CN113802999A - Rolling and releasing synchronous type oil pumping machine hair braid lifting and replacing equipment - Google Patents

Rolling and releasing synchronous type oil pumping machine hair braid lifting and replacing equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113802999A
CN113802999A CN202111353972.5A CN202111353972A CN113802999A CN 113802999 A CN113802999 A CN 113802999A CN 202111353972 A CN202111353972 A CN 202111353972A CN 113802999 A CN113802999 A CN 113802999A
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
fixedly connected
rolling
mounting
motor
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Granted
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CN202111353972.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113802999B (en
Inventor
叶静
张延辉
米世超
李红伟
张海涛
刘学栋
王希蕾
吴涛
孟伟
任文燕
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Daqing Baishi Shengke Petroleum Technology Co ltd
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Zhihuimao Dongying Intelligent Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202111353972.5A priority Critical patent/CN113802999B/en
Publication of CN113802999A publication Critical patent/CN113802999A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN113802999B publication Critical patent/CN113802999B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick; Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F7/00Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts
    • B66F7/06Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts with platforms supported by levers for vertical movement
    • B66F7/0625Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts with platforms supported by levers for vertical movement with wheels for moving around the floor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F7/00Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts
    • B66F7/06Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts with platforms supported by levers for vertical movement
    • B66F7/065Scissor linkages, i.e. X-configuration
    • B66F7/0666Multiple scissor linkages vertically arranged

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of pumping units, in particular to a winding and unwinding synchronous type lifting and replacing device for a hair braid of a pumping unit. The problems to be solved are that: because the hair plaits are heavier, the operation is very inconvenient because the old hair plaits are rolled up and the new hair plaits are scattered manually. The technical scheme is as follows: a winding and unwinding synchronous type oil pumping unit hair braid lifting and replacing device comprises a lifter, a transportation system and the like; the upper part of the elevator is connected with a transportation system used for transferring the replacing system and the rolling and scattering system. The invention designs a replacing system, which realizes that the old hair braid is taken out from the fixed end of the horsehead of the oil pumping unit and the new hair braid is placed into the fixed end of the horsehead of the oil pumping unit, and replaces the manual work of taking out the old hair braid and placing the new hair braid.

Description

Rolling and releasing synchronous type oil pumping machine hair braid lifting and replacing equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of pumping units, in particular to a winding and unwinding synchronous type lifting and replacing device for a hair braid of a pumping unit.
Background
The horsehead hair braid of the pumping unit is a flexible part for bearing load and transmitting power in pumping unit equipment, and the arc motion of the horsehead of the pumping unit is changed into the up-and-down reciprocating motion of a sucker rod column in a shaft through the hair braid which is coiled, released, bent and stretched on the arc surface of the horsehead of the pumping unit in a cycle; fatigue damage is caused by long-term use due to the ceaseless bending, stretching and load change of the hair braid, and when the phenomena of thorn and strand breaking of the hair braid are serious, the breakage accident of the hair braid is caused, and the normal production of the pumping well is influenced; therefore, timely inspection and replacement of the hair braid are important measures for ensuring normal production of the oil well and reducing mechanical accidents.
The hair pigtail of beam-pumping unit is long again heavy, and install in beam-pumping unit horse head position, general beam-pumping unit horse head is higher than two meters, prior art's change mode is through artifical change beam-pumping unit hair pigtail, need operating personnel to climb up the beam-pumping unit horse head that is higher than two meters when changing, slowly fall to ground through the rope after pulling down old hair pigtail, then slowly promote new hair pigtail to horse head position again, and the hair pigtail that changes need to be rolled up again, place on the horse head after new hair pigtail needs the manual work to scatter, because the hair pigtail is heavier, artifical old hair pigtail of rolling and new hair pigtail that scatters, the operation is very inconvenient, make the change of hair pigtail, not only loaded down with trivial details but also take time, and there is the potential safety hazard of the careless damage equipment that falls of hair pigtail.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defect that the operation is very inconvenient because the hair braid is heavy and the old hair braid is manually rolled and the new hair braid is dispersed, the invention provides a rolling and releasing synchronous lifting and replacing device for the hair braid of the oil pumping unit.
The technical scheme is as follows: a winding and unwinding synchronous type oil pumping unit hair braid lifting and replacing device comprises a lifter, a transportation system, a replacing system and a winding and unwinding system; the upper part of the elevator is connected with a transportation system used for transferring the replacing system and the rolling and spreading system; the upper side of the transportation system is connected with a rolling and scattering system for rolling the old hair braids and scattering the new hair braids; the left part of the inner side of the rolling and scattering system is connected with a replacing system for taking out the old hair braid and installing the new hair braid.
Further, the transportation system comprises a peripheral guardrail, a second fixed rod, a hydraulic oil cylinder, a second electric slide rail and a fixed plate; the upper side of the elevator is fixedly connected with a peripheral guardrail; two sides of the peripheral guardrail are fixedly connected with a second fixed rod respectively; a hydraulic oil cylinder is arranged at the outer side of the two second fixing rods; the telescopic ends of the two hydraulic oil cylinders are connected with a rolling and scattering system; two second electric slide rails are fixedly connected to the inner lower side of the peripheral guardrail; the two second electric sliding rails are connected with a fixed plate through sliding blocks; the upper side of the fixed plate is connected with a rolling and scattering system.
Furthermore, the replacing system comprises a rack, a bottom plate, a first electric slide rail, a connecting plate, a first mounting bracket, a transverse plate, a first motor, a first transmission wheel, a second transmission wheel, a first rotating shaft, a third transmission wheel, a second rotating shaft, a fourth transmission wheel, a first chain wheel, an inner limiting track plate, a third rotating shaft, a second chain wheel, a chain, a connecting shaft, a C-shaped sliding block, a T-shaped sliding plate, an outer limiting track plate, a transmission shaft, a mounting block, a mechanical arm, an elastic part and a shifting plate; a rack is fixedly connected above the fixed plate; the upper part of the frame is fixedly connected with a bottom plate; two first electric slide rails are fixedly connected to the bottom plate; the two first electric sliding rails are fixedly connected with a connecting plate through sliding blocks; a first mounting bracket is fixedly connected to the connecting plate; transverse plates are fixedly connected between two side walls of the first mounting bracket; a first motor is fixedly connected to the upper side of the transverse plate; a first driving wheel is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the first motor; the upper side of the transverse plate is rotatably connected with a first rotating shaft through a bracket; the first rotating shaft is positioned behind the first motor; a second driving wheel is fixedly connected to the first rotating shaft; the first driving wheel is in transmission connection with the second driving wheel through a belt; two ends of the first rotating shaft are fixedly connected with a third driving wheel respectively; two sides below the first mounting bracket are respectively and rotatably connected with a second rotating shaft; the two second rotating shafts are both positioned below the transverse plate; a fourth driving wheel is fixedly connected to each of the two second rotating shafts; the third driving wheel is in transmission connection with an adjacent fourth driving wheel through a belt; a first chain wheel is fixedly connected to each of the two second rotating shafts; an inner limiting track plate is fixedly connected to the first chain wheel below the first mounting bracket; the two inner limiting track plates are both positioned below the transverse plate; a third rotating shaft is rotatably connected to two side walls of the first mounting bracket respectively; the two third rotating shafts are both positioned below the transverse plate; a second chain wheel is fixedly connected to each of the two third rotating shafts; a chain is wound on the first chain wheel and the second chain wheel which are adjacent in the front and the back; the inner sides of the two chains are respectively and rotatably connected with a connecting shaft; the inner sides of the two connecting shafts are fixedly connected with a C-shaped sliding block respectively; a T-shaped sliding plate is connected in each of the two C-shaped sliding plates in a sliding manner; a transmission shaft is fixedly connected between the two T-shaped sliding plates; the left part and the right part of the lower side of the transverse plate are respectively fixedly connected with an outer limiting track plate; the inner limiting track plates on the two sides are respectively positioned in the outer limiting track plates on the two sides, and the adjacent inner limiting track plates and the outer limiting track plates are matched to form a trapezoidal track; two ends of the transmission shaft are respectively arranged in the two trapezoidal tracks in a sliding manner; the transmission shaft is rotatably connected with two mounting blocks; the lower sides of the two mounting blocks are fixedly connected with a manipulator respectively; the inner sides of the two inner limiting track plates are respectively fixedly connected with two elastic pieces; the inner sides of the two inner limiting track plates are respectively connected with a shifting plate through two elastic pieces.
Further, the inner limiting track plate and the outer limiting track plate are matched to form a trapezoidal track.
Further, the rear part of the shifting plate is provided with an inclined surface.
Further, the rolling and spreading system comprises an inner guardrail, a first fixed rod, a first mounting plate, a motor mounting plate, a second motor, a turntable, a rolling plate, a rolling bracket, a first electric push rod, a first push plate, a small slide block and a limiting rod; an inner guardrail is fixedly connected inside the transportation system; two sides of the inner guard bar are fixedly connected with a first fixed rod respectively; the front side of the inner guardrail is fixedly connected with a first mounting plate; the upper part of the rear side of the first mounting plate is fixedly connected with a motor mounting plate; a second motor is fixedly connected to the rear side of the motor mounting plate; the output shaft of the second motor penetrates through the first mounting plate and is rotationally connected with the first mounting plate; a turntable is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the second motor; the turntable is positioned in front of the first mounting plate; a coiling plate is fixedly connected to the middle part of the front side of the rotary table; two sides of the winding plate are fixedly connected with a winding support respectively; a first electric push rod is fixedly connected to the middle of the front side of the rotary table and is positioned below the coiling plate; the telescopic part of the first electric push rod is fixedly connected with a first push plate; two small sliding blocks are fixedly connected to the upper side of the first push plate; two grooves are formed in the lower side of the winding plate; the two small sliding blocks are respectively arranged in the two grooves of the rolling plate in a sliding manner; two ends of the rear side of the first push plate are respectively fixedly connected with a limiting rod.
Furthermore, two grooves are symmetrically formed in the upper side of the first mounting plate.
Further, an arc-shaped groove is formed in the cross rod on the foremost side of the rolling support.
Furthermore, a bending system is also included; the front side in the rolling and scattering system is connected with a bending system; the bending system comprises a second mounting bracket, a third motor, a fourth rotating shaft, a telescopic rod, a deflector rod, a U-shaped bracket, a second electric push rod, a second mounting plate, a third electric push rod, a second push plate and a vertical push rod; a second mounting bracket is fixedly connected to the upper part of the rear side of the first mounting plate; a third motor is fixedly connected to the rear sides of the two second mounting brackets respectively; a fourth rotating shaft is fixedly connected to each of the output shafts of the two third motors; two telescopic rods are fixedly connected to the two fourth rotating shafts respectively; the telescopic ends of the two telescopic rods are respectively connected with a deflector rod in a sliding way; the rear sides of the telescopic ends of the two telescopic rods are fixedly connected with a U-shaped bracket respectively; a second electric push rod is fixedly connected to the rear side of each of the two U-shaped brackets; the telescopic ends of the two second electric push rods are fixedly connected with a deflector rod respectively; a second mounting plate is fixedly connected to the upper side of the first mounting plate; two third electric push rods are fixedly connected to the second mounting plate; the telescopic ends of the two third electric push rods are fixedly connected with a second push plate; two ends of the lower side of the second push plate are respectively fixedly connected with a vertical push rod.
Further, the deflector rod is arranged in an L shape.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages: the invention designs the replacing system, realizes that the old hair braid is taken out from the fixed end of the horsehead of the oil pumping unit and the new hair braid is placed into the fixed end of the horsehead of the oil pumping unit, and replaces the manual work of taking out the old hair braid and placing the new hair braid;
the winding and scattering system is designed, so that the old hair braid is wound and a new hair braid is scattered at the same time, and the hair braid is quickly replaced;
the bending system is designed, so that the effect that a new hair braid is automatically bent and is conveniently placed at the fixed end of the horsehead of the oil pumping unit by the replacement system is realized.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a partial first three-dimensional structure according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a partial second perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic perspective view of the transportation system of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic perspective view of a change system according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a first partial perspective view of the changing system of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a second partial perspective view of the change system of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a third partial perspective view of the change system of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a fourth partial perspective of the changing system of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a fifth partial perspective of the changing system of the present invention;
fig. 11 is a schematic view of a first three-dimensional structure of the rolling and unrolling system of the invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of a first partial perspective view of the roll-out system of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic view of a second partial perspective view of the rolling and unrolling system of the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of a combined structure of a rolling and unrolling system and a bending system according to the present invention;
FIG. 15 is a schematic perspective view of the bending system of the present invention;
FIG. 16 is a schematic perspective view of the bending system of the present invention.
In the above drawings: 1-an elevator, 101-a peripheral guardrail, 102-a second fixed rod, 103-a hydraulic oil cylinder, 104-a second electric slide rail, 105-a fixed plate, 201-a frame, 202-a bottom plate, 203-a first electric slide rail, 204-a connecting plate, 205-a first mounting bracket, 206-a transverse plate, 207-a first motor, 208-a first transmission wheel, 209-a second transmission wheel, 210-a first rotating shaft, 211-a third transmission wheel, 212-a second rotating shaft, 213-a fourth transmission wheel, 214-a first chain wheel, 215-an inner limiting track plate, 216-a third rotating shaft, 217-a second chain wheel, 218-a chain, 219-a connecting shaft, 220-C type sliding blocks, 221-T type sliding plates, 222-an outer limiting track plate and 223-a transmission shaft, 224-mounting block, 225-mechanical arm, 226-elastic piece, 227-pulling plate, 301-inner guardrail, 302-first fixed rod, 303-first mounting plate, 304-motor mounting plate, 305-second motor, 306-rotating disc, 307-rolling plate, 308-rolling bracket, 309-first electric push rod, 310-first push plate, 311-small sliding block, 312-limiting rod, 501-second mounting bracket, 502-third motor, 503-fourth rotating shaft, 504-telescopic rod, 505-pulling rod, 506-U-shaped bracket, 507-second electric push rod, 508-second mounting plate, 509-third electric push rod, 510-second push plate and 511-vertical push rod.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. It is only noted that the invention is intended to be limited to the specific forms set forth herein, including any reference to the drawings, as well as any other specific forms of embodiments of the invention.
Example 1
A winding and unwinding synchronous type oil pumping unit hair braid lifting and replacing device is shown in figures 1-3 and comprises a lifter 1, a transportation system, a replacing system and a winding and unwinding system; the upper part of the elevator 1 is connected with a transportation system for transferring the replacing system and the rolling and spreading system; the upper side of the transportation system is connected with a rolling and scattering system; the left part of the inner side of the rolling and scattering system is connected with a replacing system.
Before the rolling and releasing synchronous type pumping unit hair braid lifting and replacing equipment is used, a worker enters a rolling and releasing system, a conveying system, a replacing system and the rolling and releasing system are lifted to the same height of a horsehead of a pumping unit, the conveying system controls the replacing system and the rolling and releasing system to move, the worker removes bolts for fixing old hair braids, the replacing system moves to the position above the old hair braids, the old hair braids are taken out and placed on the rolling and releasing system, the replacing system resets, the rolling and releasing system winds the old hair braids and simultaneously releases new hair braids, after the rolling and releasing system stops, the replacing system moves to the position above the new hair braids, the worker places the new hair braids in the replacing system, clamps the new hair braids through the replacing system, places the new hair braids at the fixed end of the horsehead of the pumping unit, the replacing system is removed, the worker locks fixing bolts before going up, the hair plait is changed and is accomplished, has realized replacing the manual work and has taken out old hair plait and put into new hair plait, scatters new hair plait when rolling old hair plait, realizes the quick replacement of hair plait.
As shown in fig. 1 and 4, the transportation system comprises a peripheral guardrail 101, a second fixing rod 102, a hydraulic oil cylinder 103, a second electric slide rail 104 and a fixing plate 105; the upper side of the elevator 1 is fixedly connected with a peripheral guardrail 101; two sides of the peripheral guardrail 101 are respectively fixedly connected with a second fixed rod 102; a hydraulic oil cylinder 103 is arranged at the outer side of the two second fixing rods 102; the telescopic ends of the two hydraulic oil cylinders 103 are connected with a rolling and spreading system; two second electric slide rails 104 are connected to the inner lower side of the peripheral guardrail 101 through bolts; the two second electric slide rails 104 are connected with a fixing plate 105 through sliders; the upper side of the fixing plate 105 is connected with a rolling and scattering system.
Firstly, the lifter 1 is controlled to lift the transportation system, the replacing system and the rolling and scattering system to the same height of the mule head of the oil pumping unit, then the two second electric slide rails 104 are controlled to drive the fixing plate 105 to move through the slide blocks, the fixing plate 105 drives the replacing system and the rolling and spreading system to move, and the two hydraulic oil cylinders 103 are synchronously matched with the rolling and spreading system to move in a telescopic way, the two hydraulic oil cylinders 103 play a role in stabilizing and balancing in the moving process of the transportation system, when the replacing system moves to the position of replacing the hair plait, the two second electric slide rails 104 are controlled to stop running, after the change of the hair pigtail of the oil pumping unit is completed, the two second electric slide rails 104 are controlled to drive the fixing plate 105 to move through the slide blocks, the replacing system and the rolling and scattering system move along with the fixing plate 105, the two hydraulic oil cylinders 103 are synchronously matched with each other to shrink and reset, and the system realizes the movement of the replacing system and the rolling and scattering system.
As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 5 to 10, the replacing system comprises a frame 201, a bottom plate 202, a first electric slide rail 203, a connecting plate 204, a first mounting bracket 205, a horizontal plate 206, a first motor 207, a first driving wheel 208, a second driving wheel 209, a first rotating shaft 210, a third driving wheel 211, a second rotating shaft 212, a fourth driving wheel 213, a first chain wheel 214, an inner limiting track plate 215, a third rotating shaft 216, a second chain wheel 217, a chain 218, a connecting shaft 219, a C-shaped sliding block 220, a T-shaped sliding plate 221, an outer limiting track plate 222, a driving shaft 223, a mounting block 224, a manipulator 225, an elastic element 226 and a dial plate 227; a frame 201 is fixedly connected above the fixing plate 105; the upper part of the frame 201 is fixedly connected with a bottom plate 202; two first electric slide rails 203 are respectively connected to the bottom plate 202 through bolts; the two first electric slide rails 203 are both fixedly connected with a connecting plate 204 through a slide block; a first mounting bracket 205 is welded on the connecting plate 204; a transverse plate 206 is welded between two extending ends of the first mounting bracket 205; a first motor 207 is connected to the upper side of the transverse plate 206 through bolts; a first driving wheel 208 is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the first motor 207; the upper side of the transverse plate 206 is rotatably connected with a first rotating shaft 210 through a bracket; the first rotating shaft 210 is located behind the first motor 207; a second driving wheel 209 is fixedly connected to the first rotating shaft 210; the first driving wheel 208 is in driving connection with a second driving wheel 209 through a belt; two ends of the first rotating shaft 210 are respectively fixedly connected with a third driving wheel 211; two sides below the first mounting bracket 205 are respectively and rotatably connected with a second rotating shaft 212; a fourth driving wheel 213 is fixedly connected to each of the two second rotating shafts 212; the third driving wheel 211 is in driving connection with an adjacent fourth driving wheel 213 through a belt; a first chain wheel 214 is fixedly connected to each of the two second rotating shafts 212; an inner limiting track plate 215 is fixedly connected below the first mounting bracket 205 and at the position of the first chain wheel 214; a third rotating shaft 216 is rotatably connected to each of the two side walls of the first mounting bracket 205; the two third rotating shafts 216 are both positioned below the transverse plate 206; a second chain wheel 217 is fixedly connected to each of the two third rotating shafts 216; a chain 218 is wound on the first chain wheel 214 and the second chain wheel 217 which are adjacent in the front-back direction; the inner sides of the two chains 218 are respectively and rotatably connected with a connecting shaft 219; the inner sides of the two connecting shafts 219 are fixedly connected with a C-shaped sliding block 220 respectively; a T-shaped sliding plate 221 is connected in each of the two C-shaped sliding blocks 220 in a sliding manner; a transmission shaft 223 is fixedly connected between the two T-shaped sliding plates 221; the left part and the right part of the lower side of the transverse plate 206 are respectively fixedly connected with an outer limiting track plate 222; the inner limiting track plates 215 on the two sides are respectively positioned in the outer limiting track plates 222 on the two sides, and the adjacent inner limiting track plates 215 and the outer limiting track plates 222 are matched to form a trapezoidal track; two ends of the transmission shaft 223 are respectively arranged in the two trapezoidal tracks in a sliding manner; two mounting blocks 224 are rotatably connected to the transmission shaft 223; a manipulator 225 is connected to the lower side of each of the two mounting blocks 224 through bolts; two elastic pieces 226 are fixedly connected to the inner sides of the two inner limiting track plates 215 respectively; the inner sides of the two inner limiting track plates 215 are respectively connected with a shifting plate 227 through two elastic pieces 226.
When the lifter 1 drives the replacing system and the rolling and spreading system to rise to the same height of the horsehead of the oil pumping unit, an operator removes screws for fixing hair braids on the horsehead of the oil pumping unit, then a section of the old hair braids hung outside the horsehead of the oil pumping unit is hung and placed in a groove in a cross bar at the forefront side of a rolling support 308, the operator withdraws, and controls two first electric slide rails 203 to drive a connecting plate 204 to move towards the horsehead of the oil pumping unit through sliders, a first mounting support 205, a transverse plate 206, a first motor 207, a first driving wheel 208, a second driving wheel 209, a first rotating shaft 210, a third driving wheel 211, a second rotating shaft 212, a fourth driving wheel 213, a first chain wheel 214, an inner limiting track plate 215, a third rotating shaft 216, a second chain wheel 217, a chain 218, a connecting shaft 219, a C-shaped slider 220, a T-shaped sliding plate 221, an outer limiting track plate 222, a transmission shaft 223, a mounting block 224, a first rotating shaft and a second rotating shaft, The mechanical arm 225, the elastic element 226 and the shifting plate 227 move along with the connecting plate 204 towards the mule head of the pumping unit, when the two mechanical arms 225 move to the upper part of the old hair braid of the mule head of the pumping unit, the two first electric slide rails 203 are controlled to stop running, based on the view from right to left, the transmission shaft 223 is located at the upper side of the inner limiting track plate 215 in the initial state, when the old hair braid needs to be clamped, the first motor 207 starts to rotate forwards, the output shaft of the first motor 207 drives the first transmission wheel 208 to rotate, the first transmission wheel 208 drives the second transmission wheel 209 to rotate, the second transmission wheel 209 drives the first rotating shaft 210 to rotate, the first rotating shaft 210 drives the third transmission wheel 211 to rotate, the third transmission wheel 211 drives the fourth transmission wheel 213 to rotate, the fourth transmission wheel 213 drives the second rotating shaft 212 to rotate, the second rotating shaft 212 drives the first chain wheel 214 to rotate, the first chain wheel 214 drives the chain 218 to run, and the second chain 217 on the third rotating shaft 216 is driven to rotate when the chain 218 to run, the second chain wheel 217 runs by matching with the chain 218, the chain 218 drives the connecting shaft 219 and the C-shaped sliding block 220 to move clockwise, the C-shaped sliding block 220 drives the T-shaped sliding plate 221 to move synchronously, the T-shaped sliding plate 221 drives the transmission shaft 223 to move in a trapezoidal track formed by the inner limiting track plate 215 and the outer limiting track plate 222, the transmission shaft 223 drives the mounting block 224 and the manipulator 225 to move synchronously, so that the transmission shaft 223 reaches the lower side of the inner limiting track plate 215 through the rear side of the inner limiting track plate 215, the mounting block 224 and the manipulator 225 move synchronously along with the transmission shaft 223, when the transmission shaft 223 moves to the lower side of the inner limiting track plate 215, the manipulator 225 is positioned at both sides of the old hair braid, the first motor 207 stops rotating, the manipulator 225 clamps the old hair braid, then the first motor 207 is controlled to rotate forwards continuously, the manipulator 225 clamps the old hair braid and continues to move along the transmission shaft 223, the transmission shaft 223 moves from the lower side of the inner limiting track plate 215 to the inclined plane of the front side of the inner limiting track plate 215, when the transmission shaft 223 moves at the front slope of the inner limiting track plate 215, due to the limiting action of the inner limiting track plate 215 and the outer limiting track plate 222 on the transmission shaft 223, the outer limiting track plate 222 can force the transmission shaft 223 to deviate to the upper side of the motion track of the connecting shaft 219, so that the T-shaped sliding plate 221 slides in the C-shaped sliding block 220 in a matched manner with the deviation track motion of the transmission shaft 223, the transmission shaft 223 reaches the upper side of the inner limiting track plate 215 through the front slope of the inner limiting track plate 215, the mechanical arm 225 clamps the hair braid to follow the transmission shaft 223 to move, because the shifting plate 227 is located on the motion track of the mounting block 224, the mechanical arm 225 clamps the hair braid to touch the shifting plate 227 in the motion process, the mechanical arm 225 clamps the hair braid to swing upwards to wind the hair braid out of the fixed end of the pumping unit, the transmission shaft 223 reaches the rear part of the upper side of the inner limiting track plate 215 through the front part of the upper side of the inner limiting track plate 215, the manipulator 225 clamps the hair braid and is not supported by the shifting plate 227 any more, the manipulator 225 clamps the hair braid to swing downwards, when the transmission shaft 223 moves at the rear side of the inner limiting track plate 215, the T-shaped sliding plate 221 slides in the C-shaped sliding block 220 to be matched with the track movement of the transmission shaft 223, the transmission shaft 223 reaches the lower side of the inner limiting track plate 215 through the rear side of the inner limiting track plate 215, when the manipulator 225 clamps the old hair braid and moves to the position above the foremost transverse rod of the winding support 308, the first motor 207 stops rotating, the manipulator 225 releases the old hair braid, the old hair braid is suspended on the outer side rod of the winding support 308, then the first motor 207 is controlled to rotate forwards continuously, and the transmission shaft 223 drives the manipulator 225 to move back to the initial position to reset.
When a new hair braid is to be replaced, the transmission shaft 223 is in an initial state, the first motor 207 starts to rotate reversely, the chain 218 drives the connecting shaft 219 and the C-shaped sliding block 220 to move counterclockwise, the C-shaped sliding block 220 drives the T-shaped sliding plate 221 to move synchronously, the T-shaped sliding plate 221 drives the transmission shaft 223 to move in a trapezoidal track formed by the inner limiting track plate 215 and the outer limiting track plate 222, the transmission shaft 223 drives the mounting block 224 and the manipulator 225 to move synchronously, when the transmission shaft 223 passes through the upper side of the inner limiting track plate 215, the rear part of the poking plate 227 is provided with an inclined surface, so that when the mounting block 224 touches the inclined surface of the poking plate 227, the poking plate 227 is forced to be compressed to the left by the elastic member 226, the mounting block 224 and the manipulator 225 keep moving vertically, the transmission shaft 223 moves from the upper side of the inner limiting track plate 215 to the front inclined surface position of the inner limiting track plate 215, and when the transmission shaft 223 moves in the front inclined surface position of the inner limiting track plate 215, due to the limiting effect of the inner limiting track plate 215 and the outer limiting track plate 222 on the transmission shaft 223, the outer limiting track plate 222 forces the transmission shaft 223 to deviate below the motion track of the connecting shaft 219, so that the C-shaped slider 220 slides on the T-shaped sliding plate 221 to match with the deviation track motion of the transmission shaft 223, the transmission shaft 223 reaches the lower side of the inner limiting track plate 215 through the front slope of the inner limiting track plate 215, the mounting block 224 and the manipulator 225 move synchronously along with the transmission shaft 223, when the transmission shaft 223 moves to the lower side of the inner limiting track plate 215, the manipulator 225 is positioned at both sides of the new hair braid, the first motor 207 stops rotating, the manipulator 225 is controlled to clamp the new hair braid, then the first motor 207 is controlled to continue to rotate reversely, the manipulator 225 clamps the new hair braid and continues to move along with the transmission shaft 223, the transmission shaft 223 reaches the rear side of the inner limiting track plate 215 through the lower side of the inner limiting track plate 215, when the transmission shaft 223 moves at the rear side of the inner limiting track plate 215, the T-shaped sliding plate 221 slides in the C-shaped sliding block 220 to match with the track motion of the transmission shaft 223, the transmission shaft 223 reaches the upper side of the inner limiting track plate 215 through the rear side of the inner limiting track plate 215, the manipulator 225 clamps a new hair braid to follow the transmission shaft 223, when the transmission shaft 223 passes the upper side of the inner limiting track plate 215 again, the mounting block 224 touches the inclined surface of the pulling plate 227, the mounting block 224 moves along the inclined surface of the pulling plate 227, the pulling plate 227 is forced to move to the left to compress the elastic member 226, the mounting block 224 and the manipulator 225 clamp the new hair braid to keep moving vertically, the transmission shaft 223 moves from the upper side of the inner limiting track plate 215 to the lower side of the inner limiting track plate 215 through the front side inclined surface of the inner limiting track plate 215, and when the transmission shaft 223 moves at the lower side of the inner limiting track plate 215, the manipulator 225 clamps the new hair braid to be located at the fixed end of the horsehead, the first motor 207 stops rotating, the manipulator 225 is controlled to release the new hair braid, then the first motor 207 is controlled to rotate reversely continuously, the transmission shaft 223 drives the manipulator 225 to move to the initial position to reset, and the system achieves the effect that old hair braids are taken out and put into new hair braids instead of manual work.
The inner limiting rail plate 215 and the outer limiting rail plate 222 cooperate to form a trapezoidal rail.
So that the third rotating shaft 216 is restricted by the inner limiting rail plate 215 and the outer limiting rail plate 222 to move in a trapezoidal track.
The rear part of the pulling plate 227 is provided with an inclined surface.
During the counterclockwise movement of the mounting block 224, the mounting block 224 moves along the inclined surface of the toggle plate 227, and the toggle plate 227 is forced to the left to compress the elastic member 226, so that the mounting block 224 is not toggled.
As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 11-13, the rolling and unrolling system comprises an inner guardrail 301, a first fixed rod 302, a first mounting plate 303, a motor mounting plate 304, a second motor 305, a rotary disc 306, a rolling plate 307, a rolling bracket 308, a first electric push rod 309, a first push plate 310, a small slide block 311 and a limit rod 312; an inner guardrail 301 is welded inside the transportation system; two sides of the inner guardrail 301 are respectively fixedly connected with a first fixing rod 302; a first mounting plate 303 is welded on the front side of the inner guardrail 301; the upper part of the rear side of the first mounting plate 303 is connected with a motor mounting plate 304 through bolts; a second motor 305 is connected to the rear side of the motor mounting plate 304 through bolts; an output shaft of the second motor 305 penetrates through the first mounting plate 303 and is connected with the first mounting plate in a rotating mode; a rotary disc 306 is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the second motor 305; the turntable 306 is positioned in front of the first mounting plate 303; a rolling plate 307 is fixedly connected to the middle part of the front side of the turntable 306; two sides of the rolling plate 307 are respectively welded with a rolling bracket 308; the middle part of the front side of the rotating disc 306 is connected with a first electric push rod 309 through a bolt, and the first electric push rod 309 is positioned below the rolling plate 307; the first electric push rod 309 is fixedly connected with a first push plate 310 at the telescopic part; two small sliding blocks 311 are fixedly connected to the upper side of the first push plate 310; two grooves are formed in the lower side of the rolling plate 307; the two small sliding blocks 311 are respectively arranged in the two grooves of the rolling plate 307 in a sliding manner; a limiting rod 312 is welded on each side of the first push plate 310.
When the replacing system places the old hair braid on the rolling plate 307, the first electric push rod 309 is controlled to drive the first push plate 310 and the limiting rod 312 to move, the first push plate 310 drives the two small slide blocks 311 to slide in the groove of the rolling plate 307, the old hair braid placed on the cross bar at the forefront side of the rolling support 308 is pressed tightly, the second motor 305 is controlled to rotate, the output shaft of the second motor 305 drives the rotary disc 306 to rotate, the rotary disc 306 rotates to drive the rolling plate 307, the rolling support 308, the first electric push rod 309, the first push plate 310, the small slide blocks 311 and the limiting rod 312 to rotate together, the rolling support 308 rolls up the old hair braid pressed in the outer support, the rolling support 308 rolls up the old hair braid and simultaneously rotates and scatters the new hair braid in the inner support, and the new hair braid is completely scattered in the inner support 308 when the old hair braid is rolled up, when the rolling of the old hair braid is completed and the new hair braid is completely dispersed, the second motor 305 is controlled to stop rotating, the rolling plate 307 on the front side of the rotary disc 306 is kept horizontal, the new hair braid is manually taken up and placed on the horsehead of the oil pumping unit, and the fixing bolt is tightened, so that the system realizes the rolling of the old hair braid and the dispersion of the new hair braid simultaneously.
Two grooves are symmetrically arranged on the upper side of the first mounting plate 303.
The new hair braid is wound out of the winding cradle 308.
The cross bar at the most front side of the rolling support 308 is provided with an arc-shaped groove.
After the operator takes down the bolt for fixing the old hair braid, the old hair braid is put on the cross bar at the foremost side of the rolling support 308, and the old hair braid is limited by the arc-shaped groove.
Example 2
On the basis of the embodiment 1, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 14-16, a bending system is also included; the front side in the rolling and scattering system is connected with a bending system; the bending system comprises a second mounting bracket 501, a third motor 502, a fourth rotating shaft 503, a telescopic rod 504, a shifting rod 505, a U-shaped bracket 506, a second electric push rod 507, a second mounting plate 508, a third electric push rod 509, a second push plate 510 and a vertical push rod 511; the upper part of the rear side of the first mounting plate 303 is connected with a second mounting bracket 501 through bolts; a third motor 502 is connected to the rear sides of the two second mounting brackets 501 through bolts; the output shafts of the two third motors 502 are respectively fixedly connected with a fourth rotating shaft 503; two telescopic rods 504 are fixedly connected to the two fourth rotating shafts 503 respectively; the telescopic ends of the two telescopic rods 504 are respectively connected with a shift lever 505 in a sliding manner; the rear sides of the telescopic ends of the two telescopic rods 504 are respectively fixedly connected with a U-shaped bracket 506; a second electric push rod 507 is connected to the rear side of each of the two U-shaped brackets 506 through bolts; the telescopic ends of the two second electric push rods 507 are fixedly connected with a shift lever 505 respectively; a second mounting plate 508 is welded on the upper side of the first mounting plate 303; a third electric push rod 509 is connected to the left upper part and the right upper part of the second mounting plate 508 through bolts; the telescopic ends of the two third electric push rods 509 are fixedly connected with a second push plate 510; a vertical push rod 511 is welded to each of the left and right lower portions of the second push plate 510.
When the rolling and spreading system rolls an old hair braid and spreads a new hair braid, the second electric push rod 507 pushes out the two deflector rods 505, the third motor 502 is controlled to rotate, the output shaft of the third motor 502 drives the fourth rotating shaft 503 to rotate, the fourth rotating shaft 503 drives the telescopic rod 504 to rotate, the telescopic rod 504 drives the deflector rods 505 to slide, the deflector rods 505 slide in the through grooves of the first mounting plate 303, the first mounting plate 303 forces the deflector rods 505 to drive the telescopic rod 504 to stretch, the two deflector rods 505 move in opposite directions, the two deflector rods 505 pull the spread new hair braid towards two sides in the sliding process, so that the new hair braid is separated from the rolling support 308 and is hung on the two deflector rods 505, the new hair braid moves along with the deflector rods 505, after the deflector rods 505 slide above the rolling support 308, the third motor 502 is controlled to stop rotating, and then the two third electric push rods 509 are controlled to push out the second push rod 510 and the vertical push rod 511 together, vertical push rod 511 promotes the new hair pigtail forward, make the new hair pigtail pushed away the bending under the restriction of the montant of driving lever 505, thereby make the new hair pigtail that hangs on two driving lever 505 fold into ninety degrees, then clip the new hair pigtail through the change system and move to beam-pumping unit horse head hair pigtail stiff end, place the new hair pigtail, the artifical fixing bolt who tightens the new hair pigtail that follows, the system of bending replaces the manual work to bend the new hair pigtail, the change system of being convenient for places the new hair pigtail on the horse head, this system realizes bending the new hair pigtail automatically with the hair pigtail, it gets the new hair pigtail to be convenient for the change system clamp.
The toggle lever 505 is L-shaped.
The deflector rod 505 can limit the new hair braid, so that the vertical push rod 511 can be conveniently bent after being pushed out.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like that fall within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included therein.

Claims (9)

1. A winding and unwinding synchronous type oil pumping machine hair braid lifting and replacing device comprises a lifter (1); it is characterized by also comprising a transportation system, a replacement system and a rolling and scattering system; the upper part of the lifter (1) is connected with a replacing system for transferring and a transporting system for rolling and spreading; the upper side of the transportation system is connected with a rolling and scattering system for rolling the old hair braids and scattering the new hair braids; the left part of the inner side of the rolling and scattering system is connected with a replacing system for taking out the old hair braid and installing the new hair braid.
2. The reeling and unreeling synchronous pumping unit hair braid lifting and replacing equipment as claimed in claim 1, wherein the transportation system comprises a peripheral guardrail (101), a second fixing rod (102), a hydraulic oil cylinder (103), a second electric sliding rail (104) and a fixing plate (105); the upper side of the lifter (1) is fixedly connected with a peripheral guardrail (101); two sides of the peripheral guardrail (101) are respectively fixedly connected with a second fixed rod (102); a hydraulic oil cylinder (103) is arranged at the outer side of the two second fixing rods (102); the telescopic ends of the two hydraulic oil cylinders (103) are connected with a rolling and spreading system; two second electric slide rails (104) are fixedly connected to the inner lower side of the peripheral guardrail (101); the two second electric slide rails (104) are connected with a fixing plate (105) through slide blocks; the upper side of the fixing plate (105) is connected with a rolling and scattering system.
3. The reeling and unreeling synchronous pumping unit hair braid lifting and replacing device according to claim 2, the replacing system is characterized by comprising a rack (201), a bottom plate (202), a first electric slide rail (203), a connecting plate (204), a first mounting bracket (205), a transverse plate (206), a first motor (207), a first transmission wheel (208), a second transmission wheel (209), a first rotating shaft (210), a third transmission wheel (211), a second rotating shaft (212), a fourth transmission wheel (213), a first chain wheel (214), an inner limiting track plate (215), a third rotating shaft (216), a second chain wheel (217), a chain (218), a connecting shaft (219), a C-shaped sliding block (220), a T-shaped sliding plate (221), an outer limiting track plate (222), a transmission shaft (223), a mounting block (224), a manipulator (225), an elastic part (226) and a shifting plate (227); a rack (201) is fixedly connected above the fixing plate (105); the upper part of the frame (201) is fixedly connected with a bottom plate (202); two first electric slide rails (203) are fixedly connected to the bottom plate (202); the two first electric slide rails (203) are fixedly connected with a connecting plate (204) through slide blocks; a first mounting bracket (205) is fixedly connected to the connecting plate (204); a transverse plate (206) is fixedly connected between two side walls of the first mounting bracket (205); a first motor (207) is fixedly connected to the upper side of the transverse plate (206); a first driving wheel (208) is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the first motor (207); the upper side of the transverse plate (206) is rotatably connected with a first rotating shaft (210) through a bracket; the first rotating shaft (210) is positioned behind the first motor (207); a second driving wheel (209) is fixedly connected to the first rotating shaft (210); the first driving wheel (208) is in driving connection with a second driving wheel (209) through a belt; two ends of the first rotating shaft (210) are fixedly connected with a third driving wheel (211) respectively; two sides below the first mounting bracket (205) are respectively and rotatably connected with a second rotating shaft (212); the two second rotating shafts (212) are both positioned below the transverse plate (206); a fourth driving wheel (213) is fixedly connected to each of the two second rotating shafts (212); the third driving wheel (211) is in transmission connection with an adjacent fourth driving wheel (213) through a belt; a first chain wheel (214) is fixedly connected to each of the two second rotating shafts (212); an inner limiting track plate (215) is fixedly connected below the first mounting bracket (205) and at the position of the first chain wheel; the two inner limiting track plates (215) are both positioned below the transverse plate (206); a third rotating shaft (216) is respectively and rotatably connected to two side walls of the first mounting bracket (205); the two third rotating shafts (216) are both positioned below the transverse plate (206); a second chain wheel (217) is fixedly connected to each of the two third rotating shafts (216); a chain (218) is wound on the first chain wheel (214) and the second chain wheel (217) which are adjacent in the front-back direction; the inner sides of the two chains (218) are respectively and rotatably connected with a connecting shaft (219); the inner sides of the two connecting shafts (219) are respectively fixedly connected with a C-shaped sliding block (220); a T-shaped sliding plate (221) is connected in each of the two C-shaped sliding blocks (220) in a sliding manner; a transmission shaft (223) is fixedly connected between the two T-shaped sliding plates (221); the left part and the right part of the lower side of the transverse plate (206) are respectively fixedly connected with an outer limiting track plate (222); the inner limiting track plates (215) on the two sides are respectively positioned in the outer limiting track plates (222) on the two sides, and the adjacent inner limiting track plates (215) and the outer limiting track plates (222) are matched to form a trapezoidal track; two ends of the transmission shaft (223) are respectively arranged in the two trapezoidal tracks in a sliding manner; two mounting blocks (224) are rotatably connected to the transmission shaft (223); a manipulator (225) is fixedly connected to the lower sides of the two mounting blocks (224); two elastic pieces (226) are fixedly connected to the inner sides of the two inner limiting track plates (215) respectively; the inner sides of the two inner limiting track plates (215) are respectively connected with a shifting plate (227) through two elastic pieces (226).
4. The reeling and unreeling synchronous pumping unit hair braid lifting and replacing device according to claim 3, wherein the rear part of the shifting plate (227) is provided with an inclined surface.
5. The winding and unwinding synchronous oil pumping unit hair braid lifting and replacing equipment as claimed in claim 4, wherein the winding and unwinding system comprises an inner guardrail (301), a first fixed rod (302), a first mounting plate (303), a motor mounting plate (304), a second motor (305), a turntable (306), a winding plate (307), a winding bracket (308), a first electric push rod (309), a first push plate (310), a small slide block (311) and a limiting rod (312); an inner guardrail (301) is fixedly connected inside the transportation system; two sides of the inner guardrail (301) are respectively fixedly connected with a first fixed rod (302); a first mounting plate (303) is fixedly connected to the front side of the inner guardrail (301); the upper part of the rear side of the first mounting plate (303) is fixedly connected with a motor mounting plate (304); a second motor (305) is fixedly connected to the rear side of the motor mounting plate (304); an output shaft of the second motor (305) penetrates through the first mounting plate (303) and is connected with the first mounting plate in a rotating mode; a rotary disc (306) is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the second motor (305); the turntable (306) is positioned in front of the first mounting plate (303); a rolling plate (307) is fixedly connected to the middle part of the front side of the rotary table (306); two sides of the rolling plate (307) are respectively fixedly connected with a rolling bracket (308); a first electric push rod (309) is fixedly connected to the middle of the front side of the rotary table (306), and the first electric push rod (309) is positioned below the rolling plate (307); the telescopic part of the first electric push rod (309) is fixedly connected with a first push plate (310); two small sliding blocks (311) are fixedly connected to the upper side of the first push plate (310); two grooves are formed in the lower side of the rolling plate (307); the two small sliding blocks (311) are respectively arranged in the two grooves of the rolling plate (307) in a sliding manner; two ends of the rear side of the first push plate (310) are respectively fixedly connected with a limiting rod (312).
6. The reeling and unreeling synchronous pumping unit hair braid lifting and replacing device as claimed in claim 5, wherein the first mounting plate (303) is symmetrically provided with two grooves on the upper side.
7. The reeling and unreeling synchronous pumping unit hair braid lifting and replacing device as claimed in claim 5, wherein the cross bar at the foremost side of the reeling bracket (308) is provided with an arc-shaped groove.
8. The reeling and unreeling synchronous pumping unit hair braid lifting and replacing device as claimed in claim 7, further comprising a bending system; the front side in the rolling and scattering system is connected with a bending system; the bending system comprises a second mounting bracket (501), a third motor (502), a fourth rotating shaft (503), an expansion rod (504), a shifting rod (505), a U-shaped bracket (506), a second electric push rod (507), a second mounting plate (508), a third electric push rod (509), a second push plate (510) and a vertical push rod (511); a second mounting bracket (501) is fixedly connected to the upper part of the rear side of the first mounting plate (303); a third motor (502) is fixedly connected to the rear sides of the two second mounting brackets (501) respectively; the output shafts of the two third motors (502) are respectively fixedly connected with a fourth rotating shaft (503); two telescopic rods (504) are fixedly connected to the two fourth rotating shafts (503) respectively; the telescopic ends of the two telescopic rods (504) are respectively connected with a deflector rod (505) in a sliding way; the rear sides of the telescopic ends of the two telescopic rods (504) are respectively fixedly connected with a U-shaped bracket (506); a second electric push rod (507) is fixedly connected to the rear side of each of the two U-shaped brackets (506); the telescopic ends of the two second electric push rods (507) are fixedly connected with a deflector rod (505) respectively; a second mounting plate (508) is fixedly connected to the upper side of the first mounting plate (303); two third electric push rods (509) are fixedly connected to the second mounting plate (508); the telescopic ends of the two third electric push rods (509) are fixedly connected with a second push plate (510); two ends of the lower side of the second push plate (510) are respectively fixedly connected with a vertical push rod (511).
9. The reeling and unreeling synchronous beam-pumping unit hair braid lifting and replacing equipment according to claim 8, characterized in that the deflector rod (505) is arranged in an L shape.
CN202111353972.5A 2021-11-16 2021-11-16 Rolling and releasing synchronous type oil pumping machine hair braid lifting and replacing equipment Active CN113802999B (en)

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CN113533054A (en) * 2021-09-17 2021-10-22 智慧猫(东营)智能科技有限公司 Be used for railing for oil to produce pulling force area detection device

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WO2020113745A1 (en) * 2018-12-07 2020-06-11 汪高松 Wellhead polished rod sealing device for pumping unit
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CN113533054A (en) * 2021-09-17 2021-10-22 智慧猫(东营)智能科技有限公司 Be used for railing for oil to produce pulling force area detection device

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