CN114162647A - Automatic feeding device - Google Patents

Automatic feeding device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114162647A
CN114162647A CN202111585238.1A CN202111585238A CN114162647A CN 114162647 A CN114162647 A CN 114162647A CN 202111585238 A CN202111585238 A CN 202111585238A CN 114162647 A CN114162647 A CN 114162647A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
tail
driving
automatic feeding
roller
feeding device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202111585238.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨慧丽
侯东云
段全心
谢刚
孙丰鑫
陈亚雄
栾利强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Mesnac Co Ltd
Qingdao Mesnac Electromechanical Engineering Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Mesnac Co Ltd
Qingdao Mesnac Electromechanical Engineering Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Mesnac Co Ltd, Qingdao Mesnac Electromechanical Engineering Co Ltd filed Critical Mesnac Co Ltd
Priority to CN202111585238.1A priority Critical patent/CN114162647A/en
Publication of CN114162647A publication Critical patent/CN114162647A/en
Priority to PCT/CN2022/141177 priority patent/WO2023116840A1/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H19/00Changing the web roll
    • B65H19/10Changing the web roll in unwinding mechanisms or in connection with unwinding operations
    • B65H19/12Lifting, transporting, or inserting the web roll; Removing empty core
    • B65H19/126Lifting, transporting, or inserting the web roll; Removing empty core with both-ends supporting arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29DPRODUCING PARTICULAR ARTICLES FROM PLASTICS OR FROM SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE
    • B29D30/00Producing pneumatic or solid tyres or parts thereof
    • B29D30/0016Handling tyres or parts thereof, e.g. supplying, storing, conveying
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29DPRODUCING PARTICULAR ARTICLES FROM PLASTICS OR FROM SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE
    • B29D30/00Producing pneumatic or solid tyres or parts thereof
    • B29D30/06Pneumatic tyres or parts thereof (e.g. produced by casting, moulding, compression moulding, injection moulding, centrifugal casting)
    • B29D30/08Building tyres
    • B29D30/20Building tyres by the flat-tyre method, i.e. building on cylindrical drums
    • B29D30/30Applying the layers; Guiding or stretching the layers during application
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H19/00Changing the web roll
    • B65H19/10Changing the web roll in unwinding mechanisms or in connection with unwinding operations
    • B65H19/18Attaching, e.g. pasting, the replacement web to the expiring web
    • B65H19/1842Attaching, e.g. pasting, the replacement web to the expiring web standing splicing, i.e. the expiring web being stationary during splicing contact
    • B65H19/1852Attaching, e.g. pasting, the replacement web to the expiring web standing splicing, i.e. the expiring web being stationary during splicing contact taking place at a distance from the replacement roll
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H19/00Changing the web roll
    • B65H19/10Changing the web roll in unwinding mechanisms or in connection with unwinding operations
    • B65H19/20Cutting-off the expiring web
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H23/00Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs
    • B65H23/02Registering, tensioning, smoothing or guiding webs transversely
    • B65H23/032Controlling transverse register of web
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H26/00Warning or safety devices, e.g. automatic fault detectors, stop-motions, for web-advancing mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2301/00Handling processes for sheets or webs
    • B65H2301/40Type of handling process
    • B65H2301/46Splicing
    • B65H2301/463Splicing splicing means, i.e. means by which a web end is bound to another web end
    • B65H2301/46326Stitched or seamed together
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2801/00Application field
    • B65H2801/93Tyres

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Sewing Machines And Sewing (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic feeding device, which comprises: unwinding the trolley; a support; the sensor assembly comprises a material tail detection sensor and a material head detection sensor; the material tail fixing component is arranged on the bracket, and when the material tail detection sensor detects the material tail of the previous material, the material tail fixing component fixes the previous material; the lapping device is arranged on the support and comprises a material tail grabbing component capable of grabbing and releasing the material tail and a material head moving device for driving the material tail grabbing component to move; the material tail grabbing component grabs the material tail when the material tail fixing component fixes a previous material, the material head moving device drives the material tail grabbing component to move towards the material head when the material head detection sensor detects the material head, the material tail fixing component and the previous material move relatively during movement, and the material tail grabbing component releases the material tail and enables the material tail to be lapped on the material head after driving the material tail to move above the material head; and the stitching roller component is arranged on the bracket and is used for stitching the stub bar and the stub bar tail. Above-mentioned automatic material device that continues improves production efficiency.

Description

Automatic feeding device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of tire processing equipment, in particular to an automatic material adding device.
Background
In the process of tire molding, materials such as cord fabric, lining and sidewall need to be continuously fed, after no material is fed, the machine needs to be stopped, an empty trolley is pushed out manually, a trolley filled with the materials (cord fabric, lining or sidewall) is pushed in, and a stub bar and a material tail of the materials (cord fabric, lining or sidewall) are lapped together. Because the whole process needs manual work, the downtime is long, the automation degree is not high, and the production efficiency of the tire is influenced.
Therefore, how to improve the production efficiency is a problem to be solved urgently by those skilled in the art.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of this, the present invention provides an automatic feeding device to improve the production efficiency.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
an automatic feeding device, comprising:
unwinding the trolley;
the unwinding trolley can move close to and far away from the support;
the sensor assembly comprises a material tail detection sensor for detecting the material tail of the previous material and a material head detection sensor for detecting the material head of the next material;
the material tail fixing component is arranged on the bracket, and when the material tail detection sensor detects the material tail of the previous material, the material tail fixing component fixes the previous material;
the lapping device is arranged on the support and comprises a material tail grabbing component capable of grabbing and releasing the material tail of the previous material and a material head moving device for driving the material tail grabbing component to move; the material tail grabbing component grabs the material tail of the previous material in the state that the material tail fixing component fixes the previous material, the material head moving device drives the material tail grabbing component to move towards the material head in the state that the material head detection sensor detects the material head of the next material, the material head moving device drives the material tail grabbing component to move, the material tail fixing component and the previous material move relatively, the material tail grabbing component drives the material tail to move to the upper side of the material head, the material tail grabbing component releases the material tail and enables the material tail to be lapped on the material head
And the stitching roller assembly is arranged on the bracket and is used for stitching the overlapped stub bar and the overlapped tail.
Optionally, in the automatic feeding device, the tail fixing assembly includes:
the frame comprises a lower frame and an upper frame;
the driving roller is rotatably arranged on the lower frame;
the power assembly drives the driving roller to rotate;
the compression roller is arranged corresponding to the driving roller;
and the compression roller driving device is connected with the upper frame and drives the compression roller to move towards the driving roller.
Optionally, the automatic feeding device further comprises a material detection assembly for detecting whether the unwinding trolley has a material;
the material detection assembly and the material tail detection sensor are sequentially arranged along the material feeding direction;
when the material detection assembly detects that no material exists on the unwinding trolley, the compression roller driving device drives the compression roller to move towards the driving roller and clamp the material, and the power assembly drives the driving roller to rotate positively and drive the material to move.
Optionally, in the automatic feeding device, the power assembly drives the driving roller to rotate reversely when the stub bar moving device drives the connecting component to move.
Optionally, in the automatic feeding device, the tail fixing assembly further includes a tail grabbing plate for supporting the tail, an extending direction of the tail grabbing plate is parallel to an axial direction of the driving roller, and the tail grabbing plate is located on a side of the driving roller opposite to a material feeding direction;
the material tail grabbing part and the material tail grabbing plate are arranged correspondingly.
Optionally, in the automatic material feeding device, the lapping device further includes:
the material tail grabbing component is a vacuum chuck arranged on the mounting rack;
the stub bar moving device comprises a first driving device and a second telescopic device, one of the first driving device and the second telescopic device is a horizontal telescopic device, and the other of the first driving device and the second telescopic device is a vertical lifting device; the driving end of the first driving device is connected with the mounting frame; the driving end of the second telescopic device is connected with the main body of the first driving device, and the main body of the second telescopic device is connected with the fixed frame.
Optionally, in the automatic feeding device, the support includes a guide rail arranged along a width direction of the material and a slider slidably disposed on the stitching guide rail;
the stitching roller assembly comprises a stitching roller and a stitching adjusting device for driving the stitching roller to move along the vertical direction, the stitching roller is rotatably arranged at the driving end of the stitching adjusting device, and the main body of the stitching adjusting device is connected with the sliding block.
Optionally, in the automatic feeding device, the support includes a guide rail arranged along a width direction of the material and a slider slidably disposed on the stitching guide rail;
still include the cut-off knife device, the cut-off knife device includes cut-off knife and drive the cut-off knife adjusting device that the cut-off knife removed along vertical direction, the cut-off knife is fixed set up in cut-off knife adjusting device's drive end, cut-off knife adjusting device's main part with the slider is connected.
Optionally, in the automatic feeding device, a material output end of the unwinding trolley is provided with a stitching support plate for stitching the material head and the material tail.
Optionally, in the automatic feeding device, the automatic feeding device is an automatic cord fabric feeding device, and the material on the unwinding trolley is a cord fabric material;
the material tail fixing component is driven to move along the width direction of the material;
the sensor assembly further comprises a first edge detection sensor for detecting the edge position of one side of the previous material and a second edge detection sensor for detecting the edge position of the same side of the next material; when first edge detection sensor reaches second edge detection sensor detects one side edge position of last material with the same one side edge position of next material is different, the fixed subassembly of material tail is fixed under the state of last material, deviation correcting device drive the fixed subassembly of material tail removes, makes one side edge position of last material with the same one side edge position of next material is the same.
Optionally, in the automatic feeding device, the deviation correcting device includes:
the guide rail device comprises a deviation-correcting guide rail arranged along the width direction of the material and a deviation-correcting slide block arranged on the deviation-correcting guide rail in a sliding manner; one of the deviation-rectifying guide rail and the deviation-rectifying slide block is connected with the bracket, and the other of the deviation-rectifying guide rail and the deviation-rectifying slide block is connected with the material tail fixing component;
and the error correction driving device drives the deviation correction sliding block and the deviation correction guide rail to move relatively.
Optionally, in the automatic feeding device, the error correction driving device includes:
an error correction motor;
the error correction motor drives the lead screw to rotate;
the screw nut is matched with the lead screw;
and the body of the error correction motor and the other one of the bracket are connected with the material tail fixing component.
Optionally, in the automatic material feeding device, the sensor assembly further includes:
the transmission device is arranged along the width direction of the material and is arranged on the bracket;
and the transmission device drives the synchronous connecting piece to move.
Optionally, in the automatic feeding device, the automatic feeding device is an automatic lining feeding device, and the material on the unwinding trolley is a lining material.
Optionally, in the automatic material feeding device, the automatic material feeding device is a sidewall automatic material feeding device, and the material on the unwinding trolley is sidewall layer material;
the unwinding trolley is provided with two materials which are conveyed side by side;
the number of the lapping devices is two, and the two lapping devices are used for being symmetrically arranged with the two materials of the unwinding trolley.
According to the technical scheme, after the material of the previous unwinding trolley is emptied, the unwinding trolley is far away from the support, the next unwinding trolley (filled with the material) is conveyed to the position close to the support, and at the moment, the stub bar of the material is positioned on one side, close to the support, of the unwinding trolley. The material guiding device comprises a material guiding trolley, a material tail fixing component, a material tail detecting sensor, a material tail guiding component and a material tail guiding component, wherein the material guiding trolley is arranged on the material guiding trolley; the material tail grabbing component grabs the material tail of the previous material under the state that the material tail fixing component fixes the previous material, and the grabbing effect of the material tail is ensured. Because the next unwinding trolley is conveyed in place in the direction close to the support, the stub bar of the material on the unwinding trolley (the stub bar of the next material) can be detected by the stub bar detection sensor, and the stub bar moving device drives the stub bar grabbing component to move towards the stub bar (the stub bar of the next material) in the state, namely, the stub bar moving device drives the stub bar grabbing component to move towards the unwinding trolley. Because the material tail fixing component moves relative to the last material when the material head moving device drives the material tail grabbing component to move, the material tail fixing component cannot obstruct the movement of the material tail grabbing component. And the material tail grabbing component drives the material tail (the material tail of the previous material) to move to the material head (the material head of the next material), and then releases the material tail, so that the material tail of the previous material is lapped on the material head of the next material. The stitching roller assembly is arranged on the stitching roller assembly on the bracket, and the overlapped material head and the material tail are stitched through the stitching roller assembly, so that the material tail of the previous material is connected with the material head of the next material, and the material continuing operation is completed. According to the automatic feeding device provided by the embodiment of the invention, manual feeding operation is avoided, the automation degree is improved, and the feeding operation efficiency is further improved; the downtime is reduced, and the production efficiency of the tire is further improved.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a first automatic feeding device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a material tail fixing assembly according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an overlapping device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a bracket and a sensor assembly according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a stitching roller assembly provided in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a cutting device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of an error correction driving apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is another schematic structural diagram of the first automatic feeding device according to the embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a second automatic feeding device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a third automatic feeding device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The invention discloses an automatic feeding device, which aims to improve the production efficiency.
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-8, the embodiment of the present invention provides an automatic feeding device, which includes a guiding-out cart 1, a bracket 5, a sensor assembly 4, a tail fixing assembly 2, an overlapping device 3 and a stitching roller assembly 6. The unwinding trolley 1 can move close to and far away from the bracket 5; the sensor assembly 4 comprises a material tail detection sensor 46 for detecting the material tail of the previous material and a material head detection sensor 45 for detecting the material head of the next material; the material tail fixing component 2 is arranged on the bracket 5, and when the material tail detection sensor 46 detects the material tail of the previous material, the material tail fixing component 2 fixes the previous material; the lapping device 3 is arranged on the bracket 5, and the lapping device 3 comprises a material tail grabbing part 31 which can grab and release the material tail of the previous material and a material head moving device which drives the material tail grabbing part 31 to move; the material tail grabbing component 31 grabs the material tail of the previous material under the state that the material tail fixing component 2 fixes the previous material, the material head moving device drives the material tail grabbing component 31 to move towards the material head under the state that the material head detection sensor 45 detects the material head of the next material, the material tail fixing component 2 and the previous material move relatively when the material head moving device drives the material tail grabbing component 31 to move, and the material tail grabbing component 31 releases the material tail and enables the material tail to be lapped on the material head after driving the material tail to move above the material head; the stitching roller assembly 6 is arranged on the stitching roller assembly 6 on the bracket 5, and the stitching roller assembly 6 is used for stitching the overlapped stub bar and the overlapped tail bar.
According to the automatic feeding device provided by the embodiment of the invention, after the material of the previous unwinding trolley 1 is emptied, the unwinding trolley 1 is far away from the support 5, and then the next unwinding trolley 1 (filled with the material) is conveyed to a position close to the support 5, at the moment, the stub bar of the material is positioned on one side of the unwinding trolley 1 close to the support 5. Because the material of the previous unwinding trolley 1 is empty, the material tail detection sensor 46 detects the material tail of the previous material, the material tail fixing component 2 fixes the previous material, and the material tail of the previous material is prevented from passing through the material tail fixing component 2; the material tail grabbing component 31 grabs the material tail of the previous material under the state that the material tail fixing component 2 fixes the previous material, and the grabbing effect of the material tail is ensured. Since the next unwinding trolley 1 is transported in place in the direction close to the support 5, the stub bar of the material (the stub bar of the next material) on the unwinding trolley 1 can be detected by the stub bar detection sensor 45, and in this state, the stub bar moving device drives the stub bar grabbing component 31 to move towards the stub bar (the stub bar of the next material), that is, the stub bar moving device drives the stub bar grabbing component 31 to move towards the unwinding trolley 1. Because the material tail fixed component 2 moves relative to the last material when the material head moving device drives the material tail grabbing part 31 to move, the material tail fixed component 2 cannot obstruct the movement of the material tail grabbing part 31. And, after the material tail grabbing part 31 drives the material tail (the material tail of the previous material) to move to the material head (the material head of the next material), the material tail grabbing part 31 releases the material tail, so that the material tail of the previous material is lapped on the material head of the next material. The stitching roller assembly 6 is arranged on the stitching roller assembly 6 on the bracket 5, and the overlapped material head and the material tail are stitched through the stitching roller assembly 6, so that the material tail of the previous material is connected with the material head of the next material, and the material continuing operation is completed. According to the automatic feeding device provided by the embodiment of the invention, manual feeding operation is avoided, the automation degree is improved, and the feeding operation efficiency is further improved; the downtime is reduced, and the production efficiency of the tire is further improved.
In this embodiment, the previous Guided Vehicle 1 (empty Vehicle) and the next Guided Vehicle 1 (Vehicle filled with materials) may move through an AGV (Automated Guided Vehicle), wherein the AGV may be a component disposed on the Guided Vehicle 1, and the AGV may be detachably connected to the Guided Vehicle 1 through a connection portion or a connection component.
Further, the tail fixing assembly 2 comprises a frame, a driving roller 26, a power assembly 22, a press roller 24 and a press roller driving device 25. In this embodiment, the frame includes a lower frame 21 and an upper frame 27; the driving roller 26 is rotatably arranged on the lower frame 21; the power assembly 22 drives the driving roller 26 to rotate; the press roller 24 is arranged corresponding to the drive roller 26; and a press roller driving device 25 connected to the upper frame 27, wherein the press roller driving device 25 drives the press roller 24 to move toward the drive roller 26. Realize being close to relatively and keeping away from of drive roll 26 and compression roller 24 through compression roller drive arrangement 25, the material passes through between drive roll 26 and the compression roller 24, when compression roller 24 compresses tightly the material to drive roll 26 and drive roll 26 motionless for the fixed subassembly 2 of material tail fixes the material. And, power component 22 drive roll 26 rotates, can realize the adjustment of material for material tail fixed component 2 to adjust the position of material tail for material tail gripping means 31, ensure the accuracy that material tail gripping means 31 snatched the material tail.
Of course, two clamping devices which can be close to and far away from each other can be arranged, and a material channel is arranged between the two clamping devices. The materials are clamped by the two clamping devices, so that the materials are fixed; the two clamping devices are far away from each other, and the material tail grabbing component 31 can drive the material tail (the previous material) to move relative to the material tail fixing component 2 when the material head moving device drives the material tail grabbing component 31 to move.
Further, the material detection device also comprises a material detection component 9 for detecting whether the unwinding trolley 1 has materials. The material detection assembly 9 and the material tail detection sensor 46 are sequentially arranged along the material feeding direction; that is, after the material detecting component 9 detects that no material exists on the unwinding trolley 1, the material tail detecting sensor 46 detects the material tail of the previous material. When the material detection component 9 detects that no material exists on the unwinding trolley 1, the compression roller driving device 25 drives the compression roller 24 to move towards the driving roller 26 and clamp the material, and the power component 22 drives the driving roller 26 to rotate forward and drive the material to move. The material is moved to the driving roller 26 through the pressing roller 24 and clamped, so that the material moves at the speed that the driving roller 26 is driven by the power assembly 22 to rotate, and the moving speed of the material tail of the material relative to the material tail grabbing component 31 is conveniently controlled by controlling the rotating speed of the driving roller 26. Preferably, the power assembly 22 drives the drive roll 26 forward and moves the material slowly. Slow movement causes the material to move at a slower speed than it is fed. Through the arrangement, the accuracy of the material tail grabbing component 31 for grabbing the material tail is further improved.
In this embodiment, the pressing roller driving device 25 may be an air cylinder, a hydraulic cylinder, a linear motor, or the like, and is not particularly limited and is within the protection scope.
Preferably, the power assembly 22 drives the drive roller 26 to reverse when the stub bar moving device drives the connecting member to move. That is, when the stub bar moving device drives the stub bar gripping member 31 to move, the driving roller 26 is reversed, thereby facilitating the movement of the stub bar toward the unwinding cart 1 (stub bar).
Of course, when the stub bar moving device drives the connecting part to move, the pressing roller driving device 25 drives the pressing roller 24 to be away from the driving roller 26, so that the previous material can directly pass between the pressing roller 24 and the driving roller 26, and the relative movement between the tail fixing component 2 and the previous material is realized.
Preferably, the material tail fixing assembly 2 further comprises a material tail grabbing plate 23 for supporting the material tail, the extending direction of the material tail grabbing plate 23 is parallel to the axial direction of the driving roller 26, and the material tail grabbing plate 23 is positioned on one side of the driving roller 26, which is opposite to the material feeding direction; the material tail grabbing part 31 is arranged corresponding to the material tail grabbing plate 23. Through setting up material tail grabbing plate 23 to remove the material tail to material tail grabbing plate 23, make things convenient for material tail grabbing part 31 to snatch the material tail on the material tail grabbing plate 23. The material tail grabbing part 31 is particularly suitable for a structure such as a vacuum sucker or an adhesive disc which needs a supporting platform (the material tail grabbing plate 23) for supporting.
Of course, the tail gripping part 31 may be a clamping jaw to directly grip the tail of the previous material fixed between the press roll 24 and the drive roll 26.
The splicing device 3 further comprises a mounting frame 32 and a fixing frame 35. The material tail grabbing part 31 is a vacuum chuck arranged on the mounting frame 32; the fixed frame 35 is connected with the bracket 5, the stub bar moving device comprises a first driving device 33 and a second telescopic device 34, one of the first driving device 33 and the second telescopic device 34 is a horizontal telescopic device, and the other one of the first driving device 33 and the second telescopic device 34 is a vertical lifting device; the driving end of the first driving device 33 is connected with the mounting frame 32; the driving end of the second telescopic device 34 is connected with the main body of the first driving device 33, and the main body of the second telescopic device 34 is connected with the fixed frame 35. In this embodiment, a plurality of tail gripping members 31 may be disposed on the mounting frame 32, so as to improve the stability of gripping the tail. Of course, only one tail gripping member 31 may be provided. The stub bar moving device can also be arranged into a swing arm structure and the like, and the description is not repeated one by one.
Further, the bracket 5 includes a guide rail 53 arranged along the width direction of the material and a slider 54 slidably disposed on the sewing guide rail 53; the stitching roller assembly 6 comprises a stitching roller 61 and a stitching adjusting device 62 for driving the stitching roller 61 to move along the vertical direction, the stitching roller 61 is rotatably arranged at the driving end of the stitching adjusting device 62, and the main body of the stitching adjusting device 62 is connected with the sliding block 54. It will be appreciated that a drive motor (e.g., motor 42) may be included to drive movement of the slide 54 relative to the rail 53, and the drive motor may be implemented by a motor, an air cylinder, a hydraulic cylinder, or the like.
Further, still include cut-off knife device 7, cut-off knife device 7 includes cut-off knife 71 and drives cut-off knife adjusting device 73 that cut-off knife 71 removed along vertical direction, and cut-off knife 71 is fixed to be set up in the drive end of cut-off knife adjusting device 73, and the main part of cut-off knife adjusting device 73 is connected with slider 54. Wherein the cutter device 7 can be used when changing the material specification. For example, the width of the currently conveyed material is 1m, the material with the width of 0.6m needs to be replaced, and the currently conveyed material is not conveyed, the height of the cutter 71 can be adjusted through the cutter adjusting device 73, the currently conveyed material is cut by the cutter 71 through the movement of the slide block 54 relative to the guide rail 53, and then the material head of the material to be replaced and the cutting position (equivalent to the material tail) of the currently conveyed material are sewn through the sewing roller assembly 6. Or the tail of the previous material can be directly cut and then sewn with the head of the next material when the tail of the previous material is incomplete.
In order to connect the sliding block 54 with the cutter device 7 and the stitching roller assembly 6 and adjust the relative position of the cutter 71 and the stitching roller 61 to ensure that the cutting and the stitching can run independently, the sewing machine further comprises a bent plate 11, the stitching roller assembly 6 is provided with a stitching connecting part 63 for connecting the bent plate 11 with the stitching adjusting device 62, and the cutter device 7 further comprises a horizontal connecting plate 72 for connecting the driving end of the cutter adjusting device 73 with the cutter 71.
In order to facilitate the sewing of the material tail and the material head, the material output end of the unwinding trolley 1 is provided with a sewing support plate for sewing the material head and the material tail.
It is also possible to connect the suture supporting plate with the stent 5.
In the first embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, the automatic feeding device is a cord fabric automatic feeding device, and the material on the unwinding trolley 1 is a cord fabric material. Because the cord fabric is used directly in the tire building process and does not need to be cut off, the side edges of the previous material and the next material need to be aligned. The automatic feeding device also comprises a deviation correcting device for driving the material tail fixing component 2 to move along the width direction of the material; the sensor assembly 4 further comprises a first edge detection sensor 47 for detecting the edge position of one side of the previous material and a second edge detection sensor 48 for detecting the edge position of the same side of the next material; when the first edge detecting sensor 47 and the second edge detecting sensor 48 detect that the edge position of one side of the previous material is different from the edge position of the same side of the next material, the deviation correcting device drives the material tail fixing component 2 to move under the state that the material tail fixing component 2 fixes the previous material, so that the edge position of one side of the previous material is the same as the edge position of the same side of the next material.
In this embodiment, the first edge detection sensor 47 and the second edge detection sensor 48 are disposed on the left side of the material. The second edge detection sensor 48 obtains the analog quantity of the left edge of the stub bar and transmits the analog quantity to the controller, the first edge detection sensor 47 obtains the analog quantity of the left edge of the stub bar and transmits the analog quantity to the controller, and the controller compares the analog quantity of the left edge of the stub bar and the analog quantity of the left edge of the tail and indicates that the left side of the stub bar and the left side of the tail are consistent if the analog quantity of the left edge of the stub bar and the analog quantity of the left edge of the tail are consistent without deviation correction. If the analog quantities are not equal, the controller controls the deviation correcting device to drive the material tail fixing component 2 to move along the width direction of the material until the analog quantities are consistent. Through the arrangement, the accuracy of material continuation is effectively improved.
In this embodiment, the deviation correcting device includes a guide rail device 10 and an error correction driving device 8. The guide rail device comprises a deviation-correcting guide rail arranged along the width direction of the material and a deviation-correcting slide block arranged on the deviation-correcting guide rail in a sliding manner; one of the deviation-rectifying guide rail and the deviation-rectifying slide block is connected with the bracket 5, and the other of the deviation-rectifying guide rail and the deviation-rectifying slide block is connected with the material tail fixing component 2; and an error correction driving device 8 for driving the error correction slide block and the error correction guide rail to move relatively. The deviation correcting device can also be set as a linear driving device, such as a linear motor or an air cylinder.
In order to further improve the correction accuracy, the correction driving device 8 includes a correction motor 81, a lead screw 82, a nut 83 and a bracket 84. The error correction motor 81 drives the screw rod 82 to rotate; the nut 83 is matched with the lead screw 82; the bracket 84 is fixedly connected with the screw 83, one of the body of the error correction motor 81 and the bracket 84 is connected with the bracket 5, and the other of the body of the error correction motor 81 and the bracket 84 is connected with the tail fixing component 2. A telescopic cylinder or the like may be provided.
The sensor assembly 4 further comprises: the transmission device is arranged along the width direction of the material and arranged on the bracket 5; the actuator drives the synchronization link 410 connected to the first edge detection sensor 47 and the second edge detection sensor 48 to move. Through the arrangement, the positions of the first edge detection sensor 47 and the second edge detection sensor 48 away from the material are conveniently adjusted, so that the device is suitable for materials of different specifications. In this embodiment, the bracket 5 includes a vertical rod 51 and a horizontal plate 52, and the vertical rod 51 is disposed on both sides of the horizontal plate 52. The sensor assembly 4 comprises a timing belt 411 and a driving motor 44 for driving the timing belt 411 to rotate, the driving motor 44 is mounted on the horizontal plate 52 through a motor bracket 412, and the synchronous connecting piece 410 is a timing belt pressing plate connected to the timing belt 411.
One side of the upper frame 27 facing the horizontal plate 52 is provided with an upper frame sliding groove, and the upper frame sliding groove is in sliding contact with one side of the horizontal plate 52 facing the upper frame 27, so that the adjustment stability of the tail fixing component 2 in the deviation correcting process is further improved.
As shown in fig. 9, in the second embodiment, the automatic feeding device is an inner liner automatic feeding device, and the material on the unwinding cart 1 is an inner liner material.
As shown in fig. 10, in the third embodiment, the automatic feeding device is a sidewall automatic feeding device, and the material on the unwinding trolley 1 is sidewall layer material; the unwinding trolley 1 is provided with two materials which are conveyed side by side; the number of the lapping devices 3 is two, and the two lapping devices are used for being symmetrically arranged with the two materials of the unwinding trolley 1.
The embodiments in the present description are described in a progressive manner, each embodiment focuses on differences from other embodiments, and the same and similar parts among the embodiments are referred to each other.
The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

Claims (15)

1. An automatic feeding device, characterized by comprising:
a lead-out trolley (1);
the unwinding trolley (1) can move close to and far away from the support (5);
the sensor assembly (4), the said sensor assembly (4) includes the material end used for detecting the material end of the previous supplies detects the sensor (46) and is used for detecting the stub bar of the next supplies and detecting the sensor (45);
the tail fixing assembly (2) is arranged on the support (5), and when the tail detection sensor (46) detects the tail of the previous material, the tail fixing assembly (2) fixes the previous material;
the lapping device (3) is arranged on the support (5), and the lapping device (3) comprises a material tail grabbing part (31) capable of grabbing and releasing the material tail of the previous material and a material head moving device for driving the material tail grabbing part (31) to move; the material tail grabbing component (31) grabs the material tail of the previous material under the condition that the material tail fixing component (2) fixes the previous material, the material head moving device drives the material tail grabbing component (31) to move towards the material head under the condition that the material head detection sensor (45) detects the material head of the next material, the material tail fixing component (2) and the previous material move relatively when the material head moving device drives the material tail grabbing component (31) to move, and the material tail grabbing component (31) releases the material tail and enables the material tail to be lapped on the material head after driving the material tail to move above the material head;
and the sewing roller assembly (6) is arranged on the bracket (5), and the sewing roller assembly (6) is used for sewing the overlapped stub bar and the overlapped tail bar.
2. The automatic feeding device according to claim 1, characterized in that said tail-fixing assembly (2) comprises:
a frame comprising a lower frame (21) and an upper frame (27);
a drive roller (26), wherein the drive roller (26) is rotatably arranged on the lower frame (21);
a power assembly (22), wherein the power assembly (22) drives the driving roller (26) to rotate;
the pressing roller (24), the pressing roller (24) is arranged corresponding to the driving roller (26);
and the compression roller driving device (25) is connected with the upper frame (27), and the compression roller driving device (25) drives the compression roller (24) to move towards the driving roller (26).
3. The automatic feeding device according to claim 2, further comprising a material detection assembly (9) for detecting whether there is material on the unwinding trolley (1);
the material detection assembly (9) and the material tail detection sensor (46) are sequentially arranged along the material feeding direction;
when the material detection assembly (9) detects that no material exists on the unwinding trolley (1), the compression roller driving device (25) drives the compression roller (24) to move towards the driving roller (26) and clamp the material, and the power assembly (22) drives the driving roller (26) to rotate forwards and drive the material to move.
4. The automatic feeding device according to claim 3, wherein said power assembly (22) drives said driving roller (26) to reverse when said stub bar moving device drives said connecting member to move.
5. The automatic feeding device according to claim 4, wherein the tail fixing assembly (2) further comprises a tail grabbing plate (23) for supporting the tail, the extension direction of the tail grabbing plate (23) is parallel to the axial direction of the driving roller (26), and the tail grabbing plate (23) is positioned on the side of the driving roller (26) opposite to the material feeding direction;
the material tail grabbing part (31) is arranged corresponding to the material tail grabbing plate (23).
6. The automatic feeding device according to claim 1, wherein said overlapping device (3) further comprises:
the material tail grabbing part (31) is a vacuum sucker arranged on the mounting frame (32);
the material head moving device comprises a first driving device (33) and a second telescopic device (34), one of the first driving device (33) and the second telescopic device (34) is a horizontal telescopic device, and the other one of the first driving device (33) and the second telescopic device (34) is a vertical lifting device; the driving end of the first driving device (33) is connected with the mounting frame (32); the driving end of the second telescopic device (34) is connected with the main body of the first driving device (33), and the main body of the second telescopic device (34) is connected with the fixed frame (35).
7. The automatic feeding device according to claim 1, wherein said support (5) comprises a guide rail (53) arranged along the width direction of said material and a slider (54) slidably provided on said sewing guide rail (53);
the stitching roller assembly (6) comprises a stitching roller (61) and a stitching adjusting device (62) for driving the stitching roller (61) to move along the vertical direction, the stitching roller (61) is rotatably arranged at the driving end of the stitching adjusting device (62), and the main body of the stitching adjusting device (62) is connected with the sliding block (54).
8. The automatic feeding device according to claim 1, wherein said support (5) comprises a guide rail (53) arranged along the width direction of said material and a slider (54) slidably provided on said sewing guide rail (53);
still include cut-off knife device (7), cut-off knife device (7) include cut-off knife (71) and drive cut-off knife adjusting device (73) that cut-off knife (71) removed along vertical direction, cut-off knife (71) fixed set up in the drive end of cut-off knife adjusting device (73), the main part of cut-off knife adjusting device (73) with slider (54) are connected.
9. The automatic feeding device according to claim 1, characterized in that the material output end of the unwinding trolley (1) is provided with a sewing support plate for sewing the material head and the material tail.
10. The automatic feeding device according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the automatic feeding device is a cord fabric automatic feeding device, and the material on the unwinding trolley (1) is a cord fabric material;
the material tail fixing component (2) is driven to move along the width direction of the material;
the sensor assembly (4) further comprises a first edge detection sensor (47) for detecting the edge position of one side of the previous material and a second edge detection sensor (48) for detecting the edge position of the same side of the next material; when the first edge detection sensor (47) and the second edge detection sensor (48) detect that the edge position of one side of the previous material is different from the edge position of the same side of the next material, the deviation correcting device drives the material tail fixing component (2) to move under the state that the material tail fixing component (2) fixes the previous material, so that the edge position of one side of the previous material is the same as the edge position of the same side of the next material.
11. The automatic feeding device according to claim 10, wherein the deviation correcting device comprises:
the guide rail device (10) comprises a deviation-rectifying guide rail arranged along the width direction of the material and a deviation-rectifying slide block arranged on the deviation-rectifying guide rail in a sliding manner; one of the deviation rectifying guide rail and the deviation rectifying slide block is connected with the bracket (5), and the other of the deviation rectifying guide rail and the deviation rectifying slide block is connected with the material tail fixing component (2);
and the error correction driving device (8) drives the deviation correcting slide block and the deviation correcting guide rail to move relatively.
12. The automatic feeding device according to claim 11, wherein said error correction drive means (8) comprise:
an error correction motor (81);
the lead screw (82) is driven by the error correction motor (81) to rotate;
a nut (83) engaged with the lead screw (82);
the bracket (84) is fixedly connected with the screw (83), one of the body of the error correction motor (81) and the bracket (84) is connected with the bracket (5), and the other of the body of the error correction motor (81) and the bracket (84) is connected with the material tail fixing component (2).
13. The automatic feeding device according to claim 10, wherein said sensor assembly (4) further comprises:
the transmission device is arranged along the width direction of the material and is arranged on the bracket (5);
and a synchronous connector (410) connected to the first edge detection sensor (47) and the second edge detection sensor (48), wherein the transmission device drives the synchronous connector (410) to move.
14. The automatic feeding device according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the automatic feeding device is an automatic lining feeding device, and the material on the unwinding trolley (1) is lining material.
15. The automatic feeding device according to any one of claims 1 to 9, wherein the automatic feeding device is a sidewall automatic feeding device, and the material on the unwinding trolley (1) is sidewall layer material;
the unwinding trolley (1) is provided with two materials which are conveyed side by side;
the number of the lapping devices (3) is two, and the two lapping devices are used for being symmetrically arranged with the two materials of the unwinding trolley (1).
CN202111585238.1A 2021-12-22 2021-12-22 Automatic feeding device Pending CN114162647A (en)

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PCT/CN2022/141177 WO2023116840A1 (en) 2021-12-22 2022-12-22 Automatic feeding device

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