the holboellia latifolia is arranged at four corners of the upper side of the mounting underframe; the left part and the right part of the upper side of the installation underframe are provided with transposition control systems for positioning cracks of the holboellia latifolia thumb, and the transposition control systems are positioned on two sides of the feeding system; a fruit clamping system for clamping and fixing the holboellia latifolia is arranged in the middle of the upper side of the mounting underframe; the transposition control system is connected with a pulp collection system for collecting the pulp of the holboellia latifolia.
As an improvement of the scheme, the feeding system comprises an L-shaped mounting plate, a first limiting plate, a first connecting plate, a second connecting plate and a feeding plate; the four corners of the upper side of the mounting underframe are respectively provided with an L-shaped mounting plate; the upper parts of the two L-shaped mounting plates which are adjacent to each other on the left and right are fixedly connected with a first limiting plate; the lower parts of the two first limiting plates are respectively provided with five grooves; two first connecting plates are fixedly connected to the opposite sides of the two first limiting plates; the upper sides of the two L-shaped mounting plates at the rear are respectively fixedly connected with a second connecting plate; the opposite sides of the two second connecting plates are fixedly connected with feeding plates; the lower side of the feeding plate is fixedly connected with the first limiting plate.
As an improvement of the above scheme, the transposition control system comprises a U-shaped fixing frame, a first motor, a first gear, a first fixing plate, a fixing shaft, a connecting shaft sleeve, a second gear, a second fixing plate, a first mounting frame, a third gear, a second motor, a rotating rod, a fourth gear, a connecting handle, a fifth gear and a limiting bearing plate; the left part of the upper side of the mounting underframe is fixedly connected with a U-shaped fixing frame; the upper side of the U-shaped fixing frame is fixedly connected with a first motor; the output shaft of the first motor is fixedly connected with a first gear; a first fixing plate is fixedly connected to the upper side of the U-shaped fixing frame and is positioned in front of the first motor; a fixed shaft is fixedly connected to the first fixed plate; the upper side of the U-shaped fixing frame is fixedly connected with a second fixing plate; a connecting shaft sleeve is rotatably connected inside the second fixing plate; the connecting shaft sleeve is rotationally connected with the fixed shaft; the left part of the connecting shaft sleeve is fixedly connected with a second gear, and the second gear is positioned on the left of the second fixing plate; the second gear is meshed with the first gear; the right part of the connecting shaft sleeve is fixedly connected with a first mounting frame, and the first mounting frame is positioned on the right side of the second fixing plate; the right part of the fixed shaft is fixedly connected with a third gear, and the third gear is positioned on the right side of the first mounting frame; the upper part of the left side of the first mounting frame is fixedly connected with a second motor; the upper part of the first mounting frame is rotatably connected with a rotating rod; a rotating shaft of the second motor is fixedly connected with the rotating rod; a fifth gear is rotatably connected to the rear part of the right side of the first mounting frame; the fifth gear is meshed with the third gear; the lower part of the right side of the first mounting rack is rotatably connected with a fourth gear; the fourth gear is meshed with the fifth gear; a connecting handle is fixedly connected to the fourth gear; the lower part of the connecting handle is connected with the pulp collecting system; the right part of the upper side of the installation underframe is fixedly connected with a limiting bearing plate; the limiting bearing plate is connected with the rotating rod in a sliding manner; the spacing bearing plate is connected with the pulp collecting system.
As an improvement of the scheme, the fruit clamping system comprises a first electric slide rail, a first electric slide block, a third connecting plate, a fourth connecting plate, a first mounting plate, a spring rod and a rubber sheet; a first electric slide rail is arranged in the middle of the upper side of the mounting underframe; the first electric sliding rail is connected with two first electric sliding blocks in a sliding manner; the upper sides of the two first electric sliding blocks are respectively provided with a third connecting plate; the opposite sides of the two third connecting plates are fixedly connected with a fourth connecting plate respectively; two opposite sides of the fourth connecting plates are fixedly connected with a first mounting plate respectively; five spring rods are fixedly connected to the opposite sides of the two first mounting plates respectively; two first mounting panels respectively through five spring beam fixedly connected with a sheet rubber.
As an improvement of the above scheme, the pulp collection system comprises a first connecting column, a pulp collection box, a second mounting plate, a second electric sliding rail, a second electric sliding block, a second mounting frame, a hook, a rope sleeving ring, a connecting block, a connecting rod, a pulp conveying pipe and a pulp collection barrel; the lower part of the connecting handle is fixedly connected with a first connecting column; the right side of the first connecting column is fixedly connected with a pulp collecting box; the upper side of the pulp collecting box is fixedly connected with a second mounting plate; four second electric slide rails are arranged on the upper side of the second mounting plate; a second electric sliding block is connected to each of the four second electric sliding rails in a sliding manner; a second mounting frame is mounted on the upper sides of the two second electric sliding blocks which are adjacent left and right; a plurality of hooks are fixedly connected to the opposite sides of the two second mounting frames respectively; two rope sleeving rings are fixedly connected to the front side of the front second mounting frame and are respectively positioned on the left side and the right side of the second mounting frame; the right side of the pulp collecting box is fixedly connected with a connecting block; the upper part of the right side of the connecting block is fixedly connected with a connecting rod; the connecting rod is connected with the limiting bearing plate in a sliding manner; the right side of the pulp collecting box is fixedly connected with a pulp conveying pipe, and the pulp conveying pipe is positioned below the connecting block; a pulp collecting barrel is arranged at the right part of the upper side of the mounting underframe and is positioned under the pulp conveying pipe.
As the improvement of the proposal, the lower wall in the pulp collecting box is higher at the left and lower at the right.
As an improvement of the proposal, the hook is in a bow shape.
As an improvement of the scheme, the fruit peel pressing device further comprises a fruit pulp pressing system, wherein the front part of the upper side of the mounting underframe is connected with the fruit pulp pressing system, and the fruit pulp pressing system comprises a third mounting frame, a second limiting plate, a third mounting plate, a first roller, a second roller, a third roller, a fourth roller, a rope, a fourth mounting plate, a second connecting column and a fruit peel pressing block; the front part of the upper side of the mounting underframe is fixedly connected with a third mounting frame; the rear part of the inner upper side of the third mounting frame is fixedly connected with two second limiting plates which are distributed in bilateral symmetry; the lower parts of the opposite sides of the two second limiting plates are respectively provided with a limiting sliding chute; two third mounting plates are fixedly connected to the rear side of the middle part of the third mounting frame; the rear sides of the two third mounting plates are fixedly connected with a first roller respectively; two second rollers are arranged in the middle of the inner upper side of the third mounting frame; two third rollers are mounted at the rear part of the inner upper side of the third mounting frame and are positioned between the two second limiting plates; two fourth rollers are arranged at the front part of the second mounting plate and are respectively positioned in front of the two rope sleeving rings; two rope rings are connected with a rope respectively; the rope is connected with a fourth mounting plate by winding the fourth roller, the first roller, the second roller and the third roller; the left side and the right side of the fourth mounting plate are respectively in sliding connection with a second limiting plate; the lower side of the fourth mounting plate is fixedly connected with five second connecting columns; the lower sides of the five second connecting columns are fixedly connected with peel squeezing blocks.
As an improvement of the scheme, the fruit peel collecting device further comprises a fruit peel collecting system, wherein the upper side of the installation underframe is connected with the fruit peel collecting system; the peel collecting system comprises a bearing column, a peel collecting plate and a peel collecting box; two bearing columns are arranged on the upper side of the mounting underframe; the upper sides of the two bearing columns are fixedly connected with a peel collecting plate; a peel collecting box is placed on the left part of the upper side of the mounting underframe, and the peel collecting box is positioned on the left side of the peel collecting plate.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: according to the invention, the separation work of the peel and the pulp of the holboellia latifolia is realized by using automatic equipment to replace manual work, and meanwhile, the holboellia latifolia is processed in batches, so that the cracks of a plurality of holboellia latifolia peels can be automatically positioned, the holboellia latifolia lands are automatically clamped without being damaged, the cracks of the holboellia latifolia are separated, the separation work of the holboellia latifolia peels and the pulp is efficiently completed by using the linkage of the pulp collection system and the pulp extrusion system, and the peel and the pulp are separately collected.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of an automatic separating apparatus for skin and pulp of August melon according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a first partial three-dimensional structure of an automatic separating apparatus for skin and pulp of August melon and fruit according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a first three-dimensional structure of the loading system and the material clamping system of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a second perspective structure of the feeding system and the material clamping system of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of a material clamping system according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a second partial three-dimensional structure of an automatic separating apparatus for skin and pulp of August melon and fruit according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic perspective view of the pulp collection system of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic partial perspective view of the pulp collection system of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a partial first three-dimensional structure of the transposition control system of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a second partial perspective structure of the indexing control system of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic perspective view of the pulp collection system, pulp pressing system and peel collection system of the present invention;
fig. 12 is a schematic perspective view of the pulp collection system and the pulp pressing system of the present invention.
Wherein: 1-mounting underframe, 2-feeding system, 3-transposition control system, 4-fruit clamping system, 5-fruit collecting system, 6-fruit squeezing system, 7-fruit skin collecting system, 201-L-shaped mounting plate, 202-first limiting plate, 202 a-groove, 203-first connecting plate, 204-second connecting plate, 205-feeding plate, 301-U-shaped fixing frame, 302-first motor, 303-first gear, 304-first fixing plate, 305-fixing shaft, 306-connecting shaft sleeve, 307-second gear, 308-second fixing plate, 309-first mounting frame, 3010-third gear, 3011-second motor, 3012-rotating rod, 3013-fourth gear, 3014-connecting handle, 3015-fifth gear, 3016-limiting bearing plate, 401-first electric sliding rail, 402-first electric sliding block, 403-third connecting plate, 404-fourth connecting plate, 405-first mounting plate, 406-spring bar, 407-rubber sheet, 501-first connecting column, 502-pulp collecting box, 503-second mounting plate, 504-second electric sliding rail, 505-second electric sliding block, 506-second mounting frame, 507-hook, 508-rope-sleeving ring, 509-connecting block, 5010-connecting bar, 5011-pulp conveying pipe, 5012-pulp collecting barrel, 601-third mounting frame, 602-second limiting plate, 602 a-limiting sliding groove, 603-third mounting plate, 604-first roller, 605-second roller, 606-third roller, 607-fourth roller, 608-rope, 609-fourth mounting plate, 6010-second connecting column, 6011-peel extrusion block, 701-bearing column, 702-peel collection plate and 703-peel collection box.
Detailed Description
The above-described scheme is further illustrated below with reference to specific examples. It should be understood that these examples are for illustrative purposes and are not intended to limit the scope of the present application. The conditions used in the examples may be further adjusted according to the conditions of the particular manufacturer, and the conditions not specified are generally the conditions in routine experiments.
Example 1
An automatic separating device for the skin and the pulp of the holboellia latifolia fruits is shown in figures 1-10 and comprises an installation bottom frame 1, a feeding system 2, a transposition control system 3, a fruit clamping system 4 and a pulp collecting system 5; four corners of the upper side of the installation underframe 1 are provided with a feeding system 2; the left part and the right part of the upper side of the installation underframe 1 are provided with a transposition control system 3, and the transposition control systems 3 are positioned at two sides of the feeding system 2; a fruit clamping system 4 is arranged in the middle of the upper side of the installation underframe 1; the transposition control system 3 is connected with a pulp collection system 5.
The working principle is as follows: when the device starts to work, an operator puts in the holboellia latifolia from the upper side of the feeding system 2 to enable the holboellia latifolia to fall on the upper side of the transposition control system 3, controls the transposition control system 3 to work, enables the transposition control system 3 to work to position the crack of the holboellia latifolia, controls the transposition control system 3 to stop working after the positioning is finished, controls the fruit clamping system 4 to work, clamps and fixes the holboellia latifolia, controls the transposition control system 3 to work, drives the pulp collecting system 5 to rotate to the lower side of the holboellia latifolia, controls the pulp collecting system 5 to work, strips of the holboellia latifolia peel are torn, the pulp falls into the pulp collecting system 5, controls the pulp collecting system 5 to reset, controls the fruit clamping system 4 to clamp the peel to prevent the peel from falling, controls the transposition control system 3 to work, drives the pulp collecting system 5 to rotate to the front side of the transposition control system 3, and then controlling the fruit clamping system 4 to work, loosening the peel on the fruit clamping system 4 to enable the peel to fall down, and then controlling the transposition control system 3 to work to drive the pulp collecting system 5 to rotate to the initial position, so that the fruit processing work is finished.
The feeding system 2 comprises an L-shaped mounting plate 201, a first limiting plate 202, a first connecting plate 203, a second connecting plate 204 and a feeding plate 205; the four corners of the upper side of the installation underframe 1 are respectively provided with an L-shaped installation plate 201; the upper parts of the two L-shaped mounting plates 201 adjacent to each other at the left and right are fixedly connected with a first limiting plate 202; five grooves 202a are respectively formed at the lower parts of the two first limiting plates 202; two first connecting plates 203 are fixedly connected to the opposite sides of the two first limiting plates 202; the upper sides of the two rear L-shaped mounting plates 201 are respectively fixedly connected with a second connecting plate 204; opposite sides of the two second connecting plates 204 are fixedly connected with a feeding plate 205; the lower side of the feeding plate 205 is fixedly connected with the first limiting plate 202.
The transposition control system 3 comprises a U-shaped fixing frame 301, a first motor 302, a first gear 303, a first fixing plate 304, a fixing shaft 305, a connecting shaft sleeve 306, a second gear 307, a second fixing plate 308, a first mounting frame 309, a third gear 3010, a second motor 3011, a rotating rod 3012, a fourth gear 3013, a connecting handle 3014, a fifth gear 3015 and a limiting bearing plate 3016; the left part of the upper side of the installation underframe 1 is welded with a U-shaped fixing frame 301; the upper side of the U-shaped fixing frame 301 is connected with a first motor 302 through bolts; the output shaft of the first motor 302 is fixedly connected with a first gear 303; a first fixing plate 304 is welded on the upper side of the U-shaped fixing frame 301, and the first fixing plate 304 is positioned in front of the first motor 302; a fixed shaft 305 is fixedly connected to the first fixed plate 304; a second fixing plate 308 is welded on the upper side of the U-shaped fixing frame 301; a connecting shaft sleeve 306 is rotatably connected inside the second fixing plate 308; the connecting shaft sleeve 306 is rotatably connected with the fixed shaft 305; the left part of the connecting shaft sleeve 306 is fixedly connected with a second gear 307, and the second gear 307 is positioned at the left of a second fixed plate 308; the second gear 307 meshes with the first gear 303; the right part of the connecting shaft sleeve 306 is fixedly connected with a first mounting bracket 309, and the first mounting bracket 309 is positioned on the right of the second fixing plate 308; a third gear 3010 is fixedly connected to the right portion of the fixed shaft 305, and the third gear 3010 is located at the right side of the first mounting frame 309; a second motor 3011 is connected to the upper left bolt of the first mounting frame 309; the upper part of the first mounting frame 309 is rotatably connected with a rotating rod 3012; the rotating shaft of the second motor 3011 is fixedly connected with the rotating rod 3012; a fifth gear 3015 is rotatably connected to the rear part of the right side of the first mounting bracket 309; the fifth gear 3015 meshes with the third gear 3010; a fourth gear 3013 is rotatably connected to the lower portion of the right side of the first mounting bracket 309; the fourth gear 3013 meshes with the fifth gear 3015; a connecting handle 3014 is fixedly connected to the fourth gear 3013; the lower part of the connecting handle 3014 is connected with a pulp collecting system 5; a limiting bearing plate 3016 is fixedly connected to the right part of the upper side of the installation underframe 1; the limiting bearing plate 3016 is connected with the rotating rod 3012 in a sliding manner; the spacing accept plate 3016 is connected to the pulp collection system 5.
The fruit clamping system 4 comprises a first electric slide rail 401, a first electric slide block 402, a third connecting plate 403, a fourth connecting plate 404, a first mounting plate 405, a spring rod 406 and a rubber sheet 407; a first electric slide rail 401 is arranged in the middle of the upper side of the installation underframe 1; two first electric sliding blocks 402 are connected to the first electric sliding rail 401 in a sliding manner; the upper sides of the two first electric sliding blocks 402 are respectively provided with a third connecting plate 403; the opposite sides of the two third connecting plates 403 are fixedly connected with a fourth connecting plate 404 respectively; the opposite sides of the two fourth connecting plates 404 are fixedly connected with a first mounting plate 405 respectively; five spring rods 406 are fixedly connected to the opposite sides of the two first mounting plates 405 respectively; two first mounting plates 405 are each fixedly connected to a rubber sheet 407 by five spring rods 406.
The pulp collection system 5 comprises a first connecting column 501, a pulp collection box 502, a second mounting plate 503, a second electric sliding rail 504, a second electric sliding block 505, a second mounting frame 506, a hook 507, a rope loop 508, a connecting block 509, a connecting rod 5010, a pulp delivery pipe 5011 and a pulp collection barrel 5012; the lower part of the connecting handle 3014 is fixedly connected with a first connecting post 501; the right side of the first connecting column 501 is fixedly connected with a pulp collecting box 502; the upper side of the pulp collection box 502 is fixedly connected with a second mounting plate 503; four second electric slide rails 504 are mounted on the upper side of the second mounting plate 503; a second electric slide block 505 is connected to each of the four second electric slide rails 504 in a sliding manner; a second mounting rack 506 is arranged on the upper sides of two second electric sliding blocks 505 adjacent to each other left and right; a plurality of hooks 507 are fixedly connected to the opposite sides of the two second mounting frames 506; two rope looping rings 508 are welded on the front side of the front second mounting rack 506, and the two rope looping rings 508 are respectively positioned on the left side and the right side of the second mounting rack 506; the right side of the pulp collection box 502 is fixedly connected with a connecting block 509; the upper part of the right side of the connecting block 509 is fixedly connected with a connecting rod 5010; the connecting rod 5010 is in sliding connection with the limiting bearing plate 3016; the right side of the pulp collection box 502 is fixedly connected with a pulp delivery pipe 5011, and the pulp delivery pipe 5011 is positioned below the connecting block 509; a pulp collection tub 5012 is placed in the right portion of the upper side of the mounting chassis 1, and the pulp collection tub 5012 is located right below the pulp feed pipe 5011.
The lower wall of the pulp collection box 502 is higher left and lower right.
The hook 507 is in a bow shape.
The working principle is as follows: when the automatic separating device for skin and pulp of holy melon starts to work, an operator puts the holy melon into the feeding plate 205 to enable the holy melon to roll to the upper side of the rotating rod 3012, the first connecting plate 203 separates the holy melon to prevent the holy melon from falling off, the second motor 3011 is controlled to rotate to drive the rotating rod 3012 to rotate, the holy melon is stirred to rotate, the gap of the holy melon is clamped on the rotating rod 3012 under the rotating action of the rotating rod 3012 to complete the positioning work of the crack of the holy melon, then the two first electric sliding blocks 402 on the first electric sliding rail 401 are controlled to move towards opposite sides to drive the third connecting plate 403, the fourth connecting plate 404, the first mounting plate 405, the spring rod 406 and the rubber sheet 407 to move towards opposite sides, the spring rod 406 is compressed to push the rubber sheet 407 to clamp the holy melon, the spring rod 406 is compressed, the first motor 302 is controlled to rotate by taking the left to the right as a reference, the first gear 303 is driven to rotate clockwise by one hundred eighty degrees, and the first gear 303 drives the second gear 307 to rotate anticlockwise by one hundred eighty degrees; the second gear 307 drives the connecting shaft sleeve 306 to rotate one hundred eighty degrees counterclockwise, the connecting shaft sleeve 306 drives the first mounting frame 309 to rotate one hundred eighty degrees counterclockwise, the first mounting frame 309 drives the second motor 3011, the rotating rod 3012, the fourth gear 3013, the connecting handle 3014 and the fifth gear 3015 to rotate one hundred eighty degrees counterclockwise, the connecting handle 3014 drives the pulp collection system 5 to rotate one hundred eighty degrees counterclockwise, in the counterclockwise rotation process of the pulp collection system 5, the opening of the second mounting plate 503 is always upward, so that the hook 507 rotates to the initial position of the rotating rod 3012 in a vertical state, namely, in the gap between the pachyrhizus octopus, then the second electric sliding blocks 505 on the front and rear adjacent second electric sliding rails 504 are controlled to move toward each other to drive the second mounting frame 506 to move toward the opposite sides, the second mounting frame 506 drives the hook 507 to move toward the opposite sides, so that the hook 507 hooks catch the crack of the pachyrhizus octopus, and the second electric sliding blocks 505 continue to move, the hook 507 is driven to pull open the crack of the holboellia latifolia so that the pulp falls into the pulp collection box 502, the lower wall in the pulp collection box 502 is high at the left and low at the right, the pulp in the pulp collection box 502 gradually slides into the pulp collection barrel 5012 from the pulp delivery pipe 5011 under the action of the self gravity, meanwhile, the hook 507 drives the rubber sheet 407 to move towards the opposite side, the spring rod 406 is continuously compressed, after the pulp falls into the pulp collection box 502, the second electric slide block 505 on the front and rear adjacent second electric slide rails 504 is controlled to move towards the opposite side, the second mounting rack 506 and the hook 507 are driven to move to the initial position, meanwhile, the two first electric slide blocks 402 on the first electric slide rail 401 are controlled to move towards the opposite side, the spring rod 406 is driven to move towards the opposite side, the spring rod 406 drives the rubber sheet 407 to continuously extrude the peel, the peel is clamped, the first motor 302 is controlled to rotate, and the first gear 303 is driven to rotate ninety degrees anticlockwise, the first gear 303 drives the second gear 307 to rotate ninety degrees clockwise; the second gear 307 drives the connecting shaft sleeve 306 to rotate ninety degrees clockwise, the connecting shaft sleeve 306 drives the first mounting rack 309 to rotate ninety degrees clockwise, the first mounting rack 309 drives the second motor 3011, the rotating rod 3012, the fourth gear 3013, the connecting rod 3014 and the fifth gear 3015 to rotate ninety degrees clockwise around the connecting shaft sleeve 306, the connecting rod 3014 drives the pulp collection system 5 to rotate ninety degrees clockwise, during the clockwise rotation of the pulp collection system 5, the opening of the second mounting plate 503 is always upward, so that the connecting rod 5010 is positioned in front of the limiting bearing plate 3016, the two first electric sliders 402 on the first electric sliding rail 401 are controlled to move towards the opposite sides, the third connecting plate 403, the fourth connecting plate 404, the first mounting plate 405, the spring rod 406 and the rubber sheet 407 are driven to move to the initial position, the spring rod 406 is restored to the initial state from the compressed state, and the peel loses the squeezing effect of the rubber sheet 407, drop from rubber piece 407, then control first motor 302 and continue work, drive second motor 3011, bull stick 3012 and pulp collection system 5 clockwise and rotate ninety degrees to initial position, in the clockwise rotation in-process of pulp collection system 5, the opening of second mounting panel 503 is up all the time, accomplishes the reset of transposition control system 3 and pulp collection system 5, and the processing work of august is accomplished.
Embodiment 2 is based on embodiment 1, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 11 to 12, further comprising a pulp squeezing system 6, wherein the pulp squeezing system 6 is connected to the front portion of the upper side of the mounting chassis 1, and the pulp squeezing system 6 comprises a third mounting frame 601, a second limiting plate 602, a third mounting plate 603, a first roller 604, a second roller 605, a third roller 606, a fourth roller 607, a rope 608, a fourth mounting plate 609, a second connecting column 6010, and a peel squeezing block 6011; the front part of the upper side of the installation underframe 1 is welded with a third installation frame 601; two second limiting plates 602 are fixedly connected to the rear part of the inner upper side of the third mounting frame 601, and the two second limiting plates 602 are distributed in bilateral symmetry; the lower parts of the two second limiting plates 602 on opposite sides are respectively provided with a limiting chute 602 a; two third mounting plates 603 are fixedly connected to the rear side of the middle part of the third mounting frame 601; the rear sides of the two third mounting plates 603 are fixedly connected with a first roller 604 respectively; two second rollers 605 are arranged in the middle of the inner upper side of the third mounting frame 601; two third rollers 606 are mounted at the rear part of the inner upper side of the third mounting frame 601, and the two third rollers 606 are located between the two second limiting plates 602; two fourth rollers 607 are arranged at the front part of the second mounting plate 503, and the two fourth rollers 607 are respectively positioned in front of the two rope-sleeving rings 508; two rope rings 508 are connected with a rope 608 respectively; the rope 608 is connected to a fourth mounting plate 609 around the fourth roller 607, the first roller 604, the second roller 605 and the third roller 606; the left side and the right side of the fourth mounting plate 609 are respectively in sliding connection with a second limiting plate 602; the lower side of the fourth mounting plate 609 is fixedly connected with five second connecting columns 6010; a peel extrusion block 6011 is fixedly connected to the lower sides of the five second connecting columns 6010.
The fruit peel collecting device also comprises a fruit peel collecting system 7, wherein the upper side of the installation underframe 1 is connected with the fruit peel collecting system 7; the peel collecting system 7 comprises a bearing column 701, a peel collecting plate 702 and a peel collecting box 703; two bearing columns 701 are arranged on the upper side of the installation underframe 1; the upper sides of the two bearing columns 701 are fixedly connected with a peel collecting plate 702; the fruit peel collecting box 703 is arranged at the left part of the upper side of the mounting underframe 1, and the fruit peel collecting box 703 is positioned at the left of the fruit peel collecting plate 702.
When the connecting rod 3014 drives the pulp collection system 5 to move, the second mounting plate 503 drives the fourth roller 607 to gradually approach the first roller 604, the rope-sleeving ring 508 drives the rope 608 to transmit, the rope 608 drives the fourth mounting plate 609 to gradually move downwards, the fourth mounting plate 609 drives the second connecting column 6010 and the peel extrusion block 6011 to move downwards, when the connecting rod 5010 rotates to the upper part of the limiting receiving plate 3016, the first roller 604 and the fourth roller 607 are at the same horizontal position, and the peel extrusion block 6011 is right above the august; when the second electric slide block 505 on the second electric slide rail 504 is controlled to move towards the opposite back side, the second electric slide block 505 drives the second mounting rack 506 to move towards the opposite back side, the second mounting rack 506 in front drives the rope sleeving ring 508 to move forwards, the rope sleeving ring 508 drives the rope 608 to move, the rope 608 drives the fourth mounting plate 609 to move downwards continuously, the fourth mounting plate 609 drives the second connecting column 6010 and the peel extrusion block 6011 to move downwards continuously, so that the peel extrusion block 6011 extrudes the pulp of the holboellia latifolia to fall into the pulp collection box 502, after the separation of the pulp and the peel is completed, the second electric slide block 505 on the second electric slide rail 504 is controlled to move towards the opposite side to the initial position, the rope 608, the fourth mounting plate 609, the second connecting column 6010 and the peel extrusion block 1 are driven to move, and the peel extrusion block 6011 leaves the peel to the top of the peel 6011; when the spring rod 406 is restored to the initial state from the compressed state, the peel loses the squeezing effect of the rubber sheet 407 and drops to the peel collection plate 702 from the rubber sheet 407, and after the reset of the transposition control system 3 and the pulp collection system 5 is completed, the operator collects the peel from the peel collection plate 702 to the peel collection box 703, and the separation of the peel and the pulp of the august melon is completed.
While the present invention has been described with reference to exemplary embodiments, it is to be understood that the invention is not limited to the disclosed exemplary embodiments. The scope of the following claims is to be accorded the broadest interpretation so as to encompass all such modifications and equivalent structures and functions.

Claims (9)

1. An automatic separating device for skin and pulp of holboellia latifolia fruits comprises an installation chassis (1) and a feeding system (2); four corners of the upper side of the installation underframe (1) are provided with feeding systems (2) for feeding the holboellia latifolia; the method is characterized in that: the fruit-picking machine also comprises a transposition control system (3), a fruit clamping system (4) and a pulp collecting system (5); the left part and the right part of the upper side of the installation chassis (1) are provided with a transposition control system (3) for positioning cracks of the holboellia latifolia thumb, and the transposition control systems (3) are positioned on two sides of the feeding system (2); a fruit clamping system (4) for clamping and fixing the holboellia latifolia is arranged in the middle of the upper side of the mounting underframe (1); the transposition control system (3) is connected with a pulp collection system (5) for collecting the pulp of the holboellia latifolia.
2. The automatic separating equipment for the skin and the pulp of the holboellia latifolia fruits according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the feeding system (2) comprises an L-shaped mounting plate (201), a first limiting plate (202), a first connecting plate (203), a second connecting plate (204) and a feeding plate (205); the four corners of the upper side of the installation underframe (1) are respectively provided with an L-shaped installation plate (201); the upper parts of two L-shaped mounting plates (201) which are adjacent to each other at the left and right are fixedly connected with a first limiting plate (202); the lower parts of the two first limit plates (202) are respectively provided with five grooves (202 a); two first connecting plates (203) are fixedly connected to the opposite sides of the two first limiting plates (202); the upper sides of two L-shaped mounting plates (201) at the rear are fixedly connected with a second connecting plate (204) respectively; the opposite sides of the two second connecting plates (204) are fixedly connected with feeding plates (205); the lower side of the feeding plate (205) is fixedly connected with the first limit plate (202).
3. The automatic separating equipment for the skin and the pulp of the holboellia latifolia fruits according to claim 2, characterized in that: the transposition control system (3) comprises a U-shaped fixing frame (301), a first motor (302), a first gear (303), a first fixing plate (304), a fixing shaft (305), a connecting shaft sleeve (306), a second gear (307), a second fixing plate (308), a first mounting frame (309), a third gear (3010), a second motor (3011), a rotating rod (3012), a fourth gear (3013), a connecting handle (3014), a fifth gear (3015) and a limiting bearing plate (3016); the left part of the upper side of the installation underframe (1) is fixedly connected with a U-shaped fixing frame (301); a first motor (302) is fixedly connected to the upper side of the U-shaped fixing frame (301); the output shaft of the first motor (302) is fixedly connected with a first gear (303); a first fixing plate (304) is fixedly connected to the upper side of the U-shaped fixing frame (301), and the first fixing plate (304) is positioned in front of the first motor (302); a fixed shaft (305) is fixedly connected to the first fixed plate (304); the upper side of the U-shaped fixing frame (301) is fixedly connected with a second fixing plate (308); a connecting shaft sleeve (306) is rotatably connected inside the second fixing plate (308); the connecting shaft sleeve (306) is rotationally connected with the fixed shaft (305); a second gear (307) is fixedly connected to the left part of the connecting shaft sleeve (306), and the second gear (307) is positioned on the left of the second fixing plate (308); the second gear (307) is meshed with the first gear (303); the right part of the connecting shaft sleeve (306) is fixedly connected with a first mounting rack (309), and the first mounting rack (309) is positioned on the right side of the second fixing plate (308); a third gear (3010) is fixedly connected to the right portion of the fixed shaft (305), and the third gear (3010) is located on the right side of the first mounting frame (309); the upper part of the left side of the first mounting frame (309) is fixedly connected with a second motor (3011); the upper part of the first mounting rack (309) is rotatably connected with a rotating rod (3012); a rotating shaft of the second motor (3011) is fixedly connected with the rotating rod (3012); a fifth gear (3015) is rotatably connected to the rear part of the right side of the first mounting frame (309); the fifth gear (3015) is meshed with the third gear (3010); a fourth gear (3013) is rotatably connected to the lower portion of the right side of the first mounting frame (309); the fourth gear (3013) is meshed with the fifth gear (3015); a connecting handle (3014) is fixedly connected to the fourth gear (3013); the lower part of the connecting handle (3014) is connected with a pulp collecting system (5); a limiting bearing plate (3016) is fixedly connected to the right part of the upper side of the installation underframe (1); the limiting bearing plate (3016) is connected with the rotating rod (3012) in a sliding way; the spacing bearing plate (3016) is connected with the pulp collection system (5).
4. The automatic separating equipment for the skin and the pulp of the holboellia latifolia fruits according to claim 3, characterized in that: the fruit clamping system (4) comprises a first electric slide rail (401), a first electric slide block (402), a third connecting plate (403), a fourth connecting plate (404), a first mounting plate (405), a spring rod (406) and a rubber sheet (407); a first electric slide rail (401) is arranged in the middle of the upper side of the mounting underframe (1); two first electric sliding blocks (402) are connected on the first electric sliding rail (401) in a sliding manner; a third connecting plate (403) is respectively arranged on the upper sides of the two first electric sliding blocks (402); the opposite sides of the two third connecting plates (403) are respectively and fixedly connected with a fourth connecting plate (404); the opposite sides of the two fourth connecting plates (404) are fixedly connected with a first mounting plate (405) respectively; five spring rods (406) are fixedly connected to the opposite sides of the two first mounting plates (405) respectively; two first mounting plates (405) are fixedly connected with a rubber sheet (407) through five spring rods (406) respectively.
5. The automatic separating equipment for the skin and the pulp of the holboellia latifolia fruits according to claim 4, which is characterized in that: the pulp collection system (5) comprises a first connecting column (501), a pulp collection box (502), a second mounting plate (503), a second electric sliding rail (504), a second electric sliding block (505), a second mounting frame (506), a hook (507), a rope loop (508), a connecting block (509), a connecting rod (5010), a pulp delivery pipe (5011) and a pulp collection barrel (5012); the lower part of the connecting handle (3014) is fixedly connected with a first connecting post (501); the right side of the first connecting column (501) is fixedly connected with a pulp collecting box (502); the upper side of the pulp collecting box (502) is fixedly connected with a second mounting plate (503); four second electric slide rails (504) are arranged on the upper side of the second mounting plate (503); a second electric slide block (505) is connected to each of the four second electric slide rails (504) in a sliding manner; a second mounting rack (506) is mounted on the upper sides of two second electric sliding blocks (505) which are adjacent left and right; a plurality of hooks (507) are fixedly connected to the opposite sides of the two second mounting frames (506); two rope looping rings (508) are fixedly connected to the front side of the front second mounting rack (506), and the two rope looping rings (508) are respectively located on the left side and the right side of the second mounting rack (506); the right side of the pulp collecting box (502) is fixedly connected with a connecting block (509); the upper part of the right side of the connecting block (509) is fixedly connected with a connecting rod (5010); the connecting rod (5010) is in sliding connection with the limiting bearing plate (3016); the right side of the pulp collecting box (502) is fixedly connected with a pulp conveying pipe (5011), and the pulp conveying pipe (5011) is positioned below the connecting block (509); a pulp collection barrel (5012) is placed on the right part of the upper side of the installation chassis (1), and the pulp collection barrel (5012) is located right below the pulp delivery pipe (5011).
6. The automatic separating equipment for the skin and the pulp of the holboellia latifolia fruits according to claim 5, which is characterized in that: the lower wall in the pulp collection box (502) is higher at the left and lower at the right.
7. The automatic separating equipment for the skin and the pulp of the holboellia latifolia fruits according to claim 6, which is characterized in that: the hook (507) is in a bow shape.
8. The automatic separating equipment for the skin and the pulp of the holboellia latifolia fruits according to claim 7, which is characterized in that: the fruit pulp squeezing device is characterized by further comprising a fruit pulp squeezing system (6), the front part of the upper side of the mounting underframe (1) is connected with the fruit pulp squeezing system (6), and the fruit pulp squeezing system (6) comprises a third mounting frame (601), a second limiting plate (602), a third mounting plate (603), a first roller (604), a second roller (605), a third roller (606), a fourth roller (607), a rope (608), a fourth mounting plate (609), a second connecting column (6010) and a fruit peel squeezing block (6011); the front part of the upper side of the mounting underframe (1) is fixedly connected with a third mounting frame (601); the rear part of the inner upper side of the third mounting rack (601) is fixedly connected with two second limiting plates (602), and the two second limiting plates (602) are distributed in bilateral symmetry; the lower parts of the opposite sides of the two second limiting plates (602) are respectively provided with a limiting sliding chute (602 a); two third mounting plates (603) are fixedly connected to the rear side of the middle part of the third mounting frame (601); the rear sides of the two third mounting plates (603) are fixedly connected with a first roller (604) respectively; two second rollers (605) are arranged in the middle of the inner upper side of the third mounting frame (601); two third rollers (606) are mounted at the rear part of the inner upper side of the third mounting frame (601), and the two third rollers (606) are located between the two second limiting plates (602); two fourth rollers (607) are arranged at the front part of the second mounting plate (503), and the two fourth rollers (607) are respectively positioned in front of the two rope looping rings (508); two rope rings (508) are respectively connected with a rope (608); the rope (608) is connected with a fourth mounting plate (609) by winding the fourth roller (607), the first roller (604), the second roller (605) and the third roller (606); the left side and the right side of the fourth mounting plate (609) are respectively in sliding connection with a second limiting plate (602); the lower side of the fourth mounting plate (609) is fixedly connected with five second connecting columns (6010); the lower sides of the five second connecting columns (6010) are fixedly connected with a peel extrusion block (6011).
9. The automatic separating equipment for the skin and the pulp of the holboellia latifolia fruits according to claim 8, characterized in that: the fruit peel collecting device also comprises a fruit peel collecting system (7), wherein the upper side of the installation underframe (1) is connected with the fruit peel collecting system (7); the peel collecting system (7) comprises a bearing column (701), a peel collecting plate (702) and a peel collecting box (703); two bearing columns (701) are arranged on the upper side of the mounting underframe (1); the upper sides of the two bearing columns (701) are fixedly connected with a peel collecting plate (702); a peel collecting box (703) is arranged on the left part of the upper side of the mounting underframe (1), and the peel collecting box (703) is positioned on the left of the peel collecting plate (702).
CN202111409422.0A 2021-11-25 2021-11-25 Automatic separating equipment for skin and pulp of holboellia latifolia fruits Pending CN114209070A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111409422.0A CN114209070A (en) 2021-11-25 2021-11-25 Automatic separating equipment for skin and pulp of holboellia latifolia fruits

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111409422.0A CN114209070A (en) 2021-11-25 2021-11-25 Automatic separating equipment for skin and pulp of holboellia latifolia fruits

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN114209070A true CN114209070A (en) 2022-03-22

Family

ID=80698218

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202111409422.0A Pending CN114209070A (en) 2021-11-25 2021-11-25 Automatic separating equipment for skin and pulp of holboellia latifolia fruits

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN114209070A (en)

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