CN113373873A - Water diversion structure for water conservancy and hydropower engineering - Google Patents

Water diversion structure for water conservancy and hydropower engineering Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113373873A
CN113373873A CN202110643653.1A CN202110643653A CN113373873A CN 113373873 A CN113373873 A CN 113373873A CN 202110643653 A CN202110643653 A CN 202110643653A CN 113373873 A CN113373873 A CN 113373873A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
sedimentation tank
baffle
filter
rose box
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Granted
Application number
CN202110643653.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN113373873B (en
Inventor
李树山
王笃丰
刘锁柱
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202110643653.1A priority Critical patent/CN113373873B/en
Publication of CN113373873A publication Critical patent/CN113373873A/en
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Publication of CN113373873B publication Critical patent/CN113373873B/en
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B5/00Artificial water canals, e.g. irrigation canals
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D36/00Filter circuits or combinations of filters with other separating devices
    • B01D36/04Combinations of filters with settling tanks
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B13/00Irrigation ditches, i.e. gravity flow, open channel water distribution systems
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B5/00Artificial water canals, e.g. irrigation canals
    • E02B5/08Details, e.g. gates, screens
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B5/00Artificial water canals, e.g. irrigation canals
    • E02B5/08Details, e.g. gates, screens
    • E02B5/085Arresting devices for waterborne materials, e.g. gratings

Abstract

The invention discloses a water diversion structure for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, and belongs to the technical field of hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering. Including drainage channel, sedimentation tank, rose box, the water inlet intercommunication that drainage channel and sedimentation tank upper end left side set up, the rose box passes through water channel and connects on the sedimentation tank right side, rose box inside from left to right has set gradually last baffle and lower baffle, upward be provided with the filter screen between baffle and the lower baffle, the inside lower baffle right side of rose box is provided with the outlet pipe, be connected with the water pump on the outlet pipe, bottom in the sedimentation tank and rose box bottom baffle left side all are equipped with scrapes mud mechanism. The water diversion structure is simple in structure, floating impurities and sludge in water can be effectively filtered and removed, the water pump is effectively protected, the service life of the water diversion structure is prolonged, the water diversion efficiency is improved, and the water diversion structure is convenient to popularize and use.

Description

Water diversion structure for water conservancy and hydropower engineering
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, and particularly relates to a water diversion structure for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering.
Background
The diversion structures such as diversion canals and the like and the flow of the sedimentation-filtration-disinfection system form a drinking water treatment system which is most basically recognized by people in recent times. And has wide application in agricultural irrigation and other multiple living fields. The water diversion channel is an important channel structure in water conservancy projects and plays roles in water source conveying, water diversion and power generation, agricultural irrigation and the like.
When agricultural irrigation, generally need introduce the irrigation canals and ditches in the water, and then irrigate crops, general diversion structure is that to drop into the irrigation canals and ditches with the inlet tube inside, utilize the water pump to take water into the farmland in, but inside floating rubbish of irrigation canals and ditches and silt are more, directly use these water can lead to the fact serious pollution to the farmland, silt makes the water pump jam and inconvenient clearance easily simultaneously, make it damage, reduce the life of water pump, the filter head all need be installed to the end one end of intaking of inlet tube, but, can influence the play water of water pump when debris adhere to on the filter head of the end of intaking of inlet tube.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a water diversion structure for water conservancy and hydropower engineering, so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows:
the utility model provides a diversion structure for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, includes drainage channel 1, sedimentation tank 2, rose box 3, the water inlet intercommunication that drainage channel 1 and 2 upper ends left sides of sedimentation tank set up, rose box 3 connects on 2 right sides of sedimentation tank through water channel 4, rose box 3 is inside from left to right has set gradually baffle 5 and lower baffle 6, upward be provided with filter screen 7 between baffle 5 and the lower baffle 6, 6 right sides of baffle are provided with outlet pipe 8 under 3 inside lieing in of rose box, be connected with water pump 9 on the outlet pipe 8, 6 left sides of bottom and lower baffle all are equipped with scrapes mud mechanism in the sedimentation tank 2.
The filter screen 7 is obliquely arranged from left to right upwards.
The mud scraping mechanism comprises a speed reducing motor 10, a screw rod 11, a moving block 12 and a scraper 13, the screw rod 11 is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the speed reducing motor 10, the moving block 12 is sleeved on the screw rod 11 in a threaded manner, the scraper 13 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the moving block 12, and the speed reducing motor 10 is symmetrically arranged and is respectively located on the outer wall of the right side of the sedimentation tank 2 and the outer wall of the left side of the filter box 3.
The bottom of the right side of the sedimentation tank 2 and the bottom of the left side of the filter box 3 are both provided with a sewage discharge pipe 14, a baffle 15 is movably inserted in the sewage discharge pipe 14, and sealing gaskets are arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the baffle 15, which are in contact with the sewage discharge pipe 14.
A sewage collecting groove 16 is arranged below the sewage draining pipe 14.
The right end of the drainage channel 1 is positioned above the sedimentation tank 2 and is connected with a filtration groove 19, and the right end of the filtration groove 19 is connected with a drainage channel 20.
The inside water inlet department that is located sedimentation tank 2 of drainage channel 1 is provided with buffering filter 17, buffering filter 17 includes corrugate buffering baffle and connects the slope filter plate at corrugate buffering baffle right-hand member, and just cushions the filter 17 left end and passes through the nut to be fixed in sedimentation tank 2 bottoms, and buffering filter 17 right-hand member passes through the nut to be fixed in straining miscellaneous groove 19 bottoms.
The inclined filter plate is characterized in that clamping grooves are formed in the front side edge and the rear side edge of the inclined filter plate, a sealing plate 18 is movably inserted into the clamping grooves, and fixing nuts are connected to the sealing plate 18 in a threaded mode.
A plurality of water passing channels 4 are arranged, and valves 21 are arranged in the water passing channels 4.
The water inlet of the sedimentation tank 2, the water passing channel 4 and the lower partition plate 6 are sequentially reduced in height from left to right.
In conclusion, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1. according to the invention, a large amount of sludge impurities in water can be precipitated and filtered firstly by arranging the sedimentation tank, and then sludge in the precipitated water is filtered again by arranging the upper partition plate, the lower partition plate and the filter screen in the filter box, so that the phenomenon of blockage of the water diversion pipe is avoided, the water supply of the water pump is not influenced, the water pump is effectively protected, and the water diversion efficiency is improved.
2. The sludge scraper is arranged, so that sludge precipitated in the sedimentation tank and the filter box can be effectively removed.
3. The buffering filter plate and the impurity filtering groove arranged in the invention can filter floating garbage on the water surface, and the phenomenon that the diversion pipe and the water pump are blocked because the floating garbage enters the sedimentation tank and the filter box is avoided, thereby improving the diversion efficiency.
4. The corrugated buffer baffle of the buffer filter plate can firstly carry out sludge sedimentation in the drainage channel, and less sludge enters the sedimentation tank, so that the service life of the water diversion structure is prolonged.
5. The drainage channel provided by the invention can effectively drain a part of water flow when meeting large water flow, thereby improving the safety and reliability of the water diversion structure.
In conclusion, the water diversion structure is simple in structure, floating impurities and sludge in water can be effectively filtered and removed, the water pump is effectively protected, the service life of the water diversion structure is prolonged, the water diversion efficiency is improved, and the water diversion structure is convenient to popularize and use.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a front view of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the buffer filter plate according to the present invention.
The labels in the figure are: a drainage channel 1; a sedimentation tank 2; a filter tank 3; a water passage 4; an upper partition plate 5; a lower partition plate 6; a filter screen 7; a water outlet pipe 8; a water pump 9; a reduction motor 10; a screw rod 11; a moving block 12; a squeegee 13; a sewage drain pipe 14; a baffle 15; a dirt collection tank 16; a buffer filter plate 17; a closing plate 18; a impurity filtering groove 19; a drain passage 20; a valve 21.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the following embodiments and accompanying drawings further illustrate the present invention in detail.
It is to be understood that the terms "left", "right", "front", "rear", and the like, as used herein, are used in an orientation or positional relationship indicated based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, and are used merely for convenience in describing and simplifying the present invention, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Example 1
A water diversion structure for water conservancy and hydropower engineering, which is shown in figures 1 to 3 and comprises a water diversion channel 1, a sedimentation tank 2 and a filter tank 3, the drainage channel 1 is communicated with a water inlet arranged on the left side of the upper end of the sedimentation tank 2, the filter box 3 is connected on the right side of the sedimentation tank 2 through a water passage 4, an upper baffle plate 5 and a lower baffle plate 6 are sequentially arranged in the filter box 3 from left to right, a filter screen 7 is arranged between the upper baffle plate 5 and the lower baffle plate 6, the filter screen 7 is obliquely arranged from left to right upwards, the obliquely arranged filter screen 7 can improve the filtering area and effect, a water outlet pipe 8 is arranged inside the filter box 3 and positioned at the right side of the lower partition plate 6, the water inlet end of the water outlet pipe is positioned at the lower part of the filter box, the water outlet pipe 8 is connected with a water pump 9, the water pump 9 is connected with a water pipe, and the bottom of the sedimentation tank 2 and the bottom of the filter box 3 are both provided with a mud scraping mechanism on the left side of the lower partition plate 6.
The water inlet of the sedimentation tank 2, the water passing channel 4 and the lower baffle 6 are sequentially reduced in height from left to right. The water flows from left to right to the right side of the filter tank 3, is filtered and precipitated, and is finally pumped out of the water outlet pipe 8 through the water pump 9.
The mud scraping mechanism comprises a speed reducing motor 10, a screw rod 11, a moving block 12 and a scraper 13, the screw rod 11 is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the speed reducing motor 10, the moving block 12 is sleeved on the screw rod 11 in a threaded manner, the scraper 13 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the moving block 12, when the speed reducing motor 10 drives the screw rod 11 to rotate, the rotating screw rod 11 drives the moving block 12 and the scraper 13 to move left and right. 10 symmetries of gear motor set up, the gear motor 10 setting of the mud mechanism of scraping that sets up in sedimentation tank 2 sets up on 2 right sides outer walls of sedimentation tank, and the 11 free end activities of lead screw of the mud mechanism of scraping that sets up in sedimentation tank 2 set up on the fixed installation piece on 2 left sides inner walls of sedimentation tank, the gear motor 10 setting of the mud mechanism of scraping that sets up in rose box 3 sets up on the left side outer wall of rose box 3, and the 11 free end activities of lead screw of the mud mechanism of scraping that sets up in rose box 3 set up under on the fixed installation piece on 6 left side walls of baffle.
The bottom of the right side of the sedimentation tank 2 and the bottom of the left side of the filter box 3 are both provided with a sewage discharge pipe 14, a baffle 15 is movably inserted in the sewage discharge pipe 14, and sealing gaskets are arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the baffle 15, which are in contact with the sewage discharge pipe 14. The upper side wall and the lower side wall of the sewage discharge pipe 14 are provided with grooves protruding outwards, and the upper side and the lower side of the baffle 15 are movably positioned in the grooves of the sewage discharge pipe. The front end of the baffle 15 extends out of the front end of the sewage discharge pipe 14, and the front end of the baffle 15 is provided with a hand-pulling ring, so that the baffle 15 can be pulled out of the front end of the sewage discharge pipe 14.
Example 2
In addition to the embodiment 1, the impurity filtering groove 19 is connected above the sedimentation tank 2 at the right end of the flow channel 1, and the drain channel 20 is arranged at the right end of the impurity filtering groove 19. The impurity filtering groove 19 serves to collect floating impurities filtered from the inclined filter plate of the buffer filter plate 17.
Example 3
On embodiment 2 basis, be provided with buffering filter 17 in the inside water inlet department that is located sedimentation tank 2 of flow channel 1, buffering filter 17 includes corrugate buffering baffle and connects the slope filter plate at corrugate buffering baffle right-hand member, and buffering filter 17 left end is passed through the nut and is fixed in sedimentation tank 2 bottom, and buffering filter 17 right-hand member is passed through the nut and is fixed in straining miscellaneous groove 19 bottom. The corrugated buffer baffle of the buffer filter plate 17 is used for buffering and precipitating water in the drainage channel 1 for one time before the water enters the sedimentation tank 2, so that the sludge amount entering the sedimentation tank is reduced. The inclined filter plate of the buffering filter plate 17 is used to filter floating impurities into the impurity filtering groove 19 along with the shaking of water when the water enters the settling tank 2, thereby reducing the floating impurities from entering the settling tank 2.
Clamping grooves are formed in the front side edge and the rear side edge of the inclined filter plate of the buffering filter plate 17, a sealing plate 18 is movably inserted into the clamping grooves, and fixing nuts are connected to the sealing plate 18 in a threaded mode. The shrouding 18 can slide on the slope filter plate of buffering filter 17, when not needing water to get into sedimentation tank 2, can slide shrouding 18 to slope filter plate bottom, and water will flow from the slope filter plate top, and when needs water gets into sedimentation tank 2, can slide shrouding 18 to slope filter plate upper portion, and the rethread screws up fixation nut and fixes shrouding 18 on the slope filter plate of buffering filter 17, and water will flow into in sedimentation tank 2 from the slope filter plate below.
Example 4
In addition to embodiment 1, a sewage collecting tank 16 is provided below the sewage drain pipe 14. The dirt collection tank 16 is used for collecting the sludge scraped from the sedimentation tank 2 and the filter tank 3.
Example 5
On the basis of the embodiment 1, a plurality of water passing channels 4 are arranged between the sedimentation tank 2 and the filter box 3, and valves 21 are arranged in the water passing channels 4. The flow of water into the filter tank 3 can be controlled by controlling the opening and closing of the valve 21 in the water passage 4.
The above description is only exemplary of the invention, and any modification, equivalent replacement, and improvement made within the spirit and principle of the invention should be included in the protection scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a diversion structure for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering, includes drainage channel (1), sedimentation tank (2), rose box (3), its characterized in that, the water inlet intercommunication that drainage channel (1) and sedimentation tank (2) upper end left side set up, rose box (3) are connected on sedimentation tank (2) right side through water channel (4), rose box (3) inside from left to right has set gradually baffle (5) and lower baffle (6), upward be provided with between baffle (5) and lower baffle (6) filter screen (7), the inside right side that lies in lower baffle (6) of rose box (3) sets up outlet pipe (8), be connected with water pump (9) on outlet pipe (8), bottom and lower baffle (6) left side all are equipped with scrapes mud mechanism in sedimentation tank (2).
2. The water diverting structure for water conservancy and hydropower engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that: the filter screen (7) is obliquely arranged from left to right upwards.
3. The water diverting structure for water conservancy and hydropower engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that: the mud scraping mechanism comprises a speed reducing motor (10), a lead screw (11), a moving block (12) and a scraper (13), wherein the lead screw (11) is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the speed reducing motor (10), the moving block (12) is sleeved on the lead screw (11) in a threaded manner, the scraper (13) is fixedly connected to the lower end of the moving block (12), the speed reducing motor (10) is symmetrically arranged and is respectively located on the outer wall of the right side of the sedimentation tank (2) and the outer wall of the left side of the filter box (3).
4. The water diverting structure for water conservancy and hydropower engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that: the sedimentation tank (2) right side bottom and rose box (3) left side bottom all are provided with blow off pipe (14), baffle (15) have been inserted to blow off pipe (14) internalization, the upper and lower both sides of baffle (15) and blow off pipe (14) contact are provided with sealed the pad.
5. The water diverting structure for water conservancy and hydropower engineering according to claim 4, characterized in that: a sewage collecting groove (16) is arranged below the sewage discharging pipe (14).
6. The water diverting structure for water conservancy and hydropower engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that: the right end of the drainage channel (1) is positioned above the sedimentation tank (2) and is connected with a filtration groove (19), and the right end of the filtration groove (19) is connected with a drainage channel (20).
7. The water diverting structure for water conservancy and hydropower engineering according to claim 6, characterized in that: drainage channel (1) inside water inlet department that is located sedimentation tank (2) is provided with buffering filter (17), buffering filter (17) include corrugate buffering baffle and connect the slope filter plate at corrugate buffering baffle right-hand member, and just buffering filter (17) left end passes through the nut to be fixed in sedimentation tank (2) bottom, and buffering filter (17) right-hand member passes through the nut to be fixed in straining miscellaneous groove (19) bottom.
8. The water diverting structure for water conservancy and hydropower engineering according to claim 7, characterized in that: the inclined filter plate is characterized in that clamping grooves are formed in the front side edge and the rear side edge of the inclined filter plate, a sealing plate (18) is movably inserted into the clamping grooves, and fixing nuts are connected to the sealing plate (18) in a threaded mode.
9. The water diverting structure for water conservancy and hydropower engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that: the number of the water passing channels (4) is several, and valves (21) are arranged in the water passing channels (4).
10. The water diverting structure for water conservancy and hydropower engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that: the water inlet of the sedimentation tank (2), the water passing channel (4) and the lower partition plate (6) are sequentially reduced in height from left to right.
CN202110643653.1A 2021-06-09 2021-06-09 Water diversion structure for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering Active CN113373873B (en)

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CN202110643653.1A CN113373873B (en) 2021-06-09 2021-06-09 Water diversion structure for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering

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CN113373873B CN113373873B (en) 2022-08-26

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