CN113261522A - Novel combined artificial fish reef - Google Patents

Novel combined artificial fish reef Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113261522A
CN113261522A CN202110603444.4A CN202110603444A CN113261522A CN 113261522 A CN113261522 A CN 113261522A CN 202110603444 A CN202110603444 A CN 202110603444A CN 113261522 A CN113261522 A CN 113261522A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
reef
chamber
artificial fish
reef body
room
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Granted
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CN202110603444.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113261522B (en
Inventor
王千番
黄文明
周国勋
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Hainan Sanyou Marine Technology Co ltd
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Hainan Sanyou Marine Technology Co ltd
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Publication of CN113261522A publication Critical patent/CN113261522A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/70Artificial fishing banks or reefs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; AVICULTURE; APICULTURE; PISCICULTURE; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • A01K61/17Hatching, e.g. incubators
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Marine Sciences & Fisheries (AREA)
  • Zoology (AREA)
  • Animal Husbandry (AREA)
  • Biodiversity & Conservation Biology (AREA)
  • Artificial Fish Reefs (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a novel combined type artificial fish reef which comprises a reef body and an oviposition chamber, wherein the reef body and the oviposition chamber are communicated with the inside and the outside, the oviposition chamber is of a cuboid structure, the oviposition chamber is arranged inside the reef body, the oviposition chamber is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the reef body through connecting pieces, six faces of the oviposition chamber are respectively provided with an opening, sealing plates for shielding the openings are respectively arranged in the oviposition chamber, the sealing plates are in one-to-one correspondence with the openings, a through hole is formed in the center of each sealing plate, a guide rod perpendicular to the openings is arranged in each through hole in a penetrating mode, each sealing plate is movably connected with the guide rod, and the guide rods are fixedly connected with the oviposition chamber through connecting rods.

Description

Novel combined artificial fish reef
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of artificial fish reefs, and particularly relates to a novel combined artificial fish reef.
Background
The ecological system formed by the artificial fish reef plays a great role in improving and repairing the sea area environment, the artificial fish reef is put in, the juvenile fish and the juvenile shrimps can be effectively protected, the survival rate of the juvenile fish and the juvenile shrimps is improved, a good inhabitation environment and a bait-requesting place are provided for the fishes, and the increase of resources by times or tens of times is facilitated.
Patent document CN112602642A discloses a combinable horse-rejection type artificial fish reef, which comprises a front plate and a rear plate; the front plate and the rear plate are of an integrally-shaped flat plate-shaped structure, namely a v-21274, the two sides of the flat plate-shaped structure are provided with supporting pieces, and the middle part of the flat plate-shaped structure is provided with a connecting member for connecting the two supporting pieces; the connecting members of the front plate and the rear plate are connected with each other far away from the supporting piece to form a triangular refusal horse-shaped structure; the outer side of the front plate is connected with more than one conical structure, and the bottom surface of the conical structure is connected with the outer side surface of the front plate; and holes I and II matched with the two supporting pieces on the front plate are respectively formed in the two supporting pieces on the rear plate, and the other two supporting pieces of the front plate capable of combining the horse rejection type artificial fish reef are inserted into the holes I and II on the rear plate to complete the fixation of the two combinable horse rejection type artificial fish reefs. The invention has reasonable structure design, low cost and excellent expansibility, can be extended and stacked, is beneficial to the growth of attached organisms and has wide application prospect.
Patent document CN112741033A discloses an artificial fish reef of multi-functional cabin combination, including lower part quadrangular frustum pyramid main part, middle part support column and upper portion umbrella structure, each inclined plane of lower part quadrangular frustum pyramid main part all has the opening, and interior by violently standing each cabin of partition board share, each cabin communicates with each other through the opening, has the cabin to be indirect with the communicating darkroom structure in the external world, and umbrella structure is located the top of quadrangular frustum pyramid main part, through the connecting bolt fixed connection on the middle support column, umbrella structure is last to have can assemble algae adhesion base and opening, the upper surface of quadrangular frustum pyramid main part and the upper surface that the inclined plane is mat surface, top umbrella structure are the attached porous face of easy algae. The artificial fish reef is of a shadow-rich structure, a multi-cabin structure can be used as a shelter, rest and spawning place for various fishes, and porous plastids on the surface are easy for attachment of algae and invertebrate organisms and high in attachment density, so that baits are provided for the fishes, the sea cucumbers, the abalones and the like.
The fish school can rely on the fish reef to protect the roe after laying eggs, prevents that other fishes from causing the destruction to the roe, because there are a great deal of undercurrents in the seabed, the fish reef can receive external force to take place the phenomenon of toppling, and this just causes the roe to vibrate easily to being washed out the fish reef outside, being swallowed by external fish school, greatly reduced the reproduction of fish school, thereby slowed down the improvement effect of ecological cycle.
Disclosure of Invention
Therefore, the invention provides a novel combined artificial fish reef which can reduce the risk that roes are gnawed by other fishes, thereby improving the breeding effect of fish schools and accelerating the repair and improvement of the sea area environment of the water area.
The technical scheme of the invention is realized as follows:
the invention provides a novel combined type artificial fish reef which comprises a reef body and an oviposition chamber, wherein the reef body and the oviposition chamber are communicated with the inside and the outside, the oviposition chamber is of a cuboid structure, the oviposition chamber is arranged inside the reef body, the oviposition chamber is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the reef body through connecting pieces, six faces of the oviposition chamber are respectively provided with openings, sealing plates for shielding the openings are respectively arranged in the oviposition chamber, the sealing plates are in one-to-one correspondence with the openings, a through hole is formed in the center of each sealing plate, a guide rod perpendicular to the openings penetrates through each through hole, each sealing plate is movably connected with the guide rod, and the guide rod is fixedly connected with the oviposition chamber through a connecting rod.
Preferably, a plurality of oviposition chambers are arranged in the reef body.
Preferably, the tail end of the guide rod is fixedly connected with a lower limiting disc.
Preferably, the connecting rod is arranged on the circumferential side wall of the lower limiting disc, and the guide rod is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the oviposition chamber through the connecting rod.
Preferably, the guide rod further comprises an upper limiting disc, the size of the through hole is larger than that of the guide rod, and the size of the upper limiting disc is larger than that of the through hole.
Preferably, the surface of the reef body is provided with a plurality of flow guide holes, the exterior of the reef body is communicated with the interior of the reef body through the flow guide holes, and the flow guide holes and the openings of the ovipositing chambers are distributed in a staggered manner.
Preferably, the reef surface is a porous surface to which algae can easily attach.
Preferably, the inner walls of the oviposition chambers are provided with funnel-shaped gathering hoppers.
Preferably, a juvenile fish chamber is further arranged inside the reef body, the juvenile fish chamber is arranged in the center of the reef body, and a plurality of inlet and outlet holes are formed in each surface of the juvenile fish chamber.
Preferably, the sizes of the access holes on the same surface of the juvenile fish chamber are the same, and the sizes of the access holes on different surfaces of the juvenile fish chamber are different.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
the invention provides a novel combined type artificial fish reef, wherein a sealing plate in a spawning chamber freely falls under the action of gravity, an opening at the top is opened, an opening at the bottom is shielded, so that fishes can enter the spawning chamber from the top of the spawning chamber to lay eggs, and the spawning chamber is protected.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without inventive exercise.
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a reef according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a sectional view of a reef body according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a perspective sectional view of an oviposition chamber according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the internal structure of an oviposition chamber according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view showing the internal structure of an oviposition chamber according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a collecting hopper according to a second embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the reef in the second embodiment of the invention.
In the figure, 1 reef, 2 oviposition chamber, 3 connecting piece, 4 opening, 5 sealing plate, 6 through hole, 7 guide rod, 701 lower limiting plate, 702 upper limiting plate, 8 connecting rod, 9 diversion hole, 10 gathering bucket, 11 young fish chamber, 12 inlet and outlet hole.
Detailed Description
In order to better understand the technical content of the invention, specific embodiments are provided below, and the invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Example one
Referring to fig. 1 to 4, the invention provides a novel combined artificial fish reef, which comprises a reef body 1 and an spawning chamber 2, wherein the reef body 1 and the spawning chamber 2 are communicated with each other, the reef body 1 is cast by concrete, a steel bar framework is arranged in the reef body 1, the structural stability of the reef body 1 is improved while the reef body does not influence the sea environment, the spawning chamber 2 is of a cuboid structure, the spawning chamber 2 is arranged in the reef body 1, the spawning chamber 2 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the reef body 1 through a connecting piece 3, openings 4 are respectively arranged on six surfaces of the spawning chamber 2, sealing plates 5 for shielding the openings 4 are respectively arranged in the spawning chamber 2, the sealing plates 5 correspond to the openings 4 one by one, the sealing plates 5 are not interfered with each other, a through hole 6 is arranged in the center of the sealing plate 5, a guide rod 7 vertical to the openings 4 is arranged in the through hole 6 in a penetrating manner, and the sealing plate 5 is movably connected with the guide rod, the guide rod 7 is fixedly connected with the oviposition chamber 2 through a connecting rod 8.
The reef body 1 is put into a designated water area, the reef body 1 which is internally and externally communicated enables fish groups to freely pass in and out to provide a resting environment and a bait-demanding place for fishes, the spawning chamber 2 is arranged in the reef body 1 to provide a good place for spawning and breeding of the fishes, the sealing plate 5 in the spawning chamber 2 freely falls under the action of gravity, the opening 4 at the top is opened, the opening 4 at the bottom is shielded, the fishes can enter the spawning chamber 2 from the top of the spawning chamber 2 to spawn, meanwhile, the fishes can be stored in the spawning chamber 2 to protect the fishes, when the reef body 1 is overturned due to seabed undercurrent or other external force, the spawning chamber 2 can overturn along with the overturning of the reef body 1 until the reef body 1 is stable again, through the gravity effect of the spawning chamber 2 and the sealing plate 5 in a cuboid structure, the spawning chamber 2 can still form an opening 4 after being stable, the bottom opening 4 confined cavity, most roe still can be attached to the bottom in the oviposition room 2, and the roe that has significantly reduced rolls to the outside quantity of reef 1, under the protection of oviposition room 2, has reduced the risk that the roe is gnawed by other fishes to improve the reproductive effect of shoal of fish, accelerate the restoration and the improvement to the sea area environment in this waters. The reef body 1 is preferably of a cuboid structure, the contact surface between the bottom surface of the reef body 1 and the seabed is improved, the reef body 1 of the cuboid structure can correspond to the spawning chamber 2, after the reef body 1 is stabilized to a certain degree, the top surface and the bottom surface of the spawning chamber 2 are both positioned in the vertical direction, and the sealing plate 5 can fall freely.
The reef body 1 is internally provided with a plurality of spawning chambers 2, and the plurality of spawning chambers 2 are arranged to provide more spawning places for fish schools.
The tail end of the guide rod 7 is fixedly connected with a lower limiting disc 701, when the upper opening 4 is opened by the upper sealing plate 5 in free falling, the lower limiting disc 701 limits the falling position of the sealing plate 5, and the sealing plate 5 is prevented from falling too deep to extrude the roe in the spawning chamber 2.
The connecting rod 8 is arranged on the circumferential side wall of the lower limiting disc 702, and the guide rod 7 is fixedly connected with the inner wall of the oviposition chamber 2 through the connecting rod 8.
Guide bar 7 still includes spacing dish 702 on, the size of through-hole 6 is greater than guide bar 7's size ensures to seal board 5 and can smoothly carry out free fall, the size of spacing dish 702 on last is greater than when the below opening 4 is closed in free fall, the board 5 that seals of lower part, seals board 5 and supports and press at last spacing dish 702 top, seals board 5 and closes below opening 4, and the spacing dish is gone up and then is closed the through-hole 6 that seals board 5 center, ensures that the roe can not follow through-hole 6 and drop out spawning chamber 2 outsidely, has improved the protection effect to the roe.
The surface of the reef body 1 is provided with a plurality of flow guide holes 9, the exterior of the reef body 1 is communicated with the interior of the reef body 1 through the flow guide holes 9, the flow guide holes 9 and the openings 4 of the spawning chamber 2 are distributed in a staggered manner, a passage for fish to enter and exit the reef body 1 is enlarged through the flow guide holes 9, meanwhile, seawater can easily pass through the reef body 1, the acting force of the seawater on the reef body 1 is reduced, the flow guide holes 9 and the openings 4 which are staggered with each other complicate a route for entering the spawning chamber 2, and the protection effect on the fish spawns in the spawning chamber 2 is further improved.
The surface of the reef body 1 is a porous surface which is easy for algae to adhere to, the adhesion effect of the algae is improved through the porous surface, the growth and the propagation of the algae are accelerated, the repairing and improving effects of the sea area environment are improved, a certain amount of algae adhesion base can be assembled on the surface of the reef body 1 in advance, and the growth and the propagation of the algae are further accelerated.
Example two
Referring to fig. 5 to 7, the difference between the present embodiment and the first embodiment is that funnel-shaped gathering hoppers 10 are arranged on the inner walls of the spawning chambers, the gathering hoppers 10 have an inclination angle of 45 °, and when the reef body 1 topples and turns over, the gathering hoppers 10 on the bottom can play a role in gathering and protecting the roes at the place, and prevent the roes from falling out from the openings 4 on the sides to some extent.
The interior of the reef body is further provided with a juvenile fish chamber 11, the juvenile fish chamber 11 is arranged at the center of the reef body 1, each surface of the juvenile fish chamber 11 is provided with a plurality of inlet and outlet holes 12, the sizes of the inlet and outlet holes 12 are smaller than the sizes of the opening 4 of the spawning chamber 2 and the flow guide hole 9, juvenile fish can enter and exit, and other fishes larger than the sizes of the inlet and outlet holes 12 cannot enter the juvenile fish chamber 11, so that the juvenile fish is protected better, and the breeding effect of fish groups is improved.
The size homogeneous phase of business turn over hole 12 on the same face of juvenile fish room 11 is the same, on the different faces of juvenile fish room 11 business turn over hole 12 size all is all different, the business turn over hole 12 size of six faces in juvenile fish room 11 increases in proper order, make things convenient for the juvenile fish business turn over juvenile fish room 11 of different stages, when the relative less juvenile fish of size is attacked to the relative juvenile fish of the great juvenile fish of size simultaneously, the juvenile fish can be followed positive little business turn over hole 12 and entered into the juvenile fish indoor, and the juvenile fish then need wind the other one side that self can pass through and can enter into the juvenile fish room 11 through big business turn over hole 12 side in, make juvenile fish room 11 when protecting the juvenile fish, can also avoid the mutual attack of the juvenile fish between the size of different stages, improve the survival rate of juvenile fish greatly, improve the reproductive effect of shoal.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like that fall within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included therein.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a novel artificial fish reef of combination formula, a serial communication port, the reef body and the room of laying eggs including inside and outside intercommunication, the room of laying eggs is the cuboid structure, the room of laying eggs is established the inside of the reef body, the room of laying eggs pass through the connecting piece with the inner wall fixed connection of the reef body, the opening has been seted up respectively to six faces of the room of laying eggs, it is right respectively to lay eggs indoor be equipped with the opening seals the board that shelters from, seal the board with the opening one-to-one, seal the board center and be equipped with the through-hole, wear to be equipped with the perpendicular to in the through-hole the open-ended guide bar, seal the board with guide bar swing joint, the guide bar pass through the connecting rod with room fixed connection of laying eggs.
2. A novel modular artificial fish reef in accordance with claim 1 wherein a plurality of said oviposition chambers are provided within said reef body.
3. The novel combined artificial fish reef according to claim 1, wherein a lower limiting disc is fixedly connected to the tail end of the guide rod.
4. A novel modular artificial fish reef in accordance with claim 3 wherein said connecting rod is disposed on the circumferential side wall of said lower retainer plate and said guide rod is fixedly connected to the inner wall of said oviposition chamber through said connecting rod.
5. The novel modular artificial fish reef of claim 4, wherein the guide rod further comprises an upper limiting disc, the size of the through hole is larger than that of the guide rod, and the size of the upper limiting disc is larger than that of the through hole.
6. The novel combined artificial fish reef as claimed in claim 1, wherein a plurality of diversion holes are formed on the surface of the reef body, the exterior of the reef body is communicated with the interior of the reef body through the diversion holes, and the diversion holes are distributed in a staggered manner with the opening of the spawning chamber.
7. A novel modular artificial fish reef in accordance with claim 1 wherein the reef surface is a porous surface to which algae can easily attach.
8. A novel modular artificial fish reef in accordance with claim 1 wherein the inner walls of the spawning chamber are provided with funnel-shaped gathering hoppers.
9. A novel combined artificial fish reef as claimed in claim 1 wherein a young fish chamber is provided inside the reef body, the young fish chamber is provided in the center of the reef body, and a plurality of access holes are provided on each side of the young fish chamber.
10. A novel modular artificial fish reef in accordance with claim 9 wherein the access holes are of the same size on the same side of the chamber and the access holes are of different sizes on different sides of the chamber.
CN202110603444.4A 2021-05-31 2021-05-31 Novel combined artificial fish reef Active CN113261522B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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Inventor after: Huang Wenming

Inventor after: Luo Wen

Inventor after: Zhong Tingting

Inventor before: Wang Qianfan

Inventor before: Huang Wenming

Inventor before: Zhou Guoxun

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