CN113248119B - Glass insulator production mould - Google Patents

Glass insulator production mould Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113248119B
CN113248119B CN202110588450.7A CN202110588450A CN113248119B CN 113248119 B CN113248119 B CN 113248119B CN 202110588450 A CN202110588450 A CN 202110588450A CN 113248119 B CN113248119 B CN 113248119B
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China
Prior art keywords
male
grooves
cross
circular lower
female
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113248119A (en
Inventor
贺建辉
童昌文
阳卷
李文相
隋井跃
刘志平
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Sanrui Technology Jiangxi Co ltd
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Sanrui Technology Jiangxi Co ltd
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Priority to CN202110588450.7A priority Critical patent/CN113248119B/en
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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03BMANUFACTURE, SHAPING, OR SUPPLEMENTARY PROCESSES
    • C03B11/00Pressing molten glass or performed glass reheated to equivalent low viscosity without blowing
    • C03B11/06Construction of plunger or mould
    • C03B11/08Construction of plunger or mould for making solid articles, e.g. lenses
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03BMANUFACTURE, SHAPING, OR SUPPLEMENTARY PROCESSES
    • C03B11/00Pressing molten glass or performed glass reheated to equivalent low viscosity without blowing
    • C03B11/12Cooling, heating, or insulating the plunger, the mould, or the glass-pressing machine; cooling or heating of the glass in the mould
    • C03B11/125Cooling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/50Glass production, e.g. reusing waste heat during processing or shaping
    • Y02P40/57Improving the yield, e-g- reduction of reject rates

Abstract

The invention discloses a glass insulator production mold which comprises a circular lower template and a cross-shaped upper template, wherein four female molds are uniformly arranged on the top surface of the circular lower template, female mold profiles are arranged on the inner sides of the female molds, male molds are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the bottom surface of the cross-shaped upper template, male mold profiles are arranged on the inner sides of the male molds, and group edge grooves are formed in the bottom surfaces of the male mold profiles. The invention has the advantages that the circular lower template and the cross upper template are arranged, the secondary cooling function is realized, the time for separating the male die from the female die and opening the die is reduced, the production efficiency is improved, the workpiece quality is not influenced during demoulding, the workpiece demoulding is not required to be finished by independent power equipment, the manufacturing cost and the use cost of the die are saved, the male die and the female die can be staggered when the formed workpiece is taken down, the operation of workers is convenient, and the risk that the male die crushes the workers is avoided.

Description

Glass insulator production mould
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of glass insulator production, in particular to a glass insulator production mold.
Background
The glass insulator is a device made of glass for supporting and insulating a lead, is one of key parts of a high-voltage transmission line, and has the advantages and disadvantages of performance which directly affect the operation safety of the whole transmission line.
The existing glass insulator production mold does not influence the molding shape of the glass insulator when a male mold and a female mold are separated and opened, a heat dissipation cooling mechanism is often arranged, so that the surface of the glass insulator is cooled and molded, but the long-time cooling molding can greatly prolong the time for separating and opening the mold of the male mold and the female mold, reduce the production efficiency, and cool the surface for a short time, although the surface is cooled and molded, the molding shape of the glass insulator is not influenced when the mold is opened, but the workpiece quality is also caused by ejection rigidity force during demolding due to incomplete cooling inside the workpiece, and most of the existing glass insulator production molds need separate power equipment to eject and demold the molded workpiece, thereby not only increasing the manufacturing cost, but also consuming electric energy and increasing the use cost when in use, in addition, because the distance between the male mold and the female mold of the glass insulator production mold is often not large, this results in inconvenience for the worker in removing the demolded, formed workpiece and even a risk of being crushed by the male mold.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the defects in the prior art, so that the glass insulator production mold has a secondary cooling function, the time for separating and opening the mold of a male mold and a female mold is shortened, the production efficiency is improved, the workpiece quality is not influenced during demolding, the workpiece demolding is completed without independent power equipment, the manufacturing cost and the use cost of the mold are saved, the male mold and the female mold can be staggered when a formed workpiece is taken down, the operation of workers is convenient, and the risk that the male mold damages the workers is avoided.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: a glass insulator production mold comprises a circular lower template and a cross upper template, wherein four female molds are uniformly arranged on the top surface of the circular lower template, female mold surfaces are arranged on the inner sides of the female molds, a second through groove penetrating through the circular lower template is formed below the center of the female mold surfaces and the center of the bottom surface of the female molds, movable baffle plates are arranged in the center of the bottom surfaces of the female molds and the female mold surfaces, sealing rings are arranged on the bottom surfaces of the movable baffle plates, sealing grooves are formed in the top edges of the second through grooves, the sealing rings are embedded in the sealing grooves in a clamping manner, male molds are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the bottom surface of the cross upper template, male mold surfaces are arranged on the inner sides of the male molds, group prismatic grooves are formed in the bottom surfaces of the male molds, hydraulic lifting mechanisms fixedly connected with the top surface of the cross upper template are arranged above the two male molds, first cooling cavities are symmetrically formed in the other two ends of the bottom surface of the cross upper template, and the top of the first cooling cavity is provided with an air inlet channel penetrating through the cross-shaped upper template, and the top end of the air inlet channel is communicated with an air outlet of the air cooler.
As a further description of the above technical solution:
the circular lower template bottom surface central authorities fixedly connected with axis of rotation, and the axis of rotation bottom is installed in the installation bearing to the installation bearing is installed at bottom plate incasement portion central authorities, the axis of rotation is located bottom plate incasement portion and installs driven gear, and driven gear one side meshing has the driving gear, and the driving gear is installed at the step motor output.
As a further description of the above technical solution:
the top surface of the bottom plate box is symmetrically provided with bearing frames, gear shafts are arranged on the bearing frames, and linkage gears are arranged in the centers of the gear shafts.
As a further description of the above technical solution:
first lifting grooves are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the top surface of the bottom plate box, first toothed plates are embedded in the first lifting grooves and meshed with one sides of the linkage gears, and the tops of the first toothed plates can penetrate through the second through grooves to be abutted to the bottom surfaces of the movable baffles.
As a further description of the above technical solution:
second lifting grooves are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the top surface of the bottom plate box, second toothed plates are embedded in the second lifting grooves in a clamped mode and meshed with the other side of the linkage gear, and reset springs are connected between the bottoms of the second toothed plates and the top surface of the inner side of the second lifting grooves.
As a further description of the above technical solution:
four first through grooves are symmetrically formed in the circular lower template, two ejector rods are symmetrically installed on the bottom surface of the cross-shaped upper template, and the bottom ends of the ejector rods can penetrate through the first through grooves to be abutted to the tops of the second gear plates.
As a further description of the above technical solution:
two first cooling chamber one side all communicates there is gas transmission pipeline one end, and the second cooling chamber that the gas transmission pipeline other end intercommunication formpiston inner chamber was seted up, the second cooling chamber passes through first gas pocket intercommunication crowd's edge groove inner chamber, the even second gas pocket that runs through the formpiston profile of a plurality of in second cooling chamber bottom, first gas pocket and second gas pocket diameter all are less than fifty microns.
As a further description of the above technical solution:
supporting tables located right below the male die are symmetrically installed on the top surface of the bottom plate box, supporting sliding blocks are installed on the top surfaces of the supporting tables, supporting sliding grooves are formed in the bottom surface of the circular lower template, and the supporting sliding blocks are embedded in the supporting sliding grooves in a clamping mode.
As a further description of the above technical solution:
four even air fans are evenly installed at the top of the first cooling cavity, and an even air plate is arranged below the even air fans.
As a further description of the above technical solution:
spacing spout is all installed to first lift inslot and the equal symmetry of second lift inslot side, spacing slider is installed to the equal symmetry in first pinion rack and second pinion rack both sides, and spacing slider inlay card is in spacing spout.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that;
1. when the invention is used, a proper amount of glass melt material is injected into two female dies which are arranged on the opposite corners of the top surface of the circular lower die plate, then a stepping motor arranged in a bottom plate box is started to drive a driving gear to rotate, a driven gear arranged at the bottom end of a rotating shaft in a mounting bearing is meshed with the driving gear, so that the effect of driving the circular lower die plate and four female dies to rotate in a stepping way is realized, when the two female dies for injecting the material rotate to the positions right below male dies which are symmetrically arranged at the two ends of the bottom surface of the cross upper die plate, the stepping motor stops working, meanwhile, hydraulic lifting mechanisms arranged at the two ends of the top surface of the cross upper die plate push the cross upper die plate and the male dies which are symmetrically arranged at the two ends to move downwards until the male dies and the female dies are correspondingly matched, and the male die profiles and the female die profiles which are respectively arranged on the male dies are used for extruding the material, then, the air coolers arranged at the other two ends of the top surface of the cross-shaped upper template are started to work, cold air generated by the air coolers enters a first cooling cavity through an air inlet channel, cooling in the first cooling cavity enters a second cooling cavity through an air transmission pipeline, a first air hole and a second air hole which are formed in the second cooling cavity and a male mold surface respectively enter a space between a group edge groove and a male mold surface and a female mold surface, extruded glass melt liquid is subjected to primary cooling and shaping, after primary cooling is completed, a hydraulic lifting mechanism is started again to lift the cross-shaped upper template, meanwhile, a circular lower template is driven by a stepping motor again to rotate for forty-five degrees, at the moment, a proper amount of glass melt liquid materials can be injected into the other two female molds, then the lower template is driven by the stepping motor again to rotate for forty-five degrees, the steps are repeated, and the primarily cooled and shaped materials are positioned under the first cooling cavity at the moment, the cold air in the first cooling cavity uniformly cools the workpiece which is being demoulded for the second time under the action of the air homogenizing fan and the air homogenizing plate, so that the workpiece is completely cooled and formed, the quality problem caused by ejection rigidity force during demoulding can be avoided, and the male die and the female die synchronously extrude and form materials in the two female dies, so that the production efficiency is improved through the circular work.
2. According to the invention, when the male die and the female die are assembled, the circular lower die plate and the cross upper die plate are tightly attached together, the ejector rods arranged at two ends of the bottom surface of the cross upper die plate penetrate through the first through grooves formed at two ends of the circular lower die plate to be pressed on the top of the second toothed plate to push the second toothed plate to move downwards, the reset spring connected between the second toothed plate and the second lifting groove is compressed, the side surface of the second toothed plate is meshed with one side of the linkage gear on the gear shaft arranged on the bearing frame, the second toothed plate drives the linkage gear to rotate when moving downwards, the other side of the linkage gear is meshed with the first toothed plate arranged in the first lifting groove, the first toothed plate can be lifted to penetrate through the second through groove to push the movable baffle arranged at the bottom of the center of the movable female die to lift, the movable baffle pushes the cooled workpiece to enter the first cooling cavity, and the workpiece is removed from the female die, the demoulding operation is completed, and no separate power equipment is needed in the process, so that the manufacturing cost and the use cost of the mould are reduced.
3. According to the invention, the circular lower template is arranged, as described above, after the glass insulator workpiece formed by secondary cooling is released from the female die, the cross-shaped upper template is lifted by the hydraulic lifting mechanism, the circular lower template is separated from the cross-shaped upper template, and the stepping motor drives the circular lower template to rotate for forty-five degrees again, so that the male die and the female die are staggered, the formed glass insulator workpiece can be conveniently taken out by a worker.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed in the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art to obtain other drawings without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a glass insulator production mold according to the present invention;
fig. 2 is a side view of a glass insulator manufacturing mold according to the present invention;
fig. 3 is a top view of a glass insulator manufacturing mold according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the internal structure of a bottom plate box of the mold for producing glass insulators according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is an enlarged view of FIG. 1 taken at A in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of FIG. 1 at B according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of FIG. 1 at C according to the present invention;
fig. 8 is a perspective view of a first lifting groove and a first toothed plate of the glass insulator production mold according to the present invention.
Illustration of the drawings:
1. a floor box; 2. a rotating shaft; 3. a circular lower template; 4. a cross-shaped upper template; 5. a female die; 6. a male mold; 7. a bearing bracket; 8. a gear shaft; 9. a linkage gear; 10. a first lifting groove; 11. a first toothed plate; 12. a second lifting groove; 13. a return spring; 14. a second toothed plate; 15. a limiting chute; 16. a limiting slide block; 17. a support table; 18. a first through groove; 19. a top rod; 20. an air cooler; 21. a hydraulic lifting mechanism; 22. a gas pipeline; 23. a gas homogenizing plate; 24. a support slide block; 25. a support chute; 26. mounting a bearing; 27. a driven gear; 28. a driving gear; 29. a stepping motor; 30. an air intake passage; 31. a first cooling chamber; 32. an air homogenizing fan; 33. a second cooling chamber; 34. a male mold surface; 35. a group of edge grooves; 36. a first air hole; 37. a second air hole; 38. a female mould surface; 39. a movable baffle; 40. a sealing groove; 41. a seal ring; 42. a second through slot.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention; the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance; furthermore, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, as they may be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected, for example; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases by those of ordinary skill in the art:
in the first embodiment, the glass insulator production mold comprises a circular lower template 3 and a cross-shaped upper template 4, four female molds 5 are uniformly arranged on the top surface of the circular lower template 3, female mold surfaces 38 are arranged on the inner sides of the female molds 5, second through grooves 42 penetrating through the circular lower template 3 are arranged below the centers of the female mold surfaces 38 and the bottom surfaces of the female molds 5, movable baffles 39 are arranged at the centers of the bottom surfaces of the female molds 5 and the female mold surfaces 38, sealing rings 41 are arranged on the bottom surfaces of the movable baffles 39, sealing grooves 40 are arranged at the edges of the tops of the second through grooves 42, the sealing rings 41 are embedded in the sealing grooves 40, male molds 6 are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the bottom surface of the cross-shaped upper template 4, male mold surfaces 34 are arranged on the inner sides of the male molds 6, group ridge grooves 35 are arranged on the bottom surfaces of the male mold surfaces 34, hydraulic lifting mechanisms 21 fixedly connected with the top surfaces of the cross-shaped upper template 4 are arranged above the two male molds 6, first cooling chamber 31 has been seted up to the other both ends symmetry in 4 bottom surfaces of cross cope match-plate pattern, and first cooling chamber 31 top sets up the inlet channel 30 that runs through cross cope match-plate pattern 4 to inlet channel 30 top intercommunication air-cooler 20 gas outlet, hydraulic pressure elevating system 21 and air-cooler 20 are prior art mature, and no longer give details here, have played the effect of glass melt material extrusion for glass insulator.
In the second embodiment, the rotating shaft 2 is fixedly connected to the center of the bottom surface of the circular lower template 3, the bottom end of the rotating shaft 2 is installed in the installation bearing 26, the installation bearing 26 is installed in the center of the top of the bottom plate box 1, the driven gear 27 is installed on the part, located in the bottom plate box 1, of the rotating shaft 2, the driving gear 28 is meshed with one side of the driven gear 27, the driving gear 28 is installed at the output end of the stepping motor 29, the stepping motor 29 is a mature technology in the prior art, and is not described herein any more, and the effect of controlling the stepping rotation of the circular lower template 3 is achieved, so that the female mold 5 on the circular lower template 3 is in different working states, workers can work conveniently, and the working efficiency is also improved.
In the third embodiment, the bearing frames 7 are symmetrically arranged on the top surface of the bottom plate box 1, the gear shaft 8 is arranged on the bearing frames 7, and the linkage gear 9 is arranged in the center of the gear shaft 8, so that the transmission effect is achieved.
Fourth, first lifting groove 10 is installed to 1 top surface bilateral symmetry of bottom plate case, and the card has first pinion rack 11 in the first lifting groove 10 to first pinion rack 11 meshes with interlock gear 9 one side mutually, and first pinion rack 11 top can pass through second logical groove 42 and adjustable fender 39 bottom surface looks butt, has played and has made first pinion rack 11 can rotate the lifting along with interlock gear 9, thereby can promote adjustable fender 39 and carry out the drawing of patterns operation to the work piece.
Fifth, second lifting groove 12 is installed to bottom plate case 1 top surface bilateral symmetry, and the card has second pinion rack 14 in the second lifting groove 12, and second pinion rack 14 meshes with interlock gear 9 other side mutually, is connected with reset spring 13 between second pinion rack 14 bottom and the inboard top surface of second lifting groove 12, has played and has made second pinion rack 14 drive interlock gear 9 pivoted effect, and reset spring 13 can reset second pinion rack 14.
In the sixth embodiment, four first through grooves 18 are symmetrically formed in the circular lower template 3, two ejector rods 19 are symmetrically installed on the bottom surface of the cross-shaped upper template 4, the bottom ends of the ejector rods 19 can penetrate through the first through grooves 18 to be abutted to the tops of the second toothed plates 14, and the effect of utilizing the thrust of the ejector rods 19 to drive the second toothed plates 14 to move downwards along the second lifting grooves 12 is achieved, so that the first toothed plates 11 are driven to push workpieces to be demoulded, and no independent power equipment is needed in the process, so that the manufacturing cost and the use cost of the die are reduced.
The seventh embodiment, two first cooling chamber 31 one side sides all communicate with gas transmission pipeline 22 one end, and the second cooling chamber 33 that the 6 inner chambers of formpiston were seted up is communicated to the gas transmission pipeline 22 other end, second cooling chamber 33 communicates the interior chamber of crowd's arris groove 35 through first gas pocket 36, second cooling chamber 33 bottom evenly communicates a plurality of second gas pocket 37 that run through formpiston profile 34, first gas pocket 36 and second gas pocket 37 diameter all are less than fifty microns, the effect of tentatively cooling the glass melt of extrusion has been played, first gas pocket 36 and second gas pocket 37 diameter all are less than fifty microns and can ensure that workpiece surface quality is up to standard.
Eight embodiment, the supporting bench 17 that is located under the formpiston 6 is installed to 1 top surface symmetry of bottom plate case, and supporting bench 17 top surface installs supporting slide 24, and supporting chute 25 has been seted up to circular lower bolster 3 bottom surface, and supports that the embedded supporting slide 24 that has had of chute 25, has played the effect of supporting stable circular lower bolster 3, prevents that circular lower bolster 3 is unstable under the impact of cross cope match-plate pattern 4.
In the ninth embodiment, the four air distribution fans 32 are uniformly installed at the top of the first cooling cavity 31, and the air distribution plate 23 is arranged below the air distribution fans 32, so that the effect of uniformly cooling the workpiece being demolded for the second time is achieved, the workpiece is completely cooled and formed, and the quality problem caused by the ejection rigidity during demolding is avoided.
Tenth, limiting sliding grooves 15 are symmetrically installed on the inner sides of the first lifting groove 10 and the second lifting groove 12, limiting sliding blocks 16 are symmetrically installed on two sides of the first toothed plate 11 and the second toothed plate 14, the limiting sliding blocks 16 are embedded in the limiting sliding grooves 15 in a clamping mode, and the effect that the first toothed plate 11 and the second toothed plate 14 are lifted more stably is achieved.
The working principle is as follows: the invention is provided with a circular lower template 3 and a cross-shaped upper template 4, when in use, a proper amount of glass melt material is injected into two female dies 5 which are arranged on the opposite angles of the top surface of the circular lower template 3, then a stepping motor 29 arranged in a bottom plate box 1 is started to drive a driving gear 28 to rotate, a driven gear 27 arranged at the bottom end of a rotating shaft 2 in an installation bearing 26 of the driving gear 28 is meshed, so that the effect of driving the circular lower template 3 and the four female dies 5 to rotate in a stepping way is realized, when the two female dies 5 which are injected with the material rotate to the positions right below male dies 6 which are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the bottom surface of the cross-shaped upper template 4, the stepping motor 29 stops working, and simultaneously hydraulic lifting mechanisms 21 arranged at two ends of the top surface of the cross-shaped upper template 4 push the cross-shaped upper template 4 and the male dies 6 which are symmetrically arranged at two ends to move downwards until the male dies 6 and the female dies 5 are correspondingly matched, extruding and molding materials by a male mold surface 34 and a female mold surface 38 which are respectively arranged on a male mold 6 and a female mold 5, then starting air coolers 20 arranged at the other two ends of the top surface of the cross-shaped upper template 4 to work, enabling cold air generated by the air coolers 20 to enter a first cooling cavity 31 through an air inlet channel 30, enabling the cooling in the first cooling cavity 31 to enter a second cooling cavity 33 through an air transmission pipeline 22, enabling a first air hole 36 and a second air hole 37 which are formed in the second cooling cavity 33 and the male mold surface 34 to respectively enter a space between a group edge groove 35 and the male mold surface 34 and the female mold surface 38, primarily cooling and shaping extruded molten glass, starting a hydraulic lifting mechanism 21 again to lift the cross-shaped upper template 4 after primary cooling is completed, simultaneously driving a circular lower template 3 to rotate for forty-five degrees again by a stepping motor 29, and injecting a proper amount of molten glass materials into the other two female molds 5, then the stepping motor 29 drives the circular lower template 3 to rotate for forty-five degrees again, the steps are repeated, the primarily cooled and formed material is positioned under the first cooling cavity 31 at the moment, the cold air in the first cooling cavity 31 uniformly cools the workpiece which is demoulded secondarily under the action of the air-homogenizing fan 32 and the air-homogenizing plate 23, so that the workpiece is completely cooled and formed, the quality problem caused by ejection rigidity force during demoulding can be avoided, and the male die 6 and the female die 5 synchronously extrude the material in the two female dies 5, so that the production efficiency is improved through the cycle work, in the invention, the first toothed plate 11 and the second toothed plate 14 are adopted, when the male die 6 and the female die 5 are closed, the circular lower template 3 and the cross upper template 4 are tightly attached together, at the moment, the ejector rods 19 arranged at two ends of the bottom surface of the cross upper template 4 penetrate through the first through grooves 18 formed at two ends of the circular lower template 3 to be propped at the top of the second toothed plate 14, the second toothed plate 14 is pushed to move downwards, the return spring 13 connected between the second toothed plate 14 and the second lifting groove 12 is compressed, the side surface of the second toothed plate 14 is meshed with one side of the linkage gear 9 on the gear shaft 8 mounted on the bearing frame 7, the linkage gear 9 is driven to rotate when the second toothed plate 14 moves downwards, the other side of the linkage gear 9 is meshed with the first toothed plate 11 mounted in the first lifting groove 10, the first toothed plate 11 can be lifted to penetrate through the second through groove 42 to jack the movable baffle 39 placed at the central bottom of the female die 5 to ascend, the movable baffle 39 pushes the cooled and formed workpiece into the first cooling cavity 31, the workpiece is separated from the female die 5, and the demolding operation is completed, no separate power equipment is needed in the process, so that the manufacturing cost and the use cost of the mold are reduced, and in addition, as described above, after the secondarily cooled and formed glass insulator workpiece is separated from the female die 5, at the moment, the cross-shaped upper template 4 is lifted by the hydraulic lifting mechanism 21, the circular lower template 3 is separated from the cross-shaped upper template 4, the stepping motor 29 drives the circular lower template 3 to rotate for forty-five degrees again, so that the male mold 6 and the female mold 5 are staggered, a worker can take out a formed glass insulator workpiece conveniently, and the body of the worker is not positioned below the cross-shaped upper template 4 when taking out the glass insulator workpiece, so that the risk that the male mold 6 crushes the worker is avoided, and the glass insulator workpiece is safer.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solutions and the inventive concepts thereof according to the present invention should be equivalent or changed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a glass insulator production mould, includes circular lower bolster (3) and cross cope match-plate pattern (4), its characterized in that, four bed dies (5) are evenly installed to circular lower bolster (3) top surface, and bed die profile (38) are installed to bed die (5) inboard to bed die profile (38) and bed die (5) bottom surface central authorities below offer the second that runs through circular lower bolster (3) and lead to groove (42), adjustable fender (39) are installed to bed die (5) and bed die profile (38) bottom surface central authorities, and adjustable fender (39) bottom surface installs sealing washer (41), second leads to groove (42) top edge and has seted up seal groove (40), and the card has sealing washer (41) in seal groove (40), formpiston (6) are installed to cross cope match-plate pattern (4) bottom surface both ends symmetry, and formpiston (34) are installed to formpiston (6) inboard, a group of edge grooves (35) are formed in the bottom surface of a male die molded surface (34), hydraulic lifting mechanisms (21) fixedly connected with the top surface of the cross-shaped upper template (4) are arranged above the two male dies (6), first cooling cavities (31) are symmetrically formed in the other two ends of the bottom surface of the cross-shaped upper template (4), an air inlet channel (30) penetrating through the cross-shaped upper template (4) is formed in the top of each first cooling cavity (31), the top end of each air inlet channel (30) is communicated with an air outlet of an air cooler (20), a rotating shaft (2) is fixedly connected to the center of the bottom surface of the circular lower template (3), the bottom end of the rotating shaft (2) is installed in an installation bearing (26), the installation bearing (26) is installed in the center of the top of the bottom plate box (1), bearing frames (7) are symmetrically installed on the top surface of the bottom plate box (1), and a gear shaft (8) is installed on each bearing frame (7), and the central part of the gear shaft (8) is provided with a linkage gear (9), two sides of the top surface of the bottom plate box (1) are symmetrically provided with first lifting grooves (10), the first lifting grooves (10) are embedded with first toothed plates (11) in a clamping manner, the first toothed plates (11) are meshed with one sides of the linkage gear (9), the top parts of the first toothed plates (11) can be abutted to the bottom surface of the movable baffle plate (39) through second through grooves (42), two sides of the top surface of the bottom plate box (1) are symmetrically provided with second lifting grooves (12), the second lifting grooves (12) are embedded with second toothed plates (14) in a clamping manner, the second toothed plates (14) are meshed with the other sides of the linkage gear (9), reset springs (13) are connected between the bottoms of the second toothed plates (14) and the inner top surfaces of the second lifting grooves (12), four first through grooves (18) are symmetrically arranged in the circular lower plate (3), two ejector rods (19) are symmetrically installed on the bottom surface of the cross-shaped upper template (4), and the bottom ends of the ejector rods (19) can penetrate through the first through grooves (18) to be abutted to the top of the second toothed plate (14).
2. A glass insulator production mold according to claim 1, wherein the driven gear (27) is installed on the portion of the rotating shaft (2) located in the bottom plate box (1), and a driving gear (28) is engaged with one side of the driven gear (27), and the driving gear (28) is installed on the output end of the stepping motor (29).
3. The mold for producing the glass insulator according to claim 1, wherein one side surface of each of the two first cooling cavities (31) is communicated with one end of a gas transmission pipeline (22), the other end of the gas transmission pipeline (22) is communicated with a second cooling cavity (33) formed in the inner cavity of the male mold (6), the second cooling cavity (33) is communicated with the inner cavity of the group ridge groove (35) through a first gas hole (36), the bottom end of the second cooling cavity (33) is uniformly communicated with a plurality of second gas holes (37) penetrating through the molded surface (34) of the male mold, and the diameters of the first gas holes (36) and the second gas holes (37) are smaller than fifty micrometers.
4. The glass insulator production mold according to claim 1, wherein the supporting platforms (17) located right below the male mold (6) are symmetrically installed on the top surface of the bottom plate box (1), the supporting sliders (24) are installed on the top surfaces of the supporting platforms (17), the supporting chutes (25) are formed in the bottom surface of the circular lower template (3), and the supporting sliders (24) are embedded in the supporting chutes (25) in a clamping manner.
5. A glass insulator production mold according to claim 1, wherein four air homogenizing fans (32) are uniformly installed on the top of the first cooling cavity (31), and an air homogenizing plate (23) is arranged below the air homogenizing fans (32).
6. The glass insulator production mold according to claim 1, wherein the first lifting groove (10) and the second lifting groove (12) are symmetrically provided with limiting sliding grooves (15) on the inner sides, the first toothed plate (11) and the second toothed plate (14) are symmetrically provided with limiting sliding blocks (16) on both sides, and the limiting sliding blocks (16) are embedded in the limiting sliding grooves (15).
CN202110588450.7A 2021-05-27 2021-05-27 Glass insulator production mould Active CN113248119B (en)

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