CN113789078A - Integrated heat insulation coating system and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Integrated heat insulation coating system and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113789078A
CN113789078A CN202111031965.3A CN202111031965A CN113789078A CN 113789078 A CN113789078 A CN 113789078A CN 202111031965 A CN202111031965 A CN 202111031965A CN 113789078 A CN113789078 A CN 113789078A
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parts
heat
coating
heat insulation
layer
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陈成
陈金奇
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Hangzhou Senleshi Technology Co ltd
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Hangzhou Senleshi Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202111031965.3A priority Critical patent/CN113789078A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D5/00Coating compositions, e.g. paints, varnishes or lacquers, characterised by their physical nature or the effects produced; Filling pastes
    • C09D5/34Filling pastes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D1/00Coating compositions, e.g. paints, varnishes or lacquers, based on inorganic substances
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D133/00Coating compositions based on homopolymers or copolymers of compounds having one or more unsaturated aliphatic radicals, each having only one carbon-to-carbon double bond, and at least one being terminated by only one carboxyl radical, or of salts, anhydrides, esters, amides, imides, or nitriles thereof; Coating compositions based on derivatives of such polymers
    • C09D133/04Homopolymers or copolymers of esters
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D5/00Coating compositions, e.g. paints, varnishes or lacquers, characterised by their physical nature or the effects produced; Filling pastes
    • C09D5/004Reflecting paints; Signal paints
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D5/00Coating compositions, e.g. paints, varnishes or lacquers, characterised by their physical nature or the effects produced; Filling pastes
    • C09D5/02Emulsion paints including aerosols
    • C09D5/024Emulsion paints including aerosols characterised by the additives
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D5/00Coating compositions, e.g. paints, varnishes or lacquers, characterised by their physical nature or the effects produced; Filling pastes
    • C09D5/18Fireproof paints including high temperature resistant paints
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D7/00Features of coating compositions, not provided for in group C09D5/00; Processes for incorporating ingredients in coating compositions
    • C09D7/40Additives
    • C09D7/60Additives non-macromolecular
    • C09D7/61Additives non-macromolecular inorganic
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D7/00Features of coating compositions, not provided for in group C09D5/00; Processes for incorporating ingredients in coating compositions
    • C09D7/40Additives
    • C09D7/60Additives non-macromolecular
    • C09D7/63Additives non-macromolecular organic
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D7/00Features of coating compositions, not provided for in group C09D5/00; Processes for incorporating ingredients in coating compositions
    • C09D7/40Additives
    • C09D7/65Additives macromolecular
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D7/00Features of coating compositions, not provided for in group C09D5/00; Processes for incorporating ingredients in coating compositions
    • C09D7/40Additives
    • C09D7/70Additives characterised by shape, e.g. fibres, flakes or microspheres
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/76Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls specifically with respect to heat only
    • E04B1/762Exterior insulation of exterior walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/02Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings of plastic materials hardening after applying, e.g. plaster
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/90Passive houses; Double facade technology

Abstract

The invention discloses an integrated heat insulation coating system and a preparation method thereof, wherein the integrated heat insulation coating system is an outer wall coating formed by a base layer, an intermediate layer and a surface layer, wherein the base layer adopts two-component waterproof heat insulation putty, the intermediate layer adopts heat insulation coating, and the surface layer adopts heat insulation coating. The high-performance and high-decorativeness exterior wall building heat-insulation coating is formed in one step, is environment-friendly, convenient to construct, light in self weight, free of potential safety hazards, solves the potential safety hazard of falling-off of an exterior wall heat-insulation layer, and is a great innovation in the coating field. The paint has the advantages of good reflective heat insulation and preservation effects, good flexibility, cracking resistance, flame retardance, high bonding strength, strong adhesive force, excellent weather resistance and stain resistance, and no harmful substances such as VOC, benzene, formaldehyde and heavy metals generated in the actual use process, and is a novel safe, energy-saving, environment-friendly, heat-insulation and preservation paint.

Description

Integrated heat insulation coating system and preparation method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of building materials, in particular to an integrated heat insulation coating system and a preparation method thereof.
Background
Building thermal insulation materials have been indispensable products in construction. 1. The traditional heat insulating material mainly comprises polystyrene foam and extruded polystyrene foam, although the heat insulating material is long in service time, the fireproof performance is poor, the flammability is extremely high, and therefore, the traditional heat insulating material is easy to cause fire and high in danger and is gradually eliminated by the market. 2. The inorganic heat-insulating mortar has low bonding strength and overhigh water absorption rate, once the inorganic heat-insulating mortar is not waterproof, rainwater can quickly permeate into a wall body through the loose material, the surface of a heat-insulating layer can crack, and if the thickness of the inorganic heat-insulating mortar is overhigh in the construction process, the inorganic heat-insulating mortar can drop due to overlarge self weight, cannot well play a role in connection between the heat-insulating layer and the wall body, and is easy to cause a phenomenon of hollowing with a base layer.
Due to the defects of internal structure and special composition of the traditional heat insulation material, the existing defects of flammability, cracking, hollowing, falling, thickness and the like exist, particularly for large high-rise buildings, the whole area is hundreds of square meters or even thousands of square meters, once the whole body falls off to cause potential safety hazards, the consequences are unpredictable, and personal and property safety is seriously threatened.
In order to guarantee the quality and safety of building energy-saving engineering, promote the high-quality and high-quality development of urban construction and reduce the problems in the application of external thermal insulation engineering, a novel thermal insulation material is required to replace the prior thermal insulation material.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the situation in the industry at present and overcoming the defects of flammability, cracking, hollowing, falling, thickness, safety and the like of the traditional heat insulation material, the invention provides an integrated heat insulation coating system and a preparation method thereof.
The object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical means. An integrated heat-insulating paint system mainly comprises an outer wall coating composed of a base layer, a middle layer and a surface layer, wherein the base layer adopts two-component multifunctional waterproof heat-insulating putty, the middle layer adopts heat-insulating paint, the surface layer adopts heat-insulating paint, and the middle layer mainly adopts thick paste.
The invention also comprises an inner wall coating which is composed of the two-component multifunctional waterproof heat-insulation putty.
A heat conducting layer formed by primer can be arranged between the base layer and the middle layer, and a radiation-resistant ion film covering layer can be arranged on the outer side of the surface layer.
The base layer (the two-component multifunctional waterproof heat-insulation putty) has excellent dynamic crack resistance and super-strong bonding strength through secondary crosslinking, has excellent bonding strength, heat-insulation effect, simple construction and good waterproof performance, and makes up for the defects of the one-component putty.
The two-component multifunctional waterproof heat-insulation putty comprises a dry powder component A and a fluid component B, wherein the weight ratio of the component A to the component B is (1-5): 1, wherein:
the component A is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
1.5-3 parts of rubber powder, 30-40 parts of inorganic filler, 15-20 parts of aggregate and 3-5 parts of auxiliary agent A;
group A: wherein the rubber powder material comprises: the polymer emulsion is prepared after drying, wherein the polymer comprises any one or more of homopolymer, binary copolymer and terpolymer, and the homopolymer, the binary copolymer and the terpolymer are obtained by polymerizing any one or more of olefin, diene, acrylic acid, acrylic resin ester, methacrylic acid, methacrylate, tertiary carbonate and fatty acid vinyl ester.
The inorganic filler comprises cement, calcium carbonate, quartz sand powder, wollastonite powder and pyrochlore powder, wherein the weight ratio of the cement to the calcium carbonate to the quartz sand powder to the wollastonite powder is as follows: 40-50 parts of cement, 5-9 parts of calcium carbonate, 7-10 parts of quartz sand powder and 5-8 parts of wollastonite powder.
The aggregate material comprises any one or more of natural colored sand, quartz sand and building sand.
The assistant A material comprises one or more of lignocellulose, methyl cellulose, a water reducing agent, bentonite, a dispersing agent, a cracking resistant agent and a base bleeding inhibitor.
The component B is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
30-90 parts of polymer waterproof adhesive, 10-70 parts of water, 0.15-0.35 part of assistant B and 5-10 parts of organic silicon.
Group B: wherein the polymer waterproof adhesive material comprises any one of acrylic emulsion, vinyl acetate emulsion and waterproof emulsion.
The assistant B material comprises any one or more of a dispersing agent, a wetting agent, a defoaming agent, a bactericide, a preservative, a flame retardant and a water-retaining agent.
The organic silicon material comprises any one or more of silane coupling agent, silicone oil, silicone grease, silicon emulsion and silicon surfactant.
10-35 parts of heat insulation materials are added in the component A or the component B, and the heat insulation materials comprise any one or more of ceramic hollow microspheres, aerogel, vacuum vitrified microspheres and refractory mortar.
The mechanism of the two-component multifunctional waterproof heat-insulation putty is as follows: the heat conductivity coefficient of the traditional inorganic lightweight aggregate thermal insulation mortar is 0.085W/(m.k), and the construction thickness is 30MM, 40MM and 50MM (loaded from DB 33/T1054-. The bonding strength is 0.15Mpa through testing, the bonding strength after soaking is less than 0.1Mpa, if cement, aggregate and the like are added to increase the bonding strength, the heat conductivity coefficient is increased, and the index of heat preservation and energy conservation is reduced. The invention adopts a formula and a process of secondary crosslinking, and primary crosslinking is generated by rubber powder, inorganic filler and aggregate, so that the bonding strength reaches 0.6-0.9 Mpa; the dry powder component A and the fluid component B are mixed to generate secondary crosslinking, the polymer waterproof adhesive plays roles of waterproofing, increasing bonding strength, enhancing flexibility and increasing waterproofness, and the organic silicon plays roles of fireproofing, permeability and ageing resistance. The invention removes the heat preservation mortar, and the two-component waterproof heat-insulation putty produced by adopting a brand new formula and process saves the construction and materials of the traditional putty; after secondary crosslinking, the bonding strength is more than 1.2Mpa (the highest can reach 2.8Mpa), the thickness is only about 13MM, the heat conductivity coefficient is 0.05-0.069W/(m.k), and the better bonding strength and heat conductivity coefficient are protected while the weight is reduced.
The bottom heat conducting layer is used for improving the adhesive force of the finish paint, increasing the fullness, alkali resistance, corrosion resistance and the like of the finish paint, and can ensure the uniform absorption of the finish paint.
The heat conducting layer is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
60-80 parts of polymer emulsion, 15-35 parts of water, 3-5 parts of auxiliary agent and 3-7 parts of organic silicon.
The polymer emulsion material comprises: the polymer emulsion comprises one or more of pure acrylic emulsion, silicone acrylic emulsion, styrene-acrylic emulsion, flexible emulsion, waterproof emulsion and fluorocarbon emulsion.
The auxiliary material comprises: any one or more of film forming auxiliary agent, defoaming agent, bactericide, preservative, wetting agent and thickening agent.
The organic silicon material comprises any one or more of silane coupling agent, silicone oil, silicone grease, silicon emulsion and silicon surfactant.
The intermediate layer heat insulation coating disclosed by the invention has the thermal properties of low heat conductivity coefficient, low heat storage coefficient and the like, and has the advantages of stable heat insulation performance, freeze-thaw resistance, ageing resistance, fire resistance and sound insulation performance.
The intermediate layer heat insulation coating is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
5-10 parts of water-based resin, 15-35 parts of polymer emulsion, 0.1-20 parts of auxiliary agent, 30-50 parts of natural mineral powder, 10-15 parts of inorganic material, 30-39 parts of natural colored sand, 20-35 parts of heat insulation material and 3-5 parts of flame retardant auxiliary agent.
Wherein the water-based resin comprises any one or more of water-based polyurethane resin, water-based acrylic resin and the like.
The polymer emulsion comprises any one or a combination of more of pure acrylic emulsion, silicone acrylic emulsion, styrene-acrylic emulsion, flexible emulsion, waterproof emulsion, fluorocarbon emulsion and the like.
The auxiliary material comprises any one or more of a dispersing agent, a wetting agent, a defoaming agent, a drier, an air entraining agent, a water reducing agent, a thixotropic rheological agent, a thickening agent, a base bleed inhibitor and a scratch resistant agent.
The natural mineral powder material comprises one or more of mica powder, coarse whiting powder, kaolin, titanium dioxide and reflective heat insulation powder.
The inorganic material comprises one or more of ceramic hollow micro-beads, vacuum vitrified micro-beads, ceramic nano calcium carbonate, bentonite and inorganic gel.
The natural color sand material comprises one or more of Chinese black, Chinese red, medium yellow, beige, floor yellow, tiger skin yellow, milk yellow, apricot yellow, rosin yellow, chrysanthemum yellow, topaz, snowflake white, white marble, grass white jade, jewel green, evergreen, fruit green, military green, grassland green, Taixing green, green gray, gray jade, cloud gray, silver gray, sea blue, jewel blue, violet, sky blue and the like, and the specification is 80-120 meshes, 40-80 meshes, 20-40 meshes and 10-20 meshes.
The heat insulation material comprises one or more of aerogel, ceramic hollow micro-beads, vacuum vitrified micro-beads and the like.
The flame retardant aid material comprises an inorganic non-intumescent flame retardant.
The surface layer heat insulation coating has the advantages of low thermal conductivity coefficient, low heat storage coefficient and other thermal properties, stable heat insulation performance, freeze thawing resistance, ageing resistance, fire resistance, sound insulation performance and vivid granite imitation stone effect, and completely replaces the traditional heat insulation material and a surface layer.
The surface layer heat insulation coating is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
5-10 parts of water-based resin, 15-35 parts of polymer emulsion, 0.1-20 parts of auxiliary agent, 30-50 parts of natural mineral powder, 10-15 parts of inorganic material, 30-35 parts of natural colored sand, 11 parts of colored composite rock slice, 4 parts of liquid particle, 20-35 parts of heat insulation material and 3-5 parts of flame retardant auxiliary agent.
Wherein the water-based resin comprises any one or more of water-based polyurethane resin, water-based acrylic resin and the like.
The polymer emulsion comprises any one or a combination of more of pure acrylic emulsion, silicone acrylic emulsion, elastic emulsion, styrene-acrylic emulsion, flexible emulsion, waterproof emulsion, fluorocarbon emulsion and the like.
The auxiliary material comprises any one or more of a dispersing agent, a wetting agent, a defoaming agent, a drier, an air entraining agent, a film forming auxiliary agent, a water reducing agent, a thixotropic rheological agent, a thickening agent, a base bleed inhibitor and an anti-scratch agent.
The natural mineral powder material comprises one or more of mica powder, coarse whiting powder, kaolin, titanium dioxide and reflective heat insulation powder.
The inorganic material comprises one or more of ceramic hollow micro-beads, vacuum vitrified micro-beads, ceramic nano calcium carbonate, bentonite and inorganic gel.
The natural color sand material comprises one or more of Chinese black, Chinese red, medium yellow, beige, floor yellow, tiger skin yellow, milk yellow, apricot yellow, rosin yellow, chrysanthemum yellow, topaz, snowflake white, white marble, grass white jade, jewel green, evergreen, fruit green, military green, grassland green, Taixing green, green gray, gray jade, cloud gray, silver gray, sea blue, jewel blue, violet, sky blue and the like, and the specification is 80-120 meshes, 40-80 meshes, 20-40 meshes and 10-20 meshes.
The color of the colored composite rock slice is red, black, white, yellow, brown, coffee, gray and the like, and the color of the colored composite rock slice is any one or more of sheets with the specification of small (1-3) mm, middle (3-5) mm, large (5-8) mm and thickness of (0.1-0.5) mm.
The liquid particles are water-based color particles coated with ions into a colloid.
The heat insulation material comprises one or more of aerogel, ceramic hollow micro-beads, vacuum vitrified micro-beads, reflective heat insulation powder and the like.
The flame retardant aid material comprises an inorganic non-intumescent flame retardant.
The radiation-resistant ion film of the finish coat is used for protecting the main coating paint, and has good weather resistance and stain resistance, good water resistance, strong adhesive force and long mildew resistance.
The radiation-resistant ion film of the cover layer is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
60-80 parts of polymer emulsion, 15-35 parts of water and 3-5 parts of auxiliary agent.
The polymer emulsion material comprises: any one or combination of more of pure acrylic emulsion, silicone acrylic emulsion, styrene-acrylic emulsion, flexible emulsion, waterproof emulsion, fluorocarbon emulsion and the like.
The auxiliary material comprises: any one or more of film forming auxiliary agent, defoaming agent, bactericide, preservative, wetting agent and thickening agent.
The invention discloses a preparation method of an integrated heat insulation coating, which comprises the following steps:
(1) the two-component multifunctional waterproof heat-insulation putty comprises the following components in percentage by weight: the component B is 2.5: 1, stirring uniformly in a stirrer; according to the mesh number of the aggregate in the mixture ratio, 40-80 meshes are used as coarse two-component multifunctional waterproof heat-insulation putty, and more than 120 meshes are used as fine two-component multifunctional waterproof heat-insulation putty;
(2) the thick two-component multifunctional waterproof heat-insulation putty is applied once, a 1.5-2 m ruler is used for transversely applying the putty once, 160-320 g of alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh cloth is embedded into a wall body while applying the putty for the first time, the embedding depth is kept at 1mm, the width built at the periphery is required to be more than 10cm, and the length built in the vertical direction is required to be more than 8 cm;
(3) scraping the fine two-component multifunctional waterproof heat-insulation putty for the second time, vertically scraping the fine two-component multifunctional waterproof heat-insulation putty for one time with a 1.5-2 m ruler, after the putty is dried, finely sanding the base surface with sand paper and a sand board, wherein the processed result requires that the base surface is flat; the total thickness of the putty for two times is 12mm, the interval time of each construction is not less than 5 hours, and the next procedure can be carried out within 24-48 hours after the putty is batched; the total thickness of the secondary putty is 5-10 mm;
(4) carrying out construction of a heat conducting layer by adopting a brushing, roller coating or spraying process, wherein the roller coating is carried out by alternately brushing up, down, left and right, and slightly rolling towards one direction to obtain the same refractive index; after the wall surface is completely dried, the wall surface is completely covered without the phenomenon of flowering; after the heat conducting layer is completely dried, the construction of the next procedure can be carried out, and the thickness of the heat conducting layer is 0.02 mm;
(5) according to the design requirements of drawings and effect diagrams or special requirements of owners, line tracing and grid dividing processing is carried out on the base surface according to the final confirmation effect;
(6) selecting a corresponding process according to the material of the middle layer to carry out middle layer construction; the middle layer material is stone-like heat insulation coating, thick paste heat insulation coating and flat coating reflective heat insulation coating;
(7) selecting a corresponding process according to the surface material to carry out surface construction; the surface layer heat insulation coating material is selected from a water-based composite rock slice imitation granite heat insulation coating, a water-in-water colorful heat insulation coating, a heat insulation natural stone paint, a sand-in-water colorful heat insulation coating, a texture heat insulation coating and a reflective heat insulation elastic emulsion paint;
(8) and polishing construction: after finishing the surface layer heat insulation coating, completely drying the surface layer heat insulation coating at intervals of more than 24 hours, and then polishing the surface layer heat insulation coating by using sand paper until the optimal effect is achieved;
(9) and the surface layer of the anti-radiation ionic membrane is subjected to up-and-down back-and-forth roll coating by adopting a spraying or roll coating method, the roll coating is required to be uniform, and the spraying thickness is 0.02 mm.
When the middle layer is made of stone-like thermal insulation coating and the surface layer is made of water-based composite rock slice granite-like thermal insulation coating, the steps (6) and (7) are as follows:
(1) before spraying the middle-layer stone-like heat-insulating coating, uniformly stirring, placing in a spray gun, and then spraying, wherein the spraying pressure is controlled to be 0.4-0.8Mpa, and the spraying sequence is from top to bottom and from left to right; when spraying, firstly, a layer is quickly and thinly sprayed, and then, the spraying is slowly, stably and uniformly carried out. The thickness of the middle layer stone-like heat insulation coating is 2-3 mm;
(2) before spraying, the water-based composite rock slice granite-imitated heat-insulation coating on the surface layer is uniformly stirred, installed in a spray gun and then sprayed, wherein the spraying pressure is controlled to be 0.4-0.8Mpa, and the spraying sequence is from top to bottom and from left to right; the coating is stably and uniformly coated and thinned, the coating thickness is 2.5-4mm, and the next process can be carried out 12-24 hours after the coating;
(3) and removing the masking paper before the surface of the coating is dried, and rolling once by using a sea brocade roller or patting the surface of the paint film by using an iron plate.
When the stone-like thermal insulation coating is selected for the middle layer, the surface layer is selected from a water-in-water colorful thermal insulation coating, and the steps (6) and (7) are as follows:
(1) before spraying the middle-layer stone-like heat-insulating coating, uniformly stirring, placing in a spray gun, and then spraying, wherein the spraying pressure is controlled to be 0.4-0.8Mpa, and the spraying sequence is from top to bottom and from left to right; when spraying, firstly, a layer is quickly and thinly sprayed, and then, the spraying is slowly, stably and uniformly carried out. The thickness of the middle-layer stone-like heat insulation coating is about 2-3 mm;
(2) the surface layer water-in-water colorful heat insulation coating is sprayed for 1-2 times and is sprayed by a special spray gun, required dots are uniform, the spraying is divided into two times, the construction can be adjusted according to the color dots of the sample plate, and the coating is smooth, uniform and attractive. The thickness of the water-in-water colorful heat insulation coating is about 0.6 mm.
When the middle layer selects the stone-like heat insulation coating, the surface layer selects the heat insulation natural stone paint, and the steps (6) and (7) are as follows:
(1) before spraying the middle-layer stone-like heat-insulating coating, uniformly stirring, placing in a spray gun, and then spraying, wherein the spraying pressure is controlled to be 0.4-0.8Mpa, and the spraying sequence is from top to bottom and from left to right; when spraying, firstly, a layer is quickly and thinly sprayed, and then, the spraying is slowly, stably and uniformly carried out. The thickness of the middle-layer stone-like heat insulation coating is about 2-3 mm;
(2) the surface layer is sprayed with heat-insulating natural stone paint for 1-2 times, and the construction is carried out by using a special spray gun, the pressure of an air pump is controlled to be 0.5-0.7Mpa, the thickness of the sprayed heat-insulating stone paint reaches about 1.5-3mm, and the spraying interval time is more than 12 hours.
When the stone-like heat insulation coating is selected as the middle layer, the texture heat insulation coating is selected as the surface layer, and the steps (6) and (7) are as follows:
(1) before spraying the middle-layer stone-like heat-insulating coating, uniformly stirring, placing in a spray gun, and then spraying, wherein the spraying pressure is controlled to be 0.4-0.8Mpa, and the spraying sequence is from top to bottom and from left to right; when spraying, firstly, a layer is quickly and thinly sprayed, and then, the spraying is slowly, stably and uniformly carried out. The thickness of the middle-layer stone-like heat insulation coating is about 2-3 mm;
(2) the surface texture heat insulation coating is generally applied by blade coating (smearing) or spraying. The scraping (smearing) construction is that the coating is uniformly scraped on the wall surface by an iron trowel, and various shapes are scraped by back and forth scraping, or different shapes are manufactured by a special construction tool. According to the requirements of construction modeling, the construction viscosity, air pressure, nozzle size, distance and the like of the product are controlled during spraying construction. The construction thickness of the texture heat insulation coating is about 2-3 mm;
when the stone-like heat insulation coating is selected as the intermediate layer, the sand-in-water multicolor heat insulation coating is selected as the surface layer, and the steps (6) and (7) are as follows:
(1) the middle layer stone-like heat insulation coating is sprayed for 1-2 times, the middle layer stone-like heat insulation coating is uniformly stirred before being sprayed, is arranged in a spray gun and is sprayed, the spraying pressure is controlled to be 0.4-0.8Mpa, and the spraying sequence is from top to bottom and from left to right; when spraying, firstly, a layer is quickly and thinly sprayed, and then, the spraying is slowly, stably and uniformly carried out. The thickness of the middle-layer stone-like heat insulation coating is about 2-3 mm;
(2) and spraying the surface sand-in-water colorful heat-insulating coating for 1-2 times by using a special spray gun, wherein thick spraying and full spraying are required to be continuously and uniformly sprayed for the first time, excessive sagging is prevented, and the air pressure control of the spray gun is required. The second construction is sprayed in a thin spraying mode. The time interval of the secondary spraying is more than 12 hours, and the surface is required to be uniform and flat, without leaking spraying, color difference, obvious joint and the like. The thickness of the sand-in-water colorful heat insulation coating is about 1-2 mm.
When the stone-like thermal insulation coating is selected as the intermediate layer, the surface layer is selected from reflective thermal insulation elastic emulsion paint, and the steps (6) and (7) are as follows:
(1) before spraying the middle-layer stone-like heat-insulating coating, uniformly stirring, placing in a spray gun, and then spraying, wherein the spraying pressure is controlled to be 0.4-0.8Mpa, and the spraying sequence is from top to bottom and from left to right; when spraying, firstly, a layer is quickly and thinly sprayed, and then, the spraying is slowly, stably and uniformly carried out. The thickness of the middle-layer stone-like heat insulation coating is about 2-3 mm;
(2) the elastic latex paint with the reflective, heat-insulating and heat-preserving surface layer is roll-coated for 2 times by a wool roller, and is coated in a cross manner from top to bottom and from left to right in the range in which the roller can be coated during construction, and finally, the construction is performed in sequence from top to bottom for the last time so as to obtain the same refractive index. When the requirement on elasticity is high, the coating can be rolled and coated for multiple times. The surface is required to have no obvious phenomena of joint, missing coating, bottom penetration, flow falling and the like. The thickness of the reflective heat-insulation elastic emulsion paint is about 0.5 mm.
When the thick paste type heat insulation and preservation coating is selected for use in the middle layer, the surface layer is selected for use in the water-in-water colorful heat insulation and preservation coating, the steps (6) and (7) are as follows:
(1) the thick paste type heat insulation coating of the intermediate layer is roll-coated for 2 times by a wool roller, and is alternately coated from top to bottom and from left to right in the range that the roller can be coated during construction, and finally the construction is performed from top to bottom for the last time so as to obtain the same refractive index. During construction, a high-quality construction tool is selected as much as possible. When the requirement on elasticity is high, the coating can be rolled and coated for multiple times. The surface is required to have no obvious phenomena of joint, missing coating, bottom penetration, flow falling and the like. The thickness of the thick paste type heat insulation coating is about 0.6 mm;
(2) the surface layer water-in-water colorful heat insulation coating is sprayed for 1-2 times and sprayed by a special spray gun, the required dots are uniform, the spraying is carried out twice, the second spraying after surface drying can be adjusted and constructed according to the color dots of the sample plate, and the coating is smooth, uniform and beautiful. The thickness of the water-in-water colorful heat insulation coating is about 0.6 mm;
when the middle layer selects thick paste type heat insulation coating, the surface layer selects reflective heat insulation elastic emulsion paint, and the steps (6) and (7) specifically comprise:
(1) the thick paste type heat insulation coating of the intermediate layer is roll-coated for 2 times by a wool roller, and is alternately coated from top to bottom and from left to right in the range that the roller can be coated during construction, and finally the construction is performed from top to bottom for the last time so as to obtain the same refractive index. During construction, a high-quality construction tool is selected as much as possible. When the requirement on elasticity is high, the coating can be rolled and coated for multiple times. The surface is required to have no obvious phenomena of joint, missing coating, bottom penetration, flow falling and the like. The thickness of the thick paste type heat insulation coating is about 0.6 mm;
(2) the elastic latex paint with the reflective, heat-insulating and heat-preserving surface layer is roll-coated for 2 times by a wool roller, and is coated in a cross manner from top to bottom and from left to right in the range in which the roller can be coated during construction, and finally, the construction is performed in sequence from top to bottom for the last time so as to obtain the same refractive index. When the requirement on elasticity is high, the coating can be rolled and coated for multiple times. The surface is required to have no obvious phenomena of joint, missing coating, bottom penetration, flow falling and the like. The thickness of the reflective heat-insulation elastic emulsion paint is about 0.5 mm.
The mechanism of the integrated heat-insulating and heat-preserving coating is as follows: the heat conductivity coefficient of the traditional inorganic light heat-collecting and heat-insulating mortar is 0.085W/(m.k), the construction thickness is 30mm, 40mm and 50mm, and the thermal resistance is 0.35 (m.k)2K)/W, the bonding strength is 0.15MPa through testing, the bonding strength after soaking is less than 0.1MPa, if cement, aggregate and the like are added for increasing the bonding strength, the heat conductivity coefficient is increased. The heat-insulating mortar veneer layer also needs putty, a primer layer, an intermediate layer coating, a surface layer coating and a finish coat layer, the bonding strength of the heat-insulating mortar is too low, the waterproof performance is poor, and the heat-insulating mortar must reach a certain construction thickness to reach the heat-insulating energy-saving index, the heat-insulating mortar is easy to crack due to too thick construction thickness to cause a large amount of rainwater to permeate, the heat-insulating performance can be obviously influenced after the heat-insulating mortar layer absorbs water, even the self weight of a wall body can be increased, and quality safety accidents such as falling off and the like can be caused. The invention removes the heat-insulating mortar and adopts an integrated heat-insulating coating system to replace the traditional external heat-insulating and finishing coat of the external wall. WhereinThe heat conductivity coefficient of the two-component multifunctional waterproof heat-insulating putty is 0.05W/(m.k), the construction thickness is about 13MM, the bonding strength is more than 1.2Mpa, the heat conductivity coefficient of the veneer layer heat-insulating coating is 0.05W/(m.k), and the construction thickness is about 5 MM. The bonding strength is more than 1.2 Mpa. The total thickness of construction is about 17MM, and the thermal resistance is 0.36 (m)2K)/W, and protects better bonding strength and thermal conductivity coefficient while reducing weight.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: compared with the traditional inorganic lightweight aggregate thermal insulation mortar, the integrated thermal insulation coating system shortens the construction period by more than 30 percent, saves materials by more than 20 percent, reduces labor by more than 40 percent, and reduces energy consumption by more than 70 percent. The thickness of the integrated heat-insulating coating is 1/2 of the thickness of the traditional heat-insulating mortar, and the bonding strength is more than 8 times of that of the traditional inorganic lightweight aggregate heat-insulating mortar. The heat insulation material has the advantages of low thermal conductivity, low heat storage coefficient and other thermal properties, stable heat insulation performance, freeze-thaw resistance, aging resistance, fire resistance, sound insulation and good waterproof performance. The special heat insulation material is added, so that the heat insulation effect of the building is effectively improved, the heat conductivity coefficient is less than or equal to 0.1-0.025W/mK, the heat insulation material completely replaces the traditional heat insulation material, and the requirements of national, provincial and local energy conservation and environmental protection standards are met.
The invention has stronger applicability, and can conveniently finish heat insulation and preservation coating on the surfaces with complex surface structures, limited space or special-shaped substrates and the like. Not only saves energy and protects environment, but also is durable. The defects of flammability, cracking, hollowing, falling, thickness, safety and the like of the traditional heat-insulating material are overcome, and the defects of weight, heat-insulating performance, water resistance, flame retardance, hollowing resistance, falling resistance, cracking resistance and the like are overcome.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an integrated thermal insulation coating system according to the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of an integrated thermal insulation coating system (exterior wall) according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
The invention will be described in detail with reference to the following figures and examples:
the invention discloses an integrated heat insulation coating system and a preparation method thereof. The invention is a high-performance and high-decorative exterior wall building heat-insulating coating which is formed in one step, is environment-friendly, convenient to construct, light in self weight and free of potential safety hazards, overcomes the defects existing in natural granite decoration, also solves the potential safety hazard of falling of an exterior wall heat-insulating layer, and is a great innovation in the coating field. The paint has the advantages of good reflective heat insulation and preservation effects, good flexibility, cracking resistance, flame retardance, high bonding strength, strong adhesive force, excellent weather resistance and stain resistance, and no harmful substances such as VOC, benzene, formaldehyde and heavy metals generated in the actual use process, and is a novel safe, energy-saving, environment-friendly, heat-insulation and preservation paint.
An integrated heat insulation coating system, wherein when the middle layer is made of stone-like heat insulation coating and the surface layer is made of water-based composite rock slice granite-like heat insulation coating:
double-component multifunctional waterproof heat-insulating putty
Middle layer heat insulation coating-stone-like heat insulation coating
Surface layer heat insulation coating-water-based composite rock slice granite-imitated heat insulation coating
An integrated heat insulation coating system, wherein when the intermediate layer is made of thick paste type heat insulation coating, the surface layer is made of reflective heat insulation elastic emulsion paint.
Double-component multifunctional waterproof heat-insulating putty
Middle layer heat insulation coating-thick paste type heat insulation coating
Surface layer heat insulation coating-reflective heat insulation elastic emulsion paint
Example 1: an integrated heat insulation coating system is shown in figure 1 and mainly comprises an outer wall coating composed of a base layer 5, a heat conduction layer 6 composed of primer, a middle layer 7, a surface layer 8 and a radiation-resistant ion membrane cover layer 9, and an inner wall coating 2 composed of two-component multifunctional waterproof heat insulation putty. The base layer adopts two-component multifunctional waterproof heat-insulation putty, the middle layer adopts heat-insulation paint, and the surface layer adopts heat-insulation paint. It should be noted that: the reference numeral 3 refers to an inner wall body, the reference numeral 4 refers to an outer wall body, and the reference numeral 1 refers to floor two-component heat-insulation putty.
The heat conducting layer is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
60-80 parts of polymer emulsion, 15-35 parts of water, 3-5 parts of auxiliary agent and 3-7 parts of organic silicon.
The polymer emulsion material comprises: the polymer emulsion comprises one or more of pure acrylic emulsion, silicone acrylic emulsion, styrene-acrylic emulsion, flexible emulsion, waterproof emulsion and fluorocarbon emulsion.
The auxiliary material comprises: any one or more of film forming auxiliary agent, defoaming agent, bactericide, preservative, wetting agent and thickening agent.
The organic silicon material comprises any one or more of silane coupling agent, silicone oil, silicone grease, silicon emulsion and silicon surfactant.
The radiation-resistant ion film of the cover layer is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
60-80 parts of polymer emulsion, 15-35 parts of water and 3-5 parts of auxiliary agent.
The polymer emulsion material comprises: any one or combination of more of pure acrylic emulsion, silicone acrylic emulsion, styrene-acrylic emulsion, flexible emulsion, waterproof emulsion, fluorocarbon emulsion and the like.
The auxiliary material comprises: any one or more of film forming auxiliary agent, defoaming agent, bactericide, preservative, wetting agent and thickening agent.
The integral heat insulation coating system (inner and outer wall composite) construction diagram and thermal performance of the invention are shown in the following table:
example 2: an integrated heat insulation coating system is shown in figure 2 and mainly comprises an outer wall coating which is composed of a base layer 5, a heat conduction layer 6 composed of primer, an intermediate layer 7, a surface layer 8 and a radiation-resistant ion membrane cover layer 9, wherein the base layer adopts two-component multifunctional waterproof heat insulation putty, the intermediate layer adopts heat insulation coating, and the surface layer adopts heat insulation coating.
The structural diagram and the thermal performance of an integrated heat insulation coating system (outer wall) are as follows:
the two-component multifunctional waterproof heat-insulation putty has the following detection results according to the main technical requirements of JG/T157-containing 2009 putty for building exterior walls and GB/T10295-2O 08 Heat insulation material steady-state thermal resistance and related characteristic measurement Heat flow Meter method:
the heat-insulating and heat-preserving coating refers to HG/T4344-:
the heat insulation and preservation coating has the following main technical requirements detection results according to JG/T172-2014 elastic building coating and heat conductivity coefficient GB/T10295-2O 08 heat insulation material steady-state thermal resistance and related characteristic measurement heat flow meter method:
it should be understood that equivalent substitutions and changes to the technical solution and the inventive concept of the present invention should be made by those skilled in the art to the protection scope of the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. An integration thermal-insulated heat preservation coating system which characterized in that: the waterproof heat-insulation putty mainly comprises an outer wall coating consisting of a base layer, a middle layer and a surface layer, wherein the base layer adopts two-component waterproof heat-insulation putty, the middle layer adopts heat-insulation paint, the surface layer adopts heat-insulation paint, and the middle layer is mainly thick paste.
2. The integrated thermal insulating and preserving coating system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the waterproof heat-insulation putty is characterized by further comprising an inner wall coating formed by double-component waterproof heat-insulation putty, and/or a heat conduction layer formed by primer is arranged between the base layer and the middle layer, and a radiation-resistant ion film covering layer is further arranged on the outer side of the surface layer.
3. The integrated thermal insulating and preserving coating system as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: the two-component waterproof heat-insulation putty comprises a dry powder component A and a fluid component B, wherein the weight ratio of the component A to the component B is (1-5): 1, wherein,
the component A is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
1.5-3 parts of rubber powder, 30-40 parts of inorganic filler, 15-20 parts of aggregate and 1-2 parts of assistant A;
the component B is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
30-90 parts of polymer waterproof adhesive, 10-70 parts of water, 0.15-0.35 part of assistant B and 5-10 parts of organic silicon.
4. The integrated thermal insulating and preserving coating system as claimed in claim 1 or 2, characterized in that: 10-35 parts of heat insulation materials are added in the component A or the component B, and the heat insulation materials comprise any one or more of ceramic hollow microspheres, aerogel, vacuum vitrified microspheres and refractory mortar.
5. The integrated thermal insulating and preserving coating system as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the heat conducting layer is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
60-80 parts of polymer emulsion, 15-35 parts of water, 3-5 parts of auxiliary agent, 3-7 parts of organic silicon and 5-10 parts of heat insulation material.
6. The integrated thermal insulating and preserving coating system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the intermediate layer heat insulation coating is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
5-10 parts of water-based resin, 15-35 parts of polymer emulsion, 0.1-20 parts of an auxiliary agent, 30-50 parts of natural mineral powder, 10-15 parts of an inorganic material, 30-39 parts of natural colored sand, 20-35 parts of a heat insulation material and 3-5 parts of a flame retardant auxiliary agent.
7. The integrated thermal insulating and preserving coating system as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the surface layer heat insulation coating is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
5-10 parts of water-based resin, 15-35 parts of polymer emulsion, 0.1-20 parts of an auxiliary agent, 30-50 parts of natural mineral powder, 10-15 parts of an inorganic material, 30-35 parts of natural colored sand, 11 parts of a colored composite rock slice, 4 parts of colorful liquid particles, 20-35 parts of a heat insulation material and 3-5 parts of a flame retardant auxiliary agent.
8. The integrated thermal insulating and preserving coating system as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the radiation-resistant ion film of the cover layer is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
60-80 parts of polymer emulsion, 15-35 parts of water and 3-5 parts of auxiliary agent.
9. A method of preparing an integrated thermal insulating and preserving coating system according to any one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
(1) the two-component waterproof heat-insulation putty comprises the following components in percentage by weight: the component B is 2.5: 1, stirring uniformly in a stirrer; according to the mesh number of the aggregate in the mixture ratio, 40-80 meshes are used as coarse two-component waterproof heat-insulation putty, and more than 120 meshes are used as fine two-component waterproof heat-insulation putty;
(2) the thick two-component waterproof heat-insulation putty is applied once, a 1.5-2 m ruler is used for transversely applying the putty once, 160-320 g of alkali-resistant glass fiber mesh cloth is embedded into the wall body while applying the putty for the first time, the embedding depth is kept at 1mm, the width built at the periphery is required to be more than 10cm, and the length built in the vertical direction is required to be more than 8 cm;
(3) scraping the fine double-component waterproof heat-insulation putty for the second time, vertically scraping the fine double-component waterproof heat-insulation putty for one time with a straight ruler of 1.5-2 m, after the putty is dried, finely sanding the base surface by using sand paper and a sand board, wherein the processed result requires that the base surface is flat; the total thickness of the putty for two times is 12mm, the interval time of each construction is not less than 5 hours, and the next procedure can be carried out within 24-48 hours after the putty is batched;
(4) carrying out construction of a heat conducting layer by adopting a brushing, roller coating or spraying process, wherein the roller coating is carried out by alternately brushing up, down, left and right, and slightly rolling towards one direction to obtain the same refractive index; after the wall surface is completely dried, the wall surface is completely covered without the phenomenon of flowering; after the heat conducting layer is completely dried, the construction of the next procedure can be carried out, and the thickness of the heat conducting layer is 0.02 mm;
(5) according to the design requirements of drawings and effect diagrams or special requirements of owners, line tracing and grid dividing processing is carried out on the base surface according to the final confirmation effect;
(6) selecting a corresponding process according to the material of the middle layer to carry out middle layer construction; the intermediate layer material is thick paste type stone-like heat insulation coating and thick paste type heat insulation coating;
(7) selecting a corresponding process according to the surface material to carry out surface construction; the surface layer heat insulation coating material is selected from a water-based composite rock slice imitation granite heat insulation coating, a water-in-water colorful heat insulation coating, a heat insulation natural stone paint, a sand-in-water colorful heat insulation coating, a texture heat insulation coating and a heat insulation elastic emulsion paint;
(8) and polishing construction: after finishing the surface layer heat insulation coating, completely drying the surface layer heat insulation coating at intervals of more than 24 hours, and then polishing the surface layer heat insulation coating by using floor sand of 40 meshes to 60 meshes until the optimal effect is achieved;
(9) and the surface layer of the anti-radiation ionic membrane is subjected to up-and-down back-and-forth roll coating by adopting a spraying or roll coating method, the roll coating is required to be uniform, and the spraying thickness is 0.02 mm.
10. The preparation method of the integrated heat insulation coating according to claim 9, characterized in that: when the middle layer is made of stone-like thermal insulation coating and the surface layer is made of water-based composite rock slice granite-like thermal insulation coating, the steps (6) and (7) are as follows:
(1) before spraying the middle-layer stone-like heat-insulating coating, uniformly stirring, placing in a spray gun, and then spraying, wherein the spraying pressure is controlled to be 0.4-0.8Mpa, and the spraying sequence is from top to bottom and from left to right; when spraying, firstly, quickly and thinly spraying a layer, and then, slowly, stably and uniformly spraying, wherein the thickness of the middle-layer stone-like heat-insulating coating is 2 mm;
(2) before spraying, the water-based composite rock slice granite-imitated heat-insulation coating on the surface layer is uniformly stirred, installed in a spray gun and then sprayed, wherein the spraying pressure is controlled to be 0.4-0.8Mpa, and the spraying sequence is from top to bottom and from left to right; when spraying, firstly, quickly and thinly spraying a layer, then, slowly, stably and uniformly spraying, wherein the spraying thickness is 3mm, and the next procedure can be carried out 12-24 hours after spraying;
(3) and removing the masking paper before the surface of the coating is dried, and rolling once by using a sea brocade roller or patting the surface of the paint film by using an iron plate.
CN202111031965.3A 2021-09-03 2021-09-03 Integrated heat insulation coating system and preparation method thereof Pending CN113789078A (en)

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EP2527311A1 (en) * 2011-05-24 2012-11-28 Sto Ag Coating system, heat insulating compound system, heat insulating panel, reinforcement and method for creating a functional coating
CN204386066U (en) * 2015-01-14 2015-06-10 安徽天筑建设(集团)有限公司 A kind of true mineral varnish coat system structure with reflective insulation function
CN206189760U (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-05-24 三棵树涂料股份有限公司 Anti integrated layer structure of scribbling of decoration that keeps warm that splits of elasticity reflection thermal barrier coating material
CN111364710A (en) * 2018-12-25 2020-07-03 上海磐彩环保科技股份有限公司 Method for manufacturing composite marble-imitated coating by using multi-color real stone paint
CN111607276A (en) * 2019-02-25 2020-09-01 湖南梨树园涂料有限公司 Double-component thin-coating type heat-insulating putty and preparation method thereof

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP2527311A1 (en) * 2011-05-24 2012-11-28 Sto Ag Coating system, heat insulating compound system, heat insulating panel, reinforcement and method for creating a functional coating
CN102304966A (en) * 2011-06-20 2012-01-04 厦门固克涂料集团有限公司 Outer wall coating system with heat-insulation function
CN102619310A (en) * 2012-03-08 2012-08-01 上海天补建筑科技有限公司 Coating system dedicated for outer wall reflecting and heat-insulating paint and construction method of coating system
CN204386066U (en) * 2015-01-14 2015-06-10 安徽天筑建设(集团)有限公司 A kind of true mineral varnish coat system structure with reflective insulation function
CN206189760U (en) * 2016-09-21 2017-05-24 三棵树涂料股份有限公司 Anti integrated layer structure of scribbling of decoration that keeps warm that splits of elasticity reflection thermal barrier coating material
CN111364710A (en) * 2018-12-25 2020-07-03 上海磐彩环保科技股份有限公司 Method for manufacturing composite marble-imitated coating by using multi-color real stone paint
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