CN113893077A - Radius distal end fracture fixing device with longitudinal traction function - Google Patents

Radius distal end fracture fixing device with longitudinal traction function Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN113893077A
CN113893077A CN202111350116.4A CN202111350116A CN113893077A CN 113893077 A CN113893077 A CN 113893077A CN 202111350116 A CN202111350116 A CN 202111350116A CN 113893077 A CN113893077 A CN 113893077A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
patch
traction
splint
radius
longitudinal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202111350116.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘光明
孙波
陈建华
杨佳裕
蒋恩宇
詹炜祎
季伟
李辰
邵铮
钱晋宇
戴金花
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Huangpu District Xiangshan Hospital Of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Original Assignee
Shanghai Huangpu District Xiangshan Hospital Of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Huangpu District Xiangshan Hospital Of Traditional Chinese Medicine filed Critical Shanghai Huangpu District Xiangshan Hospital Of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Priority to CN202111350116.4A priority Critical patent/CN113893077A/en
Publication of CN113893077A publication Critical patent/CN113893077A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/04Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints
    • A61F5/05Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints for immobilising
    • A61F5/058Splints
    • A61F5/05841Splints for the limbs
    • A61F5/05858Splints for the limbs for the arms
    • A61F5/05866Splints for the limbs for the arms for wrists, hands, fingers or thumbs

Landscapes

  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Nursing (AREA)
  • Orthopedic Medicine & Surgery (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Biomedical Technology (AREA)
  • Heart & Thoracic Surgery (AREA)
  • Vascular Medicine (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Animal Behavior & Ethology (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Veterinary Medicine (AREA)
  • Orthopedics, Nursing, And Contraception (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a distal radius fracture fixing device with a longitudinal traction function, which comprises a dorsal splint, a palmar splint, a radial splint and a ulnar splint, wherein the dorsal splint, the palmar splint and the radial splint respectively comprise a straight body plate, a buckling plate, an expansion plate and an angle regulating device; and a traction belt and a traction patch are arranged in front of the fixed patch. Its advantages are: the invention has reasonable structural design and simple operation, can ensure stable fixation and realize angle adjustment, and can help the patient at the far end of the radius to carry out continuous and effective traction when the fracture reduction of the patient at the far end of the radius is adjusted, thereby assisting the patient at the far end of the radius to realize the smooth recovery of the fracture.

Description

Radius distal end fracture fixing device with longitudinal traction function
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of medical instruments, in particular to a radius far-end fracture fixing device with a longitudinal traction function.
Background
The distal radius fracture is the most common fracture in the fracture of the upper limb, and the distal radius fracture generally refers to the fracture within 3cm of the distal radius end, which is a common disease in orthopedics department emergency treatment and is often seen in the elderly and young and middle-aged people. The far end of the radius bone participates in the formation of the wrist joint, and the fracture of the far end of the radius bone is a common orthopedic trauma disease in clinic. In the event of an accident, the person is conscious of the support and therefore the wrist is easily injured.
The traditional method for treating distal radius fracture usually adopts the methods of operation treatment and splint or wrist plaster external fixation for treating distal radius fracture, the general splint fixing mode is not very stable, the treatment effect is not ideal, secondary injury is easy to cause, complications such as fracture deformity healing and joint dysfunction are caused, meanwhile, the splint type fixation can only temporarily relieve the distal radius, and the rebound at the distal radius can be caused often due to the careless movement of the wrist joints of a human hand, and the continuous and effective traction can not be carried out; the plaster has an uncertain external fixation effect, the fracture and the displacement often occur, the plaster is heavy and is easy to loosen and lose efficacy after being wetted, and the plaster fixation needs to fix the wrist joint and the adjacent fingers at the same time, which obviously causes inconvenience in life and work; although the fixation of the radius fracture treated by the operation fixation is reliable, the fixation is an invasive treatment measure, the risk of needle path infection is brought, the cost is high, and the compliance of patients is poor.
Patent application CN205515104U filed earlier by the present applicant discloses a regulating type distal radius fixing device, which comprises a dorsal splint, a palmar splint, a radial splint and an ulnar splint; the dorsal splint, the palmar splint, the radial splint and the ulnar splint respectively comprise a straight plate, a buckling plate, a telescopic plate and an angle regulating device; the buckling plate is hinged at the end part of the straight plate, and a hinged part is selected as a hinge shaft or a bolt part; the device can realize angularly adjustable, and flexible length variable splint form is changeable, and the type ability is good, how many degrees need be mastered when the patient is fixed, how many degrees homoenergetic realization need be stretched out of the back, has both guaranteed the firm of fixed position, can make the earlier recovery function of patient again, but the device when using, can not last and effectual traction effect to radius distal end fracture patient to the patient of can not reach radius distal end patient's recovery effect.
Therefore, in summary, there is a need for a novel distal radius fracture fixation device with a longitudinal traction function, which is simple in operation and convenient to use, and can continuously and effectively traction a distal radius fracture patient on the basis of an adjustable angle, so as to improve the recovery effect, but no report is found about the distal radius fracture fixation device with the longitudinal traction function.
Disclosure of Invention
The present invention has been made to solve the above-mentioned problems, and an object of the present invention is to provide a distal radius fracture fixation device having a longitudinal traction function.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the technical scheme that:
a distal radius fracture fixation device with a longitudinal traction function comprises a dorsal splint, a palmar splint, a radial splint, an ulnar splint, the dorsal splint, the palmar splint, the radial splint and the ulnar splint, wherein each of the dorsal splint, the palmar splint and the radial splint comprises a straight body plate, a buckling plate, an expansion plate and an angle regulation and control device, the fixation device further comprises a fixation device, the fixation device comprises a fixation patch, a traction belt and a traction patch, the straight body plates on the dorsal splint and the straight body plates on the radial splint are provided with the fixation patches, and the fixation patches connect the dorsal splint and the radial splint together; the front of the fixed patch is provided with a traction belt and a traction patch, and the two ends of the traction belt are respectively and fixedly connected with the fixed patch and the traction patch.
In the above distal radius fracture fixation device with a longitudinal traction function, as a preferred embodiment, the fixation patch and the traction patch are cuboid structures, and the length of the fixation patch is 5-10cm, and the width of the fixation patch is 4-6 cm; the length of the traction patch is 4-6cm, and the width of the traction patch is 4-8 cm.
In the distal radius fracture fixation device with the longitudinal traction function, as a preferable scheme, the fixing patch and the traction patch are both provided with sticky patches, and a release paper is further arranged below the sticky patches.
In the above distal radius fracture fixation device with a longitudinal traction function, as a preferred embodiment, the fixation patch and the traction patch are further provided with a plurality of air-permeable through holes, and the air-permeable through holes penetrate through the adhesive patch.
In the above-mentioned distal radius fracture fixation device having a longitudinal traction function, as a preferred embodiment, the traction band is made of a non-woven fabric material and has a certain toughness.
In the above-mentioned distal radius fracture fixation device with longitudinal traction function, as a preferred embodiment, the front end of the traction patch is further provided with 3-5 pulling bands, and the pulling bands are further provided with fixing finger rings.
In the above distal radius fracture fixation device with a longitudinal traction function, as a preferred embodiment, the inner surface of the fixation ring is further filled with a ring of elastic silica gel ring.
The invention has the advantages that:
1. the splint has the advantages of reasonable structural design, simple operation, adjustable angle, changeable shape of the splint with the variable telescopic length, good molding capacity, capability of controlling the degree of the splint and realizing the back stretching degree when a patient fixes, thereby ensuring the firmness of the fixing position, helping the patient at the far end of the radius to carry out continuous and effective traction when the fracture reduction of the patient at the far end of the radius is adjusted, and further assisting the patient at the far end of the radius to realize the smooth recovery of the fracture.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view showing a connection state of a distal radius fracture fixation device having a longitudinal traction function according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the fixing device of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a fixing patch and a traction patch on the fixing device of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the fixing device in embodiment 2.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further illustrated with reference to specific embodiments. It should be understood that these examples are for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Furthermore, it should be understood that various changes and modifications can be made by those skilled in the art after reading the disclosure of the present invention, and equivalents fall within the scope of the appended claims.
The reference numerals and components referred to in the drawings are as follows:
1. dorsal splint 2. Palm side splint 3. Radial splint
4. Ruler side splint 5. Fixing device 6. Fixing patch
7. Traction belt 8. Traction patch 9. Adhesive plaster
10. Release paper 11. Straight plate 12. Ventilation through hole
13. Tear tape 14. Fixed finger ring 15. Elastic silica gel ring
16. Tightness adjusting device
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1-3, fig. 1 is a schematic view illustrating a connection state of a distal radius fracture fixation device with a longitudinal traction function according to the present invention. Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the structure of the fixing device of the present invention. Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a fixing patch and a traction patch on the fixing device of the present invention.
The device aims to solve the problem that when the existing device is used for adjusting the fracture reduction of a patient at the far end of a radius, the traction can not be continuously and effectively carried out, and the aim of correct and effective reduction can not be achieved; in view of the above, the device mainly comprises a dorsal splint 1, a palmar splint 2, a radial splint 3 and an ulnar splint 4, wherein the dorsal splint, the palmar splint, the radial splint and the ulnar splint respectively comprise a straight body plate, a buckling plate, a telescopic plate and an angle regulation device, and the description is convenient, and the terms dorsal, palmar, radial and ulnar are used in the description, the palmar refers to the dorsal of the palm, the palmar refers to the palmar of the palm, the radial refers to the side of the thumb, and the ulnar refers to the side of the little finger; the fixing device for the distal radius fracture further comprises a fixing device 5, the fixing device 5 comprises a fixing patch 6, a traction belt 7 and a traction patch 8, the fixing patches 6 are arranged on the straight body plates 11 on the dorsal splint 1 and the straight body plates 11 on the radial splint 3, and the fixing patches 6 connect the dorsal splint 1 and the radial splint 3 together; a traction belt 7 and a traction patch 8 are arranged in front of the fixed patch 6, and two ends of the traction belt 7 are respectively and fixedly connected with the fixed patch 6 and the traction patch 8.
Referring to fig. 2, in the present embodiment, it is preferable that the fixing patch 6 and the traction patch 8 are rectangular parallelepiped structures, and the length of the fixing patch 6 is 5-10cm, and the width is 4-6 cm; the length of the traction patch 8 is 4-6cm, and the width is 4-8 cm.
Referring to fig. 3, in the present embodiment, preferably, the adhesive application 9 is disposed on each of the fixing patch 6 and the pulling patch 8, and a release paper 10 is disposed below the adhesive application 9; and the stickness is applied ointment or plaster 9 can adopt stickness technique that stickness is good, ventilative, tension-free, allergy is low, and then can make and pull paster 8 and fixed paster 6 to fix respectively on the skin at radius distal end fracture patient both ends, improve the traction effect at both ends department, also alleviateed the damage to patient's skin department simultaneously.
In this embodiment, preferably, the fixing patch 6 and the traction patch 8 are further provided with a plurality of air through holes 12, the air through holes 12 penetrate through the adhesive patch, the fixing patch 6 and the traction patch adopt a nursing patch made of non-woven fabrics, and the air through holes 12 on the surface can reduce the problems of pressure sores and the like on the skin surface of a patient, so that the comfort level of the patient is improved.
In this embodiment, preferably traction band 7 adopt the non-woven fabrics material to make, and have certain toughness, traction band in-process non-deformable pulling carries out, can be effectual continuously pull both ends radius fracture department, avoid the emergence of slippage scheduling problem to influence patient's recovered effect, be unfavorable for radius distal end fracture patient's recovered nature treatment.
In this embodiment, preferably, the front end of the traction patch 8 is further provided with 5 pulling belts 13, the pulling belts 13 are further provided with fixing finger rings 14, and the pulling belts also have the characteristics of being not easy to deform during pulling, so that the traction patch can be driven to realize fixed traction between the distal ends of the radius.
In this embodiment, preferably, the inner surface of the fixed ring 14 is further filled with a circle of elastic silica gel ring 15, the elastic silica gel ring 15 can adapt to the sizes of the fingers of different patients, the friction force of the finger ends of the patients in the traction process is increased, the traction pulling force applied to the finger ends is reduced, the problems of tightening marks and the like are avoided, and the comfort of the patients in use is improved.
The use method of the invention comprises the following steps: firstly, fixing a dorsal splint, a palmar splint, a radial splint and a ulnar splint at the wrist joint of a patient for fracture respectively, and adjusting the fixing positions at any time according to the requirements of different treatment courses by utilizing an angle adjusting device; after fixing, tear the release paper on the fixed paster among the fixing device, and fix it on patient's arm, tear the release paper that pulls on the paster after that, then strain radius distal end fracture department, paste it on patient's palm afterwards, will fix the finger ring cover and connect on the finger that the patient corresponds after that, then adjust the elasticity adjusting device who pulls on the area according to the condition and carry out further tightening up, thereby realize the purpose of continuously pulling to radius distal end fracture department.
It should be noted that: the splint has the advantages of reasonable structural design, simple operation, adjustable angle, changeable shape of the splint with the variable telescopic length, good molding capacity, capability of controlling the number of degrees needed by a patient during fixation and realizing the back extension, firmness of a fixed position is ensured, and continuous and effective traction can be performed during fracture reduction adjustment of a patient at the far end of a radius so as to assist the patient at the far end of the radius to realize smooth recovery of a fracture; meanwhile, the fixing device adopted in the device has small damage to the skin of the patient, and the comfort degree of the patient during treatment can be improved.
Example 2
Referring to fig. 4, fig. 4 is a schematic structural view of the fixing device in this embodiment.
The radius distal end fracture fixing device in this embodiment is basically the same as the radius distal end fracture fixing device in embodiment 1, and its difference is only that, the area of dragging still be provided with the tight regulation device 16, just tight regulation device 16 can be tightened up the subassembly for (adjustment on the knapsack is detained or other regulations), this setting can carry out the regulation of adaptation according to different patients' palm condition, also can increase the stability between fixed ring and the traction patch simultaneously, and then realize continuing the traction to radius distal end fracture department, increased the effect of pulling, do benefit to the recovered treatment of patient radius distal end fracture department.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, various modifications and additions can be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, and these should also be considered as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. A radius distal end fracture fixing device with a longitudinal traction function comprises a dorsal splint, a palmar splint, a radial splint and an ulnar splint, wherein the dorsal splint, the palmar splint and the radial splint respectively comprise a straight body plate, a buckling plate, an expansion plate and an angle regulation device; the front of the fixed patch is provided with a traction belt and a traction patch, and the two ends of the traction belt are respectively and fixedly connected with the fixed patch and the traction patch.
2. The distal radius fracture fixation device with longitudinal traction function as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fixation patch and the traction patch are rectangular parallelepiped structures, and the length of the fixation patch is 5-10cm, and the width of the fixation patch is 4-6 cm; the length of the traction patch is 4-6cm, and the width of the traction patch is 4-8 cm.
3. The distal radius fracture fixation device with longitudinal traction function as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fixing patch and the traction patch are provided with adhesive patches, and a release paper is further provided under the adhesive patches.
4. The distal radius fracture fixation device with longitudinal distraction of claim 3, wherein the fixation patch and the distraction patch are further provided with a plurality of ventilation holes, and the ventilation holes extend through the adhesive patch.
5. The distal radius fracture fixation device with longitudinal distraction according to claim 1, wherein the distraction belt is made of non-woven fabric and has a certain toughness.
6. The distal radius fracture fixation device with longitudinal traction function as claimed in claim 1, wherein the front end of the traction patch is further provided with 3-5 pull bands, and the pull bands are further provided with fixing finger rings.
7. The distal radius fracture fixation device with longitudinal distraction of claim 6, wherein the inner surface of the fixation ring is further filled with a ring of elastic silicone ring.
CN202111350116.4A 2021-11-15 2021-11-15 Radius distal end fracture fixing device with longitudinal traction function Pending CN113893077A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111350116.4A CN113893077A (en) 2021-11-15 2021-11-15 Radius distal end fracture fixing device with longitudinal traction function

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202111350116.4A CN113893077A (en) 2021-11-15 2021-11-15 Radius distal end fracture fixing device with longitudinal traction function

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN113893077A true CN113893077A (en) 2022-01-07

Family

ID=79194409

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202111350116.4A Pending CN113893077A (en) 2021-11-15 2021-11-15 Radius distal end fracture fixing device with longitudinal traction function

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN113893077A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115068191A (en) * 2022-06-13 2022-09-20 无锡市第九人民医院 Medical traction device capable of providing continuous traction for fingers

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115068191A (en) * 2022-06-13 2022-09-20 无锡市第九人民医院 Medical traction device capable of providing continuous traction for fingers
CN115068191B (en) * 2022-06-13 2023-11-17 无锡市第九人民医院 Medical traction device capable of providing continuous traction for fingers

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US10857037B2 (en) Controlled strain skin treatment devices and methods
US7857776B2 (en) Dynamically adjustable joint extension and flexion device
US7297128B2 (en) Arm suspension sleeve
US4370976A (en) Dynamic foam orthosis
US7173161B1 (en) Bandage for relief of the musculature in muscle fibre tears
US6270469B1 (en) Abdominal postoperative binder and method of use
CN113893077A (en) Radius distal end fracture fixing device with longitudinal traction function
US6080125A (en) Abdominal postoperative binder
US7195605B1 (en) Simple dynamic orthosis
CN217286231U (en) Radius distal end fracture fixation splint with longitudinal traction function
CN215458758U (en) Lower limb straightening fixer for femoral artery puncture
CN214434699U (en) External fixing device for upper limb fracture patient
JPH027545Y2 (en)
CN213047568U (en) Adjustable external fixator for humeral shaft fracture
CN110151392A (en) The dual-purpose icing fixing belt of hip knee
CN214157639U (en) Novel device for treating tendinous hammer finger
CN218247521U (en) External fixation device for distal radius fracture
CN221129965U (en) Elastic artery compression bandage with air bag
CN215083944U (en) Fixing device of major diameter drainage tube
US11857447B1 (en) Brace for reducing and stabilizing fracture in human hand
CN213047567U (en) External fixator for humeral shaft fracture
CN214129041U (en) Fixer for knee joint burn and wound extension
WO2012050976A2 (en) Amputation dressings
CN213525909U (en) Elastic fixing band for soft tissue of chest
CN214318257U (en) Wrist-buckling-resistant wrist protector

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination