CN113230895B - Ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system and method based on Internet of things - Google Patents

Ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system and method based on Internet of things Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113230895B
CN113230895B CN202110782141.3A CN202110782141A CN113230895B CN 113230895 B CN113230895 B CN 113230895B CN 202110782141 A CN202110782141 A CN 202110782141A CN 113230895 B CN113230895 B CN 113230895B
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China
Prior art keywords
electromagnetic
water outlet
sewage
outlet valve
pipeline
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CN202110782141.3A
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CN113230895A (en
Inventor
袁林峰
胡广
胡飞
何俊俊
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Nanjing Ike Carter Emission Technology Co ltd
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Nanjing Ike Carter Emission Technology Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D63/00Apparatus in general for separation processes using semi-permeable membranes
    • B01D63/08Flat membrane modules
    • B01D63/082Flat membrane modules comprising a stack of flat membranes, e.g. plate-and-frame devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D63/00Apparatus in general for separation processes using semi-permeable membranes
    • B01D63/16Rotary, reciprocated or vibrated modules
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D65/00Accessories or auxiliary operations, in general, for separation processes or apparatus using semi-permeable membranes
    • B01D65/02Membrane cleaning or sterilisation ; Membrane regeneration
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/44Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2321/00Details relating to membrane cleaning, regeneration, sterilization or to the prevention of fouling
    • B01D2321/04Backflushing
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/003Downstream control, i.e. outlet monitoring, e.g. to check the treating agents, such as halogens or ozone, leaving the process
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/04Flow arrangements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/16Regeneration of sorbents, filters

Abstract

The invention relates to ceramic membrane filtration, in particular to a ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system and method based on the Internet of things. The ceramic membrane filtering remote real-time control system based on the Internet of things comprises a bottom frame and a field control terminal, wherein the field control terminal is installed at the top of the bottom frame, and the field control terminal is connected with the remote real-time control terminal through a communication network of the Internet of things. The invention designs a sewage filtering mechanism and a back-flushing impurity cleaning mechanism; the sewage is filtered by utilizing the principle of the ceramic membrane, and the impurities on the ceramic membrane are blown off by utilizing the mode of quickly discharging a large amount of gas, so that the impurities on the ceramic membrane can be quickly cleaned, and the ceramic membrane does not need to be detached, so that the sewage can be uninterruptedly filtered, and the sewage treatment efficiency can be improved.

Description

Ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system and method based on Internet of things
Technical Field
The invention relates to ceramic membrane filtration, in particular to a ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system and method based on the Internet of things.
Background
The sewage treatment is a process for purifying sewage to meet the water quality requirement of discharging the sewage into a certain water body or reusing the sewage; sewage treatment is widely applied to various fields such as buildings, agriculture, traffic, energy, petrifaction, environmental protection, urban landscape, medical treatment, catering and the like, and is increasingly used in daily life of common people.
Among the prior art, before discharging sewage, can filter sewage, the water after will filtering is handled and is discharged afterwards, and current when filtering sewage, mostly be traditional fiber membrane or tubular ceramic membrane and filter sewage, traditional fiber membrane or tubular ceramic membrane exist and extremely easily pollute stifled, and traditional fiber membrane or tubular ceramic membrane after the dirty stifled are difficult to abluent problem, most rely on the manual work to wash, in addition, tubular ceramic membrane need just can permeate under certain pressure and accomplish the filtration to sewage, hollow fiber membrane working method is for static negative pressure suction completion to the filtration of sewage, their membrane surface extremely easily blockked up must frequently wash, so can reduce the treatment effeciency of sewage.
Therefore, the ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system and method based on the internet of things, which can be conveniently and rapidly cleaned and can improve the sewage treatment efficiency, need to be developed.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system and method based on the Internet of things, which can be used for conveniently and quickly cleaning and improving the sewage treatment efficiency and aims to overcome the defects that the traditional fiber membrane or tubular ceramic membrane is easy to dirty and block, most of the traditional fiber membrane or tubular ceramic membrane is cleaned manually, and the traditional fiber membrane or tubular ceramic membrane is easy to block and needs to be frequently washed, so that the sewage treatment efficiency is reduced.
A ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system based on the Internet of things comprises a bottom frame, a field control terminal, a mounting frame, a sewage filtration mechanism, a sewage filtration module, a fixing frame, a backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism and a backflushing module, wherein the field control terminal is mounted at the top of the bottom frame and is connected with the remote real-time control terminal through the Internet of things communication network, the mounting frame is arranged at one side of the top of the bottom frame, which is far away from the field control terminal, the sewage filtration mechanism is arranged at the top of the mounting frame and is provided with the sewage filtration module, the sewage filtration module is respectively and electrically connected with the sewage filtration mechanism and the field control terminal, the fixing frame is arranged at one side of the top of the bottom frame, which is close to the mounting frame, the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism is arranged at the top of the fixing frame, the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism is respectively connected with the mounting frame and the sewage filtration mechanism, and is provided with the backflushing module, the backflushing module is electrically connected with the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism and the field control terminal respectively.
Preferably, the sewage filtering mechanism comprises two sewage filtering boxes, two sewage filtering boxes are arranged on two sides of the top of the mounting frame respectively, a water inlet is formed in the upper part of the side wall of each sewage filtering box, a water outlet is formed in the lower part of the side wall of each sewage filtering box, a box cover is arranged on the top of each sewage filtering box, one side of the top of the box cover is connected with the sewage filtering module, the first hollow rotating shaft is rotatably arranged in the center of the box cover, a first belt wheel is arranged on the upper part of the first hollow rotating shaft, and the first belt wheel is positioned on the upper side of the box cover, a speed reducing motor is arranged on the sewage filter tank on the lower side of the tank cover and is electrically connected with a corresponding sewage filter module, a second belt wheel is arranged at the upper end of an output shaft of the speed reducing motor, a conveying belt is wound between the adjacent first belt wheel and the second belt wheel, a second hollow rotating shaft is rotatably arranged at the center position of the bottom in the sewage filter tank, two ceramic membranes are respectively arranged on the first hollow rotating shaft and the second hollow rotating shaft, blades are respectively arranged on two sides of the upper side of each ceramic membrane, fixing plates are respectively arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the inner side wall of the sewage filter tank, the upper fixing plate and the lower fixing plate are positioned on the inner sides of the upper ceramic membrane and the lower ceramic membrane, the first hollow rotating shaft and the second hollow rotating shaft respectively penetrate through the fixing plates on the upper side and the lower side, a first bevel gear is arranged on the upper part of the second hollow rotating shaft, a second bevel gear is arranged on the lower part of the first hollow rotating shaft, and the second bevel gear are positioned between the upper fixing plate and the lower fixing plate, first hollow cover is installed to the lower extreme of first hollow rotating shaft, the upper end rotary type of second hollow rotating shaft is located the first hollow cover that corresponds, the riser is installed at the top of downside fixed plate, third bevel gear is installed to the lateral wall upper portion rotary type of riser, third bevel gear meshes with first bevel gear and second bevel gear respectively, four inlet openings have all been opened to the circumference wall of the inboard first hollow rotating shaft of ceramic membrane and the hollow rotating shaft of second, electromagnetic pressure gauge is installed to the top opposite side of case lid, one side that the top of case lid is close to electromagnetic pressure gauge is provided with the electromagnetism release valve, electromagnetic pressure gauge and electromagnetism release valve all with the sewage filter module electrical connection who corresponds.
Preferably, the two sides of the fixed plate are provided with water outlets for flowing sewage.
Preferably, the diameters of the ceramic membrane and the blades are gradually reduced from top to bottom.
Preferably, the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism comprises a support, a water inlet pipeline, a second hollow sleeve, a first electromagnetic water outlet valve, a second electromagnetic water outlet valve, a first electromagnetic measuring meter, a second electromagnetic measuring meter, an air pump, an air outlet pipe, a conveying pipeline, a first electromagnetic air outlet valve and a second electromagnetic air outlet valve, wherein the support is fixedly connected to the top of the mounting frame, the support is positioned between the two sewage filter boxes, the water inlet pipeline is installed at the upper part of the support, the second hollow sleeve is installed on both sides of the lower part of the water inlet pipeline, the two first hollow rotating shafts are respectively and rotatably arranged in the two second hollow sleeves, the first electromagnetic water outlet valve and the second electromagnetic water outlet valve are respectively embedded on both sides of the lower part of the water inlet pipeline, the first electromagnetic measuring meter and the second electromagnetic measuring meter are respectively arranged on both sides of the top of the water inlet pipeline, the first electromagnetic measuring meter is matched with the first electromagnetic water outlet valve, the second electromagnetic measuring meter is matched with the second electromagnetic water outlet valve, the air pump is installed at the top of mount, and the air pump is connected with the recoil module, the recoil module respectively with first electromagnetism measuremeter, second electromagnetism measuremeter, first electromagnetism outlet valve, second electromagnetism outlet valve and air pump electrical connection, the air pump is provided with the outlet duct, the fixed intercommunication in upper portion of outlet duct has pipeline, pipeline's both sides respectively with the lower part both sides intercommunication of inlet channel, first electromagnetism air outlet valve and second electromagnetism air outlet valve are installed respectively to pipeline's both sides, first electromagnetism air outlet valve and second electromagnetism air outlet valve respectively with recoil module electrical connection.
Preferably, the device also comprises a sewage containing pool, a support plate, a mounting plate, a water pump, a water inlet module, a first water outlet pipeline, a third electromagnetic water outlet valve, a fourth electromagnetic water outlet valve, a water feeding pipeline and a fifth electromagnetic water outlet valve, wherein the sewage containing pool is arranged on one side of the top of the underframe close to the field control terminal, the support plate is connected to one side of the top of the underframe close to the sewage containing pool, the mounting plate is connected to the upper part of the side wall of the support plate, the water pump is arranged on the upper part of the mounting plate, the water inlet module is arranged on the lower part of the mounting plate and electrically connected with the water pump, the water pump is provided with the first water outlet pipeline, two ends of the first water outlet pipeline are respectively communicated with two water inlets, the third electromagnetic water outlet valve and the fourth electromagnetic water outlet valve are respectively arranged on two sides of the first water outlet pipeline, the third electromagnetic water outlet valve and the fourth electromagnetic water outlet valve are respectively electrically connected with the water feeding module, the water pump is provided with the water feeding pipeline, the lower end of the water supply pipeline is positioned in the sewage containing pool, the upper part of the water supply pipeline is provided with a fifth electromagnetic water outlet valve, and the fifth electromagnetic water outlet valve is electrically connected with the water inlet module.
Preferably, the device further comprises a second water outlet pipeline, a sixth electromagnetic water outlet valve, a seventh electromagnetic water outlet valve, a wastewater pipeline, an eighth electromagnetic water outlet valve, a third water outlet pipeline, a ninth electromagnetic water outlet valve, a circulating water outlet module and a wastewater collection tank, wherein the second water outlet pipeline is fixedly communicated between the two water outlets, the sixth electromagnetic water outlet valve and the seventh electromagnetic water outlet valve are respectively arranged on two sides of the second water outlet pipeline, the wastewater pipeline is fixedly communicated with the middle of the second water outlet pipeline, the eighth electromagnetic water outlet valve is arranged on the wastewater pipeline, the third water outlet pipeline is fixedly communicated with the third water outlet pipeline, the third water outlet pipeline penetrates through the support plate, the third water outlet pipeline is communicated with the water delivery pipeline, the ninth electromagnetic water outlet valve is arranged on the third water outlet pipeline, the circulating water outlet module is arranged on one side of the third water outlet pipeline close to the ninth electromagnetic water outlet valve, and is respectively communicated with the sixth electromagnetic water outlet valve, the circulating water outlet module is respectively communicated with the sixth electromagnetic water outlet valve, The seventh electromagnetic water outlet valve, the eighth electromagnetic water outlet valve and the ninth electromagnetic water outlet valve are electrically connected, a wastewater collecting tank is placed at the top of the bottom frame at the lower end of the wastewater pipeline, and the wastewater collecting tank is located on the lower side of the fixing frame.
Preferably, the water storage device further comprises a supporting plate, a fourth water outlet pipeline, a tenth electromagnetic water outlet valve and a water storage pool, wherein the supporting plate is installed on the side wall of the fixing frame, the fourth water outlet pipeline is embedded in the upper portion of the supporting plate and is communicated with the middle of the upper side of the water inlet pipeline, the tenth electromagnetic water outlet valve is arranged on the fourth water outlet pipeline and is electrically connected with the backflushing module, and the water storage pool is installed at the top of the bottom frame at the lower end of the fourth water outlet pipeline.
Preferably, the water supply device further comprises a third electromagnetic measuring meter, a shell, a fixed frame, a filter frame, a rotating frame, a baffle plate, a bottom shell, a servo motor, a control module and a containing box, wherein the third electromagnetic measuring meter is arranged on one side, close to a fifth electromagnetic water outlet valve, of the water supply pipeline, the shell is arranged on one side, close to the third electromagnetic measuring meter, of the water supply pipeline, the fixed frame is connected with the side wall of the shell, the filter frame is fixedly connected in the shell, the rotating frame is arranged in the filter frame, the baffle plate is arranged on one side, close to the filter frame, in the shell, the bottom shell is connected to the side wall of the baffle plate, the servo motor is arranged on the side wall of the shell on the lower side of the fixed frame, an output shaft of the servo motor penetrates through the shell and the filter frame, the output shaft of the servo motor is fixedly connected with the rotating frame, the control module is arranged on the side wall of the shell on the lower side of the servo motor, and is respectively and is electrically connected with the servo motor, the third electromagnetic measuring meter and the water inlet module, the sewage of drain pan downside holds the lateral wall in pond and installs and hold the case.
A method for a ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system based on the Internet of things comprises the following working steps:
s1, sewage is conveyed, the remote real-time control terminal controls the field control terminal through the Internet of things, and the field control terminal operates the water pump to pump sewage into the sewage filtering mechanism;
s2, filtering the sewage, wherein the operation field control terminal enables the sewage filtering mechanism to work through the sewage filtering module, and the sewage filtering mechanism filters the sewage;
s3, impurity cleaning, namely monitoring the filtered sewage by using a backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism, feeding back information to a field control terminal by using a backflushing module when the filtered water flows out to a small extent, enabling the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism to work by the field control terminal through the backflushing module, pushing gas into the sewage filtering mechanism by the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism to finish cleaning the impurities blocked by the sewage filtering mechanism;
s4, sewage circulation, namely, a water pump is used for pumping the sewage in the second water outlet pipeline and the sewage holding tank to realize the circulation filtration of the sewage;
s5, preliminary filtering, namely filtering larger impurities in the sewage by using the filter frame, and rotating the rotating frame by 180 degrees to rotate the impurities blocking the filter frame to the lower side;
and S6, filtering and collecting, namely discharging sewage and impurities by using a waste water pipeline, collecting the discharged sewage and impurities by using a waste water collecting tank, discharging the filtered water by using a fourth water outlet pipeline, and collecting the filtered water by using a water containing tank.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages: the invention designs a sewage filtering mechanism and a back-flushing impurity cleaning mechanism; the sewage is filtered by utilizing the principle of the ceramic membrane, and the impurities on the ceramic membrane are blown off by utilizing the mode of quickly discharging a large amount of gas, so that the impurities on the ceramic membrane can be quickly cleaned, and the ceramic membrane does not need to be detached, so that the sewage can be uninterruptedly filtered, and the sewage treatment efficiency can be improved; the water pump can pump the sewage into the sewage filtering box, so that the sewage can be conveniently filtered; the second water outlet pipeline can circulate the sewage in the sewage filter box, so that the sewage filtering degree can be improved, the sewage and impurities can be discharged by the waste water pipeline, and the discharged sewage and impurities can be conveniently collected by the waste water collecting tank; the filtered water can flow into the water containing pool through the fourth water outlet pipeline to finish the collection of the filtered water; the rotating frame rotates 180 degrees and rotates the impurity that blocks up the filter frame to the downside, so can avoid great impurity to block up the filter frame, cause the hindrance for sewage filters.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic flow diagram of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the sewage filtering mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a first partial perspective structure of the sewage filtering mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a second partial perspective view of the sewage filtering mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a third partial perspective view of the sewage filtering mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the internal partial cross-sectional perspective of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a first partial perspective structure of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic perspective view of a back flushing contaminant removal mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a second partial perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a third partial perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is an expanded view of a fourth partial perspective structure of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a flow chart of a method of the present invention.
Wherein: 1: chassis, 2: on-site control terminal, 3: mounting frame, 4: sewage filter mechanism, 401: sewage filter tank, 402: water inlet, 403: water outlet, 404: case lid, 405: first hollow shaft, 406: first pulley, 407: gear motor, 408: second pulley, 409: conveyor belt, 410: second hollow shaft, 411: ceramic membrane, 4111: blade, 412: fixing plate, 413: water flow port, 414: first bevel gear, 415: second bevel gear, 416: first hollow sheath, 417: riser, 418: third bevel gear, 419: inlet opening, 420: electromagnetic pressure gauge, 421: electromagnetic air release valve, 5: sewage filtration module, 6: mount, 7: recoil impurity clearance mechanism, 701: a support, 702: inlet conduit, 703: second hollow sleeve, 704: first electromagnetic outlet valve, 7041: second electromagnetic water outlet valve, 705: first electromagnetic meter, 7051: second electromagnetic meter, 706: air pump, 707: outlet duct, 708: delivery conduit, 709: first solenoid gas outlet valve, 710: second electromagnetism air outlet valve, 8: recoil module, 9: sewage holds pond, 10: a support plate, 11: mounting plate, 12: water pump, 13: water intake module, 14: first outlet conduit, 15: third electromagnetic water outlet valve, 16: fourth electromagnetic water outlet valve, 17: water supply pipeline, 18: fifth electromagnetic water outlet valve, 19: second outlet conduit, 20: sixth electromagnetic water outlet valve, 21: seventh electromagnetic water outlet valve, 22: waste pipe, 23: eighth electromagnetic water outlet valve, 24: third outlet conduit, 25: ninth electromagnetic water outlet valve, 26: circulating water outlet module, 27: wastewater collection tank, 28: support plate, 29: fourth outlet conduit, 30: tenth electromagnetic water outlet valve, 31: water holding tank, 32: third electromagnetic meter, 33: housing, 34: fixed frame, 35: filter frame, 36: turret, 37: striker plate, 38: bottom case, 39: servo motor, 40: control module, 41: a containing box.
Detailed Description
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.
A ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system based on the Internet of things is disclosed, as shown in figures 1-2, 4 and 8, and comprises a bottom frame 1, a field control terminal 2, a mounting frame 3, a sewage filtering mechanism 4, a sewage filtering module 5, a fixing frame 6, a backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 and a backflushing module 8, wherein the field control terminal 2 is mounted on the left side of the top of the bottom frame 1, the field control terminal 2 is connected with the remote real-time control terminal through the Internet of things communication network, the mounting frame 3 is arranged on the right side of the top of the bottom frame 1, the sewage filtering mechanism 4 is arranged on the top of the mounting frame 3, the sewage filtering mechanism 4 is provided with the sewage filtering module 5, the sewage filtering module 5 is respectively and electrically connected with the sewage filtering mechanism 4 and the field control terminal 2, the fixing frame 6 is arranged on the top of the bottom frame 1, the fixing frame 6 is positioned on the right side of the mounting frame 3, the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 is arranged on the top of the fixing frame 6, the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 is connected with the mounting frame 3 and the sewage filtering mechanism 4 respectively, the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 is provided with a backflushing module 8, and the backflushing module 8 is electrically connected with the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 and the field control terminal 2 respectively.
When sewage needs to be filtered, a user firstly pumps a proper amount of sewage into the sewage filtering mechanism 4 through the existing equipment and controls a sewage outlet of the sewage filtering mechanism 4, then the user enables the remote real-time control terminal to control the field control terminal 2 through the Internet of things communication network, the field control terminal 2 is operated to enable the sewage filtering mechanism 4 to work through the sewage filtering module 5, the sewage filtering mechanism 4 can filter the sewage when working, the filtered water flows out along with the filtered water, meanwhile, the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 can monitor the filtered water, when the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 monitors the reduction of the flowing water, the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 feeds information back to the field control terminal 2 through the backflushing module 8, the field control terminal 2 enables the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 to work through the backflushing module 8, and the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 can push a large amount of gas into the sewage filtering mechanism 4, thus, impurities on the sewage component can be blown off, the filtering component does not need to be detached manually and the impurities on the filtering component can be cleaned, so that the filtering efficiency of the sewage can be improved, after the impurities on the sewage filtering mechanism 4 are cleaned, a user operates the field control terminal 2 to close the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 through the backflushing module 8, meanwhile, the sewage filtering mechanism 4 can monitor the air pressure in the sewage filtering mechanism 4, when the air pressure is too high, the sewage filtering mechanism 4 feeds back information to the field control terminal 2 through the sewage filtering module 5, the field control terminal 2 enables the sewage filtering mechanism 4 to work through the sewage filtering module 5, the air in the sewage filtering mechanism 4 is discharged, after the air pressure in the sewage filtering mechanism 4 is recovered, the sewage filtering mechanism 4 feeds back the information to the field control terminal 2 through the sewage filtering module 5, the field control terminal 2 enables the sewage filtering mechanism 4 to be closed through the sewage filtering module 5, so can stop the air escape in the sewage filtering mechanism 4, when the sewage in the sewage filtering mechanism 4 needs to be changed, the user opens the sewage export of sewage filtering mechanism 4, the sewage in the sewage filtering mechanism 4 goes out the water outflow of sewage thereupon, after the sewage in the sewage filtering mechanism 4 all flows out, the user repeats above-mentioned operation, it filters once more to the proper amount sewage of suction in the sewage filtering mechanism 4, after sewage filters the completion, user operation field control terminal 2 makes sewage filtering mechanism 4 close through sewage filtration module 5.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3-7, the sewage filtering mechanism 4 includes a sewage filtering box 401, a water inlet 402, a water outlet 403, a box cover 404, a first hollow rotating shaft 405, a first pulley 406, a speed reducing motor 407, a second pulley 408, a conveyor belt 409, a second hollow rotating shaft 410, a ceramic membrane 411, blades 4111, a fixing plate 412, a first bevel gear 414, a second bevel gear 415, a first hollow sleeve 416, a riser 417, a third bevel gear 418, an electromagnetic pressure gauge 420 and an electromagnetic release valve 421, the sewage filtering box 401 is provided with two parts, the two sewage filtering boxes 401 are respectively arranged on the front and rear sides of the top of the mounting frame 3, the water inlet 402 is arranged on the upper portion of the left sidewall of the sewage filtering box 401, the water outlet 403 is arranged on the lower portion of the left sidewall of the sewage filtering box 401, the box cover 404 is arranged on the top of the sewage filtering box 401, the right portion of the top of the box cover 404 is connected with the sewage filtering module 5, the first hollow rotating shaft 405 is arranged at the center position of the box cover 404, a first belt pulley 406 is arranged at the upper part of the first hollow rotating shaft 405, the first belt pulley 406 is positioned at the upper side of the box cover 404, speed reducing motors 407 are arranged on the outer side walls of the sewage filtering boxes 401 at the front side and the rear side, the speed reducing motors 407 are electrically connected with corresponding sewage filtering modules 5, a second belt pulley 408 is arranged at the upper end of the output shaft of the speed reducing motor 407, a conveying belt 409 is wound between the front and the rear adjacent first belt pulleys 406 and second belt pulleys 408, a second hollow rotating shaft 410 is rotatably arranged at the center position of the bottom in the sewage filtering box 401, two ceramic membranes 411 are respectively arranged on the first hollow rotating shaft 405 and the second hollow rotating shaft 410, blades 4111 are respectively arranged at the upper side and the lower side of the ceramic membranes 411 at the upper side and the lower side of the inner side wall of the sewage filtering box 401, fixing plates 412 at the upper side and the lower side are positioned at the inner sides of the ceramic membranes 411 at the upper side and the lower side, the first hollow rotating shaft 405 and the second hollow rotating shaft 410 respectively pass through the fixing plates 412 at the upper side and the lower side, a first bevel gear 414 is installed on the upper portion of the second hollow rotating shaft 410, a second bevel gear 415 is installed on the lower portion of the first hollow rotating shaft 405, the first bevel gear 414 and the second bevel gear 415 are located between the fixing plates 412 on the upper side and the lower side, a first hollow sleeve 416 is installed on the lower end of the first hollow rotating shaft 405, the upper end of the second hollow rotating shaft 410 is rotatably located in the corresponding first hollow sleeve 416, a vertical plate 417 is installed on the left side of the top of the lower fixing plate 412, a third bevel gear 418 is rotatably installed on the upper portion of the right side wall of the vertical plate 417, the third bevel gear 418 is respectively engaged with the first bevel gear 414 and the second bevel gear 415, four water inlet holes 419 are respectively formed in the circumferential walls of the first hollow rotating shaft 405 and the second hollow rotating shaft 410 on the inner side of the ceramic membrane 411, an electromagnetic pressure gauge 420 is installed on the left side of the top of the case cover 404, an electromagnetic release valve 421 is arranged on the top of the case cover 404, and the electromagnetic release valves 421 on the front side and the rear side are located on the outer sides of the electromagnetic release pressure gauge 420 on the front side and the rear side, the electromagnetic pressure gauge 420 and the electromagnetic air release valve 421 are electrically connected with the corresponding sewage filtering module 5.
When sewage needs to be filtered, a user firstly pumps a proper amount of sewage into the sewage filtering tanks 401 at the front side and the rear side through the water inlets 402 at the front side and the rear side respectively by the existing equipment, and blocks the water outlet 403, so that the sewage filtering tanks 401 are closed, as the left side and the right side of the fixing plate 412 are both provided with the water outlets 413 which can enable the sewage to flow, the sewage in the sewage filtering tanks 401 can flow downwards through the water outlets 413, so that the sewage can be conveniently filtered, then the user enables the remote real-time control terminal to control the field control terminal 2 through the internet of things communication network, the field control terminal 2 is operated to enable the speed reducing motor 407 to work through the sewage filtering module 5, the speed reducing motor 407 can enable the second belt wheel 408 to rotate anticlockwise, the second belt wheel 408 can enable the first belt wheel 406 to rotate anticlockwise, and the first hollow rotating shaft 405 can rotate anticlockwise through the driving belt 406, the counterclockwise rotation of the first hollow rotating shaft 405 can make the upper part of the first hollow rotating shaft counterclockwise, so that the upper two ceramic membranes 411 counterclockwise rotate, the upper blades 4111 of the upper two ceramic membranes 411 counterclockwise rotate with the first hollow rotating shaft 405, the lower blades 4111 of the upper two ceramic membranes 411 clockwise rotate with the second hollow rotating shaft 405, the counterclockwise rotation of the first hollow rotating shaft 405 can make the second bevel gear 415 counterclockwise, the second bevel gear 415 can make the first bevel gear 414 clockwise rotate through the third bevel gear 418, the clockwise rotation of the first bevel gear 414 can make the second hollow rotating shaft 410 clockwise rotate, the clockwise rotation of the second hollow rotating shaft 410 can make the upper part of the second hollow rotating shaft clockwise rotate, so that the lower two ceramic membranes 411 counterclockwise rotate, the upper blades 4111 of the lower two ceramic membranes 411 clockwise rotate with the second hollow rotating shaft 414, the lower blades 4111 of the lower two ceramic membranes 411 counterclockwise rotate with the second rotating shaft, and the upper and lower two adjacent blades 4111 of the ceramic membranes 411 are rotationally matched, the sewage can be pressed into the ceramic membrane 411, the sewage can be filtered through the ceramic membrane 411, the sewage continuously flows at a high speed at the moment, so that impurities adhered to the ceramic membrane 411 can be impacted, the impurities adhered to the ceramic membrane 411 can be washed down, so that the impurities adhered to the ceramic membrane 411 can be reduced, the water in the ceramic membrane 411 flows into the first hollow rotating shaft 405 and the second hollow rotating shaft 410 through the water inlet 419, the first hollow rotating shaft 405 and the second hollow rotating shaft 410 can be sealed through the first hollow sleeve 416, the water in the second hollow rotating shaft 410 is continuously increased, so that the water can upwards flow into the first hollow rotating shaft 405, the water in the first hollow rotating shaft 405 flows out, meanwhile, the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 can monitor the flowing-out water, when the flowing-out water is reduced, the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 feeds back information to the field control terminal 2 through the backflushing module 8, the field control terminal 2 feeds information back to the remote real-time control terminal through the internet of things communication network, the remote real-time control terminal operates the field control terminal 2 through the internet of things communication network, the field control terminal 2 enables the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 to work through the backflushing module 8, the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 can push a large amount of gas into the first hollow rotating shaft 405 and the second hollow rotating shaft 410, air in the first hollow rotating shaft 405 and the second hollow rotating shaft 410 is pushed into the ceramic membrane 411 through the water inlet 419, the air in the ceramic membrane 411 is pushed outwards along with the air, so that impurities attached to the ceramic membrane 411 can be blown off, the impurities on the ceramic membrane 411 are cleaned, meanwhile, the field control terminal 2 enables the speed reducing motor 407 to work through the sewage filtering module 5, the speed reducing motor 407 works to enable the second belt wheel 408 to rotate clockwise, so that the first hollow rotating shaft 405 can rotate clockwise, the second hollow rotating shaft 410 rotates anticlockwise, the sewage in the sewage filtering box 401 can reversely flow in this way, so that a part of impurities attached to the ceramic membrane 411 can be washed down, and then the impurities on the ceramic membrane 411 can be conveniently cleaned, after the impurities on the ceramic membrane 411 are cleaned, the on-site control terminal 2 closes the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 through the backflushing module 8, meanwhile, the phenomenon control terminal enables the speed reducing motor 407 to work through the sewage filtering module 5, the speed reducing motor 407 enables the second belt wheel 408 to rotate anticlockwise, so that the first hollow rotating shaft 405 can be recovered to rotate anticlockwise, the second hollow rotating shaft 410 rotates clockwise, so that the sewage can be conveniently filtered, meanwhile, the electromagnetic pressure gauge 420 can monitor the air in the sewage filtering box 401, when the air pressure in the sewage filtering box 401 is too high, the electromagnetic pressure gauge 420 feeds information back to the on-site control terminal 2 through the sewage filtering module 5, the field control terminal 2 then feeds back information to the remote real-time control terminal through the internet of things communication network, the remote real-time control terminal then operates the field control terminal 2 through the internet of things communication network, so that the field control terminal 2 enables the electromagnetic release valve 421 to work through the sewage filtering module 5, the electromagnetic release valve 421 works to discharge air in the sewage filtering box 401, the electromagnetic pressure gauge 420 can monitor air pressure in the sewage filtering box 401, after the air pressure in the sewage filtering box 401 is recovered, the electromagnetic pressure gauge 420 then feeds back the information to the field control terminal 2 through the sewage filtering module 5, the field control terminal 2 then feeds back the information to the remote real-time control terminal through the internet of things communication network, the remote real-time control terminal then operates the field control terminal 2 through the internet of things communication network, so that the field control terminal 2 stops the electromagnetic release valve 421 through the sewage filtering module 5, when the sewage in the sewage filtering tank 401 needs to be replaced, the user opens the water outlet 403, the sewage in the sewage filtering tank 401 flows out through the water outlet 403, and after the sewage in the sewage filtering tank 401 flows out completely, the user repeats the above operation and pumps a proper amount of sewage into the sewage filtering tank 401 for secondary filtering.
As shown in fig. 8 and 9, the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 includes a support 701, a water inlet pipe 702, a second hollow sleeve 703, a first electromagnetic water outlet valve 704, a second electromagnetic water outlet valve 7041, a first electromagnetic water outlet meter 705, a second electromagnetic water meter 7051, an air pump 706, an air outlet pipe 707, a conveying pipe 708, a first electromagnetic air outlet valve 709 and a second electromagnetic air outlet valve 710, the support 701 is fixedly connected to the middle of the top of the mounting frame 3, the water inlet pipe 702 is installed on the upper portion of the support 701, the second hollow sleeves 703 are installed on the front and rear sides of the lower portion of the water inlet pipe 702, the first hollow rotating shaft 405 on the front and rear sides is rotatably installed in the second hollow sleeves 703 on the front and rear sides, the first electromagnetic water outlet valve 704 and the second electromagnetic water outlet valve 7041 are respectively embedded on the front and rear sides of the lower portion of the water inlet pipe 702, the first electromagnetic water meter 705 and the second electromagnetic water meter 7051 are respectively installed on the front and rear sides of the top of the water inlet pipe 702, the first electromagnetic measuring meter 705 is matched with the first electromagnetic water outlet valve 704, the second electromagnetic measuring meter 7051 is matched with the second electromagnetic water outlet valve 7041, the air pump 706 is installed at the top of the fixing frame 6, the air pump 706 is connected with the backflushing module 8, the backflushing module 8 is respectively and electrically connected with the first electromagnetic measuring meter 705, the second electromagnetic measuring meter 7051, the first electromagnetic water outlet valve 704, the second electromagnetic water outlet valve 7041 and the air pump 706, the air pump 706 is provided with an air outlet pipe 707, the upper portion of the air outlet pipe 707 is fixedly communicated with a conveying pipeline 708, the front side and the rear side of the conveying pipeline 708 are respectively communicated with the front side and the rear side of the lower portion of the water inlet pipeline 702, the front side and the rear side of the conveying pipeline 708 are respectively provided with a first electromagnetic gas outlet valve 709 and a second electromagnetic gas outlet valve 710, and the first electromagnetic gas outlet valve 709 and the second electromagnetic gas outlet valve 710 are respectively and electrically connected with the backflushing module 8.
When sewage needs to be filtered, a user enables the sewage to be pumped into the sewage filtering tank 401 through the water inlet 402, then the operating device filters the sewage, the filtered water flows out, the water flowing out from the sewage filtering tank 401 at the front side and the rear side can be respectively monitored through the first electromagnetic meter 705 and the second electromagnetic meter 7051, when the water flowing out after filtering is reduced, the first electromagnetic meter 705 and the second electromagnetic meter 7051 can respectively feed back the information of the flowing out water to the field control terminal 2 through the backflushing module 8, the field control terminal 2 enables the first electromagnetic water outlet valve 704 or the second electromagnetic water outlet valve 7041 to be closed through the backflushing module 8 according to the fed-back information, the gas pump 706 at the moment stores a large amount of gas, after the first electromagnetic water outlet valve 704 or the second electromagnetic water outlet valve 7041 is closed, the field control terminal 2 receives the information accordingly, and simultaneously the gas in the gas pump 706 is enabled to be sprayed out through the gas outlet pipe 707 by the field control terminal 2 through the backflushing module 8, the gas in the gas outlet pipe 707 flows into the water inlet pipe 702 through the delivery pipe 708, the gas in the water inlet pipe 702 flows downward into the corresponding first hollow rotating shaft 405, the gas in the first hollow rotating shaft 405 flows downward and is pushed into the second hollow rotating shaft 410 through the first hollow sleeve 416, the gas in the first hollow rotating shaft 405 and the second hollow rotating shaft 410 flows into the ceramic membrane 411 through the water inlet 419, the gas in the ceramic membrane 411 is sprayed out, the sprayed gas can blow off impurities attached to the ceramic membrane 411, meanwhile, the electromagnetic pressure gauge 420 can monitor the air in the sewage filtering tank 401, when the air pressure in the sewage filtering tank 401 is too high, the electromagnetic pressure gauge 420 feeds back information to the field control terminal 2 through the sewage filtering module 5, the field control terminal 2 then enables the electromagnetic valve 421 to work through the sewage filtering module 5, the electromagnetic air release valve 421 works to discharge the air in the sewage filtering tank 401, meanwhile, the electromagnetic pressure gauge 420 can monitor the air pressure in the sewage filtering tank 401, after the air pressure in the sewage filtering tank 401 recovers, the electromagnetic pressure gauge 420 feeds back information to the field control terminal 2 through the sewage filtering module 5, the field control terminal 2 enables the electromagnetic release valve 421 to stop working through the sewage filtering module 5, and the air pump 706 stores a large amount of air at the moment, so that impurities on the ceramic membrane 411 can be conveniently cleaned again, when the sewage in the sewage filtering tank 401 needs to be replaced, a user opens the water outlet 403, the sewage in the sewage filtering tank 401 flows out through the water outlet 403, and after all the sewage in the sewage filtering tank 401 flows out, the user repeats the above operation and pumps a proper amount of sewage into the sewage filtering tank 401 for secondary filtering.
As shown in fig. 2 and 10, the device further comprises a sewage containing pool 9, a support plate 10, a mounting plate 11, a water pump 12, a water inlet module 13, a first water outlet pipeline 14, a third electromagnetic water outlet valve 15, a fourth electromagnetic water outlet valve 16, a water feeding pipeline 17 and a fifth electromagnetic water outlet valve 18, the sewage containing pool 9 is placed at the top of the chassis 1, the sewage containing pool 9 is located at the left rear side of the field control terminal 2, the support plate 10 is connected to the top of the chassis 1, the support plate 10 is located at the right side of the sewage containing pool 9, the mounting plate 11 is connected to the upper portion of the right side wall of the support plate 10, the water pump 12 is arranged at the upper portion of the mounting plate 11, the water inlet module 13 is arranged at the left lower portion of the front side wall of the mounting plate 11, the water inlet module 13 is electrically connected with the water pump 12, the water pump 12 is provided with a first water outlet pipeline 14, the front end and the rear end of the first water outlet pipeline 14 are respectively communicated with the front and rear water inlet 402, the front and rear end of the first water outlet pipeline 14 are respectively provided with the third electromagnetic water outlet valve 15 and the fourth electromagnetic water outlet valve 16, the third electromagnetic water outlet valve 15 and the fourth electromagnetic water outlet valve 16 are electrically connected with the water inlet module 13 respectively, the water pump 12 is provided with a water supply pipeline 17, the lower end of the water supply pipeline 17 is located in the sewage containing pool 9, the upper portion of the water supply pipeline 17 is provided with a fifth electromagnetic water outlet valve 18, and the fifth electromagnetic water outlet valve 18 is electrically connected with the water inlet module 13.
When sewage is required to be filtered, a user puts a proper amount of sewage into the sewage containing pool 9, then the user operates the field control terminal 2 to enable the water pump 12 to work through the water inlet module 13, the water pump 12 pumps the sewage in the sewage containing pool 9 through the water supply pipeline 17, the sewage is pushed into the sewage filtering boxes 401 at the front side and the rear side respectively through the first water outlet pipeline 14, after the sewage is proper in the sewage filtering boxes 401, the operation field control terminal 2 enables the water pump 12 to stop working through the water inlet module 13, when the sewage is required to be put into the sewage filtering boxes 401 again, the user repeats the above operation, after the sewage in the sewage containing pool 9 is reduced, the user puts the sewage into the sewage containing pool 9.
The water circulating device further comprises a second water outlet pipeline 19, a sixth electromagnetic water outlet valve 20, a seventh electromagnetic water outlet valve 21, a waste water pipeline 22, an eighth electromagnetic water outlet valve 23, a third water outlet pipeline 24, a ninth electromagnetic water outlet valve 25, a circulating water outlet module 26 and a waste water collecting pool 27, wherein the second water outlet pipeline 19 is fixedly communicated between the front water outlet port 403 and the rear water outlet port 403, the sixth electromagnetic water outlet valve 20 and the seventh electromagnetic water outlet valve 21 are respectively arranged on the front side and the rear side of the second water outlet pipeline 19, the waste water pipeline 22 is fixedly communicated with the right middle part of the second water outlet pipeline 19, the eighth electromagnetic water outlet valve 23 is arranged on the waste water pipeline 22, the third water outlet pipeline 24 is fixedly communicated with the left middle part of the second water outlet pipeline 19, the third water outlet pipeline 24 penetrates through the support plate 10, the third water outlet pipeline 24 is communicated with the water feeding pipeline 17, the third water outlet pipeline 24 is positioned on the right side of the fifth electromagnetic water outlet valve 18, the ninth electromagnetic water outlet valve 25 is arranged on the right side of the lower part of the third water outlet pipeline 24, a circulating water outlet module 26 is arranged at the lower part of the third water outlet pipeline 24, the circulating water outlet module 26 is positioned at the left side of the ninth electromagnetic water outlet valve 25, the circulating water outlet module 26 is electrically connected with the sixth electromagnetic water outlet valve 20, the seventh electromagnetic water outlet valve 21, the eighth electromagnetic water outlet valve 23 and the ninth electromagnetic water outlet valve 25 respectively, a waste water collecting tank 27 is arranged at the top of the chassis 1 at the lower end of the waste water pipeline 22, and the waste water collecting tank 27 is positioned at the lower side of the fixed frame 6.
When sewage needs to be filtered, a user puts a proper amount of water into the sewage filtering tank 401 and filters the sewage, the sewage at the lower part of the sewage filtering tank 401 flows into the second water outlet pipeline 19 along with the sewage, the water pump 12 can pump the water in the sewage holding tank 9 and the second water outlet pipeline 19 through the water conveying pipeline 17, so that the sewage circulation in the sewage filtering tank 401 can be realized, the impurity precipitation in the sewage filtering tank 401 is avoided, the inconvenience for sewage filtering is caused, when the outflow quantity of the filtered water is reduced, the field control terminal 2 stops the water pump 12 through the water inlet module 13, the field control terminal 2 closes the ninth electromagnetic water outlet valve 25 through the circulating water outlet module 26, the eighth electromagnetic water outlet valve 23 is opened, the sewage in the second water outlet pipeline 19 is discharged along with the sewage through the waste water pipeline 22, and the discharged sewage falls into the waste water collecting tank 27, when a proper amount of wastewater exists in the wastewater collection tank 27, a user treats the wastewater in the wastewater collection tank 27, after the wastewater in the wastewater filter tank 401 completely flows out, the user operates the field control terminal 2 to close the eighth electromagnetic water outlet valve 23 through the circulating water outlet module 26 and open the ninth electromagnetic water outlet valve 25, and simultaneously, the field control terminal 2 enables the water pump 12 to work through the water inlet module 13, so that the wastewater can be put into the wastewater filter tank 401 again, and the wastewater can be filtered again.
As shown in fig. 1-2, the water dispenser further comprises a supporting plate 28, a fourth water outlet pipe 29, a tenth electromagnetic water outlet valve 30 and a water containing tank 31, the supporting plate 28 is installed in the middle of the right side wall of the fixing frame 6, the fourth water outlet pipe 29 is embedded in the upper portion of the supporting plate 28, the fourth water outlet pipe 29 is communicated with the middle of the upper side of the water inlet pipe 702, the tenth electromagnetic water outlet valve 30 is arranged on the right portion of the fourth water outlet pipe 29, the tenth electromagnetic water outlet valve 30 is electrically connected with the backflushing module 8, the water containing tank 31 is installed on the top of the chassis 1 at the lower end of the fourth water outlet pipe 29, and the water containing tank 31 is located on the right side of the fixing frame 6.
When sewage needs to be filtered, a user puts a proper amount of water into the sewage filtering tank 401, the sewage is filtered, the filtered water flows upwards into the fourth water outlet pipeline 29, the water in the fourth water outlet pipeline 29 flows into the water containing pool 31, and when a proper amount of water is in the water containing pool 31, the user collects the water in the water containing pool 31.
As shown in fig. 11 and 12, the electromagnetic water-supply device further comprises a third electromagnetic measuring meter 32, a housing 33, a fixing frame 34, a filtering frame 35, a rotating frame 36, a baffle plate 37, a bottom shell 38, a servo motor 39, a control module 40 and a containing box 41, wherein the third electromagnetic measuring meter 32 is arranged on the upper portion of the water-supply pipeline 17, the third electromagnetic measuring meter 32 is arranged on the left side of the fifth electromagnetic water-outlet valve 18, the water-supply pipeline 17 is provided with the housing 33, the housing 33 is arranged on the left side of the third electromagnetic measuring meter 32, the fixing frame 34 is connected to the upper portion of the right side wall of the housing 33, the filtering frame 35 is fixedly connected in the housing 33, the rotating frame 36 is arranged in the filtering frame 35, the baffle plate 37 is arranged in the housing 33, the baffle plate 37 is arranged on the left side of the rotating frame 36, the bottom shell 38 is connected to the left side wall of the baffle plate 37, the servo motor 39 is arranged in the middle portion of the right side wall of the housing 33 on the lower side of the fixing frame 34, an output shaft of the servo motor 39 passes through the housing 33 and the filtering frame 35, an output shaft of the servo motor 39 is fixedly connected with the rotating frame 36, a control module 40 is installed on the right side wall of the shell 33 on the lower side of the servo motor 39, the control module 40 is respectively and electrically connected with the servo motor 39, the third electromagnetic measuring meter 32 and the water inlet module 13, and a containing box 41 is installed on the right side wall of the sewage containing pool 9 on the lower side of the bottom shell 38.
When sewage needs to be filtered, a user extracts the sewage in the sewage containing pool 9 through the water pump 12 and the water delivery pipe 17, the sewage in the sewage containing pool 9 is pumped into the water pump 12, the sewage passes through the filter frame 35, the filter frame 35 filters larger impurities in the sewage, the sewage pumped to the right can be monitored through the third electromagnetic measuring meter 32, when the sewage pumped to the right is reduced, the third electromagnetic measuring meter 32 can feed back information to the water inlet module 13 through the control module 40, the water inlet module 13 feeds back the information to the field control terminal 2, the field control terminal 2 transmits an instruction to the control module 40 through the water inlet module 13, the servo motor 39 rotates the rotating frame 36 for 180 degrees according to the instruction by the control module 40, the rotating frame 36 rotates for 180 degrees to rotate the impurities blocking the filter frame 35 to the lower side, the impurities in the filter frame 35 fall into the containing box 41 through the bottom shell 38, after dropping when holding the incasement 41 and having the appropriate amount of impurity, the user clears up the impurity that holds in the case 41, rotates 180 degrees through the rotating turret 36, can clear up impurity, avoids impurity to stop up filter frame 35, causes the hindrance for sewage transport.
As shown in fig. 13, a method for a ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system based on the internet of things includes the following steps:
s1, sewage is conveyed, the remote real-time control terminal controls the field control terminal 2 through the Internet of things, and the field control terminal 2 operates the water pump 12 to pump sewage into the sewage filtering mechanism 4;
s2, filtering sewage, wherein the operation field control terminal 2 enables the sewage filtering mechanism 4 to work through the sewage filtering module 5, and the sewage filtering mechanism 4 filters the sewage;
s3, impurity cleaning, namely monitoring the filtered sewage by using the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7, feeding back information to the field control terminal 2 by using the backflushing module 8 when the filtered water flows out to be small, enabling the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7 to work by the field control terminal 2 through the backflushing module 8, pushing gas into the sewage filtering mechanism 4 by the work of the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism 7, and finishing the impurity cleaning of the blockage of the sewage filtering mechanism 4;
s4, sewage circulation, namely, the water pump 12 is used for pumping the sewage in the second water outlet pipeline 19 and the sewage containing pool 9 to realize the sewage circulation filtration;
s5, performing primary filtration, namely filtering larger impurities in the sewage by using the filter frame 35, and rotating the rotating frame 36 for 180 degrees to rotate the impurities blocking the filter frame 35 to the lower side;
and S6, filtering and collecting, namely discharging the sewage and the impurities by using the waste water pipeline 22, collecting the discharged sewage and the impurities by using the waste water collecting tank 27, discharging the filtered water by using the fourth water outlet pipeline 29, and collecting the filtered water by using the water containing tank 31.
The technical principle of the embodiment of the present invention is described above in conjunction with the specific embodiments. The description is only intended to explain the principles of embodiments of the invention and should not be taken in any way as limiting the scope of the embodiments of the invention. Based on the explanations herein, those skilled in the art will be able to conceive of other embodiments of the present invention without inventive step, and these embodiments will fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. The utility model provides a ceramic membrane filters long-range real-time control system based on thing networking which characterized in that: the ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system based on the Internet of things comprises an underframe (1), a field control terminal (2) and a mounting frame (3), wherein the field control terminal (2) is installed at the top of the underframe (1), the field control terminal (2) is connected with the remote real-time control terminal through the Internet of things communication network, the mounting frame (3) is arranged on one side of the top of the underframe (1) far away from the field control terminal (2), the ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system further comprises a sewage filtration mechanism (4), a sewage filtration module (5), a mounting frame (6), a backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism (7) and a backflushing module (8), the sewage filtration mechanism (4) is arranged at the top of the mounting frame (3), the sewage filtration mechanism (4) is provided with a sewage filtration module (5), and the sewage filtration module (5) is respectively and electrically connected with the sewage filtration mechanism (4) and the field control terminal (2), a fixing frame (6) is arranged on one side, close to the mounting frame (3), of the top of the bottom frame (1), a backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism (7) is arranged on the top of the fixing frame (6), the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism (7) is connected with the mounting frame (3) and the sewage filtering mechanism (4) respectively, a backflushing module (8) is arranged on the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism (7), and the backflushing module (8) is electrically connected with the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism (7) and the field control terminal (2) respectively; the sewage filtering mechanism (4) comprises a sewage filtering box (401), a box cover (404), a first hollow rotating shaft (405), a first belt wheel (406), a speed reducing motor (407), a second belt wheel (408), a conveying belt (409), a second hollow rotating shaft (410), a ceramic membrane (411), blades (4111), a fixing plate (412), a first bevel gear (414), a second bevel gear (415), a first hollow sleeve (416), a vertical plate (417), a third bevel gear (418), an electromagnetic pressure gauge (420) and an electromagnetic release valve (421), wherein the number of the sewage filtering box (401) is two, the two sewage filtering boxes (401) are respectively arranged on two sides of the top of the mounting frame (3), a water inlet (402) is formed in the upper part of the side wall of the sewage filtering box (401), a water outlet (403) is formed in the lower part of the side wall of the sewage filtering box (401), and the box cover (404) is installed on the top of the sewage filtering box (401), one side of the top of the box cover (404) is connected with the sewage filtering module (5), a first hollow rotating shaft (405) is rotatably installed at the center of the box cover (404), a first belt wheel (406) is installed at the upper part of the first hollow rotating shaft (405), the first belt wheel (406) is positioned at the upper side of the box cover (404), a speed reducing motor (407) is installed at the sewage filtering box (401) at the lower side of the box cover (404), the speed reducing motor (407) is electrically connected with the corresponding sewage filtering module (5), a second belt wheel (408) is installed at the upper end of an output shaft of the speed reducing motor (407), a conveying belt (409) is wound between the adjacent first belt wheel (406) and the second belt wheel (408), a second hollow rotating shaft (410) is rotatably installed at the center of the bottom in the sewage filtering box (401), two ceramic membranes (411) are installed on the first hollow rotating shaft (405) and the second hollow rotating shaft (410), blades (4111) are arranged on two sides of the upper side of a ceramic membrane (411), fixing plates (412) are arranged on the upper side and the lower side of the inner side wall of a sewage filtering tank (401), the upper fixing plate and the lower fixing plate (412) are positioned on the inner sides of the upper ceramic membrane and the lower ceramic membrane (411), a first hollow rotating shaft (405) and a second hollow rotating shaft (410) respectively penetrate through the fixing plates (412) on the upper side and the lower side, a first bevel gear (414) is arranged on the upper portion of the second hollow rotating shaft (410), a second bevel gear (415) is arranged on the lower portion of the first hollow rotating shaft (405), the first bevel gear (414) and the second bevel gear (415) are positioned between the upper fixing plate and the lower fixing plate (412), a first hollow sleeve (416) is arranged at the lower end of the first hollow rotating shaft (405), the upper end of the second hollow rotating shaft (410) is rotatably positioned in the corresponding first hollow sleeve (416), a vertical plate (417) is arranged at the top of the lower fixing plate (412), a third bevel gear (418) is rotatably mounted on the upper portion of the side wall of the vertical plate (417), the third bevel gear (418) is respectively meshed with the first bevel gear (414) and the second bevel gear (415), four water inlet holes (419) are respectively formed in the circumferential walls of the first hollow rotating shaft (405) and the second hollow rotating shaft (410) on the inner side of the ceramic membrane (411), an electromagnetic pressure gauge (420) is mounted on the other side of the top of the tank cover (404), an electromagnetic release valve (421) is arranged on one side, close to the electromagnetic pressure gauge (420), of the top of the tank cover (404), and the electromagnetic pressure gauge (420) and the electromagnetic release valve (421) are both electrically connected with the corresponding sewage filtering module (5); the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism (7) comprises a support (701), a water inlet pipeline (702), a second hollow sleeve (703), a first electromagnetic water outlet valve (704), a second electromagnetic water outlet valve (7041), a first electromagnetic meter (705), a second electromagnetic meter (7051), an air pump (706), an air outlet pipe (707), a conveying pipeline (708), a first electromagnetic air outlet valve (709) and a second electromagnetic air outlet valve (710), wherein the support (701) is fixedly connected to the top of the mounting frame (3), the support (701) is positioned between the two sewage filter boxes (401), the water inlet pipeline (702) is installed on the upper portion of the support (701), the second hollow sleeve (703) is installed on both sides of the lower portion of the water inlet pipeline (702), the two first hollow rotating shafts (405) are respectively and rotatably arranged in the two second hollow sleeves (703), the first electromagnetic water outlet valve (704) and the second electromagnetic water outlet valve (7041) are respectively embedded on both sides of the lower portion of the water inlet pipeline (702), a first electromagnetic measuring meter (705) and a second electromagnetic measuring meter (7051) are respectively arranged on two sides of the top of the water inlet pipeline (702), the first electromagnetic measuring meter (705) is matched with a first electromagnetic water outlet valve (704), the second electromagnetic measuring meter (7051) is matched with a second electromagnetic water outlet valve (7041), an air pump (706) is arranged on the top of the fixed frame (6), the air pump (706) is connected with a backflushing module (8), the backflushing module (8) is respectively connected with the first electromagnetic measuring meter (705), the second electromagnetic measuring meter (7051), the first electromagnetic water outlet valve (704), the second electromagnetic water outlet valve (7041) and the air pump (706) in an electrical connection mode, the air pump (706) is provided with an air outlet pipe (707), the upper portion of the air outlet pipe (707) is fixedly communicated with a conveying pipeline (708), two sides of the conveying pipeline (708) are respectively communicated with two sides of the lower portion of the water inlet pipeline (702), a first electromagnetic air outlet valve (709) and a second electromagnetic air outlet valve (710) are respectively arranged on two sides of the conveying pipeline (708), the first electromagnetic air outlet valve (709) and the second electromagnetic air outlet valve (710) are respectively electrically connected with the backflushing module (8).
2. The ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system based on the internet of things as claimed in claim 1, wherein: and water flowing ports (413) for enabling sewage to flow are formed in the two sides of the fixing plate (412).
3. The ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system based on the internet of things as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the diameters of the ceramic membrane (411) and the blades (4111) are sequentially reduced from top to bottom.
4. The ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system based on the internet of things as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism (7) further comprises a sewage containing pool (9), a support plate (10), a mounting plate (11), a water pump (12), a water inlet module (13), a first water outlet pipeline (14), a third electromagnetic water outlet valve (15), a fourth electromagnetic water outlet valve (16), a water feeding pipeline (17) and a fifth electromagnetic water outlet valve (18), wherein the sewage containing pool (9) is placed on one side, close to the field control terminal (2), of the top of the chassis (1), the support plate (10) is connected to one side, far away from the sewage containing pool (9), of the top of the chassis (1), the mounting plate (11) is connected to the upper portion of the side wall of the support plate (10), the water pump (12) is arranged on the upper portion of the mounting plate (11), the water inlet module (13) is arranged on the lower portion of the mounting plate (11), the water inlet module (13) is electrically connected with the water pump (12), the water pump (12) is provided with the first water outlet pipeline (14), the two ends of the first water outlet pipeline (14) are respectively communicated with the two water inlets (402), the two sides of the first water outlet pipeline (14) are respectively provided with a third electromagnetic water outlet valve (15) and a fourth electromagnetic water outlet valve (16), the third electromagnetic water outlet valve (15) and the fourth electromagnetic water outlet valve (16) are respectively electrically connected with the water inlet module (13), the water pump (12) is provided with a water feeding pipeline (17), the lower end of the water feeding pipeline (17) is located in the sewage containing pool (9), the upper portion of the water feeding pipeline (17) is provided with a fifth electromagnetic water outlet valve (18), and the fifth electromagnetic water outlet valve (18) is electrically connected with the water inlet module (13).
5. The ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system based on the internet of things as claimed in claim 4, wherein: the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism (7) further comprises a second water outlet pipeline (19), a sixth electromagnetic water outlet valve (20), a seventh electromagnetic water outlet valve (21), a waste water pipeline (22), an eighth electromagnetic water outlet valve (23), a third water outlet pipeline (24), a ninth electromagnetic water outlet valve (25), a circulating water outlet module (26) and a waste water collecting tank (27), the second water outlet pipeline (19) is fixedly communicated between the two water outlets (403), the sixth electromagnetic water outlet valve (20) and the seventh electromagnetic water outlet valve (21) are respectively arranged on two sides of the second water outlet pipeline (19), the waste water pipeline (22) is fixedly communicated with the middle of the second water outlet pipeline (19), the eighth electromagnetic water outlet valve (23) is arranged on the waste water pipeline (22), the third water outlet pipeline (24) is fixedly communicated with the second water outlet pipeline (19), and the third water outlet pipeline (24) penetrates through the support plate (10), the third water outlet pipeline (24) is communicated with the water delivery pipeline (17), the third water outlet pipeline (24) is provided with a ninth electromagnetic water outlet valve (25), one side, close to the ninth electromagnetic water outlet valve (25), of the third water outlet pipeline (24) is provided with a circulating water outlet module (26), the circulating water outlet module (26) is electrically connected with the sixth electromagnetic water outlet valve (20), the seventh electromagnetic water outlet valve (21), the eighth electromagnetic water outlet valve (23) and the ninth electromagnetic water outlet valve (25) respectively, a wastewater collection pool (27) is placed at the top of the chassis (1) at the lower end of the wastewater pipeline (22), and the wastewater collection pool (27) is located on the lower side of the fixing frame (6).
6. The ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system based on the internet of things as claimed in claim 5, wherein: recoil impurity clearance mechanism (7) still include backup pad (28), fourth outlet conduit (29), tenth electromagnetism outlet valve (30) and flourishing pond (31), backup pad (28) are installed to the lateral wall of mount (6), fourth outlet conduit (29) have been inlayed on the upper portion of backup pad (28), fourth outlet conduit (29) and the upside middle part intercommunication of inlet channel (702), fourth outlet conduit (29) are provided with tenth electromagnetism outlet valve (30), tenth electromagnetism outlet valve (30) and recoil module (8) electrical connection, flourishing pond (31) are installed at chassis (1) top of fourth outlet conduit (29) lower extreme.
7. The ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system based on the internet of things as claimed in claim 6, wherein: the backflushing impurity cleaning mechanism (7) further comprises a third electromagnetic measuring meter (32), a shell (33), a fixing frame (34), a filtering frame (35), a rotating frame (36), a material blocking plate (37), a bottom shell (38), a servo motor (39), a control module (40) and a containing box (41), wherein the third electromagnetic measuring meter (32) is arranged on one side, close to a fifth electromagnetic water outlet valve (18), of a water conveying pipeline (17), the shell (33) is arranged on one side, close to the third electromagnetic measuring meter (32), of the water conveying pipeline (17), the fixing frame (34) is connected to the side wall of the shell (33), the filtering frame (35) is fixedly connected to the inner side of the shell (33), the rotating frame (36) is arranged in the filtering frame (35), the material blocking plate (37) is arranged on one side, close to the filtering frame (35), of the side wall of the material blocking plate (37) is connected with the bottom shell (38), the servo motor (39) is arranged on the side wall of the shell (33) on the lower side of the fixing frame (34), an output shaft of the servo motor (39) penetrates through the shell (33) and the filter frame (35), the output shaft of the servo motor (39) is fixedly connected with the rotating frame (36), a control module (40) is installed on the side wall of the shell (33) on the lower side of the servo motor (39), the control module (40) is electrically connected with the servo motor (39), the third electromagnetic measuring meter (32) and the water inlet module (13) respectively, and a containing box (41) is installed on the side wall of the sewage containing pool (9) on the lower side of the bottom shell (38).
CN202110782141.3A 2021-07-12 2021-07-12 Ceramic membrane filtration remote real-time control system and method based on Internet of things Active CN113230895B (en)

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CN108689510A (en) * 2018-08-01 2018-10-23 张碌章 A kind of sewage disposal device based on graphene
CN212680657U (en) * 2020-07-13 2021-03-12 南京申洛环境科技有限公司 Filtering equipment for disc ceramic membrane
CN213493001U (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-06-22 山东天一水务工程有限公司 Full-automatic external-pressure internal-suction type membrane filtration system

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CN108689510A (en) * 2018-08-01 2018-10-23 张碌章 A kind of sewage disposal device based on graphene
CN212680657U (en) * 2020-07-13 2021-03-12 南京申洛环境科技有限公司 Filtering equipment for disc ceramic membrane
CN213493001U (en) * 2020-09-30 2021-06-22 山东天一水务工程有限公司 Full-automatic external-pressure internal-suction type membrane filtration system

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