CN113860924A - Underglaze green thorn and overglaze safflower ceramic and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Underglaze green thorn and overglaze safflower ceramic and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113860924A
CN113860924A CN202111140056.3A CN202111140056A CN113860924A CN 113860924 A CN113860924 A CN 113860924A CN 202111140056 A CN202111140056 A CN 202111140056A CN 113860924 A CN113860924 A CN 113860924A
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parts
safflower
green
thorn
glaze
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张金涵
孙胜泉
李建民
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Fujian Dehua Bolong Ceramics Co ltd
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Fujian Dehua Bolong Ceramics Co ltd
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    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/89Coating or impregnation for obtaining at least two superposed coatings having different compositions
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B11/00Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28BSHAPING CLAY OR OTHER CERAMIC COMPOSITIONS; SHAPING SLAG; SHAPING MIXTURES CONTAINING CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28B11/00Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles
    • B28B11/04Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles for coating or applying engobing layers
    • B28B11/044Apparatus or processes for treating or working the shaped or preshaped articles for coating or applying engobing layers with glaze or engobe or enamel or varnish
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    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
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    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
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    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
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Abstract

The invention relates to the field of ceramics and a preparation process thereof, in particular to an underglaze green thorn and overglaze safflower ceramic and a preparation method thereof. The heat preservation is carried out at the same crystallization temperature, the green thorn seed crystals in the green thorn openings are fused and connected with the green thorn seed crystal glaze diffused in trunk lines and branch lines in the development process, so that green needle-shaped crystal flowers are formed by diffusion, the red flower seed crystals in the red flower openings are diffused and developed to form red flower-shaped crystal flowers, and the red flower glaze on the glaze surface is also crystallized and diffused to form red flower-shaped crystal flowers, so that the overlapped flower color form with the middle color of deep red and light red peripheral color is formed, and the red crystal flowers are arranged under the glaze, so that the stereoscopic impression is realized, and the unique aesthetic value is realized.

Description

Underglaze green thorn and overglaze safflower ceramic and preparation method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of ceramics and a preparation process thereof, in particular to underglaze green thorn and overglaze safflower ceramics and a preparation method thereof.
Background
In the product firing process, the glaze contains enough crystalline substances (melts), and is in a saturated state after being melted, so that crystallization is formed in the slow cooling process. It is an art glaze with strong decoration, and is a colored glaze originated from ancient China. The essential feature of crystalline glazes, which is distinguished from ordinary glazes, is that they contain a certain amount of visible crystals (i.e. the crystals on or in the glaze surface we can see). In the crystal production stage, the heat preservation temperature is related to the shape of crystal flowers, the heat preservation temperature is from high to low, the shape of the crystal flowers is gradually changed from a rod shape to a flower shape, and because the heat preservation temperature for molding the rod-shaped (needle-shaped) crystal flowers and the flower-shaped crystal flowers is different, in the actual firing process, only one of the rod-shaped (needle-shaped) crystal flowers and the flower-shaped crystal flowers can be generated, but the rod-shaped (needle-shaped) crystal flowers and the flower-shaped crystal flowers cannot be simultaneously expressed in the one-time firing process, so the expression shape of the crystal glaze is single, and the application of the crystal glaze is generated.
Disclosure of Invention
It is an object of the present invention to solve at least the above problems by an underglaze green thorn on-glaze safflower ceramic and a method for its preparation.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: the underglaze green thorn and overglaze safflower ceramic is characterized in that: including the body, be carved with trunk line and branch line on the body, green thorn trompil has been seted up on trunk line and branch line both sides, the safflower trompil has been seted up near the end of branch line, trunk line, branch line and the interior green thorn seed crystal that packs of green thorn trompil, the safflower seed crystal is filled in the safflower trompil, apply the overglaze on the body, the overglaze top is applyed the safflower glaze in the position that corresponds with the safflower trompil.
Preferably, the root of the trunk line is connected with the branch line, the width of the trunk line is 1-1.5mm, and the width of the branch line is 0.5-1 mm.
Preferably, the distance between the green thorn open pore and the trunk line or the branch line is 1.5-2mm, the diameter of the green thorn open pore is 0.2-0.3mm, the depth of the green thorn open pore is 1.5-2.5mm, the distance between the safflower open pore and the tail end of the branch line is 5-6mm, the diameter of the safflower open pore is 0.4-0.5mm, and the depth of the safflower open pore is 2-3 mm.
Preferably, the raw materials of the green thorn seed crystal comprise the following components in parts by weight: 25-28 parts of quartz, 35-38 parts of zinc oxide, 5-6 parts of copper oxide, 10-12 parts of kaolin, 5-6 parts of talc and 2-3 parts of water white.
Preferably, the raw materials of the safflower seed crystal comprise the following components in parts by weight: 5-8 parts of kaolin, 30-35 parts of quartz, 15-18 parts of zinc oxide and 16-19 parts of manganese oxide.
Preferably, the raw materials of the red fancy glaze comprise the following components in parts by weight: 20-25 parts of safflower seed crystal, 15-18 parts of feldspar, 15-25 parts of kaolin and 8-10 parts of silicon dioxide.
Preferably, the overglaze comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 5-8 parts of Suzhou soil, 5-10 parts of quartz, 10-12 parts of borax, 12-15 parts of feldspar, 3-4 parts of titanium oxide, 5-8 parts of loess and 14-16 parts of kaolin.
The preparation method of the underglaze green thorn and overglaze safflower ceramic is characterized by comprising the following steps:
step a, forming a blank, and processing trunk grains and branch grains on the surface of the blank;
b, forming green thorn openings on two sides of the trunk lines and the branch lines, and forming red flower openings at the tail ends of the branch lines;
c, filling green thorn seed crystals in the trunk lines, the branch lines and the green thorn openings, and filling safflower seed crystals in the safflower openings;
d, applying overglaze and drying;
e, applying the red flower glaze on the position, corresponding to the hole of the red flower, on the overglaze;
and f, sintering, quickly cooling, preserving heat, and slowly cooling to obtain the ceramic.
Preferably, the preparation method of the green thorn seed crystal and the safflower seed crystal comprises the following steps: preparing and mixing the raw material components in proportion, and then grinding into powder particles with the diameter less than 1 mm; the preparation method of the safflower glaze comprises the steps of preparing and uniformly mixing the safflower seed crystal and other raw materials according to a proportion, carrying out ball milling, and adding 40-50 parts of water and 1-2 parts of glycerol for mixing.
Preferably, the firing in the step f specifically comprises the following steps: slowly heating to 300 ℃ for 0-1h to remove part of crystal water in the glaze; 1-1.8h, rapidly heating to 800 ℃ to ensure that the glaze begins to be vitrified; 1.8-2h, keeping 800 ℃; quickly heating to the sintering temperature of 1230 ℃ for 2-2.5 h; quickly cooling to the crystallization temperature of 950 ℃ for 2.5-2.8 h; 2.8-5h, keeping the temperature at the crystallization temperature, wherein the green thorn seed crystals in the green thorn openings are fused with green thorn seed crystal glazes diffused in trunk lines and branch lines in the development process to form green needle-shaped crystal flowers, the red flower seed crystals in the red flower openings are diffused and developed to form red flower-shaped crystal flowers, and the red flower glazes on the glaze surface are simultaneously crystallized and diffused to form red flower-shaped crystal flowers, so that the overlapped flower color form with the middle color of deep red and the light red peripheral color is formed; after 5h, the mixture is naturally cooled in a kiln.
From the above description, the under-glaze green thorn and on-glaze safflower ceramic and the preparation method thereof provided by the invention have the following beneficial effects: the heat preservation is carried out at the same crystallization temperature, the green thorn seed crystals in the green thorn openings are fused and connected with green thorn seed crystal glazes diffused in trunk lines and branch lines in the development process, so that green needle-shaped crystal flowers are formed by diffusion, the red flower seed crystals in the red flower openings are diffused and developed to form red flower-shaped crystal flowers, the red flower glazes on the glaze surface are simultaneously crystallized and diffused to form red flower-shaped crystal flowers, the overlapped flower color form with the middle color of deep red and light red peripheral colors is formed, the red crystal flowers are arranged under the glaze surface, the stereoscopic impression is achieved, the green form presented by the trunk lines and the branch lines is added, the forms of green branches, green needle-pricked flowers and red flowers are integrally presented, and the unique aesthetic value is achieved.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described below by means of specific embodiments.
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
The invention relates to an underglaze green thorn and overglaze safflower ceramic, which is characterized in that: including the body, be carved with trunk line and branch line on the body, green thorn trompil has been seted up on trunk line and branch line both sides, the safflower trompil has been seted up near the end of branch line, trunk line, branch line and the interior green thorn seed crystal that packs of green thorn trompil, the safflower seed crystal is filled in the safflower trompil, apply the overglaze on the body, the overglaze top is applyed the safflower glaze in the position that corresponds with the safflower trompil.
The root of the trunk line is connected with the branch line, the width of the trunk line is 1-1.5mm, the width of the branch line is 0.5-1mm, and the trunk line and the branch line are filled with green thorn crystal seeds to form green branches after being fired.
The distance between the green thorn open cell and trunk lines or branch lines is 1.5-2mm, the diameter of the green thorn open cell is 0.2-0.3mm, the depth is 1.5-2.5mm, the distance between the safflower open cell and the tail end of the branch lines is 5-6mm, the diameter of the safflower open cell is 0.4-0.5mm, and the depth is 2-3 mm.
The green thorn seed crystal comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 25-28 parts of quartz, 35-38 parts of zinc oxide, 5-6 parts of copper oxide, 10-12 parts of kaolin, 5-6 parts of talc and 2-3 parts of water white, wherein the green thorn seed crystal is green after crystal flowers are formed.
The safflower seed crystal comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 5-8 parts of kaolin, 30-35 parts of quartz, 15-18 parts of zinc oxide and 16-19 parts of manganese oxide, wherein the safflower seed crystal is red after crystal flower forming.
The red fancy glaze comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 20-25 parts of safflower seed crystal, 15-18 parts of feldspar, 15-25 parts of kaolin and 8-10 parts of silicon dioxide, wherein the safflower glaze is further prepared by taking the safflower seed crystal as a raw material and is red after being fired.
The overglaze comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 5-8 parts of Suzhou soil, 5-10 parts of quartz, 10-12 parts of borax, 12-15 parts of feldspar, 3-4 parts of titanium oxide, 5-8 parts of loess and 14-16 parts of kaolin, wherein the overglaze is light yellow after being fired, so that a contrast ground color with large contrast is provided for other crystalline flowers.
Detailed description of the preferred embodiment
The green thorn seed crystal comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 25 parts of quartz, 35 parts of zinc oxide, 5 parts of copper oxide, 10 parts of kaolin, 5 parts of talcum and 2 parts of water white.
The safflower seed crystal comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 5 parts of kaolin, 30 parts of quartz, 15 parts of zinc oxide and 16 parts of manganese oxide.
The red fancy glaze comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 20 parts of safflower seed crystal, 15 parts of feldspar, 15 parts of kaolin and 8 parts of silicon dioxide.
The overglaze comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 5 parts of Suzhou soil, 5 parts of quartz, 10 parts of borax, 12 parts of feldspar, 3 parts of titanium oxide, 5 parts of loess and 14 parts of kaolin.
Detailed description of the invention
The green thorn seed crystal comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 28 parts of quartz, 38 parts of zinc oxide, 6 parts of copper oxide, 12 parts of kaolin, 6 parts of talc and 3 parts of water white.
The safflower seed crystal comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 8 parts of kaolin, 35 parts of quartz, 18 parts of zinc oxide and 19 parts of manganese oxide.
The red fancy glaze comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 25 parts of safflower seed crystal, 18 parts of feldspar, 25 parts of kaolin and 10 parts of silicon dioxide.
The overglaze comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 8 parts of Suzhou soil, 10 parts of quartz, 12 parts of borax, 15 parts of feldspar, 4 parts of titanium oxide, 8 parts of loess and 16 parts of kaolin.
Detailed description of the preferred embodiment
The green thorn seed crystal comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 26.3 parts of quartz, 36.2 parts of zinc oxide, 5.5 parts of copper oxide, 11.7 parts of kaolin, 5.6 parts of talc and 2.9 parts of water white.
The safflower seed crystal comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 7.2 parts of kaolin, 32.4 parts of quartz, 16.5 parts of zinc oxide and 17.8 parts of manganese oxide.
The red fancy glaze comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 22.3 parts of safflower seed crystal, 16.1 parts of feldspar, 20.8 parts of kaolin and 9.2 parts of silicon dioxide.
The overglaze comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 7.3 parts of Suzhou soil, 8.8 parts of quartz, 11.3 parts of borax, 13.2 parts of feldspar, 3.7 parts of titanium oxide, 6.2 parts of loess and 15.3 parts of kaolin.
The preparation method of the underglaze green thorn and overglaze safflower ceramic comprises the following steps:
step a, forming a blank, and processing trunk grains and branch grains on the surface of the blank;
b, forming green thorn openings on two sides of the trunk lines and the branch lines, and forming red flower openings at the tail ends of the branch lines;
c, filling green thorn seed crystals in the trunk lines, the branch lines and the green thorn openings, and filling safflower seed crystals in the safflower openings;
d, applying overglaze and drying;
step e, dipping the red fancy glaze by using a writing brush, and applying the red fancy glaze in a point shape on the position, corresponding to the hole of the red flower, on the overglaze;
and f, sintering, quickly cooling, preserving heat, and slowly cooling to obtain the ceramic.
The preparation method of the green thorn seed crystal and the safflower seed crystal comprises the following steps: preparing and mixing the raw material components in proportion, and then grinding into powder particles with the diameter less than 1 mm; the preparation method of the safflower glaze comprises the steps of preparing and uniformly mixing the safflower seed crystal and other raw materials according to a proportion, carrying out ball milling, and adding 40-50 parts of water and 1-2 parts of glycerol for mixing.
The firing in the step f comprises the following specific steps: slowly heating to 300 ℃ for 0-1h to remove part of crystal water in the glaze; 1-1.8h, rapidly heating to 800 ℃ to ensure that the glaze begins to be vitrified; 1.8-2h, keeping 800 ℃; quickly heating to the sintering temperature of 1230 ℃ for 2-2.5 h; quickly cooling to the crystallization temperature of 950 ℃ for 2.5-2.8 h; 2.8-5h, keeping the temperature at the crystallization temperature, wherein the green thorn seed crystals in the green thorn openings are fused with green thorn seed crystal glazes diffused in trunk lines and branch lines in the development process to form green needle-shaped crystal flowers, the red flower seed crystals in the red flower openings are diffused and developed to form red flower-shaped crystal flowers, and the red flower glazes on the glaze surface are simultaneously crystallized and diffused to form red flower-shaped crystal flowers, so that the overlapped flower color form with the middle color of deep red and the light red peripheral color is formed; after 5h, the mixture is naturally cooled in a kiln.
The heat preservation is carried out at the same crystallization temperature, the green thorn seed crystals in the green thorn openings are fused and connected with green thorn seed crystal glazes diffused in trunk lines and branch lines in the development process, so that green needle-shaped crystal flowers are formed by diffusion, the red flower seed crystals in the red flower openings are diffused and developed to form red flower-shaped crystal flowers, the red flower glazes on the glaze surface are simultaneously crystallized and diffused to form red flower-shaped crystal flowers, so that overlapped flower color forms with deep red middle color and light red periphery color are formed, the red crystal flowers are arranged under the glaze surface, and the red flowers on the glaze surface have suspension feeling, so that the whole red flowers have rich three-dimensional effects, and the green forms presented by the trunk lines and the branch lines are combined, so that the forms of green stems, green needle-pricked flowers and red flowers are presented integrally, and the special aesthetic value is achieved; in the traditional sintering of the crystal glaze, because the rod-shaped (needle-shaped) crystal flower and the flower-shaped crystal flower are formed at different heat preservation temperatures, in the actual sintering, only one of the rod-shaped (needle-shaped) crystal flower and the flower-shaped crystal flower can be generated, but the rod-shaped (needle-shaped) crystal flower and the flower-shaped crystal flower can not be simultaneously expressed in the one-time sintering process.
The above description is only a few specific embodiments of the present invention, but the design concept of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any insubstantial modifications made by the design concept should fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The underglaze green thorn and overglaze safflower ceramic is characterized in that: including the body, be carved with trunk line and branch line on the body, green thorn trompil has been seted up on trunk line and branch line both sides, the safflower trompil has been seted up near the end of branch line, trunk line, branch line and the interior green thorn seed crystal that packs of green thorn trompil, the safflower seed crystal is filled in the safflower trompil, apply the overglaze on the body, the overglaze top is applyed the safflower glaze in the position that corresponds with the safflower trompil.
2. The underglaze green-thorn on-glaze safflower ceramic according to claim 1, characterized in that: the root of the trunk line is connected with the branch line, the width of the trunk line is 1-1.5mm, and the width of the branch line is 0.5-1 mm.
3. The underglaze green-thorn on-glaze safflower ceramic according to claim 1, characterized in that: the distance between the green thorn open cell and trunk lines or branch lines is 1.5-2mm, the diameter of the green thorn open cell is 0.2-0.3mm, the depth is 1.5-2.5mm, the distance between the safflower open cell and the tail end of the branch lines is 5-6mm, the diameter of the safflower open cell is 0.4-0.5mm, and the depth is 2-3 mm.
4. The underglaze green-thorn on-glaze safflower ceramic according to claim 1, characterized in that: the green thorn seed crystal comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 25-28 parts of quartz, 35-38 parts of zinc oxide, 5-6 parts of copper oxide, 10-12 parts of kaolin, 5-6 parts of talc and 2-3 parts of water white.
5. The underglaze green-thorn on-glaze safflower ceramic according to claim 1, characterized in that: the safflower seed crystal comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 5-8 parts of kaolin, 30-35 parts of quartz, 15-18 parts of zinc oxide and 16-19 parts of manganese oxide.
6. The underglaze green-thorn on-glaze safflower ceramic according to claim 1, characterized in that: the red fancy glaze comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 20-25 parts of safflower seed crystal, 15-18 parts of feldspar, 15-25 parts of kaolin and 8-10 parts of silicon dioxide.
7. The underglaze green-thorn on-glaze safflower ceramic according to claim 1, characterized in that: the overglaze comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 5-8 parts of Suzhou soil, 5-10 parts of quartz, 10-12 parts of borax, 12-15 parts of feldspar, 3-4 parts of titanium oxide, 5-8 parts of loess and 14-16 parts of kaolin.
8. The method of preparing an underglaze green-thorn-on-glaze safflower ceramic according to any one of claims 1 to 7, comprising the steps of:
step a, forming a blank, and processing trunk grains and branch grains on the surface of the blank;
b, forming green thorn openings on two sides of the trunk lines and the branch lines, and forming red flower openings at the tail ends of the branch lines;
c, filling green thorn seed crystals in the trunk lines, the branch lines and the green thorn openings, and filling safflower seed crystals in the safflower openings;
d, applying overglaze and drying;
e, applying the red flower glaze on the position, corresponding to the hole of the red flower, on the overglaze;
and f, sintering, quickly cooling, preserving heat, and slowly cooling to obtain the ceramic.
9. The method for preparing an underglaze green thorn and upper glazed safflower ceramic according to claim 8, characterized in that: the preparation method of the green thorn seed crystal and the safflower seed crystal comprises the following steps: preparing and mixing the raw material components in proportion, and then grinding into powder particles with the diameter less than 1 mm; the preparation method of the safflower glaze comprises the steps of preparing and uniformly mixing the safflower seed crystal and other raw materials according to a proportion, carrying out ball milling, and adding 40-50 parts of water and 1-2 parts of glycerol for mixing.
10. The method for preparing an underglaze green thorn and upper glazed safflower ceramic according to claim 8, characterized in that: the firing in the step f comprises the following specific steps: slowly heating to 300 ℃ for 0-1h to remove part of crystal water in the glaze; 1-1.8h, rapidly heating to 800 ℃ to ensure that the glaze begins to be vitrified; 1.8-2h, keeping 800 ℃; quickly heating to the sintering temperature of 1230 ℃ for 2-2.5 h; quickly cooling to the crystallization temperature of 950 ℃ for 2.5-2.8 h; 2.8-5h, keeping the temperature at the crystallization temperature, wherein the green thorn seed crystals in the green thorn openings are fused with green thorn seed crystal glazes diffused in trunk lines and branch lines in the development process to form green needle-shaped crystal flowers, the red flower seed crystals in the red flower openings are diffused and developed to form red flower-shaped crystal flowers, and the red flower glazes on the glaze surface are simultaneously crystallized and diffused to form red flower-shaped crystal flowers, so that the overlapped flower color form with the middle color of deep red and the light red peripheral color is formed; after 5h, the mixture is naturally cooled in a kiln.
CN202111140056.3A 2021-09-28 2021-09-28 Underglaze green thorn and overglaze safflower ceramic and preparation method thereof Pending CN113860924A (en)

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