CN113213347B - Hoisting equipment for building and hoisting method - Google Patents

Hoisting equipment for building and hoisting method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113213347B
CN113213347B CN202110512161.9A CN202110512161A CN113213347B CN 113213347 B CN113213347 B CN 113213347B CN 202110512161 A CN202110512161 A CN 202110512161A CN 113213347 B CN113213347 B CN 113213347B
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Prior art keywords
balance
connecting rod
balancing
frame
hoisting
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CN202110512161.9A
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CN113213347A (en
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鲁涛涛
樊晓伟
李银科
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Pingliang New Century Construction Engineering Co ltd
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Pingliang New Century Construction Engineering Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/02Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes with non-adjustable and non-inclinable jibs mounted solely for slewing movements
    • B66C23/022Pivot axis common with column
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/62Constructional features or details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/62Constructional features or details
    • B66C23/72Counterweights or supports for balancing lifting couples
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/88Safety gear

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Conveying And Assembling Of Building Elements In Situ (AREA)

Abstract

The application relates to a hoisting device for buildings and a hoisting method, the hoisting device comprises a support frame, a rotating device, a hoisting device and a balancing device, wherein the balancing device is positioned on one side, away from the hoisting device, of an installation frame, the balancing device comprises a balancing cylinder, a balancing frame, a connecting rod and a balancing block, the balancing cylinder is connected to the installation frame, one end of the balancing frame is connected with the installation frame in a sliding mode, and a piston rod of the balancing cylinder is connected with the balancing frame; one end of the connecting rod is connected with the balance frame, the other end of the connecting rod is connected with the balance block, and one end, far away from the connecting rod, of the balance block is located above the base. This application has the effect that promotes lifting device's safety in utilization.

Description

Hoisting equipment for building and hoisting method
Technical Field
The application relates to the field of building auxiliary equipment, in particular to hoisting equipment and a hoisting method for a building.
Background
In the building construction process, hoisting equipment is generally needed to hoist building materials, so that the construction efficiency can be accelerated, and the physical labor of personnel can be reduced.
The application number is CN 201610822830.1's patent discloses a building hoisting machine, the on-line screen storage device comprises a base, the base upper surface is equipped with the riser, be equipped with the pole setting in the riser, the limit portion of pole setting is equipped with the slider, vertically be equipped with the spout on the inner wall of riser, the slider sets up in the spout, base limit portion is equipped with open structure's cavity, be equipped with the lead screw in the cavity, the upper end of lead screw extends to the outside of base and is connected with the bottom of pole setting, be equipped with the nut on the lead screw, be equipped with the follower on the nut, be equipped with the motor on the base, the output shaft of motor extends to and is connected with the action wheel in the cavity, the action wheel passes through the belt and is connected with the follower.
In view of the above-mentioned related technologies, the inventor thinks that when hoisting is performed at a position where large-scale equipment cannot reach, it is difficult for small-scale hoisting equipment to hoist heavy materials, so that not only is the safety of the hoisting equipment in use low, but also the construction efficiency is affected.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to improve the use safety of hoisting equipment, the application provides the hoisting equipment for the building and a hoisting method.
The application provides a lifting device for building adopts following technical scheme:
a hoisting device for buildings comprises a support frame, a rotating device, a hoisting device and a balancing device, wherein the support frame comprises a base and an upright post, and the upright post is vertically connected to the base;
the rotating device comprises a rotating motor, a driving gear, a driven gear and a mounting rack, the axis of the rotating motor is parallel to the length direction of the upright column, the driving gear is coaxial with the rotating motor, the output shaft of the rotating motor is connected with the driving gear, the driven gear is meshed with the driving gear, and the driven gear is fixedly connected with the mounting rack; the mounting rack is positioned above the auxiliary plate, and two ends of the mounting rack are arranged in a suspended manner;
the lifting device comprises a lifting motor, a rotating roller, a lifting rope and a lifting hook, wherein the lifting motor is connected with the mounting frame, the rotating roller is rotatably connected with the mounting frame, an output shaft of the lifting motor is fixedly connected with the rotating roller, one end of the lifting rope is fixedly connected with the rotating roller, the other end of the lifting rope is connected with the lifting hook, and the lifting rope is wound on the rotating roller;
the balance device is positioned on one side, far away from the lifting device, of the mounting frame and comprises a balance cylinder, a balance frame, a connecting rod and a balance block, the balance cylinder is connected to the mounting frame, one end of the balance frame is connected with the mounting frame in a sliding mode, and a piston rod of the balance cylinder is connected with the balance frame; one end of the connecting rod is connected with the balance frame, the other end of the connecting rod is connected with the balance block, and one end, far away from the connecting rod, of the balance block is located on one side of the base.
By adopting the technical scheme, when lifting, the support frame plays a role in supporting the lifting device and the rotating device, the lifting device can fix and lift the building material, the balancing device can play a role in balancing, and the phenomenon that the support frame turns on one's side due to overweight of the building material when the heavy object is lifted is reduced. When hoisting accessory hoisted, opened the balance cylinder, the piston rod of balance cylinder stretches out to promote the balance frame to be close to on the mounting bracket or keep away from the stand, the balance frame drives the connecting rod and removes, the connecting rod drives the balancing piece and removes, thereby can be to the distance adjustment between balancing piece and the stand, utilize lever principle to make the weight of the building material who lifts by crane reach the balance with the weight of balancing piece, thereby reduced the phenomenon that the support frame turned on one's side, promoted lifting device's safety in utilization.
Optionally, the connecting rod includes a first connecting rod and a second connecting rod, one end of the first connecting rod is connected with the balance frame, and the other end of the first connecting rod is connected with the second connecting rod; one side of the second connecting rod, which is far away from the first connecting rod, is connected with the balance block.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, first connecting rod and second connecting rod play the effect of connecting balancing frame and balancing piece, and the second connecting rod is for the convenience of carrying out the connection of a plurality of balancing pieces.
Optionally, the balancing block includes a plurality of balancing weights and a plurality of balancing rods, the balancing weights and the balancing rods correspond to each other one by one, one end of the balancing rod is detachably connected to the second connecting rod, and the other end of the balancing rod is connected to the balancing weight; one end of the balancing weight, which is far away from the balancing rod, is positioned on one side of the base.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the balancing pole plays the effect of connecting balancing weight and second connecting rod to realize being connected of balancing stand and balancing weight. The sliding connection between the balancing weight and the base can enhance the connection stability between the balancing weight and the base and reduce the possibility of dropping of the balancing weight.
Optionally, a sliding ring is arranged on one side of the balancing rod close to the second connecting rod, the sliding ring is sleeved on the second connecting rod, and the sliding ring is connected with the second connecting rod in a sliding manner; the sliding ring is further provided with a locking piece, and the locking piece is used for fixing the position of the sliding ring.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, gliding slip ring both is the installation and the dismantlement of the balancing pole of so as to be convenient for carry out the connection of balancing weight. The locking piece can fix a position the position of slip ring, has promoted the slip ring and has connected stability with the second connecting rod.
Optionally, still be equipped with the balance plate on the balancing weight, it is a plurality of the balancing weight all can be dismantled with the balance plate and be connected.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the balance plate can be connected a plurality of balancing weights, and a plurality of balancing weights of being convenient for carry out synchronous motion, have increased the stability when balancing weight removes.
Optionally, one side of the balancing weight, which is far away from the balancing rod, is provided with a plurality of universal wheels.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the universal wheel is in order to be convenient for carry out the removal of sliding block when the mounting bracket rotates.
Optionally, the upright column comprises an auxiliary plate and a plurality of sub-packaging blocks, wherein one side of one sub-packaging block is connected with the base; the split charging blocks are vertically arranged, and two adjacent split charging blocks are detachably connected; the auxiliary plate is connected with the split charging block positioned at the top end; the rotating motor is connected with the auxiliary plate.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, detachable partial shipment piece is for the convenience of the personnel height of adjusting the stand by oneself, has promoted the flexibility of stand, and then has promoted lifting device's flexibility. The accessory plate can increase the area of contact of mounting bracket and stand, has strengthened the support of stand to the mounting bracket, has further promoted lifting device's safety in utilization.
Optionally, a moving block is arranged on one side of the mounting frame, which is close to the auxiliary plate, a moving groove is arranged on the auxiliary plate, the moving block is located in the moving groove, and the moving block is slidably connected with the moving groove.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the movable block and shifting chute both can strengthen the stability of being connected of mounting bracket and accessory plate, can also play the effect of direction when the mounting bracket rotates, are convenient for carry out the rotation of mounting bracket.
A hoisting method for buildings comprises the following steps:
s1, installing the vertical pile;
s2, turning on the rotating motor to drive the lifting device to rotate to the position of the building material;
s3, turning on a hoisting motor, driving a lifting hook to move, and hoisting;
s4, connecting the lifting hook with the building material, opening a lifting motor, and driving the lifting hook and the building material to move upwards; meanwhile, the balance cylinder is opened, the balance cylinder drives the balance frame to slide along the mounting frame, the balance frame drives the connecting rod to move, and the connecting rod drives the balance block to move;
s5, turning on the rotating motor to drive the lifting device to rotate to the position above the placement position required by the building material;
and S6, opening the hoisting motor, and driving the lifting hook and the building material to be close to the required position.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, during the use, at first according to highly carrying out the installation of stand, open the rotation motor again, rotate motor drive mounting bracket and rotate, the mounting bracket drives hoisting accessory and balancing unit and rotates. And (4) opening the hoisting motor, driving the lifting hook to be close to the building material by the hoisting motor, and then connecting the lifting hook with the building material. Then, the hoisting motor is turned on, and the hoisting motor drives the lifting hook and the building material to ascend; meanwhile, the balance cylinder is opened, the balance cylinder drives the balance frame to slide along the mounting frame, the balance frame drives the connecting rod to move, and the connecting rod drives the balance block to move, so that the balance effect is achieved, and the use safety of the hoisting equipment during hoisting is further improved.
In summary, the present application includes at least one of the following beneficial technical effects:
1. by arranging the balance device, the phenomenon that the support frame turns over due to the fact that the building materials are too heavy when heavy objects are hoisted can be reduced, and therefore the use safety of hoisting equipment is improved;
2. by arranging the detachable balance block, the balance block can be disassembled and assembled according to the weight of the building materials, so that the use safety of the hoisting equipment is further improved;
3. through setting up the accessory plate, can connect a plurality of balancing weights, a plurality of balancing weights of being convenient for carry out synchronous movement, stability when having increased the balancing weight and having removed.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic overall structure diagram of a hoisting device for building according to an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a base and a column of a hoisting device for building according to an embodiment of the application.
Figure 3 is a partial perspective cross-sectional view of a lifting device for construction according to an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged view at a in fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a hoisting device of a hoisting apparatus for building according to an embodiment of the present application.
Figure 6 is an assembled cross-sectional view of a mounting frame and a balancing stand of the hoisting device for construction according to the embodiment.
Fig. 7 is a structural schematic diagram of a connecting rod and a balance block of a hoisting device for buildings according to an embodiment of the application.
Fig. 8 is an enlarged view at B in fig. 6.
Fig. 9 is an assembly sectional view of a second connecting rod and a balance weight of the hoisting device for construction according to the embodiment.
Description of reference numerals: 1. a support frame; 101. a base; 102. a column; 1021. an auxiliary plate; 1022. subpackaging blocks; 2. a rotating device; 201. rotating the motor; 202. a driving gear; 203. a driven gear; 204. a mounting frame; 3. a hoisting device; 301. hoisting a motor; 302. a rotating roller; 303. a lifting rope; 304. a hook; 4. a balancing device; 401. a balance cylinder; 402. a balancing stand; 403. a connecting rod; 4031. a first link; 4032. a second link; 404. a counterbalance; 4041. a balancing weight; 4042. a balancing pole; 5. mounting holes; 6. a moving block; 7. a moving groove; 8. an auxiliary frame; 9. an auxiliary roller; 10. mounting grooves; 11. a positioning table; 12. a limiting table; 13. a slip ring; 14. a locking member; 15. a locking hole; 16. a fixing hole; 17. a balance plate; 18. a universal wheel.
Detailed Description
The present application is described in further detail below with reference to figures 1-9.
The embodiment of the application discloses lifting device for building. Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the lifting device for buildings comprises a support frame 1, a rotating device 2, a lifting device 3 and a balancing device 4, wherein the support frame 1 comprises a base 101 and a vertical column 102, the vertical column 102 is vertically connected to the base 101, the vertical column 102 comprises an auxiliary plate 1021 and a plurality of sub-assembly blocks 1022, six sub-assembly blocks 1022 are provided in the embodiment, and one side of one sub-assembly block 1022 is in bolted connection with the base 101. The vertical setting of partial shipment piece 1022, can dismantle the connection through the bolt between two adjacent partial shipment pieces 1022, detachable partial shipment piece 1022 is for the convenience of personnel adjust the height of stand 102 by oneself, has promoted stand 102's flexibility, and then has promoted lifting device's flexibility.
Referring to fig. 2, the auxiliary plate 1021 is bolted to the split charging block 1022 located at the top end, and the auxiliary plate 1021 can strengthen the support of the column 102 to the rotating device 2, thereby further improving the safety of the hoisting device.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the rotating device 2 includes a rotating motor 201, a driving gear 202, a driven gear 203 and a mounting bracket 204, an axis of the rotating motor 201 is parallel to a length direction of the upright post 102, a mounting hole 5 is formed on the auxiliary plate 1021, the rotating motor 201 is located in the mounting hole 5, and a housing of the rotating motor 201 is bolted to an inner wall of the mounting hole 5. The driving gear 202 is coaxial with the rotating motor 201, an output shaft of the rotating motor 201 is connected with the driving gear 202 through a coupler, the driven gear 203 is meshed with the driving gear 202, the driven gear 203 and the mounting frame 204 are integrally formed, and the driving gear 202 is meshed with the driven gear 203. The mounting frame 204 is located above the auxiliary plate 1021, two ends of the mounting frame 204 are suspended, and the mounting frame 204 can serve as a lever to support the lifting device 3 and the balancing device 4.
In order to increase the stability of the rotation of the mounting frame 204, an integrally formed moving block 6 is arranged on one side of the mounting frame 204 close to the auxiliary plate 1021, a moving groove 7 is arranged on the auxiliary plate 1021, the moving block 6 is positioned in the moving groove 7, and the moving block 6 is connected with the moving groove 7 in a sliding manner. The moving block 6 and the moving groove 7 may serve as a guide when the mounting bracket 204 rotates, thereby facilitating the rotation of the mounting bracket 204.
Referring to fig. 5, the lifting device 3 includes a lifting motor 301, a rotating roller 302, a lifting rope 303 and a lifting hook 304, a housing of the lifting motor 301 is connected with a mounting frame 204 through a bolt, the rotating roller 302 is rotatably connected with the mounting frame 204 through a bearing, an output shaft of the lifting motor 301 is fixedly connected with the rotating roller 302 through a coupling, one end of the lifting rope 303 is welded with the rotating roller 302, the other end of the lifting rope 303 is connected with the lifting hook 304 in a binding manner, and the lifting rope 303 is wound on the rotating roller 302. In order to increase the stability of lifting rope 303, the one end that mounting bracket 204 was unsettled has still welded auxiliary frame 8, be equipped with supplementary roller 9 on the auxiliary frame 8, supplementary roller 9 rotates with auxiliary frame 8 to be connected, auxiliary roller 9 and lifting hook 304 ligature are walked around to the one end that the live-rollers 302 was kept away from to lifting rope 303, supplementary roller 9 can play the guard action to live-rollers 302, reduce the damage that building material caused to live-rollers 302, stability when further having promoted hoist and mount.
Referring to fig. 6 and 7, the balance device 4 is located on one side of the mounting frame 204 far away from the lifting device 3, the balance device 4 includes a balance cylinder 401, a balance frame 402, a connecting rod 403 and a balance block 404, the balance cylinder 401 is connected to the mounting frame 204 through a bolt, a piston rod of the balance cylinder 401 is connected to the balance frame 402 through a bolt, and one end of the balance frame 402 is connected to the mounting frame 204 in a sliding manner. In this embodiment, a mounting groove 10 is formed on one side of the mounting frame 204 close to the balancing frame 402, one end of the balancing frame 402 close to the mounting frame 204 is located in the mounting groove 10, and the balancing frame 402 is slidably connected with the mounting groove 10.
Referring to fig. 8, in order to increase the moving safety of the balance frame 402, a positioning table 11 is welded at an opening of the installation groove 10, a limiting table 12 is welded at an end of the balance frame 402 close to the installation frame 204, and the positioning table 11 is located in the installation groove 10. When the balance frame 402 slides, the mounting groove 10 can play a role in guiding, and the stability of the balance frame 402 in sliding is improved. When the positioning table 11 contacts the limiting table 12, the possibility that the balancing stand 402 falls off from the mounting frame 204 can be reduced, and the sliding safety and stability of the balancing stand 402 are further improved.
Referring to fig. 7, the connecting bar 403 includes a first link 4031 and a second link 4032, and the first link 4031 has one end welded to the balance frame 402 and the other end connected to the second link 4032; the side of the second link 4032 remote from the first link 4031 is coupled to the counterweight 404. The balancing block 404 includes a plurality of balancing weights 4041 and a plurality of balancing rods 4042, the balancing weights 4041 and the balancing rods 4042 are three in this embodiment, and the balancing rods 4042 function to connect the balancing weights 4041 and the second connecting rod 4032, thereby realizing the connection between the balancing stand 402 and the balancing weights 4041. Balancing weight 4041 and balancing pole 4042 one-to-one, balancing pole 4042's one end and second connecting rod 4032 can dismantle and be connected, and detachable balancing pole 4042 is for the convenience of carrying out the change and the dismouting of balancing pole 4042 to be convenient for carry out balancing weight 4041's change and dismouting, can carry out balancing weight 4041's assembly according to the weight of building material, promoted balancing weight 4041's flexibility, further promoted lifting device's safety in utilization.
Referring to fig. 9, a sliding ring 13 is welded on one side of the balance bar 4042 close to the second link 4032, the sliding ring 13 is sleeved on the second link 4032, and the sliding ring 13 is slidably connected to the second link 4032. In order to improve the connection stability between the sliding ring 13 and the second connecting rod 4032, the sliding ring 13 is further provided with a locking piece 14, the locking piece 14 is used for fixing the position of the sliding ring 13, in this embodiment, the locking piece 14 is a bolt, the sliding ring 13 is provided with a locking hole 15, the second connecting rod 4032 is provided with a plurality of fixing holes 16, nine fixing holes 16 are provided, and the locking piece 14 penetrates through the locking hole 15 and is in threaded connection with the fixing holes 16, so that the positioning of the sliding ring 13 can be realized. In use, the gimbal 13 is moved closer to the second link 4032 and slid onto the second link 4032, and the locking element 14 is then used to position the gimbal 13 to enable the stabilizer bar 4042 to be removed.
Referring to fig. 9, an end of the counterweight 4041 away from the balancing rod 4042 is located on a side of the base 101, and an end of the balancing rod 4042 away from the second link 4032 is welded to the counterweight 4041. In order to promote balancing weight 4041's synchronism, still be equipped with balance plate 17 on the balancing weight 4041, a plurality of balancing weights 4041 all can dismantle with balance plate 17 and be connected, balance plate 17 and balancing weight 4041 bolted connection in this embodiment. The balancing plate 17 can connect a plurality of weights 4041, increasing the stability of the weights 4041 when moving.
In order to make balancing weight 4041 cooperation mounting bracket 204 rotate, balancing weight 4041 keeps away from one side of balancing pole 4042 and is equipped with a plurality of universal wheels 18, and balancing weight 4041's mobility stability when universal wheel 18 not only can promote the hoist and mount, and the personnel of still being convenient for carry out balancing weight 4041's removal.
The implementation principle of the hoisting equipment for the building in the embodiment of the application is as follows: when the lifting device is used, firstly, the upright post 102 is installed according to the height, then the rotating motor 201 is turned on, the rotating motor 201 drives the mounting frame 204 to rotate, and the mounting frame 204 drives the lifting device 3 and the balancing device 4 to rotate. The moving block 6 slides in the moving groove 7 while the mounting bracket 204 rotates; the gimbal 402 rotates while the mounting frame 204 rotates, the gimbal 402 drives the connecting rod 403 to move, the connecting rod 403 drives the balancing rod 4042 to move, and the balancing rod 4042 drives the balancing weight 4041 to move.
When the building material placement position is reached, the hoisting motor 301 is turned on, the hoisting motor 301 drives the hook 304 to be close to the building material, and then the hook 304 is connected with the building material.
Then, the hoisting motor 301 is turned on, and the hoisting motor 301 drives the lifting hook 304 and the building material to ascend; meanwhile, the balance cylinder 401 is opened, the balance cylinder 401 drives the balance frame 402 to slide along the mounting frame 204, the balance frame 402 drives the connecting rod 403 to move, and the connecting rod 403 drives the balance block 404 to move, so that a balance effect is achieved, and the use safety of the hoisting equipment during hoisting is improved.
When the counterweight 4041 needs to be added, the counterweight 404 to be installed is pushed to approach the second connecting rod 4032, so that the sliding ring 13 of the counterweight 4042 to be installed is sleeved in the second connecting rod 4032, the sliding ring 13 is pushed to move, the locking hole 15 is coaxial with the fixing hole 16 on the second connecting rod 4032, then the locking piece 14 penetrates through the locking hole 15 and the fixing hole 16, and the locking piece 14 is rotated to connect the locking piece 14 with the fixing hole 16, so that the counterweight 4041 is installed.
Subsequently, the balance plate 17 is connected to the weight 4041 using a bolt. This application embodiment for building hoisting equipment has the effect that promotes hoisting equipment's safety in utilization.
The embodiment of the application also discloses a hoisting method for buildings, which comprises the following steps:
s1, installing the vertical piles;
s2, turning on the rotating motor 201 to drive the hoisting device 3 to rotate to the position of the building material;
s3, opening the hoisting motor 301, driving the hoisting hook 304 to move, and hoisting;
s4, connecting the lifting hook 304 with the building material, opening the lifting motor 301, and driving the lifting hook 304 and the building material to move upwards; meanwhile, the balance cylinder 401 is opened, the balance cylinder 401 drives the balance frame 402 to slide along the mounting frame 204, the balance frame 402 drives the connecting rod 403 to move, and the connecting rod 403 drives the balance block 404 to move;
s5, turning on the rotating motor 201 to drive the hoisting device 3 to rotate to the position above the building material required placing position;
and S6, opening the hoisting motor 301, and driving the hook 304 and the building materials to be close to the required positions.
The above embodiments are preferred embodiments of the present application, and the protection scope of the present application is not limited by the above embodiments, so: all equivalent changes made according to the structure, shape and principle of the present application shall be covered by the protection scope of the present application.

Claims (7)

1. The hoisting equipment for the building is characterized by comprising a support frame (1), a rotating device (2), a hoisting device (3) and a balancing device (4), wherein the support frame (1) comprises a base (101) and an upright post (102), and the upright post (102) is vertically connected to the base (101);
the rotating device (2) comprises a rotating motor (201), a driving gear (202), a driven gear (203) and an installation frame (204), the axis of the rotating motor (201) is parallel to the length direction of the upright post (102), the driving gear (202) is coaxial with the rotating motor (201), the output shaft of the rotating motor (201) is connected with the driving gear (202), the driven gear (203) is meshed with the driving gear (202), and the driven gear (203) is fixedly connected with the installation frame (204); the mounting rack (204) is positioned above the auxiliary plate (1021), and two ends of the mounting rack (204) are arranged in a suspended manner;
the lifting device (3) comprises a lifting motor (301), a rotating roller (302), a lifting rope (303) and a lifting hook (304), wherein the axis of the lifting motor (301) is perpendicular to the axis of the rotating motor (201), the lifting motor (301) is connected with a mounting rack (204), the rotating roller (302) is rotatably connected with the mounting rack (204), the output shaft of the lifting motor (301) is fixedly connected with the rotating roller (302), one end of the lifting rope (303) is fixedly connected with the rotating roller (302), the other end of the lifting rope is connected with the lifting hook (304), and the lifting rope (303) is wound on the rotating roller (302);
the balance device (4) is positioned on one side, away from the lifting device (3), of the mounting frame (204), the balance device (4) comprises a balance cylinder (401), a balance frame (402), a connecting rod (403) and a balance block (404), the balance cylinder (401) is connected to the mounting frame (204), one end of the balance frame (402) is connected with the mounting frame (204) in a sliding mode, and a piston rod of the balance cylinder (401) is connected with the balance frame (402); one end of the connecting rod (403) is connected with the balance frame (402), the other end of the connecting rod is connected with the balance block (404), and one end, far away from the connecting rod (403), of the balance block (404) is located above the base (101);
the connecting rod (403) comprises a first connecting rod (4031) and a second connecting rod (4032), one end of the first connecting rod (4031) is connected with the balance frame (402), and the other end of the first connecting rod (4031) is connected with the second connecting rod (4032); the side, far away from the first connecting rod (4031), of the second connecting rod (4032) is connected with the balance block (404);
the balance block (404) comprises a plurality of balance weights (4041) and a plurality of balance rods (4042), the balance weights (4041) correspond to the balance rods (4042) one by one, one end of each balance rod (4042) is detachably connected with the second connecting rod (4032), and the other end of each balance rod is connected with the corresponding balance weight (4041); one end of the balancing weight (4041) far away from the balancing rod (4042) is located above the base (101).
2. The hoisting device for buildings according to claim 1, wherein the balancing bar (4042) is provided with a sliding ring (13) at a side close to the second connecting rod (4032), the sliding ring (13) is sleeved on the second connecting rod (4032), and the sliding ring (13) is connected with the second connecting rod (4032) in a sliding manner; the sliding ring (13) is further provided with a locking piece (14), and the locking piece (14) is used for fixing the position of the sliding ring (13).
3. The hoisting equipment for the building as claimed in claim 1, wherein the balancing weight (4041) is further provided with a balancing plate (17), and the balancing weights (4041) are detachably connected with the balancing plate (17).
4. Hoisting device for building use according to claim 1, characterized in that the counterweight (4041) is provided with a plurality of universal wheels (18) on the side remote from the balancing bar (4042).
5. The constructional lifting device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the upright (102) comprises an auxiliary plate (1021) and a plurality of sub-sectional blocks (1022), wherein one side of one of the sub-sectional blocks (1022) is connected to the base (101); the subpackaging blocks (1022) are vertically arranged, and two adjacent subpackaging blocks (1022) are detachably connected; the auxiliary plate (1021) is connected with a sub-assembly block (1022) positioned at the top end; the rotating motor (201) is connected with the auxiliary plate (1021).
6. The hoisting device for buildings as claimed in claim 5, wherein a moving block (6) is arranged on one side of the mounting frame (204) close to the auxiliary plate (1021), a moving groove (7) is arranged on the auxiliary plate (1021), the moving block (6) is positioned in the moving groove (7), and the moving block (6) is connected with the moving groove (7) in a sliding manner.
7. A method for hoisting for buildings, which uses the hoisting equipment for buildings as claimed in claim 4 or 6, characterized by comprising the steps of:
s1, installing the vertical piles;
s2, turning on the rotating motor (201) to drive the lifting device (3) to rotate to the position of the building material;
s3, turning on a hoisting motor (301), driving a lifting hook (304) to move, and hoisting;
s4, connecting the lifting hook (304) with the building material, turning on the lifting motor (301), and driving the lifting hook (304) and the building material to move upwards; meanwhile, the balance cylinder (401) is opened, the balance frame (402) is driven by the balance cylinder (401) to slide along the mounting frame (204), the balance frame (402) drives the connecting rod (403) to move, and the connecting rod (403) drives the balance block (404) to move;
s5, turning on the rotating motor (201), and driving the hoisting device (3) to rotate to the position above the placement position required by the building material;
and S6, opening the hoisting motor (301) and driving the lifting hook (304) and the building materials to be close to the required position.
CN202110512161.9A 2021-05-11 2021-05-11 Hoisting equipment for building and hoisting method Active CN113213347B (en)

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