CN1135063A - Toll-gate system with close surveillance system - Google Patents

Toll-gate system with close surveillance system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN1135063A
CN1135063A CN 96100961 CN96100961A CN1135063A CN 1135063 A CN1135063 A CN 1135063A CN 96100961 CN96100961 CN 96100961 CN 96100961 A CN96100961 A CN 96100961A CN 1135063 A CN1135063 A CN 1135063A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
toll
computer
lane
vehicle
automatic
Prior art date
Application number
CN 96100961
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
段亚西
古家滨
段明磊
Original Assignee
段亚西
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 段亚西 filed Critical 段亚西
Priority to CN 96100961 priority Critical patent/CN1135063A/en
Publication of CN1135063A publication Critical patent/CN1135063A/en

Links

Abstract

The present system is composed of administrative computer subsystem and road toll computer subsystem, in the latter there are video catching card, pick-up camera, vehicle model automatic judging device, device of rushing post signal and entrance automatic railing, the toll key and toll-free key control the entrance automatic railing, the device of rushing past signal and toll-free key control the work of pick-up camera. Said system features lower investment, capable of accomplishing tolling and monitoring double tasks and avoiding all Loopholes in the levying course.

Description

具有严密监督机制的公路收费系统 Road toll system with a strict monitoring mechanism

本发明是属于一种自动收费系统,特别是主要用于需要收费的公路收费亭,对过往车辆实施收费。 The present invention is a kind of automatic toll collection system, in particular the need for major toll road toll booths on toll passing vehicles embodiment.

高等级公路征收过路费是回收建设资金加速公路建设的一项重要措施。 Highway toll collection is to recover funds to accelerate the construction of a highway construction of important measures. 近几年来过路费漏收的现象日渐突出,据有关部门统计漏收率几乎达到百分之三十以上,造成了国有资金的大量流失。 The Collection of tolls in recent years have become increasingly prominent phenomenon, according to statistics leak yield almost thirty percent or more, resulting in a huge loss of state funds. 采用现代化的技术手段研制具有严密监督机制的公路收费系统,加强收费监督管理,杜绝收费工作中的一切漏洞保护国家财产不再道受损失,是当前收费站管理工作中急待解决的一个突出问题。 The use of modern techniques developed road toll system with strict supervision mechanism, strengthen the supervision and management fees, charged to eliminate a prominent issue in the work of all the loopholes in the protection of state property is no longer affected by the loss Road, is the current toll station in the management need to be solved .

目前国内开始建了一些自动收费系统,这些收费系统在车型判断方面大多采用人工识别方法,少数采用条形码或磁卡识别车型,入口发卡出口读卡收费。 At present, began to build a number of automatic toll collection systems, toll systems they use these artificial recognition models in terms of judgment, a few bar code or magnetic card recognition models, issuing exit reader entrance fee. 由于这些收费系统漏洞大,有的地方又另外增设单独的闭路电视监视系统对收费员进行24小时连续监视;由一个专职监视员面对数台电视机上若干个收费员的电视图象进行监视,即使目不转睛也难发现问题,就是发现问题录下像来也只是些收费员的收费动作,很难形成有力的证据,不仅处理起来困难,还容易产生争执。 Because these large toll system vulnerabilities, in some places and the creation of additional closed-circuit television surveillance system to separate toll for 24 hours of continuous monitoring; monitored by a full-time watchman facing the TV image on several television a number of toll collectors, even if it is difficult to find intently problem, the problem is to find the next record to be just like some action toll charges, it is difficult to form strong evidence, not only to deal with the difficulties, but also prone to dispute. 此外电视录像数据量大,录像与通过车辆的其他数据没有对应关系,查阅时要靠人工耐心地从头查看到尾,而且即使从录像上看出一些问题也难找到对应车辆的其他有关数据。 Moreover video recording large volumes of data, video and other data through the vehicle do not correspond to rely on artificial view to checking the patient from the beginning to the end, and even some of the problems seen in the video is difficult to find other related data corresponding vehicle. 可以看出收费系统采用常规闭路电视对收费员进行人工监视不仅起不到监督作用,而且使用不便,操作人员工作量大,收费员在摄像机的监视下工作容易产生紧张心理和反感情绪,降低工作效率。 It can be seen charging system using conventional manual toll on closed-circuit television monitoring not only would not achieve a supervisory role, and inconvenient to use, the operator heavy workload, toll collectors work under the surveillance camera prone to anxiety and resentment, reduce work effectiveness.

本发明的目的是提供一种公路自动收费系统,它把多媒体摄像技术、计算机技术、车辆称重和自动判型技术有机地结合在一起,可同时完成收费和监督的双重任务。 Object of the present invention is to provide an automatic highway toll collection system, which the multimedia imaging technology, computer technology, and Assessing vehicle weighing organically combined technologies, and the charges can be done while the dual task supervision. 本系统在定收费金额、开单、收入记账、免费车和冲卡车摄像等可能产生漏洞的环节避免了人工干预,可堵塞过路费征收过程中的一切漏洞,整个系统投资费用较低。 This system links in the fixed charge amount, billing, revenue accounting, free cars and trucks rushed cameras and other possible loopholes to avoid manual intervention, can plug all loopholes through toll collection process, the entire system is low investment costs.

本发明的实现方案为,它主要由站级管理计算机子系统和车道收费计算机子系统组成,①站级计算机通过串行通讯扩展接口与各车道收费计算机连接;②在车道收费计算机子系统中设置了视频捕捉卡、摄像机、冲卡信号装置和入口自动栏杆;③摄像机通过视频捕捉卡与车道收费计算机连接,将模拟信号转变成数字信号存储进计算机中;④冲卡信号装置通过I/O卡与车道收费计算机连接,并与操作键盘上的免费键都通过车道收费计算机控制着摄像机的工作;⑤入口自动栏杆的电气部分通过I/0卡与车道收费计算机连接,入口自动栏杆的动作受操作键盘的收费键和免费键控制;⑥车道收费计算机连接的操作键盘中包括有一个收费功能键和一个免费功能键。 Embodiment of the present invention is achieved, it is mainly managed by the station computer subsystem level and composition lane of the toll computer subsystem, a computer ① station level via the serial communication interface extension each lane of charge computer; ② disposed lane charge computer subsystem a video capture card, a video camera, red card inlet means and the signal automatic railings; ③ the camera through the video capture card connected with the lane charge computer, converting the analog signal into digital signal into a computer memory; ④ red signaling means via card I / O card connected to the lane charge computer, and free on the keyboard and the operation through the lane charge computer controls the camera operation; electrical part ⑤ inlet automatically railing is connected via I / 0 cards lane charge computer, inlet automatically railing operation by the operating toll free keyboard keys and key controls; keyboard ⑥ lane charges connected computer include a toll free function keys and a function key.

为了实施自动计费在车道收费计算机子系统中设置有车型自动判断(识别)装置。 In order to implement automatic billing models provided automatically determine (recognition) apparatus lane charge computer subsystem. 车型自动判断装置可由轴重仪,磁卡机等设施承担。 Automatic Vehicle axle load determining means may assume, magnetic dryer. 采用轴重仪作为车型判断装置可实施按车重和里程收费。 Determining a model using the axle load meter apparatus may be implemented by the vehicle weight and mileage charges. 车型自动判断装置通过串行通讯扩展接口与车道收费计算机连接。 Automatic Vehicle determination device interface extension lane of the toll computer through a serial communication.

当在封闭式公路收费系统中应用本发明时,即在公路主干线上和每个岔口都设收费亭,则应在出口增设出口自动栏杆和车辆计数器,出口自动栏杆通过电路与放行按钮和车辆计数器连接,栏杆每打开一次车辆计数器也同时自动加一,以核对车辆计数器与所收回的副卷数是否一致。 When the present invention is in a closed highway toll systems, i.e., trunk line and the road are located each fork toll booths, an additional outlet at the outlet should be automatic and the vehicle counter railing, the railing by the automatic export button and release circuit of the vehicle counter connector, railings each time the vehicle is opened automatic also a counter, the counter is consistent with the vehicle to check the number of the secondary volume recovered.

站级管理计算机子系统由站级计算机、硬盘驱动器、软盘驱动器、打印机、键盘、VGA卡、显示器、串行通讯扩展接口等部件组成。 Level management station by the station computer subsystem level computer, a hard disk drive, floppy disk drive, printer, keyboard, VGA card, a display, a serial communication interface extension components. 其中硬盘驱动器、软盘驱动器、打印机、键盘与站级计算机为标准连接,显示器通过VGA卡与站级计算机连接,站级计算机通过串行通讯扩展接口与各车道收费计算机子系统连接。 Wherein the hard disk drive, floppy disk drive, printer, computer keyboard with a standard level station connected via VGA card and monitor station level computer, the computer connected to the station level via the serial communication interface of each lane of the toll extended computer subsystem. 此外在站级计算机扩展槽插入远程通讯接口卡可以与收费中心联网。 Further remote communication interface card insertion station level computer expansion slot can be networked with the charge center. 站级管理计算机主要承担接收各车道计算机的数据(包括图像数据),建立数据和图像数据库,数据和图像的显示查询,免费车和冲卡车的实时监视,自动打印冲卡车处理通知单,各当班收费员收费金额的结算和核查,有关的财务管理,交通量汇集统计,各种报表的生成打印,收费员排班登记,各收费道收费标准的设定和修改,向车道收费计算机下达有关指令等工作。 Station level is mainly responsible management computer receives data for each lane of the computer (including image data), to establish real-time monitoring and display image data query databases, data and images, free cars and trucks rushed to automatically print red truck Treatment Notice, each duty toll fee amount of the settlement and verification, relating to financial management, traffic statistics collection, generates print a variety of reports, scheduling toll registration, the toll road fees are set and modify, issued relevant instructions to the lane charge computer and so on.

车道收费计算机子系统由车道收费计算机、硬盘驱动器、软盘驱动器、票据打印机、带有收费键和免费键的操作键盘、VGA卡、显示器、视频捕捉卡、摄像机、串行通讯扩展接口、外部显示器、车型自动判断装置、I/O扩展接口、整车判定装置、冲卡信号装置、入口自动栏杆、以及安装在收费道路出口的出口自动栏杆、放行按钮、车辆计数器等部件组成。 Lane toll lane toll computer subsystem consists of a computer hard drive, floppy disk drive, receipt printer, keyboard with keys and toll free bonds, VGA cards, monitors, video capture cards, cameras, serial communications expansion interface, an external display, automatic vehicle judging means, I / O expansion interface, vehicle determining means, signal means punch cards, automatic entrance railing, the railing and the outlet automatically mounted toll road outlet, release of the button, counter and other components of the vehicle. 视频捕捉卡也叫视频影像捕捉卡,也可以用外接视频影像捕捉器担任,它们的基本功能均是将视频图象信号转变为数字信号送计算机存储和回放。 Video capture card, also known as video capture card, can also be used as an external video image capture devices, their basic features are the video image signal into a digital signal sent to computer storage and playback. 车道收费计算机子系统通过串行通讯扩展接口与站级管理计算机的串行通讯扩展接口连接。 Lane toll computer subsystem serial communication serial communication expansion interface connector extension interface and station-level management by computer.

其中硬盘驱动器、软盘驱动器,显示器、票据打印机、操作键盘与车道收费计算机为标准连接。 Wherein the hard disk drive, floppy disk drive, a display, a ticket printer, computer keyboard and lane of the toll to a standard connection.

车型自动判断装置通过串行通讯扩展接口与车道收费计算机连接。 Automatic Vehicle determination device interface extension lane of the toll computer through a serial communication. 车型自动判断装置可选用动态轴重仪、磁卡机、红外探测装置等现有设备中的一种设备来担任。 Automatic Vehicle judging means an apparatus existing equipment can choose the dynamic axle load meter, magnetic machine, or the like as the infrared detection device. 选用动态轴重仪作为车型自动判断装置不仅可以实施按车重和行驶里程收费,而且可以对车辆轴重超载进行自动监测。 A dynamic axle load meter model selection automatic judging means may be embodied not only by charges mileage and vehicle weight, axle load and vehicle overloading can automatically monitored. 动态轴重仪或红外探测装置安装在收费亭前方车道的适当位置(本说明书所指的前后方向与收费车道车辆的行驶方向相反),若是磁卡机置于收费亭工作台上。 Place dynamic axle load meter or infrared detection device is mounted at a toll booth lane in front (front-rear direction opposite to the traveling direction of the vehicle and the toll lane within the meaning of the present specification), if the magnetic machine is placed on the table toll booths. 车型自动判断装置用来产生车型(或车重)信号送车道收费计算机自动计算收费金额。 Determining means for generating an automatic car vehicle (or vehicle weight) signal sent lane charge computer automatically calculates the charge amount.

整车判别装置用来配合动态轴重仪工作,通过I/O扩展接口与车道收费计算机连接,向计算机提供整车所有轴重已检测完毕的信号,可由现有地磁车辆检测器、感应线圈车辆检测器、超声波车辆检测器、红外发射接收器中的一种来实现。 Vehicle with means for determining dynamic axle load meter work, through I / O expansion interface is connected with the charge computer lane, all vehicle axle provides a signal to the computer has completed the detection, the vehicle may be conventional geomagnetic sensor, an induction coil of the vehicle detector, an ultrasonic detector of the vehicle, an infrared transmitter a receiver is implemented. 采用红外发射接收器应在轴重仪的附近位置作倾斜安装。 Infrared transmitter receivers should be mounted in an inclined position near the axle load meter.

外部显示器安装在收费亭窗口外面正对驾驶员的适当位置。 External display window is installed outside the toll booth positive position of the driver. 外部显示器可采用LED显示器或CRT显示器担任。 An external monitor can be used as a CRT display or an LED display. 外部显示器通过串行通讯扩展接口与车道收费计算机连接。 Expansion interface connected with the external display lane of the toll computer through a serial communication. 外部显示器用来显示出口车道代号、收费金额以及轴重超载禁止驶入等信息。 External display shows the exit lane code, the amount charged and prohibited from entering the axle overloading and other information.

操作键盘包括有一个收费功能键和一个免费功能键。 Keyboard includes a toll free function keys and a function key. 收费员按计算机显示的金额收费后接收费键,计算机将收入记账同时打开入口自动栏杆让车辆通过。 After the toll amount charged by the computer display key access charges, revenue accounting computer will automatically open at the entrance railing let the vehicle pass. 如果是免费车,收费员确认后按免费键,计算机作免费处理同时启动摄像机对车辆摄像并打开自动栏杆让车辆通过。 If the latter is free car, toll free press confirm button, the computer for free and start processing the camera on the vehicle and open the camera automatically railing let the vehicle pass.

入口自动栏杆安装在收费亭后面能挡住交费车的适当位置,入口自动栏杆通过I/O扩展接口与计算机连接。 An inlet mounted at the rear railing automatically toll booth payment position to block the car, automatic entrance railing connected through I / O expansion interface with the computer. 入口自动栏杆受收费键和免费键的控制,车辆通过后自动关闭。 Automatic toll controlled inlet railing keys and key free, closed automatically by the vehicle.

冲卡信号装置可采用红外探头或红外发射接收器,安装在入口自动栏杆前面或后面的适当位置,通过I/O扩展接口与计算机连接。 Punching apparatus may employ an infrared sensor signal transmitter or infrared receiver mounted in place automatic entrance railing of the front or rear, is connected via I / O expansion interface with the computer. 如果未通过收费键或免费键打开自动栏杆车辆就强行通过(冲卡),冲卡信号装置向计算机发出冲卡信号,计算机作冲卡处理并启动摄像机对冲卡车摄像。 If you do not turn on the automatic key free vehicle through the toll railing key or forcibly by (red card), red cards signaling device emits a signal to the computer punch card, punch card processing for computer and start the camera hedge truck camera.

摄像机安装在收费亭后面、正对车辆行驶方向能摄录下车辆正面图像的适当位置。 A camera mounted behind the toll booth, facing the direction of travel of the vehicle can place video image of the vehicle front. 摄像机通过视频捕捉卡与计算机连接。 Connect your camcorder to the computer via video capture card. 免费键和冲卡信号通过计算机控制摄像机对免费车、冲卡车、超轴重车摄像(每车一帧)。 Free key card and red signals through a computer-controlled camera to free the car, truck red, ultra-axle car camera (one per car). 车辆的图像数据和其他数据经车道收费计算机送站级管理计算机子系统数据库保存,以备核查和留作证据。 The image data of the vehicle and other data sent by the computer-lane toll station level management computer subsystem database saved for verification and reserved for evidence.

出口自动栏杆安装在收费道路的出口处,通过电路与放行按钮、车辆计数器连接,出口自动栏杆每打开一次车辆计数器自动加1。 Automatic exit railing is mounted at the exit of the toll road, the release button is connected through the circuit, the vehicle counter, the outlet opens automatically each time the vehicle railing counter is automatically incremented. 出口自动栏杆、放行按钮、车辆计数器等出口设施用于出口验票,其中车辆计数器用来核对通过车辆数和应回收的票据副卷数。 Automatic exit railing, release buttons, counters, etc. vehicles for export outlet facility ticket, wherein the counter for checking the vehicle number of the vehicle and the number of sub-volumes through the bill to be recovered.

车道收费计算机子系统承担车辆数据采集,车型判断(或超轴重车辆监测及整车重量计算),收费金额计价、显示,打印票据,收费记账,开启电动栏杆,控制摄象机摄象,暂时存放通过车辆的有关数据及图像,向上级计算机传送数据,接收上级计算机的指令等工作。 Lane charge computer data acquisition subsystem borne vehicle, vehicle determines (or Super axle weight vehicle and vehicle monitoring), the charge amount meter, display, print tickets, billing charges, open electric fence, camera photographing control, by temporarily storing the relevant data and the image of the vehicle, the computer transmits data to the higher, the higher the computer receiving operation instructions and the like.

下面结合附图对本发明的具体实施例进行详细说明。 The following specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

附图1是本发明的系统结构框图。 Figure 1 is a block diagram of the system of the present invention.

附图2是本发明打印票据的一种实施例。 Figure 2 is a print ticket of the embodiment of the present invention.

附图3是本发明的外部设备安装示意图。 Figure 3 is an external schematic view of the installation apparatus of the invention.

参见附图1,站级管理计算机子系统(1)包括站级计算机(2)、硬盘驱动器(3)、软盘驱动器(4)、打印机(5)、键盘(6)、VGA卡(7)、显示器(8)、串行通讯扩展接口(9)等部件。 Referring to Figure 1, station level management computer subsystem (1) comprises a station level computer (2), a hard disk drive (3), a floppy disk drive (4), a printer (5), a keyboard (6), VGA card (7), display (8), extended serial communication interface (9) and other components. 其中站级计算机(2)采用Pentium120微型计算机(16M内存),硬盘驱动器(3)采用850M硬盘驱动器,软盘驱动器(4)采用3.5寸软盘驱动器,打印机(5)采用彩色宽行打印机,键盘(6)采用标准键盘,VGA卡(7)采用640×480 65536色VGA卡,显示器(8)采用17寸彩色显示器,串行通讯接口(9)采用RS-422串行通讯接口卡。 Wherein the station level computer (2) using Pentium120 microcomputer (16M memory), a hard disk drive (3) 850M hard drive, floppy disk drive (4) with 3.5-inch floppy disk drive, a printer (5) using a color line printer, a keyboard (6 ) using a standard keyboard, the VGA card (7) using 640 × 480 65536 color VGA card, a display (8) 17-inch color display, serial communication interface (9) using the RS-422 serial communication interface card. 硬盘驱动器(3)、软盘驱动器(4)、键盘(6)、打印机(5)与站级计算机(2)为标准连接,VGA卡(7)、串行通讯接口(9)插入站级计算机(2)的扩展槽,显示器(8)与VGA卡(7)连接。 A hard disk drive (3), a floppy disk drive (4), a keyboard (6), a printer (5) and a station level computer (2) to a standard connection, VGA card (7), serial communication interface (9) into the station level computer ( 2) expansion slot, a display (8) to the VGA card (7) is connected. 站级管理计算机子系统(1)安装在收费车道附近的控制室内。 Station-level management computer subsystem (1) installed in the control room near the toll lane.

车道收费计算机子系统(10)包括车道收费计算机(11)、硬盘驱动器(12)、软盘驱动器(13)、票据打印机(14)、带有收费键和免费键的操作键盘(15)、VGA卡(16)、显示器(17)、视频捕捉卡(18)、摄像机(19)、串行通讯扩展接口(20a)、(20b)、外部显示器(21)、车型自动判断装置(22)、I/O扩展接口(23)、整车判定装置(24)、冲卡信号装置(25)、入口自动栏杆(26)、以及安装在收费道路出口的出口自动栏杆(27)、放行按钮(28)、车辆计数器(29)等部件。 Lane charge computer subsystem (10) comprises a lane of the toll computer (11), a hard disk drive (12), a floppy disk drive (13), receipt printer (14), keyboard with charges keys and free keys (15), VGA card (16), a display (17), video capture card (18), a camera (19), serial communication extension interface (20a), (20b), an external display (21), means automatically determine the vehicle (22), I / O expansion interface (23), the vehicle determining means (24), punch card signal means (25), automatic entrance railing (26), and an outlet mounted in the automatic toll road railings outlet (27), the release button (28), vehicle counter (29) and other components.

车道收费计算机(11)采用486DX4-100微型计算机(8M内存),硬盘驱动器(12)采用120M硬盘驱动器,软盘驱动器(13)采用3.5寸软盘驱动器,票据打印机(14)采用专用票据打印机,操作键盘(15)可采用通用键盘或专用键盘,操作键盘(15)包括有一个收费键和一个免费键,VGA卡(16)采用640×480 65536色VGA卡,显示器(17)采用12寸彩色显示器、视频捕捉卡(18采用Vidio Blaster TR300视频捕捉卡,摄像机(19)采用V8摄像机,串行通讯扩展接(21a)采用RS-422串行通讯接口卡,串行通讯扩展接口(21b)采用RS-232串行通讯接口卡,外部显示器(21)采用LED显示屏,车型自动判断装置(22)采用动态轴重仪,I/O扩展接口(23)采用I/O接口卡,整车判定装置(24)和冲卡信号装置(25)采用红外发射接收器,入口自动栏杆(26)和出口自动栏杆(27)采用电动自动栏杆,放行按钮(28)采用普通按钮、车辆计数器(29)采用电磁计数器。 Lane charge computer (11) using 486DX4-100 microcomputer (8M memory), a hard disk drive (12) using 120M hard drive, floppy disk drive (13) using the 3.5-inch floppy disk drive, a ticket printer (14) using a dedicated ticket printer, keyboard (15) can be universal keyboard or a special keyboard, a keypad (15) comprises a charge key and a key free, VGA cards (16) using 640 × 480 65536 color VGA card, a display (17) using the 12-inch color display, video capture card (18 Vidio Blaster TR300 using video capture card, a video camera (19) using V8 cameras, serial communication connection extension (21a) using the RS-422 serial communication interface cards, serial communication extension interface (21b) using RS- serial communication interface card 232, an external display (21) with LED display, automatic vehicle judgment means (22) dynamic axle load meter, I / O expansion interface (23) The I / O interface cards, vehicle determining means ( 24) and punch card signal means (25) uses an infrared transmitter receiver inlet automatically railing (26) and an outlet automatically railing (27) The automatic electric railing, the release button (28) using the push button, the vehicle counter (29) using electromagnetic counter.

车道收费计算机子系统(10)通过串行通讯扩展接(20a)与站级管理计算机系统(1)的串行通讯扩展接口(9)连接。 Lane charge computer subsystem (10) via the serial communication connection extension (20a) and station-level management computer system (1) extended serial communication interface (9). 硬盘驱动器(12)、软盘驱动器(13)、票据打印机(14)、操作键盘(15)与计算机为标准连接,整车判定装置(24)、冲卡信号装置(25)、入口自动栏杆(26)通过I/O扩展接口(23)与车道收费计算机(11)连接,外部显示器(21)、动态轴重仪(22)通过串行通讯接(20b)与车道收费计算机(11)连接,摄像机(19)通过视频捕捉卡(18)与车道收费计算机(11)连接,显示器(17)通过VGA卡(16)与车道收费计算机(11)连接,串行通信接(20a)通过扩展槽与车道收费计算机(11)连接。 A hard disk drive (12), a floppy disk drive (13), receipt printer (14), keypad (15) and the computer as a standard connector, vehicle determining means (24), punch card signal means (25), an inlet automatic railing (26 ) is connected through I / O expansion interface (23) and the lane charge computer (11), an external display (21), the dynamic axle load meter (22) connected via serial communication (20b) and the lane charge computer (11) connected to the camera (19) connected by a video capture card (18) and the lane charge computer (11), a display (17) via the VGA card (16) and the lane charge computer (11) connected to a serial communication interface (20a) by an expansion slot and the lane charge computer (11). 出口自动栏杆(27)、放行按钮(28)、按电动栏杆使用说明书连接,车辆计数器(29)与出口自动栏杆(27)并联。 Automatic railing outlet (27), the release button (28), connected by electric fence instructions for use, the vehicle counter (29) and the outlet automatically railing (27) in parallel.

附图3为本发明具有严密监督机制的公路收费系统外部设施的布置示意图。 Figure 3 present a schematic arrangement of the road toll facility outside the system monitoring mechanism of the present invention having a close. 图中CHR为收费道入口,CHC为收费道出口,STR为入口收费亭,STC为出口收费亭。 FIG inlet channel charge is CHR, CHC channel outlet is charged, STR inlet toll booths, STC toll booths for export. 在入口收费亭前方路面上安装动态轴重仪的称重板(22),动态轴重仪前面道路两旁安装整车判定装置(24),该装置为红外发射接收器与路面成倾斜安装。 Dynamic axle load weighing instrument mounting plate (22) on the inlet front road toll booths, the dynamic axle load meter installed along the road in front of the vehicle determining means (24), the device is an infrared transmitter and the receiver is mounted in an inclined road surface. 入口收费亭后安装入口自动栏杆(26)。 Automatic installation railing inlet (26) after the entry toll booths. 自动栏杆后安装冲卡信号装置(25)。 Punching signaling device (25) automatically after parapet. 冲卡装置信号后安装摄像机(19)。 After mounting the camera signal Punching apparatus (19). 外部显示器(21)安装在入口收费亭STR窗口上方。 External display (21) mounted above the inlet window STR toll booths. 出口自动栏杆(27)安装在出口收费亭STC附近,放行按钮(28)和车辆计数器(29)安装在出口收费亭内。 Auto exports railing (27) mounted near the exit toll booth STC, release the button (28) and the vehicle counter (29) installed at the exit fee kiosks.

本发明具有严密监督机制的公路收费系统采用入口收费出口验票的收费方式。 Highway toll collection system of the present invention has adopted strict supervision mechanism of charging methods of the entry toll ticket outlet. 出口自动栏杆(27)、放行按钮(28)、车辆计数器(29)用于出口验票,其中车辆计数器用来核对回收副卷数。 Automatic railing outlet (27), the release button (28), the vehicle counter (29) for exit ticket, wherein the number of volumes of the vehicle counter is used to check the sub-recovery.

本发明具有严密监督机制的公路收费系统可用于封闭式收费也可用于开放式收费和双向收费。 Road toll system with strict supervision mechanism of the present invention may also be used for closed open toll fees and charges bidirectional. 用于封闭式收费打印的票据带有附卷(31)。 Toll ticket for printing with notes from the closed (31). 票据票样的一种实施例见附图2,票据包括正卷(30)、附卷(31)。 A Coupon Ticket like Example see Figure 2, comprises a positive ticket roll (30), docketed into the file (31).

本发明具有严密监督机制的公路收费系统由于其严密的监督机制可以杜绝收费过程中的一切少收漏收现象,一个中等车流量的收费站每年至少可增收过路费360多万元,两个月即可拿回全部设备投资。 Highway toll system of the present invention has a strict monitoring mechanism due to its strict supervision mechanism can prevent charging process all received less revenue leakage phenomenon, a moderate traffic toll may increase tolls at least more than 360 million per year, for two months you can get back all the equipment investment. 若新建高等级公路收费站和其他收费站都安装上该系统,经济效益将更加显著。 If the new highway toll booths and other toll stations are installed on the system, the economic benefits will be more significant.

Claims (4)

1.一种公路收费系统,它主要由站级管理计算机子系统和车道收费计算机子系统组成,其特征在于:①站级计算机通过串行通讯扩展接口与各车道收费计算机连接;②在车道收费计算机子系统中设置了视频捕捉卡、摄像机、冲卡信号装置和入口自动栏杆;③摄像机通过视频捕捉卡与车道收费计算机连接,将模拟信号转变成数字信号存储进计算机中;④冲卡信号装置通过I/O卡与车道收费计算机连接,并与操作键盘上的免费键都通过车道收费计算机控制着摄像机的工作;⑤入口自动栏杆的电气部分通过I/O卡与车道收费计算机连接,入口自动栏杆的动作受操作键盘的收费键和免费键控制;⑥车道收费计算机连接的操作键盘中包括有一个收费功能键和一个免费功能键。 A road toll system, which is mainly from the management computer station subsystem level and lane charge computer subsystem, wherein is: ① station level computer via the serial communication interface extension each lane of charge computer; ② toll lane computer subsystem is set in the video capture card, a video camera, red card inlet means and the signal automatic railings; ③ camera via a video capture card and the lane charge computer, converting the analog signal into digital signal into a computer memory; ④ punching signal means O card and lane of the toll computer are connected via I /, and free on the keyboard and the operation through the lane charge computer controls the camera operation; electrical part ⑤ inlet automatically railing is connected via I / O card and the lane charge computer, automatic entrance railings action charging key free key and controlled by the operation of the keyboard; ⑥ lane charges connected computer keyboard includes a charging function keys and a free function keys.
2.按权利要求1所述的公路收费系统,其特征是:在车道收费计算机子系统中还设置了车型自动判断装置,车型自动判断装置通过串行通讯扩展接口与车道收费计算机连接; 2. road toll system according to claim 1, wherein: the lane charge computer subsystem is also provided a vehicle automatic judging means, means automatically determine the vehicle lane toll expansion interface connected computer through a serial communication;
3.根据权利要求1和2所述公路收费系统,其特征在于:当应用于封闭式公路收费系统时,在出口单独设置了出口自动栏杆和车辆计数器,出口自动栏杆通过电路与放行按钮和车辆计数器连接,栏杆每打开一次车辆计数器也同时自动加一。 1 and 2 according to the road charging system according to claim, wherein: when applied to a closed highway toll system, is provided at the outlet of the outlet and the vehicle automatic counter separate railing, the railing by the automatic export button and release circuit of the vehicle a counter connected to each railing also be opened once the vehicle counter incremented by one.
4.根据权利要求1所述公路收费系统,其特征在于车道收费计算机可采用RS—422串行通讯接口与站级计算机连接,车型自动判断装置可采用动态轴重仪,其称重板装于收费亭前方路面,称重板处道路两旁还装有整车判定装置,该装置若为红外发射接收器时则与路面成倾斜安装,入口自动栏杆装于收费亭后,入口自动栏杆旁又装有冲卡信号装置,它采用红外发射接收器,在红外发射接收器后安装摄像机,车辆计数器采用电磁计数器。 According to claim 1 to the road toll system, characterized in that the charge computer lane can be RS-422 serial communication interface connected to the computer and the station level, the automatic determining means may employ models dynamic axle load meter, installed on board weighed toll booths road in front of, both sides of the road vehicle is also equipped with the weighing plate of the determining means and the road surface is inclined installation if the infrared transmitting and receiving unit, mounted on the inlet of the automatic toll booth railing, the railing and automatically installed next to the entrance there red card signaling device, which uses an infrared transmitter receiver, a camera installed in the infrared transmitting and receiving devices, the vehicle counter electromagnetic counter.
CN 96100961 1996-01-18 1996-01-18 Toll-gate system with close surveillance system CN1135063A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 96100961 CN1135063A (en) 1996-01-18 1996-01-18 Toll-gate system with close surveillance system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 96100961 CN1135063A (en) 1996-01-18 1996-01-18 Toll-gate system with close surveillance system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1135063A true CN1135063A (en) 1996-11-06

Family

ID=5116839

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 96100961 CN1135063A (en) 1996-01-18 1996-01-18 Toll-gate system with close surveillance system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN1135063A (en)

Cited By (22)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100511285C (en) 2003-05-13 2009-07-08 松下电器产业株式会社 Value holding system, value holding method, value holding program, and transaction system
US9481366B1 (en) 2015-08-19 2016-11-01 International Business Machines Corporation Automated control of interactions between self-driving vehicles and animals
US9481367B1 (en) 2015-10-14 2016-11-01 International Business Machines Corporation Automated control of interactions between self-driving vehicles and animals
US9483948B1 (en) 2015-08-07 2016-11-01 International Business Machines Corporation Automated control of interactions between self-driving vehicles and pedestrians
US9566986B1 (en) 2015-09-25 2017-02-14 International Business Machines Corporation Controlling driving modes of self-driving vehicles
US9721397B2 (en) 2015-08-11 2017-08-01 International Business Machines Corporation Automatic toll booth interaction with self-driving vehicles
US9718471B2 (en) 2015-08-18 2017-08-01 International Business Machines Corporation Automated spatial separation of self-driving vehicles from manually operated vehicles
US9731726B2 (en) 2015-09-02 2017-08-15 International Business Machines Corporation Redirecting self-driving vehicles to a product provider based on physiological states of occupants of the self-driving vehicles
US9751532B2 (en) 2015-10-27 2017-09-05 International Business Machines Corporation Controlling spacing of self-driving vehicles based on social network relationships
US9785145B2 (en) 2015-08-07 2017-10-10 International Business Machines Corporation Controlling driving modes of self-driving vehicles
US9791861B2 (en) 2015-11-12 2017-10-17 International Business Machines Corporation Autonomously servicing self-driving vehicles
US9834224B2 (en) 2015-10-15 2017-12-05 International Business Machines Corporation Controlling driving modes of self-driving vehicles
US9836973B2 (en) 2016-01-27 2017-12-05 International Business Machines Corporation Selectively controlling a self-driving vehicle's access to a roadway
US9869560B2 (en) 2015-07-31 2018-01-16 International Business Machines Corporation Self-driving vehicle's response to a proximate emergency vehicle
US9896100B2 (en) 2015-08-24 2018-02-20 International Business Machines Corporation Automated spatial separation of self-driving vehicles from other vehicles based on occupant preferences
US9944291B2 (en) 2015-10-27 2018-04-17 International Business Machines Corporation Controlling driving modes of self-driving vehicles
US10061326B2 (en) 2015-12-09 2018-08-28 International Business Machines Corporation Mishap amelioration based on second-order sensing by a self-driving vehicle
US10093322B2 (en) 2016-09-15 2018-10-09 International Business Machines Corporation Automatically providing explanations for actions taken by a self-driving vehicle
US10152060B2 (en) 2017-03-08 2018-12-11 International Business Machines Corporation Protecting contents of a smart vault being transported by a self-driving vehicle
US10176525B2 (en) 2015-11-09 2019-01-08 International Business Machines Corporation Dynamically adjusting insurance policy parameters for a self-driving vehicle
US10259452B2 (en) 2017-01-04 2019-04-16 International Business Machines Corporation Self-driving vehicle collision management system
US10363893B2 (en) 2017-01-05 2019-07-30 International Business Machines Corporation Self-driving vehicle contextual lock control system

Cited By (29)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100511285C (en) 2003-05-13 2009-07-08 松下电器产业株式会社 Value holding system, value holding method, value holding program, and transaction system
US9869560B2 (en) 2015-07-31 2018-01-16 International Business Machines Corporation Self-driving vehicle's response to a proximate emergency vehicle
US9483948B1 (en) 2015-08-07 2016-11-01 International Business Machines Corporation Automated control of interactions between self-driving vehicles and pedestrians
US9785145B2 (en) 2015-08-07 2017-10-10 International Business Machines Corporation Controlling driving modes of self-driving vehicles
US9721397B2 (en) 2015-08-11 2017-08-01 International Business Machines Corporation Automatic toll booth interaction with self-driving vehicles
US9718471B2 (en) 2015-08-18 2017-08-01 International Business Machines Corporation Automated spatial separation of self-driving vehicles from manually operated vehicles
US9481366B1 (en) 2015-08-19 2016-11-01 International Business Machines Corporation Automated control of interactions between self-driving vehicles and animals
US10202117B2 (en) 2015-08-24 2019-02-12 International Business Machines Corporation Automated spatial separation of self-driving vehicles from other vehicles based on occupant preferences
US9896100B2 (en) 2015-08-24 2018-02-20 International Business Machines Corporation Automated spatial separation of self-driving vehicles from other vehicles based on occupant preferences
US10173679B2 (en) 2015-08-24 2019-01-08 International Business Machines Corporation Automated spatial separation of self-driving vehicles from other vehicles based on occupant preferences
US9731726B2 (en) 2015-09-02 2017-08-15 International Business Machines Corporation Redirecting self-driving vehicles to a product provider based on physiological states of occupants of the self-driving vehicles
US9884629B2 (en) 2015-09-02 2018-02-06 International Business Machines Corporation Redirecting self-driving vehicles to a product provider based on physiological states of occupants of the self-driving vehicles
US9566986B1 (en) 2015-09-25 2017-02-14 International Business Machines Corporation Controlling driving modes of self-driving vehicles
US10029701B2 (en) 2015-09-25 2018-07-24 International Business Machines Corporation Controlling driving modes of self-driving vehicles
US9481367B1 (en) 2015-10-14 2016-11-01 International Business Machines Corporation Automated control of interactions between self-driving vehicles and animals
US9834224B2 (en) 2015-10-15 2017-12-05 International Business Machines Corporation Controlling driving modes of self-driving vehicles
US9981669B2 (en) 2015-10-15 2018-05-29 International Business Machines Corporation Controlling driving modes of self-driving vehicles
US9751532B2 (en) 2015-10-27 2017-09-05 International Business Machines Corporation Controlling spacing of self-driving vehicles based on social network relationships
US9944291B2 (en) 2015-10-27 2018-04-17 International Business Machines Corporation Controlling driving modes of self-driving vehicles
US10176525B2 (en) 2015-11-09 2019-01-08 International Business Machines Corporation Dynamically adjusting insurance policy parameters for a self-driving vehicle
US9791861B2 (en) 2015-11-12 2017-10-17 International Business Machines Corporation Autonomously servicing self-driving vehicles
US10061326B2 (en) 2015-12-09 2018-08-28 International Business Machines Corporation Mishap amelioration based on second-order sensing by a self-driving vehicle
US9836973B2 (en) 2016-01-27 2017-12-05 International Business Machines Corporation Selectively controlling a self-driving vehicle's access to a roadway
US10109195B2 (en) 2016-01-27 2018-10-23 International Business Machines Corporation Selectively controlling a self-driving vehicle's access to a roadway
US10093322B2 (en) 2016-09-15 2018-10-09 International Business Machines Corporation Automatically providing explanations for actions taken by a self-driving vehicle
US10207718B2 (en) 2016-09-15 2019-02-19 International Business Machines Corporation Automatically providing explanations for actions taken by a self-driving vehicle
US10259452B2 (en) 2017-01-04 2019-04-16 International Business Machines Corporation Self-driving vehicle collision management system
US10363893B2 (en) 2017-01-05 2019-07-30 International Business Machines Corporation Self-driving vehicle contextual lock control system
US10152060B2 (en) 2017-03-08 2018-12-11 International Business Machines Corporation Protecting contents of a smart vault being transported by a self-driving vehicle

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
AU2005242715B2 (en) Toll fee system and method
US20140289024A1 (en) System, method and computer readable medium for billing tolls
EP0798668B1 (en) An automatic toll charging system and a vehicle-mounted unit used in the automatic toll charging system
CN1133969C (en) Method and apparatus for registering outer characteristics of vehicle in road toll unit
US4774571A (en) Computerized ticket dispenser system
CN1731453B (en) Method and system for intelligent loading/unloading lot guiding and charging management of three-dimensional carbarn
CN101253540A (en) Pay parking system and method
US4603390A (en) Computerized parking system
CN104867191B (en) Parking fee system of electronic toll collection equipment and method based on
CN103593879A (en) Vehicle positioning integrated intelligent charge management system and method applied to same
CN102063743B (en) Public road parking charging method and implementation system thereof
WO2008001714A1 (en) Automatic toll receiving system with no vehicle type judging device
US5777951A (en) Parking meter
CN101441813A (en) Parking ground management system based on image processing
CN102855671A (en) No-obstacle parking charging system and method thereof
US7667619B2 (en) Parking violation surveillance system
CN1493061A (en) Control method for toll determination system
US7002487B1 (en) Parking violation surveillance system
CN101587598A (en) Electronic tag intelligent card port management system
KR100243318B1 (en) Close toll collection system of mixed type
CN100587725C (en) Control method for electronic charging system without parking
CN102881170B (en) Parking a vehicle anti-theft system and anti-theft method
US20050068196A1 (en) Automated enforcement of parking meters
CN1851777A (en) Vehicle video data digging system and method for obtaining evidence about drive against traffic regulations
CN1416104A (en) Method for charging moving vehicle on road and system thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
C10 Request of examination as to substance
C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)