CN114083100A - Auxiliary fixing equipment for spot welding of electronic element - Google Patents

Auxiliary fixing equipment for spot welding of electronic element Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114083100A
CN114083100A CN202111556448.8A CN202111556448A CN114083100A CN 114083100 A CN114083100 A CN 114083100A CN 202111556448 A CN202111556448 A CN 202111556448A CN 114083100 A CN114083100 A CN 114083100A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
welding
cross beam
clamping
spot welding
plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN202111556448.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN114083100B (en
Inventor
叶春锋
钟开平
李高银
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenzhen Chuangjingrui Electronics Co ltd
Original Assignee
Shenzhen Chuangjingrui Electronics Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Shenzhen Chuangjingrui Electronics Co ltd filed Critical Shenzhen Chuangjingrui Electronics Co ltd
Priority to CN202111556448.8A priority Critical patent/CN114083100B/en
Publication of CN114083100A publication Critical patent/CN114083100A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN114083100B publication Critical patent/CN114083100B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K11/00Resistance welding; Severing by resistance heating
    • B23K11/36Auxiliary equipment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K11/00Resistance welding; Severing by resistance heating
    • B23K11/10Spot welding; Stitch welding
    • B23K11/11Spot welding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K11/00Resistance welding; Severing by resistance heating
    • B23K11/30Features relating to electrodes
    • B23K11/31Electrode holders and actuating devices therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/04Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups for holding or positioning work
    • B23K37/0426Fixtures for other work
    • B23K37/0435Clamps
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K2101/00Articles made by soldering, welding or cutting
    • B23K2101/36Electric or electronic devices
    • B23K2101/42Printed circuits

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of spot welding of electronic elements, in particular to auxiliary fixing equipment for spot welding of electronic elements, which comprises a support frame, wherein a welding mechanism is arranged on the support frame, a limiting mechanism is arranged on the welding mechanism, a plurality of clamping mechanisms are arranged on the welding mechanism, a gas injection mechanism is connected onto the welding mechanism, a control mechanism is arranged on the welding mechanism, a braking mechanism is arranged on the welding mechanism, and a clamping mechanism is connected onto the welding mechanism; through the installation of welding mechanism and support frame, conveniently carry out a plurality of circuit board components and parts weldment work simultaneously to under stop gear's assistance, the operation of conveniently going up unloading has improved efficiency, through welding mechanism's last unloading, makes control mechanism and gas injection mechanism control fixture, centre gripping and slack when realizing unloading on the circuit board, are favorable to welding mechanism brake control under the effect through arrestment mechanism and block mechanism, make things convenient for the support frame to remove and move.

Description

Auxiliary fixing equipment for spot welding of electronic element
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of spot welding of electronic elements, in particular to auxiliary fixing equipment for spot welding of electronic elements.
Background
Spot welding, which is a welding method for forming a welding spot between the contact surfaces of two overlapped workpieces by using a columnar electrode during welding, wherein during spot welding, the workpieces are pressed to be in close contact with each other firstly, then current is switched on, the contact part of the workpieces is melted under the action of resistance heat, the welding spot is formed after cooling, and when components on a circuit board are welded, the welding is carried out by a spot welding machine.
However, traditional electronic component is when with circuit board spot welding, all singly places and welds in spot welding machine bottom, and the back and forth operation is consuming time and is done all can, has reduced welded efficiency to inconvenient fixing when placing the circuit board, going up unloading very loaded down with trivial details, the installation is insecure to cause when welding not hard up production rosin joint phenomenon, influences the follow-up normal work of circuit board.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides auxiliary fixing equipment for spot welding of electronic elements, aiming at the problems in the prior art.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: the utility model provides an electronic component spot welding is with supplementary fixed equipment, includes the support frame, install welding mechanism on the support frame, the last stop gear that installs of welding mechanism, the last a plurality of fixture of installing of welding mechanism, the last gas injection mechanism that is connected with of welding mechanism, the last control mechanism that installs of welding mechanism, the last arrestment mechanism of installing of welding mechanism, the last block mechanism that is connected with of welding mechanism.
Specifically, welding mechanism includes the cylinder, can dismantle the cylinder that is connected with a plurality of equidistance distributions on the support frame, it is a plurality of install the spot welder on the cylinder respectively, fixedly connected with crossbeam on the support frame, the crossbeam is located a plurality of spot welder bottoms, be equipped with on the crossbeam and place the board, it installs the connecting plate, two to place board both ends be connected with two connecting rods between the connecting plate, the connecting rod is "U" font structure, sliding connection has the slide on the crossbeam, the slide both ends respectively with two connecting rod fixed connection, place the board and pass through connecting rod and slide and crossbeam sliding connection, place board bottom side center department and the crossbeam laminating.
Specifically, the support frame is "H" shape structure, the base is installed at the support frame both ends, the base is the trapezium structure, two it is connected with two gyro wheels to rotate respectively on the base.
Specifically, the limiting mechanism comprises clamping grooves, two groups of clamping grooves are arranged on the sliding plate, a group of clamping blocks are arranged on the cross beam and are slidably connected with the inside of the cross beam through abutting springs, guide wheels are rotatably connected on the clamping blocks, a group of clamping blocks extend to the outside of the cross beam and abut against the inside of one group of clamping grooves, two groups of pressing blocks are arranged inside the sliding plate and are slidably connected with the inside of the sliding plate through compression springs, pressing plates are arranged on the two groups of pressing blocks and extend to the inside of the clamping grooves, the pressing plates are slidably connected with the clamping grooves and the sliding plate, the top of each pressing block is of a semicircular structure, a pull rod is slidably connected inside the sliding plate, two groups of pushing blocks are fixedly connected on the pull rod, one side of each pushing block is of an arc structure, one side of each two groups of pushing blocks abuts against the top sides of the two groups of pressing blocks, and the pushing blocks are slidably connected with the inside of the sliding plate, the handle is arranged on the sliding plate and is in sliding connection with the sliding plate through a return spring, and one end of the pull rod is connected with the handle.
Specifically, fixture includes splint, place the splint that install the multiunit symmetric distribution on the board, place the piston that board internally mounted has the multiunit symmetry, the piston passes through expanding spring and places inboard sliding connection, multiunit install the guide arm on the piston respectively, the multiunit guide arm one end extends to places the board outside and multiunit splint one side fixed connection, splint pass through the guide arm and place board sliding connection.
The utility model discloses a safety protection device for leather pads, including splint, leather pads, baffle, guide arm, baffle one end, splint, baffle, the protection pad is installed to the multiunit on the splint, leather pads is installed to one side of splint, leather pads contradicts with placing the inboard of board, install the multiunit locating plate on placing the board, splint are located between two locating plates, the length of splint is less than the distance between two locating plates, install the baffle on the splint, baffle one end with place inboard sliding connection of board, the baffle is located the guide arm top side.
The gas injection mechanism comprises a gas inlet pipe, a gas inlet pipe is connected to one side of the beam through threads, an air inlet groove is formed in the beam, the gas inlet pipe is communicated with the air inlet groove, a seal sleeve is installed at the center of the beam, the seal sleeve is connected with the inner portion of the beam through an extrusion spring in a sliding mode, the air inlet groove is communicated with the seal sleeve, the seal sleeve extends to the outer side of the beam, a guide groove is formed in the center of the inner portion of the placing plate, the guide groove is of a T-shaped structure, the two ends of the guide groove are communicated with one side of a piston through a plurality of connecting grooves, a sealing ring is installed at the center of the inner portion of the placing plate, the guide groove is communicated with the sealing ring, a plurality of three-way sleeves are installed inside the placing plate, the two ends of the three-way sleeves are communicated with a telescopic spring, and the three-way sleeves are communicated with the outer portion of the placing plate through a protective net.
The control mechanism comprises a leather plug, a leather plug is arranged inside the beam, the leather plug is of a cylindrical structure and is connected with the beam through a movable spring in a sliding mode, the leather plug is located inside the air inlet groove, a through groove is formed in the leather plug, a control rod is fixedly connected onto the leather plug and is connected with the beam through the leather plug in a sliding mode, the control rod extends to the outside of the beam, and the top of the control rod is of an arc-shaped structure.
Specifically, arrestment mechanism includes the depression bar, two there is the depression bar base both ends sliding connection respectively, drive spring and the inside sliding connection of base are passed through to depression bar one end, the depression bar is "T" shape structure, and is two sets of install the connecting block on the drive spring, the connecting block is through pressing spring and the inside sliding connection of base, the connecting block extends to the base outside, install the block rubber on the connecting block.
Specifically, block mechanism includes bayonet lock, two base both ends internally mounted has two sets of bayonet locks of symmetry, the bayonet lock passes through control spring and the inside sliding connection of base, the bayonet lock is "L" shape structure, be equipped with the locked groove on the depression bar, bayonet lock one end is contradicted with the depression bar, the drive block is installed to the bayonet lock other end, the drive block passes through bayonet lock and base sliding connection.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
(1) the auxiliary fixing equipment for spot welding of the electronic element, provided by the invention, has the advantages that the welding mechanism and the support frame are installed, so that the welding work of a plurality of circuit board components is convenient, and the feeding and discharging are convenient, namely: be favorable to under the effect through the support frame to a plurality of cylinders and a plurality of spot welder installation, thereby the action through the cylinder control spot welder slides and carries out spot welding work, be favorable to conveniently placing needs welded circuit board and components and parts under the effect through placing the board, under the effect through slide and connecting rod and connecting plate, be favorable to conveniently placing the board and slide on the crossbeam, make things convenient for staff material loading and unloading work, be favorable to placing the stability to support frame and ground under the effect through the base, be favorable to making things convenient for base and ground to remove under the effect through a plurality of gyro wheels, thereby the realization is to moving of support frame, make things convenient for different regions to carry out weldment work.
(2) The auxiliary fixing equipment for spot welding of the electronic element is beneficial to conveniently controlling and limiting the feeding and discharging of the welding mechanism under the action of the limiting mechanism, so that the feeding and discharging and the working are safer and more stable, namely: the clamping limit of a group of clamping blocks and the inside of a group of clamping grooves is realized under the action of an abutting spring, so that a sliding plate cannot slide in the cross beam, a placing plate is positioned at one side of the cross beam, the feeding work of workers is facilitated, after the feeding work, a handle is pulled to break away from the action of a reset spring to drive a pull rod to slide in the sliding plate, the pull rod drives two groups of push blocks to abut against two groups of pressing blocks, the pressing blocks slide under the action of a compression spring, the pressing blocks drive the pressing plates to extend into the clamping grooves to abut against the clamping blocks in one group of clamping grooves, the clamping blocks shrink to relieve the limit under the action of the abutting spring, the sliding plate can slide conveniently under the action of a guide wheel, the placing plate is driven to slide to the center of the cross beam through the sliding of the sliding plate, after the external force is removed, the pull rod and the push blocks reset, and the clamping blocks are favorable for abutting against the inside of the other clamping grooves to be limited, the spot welding machine is convenient to work for welding the circuit board and the elements on the placing plate.
(3) According to the auxiliary fixing equipment for spot welding of the electronic element, the clamping mechanism is controlled by the control mechanism and the gas injection mechanism through the feeding and discharging of the welding mechanism, so that the gas waste is reduced, and the circuit board is clamped and loosened during the feeding and discharging, namely: the clamping plates can slide on the placing plate under the action of the piston and the guide rod, the clamping plates are in an open state under the action of the telescopic spring, a circuit board can be directly placed on the two clamping plates, the circuit board can be clamped and fixed by the clamping plates through the mutual approach of the two clamping plates, the welding work of components and parts is facilitated, the circuit board for clamping is protected under the action of the protective pad, the clamping plates can be prevented from collision when reset by the leather pad, the circuit board can be conveniently positioned and placed under the action of the positioning plate, the welding work is facilitated, gas can enter the sealing sleeve through the communication between the gas inlet pipe and an external pipeline, when the sealing ring is not communicated with the sealing sleeve, the clamping plates do not act, the feeding and discharging work is facilitated, the placing plate can slide to the center of the beam through the sliding of the sliding plate, and sealing washer and seal cover conflict intercommunication, be favorable to inside gaseous entering guide slot, and the effect through a plurality of intercommunication grooves drives the multiunit piston, the piston breaks away from and drives guide arm and splint to the circuit board centre gripping under expanding spring's the effect, make things convenient for weldment work, make the leather plug be located inside the air inlet duct under the effect through movable spring, be favorable to blockking up the air inlet duct, make gaseous unable circulation, reduce gaseous extravagant, when locating the board and slide into crossbeam center department, it can conflict bottom the control lever to place the board, make the control lever drive leather plug break away from gliding under movable spring's the effect, thereby make the air inlet duct make gaseous switching-on under the effect that leads to the groove, the convenience is controlled the splint.
(4) The auxiliary fixing equipment for spot welding of the electronic element is beneficial to brake control of the welding mechanism under the action of the brake mechanism and the clamping mechanism, is convenient for moving and moving the support frame, and is more stable in working, namely: through stepping on the depression bar in proper order, make the depression bar drive spring to the connecting block drive, the connecting block breaks away from and drives the rubber block under extrusion spring's the effect and extends to the base bottom outside and contradict with ground, spacing back under the effect of bayonet lock, thereby make the base can not remove with ground under the effect of gyro wheel, conveniently carry out welding process work, when stepping on through the depression bar and pressing down the gliding, behind the locked groove on the depression bar and the bayonet lock intercommunication, the bayonet lock gets into the locked groove inside spacing under control spring's effect, it can not rise to make the depression bar, be favorable to the base braking, through promoting the drive block, make the drive block drive the bayonet lock drive break away from under control spring's the effect with the inside separation of locked groove, thereby make depression bar and rubber block reset and relieve the braking, make things convenient for the base to move under the effect of gyro wheel and move.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
Fig. 1 is a schematic overall structure diagram of a preferred embodiment of an auxiliary fixing device for spot welding of an electronic component according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of the part A shown in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the cross member, the slide plate and the connecting rod according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of the structure of the portion B shown in FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of the structure of the portion C shown in FIG. 3;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the connecting structure of the clamping plate and the placing plate according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of the structure of the portion D shown in FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged view of the structure of the section E shown in FIG. 6;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the base, the pressing rod and the driving block of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a support frame; 2. a welding mechanism; 201. a base; 202. a cylinder; 203. a spot welder; 204. a cross beam; 205. a connecting plate; 206. a connecting rod; 207. a slide plate; 208. placing the plate; 209. a roller; 3. a limiting mechanism; 301. a handle; 302. a pull rod; 303. a return spring; 304. a push block; 305. briquetting; 306. a compression spring; 307. pressing a plate; 308. a card slot; 309. a clamping block; 310. a guide wheel; 311. against the spring; 4. a clamping mechanism; 401. a splint; 402. a baffle plate; 403. positioning a plate; 404. a protective pad; 405. a guide bar; 406. a leather pad; 407. a piston; 408. a tension spring; 5. a gas injection mechanism; 501. an air inlet pipe; 502. a seal ring; 503. a guide groove; 504. connecting grooves; 505. a three-way sleeve; 506. a protective net; 507. an air inlet groove; 508. sealing sleeves; 509. a compression spring; 6. a control mechanism; 601. a control lever; 602. a through groove; 603. a plug of leather; 604. a movable spring; 7. a brake mechanism; 701. a pressure lever; 702. a drive spring; 703. a pressing spring; 704. connecting blocks; 705. a rubber block; 8. a clamping mechanism; 801. a drive block; 802. a control spring; 803. a bayonet lock; 804. and (4) locking the groove.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1 to 9, the auxiliary fixing device for spot welding of electronic components according to the present invention includes a support frame 1, a welding mechanism 2 is installed on the support frame 1, a limiting mechanism 3 is installed on the welding mechanism 2, a plurality of clamping mechanisms 4 are installed on the welding mechanism 2, a gas injection mechanism 5 is connected to the welding mechanism 2, a control mechanism 6 is installed on the welding mechanism 2, a brake mechanism 7 is installed on the welding mechanism 2, and a clamping mechanism 8 is connected to the welding mechanism 2.
Specifically, the welding mechanism 2 includes an air cylinder 202, the support frame 1 is detachably connected with a plurality of air cylinders 202 distributed at equal intervals, the plurality of air cylinders 202 are respectively provided with a spot welder 203, the support frame 1 is fixedly connected with a beam 204, the beam 204 is positioned at the bottom of the plurality of spot welders 203, the beam 204 is provided with a placing plate 208, two ends of the placing plate 208 are provided with connecting plates 205, two connecting rods 206 are connected between the two connecting plates 205, the connecting rods 206 are in a "u" shape structure, the beam 204 is slidably connected with a sliding plate 207, two ends of the sliding plate 207 are respectively fixedly connected with the two connecting rods 206, the placing plate 208 is slidably connected with the beam 204 through the connecting rods 206 and the sliding plate 207, the center of the bottom side of the placing plate 208 is attached to the beam 204, and the support frame 1 is beneficial to the installation of the plurality of air cylinders 202 and the plurality of spot welders 203, thereby through the action of cylinder 202 control spot welder 203 slides and carries out spot welding work, through place the effect of board 208 and be favorable to conveniently placing needs welded circuit board and components and parts down, through slide 207 with connecting rod 206 and under the effect of connecting plate 205, be favorable to conveniently place board 208 and slide on the crossbeam 204, make things convenient for staff's material loading and unloading work.
Specifically, the support frame 1 is in an H-shaped structure, the bases 201 are mounted at two ends of the support frame 1, the bases 201 are in a trapezoidal structure, the two bases 201 are respectively connected with two rollers 209 in a rotating manner, the support frame 1 and the ground can be stably placed under the action of the bases 201, and the bases 201 and the ground can be conveniently moved under the action of the rollers 209, so that the support frame 1 can be moved, and welding work in different areas can be conveniently carried out.
Specifically, the limiting mechanism 3 includes a clamping groove 308, two sets of clamping grooves 308 are arranged on the sliding plate 207, a set of clamping blocks 309 is arranged on the cross beam 204, the clamping blocks 309 are slidably connected with the inside of the cross beam 204 through abutting springs 311, guide wheels 310 are rotatably connected to the clamping blocks 309, one set of clamping blocks 309 extends to the outside of the cross beam 204 and abuts against the inside of one set of clamping grooves 308, two sets of pressing blocks 305 are arranged inside the sliding plate 207, the pressing blocks 305 are slidably connected with the inside of the sliding plate 207 through compression springs 306, pressing plates 307 are arranged on the two sets of pressing blocks 305, the pressing plates 307 extend to the inside of the clamping grooves 308, the pressing plates 307 are slidably connected with the clamping grooves 308 and the sliding plate 207, the tops of the pressing blocks 305 are in a semicircular structure, a pull rod 302 is slidably connected inside the sliding plate 207, two sets of push blocks 304 are fixedly connected to the pull rod 302, and one side of the push blocks 304 is in an arc structure, one side of each of the two sets of pushing blocks 304 abuts against the top sides of the two sets of pressing blocks 305, the pushing blocks 304 are slidably connected with the inside of the sliding plate 207, the sliding plate 207 is provided with a handle 301, the handle 301 is slidably connected with the sliding plate 207 through a return spring 303, one end of the pull rod 302 is connected with the handle 301, under the action of the abutting spring 311, one set of clamping blocks 309 is clamped and limited with the inside of one set of clamping grooves 308, so that the sliding plate 207 cannot slide in the inside of the cross beam 204, the placing plate 208 is positioned at one side of the cross beam 204, which is beneficial to facilitating the feeding work of a worker, after the feeding, the handle 301 is pulled to enable the handle 301 to escape from the action of the return spring 303 to drive the pull rod 302 to slide in the inside of the sliding plate 207, the pull rod 302 drives the two sets of pushing blocks 304 to abut against the two sets of pressing blocks 305, so that the pressing blocks 305 escape from the action of the compression spring 306 to slide down, the pressing block 305 drives the pressing plate 307, so that the pressing plate 307 extends into the clamping grooves 308 and abuts against the clamping blocks 309 in one group of clamping grooves 308, the clamping blocks 309 are retracted to release the limiting under the action of the abutting springs 311, the sliding plate 207 is convenient to slide under the action of the guide wheels 310, the placing plate 208 is driven to slide to the center of the cross beam 204 through the sliding of the sliding plate 207, after the external force is removed, the pull rod 302 and the push block 304 reset, the clamping blocks 309 can conveniently enter the other clamping grooves 308 to limit under the action of the abutting springs 311, and the spot welding machine 203 can conveniently weld circuit boards and elements on the placing plate 208.
Specifically, the clamping mechanism 4 includes clamping plates 401, a plurality of sets of symmetrically distributed clamping plates 401 are mounted on the placing plate 208, a plurality of sets of symmetrical pistons 407 are mounted inside the placing plate 208, the pistons 407 are slidably connected with the inside of the placing plate 208 through telescopic springs 408, a plurality of sets of guide rods 405 are respectively mounted on the pistons 407, one ends of the plurality of sets of guide rods 405 extend to the outside of the placing plate 208 and are fixedly connected with one side of the plurality of sets of clamping plates 401, the clamping plates 401 are slidably connected with the placing plate 208 through the guide rods 405, the clamping plates 401 can slide on the placing plate 208 under the action of the pistons 407 and the guide rods 405, the clamping plates 401 are in an open state under the action of the telescopic springs 408, a circuit board can be directly placed on the two clamping plates 401, and the two clamping plates 401 are close to each other, so that the clamping plates 401 clamp the circuit board, the welding work of components is facilitated.
Specifically, a plurality of groups of the clamping plates 401 are provided with a protective pad 404, one side of the clamping plate 401 is provided with a leather pad 406, the leather pads 406 are abutted against the inner side of the placing plate 208, a plurality of groups of positioning plates 403 are arranged on the placing plate 208, the clamping plate 401 is located between the two positioning plates 403, the length of the clamping plate 401 is smaller than the distance between the two positioning plates 403, a baffle plate 402 is arranged on the clamping plate 401, one end of the baffle plate 402 is connected with the inner side of the placing plate 208 in a sliding way, the baffle plate 402 is positioned at the top side of the guide rod 405, the protective pad 404 can protect the clamped circuit board, the leather pad 406 can help to prevent the clamping plate 401 from being collided when the clamping plate is reset, the positioning plate 403 is beneficial to positioning and placing the circuit board conveniently, welding work is convenient to be carried out, the guide rod 405 is protected by the baffle 402.
Specifically, the gas injection mechanism 5 includes a gas inlet pipe 501, the gas inlet pipe 501 is connected to one side of the cross beam 204 through a thread, a gas inlet groove 507 is formed in the cross beam 204, the gas inlet pipe 501 is communicated with the gas inlet groove 507, a sealing sleeve 508 is installed at the center of the cross beam 204, the sealing sleeve 508 is connected with the inside of the cross beam 204 through an extrusion spring 509 in a sliding manner, the gas inlet groove 507 is communicated with the sealing sleeve 508, the sealing sleeve 508 extends to the outside of the cross beam 204, a guide groove 503 is formed in the center of the inside of the placement plate 208, the guide groove 503 is of a "T" shaped structure, two ends of the guide groove 503 are communicated with one side of the piston 407 through a plurality of connection grooves 504, a sealing ring 502 is installed at the center of the inside of the placement plate 208, the guide groove 503 is communicated with the sealing ring 502, a plurality of three-way sleeves 505 are installed in the inside of the placement plate 208, two ends of the three-way sleeves 505 are communicated with the expansion springs 408, the three-way sleeves 505 are communicated with the outside of the placement plate 208 through a protection net 506, through the communication of intake pipe 501 and outside pipeline, make gas can get into inside the seal cover 508, when sealing washer 502 with seal cover 508 does not have the intercommunication, splint 401 does not have the action, conveniently goes up unloading work, through the slip of slide 207, makes place board 208 slide to crossbeam 204 center department, and sealing washer 502 with seal cover 508 contradicts the intercommunication, be favorable to gas to get into inside guide slot 503, and through a plurality of the effect of intercommunication groove 602 is to the multiunit piston 407 drives, piston 407 breaks away from drive under the effect of expanding spring 408 guide arm 405 with splint 401 is to the circuit board centre gripping, make things convenient for welding work, through be favorable to under the effect of three-way cover 505 when piston 407 slides, make things convenient for gas to discharge and inhale, ensure piston 407 slides in a flexible way.
Specifically, the control mechanism 6 includes a leather plug 603, a leather plug 603 is installed inside the cross beam 204, the leather plug 603 is of a cylindrical structure, the leather plug 603 is slidably connected with the inside of the cross beam 204 through a movable spring 604, the leather plug 603 is located inside an air inlet groove 507, a through groove 602 is formed in the leather plug 603, a control rod 601 is fixedly connected to the leather plug 603, the control rod 601 is slidably connected with the inside of the cross beam 204 through the leather plug 603, the control rod 601 extends to the outside of the cross beam 204, the top of the control rod 601 is of an arc-shaped structure, the leather plug 603 is located inside the air inlet groove 507 under the action of the movable spring 604, so that the air inlet groove 507 is blocked, gas cannot flow, and waste of gas is reduced, when the placing plate 208 slides into the center of the cross beam 204, the placing plate 208 can face the bottom of the control rod 601, so that the control rod 601 drives the leather plug 603 to slip under the action of the movable spring 604, therefore, the air inlet grooves 507 are communicated with air under the action of the through grooves 602, and the clamping plate 401 is convenient to control.
Specifically, the braking mechanism 7 includes pressure levers 701, two ends of the two bases 201 are respectively connected with the pressure levers 701 in a sliding manner, one end of each pressure lever 701 is connected with the inside of the base 201 in a sliding manner through a driving spring 702, the pressure levers 701 are in a "T" shaped structure, two groups of driving springs 702 are provided with connecting blocks 704, the connecting blocks 704 are connected with the inside of the base 201 in a sliding manner through pressing springs 703, the connecting blocks 704 extend to the outside of the base 201, the connecting blocks 704 are provided with rubber blocks 705, the pressure levers 701 drive the driving springs 702 to drive the connecting blocks 704 by sequentially stepping on the pressure levers 701, the connecting blocks 704 get rid of the effect of the pressing springs 509 to drive the rubber blocks 705 to extend to the outside of the bottom of the base 201 to abut against the ground, and after the limit is performed by the clamping pins 803, the base 201 cannot move with the ground under the effect of the rollers 209, the welding processing work is convenient to carry out.
Specifically, the clamping mechanism 8 includes two clamping pins 803, two sets of symmetrical clamping pins 803 are installed inside two ends of the base 201, the clamping pins 803 are slidably connected with the inside of the base 201 through a control spring 802, the clamping pins 803 are in an "L" shaped structure, a locking groove 804 is arranged on the pressure lever 701, one end of each clamping pin 803 abuts against the pressure lever 701, a driving block 801 is installed at the other end of each clamping pin 803, the driving block 801 is slidably connected with the base 201 through the clamping pins 803, when the pressure lever 701 is pressed to slide downwards, after the locking groove 804 on the pressure lever 701 is communicated with the clamping pin 803, the clamping pins 803 enter the locking groove 804 under the action of the control spring 802 to limit the position, so that the pressure lever 701 cannot rise, the base 201 is braked, and by pushing the driving block 801, the driving block 801 drives the clamping pins 803 to break away from the inside of the locking grooves 804 under the action of the control spring 802, therefore, the pressure lever 701 and the rubber block 705 are reset to release braking, and the base 201 is convenient to move under the action of the roller 209.
When the welding device is used, firstly, the base 201 is beneficial to stably placing the support frame 1 and the ground, the rollers 209 are beneficial to conveniently moving the base 201 and the ground, so that the support frame 1 is moved, the support frame 1 is beneficial to installing the cylinders 202 and the spot welding machines 203, the spot welding machines 203 are controlled to slide to perform spot welding work through the action of the cylinders 202, the circuit boards and components needing to be welded are convenient to place through the placing plate 208, the placing plate 208 is beneficial to sliding on the cross beam 204 through the action of the sliding plate 207, the connecting rod 206 and the connecting plate 205, so that the feeding and blanking work of workers are convenient, the clamping blocks 309 and the clamping grooves 308 are clamped and limited under the action of the abutting springs 311, the sliding plate 207 cannot slide in the cross beam 204, and the placing plate 208 is positioned at one side of the cross beam 204, after the feeding operation is facilitated, the handle 301 is pulled to enable the handle 301 to get rid of the action of the return spring 303 to drive the pull rod 302 to slide in the sliding plate 207, the pull rod 302 drives the two pushing blocks 304 to abut against the two pressing blocks 305, the pressing blocks 305 are enabled to slip under the action of the compression spring 306, the pressing blocks 305 drive the pressing plate 307, the pressing plate 307 extends into the clamping grooves 308 to abut against the clamping blocks 309 in one clamping groove 308, the clamping blocks 309 get rid of the action of the abutment spring 311 to shrink and relieve the limitation, the sliding plate 207 is facilitated to slide under the action of the guide wheel 310, the placing plate 208 is driven to slide to the center of the cross beam 204 through the sliding of the sliding plate 207, after the external force is removed, the pull rod 302 and the pushing block 304 reset, the clamping blocks 309 are facilitated to enter into the other clamping grooves 308 to limit, and the spot welding machine 203 is facilitated to weld circuit boards and elements on the placing plate 208, the clamping plates 401 can slide on the placing plate 208 under the action of the piston 407 and the guide rod 405, the clamping plates 401 are in an open state under the action of the telescopic spring 408, the circuit boards can be directly placed on the two clamping plates 401, the clamping plates 401 can clamp and fix the circuit boards through the mutual approach of the two clamping plates 401, the welding work of components and parts is facilitated, the protection effect on the clamped circuit boards is achieved under the action of the protection pad 404, the anti-collision effect during the resetting of the clamping plates 401 is facilitated under the action of the leather pad 406, the positioning and the placement of the circuit boards are facilitated under the action of the positioning plate 403, the welding work is facilitated, the gas can enter the sealing sleeve 508 through the communication between the gas inlet pipe 501 and an external pipeline, when the sealing ring 502 is not communicated with the sealing sleeve 508, the clamping plates 401 do not move, the loading and unloading work is facilitated, and the sliding of the sliding plate 207, the placing plate 208 slides to the center of the beam 204, the sealing ring 502 is in abutting communication with the sealing sleeve 508, which is beneficial for gas to enter the guide groove 503, and the plurality of groups of pistons 407 are driven by the action of the plurality of communicating grooves 602, the pistons 407 get rid of the action of the expanding spring 408 to drive the guide rod 405 and the clamping plate 401 to clamp the circuit board, which is convenient for welding work, the leather plug 603 is positioned inside the air inlet groove 507 under the action of the movable spring 604, which is beneficial for blocking the air inlet groove 507, so that the gas can not circulate, thereby reducing the waste of the gas, when the placing plate 208 slides to the center of the beam 204, the placing plate 208 abuts against the bottom of the control rod 601, so that the control rod 601 drives the leather plug 603 to slide downwards under the action of the movable spring 604, thereby the air inlet groove 507 conducts the gas under the action of the through grooves 602, which is convenient for controlling the clamping plate 401, the compression rod 701 is sequentially pressed, so that the compression rod 701 drives the driving spring 702 to drive the connecting block 704, the connecting block 704 breaks away from the action of the extrusion spring 509 to drive the rubber block 705 to extend to the outer side of the bottom of the base 201 to abut against the ground, and after the limit is performed under the action of the bayonet 803, the base 201 cannot move with the ground under the action of the roller 209, so that the welding processing work is convenient to perform.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (10)

1. The auxiliary fixing equipment for spot welding of the electronic element is characterized by comprising a support frame (1), wherein a welding mechanism (2) is installed on the support frame (1), a limiting mechanism (3) is installed on the welding mechanism (2), a plurality of clamping mechanisms (4) are installed on the welding mechanism (2), a gas injection mechanism (5) is connected to the welding mechanism (2), a control mechanism (6) is installed on the welding mechanism (2), a braking mechanism (7) is installed on the welding mechanism (2), and a clamping mechanism (8) is connected to the welding mechanism (2);
the welding mechanism (2) comprises air cylinders (202), the support frame (1) is detachably connected with a plurality of air cylinders (202) which are distributed at equal intervals, the air cylinders (202) are respectively provided with spot welding machines (203), the support frame (1) is fixedly connected with a cross beam (204), the cross beam (204) is positioned at the bottoms of the spot welding machines (203), the cross beam (204) is provided with a placing plate (208), two ends of the placing plate (208) are provided with connecting plates (205), two connecting rods (206) are connected between the two connecting plates (205), the connecting rods (206) are of a U-shaped structure, the cross beam (204) is slidably connected with a sliding plate (207), two ends of the sliding plate (207) are respectively fixedly connected with the two connecting rods (206), and the placing plate (208) is slidably connected with the cross beam (204) through the connecting rods (206) and the sliding plate (207), the center of the bottom side of the placing plate (208) is attached to the cross beam (204).
2. An auxiliary fixture for spot welding of electronic parts according to claim 1, wherein: the support frame (1) is of an H-shaped structure, the bases (201) are installed at two ends of the support frame (1), the bases (201) are of a trapezoidal structure, and the bases (201) are respectively connected with two rollers (209) in a rotating mode.
3. An auxiliary fixture for spot welding of electronic parts according to claim 1, wherein: the limiting mechanism (3) comprises clamping grooves (308), two groups of clamping grooves (308) are formed in the sliding plate (207), a group of clamping blocks (309) are installed on the cross beam (204), the clamping blocks (309) are connected with the inside of the cross beam (204) in a sliding mode through abutting springs (311), guide wheels (310) are connected to the clamping blocks (309) in a rotating mode, one group of clamping blocks (309) extend to the outside of the cross beam (204) to abut against the inside of one group of clamping grooves (308), two groups of pressing blocks (305) are installed in the sliding plate (207) in a sliding mode, the pressing blocks (305) are connected with the inside of the sliding plate (207) in a sliding mode through compression springs (306), pressing plates (307) are installed on the two groups of pressing blocks (305), the pressing plates (307) extend to the inside of the clamping grooves (308), the pressing plates (307) are connected with the clamping grooves (308) and the sliding plate (207) in a sliding mode, and the tops of the pressing blocks (305) are of semicircular structures, slide (207) inside sliding connection has pull rod (302), two sets of ejector pad (304) of fixedly connected with on pull rod (302), ejector pad (304) one side is the arc structure, and is two sets of ejector pad (304) one side is contradicted with two sets of briquetting (305) top sides, ejector pad (304) and slide (207) inside sliding connection.
4. An auxiliary fixture for spot welding of electronic parts according to claim 3, wherein: install handle (301) on slide (207), handle (301) are through reset spring (303) and slide (207) sliding connection, pull rod (302) one end is connected with handle (301).
5. An auxiliary fixture for spot welding of electronic parts according to claim 1, wherein: fixture (4) are including splint (401), place splint (401) of installing multiunit symmetric distribution on board (208), place board (208) internally mounted has piston (407) of multiunit symmetry, piston (407) through expanding spring (408) with place board (208) inside sliding connection, multiunit install guide arm (405) on piston (407) respectively, multiunit guide arm (405) one end extends to and places board (208) outside and multiunit splint (401) one side fixed connection, splint (401) through guide arm (405) with place board (208) sliding connection.
6. An auxiliary fixture for spot welding of electronic parts according to claim 5, wherein: the protection pad (404) is installed to the multiunit on splint (401), leather mat (406) are installed to one side of splint (401), leather mat (406) with place board (208) inboard conflict, place and install multiunit locating plate (403) on board (208), splint (401) are located between two locating plates (403), the length of splint (401) is less than the distance between two locating plates (403), install baffle (402) on splint (401), baffle (402) one end with place inboard sliding connection of board (208), baffle (402) are located guide arm (405) top side.
7. An auxiliary fixture for spot welding of electronic parts according to claim 5, wherein: the gas injection mechanism (5) comprises a gas inlet pipe (501), one side of a cross beam (204) is in threaded connection with the gas inlet pipe (501), a gas inlet groove (507) is formed in the cross beam (204), the gas inlet pipe (501) is communicated with the gas inlet groove (507), a sealing sleeve (508) is installed at the center of the cross beam (204), the sealing sleeve (508) is in sliding connection with the inside of the cross beam (204) through an extrusion spring (509), the gas inlet groove (507) is communicated with the sealing sleeve (508), the sealing sleeve (508) extends to the outer side of the cross beam (204), a guide groove (503) is formed in the center of the inside of a placement plate (208), the guide groove (503) is of a T-shaped structure, two ends of the guide groove (503) are communicated with one side of a piston (407) through a plurality of connection grooves (504), a sealing ring (502) is installed at the center of the inside of the placement plate (208), and the guide groove (503) is communicated with the sealing ring (502), a plurality of tee sleeves (505) are mounted inside the placing plate (208), two ends of each tee sleeve (505) are communicated with the telescopic springs (408), and the tee sleeves (505) are communicated with the outside of the placing plate (208) through a protective net (506).
8. An auxiliary fixture for spot welding of electronic parts according to claim 7, wherein: control mechanism (6) include leather plug (603), crossbeam (204) internally mounted has leather plug (603), leather plug (603) are cylindrical structure, leather plug (603) are through movable spring (604) and crossbeam (204) inside sliding connection, leather plug (603) are located inside air inlet duct (507), be equipped with logical groove (602) on leather plug (603), fixedly connected with control lever (601) on leather plug (603), control lever (601) are through leather plug (603) and crossbeam (204) inside sliding connection, control lever (601) extend to crossbeam (204) outside, control lever (601) top is the arc structure.
9. An auxiliary fixture for spot welding of electronic parts according to claim 2, wherein: brake mechanism (7) are including depression bar (701), two base (201) both ends sliding connection respectively has depression bar (701), drive spring (702) and the inside sliding connection of base (201) are passed through to depression bar (701) one end, depression bar (701) are "T" shape structure, and are two sets of install connecting block (704) on drive spring (702), connecting block (704) are through pressing spring (703) and the inside sliding connection of base (201), connecting block (704) extend to base (201) outside, install rubber block (705) on connecting block (704).
10. An auxiliary fixture for spot welding of electronic parts according to claim 9, wherein: block mechanism (8) include bayonet lock (803), two base (201) both ends internally mounted has two sets of bayonet lock (803) of symmetry, bayonet lock (803) are through control spring (802) and the inside sliding connection of base (201), bayonet lock (803) are "L" shape structure, be equipped with locked groove (804) on depression bar (701), bayonet lock (803) one end is contradicted with depression bar (701), drive block (801) is installed to bayonet lock (803) other end, drive block (801) are through bayonet lock (803) and base (201) sliding connection.
CN202111556448.8A 2021-12-17 2021-12-17 Auxiliary fixing equipment for spot welding of electronic element Active CN114083100B (en)

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CN113370192A (en) * 2021-08-12 2021-09-10 江苏盛世盈泰智能设备科技有限公司 Clamping manipulator for production and processing of automobile parts
CN113458677A (en) * 2021-09-06 2021-10-01 徐州振海工程机械有限公司 Part welding equipment for mining machinery
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WO2017080041A1 (en) * 2015-11-13 2017-05-18 苏州诚亭自动化设备有限公司 Automatic device for welding small workpiece
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