CN113894038A - Continuous columnar counter-flow coffee extraction pretreatment system equipment - Google Patents

Continuous columnar counter-flow coffee extraction pretreatment system equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113894038A
CN113894038A CN202111286098.8A CN202111286098A CN113894038A CN 113894038 A CN113894038 A CN 113894038A CN 202111286098 A CN202111286098 A CN 202111286098A CN 113894038 A CN113894038 A CN 113894038A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
adjusting
rod
fixed
close
disc
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Granted
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CN202111286098.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113894038B (en
Inventor
林东胜
华垒
李涛
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Jhen Ten Machinery Pinghu Co ltd
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Jhen Ten Machinery Pinghu Co ltd
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Priority to CN202111286098.8A priority Critical patent/CN113894038B/en
Publication of CN113894038A publication Critical patent/CN113894038A/en
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Publication of CN113894038B publication Critical patent/CN113894038B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • B07B1/34Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro perpendicularly or approximately perpendiculary to the plane of the screen
    • B07B1/343Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro perpendicularly or approximately perpendiculary to the plane of the screen with mechanical drive elements other than electromagnets
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/08Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for drying or roasting
    • A23N12/083Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for drying or roasting with stirring, vibrating or grinding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • B07B1/4609Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens constructional details of screening surfaces or meshes
    • B07B1/4636Regulation of screen apertures
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • B07B1/50Cleaning
    • B07B1/55Cleaning with fluid jets

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of coffee extraction pretreatment, in particular to continuous columnar countercurrent coffee extraction pretreatment system equipment. The screening mechanism designed by the invention can adjust the particle size of the screened coffee beans through the adjusting disc, and can independently adjust the screening particle sizes of the two groups of sieve pores or synchronously adjust the screening particle sizes of the two groups of sieve pores according to actual conditions. The designed heating and stirring mechanism has the advantages that the stirring blades do circular motion and self-transmission simultaneously, and the stirring effect is further improved.

Description

Continuous columnar counter-flow coffee extraction pretreatment system equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of coffee extraction pretreatment, in particular to continuous columnar countercurrent coffee extraction pretreatment system equipment.
Background
Coffee is a beverage made from roasted coffee beans, and is a popular main beverage in the world together with cocoa and tea. Along with the acceleration of people's rhythm of life, convenient to use's instant coffee receives people's favor more and more, wherein need grind coffee beans into powder earlier when instant coffee makes and extract, wherein use most extensively with countercurrent extraction again, but countercurrent extraction's effect receives the influence of coffee powder quality more easily, consequently when the preliminary treatment, it is stricter to the screening of coffee beans and the requirement of heating more, current preprocessing equipment can't screen the coffee beans particle diameter in a flexible way, and the inhomogeneous quality that reduces the product of heating portion appears easily among the stirring heating process, therefore it is very necessary to design a coffee beans preprocessing device who is applicable to countercurrent extraction.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above-mentioned shortcomings of the prior art, the present invention provides a continuous column-shaped countercurrent coffee extraction pretreatment system.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
continuous column counter-flow coffee extraction pretreatment system equipment, which comprises a frame, actuating mechanism, screening mechanism, pay-off area and heating rabbling mechanism, the frame includes first base, first base upper surface is provided with two symmetric distribution's support column, the inboard that the support column is close to the upper surface is opened there is the stand spout, stand spout internal fixation has the stand slide bar, sliding connection has the cylinder slider on the stand slide bar, it has the hinge bar to articulate between two cylinder sliders, be fixed with the auxiliary stay board between two support columns, first base side is provided with two parallel distribution's collecting box, one side that first base was kept away from to the collecting box is provided with the second base, second base upper surface is provided with two parallel distribution's auxiliary fixation piece, sliding connection has the dead lever on the auxiliary fixation piece.
Further, actuating mechanism is including fixing two motors in first base lateral surface lower part, two motor parallel distribution, the motor output is fixed with the pivot, pivot upper end and auxiliary support plate rotate to be connected, be fixed with the slope disc in the pivot, the arc track that has symmetric distribution is opened to the slope disc upper and lower surface, one side that the pivot is close to first base is provided with the shock bar, one side that the shock bar is close to the slope disc is provided with the supplementary shock bar of two symmetric distribution, supplementary shock bar end is provided with the ball, ball and arc track cooperation, it has the hinge hole to open supplementary shock bar upper end.
Further, vibrate pole and auxiliary stay board sliding connection vibrate the pole top and be provided with the slip track piece, vibrate the pole and articulate through hinge hole and the slip track piece of upper end.
Furthermore, the screening mechanism comprises a vibrating screen arranged above the frame, adjusting chutes are formed in two sides of the lower surface of the vibrating screen, two particle size adjusting screens distributed in parallel are arranged in the adjusting chutes, a plurality of adjusting screen holes distributed in an array are formed in the particle size adjusting screens, symmetrically distributed particle size adjusting rods are arranged on two sides of the particle size adjusting screens, two groups of screen holes distributed in an array are formed in the upper surface of the vibrating screen, two adjusting chutes distributed in parallel are formed in two sides of the vibrating screen, the particle size adjusting rods extend out of the adjusting chutes, fixing blocks are arranged at two ends of each adjusting chute, two symmetrically distributed connecting blocks are fixed at the positions, close to the second base, of the lower surface of the vibrating screen, the connecting blocks are rotatably connected with fixing rods, two symmetrically distributed sliding track blocks are fixed at the positions, close to the first base, of the outer side, close to the connecting blocks, of the vibrating screen is provided with a first adjusting rod, a second adjusting rod is arranged on one side of the outer side of the vibrating screen close to the sliding track block, the first adjusting rod and the second adjusting rod are rotatably connected with the fixed block, the first adjusting rod and the second adjusting rod are both in threaded connection with the particle size adjusting rod, an electromagnet is fixed at one end of the first adjusting rod close to the middle part of the vibrating screen, a first adjusting disc is fixed on the side of the electromagnet far away from the first adjusting rod, a plurality of aligning grooves distributed circumferentially are arranged on one side of the first adjusting disc far away from the first adjusting rod, a second adjusting disc is fixed at one end of the second adjusting rod close to the middle part of the vibrating screen, two symmetrically distributed slide bars are slidably connected on the second adjusting disc, a reset spring is arranged at one end of each slide bar far away from the first adjusting disc, and an aligning disc is fixed at one end of each slide bar close to the first adjusting disc, and a plurality of aligning blocks which are distributed circumferentially are fixed on one side of the aligning disc close to the first adjusting disc, and the aligning blocks are provided with round corners.
Furthermore, two baffles which are symmetrically distributed are arranged on two sides of the upper surface of the vibrating screen, and a counter-flow fan is arranged on the upper surface of the left side of each baffle.
Furthermore, the upper part of the sliding track block is rotatably connected with the hinge rod, the lower surface of the sliding track block is provided with a T-shaped sliding rail, and a T-shaped sliding block hinged with the oscillating rod is arranged in the sliding track block.
Further, a feeding belt is arranged on the left side of the rack, a heating and stirring mechanism is arranged on the left side of the feeding belt and comprises a stirring barrel arranged below the feeding belt, an inner cavity is formed in the stirring barrel, a heating ring is arranged on the side wall of the inner cavity, a cover plate is arranged on the upper surface of the stirring barrel, a feeding hole communicated with the inner cavity is formed in the position, close to the feeding belt, of the cover plate, an auxiliary baffle is arranged around the feeding hole, a fixing frame is fixed in the middle of the upper surface of the cover plate, a stirring motor is fixed on the lower surface of the fixing frame, a driving gear is fixed at the output end of the stirring motor, a rotating sleeve is arranged on the side of the driving gear, a driven gear ring is fixed on the cylindrical surface outside the rotating sleeve, a supporting rod in rotating connection is arranged in the middle of the rotating sleeve, two ends of the supporting rod are respectively fixedly connected with the lower surface of the fixing frame and the bottom of the inner cavity, the rotating sleeve is rotatably connected with the cover plate, a plurality of rotating holes distributed circumferentially are formed in the cylindrical surface of the rotating sleeve, a blade rotating shaft is rotatably connected in the rotating hole, a blade toothed ring is arranged on the cylindrical surface of the blade rotating shaft close to the inner side, and a stirring blade is fixed at one end of the blade rotating shaft close to the outer side.
Furthermore, a fixed bevel gear is fixed on the supporting rod, and the blade gear ring is meshed with the fixed bevel gear.
Further, the equipment comprises the following working steps:
s1, driving the inclined disc to rotate by the motor, and further driving the oscillating rod to move up and down;
s2, driving a vibrating screen to vibrate by a vibrating rod, and screening coffee beans with proper particle size;
s3, simultaneously, turning on a counter-flow fan, and blowing out light impurities which cannot be screened out from the vibrating screen;
s4, enabling the screened coffee beans to enter a heating and stirring mechanism, and enabling stirring blades to rotate around a supporting rod simultaneously, so that the stirring effect is improved;
s5, when the particle size of the screened coffee beans needs to be adjusted, the position of the particle size adjusting sieve is changed by rotating the first adjusting plate and the second adjusting plate, and then the adjusting sieve holes and the sieve hole gaps are changed;
s6, when the two particle size adjusting sieves need to be adjusted synchronously, the electromagnet can be turned on, the alignment disc is adsorbed on the first adjusting disc at the moment, and the synchronous adjustment of the two particle size adjusting sieves can be realized by rotating the adjusting disc.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the screening mechanism designed by the invention can adjust the particle size of the screened coffee beans through the adjusting disc, and can independently adjust the screening particle sizes of the two groups of sieve pores or synchronously adjust the screening particle sizes of the two groups of sieve pores according to actual conditions.
2. According to the heating and stirring mechanism, the stirring blades do circular motion and self-transmission simultaneously, so that the stirring effect is further improved.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments or technical solutions in the prior art of the present invention, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings without creative efforts;
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the construction of the housing of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the drive mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the oscillating rod;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a screening mechanism;
FIG. 6 is a partial schematic view of the screening mechanism;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the underside of the screening mechanism;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a heating and stirring mechanism;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of a heating and stirring mechanism;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view of a heating and stirring mechanism;
fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of the heating and stirring mechanism.
The reference numbers in the figures illustrate:
1. a frame; 11. a first base; 111. a support pillar; 1111. a column chute; 1112. a column slide bar; 1113. a cylindrical slider; 1114. a hinged lever; 112. an auxiliary support plate; 12. a collection box; 13. a second base; 14. an auxiliary fixing block; 15. fixing the rod; 2. a drive mechanism; 21. a motor; 22. a rotating shaft; 221. tilting the disc; 2211. an arc-shaped track; 23. a vibrating rod; 231. an auxiliary oscillating rod; 232. a ball bearing; 233. a hinge hole; 3. a screening mechanism; 31. vibrating screen; 311. adjusting the sliding chute; 312. a baffle plate; 313. screening holes; 314. adjusting the sliding chute; 32. a counter-flow fan; 33. a fixed block; 34. connecting blocks; 35. a first adjusting lever; 351. an electromagnet; 352. a first dial; 3521. aligning the groove; 36. a second adjusting lever; 361. a second adjustment dial; 362. a slide bar; 363. a return spring; 364. aligning the disc; 3641. aligning the block; 37. a particle size adjusting sieve; 371. adjusting the sieve pores; 372. a particle size adjusting rod; 38. a sliding track block; 381. a T-shaped slide rail; 4. a feed belt; 5. a heating and stirring mechanism; 51. a stirring barrel; 511. an inner cavity; 512. a heating ring; 52. a cover plate; 521. a feed inlet; 522. an auxiliary baffle; 523. a fixed mount; 53. a stirring motor; 54. a driving gear; 55. rotating the sleeve; 551. a support bar; 5511. fixing the bevel gear; 552. a driven gear ring; 553. a stirring blade; 5531. a blade rotating shaft; 5532. a blade ring gear; 554. the hole is rotated.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "opening," "upper," "lower," "thickness," "top," "middle," "length," "inner," "peripheral," and the like are used in an orientation or positional relationship that is merely for convenience in describing and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced component or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus should not be considered as limiting the present invention.
Continuous column counter-current coffee extraction pretreatment system equipment includes frame 1, actuating mechanism 2, screening mechanism 3, pay-off area 4 and heating rabbling mechanism 5. As shown in fig. 1 and 2, the rack 1 includes a first base 11, two support columns 111 symmetrically distributed are disposed on an upper surface of the first base 11, a column chute 1111 is formed on an inner side of the support column 111 close to the upper surface, a column slide rod 1112 is fixed in the column chute 1111, a column slide block 1113 is slidably connected to the column slide rod 1112, a hinge rod 1114 is hinged between the two column slide blocks 1113, and when the two column slide blocks 1113 rotate, the hinge rod 1114 can move in a small range in a horizontal direction. An auxiliary support plate 112 is fixed between the two support columns 111. The collecting box 12 that first base 11 side was provided with two parallel distribution, and one side that first base 11 was kept away from to collecting box 12 is provided with second base 13, and second base 13 upper surface is provided with two parallel distribution's supplementary fixed block 14, rotates on the supplementary fixed block 14 and is connected with dead lever 15.
As shown in fig. 1, 3 and 4, the driving mechanism 2 includes two motors 21 fixed at the lower part of the outer side of the first base 11, and the two motors 21 are distributed in parallel. The output end of motor 21 is fixed with pivot 22, pivot 22 upper end and auxiliary stay plate 112 rotate to be connected, be fixed with tilting disc 221 in the pivot 22, tilting disc 221 upper and lower surface is opened the arc track 2211 that has the symmetric distribution, one side that pivot 22 is close to first base 11 is provided with shock bar 23, one side that shock bar 23 is close to tilting disc 221 is provided with the supplementary oscillating bar 231 of two symmetric distributions, supplementary oscillating bar 231 end is provided with ball 232, ball 232 and arc track 2211 cooperation, supplementary oscillating bar 231 upper end is opened there is hinge hole 233. The oscillating rod 231 is slidably connected with the auxiliary support plate 112, a sliding track block 38 is arranged above the oscillating rod 231, and the oscillating rod 231 is hinged with the sliding track block 38 through a hinge hole 233 at the upper end.
As shown in fig. 1, 5, 6, 7, the screening mechanism 3 includes the shale shaker 31 of setting in frame 1 top, regulation spout 311 has been opened to shale shaker 31 lower surface both sides, be provided with two parallel distribution's particle diameter regulation sieve 37 in the regulation spout 311, particle diameter regulation sieve 37 opens the regulation sieve pore 371 that has a plurality of array distributions, particle diameter regulation sieve 37 both sides are provided with the particle diameter regulation pole 372 of symmetric distribution, shale shaker 31 upper surface both sides are provided with the baffle 312 of two symmetric distributions, baffle 312 left side upper surface is provided with counterflow fan 32, shale shaker 31 upper surface is opened has two sets of array distribution's sieve pore 313, shale shaker 31 both sides all open the regulation spout 314 that has two parallel distribution, particle diameter regulation pole 372 stretches out regulation spout 314. Two fixing blocks 33 are arranged at two ends of the adjusting chute 314, two symmetrically distributed connecting blocks 34 are fixed on the lower surface of the vibrating screen 31 close to the second base 13, and the connecting blocks 34 are rotatably connected with the fixing rod 15. Two symmetrically distributed sliding track blocks 38 are fixed on the lower surface of the vibrating screen 31 near the first base 13, and the upper parts of the sliding track blocks 38 are rotatably connected with the hinge rods 1114. The lower surface of the sliding track block 38 is provided with a T-shaped sliding track, and a T-shaped sliding block hinged with the oscillating rod 231 is arranged inside the sliding track. A first adjusting rod 35 is arranged on one side, close to the connecting block 34, of the outer side of the vibrating screen 31, a second adjusting rod 36 is arranged on one side, close to the sliding track block 38, of the outer side of the vibrating screen 31, the first adjusting rod 35 and the second adjusting rod 36 are rotatably connected with the fixing block 33, and the first adjusting rod 35 and the second adjusting rod 36 are both in threaded connection with the particle size adjusting rod 372. An electromagnet 351 is fixed at one end of the first adjusting rod 35 close to the middle of the vibrating screen 31, a first adjusting disc 352 is fixed at the side of the electromagnet 351 far from the first adjusting rod 35, and a plurality of aligning grooves 3521 distributed circumferentially are formed in one side of the first adjusting disc 352 far from the first adjusting rod 35. A second adjusting disc 361 is fixed at one end of the second adjusting rod 36 close to the middle of the vibrating screen 31, two symmetrically distributed sliding rods 362 are connected on the second adjusting disc 361 in a sliding mode, a return spring 363 is arranged at one end, far away from the first adjusting disc 352, of each sliding rod 362, an aligning disc 364 is fixed at one end, close to the first adjusting disc 352, of each sliding rod 362, a plurality of aligning blocks 3641 distributed circumferentially are fixed at one side, close to the first adjusting disc 352, of each aligning disc 364, and a circular angle is formed in each aligning block 3641.
As shown in fig. 1, 8, 9, 10 and 11, a feeding belt 4 is arranged on the left side of a frame 1, a heating and stirring mechanism 5 is arranged on the left side of the feeding belt 4, the heating and stirring mechanism 5 comprises a stirring barrel 51 arranged below the feeding belt 4, an inner cavity 511 is formed inside the stirring barrel 51, a heating ring 512 is arranged on the side wall of the inner cavity 511, a cover plate 52 is arranged on the upper surface of the stirring barrel 51, a feeding hole 521 communicated with the inner cavity 511 is formed in the position, close to the feeding belt 4, of the cover plate 52, and an auxiliary baffle 522 is arranged around the feeding hole 521. A fixed frame 523 is fixed in the middle of the upper surface of the cover plate 52, a stirring motor 53 is fixed on the lower surface of the fixed frame 523, a driving gear 54 is fixed at the output end of the stirring motor 53, a rotating sleeve 55 is arranged on the side of the driving gear 54, a driven gear ring 552 is fixed on the cylindrical surface outside the rotating sleeve 55, a supporting rod 551 connected in a rotating manner is arranged in the middle of the rotating sleeve 55, and two ends of the supporting rod 551 are fixedly connected with the lower surface of the fixed frame 523 and the bottom of the inner cavity 511 respectively. The fixed bevel gear 5511 is fixed on the support rod 551, the rotating sleeve 55 is rotatably connected with the cover plate 52, a plurality of rotating holes 554 distributed circumferentially are formed in the cylindrical surface of the rotating sleeve 55, the blade rotating shaft 5531 is rotatably connected in the rotating holes 554, a blade toothed ring 5532 is arranged on the cylindrical surface of the blade rotating shaft 5531 close to the inner side, and the blade toothed ring 5532 is meshed with the fixed bevel gear 5511. The stirring blade 553 is fixed to an end of the blade rotating shaft 5531 near the outside.
The working steps are as follows:
s1, the motor 21 drives the inclined disc 221 to rotate, and further drives the oscillating rod 23 to move up and down;
s2, driving the vibrating screen 31 to vibrate by the vibrating rod 23, and screening coffee beans with proper particle size;
s3, simultaneously, the counter-flow fan 32 is started, and light impurities which cannot be screened are blown out of the vibrating screen 31;
s4, the screened coffee beans enter the heating and stirring mechanism 5, and the stirring blades 553 rotate around the supporting rod 551 and simultaneously rotate to increase the stirring effect;
s5, when the particle size of the screened coffee beans needs to be adjusted, the position of the particle size adjusting sieve 37 is changed by rotating the first adjusting disc 352 and the second adjusting disc 361, and then the gap between the adjusting sieve hole 371 and the sieve hole 313 is changed;
s6, when two particle size adjusting sieves need to be adjusted synchronously, the electromagnet 351 can be turned on, the alignment disc 364 is adsorbed on the first adjusting disc 352 at the moment, and the two particle size adjusting sieves can be adjusted synchronously by rotating the adjusting discs.
The working principle is as follows:
the device during operation, at first motor 21 rotates, it is up-and-down reciprocating motion to drive shock rod 23 through slope disc 221, it shakes to drive shale shaker 31, after coffee bean gets into shale shaker 31, go out unqualified coffee bean and impurity separation through two sets of sieve meshes 313, fall into collecting box 12, the light impurity that fan 32 will unable to separate blows off shale shaker 31 against the current simultaneously, qualified coffee bean after the separation falls into agitator 51 through pay-off area 4, agitator motor 53 drive driving gear 54 rotates this moment, drive rotating sleeve 55 and rotate, agitator blade 553 rotates along with rotating sleeve 55 this moment, do the rotation simultaneously under the meshing of fixed bevel gear 5511 and blade ring gear 5532 and promote the stirring effect. When the size of the coffee bean particles needing to be sieved is adjusted, the first adjusting disk 352 and the second adjusting disk 361 can be rotated, the particle size adjusting rod 372 moves along the adjusting rod under the effect of threaded connection, the positions of the two particle size adjusting sieves 37 are changed, and then the gap between the adjusting sieve hole 371 and the sieve hole 313 is changed. When two particle size adjusting sieves need to be adjusted synchronously, the electromagnet 351 can be turned on, the alignment disc 364 is attracted to the first adjusting disc 352 under the action of magnetic force, and the two particle size adjusting sieves 37 can be adjusted synchronously by rotating the adjusting discs.
The beneficial effects are as follows:
the screening mechanism 3 that the device designed can adjust the coffee bean particle size of screening through the adjustment disk, can adjust the screening particle size of two sets of sieve meshes 313 alone also can adjust the screening particle size of two sets of sieve meshes 313 in step according to actual conditions.
In the heating and stirring mechanism 5 designed by the device, the stirring blades 553 perform circular motion and self-transmission simultaneously, so that the stirring effect is further improved.
In the description herein, references to the description of "one embodiment," "an example," "a specific example" or the like are intended to mean that a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic described in connection with the embodiment or example is included in at least one embodiment or example of the invention. In this specification, the schematic representations of the terms used above do not necessarily refer to the same embodiment or example. Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more embodiments or examples.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles, essential features, and advantages of the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed.

Claims (9)

1. Continuous columnar counter-flow coffee extraction pretreatment system equipment comprises a rack (1), a driving mechanism (2), a screening mechanism (3), a feeding belt (4) and a heating and stirring mechanism (5), and is characterized in that the rack (1) comprises a first base (11), two support columns (111) which are symmetrically distributed are arranged on the upper surface of the first base (11), a stand column sliding groove (1111) is formed in the inner side, close to the upper surface, of each support column (111), a stand column sliding rod (1112) is fixed in each stand column sliding groove (1111), a cylindrical sliding block (1113) is connected on each stand column sliding rod (1112) in a sliding manner, a hinge rod (1114) is hinged between the two cylindrical sliding blocks (1113), an auxiliary support plate (112) is fixed between the two support columns (111), two collecting boxes (12) which are distributed in parallel are arranged on the side of the first base (11), and a second base (13) is arranged on one side, far away from the first base (11), of each collecting box (12), two auxiliary fixing blocks (14) which are distributed in parallel are arranged on the upper surface of the second base (13), and fixing rods (15) are rotatably connected to the auxiliary fixing blocks (14).
2. The continuous columnar counter-flow coffee extraction pretreatment system equipment according to claim 1, wherein the driving mechanism (2) comprises two motors (21) fixed at the lower part of the outer side of the first base (11), the two motors (21) are distributed in parallel, the output end of the motor (21) is fixed with a rotating shaft (22), the upper end of the rotating shaft (22) is rotatably connected with the auxiliary support plate (112), the rotating shaft (22) is fixed with an inclined disc (221), the upper and lower surfaces of the inclined disc (221) are provided with symmetrically distributed arc-shaped rails (2211), one side of the rotating shaft (22) close to the first base (11) is provided with a vibrating rod (23), one side of the vibrating rod (23) close to the inclined disc (221) is provided with two symmetrically distributed auxiliary vibrating rods (231), the tail end of the auxiliary vibrating rod (231) is provided with a ball (232), and the ball (232) is matched with the arc-shaped rails (2211), the upper end of the auxiliary oscillating rod (231) is provided with a hinge hole (233).
3. The continuous column-shaped countercurrent coffee extraction pretreatment system equipment according to claim 2, wherein the oscillating rod (231) is slidably connected with the auxiliary support plate (112), a sliding track block (38) is arranged above the oscillating rod (231), and the oscillating rod (231) is hinged with the sliding track block (38) through a hinge hole (233) at the upper end.
4. The continuous columnar counter-flow coffee extraction pretreatment system equipment as recited in claim 1, wherein the screening mechanism (3) comprises a vibrating screen (31) disposed above the frame (1), adjusting chutes (311) are formed on two sides of a lower surface of the vibrating screen (31), two particle size adjusting screens (37) distributed in parallel are disposed in the adjusting chutes (311), a plurality of adjusting screen holes (371) distributed in an array are formed in the particle size adjusting screens (37), symmetrically distributed particle size adjusting rods (372) are disposed on two sides of the particle size adjusting screens (37), two groups of screen holes (313) distributed in an array are formed in an upper surface of the vibrating screen (31), two adjusting chutes (314) distributed in parallel are formed in two sides of the vibrating screen (31), the particle size adjusting rods (372) extend out of the adjusting chutes (314), fixing blocks (33) are disposed at two ends of the adjusting chutes (314), and two symmetrically distributed connecting blocks (34) are fixed at positions of the lower surface of the vibrating screen (31) close to the second base (13) ) The connecting block (34) is rotatably connected with the fixing rod (15), and two sliding track blocks (38) which are symmetrically distributed are fixed at the position, close to the first base (13), of the lower surface of the vibrating screen (31);
a first adjusting rod (35) is arranged on one side, close to a connecting block (34), of the outer side of the vibrating screen (31), a second adjusting rod (36) is arranged on one side, close to a sliding track block (38), of the outer side of the vibrating screen (31), an electromagnet (351) is fixed to one end, close to the middle of the vibrating screen (31), of the first adjusting rod (35), the second adjusting rod (36) is rotatably connected with a fixed block (33), a first adjusting disk (352) is fixed to the side face, far away from the first adjusting rod (35), of the electromagnet (351), a plurality of aligning grooves (3521) which are distributed in a circumferential manner are formed in one side, far away from the first adjusting rod (35), of the first adjusting disk (352), a second adjusting disk (361) is fixed to one end, close to the middle of the vibrating screen (31), of the second adjusting rod (36), two symmetrically-distributed sliding rods (362) are connected to the second adjusting disc (361) in a sliding mode, a return spring (363) is arranged at one end, away from the first adjusting disc (352), of each sliding rod (362), a centering disc (364) is fixed at one end, close to the first adjusting disc (352), of each sliding rod (362), a plurality of circumferentially-distributed centering blocks (3641) are fixed on one side, close to the first adjusting disc (352), of each centering disc (364), and a round angle is formed in each centering block (3641).
5. The continuous columnar counter-flow coffee extraction pretreatment system equipment according to claim 4, wherein two symmetrically distributed baffles (312) are arranged on two sides of the upper surface of the vibrating screen (31), and a counter-flow fan (32) is arranged on the upper surface of the left side of the baffles (312).
6. The continuous columnar counter-flow coffee extraction pretreatment system equipment according to claim 4, wherein the upper part of the sliding track block (38) is rotatably connected with a hinge rod (1114), the lower surface of the sliding track block (38) is provided with a T-shaped sliding rail, and a T-shaped sliding block hinged with the oscillating rod (231) is arranged in the sliding track block.
7. The continuous columnar counter-flow coffee extraction pretreatment system equipment according to claim 1, wherein a feeding belt (4) is arranged on the left side of the rack (1), a heating and stirring mechanism (5) is arranged on the left side of the feeding belt (4), the heating and stirring mechanism (5) comprises a stirring barrel (51) arranged below the feeding belt (4), an inner cavity (511) is formed in the stirring barrel (51), a heating ring (512) is arranged on the side wall of the inner cavity (511), a cover plate (52) is arranged on the upper surface of the stirring barrel (51), a feeding hole (521) communicated with the inner cavity (511) is formed in the position, close to the feeding belt (4), of the cover plate (52), an auxiliary baffle plate (522) is arranged around the feeding hole (521), a fixing frame (523) is fixed in the middle of the upper surface of the cover plate (52), a stirring motor (53) is fixed on the lower surface of the fixing frame (523), and a driving gear (54) is fixed at the output end of the stirring motor (53), the side of the driving gear (54) is provided with a rotating sleeve (55), a driven toothed ring (552) is fixed on the cylindrical surface of the outer side of the rotating sleeve (55), a supporting rod (551) connected in a rotating mode is arranged in the middle of the rotating sleeve (55), two ends of the supporting rod (551) are respectively connected with the lower surface of the fixing frame (523), the bottom of the inner cavity (511) is fixedly connected, the rotating sleeve (55) is connected with the cover plate (52) in a rotating mode, a plurality of rotating holes (554) distributed circumferentially are formed in the cylindrical surface of the rotating sleeve (55), a blade rotating shaft (5531) is connected in the rotating holes (554) in a rotating mode, a blade toothed ring (5532) is arranged on the cylindrical surface of the blade rotating shaft (5531) close to the inner side, and a stirring blade (553) is fixed at one end of the blade rotating shaft (5531) close to the outer side.
8. The continuous cylindrical counter-flow coffee extraction pre-processing system equipment as recited in claim 7, characterized in that a fixed bevel gear (5511) is fixed on the support rod (551), and the blade gear ring (5532) is meshed with the fixed bevel gear (5511).
9. The continuous column-shaped countercurrent coffee extraction pretreatment system equipment of any one of claims 1-8, wherein the equipment is operated according to the following steps:
s1, the motor (21) drives the inclined disc (221) to rotate, and then drives the oscillating rod (23) to move up and down;
s2, driving a vibrating screen (31) to vibrate by a vibrating rod (23), and screening coffee beans with proper particle size;
s3, simultaneously, the counter-flow fan (32) is started, and light impurities which cannot be screened are blown out of the vibrating screen (31);
s4, the screened coffee beans enter a heating and stirring mechanism (5), and stirring blades (553) rotate around a supporting rod (551) and simultaneously rotate to increase the stirring effect;
s5, when the particle size of the screened coffee beans needs to be adjusted, the position of the particle size adjusting sieve (37) is changed by rotating the first adjusting disc (352) and the second adjusting disc (361), and then the gap between the adjusting sieve hole (371) and the sieve hole (313) is changed;
s6, when two particle size adjusting sieves need to be adjusted synchronously, the electromagnet (351) can be started, the alignment disc (364) is adsorbed on the first adjusting disc (352), and the adjusting discs are rotated to realize the synchronous adjustment of the two particle size adjusting sieves.
CN202111286098.8A 2021-11-02 2021-11-02 Continuous columnar countercurrent coffee extraction pretreatment system equipment Active CN113894038B (en)

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