CN113247546B - Multifunctional conveying and sorting system - Google Patents

Multifunctional conveying and sorting system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113247546B
CN113247546B CN202110663932.4A CN202110663932A CN113247546B CN 113247546 B CN113247546 B CN 113247546B CN 202110663932 A CN202110663932 A CN 202110663932A CN 113247546 B CN113247546 B CN 113247546B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hook
conveying
unhooking
strip
push
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Active
Application number
CN202110663932.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113247546A (en
Inventor
彭安
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Chengdu Guheyun Technology Co ltd
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Chengdu Guheyun Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202110663932.4A priority Critical patent/CN113247546B/en
Publication of CN113247546A publication Critical patent/CN113247546A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G17/00Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface
    • B65G17/20Conveyors having an endless traction element, e.g. a chain, transmitting movement to a continuous or substantially-continuous load-carrying surface or to a series of individual load-carriers; Endless-chain conveyors in which the chains form the load-carrying surface comprising load-carriers suspended from overhead traction chains
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/16Sorting according to weight
    • B07C5/18Sorting according to weight using a single stationary weighing mechanism
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C5/00Sorting according to a characteristic or feature of the articles or material being sorted, e.g. by control effected by devices which detect or measure such characteristic or feature; Sorting by manually actuated devices, e.g. switches
    • B07C5/36Sorting apparatus characterised by the means used for distribution
    • B07C5/361Processing or control devices therefor, e.g. escort memory
    • B07C5/362Separating or distributor mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/36Removing material
    • B23K26/362Laser etching
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/70Auxiliary operations or equipment
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G43/00Control devices, e.g. for safety, warning or fault-correcting
    • B65G43/08Control devices operated by article or material being fed, conveyed or discharged
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/82Rotary or reciprocating members for direct action on articles or materials, e.g. pushers, rakes, shovels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2203/00Indexing code relating to control or detection of the articles or the load carriers during conveying
    • B65G2203/02Control or detection
    • B65G2203/0208Control or detection relating to the transported articles
    • B65G2203/0258Weight of the article
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2203/00Indexing code relating to control or detection of the articles or the load carriers during conveying
    • B65G2203/04Detection means
    • B65G2203/042Sensors

Abstract

A multi-functional transport tally system, comprising: the conveying line comprises a sliding rail and a conveying belt, the sliding rail is connected with the conveying belt through a pulley, and the upper portion of the pulley is matched with the driving belt. The conveyer belt is equipped with a plurality of couples, and the couple upper segment is equipped with the guide block, and the middle section of couple has the bar hole, and the conveyer belt passes the bar hole, and the couple hypomere has hook portion, and hook portion is used for connecting the drop. The weighing module is fixedly arranged on one side of the conveying belt and comprises a weight sensor and a supporting table; when weighing, the hook is attached to the supporting table, and the marking instrument is arranged at the position corresponding to the weighing module. The front section of the unhooking shifting fork is of a conical structure, and the hook part inclines downwards when the hook moves to the middle section of the unhooking shifting fork. Sorting mechanism is equipped with the feed chute, and sorting mechanism back end is equipped with many delivery chutes, and sorting mechanism middle section is equipped with pushes away the silo, pushes away the silo and comprises two push pedals, and the push pedal is all connected in thrust unit's push rod. The conveying and tallying are high, the goods are separated smoothly, and automatic classification and output can be performed according to the weight information.

Description

Multifunctional conveying and sorting system
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field related to conveying and tallying, and particularly relates to a multifunctional conveying and tallying system.
Background
Most of the existing conveying devices are single in function and only can be used for simple goods transmission, and in modern production and retail industries, along with gradual deepening of the internet of things, information needing to be carried by various goods is gradually increased, such as important information of production places, production dates, weight and the like, so that users can conveniently trace and inquire product information at any time, and sorting and tallying are needed for facilitating grading packaging, and the existing conveying devices cannot meet the requirements due to too single function and need to independently increase working procedures to achieve, and accordingly conveying tallying efficiency is low. On the other hand, the conventional conveying line is often stuck when the goods are discharged, so that the goods cannot be smoothly separated, or the goods are taken out in a manual goods taking mode, so that the goods discharging speed is low.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the defects of the prior art, the invention provides the multifunctional conveying tally system which can automatically weigh and mark the goods in the conveying process, is favorable for improving the conveying tally efficiency, ensures that the goods are smoothly separated, and automatically classifies and outputs the goods according to the weight information.
In order to realize the purpose of the invention, the following scheme is adopted:
a multi-functional transport tally system, comprising: transfer chain, couple, weighing module, unhook shift fork and letter sorting mechanism.
The transfer chain includes the slide rail, and the slide rail below is equipped with the conveyer belt, and the slide rail all is the loop configuration with the conveyer belt to the slide rail coincides at the projection of horizontal plane with the conveyer belt, and the slide rail slides and is equipped with a plurality of pulleys, and the lower extreme of pulley links to each other with the conveyer belt, and wherein two at least pulley tops and driving band cooperations, and the driving band links to each other with the power supply.
The couple is equipped with a plurality ofly, the conveyer belt is located to the interval, interval between the adjacent couple is the same, the interval has between couple and the pulley, the couple upper segment is equipped with the guide block, the middle part of guide block bottom surface is the plane, the guide block bottom surface has the ascending upward inclined plane of slope along direction of delivery's both ends, the middle section of couple has the bar hole, the bar hole is along the couple that runs through of couple direction of delivery, the conveyer belt passes the bar hole, the couple hypomere has hook portion, the upwards perk of hook portion front end, hook portion is used for connecting the drop, the drop is used for binding the goods.
The weighing module is fixedly arranged on one side of the conveying belt and comprises a weight sensor and a supporting table, the weight sensor is connected with the upper computer, the middle part of the top surface of the supporting table is of a planar structure, and two ends of the top surface of the supporting table along the conveying direction of the hook are provided with downward inclined lower inclined surfaces; when the couple removed to a supporting bench, made the guide block slip supporting bench through last inclined plane and down inclined plane cooperation, when weighing, the plane at couple bottom surface middle part and the plane laminating at a supporting bench top surface middle part have the interval between the top in conveyer belt and bar hole this moment, and the position that corresponds weighing module is equipped with beats the mark appearance, beats the mark appearance and is used for the seal product information of inscription on the drop.
The unhooking shift fork is located weighing module's rear along the direction of delivery of couple, and the unhooking shift fork front end sets up towards the opposite direction that the couple was carried, and unhooking shift fork anterior segment is the toper structure, and the unhooking shift fork has the inclined plane towards one side of conveyer belt, and the couple hypomere is located the within range on inclined plane towards the projection of unhooking shift fork direction, and hook portion slope is down when the couple removes to unhooking shift fork middle section, and the drop breaks away from the couple this moment.
Sorting mechanism anterior segment is equipped with the feed chute, and unhook shift fork below is located to the feed chute, and sorting mechanism back end is equipped with many delivery chutes, and sorting mechanism middle section is equipped with pushes away the silo, and it comprises two push pedals to push away the silo, and the push pedal front end rotates to be connected in the exit end of feed chute, and the push pedal is all connected in thrust unit's push rod, and thrust unit links to each other with the host computer, through receiving the weight information that weighing module uploaded, promotes the push pedal, makes to push away the silo and be connected with corresponding delivery chute.
Furthermore, couple both sides all are equipped with spacing dish, have the clearance between spacing dish and the couple, and spacing dish sliding connection is in the conveyer belt to lock through the screw.
Further, the guide block bottom surface is equipped with the sand grip of rectangular shape along the direction of delivery of couple, and the sand grip is protrusion in the bottom surface of guide block downwards, and the position processing that the top surface of brace table corresponds the sand grip has the bar groove, and the bar groove is processed along the direction of delivery of couple, and the sand grip cooperates in the bar inslot when weighing.
Furthermore, a stop lever is arranged at the bottom of the unhooking shifting fork, the stop lever is arranged towards the opposite direction of the hook conveying, the lower section of the hangtag is positioned on the outer side of the stop lever on the projection of the hangtag towards the direction of the unhooking shifting fork, and the hook is positioned on the inner side of the stop lever after being guided by the inclined plane.
Furthermore, the push plate is respectively provided with a rotating shaft which is parallel to each other, the push rod is provided with a sliding groove corresponding to each rotating shaft, the sliding groove is perpendicular to the moving direction of the push rod, the rotating shaft is arranged in the sliding groove in a sliding manner, and when the push plate is pushed by the push rod to be matched with different output grooves, the rotating shaft slides in the sliding groove.
Further, the hook part is of a flat plate structure after being unfolded, and the hanging tag is provided with a rectangular hole for penetrating through the hook part.
Further, the marking instrument adopts laser to mark.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the system is equipped with the weighing module and is used for weighing the goods that pass through, is convenient for the later stage to be selected in grades to carry out laser marking through the information of marking the appearance with the goods on the drop in the time of weighing, reduce solitary mark process, help improving and carry and tally efficiency, laser marking can form the product information of word format, also can form the product information of two-dimensional code form, so that the user inquiry of being convenient for.
2. A couple for bearing weight of goods combines with weighing module in transportation process is automatic to weigh to after the couple combines with weighing module, the couple will break away from the supporting role of conveyer belt, make the couple only receive the supporting role of a supporting bench, with the precision of guaranteeing to weigh. Should be for the goods be in the state of stopping transport when weighing, beat the mark to the drop through beating the mark appearance this moment, not only can reduce the time of beating the mark alone, still make couple and drop be in fixed position through weighing module to beat mark work, need not to beat the special fixed station of mark work setting alone, reduce the fixture of fixed drop when beating the mark in proper order, make the structure of system simpler.
3. When the goods are discharged, the hook rotates through the unhooking shifting fork, so that the hook part of the hook is in a downward inclined state, the hanging tag can fall off from the hook part smoothly, the goods are prevented from being stuck, manual goods taking is avoided, and the goods discharging speed is improved; in order to further avoid the phenomenon that the hangtag can not smoothly fall off, a stop lever is specially arranged to isolate the hangtag from the hook.
4. The system is equipped with letter sorting mechanism in the position that the goods breaks away from the couple, and letter sorting mechanism carries out the grade classification according to the goods weight that weighing module weighed, makes through removing the push pedal and pushes away the silo and be connected with corresponding delivery outlet, makes the goods automatic carry out categorised output.
Drawings
The drawings described herein are for illustrative purposes only of selected embodiments and not all possible implementations, and are not intended to limit the scope of the present disclosure.
FIG. 1 shows a top view of the overall structure of the present application;
FIG. 2 shows a partial enlarged view at A in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 shows a partial enlarged view at B in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 shows the structure of the unhooking fork;
FIG. 5 shows a bottom view of the present application;
FIG. 6 shows a partial enlarged view at C in FIG. 5;
FIG. 7 shows another side view of the top of the present application;
FIG. 8 shows a partial enlarged view at D in FIG. 7;
FIG. 9 shows a side view of the present application;
FIG. 10 shows a partial enlarged view at E in FIG. 9;
FIG. 11 shows a block diagram of a hanger;
FIG. 12 shows a block diagram of a weighing module;
fig. 13 shows a structural view of the sorting mechanism.
The labels in the figure are: the automatic sorting machine comprises a conveying line-100, a sliding rail-110, a conveying belt-120, a pulley-130, a driving belt-140, a hook-200, a strip-shaped hole-201, a guide block-210, an upper inclined plane-211, a convex strip-212, a hook-220, a limiting disc-230, a hangtag-300, a rectangular hole-301, a weighing module-400, a weight sensor-410, a supporting table-420, a lower inclined plane-421, a strip-shaped groove-422, a marking instrument-430, a unhooking fork-500, an inclined plane-501, a stop lever-510, a sorting mechanism-600, a feeding groove-610, an output groove-620, a pushing groove-630, a pushing plate-631, a rotating shaft-632, a pushing device-640, a pushing rod-641 and a sliding groove-6411.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention is provided with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the described embodiments of the present invention are a part of the embodiments of the present invention, not all of the embodiments of the present invention.
It should be noted that: like reference numbers and letters refer to like items in the following figures, and thus, once an item is defined in one figure, it need not be further defined and explained in subsequent figures.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings or orientations or positional relationships that the products of the present invention are usually placed in when used, and are only for convenience of describing the present invention and simplifying the description. The terms "first," "second," and the like are used solely to distinguish one from another and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance. The terms "parallel", "perpendicular", etc. do not require that the components be absolutely parallel or perpendicular, but may be slightly inclined.
In the description of the present invention, it should also be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "disposed," "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, or through both elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
As shown in fig. 1 to 13, a multi-functional delivery tally system includes: conveyor line 100, couple 200, weighing module 400, unhook shift fork 500 and sorting mechanism 600.
Specifically, the conveying line 100 includes a slide rail 110, a conveying belt 120 is disposed below the slide rail 110, the slide rail 110 and the conveying belt 120 are both in an annular structure, the projections of the slide rail 110 and the conveying belt 120 on a horizontal plane are overlapped, the slide rail 110 is slidably provided with a plurality of pulleys 130, the lower ends of the pulleys 130 are connected with the conveying belt 120, wherein at least two of the pulleys 130 are matched with a driving belt 140, the driving belt 140 is connected with a power source for driving the pulleys 130 to roll, and the pulleys 130 drive the conveying belt 120 to rotate along the slide rail 110.
Specifically, a plurality of hooks 200 are arranged, the conveying belt 120 is arranged at intervals, the intervals between adjacent hooks 200 are the same, an interval is arranged between each hook 200 and the pulley 130, a guide block 210 is arranged at the upper section of each hook 200, the middle part of the bottom surface of each guide block 210 is a plane, the plane is perpendicular to the gravity direction, two ends of the bottom surface of each guide block 210 along the conveying direction are provided with upward inclined planes 211, the middle section of each hook 200 is provided with a strip-shaped hole 201, the strip-shaped holes 201 penetrate through the hooks 200 along the conveying direction of the hooks 200, the conveying belt 120 penetrates through the strip-shaped holes 201, the lower section of each hook 200 is provided with a hook portion 220, the front end of the hook portion 220 is upwards tilted, the hook portion 220 is used for connecting a hangtag 300, the hangtag 300 is provided with a binding band for binding goods as shown in fig. 8, and the hangtag 300 is shipped and sold together with the goods.
Specifically, weighing module 400 is fixed and is located conveyer belt 120 one side, and weighing module 400 includes weight sensor 410 and a supporting bench 420, and weight sensor 410 links to each other with the host computer, and the structure that will weigh is uploaded to the host computer. The middle of the top surface of the supporting platform 420 is a plane structure, the plane is perpendicular to the gravity direction, and both ends of the top surface of the supporting platform 420 along the conveying direction of the hook 200 are provided with downward inclined surfaces 421. When couple 200 moves to a supporting bench 420, through last inclined plane 211 and the cooperation of lower inclined plane 421 make guide block 210 support table 420 that slides, during weighing, the plane at couple 200 bottom surface middle part and the plane laminating of a supporting bench 420 top surface middle part, the interval has between the top as shown conveyer belt 120 and bar hole 201 in fig. 8 this moment, conveyer belt 120 has lost the supporting role to couple 200 this moment, the weight of couple 200 and goods bears completely on a supporting bench 420, because couple 200 is fixed structure with hang-tag 300, the upper computer system will deduct the weight of couple 200 and hang-tag 300 automatically when setting up, in order to obtain more accurate goods weight value.
As shown in fig. 1, a marking device 430 is provided at a position corresponding to the weighing module 400, the marking device 430 is used for marking product information, such as product type, weight, date of manufacture, etc., on the tag 300, and a proximity switch is provided at a position corresponding to the weighing module for determining a matching position of the hook 200 and the weighing module 400. The marking instrument 430 uses laser for marking, has less vibration compared with mechanical needle marking, and is more suitable for marking of such suspended structures.
Specifically, unhook shift fork 500 is located weighing module 400's rear along the direction of delivery of couple 200, unhook shift fork 500 front end sets up towards the opposite direction that couple 200 carried, unhook shift fork 500 anterior segment is the toper structure, unhook shift fork 500 has inclined plane 501 towards one side of conveyer belt 120, couple 200 hypomere is located inclined plane 501's within range towards the projection of unhook shift fork 500 direction, hook portion 220 inclines downwards when couple 200 removes to unhook shift fork 500 middle section, hang tag 300 breaks away from couple 200 automatically this moment, reduce the manual work and get goods, the efficiency of goods output is improved.
Specifically, letter sorting mechanism 600 anterior segment is equipped with feed chute 610, unhook shift fork 500 below is located to feed chute 610, letter sorting mechanism 600 back end is equipped with many delivery chutes 620, letter sorting mechanism 600 middle section is equipped with pushes away silo 630, it comprises two push plates 631 to push away silo 630, push plate 631 front end rotates and connects in the exit end of feed chute 610, push plate 631 all connects in thrust unit 640's push rod 641, thrust unit 640 links to each other with the host computer, through receiving the weight information that the weighing module 400 uploaded, promote push plate 631, it is connected with corresponding delivery chute 620 to make to push away silo 630.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 2, both sides of the hook 200 are provided with a limiting disc 230, a gap is formed between the limiting disc 230 and the hook 200 so as to facilitate relative movement between the hook 200 and the conveyor belt 120 along the strip-shaped hole 201, and the limiting disc 230 is slidably connected to the conveyor belt 120 and locked by a screw so as to facilitate adjustment of the installation position of the hook 200.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 8, 11 and 12, the bottom surface of the guide block 210 is provided with a strip-shaped protruding strip 212 along the conveying direction of the hook 200, the protruding strip 212 protrudes downward from the bottom surface of the guide block 210, a strip-shaped groove 422 is processed at a position of the top surface of the support table 420 corresponding to the protruding strip 212, the strip-shaped groove 422 is arranged along the conveying direction of the hook 200, when weighing is performed, the protruding strip 212 slides gradually into the strip-shaped groove 422 in the process that the guide block 210 slides towards the support table 420, and the protruding strip 212 is matched with the strip-shaped groove 422 to prevent the hook 200 from sliding down on the support table 420 during weighing, so that the connection stability of the hook 200 on the support table 420 is increased, and each hook 200 is ensured to have the same connection position when being matched with the support table 420.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 3, 4, 6 and 10, a stop lever 510 is provided at the bottom of the unhooking fork 500, the stop lever 510 is disposed in the direction opposite to the direction of conveying the hanging tag 200, the lower section of the hanging tag 300 is located outside the stop lever 510 on the projection of the hanging tag 300 in the direction of the unhooking fork 500, the hanging tag 200 is located inside the stop lever 510 after being guided by the inclined plane 501, and the separation of the hanging tag 300 from the hanging tag 200 is further ensured by the stop lever 510.
More specifically, as shown in fig. 13, the push plates 631 are respectively provided with a rotating shaft 632 parallel to each other, the push rods 641 are provided with sliding slots 6411 corresponding to each rotating shaft 632, and the distance between the sliding slots 6411 is fixed, so as to ensure that the width of the push plates 631 is consistent, and further ensure that the width of the push slots 630 is the same when being combined with any output slot 620, so as to enable the push slots 630 to be better combined with the output slots 620, thereby preventing the goods from being stuck and stacked, so that the goods can be discharged more smoothly, the sliding slots 6411 are perpendicular to the moving direction of the push rods 641, the rotating shafts 632 are slidably disposed in the sliding slots 6411, and when the push plates 631 are pushed by the push rods 641 to be matched with different output slots 620, the rotating shafts 632 slide in the sliding slots 6411.
Preferably, the hook 220 is unfolded to be a flat plate structure, the tag 300 has a rectangular hole 301 for passing through the hook 220, and the position of the tag 300 is maintained to be fixed by the connection structure of the flat plate structure and the rectangular hole 301, so that the tag 300 is prevented from rotating and swinging around the hook 200, thereby facilitating weighing and marking.
The specific implementation mode is as follows: the conveyor line 100 operates as shown in fig. 1, with the drive belt 140 rotating to rotate the pulley 130, and the pulley of the drive belt 140 being connected to the drive motor, powered by the drive motor, and controlled to start and stop. As shown in fig. 1, the driving belt 140 rotates counterclockwise in a vertical plane to drive the pulley 130 to rotate clockwise, the pulley 130 moves along the sliding rail 110 after rotating, the sliding rail 110 is a fixed structure, the bottom of the pulley 130 is connected with the conveying belt 120 through a hard rod, the pulley 130 drives the conveying belt 120 to rotate clockwise in a horizontal plane while moving along the sliding rail 110, and the conveying belt 120 is a flexible structure and can change along with the track of the sliding rail 110; the conveyer belt 120 moves to drive the hook 200 to move together. Goods are firstly tied on the hanging tag 300 through a binding belt, then the hanging tag 300 is connected with the hook part 220 of the hook 200 through the rectangular hole 301, and the side of the hanging tag 300 for information imprinting faces the outer side of the conveying line 100 after the hanging tag 300 is connected with the hook 200.
Couple 200 and weighing module 400's combination mode, couple 200 is when removing to weighing module 400, at first through last inclined plane 211 and lower inclined plane 421 contacts, lead to, so that guide block 210 smoothly slides to upper supporting platform 420, guide block 210 is keeping fixed along the position of vertical direction at the in-process conveyer belt 120 that slides to supporting platform 420, couple 200 will be along bar hole 201 rebound, make bar hole 201 top and conveyer belt 120 separation, thereby make couple 200 break away from the supporting role of conveyer belt 120. When the hook 200 moves to a predetermined position on the support platform 420, the proximity switch to which the weighing position is set detects that the hook 200 is in place, the drive belt 140 stops running, the weighing module 400 starts weighing the goods at this time, the marking instrument 430 starts printing basic information of the goods on the tag 300, such as product name, place of production and date of production, the weighing module 400 uploads the weight information to the upper computer, the upper computer sends the weight information to the marking instrument, and finally the weight information of the product is printed, so that the weighing of the product and the printing of the basic information are performed simultaneously, and time is saved. After the marking of the product information is completed, the driving belt 140 continues to be operated, thereby moving the hook 200 toward the unhooking fork 500.
According to the principle that the hangtag 300 is separated from the hook 200, the hook 200 is gradually turned over in the moving process that the front end of the hook 200 moves to the rear end of the inclined surface 501 of the unhooking fork 500, the hook part 220 of the hook 200 is in a downward inclined state as shown in fig. 6 when the hook 200 moves to the middle section of the unhooking fork 500, and the hangtag 300 automatically falls off from the hook part 220 under the action of weight. To further ensure the drop of the hang-tag 300, a stop lever 510 is provided under the unhooking fork 500, and the hang-tag 300 is forcibly separated from the hook 200 by the stop lever 510.
When the sorting mechanism 600 sorts and tallies the goods, the material pushing groove 630 is combined with the corresponding output groove 620 by receiving the weight information of the goods transmitted by the upper computer, so that the goods can be separated and conveyed in different grades.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to be exhaustive or to limit the invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes may be made and equivalents may be substituted without departing from the scope of the invention.

Claims (7)

1. A multi-functional delivery tally system, comprising:
the conveying line (100) comprises a sliding rail (110), a conveying belt (120) is arranged below the sliding rail (110), the sliding rail (110) and the conveying belt (120) are both in an annular structure, the sliding rail (110) and the conveying belt (120) are overlapped in the projection of the horizontal plane, a plurality of pulleys (130) are arranged on the sliding rail (110) in a sliding mode, the lower ends of the pulleys (130) are connected with the conveying belt (120), a driving belt (140) is arranged above the sliding rail (110), the driving belt (140) is located above the pulleys (130), the driving belt (140) is in contact with at least two pulleys (130), and the driving belt (140) is connected with a power source;
the device comprises a plurality of hooks (200), the hooks are arranged on a conveying belt (120) at intervals, the distance between every two adjacent hooks (200) is the same, the interval is reserved between every two adjacent hooks (200) and a pulley (130), a guide block (210) is arranged on the upper section of each hook (200), the middle part of the bottom surface of each guide block (210) is a plane, two ends of the bottom surface of each guide block (210) along the conveying direction are provided with upward inclined planes (211), the middle section of each hook (200) is provided with a strip-shaped hole (201), each strip-shaped hole (201) penetrates through the corresponding hook (200) along the conveying direction of the corresponding hook (200), the conveying belt (120) penetrates through the corresponding strip-shaped hole (201), the lower section of each hook (200) is provided with a hook part (220), the front end of each hook part (220) is tilted upwards, each hook part (220) is used for being connected with a hang tag (300), and each hang tag (300) is used for binding goods;
the weighing module (400) is fixedly arranged on one side of the conveying belt (120), the weighing module (400) comprises a weight sensor (410) and a supporting table (420), the weight sensor (410) is connected with an upper computer, the middle part of the top surface of the supporting table (420) is of a plane structure, and two ends of the top surface of the supporting table (420) along the conveying direction of the hook (200) are provided with downward inclined lower inclined planes (421); when the hook (200) moves towards the supporting table (420), the guide block (210) slides on the supporting table (420) through the matching of the upper inclined plane (211) and the lower inclined plane (421), when weighing is carried out, the plane in the middle of the bottom surface of the hook (200) is attached to the plane in the middle of the top surface of the supporting table (420), a gap is formed between the top of the conveying belt (120) and the top of the strip-shaped hole (201), a marking instrument (430) is arranged at a position corresponding to the weighing module (400), and the marking instrument (430) is used for engraving and printing product information on the hangtag (300);
the unhooking shifting fork (500) is positioned behind the weighing module (400) along the conveying direction of the hook (200), the front end of the unhooking shifting fork (500) is arranged in the direction opposite to the conveying direction of the hook (200), the front section of the unhooking shifting fork (500) is of a conical structure, one side, facing the conveying belt (120), of the unhooking shifting fork (500) is provided with an inclined plane (501), the projection, facing the direction of the unhooking shifting fork (500), of the lower section of the hook (200) is positioned in the range of the inclined plane (501), when the hook (200) moves to the middle section of the unhooking shifting fork (500), the hook part (220) inclines downwards, and at the moment, the hang tag (300) is separated from the hook (200);
letter sorting mechanism (600), the anterior segment is equipped with feed chute (610), unhook shift fork (500) below is located in feed chute (610), letter sorting mechanism (600) back end is equipped with many delivery chute (620), letter sorting mechanism (600) middle section is equipped with pushes away silo (630), it comprises two push pedal (631) to push away silo (630), push pedal (631) front end rotates the exit end of connecting in feed chute (610), push pedal (631) all connect in push rod (641) of thrust unit (640), thrust unit (640) link to each other with the host computer, through the weight information who receives weighing module (400) upload, push pedal (631) is promoted, it is connected with corresponding delivery chute (620) to make push away silo (630).
2. The multifunctional conveying tally system of claim 1, wherein both sides of the hook (200) are provided with a limiting disc (230), a gap is formed between the limiting disc (230) and the hook (200), and the limiting disc (230) is slidably connected to the conveying belt (120) and locked by screws.
3. The multifunctional conveying tally system of claim 1, wherein the bottom surface of the guide block (210) is provided with a strip-shaped protruding strip (212) along the conveying direction of the hook (200), the protruding strip (212) protrudes downwards from the bottom surface of the guide block (210), the top surface of the support table (420) is provided with a strip-shaped groove (422) corresponding to the position of the protruding strip (212), the strip-shaped groove (422) is arranged along the conveying direction of the hook (200), and the protruding strip (212) is fitted in the strip-shaped groove (422) during weighing.
4. The multifunctional conveying tally system of claim 1, wherein a stop lever (510) is arranged at the bottom of the unhooking fork (500), the stop lever (510) is arranged towards the opposite direction of the conveying of the hook (200), the lower section of the hangtag (300) is positioned at the outer side of the stop lever (510) on the projection of the hangtag (300) towards the direction of the unhooking fork (500), and the hook (200) is positioned at the inner side of the stop lever (510) after being guided by the inclined plane (501).
5. The multifunctional conveying tally system of claim 1, wherein the push plates (631) each have a parallel shaft (632), the push rods (641) each have a slot (6411) corresponding to each shaft (632), the slots (6411) are perpendicular to the moving direction of the push rods (641), the shafts (632) are slidably disposed in the slots (6411), and when the push rods (641) push the push plates (631) to mate with different output slots (620), the shafts (632) slide in the slots (6411).
6. The multi-functional transport tally system of claim 1, wherein the hook (220) is deployed to assume a flat configuration, and the swing ticket (300) has a rectangular aperture (301) for passing through the hook (220).
7. The multi-functional transport tally system of claim 1, wherein the marking instrument (430) uses a laser to mark.
CN202110663932.4A 2021-06-16 2021-06-16 Multifunctional conveying and sorting system Active CN113247546B (en)

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