CN114152068B - Baking wire for battery core - Google Patents

Baking wire for battery core Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114152068B
CN114152068B CN202111445489.XA CN202111445489A CN114152068B CN 114152068 B CN114152068 B CN 114152068B CN 202111445489 A CN202111445489 A CN 202111445489A CN 114152068 B CN114152068 B CN 114152068B
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China
Prior art keywords
tray
battery cell
baking
plate
machine
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Active
Application number
CN202111445489.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114152068A (en
Inventor
王执科
林启超
张兴勃
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Guangdong Topstar Technology Co Ltd
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Guangdong Topstar Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN202111445489.XA priority Critical patent/CN114152068B/en
Publication of CN114152068A publication Critical patent/CN114152068A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B15/00Machines or apparatus for drying objects with progressive movement; Machines or apparatus with progressive movement for drying batches of material in compact form
    • F26B15/10Machines or apparatus for drying objects with progressive movement; Machines or apparatus with progressive movement for drying batches of material in compact form with movement in a path composed of one or more straight lines, e.g. compound, the movement being in alternate horizontal and vertical directions
    • F26B15/12Machines or apparatus for drying objects with progressive movement; Machines or apparatus with progressive movement for drying batches of material in compact form with movement in a path composed of one or more straight lines, e.g. compound, the movement being in alternate horizontal and vertical directions the lines being all horizontal or slightly inclined
    • F26B15/14Machines or apparatus for drying objects with progressive movement; Machines or apparatus with progressive movement for drying batches of material in compact form with movement in a path composed of one or more straight lines, e.g. compound, the movement being in alternate horizontal and vertical directions the lines being all horizontal or slightly inclined the objects or batches of materials being carried by trays or racks or receptacles, which may be connected to endless chains or belts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/001Handling, e.g. loading or unloading arrangements
    • F26B25/003Handling, e.g. loading or unloading arrangements for articles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/06Chambers, containers, or receptacles
    • F26B25/08Parts thereof
    • F26B25/12Walls or sides; Doors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/06Chambers, containers, or receptacles
    • F26B25/14Chambers, containers, receptacles of simple construction
    • F26B25/18Chambers, containers, receptacles of simple construction mainly open, e.g. dish, tray, pan, rack

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Battery Mounting, Suspending (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a baking line for a battery cell, which comprises a ground rail, a tray, a feeding conveying device, a first overturning mechanical arm, a plate feeding machine, a tray mechanical arm, an oven, a plate discharging machine, a second overturning mechanical arm and a discharging conveying device. The feeding conveying device is in butt joint with the plate loading machine, the first overturning mechanical arm is arranged between the feeding conveying device and the plate loading machine, the blanking conveying device is in butt joint with the plate unloading machine, and the second overturning mechanical arm is arranged between the blanking conveying device and the plate unloading machine; before baking, vertically placing the battery cells on a plate loading machine by a first overturning mechanical arm, arranging the battery cells on a tray by the plate loading machine, taking the tray away by a tray mechanical arm, and moving the tray to an oven; after the baking is finished, the tray manipulator takes away the tray and transfers the tray to the plate unloading machine, the plate unloading machine takes down the battery core from the tray, and the second overturning manipulator overturns the battery core to be flat. Compared with the prior art, the baking line for the battery cell has high automation degree, improves the working efficiency, and can vertically bake the battery cells in batches.

Description

Baking wire for battery core
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of battery cell baking equipment, in particular to a baking wire for a battery cell.
Background
The battery cell is one of important elements in electronic products. The battery core needs to be baked to achieve the purposes of drying and dehumidifying. Ovens are one of the most common baking devices. Before the battery cells are baked, the battery cells are loaded on a tray, and the tray is sent into an oven to be baked. When the existing battery cell is loaded on the tray, most of the battery cells are flatly placed on the tray, and the front side and the back side of the battery cell are easily heated unevenly. And only when the electric core is vertically placed can the heating be more uniform. Because the battery cell is arranged on the tray traditionally in a manual mode, the working efficiency is low and the labor cost is high.
Therefore, a baking line for a battery cell, which has high automation degree and high working efficiency and can vertically place the battery cell, is urgently needed to overcome the defects.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a baking line for a battery cell, which has high automation degree and high working efficiency and can vertically discharge the battery cell.
In order to achieve the above purpose, the baking line for the battery cell comprises a ground rail, a tray for vertically placing the battery cell, a feeding conveying device for conveying the horizontally placed battery cell, a first overturning manipulator for switching the battery cell from horizontal placement to vertical placement and transferring, a loading machine for arranging the vertically placed battery cell on the tray, a tray manipulator for transferring the tray, an oven for baking the battery cell, a unloading machine for unloading the battery cell from the tray, a second overturning manipulator for switching the battery cell from vertical placement to horizontal placement and transferring, and a blanking conveying device for conveying the horizontally placed battery cell, wherein the oven is provided with a plurality of baking boxes, the baking boxes are arranged on two sides of the width direction of the ground rail and are spaced along the length direction of the ground rail, the loading machine and the unloading machine are respectively arranged on two sides of the ground rail, the feeding conveying device is butted with the loading machine, the first overturning manipulator is arranged between the feeding conveying device and the loading machine, the blanking conveying device is butted with the unloading machine, the second overturning manipulator is arranged between the loading conveying device and the unloading machine, and the unloading manipulator is arranged on the ground rail in a sliding manner; before baking, the battery cell is conveyed by the feeding and conveying device, the battery cell is taken away by the first overturning mechanical arm and is vertically placed on the plate loading machine, the vertically placed battery cell is arranged on the tray by the plate loading machine, and the tray mechanical arm moves to the plate loading machine to take away the fully loaded tray and moves to the baking oven; after baking is finished, the tray manipulator takes the tray away from the baking oven and transfers the tray to the lower trigger, the lower trigger takes the battery cell off the tray, the second turnover manipulator turns the vertically placed battery cell to a flat state and sends the battery cell to the blanking conveying device, and the blanking conveying device carries the battery cell in a blanking mode.
Compared with the prior art, the baking line for the battery cells is characterized in that the battery cells can be converted from a flat state to a vertical state by the aid of the cooperation among the tray, the battery cell loading device, the first overturning mechanical arm, the plate loading machine, the tray mechanical arm, the baking oven, the ground rail, the plate unloading machine, the second overturning mechanical arm and the battery cell unloading device, the battery cells can be placed on the plate loading machine after being converted from the flat state, the vertically placed battery cells are arranged on the tray by the plate loading machine, the tray mechanical arm transfers the tray to the baking oven, the baking oven heats the battery cells, the tray mechanical arm takes out the tray and transfers the tray to the plate unloading machine, the battery cells in the tray are taken out of the tray by the plate unloading machine, and the vertically placed battery cells are placed on the battery cell unloading device after being converted into the flat state by the second overturning mechanical arm. Therefore, the baking line for the battery cell has high automation degree, improves the working efficiency, and can vertically bake the battery cells in batches.
Preferably, the baking line for the battery core further comprises a loading cache frame, and the loading cache frame is arranged beside the board loading machine.
Preferably, the baking line for the battery core further comprises a heat dissipation frame, and the heat dissipation frame is arranged beside the lower board machine or beside the oven.
Preferably, the first turnover manipulator and the second turnover manipulator are both provided with turnover mechanisms, each turnover mechanism comprises a vacuum suction nozzle, a mounting plate and a turnover motor, the mounting plates are mounted on the turnover motors, the vacuum suction nozzles are multiple and mounted on the mounting plates, and the vacuum suction nozzles are used for sucking the battery cells.
Preferably, the oven includes a box body, an automatic door and a slide rail, the automatic door is slidably disposed on the slide rail, and the automatic door slides relative to the box body to close or open the box body.
Preferably, the tray manipulator comprises six manipulators and a tray positioning device arranged at the tail ends of the six manipulators, the tray positioning device comprises a mounting frame, a positioning pin and a floating device, the positioning pin is telescopically arranged on the mounting frame along the vertical direction, and the positioning pin and the floating device are arranged on the periphery of the mounting frame.
Preferably, the baking line for battery cells further comprises a CCD detection device, and the CCD detection device is arranged above the feeding and conveying device and at the top of the first turnover manipulator.
Preferably, the plate loading machine includes a frame, an alternate buffer mechanism, a clamping mechanism, a lifting mechanism and a traversing mechanism, the frame is provided with a workbench for placing the tray, the alternate buffer mechanism is arranged beside the workbench, the clamping mechanism is arranged at an output end of the lifting mechanism, the lifting mechanism is arranged at an output end of the traversing mechanism, the traversing mechanism is arranged at the top of the frame, the clamping mechanism faces downwards to the workbench, and the traversing mechanism drives the clamping mechanism and the lifting mechanism to move together along the length direction of the frame so as to stay on the alternate buffer mechanism or the workbench.
Preferably, the alternating buffer mechanism comprises a supporting plate, a first buffer frame, a second buffer frame and a belt transmission device, the supporting plate is horizontally arranged, the belt transmission device is arranged on the bottom surface of the supporting plate, the belt transmission device comprises a belt which does rotary transmission motion, the first buffer frame and the second buffer frame are arranged on different sides of the belt in a staggered mode, and the belt drives the first buffer frame and the second buffer frame to alternately stretch out of the tail end of the feeding and conveying device.
Preferably, the clamping mechanism comprises a horizontal mounting plate, vertical mounting plates, clamping jaw devices and anti-shaking devices, the vertical mounting plates are mounted at the bottoms of the two sides of the horizontal mounting plate, the horizontal mounting plate and the vertical mounting plates enclose a C-shaped structure, the clamping jaw devices are arranged at the bottom of the horizontal mounting plate, and the anti-shaking devices are two and are respectively arranged on the vertical mounting plates.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a baking wire for a battery cell according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the cell loading device and the CCD detection device of the baking line for a cell of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged schematic view at a in fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a plate feeding machine of the baking line for battery cells of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a perspective view of the battery cell baking line of the present invention after the cover is hidden.
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of an alternate buffer mechanism of the plate feeding machine for the baking line for battery cells according to the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a perspective view of another view of the alternate buffer mechanism of the plate loading machine for the baking line for battery cells according to the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a perspective view of the clamping mechanism of the plate feeding machine for the battery cell baking line according to the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a perspective view of the cover plate hidden by the clamping mechanism of the plate feeding machine for the battery cell baking line according to the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a perspective view of a tray of the baking wire for battery cells of the present invention.
Fig. 11 is a perspective view of the ground rail, the tray robot and the tray of the baking line for battery cells of the present invention.
Fig. 12 is a perspective view of a tray of the baking line for battery cells and a tray positioning device of the present invention.
Fig. 13 is a perspective view of the tray positioning device of the baking line for battery cells of the present invention.
Fig. 14 is a perspective view of an oven for a baking wire for battery cells of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to explain technical contents and structural features of the present invention in detail, the following description is made with reference to the embodiments and the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1, a baking line 100 for battery cells according to the present invention includes a ground rail 1, a tray 2 for vertically placing the battery cells, a feeding and conveying device 3 for conveying the battery cells horizontally placed, a first flipping robot 4 for switching the battery cells from horizontal to vertical and transferring, a plate feeding machine 5 for arranging the vertically placed battery cells on the tray 2, a tray robot 6 for transferring the tray 2, an oven 7 for baking the battery cells, a plate discharging machine 8 for taking the battery cells on the tray 2 off the tray 2, a second flipping robot 9 for switching the battery cells from vertical to horizontal and transferring, and a discharging and conveying device (not shown) for conveying the battery cells horizontally placed. The plurality of drying ovens 7 are arranged on two sides of the width direction of the ground rail 1 and are spaced along the length direction of the ground rail 1. The upper plate machine 5 and the lower plate machine 8 are respectively arranged on two sides of the ground rail 1, the feeding and conveying device 3 is in butt joint with the upper plate machine 5, and the first overturning mechanical arm 4 is arranged between the feeding and conveying device 3 and the upper plate machine 5. The blanking conveying device is in butt joint with the lower plate machine 8, and the second overturning mechanical arm 9 is arranged between the blanking conveying device and the lower plate machine 8. The tray robot 6 is slidably provided on the ground rail 1. Before baking, the battery cell is conveyed by the feeding and conveying device 3, the battery cell is taken away by the first overturning mechanical arm 4 and is vertically placed on the upper plate machine 5, the vertically placed battery cell is arranged on the tray 2 by the upper plate machine 5, and the tray mechanical arm 6 is moved to the upper plate machine 5, takes away the fully loaded tray 2 and moves into the oven 7; after baking, the tray manipulator 6 takes the tray 2 away from the oven 7 and transfers the tray to the plate unloading machine 8, the plate unloading machine 8 takes the battery cell off the tray 2, the second overturning manipulator 9 overturns the vertically placed battery cell to a flat state to the unloading conveying device, and the unloading conveying device conveys the battery cell to be unloaded. For example, the feeding conveyor 3 and the discharging conveyor are belt conveyors, and the structure and principle of the belt conveyors are well known to those skilled in the art and therefore will not be described herein. Preferably, in this embodiment, the baking line 100 for battery cells further includes a loading buffer rack 11, and the loading buffer rack 11 is disposed beside the upper board machine 5. The pallet robot 6 temporarily stores the pallet 2 taken out of the upper plate machine 5 on the loading buffer rack 11 by the loading buffer rack 11. Preferably, in this embodiment, the battery cell baking line 100 further includes a heat dissipation frame 12, the heat dissipation frame 12 is disposed at a side of the lower board 8 or a side of the oven 7, and the tray robot 6 takes out the baked battery cell and places the baked battery cell in the heat dissipation frame 12 for heat dissipation, and then moves the battery cell to the lower board 8, so as to facilitate heat dissipation before battery cell blanking, and prevent heat from damaging elements in the lower board 8. Preferably, in this embodiment, the baking line 100 for battery cells further includes a CCD detecting device 13, and the CCD detecting device 13 is disposed above the feeding conveying device 3 and on the top of the first flipping robot 4. Borrow group CCD detection device 13, whether scanning electric core has corresponding two-dimensional code, if lack the two-dimensional code in the electric core, then first upset manipulator 4 presss from both sides this electric core and gets to unqualified box in. More specifically, the following:
referring to fig. 2 to 3, the first flipping robot 4 and the second flipping robot 9 are both provided with a flipping mechanism 41, and the flipping mechanism 41 includes a vacuum suction nozzle 411, an installation plate 412 and a flipping motor 413. The mounting plate 412 is installed on the turnover motor 413, and a plurality of vacuum suction nozzles 411 are installed on the mounting plate 412, and the vacuum suction nozzles 411 are used for sucking the cells. When the battery cell needs to be switched from horizontal placement to vertical placement, the overturning motor 413 drives the mounting plate 412 to be initially arranged horizontally, the vacuum suction nozzle 411 faces downwards so as to suck the horizontally placed battery cell, and the overturning motor 413 drives the mounting plate 412 to overturn for ninety degrees so as to vertically place the battery cell; when needs put the switch to keeping flat with electric core from erecting, upset motor 413 drive mounting panel 412 is initial to vertical setting, vacuum nozzle 411 side direction to hold the electric core of putting of erecting, upset motor 413 drives the ninety degrees of mounting panel 412 upset, thereby makes electric core keep flat.
Referring to fig. 4 to 10, the upper plate 5 includes a frame 51, an alternate buffer mechanism 52, a clamping mechanism 53, a lifting mechanism 55 and a traversing mechanism 54. The frame 51 is provided with a table 511 on which the tray 2 is placed. The alternating buffer mechanism 52 is disposed beside the working table 511, the gripping mechanism 53 is disposed on the output end of the lifting mechanism 55, the lifting mechanism 55 is disposed on the output end of the traversing mechanism 54, the traversing mechanism 54 is disposed on the top of the frame 51, the gripping mechanism 53 faces the working table 511 downward, the traversing mechanism 54 drives the gripping mechanism 53 and the lifting mechanism 55 to move together along the length direction of the frame 51 so as to stay on the alternating buffer mechanism 52 or the working table 511, and the lifting mechanism 55 drives the gripping mechanism 53 to lift up and down. With the aid of the alternate buffer mechanism 52, the battery cells loaded from the outside can be temporarily and vertically stored on the alternate buffer mechanism 52, and then the traverse mechanism 54 drives the clamping mechanism 53 and the lifting mechanism 55 to move to the workbench 511 or the alternate buffer mechanism 52 to clamp the battery cells or place the battery cells, and with the aid of the lifting mechanism 55, the battery cells are beneficial to descending after being moved in place and ascending before being moved, so as to achieve the effect of avoiding collision. Specifically, in the present embodiment, there are two work tables 511, and the alternating buffer mechanism 52 is disposed between the two work tables 511. Of course, in other embodiments, the number of stages 511n and the number of the alternating buffer mechanisms 52 n-1 are not limited thereto. It will be appreciated that as more stations 511 are provided, more trays 2 can be carried.
Referring to fig. 10, the tray 2 is provided with a position-locking portion 21 for vertically placing the battery cell.
Referring to fig. 6 and 7, the alternating buffer mechanism 52 includes a support plate 521, a first buffer rack 522, a second buffer rack 523 and a belt transmission device 524. The support plate 521 is horizontally disposed, and the belt transmission device 524 is disposed on the bottom surface of the support plate 521. Specifically, in the present embodiment, the belt transmission device 524 includes a rotating motor 5242, a driving wheel 5243, a driven wheel (not shown) and a belt 5241, the driving wheel 5243 is connected to the rotating motor 5242, the driven wheel and the driving wheel 5243 are spaced apart along the length direction of the supporting plate 521, and the belt 5241 is wound on the driving wheel 5243 and the driven wheel together. The first buffer storage rack 522 and the second buffer storage rack 523 are arranged on different sides of the belt 5241 in a staggered manner, and the alternate rotation of the belt 5241 drives the first buffer storage rack 522 and the second buffer storage rack 523 to move alternately. More specifically, the first buffer housing 522 and the second buffer housing 523 are connected to the belt 5241 through the connection block 525, respectively. When the alternate buffer mechanism 52 works, the rotating motor 5242 drives the driving wheel 5243 to rotate, so as to drive the driven wheel to rotate and drive the belt 5241 to rotate; when the rotating motor 5242 rotates forward, the first buffer rack 522 extends out of the workbench 511, the second buffer rack 523 is beside the workbench 511, and when the rotating motor 5242 rotates backward, the second buffer rack 523 extends out of the workbench 511, and the first buffer rack 522 is beside the workbench 511. Therefore, the first buffer rack 522 and the second buffer rack 523 alternately extend out of the workbench 511 to be in butt joint with an external battery cell feeding mechanism. Therefore, the state that the clamping can be simultaneously carried out can be cached. Specifically, the first buffer rack 522 and the second buffer rack 523 are provided with a clamping position 21 for the vertical placement of the power core.
With continued reference to fig. 6 and 7, the alternation buffer mechanism 52 further comprises a slide rail 526 and a slider 527. The slide rails 526 are disposed on the top surface of the supporting plate 521 in parallel, the sliding blocks 527 are multiple and disposed at the bottom of the first buffer storage rack 522 and the bottom of the second buffer storage rack 523 respectively, and the first buffer storage rack 522 and the second buffer storage rack 523 are disposed on the slide rails 526 through the sliding blocks 527 in a sliding manner. By means of the sliding rail 526 and the sliding block 527, the first buffer rack 522 and the second buffer rack 523 can move more stably and reliably.
Referring to fig. 8 and 9, the clamping mechanism 53 includes a horizontal mounting plate 531, a vertical mounting plate 532, a clamping jaw 533, and an anti-shaking device 534. The vertical mounting plate 532 is installed in the bottom of the both sides of horizontal mounting plate 531, and horizontal mounting plate 531 and vertical mounting plate 532 enclose into a C-shaped structure, and clamping jaw device 533 locates the bottom of horizontal mounting plate 531. The anti-shaking devices 534 are two and are respectively provided on the vertical mounting plate 532. With the help of the shaking prevention device 534, after the clamping jaw device 533 clamps the battery core, the battery core can be prevented from shaking, and the battery core is prevented from falling.
Referring to fig. 8 and 9, the clamping jaw device 533 includes a pushing cylinder 5331, a pushing plate 5332, a clamping jaw 5333 linked with the pushing plate 5332, and a clamping jaw mounting block 5334. The plurality of clamping jaw mounting blocks 5334 are arranged on the horizontal mounting plate 531 at intervals, the plurality of pairs of clamping jaws 5333 are respectively pivoted in the clamping jaw mounting blocks 5334, the top pushing plate 5332 is connected with the clamping jaws 5333, the top pushing plate 5332 is further connected with the output end of the pushing cylinder 5331, the pushing cylinder 5331 is mounted on the horizontal mounting plate 531, and the pushing cylinder 5331 drives the top pushing plate 5332 to move up and down to drive the clamping jaws 5333 to open and close. For example, the pushing cylinder 5331 drives the pushing plate 5332 to ascend, and the pushing plate 5332 pushes the clamping jaw 5333 to perform pivoting clamping motion; the pushing cylinder 5331 drives the pushing plate 5332 to descend, and the pushing plate 5332 pushes the clamping jaw 5333 to perform pivoting opening movement.
Referring to fig. 8 and 9, the anti-wobble device 534 includes an opening/closing cylinder 5341, a first clamping bar 5342 and a second clamping bar 5343. The opening and closing cylinders 5341 are arranged on the vertical mounting plate 532, the number of the first clamping rods 5342 is two, and the two first clamping rods 5342 are respectively connected with the opening and closing output ends of the opening and closing cylinders 5341, and the number of the second clamping rods 5343 is two, and the two second clamping rods 5342 are respectively connected between the two first clamping rods 5342 on the opposite sides. It is understood that the structure and principle of the opening and closing cylinder 5341 are well known to those skilled in the art and therefore will not be described herein. The opening and closing cylinder 5341 drives the first clamping rod 5342 and the second clamping rod 5343 to switch and turn over between a horizontal plane and a vertical plane, and when the two first clamping rods 5342 are in the horizontal plane, the second clamping rod 5343 cannot clamp the lower end of the battery cell, and the anti-shaking effect cannot be achieved; when the two first clamping rods 5342 are in the vertical plane, the second clamping rod 5343 can clamp the lower end of the battery cell, so as to prevent the battery cell from shaking. When the transverse moving mechanism 54 drives the clamping mechanism to transfer, the battery cell can be prevented from shaking and falling.
When the trigger is operated, the first buffer frame 522 of the alternate buffer mechanism 52 extends out to receive the cell loading device, the second buffer frame 523 of the alternate buffer mechanism 52 is fully loaded with the cell, the traversing mechanism 54 drives the clamping mechanism 53 and the lifting mechanism 55 to move above the second buffer frame 523, the lifting mechanism 55 drives the clamping mechanism 53 to descend, after the clamping jaw device 533 in the clamping mechanism 53 clamps the cell, the lifting mechanism 55 drives the clamping mechanism 53 to ascend, the anti-shaking device 534 in the clamping mechanism 53 clamps the lower end of the cell to prevent the cell from shaking and falling off in the moving process, then the traversing mechanism 54 drives the clamping mechanism 53 and the lifting mechanism 55 to move together to the tray 2 of the workbench 511, the anti-shaking device 534 releases the cell, the lifting mechanism 55 drives the clamping mechanism 53 to descend, after the cell is inserted into the clamping position 21 on the tray 2, the clamping jaw device 533 releases the cell, and the lifting mechanism 55 drives the clamping mechanism 53 to ascend.
It should be noted that the structure of the lower board loading machine 8 is identical to that of the upper board loading machine 5, and the sequence of actions is reversed. The specific working principle of the plate discharging machine 8 is as follows: the lifting mechanism drives the clamping mechanism to descend onto the tray 2, the clamping mechanism clamps the battery cell in the tray 2, the traversing mechanism drives the clamping mechanism to transversely move onto the alternate caching mechanism, the lifting mechanism drives the clamping mechanism to descend so as to insert the battery cell onto the alternate caching mechanism, and the alternate caching mechanism extends out of the first caching frame or the second caching frame alternately to be in butt joint with the battery cell blanking device.
Referring to fig. 11 to 13, the tray robot 6 includes a six-axis robot 61 and a tray positioning device 62 disposed at an end of the six-axis robot 61. The tray positioning device 62 includes a mounting rack 621, a positioning pin 622, and a floating device 623. The positioning pin 622 is disposed on the mounting frame 621 in a vertically retractable manner, and the positioning pin 622 and the floating device 623 are disposed around the mounting frame 621. With the aid of the float 623, the locating pin 622 can be extended again after the locating pin 622 has been aligned with the hole in the pallet 2. Thereby increasing the accuracy of insertion of the locating pin 622. It is understood that the structure and principles of the six-axis robot 61 are well known to those skilled in the art and thus will not be described herein.
Referring to fig. 14, the oven 7 includes a box 71, an automatic door 72 and a slide rail 73, the automatic door 72 is slidably disposed on the slide rail 73, and the automatic door 72 slides relative to the box 71 to close or open the box 71.
The operation principle of the baking wire 100 for battery cells of the present invention is explained with reference to the accompanying drawings: the battery cell is conveyed to the alternative caching mechanism 52 of the upper plate machine 5 by the feeding conveying device 3 to be in butt joint with the battery cell, the battery cell is horizontally and vertically placed from the first overturning mechanical arm 4 and placed on the alternative caching mechanism 52, the battery cell is arranged on the tray 2 by the upper plate machine 5 until the tray 2 is full, the tray mechanical arm 6 takes away the tray 2 and then places the tray 2 in the oven 7, and the tray mechanical arm 6 can also take away the full tray 2 and then place the full tray on the feeding caching frame 11 and then transfer the full tray into the oven 7. After the baking of the oven 7 is finished, the tray manipulator 6 takes the tray 2 out of the heat dissipation frame 12, after the tray 2 of the heat dissipation frame 12 is cooled, the tray manipulator 6 takes the tray 2 out and transfers the tray to the lower trigger 8, the battery cores in the tray 2 are discharged by the lower trigger 8, the vertically placed battery cores are taken away by the second turnover manipulator 9, turned over to a flat state and placed in a discharging conveying device, and the discharging conveying device conveys the battery cores.
Compared with the prior art, the baking line 100 for the battery cells has the advantages that through the cooperation of the tray 2, the feeding conveying device 3, the first overturning mechanical arm 4, the upper plate machine 5, the tray mechanical arm 6, the drying oven 7, the ground rail 1, the lower plate machine 8, the second overturning mechanical arm 9 and the discharging conveying device, the first overturning mechanical arm 4 can convert the battery cells from a flat state to a vertical state and place the battery cells on the upper plate machine 5, the upper plate machine 5 arranges the vertically arranged battery cells on the tray 2, the tray mechanical arm 6 transfers the tray 2 to the drying oven 7, the drying oven 7 heats the battery cells, the tray mechanical arm 6 takes out the tray 2 and transfers the tray 2 to the lower plate machine 8, the lower plate machine 8 takes out the battery cells in the tray 2 from the tray 2, and the second overturning mechanical arm 9 switches the vertically arranged battery cells to a flat state and places the vertically arranged battery cells on the discharging conveying device. Therefore, the baking line 100 for the battery cell has high automation degree, improves the working efficiency, and can vertically bake the battery cells in batches.
The above disclosure is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and should not be taken as limiting the scope of the invention, so that the appended claims are intended to cover all such modifications and changes as fall within the true spirit of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. The baking line for the battery cell is characterized by comprising a ground rail, a tray for vertically placing the battery cell, a feeding conveying device for conveying the horizontally placed battery cell, a first overturning mechanical arm for switching the battery cell from horizontal placement to vertical placement and transferring, a loading machine for arranging the vertically placed battery cell on the tray, a tray mechanical arm for transferring the tray, a baking oven for baking the battery cell, a unloading machine for taking the battery cell on the tray off the tray, a second overturning mechanical arm for switching the battery cell from vertical placement to horizontal placement and transferring, and a discharging conveying device for conveying the horizontally placed battery cell, wherein the baking ovens are arranged on two sides of the width direction of the ground rail and are spaced along the length direction of the ground rail, the loading machine and the unloading machine are respectively arranged on two sides of the ground rail, the feeding conveying device is in butt joint with the loading machine, the first overturning mechanical arm is arranged between the feeding conveying device and the loading machine, the discharging conveying device is in butt joint with the unloading machine, the second overturning mechanical arm is arranged between the feeding conveying device and the unloading machine, and the loading machine is arranged on the ground rail in a sliding manner; before baking, the battery cell is conveyed by the feeding and conveying device, the battery cell is taken away by the first overturning mechanical arm and is vertically placed on the plate loading machine, the vertically placed battery cell is arranged on the tray by the plate loading machine, and the tray mechanical arm moves to the plate loading machine to take away the fully loaded tray and moves to the baking oven; after baking is finished, the tray manipulator takes the tray away from the baking oven and transfers the tray to the lower plate machine, the lower plate machine takes the battery cell from the tray, the second turnover manipulator turns the vertically placed battery cell to a horizontal state and sends the battery cell to the blanking conveying device, and the blanking conveying device carries out blanking conveying on the battery cell; the plate loading machine comprises a rack, an alternate buffer memory mechanism, a clamping mechanism, a lifting mechanism and a transverse moving mechanism, wherein the rack is provided with a workbench for placing the tray, the alternate buffer memory mechanism is arranged beside the workbench, the clamping mechanism is arranged at the output end of the lifting mechanism, the lifting mechanism is arranged at the output end of the transverse moving mechanism, the transverse moving mechanism is arranged at the top of the rack, the clamping mechanism faces downwards to the workbench, and the transverse moving mechanism drives the clamping mechanism and the lifting mechanism to move together along the length direction of the rack so as to stay on the alternate buffer memory mechanism or the workbench; the alternating buffer mechanism comprises a supporting plate, a first buffer frame, a second buffer frame and a belt transmission device, wherein the supporting plate is horizontally arranged, the belt transmission device is arranged on the bottom surface of the supporting plate and comprises a rotating motor, a driving wheel, a driven wheel and a belt which performs rotary transmission movement, the driving wheel is connected with the rotating motor, the driven wheel and the driving wheel are spaced apart along the length direction of the supporting plate, and the belt is wound on the driving wheel and the driven wheel together; the first buffer storage rack and the second buffer storage rack are arranged on different sides of the belt in a staggered manner, and the belt rotates alternately to drive the first buffer storage rack and the second buffer storage rack to extend out of the tail end of the feeding conveying device alternately; the first cache frame and the second cache frame are provided with clamping positions for vertically placing the battery cores.
2. The baking line for the battery core according to claim 1, further comprising a loading buffer rack, wherein the loading buffer rack is arranged beside the board loading machine.
3. The baking wire for the battery core according to claim 1, further comprising a heat dissipation frame, wherein the heat dissipation frame is arranged beside the lower board machine or beside the oven.
4. The baking line for the battery core according to claim 1, wherein each of the first flipping robot and the second flipping robot is provided with a flipping mechanism, the flipping mechanism comprises a vacuum suction nozzle, a mounting plate and a flipping motor, the mounting plate is mounted on the flipping motor, the vacuum suction nozzles are multiple and mounted on the mounting plate, and the vacuum suction nozzles are used for sucking the battery core.
5. The baking line for the battery cells according to claim 1, wherein the baking oven comprises a box body, an automatic door and a slide rail, the automatic door is slidably disposed on the slide rail, and the automatic door slides relative to the box body to close or open the box body.
6. The baking line for the battery core according to claim 1, wherein the tray manipulator comprises six-axis manipulators and a tray positioning device arranged at the tail ends of the six-axis manipulators, the tray positioning device comprises a mounting frame, a positioning pin and a floating device, the positioning pin is telescopically arranged on the mounting frame along the vertical direction, and the positioning pin and the floating device are arranged around the mounting frame.
7. The baking line for the battery core according to claim 1, further comprising a CCD detection device, wherein the CCD detection device is arranged above the feeding and conveying device and positioned at the top of the first overturning mechanical arm.
8. The baking line for battery cells according to claim 1, wherein the clamping mechanism comprises a horizontal mounting plate, a vertical mounting plate, a clamping jaw device and an anti-shaking device, the vertical mounting plate is mounted at the bottoms of the two sides of the horizontal mounting plate, the horizontal mounting plate and the vertical mounting plate enclose a C-shaped structure, the clamping jaw device is arranged at the bottom of the horizontal mounting plate, and the anti-shaking devices are two and are respectively arranged on the vertical mounting plate.
CN202111445489.XA 2021-11-30 2021-11-30 Baking wire for battery core Active CN114152068B (en)

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