CN113561284A - Pretreatment process for production of environment-friendly straw board - Google Patents

Pretreatment process for production of environment-friendly straw board Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113561284A
CN113561284A CN202110864604.0A CN202110864604A CN113561284A CN 113561284 A CN113561284 A CN 113561284A CN 202110864604 A CN202110864604 A CN 202110864604A CN 113561284 A CN113561284 A CN 113561284A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
double
crushing
shaft
linkage
rotating
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202110864604.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
皮蕾蕾
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Shanghai Yanhuang Construction Engineering Equipment Co ltd
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Shanghai Yanhuang Construction Engineering Equipment Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Yanhuang Construction Engineering Equipment Co ltd filed Critical Shanghai Yanhuang Construction Engineering Equipment Co ltd
Priority to CN202110864604.0A priority Critical patent/CN113561284A/en
Publication of CN113561284A publication Critical patent/CN113561284A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27NMANUFACTURE BY DRY PROCESSES OF ARTICLES, WITH OR WITHOUT ORGANIC BINDING AGENTS, MADE FROM PARTICLES OR FIBRES CONSISTING OF WOOD OR OTHER LIGNOCELLULOSIC OR LIKE ORGANIC MATERIAL
    • B27N1/00Pretreatment of moulding material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27LREMOVING BARK OR VESTIGES OF BRANCHES; SPLITTING WOOD; MANUFACTURE OF VENEER, WOODEN STICKS, WOOD SHAVINGS, WOOD FIBRES OR WOOD POWDER
    • B27L11/00Manufacture of wood shavings, chips, powder, or the like; Tools therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27NMANUFACTURE BY DRY PROCESSES OF ARTICLES, WITH OR WITHOUT ORGANIC BINDING AGENTS, MADE FROM PARTICLES OR FIBRES CONSISTING OF WOOD OR OTHER LIGNOCELLULOSIC OR LIKE ORGANIC MATERIAL
    • B27N3/00Manufacture of substantially flat articles, e.g. boards, from particles or fibres
    • B27N3/02Manufacture of substantially flat articles, e.g. boards, from particles or fibres from particles

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of production of environment-friendly straw boards, in particular to a pretreatment process for production of environment-friendly straw boards, which is completed by matching the following pretreatment equipment for production of environment-friendly straw boards. According to the invention, the straw can be subjected to impurity removal and falling actions through the vibrating and inclined filter plate, and then the straw is subjected to hot air drying actions through the cooperation of the heating plate and the fan, so that the impurity removal and air drying actions on the straw can be rapidly performed, the straw and processing speed can be increased, the primary crushing and uniform blanking are performed, and the double crushing, grinding and extrusion are performed.

Description

Pretreatment process for production of environment-friendly straw board
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of production of environment-friendly straw boards, in particular to a pretreatment process for production of environment-friendly straw boards.
Background
Environmental protection carpenter's panel is because its environmental protection coefficient is high, now is used to the finishing material more, and environmental protection carpenter's panel divide into single-layer board and multiply wood usually, and the multiply wood is glued through the plank by three-layer or multilayer sheet and is pressed and form, and its simple structure function singleness of present environmental protection carpenter's panel pre-treatment equipment and a plurality of equipment accomplish the preliminary treatment together, and transmission between the equipment exposes, has great potential safety hazard, and the processing time cost is many.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a pretreatment process for producing an environment-friendly straw board by shaking, impurity removal, air drying, primary crushing, uniform blanking, double crushing, grinding and extrusion, aiming at the problems in the prior art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a straw environmental protection board production preprocessing technology, this straw environmental protection board production preprocessing technology adopts following straw environmental protection board production preprocessing equipment cooperation to accomplish, this straw environmental protection board production preprocessing equipment includes the box, box one side is close to the upper end and is equipped with first feed inlet, first feed inlet rear side is equipped with shake whereabouts part, shake whereabouts part rear side below and be equipped with preliminary crushing part, preliminary crushing part below is equipped with dual crushing part, dual crushing part below is equipped with the screening storage component, first feed inlet below is equipped with row thing mouth, it is equipped with the discharge gate to arrange thing mouth below.
Preferably, the shaking falling part comprises a first rotating rod, the first rotating rod is rotatably connected to a first feeding port on the box body, a second rotating rod is arranged obliquely below the first rotating rod, the second rotating rod is rotatably connected to two side walls of the box body, a filter plate is rotatably arranged between the second rotating rod and the first rotating rod, a plurality of falling holes are distributed in the filter plate array, a muddy water sliding box is arranged below the filter plate, the muddy water sliding box is slidably connected to two side walls of the box body, a first rotating shaft is arranged below the second rotating rod, the first rotating shaft is rotatably connected to two side walls of the box body, a first convex block is fixedly arranged on one side of the first rotating shaft, a second convex block and a second convex block are arranged on one side of the first rotating shaft, which is far away from the first convex block, first convex block plays the shake whereabouts with second dwang normal running fit, and the filter rear side is equipped with the baffle, baffle fixed connection on the both sides wall of box.
Preferably, the filter is equipped with the second axis of rotation to the middle of second convex block one side, and the second axis of rotation rotates to be connected on the box is to second convex block lateral wall, is connected between second axis of rotation and the first axis of rotation and is equipped with first linkage area, and second axis of rotation has set firmly the fan to the filter direction, and the fan one end is kept away from to the second axis of rotation is equipped with the hot plate.
Preferably, the preliminary crushing part comprises a first motor, the first motor is positioned below the rear side of a second rotating rod on one side wall of a second convex block towards a box body, the first motor is fixedly provided with a first linkage shaft towards the first convex block, one end of the first linkage shaft, which is far away from the first motor, is rotatably connected to one side wall of the box body towards the first convex block, the first linkage shaft is provided with a second linkage shaft towards a discharge opening, two ends of the second linkage shaft are rotatably connected to two side walls of the box body, the first linkage shaft is fixedly provided with a first gear towards the first convex block, the second linkage shaft is fixedly provided with a second gear towards the first convex block, the second gear is in meshing fit with the first gear, a first spiral crushing plate is fixedly arranged on the outer circumferential surface in the middle of the first linkage shaft, a second spiral crushing plate is fixedly arranged on the outer circumferential surface in the middle of the second linkage shaft, and a second linkage belt is connected between the second linkage shaft and the second rotating rod, the hopper fixing plates are fixedly connected to the two side walls of the box body, and the hopper is fixedly arranged at the lower ends of the hopper fixing plates and controls uniform discharging.
Preferably, the double-crushing component comprises a double-crushing cylinder, the double-crushing cylinder is positioned below the hopper, a first rotating column is fixedly arranged in the direction of a first motor of the double-crushing cylinder, one end, far away from the double-crushing cylinder, of the first rotating column is rotatably connected to one side wall of the box body, a second rotating column is fixedly arranged in the direction, far away from the first motor, of the double-crushing cylinder, one end, far away from the double-crushing cylinder, of the second rotating column is rotatably connected to one side wall of the box body, a second feed inlet is formed in the upper end of the double-crushing cylinder, a plurality of extrusion hole groups are uniformly distributed on the outer circumferential surface of the lower end of the double-crushing cylinder, a plurality of extrusion holes are uniformly distributed in the transverse direction of the double-crushing cylinder in the extrusion hole groups, a third rotating shaft is arranged in the direction, far away from the material discharge port, and rotatably connected through the double-crushing cylinder, a fourth linking shaft is arranged in the direction of the material discharge port and rotatably connected through the double-crushing cylinder, a third linkage belt is connected between the third linkage shaft and the first linkage shaft, a fourth linkage belt is connected between the fourth linkage shaft and the second linkage shaft, a third spiral stirring plate is fixedly arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the third linkage shaft in the double-stirring cylinder, and a fourth spiral stirring plate is fixedly arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the fourth linkage shaft in the double-stirring cylinder.
Preferably, a fixed shaft is arranged below the first rotating column, the fixed shaft penetrates through two ends of the double-stirring cylinder and is connected to two walls of the box body in a rotating mode, the fixed shaft moves in an arc-shaped sliding mode on the double-stirring cylinder, a sleeve is fixedly arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the fixed shaft in the double-stirring cylinder, three anti-blocking ball groups are evenly arranged on the outer circumference of the sleeve and the outer circumference of the lower end of the sleeve and are evenly distributed with a plurality of anti-blocking balls in the transverse direction of the sleeve, a plurality of springs are connected between the anti-blocking ball groups and the sleeve, the sleeve is matched with the extrusion hole group at the bottom of the double-stirring cylinder to perform an extrusion function, and the anti-blocking ball groups are matched with the extrusion hole group at the bottom of the double-stirring cylinder to prevent the extrusion hole group from being blocked.
Preferably, screening storage component includes the second motor, the second motor is located the low side of dual crushing section of thick bamboo below box, second motor upper end has set firmly the rotation chamber, it has set firmly the rolling disc to rotate the chamber top, a plurality of dogtooths have evenly set firmly on the circumference edge of rolling disc upper end, first rotation post is kept away from dual crushing section of thick bamboo direction and is equipped with first area tooth linkage disk, the second rotates the post and keeps away from dual crushing section of thick bamboo direction and is equipped with the area tooth linkage disk of second, a plurality of dogtooths and the first area tooth linkage disk of rolling disc upper end, the meshing cooperation of second area tooth linkage disk makes the rotation that dual crushing section of thick bamboo can the minimalism, it is equipped with the storage chamber to rotate the chamber periphery, it is equipped with a plurality of discharging hole to connect between storage chamber and the rotation chamber, it is equipped with the discharging pipe to connect between storage chamber and the discharge gate.
Preferably, the pretreatment process for producing the straw environment-friendly plate by adopting the pretreatment equipment for producing the straw environment-friendly plate comprises the following steps:
s1, removing impurities from the straws and air-drying the straws, namely, feeding the straws into a shaking and falling part through a first feed inlet, shaking the filter plate obliquely to remove the impurities from the straws and blanking the straws, and generating hot air through a fan and a heating plate to air-dry the straws;
s2: primarily crushing the straws, namely crushing the straws and allowing the straws to fall into a funnel through the space between the first spiral crushing plate and the second spiral crushing plate;
s3: double crushing and extruding the straws, namely uniformly feeding the straws in the hopper into a double crushing cylinder, performing double crushing between a third spiral crushing plate and a fourth spiral crushing plate, swinging the double crushing cylinder to enable the straws to move between the third spiral crushing plate and a sleeve, or generating double crushing between the fourth spiral crushing plate and the sleeve, and enabling the straws to fall to the bottom of the double crushing cylinder to be extruded out of the double crushing cylinder by the matching of the sleeve and the double crushing cylinder;
s4: the storage ejection of compact, the rotation chamber is fallen to at the straw end, rotates the chamber through rotating and makes the straw end enter into the storage intracavity storage through discharging hole, and the rethread discharging pipe carries out the ejection of compact and uses.
Has the advantages that:
1. the filter through the shake slope carries out the effect of edulcoration whereabouts to the straw, and the rethread hot plate uses with the fan cooperation and carries out hot-blast air-dry effect to the straw, carries out edulcoration and air-dry effect improvement straw and the speed of handling to the straw that like this can be quick.
2. Let the straw can even unloading through preliminary garrulous cooperation with the funnel of stirring, prevented like this that the straw unloading from leading to the condition that equipment card is dunked more.
3. Extrude through dual garrulous and grinding, very garrulous that can time straw stirs accords with operation requirement, and the straw of grinding extrusion can directly take out the production of using processing straw environmental protection board, can improve straw environmental protection board waterproof ability.
Drawings
The invention is further explained below with reference to the figures and examples:
FIG. 1 is a process flow diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic isometric view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view in front view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a front elevation view longitudinal section B-B structural schematic of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is an isometric cross-sectional view of the internal structure of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a left side view structural diagram of the internal structure of the present invention.
In the figure, a box body 1, a shaking and dropping part 2, a preliminary stirring part 3, a double stirring part 4, a screening and storing part 5, a first feeding hole 101, a discharge hole 102, a discharge hole 103, a first rotating rod 201, a second rotating rod 202, a filter plate 203, a muddy water sliding box 204, a first rotating shaft 205, a first convex block 206, a second convex block 207, a second rotating shaft 208, a fan 209, a first linkage belt 210, a baffle 211, a heating plate 212, a first motor 301, a first linkage shaft 302, a second linkage shaft 303, a second linkage belt 304, a first gear 305, a second gear 306, a first spiral stirring plate 307, a second spiral stirring plate 308, a third linkage belt 309, a fourth linkage belt 310, a funnel 311, a funnel fixing plate 312, a third linkage shaft 401, a fourth linkage shaft 402, a third spiral stirring plate 403, a fourth spiral stirring plate 404, a fixing shaft 405, a sleeve 406, a double stirring cylinder 407, a double stirring cylinder, A first rotating column 408, a second rotating column 409, a second feeding hole 410, an extrusion hole group 411, an anti-blocking ball group 412, a spring 413, a second motor 501, a rotating cavity 502, a rotating disc 503, a convex tooth 504, a first toothed linkage disc 505, a second toothed linkage disc 506, a storage cavity 507, a discharge through hole 508 and a discharge pipe 509.
Detailed Description
The following are specific embodiments of the present invention and are further described with reference to the drawings, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "inside", "below", and the like refer to orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings or orientations or positional relationships that the products of the present invention conventionally place when used, and are used only for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the devices or elements referred to must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and the like are used merely to distinguish one description from another, and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
With reference to fig. 1-6, a pretreatment process for producing a straw environment-friendly plate, which is completed by matching the following pretreatment equipment for producing the straw environment-friendly plate, comprises a box body 1, wherein a first feed inlet 101 is arranged on one side of the box body 1 near the upper end, a shaking falling part 2 is arranged on the rear side of the first feed inlet 101, a preliminary stirring part 3 is arranged below the rear side of the shaking falling part 2, a dual stirring part 4 is arranged below the preliminary stirring part 3, a screening storage part 5 is arranged below the dual stirring part 4, a material discharge port 102 is arranged below the first feed inlet 101, and a material discharge port 103 is arranged below the material discharge port 102.
The shaking falling part 2 comprises a first rotating rod 201, the first rotating rod 201 is rotatably connected to a first feeding hole 101 on the box body 1, a second rotating rod 202 is arranged obliquely below the back side of the first rotating rod 201, the second rotating rod 202 is rotatably connected to two side walls of the box body 1, a filter plate 203 is rotatably arranged between the second rotating rod 202 and the first rotating rod 201, a plurality of falling holes are distributed in the filter plate 203 in an array manner, a muddy water sliding box 204 is arranged below the filter plate 203, the muddy water sliding box 204 is slidably connected to two side walls of the box body 1, a first rotating shaft 205 is arranged below the second rotating rod 202, the first rotating shaft 205 is rotatably connected to two side walls of the box body 1, a first convex block 206 is fixedly arranged on one side of the first rotating shaft 205, a second convex block 207 is arranged on one side of the first rotating shaft 205, the second convex block 207, the first convex block 206 is rotatably matched with the second rotating rod 202 to shake and fall, the rear side of the filter plate 203 is provided with a baffle 211, and the baffle 211 is fixedly connected to two side walls of the box body 1.
The filter plate 203 is equipped with second axis of rotation 208 to the middle of second convex block 207 one side, and second axis of rotation 208 rotates to be connected on box 1 to a second convex block 207 lateral wall, is connected between second axis of rotation 208 and the first axis of rotation 205 and is equipped with first linkage area 210, and second axis of rotation 208 sets firmly fan 209 to filter plate 203 direction, and the second axis of rotation 208 keeps away from fan 209 one end and is equipped with hot plate 212.
The preliminary crushing component 3 comprises a first motor 301, the first motor 301 is positioned below the rear side of a second rotating rod 202 of the box body 1 towards one side wall of a second convex block 207, a first linkage shaft 302 is fixedly arranged on the first motor 301 towards the direction of the first convex block 206, one end of the first linkage shaft 302 far away from the first motor 301 is rotatably connected to one side wall of the box body 1 towards the first convex block 206, a second linkage shaft 303 is arranged on the first linkage shaft 302 towards the discharge opening 102, two ends of the second linkage shaft 303 are rotatably connected to two side walls of the box body 1, a first gear 305 is fixedly arranged on the first linkage shaft 302 towards the first convex block 206, a second gear 306 is fixedly arranged on the second linkage shaft 303 towards the first convex block 206, the second gear 306 is engaged with the first gear 305, a first spiral crushing plate 307 is fixedly arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the middle of the first linkage shaft 302, a second spiral crushing plate 308 is fixedly arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the middle of the second linkage shaft 303, a second linkage belt 304 is connected between the second linkage shaft 303 and the second rotating rod 202, a funnel fixing plate 312 is arranged below the first spiral stirring plate 307, the funnel fixing plate 312 is fixedly connected to two side walls of the box body 11, a funnel 311 is fixedly arranged at the lower end of the funnel fixing plate 312, and the funnel 311 controls uniform blanking.
The double-crushing component 4 comprises a double-crushing barrel 407, the double-crushing barrel 407 is positioned below the funnel 311, the double-crushing barrel 407 is fixedly provided with a first rotating column 408 towards the direction of the first motor 301, one end of the first rotating column 408, which is far away from the double-crushing barrel 407, is rotatably connected to one side wall of the box body 1, the double-crushing barrel 407 is fixedly provided with a second rotating column 409 away from the direction of the first motor 301, one end of the second rotating column 409, which is far away from the double-crushing barrel 407, is rotatably connected to one side wall of the box body 1, the upper end of the double-crushing barrel 407 is provided with a second feed inlet 410, the outer circumferential surface of the lower end of the double-crushing barrel 407 is uniformly distributed with a plurality of extrusion hole groups 411, the extrusion hole groups 411 are uniformly distributed in the transverse direction of the double-crushing barrel 407, the first rotating column 408 is provided with a third linkage shaft 401 away from the discharge port 102, the third linkage shaft 401 penetrates through the double-crushing barrel 407 and is rotatably connected, the third linkage shaft 401 is provided with a fourth linkage shaft 402 towards the discharge port 102, the fourth linkage shaft 402 penetrates through the double-stirring cylinder 407 to be connected in a rotating mode, a third linkage belt 309 is connected between the third linkage shaft 401 and the first linkage shaft 302, a fourth linkage belt 310 is connected between the fourth linkage shaft 402 and the second linkage shaft 303, a third spiral stirring plate 403 is fixedly arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the third linkage shaft 401 in the double-stirring cylinder 407, and a fourth spiral stirring plate 404 is fixedly arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the fourth linkage shaft 402 in the double-stirring cylinder 407.
A fixed shaft 405 is arranged below the first rotating column 408, the fixed shaft 405 penetrates through two ends of the double-crushing cylinder 407 and is rotatably connected to two walls of the box body 1, the fixed shaft 405 slides at two ends of the double-crushing cylinder 407, a sleeve 406 is fixedly arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the fixed shaft 405 in the double-crushing cylinder 407, three anti-blocking ball groups 412 are uniformly arranged on the outer circumference of the lower end of the sleeve 406 and the outer circumference of the lower end of the sleeve 406, a plurality of anti-blocking balls are uniformly distributed on the sleeve 406 in the transverse direction, a plurality of springs 413 are connected between the anti-blocking ball groups 412 and the sleeve 406, the sleeve 406 is matched with the extrusion hole group 411 at the bottom of the double-crushing cylinder 407 for extrusion, and the anti-blocking ball groups 412 are matched with the extrusion hole group 411 at the bottom of the double-crushing cylinder 407 for preventing the extrusion hole group 411 from being blocked.
The screening and storing component 5 comprises a second motor 501, the second motor 501 is located at the lower end of the box body 1 below the double-stirring cylinder 407, a rotating cavity 502 is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the second motor 501, a rotating disc 503 is fixedly arranged above the rotating cavity 502, a plurality of convex teeth 504 are uniformly and fixedly arranged on the circumference of the upper end of the rotating disc 503, a first toothed linkage disc 505 is arranged in the direction of the first rotating column 408 far away from the double-stirring cylinder 407, a second toothed linkage disc 506 is arranged in the direction of the second rotating column 409 far away from the double-stirring cylinder 407, the plurality of convex teeth 504 at the upper end of the rotating disc 503 are meshed with the first toothed linkage disc 505 and the second toothed linkage disc 506 to enable the double-stirring cylinder 407 to rotate in a small range, a storage cavity 507 is arranged on the periphery of the rotating cavity 502, a plurality of discharging through holes 508 are connected between the storage cavity 507 and the rotating cavity 502, and a discharging pipe 509 is connected between the storage cavity 507 and the discharging hole 103.
The pretreatment process for producing the straw environment-friendly board by adopting the pretreatment equipment for producing the straw environment-friendly board comprises the following steps:
s1, removing impurities from the straws and air-drying the straws, namely, the straws enter the shaking falling part 2 through the first feed inlet 101, the filter plate 203 tilts and shakes obliquely to remove the impurities from the straws and feed the straws, and hot air is generated by the fan 209 and the heating plate 212 to air-dry the straws;
s2: the straws are primarily crushed, and the straws fall into the funnel 311 through the inner crushing between the first spiral crushing plate 307 and the second spiral crushing plate 308;
s3: double crushing and extruding the straws, wherein the straws in the hopper 311 are uniformly fed into the double crushing cylinder 407 to be subjected to double crushing between the third spiral crushing plate 403 and the fourth spiral crushing plate 404, then the straws are swung by the double crushing cylinder 407 to be between the third spiral crushing plate 403 and the sleeve 406 or between the fourth spiral crushing plate 404 and the sleeve 406 to generate double crushing, and the straws fall to the bottom of the double crushing cylinder 407 to be extruded out of the double crushing cylinder 407 by the matching of the sleeve 406 and the double crushing cylinder 407;
s4: the storage ejection of compact, the rotation chamber 502 is fallen to the straw end, makes the straw end enter into storage chamber 507 through ejection of compact through-hole 508 and stores through rotating rotation chamber 502, and the rethread discharging pipe 509 carries out the ejection of compact and uses.
Principle of operation
A worker puts the trapped straws into the first feeding hole 101, the straws enter the box body 1 and reach the filter plate 203 in the shaking and falling part 2, the first motor 301 is started to drive the first gear 305 to rotate through the first linkage shaft 302, the first gear 305 and the second gear 306 are meshed to rotate to drive the second linkage shaft 303 to rotate, the second linkage shaft 303 drives the first rotation shaft 205 to rotate through the second linkage belt 304, the first rotation shaft 205 rotates, the first convex block 206 and the second convex block 207 on two sides of the first rotation shaft 205 are in rotating fit with the second rotation shaft 202 to enable the second rotation shaft 202 to move up and down, the second rotation shaft 202 drives the first rotation shaft 201 to swing up and down, and the filter plate 203 generates shaking action; the straws on the filter plate 203 shake and fall to remove water and mud in the straws, the water and mud fall into the mud-water sliding box 204 through the upper hole of the filter plate 203, and the mud-water sliding box 204 is taken out for cleaning through sliding; the first rotating shaft 205 rotates to drive the second rotating shaft 208 to rotate through the first linkage belt 210, the second rotating shaft 208 rotates to drive the fan 209 to rotate to generate wind, and the heating plate 212 is used for heating and matching with the fan 209 to generate hot wind to air-dry the straw.
The straw shakes and falls to the lower end of the filter plate 203 and falls into the preliminary crushing component 3, and the straw also shakes too much and falls into the preliminary crushing component 3 by touching the baffle 211; first universal driving shaft 302 drives first spiral stirring-crushing plate 307 to rotate, second universal driving shaft 303 drives second spiral stirring-crushing plate 308 to rotate, the straws are preliminarily stirred between first spiral stirring-crushing plate 307 and second spiral stirring-crushing plate 308, the straws enter into funnel 311 after being stirred, and funnel 311 controls uniform blanking of the straws.
The straws uniformly fall into the double-crushing component 4, the straws enter the double-crushing barrel 407 through a second feeding hole 410 at the upper end of the double-crushing barrel 407, a second motor 501 is started to drive a rotating disc 503 to rotate through a rotating cavity 502, a convex tooth 504 on the rotating disc 503 is meshed and matched with a first toothed linkage disc 505 and a second toothed linkage disc 506 to enable the double-crushing barrel 407 to rotate back and forth at a certain angle, and the straws are subjected to primary crushing through a space between a third spiral crushing plate 403 and a fourth spiral crushing plate 404, then the straw is swung by the double-stirring cylinder 407 to be between the third spiral stirring board 403 and the sleeve 406, or double crushing is generated between the fourth spiral crushing plate 404 and the sleeve 406, the straw falls to the bottom of the double crushing cylinder 407 and is extruded out of the double crushing cylinder 407 by the matching of the sleeve 406 and the double crushing cylinder 407, and the anti-blocking ball 412 at the lower end of the sleeve 406 passes through the spring 413 and reaches the extrusion hole group 411 at the lower end of the sleeve 406 for blocking.
The straw end falls to the rotating cavity 502, the rotating cavity 502 is rotated to enable the straw end to enter the storage cavity 507 through the discharge through hole 508 for storage, and then the straw end is discharged through the discharge pipe 509 for use
The above description is only an embodiment of the present invention, and not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and all modifications of equivalent structures and equivalent processes, which are made by using the contents of the present specification and the accompanying drawings, or directly or indirectly applied to other related technical fields, are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a straw environmental protection board production preprocessing technology, this straw environmental protection board production preprocessing technology adopt following straw environmental protection board production preprocessing equipment cooperation to accomplish, and this straw environmental protection board production preprocessing equipment includes box (1), box (1) one side is close to the upper end and is equipped with first feed inlet (101), first feed inlet (101) rear side is equipped with shake whereabouts part (2), shake whereabouts part (2) rear side below and be equipped with preliminary garrulous part (3), preliminary garrulous part (3) below is equipped with dual garrulous part (4), dual garrulous part (4) below is equipped with screening storage component (5), first feed inlet (101) below is equipped with row thing mouth (102), it is equipped with discharge gate (103) to arrange thing mouth (102) below.
2. The pretreatment process for producing the straw environment-friendly board according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the shaking falling part (2) comprises a first rotating rod (201), the first rotating rod (201) is rotatably connected to a first feeding hole (101) on the box body (1), a second rotating rod (202) is arranged below the first rotating rod (201) in a tilted mode, the second rotating rod (202) is rotatably connected to two side walls of the box body (1), a filter plate (203) is rotatably arranged between the second rotating rod (202) and the first rotating rod (201), a plurality of falling holes are distributed in the filter plate (203) in an array mode, a muddy water sliding box (204) is arranged below the filter plate (203), the muddy water sliding box (204) is slidably connected to two side walls of the box body (1), a first rotating shaft (205) is arranged below the second rotating rod (202), the first rotating shaft (205) is rotatably connected to two side walls of the box body (1), a first convex block (206) is fixedly arranged on one side of the first rotating shaft (205), first rotating shaft (205) keep away from first convex block (206) one side and be equipped with second convex block (207), first convex block (206) play the shake whereabouts with second dwang (202) normal running fit, filter (203) rear side is equipped with baffle (211), baffle (211) fixed connection is on the both sides wall of box (1).
3. The pretreatment process for producing the straw environment-friendly board according to claim 2, characterized in that: the filter plate (203) is equipped with second axis of rotation (208) to second convex block (207) one side centre, second axis of rotation (208) rotate to be connected on box (1) to a second convex block (207) lateral wall, it is equipped with first linkage area (210) to connect between second axis of rotation (208) and first axis of rotation (205), second axis of rotation (208) have set firmly fan (209) to filter plate (203) direction, fan (209) one end is kept away from in second axis of rotation (208) is equipped with hot plate (212).
4. The pretreatment process for producing the straw environment-friendly board according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the preliminary stirring component (3) comprises a first motor (301), the first motor (301) is positioned below the rear side of a second rotating rod (202) on one side wall of a second convex block (207) of the box body (1), a first linkage shaft (302) is fixedly arranged on the first motor (301) in the direction of a first convex block (206), one end, far away from the first motor (301), of the first linkage shaft (302) is rotatably connected to one side wall of the first convex block (206) of the box body (1), the first linkage shaft (302) is provided with a second linkage shaft (303) in the direction of the material discharge port (102), two ends of the second linkage shaft (303) are rotatably connected to two side walls of the box body (1), a first gear (305) is fixedly arranged on the first linkage shaft (302) in the direction of the first convex block (206), and a second gear (306) is fixedly arranged on the second linkage shaft (303) in the direction of the first convex block (206), second gear (306) and first gear (305) meshing cooperation, the outer periphery has set firmly first spiral stirring board (307) in the middle of first universal driving shaft (302), the outer periphery has set firmly second spiral stirring board (308) in the middle of second universal driving shaft (303), it is equipped with second linkage area (304) to be connected between second universal driving shaft (303) and second dwang (202), first spiral stirring board (307) below is equipped with funnel fixed plate (312), funnel fixed plate (312) fixed connection is in box (11) both sides wall, funnel fixed plate (312) lower extreme has set firmly funnel (311), funnel (311) control even unloading.
5. The pretreatment process for producing the straw environment-friendly board according to claim 1, which is characterized in that: the double-stirring component (4) comprises a double-stirring cylinder (407), the double-stirring cylinder (407) is located below the funnel (311), the double-stirring cylinder (407) is fixedly provided with a first rotating column (408) towards the direction of a first motor (301), one end of the first rotating column (408) far away from the double-stirring cylinder (407) is rotatably connected onto one side wall of the box body (1), the double-stirring cylinder (407) is far away from the direction of the first motor (301) and is fixedly provided with a second rotating column (409), the second rotating column (409) is far away from one end of the double-stirring cylinder (407) and is rotatably connected onto one side wall of the box body (1), the upper end of the double-stirring cylinder (407) is provided with a second feeding hole (410), the outer circumferential surface of the lower end of the double-stirring cylinder (407) is uniformly provided with a plurality of extrusion hole groups (411), the extrusion hole groups (411) extrude a plurality of extrusion holes according to the transverse uniform distribution of the double-stirring cylinder (407), a third coupling shaft (401) is arranged on the first rotating column (408) in the direction away from the material discharging opening (102), the third linkage shaft (401) penetrates through the double-stirring cylinder (407) to be rotationally connected, a fourth linkage shaft (402) is arranged on the third linkage shaft (401) towards the material discharging opening (102), the fourth linkage shaft (402) penetrates through two ends of the double-stirring cylinder (407) to be rotatably connected, a third linkage belt (309) is connected between the third linkage shaft (401) and the first linkage shaft (302), a fourth linkage belt (310) is connected between the fourth linkage shaft (402) and the second linkage shaft (303), a third spiral stirring plate (403) is fixedly arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the third linkage shaft (401) in the double stirring cylinder (407), and a fourth spiral stirring plate (404) is fixedly arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the fourth linkage shaft (402) in the double-stirring cylinder (407).
6. The pretreatment process for producing the straw environment-friendly plate according to claim 5, which is characterized in that: a fixed shaft (405) is arranged below the first rotating column (408), the fixed shaft (405) penetrates through the two ends of the double-stirring cylinder (407) and is rotatably connected to the two walls of the box body (1), the fixed shaft (405) slides in an arc shape on the double-crushing cylinder (407), a sleeve (406) is fixedly arranged on the outer circumferential surface of the fixed shaft (405) in the double-crushing cylinder (407), three anti-blocking ball groups (412) are uniformly arranged on the sleeve (406) and the outer circumference of the lower end, the anti-blocking ball group (412) is uniformly distributed with a plurality of anti-blocking balls in the transverse direction of the sleeve (406), a plurality of springs (413) are connected between the anti-blocking ball group (412) and the sleeve (406), the sleeve (406) is matched with an extrusion hole group (411) at the bottom of the double-crushing cylinder (407) for extrusion, the anti-blocking ball group (412) is matched with the extrusion hole group (411) at the bottom of the double-stirring cylinder (407) to prevent the extrusion hole group (411) from being blocked.
7. The pretreatment process for producing the straw environment-friendly plate according to claim 5, which is characterized in that: the screening and storing component (5) comprises a second motor (501), the second motor (501) is located at the lower end of a box body (1) below the double-stirring cylinder (407), a rotating cavity (502) is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the second motor (501), a rotating disc (503) is fixedly arranged above the rotating cavity (502), a plurality of convex teeth (504) are uniformly and fixedly arranged on the circumferential edge of the upper end of the rotating disc (503), a first toothed linkage disc (505) is arranged in the direction of the first rotating column (408) far away from the double-stirring cylinder (407), a second toothed linkage disc (506) is arranged in the direction of the second rotating column (409) far away from the double-stirring cylinder (407), the plurality of convex teeth (504) at the upper end of the rotating disc (503) are meshed with the first toothed linkage disc (505) and the second toothed linkage disc (506) to enable the double-stirring cylinder (407) to rotate in a small range, and a storage cavity (507) is arranged on the periphery of the rotating cavity (502), storage chamber (507) and rotation chamber (502) between be connected and be equipped with a plurality of discharging through hole (508), be connected between storage chamber (507) and discharge gate (103) and be equipped with discharging pipe (509).
8. The pretreatment process for producing the straw environment-friendly board according to claim 1, which is characterized in that:
the pretreatment process for producing the straw environment-friendly board by adopting the pretreatment equipment for producing the straw environment-friendly board comprises the following steps:
s1, removing impurities from the straws and air-drying the straws, wherein the straws enter the shaking falling part (2) through the first feed inlet (101), the filter plate (203) tilts and shakes to remove impurities from the straws and feed the straws, and hot air is generated by the fan (209) and the heating plate (212) to air-dry the straws;
s2: the straws are primarily crushed, and the straws fall into a funnel (311) through the inner crushing between a first spiral crushing plate (307) and a second spiral crushing plate (308);
s3: double-crushing and extruding the straws, namely uniformly feeding the straws in a hopper (311) into a double-crushing cylinder (407), performing double crushing between a third spiral crushing plate (403) and a fourth spiral crushing plate (404), swinging the double-crushing cylinder (407) to enable the straws to move between the third spiral crushing plate (403) and a sleeve (406) or between the fourth spiral crushing plate (404) and the sleeve (406) to generate double crushing, and dropping the straws to the bottom of the double-crushing cylinder (407) to be extruded out of the double-crushing cylinder (407) by the matching of the sleeve (406) and the double-crushing cylinder (407);
s4: the storage ejection of compact, the rotation chamber (502) are fallen to the straw end, rotate chamber (502) through rotating and make the straw end enter into storage chamber (507) through ejection of compact through-hole (508) and store, and the rethread discharging pipe (509) carry out the ejection of compact and use.
CN202110864604.0A 2021-07-29 2021-07-29 Pretreatment process for production of environment-friendly straw board Pending CN113561284A (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200304698Y1 (en) * 2002-11-20 2003-02-15 박인식 Cutting equipment for waste wood
CN201332601Y (en) * 2008-11-11 2009-10-28 李云安 Vibration sieve of multifunctional threshing machine
CN102310452A (en) * 2011-09-01 2012-01-11 徐忠杰 Tobacco straw artificial board and preparation method thereof
CN108702952A (en) * 2018-06-09 2018-10-26 陈俊 A kind of removal of impurities of stalk, broken and drying integral machine
CN110712263A (en) * 2019-10-17 2020-01-21 郭沙 Wood working wood shaving saw-dust processing machine
CN112335424A (en) * 2020-11-06 2021-02-09 李海花 Straw reducing mechanism is used to agricultural
CN112840876A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-05-28 安徽省碧绿春生物科技有限公司 Reducing mechanism for feed processing

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR200304698Y1 (en) * 2002-11-20 2003-02-15 박인식 Cutting equipment for waste wood
CN201332601Y (en) * 2008-11-11 2009-10-28 李云安 Vibration sieve of multifunctional threshing machine
CN102310452A (en) * 2011-09-01 2012-01-11 徐忠杰 Tobacco straw artificial board and preparation method thereof
CN108702952A (en) * 2018-06-09 2018-10-26 陈俊 A kind of removal of impurities of stalk, broken and drying integral machine
CN110712263A (en) * 2019-10-17 2020-01-21 郭沙 Wood working wood shaving saw-dust processing machine
CN112335424A (en) * 2020-11-06 2021-02-09 李海花 Straw reducing mechanism is used to agricultural
CN112840876A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-05-28 安徽省碧绿春生物科技有限公司 Reducing mechanism for feed processing

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