CN113620737A - Organic fertilizer preparation process - Google Patents

Organic fertilizer preparation process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113620737A
CN113620737A CN202110890362.2A CN202110890362A CN113620737A CN 113620737 A CN113620737 A CN 113620737A CN 202110890362 A CN202110890362 A CN 202110890362A CN 113620737 A CN113620737 A CN 113620737A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
plate
stirring
cavity
assembly
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Pending
Application number
CN202110890362.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜云红
马晓松
崔成华
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杜云红
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Publication date
Application filed by 杜云红 filed Critical 杜云红
Priority to CN202110890362.2A priority Critical patent/CN113620737A/en
Publication of CN113620737A publication Critical patent/CN113620737A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/90Apparatus therefor
    • C05F17/964Constructional parts, e.g. floors, covers or doors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B9/00Cleaning hollow articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto
    • B08B9/08Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks
    • B08B9/087Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks by methods involving the use of tools, e.g. brushes, scrapers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation process of an organic fertilizer, which comprises the following steps: s1, putting the fermented excrement and straw, bean cakes, mud fertilizers and other materials into a stirring cavity from a feeding hole; s2, controlling the stirring component to stir the materials in the stirring cavity; s3, opening the discharge hole, and manually collecting the output materials; s4, starting the first cleaning assembly to clean the inner side wall of the stirring cavity and the blades of the stirring assembly; s5, controlling the second cleaning component to work to push residual materials in the square cavity communicated with the stirring cavity to a discharge hole; s6, controlling the first cleaning assembly and the second cleaning assembly to reset after all the dirt in the stirring cavity and the square cavity is discharged, and driving the second cleaning assembly to synchronously move to the initial position when the first cleaning assembly moves to the initial position; the preparation process of the organic fertilizer is convenient to operate and can quickly realize the cleaning of the fertilizer.

Description

Organic fertilizer preparation process
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of fertilizer preparation, in particular to a preparation process of an organic fertilizer.
Background
The organic fertilizer is mainly processed from biological substances, animal and plant wastes and plant residues, eliminates toxic and harmful substances in the organic fertilizer, and is rich in a large amount of beneficial substances, including: various organic acids, peptides and rich nutrient elements including nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium can provide comprehensive nutrition for crops, have long fertilizer efficiency, can increase and renew soil organic matters, promote microbial propagation and improve the physical and chemical properties and biological activity of soil; when the organic fertilizer is produced, different crushed raw materials need to be stirred;
the prior organic fertilizer is prepared by fermenting the excrement of poultry and livestock with zymophyte blocks, crushing, stirring, granulating and the like with fermented materials, wherein the stirring process plays a role in uniformly mixing the fermented excrement with the straw, bean cakes, mud fertilizer and other materials to perform secondary fermentation, and the stirring process is usually completed by adopting a stirring device. Although the water content of the excrement is reduced after the fermentation, the excrement at the moment has certain moisture and is easy to adhere to the inner wall of the stirring device, and if the excrement is not cleaned in time, the excrement can become dry and hard, so that the excrement is more difficult to clean subsequently.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a preparation process of an organic fertilizer, which is convenient to operate and can quickly realize the cleaning of the fertilizer.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a stirring device is used in the organic fertilizer preparation process, the stirring device comprises a machine body, a stirring cavity is arranged in the machine body, a feeding hole communicated with the stirring cavity is formed in the upper end of the machine body, and a discharging hole communicated with the stirring cavity is formed in the outer side of the machine body and is close to the bottom of the machine body; the stirring cavity is internally provided with a stirring assembly, a first cleaning assembly and a second cleaning assembly, and the first cleaning assembly and the second cleaning assembly are used for cleaning the inner side wall of the stirring cavity and the stirring assembly; the preparation process of the organic fertilizer comprises the following steps:
s1, putting the fermented excrement and straw, bean cakes, mud fertilizers and other materials into a stirring cavity from a feeding hole;
s2, controlling the stirring component to stir the materials in the stirring cavity;
s3, opening the discharge hole after the step S2 is completed, and manually collecting the output materials;
s4, after the step S3 is completed, the stirring assembly is controlled to stop working, and then the first cleaning assembly is started to clean the inner side wall of the stirring cavity and the blades of the stirring assembly from top to bottom;
s5, when the circular cleaning plate of the first cleaning assembly moves to the bottom end, the second cleaning assembly works to push residual materials in the square cavity communicated with the stirring cavity to the discharge hole, and scrapes off dirt on the blades in the square cavity and simultaneously scrapes off dirt on the bottom surface of the circular cleaning plate;
s6, controlling the first cleaning assembly and the second cleaning assembly to reset after all the dirt in the stirring cavity and the square cavity is discharged, and driving the second cleaning assembly to synchronously move to the initial position when the first cleaning assembly moves to the initial position.
Further, the stirring assembly comprises a rotating plate, the rotating plate is rotatably connected to the bottom of the stirring cavity, and two vertical blades extending upwards are symmetrically arranged on the rotating plate.
Furthermore, the bottom of the machine body is provided with a first motor for driving the rotating plate to rotate.
Furthermore, a horizontal square cavity with an opening at the right end is arranged at the bottom close to the stirring cavity in the machine body, and the bottom surface of the square cavity and the upper surface of the rotating plate are positioned in the same horizontal plane; the right-hand member opening in square cavity is the discharge gate, there is the flashboard that is used for controlling the discharge gate to open or close along vertical direction sliding connection in the organism.
Furthermore, the first cleaning assembly comprises a circular cleaning plate, the circular cleaning plate is movably connected in the stirring cavity, and two sliding holes for blades to penetrate through are formed in the circular cleaning plate; the upper end of the machine body is fixedly provided with two first electric push rods, the telescopic ends of the first electric push rods extend into the stirring cavity and are rotatably connected with the circular cleaning plate, the first electric push rods are used for driving the circular cleaning plate to move up and down in the cleaning cavity, the circular cleaning plate cleans the inner side wall and the blades of the stirring cavity when moving downwards, the inner side wall of the stirring cavity is symmetrically provided with a downward-concave sliding table, the lowest part of the sliding table is provided with a downward-extending slideway, and the outer side of the circumference of the circular cleaning plate is symmetrically provided with lugs positioned in the sliding table and the slideway; when the lug is positioned in the slideway, the round cleaning plate is provided with the moving blade to the cleaning position, and when the lug moves to the lower end of the slideway, the bottom surface of the round cleaning plate and the top surface of the square cavity are positioned in the same horizontal plane.
Furthermore, an annular clamping groove is formed in the circular cleaning plate, and a clamping block which is connected into the annular clamping groove in a sliding mode is arranged at the telescopic end of the first electric push rod.
Furthermore, the second cleaning assembly comprises two cleaning sliding blocks which are arranged in a square cavity side by side, a cleaning spring is arranged between the left end of the square cavity and the cleaning sliding blocks in the square cavity, and the cleaning spring is used for forcing the cleaning sliding blocks to move rightwards; a sliding groove is formed in the left side wall of the stirring cavity in the vertical direction, an arc-shaped sliding block is connected in the sliding groove in a sliding mode in the vertical direction, an annular shoulder matched with the arc-shaped sliding block is arranged on the outer side of the circumference of the circular cleaning plate, and the arc-shaped sliding block is located above the annular shoulder; a rope hole for communicating the bottom of the sliding groove with the left end of the square cavity is formed in the machine body, and a first pull rope for connecting the cleaning sliding block and the arc sliding block is arranged in the rope hole; when the cleaning slide block is at the initial position, the arc slide block is positioned at the upper end of the sliding chute, and when the cleaning slide block moves rightwards to the flashboard, the arc slide block is positioned at the lower end of the sliding chute;
a lower positioning assembly matched with the cleaning sliding block and an upper positioning assembly matched with the arc-shaped sliding block are arranged in the machine body, the lower positioning assembly is used for positioning the cleaning sliding block at an initial position, and the upper positioning assembly is used for positioning the arc-shaped sliding block at the upper end of the sliding chute; when the convex block moves to the lower end of the slide way, the circular cleaning plate controls the lower positioning assembly to unlock the cleaning sliding block, and the cleaning sliding block drives the arc-shaped sliding block to be separated from the positioning of the upper positioning assembly through the first pull rope and moves downwards; when the circular cleaning plate drives the arc-shaped sliding block to move upwards, the arc-shaped sliding block drives the cleaning sliding block to move leftwards through the first pull rope.
Furthermore, the front side wall and the rear side wall of the square cavity are respectively provided with a slide rail extending leftwards and rightwards, and the two cleaning slide blocks are respectively connected to the two slide rails in a sliding manner;
further, the lower positioning assembly comprises a lower positioning plate, the upper end of each cleaning slide block is provided with a lower positioning hole, a left lower positioning groove communicated with the square cavity, a right lower positioning groove communicated with the stirring cavity and a communication hole used for communicating the left lower positioning groove and the right lower positioning groove are arranged in the machine body, a lower shifting plate extending into the stirring cavity is connected in the right lower positioning groove in a sliding mode along the vertical direction, the lower positioning plate is connected in the left lower positioning groove in a sliding mode along the vertical direction, a lower positioning block extending into the square cavity is arranged on the lower positioning plate, a lower inclined surface is arranged on the right side of the lower end of the lower positioning block, a lower spring used for forcing the lower positioning plate to move downwards is arranged in the left lower positioning groove, and a lower pull rope used for connecting the lower positioning plate and the lower shifting plate is arranged in the communication hole; when the lower positioning block extends into the lower positioning hole, the cleaning sliding block is positioned at an initial position; when the circular cleaning plate pushes the lower poking plate to move downwards until the bottom surface of the circular cleaning plate and the top surface of the square cavity are in the same plane, the lower positioning block is separated from the lower positioning hole.
Furthermore, the upper positioning assembly comprises an upper positioning plate, an upper positioning groove is arranged in the machine body, and an upper positioning hole is arranged on the arc-shaped sliding block; the upper positioning plate is connected in the upper positioning groove in a sliding mode, an upper positioning block extending into the upper positioning groove is arranged on the upper positioning plate, an upper spring used for forcing the upper positioning block to extend out of the upper positioning groove is arranged in the upper positioning groove, and when the arc-shaped sliding block is located at the upper end position of the sliding groove, the upper positioning block extends into the upper positioning hole.
Advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the technical scheme of the invention has the following advantages:
1. the first electric push rod is used for controlling the circular cleaning plate to move in a telescopic mode, so that the circular cleaning plate can clean the inner side wall of the stirring cavity, and materials are prevented from being adhered to the inner side wall;
2. the cleaning slide block is pushed to move by the cleaning spring, so that the cleaning slide block is unlocked when the circular cleaning plate is touched with the cleaning slide block, and the cleaning spring pushes the cleaning slide block to push out residues in the stirring cavity, so that the aim of thorough cleaning is fulfilled;
3. move to the clean position through stirring intracavity lateral wall slip table and slide blade for clean slider can not receive the interference of blade when clean, thereby improves clean effect.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention in an initial state;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 1 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along line B-B of FIG. 1 in accordance with the present invention;
FIGS. 4 and 5 are three-dimensional views of the stent of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a circular cleaning plate of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of a portion of the area I of FIG. 1 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged view of a portion of the invention in the area II of FIG. 1;
fig. 9 is an enlarged view of a portion of the invention in the area III of fig. 6.
Detailed Description
Referring to fig. 1-9, a process for preparing organic fertilizer, the process for preparing organic fertilizer uses a stirring device, the stirring device comprises a machine body 1, a stirring chamber 11 is arranged in the machine body 1, a feeding port 1a communicated with the stirring chamber 11 is arranged at the upper end of the machine body 1, and a discharging port 1b communicated with the stirring chamber 11 is arranged at the outer side of the machine body 1 near the bottom; a stirring assembly, a first cleaning assembly and a second cleaning assembly are arranged in the stirring cavity 11 and used for cleaning the inner side wall of the stirring cavity 11 and the stirring assembly; the preparation process of the organic fertilizer comprises the following steps:
s1, putting the fermented excrement and straw, bean cakes, mud fertilizers and other materials into the stirring cavity 11 from the feeding hole 1 a;
s2, controlling the stirring component to stir the materials in the stirring cavity 11;
s3, opening the discharge port 1b after the step S2 is completed, and manually collecting the output materials;
s4, after the step S3 is completed, the stirring assembly is controlled to stop working, and then the first cleaning assembly is started to clean the inner side wall of the stirring cavity 11 and the blades of the stirring assembly from top to bottom;
s5, when the circular cleaning plate 6 of the first cleaning assembly moves to the bottom end, the second cleaning assembly works to push the residual materials in the square cavity 15 communicated with the stirring cavity 11 to the discharge hole 1b, and scrapes off dirt on the blade in the square cavity 15, and simultaneously scrapes off dirt on the bottom surface of the circular cleaning plate 6;
and S6, controlling the first cleaning assembly and the second cleaning assembly to reset after all the dirt in the stirring cavity 11 and the square cavity 15 is discharged, and driving the second cleaning assembly to synchronously move to the initial position when the first cleaning assembly moves to the initial position.
The stirring assembly comprises a rotating plate 4a, the rotating plate 4a is rotatably connected to the bottom of the stirring cavity 11, and two blades 4 extending vertically and upwards are symmetrically arranged on the rotating plate 4 a. The bottom of the machine body 1 is provided with a first motor 3 for driving the rotating plate 4a to rotate. A horizontal square cavity 15 with an opening at the right end is arranged at the bottom part close to the stirring cavity 11 in the machine body 1, and the bottom surface of the square cavity 15 and the upper surface of the rotating plate 4a are positioned in the same horizontal plane; the right-hand member opening in square cavity 15 is discharge gate 1b, there is flashboard 5 that is used for controlling discharge gate 1b to open or close along vertical direction sliding connection in the organism 1.
The first cleaning assembly comprises a circular cleaning plate 6, the circular cleaning plate 6 is movably connected in the stirring cavity 11, and two sliding holes 6a for the blades 4 to penetrate out are formed in the circular cleaning plate 6; the upper end of the machine body 1 is fixedly provided with two first electric push rods 2, the telescopic ends of the first electric push rods 2 extend into the stirring cavity 11 and are rotatably connected with the circular cleaning plate 6, the first electric push rods 2 are used for driving the circular cleaning plate 6 to move up and down in the cleaning cavity, the inner side wall and the blades 4 of the stirring cavity 11 are cleaned when the circular cleaning plate 6 moves downwards, the inner side wall of the stirring cavity 11 is symmetrically provided with downwards concave sliding tables 12, the lowest positions of the sliding tables 12 are provided with downwards extending slideways 13, and the outer sides of the circumference of the circular cleaning plate 6 are symmetrically provided with convex blocks 61 positioned in the sliding tables 12 and the slideways 13; when the lug 61 is positioned in the slideway 13, the round cleaning plate 6 drives the blade 4 to rotate to the cleaning position, and when the lug 61 moves to the lower end of the slideway 13, the bottom surface of the round cleaning plate 6 and the top surface of the square cavity 15 are positioned in the same horizontal plane. The circular cleaning plate 6 is internally provided with an annular clamping groove 6b, and the telescopic end of the first electric push rod 2 is provided with a clamping block 2a which is connected in the annular clamping groove 6b in a sliding manner.
The second cleaning assembly comprises two cleaning sliders 7, the two cleaning sliders 7 are arranged in a square cavity 15 side by side, a cleaning spring 71 is arranged between the left end of the square cavity 15 and the cleaning slider 7 in the square cavity 15, and the cleaning spring 71 is used for forcing the cleaning slider 7 to move rightwards; a sliding groove 16 is formed in the left side wall of the stirring cavity 11 along the vertical direction, an arc-shaped sliding block 73 is connected in the sliding groove 16 in a sliding manner along the vertical direction, an annular shoulder 62 matched with the arc-shaped sliding block 73 is arranged on the outer side of the circumference of the circular cleaning plate 6, and the arc-shaped sliding block 73 is positioned above the annular shoulder 62; a rope hole 1c used for communicating the bottom of the sliding groove 16 with the left end of the square cavity 15 is formed in the machine body 1, and a first pull rope 72 used for connecting the cleaning sliding block 7 with the arc sliding block 73 is arranged in the rope hole 1 c; when the cleaning slider 7 is at the initial position, the arc slider 73 is located at the upper end position of the chute 16, and when the cleaning slider 7 moves to the right to the shutter 5, the arc slider 73 is located at the lower end position of the chute 16.
A lower positioning assembly matched with the cleaning sliding block 7 and an upper positioning assembly matched with the arc-shaped sliding block 73 are arranged in the machine body 1, the lower positioning assembly is used for positioning the cleaning sliding block 7 at an initial position, and the upper positioning assembly is used for positioning the arc-shaped sliding block 73 at the upper end position of the sliding groove 16; when the bump 61 moves to the lower end of the slideway 13, the circular cleaning plate 6 controls the lower positioning component to unlock the cleaning slide block 7, and the cleaning slide block 7 drives the arc slide block 73 to separate from the positioning of the upper positioning component through the first pull rope 72 and move downwards; when the circular cleaning plate 6 drives the arc-shaped sliding block 73 to move upwards, the arc-shaped sliding block 73 drives the cleaning sliding block 7 to move leftwards through the first pull rope 72. The front side wall and the rear side wall of the square cavity 15 are respectively provided with a slide rail 14 extending left and right, and the two cleaning slide blocks 7 are respectively connected to the two slide rails 14 in a sliding manner;
the lower positioning component comprises a lower positioning plate 8a, the upper end of each cleaning slide block 7 is provided with a lower positioning hole 76, a left lower positioning groove 1d communicated with the square cavity 15, a right lower positioning groove 1f communicated with the stirring cavity 11 and a communication hole 1e used for communicating the left lower positioning groove 1d and the right lower positioning groove 1f are arranged in the machine body 1, a lower poking plate 81 extending into the stirring cavity 11 is connected in the right lower positioning groove 1f in a sliding manner along the vertical direction, the lower positioning plate 8a is connected in the left lower positioning groove 1d in a sliding way along the vertical direction, the lower positioning plate 8a is provided with a lower positioning block 8 extending into the square cavity 15, a lower inclined plane 84 is arranged at the right side of the lower end of the lower positioning block 8, a lower spring 83 for forcing the lower positioning plate 8a to move downwards is arranged in the left lower positioning groove 1d, a lower pull rope 82 for connecting the lower positioning plate 8a and the lower pulling plate 81 is arranged in the communicating hole 1 e; when the lower positioning block 8 extends into the lower positioning hole 76, the cleaning slide block 7 is positioned at the initial position; when the circular cleaning plate 6 pushes the lower poking plate 81 to move downwards until the bottom surface of the circular cleaning plate 6 and the top surface of the square cavity 15 are in the same plane, the lower positioning block 8 is separated from the lower positioning hole 76. The upper positioning assembly comprises an upper positioning plate 74a, an upper positioning groove 1g is arranged in the machine body 1, and an upper positioning hole 73a is arranged on the arc-shaped sliding block 73; the upper positioning plate 74a is slidably connected in the upper positioning groove 1g, the upper positioning plate 74a is provided with an upper positioning block 74 extending into the upper positioning groove 1g, an upper spring 75 for forcing the upper positioning block 74 to extend out of the upper positioning groove 1g is arranged in the upper positioning groove 1g, and when the arc-shaped slider 73 is located at the upper end position of the sliding chute 16, the upper positioning block 74 extends into the upper positioning hole 73 a.
In the above-mentioned S2, when the stirring assembly works, start first motor 3, because first motor 3 and organism 1 fixed connection, the output shaft of first motor 3 passes through rotor plate 4a and blade 4 fixed connection, circular cleaning plate 6 and blade 4 closely laminate and sliding connection, circular cleaning plate 6 and the flexible end of first electric putter 2 rotate to be connected, circular cleaning plate 6 is in the top position and can free rotation this moment for it stirs inside material to drive the rotation of blade 4 when first motor 3 is rotatory.
In S3, the shutter 5 is lifted to open the discharge port 1 b.
In the above S4, when the first cleaning assembly works, the first motor 3 is first turned off, and then the first electric push rod 2 is turned on to extend, because the first electric push rod 2 is fixedly connected to the machine body 1, the telescopic end of the first electric push rod 2 is rotatably connected to the circular cleaning plate 6, the circular cleaning plate 6 and the blade 4 are closely attached to each other and slidably connected to each other, and the circular cleaning plate 6 is slidably connected to the inner side wall of the stirring chamber 11, so that the first electric push rod 2 extends to drive the circular cleaning plate 6 to move downward, so as to clean the inner side wall of the stirring chamber 11 and the blade 4, and when the circular cleaning plate 6 moves downward, the protrusion 61 touches the sliding table 12; since the slide table 12 is recessed downward and the lowest position is connected to the chute 13, the projection 61 is guided by the slide table 12 to enter the chute 13 along the slide table 12, and the circular cleaning plate 6 is driven to rotate to drive the blade 4 to the cleaning position (as shown in fig. 2).
In the above-mentioned S5, when the circular cleaning plate 6 moves to the bottom, the table 63 of the circular cleaning plate 6 touches the lower dial plate 81 and drives it downward, when the bottom 64 of the circular cleaning plate 6 contacts the cleaning slider 7, because the lower dial plate 81 is slidably connected to the machine body 1, the lower dial plate 81 is connected to the lower positioning plate 8a through the lower pull cord 82, so that the lower positioning block 8 is driven by the lower positioning plate 8a to be separated from the lower positioning hole 76 when the lower positioning block 8 is pulled out from the lower positioning hole 76, the second cleaning assembly starts to operate, because the cleaning slider 7 is slidably connected to the slide rail 14 in the machine body 1, the cleaning slider 7 adheres to the side wall of the cavity 15 in the machine body 1, so that the cleaning spring 71 pushes the cleaning slider 7 to move rightward, thereby pushing the residual material in the cavity 15 to the discharge hole 1b, and scraping off the dirt on the blade 4 in the cavity 15 through the two cleaning sliders 7, meanwhile, dirt on the bottom surface 64 of the circular cleaning plate 6 is scraped, so that the cleaning purpose is achieved; in the process of moving the cleaning slider 7 to the right, because the cleaning slider 7 is connected with the arc slider 73 through the first pull rope 72, the arc slider 73 slides in the sliding slot 16 in the machine body 1, the upper spring 75 forces the upper positioning block 74 to fix the arc slider 73 outwards, so that the first pull rope 72 pulls the arc slider 73 to move downwards to overcome the positioning effect of the upper positioning block 74 when the cleaning slider 7 moves to the right.
In the above S6, after all the dirt in the machine body 1 is discharged, the first electric push rod 2 contracts, the circular cleaning plate 6 moves upward, and at this time, the cleaning spring 71 forces the lower positioning plate 8a to move downward, and during the upward movement of the circular cleaning plate 6, the circular cleaning plate 6 contacts with the arc-shaped slider 73 through the annular shoulder 62, drives the arc-shaped slider 73 to move upward at the same time, and drives the cleaning slider 7 to return to the initial position and compress the cleaning spring 71 through the first pull rope 72, and the first electric push rod 2 continuously contracts until the circular cleaning plate 6 returns to the initial position, in this process, the cleaning slider 7 first touches the lower inclined plane 84, so that the lower positioning plate 8a moves upward to enable the cleaning slider 7 to contract smoothly, and then the lower spring 83 forces the lower positioning block 8 to enter the positioning hole on the cleaning slider 7 for positioning, and the arc-shaped slider 73 returns to the initial position under the driving of the circular cleaning plate 6, the upper spring 75 forces the upper positioning block 74 outward to fix the arc slider 73, thereby returning to the initial position.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and it should be noted that, for those skilled in the art, various modifications and decorations can be made without departing from the technical principle of the present invention, and these modifications and decorations should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The organic fertilizer preparation process is characterized in that a stirring device is used, the stirring device comprises a machine body, a stirring cavity is arranged in the machine body, a feeding hole communicated with the stirring cavity is formed in the upper end of the machine body, and a discharging hole communicated with the stirring cavity is formed in the outer side of the machine body close to the bottom; the stirring cavity is internally provided with a stirring assembly, a first cleaning assembly and a second cleaning assembly, and the first cleaning assembly and the second cleaning assembly are used for cleaning the inner side wall of the stirring cavity and the stirring assembly; the preparation process of the organic fertilizer comprises the following steps:
s1, putting the fermented excrement and straw, bean cakes, mud fertilizers and other materials into a stirring cavity from a feeding hole;
s2, controlling the stirring component to stir the materials in the stirring cavity;
s3, opening the discharge hole after the step S2 is completed, and manually collecting the output materials;
s4, after the step S3 is completed, the stirring assembly is controlled to stop working, and then the first cleaning assembly is started to clean the inner side wall of the stirring cavity and the blades of the stirring assembly from top to bottom;
s5, when the circular cleaning plate of the first cleaning assembly moves to the bottom end, the second cleaning assembly works to push residual materials in the square cavity communicated with the stirring cavity to the discharge hole, and scrapes off dirt on the blades in the square cavity and simultaneously scrapes off dirt on the bottom surface of the circular cleaning plate;
s6, controlling the first cleaning assembly and the second cleaning assembly to reset after all the dirt in the stirring cavity and the square cavity is discharged, and driving the second cleaning assembly to synchronously move to the initial position when the first cleaning assembly moves to the initial position.
2. The process for preparing organic fertilizer according to claim 1, wherein the stirring assembly comprises a rotating plate which is rotatably connected to the bottom of the stirring cavity, and two blades extending vertically and upwards are symmetrically arranged on the rotating plate.
3. The process for preparing organic fertilizer as claimed in claim 2, wherein the bottom of the machine body is provided with a first motor for driving the rotation of the rotating plate.
4. The process for preparing organic fertilizer according to claim 2, wherein a horizontal square cavity with an opening at the right end is arranged at the bottom close to the stirring cavity in the machine body, and the bottom surface of the square cavity and the upper surface of the rotating plate are positioned in the same horizontal plane; the right-hand member opening in square cavity is the discharge gate, there is the flashboard that is used for controlling the discharge gate to open or close along vertical direction sliding connection in the organism.
5. The organic fertilizer preparation process of claim 4, wherein the first cleaning assembly comprises a circular cleaning plate movably connected in the stirring chamber, and two sliding holes for blades to pass through are arranged in the circular cleaning plate; the upper end of the machine body is fixedly provided with two first electric push rods, the telescopic ends of the first electric push rods extend into the stirring cavity and are rotatably connected with the circular cleaning plate, the first electric push rods are used for driving the circular cleaning plate to move up and down in the cleaning cavity, the circular cleaning plate cleans the inner side wall and the blades of the stirring cavity when moving downwards, the inner side wall of the stirring cavity is symmetrically provided with a downward-concave sliding table, the lowest part of the sliding table is provided with a downward-extending slideway, and the outer side of the circumference of the circular cleaning plate is symmetrically provided with lugs positioned in the sliding table and the slideway; when the lug is positioned in the slideway, the round cleaning plate is provided with the moving blade to the cleaning position, and when the lug moves to the lower end of the slideway, the bottom surface of the round cleaning plate and the top surface of the square cavity are positioned in the same horizontal plane.
6. The organic fertilizer preparation process of claim 5, wherein an annular clamping groove is formed in the circular cleaning plate, and a clamping block which is slidably connected into the annular clamping groove is arranged at the telescopic end of the first electric push rod.
7. The organic fertilizer preparation process of claim 5, wherein the second cleaning assembly comprises two cleaning sliders, the two cleaning sliders are arranged in a square cavity side by side, a cleaning spring is arranged between the left end of the square cavity and the cleaning slider in the square cavity, and the cleaning spring is used for forcing the cleaning slider to move rightwards; a sliding groove is formed in the left side wall of the stirring cavity in the vertical direction, an arc-shaped sliding block is connected in the sliding groove in a sliding mode in the vertical direction, an annular shoulder matched with the arc-shaped sliding block is arranged on the outer side of the circumference of the circular cleaning plate, and the arc-shaped sliding block is located above the annular shoulder; a rope hole for communicating the bottom of the sliding groove with the left end of the square cavity is formed in the machine body, and a first pull rope for connecting the cleaning sliding block and the arc sliding block is arranged in the rope hole; when the cleaning slide block is at the initial position, the arc slide block is positioned at the upper end of the sliding chute, and when the cleaning slide block moves rightwards to the flashboard, the arc slide block is positioned at the lower end of the sliding chute;
a lower positioning assembly matched with the cleaning sliding block and an upper positioning assembly matched with the arc-shaped sliding block are arranged in the machine body, the lower positioning assembly is used for positioning the cleaning sliding block at an initial position, and the upper positioning assembly is used for positioning the arc-shaped sliding block at the upper end of the sliding chute; when the convex block moves to the lower end of the slide way, the circular cleaning plate controls the lower positioning assembly to unlock the cleaning sliding block, and the cleaning sliding block drives the arc-shaped sliding block to be separated from the positioning of the upper positioning assembly through the first pull rope and moves downwards; when the circular cleaning plate drives the arc-shaped sliding block to move upwards, the arc-shaped sliding block drives the cleaning sliding block to move leftwards through the first pull rope.
8. The process for preparing organic fertilizer according to claim 7, wherein the front and rear side walls of the square cavity are provided with slide rails extending left and right, and the two cleaning sliders are respectively connected to the two slide rails in a sliding manner.
9. The process for preparing organic fertilizer according to claim 7, wherein the lower positioning assembly comprises a lower positioning plate, the upper end of each cleaning slider is provided with a lower positioning hole, the machine body is internally provided with a left lower positioning groove communicated with the square cavity, a right lower positioning groove communicated with the stirring cavity and a communication hole for communicating the left lower positioning groove and the right lower positioning groove, the right lower positioning groove is internally and vertically and slidably connected with a lower poking plate extending into the stirring cavity, the lower positioning plate is vertically and slidably connected with the left lower positioning groove, the lower positioning plate is provided with a lower positioning block extending into the square cavity, the right side of the lower end of the lower positioning block is provided with a lower inclined surface, the left lower positioning groove is internally provided with a lower spring for forcing the lower positioning plate to move downwards, and the communication hole is internally provided with a lower pull rope for connecting the lower positioning plate and the lower poking plate; when the lower positioning block extends into the lower positioning hole, the cleaning sliding block is positioned at an initial position; when the circular cleaning plate pushes the lower poking plate to move downwards until the bottom surface of the circular cleaning plate and the top surface of the square cavity are in the same plane, the lower positioning block is separated from the lower positioning hole.
10. The organic fertilizer preparation process of claim 7, wherein the upper positioning assembly comprises an upper positioning plate, an upper positioning groove is arranged in the machine body, and an upper positioning hole is arranged on the arc-shaped sliding block; the upper positioning plate is connected in the upper positioning groove in a sliding mode, an upper positioning block extending into the upper positioning groove is arranged on the upper positioning plate, an upper spring used for forcing the upper positioning block to extend out of the upper positioning groove is arranged in the upper positioning groove, and when the arc-shaped sliding block is located at the upper end position of the sliding groove, the upper positioning block extends into the upper positioning hole.
CN202110890362.2A 2021-08-04 2021-08-04 Organic fertilizer preparation process Pending CN113620737A (en)

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