CN114145597A - Intelligent medicine storage and dispensing machine - Google Patents

Intelligent medicine storage and dispensing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114145597A
CN114145597A CN202111598527.5A CN202111598527A CN114145597A CN 114145597 A CN114145597 A CN 114145597A CN 202111598527 A CN202111598527 A CN 202111598527A CN 114145597 A CN114145597 A CN 114145597A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
medicine
frame
storage
pushing
dispensing machine
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Granted
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CN202111598527.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN114145597B (en
Inventor
尹静文
陈霞
常珊珊
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TIANJIN 4TH CENTRE HOSPITAL
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TIANJIN 4TH CENTRE HOSPITAL
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Priority to CN202211444498.1A priority Critical patent/CN115724202A/en
Priority to CN202111598527.5A priority patent/CN114145597B/en
Publication of CN114145597A publication Critical patent/CN114145597A/en
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Publication of CN114145597B publication Critical patent/CN114145597B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47FSPECIAL FURNITURE, FITTINGS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR SHOPS, STOREHOUSES, BARS, RESTAURANTS OR THE LIKE; PAYING COUNTERS
    • A47F1/00Racks for dispensing merchandise; Containers for dispensing merchandise
    • A47F1/04Racks or containers with arrangements for dispensing articles, e.g. by means of gravity or springs
    • A47F1/08Racks or containers with arrangements for dispensing articles, e.g. by means of gravity or springs dispensing from bottom

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  • Medical Preparation Storing Or Oral Administration Devices (AREA)
  • Warehouses Or Storage Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent medicine storage and dispensing machine, which comprises two storage cabinets, wherein a plurality of medicine storage tracks are arranged inside the storage cabinets, a lifting plate is arranged at an opening at the lower end of each medicine storage track, a protective cover is sleeved outside the two storage cabinets, a medicine receiving frame capable of lifting up and down is arranged between the two storage cabinets, the medicine receiving frame is a rectangular frame body with the upper side and the lower side communicated, medicine receiving conveying belts with the upper part and the lower part are symmetrically arranged inside the medicine receiving frame, the lower ends of the two medicine receiving conveying belts can be controlled to open and close so that medicines fall down, a medicine discharging conveying belt is arranged below the medicine receiving frame and between the two storage cabinets, one end of the medicine discharging conveying belt extends to the outside of the protective cover through a through hole formed in the protective cover, and an upper medicine frame for supplementing medicines is arranged on one side surface of the protective cover, so that a plastic bottle or a glass bottle for storing medicines can be well prevented from being damaged during medicine taking, and simultaneously, the medicines of different patients can be prevented from being mixed together.

Description

Intelligent medicine storage and dispensing machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of automatic medicine dispensers, in particular to an intelligent medicine storage and dispensing machine.
Background
At present, in order to reduce the waiting time of a patient for taking medicine and reduce the workload of medical staff in a pharmacy, pharmacies of some large-scale comprehensive hospitals gradually use automatic medicine dispensing machines to take medicine;
however, most of automatic dispensing machines adopt a mode that medicines mostly fall onto a conveyor belt from a high place and are transported out by the conveyor belt, the adoption of the mode can cause that some plastic bottles or glass bottles for storing medicines are damaged due to falling from the high place, and most of automatic dispensing machines do not have a shunting function at present, so that medicines of different patients can be mixed together when a nurse does not have time to take the medicines, and medical accidents are caused.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an intelligent medicine storage and dispensing machine to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: an intelligent medicine storage and dispensing machine comprises two storage cabinets which are symmetrically arranged, the outlets of the two storage cabinets are close to each other, a plurality of medicine storage tracks are arranged inside the storage cabinets, a lifting plate for controlling medicine discharge is arranged at the lower end opening of each medicine storage track, medicine falling inside the medicine storage tracks is controlled by controlling the lifting of the lifting plate, a protective cover is sleeved outside the two storage cabinets, a medicine receiving frame capable of lifting up and down is arranged between the two storage cabinets, the medicine receiving frame can receive and take medicine layer by layer from top to bottom in the descending process, the falling height of the medicine can be reduced, the medicine is prevented from being damaged, the medicine receiving frame is a rectangular frame body with the upper side and the lower side communicated, medicine receiving conveyor belts with the upper side and the lower side are symmetrically arranged inside the medicine receiving frame, the lower ends of the two medicine receiving conveyor belts can be controlled to open and close so that the medicine falls down, and the medicine receiving frame moves to the lowest position, two lower extremes that connect the medicine conveyer belt can part each other, connect the medicine conveyer belt simultaneously and can start to make the medicine drop from the inside that connects the medicine frame, connect the below of medicine frame and be located and install out the medicine conveyer belt between two cabinets, the one end that goes out the medicine conveyer belt is passed through some penetrating openings that open on the guard shield and is extended to the outside of safety cover, connects the medicine that the inside of medicine frame dropped and can drop on going out the medicine conveyer belt to being seen off by going out the medicine conveyer belt, make things convenient for medical personnel to take off the medicine, install the frame of adding medicine that is used for supplementing the medicine on a side of safety cover.
Preferably, two connect the both ends of the belt axle that the medicine conveyer belt is close to each other all to rotate and be connected with the connecting rod, and the upper end that is located two connecting rods of same end is articulated each other with the smooth frame that corresponds, smooth frame sliding connection in connect the spout that has on the medicine frame medial surface and with install the inside output rod fixed connection who puts medicine electric putter of spout, put the flexible of medicine electric putter output rod through control and can control two and connect the opening and shutting of medicine conveyer belt lower extreme.
Preferably, connect epaxial all division of two belts of medicine conveyer belt to have the annular, the inside rotation of annular is connected with the lantern ring, the first dead lever of fixedly connected with on the lantern ring, fixedly connected with second dead lever on another lantern ring, fixedly connected with inserted bar on the second dead lever is close to a terminal surface of first dead lever, the one end of inserted bar inserts and opens the slot that has on the first dead lever in and through the tank bottom lateral wall interconnect of spring and slot, and the spring can make two belt axles that connect the medicine conveyer belt have the trend of keeping away from each other through first dead lever and second dead lever, makes the area body that connects the medicine conveyer belt keep tight, makes the stable transportation that transports that connects the medicine conveyer belt.
Preferably, it installs in the inside of fixing base to go out the medicine conveyer belt and be located the outside one end of safety cover, and fixing base fixed connection is on the safety cover, symmetry fixedly connected with mounting panel on the inside wall of fixing base, the outer end of mounting panel articulates there is the deflector, and the deflector is by the direction motor drive that corresponds, direction motor installs on the mounting panel that corresponds, and the deflector turns to different angles and can make different patient's medicine fall different positions, avoids different patient's medicine to be in the same place.
Preferably, all open heavy groove on the medial surface of mounting panel and deflector, heavy groove is connected with a plurality of guiding axles through a plurality of installation hub rotation that are equipped with between its both sides cell wall, and the guiding axle can make the better angular motion along with fixing base and deflector of medicine.
Preferably, the medicine feeding frame comprises a horizontal medicine pushing frame and an inclined medicine placing frame, the protective cover and the storage cabinet are provided with through holes matched with the medicine pushing frame, the medicine placing frame is far away from one end of the medicine pushing frame and is higher than the other end of the medicine pushing frame, a stop door is inserted into one end of the medicine placing frame, far away from the medicine pushing frame, a medicine to be supplemented is placed into the medicine placing frame, then the medicine inside the medicine placing frame can slide to the inside of the medicine pushing frame to be attached to a medicine pushing conveying belt on the push plate, the inside of the medicine pushing frame is connected with the push plate in a sliding mode, the medicine pushing conveying belt is installed on the inner side face of the push plate, the medicine feeding conveying belt is installed inside the storage cabinet and located at the outer end of the medicine storage track, the medicine pushing conveying belt can convey the medicine in contact with the medicine pushing conveying belt, the outer end of each medicine storage track and located on the outer side wall of the storage cabinet are provided with push rods for pushing the medicine, and the push rod is controlled by the medicine feeding electric push rod arranged on the storage cabinet, when the medicine feeding conveying belt aligns the medicine moving track with the corresponding medicine storage track, the push rod can be started to push the medicine to the inside of the corresponding medicine storage track to complete the work of supplementing the medicine.
Preferably, fixedly connected with baffle on the lateral surface of push pedal, it has the groove of stepping down with baffle looks adaptation to open on the guard shield, and the baffle can be better protects the inside medicine of cabinet.
Preferably, the outer end face of the push plate is fixedly connected with a sliding block, the sliding block extends into a sliding groove formed in the inner side wall of the medicine feeding frame and is fixedly connected with an output rod of the medicine pushing electric push rod, the medicine pushing electric push rod is installed in the sliding groove, and the position of the telescopic control push plate of the medicine pushing electric push rod output rod in the medicine feeding frame is controlled.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: according to the invention, through the matching between the medicine receiving frame and the medicine receiving conveying belt, different first touch switches can be extruded by the medicine receiving frame in the process of sliding up and down, so that the medicine can be discharged from the medicine storage rail arranged in the same row as the first touch switches, the falling height of the medicine can be greatly reduced, and the damage caused by the over-high falling height of a plastic bottle or a glass bottle for storing the medicine can be avoided; through the cooperation between mounting panel and the deflector, realized making different patient's medicine reposition of redundant personnel through the turned angle of control deflector, can be fine avoid different patient's medicine to mix together.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the connection between the medicine pushing frame and the medicine placing frame according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the connection between the drug receiving frame and the screw according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a front view of the storage cabinet of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an exploded view of the transfer belt and frame of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the open position of the lower end of the receiving conveyor of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view showing a rotation state of the guide plate according to the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view of a guide plate of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the connection between the partition board and the abdicating groove of the invention;
FIG. 10 is an exploded view of the collar and ring groove of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. storage cabinet, 2, medicine storage track, 3, lifting plate, 4, protective cover, 5, medicine receiving frame, 6, medicine receiving conveyor belt, 7, medicine discharging conveyor belt, 8, medicine loading frame, 801, medicine pushing frame, 802, medicine placing frame, 803, shutter, 9, connecting rod, 10, sliding frame, 11, sliding chute, 12, medicine placing electric push rod, 13, annular groove, 14, lantern ring, 15, first fixing rod, 16, second fixing rod, 17, inserted rod, 18, slot, 19, spring, 20, fixing seat, 21, mounting plate, 22, guide plate, 23, guide motor, 24, sinking groove, 25, mounting shaft, 26, guide shaft, 27, push plate, 28, medicine pushing conveyor belt, 29, medicine loading conveyor belt, 30, push rod, 31, medicine loading push rod electric, 32, partition plate, 33, abdicating groove, 34, sliding block, 35, sliding chute, 36, medicine pushing electric push rod, 37, medicine unloading electric push rod, 38, base plate, 39, The device comprises a base rod, 40, a screw rod, 41, a limiting rod, 42, a lifting motor, 43, a first touch switch, 44, a second touch switch, 45, a control module, 46, an induction probe, 47 and a tubular motor.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-10, the present invention provides a technical solution: an intelligent medicine storage and dispensing machine comprises two storage cabinets 1 which are symmetrically arranged, outlets of the two storage cabinets 1 are close to each other, a plurality of medicine storage tracks 2 are arranged inside the storage cabinets 1, the medicine storage tracks 2 are orderly arranged inside the storage cabinets 1 in a multi-row and multi-row mode, a lifting plate 3 used for controlling medicine discharge is arranged at an opening at the lower end of each medicine storage track 2, one end, close to the outlets of the storage cabinets 1, of each medicine storage track 2 is higher than the other end of each medicine storage track, when the medicines are located inside the medicine storage tracks 2, the medicines can slide towards the outlets of the storage cabinets 1, the lifting plate 3 can block the medicines to enable the medicines inside the medicine storage tracks 2 not to fall off from the medicine storage pipelines 2, when the lifting plate 3 descends and does not block the medicines, the medicines can fall off from the insides of the medicine storage tracks 2, the lifting plate 3 penetrates through the medicine storage tracks 2 and is fixedly connected with an output rod of a medicine discharge electric push rod 37 arranged on the lower side face of the medicine storage tracks 2, the flexible control lifter plate 3's of 37 output poles of medicine electric putter through the control goes up and down, medical personnel pass through the operation end (like outside computer) input medicine that need take out when getting it filled, the computer sends data for the control module 45 of installation on the safety cover 4 through the data line, control module 45 will control the output pole of the electric putter 37 that gives medicine to corresponding and carry out the motion that stretches out that once retracts, thereby can make the medicine that corresponds fall down from storing up medicine track 2, safety cover 4 has been cup jointed to the outside of two storage cabinets 1, and safety cover 4 surrounds two storage cabinets 1, can protect the medicine of depositing in storage cabinet 1 inside, makes better depositing in storage cabinet 1's inside of medicine, but installs the medicine frame 5 that connects of oscilaltion between two storage cabinets 1.
As shown in fig. 3, two sides of two ends of the medicine receiving frame 5 are respectively provided with a thread groove and a through hole, the two thread grooves and the two through holes are axisymmetric with the central point of the medicine receiving frame 5, the medicine receiving frame 5 is engaged with a screw 40 rotatably connected between the base plate 38 and the base rod 39 through the thread groove thereon, and is slidably connected with a limiting rod 41 fixedly connected between the base plate 38 and the base rod 39 through the through hole thereon (the medicine receiving frame 5 can be more stably lifted and lowered because the two thread grooves and the two through holes are axisymmetric with the central point of the medicine receiving frame 5, the upper end of the screw 40 penetrates through the base plate 38 and is fixedly connected with a motor shaft of a lifting motor 42 installed on the base plate 38, the lifting and lowering of the medicine receiving frame 5 can be controlled by controlling the rotation of the motor shaft of the lifting motor 42, a corresponding first touch switch 43 is installed on one side of each row of the medicine storage track 2 and on the storage cabinet 1, the first touch switch 43 is electrically connected with the plurality of medicine-feeding electric push rods 31 in the same row, and is also electrically connected with the lifting motor 42, the first touch switch 43 is pressed one by one in the descending process of the medicine receiving frame 5, the descending is stopped for a period of time (for example, after 2 seconds, medicines on the medicine storage track 2 can fall into the medicine receiving frame 5 within two seconds) when the first touch switch 43 is pressed in the descending process of the medicine receiving frame 5, and then the medicine is continuously descended, when medicines which need to be taken out currently exist in the medicine storage track 2 in the same row as the pressed first touch switch 43, the corresponding output rod of the medicine-feeding electric push rod 31 retracts, so that the medicines fall into the medicine receiving frame 5 from the inside of the medicine storage track 2, because the upper side surface of the medicine receiving frame 5 is aligned with the lower end of the current medicine storage track 2, the medicine falling height is low, and the medicines fall onto the medicine receiving conveyor belt 6, the medicine receiving conveying belt 6 is made of rubber and has certain tensioning elasticity through a spring 19 structure, so that the falling impact force of medicines can be greatly reduced, the medicine falling damage can be avoided, when the control module 45 receives a medicine taking signal, the lifting motor 42 can be controlled to drive the screw rod 40 to rotate clockwise to enable the medicine receiving frame 5 to descend, when the medicine receiving frame 5 descends to the lowest point and is extruded to a certain time after the first touch switch 43 positioned at the lowest point (for example, after 5 seconds, the medicines falling in the medicine receiving frame 5 can fall off from the inside of the medicine receiving frame 5 completely), the lifting motor 42 drives the screw rod 40 to rotate anticlockwise to enable the medicine receiving frame 5 to ascend to the highest point to prepare for next medicine taking, the medicine receiving frame 5 is a rectangular frame body with the upper side and the lower side communicated, the medicine receiving conveying belts 6 with the upper part and the lower part are symmetrically arranged in the medicine receiving frame 5, the lower ends of the two medicine receiving conveyor belts 6 can be controlled to be opened and closed to enable medicines to fall down, one ends, far away from each other, of the two medicine receiving conveyor belts 6 are outer ends, when the medicine receiving frame 5 moves to the lowest position, the lower ends of the two medicine receiving conveyor belts 6 can rotate downwards to be separated from each other, so that the medicines can fall down from the inside of the medicine receiving frame 5, the conveying directions of the two medicine receiving conveyor belts 6 are all conveyed from the outer ends to the inner ends, the medicine receiving conveyor belts 6 are electrically connected with a second touch switch 44 arranged on the lower side surface of the medicine receiving frame 5, when the medicine receiving frame 5 moves to the lowest position, the base rod 39 can extrude the second touch switch 44, at the moment, the medicine receiving conveyor belts 6 can be started, the medicines can be well prevented from being retained on the medicine receiving conveyor belts 6 due to friction force and cannot slide down, so that medicine taking fails, the medicine discharging conveyor belts 7 are arranged below the medicine receiving frame 5 and between the two storage cabinets 1, from connecing on 5 inside medicines that drop of medicine frame can fall a medicine conveyer belt 7, go out the one end of medicine conveyer belt 7 and pass through the outside that the opening has on safety cover 4 and extend to safety cover 4, conveyer belt 7 can be carried the outside to safety cover 4 with the medicine that falls on it, makes things convenient for medical personnel to take, install medicine feeding frame 8 that is used for supplementing the medicine on the side of safety cover 4, can supply the medicine to the inside of cabinet 1 through medicine feeding frame 8, medicine feeding frame 8's quantity is the same with the row number of storage medicine track 2 of cabinet 1 inside, and medicine feeding frame 8 can be rather than being located the inside medicine that supplements of a plurality of storage medicine tracks 2 of same row promptly.
Specifically, two ends of the belt shaft of the two medicine receiving conveyor belts 6 close to each other are rotatably connected with connecting rods 9, the upper ends of the two connecting rods 9 at the same end are hinged with corresponding sliding frames 10, the two connecting rods 9 at the same end are respectively connected with the belt shafts of the two medicine receiving conveyor belts 6, the opening and closing of the lower ends of the two medicine receiving conveyor belts 6 can be controlled by controlling the lifting of the sliding frames 10, the sliding frames 10 are slidably connected in sliding grooves 11 formed in the inner side surfaces of the medicine receiving frames 5 and fixedly connected with output rods of medicine placing electric push rods 12 installed in the sliding grooves 11, the medicine placing electric push rods 12 are also electrically connected with second touch switches 44, when the second touch switches 44 are pressed by the base rods 39, the output rods of the medicine placing electric push rods 12 are retracted, so that the sliding frames 10 can drive the connecting rods 9 to move downwards, and then the lower ends of the two medicine receiving conveyor belts 6 are separated from each other (as shown in fig. 6), so that the medicine can smoothly fall down, the output rod of the medicine placing electric push rod 12 can extend again after being retracted for a certain time (for example, after 3 seconds) to enable the lower ends of the two medicine receiving conveyor belts 6 to be closed again so as to prepare for next medicine receiving.
In order to keep the belt body of the medicine receiving conveying belt 6 tight and not affect the transportation, a first fixing rod 15 and a second fixing rod 16 are provided, specifically, annular grooves 13 are formed on two belt shafts of the medicine receiving conveying belt 6, a lantern ring 14 is rotatably connected inside the annular groove 13, the outer diameter of the lantern ring 14 is smaller than the outer diameter of the belt shaft of the medicine receiving conveying belt 6, the transportation of the medicine receiving conveying belt 6 is not affected, the first fixing rod 15 is fixedly connected to one lantern ring 14, the second fixing rod 16 is fixedly connected to the other lantern ring 14, an inserting rod 17 is fixedly connected to one end face of the second fixing rod 16 close to the first fixing rod 15, one end of the inserting rod 17 is inserted into a slot 18 formed in the first fixing rod 15 and is connected with the side wall of the slot 18 through a spring 19, and two ends of the spring 19 are respectively fixedly connected with the side wall of the slot bottom of the slot 18 and the inserting rod 17, spring 19 has the trend that makes first dead lever 15 and second dead lever 16 separate from each other, thereby can make two belt axles of receiving medicine conveyer belt 6 have the trend of separating from each other, then can make the area body that receives medicine conveyer belt 6 keep tight, and first dead lever 15, spring 19 and second dead lever 16's existence lets and receives medicine conveyer belt 6 whole form and has had stability, the both ends of connecting rod 9 all are articulated form in addition, spring 19's setting also lets putting medicine electric putter 12 and stretching out the state, two receive medicine conveyer belts 6 and be located by the near end and receive medicine frame 5 inside when, let two receive and laminate each other between medicine conveyer belt 6, avoid the middle gap medicine that appears and drop, and receive medicine conveyer belt 6 this moment and be the transmission that does not influence the medicine of not changeing.
In order to avoid that when medical staff do not take medicine in time, medicines of two different patients are mixed together, so that the medicines are taken wrongly, the mounting plate 21 and the guide plate 22 are arranged, one end of the medicine outlet conveyor belt 7, which is positioned outside the protective cover 4, is mounted inside the fixing seat 20, the fixing seat 20 is fixedly connected onto the protective cover 4, the mounting plate 21 is symmetrically and fixedly connected onto the inner side wall of the fixing seat 20, the two mounting plates 21 form a funnel shape with a large inside and a small outside, so that the medicines on the medicine outlet conveyor belt 7 can be moved between the two mounting plates 21, one end of the mounting plate 21, which is close to the protective cover 4, is the inner end, the outer end of the mounting plate 21 is hinged with the guide plate 22, the guide plate 22 is driven by the corresponding guide motor 23, the guide motor 23 is mounted on the corresponding mounting plate 21, and the motor shaft of the guide motor 23 rotates to drive the guide plate 22 to rotate, therefore, the angle of the guide plate 22 can be adjusted, the two guide motors 23 are synchronously started and stopped, the two guide plates 22 can rotate by the same angle every time and keep in a parallel state all the time, the guide plate 22 can rotate by the angle adjustment every time before the medicine is conveyed out by the medicine outlet conveyor belt 7, the adjustment range (shown in figure 7) of the guide plate 22 can well shunt the medicines, so that the medicines fall into different containers outside, the medicines of different patients can be prevented from being mixed together, the guide motor 23 is electrically connected with the first touch switch 43 located at the lowest part through the control module 45, and after the first touch switch 43 at the lowest part is extruded, the guide motor 23 can drive the guide plate 22 to rotate according to a program input in the control module 45 in advance, so that the adjustment guide plate 22 can be repeatedly adjusted according to the sequence shown in figure 7.
In order to make the better medicine to going out on the medicine conveyer belt 7 of mounting panel 21 and deflector 22 carry out the water conservancy diversion, guide shaft 26 has been set up, particularly, all opened heavy groove 24 on the medial surface of mounting panel 21 and deflector 22, heavy groove 24 is connected with a plurality of guide shafts 26 through a plurality of installation axle 25 rotations that are equipped with between its both sides cell wall, and the cambered surface of guide shaft 26 is higher than the medial surface of mounting panel 21 and deflector 22, can make the medicine only can contact with guide shaft 26 each other, can make the better by mounting panel 21 and deflector 22 of medicine carry out the water conservancy diversion.
Specifically, the medicine feeding frame 8 comprises a medicine pushing frame 801 in a horizontal state and a medicine placing frame 802 in an inclined state, through holes matched with the medicine pushing frame 801 are formed in the protective cover 4 and the storage cabinet 1, the medicine pushing frame 801 is communicated with the inside of the storage cabinet 1 through the through holes, one end, far away from the medicine pushing frame 801, of the medicine placing frame 802 is higher than the other end of the medicine placing frame 802, medicine placed in the medicine placing frame 802 slides towards the inside of the medicine pushing frame 801, a blocking door 803 is inserted into one end, far away from the medicine pushing frame 801, of the medicine placing frame 802, the blocking door 803 can be directly pulled out when the medicine needs to be supplemented, at the moment, the medicine needing to be supplemented can be placed in the medicine placing frame 802, the blocking door 803 can keep the inside of the medicine placing frame 802 sealed when the medicine placing frame 802 not to enable sundries not to enter the inside of the medicine placing frame 802, a push plate 27 is connected to the inside of the medicine pushing frame 801 in a sliding mode, and the position of the push plate 27 in the medicine pushing frame 801 is controlled by the size of the currently supplemented medicine, that is, the distance between the push plate 27 and the side wall of the through hole close to the medicine placing frame 802 is adapted to the size of the currently supplemented medicine outer box, the medicine pushing conveyor belt 28 is installed on the inner side surface of the push plate 27, the belt body of the medicine pushing conveyor belt 28 is higher than the inner side surface of the push plate 27, so that the medicine outer box only contacts with the medicine pushing conveyor belt 28 and does not contact with the push plate 27, and the medicine can be pushed into the storage cabinet 1 better by the medicine pushing conveyor belt 28, the medicine feeding conveyor belt 29 is installed inside the storage cabinet 1 and at the outer end of the medicine storage track 2, the medicine pushed into the storage cabinet 1 by the medicine pushing conveyor belt 28 moves onto the medicine feeding conveyor belt 29 and is transported to the interior of the storage cabinet 1 continuously by the medicine feeding conveyor belt 29, the push rod 30 for pushing the medicine is installed at the outer end of each medicine storage track 2 and at the outer side wall of the storage cabinet 1, and the push rod 30 is controlled by the medicine feeding electric push rod 31 installed on the storage cabinet 1, an induction probe 46 is arranged on one side of each medicine feeding electric push rod 31 and positioned on the inner side wall of the storage cabinet 1, and the induction probe 46 is electrically connected with the control module 45; the sensing probe 46 can be an ultrasonic sensing probe of MSO-A1640H12T model, and by acquiring distance information and taking out the amount of the medicine before the matching, the sensing probe 46 is in a starting state at ordinary times and can sense the amount of the medicine in the corresponding medicine storage track 2, when the amount of the medicine in the medicine storage track 2 is small, the sensing probe can send a signal to the control module 45, and the control module 45 can send a signal to an operation end (computer) of a medical worker through a network cable after receiving the signal, so that the medical worker can supplement the medicine in time;
medical personnel can input the medicine that will supply in advance on the external computer when replenishing the medicine, control module 45 will make all inductive probe 46 except the inductive probe 46 relative with the medicine of replenishing stop work this moment, later when medicine loading conveyer belt 29 transports the medicine with the corresponding storage medicine track 2 alignment, the medicine will be sensed to corresponding inductive probe 46, inductive probe 46 will carry out telescopic motion once through the output pole of control module 45 control corresponding medicine loading electric putter 31 this moment, thereby can make push rod 30 will with the medicine that stores up medicine track 2 alignment push the inside that stores up medicine track 2, the work of loading can be accomplished to the repeated above-mentioned step of so continuing.
In order to facilitate maintenance of parts inside the medicine pushing frame 801, one end of the medicine pushing frame 801, which is far away from the medicine placing frame, is designed to be in a through form, so that the through opening cannot be communicated with the outside through an opening of the medicine pushing frame 801, and the protection effect of the storage cabinet 1 on protecting medicines is reduced, a partition plate 32 is arranged, specifically, a partition plate 32 is fixedly connected to the outer side surface of the push plate 27, a yielding groove 33 matched with the partition plate 32 is formed in the protective cover 4, the partition plate 32 can be inserted into the yielding groove 33, when the push plate 27 slides, the partition plate 32 can block a gap between the outer side surface of the push plate 27 and the through opening, so that the through opening and the outer side surface of the push plate 27 always keep a sealed state, and the medicines inside the storage cabinet 1 can be well protected.
Specifically, a sliding block 34 is fixedly connected to the outer end face of the pushing plate 27, the sliding block 34 extends into a sliding groove 35 formed in the inner side wall of the upper medicine frame 8 and is fixedly connected with an output rod of a medicine pushing electric push rod 36, the medicine pushing electric push rod 36 is installed inside the sliding groove 35, the position of the pushing plate 27 inside the medicine pushing frame 801 can be controlled by controlling the telescopic length of the output rod of the medicine pushing electric push rod 36, the medicine pushing electric push rod 36 is electrically connected with a control module 45, and the telescopic length of the output rod of the medicine pushing electric push rod 36 can be controlled by the control module 45 according to the size of a medicine outer box for medicine feeding at present.
The control module 45 and the inductive probe 46 are both in the prior art, and are now widely used, so the present invention is not described in detail, for example, the control module 45 may be a raspberry development board.
The drug receiving conveyor belt 6, the drug discharging conveyor belt 7, the drug pushing conveyor belt 28 and the drug loading conveyor belt 29 are respectively driven by a tubular motor 47 installed inside the belt shafts thereof (the installation manner of the tubular motor 47 is shown in fig. 10).
The medicine discharging electric push rod 12, the guiding motor 23, the medicine feeding electric push rod 31, the medicine pushing electric push rod 36, the medicine discharging electric push rod 37, the lifting motor 42, the control module 45, the induction probe 46 and the tubular motor 47 are respectively connected with an external power supply through cables.
The working principle is as follows: when taking medicine, medical staff input the medicine to be taken through an operation end (computer), at the moment, the medicine receiving frame 5 starts to move downwards gradually, the corresponding lifting plate 3 can descend to enable the medicine to fall into the medicine receiving frame 5 when the medicine receiving frame 5 is extruded to the first touch switch 43 which is arranged in the same row with the medicine receiving frame 5, when the medicine receiving frame 5 moves to the lowest end, the lower ends of the two medicine receiving conveyor belts 6 are opened and started, so that the medicine falls onto the medicine discharging conveyor belt 7, and the medicine discharging conveyor belt 7 can move the medicine to the outside of the protection cover 4, so that the medical staff can take the medicine conveniently;
when medicine is loaded, medical staff inputs medicine to be supplemented on a computer, then the medicine can be placed in the medicine placing frame 802, and then the medicine pushing conveyor belt 28, the medicine loading conveyor belt 29 and the push rod 30 are matched with each other to complete medicine loading.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an intelligent medicine storage, medicine-dispensing machine, includes two cabinet (1) that mutual symmetry was put, and two cabinet (1) exits are close to each other, the internally mounted of cabinet (1) has a plurality of medicine tracks (2) that store up, and every lower extreme opening part of storing up medicine track (2) installs lifter plate (3) that are used for controlling out the medicine, safety cover (4), its characterized in that have been cup jointed to the outside of two cabinets (1): but install between two cabinets (1) oscilaltion connect medicine frame (5), and connect medicine frame (5) for the rectangle framework that upper and lower both sides link up, connect the inside symmetry of medicine frame (5) to install outer high interior low connect medicine conveyer belt (6), and two steerable opening and shutting of lower extreme that connect medicine conveyer belt (6) make the medicine fall down, connect the below of medicine frame (5) and be located and install out medicine conveyer belt (7) between two cabinets (1), the one end of going out medicine conveyer belt (7) is passed through the outside that runs through the mouth that has opened on safety cover (4) and is extended to safety cover (4), install last medicine frame (8) that are used for supplementing the medicine on the side of safety cover (4).
2. The intelligent drug storage and dispensing machine of claim 1, wherein: two connect the both ends of the belt axle that medicine conveyer belt (6) are close to each other all to rotate and be connected with connecting rod (9), and the upper end that is located two connecting rods (9) of same end is articulated each other with smooth frame (10) that correspond, smooth frame (10) sliding connection connect in connecing spout (11) that medicine frame (5) medial surface opened have and with install the output pole fixed connection of putting medicine electric putter (12) inside spout (11).
3. The intelligent drug storage and dispensing machine of claim 3, wherein: connect epaxial annular (13) of all opening of two belts of medicine conveyer belt (6), the inside rotation of annular (13) is connected with the lantern ring (14), and the first dead lever of fixedly connected with (15) is gone up in a lantern ring (14), fixedly connected with second dead lever (16) on another lantern ring (14), fixedly connected with inserted bar (17) on second dead lever (16) is close to a terminal surface of first dead lever (15), the one end of inserted bar (17) is inserted and is gone up slot (18) of opening on first dead lever (15) in and through the tank bottom lateral wall interconnect of spring (19) and slot (18).
4. The intelligent drug storage and dispensing machine of claim 1, wherein: go out medicine conveyer belt (7) and be located the outside one end of safety cover (4) and install the inside in fixing base (20), symmetry fixedly connected with mounting panel (21) on the inside wall of fixing base (20), the outer end of mounting panel (21) articulates there is deflector (22), and deflector (22) are driven by the direction motor (23) that corresponds.
5. The intelligent drug storage and dispensing machine of claim 4, wherein: all opened heavy groove (24) on the medial surface of mounting panel (21) and deflector (22), heavy groove (24) are connected with a plurality of guiding axles (26) through a plurality of installation axle (25) rotation that are equipped with between its both sides cell wall.
6. The intelligent drug storage and dispensing machine of claim 5, wherein: the medicine feeding frame (8) comprises a medicine pushing frame (801) in a horizontal state and a medicine placing frame (802) in an inclined state, the protective cover (4) and the storage cabinet (1) are provided with through openings matched with the medicine pushing frame (801), the height of one end of the medicine placing frame (802) far away from the medicine pushing frame (801) is higher than that of the other end, a stop door (803) is inserted into one end of the medicine placing frame (802) far away from the medicine pushing frame (801), a push plate (27) is connected inside the medicine pushing frame (801) in a sliding way, a medicine pushing conveying belt (28) is arranged on the inner side surface of the push plate (27), a medicine feeding conveyor belt (29) is arranged in the storage cabinet (1) and at the outer end of the medicine storage track (2), a push rod (30) for pushing medicines is arranged at the outer end of each medicine storage track (2) and on the outer side wall of the storage cabinet (1), and the push rod (30) is controlled by a medicine feeding electric push rod (31) arranged on the storage cabinet (1).
7. The intelligent drug storage and dispensing machine of claim 6, wherein: fixedly connected with baffle (32) on the lateral surface of push pedal (27), it has groove of stepping down (33) with baffle (32) looks adaptation to open on safety cover (4).
8. The intelligent drug storage and dispensing machine of claim 6, wherein: the outer end face of the push plate (27) is fixedly connected with a sliding block (34), the sliding block (34) extends into a sliding groove (35) formed in the inner side wall of the upper medicine frame (8) and is fixedly connected with an output rod of an electric medicine pushing push rod (36), and the electric medicine pushing push rod (36) is installed inside the sliding groove (35).
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