CN113617458A - Novel superfine pulverizer - Google Patents

Novel superfine pulverizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113617458A
CN113617458A CN202110886181.2A CN202110886181A CN113617458A CN 113617458 A CN113617458 A CN 113617458A CN 202110886181 A CN202110886181 A CN 202110886181A CN 113617458 A CN113617458 A CN 113617458A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing
chamber
cavity
feeding
hopper
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202110886181.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
彭国华
吴锡洙
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wenzhou Dingli Medical Apparatus And Instrument Co ltd
Original Assignee
Wenzhou Dingli Medical Apparatus And Instrument Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wenzhou Dingli Medical Apparatus And Instrument Co ltd filed Critical Wenzhou Dingli Medical Apparatus And Instrument Co ltd
Priority to CN202110886181.2A priority Critical patent/CN113617458A/en
Publication of CN113617458A publication Critical patent/CN113617458A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/02Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/28Shape or construction of beater elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/286Feeding or discharge
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/30Driving mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/0012Devices for disintegrating materials by collision of these materials against a breaking surface or breaking body and/or by friction between the material particles (also for grain)
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/18Use of auxiliary physical effects, e.g. ultrasonics, irradiation, for disintegrating
    • B02C19/186Use of cold or heat for disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • B02C23/20Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy after crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/18Adding fluid, other than for crushing or disintegrating by fluid energy
    • B02C23/24Passing gas through crushing or disintegrating zone
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/286Feeding or discharge
    • B02C2013/28618Feeding means

Abstract

The invention discloses a novel superfine pulverizer, which comprises a fixed seat, a support, a pulverizing mechanism, a transmission mechanism, a feeding mechanism and a cyclone separating cylinder, wherein the fixed seat is fixedly arranged on the support; rubbing crusher constructs including smashing the chamber, crushing dish and ring gear, it installs on the support to smash the chamber, it sets up in smashing the chamber to smash the dish, be equipped with a plurality of crushing blades on the crushing dish, drive mechanism sets up on the fixing base, drive mechanism is connected with crushing dish and drives the crushing dish and rotate, the ring gear is inlayed and is overlapped on the inner wall of smashing the chamber, be equipped with a plurality of polygon holes on the inner wall of ring gear, both sides are equipped with feed inlet and discharge opening respectively around smashing the chamber, the distance of feed inlet from the rotation center line is less than the distance of discharge opening from the rotation center line, the feed inlet is connected with feed mechanism, the discharge opening is connected with cyclone through the pipeline. The invention can obviously improve the uniformity and efficiency of material crushing, effectively improve the productivity and reduce the loss of nutrient components and effective components in the materials.

Description

Novel superfine pulverizer
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of crushers, in particular to a novel superfine crusher.
Background
The traditional superfine pulverizer utilizes the forms of air separation, heavy pressure grinding and shearing to realize superfine pulverization of dry materials. The grinding machine comprises a cylindrical grinding cavity, a grinding wheel, a grinding rail, a fan, a material collecting system and the like. The material enters the cylindrical crushing cavity through the feeding port and is crushed by being rolled and sheared by the grinding wheel which does circular motion along the grinding rail. The crushed materials are taken out of the crushing cavity through negative pressure airflow caused by the fan, enter the material collecting system, are filtered by the filter bag, are discharged, and are collected to finish crushing.
At present, ultrafine grinder equipment is widely applied to the industries of pharmacy, food, chemical industry and the like. However, the existing ultrafine grinder equipment has the problems of uneven material grinding, low grinding efficiency and loss of nutrient components and effective components due to overlong material grinding time.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a novel superfine pulverizer, which can obviously improve the uniformity and efficiency of material pulverization, effectively improve the productivity and reduce the loss of nutrient components and effective components in materials.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the novel superfine pulverizer comprises a fixed seat, a support, a pulverizing mechanism, a transmission mechanism, a feeding mechanism and a cyclone separating cylinder; the crushing mechanism comprises a crushing cavity, a crushing disc and an inner gear ring, the crushing cavity is mounted on a support, the crushing disc is arranged in the crushing cavity, a plurality of crushing blades are arranged on the crushing disc, the transmission mechanism is arranged on a fixed seat, the transmission mechanism is connected with the crushing disc and drives the crushing disc to rotate, the inner gear ring is embedded and sleeved on the inner wall of the crushing cavity, a plurality of polygonal holes are arranged on the inner wall of the inner gear ring, a feeding hole and a discharging hole are respectively arranged on the front side and the rear side of the crushing cavity, the distance between the feeding hole and a rotating central line is smaller than the distance between the discharging hole and the rotating central line, the feeding hole is connected with the feeding mechanism, and the discharging hole is connected with the cyclone separation cylinder through a pipeline; the feeding mechanism comprises a hopper, a material stirring barrel, a driving motor, a material stirring wheel and a feeding barrel, wherein the driving motor is arranged on the side part of the material stirring barrel, a motor shaft of the driving motor penetrates through the material stirring barrel and is in linkage connection with the material stirring wheel arranged inside the material stirring barrel, the bottom of the hopper is communicated with the material stirring barrel through a first connecting bin, the material stirring barrel is communicated with the feeding barrel through a second connecting bin, one end of the feeding barrel is connected with the feeding port, and an air inlet is formed in the part, close to the other end, of the side part of the feeding barrel; an upper cover is arranged at the upper end of the hopper and made of transparent materials.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the during operation will need kibbling material to carry to crushing chamber automatically under feed mechanism and drive mechanism's effect, smash the crushing dish in the chamber and carry out high-speed rotation under drive mechanism's drive, realize the collision to the material, cut and beat under the two effects of the changeable shape hole on blade on the crushing dish and the ring gear, the good material of smashing enters into cyclone cylinder by the discharge opening and collects the process. This superfine rubbing crusher can show the homogeneity and the efficiency that promote the comminuted, effectively improves the productivity to reduce the nutrient composition in the material and the loss of active ingredient.
The invention is further provided that the periphery of the upper cover is provided with a fixing flange extending downwards, the fixing flange is covered on the periphery of the hopper, the inner side of the fixing flange is in interference fit with the outer side of the hopper, and a sealing ring which is used for forming sealing fit with the outer side of the hopper is arranged on the inner side of the fixing flange; a round hole is formed in the middle of the upper cover, a rotating shaft is inserted into the round hole, the inner end of the rotating shaft extends into the hopper, the inner end of the rotating shaft is connected with a mounting plate in a linkage manner, the outer end of the rotating shaft is connected with a handle in a linkage manner, a spring is sleeved on the rotating shaft at the position outside the hopper, and two ends of the spring respectively abut against the lower end surface of the handle and the upper end surface of the upper cover; a circular groove coaxial with the circular hole is formed in the position, located at the outer end of the circular hole, of the upper cover, and a supporting pad used for supporting the lower end of the spring is embedded in the circular groove; the handle is provided with a liquid inlet communicated with the liquid storage cavity, a rubber plug is inserted into the liquid inlet, one side of the mounting plate, which is close to the upper cover, is provided with a first long groove, a second long groove and a third long groove in parallel, the first long groove and the third long groove are respectively inserted with a first dry cleaning block and a second dry cleaning block, the second long groove is inserted with a wet cleaning block, the top ends of the first dry cleaning block, the second dry cleaning block and the wet cleaning block are abutted against the inner wall of the upper cover, and the mounting plate is further internally provided with a middle flow channel for communicating the second long groove with the liquid storage cavity.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the upper cover can play the dustproof dampproofing effect of material, and the upper cover is the transparence simultaneously, is convenient for observe material situation and stock in the hopper, and the design of three cleaning block is in order to clean the upper cover inboard, provides the clearer field of vision of operator, rotates the handle promptly, and the handle drives the pivot and rotates, and the pivot drives the mounting panel rotation, and first dry cleaning block, the dry cleaning block of second and wet cleaning block clean the upper cover inboard, and it is very convenient to operate.
The invention is further arranged in that the transmission mechanism comprises a driving main shaft and a shaft sleeve with a bearing, the shaft sleeve is arranged on the fixed seat, the driving main shaft is rotatably arranged in the shaft sleeve, one end of the driving main shaft penetrates through the crushing cavity and is in linkage connection with the crushing disc through a connecting flange, and the other end of the driving main shaft is connected with a belt transmission assembly used for forming linkage with an external driving source.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, can not only realize the fixed mounting of crushing dish, the outside driving source passes through belt transmission assembly simultaneously and drives the rotation of drive main shaft to make the drive main shaft drive the crushing dish and rotate, realize the crushing to the material.
The invention is further arranged that the crushing disk divides the inner part of the crushing cavity into a first crushing area and a second crushing area, a crushing channel for communicating the first crushing area and the second crushing area is arranged between the peripheral side of the crushing disk and the inner wall of the crushing cavity, the crushing blades comprise a plurality of first blades and a plurality of second blades, the plurality of first blades are arranged on the crushing disk in a circumferential array at one side in the first crushing area, the plurality of second blades are arranged on the crushing disk in a circumferential array at one side in the second crushing area, and the first blades are larger than the second blades.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, first blade and second blade play the effect of fan, hit the effect of beating the material when also playing crushing, and first blade is greater than the design of second blade, can realize that the wind pressure in first crushing district is greater than the wind pressure in second crushing district all the time to guarantee that the material is transmitted the second by first crushing district in kibbling in-process and smash the district.
The invention is further provided with a pair of guide holes symmetrically arranged on the support, a pair of adjusting screws penetrating through the corresponding guide holes are arranged on the fixed seat, and the adjusting screws are in threaded connection with locking nuts respectively propped against two sides of the support.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, can adjust the axial position who smashes the chamber to change first crushing go with the volume ratio in second crushing district, thereby the thickness of powder when adjusting the ejection of compact.
The invention is further set that a crushing cavity outer ring is arranged on the periphery of the crushing cavity, the side part of the crushing cavity outer ring is movably installed through a hinge shaft and used for being buckled at the front part of the crushing cavity, the discharge hole is arranged on a crushing cavity cover and is positioned on the crushing cavity cover and is covered on the crushing cavity cover right above the rotation central line of the crushing disc, an arc-shaped discharge groove is further formed in one side of the crushing cavity cover close to the crushing disc, the arc-shaped discharge groove is connected with the discharge hole in an arc-shaped manner, and the depth of the arc-shaped discharge groove is gradually increased along with the approach of the discharge hole.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, not only do benefit to the dismouting to maintain, the arc blown down tank plays the effect of guide moreover, enables to smash the smooth discharge of powder to certain fineness.
The invention is further provided with a coarse adjustment component, the coarse adjustment component comprises a hand wheel, a worm and gear lifter and a linkage plate, the input end of the worm and gear lifter is in linkage connection with the hand wheel, the output end of the worm and gear lifter is in threaded connection with one end of the linkage plate, and the other end of the linkage plate is fixedly connected with the bottom end of the hinge shaft through a supporting screw.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, rotate the hand wheel and can realize smashing the upper and lower position control of chamber lid to realize the upper and lower position control of discharge opening, and then the thickness of powder when adjusting the ejection of compact.
The invention is further arranged in such a way that two thread mounting parts are symmetrically arranged on the periphery of the outer ring of the crushing cavity, a locking screw shaft penetrates through the two thread mounting parts, a pressing handle is connected onto the locking screw shaft and comprises a connecting rod, annular sleeves arranged at two ends of the connecting rod and a pressing head, the annular sleeves are arranged on the locking screw shaft and positioned between the two thread mounting parts, locking flanges are arranged on the periphery of the crushing cavity cover and provided with locking grooves corresponding to the connecting rod, when the crushing cavity cover is buckled on the crushing cavity, the pressing handle is rotated to clamp the connecting rod in the locking grooves, and the pressing head abuts against the outer side wall of the crushing cavity cover.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when closing crushing chamber lid, rotate and compress tightly the handle, make the pressure head that compresses tightly on the handle tightly support on the lateral wall of crushing chamber lid, will smash chamber lid locking, powder leakage appears when preventing to smash the material.
The invention is further provided that the crushing cavity and the crushing cavity cover are both of a double-layer structure with circulating cooling liquid arranged between layers.
By adopting the technical scheme, the temperature rise of the crushing system and the materials can be inhibited, so that the loss of nutrient components and effective components in the materials is reduced.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention as a whole;
FIG. 2 is a top plan view of the overall construction of the shredder plate of the present invention adjacent to the shredder chamber cover;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view A-A of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a top plan view of the overall construction of the shredder plate of the present invention shown away from the shredder chamber cover;
FIG. 5 is a cross-sectional view B-B of FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a side view of the overall construction of the shredder plate of the present invention shown away from the shredder chamber cover;
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view C-C of FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is a side view of the overall construction of the shredder plate of the present invention in close proximity to the shredder chamber cover;
FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view D-D of FIG. 8;
FIG. 10 is a first perspective view of the upper cover of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a second perspective view of the upper cover of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a cross-sectional view of the upper cover of the present invention;
fig. 13 is a schematic view of the mounting configuration of the first dry cleaning block, the second dry cleaning block and the wet cleaning block of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a fixed seat; 2. a support; 3. a crushing mechanism; 4. a transmission mechanism; 5. a feeding mechanism; 6. a cyclone separation cylinder; 7. a grinding chamber; 8. a crushing disc; 9. an inner gear ring; 10. crushing the leaves; 11. a polygonal hole; 12. a feed inlet; 13. a discharge hole; 14. a hopper; 15. a material stirring barrel; 16. a drive motor; 17. a material poking wheel; 18. a supply cylinder; 19. a first connecting bin; 20. a second connecting bin; 21. an air inlet; 22. an upper cover; 23. a fixing flange; 24. a seal ring; 25. a circular hole; 26. a rotating shaft; 27. mounting a plate; 28. a handle; 29. a spring; 30. a circular groove; 31. a support pad; 32. driving the main shaft; 33. a shaft sleeve; 34. a connecting flange; 35. a belt drive assembly; 36. a first crushing zone; 37. a second crushing zone; 38. a pulverizing channel; 39. a first blade; 40. a second blade; 41. a guide hole; 42. adjusting the screw rod; 43. a locking nut; 44. an outer ring of the crushing cavity; 45. a hinge shaft; 46. a crushing chamber cover; 47. an arc discharge chute; 48. a coarse tuning component; 49. a hand wheel; 50. a worm gear lifter; 51. a linkage plate; 52. a support screw; 53. a threaded mounting portion; 54. locking a screw shaft; 55. a compression handle; 56. a connecting rod; 57. an annular sleeve; 58. a pressure head; 59. a locking flange; 60. a locking groove; 61. a pipeline; 62. a liquid storage cavity; 63. a liquid inlet; 64. a rubber plug; 65. a first elongated slot; 66. a second elongated slot; 67. a third elongated slot; 68. a first dry cleaning block; 69. a second dry cleaning block; 70. a wet cleaning block; 71. and an intermediate flow passage.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Example (b): the novel ultrafine pulverizer shown in attached figures 1-13 comprises a fixed seat 1, a support 2, a pulverizing mechanism 3, a transmission mechanism 4, a feeding mechanism 5 and a cyclone separating cylinder 6; the crushing mechanism 3 comprises a crushing cavity 7, a crushing disc 8 and an inner gear ring 9, the crushing cavity 7 is installed on the support 2, the crushing disc 8 is arranged in the crushing cavity 7, a plurality of crushing blades 10 are arranged on the crushing disc 8, the transmission mechanism 4 is arranged on the fixed seat 1, the transmission mechanism 4 is connected with the crushing disc 8 and drives the crushing disc 8 to rotate, the inner gear ring 9 is embedded on the inner wall of the crushing cavity 7, a plurality of polygonal holes 11 (which can be one of a trilateral hole, a quadrilateral hole, a pentagonal hole or a hexagonal hole) are arranged on the inner wall of the inner gear ring 9, a feed inlet 12 and a discharge hole 13 are respectively arranged on the front side and the rear side of the crushing cavity 7, the distance from the feed inlet 12 to the rotation center line is smaller than the distance from the discharge hole 13 to the rotation center line, the feed inlet 12 is connected with the feeding mechanism 5, and the discharge hole 13 is connected with the cyclone separation cylinder 6 through a pipeline 61, the lower part of the cyclone separating cylinder 6 is connected with a material receiving device. During operation, the materials to be crushed are automatically conveyed to the crushing cavity 7 under the action of the feeding mechanism 5 and the transmission mechanism 4, the crushing disc 8 in the crushing cavity 7 is driven by the transmission mechanism 4 to rotate at a high speed, the collision, shearing and hammering of the materials are realized under the double actions of the blades on the crushing disc 8 and the variable-shape holes in the inner gear ring 9, and the crushed materials enter the cyclone separation cylinder 6 through the discharge hole 13 to be collected. This superfine rubbing crusher can show the homogeneity and the efficiency that promote the comminuted, effectively improves the productivity to reduce the nutrient composition in the material and the loss of active ingredient.
As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 3, the feeding mechanism 5 includes a hopper 14, a material stirring cylinder 15, a driving motor 16, a material stirring wheel 17 and a feeding cylinder 18, the driving motor 16 is installed at a side portion of the material stirring cylinder 15, a motor shaft of the driving motor 16 penetrates through the material stirring cylinder 15 and is linked with the material stirring wheel 17 arranged inside the material stirring cylinder 15, a bottom of the hopper 14 is communicated with the material stirring cylinder 15 through a first connecting bin 19, the material stirring cylinder 15 is communicated with the feeding cylinder 18 through a second connecting bin 20, one end of the feeding cylinder 18 is connected with the feeding port 12, and an air inlet 21 is arranged at a portion, close to the other end, of the side portion of the feeding cylinder 18. This novel superfine rubbing crusher feed is microcomputer (PLC) control, automatic completion, material in the hopper 14 falls into group feed cylinder 15 through first connection storehouse 19, driving motor 16's motor shaft drives group material wheel 17 and rotates, will dial during the rotation of group material wheel 17 material in the feed cylinder 15 to the second connect storehouse 20, and the material is connected storehouse 20 through the second and is fallen into feed cylinder 18, the material in the feed cylinder 18 is inhaled through the wind pressure that smashes the chamber 7 and produce and smashes in the chamber 7, thereby realize the automatic feed of equipment, wherein, driving motor 16 can realize the feed speed automatically through microcomputer control, fast when the feed speed, when load current increases (reaches control upper limit current), the feed speed is automatic to slow down, when load current descends (reaches control lower limit current), the feed speed is automatic to accelerate.
As shown in fig. 1, 10, 11, 12, and 13, an upper cover 22 is disposed at an upper end of the hopper 14, the upper cover 22 is made of a transparent material, a fixing flange 23 extending downward is disposed on an outer periphery of the upper cover 22, the fixing flange 23 covers the outer periphery of the hopper 14, an inner side of the fixing flange 23 is in interference fit with an outer side of the hopper 14, and a sealing ring 24 for forming a sealing fit with the outer side of the hopper 14 is mounted on an inner side of the fixing flange 23; a round hole 25 is formed in the middle of the upper cover 22, a rotating shaft 26 is inserted into the round hole 25, the inner end of the rotating shaft 26 extends into the hopper 14, the inner end of the rotating shaft 26 is connected with three mounting plates 27 in a linkage manner, the three mounting plates 27 are distributed in a circumferential array manner, the stress is uniform, the mounting is stable, the outer end of the rotating shaft 26 is connected with a handle 28 in a linkage manner, a spring 29 is sleeved on the rotating shaft 26 at the position outside the hopper 14, and two ends of the spring 29 respectively abut against the lower end face of the handle 28 and the upper end face of the upper cover 22; a circular groove 30 coaxial with the circular hole 25 is formed in the upper cover 22 at the outer end of the circular hole 25, and a supporting pad for supporting the lower end of the spring 29 is embedded in the circular groove 30; the rotating shaft 26 and the handle 28 are of an integrated structure, a liquid storage cavity 62 for storing cleaning liquid is arranged in the rotating shaft 26, a liquid inlet 63 communicated with the liquid storage cavity 62 is arranged on the handle 28, a rubber plug 64 is inserted into the liquid inlet 63, a first long groove 65, a second long groove 66 and a third long groove 67 are arranged on one side of the mounting plate 27 close to the upper cover 22 in parallel, the second long groove 66 is arranged between the first long groove 65 and the third long groove 67, the three long grooves are arranged on each mounting plate 27, a first dry cleaning block 68 and a second dry cleaning block 69 are respectively inserted into the first long groove 65 and the third long groove 67, a wet cleaning block 70 is inserted into the second long groove 66, the top ends of the first dry cleaning block 68, the second dry cleaning block 69 and the wet cleaning block 70 are abutted against the inner wall of the upper cover 22, the first dry cleaning block 68, the second dry cleaning block 69 and the wet cleaning block 70 are made of absorbent cotton, an intermediate flow passage 71 for communicating the second elongated slot 66 with the reservoir 62 is also provided in the mounting plate 27. The upper cover 22 can play the dustproof and dampproofing effect of material, upper cover 22 is the transparency simultaneously, be convenient for observe material situation and stock in the hopper 14, the design of three clean piece is in order to clean upper cover 22 inboard, provide the clearer field of vision of operator, rotate handle 28 promptly, handle 28 drives pivot 26 and rotates, pivot 26 drives the mounting panel 27 rotatory, first dry clean piece 68, the dry clean piece 69 of second and wet clean piece 70 clean upper cover 22 inboard, it is very convenient to operate.
As shown in fig. 7, the transmission mechanism 4 includes a driving spindle 32 and a shaft sleeve 33 with a bearing, the shaft sleeve 33 is mounted on the fixing base 1, the driving spindle 32 is rotatably disposed in the shaft sleeve 33, one end of the driving spindle 32 penetrates through the crushing cavity 7 and is linked with the crushing disk 8 through a connecting flange 34, the other end of the driving spindle 32 is connected with a belt transmission assembly 35 for forming linkage with an external driving source, the external driving source is a motor, and the belt transmission assembly 35 is a combined structure of a belt pulley and a belt, which is a conventional assembly, and therefore detailed description thereof is omitted here. This design can not only realize the fixed mounting of crushing dish 8, and outside driving source passes through belt drive assembly 35 simultaneously and drives drive main shaft 32 and rotate to make drive main shaft 32 drive crushing dish 8 and rotate, realize the crushing to the material.
As shown in fig. 3, the crushing disk 8 divides the inside of the crushing cavity 7 into a first crushing area 36 and a second crushing area 37, a crushing passage 38 communicating the first crushing area 36 and the second crushing area 37 is provided between the peripheral side of the crushing disk 8 and the inner wall of the crushing cavity 7, the crushing blade 10 includes a plurality of first blades 39 and a plurality of second blades 40, the plurality of first blades 39 are arranged on the crushing disk 8 on one side in the first crushing area 36 in a circumferential array, the plurality of second blades 40 are arranged on the crushing disk 8 on one side in the second crushing area 37 in a circumferential array, and the first blades 39 are larger than the second blades 40. First blade 39 and second blade 40 play the effect of fan, hit the effect of beating the material when also playing crushing, and first blade 39 is greater than the design of second blade 40, can realize that the wind pressure in first crushing district 36 is greater than the wind pressure in second crushing district 37 all the time to guarantee that the material is transmitted to second crushing district 37 by first crushing district 36 at kibbling in-process.
As shown in fig. 1, a pair of guide holes 41 are symmetrically disposed on the support 2, a pair of adjusting screws 42 penetrating through the corresponding guide holes 41 are disposed on the fixing base 1, and locking nuts 43 respectively abutting against two sides of the support 2 are threadedly connected to the adjusting screws 42. This design allows to adjust the axial position of the crushing chamber 7 and thus to vary the volume ratio of the first crushing zone 37 to the second crushing zone, thus adjusting the thickness of the powder upon discharge.
As shown in figure 1, smash the chamber outer lane 44 is installed to crushing chamber 7 periphery, and the lateral part of smashing chamber outer lane 44 has through hinge shaft 45 movable mounting to be used for detaining crushing chamber lid 46 crushing chamber 7 front portion, discharge opening 13 sets up and lies in on smashing chamber lid 46 position directly over the 8 center of rotation lines of crushing dish, arc blown down tank 47 has still been seted up to one side that crushing chamber lid 46 is close to crushing dish 8, arc blown down tank 47 links together with the discharge opening 13 of locating in the form of arc, and the degree of depth of arc blown down tank 47 is along with being close to discharge opening 13 grow gradually. This design not only does benefit to the dismouting to be maintained, and arc blown down tank 47 plays the effect of guide moreover, enables to smash the smooth discharge of powder to certain fineness.
As shown in fig. 1, the device further comprises a rough adjusting assembly 48, wherein the rough adjusting assembly 48 comprises a hand wheel 49, a worm and gear lifter and a linkage plate 51, the input end of the worm and gear lifter is in linkage connection with the hand wheel 49, the output end of the worm and gear lifter is in threaded connection with one end of the linkage plate 51, and the other end of the linkage plate 51 is fixedly connected with the bottom end of the hinge shaft 45 through a supporting screw 52. The vertical position adjustment of the crushing cavity cover 46 can be realized by rotating the hand wheel 49, so that the vertical position adjustment of the discharge hole 13 is realized, and the thickness of powder during discharging is adjusted.
As shown in figure 1, two thread installation parts 53 are symmetrically arranged on the periphery of the outer ring 44 of the crushing cavity, locking screw shafts 54 are arranged on the two thread installation parts 53 in a penetrating way, a pressing handle 55 is connected to the locking screw shaft 54, the pressing handle 55 comprises a connecting rod 56, an annular sleeve 57 and a pressure head 58 which are arranged at two ends of the connecting rod 56, the annular sleeve 57 is fitted over the locking screw shaft 54 at a position between the two threaded mounting portions 53, and the annular sleeve 57 can slide on the locking screw shaft 54 along the axial direction, the periphery of the crushing cavity cover 46 is provided with a locking flange 59, the locking flange 59 is provided with a locking groove 60 corresponding to the connecting rod 56, when the crushing chamber cover 46 is snapped onto the crushing chamber 7, turning the pressing handle 55 causes the connecting rod 56 to be caught in the locking groove 60 and the pressing head 58 to abut against the outer side wall of the crushing chamber cover 46. When the crushing cavity cover 46 is closed, the pressing handle 55 is rotated, so that the pressing head 58 on the pressing handle 55 is tightly propped against the outer side wall of the crushing cavity cover 46, the crushing cavity cover 46 is locked, and powder leakage is prevented when materials are crushed.
In addition, the crushing cavity 7 and the crushing cavity cover 46 are both of a double-layer structure with circulating cooling liquid arranged between layers. The design can inhibit the temperature rise of the crushing system and the materials, thereby reducing the loss of nutrient components and effective components in the materials. In addition, the sleeve 33 also has a double-layer structure, and a cooling medium is introduced between the double layers, thereby reducing heat generation between the sleeve and the bearing.
The working principle is as follows: during operation, materials are fed from the feeding hole 12 of the crushing cavity 7, the collision, shearing and beating functions are completed in the crushing cavity 7, air entering from the feeding hole 12 forms high-speed rotating airflow under the action of the crushing disc 8 in the crushing cavity 7, and the airflow is pushed to the discharging hole 13 of the crushing cavity 7, and crushing is completed in the process. Specifically, the material to be crushed is conveyed into the crushing cavity 7 through the feeding mechanism 5, the material entering the crushing cavity 7 is collided, sheared and beaten under the double action of the first blade 39 and the inner gear ring 9 of the crushing disc 8 rotating at a high speed in the first crushing area 36, the material is thinner and thinner after the collision, shearing and beating, and the material reaching a certain fineness is conveyed to the second crushing area 37 through the crushing channel 38 under the action of centrifugal force and wind pressure. The material moved to the second crushing area 37 is collided, sheared and beaten again under the double action of the second blades 40 of the crushing disc 8 rotating at high speed in the second crushing area 37 and the inner gear ring 9 to finish the second crushing, when the crushed material reaches a certain fineness and the centrifugal force is smaller than the gravity of the material, the radius of the motion track of the material is reduced, and finally the material is discharged through the discharge hole 13. The material driven by the rotating spiral in the crushing chamber 7 is subjected to centrifugal force, gravity and friction force, wherein the centrifugal force F = mv2/r is proportional to the mass of the particles and the square of the rotating speed, and is inversely proportional to the rotating radius, and the friction force is not considered here, and only the centrifugal force and the gravity action are considered (F is the centrifugal force, m is the mass of the particles, v is the rotating speed, and r is the rotating radius). Also, according to the aerodynamics principle, the wind speed is high, the wind pressure is also high, and the reverse wind pressure and the wind speed are also low. The implementation process of the ultrafine pulverizer is explained by the centrifugal force mechanics principle and the pneumatic principle. Referring first to the states of fig. 3 and 9, in which the crushing disk 8 is close to the crushing chamber cover 46, and then to the states of fig. 5 and 7, in which the crushing disk 8 is away from the crushing chamber cover 46, in both cases; when the crushing disk 8 is close to the crushing cavity cover 46, the wind pressure of the first crushing area 36 is lower than that of the first crushing area 36 when the crushing disk 8 is far away from the crushing cavity cover 46, and conversely, when the crushing disk 8 is close to the crushing cavity cover 46, the wind pressure of the second crushing area 37 is higher than that of the second crushing area 37 when the crushing disk 8 is far away from the crushing cavity cover 46, so that the wind pressure change of the two crushing areas brings the rotation speed and the rotation track of the particles and the forward advancing speed change of the particles under two states, when the first crushing area 36 is increased in volume when the crushing disk 8 is close to the crushing cavity cover 46, the crushing fineness of the second crushing area 37 is reduced, and conversely, when the crushing disk 8 is far away from the crushing cavity cover 46, the crushing fineness of the particles is increased. In order to realize the movement of the crushing disc 8, the invention adopts a special structure, the movement of the crushing cavity 7 is completed by adjusting an adjusting screw 42 and a locking nut which are assembled at the lower part of the crushing cavity 7, the adjusting screw 42 can adjust the front and back positions of the crushing cavity 7, and the locking nut 43 is screwed to fix the crushing cavity 7 to prevent the crushing cavity 7 from shaking. Finally, explaining the process of adjusting the particle fineness by moving the crushing cavity cover 46 up and down, the discharging hole 13 of the crushing cavity cover 46 is arranged right above the rotating central line of the whole crushing cavity 7 (the effect is good right above) and the distance from the rotating central line is larger than the distance from the feeding hole 12 to the rotating central line (the closer the vacancy is to the central line, the slower the air inlet speed from the feeding hole 12, the slower the discharging speed of the discharging hole is, so a certain distance must be kept), the centrifugal force formula shows that the mass is small, the centrifugal force is small, when the centrifugal force is smaller than the weight of the particles, the particles move downwards under the action of gravity, the condition that the floating fine particles at the discharging hole of the second crushing area 37 of the crushing cavity 7 move towards the direction close to the center occurs, the coarse particles are all thrown to the position far away from the center to move, and the particles close to the discharging hole 13 and the arc-shaped discharging groove 47 are discharged into the cyclone separation cylinder 6 under the influence of wind pressure, the powder is discharged to the lower part of the cyclone 6 and the excessive wind is discharged to the upper part.

Claims (9)

1. Novel superfine rubbing crusher, its characterized in that: comprises a fixed seat (1), a support (2), a crushing mechanism (3), a transmission mechanism (4), a feeding mechanism (5) and a cyclone separating cylinder (6); the crushing mechanism (3) comprises a crushing cavity (7), a crushing disc (8) and an inner gear ring (9), the crushing cavity (7) is installed on the support (2), the crushing disc (8) is arranged in the crushing cavity (7), a plurality of crushing blades (10) are arranged on the crushing disc (8), the transmission mechanism (4) is arranged on the fixed seat (1), the transmission mechanism (4) is connected with the crushing disc (8) and drives the crushing disc (8) to rotate, the inner gear ring (9) is embedded and sleeved on the inner wall of the crushing cavity (7), a plurality of polygonal holes (11) are arranged on the inner wall of the inner gear ring (9), a feeding hole (12) and a discharging hole (13) are respectively arranged on the front side and the rear side of the crushing cavity (7), the distance from the feeding hole (12) to the rotating central line is smaller than the distance from the discharging hole (13) to the rotating central line, the feeding hole (12) is connected with the feeding mechanism (5), the discharge hole (13) is connected with the cyclone separation cylinder (6) through a pipeline (61); the feeding mechanism (5) comprises a hopper (14), a material stirring barrel (15), a driving motor (16), a material stirring wheel (17) and a feeding barrel (18), wherein the driving motor (16) is installed on the side part of the material stirring barrel (15), a motor shaft of the driving motor (16) penetrates through the material stirring barrel (15) and is in linkage connection with the material stirring wheel (17) arranged inside the material stirring barrel (15), the bottom of the hopper (14) is communicated with the material stirring barrel (15) through a first connecting bin (19), the material stirring barrel (15) is communicated with the feeding barrel (18) through a second connecting bin (20), one end of the feeding barrel (18) is connected with the feeding port (12), and an air inlet (21) is formed in the part, close to the other end, of the side part of the feeding barrel (18); an upper cover (22) is arranged at the upper end of the hopper (14), and the upper cover (22) is made of transparent materials.
2. The new superfine pulverizer as claimed in claim 1, wherein: a fixing flange (23) extending downwards is arranged on the periphery of the upper cover (22), the fixing flange (23) covers the periphery of the hopper (14), the inner side of the fixing flange (23) is in interference fit with the outer side of the hopper (14), and a sealing ring (24) which is used for forming sealing fit with the outer side of the hopper (14) is installed on the inner side of the fixing flange (23); a round hole (25) is formed in the middle of the upper cover (22), a rotating shaft (26) is inserted into the round hole (25), the inner end of the rotating shaft (26) extends into the hopper (14), the inner end of the rotating shaft (26) is connected with a mounting plate (27) in a linkage manner, the outer end of the rotating shaft (26) is connected with a handle (28) in a linkage manner, a spring (29) is sleeved on the rotating shaft (26) at a position outside the hopper (14), and two ends of the spring (29) respectively abut against the lower end face of the handle (28) and the upper end face of the upper cover (22); a circular groove (30) coaxial with the circular hole (25) is formed in the upper cover (22) at the outer end of the circular hole (25), and a supporting pad (31) used for supporting the lower end of the spring (29) is embedded in the circular groove (30); the rotating shaft (26) and the handle (28) are of an integrated structure, a liquid storage cavity (62) for storing cleaning liquid is arranged in the rotating shaft (26), a liquid inlet (63) communicated with the liquid storage cavity (62) is arranged on the handle (28), a rubber plug (64) is inserted on the liquid inlet (63), a first long groove (65), a second long groove (66) and a third long groove (67) are arranged on one side of the mounting plate (27) close to the upper cover (22) side by side, a first dry cleaning block (68) and a second dry cleaning block (69) are respectively inserted into the first long groove (65) and the third long groove (67), a wet cleaning block (70) is inserted into the second long groove (66), the top ends of the first dry cleaning block (68), the second dry cleaning block (69) and the wet cleaning block (70) are abutted against the inner wall of the upper cover (22), and an intermediate flow passage (71) for communicating the second long groove (66) with the liquid storage cavity (62) is also arranged in the mounting plate (27).
3. The new superfine pulverizer as claimed in claim 1, wherein: drive mechanism (4) are including drive main shaft (32) and axle sleeve (33) of taking the bearing, install on fixing base (1) axle sleeve (33), drive main shaft (32) rotate and set up in axle sleeve (33) to the one end of drive main shaft (32) is run through crushing chamber (7) and is connected with crushing dish (8) linkage through flange (34), and the other end of drive main shaft (32) is connected with and is used for constituting belt drive assembly (35) of linkage with external drive source.
4. The new superfine pulverizer as claimed in claim 1, wherein: crushing chamber (7) internal partitioning is divided into first crushing district (36) and second crushing district (37) to crushing dish (8), crushing dish (8) week side and crushing chamber (7) inner wall between be equipped with first crushing district (36) of intercommunication and crushing passageway (38) of second crushing district (37), crushing blade (10) are including a plurality of first blades (39) and a plurality of second blade (40), and a plurality of first blades (39) are one side that the circumference array set up to lie in first crushing district (36) on crushing dish (8), and a plurality of second blades (40) are one side that the circumference array set up to lie in second crushing district (37) on crushing dish (8), and first blade (39) are greater than second blade (40).
5. The new superfine pulverizer as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the support (2) is symmetrically provided with a pair of guide holes (41), the fixing seat (1) is provided with a pair of adjusting screws (42) penetrating through the corresponding guide holes (41), and the adjusting screws (42) are in threaded connection with locking nuts (43) respectively abutted to two sides of the support (2).
6. The new superfine pulverizer as claimed in claim 1, wherein: smash chamber (7) periphery and install crushing chamber outer lane (44), the lateral part of smashing chamber outer lane (44) has through hinge shaft (45) movable mounting and is used for detaining crushing chamber lid (46) crushing chamber (7) front portion, discharge opening (13) set up and lie in on smashing chamber lid (46) position directly over crushing dish (8) line of rotation, arc blown down tank (47) have still been seted up to one side that crushing dish (8) are close to crushing chamber lid (46), arc blown down tank (47) link together with discharge opening (13) are the camber form with locating, and the degree of depth of arc blown down tank (47) is along with being close to discharge opening (13) grow gradually.
7. The new superfine pulverizer as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the device is characterized by further comprising a coarse adjustment assembly (48), wherein the coarse adjustment assembly (48) comprises a hand wheel (49), a worm and gear lifter (50) and a linkage plate (51), the input end of the worm and gear lifter (50) is in linkage connection with the hand wheel (49), the output end of the worm and gear lifter (50) is in threaded connection with one end of the linkage plate (51), and the other end of the linkage plate (51) is fixedly connected with the bottom end of the hinge shaft (45) through a supporting screw (52).
8. The new superfine pulverizer as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the periphery symmetry of smashing chamber outer lane (44) is provided with two screw thread installation department (53), wears to be equipped with locking screw shaft (54) on two screw thread installation department (53), be connected with on locking screw shaft (54) and compress tightly handle (55), compress tightly handle (55) including connecting rod (56) and set up annular cover (57) and pressure head (58) at connecting rod (56) both ends, the position that lies in between two screw thread installation department (53) on locking screw shaft (54) is established to annular cover (57) cover, the week side of smashing chamber lid (46) is equipped with locking flange (59), locking flange (59) seted up with locking groove (60) that connecting rod (56) correspond, when smashing chamber lid (46) lock on smashing chamber (7), rotate and compress tightly handle (55) and make connecting rod (56) block in locking groove (60), and the ram (58) bears against the outer side wall of the crushing chamber cover (46).
9. The new superfine pulverizer as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the crushing cavity (7) and the crushing cavity cover (46) are of a double-layer structure with circulating cooling liquid arranged between layers.
CN202110886181.2A 2021-08-03 2021-08-03 Novel superfine pulverizer Pending CN113617458A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110886181.2A CN113617458A (en) 2021-08-03 2021-08-03 Novel superfine pulverizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110886181.2A CN113617458A (en) 2021-08-03 2021-08-03 Novel superfine pulverizer

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN113617458A true CN113617458A (en) 2021-11-09

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Country Link
CN (1) CN113617458A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201728133U (en) * 2010-06-02 2011-02-02 建德市沪联建筑材料有限公司 Multi-stage crusher
CN204353126U (en) * 2014-11-22 2015-05-27 上海城投污水处理有限公司 The peep hole dust-proof fog-free device of a kind of sewage treatment plant storage basin
CN107899673A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-04-13 瑞安市永历制药机械有限公司 A kind of micronizer
CN110918187A (en) * 2019-11-29 2020-03-27 温岭市创力药材器械厂(普通合伙) Crushing device
CN211660682U (en) * 2019-09-03 2020-10-13 江苏蜀星饲料科技有限公司 Photovoltaic cell panel belt cleaning device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201728133U (en) * 2010-06-02 2011-02-02 建德市沪联建筑材料有限公司 Multi-stage crusher
CN204353126U (en) * 2014-11-22 2015-05-27 上海城投污水处理有限公司 The peep hole dust-proof fog-free device of a kind of sewage treatment plant storage basin
CN107899673A (en) * 2017-12-13 2018-04-13 瑞安市永历制药机械有限公司 A kind of micronizer
CN211660682U (en) * 2019-09-03 2020-10-13 江苏蜀星饲料科技有限公司 Photovoltaic cell panel belt cleaning device
CN110918187A (en) * 2019-11-29 2020-03-27 温岭市创力药材器械厂(普通合伙) Crushing device

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