CN113634348B - Crusher for producing nano materials and working method thereof - Google Patents

Crusher for producing nano materials and working method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113634348B
CN113634348B CN202111190295.XA CN202111190295A CN113634348B CN 113634348 B CN113634348 B CN 113634348B CN 202111190295 A CN202111190295 A CN 202111190295A CN 113634348 B CN113634348 B CN 113634348B
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
crushing
rotor
fixing plate
adjusting
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CN202111190295.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113634348A (en
Inventor
汪安
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Qidong Kesaier Nanotechnology Co ltd
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Qidong Kesaier Nanotechnology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202111190295.XA priority Critical patent/CN113634348B/en
Publication of CN113634348A publication Critical patent/CN113634348A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/02Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft
    • B02C13/06Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft with beaters rigidly connected to the rotor
    • B02C13/09Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft with beaters rigidly connected to the rotor and throwing the material against an anvil or impact plate
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/28Shape or construction of beater elements
    • B02C13/2804Shape or construction of beater elements the beater elements being rigidly connected to the rotor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/282Shape or inner surface of mill-housings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • B02C18/142Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers with two or more inter-engaging rotatable cutter assemblies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • B02C2023/165Screen denying egress of oversize material

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of crushing, in particular to a crusher for producing nano materials. The invention provides a crusher for producing nano materials, which comprises: the device comprises a device body, a driving motor, a rotor, a rotating bearing and a plurality of plate hammer assemblies, wherein the driving motor is suitable for driving the rotor to axially rotate through the rotating bearing; the rotor is sleeved on the outer wall of the rotating bearing and is rectangular, and the rotor is arranged on the inner wall close to the lower part of the feeding port; the plate hammer components are slidably arranged on the outer wall of the rotor, and a plurality of plate hammer components are arranged at equal intervals; wherein the distance between the plate hammer component and the inner wall of the equipment body is adjusted to adjust the particle size of the crushed material. The setting through the board hammer subassembly can be screened the material, and the material that will meet the requirements can directly fall, and the material that does not meet the requirements can be broken by the board hammer subassembly, falls after the size meets the requirements.

Description

Crusher for producing nano materials and working method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of crushing, in particular to a crusher for producing nano materials and a working method thereof.
Background
Application No.: CN201922107721.3, publication (bulletin) No.: CN211385195U, a raw material crushing device for power semiconductor device production, the utility model discloses a raw material crushing device for power semiconductor device production belongs to semiconductor device production field, including the casing, the top central point department of casing fixed mounting has the filling tube, all fixed mounting has the side shell on the both sides outer wall of casing, fixed mounting has motor b on the back outer wall of side shell, fixed mounting has motor a and motor c on the back outer wall of casing, the inside of casing is provided with crushing chamber, the pivot one end of motor a's output installation passes the casing and extends to the inside in crushing chamber and fixed mounting has crushing roller a and crushing roller b respectively, the output of motor b passes and extends to the internally mounted of side shell and has the cam; the utility model discloses a through internally mounted have the conveyer belt, can directly fall on the conveyer belt after the raw materials screening after the breakage, the operation of drive conveyer belt this moment can be seen off the raw materials is automatic, has realized automatic discharging's function, need not follow-up manual work and gets material, convenient and fast.
The conveying belt is arranged on the crushing device to automatically send out the crushed raw materials in the prior art, so that the working efficiency is improved. However, during the crushing process of raw materials, especially when the raw materials are crushed for prefabrication, the crushed particle size of the raw materials needs to be adjusted to adapt to different production processes, especially when the crushed particle size is less in requirement and needs to be crushed for the second time, so that the development of a crusher for producing nano materials is necessary.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a crusher for producing nano materials, which solves the technical problem that the prior art lacks a crusher capable of adjusting the crushed particle size and performing secondary crushing.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention provides a crusher for nanomaterial production, comprising: the device comprises a device body, a driving motor, a rotor, a rotating bearing and a plurality of plate hammer assemblies, wherein the device body is hollow, a feeding port is formed in the upper end of the device body, the driving motor is fixed on one side of the device body, the rotating bearing is rotatably arranged in the device body, and the driving motor is suitable for driving the rotor to axially rotate through the rotating bearing; the rotor is sleeved on the outer wall of the rotating bearing and is rectangular, and the rotor is arranged on the inner wall close to the lower part of the feeding port; the plate hammer components are slidably arranged on the outer wall of the rotor, and a plurality of plate hammer components are arranged at equal intervals; wherein the distance between the plate hammer component and the inner wall of the equipment body is adjusted to adjust the particle size of the crushed material;
a plurality of positioning grooves are formed in the rotor, and one positioning groove corresponds to one plate hammer component; the plate hammer component is slidably inserted into the positioning groove, and one end of the plate hammer component protrudes out of the outer wall of the rotor; wherein adjusting the insertion depth of the plate hammer assembly can adjust the distance between the plate hammer assembly and the inner wall of the equipment body;
the plate hammer assembly includes: the first fixing plate is slidably arranged on the inner wall of the positioning groove, the second fixing plate is slidably arranged in the positioning groove, and the side wall of the second fixing plate is abutted against the side wall of the first fixing plate; the side edge ends of the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate protrude out of the outer wall of the rotor; wherein the distance between the second fixing plate and the inner wall of the equipment body and the distance between the first fixing plate and the inner wall of the equipment body can be adjusted by adjusting the insertion depth of the second fixing plate and the first fixing plate;
a plurality of adjusting grooves are formed in the first fixing plate, are arranged at equal intervals and are formed in one end, protruding out of the rotor, of the fixing plate; when the crushing machine is used for crushing, materials can pass through the adjusting groove and fall into the bottom of the equipment body.
Furthermore, a plurality of adjusting blocks are fixed on one side of the second fixing plate, the width of each adjusting block is larger than that of each adjusting groove, and the distance between every two adjacent adjusting blocks is equal to that between every two adjacent adjusting grooves; the adjusting block and the adjusting groove can be arranged in a staggered mode by horizontally moving the second fixing plate.
Furthermore, a first counterattack plate is arranged in the equipment body in a liftable mode, the first counterattack plate is arranged above the rotor and is arranged close to the material inlet, a plurality of first broken blocks are arranged on the first counterattack plate, the first broken blocks are rectangular, the first broken blocks are arranged on the side wall of the first counterattack plate in a matrix mode, and one edge angle of each first broken block faces towards the rotor; wherein lifting the first reaction plate can adjust the distance between the first broken fragments and the outer wall of the rotor.
Furthermore, a second impact plate is arranged in the equipment body in a lifting mode, the second impact plate is arranged above the rotor, and the length of the second impact plate is larger than that of the first impact plate; be provided with the broken piece of a plurality of seconds on the second counterattack board, the broken piece of second is the rectangle, and is a plurality of the broken piece matrix of second is arranged the second counterattack board lateral wall, wherein rotor during operation, the material can strike repeatedly the broken piece of second with rotor outer wall.
Furthermore, two threaded columns are arranged at the upper ends of the first impact plate and the second impact plate, the two threaded columns are respectively in threaded connection with the upper end wall of the equipment body, and an adjusting plate matched with the threaded columns is arranged on the outer wall of the equipment body; wherein rotating the adjustment plate can adjust the first and second impact plates to ascend or descend.
Further, the lateral wall of the equipment body is provided with two access doors, and the access doors are arranged on one lateral wall of the equipment body far away from the driving motor.
Furthermore, the lower end of the equipment body is provided with a screening component and a secondary crushing component, the screening component is arranged below the rotor, and the secondary crushing component is rotatably arranged below the screening component; the secondary crushing assembly comprises a crushing cutter set and a rotating motor, the crushing cutter set is arranged below the screening assembly, the rotating motor is rotatably connected with the crushing cutter set, the crushing cutter set is centrosymmetric relative to the central line of the rotating motor, and a crushing gap is formed between every two adjacent crushing cutter sets; after the material is crushed by the plate hammer assembly, the secondary crushing assembly is rotated to adjust the size of the crushing gap; the material of large granule is kept off in broken clearance outside, the rotating electrical machines can drive the secondary crushing subassembly removes, so that crushing knife tackle carries out the secondary crushing to the large granule material.
On the other hand, the invention also provides a working method of the crusher for producing the nano material, raw materials are put into the equipment body through the feeding port, and the driving motor drives the rotor to axially rotate; the rotor drives the plate hammer assembly to rotate circumferentially, and the distance between the first fixing plate or the second fixing plate and the inner wall of the equipment body can be adjusted by adjusting the insertion depth of the first fixing plate or the second fixing plate in the positioning groove, so that raw materials are crushed into different particle sizes; the fixed position between the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate is horizontally adjusted to adjust the position relation between the adjusting block and the adjusting groove, so that the raw materials can be adjusted to be crushed into different particle sizes; raw and other materials are in friction, striking, broken back many times between first fixed plate, second fixed plate, first counterattack board and the second counterattack board fall into carry out the secondary crushing on the screening subassembly, through the rotating electrical machines drive broken knife tackle rotates, reaches and adjusts adjacent two broken clearance size between the broken knife tackle, and the raw and other materials after preliminary breakage can carry out the secondary crushing under the extrusion of adjacent two broken knife tackle, and the raw and other materials of tiny particle directly drops downwards, and the raw and other materials of large particle is kept off adjacent two outside the broken clearance between the broken knife tackle, and the rotating electrical machines can drive broken knife tackle removes and carries out breakage once more with the raw and other materials to large particle.
The invention has the beneficial effects that the invention provides a crusher for producing nano materials, which comprises: the device comprises a device body, a driving motor, a rotor, a rotating bearing and a plurality of plate hammer components. The setting through the board hammer subassembly can be screened the material, and the material that will meet the requirements can directly fall, and the material that does not meet the requirements can be broken by the board hammer subassembly, falls after the size meets the requirements. The invention can adjust the screening range of the materials according to requirements, thereby enlarging the material processing range.
Drawings
The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.
FIG. 1 is a front view of a crusher for nanomaterial production of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an internal perspective view of a crusher for nanomaterial production of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a first angular perspective view of the plate hammer assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a second angular perspective view of the plate hammer assembly of the present invention;
figure 5 is a perspective view of the screen assembly and secondary crushing assembly of the present invention.
In the figure:
1. an apparatus body; 11. a feeding port; 12. a first reaction plate; 121. a first breaking block; 13. a second reaction plate; 131. second breaking the fragments; 14. a threaded post; 15. an adjusting plate; 16. an access door;
3. a rotor; 31. positioning a groove; 32. a clamping plate;
4. a rotating bearing;
5. a plate hammer assembly; 51. a first fixing plate; 510. an adjustment groove; 52. a second fixing plate; 520. an adjusting block;
6. a screen assembly; 61. a positioning frame; 611. a crushing angle; 612. a crushing tank; 613. a material leaking hole; 62. jacking a cylinder;
7. a secondary crushing assembly; 71. a crushing cutter set; 72. rotating the motor; 73. a support frame; 74. a rack; 75. a gear; 76. a reciprocating motor;
8. a base plate.
Detailed Description
The present invention will now be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. These drawings are simplified schematic views illustrating only the basic structure of the present invention in a schematic manner, and thus show only the constitution related to the present invention.
The first embodiment is as follows:
as shown in fig. 1 to 5, the present invention provides a crusher for nanomaterial production, comprising: the device comprises a device body 1, a driving motor, a rotor 3, a rotating bearing 4 and a plurality of plate hammer assemblies 5. The inside cavity of equipment body 1, rotor 3, rolling bearing 4 and a plurality of board hammer subassembly 5 set up inside equipment body 1, and equipment body 1 is suitable for broken material, and a pan feeding mouth 11 has been seted up to the upper end of equipment body 1, and raw materials for production can pour into inside equipment body 1 through pan feeding mouth 11 to it is broken. A driving motor is fixed to one side of the apparatus body 1, and the driving motor can output a torque to the rotary bearing 4. The rotatable setting of rolling bearing 4 is inside equipment body 1, and rolling bearing 4 is connected with the transmission of driving motor output shaft, and specifically, the outer wall cover of rolling bearing 4 is equipped with a belt, and the other pot head of belt is established at the driving motor output shaft, and driving motor passes through belt drive rolling bearing 4 synchronous rotation. Rotor 3 cover is fixed in rolling bearing 4 outer walls, and rotor 3 is the rectangle, and rotor 3 sets up in the inner wall department that is close to pan feeding mouth 11 below, and driving motor is suitable for through rolling bearing 4 drive rotor 3 axial rotation. The setting of 5 slidable of board hammer subassembly is at 3 outer walls of rotor, and a plurality of equidistant settings of board hammer subassembly 5, when 3 axial rotations of driving motor drive rotor, rotor 3 drives the high-speed rotation of board hammer subassembly 5, pours into the material in the equipment body 1 from pan feeding mouth 11 through colliding repeatedly with board hammer subassembly 5 to by the breakage, the interval of 15 hammer subassemblies of regulating plate and 1 inner wall of equipment body is in order to adjust the particle diameter of broken material simultaneously.
Seted up a plurality of constant head tanks 31 on the rotor 3, in this embodiment, the preferred quantity of constant head tank 31 is four, four constant head tanks 31 are seted up respectively on four edges and corners of rotor 3, and constant head tank 31 degree of depth direction is towards the rotor 3 center, a constant head tank 31 corresponds a board hammer subassembly 5, board hammer subassembly 5 slidable card is inserted in constant head tank 31, and the 3 outer walls of rotor are salient to the one end of board hammer subassembly 5, through this kind of mode, when making board hammer subassembly 5 rotate along with rotor 3 is high-speed, pour into the material in the equipment body 1 and can frequently collide with board hammer subassembly 5 and be broken. It should be noted that constant head tank 31 both sides wall one side perpendicular to diapire, the opposite side leans out the setting, the one side that leans out the setting is provided with a grip block 32, grip block 32 one side and the laminating of constant head tank 31 inclined plane, opposite side perpendicular to diapire, grip block 32 can press from both sides the fixed to constant head tank 31 opposite side clamp with board hammer subassembly 5, and place different heights with board hammer subassembly 5, insert grip block 32 from 3 thickness directions of rotor again, can adjust the depth of insertion of board hammer subassembly 5, the depth of insertion of adjusting plate 15 hammer subassembly can adjust the interval of 15 hammer subassemblies and equipment body 1 inner wall.
The plate hammer assembly 5 includes: a first fixing plate 51 and a second fixing plate 52. First fixed plate 51 and second fixed plate 52 all are the rectangle, and first fixed plate 51 slidable sets up at constant head tank 31 inner wall, and second fixed plate 52 slidable sets up in constant head tank 31, and the lateral wall of second fixed plate 52 offsets with first fixed plate 51 lateral wall, and first fixed plate 51 and second fixed plate 52 can slide in constant head tank 31 again in step. The side ends of the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52 are protruded out of the outer wall of the rotor 3, when the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52 rotate at a high speed along with the rotor 3, the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52 can have an effect of approximately increasing the radius of the rotor 3, thereby increasing the size range of the material which can be crushed by the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52, in addition, the distance between the second fixing plate 52 and the inner wall of the apparatus body 1 can be adjusted by adjusting the insertion depth of the second fixing plate 52, so that the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52 can crush materials with different sizes, the material with the maximum radius smaller than the distance between the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52 and the inner wall of the apparatus body 1 can pass through, and the material with the maximum radius larger than the distance between the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52 and the inner wall of the apparatus body 1 can be blocked, and is crushed by the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52, thereby playing a role in screening the size of the material.
In order to further screen the material by the first fixing plate 51, a plurality of adjusting grooves 510 are formed in the first fixing plate 51, the plurality of adjusting grooves 510 are equidistantly arranged, and the adjusting grooves 510 are formed in one end of the fixing plate protruding out of the rotor 3. In the process of crushing the material by the first fixing plate 51, if the maximum diameter of the material is smaller than the width of the adjusting groove 510, the material can pass through the adjusting groove 510 and directly fall into the bottom of the device body 1; if the maximum diameter of the material is larger than the width of the adjusting groove 510, the material cannot pass through the adjusting groove 510 and repeatedly collide with the first fixing plate 51 until the material is split into materials with a diameter smaller than the width of the adjusting groove 510, and then the materials pass through the adjusting groove 510 and fall into the bottom of the device body 1.
A plurality of adjusting blocks 520 are fixed on one side of the second fixing plate 52, the width of each adjusting block 520 is greater than that of each adjusting groove 510, and the distance between two adjacent adjusting blocks 520 is equal to that between two adjacent adjusting grooves 510. The horizontal movement of the second fixing plate 52 can displace the adjustment block 520 from the adjustment groove 510. Specifically, when the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52 are installed, the opening and closing degree of the adjusting groove 510 can be adjusted by adjusting the relative position of the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52 in the horizontal direction, that is, the adjusting block 520 moves horizontally to adjust the gap opened by the adjusting groove 510, if the adjusting block 520 moves to completely coincide with the adjusting groove 510, the material cannot pass through the adjusting groove 510, the first fixing plate 51 cannot further screen the material, and if the adjusting block 520 moves to partially coincide with the adjusting groove 510, the first fixing plate 51 can screen the material conforming to the size of the opening; the adjusting block 520 moves until the adjusting groove 510 is completely opened, and the first fixing plate 51 can screen the material with the width of the adjusting groove 510.
In order to pour into material guide in the equipment body 1 with pan feeding mouth 11 to collide with bar hammer subassembly 5, the inside liftable of equipment body is provided with a first counterattack board 12, first counterattack board 12 sets up the top at rotor 3, and first counterattack board 12 sets up and is being close to pan feeding mouth 11 department, one side that first counterattack board 12 is close to pan feeding mouth 11 is circular-arc, first counterattack board 12 lower extreme is towards rotor 3 center, first counterattack board 12 can carry out the prescreening to the material, be provided with a plurality of first broken pieces 121 on first counterattack board 12, first broken pieces 121 is the rectangle, a plurality of first broken pieces 121 matrix are arranged at first counterattack board 12 lateral wall, and a edges and corners of first broken pieces 121 towards rotor 3. The first impact plate 12 can be lifted to adjust the distance between the first broken pieces 121 and the outer wall of the rotor 3, so that the size of the primary screening material of the first broken pieces 121 can be adjusted.
In order to make bar hammer subassembly 5 can carry out the breakage repeatedly to the material that is not conform to sieve material size, until the material accords with sieve material size, the inside liftable of equipment body 1 is provided with a second counterattack board 13, second counterattack board 13 sets up the top at rotor 3, and the length of second counterattack board 13 is greater than the length of first counterattack board 12, the clearance between second counterattack board 13 and the rotor 3 is less than the clearance between first counterattack board 12 and the rotor 3, thereby make second counterattack board 13 can further filter the material. The second impact plate 13 is provided with a plurality of second broken pieces 131, the second broken pieces 131 are rectangular, the second broken pieces 131 are arranged on the side wall of the second impact plate 13 in a matrix mode, when the rotor 3 works, materials which cannot pass through a gap between the rotor 3 and the second impact plate 13 can be blocked, and along with the rotation of the rotor 3 towards the direction of the second impact plate 13, the materials are popped off by the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52 and are collided with the second broken pieces 131. Reciprocating in this way, the material can repeatedly impact the second broken fragments 131 and the outer walls of the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52.
In order to adjust the distance from the first impact plate 12 and the second impact plate 13 to the rotor 3 conveniently, the upper ends of the first impact plate 12 and the second impact plate 13 are provided with two threaded columns 14, the two threaded columns 14 are respectively in threaded connection with the upper end wall of the equipment body 1, and the outer wall of the equipment body 1 is provided with an adjusting plate 15 matched with the threaded columns 14. The rotation adjusting plate 15 can adjust the first impact plate 12 and the second impact plate 13 to ascend or descend.
In order to facilitate the operating personnel from the inside part condition of outside observation equipment body 1, judge whether each part needs to overhaul, equipment body 1 lateral wall is provided with two access doors 16, and access door 16 sets up the lateral wall of keeping away from driving motor at equipment body 1.
The lower extreme of equipment body 1 is provided with a screening subassembly 6 and secondary crushing subassembly 7, and the material falls on screening subassembly 6 downwards after first counterattack board 12, second counterattack board 13, first fixed plate 51 and the broken back of second fixed plate 52, through the cooperation of screening subassembly 6 and secondary crushing subassembly 7, can realize the effect to material secondary crushing. Screen assemblies 6 are disposed below rotor 3. Screen assembly 6 includes locating rack 61 and jacking cylinder 62, and locating rack 61 is the rectangle, and a plurality of broken grooves 612 along locating rack 61 width direction setting have been seted up to locating rack 61 upper end, and broken groove 612 interval sets up, and the interval between two adjacent broken grooves 612 equals. The two ends of each crushing groove 612 protrude out of the upper end face of the positioning frame 61, each crushing groove 612 penetrates through the positioning frame 61, a plurality of crushing angles 611 and a plurality of material leakage holes 613 are arranged between every two adjacent crushing grooves 612, the crushing angles 611 are arranged on the two sides of the positioning groove 31, the material leakage holes 613 are arranged between the two adjacent crushing grooves 612, and the crushing angles 611 and the material leakage holes 613 are arranged along the length direction of the crushing grooves 612. The jacking cylinders 62 are arranged at two ends of the positioning frame 61, and the jacking cylinders 62 can push the positioning frame 61 to move up and down. The secondary crushing assembly 7 is rotatably arranged below the screening assembly 6, a bottom plate 8 is arranged below the secondary crushing assembly 7, and the secondary crushing assembly 7 comprises a crushing cutter set 71, a rotating motor 72, a supporting frame 73, a rack 74, a gear 75 and a reciprocating motor 76. Crushing knife tackle 71 sets up broken groove 612 in the below, crushing knife tackle 71 and broken groove 612 looks adaptation, a crushing knife tackle 71 corresponds a broken groove 612, crushing knife tackle 71 can insert broken groove 612 from the below to with the top protrusion, crushing knife tackle 71 longitudinal section is "Z" style of calligraphy, crushing knife tackle 71 both ends are the cockscomb structure, the blade of sawtooth is suitable for the broken material that falls on the blade, and crushing knife tackle 71 is central symmetry about the central line of rotating electrical machines 72, form broken clearance between two adjacent crushing knife tackle 71, the material of small granule can leak down from broken clearance. The supporting frame 73 is arranged on the outer side of the crushing cutter group 71, the supporting frame 73 is a square frame, and the lower end of the jacking cylinder 62 is fixedly connected with the supporting frame 73. The rotating motor 72 is fixed on the outer side of the supporting frame 73, an output shaft of the rotating motor 72 penetrates through the supporting frame 73 and is rotatably connected with the crushing cutter set 71 along the length direction of the crushing cutter set 71, one rotating motor 72 is matched with one crushing cutter set 71, and the rotating motor 72 can drive the crushing cutter set 71 to rotate so as to adjust the size of a crushing gap. The rack 74 is arranged at the lower end of the support frame 73, the rack 74 is arranged along the length direction of the support frame 73, and the opening of the rack 74 faces downwards. The gear 75 is disposed below the rack 74 and the gear 75 is meshed with the rack 74. The reciprocating motor 76 is arranged outside the gear 75, the lower end of the reciprocating motor 76 is fixed on the bottom plate 8, and the reciprocating motor 76 can drive the positioning frame 61 to reciprocate through the rack 74, so that the crushing angle 611 crushes the materials falling between the two crushing grooves 612; the rotating motor 72 can drive the crushing cutter group 71 to rotate, so that the crushing cutter group 71 can perform secondary crushing on large-particle materials falling onto the crushing groove 612.
The working process of the device is as follows: sliding the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52 until the gap between the first fixing plate 51 and the inner wall of the device body 1 meets the requirement, and sliding the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52 relatively in the horizontal direction to enable the opening and closing width of the adjusting groove 510 to meet the requirement; starting a driving motor, pouring materials into the equipment body 1 from the material inlet 11, screening the materials by the first impact plate 12, blocking the materials with the maximum diameter larger than the distance between the first impact plate 12 and the rotor 3, and repeatedly beating the materials by the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52 to repeatedly impact the first broken block 121 until the materials are broken into pieces with the size capable of passing through the first impact plate 12; the material can contact with the second impact plate 13 after passing through the first impact plate 12, and when the maximum diameter of the material is larger than the distance from the second impact plate 13 to the rotor 3, the material is blocked, and as the rotor 3 rotates towards the direction of the second impact plate 13, the material is flicked off by the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52, and the second broken pieces 131 are impacted, the reciprocating is carried out in such a way, materials and objects impact the second broken pieces 131, the first fixing plate 51 and the outer wall of the second fixing plate 52 until the maximum diameter of the materials is smaller than the distance from the second impact plate 13 to the rotor 3, after the materials are crushed, the materials with the maximum diameter smaller than the width of the adjusting groove 510 can directly pass through the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52 and directly fall onto the positioning frame 61 without sieving the materials through the first impact plate 12 and the second impact plate 13; when the required material is large, the rotating motor 72 drives the crushing cutter group 71 to rotate until the crushing gap reaches a proper size, part of the material can pass through the crushing grooves 612 and leak from the crushing gap, the other part of the material falls between the crushing grooves 612, and the reciprocating motor 76 drives the positioning frame 61 to reciprocate through the meshing of the gear 75 and the rack 74, so that the material falling between the crushing grooves 612 collides with the crushing angles 611 on the two sides repeatedly and is crushed until the material can leak from the material leaking hole 613; when the required materials are small particles, the rotating motor 72 drives the crushing cutter set 71 to rotate to be parallel to the crushing groove 612, at the moment, the jacking cylinder 62 drives the positioning plate to move downwards, so that the crushing cutter set 71 penetrates through the crushing groove 612 until saw teeth of the crushing cutter set 71 protrude out of the upper end of the crushing groove 612, at the moment, the materials cannot penetrate through the crushing groove 612, the materials falling on the crushing groove 612 can collide with the crushing cutter set 71 and are crushed, the reciprocating motor 76 drives the positioning frame 61 to move in a reciprocating mode through meshing of the gear 75 and the rack 74, the materials all fall between the crushing grooves 612, and the materials falling between the crushing grooves 612 and the crushing angles 611 on two sides repeatedly collide and are crushed until the materials can leak from the material leaking hole 613.
Example two:
the second embodiment further provides a working method of the crusher for producing nano-materials based on the first embodiment, including the crusher for producing nano-materials according to the first embodiment, and the specific crusher for producing nano-materials is the same as the first embodiment, and will not be described again here.
Raw materials are fed into the equipment body through the feeding port 11, and the driving motor drives the rotor 3 to axially rotate; the rotor 3 drives the plate hammer assembly 5 to rotate circumferentially, and the distance between the first fixing plate 51 or the second fixing plate 52 and the inner wall of the equipment body can be adjusted by adjusting the insertion depth of the first fixing plate 51 or the second fixing plate 52 in the positioning groove 31, so that raw materials can be crushed into different particle sizes; the fixing position between the first fixing plate 51 and the second fixing plate 52 is horizontally adjusted to adjust the position relationship between the adjusting block 520 and the adjusting groove 510, so that the raw material can be crushed into different particle sizes; raw materials are in friction many times, striking, broken back between first fixed plate 51, second fixed plate 52, first counterattack board 12 and the second counterattack board 13 fall into carry out the secondary crushing on the screening subassembly 6, through rotating motor 72 drive crushing knife tackle 71 rotates, reaches and adjusts adjacent two crushing clearance size between crushing knife tackle 71, and the raw materials after preliminary crushing can carry out the secondary crushing under the extrusion of adjacent two crushing knife tackle 71, and the raw materials of small granule directly drops downwards, and the raw materials of big granule is kept off adjacent two outside the crushing clearance between crushing knife tackle 71, and rotating motor 72 can drive crushing knife tackle 71 removes and carries out breakage once more to the raw materials of big granule.
In light of the foregoing description of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is to be understood that various changes and modifications may be made by one skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. The technical scope of the present invention is not limited to the content of the specification, and must be determined according to the scope of the claims.

Claims (7)

1. A crusher for nanomaterial production, comprising:
the device comprises a device body (1), a driving motor, a rotor (3), a rotating bearing (4) and a plurality of plate hammer assemblies (5), wherein the device body (1) is hollow, a feeding port (11) is formed in the upper end of the device body (1), the driving motor is fixed on one side of the device body (1), the rotating bearing (4) is rotatably arranged in the device body (1), and the driving motor is suitable for driving the rotor (3) to axially rotate through the rotating bearing (4);
the rotor (3) is sleeved on the outer wall of the rotating bearing (4), the rotor (3) is rectangular, and the rotor (3) is arranged on the inner wall close to the lower part of the feeding port (11);
the plate hammer components (5) are arranged on the outer wall of the rotor (3) in a sliding mode, and the plate hammer components (5) are arranged at equal intervals; wherein
Adjusting the distance between the plate hammer component (5) and the inner wall of the equipment body (1) to adjust the particle size of the crushed material;
a plurality of positioning grooves (31) are formed in the rotor (3), and one positioning groove (31) corresponds to one plate hammer component (5);
the plate hammer component (5) is slidably clamped in the positioning groove (31), and one end of the plate hammer component (5) protrudes out of the outer wall of the rotor (3); wherein
The distance between the plate hammer component (5) and the inner wall of the equipment body (1) can be adjusted by adjusting the insertion depth of the plate hammer component (5);
the plate hammer assembly (5) comprises: the first fixing plate (51) and the second fixing plate (52), the first fixing plate (51) is slidably arranged on the inner wall of the positioning groove (31), the second fixing plate (52) is slidably arranged in the positioning groove (31), and the side wall of the second fixing plate (52) is abutted against the side wall of the first fixing plate (51);
the side edge ends of the first fixing plate (51) and the second fixing plate (52) protrude out of the outer wall of the rotor (3); wherein
The distance between the second fixing plate (52) and the first fixing plate (51) and the inner wall of the equipment body (1) can be adjusted by adjusting the insertion depth of the second fixing plate (52) and the first fixing plate (51);
a plurality of adjusting grooves (510) are formed in the first fixing plate (51), the adjusting grooves (510) are arranged at equal intervals, and the adjusting grooves (510) are formed in one end, protruding out of the rotor (3), of the fixing plate; wherein
During crushing, the materials can pass through the adjusting groove (510) and fall into the bottom of the equipment body (1).
2. A crusher for nanomaterial production in accordance with claim 1,
a plurality of adjusting blocks (520) are fixed on one side of the second fixing plate (52), the width of each adjusting block (520) is larger than that of each adjusting groove (510), and the distance between every two adjacent adjusting blocks (520) is equal to that between every two adjacent adjusting grooves (510); wherein
The second fixing plate (52) is horizontally moved, so that the adjusting block (520) and the adjusting groove (510) can be arranged in a staggered manner.
3. A crusher for nanomaterial production in accordance with claim 2,
a first impact plate (12) is arranged in the equipment body (1) in a lifting way, the first impact plate (12) is arranged above the rotor (3), the first impact plate (12) is arranged at a position close to the feeding port (11),
a plurality of first broken pieces (121) are arranged on the first counterattack plate (12), the first broken pieces (121) are rectangular, the first broken pieces (121) are arranged on the side wall of the first counterattack plate (12) in a matrix manner, and one corner of each first broken piece (121) faces the rotor (3); wherein
The distance between the first breaking blocks (121) and the outer wall of the rotor (3) can be adjusted by lifting the first impact plate (12).
4. A crusher for nanomaterial production in accordance with claim 3,
a second impact plate (13) is arranged in the equipment body (1) in a lifting manner, the second impact plate (13) is arranged above the rotor (3), and the length of the second impact plate (13) is greater than that of the first impact plate (12);
the second counterattack board (13) is provided with a plurality of second broken blocks (131), the second broken blocks (131) are rectangular, the second broken blocks (131) are arranged on the side wall of the second counterattack board (13) in a matrix manner, and the second broken blocks (131) are arranged on the side wall of the second counterattack board (13) in a matrix manner
When the rotor (3) works, the materials can repeatedly impact the second broken blocks (131) and the outer wall of the rotor (3).
5. A crusher for nanomaterial production in accordance with claim 4,
the upper ends of the first impact plate (12) and the second impact plate (13) are respectively provided with two threaded columns (14), the two threaded columns (14) are respectively in threaded connection with the upper end wall of the equipment body (1), and the outer wall of the equipment body (1) is provided with an adjusting plate (15) matched with the threaded columns (14);
the first impact plate (12) and the second impact plate (13) can be adjusted to ascend or descend by rotating the adjusting plate (15);
the side wall of the equipment body (1) is provided with two access doors (16), and the access doors (16) are arranged on one side wall of the equipment body (1) far away from the driving motor.
6. A crusher for nanomaterial production in accordance with claim 5,
the screening assembly (6) and the secondary crushing assembly (7) are arranged at the lower end of the equipment body (1), the screening assembly (6) is arranged below the rotor (3), and the secondary crushing assembly (7) is rotatably arranged below the screening assembly (6);
the secondary crushing assembly (7) comprises a crushing cutter set (71) and a rotating motor (72), the crushing cutter set (71) is arranged below the screening assembly (6), the rotating motor (72) is rotatably connected with the crushing cutter set (71), the crushing cutter set (71) is centrosymmetric relative to the central line of the rotating motor (72), and a crushing gap is formed between every two adjacent crushing cutter sets (71); wherein
After the material is crushed by the plate hammer component (5), the secondary crushing component (7) is rotated to adjust the size of the crushing gap;
the large-particle materials are blocked outside the crushing gap, and the rotating motor (72) can drive the secondary crushing assembly (7) to move, so that the crushing cutter group (71) can perform secondary crushing on the large-particle materials.
7. A working method of a crusher for nanomaterial fabrication, characterized in that the crusher for nanomaterial fabrication of claim 6,
raw materials are fed into the equipment body (1) through the feeding port (11), and the driving motor drives the rotor (3) to axially rotate; the rotor (3) drives the plate hammer assembly (5) to rotate in the circumferential direction, and the distance between the first fixing plate (51) or the second fixing plate (52) and the inner wall of the equipment body (1) can be adjusted by adjusting the insertion depth of the first fixing plate (51) or the second fixing plate (52) in the positioning groove (31), so that raw materials are crushed into different particle sizes; the fixed position between the first fixing plate (51) and the second fixing plate (52) is horizontally adjusted to adjust the position relation between the adjusting block (520) and the adjusting groove (510), so that the raw materials can be crushed into different particle sizes; raw materials are in friction many times, striking, breakage back between first fixed plate (51), second fixed plate (52), first counterattack board (12) and the second counterattack board (13) fall into carry out the secondary crushing on screening subassembly (6), through rotating motor (72) drive crushing knife tackle (71) rotate, reach and adjust adjacent two crushing clearance size between crushing knife tackle (71), and the raw materials after preliminary crushing can carry out the secondary crushing under the extrusion of adjacent two crushing knife tackle (71), and the raw materials of small granule directly drops downwards, and the raw materials of big granule is kept off adjacent two outside the crushing clearance between crushing knife tackle (71), and rotating motor (72) can drive crushing knife tackle (71) remove and carry out secondary crushing with the raw materials of big granule.
CN202111190295.XA 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 Crusher for producing nano materials and working method thereof Active CN113634348B (en)

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CN207722882U (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-08-14 韶关市曲江金扬耐磨材料有限公司 A kind of tup and crusher
CN208466028U (en) * 2018-03-16 2019-02-05 韶关市成志重工科技有限公司 A kind of easy-maintaining impact breaker
CN111036346A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-21 唐山冀东装备工程股份有限公司 Crushing gap adjusting device of impact crusher
CN210994553U (en) * 2019-10-18 2020-07-14 上海召瑞机械设备有限公司 Lining adjusting component of impact crusher
CN111437929A (en) * 2020-03-10 2020-07-24 东莞市至简机电工程技术有限公司 Rotor structure of impact crusher
CN211690510U (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-10-16 杰瑞环保科技有限公司 Novel crushing and screening bucket
CN211988935U (en) * 2020-03-16 2020-11-24 长葛市辰达金属制品有限公司 Novel wear-resisting plate hammer
CN112427126A (en) * 2020-11-15 2021-03-02 李豪 A construction waste disposer for civil engineering

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101559395A (en) * 2008-04-17 2009-10-21 上海建设路桥机械设备有限公司 Strong counterattack crusher
CN201659001U (en) * 2010-04-26 2010-12-01 海盐县通惠地质矿山机械有限公司 Rotor device of impact crusher
CN103831150A (en) * 2014-02-26 2014-06-04 常熟中材装备重型机械有限公司 Rotor structure for impact crusher
CN207722882U (en) * 2017-12-05 2018-08-14 韶关市曲江金扬耐磨材料有限公司 A kind of tup and crusher
CN208466028U (en) * 2018-03-16 2019-02-05 韶关市成志重工科技有限公司 A kind of easy-maintaining impact breaker
CN210994553U (en) * 2019-10-18 2020-07-14 上海召瑞机械设备有限公司 Lining adjusting component of impact crusher
CN211690510U (en) * 2019-12-17 2020-10-16 杰瑞环保科技有限公司 Novel crushing and screening bucket
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CN211988935U (en) * 2020-03-16 2020-11-24 长葛市辰达金属制品有限公司 Novel wear-resisting plate hammer
CN112427126A (en) * 2020-11-15 2021-03-02 李豪 A construction waste disposer for civil engineering

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