CN113830428A - Method for transferring and stacking large blades - Google Patents

Method for transferring and stacking large blades Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113830428A
CN113830428A CN202110981169.XA CN202110981169A CN113830428A CN 113830428 A CN113830428 A CN 113830428A CN 202110981169 A CN202110981169 A CN 202110981169A CN 113830428 A CN113830428 A CN 113830428A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
support
root
tip
stacking
blade
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202110981169.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙元荣
肖峰
崔锋锋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nantong Ailang Wind Power Technology Development Co ltd
Original Assignee
Nantong Ailang Wind Power Technology Development Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nantong Ailang Wind Power Technology Development Co ltd filed Critical Nantong Ailang Wind Power Technology Development Co ltd
Priority to CN202110981169.XA priority Critical patent/CN113830428A/en
Publication of CN113830428A publication Critical patent/CN113830428A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D61/00External frames or supports adapted to be assembled around, or applied to, articles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D21/00Nestable, stackable or joinable containers; Containers of variable capacity
    • B65D21/02Containers specially shaped, or provided with fittings or attachments, to facilitate nesting, stacking, or joining together
    • B65D21/0209Containers specially shaped, or provided with fittings or attachments, to facilitate nesting, stacking, or joining together stackable or joined together one-upon-the-other in the upright or upside-down position
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D85/00Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials
    • B65D85/62Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for stacks of articles; for special arrangements of groups of articles

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for transferring and stacking large blades, which comprises the following steps: s1, installing a root end support on the inner wall of the root end of a large blade to control the diameter of a root end circle; s2, hoisting the large-scale blade, and adjusting the position of the large-scale blade by using a root end overturning machine to enable the root of the large-scale blade to correspond to the position of the root transport bracket; s3, mounting the root of the large-scale blade on a root transport support, and mounting the tip of the large-scale blade on a tip transport support; s4, mounting the root transport support, the tip transport support and the large blades on a transfer trolley, and pulling the transfer trolley to a stacking position of the large blades by a tractor; s5, hoisting the root transportation support and the tip transportation support by using a crane, and stacking the large blades according to the mode that the root transportation support is stacked layer by layer and the tip transportation support is stacked layer by layer. The supporting problem in the transportation process of the large wind power blade and the supporting problem in the stacking process can be solved by utilizing the root transportation support and the tip transportation support.

Description

Method for transferring and stacking large blades
Technical Field
The invention relates to a method for transferring and stacking large blades.
Background
Nowadays, wind power blades are developed towards the direction of increasing the size. The national energy agency points out that the key technology of 8MW-10MW land/offshore wind turbine units is intensively researched, and the installation standardization and the operation and maintenance intellectualization of 5-6MW large-scale offshore wind turbine units are realized. Because blade length increases and brings some new problems, for example blade is transported, the stack requires further improvement, needs bigger transportation support, more reasonable support mounting means and stack standard, has caused work efficiency to reduce, the cost increase.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects of low efficiency and high cost of transferring and stacking large blades in the prior art, and provides a method for transferring and stacking large blades, which can solve the problems.
The invention solves the technical problems through the following technical scheme:
a method for transferring and stacking large blades is characterized by comprising the following steps:
s1, installing a root end support on the inner wall of the root end of a large blade to control the diameter of a root end circle;
s2, hoisting the large-scale blade, and adjusting the position of the large-scale blade by using a root end overturning machine to enable the root of the large-scale blade to correspond to the position of the root transport bracket;
s3, mounting the root of the large-scale blade on the root transport support, and mounting the tip of the large-scale blade on the tip transport support;
s4, mounting the root transport support, the tip transport support and the large blades on a transfer trolley, and pulling the transfer trolley to a stacking position of the large blades by a tractor;
s5, hoisting the root transportation support and the tip transportation support by using a crane, and stacking the large blades according to the mode that the root transportation support is stacked layer by layer and the tip transportation support is stacked layer by layer.
Preferably, the root transport support is provided with a support arc surface matched with the periphery of the root of the large blade, and the support arc surface is provided with a root elastic support pad.
Preferably, the root transport bracket has connection holes at upper and lower ends thereof to which root end screws of the large blade are connected, and in the step S3, the root end screws are connected to the connection holes.
Preferably, install sharp portion in the transport support of point portion and support the frock, sharp portion support the frock on have a plurality of with the backup pad that large-scale blade laminated mutually, tip elasticity supporting pad has in the backup pad.
Preferably, the tip support tool is divided into an upper support and a lower support, the support plates are respectively located on the upper support and the lower support, and two ends of the upper support and two ends of the lower support are fixedly connected through bolts.
Preferably, two ends of the top of the root transport support are provided with protruding parts, two ends of the bottom of the root transport support are provided with positioning holes, and the protruding parts are matched with the positioning holes.
Preferably, the both ends at the top of point portion transportation support have first matching hole, the both ends at the bottom of point portion transportation support have the second matching hole, first matching hole with second matching hole passes through twist lock interconnect.
Preferably, both sides of the root transport bracket and the tip transport bracket are provided with fixing ropes fixed to the ground.
On the basis of the common knowledge in the field, the above preferred conditions can be combined randomly to obtain the preferred embodiments of the invention.
The positive progress effects of the invention are as follows: the root transportation support and the tip transportation support are utilized to solve the supporting problem in the transportation process of the large wind power blade and the supporting problem in the stacking process, so that the working efficiency is improved, and the cost is reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a large blade stack in a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is an exploded view of a root transport support in a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of the connection between the tip transport frame and the tip supporting tool according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged view of a portion B in fig. 1.
Description of reference numerals:
large blade 100
Root transport support 200
Support arc 210
Root elastic support pad 220
Connecting hole 230
Convex part 240
Chassis 250
Column 260
Top frame 270
Tip transport rack 300
First matching hole 310
Twist lock 320
Tip support tool 400
Supporting plate 410
Tip elastic support pad 420
Upper support 430
Lower support 440
Detailed Description
The invention is further illustrated by the following examples, which are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention.
A method for transferring and stacking large blades comprises the following steps:
s1, installing a root end support (not shown in the figure) on the inner wall of the root end of the large blade 100 to control the diameter of a root end circle;
s2, hoisting the large-scale blade 100, and adjusting the position of the large-scale blade 100 by using a root end overturning machine to enable the root of the large-scale blade 100 to correspond to the position of the root transport bracket 200;
s3, mounting the root of the large-scale blade 100 on the root transport bracket 200, and mounting the tip of the large-scale blade 100 on the tip transport bracket 300;
s4, mounting the root transport support 200, the tip transport support 300 and the large blade 100 onto a transfer trolley, and pulling the transfer trolley to a stacking position of the large blade 100 by a tractor;
and S5, hoisting the root transportation support 200 and the tip transportation support 300 by using a crane, and stacking the large blades 100 according to the mode that the root transportation support 200 is stacked layer by layer and the tip transportation support 300 is stacked layer by layer.
Large-scale blade 100 receives external force and the influence of self gravity at the in-process of hoist and mount, stack, and its root end takes place to warp easily to make it unable be connected with aerogenerator's link, install the root end at large-scale blade 100's root end inner wall in this scheme and support and just can solve this problem well. As shown in fig. 1, the supporting problem in the transportation process of the large-scale wind power blade and the supporting problem in the stacking process can be solved through the root transportation support 200 and the tip transportation support 300 in the scheme, the risk of deformation of the root end of the product is eliminated by 100%, the transportation period of transportation support installation is reduced by 40%, the space utilization rate of the stack is improved by 40%, and the working efficiency and the cost are improved.
As shown in fig. 2, in the present embodiment, the root transportation bracket 200 has a supporting arc surface 210 matching with the outer periphery of the root of the large blade 100, and the supporting arc surface 210 has a root elastic supporting pad 220. The support arc 210 and the root elastic support pad 220 can be well adapted to the periphery of the root of the large blade 100, and the root is well protected.
In addition, the root transport bracket 200 has connection holes 230 at the upper and lower ends thereof to be connected to the root end screws of the large blade 100, and the root end screws are connected to the connection holes 230 at step S3. The connection holes 230 may fix the large blade 100 and the root transport bracket 200 together, and may further prevent the roundness of the root from being changed.
In order to ensure that the tip transport support 300 can support the tip of the large blade 100 well, as shown in fig. 3, a tip support tool 400 is installed in the tip transport support 300, the tip support tool 400 is provided with a plurality of support plates 410 attached to the large blade 100, and the support plates 410 are provided with tip elastic support pads 420. Different tip support tooling 400 may be selected for different large blades 100 to ensure that they match.
In order to fix the blade in the tip supporting tool 400, the tip supporting tool 400 is divided into an upper support 430 and a lower support 440, the supporting plate 410 is respectively located on the upper support 430 and the lower support 440, and two ends of the upper support 430 and the lower support 440 are fixedly connected through a pin. Before the blade is installed, the upper supporter 430 is removed from the lower supporter 440, and after the tip of the large blade 100 is placed in the lower supporter 440, the upper supporter 430 is fixed to the lower supporter 440. In order to improve the fitting effect of the upper support plate 410 and the blade on the upper support 430, part or all of the support plate 410 may be designed to be hinged with the upper support 430.
As shown in fig. 4, in order to align and fix the stacked root transport brackets 200 to each other, both ends of the top of the root transport bracket 200 are provided with protrusions 240, both ends of the bottom of the root transport bracket 200 are provided with positioning holes (not shown), and the protrusions 240 are matched with the positioning holes. The root transport bracket 200 comprises a bottom frame 250, two upright posts 260 and a top frame 270, wherein two ends of the upright posts 260 are respectively fixed on the bottom frame 250 and the top frame 270 through bolts, the protruding portions 240 are located on the top frame 270, and the positioning holes are located on the bottom frame 250.
As shown in fig. 5, in the present embodiment, both ends of the top of the tip transport support 300 are provided with first matching holes 310, both ends of the bottom of the tip transport support 300 are provided with second matching holes (not shown), and the first matching holes 310 and the second matching holes are connected to each other by twist locks 320.
In order to improve the stacking reliability of the large blades 100, both sides of the root transport frame 200 and the tip transport frame 300 are provided with fixing ropes (not shown) fixed to the ground. The fixing rope can prevent the large blade 100 from falling or moving under the action of external force.
While specific embodiments of the invention have been described above, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that this is by way of example only, and that the scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims. Various changes and modifications to these embodiments may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention, and these changes and modifications are within the scope of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. A method for transferring and stacking large blades is characterized by comprising the following steps:
s1, installing a root end support on the inner wall of the root end of a large blade to control the diameter of a root end circle;
s2, hoisting the large-scale blade, and adjusting the position of the large-scale blade by using a root end overturning machine to enable the root of the large-scale blade to correspond to the position of the root transport bracket;
s3, mounting the root of the large-scale blade on the root transport support, and mounting the tip of the large-scale blade on the tip transport support;
s4, mounting the root transport support, the tip transport support and the large blades on a transfer trolley, and pulling the transfer trolley to a stacking position of the large blades by a tractor;
s5, hoisting the root transportation support and the tip transportation support by using a crane, and stacking the large blades according to the mode that the root transportation support is stacked layer by layer and the tip transportation support is stacked layer by layer.
2. The method for transporting and stacking large blades according to claim 1, wherein the root transport support has a support arc surface matching the outer periphery of the root of the large blade, and the support arc surface has a root elastic support pad.
3. The method for transporting and stacking large blades according to claim 2, wherein the root transport frames have connection holes at upper and lower ends thereof to be connected to root end screws of the large blades, and the root end screws are connected to the connection holes at step S3.
4. The method for transporting and stacking large blades according to claim 3, wherein a tip supporting tool is installed in the tip transporting support, the tip supporting tool is provided with a plurality of supporting plates attached to the large blades, and the supporting plates are provided with tip elastic supporting pads.
5. The method for transporting and stacking large blades according to claim 4, wherein the tip supporting tool is divided into an upper support and a lower support, the supporting plates are respectively positioned on the upper support and the lower support, and two ends of the upper support and two ends of the lower support are fixedly connected through bolts.
6. The method for large blade transfer and stacking as recited in claim 1, wherein the root transport support has a protrusion at each end of the top portion and a positioning hole at each end of the bottom portion, the protrusion matching the positioning hole.
7. The method for transferring and stacking large blades according to claim 6, wherein the tip transport support has a first matching hole at both ends of the top thereof and a second matching hole at both ends of the bottom thereof, and the first matching hole and the second matching hole are connected to each other by a twist lock.
8. A method for large blade transfer and stacking as claimed in claim 1, wherein the root transport support and the tip transport support are provided with fixing ropes fixed to the ground at both sides.
CN202110981169.XA 2021-08-25 2021-08-25 Method for transferring and stacking large blades Pending CN113830428A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110981169.XA CN113830428A (en) 2021-08-25 2021-08-25 Method for transferring and stacking large blades

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110981169.XA CN113830428A (en) 2021-08-25 2021-08-25 Method for transferring and stacking large blades

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN113830428A true CN113830428A (en) 2021-12-24

Family

ID=78961176

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202110981169.XA Pending CN113830428A (en) 2021-08-25 2021-08-25 Method for transferring and stacking large blades

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN113830428A (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102092537A (en) * 2009-12-07 2011-06-15 通用电气公司 System and method for arranging wind turbine blades
CN202987916U (en) * 2012-12-14 2013-06-12 南车株洲电机有限公司 Transformer storage and transfer frame
CN104118660A (en) * 2013-04-23 2014-10-29 西门子公司 Wind turbine blade holding arrangement
CN204223454U (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-03-25 固瑞特模具(太仓)有限公司 Wind electricity blade transport fender bracket
CN210618991U (en) * 2019-08-30 2020-05-26 广东明阳新能源科技有限公司 Blade transportation fixing device
CN213265415U (en) * 2020-06-18 2021-05-25 上海电气风电集团股份有限公司 Blade root anti-deformation tool for fan blade

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102092537A (en) * 2009-12-07 2011-06-15 通用电气公司 System and method for arranging wind turbine blades
CN202987916U (en) * 2012-12-14 2013-06-12 南车株洲电机有限公司 Transformer storage and transfer frame
CN104118660A (en) * 2013-04-23 2014-10-29 西门子公司 Wind turbine blade holding arrangement
CN110745372A (en) * 2013-04-23 2020-02-04 西门子歌美飒可再生能源公司 Wind turbine blade retention device
CN204223454U (en) * 2014-10-16 2015-03-25 固瑞特模具(太仓)有限公司 Wind electricity blade transport fender bracket
CN210618991U (en) * 2019-08-30 2020-05-26 广东明阳新能源科技有限公司 Blade transportation fixing device
CN213265415U (en) * 2020-06-18 2021-05-25 上海电气风电集团股份有限公司 Blade root anti-deformation tool for fan blade

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