CN113262852A - Kitchen waste rapid crushing and separating device and method - Google Patents

Kitchen waste rapid crushing and separating device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113262852A
CN113262852A CN202110741129.8A CN202110741129A CN113262852A CN 113262852 A CN113262852 A CN 113262852A CN 202110741129 A CN202110741129 A CN 202110741129A CN 113262852 A CN113262852 A CN 113262852A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
smashing
crushing
kitchen waste
rotary drum
separating device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN202110741129.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN113262852B (en
Inventor
杨宏旺
刘雪
徐慧荟
曲毅
丁宇
郝进伟
刘宝明
张培杨
张华巍
王兆选
谢辉
张来君
孟祥利
赵风涛
王金城
李守伟
于海深
常安
李鹏
柳晓明
马吉飞
牟玉明
任国杰
杨建成
王翠辉
孙国剑
吴晓峰
肖洪钢
臧岐山
李雪凡
张广为
赵伟龙
张�林
杨小明
朱恩祖
王强
张德亮
郑勇
刘晓锋
于莎莎
于广旭
郭爱强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Econ Technology Co Ltd
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Econ Technology Co Ltd
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Application filed by Econ Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Econ Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN202110741129.8A priority Critical patent/CN113262852B/en
Publication of CN113262852A publication Critical patent/CN113262852A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN113262852B publication Critical patent/CN113262852B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2216Discharge means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2225Feed means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04BCENTRIFUGES
    • B04B5/00Other centrifuges
    • B04B5/10Centrifuges combined with other apparatus, e.g. electrostatic separators; Sets or systems of several centrifuges
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B09B3/00Destroying solid waste or transforming solid waste into something useful or harmless
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • B02C2023/165Screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B04CENTRIFUGAL APPARATUS OR MACHINES FOR CARRYING-OUT PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES
    • B04BCENTRIFUGES
    • B04B5/00Other centrifuges
    • B04B5/10Centrifuges combined with other apparatus, e.g. electrostatic separators; Sets or systems of several centrifuges
    • B04B2005/105Centrifuges combined with other apparatus, e.g. electrostatic separators; Sets or systems of several centrifuges being a grinding mill
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B09DISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE; RECLAMATION OF CONTAMINATED SOIL
    • B09BDISPOSAL OF SOLID WASTE NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B09B2101/00Type of solid waste
    • B09B2101/02Gases or liquids enclosed in discarded articles, e.g. aerosol cans or cooling systems of refrigerators
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Crushing And Pulverization Processes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a device and a method for quickly crushing and separating kitchen waste, which comprises a treatment box and a base arranged below the treatment box, wherein the left side of the base is fixedly connected with the left side of the treatment box through a support, a feeding hopper for feeding materials is arranged at the upper end of the treatment box, a discharging pipe is arranged at the lower end of the feeding hopper and extends into the treatment box, and a crushing assembly for crushing the kitchen waste is arranged in the treatment box.

Description

Kitchen waste rapid crushing and separating device and method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of environment-friendly equipment, in particular to a device and a method for quickly crushing and separating kitchen waste.
Background
Kitchen waste, commonly known as swill, is domestic waste formed by residents in the process of domestic consumption, and the main components comprise rice and flour food residues, vegetables, animal and vegetable oil, meat and bones and the like, and from the chemical composition, the kitchen waste contains starch, cellulose, protein, lipid and inorganic salt, and can cause great damage to the environment without treatment, but if the kitchen waste is properly treated, the processing can be changed into valuables, and dry feed or organic fertilizer is manufactured.
Based on the above, a device and a method for rapidly crushing and separating kitchen waste are provided.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a device and a method for quickly crushing and separating kitchen waste, so as to solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
a kitchen waste rapid smashing and separating device comprises a processing box and a base arranged below the processing box, wherein the left side of the base is fixedly connected with the left side of the processing box through a support, a feeding hopper used for feeding is arranged at the upper end of the processing box, a feeding pipe is arranged at the lower end of the feeding hopper, the feeding pipe extends into the processing box, and a smashing assembly used for smashing kitchen waste is arranged in the processing box;
the crushing component comprises a rotary cylinder for bearing kitchen waste, wherein filter holes for realizing solid-liquid separation are formed in the outer side of the lower end of the rotary cylinder, a bottom filter plate is arranged at the opening position of the lower end of the rotary cylinder in a matched mode, two separation push rods are symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side of the rotary cylinder, the upper ends of the separation push rods are connected with the outer side of the rotary cylinder in a rotating mode, an output end of the rotary cylinder is connected with a transmission rod, the lower end of the transmission rod is connected with the upper end of the bottom filter plate in a rotating mode, a plurality of crushing cutter sets are arranged inside the rotary cylinder, and the crushing cutter sets and the upper end of the rotary cylinder are connected and used for driving a crushing driving piece to rotate.
As a further scheme of the invention: handle case lower extreme right side and be equipped with the discharge gate that is used for arranging the material, the case lower extreme that handles at discharge gate place can be dismantled and be equipped with the workbin that connects that is used for bearing the weight of after-crushing material, need change the different workbin that connects when getting rid of waste water and getting rid of the waste residue.
As a further scheme of the invention: handle incasement bottom and be equipped with the clearance piece that is used for supplementary row's sediment, the clearance piece is including rotating the column spinner that sets up bottom intermediate position in handling the incasement, the column spinner outside is equipped with at least one centrifugation flitch of scraping, the centrifugation flitch outer end is scraped and is handled incasement wall and cooperate, the column spinner upper end is equipped with the bottom filter that is used for increasing frictional force.
As a further scheme of the invention: the crushing driving part comprises a ring plate arranged on the outer side of the upper end of the rotary cylinder, a plurality of sliding holes are distributed in the ring plate in an array mode, a hanging rod is arranged in each sliding hole in a sliding fit mode, the upper end of each hanging rod is fixedly connected with the lower end face of the rotary disc, the outer end of the rotary disc is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the treatment box, the rotary disc is connected with a power part used for driving the rotary disc to rotate, a supporting block is arranged at the lower end of each hanging rod, a reset spring used for buffering is sleeved on the hanging rod between each supporting block and the ring plate, and a driving ring used for intermittent downward movement between plates is further arranged inside the treatment box.
As a further scheme of the invention: the crushing cutter set comprises crushing shaft sleeves distributed outside the blanking pipe in an array mode, the upper ends of the crushing shaft sleeves are fixedly connected with the lower end of a rotating seat, the upper end of the rotating seat is rotatably connected with the top of the inside of the treatment box, the outer side of the rotating seat is meshed with a plurality of transmission gears, the transmission gears are meshed with a toothed ring on the inner side of a rotating disc, a crushing shaft is arranged in a hole in the lower end of the crushing shaft sleeve in a sliding fit mode, a rotary pressing block used for pressing the upper end face of a bottom filter plate is rotatably arranged at the lower end of the crushing shaft, the upper end of the crushing shaft is connected with the crushing shaft sleeves through a buffer spring, a rotary limiting part used for limiting the relative rotation of the crushing shaft and the crushing shaft sleeves is arranged between the crushing shaft and the crushing shaft sleeves, and a plurality of crushing cutters are distributed on the outer side of the crushing shaft.
As a further scheme of the invention: the crushing knives on adjacent crushing shafts are distributed in a crossed way.
As a further scheme of the invention: the rotary limiting part comprises a limiting protrusion arranged on the outer side of the crushing shaft and a limiting groove arranged in a sliding hole of the crushing shaft sleeve, and the limiting protrusion is in sliding fit with the limiting groove.
As a further scheme of the invention: the pushing piece comprises a plurality of fixed cross shafts arranged on the inner wall of the treatment box, a vibration wheel is rotatably arranged at the end part of each fixed cross shaft, a plurality of arc-shaped bulges are distributed on the upper end face of the ring plate in an array mode, and the positions of the rings where the arc-shaped bulges are located correspond to the positions of the vibration wheels.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the power part is including setting up the driven ring gear in the rolling disc lower extreme outside, driven ring gear and drive gear intermeshing, drive gear installs the output at driving motor, driving motor passes through the bolt fastening and handles the upper left side of case.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the kitchen waste material lifting device is designed aiming at the defects of the existing device, can quickly crush kitchen waste, can quickly realize solid-liquid separation, can perform material lifting treatment during crushing, further eliminates crushing dead corners, is favorable for material separation during later discharging, and is high in practicability.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view showing the structure of a rotary disk and a transmission gear in the present invention.
Wherein: the device comprises a treatment box 11, a rotating disc 12, a hanging rod 13, a vibrating wheel 14, a return spring 15, a support block 16, a separation push rod 17, a transmission rod 18, a filtering hole 19, a rotary pressing block 20, a discharge hole 21, a material receiving box 22, a centrifugal scraping plate 23, a base 24, a rotary column 25, a friction block 26, a bottom filter plate 27, a crushing knife 28, a rotary cylinder 29, a ring plate 30, a driving gear 31, a driving motor 32, a crushing shaft 33, a crushing shaft sleeve 34, a rotary seat 35, a feeding hopper 36, a discharging pipe 37 and a transmission gear 38.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-3, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kitchen waste rapid smashing and separating apparatus includes a processing box 11 and a base 24 disposed below the processing box 11, the left side of the base 24 is fixedly connected to the left side of the processing box 11 through a bracket, a feeding hopper 36 for feeding is disposed at the upper end of the processing box 11, a discharging pipe 37 is disposed at the lower end of the feeding hopper 36, the discharging pipe 37 extends into the processing box 11, and a smashing assembly for smashing kitchen waste is disposed inside the processing box 11;
the crushing assembly comprises a rotary cylinder 29 for bearing the kitchen waste, the outer side of the lower end of the rotary cylinder 29 is provided with a filtering hole 19 for realizing solid-liquid separation, a bottom filter plate 27 is arranged at the opening position at the lower end of the rotary cylinder 29 in a matching way, two separation push rods 17 are symmetrically arranged at the left side and the right side of the rotary cylinder 29, the upper end of the separation push rod 17 is rotatably connected with the outer side of a rotary cylinder 29, the output end of the rotary cylinder 29 is connected with a transmission rod 18, the lower end of the transmission rod 18 is rotatably connected with the upper end of the bottom filter plate 27, and in the later stage, when slag is discharged, the transmission rod 18 needs to be driven by the separation push rod 17 to move downwards, so that a discharge gap exists between the bottom filter plate 27 and the rotary drum 29, under the action of centrifugal force, the materials can be thrown out, a plurality of crushing cutter sets are arranged inside the rotary cylinder 29, the crushing cutter set and the upper end of the rotary cylinder 29 are connected with a crushing driving piece for driving the crushing cutter set and the rotary cylinder to rotate;
a discharge port 21 for discharging materials is arranged on the right side of the lower end of the treatment box 11, a material receiving box 22 for bearing crushed materials is detachably arranged at the lower end of the treatment box 11 where the discharge port 21 is located, and different material receiving boxes 22 need to be replaced when waste water and waste residues are discharged;
the bottom in the treatment box 11 is provided with a cleaning piece for assisting in discharging slag, the cleaning piece comprises a rotating column 25 rotatably arranged at the middle position of the bottom in the treatment box 11, the outer side of the rotating column 25 is provided with at least one centrifugal scraping plate 23, the outer end of the centrifugal scraping plate 23 is matched with the inner wall of the treatment box 11, the upper end of the rotating column 25 is provided with a bottom filter plate 27 for increasing friction force, when the separation push rod 17 drives the bottom filter plate 27 to downwards contact with the friction block 26, the rotating column 25 can also rapidly rotate under the action of friction force, and materials can be continuously discharged from the discharge hole 21 under the action of the scraping and centrifugal forces of the centrifugal scraping plate 23;
the smashing and driving part comprises a ring plate 30 arranged on the outer side of the upper end of a rotary cylinder 29, a plurality of sliding holes are distributed on the ring plate 30 in an array mode, a hanging rod 13 is matched in each sliding hole in a sliding mode, the upper end of the hanging rod 13 is fixedly connected with the lower end face of a rotary disc 12, the outer end of the rotary disc 12 is rotatably connected with the inner wall of a treatment box 11, the rotary disc 12 is connected with a power part for driving the rotary disc to rotate, a supporting block 16 is arranged at the lower end of each hanging rod 13, a reset spring 15 for buffering is sleeved on the hanging rod 13 between the supporting block 16 and the ring plate 30, and a pushing part for driving the ring plate 30 to move downwards intermittently is further arranged inside the treatment box 11;
the crushing cutter set comprises crushing shaft sleeves 34 distributed outside a discharging pipe 37 in an array mode, the upper ends of the crushing shaft sleeves 34 are fixedly connected with the lower end of a rotary seat 35, the upper end of the rotary seat 35 is rotatably connected with the top inside a treatment box 11, the outer side of the rotary seat 35 is meshed with a plurality of transmission gears 38, the transmission gears 38 are meshed with a toothed ring inside a rotary disc 12, when the rotary disc 12 rotates, the transmission gears 38 can drive crushing cutters to work through the rotary seat 35, the rotating direction of the crushing cutters and the rotary cylinder 29 is opposite due to external meshing, a crushing shaft 33 is in sliding fit in a hole at the lower end of the crushing shaft sleeve 34, a rotary pressing block 20 used for pressing the upper end face of a bottom filter plate 27 is rotatably arranged at the lower end of the crushing shaft 33, the upper end of the crushing shaft 33 is connected with the crushing shaft sleeves 34 through a buffer spring, and a rotary limiting part for limiting the relative rotation of the crushing shaft 33 and the crushing shaft sleeve 34 is, a plurality of crushing knives 28 are distributed on the outer side of the crushing shaft 33, and the crushing knives 28 on the adjacent crushing shafts 33 are distributed in a crossed manner;
during actual crushing, under the transmission of the transmission gear 38 and the rotating base 35, the crushing shaft sleeve 34 can drive the crushing shaft 33 to rotate rapidly, so that materials are crushed, when the rotating cylinder 29 bumps up and down each time, the materials in the rotating cylinder 29 can be lifted up, so that the crushing effect is improved, and when the rotating pressing block 20 is in contact with the bottom filter plate 27, the crushing shaft 33 can also slide up and down along the crushing shaft sleeve 34, so that the longitudinal crushing range is continuously adjusted, the crushing dead angle is further eliminated, and the crushing effect is improved;
the rotation limiting part comprises a limiting protrusion arranged on the outer side of the crushing shaft 33 and a limiting groove arranged in a sliding hole of the crushing shaft sleeve 34, and the limiting protrusion is in sliding fit with the limiting groove;
the pushing part comprises a plurality of fixed transverse shafts arranged on the inner wall of the treatment box 11, the end part of each fixed transverse shaft is rotatably provided with a vibration wheel 14, a plurality of arc-shaped bulges are distributed on the upper end surface of the ring plate 30 in an array manner, the position of the ring where the arc-shaped bulges are located corresponds to the position of the vibration wheel 14, when the ring plate 30 rotates, the vibration wheel 14 intermittently generates downward pushing force on the arc-shaped bulges, so that the rotary cylinder 29 moves downwards, and the reset of the reset spring 15 is matched, so that the rotary cylinder 29 continuously jolts up and down during rotation, the jolt can lift materials, the crushing effect is improved, and the materials adhered to the inner wall of the rotary cylinder 29 can be shaken off, and the crushing effect is further improved;
the power part is including setting up the driven ring gear in the carousel 12 lower extreme outside, driven ring gear and drive gear 31 intermeshing, drive gear 31 installs the output at driving motor 32, driving motor 32 passes through the bolt fastening and handles the upper left side of case 11, and under driving motor 32's drive, driving motor 32 cooperatees with driven ring gear to drive carousel 12 and rotate.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: in practical use, kitchen waste to be crushed is fed into the processing box 11 along the feeding hopper 36, then the power part is started, when the ring plate 30 rotates, the vibration wheel 14 intermittently generates downward driving force to the arc-shaped bulge, so that the rotary drum 29 moves downwards, and in cooperation with the reset of the reset spring 15, the rotary drum 29 continuously jolts up and down during rotation, the jolt can lift materials, so that the crushing effect is improved, under the transmission of the transmission gear 38 and the rotary base 35, the crushing shaft sleeve 34 can drive the crushing shaft 33 to rotate rapidly, so that the materials are crushed, when the rotary drum 29 jolts up and down each time, the materials in the rotary drum 29 can be lifted up, so that the crushing effect is improved, and when the rotary pressing block 20 is in contact with the bottom filter plate 27, the crushing shaft 33 can also slide up and down along the crushing shaft sleeve 34, so that the longitudinal crushing range is continuously adjusted, further eliminated and smashed the dead angle, improve crushing effect, the later stage is when arranging the sediment, need drive transfer line 18 downstream through separation push rod 17, thereby make to have between bottom filter 27 and the rotary drum 29 and arrange the material clearance, under the effect of centrifugal force, the material can be thrown away, when separation push rod 17 drives bottom filter 27 down and rubbing block 26 contact, under the effect of frictional force, column spinner 25 also can be along with the fast rotation, scrape the effect of material and centrifugal force of flitch 23 at the centrifugation under, the material can constantly be discharged from discharge gate 21.
It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (10)

1. The kitchen waste rapid smashing and separating device comprises a processing box (11) and a base (24) arranged below the processing box, wherein the left side of the base (24) is fixedly connected with the left side of the processing box (11) through a support, a feeding hopper (36) used for feeding is arranged at the upper end of the processing box (11), a discharging pipe (37) is arranged at the lower end of the feeding hopper (36), the discharging pipe (37) extends into the processing box (11), and a smashing assembly used for smashing kitchen waste is arranged in the processing box (11);
the kitchen garbage crushing device is characterized in that the crushing assembly comprises a rotary drum (29) used for bearing kitchen garbage, filter holes (19) used for realizing solid-liquid separation are formed in the outer side of the lower end of the rotary drum (29), a bottom filter plate (27) is arranged at the opening position of the lower end of the rotary drum (29) in a matched mode, two separation push rods (17) are symmetrically arranged on the left side and the right side of the rotary drum (29), the upper ends of the separation push rods (17) are rotatably connected with the outer side of the rotary drum (29), the output end of the rotary drum (29) is connected with a transmission rod (18), the lower end of the transmission rod (18) is rotatably connected with the upper end of the bottom filter plate (27), a plurality of crushing cutter groups are arranged inside the rotary drum (29), and the crushing cutter groups and the upper end of the rotary drum (29) are connected with a crushing driving piece used for driving the rotary drum to rotate;
and a discharge hole (21) for discharging is formed in the right side of the lower end of the treatment box (11).
2. The kitchen waste rapid smashing and separating device according to claim 1, wherein a material receiving box (22) used for bearing smashed materials is detachably arranged at the lower end of a processing box (11) where the discharging port (21) is located.
3. The kitchen waste rapid smashing and separating device according to claim 1, wherein a cleaning piece for assisting slag discharge is arranged at the bottom in the treatment box (11), the cleaning piece comprises a rotating column (25) rotatably arranged at the middle position of the bottom in the treatment box (11), at least one centrifugal scraping plate (23) is arranged on the outer side of the rotating column (25), the outer end of the centrifugal scraping plate (23) is matched with the inner wall of the treatment box (11), and a bottom filter plate (27) for increasing friction force is arranged at the upper end of the rotating column (25).
4. The kitchen waste rapid smashing and separating device according to claim 1, the crushing driving piece comprises a ring plate (30) arranged outside the upper end of the rotary cylinder (29), a plurality of sliding holes are distributed on the ring plate (30) in an array manner, a hanging rod (13) is matched in each sliding hole in a sliding manner, the upper end of the suspender (13) is fixedly connected with the lower end surface of the rotating disc (12), the outer end of the rotating disc (12) is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the treatment box (11), the rotating disc (12) is connected with a power part for driving the rotating disc to rotate, the lower end of each suspender (13) is provided with a supporting block (16), a return spring (15) for buffering is sleeved on the suspension rod (13) between the supporting block (16) and the ring plate (30), the inside of the treatment box (11) is also provided with a pushing piece used for driving the ring plate (30) to intermittently move downwards.
5. The kitchen waste rapid smashing and separating device according to claim 4, wherein the smashing cutter set comprises smashing shaft sleeves (34) distributed on the outer side of a feeding pipe (37) in an array mode, the upper end of each smashing shaft sleeve (34) is fixedly connected with the lower end of a rotating seat (35), the upper end of each rotating seat (35) is rotatably connected with the inner top of the treatment box (11), the outer side of each rotating seat (35) is meshed with a plurality of transmission gears (38), the transmission gears (38) are meshed with toothed rings on the inner side of a rotating disc (12), a smashing shaft (33) is in sliding fit in a hole at the lower end of each smashing shaft sleeve (34), a rotary pressing block (20) used for pressing the upper end face of a bottom filter plate (27) is rotatably arranged at the lower end of each smashing shaft (33), and the upper ends of the smashing shafts (33) are connected with the smashing shaft sleeves (34) through buffer springs, a rotary limiting part for limiting the relative rotation of the crushing shaft (33) and the crushing shaft sleeve (34) is arranged between the crushing shaft (33) and the crushing shaft sleeve, and a plurality of crushing knives (28) are distributed on the outer side of the crushing shaft (33).
6. The kitchen waste rapid smashing and separating device according to the claim 5, wherein smashing knives (28) on adjacent smashing shafts (33) are distributed in a crossing mode.
7. The kitchen waste rapid smashing and separating device according to claim 5, wherein the rotation limiting part comprises a limiting protrusion arranged on the outer side of the smashing shaft (33) and a limiting groove arranged in a sliding hole of the smashing shaft sleeve (34), and the limiting protrusion and the limiting groove are in sliding fit.
8. The kitchen waste rapid smashing and separating device according to claim 4, wherein the pushing member comprises a plurality of fixed cross shafts arranged on the inner wall of the processing box (11), a vibrating wheel (14) is rotatably arranged at the end of each fixed cross shaft, a plurality of arc-shaped protrusions are distributed on the upper end face of the ring plate (30) in an array mode, and the positions of the circular rings where the arc-shaped protrusions are located correspond to the positions of the vibrating wheels (14).
9. The kitchen waste rapid smashing and separating device according to claim 4, wherein the power part comprises a driven gear ring arranged on the outer side of the lower end of the rotating disc (12), the driven gear ring is meshed with the driving gear (31), the driving gear (31) is installed at the output end of the driving motor (32), and the driving motor (32) is fixed on the upper left side of the treatment box (11) through bolts.
10. A method for disposing a kitchen waste rapid disintegrating and separating device as defined in any of claims 1-9, characterized in that the kitchen waste to be disintegrated is fed into the disposal box (11) along the feeding hopper (36), then the power member is turned on, when the ring plate (30) rotates, the vibrating wheel (14) intermittently generates a downward driving force to the arc-shaped protrusion, so that the rotary drum (29) moves downward, and in cooperation with the return of the return spring (15), the rotary drum (29) rotates in a way of continuous up-and-down bumping, which will lift the material, thereby increasing the disintegrating effect, and under the transmission of the transmission gear (38) and the rotary base (35), the disintegrating shaft sleeve (34) will drive the disintegrating shaft (33) to rotate rapidly, thereby disintegrating the material, and when the rotary drum (29) bumps up-and-down each time, the material in the rotary drum (29) will be lifted, thereby improve crushing effect, and when rotatory suppression piece (20) and bottom filter (27) contact, crushing axle (33) also can slide from top to bottom along smashing axle sleeve (34), thereby constantly adjust vertical crushing scope, further eliminate and smash the dead angle, improve crushing effect, the later stage is when arranging the sediment, need drive transfer line (18) downstream through separation push rod (17), thereby make to have the discharge clearance between bottom filter (27) and rotary drum (29), under the effect of centrifugal force, the material can be thrown away, when separation push rod (17) drive bottom filter (27) down with rubbing block (26) contact, under the effect of frictional force, column spinner (25) also can be along with fast the rotation, scrape the effect of material and the centrifugal force of flitch (23) in the centrifugation, the material can constantly be discharged from discharge gate (21).
CN202110741129.8A 2021-07-01 2021-07-01 Kitchen waste rapid crushing and separating device and method Active CN113262852B (en)

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