CN113261685B - Pneumatic mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine - Google Patents

Pneumatic mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN113261685B
CN113261685B CN202110541655.XA CN202110541655A CN113261685B CN 113261685 B CN113261685 B CN 113261685B CN 202110541655 A CN202110541655 A CN 202110541655A CN 113261685 B CN113261685 B CN 113261685B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
positive pressure
distributing pipe
rack
mandrel
separation roller
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202110541655.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN113261685A (en
Inventor
廖宜涛
马国庆
廖庆喜
舒彩霞
张青松
肖文立
万星宇
李运通
刘银垒
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Huazhong Agricultural University
Original Assignee
Huazhong Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Huazhong Agricultural University filed Critical Huazhong Agricultural University
Priority to CN202110541655.XA priority Critical patent/CN113261685B/en
Publication of CN113261685A publication Critical patent/CN113261685A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN113261685B publication Critical patent/CN113261685B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs

Abstract

The invention discloses a pneumatic mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine which comprises a rack, a separation roller assembly, a defoliating roller assembly, an auxiliary blowing separation system and a fan, wherein the rack is provided with a plurality of blades; the threshing roller assembly comprises a rotating shaft, a second chain wheel arranged at one end of the rotating shaft and a threshing roller which is sleeved on the rotating shaft and rotates coaxially with the rotating shaft; the separating roller assembly comprises a separating roller, a mandrel, an end cover, a first chain wheel which is sleeved at the other end of the mandrel and is arranged at the other end of the separating roller, vent holes which are distributed on the separating roller in an array manner, and two air chamber partition plates which are welded on the outer edge surface of the mandrel; two air chamber division boards divide the cavity that mandrel, end cover and separation cylinder enclose to close into malleation cavity and negative pressure cavity. The leaf removing operation of the artemisia selengensis can be completed, the labor intensity of operators is reduced, the leaves are removed after the stem leaves are separated, the damage of pure mechanical operation to the stems of the artemisia selengensis can be reduced, the production efficiency is improved, and the production cost is reduced.

Description

Pneumatic mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of defoliation in agricultural machinery, and particularly relates to a pneumatic mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine.
Background
The artemisia selengensis is mainly eaten by overground tender stems and leaves, is crisp and tender in taste, is comfortable and delicious, is rich in various nutrient substances and trace elements, is well loved by people, gradually becomes a popular vegetable, and has good economic value. In recent years, a plurality of artemisia selengensis planting bases appear in the Hubei area, and the planting area is continuously expanded. However, because the stems of artemisia selengensis are irregular in shape and easy to damage, and the mechanical defoliation difficulty is high, the prior artemisia selengensis defoliation device is very rare and has poor effect. The leaf removing operation of artemisia selengensis can be finished manually only.
But the pure manual labor has low efficiency and higher cost, is not suitable for the current market-oriented economic development, has strong seasonality of the artemisia selengensis harvest, and is difficult to meet the production of the artemisia selengensis due to the continuous reduction of rural labor force.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide the pneumatic mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine which can improve the production efficiency and reduce the damage of stalks aiming at the defects of the technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the pneumatic mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine comprises a rack, a separating roller assembly, a defoliating roller assembly, an auxiliary blowing separating system and a fan, wherein the rack is arranged on the rack; the separation roller assembly is arranged in front of the middle layer of the rack, the threshing roller assembly is arranged in the middle layer of the rack and positioned behind the separation roller assembly, and the fan is arranged on a fixed plate at the lower layer of the rack; the threshing roller assembly comprises a rotating shaft, a second chain wheel arranged at one end of the rotating shaft and a threshing roller which is sleeved on the rotating shaft and rotates coaxially with the rotating shaft;
the separation roller assembly comprises a separation roller, a mandrel, an end cover, a first chain wheel, vent holes and two air chamber partition plates, wherein the mandrel longitudinally penetrates through the separation roller and is coaxially arranged with the separation roller, the end cover is sleeved at one end of the mandrel and is connected with one end of the separation roller through a bearing, the first chain wheel is sleeved at the other end of the mandrel and is installed at the other end of the separation roller, the vent holes are distributed on the separation roller in an array manner, and the two air chamber partition plates are welded on the outer edge surface of the mandrel; one side surface of each air chamber partition plate is welded on the outer edge surface of the mandrel, the other side surface of each air chamber partition plate is abutted against the inner wall of the separation roller, and the two air chamber partition plates divide a cavity formed by enclosing the mandrel, the end cover and the separation roller into a positive pressure cavity and a negative pressure cavity.
Furthermore, the blowing auxiliary separation system comprises a positive pressure gas distributing pipe, a positive pressure gas distributing pipe joint, a positive pressure total gas distributing pipe, a fan-shaped nozzle, a negative pressure gas distributing pipe, a negative pressure total gas distributing pipe and a negative pressure gas distributing pipe joint, wherein the gas inlet end of the positive pressure total gas distributing pipe is connected with a positive pressure port of a fan, the gas inlet end of the positive pressure gas distributing pipe joint is connected with the gas outlet end of the positive pressure total gas distributing pipe, the gas outlet end of the positive pressure gas distributing pipe joint is connected with the gas inlet end of the positive pressure gas distributing pipe, the gas outlet end of each positive pressure gas distributing pipe except one positive pressure gas distributing pipe is connected with one fan-shaped nozzle, the gas outlet end of the remaining positive pressure gas distributing pipe is connected with a positive pressure cavity of the separation roller, the negative pressure cavity of the separation roller is connected with the negative pressure gas distributing pipe joint through the negative pressure gas distributing pipe, and the negative pressure gas distributing pipe joint is connected with a negative pressure port of the fan through the negative pressure total gas distributing pipe.
Furthermore, still include the housing that is located under the separation cylinder assembly, the housing includes the lower housing, is located the last housing and the water conservancy diversion passageway at lower housing top, and the water conservancy diversion passageway is including the incomplete leaf guide board of slope installation at the lower housing medial surface, be located the inner casing of incomplete leaf guide inboard and be located the outer housing of incomplete leaf guide board outside.
Furthermore, the first chain wheel is connected with a third chain wheel on the first motor through a chain, and the second chain wheel is axially fixed on the rotating shaft through a set screw and is connected with a fourth chain wheel on the second motor through the chain.
Further, the other side surface of each air chamber partition plate is abutted against the inner wall of the separation drum through a rubber sheet, one end surface of each air chamber partition plate is sealed with the inner surface of the end cover, the other end surface of each air chamber partition plate is sealed with the inner end surface of the separation drum, the central angle of the positive pressure chamber is 60-150 degrees, and the central angle of the negative pressure chamber is 210-300 degrees.
Further, the threshing roller assembly further comprises a protective cover used for protecting the threshing roller and located above the threshing roller, the protective cover comprises a protective plate and at least two adjusting supports installed on the protective plate, a bottom mounting plate of each adjusting support is fixedly connected with a guide mounting hole of the protective plate through a bolt, and a vertical mounting plate of each adjusting support is fixedly connected with a vertical guide mounting hole of a vertical beam on the lower surface of a top plate on the upper layer of the rack through a bolt.
Furthermore, both ends of a mandrel of the separation roller assembly are arranged on a support on the middle-layer beam of the rack, and the support is connected with a longitudinal guide installation groove of the middle-layer beam of the rack through a bolt.
Furthermore, two ends of the rotating shaft are connected with bearing seats on a pair of supporting rods on the upper layer of the rack through bearings.
Furthermore, the spreading angle of the fan-shaped nozzles ranges from 45 degrees to 70 degrees, each fan-shaped nozzle is installed on an adjusting plate on the top of the upper layer of the rack, and the adjusting plates are connected with longitudinal guide mounting holes in end beams of the upper layer of the rack through bolts.
Furthermore, the lower housing and the upper housing are both fixed on the rack, and the outer housing is fixed on a fixed seat of a rack supporting leg; one end of the rotating shaft penetrates through the upper cover casing and then is connected with the second chain wheel.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the pneumatic mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine can complete defoliation operation on artemisia selengensis, reduces labor intensity of operators, can reduce damage of pure mechanical operation on artemisia selengensis stems by defoliating after stem and leaf separation, has defoliation qualification rate of 90 percent, processing efficiency of 60-70 roots/min and manual defoliation efficiency of 30-35 roots/min, improves production efficiency and reduces production cost.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the pneumatic mechanical combined type artemisia selengensis defoliating machine;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the blower assisted separation system of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the threshing roller assembly of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the separating roller assembly of FIG. 1;
fig. 5 is a schematic view of the housing structure of fig. 1.
Wherein: the device comprises a motor 1, a housing 2, a separation roller assembly 3, a threshing roller assembly 4, an auxiliary blowing separation system 5, a rack 6, a fan 7, a positive pressure gas distribution pipe 8, a positive pressure gas distribution pipe joint 9, a positive pressure total gas distribution pipe 10, a negative pressure gas distribution pipe joint 11, a fixing plate 12, a second motor 13, a fixing seat 14, a third chain wheel 15, a support 16, a bearing seat 17, a fan-shaped nozzle 18, an adjusting 19, an end cover 20, a mandrel 21, an air chamber partition plate 22, a rubber sheet 23, a separation roller 24, a first chain wheel 25, a rotating shaft 26, a protection plate 27, a threshing roller 28, an adjusting support 29, a second chain wheel 30, a lower housing 31, an upper housing 32, an inner housing 33, a residual leaf guide plate 34, a negative pressure gas distribution pipe 35, a negative pressure total gas distribution pipe 36, an outer housing 37 and a fourth chain wheel 38.
Detailed Description
The present invention is described in further detail below with reference to figures and specific embodiments for the understanding of those skilled in the art.
As shown in figure 1, the pneumatic mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine comprises a frame 6, a first motor 1, a second motor 13, a housing 2, a separating roller assembly 3, a defoliating roller assembly 4, an auxiliary blowing separating system 5 and a fan 7. Separating drum assembly 3 is installed in 6 middle levels the place ahead in the frame, and threshing roller assembly 4 is installed in 6 middle levels in the frame and is located separating drum assembly 3's rear, and first motor 1 and second motor 13 all pass through the bolt and install on the fixed plate 12 of 6 lower floors in the frame, and fan 7 is installed on the fixed plate 12 of 6 lower floors in the frame and is located the rear of second motor, and housing 2 is located separating drum assembly 3 under.
Referring to fig. 4, the separating drum assembly 3 includes a separating drum 24, a mandrel 21 longitudinally penetrating through the separating drum 24 and coaxially disposed with the separating drum 24, an end cover 20 sleeved on one end of the mandrel 21 and connected with one end of the separating drum 24 through a bearing, a first sprocket 25 sleeved on the other end of the mandrel 21 and mounted on the other end of the separating drum 24 through a bolt, vent holes distributed on the separating drum 24 in an array manner, and two air chamber partition plates 22 welded on an outer edge surface of the mandrel 21, wherein the first sprocket 25 is connected with a third sprocket 15 on the first motor 1 through a chain. One side surface of each air chamber partition plate 22 is welded on the outer edge surface of the mandrel 21, the other side surface of each air chamber partition plate 22 is abutted against the inner wall of the separation drum 24 through a rubber sheet 23, meanwhile, one end surface of each air chamber partition plate 22 is sealed with the inner surface of the end cover, the other end surface of each air chamber partition plate 22 is sealed with the inner end surface of the separation drum 24, the cavity formed by enclosing the mandrel 21, the end cover 20 and the separation drum 24 is divided into a positive pressure cavity and a negative pressure cavity by the two air chamber partition plates 22, the central angle of the positive pressure cavity is 60-150 degrees, and the central angle of the negative pressure cavity is 210-300 degrees. Both ends of a mandrel 21 of the separation roller assembly 3 are installed on a support 16 on a middle-layer beam of the rack 6, and the support 16 is connected with a longitudinal guide installation groove of the middle-layer beam of the rack 6 through a bolt, so that the position of the separation roller assembly 3 on the rack 6 is adjusted. In the embodiment, the vent holes of the separation roller 24 are cylindrical holes, so that the processing is convenient, the ventilation effect is good, the damage to the artemisia selengensis leaves is small, and the adsorption of the artemisia selengensis leaves is facilitated.
Referring to fig. 3, the threshing roller assembly 4 includes a rotating shaft 26, a second sprocket 30 mounted at one end of the rotating shaft 26 through a key, a threshing roller 28 sleeved on the rotating shaft 26 and rotating coaxially with the rotating shaft 26, and a protecting cover for protecting the threshing roller 28 and located above the threshing roller 28. Two ends of the rotating shaft 26 are connected with the bearing seats 17 on the pair of supporting rods on the upper layer of the rack 6 through bearings (namely, one end of the rotating shaft 26 is connected with the bearing seat 17 on the supporting rod on one side of the upper layer of the rack 6 through a bearing, and similarly, the other end of the rotating shaft 26 is connected with the bearing seat 17 on the supporting rod on the other side of the upper layer of the rack 6 through a bearing); the second sprocket 30 is axially fixed to the shaft 26 by a set screw and is connected to a fourth sprocket 38 of the second motor 13 by a chain. The protective cover comprises a protective plate 27 and at least two adjusting supports 29 arranged on the protective plate 27, and a bottom mounting plate of each adjusting support 29 is fixedly connected with a guide mounting hole of the protective plate 27 through a bolt, so that the horizontal position of the adjusting support 29 on the protective plate 27 is adjusted; the vertical mounting plate of each adjusting support 29 is fixedly connected with the vertical guide mounting hole of the vertical beam on the lower surface of the upper top plate of the frame 6 through a bolt, so that the height position of the adjusting support 29 on the frame 6 can be adjusted.
Referring to fig. 2, the blowing auxiliary separation system 5 includes a positive pressure air distributing pipe 8, a positive pressure air distributing pipe joint 9, a positive pressure total air distributing pipe 10, a fan-shaped nozzle 18, a negative pressure air distributing pipe 35, a negative pressure total air distributing pipe 36 and a negative pressure air distributing pipe joint 11, an air inlet end of the positive pressure total air distributing pipe 10 is connected with a positive pressure port of the fan 7, an air inlet end of the positive pressure air distributing pipe joint 9 is connected with an air outlet end of the positive pressure total air distributing pipe 10, an air outlet end of the positive pressure air distributing pipe joint 9 is connected with an air inlet end of the positive pressure air distributing pipe 8, air outlet ends of each positive pressure air distributing pipe 8 except one positive pressure air distributing pipe 8 are connected with one fan-shaped nozzle 18, each fan-shaped nozzle 18 is installed on an adjusting plate 19 at the top of the rack 6, and the adjusting plate 19 is connected with a longitudinal guide installation hole on an upper end beam of the rack 6 through a bolt. The air outlet end of the remaining positive pressure air distributing pipe 8 is connected with the positive pressure chamber of the separating drum 24, the negative pressure chamber of the separating drum 24 is connected with the negative pressure air distributing pipe joint 11 through the negative pressure air distributing pipe 35, and the negative pressure air distributing pipe joint 11 is connected with the negative pressure port of the fan 7 through the negative pressure main air distributing pipe 36.
In this embodiment, the fan nozzles 18 are arranged at an angle of 45 ° to 70 ° (preferably 60 °), and 3 fan nozzles are selected, so that the nozzle air flow can cover the entire length of the separation drum. The fan chooses 1 ~ 1.5kw (preferred 1.1kw) swirl fan for use, and 24kPa of maximum wind pressure are dispersed through gas-supply pipe and adapter, and the biggest wind pressure of single fan-shaped nozzle is 5kPa, and when the artemisia selengensis fed under the malleation wind effect, because of the blade is comparatively soft, is blown to the separation cylinder.
As shown in fig. 5, the housing 2 includes a lower housing 31, an upper housing 32 located at the top of the lower housing, and a flow guiding channel, the flow guiding channel includes a residual leaf guiding plate 34 installed obliquely on the inner side of the lower housing 31, an inner housing 33 located inside the residual leaf guiding plate 34, and an outer housing 37 located outside the residual leaf guiding plate 34, the lower housing 31 and the upper housing 32 are both fixed on the frame 6, and the outer housing 37 is fixed on the fixing base 14 of the support leg of the frame 6 by a bolt; one end of the rotating shaft 26 is connected to the second sprocket 30 after passing through the upper housing 32.
The first motor 1 transmits power to a first chain wheel 25 through chain transmission to drive a separation roller 24 to rotate, the second motor transmits power to a second chain wheel 30 through chain transmission to drive a defoliation roller 28 to rotate, a fan 7 transmits air pressure to a positive pressure chamber and a fan-shaped nozzle 18 of the separation roller assembly 3 through a positive pressure main air pipe 10, a positive pressure air distribution pipe joint 9 and a positive pressure air distribution pipe 8 and transmits air pressure to the negative pressure chamber of the separation roller assembly 3 respectively, negative pressure of the fan 8 transmits the air pressure to the negative pressure chamber of the separation roller assembly 3 through a negative pressure main air pipe 36, a negative pressure air distribution pipe joint 11 and a negative pressure air distribution pipe 35, an operator holds the upper end of artemisia selengensis, when a artemisia selengensis inserted into a feeding area above the separation roller 24, positive pressure air of the fan-shaped nozzle 18 blows soft artemisia selengenshui, negative pressure of an air holes on the separation roller 24 tightly adsorbs artemisia selengenshui selenhui, and drives the artemisia selenhuyhi selenhui selenhuyh selengenshui selenhui to rotate to the defoliation roller 28, the artemisia selengensis leaves are removed under the clamping and pulling action of the separating roller 24 and the defoliating roller 28. The removed leaves of the artemisia selengensis continue to be transferred to the positive pressure chamber along with the separation roller 24, and the residual leaves are blown down onto the residual leaf guide plate 34 under the action of positive pressure and are discharged from the impurity discharging port.
The pneumatic mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine can complete defoliation operation on artemisia selengensis, reduces labor intensity of operators, can reduce damage of pure mechanical operation on artemisia selengensis stems by defoliating after stem and leaf separation, has defoliation qualification rate of 90 percent, processing efficiency of 60-70 roots/min and manual defoliation efficiency of 30-35 roots/min, improves production efficiency and reduces production cost.

Claims (9)

1. A pneumatic mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine comprises a rack (6), a separating roller assembly (3), a defoliating roller assembly (4), an auxiliary blowing separating system (5) and a fan (7); the separating roller assembly (3) is arranged in front of the middle layer of the rack (6), the threshing roller assembly (4) is arranged in the middle layer of the rack (6) and behind the separating roller assembly (3), and the fan (7) is arranged on a fixing plate (12) at the lower layer of the rack (6); the method is characterized in that: the threshing roller assembly (4) comprises a rotating shaft (26), a second chain wheel (30) arranged at one end of the rotating shaft (26), and a threshing roller (28) which is sleeved on the rotating shaft (26) and rotates coaxially with the rotating shaft (26);
the separation roller assembly (3) comprises a separation roller (24), a mandrel (21) which longitudinally penetrates through the separation roller (24) and is coaxially arranged with the separation roller (24), an end cover (20) which is sleeved at one end of the mandrel (21) and is in bearing connection with one end of the separation roller (24), a first chain wheel (25) which is sleeved at the other end of the mandrel (21) and is installed at the other end of the separation roller (24), vent holes which are distributed on the separation roller (24) in an array manner, and two air chamber partition plates (22) which are welded on the outer edge surface of the mandrel (21); one side surface of each air chamber partition plate (22) is welded on the outer edge surface of the mandrel (21), the other side surface of each air chamber partition plate (22) is abutted against the inner wall of the separation roller (24), and the two air chamber partition plates (22) divide a chamber formed by enclosing the mandrel (21), the end cover (20) and the separation roller (24) into a positive pressure chamber and a negative pressure chamber;
the blowing auxiliary separation system (5) comprises a positive pressure air distributing pipe (8), a positive pressure air distributing pipe joint (9), a positive pressure main air distributing pipe (10), a fan-shaped nozzle (18), a negative pressure air distributing pipe (35), a negative pressure main air distributing pipe (36) and a negative pressure air distributing pipe joint (11), wherein the air inlet end of the positive pressure main air distributing pipe (10) is connected with the positive pressure port of the fan (7), the air inlet end of the positive pressure air distributing pipe joint (9) is connected with the air outlet end of the positive pressure main air distributing pipe (10), the air outlet end of the positive pressure air distributing pipe joint (9) is connected with the air inlet end of the positive pressure air distributing pipe (8), the air outlet ends of other positive pressure air distributing pipes (8) except one positive pressure air distributing pipe (8) are connected with one fan-shaped nozzle (18), the air outlet end of the rest positive pressure air distributing pipes (8) is connected with the positive pressure cavity of the separation roller (24), and the negative pressure cavity of the separation roller (24) is connected with the negative pressure air distributing pipe joint (11) through the positive pressure air distributing pipe (35), the negative pressure gas distributing pipe joint (11) is connected with a negative pressure port of the fan (7) through a negative pressure main gas conveying pipe (36).
2. The pneumatic-mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein: still including being located under separation drum assembly (3) housing (2), housing (2) include under housing (31), be located last housing (32) and the water conservancy diversion passageway at under housing top, the water conservancy diversion passageway is including slope installation at under housing (31) medial surface's leaflet guide board (34), be located inner cover shell (33) of leaflet guide board (34) inboard and be located outer housing (37) outside leaflet guide board (34).
3. The pneumatic-mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the first chain wheel (25) is connected with a third chain wheel (15) on the first motor (1) through a chain, and the second chain wheel (30) is axially fixed on the rotating shaft (26) through a set screw and is connected with a fourth chain wheel (38) on the second motor (13) through a chain.
4. The pneumatic-mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the other side surface of each air chamber partition plate (22) is abutted against the inner wall of the separation roller (24) through a rubber sheet (23), one end surface of each air chamber partition plate (22) is sealed with the inner surface of the end cover, the other end surface of each air chamber partition plate (22) is sealed with the inner end surface of the separation roller (24), the central angle of the positive pressure chamber is 60-150 degrees, and the central angle of the negative pressure chamber is 210-300 degrees.
5. The pneumatic-mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein: threshing roller assembly (4) still including being used for protecting threshing roller (28) and being located the safety cover of threshing roller (28) top, the safety cover includes protection shield (27) and installs two at least regulation support (29) on protection shield (27), and the bottom mounting panel of every regulation support (29) passes through the bolt and is connected fixedly with the direction mounting hole of protection shield (27), and the vertical direction mounting hole that the roof beam was erected to the vertical mounting panel of every regulation support (29) passes through the bolt and frame (6) upper strata roof lower surface is connected fixedly.
6. The pneumatic-mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein: two ends of a mandrel (21) of the separation roller assembly (3) are respectively installed on a support (16) on a middle-layer beam of the rack (6), and the support (16) is connected with a longitudinal guide installation groove of the middle-layer beam of the rack (6) through a bolt.
7. The pneumatic-mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein: and two ends of the rotating shaft (26) are connected with bearing seats (17) on a pair of supporting rods on the upper layer of the rack (6) through bearings.
8. The pneumatic-mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the spreading angle of the fan-shaped nozzles (18) ranges from 45 degrees to 70 degrees, each fan-shaped nozzle (18) is installed on an adjusting plate (19) on the top of the upper layer of the rack (6), and the adjusting plate (19) is connected with a longitudinal guide mounting hole in the beam at the upper layer end of the rack (6) through a bolt.
9. The pneumatic-mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine as claimed in claim 2, wherein: the lower housing (31) and the upper housing (32) are fixed on the rack (6), and the outer housing (37) is fixed on a fixing seat (14) of a support leg of the rack (6); one end of the rotating shaft (26) penetrates through the upper housing (32) and then is connected with the second chain wheel (30).
CN202110541655.XA 2021-05-18 2021-05-18 Pneumatic mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine Active CN113261685B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110541655.XA CN113261685B (en) 2021-05-18 2021-05-18 Pneumatic mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110541655.XA CN113261685B (en) 2021-05-18 2021-05-18 Pneumatic mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN113261685A CN113261685A (en) 2021-08-17
CN113261685B true CN113261685B (en) 2022-03-15

Family

ID=77231498

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202110541655.XA Active CN113261685B (en) 2021-05-18 2021-05-18 Pneumatic mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN113261685B (en)

Family Cites Families (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100563420C (en) * 2008-05-30 2009-12-02 甘肃农业大学 The hand steered air suction stripping refining type seed combined harvester
CN201591022U (en) * 2010-02-11 2010-09-29 历喜云 Self-walking type stevia rebaudiana leaf removing machine
CN105284274A (en) * 2015-11-24 2016-02-03 蚌埠市达峰机械制造有限责任公司 Stevia rebaudiana disleaving device
CN205266917U (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-06-01 蚌埠市达峰机械制造有限责任公司 Sweetleaf chrysanthemum leaf -stalk separator
CN106072716B (en) * 2016-05-31 2019-08-16 中国农业大学 One kind having petiole class defoliating plants device and method
CN107927861A (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-04-20 唐林元 A kind of artemisia selengensis defoliation device
CN108450126B (en) * 2018-01-15 2020-09-11 舒城县健祥杭白菊种植专业合作社 Automatic stevia rebaudiana harvesting and defoliating integrated machine
CN208657934U (en) * 2018-01-24 2019-03-29 明光市大地农业科技有限公司 A kind of machine for removing stevia rebaudiana leaves
CN108201157B (en) * 2018-01-29 2020-11-03 明光市大地农业科技有限公司 Sweetleaf chrysanthemum disleaving wind selector
CN212488373U (en) * 2020-06-13 2021-02-09 江西农业大学 Eccentric formula sweetleaf chrysanthemum disleave device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN113261685A (en) 2021-08-17

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN108214697A (en) A kind of timber cutter device of dust-proof environmental protection
CN102548390B (en) Tree harvester
CN210928634U (en) Afforestation pruning equipment
CN113261685B (en) Pneumatic mechanical combined artemisia selengensis defoliating machine
CN111588064A (en) Novel tobacco drying and crushing equipment
CN109527624A (en) A kind of agricultural Jiang Miao separating one-piece
CN207235474U (en) A kind of capsicum automatic picking apparatus
CN103098619A (en) Corn peeling testing device
KR101741538B1 (en) Stem removal apparatus for bulbs of agricultural products
CN211359081U (en) Gardens are with fallen leaves branch recycle device
CN205794744U (en) A kind of full-automatic stoner continuously for removing Semen Jujubae
CN211129662U (en) Peanut shelling device
CN110771334A (en) Forestry sapling protection is with movable spraying machine
CN110342317A (en) A kind of high-quality environment protective glitter powder production line and production technology
CN110116791A (en) A kind of water surface weeding descaling machine
CN206821178U (en) A kind of machine for recycling mulch film
CN210840716U (en) Special harvester for apocynum venetum
CN212487318U (en) Gardens weeding equipment of easily operating
CN215421508U (en) A soil breaker for farming
CN112772120B (en) Garden trimming device
CN107711107A (en) A kind of straw covering machine
CN216396595U (en) Breaker for afforestation
CN210168989U (en) Chinese chestnut ring cutting machine
CN212259990U (en) Width adjustable tectorial membrane device
CN213368530U (en) A device that loosens soil for gardens construction service

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant