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CN1139962A - Disposable toothbrush having mint flavored toothpaste composition bonded to bristles thereof - Google Patents

Disposable toothbrush having mint flavored toothpaste composition bonded to bristles thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1139962A
CN1139962A CN 94194706 CN94194706A CN1139962A CN 1139962 A CN1139962 A CN 1139962A CN 94194706 CN94194706 CN 94194706 CN 94194706 A CN94194706 A CN 94194706A CN 1139962 A CN1139962 A CN 1139962A
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CN
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Prior art keywords
toothpaste
toothbrush
bonded
mint
flavored
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CN 94194706
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
M·L·桑杜扎
K·苏加芬
C·霍罗维兹
L·齐尔伯曼
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Gmz控股公司
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K8/00Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations
    • A61K8/02Cosmetics or similar toilet preparations characterised by special physical form
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B11/00Brushes with reservoir or other means for applying substances, e.g. paints, pastes, water
    • A46B11/0003Brushes with reservoir or other means for applying substances, e.g. paints, pastes, water containing only one dose of substance, e.g. single-use toothbrushes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46DMANUFACTURE OF BRUSHES
    • A46D1/00Bristles; Selection of materials for bristles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61QSPECIFIC USE OF COSMETICS OR SIMILAR TOILET PREPARATIONS
    • A61Q11/00Preparations for care of the teeth, of the oral cavity or of dentures; Dentifrices, e.g. toothpastes; Mouth rinses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A46BRUSHWARE
    • A46BBRUSHES
    • A46B2200/00Brushes characterized by their functions, uses or applications
    • A46B2200/10For human or animal care
    • A46B2200/1066Toothbrush for cleaning the teeth or dentures
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2800/00Properties of cosmetic compositions or active ingredients thereof or formulation aids used therein and process related aspects
    • A61K2800/40Chemical, physico-chemical or functional or structural properties of particular ingredients
    • A61K2800/57Compounds covalently linked to a(n inert) carrier molecule, e.g. conjugates, pro-fragrances

Abstract

通过自由基机理,用选取的单体和预聚物化学接枝和聚合到鬃毛上的方法,将一种带香味的牙膏组合物键合到一次性使用的牙刷鬃毛上。 By a free radical mechanism, with the chosen monomers and prepolymers and chemically grafted onto a polymeric bristles, toothpaste compositions A tape flavor key is bonded to the disposable toothbrush bristles. 直到使用前,这种方法制取的产品一直保存着香味。 Until use, this method of preparation of the product has been preserved flavor. 当让牙膏与一种水介质(如口腔中唾液)相接触时,牙膏随之溶解并向牙齿和口腔释放出所要求的香味。 When an aqueous medium so that the toothpaste (e.g. saliva in the mouth) in contact, followed by dissolution of the toothpaste to the teeth and oral cavity releasing the flavoring desired.

Description

具有键合在牙刷鬃毛上的薄荷香味的牙膏组合物的一次性使用的牙刷 Disposable toothbrush having a mint flavor bonded to the toothbrush bristles of a toothpaste composition

发明背景为适应繁忙和常常苦恼的旅行者需要,现已设计出一种在远离家居(例如在旅行中)可一次性使用的牙刷,或可供给例如饭店和餐馆接待顾客使用。 Background of the Invention In order to meet the busy and often distressed traveler needs, has devised a far from home (for example when traveling) can be single-use toothbrush, or can supply such as hotels and restaurants serve a customer use. 这种一次性使用的牙刷免除了携带单独的牙膏管和在刷牙时在牙刷上敷用足量带香味牙膏的需要,加香味是用来促进口腔的卫生措施。 This eliminates the single-use toothbrush to carry a separate tube of toothpaste and a toothbrush when brushing deposited in the flavored toothpaste with plenty of needs, plus the smell is used to promote oral health measures. 许多这类现有技术的一次性使用的牙刷是复杂和/或昂贵的,如为在使用前将牙膏挤涂在牙刷鬃毛上的一种机械。 Many of these disposable toothbrush of the prior art are complicated and / or expensive, such as a mechanical extrusion coating toothpaste on the toothbrush bristles prior to use. 在其它现有技术的一次性使用的牙刷中,将牙膏预先涂敷于牙刷鬃毛上,但已证明此种牙刷是不稳定的,因在经过一段较短时间后,其牙膏香味就消失了,这从商业角度考虑是不现实的,因为商业上要求有一个合理的库存期。 In other disposable toothbrush prior art, toothpaste applied to the toothbrush bristles in advance, it has proven that such toothbrush is unstable, because after a brief period, which disappeared toothpaste flavor this consideration from a business perspective is unrealistic because of the requirement to have a reasonable inventory of the business. 因此,现有技术的一次性使用的牙刷多半已被证明在商业上是不成功的,主要是因为已知的现有技术的一次性使用的牙刷已被证明无法满足预先涂敷牙膏有关排除挤涂机械、合理的库存期和低廉生产成本等多种要求。 Therefore, single-use toothbrush prior art has been shown in most commercially unsuccessful, mainly because of one-time use of the toothbrush known prior art has been shown to not meet the pre-coated squeeze toothpaste on troubleshooting Tu machinery, the reasonable period of inventory and low production costs and other requirements. 关于生产成本,众所周知,例如饭店等服务行业将不会给其顾客提供超过原先核定成本外的一次性使用的用品。 About the cost of production, it is well known, such as restaurants and other service industries will not provide a single-use supplies than originally approved external costs to its customers.

当然,医院也向其病人提供牙刷,典型地情况是提供一支牙刷和一单管牙膏,典型的牙膏管内含有供使用有限次数的足够量牙膏。 Of course, also hospitals provide their patients toothbrush, typically to provide a toothbrush and the case of a single tube of toothpaste, the toothpaste typically contains a sufficient amount of toothpaste for a limited number of times. 但这就产生了两个问题,首先存在一个传染病传染危险,特别是在病人将他/她的牙刷放在洗涤槽等处时。 But this raises two questions, first of all there is a risk of communicable disease, particularly in the patient his / her toothbrush in the sink when other places. 其次,对于只有一只胳膊能活动的病人或有时病人进行静脉注射治疗时,他们就难进行将牙膏挤敷在牙刷鬃毛上的操作。 Secondly, the patient can be only one arm or sometimes active patients when intravenous therapy, they were difficult to apply toothpaste on the toothbrush bristles operation.

基于上述原因,有必要生产一种单独包装并价廉的一次性使用的牙刷,其牙刷鬃毛上已均匀涂布着一种牙膏组合物并且其中的香味在合理的库存期内不会消散。 For these reasons, it is necessary to produce an individually wrapped and inexpensive disposable toothbrushes, toothbrush bristles which have been uniformly coated with the dentifrice composition wherein the flavor and does not dissipate within a reasonable period of stock.

发明目的和概述因此,本发明的一个目的是提供一种键合于牙刷上的带香味牙膏组合物,其中香味是稳定并持久的。 OBJECTS AND SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION Therefore, an object of the present invention is to provide a bonded flavored dentifrice composition on a toothbrush, which is stable and long-lasting flavor.

本发明再一个目的是提供一种一次性使用的牙刷,其上涂敷着足够一次刷牙所需量的牙膏,以致初次使用后可随意处理掉。 A further object of the present invention is to provide a disposable toothbrush, which is coated with a sufficient amount of a desired brushing toothpaste, so that after initial use can be freely disposed of.

本发明的另一个目的是提供一种具有耐久、稳定香味的一次性使用的牙刷和牙膏产品的制造方法。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a durable, and a method of manufacturing a toothbrush of toothpaste stable flavor disposable.

本发明还有另一个目的是提供一种以低廉成本生产的一次性使用的牙刷和牙膏产品。 Still another object of the present invention is to provide a low-cost production of disposable toothbrush and toothpaste products used.

本发明再有另一个目的是提供一种在医院等使用既安全又方便的一次性使用的牙刷。 Further another object of the present invention is to provide a safe and convenient disposable toothbrush in hospitals and the like.

于是本发明是指向制造一种一次性使用的牙刷和牙膏产品,它采用包括将所选取的单体和预聚物经化学接枝和聚合反应到牙刷的鬃毛上的方法。 Thus, the present invention is directed toothbrush and toothpaste manufacturing a disposable product, which comprises using the selected monomer and a prepolymer and a polymerization by chemical grafting onto the toothbrush bristles method. 特别是,本发明的方法包括牙刷的鬃毛(此后一般称作“基质”)与组合物相接触的步骤,组合物中含有一种作为接枝引发剂的二价铁盐、一种单体/预聚物和一种经亚铁离子活化聚合反应的催化剂,因而亚铁离子被基质所还原,基质上形成了自由基。 In particular, the method according to the present invention comprises a toothbrush bristles (hereinafter generally referred to as "substrate") a step of contacting the composition, the composition containing one kind of the ferrous salt as the graft initiator, monomer / prepolymers and one activated by ferrous ion polymerization catalyst, thus reducing substrate by ferrous ions, free radicals formed on the substrate. 单体和预聚物自身连接到这些自由基位置上,于是形成一种与基质本质上的共价键。 Monomers and prepolymers is itself connected to the radical positions, thereby forming a covalent bond on the nature of the matrix. 然后含牙膏组合物的牙刷经干燥而完成牙膏与基质的接枝键合。 Then toothbrush containing toothpaste compositions were dried to complete the toothpaste graft-bonded to the substrate.

所得到的键强度是能调节的,以便使带香味的牙膏在与通常口腔液体,即水和唾液相接触时立即活化并通过牙刷鬃毛对牙齿的擦刷作用而释放,因而向使用者的牙齿和口腔中送出合乎需要的香味。 The resulting bond strength is adjustable, so that the toothpaste scented immediately upon activation, i.e., in contact with water and saliva and oral fluid is released generally brushing action for the teeth by the toothbrush bristles, and thus the user's teeth and mouth out desirable flavor.

优选实施方案的详细描述化学接枝的机理A.施用于天然和聚合物的基质上化学接枝包括基质的活化。 Mechanism chemically grafted to the detailed description of preferred embodiments A. applied to the substrate and chemically grafted natural polymers include activation of the matrix. 一旦基质已被活化,以碳-碳键相连的单体链生长在该基质上,健合于基质并不损坏它固有的特征。 Once the substrate has been activated, a carbon - carbon bond linked monomer chains are grown on the substrate, the substrate is not bonded to health damage its inherent characteristics. 天然存在和合成的许多基质都具有活泼氢,活泼氢比“主体氢”(bulkhydrogens)例如聚丙烯中的叔氢,更有反应性。 Many naturally occurring and synthetic substrates having active hydrogen, active hydrogen ratio of "hydrogen body" (bulkhydrogens) in tertiary hydrogen such as polypropylene, more reactive.

接枝引发剂(graft initiator,GI)有移开这些活泼氢的能力并且伴随引发聚合物链在移开活泼氢的位置生长,在聚丙烯情况下,可如下表示: Grafting initiator (graft initiator, GI) has the ability to remove these active hydrogen initiator and concomitant removal of active hydrogen in the polymer chain growth position, in the case of polypropylene, it can be expressed as follows: 在上述反应式中,(°)代表自由基,阴离子或阳离子,分别取决于GI是移开氢、一个电子、非电子或两个电子。 In the above reaction formula, ([deg.]) On behalf of a radical, anionic or cationic, depending on whether the GI is removed is hydrogen, an electronic, non-electronic or two electrons. CH2=CHx代表乙烯基单体链节,此处“x”支配着性质或所得到的各项性质。 Representative vinyl monomers CH2 = CHx links, where "x" governs the property or properties obtained. 大多数情况下,采用单体混合物,使得以一种工艺步骤则可获得多项性能的改变。 In most cases, use of the monomer mixture, such that in a process step of changing the number of performance can be obtained. 链长可控制的这些聚合物链牢固地连接于基质上。 The chain length of the polymer chains can be controlled fixedly attached to the substrate. 接枝聚合物和基质之间相连的键是共价键,因而接枝聚合物不会从基质上滤去。 Linked bond between the graft polymer and the matrix is ​​a covalent bond, a graft polymer and thus is not filtered off from the substrate. 实质上,化学接枝即是在基质主链上生长聚合物链。 In essence, that is chemically grafted on the substrate growing polymer chain backbone. 接枝聚合物链由乙烯基单体或含相应官能基的单体所形成,相应官能基如羟基、羧基、环氧基、酰胺基、胺基和酐等。 A graft polymer chain is formed from a vinyl monomer or a monomer containing the appropriate functional groups, such as the corresponding functional groups hydroxy, carboxy, epoxy group, amide group, amine and anhydride.

B.施用于耐纶、聚丙烯或聚酯基质牙刷的化学接枝对于耐纶、聚丙烯或聚酯为基质的牙刷鬃毛,其化学接枝是通过用接枝引发剂将-CONH-基(耐纶)、 B. applied to chemically grafted nylon, polypropylene or polyester for the matrix of the toothbrush nylon, polypropylene or polyester toothbrush bristle substrate which is chemically grafted to the initiator by graft-yl -CONH- (nylon), 中的氢原子夺去,形成自由基,然后与一种单体或预聚物溶液相反应而开始接技聚合反应。 Hydrogen atom killed form radicals, and then react with monomer or prepolymer solution graft polymerization reaction is started. 单体或预聚物化学连接到牙刷基质上的反应步骤认为是按如下顺序: Monomer or prepolymer reaction steps chemically linked to a substrate that is a toothbrush in the following order: 步骤(1)-(4)所示的接枝聚合反应可通过自由基结合而终止,如下述反应: Step (1) - (4) shown in the graft polymerization may be terminated by radical combination of the following reaction: 上述反应在有过氧化物存在下发生并同时再生接枝引发剂生成如反应步骤(4)中所示的自由基。 The reaction occurs in the presence of peroxide grafting initiator and reproduced simultaneously generating reaction as in step (4) in FIG radical. (6)过氧化物反应式(1)说明在例举的基质(SH)上提供了自由基位置,由于接枝引发剂的还原和基质的氧化作用使基质转变成带自由基。 (6) peroxide of formula (1) described provides the radical position in the exemplified substrate (SH), since the oxidation of the substrate and the grafting initiator reducing agent into the matrix with free radicals. 反应式(2)说明例举的单体接枝到活化的基质(S°)自由基位置上,使基质上形成接枝聚合物自由基。 Exemplary described reaction formula (2) monomer is grafted to the activated substrate (S °) radical position, the matrix is ​​formed on the graft polymer radical. 随后为反应步骤(3)所示的增长反应,反应式(4)说明薄荷醇自由基的形成(例如从一种薄荷化合物)。 Followed by the reaction described in step (3) increase the reaction represented by the reaction formula (4) is formed menthol radicals (e.g. peppermint from one compound). 反应式(5)说明通过薄荷醇自由基与在反应式(3)所形成的活化的基质聚合物结合的链终止反应,其结果是单体或预聚物化学连接到牙刷鬃毛的表面。 Reaction formula (5) described reaction was terminated by radical combination with menthol is activated in the matrix polymer reaction formula (3) is formed by a chain, the result is a monomer or prepolymer chemically attached to the surface of the toothbrush bristles. 反应式(6)说明通过在单体溶液中过氧化物存在下接枝引发剂的再生反应。 Reaction formula (6) described by the regeneration reaction of a peroxide grafting initiator is present in the monomer solution.

薄荷香味牙膏的制备方法本发明是指向制备一种聚合的牙膏组合物,其可化学接枝于牙刷的鬃毛上,而形成对鬃毛的长期牢固的粘附。 Preparation mint flavored toothpaste of the present invention is directed to prepare a polymeric dentifrice composition which can be chemically grafted onto the toothbrush bristles while long bristles are formed of a strong adhesion. 如前所述,化学接枝包括使用单体/预聚物,催化剂,接枝引发剂以及组合物中的其它赋形剂。 As previously described, including the use of chemical grafting monomers / prepolymers, catalyst, graft initiator agent and other excipients in the composition.

单体和预聚物为乙烯基单体和丙烯酸类和乙烯基预聚物,它们通过自由基反应体系化学地键合于鬃毛上。 Vinyl monomers and prepolymers to acrylic and vinyl monomers and prepolymers, they are bonded by radical reaction system chemically bond to the bristles. 最好,单体和预聚物是含有一个或多个羟基和羧基的丙烯酸类单体。 Preferably, the monomer and the prepolymer containing one or more hydroxyl groups and carboxyl groups of acrylic monomer. 这类的一些单体和预聚物有聚乙烯醇、丙烯酸、聚丙烯酸、甲基丙烯酸、丙烯酸乙酯、甲基丙烯酸乙酯、甲基丙烯酸异丁酯和丙烯酸甲酯。 Some such monomers and prepolymers include polyvinyl alcohol, acrylic acid, polyacrylic acid, methacrylic acid, ethyl acrylate, ethyl methacrylate, isobutyl methacrylate, and methyl acrylate. 也可用二种或多种单体的混合物。 Mixtures of two or more monomers may also be used. 优选的单体是聚乙烯醇、丙烯酸和聚丙烯酸。 Preferred monomers are polyvinyl alcohol, acrylic acid and polyacrylic acid.

按实例所示的顺序或任何其它常见顺序称取各组份而制备牙膏。 Examples of the order shown, or any other common components were weighed order to prepare the toothpaste.

为让所要求的单体/预聚物接枝到鬃毛上,优选用亚铁离子作接枝引发剂,但也可使用如Ag+离子或在口腔中应用安全的其它金属离子。 In order to make the desired monomer / prepolymer grafted onto the bristles, preferably with ferrous ions as grafting initiator, but as Ag + ions or other metal ions in the oral cavity safe applications may also be used.

在制备中存在少量过氧化物(最好为过氧化氢)催化剂,帮助接枝引发剂体系的再生,从而为进一步的链接枝聚合反应提供自由基。 Presence of small amounts of peroxide (preferably hydrogen peroxide) catalyst regeneration to help the graft initiator system, thereby providing for further radical grafting polymerization reaction in the preparation.

反应物用量并非是本发明的关键问题,从经济观点考虑,为完成前面所述的反应,在体系中采用小量的单体/预聚物、接枝引发剂和催化剂。 The amount of reactants is not critical problem of the present invention, from an economic viewpoint, the foregoing to complete the reaction, the monomer / prepolymer system in small amounts, the grafting initiator and a catalyst. 所采用的单体和预聚物用量通常约为组合物重量的0.0001%到2%范围,而优选的用量范围约为0.0001%到0.2%重量。 Monomers and prepolymers employed in amounts usually about the range of 0.0001 to 2% by weight of the composition, and preferably in an amount ranging from about 0.0001% to 0.2% by weight. 接枝引发剂用量约为0.00001%到0.01%重量范围,优选的用量范围为0.00001%到0.001%重量。 Grafting initiator used in an amount from about 0.00001% to 0.01% by weight, preferably in an amount ranging from 0.00001% to 0.001% by weight. 所采用的过氧化物催化剂用量通常约为0.001%到1%重量范围,优选的约为0.001%到0.5%重量范围。 The amount of peroxide catalyst employed is generally about 0.001 to 1% by weight, preferably from about 0.001% to 0.5% by weight.

用作香料的合适材料是那些让使用者感觉浓厚并令人感兴趣同时也允许保留令人满意产物外观的香料。 Suitable materials for use as perfumes are those allowing users to feel strong and interesting at the same time also allowed to retain a satisfactory product appearance spices. 香料可以是天然的或合成的起源物。 Perfumes may be natural or synthetic origin thereof. 这些香料包括薄荷、留兰香、冬青油、肉桂等;果实香料如樱桃、草莓、白柠檬等,用于牙膏中优选的香料是薄荷和留兰香。 These flavors include peppermint, spearmint, wintergreen oil, cinnamon; fruit flavors such as cherry, strawberry, lime and the like, is preferably used in toothpaste and peppermint flavor is spearmint.

在本发明中使用的辅助赋形物的实例包括填料、表面活性剂、缓冲剂和颜料。 Examples of auxiliary excipients for use in the composition of the present invention include fillers, surfactants, buffering agents and pigments.

本发明所述的牙膏配方有多个优点,第一排除了对复杂而昂贵的一次性使用产品的需求。 Toothpaste formulation according to the present invention has several advantages, first eliminating the need for complicated and expensive disposable products. 第二排除了在旅行时需要包装牙刷和牙膏管的麻烦。 The second excludes travel toothbrush and toothpaste tubes to be packed trouble. 第三当这种牙膏施于鬃毛时形成牢固的键合确定了其长期具有新鲜感和香味。 The third form a strong bond when the toothpaste applied to determine its long bristles together with freshness and flavor.

在本发明的优选实施例中,将牙刷的鬃毛在含单体、预聚物、接枝引发剂离子、过氧化物离子和组合物其它赋形剂的一种牙膏中浸一浸,然后在室温下干燥约30-40分钟,从而牙膏中单体/预聚物的羟基和羧基聚合形成一种对牙刷鬃毛的强烈附着力。 In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the toothbrush bristles containing monomer, a prepolymer, a graft initiator of the dentifrice agent ions, peroxide ions, and other excipients immersed compositions a dip, then dried for about 30-40 minutes at room temperature, so that the toothpaste monomer / prepolymer hydroxyl and carboxyl groups are polymerized to form a strong adhesion to the toothbrush bristles.

在这种牙膏以单层涂于鬃毛上时,其牙膏配方基本包括单体/预聚物、催化剂、接枝引发剂、颜料、香料和其它辅助赋形剂。 When applied in a single layer toothpaste on the bristles, which substantially toothpaste formulation include monomers / prepolymers, catalyst, graft initiator, pigments, perfumes, and other auxiliary excipients. 将碳酸钙、碳酸氢钠、十二烷基硫酸钠、三聚磷酸钾和氟化钠等每种填料所要求的量共同加入一容器中并混合成为一种均匀的混合物。 The amount of calcium carbonate, sodium hydrogencarbonate, sodium lauryl sulfate, potassium tripolyphosphate, and sodium fluoride together each desired filler added a vessel and mixed into a homogeneous mixture of one. 同样将所要求重量的单体/预聚物、接枝引发剂和颜料加入一容器中混合并在搅拌下混合成均匀的溶液,然后在连续搅拌下将上述填料混合物以较小递增量加到均匀的溶液中,再加入聚丙烯酸,随后加薄荷香料化合物,再将上述物料调合成为一种匀称的膏状体。 Also the required weight of the monomer / prepolymer, a graft initiator, and a pigment added to a mixing vessel and mixed with stirring to form a uniform solution, and under continuous stirring the mixture was added to the filler in small increments homogeneous solution of polyacrylic acid was added, followed by addition of mint flavor compound, and then blended into the above-mentioned material paste into a symmetrical body. 最后加过氧化氢并将膏体混合均匀。 Finally, hydrogen peroxide was added and mixed paste. 制成的膏体可通过牙刷在其中浸渍而涂敷于牙刷上。 The paste can be made by dipping a toothbrush in which the brush is applied to. 如需要,浸后置于室内干燥30-40分钟以完成接枝键合过程。 If desired, after dipping placed indoors dried 30-40 minutes to complete the graft-bonding process. 若有要求,浸后也可用在约212°F到300°F下加热1-2分钟来加快干燥过程。 If required, it can also be used after dipping was heated at about 212 ° F to 300 ° F 1-2 minutes to accelerate the drying process.

下面实例说明在本发明中可使用的配方:实例1组成 重量份数1.碳酸钙 500.002.碳酸氢钠 20.003.十二烷基硫酸钠 15.004.三聚磷酸钾 2.505.氟化钠 1.006.甘油(溶剂) 250.007.丙烯酸,0.1%甘油溶液 0.10(单体)8.GRAPHTOL GREEN 5884-2(颜料) 0.109.硫酸亚铁铵,0.1%溶液 0.01 The following examples illustrate the present invention in the formulations may be used: 1. Example 1 Composition Parts by weight sodium hydrogen carbonate 500.002 15.004 20.003 lauryl sulfate sodium potassium tripolyphosphate 2.505 1.006 glycerol (..... solvent) 250.007. acrylic acid, 0.10 0.1% glycerol solution (monomer) 8.GRAPHTOL GREEN 5884-2 (pigment) 0.109 ferrous ammonium sulfate, 0.1% solution 0.01

(6、7、8和9项组份掺混一起成预混物)。 (6,7, 8 and 9 together form a blend component premix). 10.聚丙烯酸,1%溶液 0.10(预聚物)11.薄荷油 20.0012.过氧化氢,0.1%溶液 0.01将组份1-5(全为固体)掺混于一起直至混成为一种均匀的混合物,然后在连续搅拌下将混合物倾倒入由组份6-9混成的甘油预混物中并将所得掺混物再混合成为一种均匀膏状体,再加入聚丙烯酸,随后加薄荷油并将膏体调合直至匀称为止。 10. polyacrylic acid, 1% solution 0.10 (prepolymer) 11. Peppermint 20.0012. Hydrogen peroxide, a 0.1% solution 0.01 The components 1-5 (all solid) was blended to be mixed together until a homogenous the mixture, under continuous stirring and then poured into a mixture of 6-9 parts from the group of glycerol blend premix and the resulting blend was mixed into a uniform paste thereof, polyacrylic acid was added, followed by addition of peppermint oil and the paste until evenly blended so far. 加入过氧化氢并再将膏体混合,所得膏体供备用。 Hydrogen peroxide was added and then paste mixing, the resulting paste for backup.

将牙刷的鬃毛部分直接浸入牙膏体中并提起,膏体在牙刷上的量通过鬃毛浸入膏体中的深度控制进行调节,然后在空气中将膏体干燥。 The bristle portion of the toothbrush body and a toothpaste directly immersed lifted, the amount of the paste on the brush bristles is adjusted by controlling the depth of immersion of the paste, the paste is then dried in air. 实例2组成 重量份数1.碳酸钙 500.002.碳酸氢钠 20.003.十二烷基硫酸钠 15.004.三聚磷酸钾 2.505.氟化钠 1.006.甘油 250.007.丙烯酸,0.1%甘油溶液 0.108.GRAPHTOL GREEN 585H-2 0.109.硫酸亚铁铵,0.1%溶液 0.01(6、7、8和9项组份掺混一起成一种预混物)10.聚丙烯酸,1%溶液 0.1011.留兰香油 20.0012.过氧化氢,0.1%溶液 0.01实例2中的配方与实例1完全一样调配,仅用留兰香油取代实例1中的薄荷油。 Example 1. 2 parts by weight of the composition 500.002 calcium carbonate. Sodium bicarbonate 20.003. 15.004 lauryl sulfate. Potassium tripolyphosphate, 2.505. Sodium fluoride 1.006 Glycerin 250.007 acrylic acid, 0.1% glycerol solution 0.108.GRAPHTOL GREEN 585H -2 0.109 ferrous ammonium sulfate (7, 8 and 9 together form a group of one kind of component blend premix) 0.01 10 0.1% solution. polyacrylic acid, a 1% solution of 0.1011. spearmint 20.0012. peroxidation hydrogen, 0.1% solution 0.01 formulation example 1 example 2 exactly the same formulation, only spearmint substituted example 1. peppermint oil. 也用相同方法将膏体涂于牙刷上。 The same method is also applied to the paste on the toothbrush. 实例3组成 重量份数1.碳酸钙 500.002.碳酸氢钠 20.003.十二烷基硫酸钠 15.004.三聚磷酸钾 2.505.氟化钠 1.006.甘油 250.007.丙烯酸,0.1%甘油溶液 0.108.GRAPHTOL GREEN 5884-2 0.109.硫酸亚铁铵,0.1%溶液 0.01(6、7、8和9项组份掺混一起成一种预混物)。 3 parts by weight of the composition of Example 1. The calcium 500.002. Sodium bicarbonate 20.003. 15.004 lauryl sulfate. Potassium tripolyphosphate, 2.505. Sodium fluoride 1.006 Glycerin 250.007 acrylic acid, 0.1% glycerol solution 0.108.GRAPHTOL GREEN 5884 -2 0.109 ferrous ammonium sulfate (7, 8 and 9 together form a blend component one kind of premix) was 0.01 0.1%. 10.聚丙烯酸,1%溶液 0.1011.薄荷油 20.0012.过氧化氢,0.1%溶液 0.0113.去离子水 80.90实例3的调配完全与实例1相同,但首先将前12个组份进行掺混,然后在搅拌下缓慢加入水,所得的混合物再调合成为匀称的稠度。 10. polyacrylic acid, a 1% solution of 0.1011. Peppermint 20.0012. Hydrogen peroxide, a 0.1% solution 0.0113 Deionized water exactly the same formulation as in Example 1 80.90 Example 3, but first the parts of the front group 12 is blended, and then water was added slowly with stirring, the resulting mixture was then transferred to the synthesis of symmetrical consistency. 将鬃毛浸入膏体中,取出后让其干燥。 The bristles immersed in the paste, removed after allowed to dry. 实例4组成 重量份数1.碳酸钙 500.002.碳酸氢钠 20.003.十二烷基硫酸钠 15.004.三聚磷酸钾 2.505.氟化钠 1.006.甘油 250.007.丙烯酸,0.1%甘油溶液 0.108.GRAPHTOL GREEN 5854-2 0.109.硫酸亚铁铵,0.1%溶液 0.01(6、7、8和9项组份掺混一起成为一种预混物)。 Example 1 4 parts by weight of the composition 500.002 calcium carbonate. Sodium bicarbonate 20.003. 15.004 lauryl sulfate. Potassium tripolyphosphate, 2.505. Sodium fluoride 1.006 Glycerin 250.007 acrylic acid, 0.1% glycerol solution 0.108.GRAPHTOL GREEN 5854 -2 0.109 ferrous ammonium sulfate, 0.01 0.1% solution of (6,7, 8 and 9 components together into a blended premix). 10.聚丙烯酸,1%溶液 0.1011.留兰香油 20.0012.过氧化氢,0.1%溶液 0.0113.去离子水 80.90实例4的调配与实例3用相同方法,只是用留兰香油取代了实例3中的薄荷油。 10. polyacrylic acid, a 1% solution of 0.1011. Spearmint 20.0012. Hydrogen peroxide, a 0.1% solution 0.0113 Deionized water 80.90 Example 4 The formulation of Example 3 by the same method, except replacing the spearmint oil of Example 3 peppermint. 将鬃毛浸入膏体中,干燥后准备好包装。 The mane immersed in the paste, dried and ready for packaging.

这种牙膏以双层涂于鬃毛上时,底层主要由香料和预聚物组成,而顶层由单体、催化剂、接枝引发剂、颜料和其它辅助的赋形剂组成。 When this double-layer coated on the toothpaste to the bristles, and the bottom layer is mainly composed of perfume prepolymer, and the top layer of monomers, catalyst, graft initiator, pigments and other auxiliary excipients. 将所要求的香料量与预聚物进行混合并经浸渍涂于鬃毛上,然后在200°F下固化4-5分钟。 The required amount of perfume is mixed with the prepolymer coated on and impregnated bristles, and then cured at 200 ° F 4-5 minutes. 将所要求的碳酸钙、碳酸氢钠、十二烷基硫酸钠和三聚磷酸钾等每种填料量置于一容器内混合成为均匀的混合物,再将制备的颜料溶液加到该均匀的混合物中并混合直至得到一种均匀的调合物,然后将所要求量的单体、接枝引发剂和催化剂加到调和物中后再好好混合。 The requirements of the calcium carbonate, sodium hydrogencarbonate, sodium lauryl sulfate and potassium phosphate trimer amount of each medium was placed in a mixing vessel into a homogeneous mixture, and then the prepared pigment solution is added to the homogeneous mixture of and mixed until a homogeneous blend, and then the desired amount of monomers, grafting initiator and the catalyst are then added to the well mixed blends. 制成的膏体可作底层上的顶层膏使用,它通过将经香料处理的牙刷浸到顶层膏体中并经300°F下固化2分钟而成。 The paste can be made using the paste on top of the bottom layer, the top layer it is dipped into the paste by the perfume through the toothbrush handle and cured at 300 ° F 2 was formed minutes.

下述实施例说明在本发明中可使用的一个配方。 The following examples illustrate the present invention, a formulation can be used. 实施例5组成 重量份数底层使用1.聚乙烯醇523 8%水溶液 200.002.薄荷油(polarome) 30.00顶层使用3.碳酸钙 1000.004.碳酸氢钠 50.005.十二烷基硫酸钠 34.006.三聚磷酸钾 5.007.去离子水 162.008.MX439 PYLA-Cert Green 0.209.甘油 500.0010.丙烯酸,0.1%甘油溶液 0.2011.硫酸亚铁铵,0.1%溶液 0.0212.过氧化氢,0.1%溶液 0.02通过在连续搅拌下将聚乙烯醇逐渐加到去离子水中直到使全部颗粒润湿而制取组份1。 5 parts by weight of the composition of Example 1 using the underlying% aqueous solution of polyvinyl alcohol 5238 200.002. Peppermint oil (polarome) 30.00 1000.004 top 3. Use of calcium carbonate. Sodium bicarbonate 50.005. 34.006 lauryl sulfate. Triphosphate potassium 5.007. deionized water 162.008.MX439 PYLA-Cert Green 0.209. 500.0010 glycerol acrylic acid, 0.1% glycerol solution 0.2011. ammonium ferrous sulfate, 0.0212 a 0.1% solution of hydrogen peroxide, a 0.1% solution through 0.02 under continuous stirring polyvinyl alcohol is gradually added to deionised water until all particles are wetted so prepared parts taken from the group 1. 将该溶液加热到185°F-205°F(85℃-96℃)维持30分钟,然后让其冷却到室温,再将薄荷油加入并混合,所得溶液通过浸渍用作鬃毛的底涂层,然后在200°F下固化4-5分钟。 The solution was heated to 185 ° F-205 ° F (85 ℃ -96 ℃) for 30 minutes and then allowed to cool to room temperature, and then added and mixed peppermint oil, the resulting solution is used by dipping the bristles undercoat and then cured at 200 ° F 4-5 minutes. 其次,将组份3、4、5和6掺混在一起直到混成为一种均匀的混合物(A组分),将组分7和8混好后,加入组份9然后再混合均匀(B组分)。 Then, the components 4, 5 and 6 mix blended together until a uniform mixture of (A component), the components 7 and 8 after mixed well, and then added to the components mixed 9 (group B Minute). 再将组份B混入组份A直至混成为一种均匀的调合物(组份C),然后组份10、11和12加到组份C中并充分混合1-2分钟。 Component B and then mixing the component A until the mixture becomes a homogeneous blend of (Component C), and then components 10, 11 and 12 of the component C was added and mixed 1-2 minutes. 所制成的膏体作为含香味底涂层上的顶涂层使用。 The paste formed is used as a flavor-containing topcoat on the undercoat layer. 该顶涂层通过浸渍涂于已经处理过的鬃毛上,然后在300°F下固化2分钟。 The topcoat was applied by dipping the bristles have been processed, then cured at 300 ° F 2 min.

显然,此处所述的优选实施方案和实例仅为说明问题,并不构成对本发明范围的限定。 Obviously, the preferred embodiments described herein merely illustrative examples and not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. 本发明范围的真正描述仅在所附的权利要求书中。 The true scope of the invention is only described in the appended claims.

Claims (60)

1.一种牙刷和带香味牙膏组合体,包括:(a)一簇鬃毛,(b)一种化学键合于鬃毛上的聚合物,(c)一种化学键合于上述聚合物上的香料。 A flavored toothpaste and a toothbrush assembly, comprising: (a) a cluster of bristles, (b) one kind of the polymer chemically bonded to the bristles, (c) chemically bonded to said one kind of polymers spices.
2.如权利要求1所述的组合体,其中鬃毛在它们的分子结构上含有活泼氢,该活泼氢能被夺取以在其空出的氢位置进行接枝聚合反应。 2. The combination according to claim 1, wherein the active hydrogen-containing bristles on their molecular structure, the active hydrogen is captured to perform graft in its position vacated hydrogen polymerization.
3.如权利要求2所述的组合体,其中鬃毛选自耐纶、聚丙烯和聚酯鬃毛。 The combination as claimed in claim 2, wherein the bristles is selected from nylon, polypropylene and polyester bristles.
4.如权利要求1所述的组合体,其中聚合物化学接枝于上述鬃毛上。 The combination as claimed in claim 1, wherein the polymer is chemically grafted to said bristles.
5.如权利要求3所述的组合体,其中聚合物化学接枝于上述的鬃毛上。 5. The combination according to claim 3, wherein said polymer is chemically grafted to the bristles.
6.如权利要求4所述的组合体,其中聚合物选自含一个或多个羧基和羟基的单体和预聚物。 6. The composition according to claim 4, wherein the polymer is selected from one or more monomers containing prepolymer and a hydroxyl group and a carboxyl group.
7.如权利要求6所述的组合体,其中单体和预聚物是丙烯酸、聚丙烯酸和聚乙烯醇。 7. The combination according to claim 6, wherein the prepolymer and the monomer are acrylic acid, polyacrylic acid and polyvinyl alcohol.
8.如权利要求1所述的组合体,其中化学键是共价键。 The combination as claimed in claim 1, wherein the chemical bond is a covalent bond.
9.如权利要求5所述的组合体,其中化学键是共价键。 9. The combination as claimed in claim 5, wherein the chemical bond is a covalent bond.
10.如权利要求6所述的组合体,进一步包含一种金属离子型的接枝引发剂,用以夺取活泼氢并使被夺取的位置转变成为自由基位置供单体/预聚物相连接,得到一种单体/预聚物与鬃毛的共价键。 10. The combination according to claim 6, further comprising a metal ion graft initiator type, an active hydrogen to seize captured and turned into a position for the position of the radical monomer / prepolymer connected , to obtain a monomer / prepolymer with the bristles of a covalent bond.
11.一种带香味牙膏组合物键合到基质上的方法,包括:(a)提供一种包含有上述基质鬃毛的牙刷,(b)用接枝引发剂活化该基质,(c)将单体/预聚物键合于活化的基质上,(d)让单体/预聚物发生聚合反应形成一种接枝聚合物链,(e)将一种香料化学键合到聚合物链上,(b)至(e)是在一种催化剂存在下完成,(f)将含带香味的牙膏组合物干燥以完成接枝聚合反应,从而直到牙刷和带香味牙膏组合物使用前保持着香料。 A flavored dentifrice composition on the substrate bond is bonded to a method, comprising: (a) providing a matrix comprising the above-described toothbrush bristles, (b) with the activation of matrix grafting initiator, (c) the monomer / prepolymer is bonded to the activated matrix, (d) and the monomer / prepolymer to form a polymer chain graft polymerization, (e) the one fragrance chemically bound to the polymer chain , (b) to (e) is done in the presence of a catalyst, (f) containing a flavored dentifrice composition was dried to complete the graft polymerization, so that until the toothbrush and toothpaste compositions flavored using spices maintained .
12.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中上述的(a)包含提供一种牙刷,其牙刷鬃毛的分子结构上含活泼氢,该活泼氢能被夺取以在其空出的氢位置上进行接枝聚合反应。 12. The method of claim 11, wherein said (a) comprises providing a toothbrush, active hydrogen-containing molecular structure thereof toothbrush bristles, the active hydrogen to be captured in its position vacated hydrogen graft polymerization reaction.
13.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中上述的(a)包括提供一种有耐纶、聚丙烯或聚酯鬃毛的牙刷。 13. The method of claim 11, wherein said (a) comprises providing a kind of nylon, polypropylene or polyester bristles of the toothbrush.
14.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中上述的(b)包括用一种金属离子型的接枝引发剂活化基质,该引发剂用以夺取活泼氢并使被夺取的位置变成为自由基位置供单体/预聚物相连接,得到一种单体/预聚物与鬃毛的共价键。 14. The method of claim 11, wherein said (b) comprises a graft initiator activated matrix with one metal ion type, the active hydrogen initiators to seize and captured into the free position for location-based monomer / prepolymer connected, to obtain a monomer / prepolymer with the bristles of a covalent bond.
15.如权利要求14所述的方法,其中上述的(b)包括用一种亚铁离子型的接枝引发剂活化基质。 15. The method according to claim 14, wherein said (b) comprises activating the initiator grafting substrate with one kind of ionic iron.
16.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中(b)还包括接枝引发剂还原和基质氧化作用以使基质变成为一种自由基。 16. The method according to claim 11, wherein (b) further comprises grafting initiator reduction and oxidation of the substrate so that the substrate becomes a free radical.
17.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中(c)还包括单体/预聚物接枝到活化的基质上,使在基质上形成一种接枝聚合物自由基。 17. The method according to claim 11, wherein (c) further comprises a monomer / prepolymer grafted onto the activated substrate, forming a graft polymer radicals on the substrate.
18.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中(d)还包括在基质上的聚合物链的生长。 18. The method according to claim 11, wherein (d) further comprises growing polymer chains on the substrate.
19.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中(e)还包括:(i)形成一种薄荷醇自由基(ii)薄荷醇自由基与在(d)形成的活化接枝聚合物基质结合,得到是香料与牙刷鬃毛表面的一种共价键合。 19. The method according to claim 11, wherein (e) further comprises: (i) menthol to form a radical (ii) menthol radical graft polymer in combination with the activated matrix (d) forming a, perfume is obtained with one surface of the toothbrush bristles covalent bonding.
20.如权利要求11所述的方法,还包括含香味牙膏组合物的牙刷在约212°F-300°F温度下固化约1-2分钟的步骤。 20. The method of claim 11, further comprising a step of about 1-2 minutes toothbrush aroma-containing toothpaste compositions cured at about 212 ° F-300 ° F temperature.
21.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中上述的(e)包括在过氧化物催化剂存在下将香料化学键合到聚合物链上。 21. A method as claimed in claim 11, wherein said (e), in the presence of a peroxide catalyst fragrance chemically bonded to the polymer chain.
22.如权利要求21所述的方法,其中上述的(e)包括在过氧化氢存在下将香料化学键合到聚合物链上。 22. The method according to claim 21, wherein said (e) comprises the presence of hydrogen peroxide in the fragrance chemically bonded to the polymer chain.
23.如权利要求11所述的方法,其中上述的(c)包括将丙烯酸和聚丙烯酸键合到活化的基质上。 23. The method of claim 11, wherein said (c) comprises acrylic acid and polyacrylic acid are bonded to the activated matrix.
24.一种将带香味牙膏组合物键合于基质上的方法,基质为牙刷的鬃毛,方法的步骤包括:(a)牙刷的鬃毛上涂敷一底涂层,该底涂层包含有一种香料和一种预聚物,(b)将底涂层固化,(c)在底涂层上涂敷一顶涂层,该顶涂层包含有一种单体、催化剂、接枝引发剂和辅助的赋形剂,(d)将顶涂层固化。 24. A flavored dentifrice composition bonded to the substrate, the substrate is step toothbrush bristles, the method comprising: (a) applying a toothbrush bristles on the undercoat layer, the undercoat layer comprising there is a fragrance and a prepolymer, (b) curing the undercoat layer, (c) on the primer coating a coating, the top coat comprises one monomer, catalyst, graft initiator and auxiliary excipients, (d) curing the top coat.
25.如权利要求24所述的方法,其中上述的(a)步骤包括:(i)用接枝引发剂活化基质,(ii)将预聚物键合到已活化的基质上,(iii)将香料化学键合到预聚物上,(i)至(iii)是在一种催化剂存在下完成。 25. The method according to claim 24, wherein said step (a) comprises: (i) a graft initiator activated substrate, (ii) the prepolymer is bonded to the activated matrix, (iii) the flavor is chemically bonded to the prepolymer, (i) to (iii) is done in the presence of a catalyst.
26.如权利要求24所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(c)包括涂敷一层含一种金属离子型接枝引发剂的顶涂层,该接枝引发剂用以夺取活泼氢并使被夺取的位置变成自由基位置供单体/预聚物相连接,得到一种单体/预聚物与牙刷鬃毛的共价键。 26. The method according to claim 24, wherein said step (c) comprises applying a layer comprising one metal ion graft initiator top coat agent, the grafting initiator and the active hydrogen to seize captured position into a position for the free-radical monomers / prepolymers is connected, to obtain a monomer / prepolymer with the toothbrush bristles covalent bond.
27.如权利要求26所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(c)包括涂敷一层含亚铁离子型接枝引发剂的顶涂层。 27. The method according to claim 26, wherein said step (c) comprises applying a layer of the ferrous ion graft initiator comprising a top coating agent.
28.如权利要求25所述的方法,其中(i)还包括接枝引发剂的还原和鬃毛的氧化作用以使鬃毛变成为一种自由基。 28. The method according to claim 25, wherein (i) further comprises reducing the oxidation of a grafting initiator and bristles agent so that the bristles becomes a free radical.
29.如权利要求25所述的方法,其中(ii)还包括预聚物接枝到已活化的基质上,使在基质上形成一种接枝预聚物自由基。 29. The method according to claim 25, wherein (ii) further comprises the prepolymer grafted onto the activated matrix formed on a substrate a graft prepolymer radical.
30.如权利要求25所述的方法,其中(iii)还包括:(a)形成一种薄荷醇自由基。 30. The method according to claim 25, wherein (iii) further comprising: (a) to form a radical menthol. (b)薄荷醇自由基与在(ii)中形成的活化接枝预聚物基质结合,得到一种香料与牙刷鬃毛表面的共价键合。 (B) menthol in combination with free radical induced graft matrix formed in the prepolymer (ii), to give a fragrance covalently bonded surface of the toothbrush bristles.
31.如权利要求24所述的方法,其中顶涂层的涂敷包括:(i)将一种单体接枝于已活化的基质上,(ii)该单体经聚合反应形成一种接枝聚合物链,(i)和(ii)均在一种催化剂存在下完成。 31. The method according to claim 24, wherein the top coat coating comprising: (i) monomer grafted onto the activated substrate, (ii) reaction of the monomer is polymerized to form a contact graft polymer chain, (i) and (ii) are completed in the presence of a catalyst.
32.如权利要求24所述的方法,其中步骤(b)是在约200°F温度下进行约4-5分钟。 32. The method according to claim 24, wherein step (b) is conducted at a temperature of about 200 ° F for about 4-5 minutes.
33.如权利要求24所述的方法,其中步骤(d)是在约300°F温度下进行约2分钟。 33. The method according to claim 24, wherein step (d) is carried out at a temperature of about 300 ° F for about 2 minutes.
34.如权利要求24所述的方法,其中上述步骤(c)包括涂敷一层含过氧化物催化剂的顶涂层。 34. The method according to claim 24, wherein said step (c) comprises applying a top coat layer comprising a peroxide catalyst.
35.如权利要求34所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(c)包括涂敷一层含过氧化氢催化剂的顶涂层。 35. The method according to claim 34, wherein said step (c) comprises applying a layer of hydrogen-containing topcoat over the oxidation catalyst.
36.如权利要求31所述的方法,其中(i)和(ii)均在过氧化物催化剂存在下完成。 36. The method according to claim 31, wherein (i) and (ii) are completed in the presence of a peroxide catalyst.
37.如权利要求36所述的方法,其中(i)和(ii)均在过氧化氢催化剂存在下完成。 37. The method of claim 36, wherein (i) and (ii) both through the presence of hydrogen peroxide in the catalyst is completed.
38.如权利要求24所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(a)包括涂敷一层含聚乙烯醇预聚物的底涂层和其中上述的步骤(c)包括涂敷一层含丙烯酸单体的顶涂层。 38. The method according to claim 24, wherein said step (a) comprises applying a layer of polyvinyl alcohol-containing prepolymer wherein said undercoat layer and the step (c) comprises applying a layer of acrylic monomer containing topcoat body.
39.如权利要求24所述的方法,其中顶涂层中也包含一种颜料。 39. The method according to claim 24, wherein the top coat also contains a pigment.
40.如权利要求26中所述的方法,其中顶涂层中也包含一种颜料。 40. The method as claimed in claim 26, wherein the top coat also contains a pigment.
41.如权利要求27中所述的方法,其中顶涂层中也包含一种颜料。 41. The method as claimed in claim 27, wherein the top coat also contains a pigment.
42.一种将带香味牙膏组合物键合到基质上的方法,基质为牙刷的鬃毛,步骤包括:(a)单涂层牙膏组合物涂敷于牙刷的鬃毛上,单涂层中包含一种单体/预聚物、催化剂、接枝引发剂、香料和其它辅助赋形剂。 42. A flavored dentifrice composition bonded to the substrate, the matrix of toothbrush bristles, comprising the step of: (a) coating a single dentifrice composition is applied to the toothbrush bristles, a single coating comprising one monomer / prepolymers, catalyst, graft initiator, perfumes, and other auxiliary excipient. (b)空气干燥含香味的牙膏组合物的牙刷。 (B) air-drying the toothbrush of toothpaste compositions containing fragrance.
43.如权利要求42所述的方法,其中单涂层中还包含一种颜料。 43. The method of claim 42, wherein the single coating layer further comprises a pigment.
44.如权利要求42所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(a)包括。 44. The method of claim 42, wherein said step (a) comprises. (i)用接枝引发剂活化基质,(ii)将单体/预聚物键合于已活化的基质上,(iii)让单体/预聚物聚合形成为一种接枝聚合物链,和(iv)将香料化学键合于聚合物链上,(i)至(iv)均在催化剂存在下完成。 (I) a graft initiator-activated matrix, (ii) the monomer / prepolymer is bonded to the activated substrate, (iii) and the monomer / prepolymer is polymerized to form a graft polymer chain and (iv) fragrance chemically bonded to the polymer chain, (I) to (iv) are completed in the presence of a catalyst.
45.如权利要求42所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(a)包括涂敷一单层含一种金属离子型的接枝引发剂,该接枝引发剂用以夺取活泼氢并被夺取的位置变成自由基位置供单体/预聚物相连接,得到一种单体/预聚物与牙刷鬃毛的共价键。 45. The method according to claim 42, wherein said step (a) comprises applying a single layer containing one type of metal ion graft initiator, the grafting initiator and the active hydrogen to seize seized position becomes the radical position for the monomer / prepolymer is connected, to obtain a monomer / prepolymer with the toothbrush bristles covalent bond.
46.如权利要求45所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(a)包括涂敷一单层含铁离子型接枝引发剂的涂层。 46. ​​The method according to claim 45, wherein said step (a) comprises applying a single layer coating containing iron ion graft initiator agent.
47.如权利要求45所述的方法,其中单涂层也包含一种颜料。 47. The method according to claim 45, wherein the single coating may also comprise a pigment.
48.如权利要求46所述的方法,其中单涂层也包含一种颜料。 48. The method of claim 46, wherein the single coating may also comprise a pigment.
49.如权利要求44所述的方法,其中(i)还包括接枝引发剂的还原和鬃毛的氧化作用以使鬃毛变成为一种自由基。 49. A method according to claim 44, wherein (i) further comprises oxidation of a grafting initiator and reducing agent so that the bristles bristles becomes a free radical.
50.如权利要求44所述的方法,其中(ii)还包括预聚物接枝到已活化的基质上,使在基质上形成一种接枝预聚物自由基。 50. The method according to claim 44, wherein (ii) further comprises the prepolymer grafted to the activated substrate, forming on a substrate a graft prepolymer radical.
51.如权利要求44所述的方法,其中(iii)还包括在基质上聚合物链的增长。 51. The method according to claim 44, wherein (iii) further comprises a growth of polymer chains on a substrate.
52.如权利要求44所述的方法,其中(iv)还包括:(a)形成一种薄荷醇自由基,和(b)薄荷醇自由基与在(ii)中形成的活化接枝预聚物基质结合,得到一种香料与牙刷鬃毛表面的共价键合。 52. The method according to claim 44, wherein (iv) further comprising: (a) formation of a free radical menthol, and (b) with the activated radical grafting menthol formed in (ii) is prepolymerized matrix was obtained by combining a fragrance covalent bonding of the toothbrush bristle surface.
53.如权利要求42所述的方法,其中步骤(b)是在室温下进行约30-40分钟。 53. The method according to claim 42, wherein step (b) is carried out for about 30-40 minutes at room temperature.
54.如权利要求42所述的方法,还包括固化含带香味牙膏组合物牙刷的任选步骤(c)。 54. A method according to claim 42, further comprising the step of curing, optionally with a flavor-containing toothpaste compositions toothbrush (c).
55.如权利要求54所述的方法,其中步骤(c)在约212°F-300°F温度下进行约1-2分钟。 55. The method according to claim 54, wherein step (c) is carried out at about 212 ° F-300 ° F temperature for about 1-2 minutes.
56.如权利要求42所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(a)包括涂敷一层含过氧化物催化剂的单涂层。 56. A method according to claim 42, wherein said step (a) comprises applying a single coating layer comprising a peroxide catalyst.
57.如权利要求56所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(a)包括涂敷一层含过氧化氢催化剂的单涂层。 57. The method according to claim 56, wherein said step (a) comprises applying a layer of coating containing hydrogen peroxide over a single catalyst.
58.如权利要求44所述的方法,其中(i)至(iv)均在过氧化物催化剂存在下完成。 58. The method according to claim 44, wherein (i) to (iv) are completed in the presence of a peroxide catalyst.
59.如权利要求58所述的方法,其中(i)至(iv)均在过氧化氢催化剂存在下完成。 59. The method according to claim 58, wherein (i) to (iv) are in the presence of hydrogen over an oxidation catalyst to complete.
60.如权利要求42所述的方法,其中上述的步骤(a)包括涂敷一层含丙烯酸单体和聚丙烯酸预聚物的单涂层。 60. The method according to claim 42, wherein said step (a) comprises applying a layer of one-coat containing acrylic monomer and polyacrylate prepolymers.
CN 94194706 1993-11-10 1994-11-10 Disposable toothbrush having mint flavored toothpaste composition bonded to bristles thereof CN1139962A (en)

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