CN114054210A - Electrostatic dust collector - Google Patents

Electrostatic dust collector Download PDF

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Publication number
CN114054210A
CN114054210A CN202210054339.4A CN202210054339A CN114054210A CN 114054210 A CN114054210 A CN 114054210A CN 202210054339 A CN202210054339 A CN 202210054339A CN 114054210 A CN114054210 A CN 114054210A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
ash bucket
rotating arm
reduction gearbox
scraper
electrostatic precipitator
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN202210054339.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN114054210B (en
Inventor
王进轩
王怀成
任杰
金润涛
吴艳霞
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
XUANHUA METALLURGICAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (INSTALLATION) CO LTD
Original Assignee
XUANHUA METALLURGICAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (INSTALLATION) CO LTD
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by XUANHUA METALLURGICAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (INSTALLATION) CO LTD filed Critical XUANHUA METALLURGICAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT MANUFACTURING (INSTALLATION) CO LTD
Priority to CN202210054339.4A priority Critical patent/CN114054210B/en
Publication of CN114054210A publication Critical patent/CN114054210A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN114054210B publication Critical patent/CN114054210B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C3/00Separating dispersed particles from gases or vapour, e.g. air, by electrostatic effect
    • B03C3/34Constructional details or accessories or operation thereof
    • B03C3/88Cleaning-out collected particles

Abstract

The invention discloses an electrostatic dust collector which comprises a dust collector body, a supporting frame and an ash bucket, wherein the dust collector body is arranged on the supporting frame, and the ash bucket is arranged at the lower end of the dust collector body; the ash bucket is internally provided with a reduction gearbox through a reduction gearbox mounting rack, the right side of the reduction gearbox is connected with a motor through a transmission shaft, the lower end of the reduction gearbox is provided with a rotating shaft, a rotating arm is arranged on the rotating shaft, the outer side end of the rotating arm is provided with a scraper, and the scraper is matched with the inner wall of an ash bucket shell of the ash bucket. The electrostatic dust collector has a simple structure and practical functions, and effectively solves the problems that the prior electrostatic dust collector is easy to cause untimely ash bucket unloading in the use process and dust adheres to the inner wall of the ash bucket and even agglomerates after long-time use.

Description

Electrostatic dust collector
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of electrostatic dust collectors, in particular to an electrostatic dust collector.
Background
The dust remover is a flue gas purification and dust removal device for treating industrial flue gas dust, is mainly used for removing pollution harmful substances such as particle dust, smelting escaped substances, aerosol and the like in dust-containing bodies, is an effective device for treating atmospheric dust pollution, and can play a certain positive role in treating haze weather.
However, the problems that the ash bucket is untimely to unload materials and the inner wall of the ash bucket is adhered with dust and even caked after long-time use easily occur in the use process of the existing electrostatic precipitator. Therefore, how to develop an electrostatic dust collector convenient for discharging becomes a problem to be solved by the technical personnel in the field.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an electrostatic precipitator, which solves the problems that the prior electrostatic precipitator is easy to cause untimely ash bucket unloading and dust adhesion and even agglomeration on the inner wall of an ash bucket after long-time use.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the invention discloses an electrostatic dust collector which comprises a dust collector body, a supporting frame and an ash bucket, wherein the dust collector body is arranged on the supporting frame, and the ash bucket is arranged at the lower end of the dust collector body; a reduction gearbox is arranged in the ash bucket through a reduction gearbox mounting rack, the right side of the reduction gearbox is connected with a motor through a transmission shaft, a rotating shaft is arranged at the lower end of the reduction gearbox, a rotating arm is arranged on the rotating shaft, a scraper is arranged at the outer side end of the rotating arm, and the scraper is matched with the inner wall of an ash bucket shell of the ash bucket; a rotating arm mounting frame is arranged on the rotating shaft, the rotating arm mounting frame is hinged with the inner side end of the rotating arm, and the outer side end of the rotating arm is hinged with the scraper; the rotating arm at the uppermost end is connected with the rotating shaft through a spring; the uppermost end the swivel arm below sets up travel switch mounting bracket, be provided with on the travel switch mounting bracket with swivel arm complex travel switch.
Further, the scraper blade and the rotating arm are detachably connected through a bolt.
Furthermore, a plurality of hollow parts are arranged on the speed reduction box mounting frame.
Further, the travel switch mounting frame is welded to the rotating shaft.
Further, the motor is arranged on the supporting leg of the supporting frame.
Furthermore, the transmission shaft penetrates through the ash bucket shell and then is connected with the motor, and a shaft seal is arranged between the transmission shaft and the ash bucket shell.
Furthermore, an access door is arranged on the ash bucket shell and is hinged with the supporting legs of the supporting frame through an access door mounting arm.
Furthermore, a conical air guide sleeve is arranged at the upper end of the reduction gearbox.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial technical effects that:
the electrostatic dust collector effectively removes dust adhered to the inner wall of the ash bucket by arranging the scraper driven by the rotating shaft and the rotating arm in the ash bucket; according to the electrostatic dust collector, the access door is arranged on the ash bucket, so that the maintenance of equipment such as a scraper plate and a rotating shaft in the ash bucket can be quickly and conveniently completed; the rotating shaft of the electrostatic dust collector is connected with the rotating arm hinged with the rotating shaft through the spring, the matching of the scraper and the inner wall of the ash bucket shell is ensured through the centrifugal force generated when the rotating arm rotates, the travel switch used for detecting whether the rotating arm is unfolded in place under the action of the centrifugal force is arranged below the rotating arm at the uppermost end, and when the rotating arm is static, the rotating arm is folded upwards under the action of the spring, so that dust above the rotating arm slides down, and the dust is prevented from being accumulated at the upper end of the rotating arm. In general, the electrostatic dust collector has a simple structure and practical functions, and effectively solves the problems that the prior electrostatic dust collector is easy to cause untimely ash bucket discharging and dust is adhered to the inner wall of the ash bucket and even cakes after long-time use.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated by the following description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
FIG. 1 is a front view of an electrostatic precipitator of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the ash hopper structure (example 1);
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the ash hopper structure (example 2);
FIG. 4 is a top view of the gearbox mounting bracket;
FIG. 5 is a top view of a swivel arm mount;
fig. 6 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 3.
Description of reference numerals: 1. a dust collector body; 2. a support frame; 201. a support leg; 3. an ash hopper; 301. an ash bucket housing; 302. an electric motor; 303. a drive shaft; 304. a reduction gearbox; 305. a pod; 306. a rotating shaft; 307. a reduction gearbox mounting rack; 308. a rotating arm mounting frame; 309. a rotating arm; 310. a squeegee; 311. a spring; 312. a travel switch mounting bracket; 313. an access door; 314. an access door mounting arm; 315. a travel switch.
Detailed Description
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 4, an electrostatic precipitator includes a precipitator body 1, a supporting frame 2 and an ash bucket 3.
The dust remover body 1 is arranged on the supporting frame 2, and the lower end of the dust remover body 1 is provided with an ash bucket 3. The left end of the dust remover body 1 is an air inlet, and the right end of the dust remover body 1 is an air outlet.
The ash bucket 3 is internally provided with a reduction gearbox 304 through a reduction gearbox mounting rack 307. The reduction gearbox mounting frame 307 is provided with a plurality of hollow parts. Preventing dust from accumulating on the gearbox mounting bracket 307. The reduction gearbox mounting bracket 307 is formed by welding reinforcing steel bars with circular cross sections.
The upper end of the reduction box 304 is provided with a conical air guide sleeve 305. Preventing dust from accumulating on the reduction gear box 304.
The right side of the reduction box 304 is connected with the motor 302 through a transmission shaft 303. The motor 302 is arranged on the leg 201 of the support frame 2. The transmission shaft 303 penetrates through the ash bucket housing 301 and then is connected with the motor 302, and a shaft seal is arranged between the transmission shaft 303 and the ash bucket housing 301. Prevent the dust in the ash bucket shell 301 from accidentally spilling out through the matching part of the transmission shaft 303, and affecting the sanitation of the working environment.
The lower end of the reduction gearbox 304 is provided with a rotating shaft 306, the rotating shaft 306 is provided with rotating arms 309, the specific number of the rotating arms 309 is 2, the outer side end of each rotating arm 309 is provided with a scraper 310, and the scrapers 310 are matched with the inner wall of the ash bucket shell 301 of the ash bucket 3. The inclination angle of the scraper 310 is the same as the inclination angle of the inner wall of the ash bucket shell 301.
The scraper 310 and the rotating arm 309 are detachably connected through a bolt, so that the scraper 310 can be replaced conveniently.
An access door 313 is arranged on the ash bucket shell 301, and the access door 313 is hinged with the supporting leg 201 of the supporting frame 2 through an access door mounting arm 314.
The action process of the embodiment is as follows:
the motor 302 drives the rotating shaft 306 to rotate through the transmission shaft 303 and the reduction gearbox 304, and the rotating shaft 306 drives the scraper 310 to rotate through the rotating arm 309, so that the inner wall of the ash bucket shell 301 is cleaned.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 1, 3, 4, 5 and 6, an electrostatic precipitator includes a precipitator body 1, a support frame 2 and an ash bucket 3.
The dust remover body 1 is arranged on the supporting frame 2, and the lower end of the dust remover body 1 is provided with an ash bucket 3. The left end of the dust remover body 1 is an air inlet, and the right end of the dust remover body 1 is an air outlet.
The ash bucket 3 is internally provided with a reduction gearbox 304 through a reduction gearbox mounting rack 307. The reduction gearbox mounting frame 307 is provided with a plurality of hollow parts. Preventing dust from accumulating on the gearbox mounting bracket 307. The reduction gearbox mounting bracket 307 is formed by welding reinforcing steel bars with circular cross sections.
The upper end of the reduction box 304 is provided with a conical air guide sleeve 305. Preventing dust from accumulating on the reduction gear box 304.
The right side of the reduction box 304 is connected with the motor 302 through a transmission shaft 303. The motor 302 is arranged on the leg 201 of the support frame 2. The transmission shaft 303 penetrates through the ash bucket housing 301 and then is connected with the motor 302, and a shaft seal is arranged between the transmission shaft 303 and the ash bucket housing 301. Prevent the dust in the ash bucket shell 301 from accidentally spilling out through the matching part of the transmission shaft 303, and affecting the sanitation of the working environment.
The lower end of the reduction gearbox 304 is provided with a rotating shaft 306, the rotating shaft 306 is provided with a rotating arm 309, the outer side end of the rotating arm 309 is provided with a scraper 310, and the scraper 310 is matched with the inner wall of the ash bucket shell 301 of the ash bucket 3.
A rotating arm mounting frame 308 is arranged on the rotating shaft 306, the rotating arm mounting frame 308 is hinged to the inner side end of the rotating arm 309, and the outer side end of the rotating arm 309 is hinged to the scraper 310. The concrete quantity of swinging boom 309 is 2, and when 2 swinging boom 309 was the horizontality, the inclination of scraper blade 310 was the same with the inclination of ash bucket casing 301 inner wall.
The uppermost rotating arm 309 is connected to the rotating shaft 306 by a spring 311.
A travel switch mounting frame 312 is arranged below the uppermost rotating arm 309, and a travel switch 315 matched with the rotating arm 309 is arranged on the travel switch mounting frame 312. The travel switch 315 can be triggered when the rotating arm 309 is in equilibrium under centrifugal force.
The travel switch mounting bracket 312 is welded to the rotating shaft 306.
An access door 313 is arranged on the ash bucket shell 301, and the access door 313 is hinged with the supporting leg 201 of the supporting frame 2 through an access door mounting arm 314.
The action process of the embodiment is as follows:
in a static state: the pivot arm 309 folds upwards under the tension of the spring 311.
Under the action of rotation: the motor 302 drives the rotating shaft 306 to rotate through the transmission shaft 303 and the reduction gearbox 304, the rotating shaft 306 drives the scraper blade 310 to rotate through the rotating arm 309, and the rotating arm 309 drives the scraper blade 310 to expand outwards under the action of centrifugal force to clean the inner wall of the ash bucket shell 301.
After the rotating arm 309 is unfolded in place under the action of centrifugal force, the travel switch 315 is triggered, and the travel switch 315 is electrically connected with the device for displaying the running state of the device.
The above-described embodiments are merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and do not limit the scope of the present invention, and various modifications and improvements of the technical solutions of the present invention can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit of the present invention, and the technical solutions of the present invention are within the scope of the present invention defined by the claims.

Claims (8)

1. An electrostatic precipitator, characterized in that: the dust remover comprises a dust remover body (1), a support frame (2) and an ash bucket (3), wherein the dust remover body (1) is arranged on the support frame (2), and the ash bucket (3) is arranged at the lower end of the dust remover body (1); a reduction gearbox (304) is arranged in the ash bucket (3) through a reduction gearbox mounting frame (307), the right side of the reduction gearbox (304) is connected with the motor (302) through a transmission shaft (303), a rotating shaft (306) is arranged at the lower end of the reduction gearbox (304), a rotating arm (309) is arranged on the rotating shaft (306), a scraper (310) is arranged at the outer side end of the rotating arm (309), and the scraper (310) is matched with the inner wall of an ash bucket shell (301) of the ash bucket (3);
a rotating arm mounting rack (308) is arranged on the rotating shaft (306), the rotating arm mounting rack (308) is hinged with the inner side end of the rotating arm (309), and the outer side end of the rotating arm (309) is hinged with the scraper (310); the uppermost rotating arm (309) is connected with the rotating shaft (306) through a spring (311);
the topmost the swinging boom (309) below sets up travel switch mounting bracket (312), be provided with on travel switch mounting bracket (312) with swinging boom (309) complex travel switch (315).
2. An electrostatic precipitator according to claim 1, wherein: the scraper (310) and the rotating arm (309) are detachably connected through a bolt.
3. An electrostatic precipitator according to claim 1, wherein: the reduction gearbox mounting frame (307) is provided with a plurality of hollow parts.
4. An electrostatic precipitator according to claim 1, wherein: the travel switch mounting bracket (312) is welded to the rotating shaft (306).
5. An electrostatic precipitator according to claim 1, wherein: the motor (302) is arranged on the support leg (201) of the support frame (2).
6. An electrostatic precipitator according to claim 1, wherein: the transmission shaft (303) penetrates through the ash bucket shell (301) and then is connected with the motor (302), and a shaft seal is arranged between the transmission shaft (303) and the ash bucket shell (301).
7. An electrostatic precipitator according to claim 1, wherein: be provided with access door (313) on ash bucket casing (301), access door (313) through access door installation arm (314) with landing leg (201) of support frame (2) are articulated.
8. An electrostatic precipitator according to claim 1, wherein: the upper end of the reduction gearbox (304) is provided with a conical air guide sleeve (305).
CN202210054339.4A 2022-01-18 2022-01-18 Electrostatic dust collector Active CN114054210B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210054339.4A CN114054210B (en) 2022-01-18 2022-01-18 Electrostatic dust collector

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202210054339.4A CN114054210B (en) 2022-01-18 2022-01-18 Electrostatic dust collector

Publications (2)

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CN114054210A true CN114054210A (en) 2022-02-18
CN114054210B CN114054210B (en) 2022-04-26

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202210054339.4A Active CN114054210B (en) 2022-01-18 2022-01-18 Electrostatic dust collector

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN114054210B (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102363090A (en) * 2011-09-16 2012-02-29 中冶南方工程技术有限公司 Automatic control method for small-sized bag type dust remover
CN208547445U (en) * 2018-07-04 2019-02-26 湖北西塞山发电有限公司 A kind of flue gas heat-exchange unit leak detection apparatus
CN209271023U (en) * 2018-09-26 2019-08-20 天津市中一高科技股份有限公司 A kind of deimpurity screening installation of silicon nitride
CN111359327A (en) * 2020-02-28 2020-07-03 徐州市金鑫科技有限公司 Mobile pulse dust collector and working method thereof
CN214132215U (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-09-07 临沂银笛机械制造有限公司 Electrostatic dust collector with novel ash bucket
CN214347215U (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-10-08 宁夏三瑞机械环保设备有限公司 Low-energy-consumption circular electric dust remover

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102363090A (en) * 2011-09-16 2012-02-29 中冶南方工程技术有限公司 Automatic control method for small-sized bag type dust remover
CN208547445U (en) * 2018-07-04 2019-02-26 湖北西塞山发电有限公司 A kind of flue gas heat-exchange unit leak detection apparatus
CN209271023U (en) * 2018-09-26 2019-08-20 天津市中一高科技股份有限公司 A kind of deimpurity screening installation of silicon nitride
CN111359327A (en) * 2020-02-28 2020-07-03 徐州市金鑫科技有限公司 Mobile pulse dust collector and working method thereof
CN214132215U (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-09-07 临沂银笛机械制造有限公司 Electrostatic dust collector with novel ash bucket
CN214347215U (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-10-08 宁夏三瑞机械环保设备有限公司 Low-energy-consumption circular electric dust remover

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